Niccolo Machiavelli Essays (Examples)

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Machiavelli and Evil the Ideas

Words: 1076 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94745609

46).

These ideas are actually in direct contradiction to the prevailing religious philosophies of the time. Machiavelli does not seed men judged by God, or even by other men -- but instead by whether the deed one sought was accomplished or not; and if that deed has eventual ramifications that may be good. This Prince may come to power through evil means from himself, from others, or through historical forces. However, Princes who come to power based on criminal acts will not last in their position, nor will they be perceived as innately a leader. Cruelty, which by its very nature is evil, may be applied once at the outset and then only when the greater good of the subjects demands it.

In seizing a state, the Prince ought to examine closely into all those injuries which it is necessary for him to inflict (evil), and to do them all…… [Read More]

Sources:

Machiavelli, N. The Prince. Translated by W.K. Marriott. Rockville, MD: Arc Manor, 2007.

Muchembled, R. A history of the Devil. New York: Wiley/Blackwell, 2003.
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Machiavelli in the Sixteenth Century Florence Was

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Machiavelli

In the sixteenth century, Florence was in a period of turmoil and political instability due to the clashes between different ruling elite. It was in this social and political climate that Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince. The book is a practical guide to world leadership. The author focuses on the qualities of successful and unsuccessful leaders, the nature of their actions and decisions, and how they can and should react to various situations when they arise in the political arena. Machiavelli uses historical examples to substantiate his claims, when possible. One of the defining features of Machiavelli's The Prince is that the author is primarily concerned with maintaining political order and stability, rather than on making ethical choices. This stems directly from the historical context of political instability in which Machiavelli wrote. Similarly, Machiavelli's primary concerns are for how leaders can remain strong and powerful in their domains and…… [Read More]

References

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Online version:  http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince00.htm
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Machiavelli as a Humanist Examples

Words: 1873 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72313644

Mainly, the ideals of modern science and philosophy have allowed the religious humanists to meet the stresses of modern life and they would state that their philosophy is for the here and now. Religious Humanism offers a foundation in philosophy which includes moral values, ideals, coping methods and ways to deal with adversity such as flood, hurricane or famine. How would a person like Machiavelli feel about the modern issues like teenage sex and how would his ideas be compared to the Catholics' view that protected sex and abortion should not be options for those sexually active teens.

I believe that Machiavelli would side with religious humanists and therefore be more adaptive in use of science and principles of human rights. This notion is based on the fact that the Prince is a very philosophical study of political goals, objectives and concepts and it took a very scientific mind to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Bantam Books. (1984).

The Essence of Humanism. Ed. Flo Wineriter. November 1998. Humanists of Utah. Retrieved on 5 June, 2005 from  http://www.humanistsofutah.org/1993/gennov93.html .

Machiavelli
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Machiavelli's The Prince it Is

Words: 2065 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52982027

This belief came in response to the realities of the time that saw corruption and lust for riches as the main interests in the political life. oth Gandhi and Machiavelli saw self restrain as an important quality, even though the reasons deferred.

In today's political life, there is more and more evidence of the applicability of the concepts advocated by Machiavelli centuries ago. The constant use of the notion Machiavellian is relevant in this sense. It comes to define the belief that the final outcome is the most important one in the overall process of history. In the end, according to Richelieu, who was inspired by the ideas of the Italian politician, history would eventually judge a leader not for the means he used, but for the aims, he had set beforehand. (Kissinger, 1995) the so-called raison d'etat governed international relations for centuries after the Westphalia Peace in 1648 and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Calvocoressi, Peter. World politics since 1945. New York: Longman, 1987.

Chew, Robin. Mahatma Gandhi: Indian Spiritual/Political, Leader, and Humanitarian. 1995. 25 April 2007.  http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95oct/mkgandhi.html#resources 

Gauss, Christian. Introduction. "The Prince," Niccolo Machiavelli. 1952. Oxford University Press, Chicago.

Huntington, Samuel. The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.
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Machiavelli and Thucydides Share Remarkable Similarities in

Words: 1335 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25354786

Machiavelli and Thucydides share remarkable similarities in their thoughts about human nature and the role of the state, but differ somewhat in their ideas about leadership. Machiavelli and Thucydides share a similar view of human nature as basically selfish, and both note that rule is most often disassociated from considerations of morality. Machiavelli argues that a ruler must ultimately be concerned with his own self-interest, while Thucydides noted that self-interest often came at the expense of the state.

Machiavelli was born in 1469 in Florence, Italy to an influential but poor old Florentine family. He became involved in politics as early as 1498, when he was appointed as head of the Second Chancery, a government agency overseeing diplomacy and war. He traveled to France, Germany, and Rome, and played an important role in conquering Pisa in 1509, in addition to acting as an important advisor.

After 14 years of service,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hooker, Richard. Thucydides. Washington State University. Adapted from: Thucydides, translated by Benjamin Jowett, first edition (London: Oxford University Press, 1881), pages 125-135, 166-177. 26 November 2002. http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GREECE/THUCY.htm

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Translation from the Italian by Hill Thompson. Palm Springs, Calif.: ETC Publications, 1988.

The Literature Network. Niccolo Machiavelli. 27 November 2002.  http://www.online-literature.com/machiavelli/ 

Thucydides. The History of the Peloponnesian War. Translated by Richard Crawley. 27 November 2002. Reproduced online at  http://classics.mit.edu/Thucydides/pelopwar.html
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Machiavelli's Important Characteristics of a

Words: 318 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28025203

However, it was after his imprisonment that Machiavelli showed 'Machiavellian' traits, as he tried to pursue his political philosophy by gaining his once-deferred power by the Medici family. Machiavelli shows his Machiavellianism by devising ways to win their favor once again, and these ways include creating discourses that reflect the family's method of governing Italy. By reflecting through the image of the Medici family the image of resolute and wise leaders, he shows that he has the ability to win others' favor through "clever trickery" -- that is, by making the Medici family believe that he is an avid follower of their administration, and eventually, win their trust. However, Machiavelli had failed to receive the desired results of his philosophies, but the strategies he adopted to achieve the reforms he wanted to introduce in Italy was nevertheless successful, at least through his truly Machiavellian writings and discourses.… [Read More]

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Machiavelli Thomas Hobbes Thomas More Aristotle

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Machiavelli, Thomas More, Thomas Hobbes

Under what circumstances is it just (or right, or ethical) to go to war? Why? Compare and contrast how Machiavelli, Thomas More, and Thomas Hobbes might answer this question.

Because of the rather negative perception of Niccolo Machiavelli's theories of political survival and expediency at all costs, one might be tempted to assume that the Italian political theorist believed that the ideal leader, The Prince, should go to war at any opportunity to demonstrate his strength as a leader. However, Machiavelli was not nearly so bloodthirsty or foolish. In fact, Machiavelli believed in self-promotion and the promotion of the existence of the Prince's political future and the state at all costs. War occasionally might serve as a means to this end but only should be undertaken in extreme circumstances. For instance, in discussing a specific political situation that plagued Italy at the time, he noted,…… [Read More]

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Machiavelli Published Posthumously in 1532

Words: 1224 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87281117



In Chapter 25 of the Prince, Machiavelli addresses the topic of fortune and its effect on rulers and their states. Machiavelli makes two main statements about fortune. First, the author claims that the good leader transcends fortune's vicissitudes. Free will, notes Machiavelli, trumps luck. Second, Machiavelli urges rulers to control and command fortune.

Fortune is female in the Prince for two reasons. One, females are associated with nature, and Machiavelli uses a metaphor from the natural world to describe fortune as a raging river: "which when in flood overflows the plains, sweeping away trees and buildings, bearing away the soil from place to place; everything flies before it, all yield to its violence, without being able in any way to withstand it," (Chapter 25). Two, fortune is female because men can control it using brute force. Females and fortune are depicted as wild, natural, and untamed. ulers are by default…… [Read More]

References

Machiavelli, Nicolo. The Prince. 1515. Translated by W.K. Marriott. 1908. Retrieved Jan 31, 2009 at  http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince00.htm
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Machiavelli Finding Machiavelli An Examination

Words: 1624 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71949596



Republicans recently overtook Democrats in fundraising, for instance, yet they will continue to play the underdog on most issues because the "good" qualities of security and being disadvantaged (which is generally viewed favorably in the country) are mutually exclusive, and because the appearance of being the underdog helps their cause regardless of its truth.

This also reflects a singularity of purpose and a determination that one's own conclusions, and not those derived from the advice of others, should be the guiding principles of leadership.

Political parties and leaders still tend to use this singularity while attempting to appear as populist leaders; the former allows for strength and true achievement, while the latter allows for the support of the people. Both are necessary, but they cannot be held at the same time. Machiavelli understood this, but this doesn't make him evil.

Conclusion

The Prince cannot be good or bad on its…… [Read More]

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Machiavelli's the Prince

Words: 1367 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36866392

Prince by Machiavelli [...] what Machiavelli believes are the qualities of the best rulers and of the best states. It will also look at the questions: Why does he support these qualities? Why do they need to have such qualities? Do you think he's right? If so, pick a good ruler and show that he (or she) has these qualities. If you don't agree, choose a counterexample and do the same. Machiavelli's work "The Prince" illustrates how power and those who wield it have not changed throughout the centuries. Power has always corrupted, and those who wield it tend to be those most easily corruptible. This is easily evident in the modern conflict between the United States and Iraq. Each state believes the other is corrupt and led by a corrupted and corruptible leader, capable of using deadly force against its enemies. These problems seem to have plagued nation-states for…… [Read More]

References

Griffin, Gerald R. Machiavelli on Management: Playing and Winning the Corporate Power Game. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1991.

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Translated by Peter Bondanella, ed. Peter Bondanella. Oxford: Oxford University, 1998.

Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince, ed. Peter Bondanella, trans. Peter Bondanella (Oxford: Oxford University, 1998), 8.

Ibid, i.
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Machiavelli and Moses Machiavelli Has

Words: 1918 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31911049

hen he first came in contact with God in Midian where he was tending sheep for his father-in-law Jethro, he saw a burning bush and prostrated before God. After the mission was explained, "Moses said to God, "ho am I that I should go to Pharaoh, and bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?" (Exodus 3:11). He questioned God continuously during this exchange and showed himself to be a coward even when he was repeatedly told that God would be with him.

Another time, when the Israelites were marching across the desert, the people wanted Moses to find them a place to drink and water their animals. Moses applied to God, but Moses did not believe what God said. The account in Numbers 20:11,12 says "11 and Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock with his rod twice; and water came forth abundantly, and the congregation drank,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Trans. Luigi Ricci. London: Grant Richards, 1903. Print.
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Machiavelli's the Prince a Number

Words: 1167 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14111658

As they approach Guhasena's home, they find a nun who would assist them in their venture. They lay their plan before the nun who agrees to help them. Again, this is a prime example of the rashness of youth. These four young men were traveling many miles on the idea that they would be able to take advantage of a young maiden's loneliness and solitude. They did not plan on Devasmita's ability to see through their machinations, and to plan retaliation accordingly. Fortune does not smile on these young men at all. They not only do not succeed at absconding with Devasmita's virtue, they also are marked for life as Devasmita's slaves.

It is a simple matter to state that Machiavelli's premise that the young act in a much more rash manner than do the old. Both characters show that such rashness is the manner of youth. The young men…… [Read More]

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Machiavelli's the Prince What Elements

Words: 1185 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54379498

" ("Selections from the Prince" 281) What this shows, is that those leaders who engage the citizens in conquered territories by allowing them to maintain their laws will perceive the Prince to be weak. In order to rule effectively, the Prince must show that he is a strong leader. This is significant, because it highlights how the ideal leader is: someone who will show what they mean through actions. Once this take place, the conquered citizens of the Prince will have respect for his rule and policies.

This has caused debate as to if the ideas of Machiavelli are more humanist or from a realist perspective. This is challenging, because he shows the importance of having a strong central government that will protect the general public. However, the tactics that he advocates using to achieve this objective are: questionable at best.

As a result, Machiavelli is not a humanist, where…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Sayre, Henry. "Cultural Parallels." The Humanities: Culture, Continuity & Change. Book 3: The Renaissance and the Age of Encounter. Prentice-Hall, 2008: 600-601. Print.

"Selections from the Prince."
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Machiavelli Niccolo Di Bernardo Dei Machiavelli Emerged

Words: 2007 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24792008

Machiavelli

Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli emerged as one of the first true secularist philosophers to come out of the Christian est. In succeeding years his name would become infamous; his views, associated with Satan and immorality. However, Machiavelli's most significant contributions to estern thought never overtly favored scheming or devious methods to more morally acceptable ones. But rather, he generally acknowledged that any actions taken in the acquisition and sustention of power were tolerable and necessary for a lasting society. Essentially, Machiavelli threw out all previous notions regarding morality and ethical behavior. Instead, he adopted the premise that all people were prone to corruption and ambition; accordingly, they would employ any means at their disposal -- given the opportunity -- to achieve their goals. It was Machiavelli's insights into the workings of government -- presented in both The Prince and The Discourses -- that marked his true contribution to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bondanella, Peter and Mark Musa. The Portable Machiavelli. New York: Penguin Books, 1979.

Ledeen, Michael A. Machiavelli on Modern Leadership. New Yrok: St. Martin's Press, 1999.
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Machiavelli and Frank Lautenberg Nearly

Words: 1743 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37043311



Frank Lautenberg's career may be described as "mostly Machiavellian" because of the way in which he used negative campaign ads early on in order to secure his hold on power, before shifting towards more outwardly benevolent means of maintaining that power. Taking Machiavelli's advice to commit all the cruelties one needs all at once, instead of piecemeal over a longer period, Lautenberg ran a vicious campaign against Pete Dawkins that relied almost exclusively on the former's ability to paint Dawkins as an opportunist and a charlatan, effectively using Dawkins' own robust resume against him. Having solidified his hold on power by winning his first reelection, Lautenberg proceeded to curry the favor of the two groups whose favor Machiavelli sees as necessary for ruling any participatory form of government, namely, the general populace and the corporate elite whose money ends up funding the majority of political activity in America. In this…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anonymous. "Frank R. Lautenberg." Times Topics. The New York Times, 21 Sep 2011. Web.

5 Oct 2011. .

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. London: Grant Richards, 1903.

Lautenberg, Frank. United States. Firearms, Explosive and Terrorists: A Looming Threat A
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Fortune and Machiavelli Fortune in the Prince

Words: 720 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98096740

Fortune and Machiavelli

Fortune in the Prince

During the Medieval and Renaissance periods political theorists often wrote books which were intended to be used as instructions for the rulers of the time. This was referred to as the "mirror of princes" technique, and the most famous of these instructional manuals was written by Niccolo Machiavelli and called The Prince. Although some versions of this book were around as early as 1513, the official printed version of his book actually was published in 1532, some time after the author's death. In his book The Prince, Macchiavelli discussed everything a ruler should know from how to gain and keep power to the qualities which make for a good prince. The author even discussed the concept of fortune, or luck, and how it should be dealt with by a prince. Fortune, according to Macchiavelli, was a real force of nature which a prince…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo. "The Prince." The Project Gutenberg. Trans. W.K. Marriott. 11 Feb. 2006. Web 7 May 2011.

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1232/1232-h/1232-h.htm
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Plato and Machiavelli Leadership

Words: 1653 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75202322

Plato and Machiavelli, and how their ideas on leadership compare and contrast with each other. To do this, their respective works the epublic and the Prince will be used.

In addition to the works by the two main authors considered, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy will provide important insight on Machiavelli and his work. Indeed, the piece authored by Nederman (2009) contains a section that specifically considers The Prince and Machiavelli's concept of leadership. In addition, Farmer's work also contains several good chapters on leadership, ethics, and how Machiavelli's concept of these is to be understood. For Plato's work, Goethals and Sorenson (2005) provided some good insight into his ideas of leadership and what these mean for ethical leadership today.

These works provide a valuable addition to the primary works by the authors themselves, as well as how the two might be compared with each other.

Application to Ethical Leadership…… [Read More]

References

Farmer, D.J. (2005). To Kill the King: Post-Traditional Governance and Bureaucracy. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

Goethals, G.R., Sorenson, G.L.J. (2006). The Quest for a General Theory of Leadership. Cheltenham: Edward Edgar Publishing Ltd.

Machiavelli, N. The Prince

Nederman, C. (2009, Sep. 8). Niccolo Machiavelli. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from:  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/machiavelli/
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Politics Machiavelli and Hobbes Thomas

Words: 1083 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80403609

" (Prince: 61)

The second important thing to focus on is the military strength of that person. Does the ruler possess greater military might than the displaced ruler? If yes, then there is no point in rejecting him as the new ruler. This is because with his military weapons, he is likely to prove valuable to the country in the long run. Michaela's views on the art of war and possession of arms make it clear that a well-armed ruler deserves our respect because he can be relied on in difficult times

Liberty is an important concept in this connection. Liberty is the collection of various rights, which must be safeguarded at all costs, or else the public will reject the new ruler. It is thus important to remember that even when the people of a country give up their freedom because of fear of the new ruler, the ruler…… [Read More]

References

Thomas Hobbes (author) a.R. Waller (editor) Leviathan: Or, the Matter, Forme & Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiasticall and Civill. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, England. 1904

Niccolo Machiavelli (author) Peter Bondanella (Editor) the Prince. Oxford University, Oxford 1998
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Hamlet ACT3 SENE3 Machiavelli Chapter 7-15-25-26 Lens

Words: 1536 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96717669

Hamlet act3 sene3 Machiavelli chapter 7-15-25-26 Lens Machiavelli concept Hamlet Intro - text author, content, method Paragraph1- Machiavelli concept explain applied hamlet compare Hamlet act3 sene3 Machiavelli chapter 7-15-25-26 work enables misunderstand play's ending significant relevant divergence hamlet Machiavelli Second essay compare Hamlet act 4.

First essay

Unlike Prince Hamlet, who is a man who is concerned with the morality of kingship as well as is an aggrieved son avenging his father, King Claudius of Shakespeare's Hamlet is primarily concerned with holding onto his power. Claudius does have some moral qualms about his actions, but not enough to repent. This is seen when Claudius tries to pray for forgiveness but is unable to do so: "O, my offence is rank it smells to heaven" (3.3). However, the political theorist Niccolo Machiavelli would diagnose Claudius' problem as being insufficiently ruthless up to this point in his dealings with his nephew. Claudius…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Written c. 1505, published 1515. Translated by W.K.

Marriott, 1908 [13 Dec 2012]

 http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince00.htm 

Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. MIT Shakespeare Homepage. [13 Dec 2012]
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Cohn Erasmus Machiavelli

Words: 2317 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30222606

Cohn, Erasmus and Machiavelli

Political theory inevitably arise from the influences which affect a society at the time of their formation. During the time which communist leaders ruled Russia with an iron fist, the social order, or lack thereof, demanded a heavy handed approach to political leadership in order to bring order out of the chaos remaining after the olshevik revolutions, and the First World War. In America, the establishment of a state in which freedom of the individual is held as one of the highest moral goods of the people evolved in part due to the unfair and unjust monarchies of the European continent. The founders of the United stated had suffered under the tyranny of 'divine right' for centuries, and as a result, vowed to establish a country in which the guaranteed individual freedoms of each citizen formed the glue that would bond the country together.

Looking at…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Foxe, John. Fox's Book of Martyrs. William B. Forbush, ed. Chicago: John Winston Co. 1926

Huizinga, J. Erasmus and the age of Reforation. New York: Harper. 1957.

Schaub, D. Machiavelli's realism. The National Interest, No. 53, Fall 1998.

Walters, C. Machiavelli's immortal look at Livy. The Washington Times, August 11, 1996
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Prince Machiavelli Means That a

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21223708

By giving benefits little by little, a ruler can close old wounds. (Chapter VIIII)

10. The injuries should be done quickly and swiftly. If a city must be destroy, it must be destroyed all at once. It should be done in such a way so as to ensure no unexpected circumstance pop up. This is despotic way of ruling in my opinion, and the people deserve better. (Chapter VIIII)

11. In order to stay in power, it is important to have the support of other rulers, so they will defend you if your principalities are in danger of being seized. The people ought to fear a ruler, when it is convenient for the ruler to appear all-powerful. Otherwise, if the people believe they are serving some good, they will be more willing to work for the general good. A happy shrewdness can make the people think they are doing this.…… [Read More]

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Views and Conceptions of Aristotle Hobbes Machiavelli and Bellah

Words: 2146 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90779985

Aristotle, Hobbes, Machiavelli and Bellah

hat are the different conceptions of knowledge that inform Hobbes's and Aristotle's respective accounts of politics? Be specific about questions of individualism, virtue, and justice. In Bellah's terms, what kind of politics would they support? How are they related to Bellah's views on the relationship between social science and social life?

Aristotle stated repeatedly that the needs of the state and society overrode individual pleasures, desires and happiness, while Hobbes regarded unchecked individualism as a menace to public peace and good order. Public virtue and justice for Aristotle were not based on purely individual feelings, desires or personal happiness, for "which it is satisfactory to acquire and preserve the good even for an individual, it is finer and more divine to acquire and preserve it for a people and for cities" (Aristotle 2). Virtue is the chief end of political life, but only the vulgar…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Hackett Publishing Company Inc., 1994.

Bellah, Robert N. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. University of California Press, 2008.

Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, Revised Student Edition. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Cambridge University Press, 1988.
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Aquinas and Machiavelli

Words: 2177 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11563511

Aquinas / Machiavelli Edit

Comparing Aquinas and Machiavelli

Aquinas and Machiavelli both had an important position in the study of historical development of Western political theory. They were Italian giants of medieval philosophy and politics. One of their common arguments is that nature is the basis of politics, including the nature of human beings and the nature of nations. Some may argue that in the totality of comparison that the work of Machiavelli was superior to that of Thomas Aquinas.

Aquinas ackground

Aquinas's political thought started from the study of human nature. According to him, human beings are creations of the God. He agreed with Aristotle in that a human is a union of a body and a soul- a body is the matter, while a soul is the form. Also, bodies are under control of souls. He believed that humans have rational souls, which are abstract forms independent of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Machiavelli, Niccolo, and David Wootton. Selected Political Writings. Indianapolis:

Hackett Pub., 1994.

Aquinas, St. Thomas. ON KINGSHIP or THE GOVERNANCE OF RULERS. DE REGIMINE PRINCIPUM, 1265-1267. (Handout received in Political Theory from ProfessorT. Bejan, Mississauga, Jan, 14th, 2014).
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Prince by Machiavelli and Hardball

Words: 1682 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28690381

It is more about keeping ahead of your competitors, always staying ahead of the game, and playing all the positions adroitly. It is all about power and prestige, and it is fairly amazing that anything constructive gets accomplished when there is so much political posing going on. In that, it is quite difficult to think positively of politics and politicians after reading this book, but that was probably one of Matthews' objectives when he wrote the book. Most Americans want to believe that the politicians they elect have their interests at heart, and there may be some that actually do. They, however, seem to be in the minority, and according to this book, they probably will not be very successful, anyway.

Matthews notes that Machiavelli thinks the best leader is part lion and part fox (Matthews 152), and that is another apt analogy for today's politicians - it is evident…… [Read More]

References

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Translated by Peter Bondanella, ed. Peter Bondanella. Oxford: Oxford University, 1998.

Matthews, Chris. Hardball: How Politics is Played - Told by One Who Knows the Game. New York: Summit Books, 1988.
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Ethics and Morality -- Relationship

Words: 1870 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92414218

38); a Prince should also appear to keep at least some of the old ways so the people will readily accept the new ways (Machiavelli, Discourses on the first decade of Titus Livius, 2007, p. 98). hile the circumstances may change, it is clear that a Prince must be willing and able to manipulate appearances in order to convince others to give their power over to him.

3. Conclusion

Niccolo Machiavelli's ideas on appearance, reality and power stem from his background and place in the political shifts of 16th Century Italy. A career politician who used and was used by the politics of the time, Machiavelli developed certain unvarnished "truths" about gaining and retaining power. It was during his political exile that he wrote the Prince, his most famous work and a book that is still read 500 years after its publication. For Machiavelli, reality was quite different from the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

De Grazia, S. (1994). Machiavelli in Hell. New York, NY: First Vintage Books.

Machiavelli, N. (2007). Discourses on the first decade of Titus Livius. Charleston, SC: Bibliobazaar.

Machiavelli, N. (2009). The Prince. Toronto: Prohyptikon Publishing, Inc.

Nederman, C. (2005, September 13). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Niccolo Machiavelli. Retrieved April 10, 2013 from plato.stanford.edu Web site:  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/machiavelli/
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Prince and the Courtier Two

Words: 2459 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96322104

A significant aspect of court pageantry of the time was the performance known as masking, in which the courtiers themselves assumes other roles while wearing masks. The anonymity of the performance permitted them to engage in behavior that might otherwise be considered inappropriate. However, the custom of masking also gave concrete form to Castiglione's metaphor of the courtier as one who was continually playing a role. As Federico states in Book II of the Courtier,

But if a Courtier who is accustomed to handling affairs of importance should happen to be in private with his lord, he must become another person [lit., put on another mask], and lay aside grave matters for another time and place, and engage in conversation that will be amusing and pleasant to his lord, so as not to prevent him from gaining such relaxation.

In this situation, the courtier is not only, once again, assuming…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=97573375

Machiavelli, Niccol. The Prince. Trans. Peter Bondanella and Mark Musa. Ed. Peter Bondanella. Oxford: Oxford University, 1998.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=3061933

Rebhorn, Wayne a. Courtly Performances: Masking and Festivity in Castiglione's Book of the Courtier. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1978.
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Prince in Chapter Twenty of

Words: 2223 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24185424

hat is almost funny about this tactic is that Machiavelli notes the importance of specific circumstances throughout the chapter immediately before making generalized statements, but when it comes to actually judging the efficacy of fortresses, he refrains.

However, this does not mean that he does not come up with a general pronounce, it just means that this general pronouncement takes the form of a discussion of the importance of specific circumstances, and in this instance, the specific circumstances that matter are the degree to which a ruler is loved or tolerated by his or her subjects. Machiavelli ends the chapter by saying that fortresses may be useful or harmful, depending on the relationship between ruler and ruled, and furthermore, that fortresses or a lack of fortresses will not matter if a ruler is hated by the ruled. The way Machiavelli reaches this point is interesting because he is one the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo and Luigi Ricci. The prince. London: Grant Richards, 1903. Print.
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Justice Has Different Meanings in

Words: 2164 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69017132

'" (p. 42). This clearly indicates that Thrasymachus was not won and while Socrates ended the argument on a good note but it was more his own approval of his views than Thrasymachus'.

We can thus say with confidence that Thrasymachus was also a wise man of considerable sagacity. He knew that Socrates could move people with the power of his speech and was thus completely prepared to meet his barrage of arguments.

I do not think that Socrates won himself a friend or even an admirer in Thrasymachus because the latter looked significantly bored and uninterested. He even said that he was agreeing where he agreed only to make Socrates happy. It seems that Socrates was more interested in pleasing the others on the scene and winning his approval than he was in Thrasymachus because he had come to know very early in the discussion that Thrasymachus could not…… [Read More]

References

Plato. Republic. (1994). Translated by Robin Waterfield; Oxford University Press. Oxford Nicolo Machiavelli. The Prince Written c. 1505, published 1515 translated by W.K. Marriott
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Society We All Live Within Societies and

Words: 1451 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23892499

Society

We all live within societies and we are the consistency of the society. As families and as individuals, we play roles and responsibilities that when combined point towards a given trend and charters of a larger group, hence the society.

An ideal society is one that constitutes people with similar life patterns which are mutual and beneficial to each member of that particular group. The infiltration of people with divergent interests interferes with the consistency of that society hence should be deterred by whatever means possible.

The Oxford Dictionary (2012), refers to a society as "The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community." The society is also defined "The community of people living in a particular region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations."

More often than not, the term society is confused with family, it is worth noting that the family is just…… [Read More]

References

Constitution Society, (2011). The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli: That Which Concerns A

Prince On The Subject Of The Art Of War. Retrieved November 2, 2012 from  http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince14.htm .

Oxford Dictionary, (2012). Definition of Society. Retrieved November 2, 2012 from http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/society

Public Book Shelf, (2012). The Philosopher King: Socrates vision in Plato's Republic. From the Republic -- Plato. Retrieved November 2, 2012 from  http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/Outline_of_Great_Books_Volume_I/thephilos_bcd.html
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Modern Political Thought

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Politics

Modern Political Thought

The transition from a feudal serf economy to a capitalist market economy was one of the fundamental shifts which have produced modernity as we know it. This essay aims to understand how the authors of The Prince and Leviathan, Niccolo Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes would think about the transition and how these two great minds would relate to the issue of capitalism. Capitalism is a funny game that continually creates a series of boom and bust cycles throughout our modern history. Take the 1926 real estate craze that occurred in Florida. The United States economy was cooking along on all cylinders and good times were everywhere. No one was thinking about the Great Depression that would occur just a few years later. The rich and happy of 1926 figured that all was well as often is the case in Capitalism. Prosperity and growth were infinite --…… [Read More]

Works Cited, continued

Solomon, Jay. (2009). "U.S., India Expand Counterterrorism Cooperation." Wall Street Journal Online. (2009). Retrieved on November 25, 2009 from online.wsj at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125907299030362349.htmlWallerstein, Immanuel. (1983): "Historical Capitalism." Thetford Press, Limited: Norfolk.

White, Michael (2007). "Machiavelli, A Man Misunderstood." Abacus.
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History Political Philosophy Sources Political Stability Instability

Words: 955 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78818587

history political philosophy sources political stability instability Machiavelli? Source: The Prince (Machiavelli), cited work the Prince My thesis Statement:The Prince, written 1513, intended a guide gave advice effective ruler stay power.

Niccolo Machiavelli's 1513 political treatise "The Prince" deals with a series of matters concerning political stability and the means available to make it possible. Considering that the writer lived in a period dominated by political instability, it is not surprising that some of the methods he proposed in order to restore order were somewhat unorthodox. From his perspective, moral acts were in certain situations pointless, as people actually needed to be controlled with the help of manipulating techniques. Machiavelli was basically interested in promoting the concept of evil, even with the fact that he attempted to mask this by posing in a person deeply concerned about his nation. He considered that in order to be able to control a…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Machiavelli, Niccolo. "The Prince," Plain Label Books, 1952.

Nederman, Cary, "Niccolo Machiavelli," The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2009 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)
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Art Had Been Taken to

Words: 1135 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18259227

Brunelleschi has been one of the early fathers of the Renaissance, and, the first architect to build a building with reference to classical antiquity. The architect succeeded in proving his value through various building which came in disagreement with the laws that architects had had until the time.

One of the greatest sculptors of all times, Michelangelo, became famous at the time that the public reviewed his first works of art. Despite of the fact that he had been certain that he was best fit for being a sculptor, Michelangelo accepted to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Even with his hesitation, the painting on the ceiling still stands as one of his greatest works and one of the greatest master pieces that the Renaissance period has given birth to.

The Marriage of the Virgin is a painting appreciated worldwide for its perception of depth and for its great…… [Read More]

Works cited:

1. Prager, Frank D. Scaglia, Gustina. (2004). "Brunelleschi." Courier Dover Publications. (2005).

2. "Niccolo Machiavelli." Retrieved July 07, 2009, from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Web site:  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/machiavelli/ 

3. "MICHELANGELO Buonarroti." Retrieved July 07, 2009, from the Web Gallery of Art Web site:  http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/m/michelan/biograph.html 

4. "Renaissance: (1400-1600)." Retrieved July 7, 2009, from the World Wide Arts Resources Web site:  http://wwar.com/masters/movements/renaissance.html .
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Sun Tzu's the Art of

Words: 1416 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18771278

If he is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them. Attack him where he is unprepared, appear where you are not expected. These military devices, leading to victory, must not be divulged beforehand." (Tzu)

But the true wisdom in this book is that it suggests constant preparation for all situations. "Now the general who wins a battle makes many calculations in his temple ere the battle is fought. The general who loses a battle makes but few calculations beforehand. Thus do many calculations lead to victory, and few calculations to defeat: how much more no calculation at all! It is by attention to this point that I can foresee who is likely to win or lose." (Tzu)

Niccolo Machiavelli

There is a great deal known about Machiavelli and his famous work the Prince. The book was actually an attempt by Machiavelli to ingratiate…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo. (1984). The Prince. Bantam Books.

Tzu, Sun. The Art of War.

Business
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Familiar With the Adjective Machiavellian Very Few

Words: 5071 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11950346

familiar with the adjective "machiavellian," very few are actually knowledgeable about the political philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli. However, Machiavelli does in fact have a great deal to teach us and we should be careful not to dismiss Machiavelli's thoughtfulness and acuity as an observer of human society by relegating his contributions to a single, uncomplimentary adjective. Especially in his Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius (much more so than in the more famous The Prince), we see in this writer of the Italian enaissance a man who was truly engaged in the intellectual work required to create a system of government that was based on ideals and yet that also acknowledged the realities of human society as he understood them from his particular historical perspective. This paper examines the particular suggestions that Machiavelli outlined in Discourses for a well governed republic.

We may begin our analysis of…… [Read More]

References

http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/introser/kant.htm

http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/hobbes/leviathan.html

http://www2.r8esc.k12.in.us/socratic/resources/MachiavellisThePrince.html

Discourses on Livy by Niccolo Machiavelli,
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Prince Is the Political Theorist

Words: 1715 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3706245

Knowing the character of the principality the prince had acquired, and tailoring his use of repression and forms of coercion, and the degree, was essential -- a lesson that has proved, one might argue, quite difficult for the United States in its involvement in the Middle East, and its involvement with other territories with long and rich histories that are very different from the history of the relatively young United States.

Machiavelli's own work is inevitably affected by when he wrote, during an age characterized small, divided leadership centers, in one of the most fractious and back-biting of all of the Italian cities. However, although being ruled by his ideal prince may hardly be attractive to a resident of a modern democracy, many of his observations of people during times of war and peace are still useful. His guide can prove helpful as well to a citizen trying to interpret…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo. (1513). The Prince. Full text available from the Constitution

Society. Maintained by Jon Roland. Created 10 Jul 1997. Updated 20 Sept 2005. Retrieved 27 Feb 2008 at  http://www.constitution.org/mac/prince24.htm
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Francesco Petrarch Lived in Florence

Words: 1251 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79170902

These individuals promoted the belief that it was in people's best interest to concentrate on putting across thinking that reflected positively on the world and that moral thinking played an essential role in changing the way that the social order functioned. Humanist writers wanted people to learn to enjoy life's pleasures without focusing on material values.

Even with the fact that Castiglione partly agree to Pico by stating that reason and knowledge were essential factors in this process, the former actually seems to focus on a more profit-motivated attitude while the latter is apparently interested in having people acknowledge the need for more moral values.

Castiglione, Machiavelli, and Pico all had different perspectives concerning the attitudes that the Renaissance man needed to employ in order to experience positive results as he was trying to discover his personal identity. In contrast to both of them, Machiavelli did not hesitate to emphasize…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Sherman, Dennis, "Western Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, from the Renaissance to the Present,"
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Political Science Comparison of Leadership

Words: 3091 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3700418

(Ng, 1994, p. 93)

The philosophy of Confucius was based essentially on that of human relationships expanded to the sphere of the state, and even beyond into the cosmos. ight conduct and proper action among individuals and groups would result in an ordered universe, one that operated according to the proper laws. By cultivating these believes and following these rules one could hope to produce a society that was perfectly ordered and self-perpetuating. The Confucian ideal of leadership has endured today among many, not only in China, but in many parts of East Asia, and has even attracted followers in the West, for it addresses the issue of responsibility as a metaphor for virtue and harmony.

Far less idealistic were the ideas of the enaissance thinker, Niccolo Machiavelli. Machiavelli lived in Italy at a time when its various princes were contending for power. The region was riven by war and…… [Read More]

References

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=97002683

Bassnett, S. (1988). Elizabeth I: A Feminist Perspective. Oxford: Berg Publishers.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=37111890

Hanh, T.N. (2000). Three Zen Buddhist Ethics. In Striking a Balance: A Primer in Traditional Asian Values (pp. 98-140). New York: Seven Bridges Press.
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Is Peace Possible

Words: 1394 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43940170

Peace Possible in the Modern World?

Is peace possible in the world as we know it today? One side of the human brain, if idealistic, might reply: "Certainly peace is possible, even perpetual peace, but it is possible only if visionary, bold and intelligent leadership emerges in key international places." The other side of the brain could well answer like this: "Are you kidding? There are too many terrorists, and too many greedy, power-crazed nationalist leaders pushing and shoving and developing weapons to ever expect a peaceful world." And meanwhile, what did some of the great thinkers and philosophers have to say about the prospects of peace?

THUCYDIDES: Thucydides, in writing about the Peloponnesian War, makes it clear that human nature tends to dictate how history plays itself out, and he does not blame the Gods or other forces for this war. Thucydides, who is a young man, and an…… [Read More]

Reference

Brown, Chris, Nardin, Terry, and Rengger, Nicholas. International Relations in Political

Thought: Texts from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War. Cambridge, UK:

Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Thucydides, "History of the Peloponnesian War," in International Relations in Political Thought: Texts from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War, ed. Chris Brown, Terry Nardin, Nicholas Rengger (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002), 38.
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Politics the Prince and the

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8405555

Advising princes how to rule he states, "You must know, then, that there are two methods of fighting, the one by law, the other by force: the first method is that of men, the second of beasts; but as the first method is often insufficient, one must have recourse to the second. It is therefore necessary for a prince to know well how to use both the beast and the man" (Machiavelli 58). This is extremely telling in the current situation with the executive branch as well, in many ways.

For example, many people disapprove of the methods of security and incarceration since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. They believe many of the tenets of the Patriot Act, along with the treatment of prisoners in Guantanamo Bay and other facilities are unethical and go against rights granted in the Constitution. However, these methods continue, and it could be…… [Read More]

References

Niccolo Machiavelli, the Prince, ed. Peter Bondanella, trans. Peter Bondanella Oxford: Oxford University, 1998.
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Western Civ the Question of Leadership and

Words: 1551 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55025150

Western Civ

The question of leadership and government has always been a subject that concerned political theorists. ne of the first political theorists to brake up with the Medieval tradition regarding rulers and the ethics of government, Niccolo Machiavelli, presented his theories related to the rules a prince should follow in order to be able to govern a state and stay in power as long as possible. Machiavelli left the question of ethics completely for religious subjects and treated his topic form a rationale point-of-view destined to prescribe the best recipe for a political ruler to follow in order to succeed. Shakespeare's Richard III and George rwell's The Animal Farm present two different political regimes, the former focusing on dynastic battles in England in the fifteenth century and the latter on fictional animal characters that resemble real life characters form the early twentieth century revolutionary Russia. Despite the fact that…… [Read More]

Orwell, G. Baker, R. Animal farm: a fairy story. Signet Classic, 1996

Richard III, film, 1955.

Textbook. Machiavelli, N. The Prince
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Society Is One in Which

Words: 1454 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88892998

Heavy rule will always lead to destruction one way or another. Individuals can only take being oppressed for so long. An ideal society is one where the government and the people are happy.

e see the results of oppression when we look at Martin Luther King's ideas and dreams for a better society. A world apart from Machiavelli's time, King captures the plight of the oppressed individual. He knows all too well what people experience when they are held down by a government that encroaches on everyday freedom. He urges his readers to "rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice" (King). He also sees hope in the future and asks people to "make justice a reality for all of God's children" (King). Justice is part of the government's responsibility to the people. Elizabeth Cady Canton also understood the struggle for independence.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Elizabeth Cady Stanton. "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolution." Rutgers University Online. Information Retrieved October 1, 2008.  http://ecssba.rutgers.edu/docs/seneca.html 

Jefferson, Thomas, et al. "The Declaration of Independence." 1776. The Indiana University School of Law Online. Information Retrieved October 1, 2008.  http://www.law.indiana.edu/uslawdocs/declaration.html 

King, Martin Luther. "I have a Dream." American Rhetoric. Information Retrieved October 1, 2008.  http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkihaveadream.htm 

Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. 1992.
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Religion in the Literary Works

Words: 1076 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96785449



Machiavelli shared Douglass' opinion concerning the role of religion in one's society. He believed that religion is instrumental in bringing about not only a moral society, but also a just one. In his discourse, "The Prince," he asserted that the ideal leader, the Prince, must not "...deceive friends...be without faith, without mercy, without religion..." This invoked the belief that a leader, in order to become effective, efficient, and respected by the civil society, must also be of moral character. This means that in the same way as people let their lives be influenced by religion and its values and beliefs, so too must the Prince engage in a lifestyle dominated by religion. A religious individual is a moral individual, hence commanding the respect of his people and giving him credibility to lead over society.

However, it is also vital to note that while he put premium to religiosity, Machiavelli's characterization…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Early Modern Europe

Words: 2287 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83932329

Pleasure Garden

In the eighteenth century, the concept of pleasure gardens flourished in Britain, a trend that could be traced partly to the relatively stable democratic government coupled with the international trade that thrived at that time in London. Vauxhall Gardens was perhaps the most famous pleasure garden according to the lectures. Founded in 1661, it reached the peak of popularity during the early years of the nineteenth century. It became a model for several other pleasure gardens in Europe, like the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen. Historians believed it was arguably the first modern amusement park. Some of the most popular entertainments offered in Vauxhall were firework displays, theatre shows, theatrical entertainments as well as dancing floors and drinking booths. Both Vauxhall and Tivoli Gardens were so popular that they became generic names for all pleasure gardens in both Europe and the United States (UoS 2015). According to the course,…… [Read More]

References

Aelarsen. A Royal Affair: Enlightenment and Adultery in 18th Century Denmark. June 2014. https://aelarsen.wordpress.com/2014/06/30/a-royal-affair-enlightenment-and-adultery-in-18th-century-denmark / (accessed December 13, 2015).

"Age of Enlightenment." Pedia Press, 2011.

Curtius, Quintus. Speaking Out Against Injustice: The Case Of Jean Calas. October 12, 2015. http://www.returnofkings.com/72129/speaking-out-against-injustice-the-case-of-jean-calas (accessed December 12, 2015).

Halsall, Paul. Medieval Sourcebook: Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527): Republics and Monarchies, Excerpt from Discourses I, 55. October 1998. (accessed December 14, 2015).
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Management and Leadership Strategies Were

Words: 5635 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38896307

Specifically, Caesar masterfully showed how through building alliances one may achieve power and rise to the top of the leadership tier even in a group or society as vast as the Ancient Roman Empire (Abbott, 1901, p.385).

The Roman Empire also provides an example of organizational systems within the public domain through the Republican system. In the Roman Republican system of government, one man did not have the power to make law. Instead, power was balanced amongst three different branches of government: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial ("The Roman Empire"). In fact, this form of government introduced the concept of a senatorial body to the public. In Rome, the Senate was designed as a separate body of government from that of the Emperor so as to avoid the tyranny of one leader. Through the advent of the Senate, the Romans laid the groundwork for leadership structure of Britain…… [Read More]

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Cultural and Construction History of

Words: 5800 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2908770

Charles Van Doren has concluded that the Copernican Revolution is actually the Galilean Revolution because of the scale of change introduced by Galileo's work.

The technological innovation of the Renaissance era started with the invention of the printing press (the Renaissance). Even though the printing press, a mechanical device for printing multiple copies of a text on sheets of paper, was first invented in China, it was reinvented in the West by a German goldsmith and eventual printer, Johann Gutenberg, in the 1450s. Before Gutenberg's invention, each part of metal type for printing presses had to be individually engraved by hand. Gutenberg developed molds that permitted for the mass production of individual pieces of metal type. This permitted a widespread use of movable type, where each character is a separate block, in mirror image, and these blocks are assembled into a frame to form text. Because of his molds, a…… [Read More]

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Movie the Patriot

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26665729

Prince

Theme

The Prince, by Niccolo Machiavelli, is a practical handbook of political advice for leaders. Its primary purpose is to explain the best ways to obtain and keep political power. The essence of Machiavelli's philosophy is that when it comes to gaining and maintaining power, "the ends justify the means" (94). This is the theme throughout the book. Machiavelli analyzes both contemporary and historical examples of rulers, power, and strategy to support his contentions. He begins with an overview of various forms of government and how they might be best manipulated and ruled by a prince. Mixed monarchies serve a new leader's purposes best because they have no remaining hereditary families to oppose a new prince (35-42). Machiavelli then discusses how to rule newly acquired lands. The best way for a prince to consolidate power in a new territory often depends on how the territory was acquired. Machiavelli looks…… [Read More]

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Military Art Principles of War

Words: 988 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71035661

military philosophies of von Clausewitz, Vegetius, and Machiavelli reveal common threads of pragmatism and political realism. Vegetius focuses less on philosophy and theory, and more on the practical details and logistics of military campaigns. Yet in so doing, Vegetius does evolve a foundational political strategy that remains relevant almost two thousand years later, even as technology and the dictums of foreign affairs have changed. Likewise, the tenets embodied by Italian political philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli are still studied in the 21st century, long after they were written. Machiavelli is not as focused on the minutia of military formations on the battlefield as his predecessor Vegetius, but he is far more focused on the ways political leaders need to comport themselves in times of war and peace. Machiavelli is likewise concerned with the ramifications of political power and how leaders can retain and wield their power to achieve self-serving ends. Just as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gilbert, Felix. "Machiavelli: The Renaissance of the Art of War." In Makers of Modern Strategy. Oxford University Press, 1986.

Vegetius. Epitome of Military Science. Trans. N.P. Milner. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1996.

Von Clausewitz, Carl. On War. Trans. Col. J.J. Graham.
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European Renaissance Represents a Rebirth

Words: 3470 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89632125

The Donations of Constantine were in fact a fraud - a fact that could only have been revealed through the subjecting of the "original" document to unbiased evaluation. Yet Leonardo Bruni, much more than Valla, deserves the credit for shaping the modern idea of history. Advancing on the style and technique of such Classical authors as Herodotus and Thucydides, Bruni developed a more modern, and scientific approach to the subject. Though not all of his writings can be taken as shining exemplars of the new commitment to accuracy and truth, Bruni at his best, charted new territory for historical scholarship.

Bruni's monumental Historiarum Florentini Populi Libri XII (hereafter Historiae) is often singled out as an exemplary work, one that set the whole enterprise of history writing on a new plane.... Bruni destroys the legends surrounding the founding and early history of Florence, and then recasts the story on the basis…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=28520584

Boehm, Christopher. Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=3474489

Schweitzer, Peter R. "Chapter 1 Russian Anthropology, Western Hunter-Gatherer Debates, and Siberian Peoples." Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern World: Conflict, Resistance, and Self-Determination. Eds. Schweitzer, Peter P., Megan Biesele, and Robert K. Hitchcock. New York: Berghahn Books, 2000. 29-51.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=22819302
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Communication and Leadership

Words: 2764 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39078535

Communication and Leadership

hat makes a great leader? How is a great leader made? There is no single answer to that question because there are as many different kinds of great leaders as there are problems in society that need to be overcome. hile certainly it is true that many important and effective leaders share a number of the same qualities, it is also imperative to remember that each leader has different challenges that face him or her because of the particular historical circumstances that call that person to be a leader.

This research proposal maps out a plan to study the ways in which African-Americans become leaders in the United States today, looking at the struggles that they have to overcome in terms of the general level of background racism that still exists in this nation. But this is certainly not a research project designed to cast pity on…… [Read More]

We now turn away from recent history to contemporary American society to look at the ways in which some contemporary African-Americans are becoming leaders in their communities, despite the racism that they face from the surrounding world. http://www.twbookmark.com/books/33/0446675466/chapter_excerpt9276.html

http://almaz.com/nobel/peace/MLK-jail.html

Encyclopedia Britannica
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Civil-Military Relations Civil Military Relations

Words: 2314 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53546597



However in those days, the progress was even slower and there was deeper concern about the possibility of complete transition. Samuel Huntington's path-breaking book, Political Order in Changing Societies (1968) has been by far the most well received and comprehensive book on the subject of civilian military relations. Huntington studied the conditions in Latin America and found that in underdeveloped countries, militaries were usually more powerful because society cannot access the government and hence support military's interference. Middle classes then "compel the military to oppose the government" and restore the status quo ante. Military may be powerful but Huntington felt that it was the organizational structure that can be blamed for coups but instead the social structure and thus "Military explanations do not explain military intervention," he argued.

By the end of the 1970s, even more literature appeared on the scene to explain civil military relations and to study the…… [Read More]