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Nonprofit Board Term Limits
Nonprofit Board Limits
An Analysis of the Influence of Board Term Limits on Non-Profit Organizations
There has been a significant amount of debate in the literature about what constitutes good corporate governance in regards to establishing term limits on members of the board of directors in non-profit organizations. The debate ranges from arguments that propose that any kind of term limit is unnecessary and could hinder the overall performance of the board, to some kind of term limit being a necessary requisite to proper board management. There are also arguments that rest in the middle of these two poles. For example, some charters will only allow board members to serve so many consecutive years. Thus, after taking some time off, a former board member would reset their clock and be able to return to the board after their break from this position. There are also many…
AGB. (2010). Term Limits. Retrieved from Association of Governing Boards:
Alden, S. (2004). Boards. Credit Union Magazine, 53-56.
Alexander, M., & Koppes, R. (2003). Confronting Long Tenure and Nonperformance
There were numerous complaints that the famous charity was nowhere to be seen on the Jersey Shore and due to "inadequate food and supply distribution" local entities such as Occupy Sandy or personal volunteerism took the place of the ed Cross (Crocker & Dickson 2012).
If the ed Cross is to sustain itself in the future, it must answer these charges. The director of Occupy Sandy, a veteran of disaster relief said: "what I observed in New Orleans after Katrina was that these large disaster-relief organizations are not structured to respond in a nimble way, to build relationships in communities" (Crocker & Dickson 2012). The ed Cross must seek to utilize the knowledge of local entities, who are often more informed and more nimble in their ability to address specific needs.
The ed Cross also requires better centralized leadership to ensure that it is meeting its goals effectively. According to…
Anheier, Helmut. (2005). Nonprofit organizations. Routledge.
Canon, G. (2011). Economic recession continues to hit nonprofit organizations hard. Huffington Post. Retrieved:
Crocker, Lizzie & Dickson, Catherine. (2012). After Sandy, the American Red Cross collects both criticism and cash. Daily Beast. Retrieved: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/11/24/after-sandy-the-american-red-cross-collects-both-criticism-and-cash.html
United Way Worldwide
Non-profit organizations abound everywhere in the world and some of these organizations are engaged in charity work. In most cases, non-profit organizations have specialized or dedicated functions such as engaging in the spread of a particular faith, working for the cause of animal welfare, serving to protect the rights of children or even providing assistance to the homeless. There non-profit organizations though that have several initiatives under their wings and their organizational structures effectively and efficiently manage the different thrusts thereto. One of these world-renowned organizations is the United Way Worldwide that saw humble beginnings in Denver, Colorado in the late 1800s. The organization is not only a not-for-profit entity but has become a "leadership and support organization for the network of nearly 1,800 community-based United Ways in 45 countries and territories (United Way 2011)." Even at present, the United Way is still growing worldwide…
United Way. 2011. 24 Jul. 2011. .
United Way Worldwide. 2011. 24 Jul. 2011. .
Non-Profit Org Learning
The purpose of this executive summary is to encapsulate the points and the directions that this report, in its totality, shall take and forge. As indicated by the title of this report, this treatise will focus on learning in non-profit organizations. Indeed, having a true "learning organization" is an organizational trait that any leaders of said organization should desire to have and keep. This is true of both non-profit organizations and profit-based organizations. When speaking of the former, that group can and should include both non-governmental non-profit groups as well as public agencies and government organizations such as social work outfits, social services in general and governmental administrative tasks that are to be completed for the relevant populace. The sections that will be completed throughout this report shall include a brief introduction, a literature review that includes a summary of prior work done by the author of…
du Plessis, D., du Plessis, M., & Millet, B. (1999). Developing a learning organization; A case study. Journal Of Management Practice, 2(4), 71-94.
Smith-Milway, K., & Saxton, A. (2011). The Challenge of Organizational Learning. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 1(1), 44-49.
The aility to transform an organization to the next level, through specific leadership techniques, and to have the vision to carry out the task, is called transformational leadership. Transformational leaders influence y ecoming the teacher, mentor and/or coach -- or a comination, rather than a hierarchical tyrant. Key is the empowering of others to achieve and surpass their own goals. Communication is the asis for this theoretical model -- the leader is highly visile and uses a chain of command to get results, ut is never satisfied and is constantly looking for ways in which the organization can reach eyond the current vision (Avolio, 2002). It is this constant search for efficacy, the move to "transact" the organization or specific project to a new level that keeps this theory alive -- and continual feedack and stimuli are as necessary as food and water to this leader (Karl, 1993). This type…
bibliography dealing with dynamic tension within a leadership model, for instance, we can certainly agree that there are three major constructs that affect this modality: 1) the degree to which any action exists in certain environments, which of course, are all unique; 2) the location of the actors (leaders, followers, etc.) within that unique environment, and 3) the particular strengths and weaknesses of the players in the model. See: Fred Greenstein, (1967). "The Impact of Personality." American Political Science Review. 61: 633-34; Bryan Jones, ed. (1989). Leadership and Politics. University Press of Kansas;
There are a number of modern business coaches who utilize this combination model as a way of analyzing the appropriateness of leadership styles. They hold that the "great man" theory of leadership is way past its prime, that certainly one can identify certain characteristics of great leaders, but that there are ways to influence and develop those traits. See, for instance: Farrington, J. (2007, January 30). Understanding The Nature Of Dynamic Leadership, Cited in ezinearticles.com; J.C. Spencer, (1996). "Making Knowledge the Basis of a Dynamic Theory." Strategic Management Journal. 17 (Winter 1996): 45-62; S. Kozlowski, et.al. (1996). "A Dynamic Theory of Leadership and Team Effectiveness: Developmental and Task Contingent Leader Roles." Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management. 14: 251-305.
Several works support this model: Abraham Zeleznik, (2004). "Managers and Leaders: Are They Different?" Harvard Business Review, available in harvardbusinessreview.com; see also Graeme Martin, (2006).Managing People and Organizations in Changing Contexts. Butterworth. Paul Birch, (1999). Instant Leadership: Reach Your Full Potential Now, Kogan; V. Vroom and R. Sternberg, (2002). "Theoretical Letters: The Person vs. The Situation in Leadership." The Leadership Quarterly, 13: 301-23; J.P. Spillane, et.al. (2004). "Towards a Theory of Leadership Practice." Journal of Curriculum Studies, 36(1); 3-34.
There are a number of interesting approaches to this evolution of leadership: See: D. Rustow, ed. (1970). Philosophers and Kings: Studies in Leadership, George Braziller; R.Kegan (1982). The Evolving Self, Harvard University Press; E. Jaques, "Cognitive Processes: How They Work and How They Mature," in (1989) Requisite Organization: The CEO's Guide to Creative Structure and Leadership. Cason Hall.
A List of Non-Profit Organizations
The non-profit organizations listed herein include: All Stars Project, Big Brothers Big Sisters of New York City, CapraCare, Community League of the Heights, Financial Services Volunteer Corps, International Coalition to End Torture, Jewish Foundation for the Righteous, Nourishing NYC, Peer Health Exchange, and Shark Angels. All organizations selected are located in New York City.
1. All Stars Project, Inc.
In essence, this particular non-profit organization seeks to promote human development via the utilization of artistic prowess (Non Profit List – NPL, 2019). It has its stated mission as the transformation of “the lives of youth and poor communities using the developmental power of performance, in partnership with caring adults” (All Stars, 2019). In addition to developing and promoting artistic talent, the organization also provides leadership skills to youths participating in its programs.
It is important to note that since inception, All Stars has managed to…
All Stars, Inc. (2019. Who We Are. Retrieved from https://allstars.org/
Big Brothers Big Sisters of New York City – BBBS (2019). About Us. Retrieved from https://www.bigsnyc.org/about
CapraCare, Inc. (2019). About Us. Retrieved from https://www.capracare.org/about/
Community League of the Heights – CLOTH (2019). About. Retrieved from https://www.cloth159.org/
Financial Services Volunteer Corps - FSVC (2019). Who We Are. Retrieved from https://www.fsvc.org/who-we-are/
International Coalition to End Torture – ICET (2019). About. Retrieved from https://www.endtorture.org/about.html
Jewish Foundation for the Righteous – JFR (2019). About JFR. Retrieved from https://jfr.org/about/
Institute for Integrative Nutrition (2019). Nourishing NYC. Retrieved from https://www.integrativenutrition.com/charity/nourishing-nyc
("Developing New Knowledge," 2010)
Does the mission statement define the nonprofit organization's geographical operating parameters (whether it will conduct business locally, regionally, nationally, or internationally)?
Yes. In this case, the mission statement will briefly discuss the focus that the organization will take around the world. Then, it talks about specific areas, where its goals are augmented for particular regional / local challenges. ("Developing New Knowledge," 2010)
Is the mission statement consistent with the nonprofit organization's actual activities?
Yes. The mission statement is consistent with the organization's activities. As the Howard Hughes Medical Institute will provide funding; for a number of projects related to: medical research and science. They will then take these objectives and implement them, to specific challenges on the local level. This is important, because it shows how the actions of this non-profit, are consistent with their mission statement. As the funding that they provide for a number…
Developing New Knowledge. (2010). HHMI. Retrieved from: http://www.hhmi.org/about/ origins.html
Leung, R. (2004). Howard Hughes. CBS News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/11/21/60minutes/main584945.shtml
As yet, I have found no satisfactory resource that deals with tehri questions. There are a number of sites: some cater tot ehri partiul;e religious idnoctriatnion and often condemn them fior asking their question or repson in an (it seems to me) unsatisfactory manner. Others mudsling. Consequences, again from research, appear to veer in either of two directions: some become even more extrem in tehri perspective (cionvinced that they ah ve to stifle their questions); others (unmoored from roots) often become disaffected with society.
My intention is to start a blog that features 3 or 4 facilaitors who are ex-fundamneltists from oen aprticualr relgion (e.g. Judaism). Each of tehse faciliatraros are relgious but they have a differing approach to the religon: the intentions beign to demonstrate that Judaism can contain a variety of perspectives and that Manicheanism -- the black-white thinkgin that fundamentlsit practice is not only contray to relgion…
At this point, unless there is a new grant, the project manager is not being paid to be in the Caribbean. The entire grant has been spent at this point, and the project manager is using his/her own money for the trip. There are no stipulations attached to what a person does with the salary he or she is paid -- if the grantor knows that $30,000 is for salary, then that is good enough. A grantor cannot tell somebody not to have vacations just because they work in a nonprofit organization.
Indirect rates reflect costs that are not directly related to the organization's charitable work. Fringe is an additional benefit provided, for example if the donor paid directly for the trip to the Caribbean. An in-kind contribution is a non-cash contribution. For example, if a food company donated surplus food to a homeless shelter, that would be an…
Eversley, M. Keen, J. (2011). Charity giving far off pre-recession levels. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved November 19, 2012 fromhttp://www.suntimes.com/news/metro/9025512-418/charity-giving-far-off-pre-recession-levels.html
Ott, Steven, J. & Dicke, Lisa (Editor) (2011). The Nature of the Nonprofit Sector. Westview.
SECUITIES EGULAIZATIONS IN NON-POFIT OGANIZATIONS
The ensuring of the fact that an organization is working as per regulations and is following the code of conduct, while keeping the interest of the public first, are matters which are becoming more and more complicated with the passage of time. Therefore, it can be said with some emphasis, that today one of the most basic issues of many organizations is the issue of Transparency.
Transparency has been defined as being "characterized by visibility of accessibility of information concerning business practices." [footnoteef:1] More and more companies are now realizing that in the time and age in which we live, living with these models of ethics is compulsory, if they want to have credibility in the general public. [1: ]
In a study by Christopher Meyer and Julia Kirby, the change in the attitudes of the many corporations and sectors has been studied,…
Accredited Investor. (n.d.). Who is an accredited investor? Retrieved December 28th, 2011, from Accredited Investor: http://www.accredited-investor.org/
Anheier, H.K. (2000, January). Managing non-profit organisations: Towards a new approach. Retrieved December 28th, 2011, from The London School of Economics and Political Science: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/29022/1/cswp1.pdf
Bernstein, D.A. (n.d.). Summary of Registered Investment Advisor's Retention Requirements. Retrieved December 28th, 2011, from Mailbanc: http://www.mailbanc.com/IA_rqmts.htm
Bolotnick, T. (n.d.). Nonprofit Law Resource Library: Nonprofit Finanical Accountability & Sarbanes-Oxley. Retrieved December 28th, 2011, from Hurwit & Associates: http://www.hurwitassociates.com/l_sarbanes_oxley.php
Financial Management in Non-Profit Organizations
Financial management of not-for-profits is comparable to financial management in the commercial sector in a lot of respects; but, certain key variations shift the focus of a not-for-profit financial manager. A for-profit company focuses on prosperity and capitalizing on shareholder value. A not-for-profit organization's main goal is not to augment shareholder value; rather it is to offer some socially attractive need on a continuing basis. Budgeting and cash management are two parts of financial management that are very important exercises for not-for-profit organizations. The company must pay close attention to whether it has sufficient cash reserves to go on to providing services to its clientele. Cash flow can be tremendously challenging to forecast, because an organization relies on income from resource providers that do not anticipate receiving the service provided.
Non-profit leaders and managers have to build up at least basic skills in financial…
All about Financial Management in Nonprofits. (n.d.). Retrieved
Epstein, M.J. & McFarlan, F.W. (2011). Nonprofit vs. For-profit boards critical differences.
Retrieved from http://www.imanet.org/PDFs/Public/SF/2011_03/03_2011_epstein.pdf
Public or Non-Profit Organization Analyze
The purpose of this paper is to analyze structure of a public organization in respect with the open system approach. For my analysis I have chosen IREX, International Research & Exchanges Board, which is an international global that has a very long history of serving the society in providing better education and development for different people in many countries. As stated on its' official site, the mission of this non-profit organization is specializing in education, independent media, Internet development, and civil society programs1. The functions of this system include providing free training, partnerships, education, research, and grant programs for professionals in different corners of the globe to develop the capacity of individuals and institutions to contribute to their societies1. Also, the executives of the system see as its' functions providing broader access to information for public and teaching public to find appropriate information.
Diversity Profile and Plan -for a public or non-Profit organization.
Description and Overview
In the current scenario, the U.S. workforce has turned out to be more diversified than any time in U.S. history. Efficiency and effectiveness today can be gauged from how employers manage and handle this diversified workforce. The current demographic shift has been caused by the growth in not only Asian but also African-American, as well as, Latino communities. Growth amongst the Caucasian White community has been comparatively slow. The U.S. Census Bureau projects that white population will decrease from 83.1% in 1980 to less than 53% in 2050 as a fraction of the whole population. Similarly, African-American will be 16%, Latino will be 23% and Asian and Pacific Islanders will turn out to be 10% by 2050 (iccucci and Pynes, 2002).
In the current scenario, the HDMP (Human esource Diversity Management Plan) is a proposal for the…
USNRC. (2012). Comprehensive diversity Management Plan. Taken from: http://www.prsa.org/Diversity/documents/USNUCLEARREGULATORYCOMMISSION.pdf
Employees in nonprofit organization are not prepared to make financial and investing decision to prepare them for retirement. This has been observed in many NGOs especially in the life of the former employees once they reach the retirement age. During the lifetime of these individuals in the organizations, they are observed not to take the issue of investment in businesses and other forms of financially inclined ventures like the bonds market and the shares and exchange markets.
There is an evident trend of many employees of NGOs never willing to retire and stay at home since they do not have businesses to attend to. Most would rather be posted as ambassadors of various organizations, or turn to consultancy or opening and running other NGOs once they reach the retirement age.
The strategic challenge that leads to the trend of many of such employees in NGOs not being ready to make…
Don Taylor (2011). Two-thirds of Americans don't save enough. Retrieved December 25, 2011 from http://www.bankrate.com/brm/news/retirement/Oct_07_retirement_poll_results_a1.asp
As Lee (201) points out, nonprofits and NGOs have experienced uneven growth around the world, depending on factors like pre-existing political and economic integration with the global marketplace. Both economic and economic factors, at both the national and global levels, impact the growth and development of nonprofit organizations. Greenpeace provides a perfect example of how a nonprofit organization adapts to contextual changes, shifting their target audience, fundraising methods, and strategies based on prevailing and emerging challenges. The challenges faced by Greenpeace have included political, economic, historical/temporal, cultural, and institutional conditions.
Greenpeace began in 1971, not as an environmentalist group as they are now, but as an antiwar and anti-nuclear weapons organization (Greenpeace, 2017). The organization started in Vancouver, Canada, with few cultural barriers to its initial growth. By the time Greenpeace expanded into a multinational NGO with a focus on environmental issues, awareness about the issues that Greenpeace promoted through…
Greenpeace (2017). About Us. Retrieved online: http://www.greenpeace.org/canada/en/About-us/History/
Lee, T. (2010). The rise of international nongovernmental organizations: A top-down or bottom-up explanation? Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 21(3), 393–416.
Zelko, F. (2017). Scaling Greenpeace: From local activism to global governance. Historical Social Research 42(2): 318-342.
GuideStar and the recommended project.
GuideStar's Background and Mission
Mission statement, history, and leaders.
GuideStar's Fiscal Information
Annual budget, costs, and fiscal year.
GuideStar's ecommended Project
ecommended project -- add international non-profit data.
How to Implement the Project
Some steps to take to begin the project.
GuideStar's Increased Budget
How the project would impact GuideStar's budget.
The Ongoing Project
How to maintain the project.
The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze the non-profit organization GuideStar. Specifically it will discuss a new technology and service that could make this organization more efficient and effective. GuideStar is an interesting 501(c)3 charity, in that they actually research and report on non-profit organizations, in an effort to educate the public and private donors before they commit funding to an organization, and they help non-profits become more efficient and effective, as well. In a way, GuideStar is the non-profit of…
Burgett, T. (2008). Legal dimensions of international grantmaking. Retrieved 27 Aug. 2009 from the Council on Federations Web site: http://classic.cof.org/Members/content.cfm?ItemNumber=14737&navItemNumber=5262
Coffman, S.E. (2009). GuideStar offers academics and students complimentary access to nonprofit information. Retrieved 27 Aug. 2009 from the Marketwire.com Web site: http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/Guidestar-940748.html .
Editors. (2009). About us. Retrieved 27 Aug. 2009 from the GuideStar.org Web site:
Children's Defense Fund: A Nonprofit Organization
Nonprofit Organization evenue Origin Matrix
Before filling in the matrix, complete the following:
Select a nonprofit organization.
What sector does the organization belong to?
Summarize the organizations purpose.
Use the matrix below to help you evaluate the pros and cons associated with the different sources of revenue available to the nonprofit organization you selected.
Why should the nonprofit organization want this money?
Why should not the nonprofit organization want this money?
The Children's Defense Fund (CDF) takes no money from government or state entities.
The mission statement of CDF states they have never taken government grants. This is due to the possibility of creating a conflict of interest.
CDF collected $14,926, 934 from foundations and corporations to be used to further their mission. Philanthropic and sponsorship opportunities, volunteers can help engage their workplaces.
Can be hard to approach…
About Us. (2010). The children's defense fund website. Retrieved April 7, 2011 from http://www.childrensdefense.org/aboutus/
Better Business Bureau (2009). Children's Defense Fund Better Business Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2011 from http://www.bbb.org/charity-reviews/national/children-and-youth/childrens-defense-fund-in-washington-dc-1898
Our History. (2010). The children's defense fund website. Retrieved April 7, 2011 from http://www.childrensdefense.org/about-us / our-history/
Pros and Cons of Typical Funding Sources for Non-Profit Organizations. (2011). Slideshare. Retrieved April 7, 2011 from http://www.slideshare.net/anisha1/funding-sources-for-non-profit-organizations-and-the-pros-and-cons-of-each
But saving animals is not the only concern. The spokeswoman at the time, Laura Satlter, noted that "By helping the animals we're helping the people because livestock is an important part of their lives, as food and as an economic resource" (Rodriguez). More recent disaster efforts have taken place after Hurricane Katrina and the 2004 Asian tsunami, and are currently underway in Haiti and Japan.
The most potentially influential and yet least direct work that the SPA does is in its support of the "Universal Declaration on Animal elfare," a document currently in draft form which is "a declaration of our duty to respect animals and their welfare needs would have a long-term impact on the welfare of billions of animals and people worldwide" (SPA Home Page). The goal is to get this document adopted formally by the United Nations in order to "encourage governments to improve and enforce national…
Rodriguez, Cindy. "Rescue Effort Targets Animals, Hub-based Group Heads to Honduras."
Boston Globe 5 Nov. 1998, City ed., Metro sec.: B1.
WSPA. Give - World Society for the Protection of Animals. 2011. Web. 5 May 2011.
The career that interests me is leading a non-profit organization or a non-governmental organization (NGO). This career is attractive to me because these NGOs and non-profits often sponsor health, educational and social services to the people who cannot afford them, essentially improving the world in a humane fashion. It would be deeply meaningful to me to able to contribute to society in such a critical way. Additionally, the board members of NGOs always make decisions that align with the best interests of the organization (Worth, 2013). They ensure that the organization adheres to the rules and regulations governing charitable organizations. The leaders ensure that the organization achieves the targeted objectives within a specified time (Baluch, 2017). The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) does not tax these businesses; however the individuals and donors that fund these organizations are taxed (Hopkins, 2017). Employees receive a stipend occasionally depending on how much the organization…
Baluch, A. M. (2017). Employee perceptions of HRM and well-being in nonprofit organizations: unpacking the unintended. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 1912-1937.
Gauss, A. (2016, April 15). There’s More Than One Way to Fund a Nonprofit. Retrieved from Classy: https://www.classy.org/blog/theres-more-than-one-way-to-fund-a-nonprofit/
Gnan, L., Hinna, A., & Monteduro, F. (2013). Conceptualizing and researching governance in public and non-profit organizations. Bingley, U.K.: Emerald.
Hopkins, B. R. (2017). Starting and managing a nonprofit organization: a legal guide. John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Kang, C., Huh, S., & Cho, S. (2014). Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment. SAGE.
Lake, L. (2017, September 4). 8 Easy Steps to Marketing Your Nonprofit Organization. Retrieved from The Balance: https://www.thebalance.com/eight-easy-steps-to-marketing-your-nonprofit-organization-2294906
Leblanc, R. (2016). The Handbook of Board Governance: A Comprehensive Guide for Public, Private. John Wiley & Sons.
McLeish, B. (2011). Successful marketing strategies for nonprofit organizations: winning in the age of the elusive donor. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.
Jardina, likewise, articulated that "my goal is to push every employee to learn and grow. I encourage all to write down personal and professional development plans."
Other recommendations for motivating employees of NPOs are more dependent on the situation and include the following:
1. Team Unity
Alatrista and Arrowsmith's (2004) field study provides an example where social support -- the feeling of belonging to a team- may fill in the gap when employees have lost sight of their overarching goal. The employees in their case no longer felt attracted or responsible to their overall directors: at best they saw them as distant and unresponsive or even as a cause of difficulties for the local team and the service that they provided. The employees, therefore, had to be attracted by alternate means, which in this case were the quality of the team relations and the personality of their…
Alatrista, J., & Arrowsmith, J. (2004). Managing employee commitment in the not-for-profit sector. Personnel Review, 33, 536-548.
Brandl, J., & Guttl, W.H. (2007). Organizational antecedents of pay-for-performance systems in nonprofit organizations. International Society for Third-Sector Research, 1, 176-199.
Govekar, P. (2004). Are you making it hard to volunteer? Nonprofit World, 22, 24-25.
Murray, V., Bradshaw, P. And Wolpin, J. (1992) Power in and around nonprofit boards: A neglected dimension of governance. Nonprofit World, 3, 165-182.
To Join or Not to Join
If invited to join a nonprofit organization’s governing board, many people would likely be flattered and therefore eager to accept. There are some important questions, however, that should be asked and answered before anyone accepts such a position (Johnson, 2014). To this end, this paper reviews the literature to identify what a prudent prospective board member should find out prior to accepting a position on a governing board, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
What prospective board members need to know
The first thing a prospective board member should seek to learn is the purpose and mission of the nonprofit organization. If its purpose and mission are contrary to an invitee’s personal and/or professional code of ethics or otherwise abhorrent, it is unlikely the invitation would be accepted. In addition, a prospective board member…
Harvard Business Review. (2015). The sorry state of nonprofit boards. Harvard Business Review, 93(9), 28.
Johnson, J. M. (2014). Nonprofit board membership: Should you accept the honor? NACD Directorship, 40(5), 8–9.
Wellens, L., & Jegers, M. (2013). Effective governance in nonprofit organizations: A literature based multiple stakeholder approach. European Management Journal, 32(2), 223–243.
In his conclusion, Ebrahim tries to bring out the issues surrounding the concept of accountability as portrayed by different institutions, organizations, and bodies (2010). As such, he shows how accountability is more connected to the purpose of given organizations, and this looks at the mission stated by a nonprofit organization. Many nonprofit organizations have been established for the sole purpose of understanding societal problems and solving them with the aim of improving the lives of those communities. Therefore, they should have a mission statement that encompasses their full purpose and dictates the extent to which they are willing to go while seeking to solve the existing societal problems. Moreover, accountability to Ebrahim has been connected to public trust because the people they are serving need to trust them to welcome and embrace the projects being introduced.
From this, the nonprofit leaders have gone an extra mile to ensure that all…
Ebrahim, A. (2010). The Many Faces of Nonprofit Accountability. Harvard Business School. Retrieved September 22 2017 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/the-many-faces-of-nonprofit-accountability
Williams, A., & Taylor, J. (2013). Resolving Accountability Ambiguity in Nonprofit Organizations. Journal of Voluntary & Nonprofit Organizations, 24(3), 559-580.
The nonprofit sector is experiencing tremendous changes in the business environment similar to any other business. As a result, leaders in the nonprofit sector are becoming increasingly aware of the latest trends and implementing strategies to incorporate these trends in order to enhance their effectiveness. This has contributed to the rapid growth and resilience of the nonprofit sector despite economic difficulties that continue to affect governments and private sectors worldwide (Calhoun & Damm, 2015). Given the tremendous growth, nonprofit sector is currently the third largest employer among U.S. private industries.
In light of the recent trends, the nonprofit sector will continue to be affected by some key trends in the future. One of these key trends is the use of new technologies that decrease costs and make the fundraising process much easier (Calhoun & Damm, 2015). Nonprofits will continue receiving donations through various crowdfunding and online giving platforms like mobile…
Calhoun, N., & Damm, D. (2015, February 9). One Sector More Poised for the future than either Business or Government. Forbes. Retrieved September 19, 2017, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/singularity/2015/02/09/stealth-rally-in-the-nonprofit-sector/
Klumpp, L. (2014). Current Trends in the Nonprofit Sector. Retrieved September 19, 2017, from http://www.urishpopeck.com/pdf/NonprofitStandard-Fall2014.pdf
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was passed largely in response to the scandal that erupted at Enron. As Coalson (2008) notes, “supporters of the Act hoped it would usher in a new era in corporate governance and restore investor confidence in publicly-traded companies and the American capital market in general” (p. 648). Essentially, the Act gave boards greater responsibility in overseeing their organization’s financials and placed upon them “new financial disclosure requirements” so as to present the kind of fraud that happened at Enron from ever happening again (Ostrower & Bobowick, 2006, p. 1). And while only two of the Act’s provisions dealt directly with nonprofits, the provisions did at least direct light to the financial responsibilities that nonprofits should also embrace. This paper will discuss the effect of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 on twenty-first century nonprofit governance.
The effect of the Act on nonprofit governance was felt almost immediately.…
Coalson, J. (2008). The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002: Are stricter internal controls constricting international companies? Georgian Journal of International and Comp. Law, 36, 647-676.
Ostrower, F. & Bobowick, M. (2006). Nonprofit governance and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Retrieved from https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/50636/311363-Nonprofit-Governance-and-the-Sarbanes-Oxley-Act.PDF
The competition challenge is potentially problematic for nonprofit organizations because they are losing large market shares to for-profit firms (Calhoun & Damm, 2015). These firms have introduced new things that have attracted many like in the field of charitable fundraising. The for-profit has also shifted their focus of public funding to the consumer-side subsidies considering that they have a natural advantage in that area. The technology challenge important for the nonprofit organization to scrutinize because their operations need to incorporate the new technologies. However, this is a challenge for these organizations because of the enormous financial implications they will encounter in making the technological shifts. Moreover, fundamental philosophical issues pose challenges for the organizations because they affect their mission and operations. Lastly, the human resource challenge arises as it relates to accountability and liability. Therefore, the human resource risk should be investigated because it affects the lower and the upper…
Calhoun, N., & Damm, D. (2015). One sector more poised for the future than either business or government. Forbes. Retrieved on 18 Sept. 2017 from www.forbes.com/sites/singularity/2015/02/09/stealth-rally-in-the-nonprofit-sector/
Jaskyte, K., & Holland, T. (2015). Nonprofit boards: Challenges and opportunities. Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 39(3), 163–166.
Salamon, L. M. (2015). The resilient sector: The future of nonprofit America. Retrieved on 18 Sept. 2017 from www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/thestateofnonprofitamerica2ndedition_chapter.pdf
Fraud and Corruption in Nonprofit Organizations
Recently, there has been a lot of media attention focused on cases of fraud and corruption in all the sectors of the economy. The nonprofit sector has been growing steadily and this offers a tantalizing target considering that the sector accounts for over $800 billion in revenues. The nonprofit sector employs almost 10 percent of all workers, and there are an estimated 70 million adults who provide volunteer services annually (Greenlee, Fischer, Gordon, & Keating, 2007). Therefore, there are many people who have the potential to access the nonprofit revenues and assets. The breadth of the problem might be unknown, but based on recent media reports it is estimated that the fraud might be extensive. For example, more than two thousand internet sites that were soliciting relief for victims of Hurricane Katrina were fraudulent, this is according to the FBI. There have been other…
Archambeault, D. S., Webber, S., & Greenlee, J. (2015). Fraud and Corruption in US Nonprofit Entities: A Summary of Press Reports 2008-2011. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 44(6), 1194-1224.
Ashforth, B. E., Gioia, D. A., Robinson, S. L., & Trevino, L. K. (2008). Re-viewing organizational corruption. Academy of Management Review, 33(3), 670-684.
Gibelman, M., & Gelman, S. R. (2004). A loss of credibility: Patterns of wrongdoing among nongovernmental organizations. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 15(4), 355-381.
Greenlee, J., Fischer, M., Gordon, T., & Keating, E. (2007). An investigation of fraud in nonprofit organizations: Occurrences and deterrents. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 36(4), 676-694.
Holtfreter, K. (2005). Is occupational fraud “typical” white-collar crime? A comparison of individual and organizational characteristics. Journal of Criminal Justice, 33(4), 353-365.
Holtfreter, K. (2008). Determinants of fraud losses in nonprofit organizations. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 19(1), 45-63.
Timofeyev, Y. (2015). Analysis of predictors of organizational losses due to occupational corruption. International Business Review, 24(4), 630-641.
The Role of Governing Boards in Nonprofits
I appreciate an opportunity of becoming a board member of a youth professional network board, which has its footprint around the globe. For about a year now, the experience has become more of fulfilling my life goals because I have learned the significance of cultivating and nurturing the next crop of nonprofit leaders. In the end, this has improved my level of understanding of challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for the young minds.
In the future, I foresee an expansion of the youth network to different parts of the globe. Consequently, this will help me progress and have an opportunity to raise awareness of various issues among the youth. In particular, critical issues such as climate change, globalization, diseases, and poverty would be better understood by the young people with our organization’s initiatives (Johnson, 2014). Furthermore, having a direct board experience will…
Harvard Business Review. (2015). The sorry state of non-profit boards. Harvard Business Review, 93(9), 28.
Johnson, J. M. (2014). Nonprofit board membership: Should you accept the honor? NACD Directorship, 40(5), 8–9.
Wellens, L., & Jegers, M. (2014). Effective governance in nonprofit organizations: A literature based multiple stakeholder approaches. European Management Journal, 32(2), 223-243.
Role of the Governing Board
Government regulations in deferent jurisdictions across the globe have redefined their involvement and regulation of both profit and nonprofit organizations in the recent past. The environment in which nonprofit organizations operate in has greatly changed in the recent past. It is mainly characterized by great public awareness as well as scrutiny of the organization’s operations, increased partnership with profit-making organizations, fine-tuned regulatory laws as well as advancement in information technology. Moreover, it demands great accountability from non-profit making organization both to governments and to the public (Hodge & Piccolo, 2011). Therefore, the governing boards must be fully involved in the in monitoring the accounting process and the overall financial management.
Governing boards can be involved in the financial management of the organizations in various ways. First, the board must plan for the sources of funds as well as their utilization fostering the achievement of organization’s…
Blackwood, A., & Roeger, K. (2011). Revoked: A snapshot of organizations that lost their tax-exempt status. Urban Institute. Retrieved from http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412386-Organizations-that-Lost-their-Tax-ExemptStatus.pdf
Hodge, M. M., & Piccolo, R. F. (2011). Nonprofit board effectiveness, private philanthropy, and financial vulnerability. Public Administration Quarterly, 35(4), 520–550.
Tigas, M., & Wei, S. (2015). Nonprofit explorer: Research tax-exempt organizations. ProPublica. Retrieved from https://projects.propublica.org/nonprofits/
Employee Retention Issues in Non-profit Organizations
Non-profit organizations face many of the same employee retention concerns as profit-driven enterprises. With profitability no longer a factor in measuring the success or effectiveness of the organization, the non-profit does use different employee management strategies and techniques. Human resources management strategies used in nonprofit firms often do mirror those used in their for-profit counterparts. For example, motivation, employee engagement, training and professional development are all major issues for human resources managers no matter what their sector. The literature on human resources management in non-profit organizations is extensive in general, but few studies have applied qualitative methods to assess the actual HRM practices used in nonprofits. Similarly, few studies have used qualitative methods to determine HRM and employee perceptions of employee training and development programs. Existing studies on employee retention, development, and training in non-profit organizations focus mainly on mission statements, and less on…
Case Study: Avoiding Partnership Pitfalls
On its official website, La Piana Consulting identifies its core mission as improving leadership and management practices within the nonprofit sector so that nonprofits can change the world. As noted in the Andreasen & Kotler (2007), La Piana is motivated by his belief that nonprofits function best when they are run like for-profit organizations. Strategic planning, business planning, corporate restructuring, change management, and governance are all examples of services La Piana’s firm provides to nonprofits that have been, until now, traditionally associated with for-profit entities.
Some of La Piana’s client firms include Habitat for Humanity, which it enabled to engage in organization-wide restructuring to the NAACP, which La Piana assisted in enabling the organization to refine its vision and mission statement, centered around the core tenants of “Economic Sustainability, Education, Health, Public Safety and Criminal Justice, and Voting Rights and Political Representation” (“NAACP,” 2018, par.1).…
Wellness and Fitness Market
Wellness and fitness has become one of the big, booming businesses in the United States because of the increased focus on being healthy and well. According to Kirkman (2017), the global wellness market grew by 10.6% between 2013 and 2015 at a time when the global economy decreased by 3.6%. America is ranked as the number one market for different wellness and fitness products or services. In light of this, the new non-profit organization in the city of Portland is likely to experience increased profitability across its operations. The target market for this new non-profit organization is obese African American adolescents who account for a significant portion of Boise Eliot Elementary School population. The high population of obese adolescents provide a suitable target market for the organization to achieve its objectives of conquering obesity among adolescents in this city. When operating in this region, the new…
Redesigning a Website fo a non-Pofit oganization
In this bief document, the designing citeia fo a non-pofit web page ae going to be discussed. The example chosen is http://www.keepbandeabeautiful.og/climatechange.html which is vey complicated, difficult to bowse and does not give a good sense of the aim of the site. The webpage is belonging to a climate change non-pofit oganization. Theefoe, the taget goup should be vey boad fom students to eldely people, scientist to wokes. In this context, the usability and functionality of the pospective web page will be descibed with examples.
Nowadays, as a esult of apid gowing intenet technology, the intenet is eachable to eveyone. The easonable pice, bundled sevices with cable TV and telephone bought the intenet to almost evey house. Most people use intenet to deal with thei daily eands fom banking opeations to eading news. The latte bings big esponsibility and completion to the web…
references. The design suggested is only a start that needs to be evaluated by users and also the people preparing the context.
Help your World
New Faith Family Center
Of the many programs and services offered by The Capital City escue Mission the one program that I would like to focus on is The New Faith Family Center. This program is a yearlong residential, transitional program consisting of four phases to help up to 35 women and their children change old patterns and transform their lives. Women and children are welcomed in an atmosphere that reflects the love of Christ. Every Family is provided with a comfortable apartment while they focus on life changes. This program includes: Educational/Career development, Employment readiness, Counseling, Life skills/Addiction ecovery, Parenting skills / Anger management, Health Care and Child care. The program uses data and performance measurement tools to evaluate and improve the regional systematic and programmatic responses to individual and family homelessness, unemployment and overall need for assistance. The program also teaches individuals and families the skills to survive…
Calysn, R.J., Morse, G.A., Klinkenberg, W.D., Yonker, R.D., & Trusty, M.L. (2002). Moderators and mediators of client satisfaction in case management programs for clients with severe mental illness. Mental Health Services Research, 4(4), 267 -- 275.
Royse, D., Thyer, B.A., & Padgett, D.K. (2009). Program evaluation: An introduction. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
Sullivan, G., Burnam, A., Koegel, P., & Hollenberg, J. (2000). Quality of life of homeless persons with mental illness: Results from the course-of-homelessness study. Psychiatric Services, 51(9), 1135 -- 1141.
Helfrich, CA & Fogg, LF (2007) Outcomes of a Life Skills Intervention for Homeless
Strategic Planning Process in Non-Profits
Stakeholders are the most important people in the strategic planning process because their work analysis is needed in figuring out whom the organization includes in the initial agreement. Stakeholders are any group, person, or organization that places a claim on an organization's resources, attention, or output. Service recipients, citizens, employees, interest groups, taxpayers, the financial community, and governing body are some of the government stakeholders. Third-party funders or payers, customers or clients, banks holding notes or mortgages, volunteers, employees, suppliers, and the board of directors are examples of nonprofit organizations. A stakeholder concern is crucial because their satisfaction is fundamental to the success of both the nonprofit and public organizations and communities (Bryson, 2011, pp. 42-45).
Stakeholder analysis looks at how the decision makers and planners in a given organization immerse themselves in the politics and networks surrounding the organization. These stakeholders provide clues that…
Bryson, J. M. (2011). Strategic Planning For Public And Nonprofit Organizations: A Guide To Strengthening and Sustaining Organizational Achievement (4th Ed.). The Strategy Change Cycle: An Effective Strategic Planning Approach for Public and Nonprofit Organizations. New York: John Wiley & Sons
Free Management Library. (n.d.). Basic Overview of Various Strategic Planning Models. Retrieved June 14, 2014, from http://managementhelp.org/strategicplanning/models.htm
Non-profits need to develop ways in which their funding for overhead can be more stable, one way to do this is to develop funding sources such as revenue from sales and other sources an example the Goodwill can boast it has been remarkably successful at. Continuing to recruit and seek longevity from quality employees based solely on their desire to give greater good to their community, may not be the best exclusive practice for non-profit human resource managers. HR managers must seek ways to develop possible in kind benefits donations and other positive and thankful resources to compensate employees for a twenty five percent differential in pay.
Cutt, James, and Vic Murray. Accountability and Effectiveness Evaluation in Non-Profit Organizations. London: Routledge, 2000. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000282189
Gabris, Gerald T. "Public Sector Motivation as an Independent Variable Affecting Career Decisions." Public Personnel Management 24.1 (1995): 33+. Questia. 22 Mar. 2005 http://www.questia.com/.…
http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=103322197' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Grants for science education are provided to schools and individuals, with the objective of helping to inspire careers in science. ("About HHMI," 2010) When you put these different elements tougher, this shows how HHMI is involved in medical research funding from: working directly with researchers to providing funding on a host of projects and initiatives. This is important, because it allows the nonprofit to fund a number of different research studies, while giving scientists the flexibility to effectively conduct their projects. As a result, this has helped HHMI to support a number of different medical breakthroughs to include: making significant progress in spinal cord injuries, HIV / AIDS research and medication that can be used to effectively treat leukemia. At the same time, the organization is focused on identifying the genes that are responsible for: cystic fibrosis, colon cancer and muscular dystrophy. (Leung, 2004)
The Impact of how HHMI's: Mission,…
About HHMI. (2010). HHMI. Retrieved from: http://www.hhmi.org/about/
Developing New Knowledge. (2010). HHMI. Retrieved from:
The Family Christian Association of America (FCAA), Inc. is under the governance of a state wide corporate board of directors, composed of 30 volunteers from various professional disciplines. This board is responsible for the creation and approval of policies, development of financial resources, providing oversight of financial and legal matters, as well as authorizes volunteer advisory councils, and collaboration on strategic planning. (The Florida Christian Association of America, Inc., 2010)
The FCAA shows complete cohesion between the articles of incorporation, bylaws, website, and the work that they are doing in the community served. The mission and vision statement are clear, concise, and evident through the services provided to the population served by this nonprofit. There are actually very few areas that appear to need any correction or improvement. It appears that if there were more guaranteed ways to secure funding from year to year would be one of…
Florida Coalition of Black Faith & Community-Based Organizations. (n.d.). Membership Policy. Retrieved from http://www.fcaafamily.org
Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. (1997, June). A Survey of Corporate Governance. Journal of Finance, 52, 737-783. Retrieved from www.jstor.org/table/2329497
The Florida Christian Association of America, Inc.. (2010). About Us. Retrieved from
Intermountain was started as a small healthcare nonprofit organization, situated in Salt Lake City. With its well-crafted mission, a clearly stated vision, patient's oriented philosophy and a strategy to manage the organization effectively; it was soon able to manage over 32,000 employees. Helping the acute healthcare needs of Southeastern Idaho and Utah's residents, Intermountain's well-managed system of about 23 hospitals, clinics, physicians and health strategies; deliver clinically exceptional medical care and at an affordable rate.
Intermountain health care has a properly drafted and well-communicated mission. Intermountain understands that a mission lays the basis of an organization and is a pre-requisite for its ultimate success. It explains the reason of an organization and identifies the type of business that it intends to engage in. Understanding these basic requirements, Intermountain has setup a mission which promises:
"Excellence in the provision of healthcare services to communities in the Intermountain…
Business, E. o. (2012). MISSION AND VISION STATEMENTS. Retrieved from http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Mar-No/Mission-and-Vision-Statements.html#b
Datamonitor. (2006). Health care industry. Retrieved from http://h20247.www2.hp.com/PublicSector/downloads/HP%20blade%20sols%20in%20hc%20-%20final%201%20case.pdf
Healthcare, I. (2012). Strategic Partnerships. Retrieved from http://intermountainhealthcare.org/about/overview/Pages/partnerships.aspx
Healthcare, I. (2012). Vision and Mission. Retrieved from http://intermountainhealthcare.org/about/overview/pages/mission.aspx
It is important to set the overall goals, as well as the smaller, intermediate goals, which must be achieved in order to attain the greater objective. The greater goal is that of raising funds, and examples of intermediate goals include the selection of a suitable location or the attraction of wealthy contributors. The benefit of paying attention to setting achievable goals materializes in a gradual and punctual attainment of the overall goal, with considerations to numerous restrictions and other elements.
3. The Action Plan
Detailed on pages 106 through 108, the action plan can be defined as the identification and development of the strategies which will support the non-profit organization in reaching its established objectives. The benefit is that of a realistic approach offered by an integrant perspective, all to materialize in increased chances of achieving the pre-established targets.
Smith, B. And Associates Inc., 2000, the Complete Guide to…
Smith, B. And Associates Inc., 2000, the Complete Guide to Nonprofit Management, 2nd Edition, New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
LDOCE Online, http://www.ldoceonline.com last accessed on September 11, 2009
Organizational behavior refers to the psychological and sociological habits and patterns evident in specific groups of people. It is often defined formally as "the study of individuals and groups in organizations," ("Organizational Behavior Today," p.2). The study of organizational behavior includes elements such as leadership traits and behaviors; the use or abuse of power, and the politics that characterize people's behavior within the organization. Because each organization functions according to different goals and missions, organizational behavior varies widely from sector to sector. Organizations which have as their primary aim to make profit will for instance behave differently than non-profit organizations; the individuals that comprise those organizations will demonstrate certain character traits that make them valuable to the organization as a whole. On the other hand, all organizations will demonstrate certain similar characteristics that are essential for the smooth functioning of any group of people. For example, the leaders in most…
Clark, Donald. "Leadership: Organizational Behavior." Big Dog's Leadership Page. .
'Organizational Behavior Today."
Wertheim, Edward G. "Historical Background of Organizational Behavior." .
Non Profit Management
The primary objective of forming a nonprofit organization is to provide services to the community. The term "nonprofit" is used for those types of business, which are formed on the principle that profits will not be distributed to the owners. Majority of the non-profit organizations are organized under the cover of corporations, which are formed under the corporation law of the state in which they are operating. States have their own legislations for the formation of non-profit corporations and some of them allow the formation of other forms of organizations such as a trust or an unincorporated association. The Internal evenue Service (IS) has exempted those organizations from taxes, which are serving any kind of charitable, religious, scientific or educational purposes.
The typical structure of a non-profit organization includes three major areas. These are control, programs and central administration. The control or governance function of a non-profit…
Kent E. Dove: Conducting a Successful Capital Campaign: The New, Revised and Expanded Edition of the Leading Guide to Planning and Implementing a Capital Campaign: Jossey-Bass: 2nd edition: October 1999
Stanley Weinstein & Robert F. Hartsook: The Complete Guide to Fund-Raising Management: John Wiley & Sons: 2nd edition: February 2002
Michael Allison & Jude Kaye: Strategic Planning for Nonprofit Organizations: A Practical Guide and Workbook: John Wiley & Sons: July 1997
Thus, in order to maintain organizational effectiveness, a regular patient feedback system must be developed, regularly conducted, and duly recorded for ease of access and analyses of the management whenever information is needed, this time about the quality of service provided by the organization through its healthcare staff/personnel. To implement this feedback system, patients/relatives of patients will be surveyed and given self-accomplished feedback forms, to be returned sealed and thru a drop box in the organization to ensure the confidentiality of the patients who answered and authenticity of the answers provided in the survey.
3. In terms of market segmentation, determine the effects of the transition upon the following audiences: (i) senior citizens, (ii) entry workers (twenty-somethings), (iii) adolescent populations, and (iv) families.
The key to effectively implementing the transition process from being a non-profit to a for-profit organization is to gradually expose its target patient groups/clientele to new services…
Bode, I. (2006). "Co-governance within networks and the non-profit- for-profit divide." Public Management Review, Vol. 8, Issue 4.
Horwitz, J. (2005). "Making profits and providing care: comparing nonprofit, for-profit and government hospitals." Health Affairs, (24)3.
The mission of the organization stress on the commitment towards the provision of quality services to the community with the aim of obtaining and ensuring improved health condition.
Culture of the Organization
The organization benefits on the punctuality of the employees. New employees are aware of this culture through extensive orientation to make them concerned on the regulations, rules, and the need to reach the offices on time. This makes the organization unique among other institutions thus effective towards the achievement of the goals and objectives.
Profit or Non-Profit Organization
The organization is a non-profit entity in that the mission focuses on the collective gain or well-being of the society. The organization is exempted from taxation system with the aim of enhancing the welfare of the community. The organization has the ability to make profits directed towards the achievement of the goals and objectives of the institution. Some part of…
Bullough, V.L., & Sentz, L. (2000). American nursing: A biographical dictionary. New York:
Baligh, H.H. (2006). Organization structures: Theory and design, analysis and prescription.
New York, NY: Springer.
American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences (AAFCS)
Provision of resources
National Council of Family elations (NCF)
Early Childhood Intervention (ECI)
Child Life Council (CLC)
American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences (AAFCS)
Ellen ichards is the person that developed the idea of 'home economics' as a discipline. This discipline in turn became the founding stone for American Home Economics Association (AHEA) that was founded by ichards in 1909. Later AHEA got evolved into what is now known as the American Association of Family & Consumer Sciences. The agency deals with several issues related to households and economic functioning of families, these may include obesity, unemployment, weather change, and credit crisis (AAFCS, n.d.). Thus, AAFCS is composed of interdisciplinary experts.
AAFCS is situated in Washington, D.C., area and has the main purpose of "providing leadership and support…
AAFCS. (n.d.). AAFCHS Brand Story. American Association of Family & Consumer Sciences. Retrieved from: http://www.aafcs.org/res/branding/AAFCS_Brand_Story.pdf
CLC. (2012). Child Life Council: Strategic Plan 2012-2014. Retrieved from: http://www.childlife.org/files/CLCStrategicPlan2012-2014.pdf
CLC. (n.d.). About CLC. Child Life Council. Retrieved from: http://www.childlife.org/About/
ECI. (n.d.). What is ECI? Early Childhood Intervention Services. Retrieved from: http://www.dars.state.tx.us/ecis/index.shtml#eci
organizational chart for the proposed organization.
Include the title of positions and a brief description of the positions' duties and responsibilities.
The organizational structure of the Center is founded on a shared services model. President/director of the center has administrative, management and clinical skills in the field of human welfare along with behavioral health industry for twenty years. Open-book management, mutual respect and shared obligations are the key elements on which the philosophy of the management is based upon.
Director of the company will take care of the company and its management. elationships will be the primary variable in founding the direction of the center as the company is set up as a shared service model. Advisory board will be founded which will have four leaders in the area…
Allison, M. And Kaye, J. (2005). Strategic Planning for Nonprofit Organizations. Second Edition. John Wiley and Sons.
Haines, S.G. (2004). ABCs of strategic management: an executive briefing and plan-to-plan day on strategic management in the 21st century.
Lorenzen, M. (2006). "Strategic Planning for Academic Library Instructional Programming." In: Illinois Libraries 86, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 22-29.
Mckeown, M. (2012), The Strategy Book, FT Prentice Hall.
Additionally, the fact that the training is offered at all levels of the position -- not just entry levels -- and the fact that the training is offered to both employees as well as volunteers, further increases the odds that the individuals will accept the positions in the NFP sector.
"Nonprofit organizations owe it to their staff members to train them and develop their careers. […] the advancement of a nonprofit's mission requires staff training (that includes volunteers) at all levels and in all skills. Human resource development is the only way to sustained viable programming. That makes training an intrinsic component of strategic management, the very best means to changing the skills, knowledge and attitude of staff" (Chehade and Jassemm, 2010).
Employees in the not-for-profit sector often accept the lower salary in exchange for several other non-financial benefits, like the training opportunities, but also for benefits such as flexibility…
Anheier, H.K., 2003, Work in the non-profit sector: forms, patterns and methodologies, International Labor Organization
Boyd, C., 2003, Human resource management and occupational health and safety, Routledge
Brown, H.H., Ruhl, D.L., 2003, Breakthrough management for not-for-profit organizations: beyond survival in the 21st century, Greenwood Publishing Group
Buhler, P., 2002, Human resources management: all the information you need to manage your staff and meet your business objectives, Adams Media
Master's Public Administration
My interest in nonprofit administration is has sprung from my extensive experience in the field, and my conviction that fund management can be one of the most important aspects of successfully managing a nonprofit organization. In the past ten years, I have played an important role in assuring the fiscal health of a number of important nonprofit organizations. Attending graduate school in Master in Public Affairs, with a specialization in Nonprofit Administration, would greatly enhance my work experience and allow me to develop a new level of professionalism and competence in the field of nonprofit fund management.
One of the most important challenges in nonprofit administrations is fund management. A nonprofit organization is in an important and unique position of trust, as it often manages large amounts of money that are earmarked for specific charities. As such, all financial dealings within a nonprofit organization must be dealt…
Non-Profit Organizations in United States of America and France
COMPAISON OF NON-POFIT OGANIZATIONS IN UNITED STATES OF AMEICA AND FANCE
Non-Profit Organizations in France and the United States of America
Association Loi 1901 is the name given to a not for profit making organization that comprises of two or more people. This name has been derived from the convention that was entered in the French Law on the 1st of July in the year 1901. A not for profit in France can operate without declaration as well. If the organization is not declared then it does not exist as a legal entity and comes under the collective membership of its owners. (Staff Members of the Cecaudit International Inc., 2014)
The organization, however, is required to get itself declared if it needs to create a bank account or go for fundraising. In addition to that, the organization is also…
Council for Higher Education Accreditation, (2014). Important Questions about Accreditation, Degree Mills and Accreditation Mills (April 2005). Chea.org. Retrieved 15 July 2014, from http://www.chea.org/degreemills/default.htm
Dirusso, A. (2011). American Nonprofit Law in Comparative Perspective. WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY GLOBAL STUDIES LAW REVIEW, 10(39), 61-65.
Fielden, J. (2008). Global Trends in University Governance (1st ed., p. 8). London: World Bank.
French Universities, (2013). French universities - Higher education in France.About-France.com. About-france.com. Retrieved 15 July 2014, from http://about-france.com/higher-education-system.htm
Fundraising for PALS 4 Paws
Financing for Non-profit Organization
PALS 4 paws is a non-profit organization interested in safeguarding pets in the U.S.A. To protect them from abuse, neglect, abandonment, and euthanasia. The goal of PALS 4 Paws is to decrease the number of animals that are going into animal shelters and increase the number of local adoptions to ensure better lives for pets. As a non-profit, PALS 4 paws will manage the rescue of pets that fall victim to issues of mistreat, tragedy or other forms of animal suffering. One the other hand, it will provide pet lovers with low cost pets by facilitating the adoption process through owner-to-adopter communication. This paper discusses the fundraising aspect of Pals 4 Paws as well as details of the organization's financial policies.
Based on the assessment of the organization, three key areas of strength are identified. The first is…
Burnett, K. (2012). Relationship Fundraising: A Donor-Based Approach to the Business of Raising Money. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Cannon, C.M. (2012). An Executive's Guide to Fundraising Operations: Principles, Tools & Trends. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Ciconte, L.B., & Jacob, J. (2012). Fundraising Basics: A Complete Guide. Chicago: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Klein, K. (2012). Fundraising for Social Change. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Therefore, when studies are conducted on these offenders, then the relationship between psychiatric co-morbidity and DUI relapses would become clearer. Individuals would also be sent to certain areas to study the various psychological treatment methods that are generally available to those who are addicted to any substances, and when efforts are made towards co-alliances of these institutions, then the students of the schools would definitely benefit. (Division on Addiction)
It has been stated that the twenty first century will be the 'age of alliances' wherein the collaboration between non-profit organizations and corporations will keep growing in number. The nature of such collaborative alliances would also change, from when it was the traditionally philanthropic, where the donor would benevolently give, and the receiver would receive it gratefully, to where business as well as non-profits and for-profits work together so that they may be able to achieve their mutual goals and contribute…
Austin, James. (30 April, 2001) "Entering the Age of Alliances" Retrieved at http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item.jhtml?id=2056&t=nonprofitAccessed on 14 July, 2005
Datnow, Amanda. (2005) "Happy Marriage or Uneasy Alliance? The Relationship between Comprehensive School Reform and State Accountability Systems" Journal of Education for Students placed at Risk. Vol. 10, No. 1, Pages 115-138 Retrieved at http://www.leaonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327671espr1001_6?cookieSet=1 . Accessed on 14 July, 2005
Division on Addictions" Retrieved at http://www.divisiononaddictions.org/. Accessed on 14 July, 2005
Wohlstetter, Priscilla; Malloy, Courtney. L; Hentschke, Guilbert. C; Smith, Joanne. (2004)
Administration & Policy Development
The author of this report is to engage in an assessment task that centers on human services and social workers in a clinical setting. The author of this report shall be focusing on the social work department in a hospital and juxtaposing the conditions and issues within that hospital to the scholarly research that is to be referenced and mentioned throughout this report. At specific issue is the number of patients being seen by the social workers, the high physical and mental demands that this fact and others put on the social workers and the remedies that can be conjured up and implemented to address both of those issues. Complicating these aggravating factors are penny-pinching bureaucrats that are focused on budget limits and saving dollars than preserving the mental health of the employees and quality of care for the patients. While solutions may seem elusive, they…
Bargal, D & Schmid, H 1993, 'Organizational change and development in human
service organizations: a prefatory essay', Administration in Social Work, vol. 16,
no. 3, pp. 1 -- 13
Cameron, K & Quinn, R, 2011, 'An introduction to changing organisational culture', in K,
Michael J Fox Foundation is the world's largest non-profit organization for the funding of research that is dedicated to finding a cure for the estimated five million people living with Parkinson's disease. The organization has funded more than five hundred million dollars of research through the end of 2014 which is mostly targeted at groundbreaking high-risk and high-reward research targets (Eisner Amper, 2015). The organization has four primary objectives that include:
Collaboration with industry leaders, academic scientist, and government research funders
Using new technologies to amplify patient voices in research
Mobilizes patients and their family to increase participants in clinical trials
Coordinates the grassroots involvement of Team Fox members
The organization is largely transparent and publishes its financial statements publically on their website. The organization makes the claim that 89 cents of every dollar that it spends goes directly to grants and other initiatives that are directed at finding a…
Eisner Amper. (2015, May 5). Consolidated Financial Statements. Retrieved from The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research: https://www.michaeljfox.org/files/foundation/Audited_Financial_Statements_ (2014).pdf
Joyce, E. (2015, March 12). Foxfeed Blog. Retrieved from MJFF: https://www.michaeljfox.org/foundation/news-detail.php?apple-researchkit-parkinsons-announcement-reactions
MJFF. (N.d.). Our Impact. Retrieved from The Michael J Fox Foundation: https://www.michaeljfox.org/foundation/where-does-your-money-go.php?navid=our-impact
The Micael J Fox Foundation. (N.d.). Annual Reports. Retrieved from The Micael J Fox Foundation: https://www.michaeljfox.org/page.html?foundation-financials&navid=our-financials
Nonprofit Membership rganizations
Membership rganizations: Bringing Common Interests Together
The membership model is very important in the Nonprofit Sector. It provides not only a networking system for organizations with common interests, but it also provides an avenue for which needs are provided for that would otherwise be unmet. For example, education and training that promote compliance with industry standards is something that membership organizations, or associations, have taken on where government could not afford to. By assuming this role in society, membership organizations instill as sense of confidence and safety in the forms of codes of ethics and accountability as well as good standards and practices. This paper will explain not only what membership organizations are but also how they aid the nonprofit sector and how they can be best utilized. It will also look at some current examples of membership organizations both at the macro level and micro level.…
One of the most significant roles that membership organizations fulfill is that of setting the standards, code of ethics and certification procedures for the industry. As Wiley (2006) describes it, "Associations play a prominent role in setting performance, technical and safety standards, ethical codes, and professional certification programs (Wiley, 2006)." This would be a very time consuming and costly venture to turn over to the government. Membership organizations, with their expertise in their respective fields, have taken on this burden to ensure maximum safety and confidence in its members.
In regards to professional development and continuous skill building, "In many industries and professions, associations are the only source of continuing education (Wiley, 2006)." Every area of interest experiences significant transformations over time with the development of new technologies, discoveries, etc. Membership organizations allow their members to benefit from the wealth of educational tools they have been charged with maintaining. This is also true in regards to information gathering. As Wiley (2006) explains, "Associations collect and disseminate information on industries, issues, and trends, providing valuable background for policy, regulatory, and legislative decisions (Wiley, 2006)." This provides a central location that members can go to remain informed about the current status and future of their industry.
One of the most significant roles that membership organizations fulfill is that of setting the standards, code of ethics and certification procedures for the industry. As Wiley (2006) describes it, "Associations play a
Non-Profit Health Industry
Author and researcher Thomas allace refers to the healthcare industry as a "…rapidly advancing, technologically enhanced medical culture" that is transitioning into "the same politically enabled monolithic corporate model" that practices "skullduggery" as the big financial institutions in the United States (allace, 2013). hat is happening in healthcare contributes to the ongoing "destabilizing" of the middle class economy, and moreover, kicks dirt in the faces of a "majority of citizens whose incomes have stagnated for over three decades" (allace 60). Moreover, the nonprofit hospitals and clinics are raking in very large sums of money, some with questionable status as to whether they should truly be a nonprofit entity or not. The purpose of nonprofit status from the perspective of the IRS is that hospitals will provide charitable services. However, "Its commitment to charity is dwarfed by its preoccupation with profits," wrote Pittsburgh's lead lawyer during a suit…
Brill, S. (2013). Bitter Pill: Why Medical Bills Are Killing Us. Time / Health & Family.
Retrieved May 26, 2015, from https://us-mg4.mail.yahoo.com .
Healthcare Financial News. (2010). Nonprofit hospitals struggling to secure charitable donations. Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://healthcarefinancenews.com .
Pan, S.S. (2013). Closing the Gaps and Loopholes: Analyzing Tax Exemption of Non-
Non-Profit Healthcare Organization-A Comprehensive Study
Catholic Health Initiatives (CHI) is a non-profit organization that consists of four separate national Catholic health systems that were combined under CHI over the past three decades. CHI offers assisted living services, nursing home services, memory care, rehabilitation care, hospital care, adult day care services and many other health care services around the nation. One example is the Madonna Manor in Northern Kentucky, which was founded by the Benedictine Sisters in the 1960s, then operated by the Sisters of St. Francis as a subsidiary of CHI in 1998. CHI clearly identifies itself as a non-profit organization on its main website (CHI, 2019) and its mission, vision and values align with the standard idea of what a non-profit should be. This paper will describe the history, leadership and mission, vision and values of the organization to show how it is consistent with non-profit healthcare.
This feeds into a second concept of importance which concerns the targeting of goals. (17) Here, our capacity to meet the interests cited by the Mission is tested as we define some clear expected outcomes as a product of our efforts. Namely, we might identify such goals as selected 100 teachers annually who might qualify for the assistance which we have offered. This would involve the preemptive determination of criteria for qualification as well as a determination of available financial resources for the execution of this ambition.
A final concept due for consideration here, monitoring the implementation of our plan will also be instrumental to its success. As a trial program, this will likely see varying degrees of success and failure. It is appropriate therefore to establish a streamlined approach to evaluating the effectiveness met in reaching our goals and to providing routes for improvement where goals are not met.…
Smith, Bucklin and Associates Inc. (2000). The Complete Guide to Nonprofit Management (second edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
The Walt Disney
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
An organization is any social entity that has a well-designed structure to coordinate its functions, and the organization has to have a specific goal. Most organizations hardly work internally alone, but rather involve the external environments. Some organizations are profit oriented, like the business organizations, while others are non-profit making (Daft et al. 2010). In this context, a contemporary focus is overlooked towards the Walt Disney Company, a profound firm dealing with mass media and affiliated industrial operations.
Brief Company Profile
Walt Disney Company was founded in 1923, and has always kept the reputation in providing quality and extremely creative products, which consumers have loved ever since. The organization specializes in providing quality entertainment, services of media communication, broadcasting, television programs and live performances. The company, which is located in California (United States), exemplifies exponential characteristics that…
Barry, L. (2009) Think Like an Iconoclast: The Principles Of Walt Disney's Success: Rotman Magazine, Pg 108-110.
Daft, R.L., Murphy, J. & Willmott, H. (2010) organization Theory and Design: New York, Cengage Learning EMEA.
Forester, M. (2002) Table-Talk Perspective: Chain Store Age, 10870601, Vol.78, Issue 11.
Gershon, R.A. (1996) The Transnational Media Corporation: Global Messages and Free market Competition: New York, Routledge.
Nonprofit accounting is based on the fund accounting, making it very complicated and different from for profit accounting. Fund accounting financial statements are divided into government wide, proprietary, and fiduciary statements. Nonprofit actually has three sets of financial statements compared to one set of financial statements for a for profit entity. Government wide statements basically cover the operations of the government in general. The government wide statements are the ones that are basically the same as for profit financial statements, except they are done differently. Proprietary statements cover funds that are restricted for certain items, such as capital infractures. Fiduciary statements are funds the government is responsible for that are for held other entities, such as the hospital district.
Differences in Missions
There are key differences between non-profit and for profit accounting. (Nonprofit (Not-for-Profit) Accounting) The primary mission of nonprofit is to provide needed services to the community,…
Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. (2010, Nov 30). Retrieved from Cook County, Illinois: http://www.cookcountygov.com/taxonomy2/Finance,%20Bureau%20of/Downloads/2010_CAFR,pdf
Kieso, e. a. (2008). ACC 303/304/305 Intermediate Accounting I, II, & III. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Nonprofit (Not-for-Profit) Accounting. (n.d.). Retrieved from Accounting Coach: http://www.accountingcoach.com/nonprofit-accounting/
Furthermore, the change leader should have developed a more universal approach, showing how it would benefit all departments and be the correct fiscal procedure as well, thereby including all member of the organization as a team.. (Patterson, Grenny, Maxfield, McMillan & Switzler, 2008) by including more of the directors in on her original thinking she would have been able to develop more support before going in front of the management team. She lacked a more encompassing vision. This would have helped get the project moving more quickly and would have had everyone engaged in the action. This would have had more directors proactive and positive when discussing it with their staff, going a long way towards outweighing the resistance to change.
Brenneman, G. (1998). ight away and all at once. Harvard Business eview, 76;(5), 162-173.
Demings, W.E. (2005.). The w. edwards demings instate.http://www.deming.org/
etrieved on September 17, 2005
Brenneman, G. (1998). Right away and all at once. Harvard Business Review, 76;(5), 162-173.
Demings, W.E. (2005.). The w. edwards demings instate. http://www.deming.org/
Retrieved on September 17, 2005
Hirschhorn, L. (2002). Campaigning for change. Harvard Business Review, 80(7), p98-104
Political leaders in charge of this decision will not take into consideration only the effects that a possible bailout might have on the automakers. They will take into consideration the macroeconomic effects and challenges that are expected to emerge in case the bailout is approved.
The symbolic frame probably has the least importance regarding this subject. In case the bailout will not be approved, the cultural or symbolic aspects related to the big automakers affected by this situation will not have the strength to clarify the situation.
2. The important lesson provided by the organizational behavior consists in improving organizational effectiveness. This lesson should be important for all the managers or aspiring managers and it should always be taken into consideration when deciding upon important aspects that affect the organization in case.
Effectiveness and efficiency must characterize all types of organizations, private, profits oriented ones, but non-profit and governmental organizations…
1. U.S. Automakers Bailout - a Bridge to Bankruptcy or a Road to Salvation. Saving to Invest. Retrieved December 12, 2008 at http://www.savingtoinvest.com/2008/11/us-automakers-bailout-bridge-to.html .