Object Oriented Essays (Examples)

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Objects the Unified Modeling Language

Words: 360 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54998012

This method of coding is (theoretically) the type of coding that UML enforces.

The Rational Unified Process (RUP) is a standard that describes the development of a complex software solution. It is broken into four steps: inception, the phase in which profit and revenue models are constructed to generate a timeline for development; elaboration, the phase in which the project scope is more thoroughly detailed; construction, the phase in which components and features are designed; and transition, in which the product moves to the end user. This process is used in the context of iterative development, which encourages the solution to be scaled to its final state in steps; ideally, those steps result in a result reviewable by the end-user, which provides an opportunity for revising and refining of the project scope.

orks Cited

Rational Software." IBM. 7 Dec. 2006 http://www-306.ibm.com/software/rational.

Rational Unified Process." IBM. 7 Dec. 2006 http://www-306.ibm.com/software/awdtools/rup/.

The…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rational Software." IBM. 7 Dec. 2006 http://www-306.ibm.com/software/rational.

Rational Unified Process." IBM. 7 Dec. 2006 http://www-306.ibm.com/software/awdtools/rup/.

The Object Management Group (OMG)." OMG. 23 Aug. 2006. 7 Dec. 2006 http://www.omg.com/.
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Object Relation Attachment Theories and

Words: 26278 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34405449

During the next chapter of this clinical case study dissertation, the Literature eview section, this researcher relates accessed information that contributes a sampling of previous research to begin to enhance the understanding needed to help a patient "grow" not only in therapy, but also in life.

CHAPTE II

LITEATUE EVIEW

The theories and techniques used in psychoanalysis are very diverse; Freudian analysis is only one approach."

Thomas and McGinnis, 1991, ¶ 1)

Diverse Contentions

One recent University of New Hampshire study indicated that 63% of more than 3,000 surveyed American parents surveyed reported experiences of one or more instances of verbal aggression toward children in their homes. A Child Protective Services study, albeit reported that only 6% of child abuse cases involved "emotional maltreatment," form of abuse in which verbal abuse constitutes the most common form of maltreatment. The apparent low number of "official" verbal abuse cases likely relates to…… [Read More]

References

American Psychiatric Association, (2004). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Test Revised. Washington DC.

Blatt, S. (1974). Levels of object representation in anaclytic and introjective depression. New York: International University Press.

Bowlby, J. (1969) Attachment. Volume One of Attachment and Loss, New York: Basic

Books.
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Orient West Minoan and Romantic Movements Describe

Words: 1422 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73695449

Orient West

Minoan and omantic movements

Describe the earlier historical art period, characteristics of the style, and social conditions that may have contributed to the advent of this style.

Within the history of the Ancients, the story of Classical Greek art and architecture is prefaced by the earliest epoch of the seafaring Cretan civilization, Minos. The Palace of King Minosis is a magical structure reflective of this early world of classical lyricism. It is in fact, Homer's reference to the island, and its legendary king, in Book XIX of the Odyssey, that has informed us of Aegean cultures, and our fascination with all things Minoan. The central locus of exchange for communique with other civilizations of antiquity such as the nearby lands of Pharonic Ancient Egypt, the Palace of King Minos is our greatest resource for inquiry into the roots of ancient classical civilization.

obust in economy and in cultural…… [Read More]

References

Art. Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Retrieved from: http://www.oxfordartonline.com de la Croix, H. And Tansey, R.G. (1980). Gardner's: Art Through the Ages. New York: Harcourt and Brace.

Vaughan, W. (2010). Romanticism. Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Retrieved from: http://www.oxfordartonline.com

(2010). Romanticism in the Visual Arts. Oxford Companion to Western Art. Oxford Art Online. Retrieved from: http://www.oxfordartonline.com
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Is the Perception of Objects in Infants Related to IQ During Adolescence

Words: 2240 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19629741

peception of objects in infants elated to IQ duing adolescence?

The tem "social cognition" epesents the fundamental capabilities of childen to peceive an object, categoize, emembe, evaluate, thing and eact appopiately (Dilalla, 2007). This poposal ecognizes the boad definition of the tem, but it emphasizes on the multidisciplinay quality of eseach fo this pape. Nevetheless, scientific disciplines vay in thei emphasis on vaious elements of this sophisticated constuct. In social psychology, the tem illustates a wide ange of happenings including moal easoning, fomation of attitudes and steeotyping. In neuoscience, it defines the tem as the capability to peceive the intentions and dispositions of othe people. On the othe hand, developmental psychology descibes the tem as the theoy of mind, the ecognition that people have beliefs and inteests divegent, and it is possible to explain behavio by efeing to the beliefs and inteests.

This poposal adopts the above definition because acoss…… [Read More]

references for novel and familiar stimuli. Advances in infancy research, 5, 69-95.

McCall, R.B., & Carriger, M. (1993). A meta-analysis of infant habituation and recognition memory performance as predictors of later IQ. Child Development, 64, 57-

79.

Quinn, P.C., & Johnson, M.H. (2000). Global before basic object categorization. Infancy, 1, 31-

46.
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Community Oriented Policing

Words: 6694 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38020628

Community Oriented Policing

new and comprehensive strategy against crime: Community Policing:

For the purpose of reducing neighborhood crimes, creating a sense of security and reduce fear of crimes among the citizens and improving the quality of life in the community, the community policing strategy will be proved to be the most effective one. The accomplishment of all these objectives to develop a healthy and clean society can be done by combining the efforts of the police department, the members of the community and the local government. "The concept of community policing is not very new however it has gained attention in last few years. It is an approach to make a collaborative effort between the police and the community in order to identify and solve the problems of crime, societal disorder and disturbances. It combines all the element of the community to find out the solutions to the social problems.…… [Read More]

References

Gordon: Community Policing: Towards the Local Police State?: Law, Order and the Authoritarian State, Open University Press, Milton Keynes, 1987, p. 141.

O'Malley and D. Palmer: Post-Keynesian Policing, Economy and Society: 1996, p 115.

Bright: Crime Prevention: The British Experience: The Politics of Crime Control: Sage, London, 1991. p. 24-63.

MacDonald: Skills and Qualities of Police Leaders Required of Police Leaders Now and in the Future: Federation Press, Sydney, 1995. p. 72
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Individual the So-Called Object Concept

Words: 2394 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8568284

That is, until an infant ealizes that she is looking at heself in the mio athe than anothe baby, the concept of self cannot begin to fom (Johnston, 1996). As childen matue, the link between cognition and self-concept becomes moe illuminated. In olde childen, pat of the matuation pocess is the ability to solve poblems and pocess infomation (Siegle and Alibali, 2004). The fact that childen use a vaiety of stategies and behave diffeently when ovecoming obstacles to each a common goal eflects diffeences not only in thei cognitive abilities but also how they see themselves -- "I don't give up easily; I always ty my best; I lean well; I don't like myself," etc. (Measelle et al., 2005).

If, as ealie suggested, by five to seven yeas of age, childen ae able to give accuate self-desciptions of themselves, then the pecusos of self-concept clealy evolve aound the toddle and…… [Read More]

references, discussing negative emotions, engaging children in conversations, discovering unique attributes, and the like all have Western upbringing tones. In other cultures, these norms may not be norms at all and hence the psychometric procedures used to generate traditionally Western self-description may not apply, say among Chinese or Asian children (Wang, 2004). The Chinese, as opposed to the autonomy-oriented European-Americans, are interdependent and put value in kinship such that a person's identity is often tied to his social responsibilities. Social rules exist in the Chinese culture that promotes humility and self-criticism for the sake of social harmony (Chin, 1988, in Wang, 2004). This, of course, is in contrast to Western culture that promotes self-enhancement.

A recent study on the comparative autobiographical memories and self-description in 3- to 8-year-old American and Chinese children considered the following differences and used a relatively novel, open-ended narrative method to examine the development of self-constructs. The results of the study are consistent with the cultural outlines above. American children tend to describe themselves in terms of their personal attributes and inner disposition in a generally light tone. Chinese children, on the other hand, focused on specific relationships, social roles, observable behavior, and situation bound features in a modest tone (Wang, 2004). The implication of this study is that self-concept is culture-specific and that the early emergence of cultural self-constructs may prepare children to become competent members of their respective societies (Wang, 2004).

In summary, this paper illustrates that the development of self is a product of cognitive achievement, everyday experiences, and cultural values. The role of child-parent interactions and differing cultural beliefs are emphasized as crucial in shaping self-concept among children.
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Service-Oriented Architectures in it Service-Oriented

Words: 2511 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58253807

Web Services in the context of an SOA framework are designed to be the catalyst of greater order accuracy and speed, further increasing performance of the entire company in the process. The collection of Web Services is meant to not replace the traditional and highly engrained EP systems in a company; rather Web Services are meant to extend and enhance their performance and making them more agile over time (Alonso, Kuno, Casati, Machiraju, 2004). Theorists have suggested that the SOA framework is only as successful as the approaches taken to creating a unified Web Services strategy that creates a single system of record of customer data the entire company standardizes on (Kobielus, 2007). This concept of the system of record is defined as Master Data Management (MDM) and is the basis of analytics and Business Intelligence (BI), which are fueling more focus on measuring the value of SOA frameworks from…… [Read More]

References

Alonso, Kuno, Casati, and Machiraju, 2004, Web Services: Concepts, Architectures and Applications. Springer-Verlag Publishing. 1 January 2004. London. ISBN 3540440089

Bohm, K., S. Etalle, J. den Hartog, C. Hutter, S. Trabelsi, D. Trivellato, and N. Zannone. 2010. A Flexible Architecture for Privacy-Aware Trust Management. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research 5, no. 2, (August 1): 77-96.

Cobarzan, a.. 2010. Consuming Web Services on Mobile Platforms. Informatica Economica 14, no. 3, (July 1): 98-105.

Drissen-Silva, M., and R. Rabelo. 2009. A collaborative decision support framework for managing the evolution of virtual enterprises. International Journal of Production Research 47, no. 17, (September 1): 4833.
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Management Regardless of Numerous Efforts to Define

Words: 913 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43443248

Management:

egardless of numerous efforts to define data, knowledge, and information, there are still some uncertainties and lack of clarity regarding what these three things are and the relationships that exist between them. While many descriptions of the three are relevant, most of these definitions are far from providing the clear picture of what the three really are. However, there are considerable differences between data, knowledge, and information though they have some relationships between them. The main relationship is that data is described in relation to information, information defined on the basis of data and knowledge, and knowledge explained in terms of information.

The differences between data, knowledge, and information can be explained in terms of their basic definitions, purposes, and how each is formed. Under definitions, data can be described as basic, unprocessed, and unfiltered information whereas information is described as more developed data that has evolved to a…… [Read More]

References:

Benner, T. (n.d.). Why Use A Database? Retrieved February 29, 2012, from http://www.masteradobe.com/MasterAdobe_MACinTUTOR/Why_Database.html

"Lesson 5: Types of Database Management Systems." (n.d.). Topic: Database Fundamentals.

Retrieved from The Pennsylvania State University website: http://www.personal.psu.edu/glh10/ist110/topic/topic07/topic07_06.html

Liew, A. (2007, June). Understanding Data, Information, Knowledge And Their Inter-
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Component-Based Development How Is it Different From Oo Development

Words: 2033 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34518328

object-oriented (OO) and component-based development. It begins by describing the evolution of the abstraction process and the emergence of OO programming. Next, the limitations of OO programming are discussed along with an explanation of how component-based development was born to serve as a complimentary extension to OO to overcome its primary disadvantages. Given the differences between objects and components, this paper makes recommendations for developing systems using both constructs. Finally, the future of objects and components is discussed.

Assembly languages started the abstraction process by coding the binary-based machine code, or pulse train of successive 0s and 1s, into assemblies representing particular machine code sequences (Hoagland). Next, higher level languages made coding closer to human readable. The language and its compilers were coordinated such that the output would give a computational valid result. OO programming raised the level of abstraction in programming even further. OO programming is a programming language…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Atkinson, M., Altair, F., DeWitt, D., Kittrich, K., Maier, D., Zdonik, S. (1989). The object-oriented database system manifesto. Retrieved November 28, 2003 from Carnegie Mellon School of Computer Science Web site: http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/People/clamen/OODBMS/Manifesto/htManifesto/Manifesto.html

Henderson-Sellers, B., Pradhan, R., Szyperski, C., Taivalsaari, A, and Wills, A. Are components objects? Retrieved 28, 2003 from Association for Computing Machinery Web Site: http://www.acm.org/sigplan/oopsla/oopsla99/2_ap/tech/2d1a_arecmp.html

Hoagland, J. From object oriented to component-based software. Components Online. Retrieved November 28, 2003 from Components Online Web Site: http://www.components-online.com/Component/Software/default.htm

Hurwitz, J. (1998, May) Component Directions. DBMS Magazine. Retrieved November 28, 2003 from DBMS Magazine Web Site: http://www.dbmsmag.com/9805d04.html
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Cobol Overview of a Third

Words: 4692 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81579343

This is unlikely to change short of an amazing new technological innovation that takes "natural" language capability and programming to a new level. Let us now compare how COOL meets the needs of organizations working in various industries. The next section will help clarify why COOL is in such demand among commercial enterprises worldwide.

Chapter 3 - COOL and Organizational Goals

This section analyses how COOL supports organizational goals. COOL supports organizational goals in many ways. It is an adept and multi-faceted programming language that provides organizations the ability to manage data in many departments. It is useful for financial analysis, for shipping and inventory maintenance, for the creation of reports and data management systems and for linking various units within the organization. Each of these key features is described in more detail below.

Decision support systems such as that COOL can help facilitate are critical for supporting all levels…… [Read More]

Bibliography

ANSI. (2007). COBOL, Standards. American National Standards Institute. Accessed 29,

http://www.ansi.org/

Columbia Encyclopedia. (2004). "Programming Language." The Columbia

Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Columbia University Press.
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History C Programming Language

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50382192

C++ programming language. Specifically, it will discuss the creation of the language and some of its applications. C++ is one of the most important programming languages in use today. It has revolutionized the computing world, and applications using the language are utilized by millions of people around the world every day.

Bell Labs scientist Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ Programming Language between 1983 and 1985. Initially, Stroustrup simply added some features to the C. Programming Language, and called it "C with Classes." Stroustrup added more alterations and functions and finally came up with C++, an Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) language. C++ evolved from a long line of languages that began in the 1960s with languages like FOTAN and Combined Programming Language (CPL) ("History," 2000). CPL eventually evolved into C (which first stood for "Cambridge" where it was developed, and later "Christopher," for Christopher Strachey, the scientist who helped develop it (Lohr, 2001,…… [Read More]

References

Author not Available. (2000). History of C++. Retrieved from the Cplusplus.com Web site: http://www.cplusplus.com/info/history.html28 May 2004.

Lohr, S. (2001). Go to: The story of the math majors, bridge players, engineers, chess wizards, maverick scientists, and iconoclasts, the programmers who created the software revolution. New York: Basic Books.

Stroustrup, Bjarne. (24 May 2004). C++ applications. Retrieved from the Research ATT.com Web site: http://www.research.att.com/~bs/applications.html28 May 2004.
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Individual Terms Word Processor Sometimes Abbreviated as

Words: 1933 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58502364

Individual Terms

Word Processor

"Sometimes abbreviated as WP, a word processor is a software program capable of creating, storing, and printing documents. Unlike the standard typewriter, users using word processors have the ability of creating a document and making any changes anywhere in the document. This document can also be saved for modification at a later time or to be opened on any other computer using the same word processor. (Computer Hope, 2011)" Microsoft's Word is a word processor and there are other ones as well such as Apple iWork, Corel WordPerfect, and Sun StarOffice. Amongst the various office automated systems, the word processor is one of the most used thereto.

Hierarchical Database

This type of database is one of the first of its kind and is still present in older or legacy systems. "Each cell in a table may have a table underneath it, which is similar to the…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Best Priced Computers UK. (2009). Decision support systems. Retrieved July 31, 2011 from  http://www.bestpricecomputers.co.uk/glossary/decision-support-systems.htm 

Computer Hope. (2011). Word processor. Retrieved July 31, 2011 from  http://www.computerhope.com/jargon/w/wordssor.htm 

Hernandez, G. (2011, August 8). DB types. Retrieved July 31, 2011 from http://www.georgehernandez.com/h/xComputers/Databases/aaIntro/DBTypes.asp

Introduction to HIS. (2007). Retrieved July 31, 2011 from http://faculty.yu.edu.jo
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Systems Media Table Comparison System Uses Word

Words: 2095 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59645728

Systems Media Table: Comparison

System

Uses

Word processor

The main purpose of this program is to construct sentences of the perceived information and manipulate paragraphs to form a word document. The program uses a display format 'what-you-see-is-what-you-get' to enhance the quality of the expected hardcopy.

WordPerfect and Microsoft Word are mostly superseded by both organization and personal computers to perform functions such as word formatting, letter processing and some simple designing. Accordingly, it is the most frequently used program in day-to-day operation.

It is used to type the text, save, and format and print the text.

It is used to insert pictures into the text page.

It is used to spell check the text document.

It is used to prepare letters and other word documents.

Hierarchical database

This kind of database system is to display a structure that would relieve the presentation of information using parent to child relationship. The…… [Read More]

References

AJ, W., & al, e. (2007). The role of decision aids in promoting evidence-based patient choice in Edwards A and Elwyn E (eds) Evidence-based patient choice:. O'Connor A and Edwards A.

European Commission DG Health and Consumer. (2012). Guidlines on the Qualification and Classification of Stand-alone Software used in Healthcare withing the Regulatory Framework of Medical Devices. Articles of Directive 93/42/EEC .

Eysenbach, G., Powell, J., Gunter, T.D., & Terry, N.P. (2005). The Emergence of National Electronic Health Record Architectures in the United States and Australia: Models, Costs, and Questions. Journal of Medical Internet Research: The Leading Peer-reviewed Internet Journal.

Fesenko, N. (2007). Compression Technologyes of Graphic Information. International Journal "Information Theories & Applications."
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Structured Data Types the Analyzing

Words: 573 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62117741

The separation of these aspects of programming in turn to lead higher level of data independence between applications and data sets. This separation of data sets and programming logic allows for more efficient management of individualized programming events as well.

Graphical User Interfaces

The essence of a graphical user interface is the organizing of applications throughout the visual workspace of an operating system or application. The concept of being able to managing multiple workflows and processes throughout this visual workspace is highly dependent on the level of ergonomics completed prior to their design (Grudin, 2006). The continued development of tactile-based user interfaces used on Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and cell phones provide an excellent example of how graphical interfaces have transformed from the initial Microsoft Windows editions to the use of interfaces on the Apple iTouch, iPod and iPhone series of models (Ishii, 2008). Graphical user interfaces have been heavily…… [Read More]

References

Jens Dietrich, Nathan Jones, Jevon Wright. (2008). Using social networking and semantic web technology in software engineering - Use cases, patterns, and a case study. The Journal of Systems and Software, 81(12), 2183

Jonathan Grudin. (2006). The GUI shock: computer graphics and human-computer interaction. Interactions, 13(2), 46-47.

Hiroshi Ishii. (2008) The Tangible User Interface and Its Evolution. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 51(6), 32.

Nicolas Serrano, Juan Pablo Aroztegi. (2007). Ajax Frameworks in Interactive Web Apps. IEEE Software, 24(5), 12-14.
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Revolution That Started When Information

Words: 6495 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70355864

As the business changes, developers can more easily map business process changes to applications and then implement the appropriate it changes.

SOA facilitates business connections. With business processes packaged as modular, accessible business services, enterprises can connect them where and when they are needed to optimize processes across customers, partners, suppliers, and their own internal applications

SOA enhances business control. Because services model business processes, the flow of data and transactions through service-oriented applications is valuable business data. SOA infrastructure actively manages service flows and can provide flexible and dynamic access to this data, which enterprises can use to analyze and optimize business results and process costs.

As flexible, service-based applications make business change easier and faster, business people will take advantage of their new found agility to drive competitive advantage through a faster cycle of introducing new capabilities and optimizing core processes. To guide this faster optimization cycle and…… [Read More]

ESB and EAI buyers do more SOA -- as do testing-tool buyers. Buyers of software tools and infrastructure for enterprise software buses (ESBs), enterprise application integration (EAI), and software testing have notably higher end of 2006 adoption of SOA at 72%, 73%, and 73%, respectively, as compared with 53% of all survey respondents from LWC Research and AMR Research surveys. Higher adoption among ESB and EAI buyers makes perfect sense -- many use such products within their SOA platform -- but researchers often hears of SOA adopters wrestling with testing issues, too. As with other factors above, effective use of testing tools requires a greater level of organizational discipline. Among other types of software infrastructure, the next highest end of 2006 SOA adoption correlations, ranging from 63% to 66%, are with buyers of portal servers, content management, business process management, and application design and development tools.

Recommendations for best Practices

From extensive research on enterprises doing SOA, it has been concluded that there are many, many different ways that firms evolve their way into SOA. In most cases, initial SOA implementations are small-scale and low cost -- and achieve only a small part of the full range of flexibility that the full market hype of SOA promises. But that small part is enough, as the above data shows, to prompt nearly 70% of SOA users to expand their SOA deployments. It is this type of market experience -- and its dramatic difference over the days of OO and CBD -- that makes SOA safe, prudent, and a high priority for enterprise adoption. If organizations are not already using SOA they need to move forthrightly toward adoption, start small, and evolve their SOA strategies from there.
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Technology Briefly Describe the Four

Words: 886 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14126809

Vertically integrated information systems then are key to many company's competitive advantage in being able to respond quickly to the needs of their distribution channel partners and customers. Supply chains are the most complex type of vertically integrated information system in manufacturing firms.

3. What is a client/server system? What is a client? What is a server? Why would an organization choose to implement a client/server system?

A client/server system is also referred to as a client/server network as it relies on a series of integrated systems in which the processing power is distributed between a central server and a number of client computers (Brown, DeHayes, Hoffer, Martin, Perkins, 2009). A client can be either an application, as is the case with Salesforce.com accessing customer data for example on a remote server through a Web browser, or a complete computer system accessing a server. Increasingly clients are Web browser-based and…… [Read More]

References

Alnoor Bhimani, & Mthuli Ncube. (2006). Virtual integration costs and the limits of supply chain scalability. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, 25(4), 390-408.

Brown, C.V., DeHayes, D.W, Hoffer, J.A., Martin, W.E., Perkins, W.C. (2009). Managing information technology: (6th ed.).Prentice Hall. ISBN: 9780131789548

Scott M. Lewandowski. (1998). Frameworks for Component-Based Client/Server Computing. ACM Computing Surveys, 30(1), 3-27.

N GPC Mahalik, & SK Lee. (2002). Client server-based distributed architecture for concurrent design of DCS networks: A case study. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 13(1), 47.
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Relationship Model Should Build Up in the

Words: 505 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47262162

Relationship Model Should Build Up in the Following Structure or Order:

Student to the billing counter

Billing counter to the understanding of registration

Registration to verification of subjects and courses

Authorize if the student has finished prescribed courses

Confirmation from the corresponding course coordinators

Final billing contrived on the student to make payment of his/her fees.

In this unmitigated routine one has to comprehend what the needs of the student are and then one must bill him/her as per the fulfillment of the course in which he/she is certain to engage. There should not be a dark system of billing everyone without any function. Consequently, in this example, the affirmation of subjects and needs must be elucidated at all details.

Agile methods are flexible in constitution. Their quality is to take in and adapt variation. Another thing to note is the agile processes core on people rather than process so…… [Read More]

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Programming Genetic Circuits Is Fundamentally

Words: 2235 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48470094

To elaborate, he used his 'transistor' to build logic circuits that program each cell's behavior. For instance, he was able to tell a cell to change color in the presence of both a specified two enzymes. Remarked Kleem (online): "Endy envisions plant-based environmental monitors, programmed tissues and even medical devices that "make Fantastic Voyage come true," (Kleem, 04.02.13).

In the first (grainy) image below, Endy's DNA "buffer gates" flash different colors according to their situation. In the image below that, we have a string of DNA -- we see the code of the a's, C's, T's and G's -- that has been programmed by synthetic biologist Eric Winfree of the California Institute of Technology --.

(Excerpted from Keim, B Computers Made Out of DNA, lime and Other trange tuff

Wired. http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/04/strange-computers/?pid=6598&viewall=true)

Timothy Lu, a researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is taking this idea further by building cellular computers…… [Read More]

Sources

Brumfiel, G (March 29, 2013) Tiny DNA Switches Aim to Revolutionize 'Cellular' Computing. NPR. http://www.npr.org/2013/03/29/175604770/tiny-dna-switches-aim-to-revolutionize-cellular-computing

Lovgren, Stefan (2003-02-24). Computer Made from DNA and Enzymes. National Geographic.  http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/02/0224_030224_DNAcomputer.html 

Heaven D (02 April 2013) DNA transistors pave way for living computers Newscientishttp://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23337-dna-transistors-pave-way-for-living-computers.html

Strain D (June 2, 2011 ) Flexible DNA computer finds square roots Science News http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/330621/description/Flexible_DNA_computer_finds_square_roots_
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Extant Literature Has Been Dedicated

Words: 4269 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70770203

The authors pointed out the fact that the integration of semantic Web with the existing remote sensing processes can help in solving the problem. The ability of the remote sensing of information to provide certain functions in an online environment is superb. This results in dynamic transfer of information across the web. The authors further points out the fact that semantic information processing gives rise to semantic-based service reasoning and descriptions. This leads to an automatic web. The building of an environment fuelled by the semantic web leads to the combining of various advantages of various aspects and respects while conducting a service-oriented study. This result in a deeper appreciation of semantic services in providing richer and improved services for various users. Li et al. (2008) provide a discussion of the various classifications of remote sensing and information processing services as well as an ontology-based service that makes use of…… [Read More]

References

Astels, D.(2002): Refactoring with UML, In Proceedings of 3rd International Conferenceon

eXtreme Programming and Flexible processes in Software Engineering (XP2002), (2002) 67-70

Banko et al. (2006).Open Information Extraction from the Web

Chiu, PH.,Lo, CC.Chao, KM (2009)Integrating Semantic Web and Object-Oriented
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Three Paradigms of Spelling Instruction

Words: 2220 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84525596

spelling instruction are presented and compared in the article, 'Three paradigms of spelling instruction in grades 3 to 6' (Taylor-Heald, 1998).

In this article the three paradigms are identified as the traditional, the transitional, and the student-oriented. Each of these paradigms is a model for teaching children the basic and fundamental concept of spelling.

In this research paper, Taylor-Heald's article will be used as a basis for identifying each of the methods. Firstly, from the article by Taylor-Heald we will describe each method, how it is utilized and also discuss Taylor-Heald's view on each of the methods.

After looking at each of the methods separately, we will then briefly examine the major differences between the methods.

We will then discuss the implications of each of the methods, including how each method is used and the benefits of each method. This will also include looking at various other research studies that…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Davidson, M., & Jenkins, J.R. (1994). "Effects of phonemic processes on word reading and spelling." Journal of Educational Research, 87, 148-157.

Darch, C., Kim, S., Johnson, S., & James, H. (2000). "The strategic spelling skills of students with learning disabilities: The results of two studies." Journal of Instructional Psychology, 27, 15-27.

Hume, D. (1975). Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Scott, C.M. (2000). "Principles and methods of spelling instruction: Applications for poor spellers." Topics in Language Disorders, 20, 66- 79.
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Database Systems in Describe Theoretically

Words: 2113 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51575403

To implement this algorithm, it is essential to simulate locking of what the books mentions as an item X that has been transcribed by transaction T

until T

is either committed or aborted. This algorithm is not what would turn into deadlock, for the reason that T. waits for T

only if TS (T) > TS (T

) (Elmasri, 2011).

According to the book, strict timestamp ordering differs from basic timestamp ordering because basic timestamp ordering is utilized whenever some transaction T. attempts to subject a read item (X) or a write item (X) operation, the basic to algorithm is the one that compares the timestamp of T. with read_TS (X) and write_TS (X) to ensure that the timestamp where as the strict timestamp does not. Another difference is the fact that the basic lets us know that if the proper order is violated, then transaction T. is the one…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Elmasri, R. & . (2011). Fundamentals of database systems (6th ed). Boston, MA:.: Addison-Wesley.
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Batesville Casket Company -- Case

Words: 1644 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67165907



Fortunately, due to a dramatic reduction in the number of manufacturers since the 1950s, Batesville is well-equipped to remain the market leader. They kept pace with industry trends (e.g. In materials and style), and realized that it was necessary to retain loyalty from the Funeral Director side of the house in order to maintain share. Note below that while overall casket sales seem to be declining from the1 1970s, current trends have not fallen below production in the 1960s -- and the potential aging population continues to increase (CFSA, 2008).:

Thus, for Batesville, the idea of combining a ground up approach to a technological problem, and the acumen and patience (not to mention foresight) to utilize object-oriented programming to find a way to streamline distribution and customer service, allows the company a continued standard of excellence. Funeral homes will not tie up funds with back inventory of caskets -- next…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Casket and Funeral Supply Association of America. (2008). Cited in:

http://www.cfsaa.org/about.php

Harris, D. (2007). Grave matters: A Journey Through the Modern Funeral Industry. Simon and Schuster.

Martin, E.W. (1992). "Batesville Casket Company." Research on the Management of Information Systems. Kelley School of Business, Indiana University.
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Wide Web Is Available Around

Words: 14250 Length: 52 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14951486

The reward for the effort of learning is access to a vocabulary that is shared by a very large population across all industries globally" (p. 214). Moreover, according to Bell, because UML is a language rather than a methodology, practitioners who are familiar with UML can join a project at any point from anywhere in the world and become productive right away. Therefore, Web applications that are built using UML provide a useful approach to helping professionals gain access to the information they need when they need it.

Overview of the Study

This paper used a five-chapter format to achieve the above-stated research purpose. Chapter one of the study was used to introduce the topic under consideration, provide a statement of the problem, the purpose of the study and its importance of the study. Chapter two of the study provides a review of the related peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning…… [Read More]

Reference:

Domain Specifications

Specification Name:

Ontology Definition Metamodel (ODM)

Description:
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Computer Program Design What I

Words: 1817 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22477912



The programming design class gives the student many tools that they will need on the job, but there is much more to the design process than having the right tools. The ability to apply those tools to the situations that will arise on the job is one of the most important skills that the designer will have. However, this is not always easy to teach in the classroom. Therefore, it is important for the design student to read as many outside sources as possible. They must understand the various philosophies and approaches to the design process. They must understand the strengths and weaknesses of those approaches and how they relate to various customer projects. The computer program design student must develop the broadest knowledge base possible in order to deliver a quality product to the customer.

eferences

Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of…… [Read More]

References

Din, J. & Idris, S. (2009). Object-Oriented Design Process Model. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 9 (10): 71-79.

Guzman, J., Mitre, H. & Amescua, a. et al. (2010). Integration of strategic management, process improvement and quantitative measurement for managing the competitiveness of software engineering organizations. Software Quality Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11219-

9094-7 Retrieved May 31, 2010 from http://www.springerlink.com/content/58k83507v1j7w653/?p=318712de7adb48cfa387cb4

3f1366078&pi=4
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Programming & Language Prototyping Extreme

Words: 4993 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42434441



The Extreme Programming is also tailored towards a single project to be developed and maintained by a single team, however, in real life many organizations prefer to keep the crucial aspects of software development like data management and release management concerns outside the purview of regulations of a single project manager. The Extreme Programming technique is quite susceptible to adversely affect the 'bad apple' developers that do not have necessary inclination to work well with others and knowing it all, and/or are not inclined to share their 'superior' code with others. Even though these developers are an obstacle to any project and sometime prove detrimental to the organization in the long run, the dependence of Extreme Programming on communication and teamwork simply bars them from the group activity. (Adopting Extreme Programming: Successful integration of XP into your organization requires the support and buy-in of senior management - Technology Information)

Irrespective…… [Read More]

References

Ambler, Scott W. Adopting Extreme Programming: Successful integration of XP into your organization requires the support and buy-in of senior management - Technology Information

Computing Canada. 14 April, 2000.

Retrieved at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CGC/is_8_26/ai_61531766Accessed on 5 December, 2004

Ann LeBlanc, Dee. When eXtreme Programming Makes Sense. Dev Source. June, 2004.
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Music Education or Cross Platform

Words: 17690 Length: 61 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61502605



Aristoxenos, two centuries after Pythagoras released his model, sought to discredit the standing theories held by Pythagorean devotees. In his works, he established that numbers are not relevant to music, and that music is based on perception of what one hears, not any mathematical equation. Descartes as well as Vincenzo Galilei (Galileo's father) both also discredited the music-to-math theories that formed the revolutionary basis for Pythagoras' music work, but not on the basis that music and numbers are unrelated. Rather, Galilei in particular figured that the tension of a string compared to the pitch made by that string should be the variables to create the sound ratio, not the length of that string. "Using weights to vary the tension of a string, he found that the above mentioned intervals arise for ratios of 1:1, 1:4, 4:9, and 9:16 respectively. These ratios as different from those found for length; they are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Annabelleke, et al. (2005, June 20) Signal-to-noise ratio. Wikipedia. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snr

Axtman, K. (2001, August 22) Houston to make computing a right, not a privilege. The Christian Science Monitor. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at  http://www.csmonitor.com/2001/0822/p2s2-ussc.html 

Buckler, G. (2001, November 16) Digital divide creates haves and have nots. Computing Canada. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CGC/is_24_27/ai_80205491

Chappell, K. (2001, September) UNITED NEGRO COLLEGE FUND: Crossing the Digital Divide. Ebony. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1077/is_11_56/ai_77556560
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Uml-Based Comparison of Model Transformational

Words: 8021 Length: 29 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3350276



Generally, the classification of model transformation tools is based on whether it is declarative or operational, directionality or multiplicity.

The study further discusses the sub-categories of model transformation that include:

hybrid transformation tools, graph transformation, relational, template based, operational based, structure driven and direct manipulation.

All the sub-categories of model transformation have the following features:

Hybrid transformation combines two or more transformation approaches;

Graph transformation focuses on graph rewriting over variation and extensions of labeled graphs.

Relational approach uses declarative approach-based mathematical relations; template approach uses model template specifications.

ATL Transformation Tool

The project reveals that ATL is one of the effective transformation tools used to semantic or syntactic translation and it is built on transformation Virtual Machine model. The ATL was developed from the ATLAS framework, which enabled the specification of one or more target models. The project further reveals that ATL is hybrid language providing the mix of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Braun, P. & Marschall, F. BOTL The Bidirectional Object Oriented Transformation

Language. Institut fur Informatik Technische Universitat Munchen. 2003.

Cremers, A.B. Alda, S. & Rho, T. Chapter 13, Mapping Models to Code Object-Oriented Software .Construction. University of Bonn. German. 2009.

Einarsson, H.P. Refactoring UML Diagram and Models with Model-to-Model Transformation . Master of Science in Software Engineering, University of Iceland. 2011.
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Java Network Computing Technologies

Words: 2035 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52966845

Internet Inter-OR Protocol (IIOP)

Java Network Computing Technologies

Internet Inter-OR Protocol (IIOP) is a protocol that enables distributed programs located anywhere in the Internet to communicate with each other. It is an interoperability protocol that supports heterogeneous environments. IIOP offers possible communication between applications regardless of the platform and programming elements used in their development.

IIOP is an element of Object Management Group's (OMG) standard architecture called CORA (Common Object Request roker Architecture). It is a TCP/IP-based protocol and a GIOP mapping that provides standard communication methods between ORs. OR (Object Request roker) is a communication mediator used by CORA during requests and data interchange between clients and servers.

CORA/IIOP is a solution to the complexity that web applications are now becoming. efore, protocols are specifically developed on the basis of applications to allow compatibility in communication. ut with CORA/IIOP, communication is possible between diverse application platforms.

IIOP technology is…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Curtis, David. IIOP: OMG's Internet Inter-ORB Protocol.

OMG. 08 June 2003. http://www.omg.org/library/iiop4.html

Golding, Michael. Java Socket Programming.

UEL.AC.UK. 09 June 2003.  http://homepages.uel.ac.uk/2795l/pages/javaapps.htm
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Application of a Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students

Words: 60754 Length: 230 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60817292

Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students

Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of…… [Read More]

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Genetic Algorithms Parallel Genetic Algorithms 1d Bin Packing Supercomputers

Words: 9676 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92159820

Solving the 1D Bin Packing Problem Using a Parallel Genetic Algorithm: A Benchmark Test

The past few decades have witnessed the introduction in a wide range of technological innovations that have had an enormous impact on consumers, businesses and governmental agencies. Computer-based applications in particular have been key in facilitating the delivery of a wide range of services and information, and computer processing speeds have consistently increased incrementally. Computer processing speeds, though, have a natural limit, with electricity being unable to travel faster than the speed of light. Therefore, even the optimal processing speeds attainable in the future will remain constrained in this regard, but there are some alternative approaches to computer processing that can further increase the functionality of computers, including parallel computing and genetic algorithms which are discussed further below.

Parallel Computing

In computing, the term "parallelism" is used to describe a system's architecture, in other words, "The…… [Read More]

References

Anderson-Cook, C.M. (2005). Practical genetic algorithms. Journal of the American Statistical

Association, 100(471), 1099.

Benkler, Y. (2004). Sharing nicely: On shareable goods and the emergence of sharing as a modality of economic production. Yale Law Journal, 114(2), 273-274.

Blacklight. (2010, October 11). Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center. Retrieved from http://www.
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Prototyping in the Banking Field

Words: 4989 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28281034

Prototyping?

The development of the prototyping methodology

The Benefits of using Prototyping today

The evolution of apid Prototyping

The creation and development of three banking websites using prototypes

Prototyping for banking related GUI

sing mobile phones for banking

Asia-Pacific Summit

Banking systems using ATMs and ADCs

Prototyping in the Banking Field

What is Prototyping?

The Web defines prototyping as the term that is used to describe the process by which physical mock ups or models are made up out of the proposed designs. In the days before the wide usage of the computer aided technology, prototyping was done using traditional models. Today however, prototyping is done using three dimensional computer models. This method is definitely more efficient as well as quicker than the traditional methods. The computer-aided prototyping is also referred to as 'apid Prototyping'. (Fundamentals of Graphics Communication, 3/e) Sometimes, certain partial aspects of the program are created using…… [Read More]

References

"A Current Report of the Activities from the Banking Industry Technology Secretariat" BITS Bulletin. Retrieved From

http://www.bitsinfo.org/Feb99.pdf Accessed on 6 December, 2004

Brinck, Tom; Darren, Gergle. "The Design of Banking Websites: Diamond Bullet Design" Retrieved From http://www.diamondbullet.com/iterative.pdf Accessed on 6 December, 2004

"Chapter 14 - Programming and Languages" (2001-2002) Computing Essentials. Irwin McGraw Hill. Retrieved from http://www.mhhe.com/it/oleary/ce01-02/student/olc/glo_ch14.mhtml Accessed on 6 December, 2004
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Computer Programming Used at Your

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52422037



Visual Basic is an Event Driven language, which means that programs don't follow the sequential path of traditional languages such as Pascal. Instead bits and pieces of sequential code are associated with certain events such as the clicking of a button. Then when the program is run, events will occur in response to changes in the environment (such as the ticking of the computers internal clock) or by intervention from the user (such as clicking a button). When an event takes place the associated sequential code is then executed. Once this is completed the system will wait until the next event fires, and the whole process repeats (Henderson-Sellers, 2003).

One can leverage the knowledge of Visual Basic and use the Visual Basic programming environment without going through learning the scripting or manipulate HTML tags to develop a highly functional Web-based application, as one can separate designing the user interface from…… [Read More]

References

Chatzigeorgiou, a. (2003). Performance and power evaluation of C++ object-oriented programming in embedded processors. Information and Software Technology, 45, 4, 195.

Henderson-Sellers, B. (2003). Method engineering for OO systems development Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 46, 10, 73-74.
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System Security Every Organization Which

Words: 2884 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71773228

Attacks on the system security include password theft, back doors and bugs, social engineering, protocol failures, authentication failures, Denial of Service attacks, active attacks, botnets, exponential attacks including worms and viruses, and information leakage. (Fortify Software Inc., 2008); (Fortify Software, n. d.)

Servers are targets of security attacks due to the fact that servers contain valuable data and services. For instance, if a server contains personal information about employees, it can become a target for stealing identities. All types of servers, which include file, database, web, email and infrastructure management servers are vulnerable to security attacks with the threat coming from both external as well as internal sources.

Some of the server problems that can jeopardize its security include: (i) Weakly encrypted or unencrypted information, especially of a sensitive nature, can be intercepted for malicious use while being transmitted from server to client. (ii) Software bugs present in the server…… [Read More]

References

Bace, Rebecca Gurley; Bace, Rebecca. (2000) "Intrusion Detection"

Sams Publishing.

Fortify Software Inc. (2008) "Fortify Taxonomy: Software Security Errors" Retrieved 17 November, 2008 at http://www.fortify.com/vulncat/en/vulncat/index.html

Fortify Software. (n. d.) "Seven Pernicious Kingdoms: A Taxonomy of Software Security
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Databases Analysis and Overview of Database Systems

Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74431500

Databases

Analysis and Overview of Database ystems in the Enterprise

The pervasive adoption of databases for aggregating, analyzing, parsing, reporting and storing data continues to exponentially increase over time, as the information needs of companies continued to increase. The foundation fo nearly every enterprise-wide system and computing platform includes integration to databases of many types, from object-oriented to relational (Lungu, Velicanu, Botha, 2009). Every Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system today relies on databases for product, pricing, costing, production scheduling, service coordination and manufacturing execution task coordination as well (Bremer, Carey, 1987). Databases have become an essential component of every enterprise system in use today, from coordinating supply chains, sourcing, production and tracking customer activity and sales through Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems (Madduri, hi, Baker, Ayachitula, 2007). Object-oriented databases are pervasively used in Computer-Aided Drawing (CAD) applications as well, given their speed and accuracy in managing geographic and graphic primitives…… [Read More]

Sarkar, S.S. (1989). Architecture and language for a layered relational database. The University of Texas at Dallas). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,, 145

Toth, K.C. (1980). Distributed database architecture and query processing strategies. Carleton University (Canada)). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,,

Worboys, M. (1989). Relational databases: A theoretical primer. Information and Software Technology, 31(3), 115-115.
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Epp and There Construction in

Words: 4504 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16859114



Lasnik (2001) examined the subject of object shift and concluded that if the verb does not raise in front of the object that was shifted, the resulting sentence is grammatically incorrect. When the object shift is applied to the sentence, "Carol read a book," it becomes, "Carol a book read," or "Carol a book did read." Neither of the latter is acceptable or understandable to the recipient as written. This case casts considerable doubt on Chomsky's EPP theory to be applied in every case.

osengren (2002) argues that the EPP is not feature driven and that it does not result in the erasure of features. It is further argued that it is not directly related to the condition of being a subject. Therefore, in the case of expletives, there is no association between the subject and the expletive. osengren further argues that languages can be divided into EPP and non-EPP…… [Read More]

References

Chomsky, N. (1995). The Minimalist Program.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chomsky (2000). Minimalist Inquiries: The Framework. Step-by-Step: Essays on Minimalist

Syntax in honor of Howard Lasnik. Martin, r., D. Michaels and J. Uriagereka (eds).

Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
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ERP Systems Challenges of Enterprise

Words: 22297 Length: 81 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27293594

ole-based EP systems are critical for the siloed, highly inefficient architectures of legacy EP systems to be made more relevant, contribute greater financial performance, and lead to higher levels of overall customer satisfaction.

c. Purpose of the study

The purpose the study is evaluate how enterprises who adopt role-based EP system implementations are able to attain higher levels of financial and operations-based performance vs. those that rely on silo-based, more functionally defined EP structures. ole-based EP systems have been proven to lead to greater order accuracy, velocity and customer satisfaction as a result. The ability to gain greater visibility throughout supply chains, better manage pricing, discounts, implement and maintain contract management systems, and also deliver consistently high customer service have all been attributed to role-based EP systems. Conversely siloed EP systems that are managed strictly to functional areas have been shown to severely limit the ability of enterprises to be…… [Read More]

References

Aberdeen Research (2005) -- New Product Development: Profiting from Innovation. Aberdeen Research. Boston, MA. December 2005

Abrams and Andrews 2005, Management Update: Client Issues for Service-Oriented Business Applications, 2005. Gartner Group. 20 July 2005.

Aimi, G. (2005).- AMR Research (2005, October 25). Retailers Save Money by Controlling in-Bound Logistics. (Alert). Boston, MA

Akkermans, H., & van Helden, K. 2002. Vicious and virtuous cycles in ERP
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Strategic Information Systems' A Strategic Information System

Words: 5960 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12835532

Strategic Information Systems'?

A strategic information system is a system that enables an organisation to alter the structure of its business strategy so that it can achieve a competitive advantage over others. This system also helps organisations in fastening the time it takes to react and adapt to several environmental changes that take place and makes the overall business structure more efficient. Within a strategic information system there exists a decision support system that helps align business goals and strategies with information systems and technologies.

Write down the various business models of internet.

The various business models of the internet include:

Advertising, Blogging, Affiliate, Community, Utility, Subscription, Brokerage, Merchant, Manufacturer.

Question 3: What is 'Network Bandwidth'?

The amount or volume of data which is being transmitted through a particular network at a given point in time is referred to as a network bandwidth. Network bandwidth's can be affected by software…… [Read More]

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Structural Testing in Software Testing

Words: 3256 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97954339

Considering the level of effectiveness that this procedure has, the assumption that many developers use it as part of software development is not out of the ordinary. It is evident that the development of useful applications, say those associated with dynamic code optimization and code vulnerability checkers has this process embedded in their development and application. Additionally, the process of instrumentation appears widely in the development of these applications. This however limits the functionality of the application owing to the fact that the aspect of instrumentation is usually, custom made to an explicit application and infrastructure. What the structure therefore, lacks encompass flexible and scalable instrumentation framework with the ability for utilization in different applications. Current research studies focus on improving such limitations.

It could not be wrong for anyone to note that Software testing procedures constitute have critical problems, which are undecidable. However, the improvements made in the field…… [Read More]

References

Agarwal, B.B., Tayal, S.P., & Gupta, M (2010), Software engineering, & Testing an introduction, Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett

Blokdijk, G. (2008) Software Testing and Quality Assurance: With IT Change Management Transition Planning, Support, Service Validation, Testing And Evaluation Handbook: Change Without Risk, Australia: Emereo Publishing

Copeland, L. (2004) a practitioner's guide to software test design, Boston, Mass. [u.a.: Artech House.

DeMillo, R.A. (1987), Software testing and evaluation, Menlo Park, Calif: Benjamin/Cummings Pub. Co
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Speech Quality Testing

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6696744

Technology Speech Science

Speech Quality Tests: An Analysis and eview of the Literature

The speech measurement technology to be evaluated in this research is a speech quality test. According to the research, a speech quality test is "a routine procedure for examining one or more empirically restrictive quality features of perceived speech with the aim of making a quantitative statement on those features" (). Essentially, people are constantly using undirected speech in ordinary conversations in order to exchange information through spoken sentences. Yet, when speech becomes directed by some third party or director, the speaker's speech may end up being modified by these directions. Here, the research suggests that "by using specific directives, the experimenter can, in directed communications, adjust the influence of each quality feature" (). A speech quality test can ascertain how biased perception may end up being in the case of directed speech. There are four primary…… [Read More]

References

Springer Science Media. (2011). Speech Quality Measurement Methods. Web. http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CDsQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.springer.com%2Fcda%2Fcontent%2Fdocument%2Fcda_downloaddocument%2F9783642184628-c2.pdf%3FSGWID%3D0-0-45-1132963-p174099663&ei=FoN6U6PWOpOwoQSK-YCYCQ&usg=AFQjCNFpupv9bFCayRPt7dUNuB3u52LPeQ&sig2=0YtNG6fsnBc4royONWXuLg&bvm=bv.67229260,d.cGU

Stan, A., Yamagishi, J., King, S., & Aylett, M. (2011). The Romanian speech synthesis (RSS) corpus: Building a high quality HMM-based speech synthesis system using a high sampling rate. Speech Communication, 53(3), 442-450.

Valentini-Botinhao, C., Yamagishi, J., & King, S. (2011, May). Evaluation of objective measures for intelligibility prediction of HMM-based synthetic speech in noise. In Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2011 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 5112-5115). IEEE.
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Technology in Ways That Make

Words: 5835 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50946108

Students can collaborate with students in other schools and other countries as they develop ideas, skills, and products. Students in a class can collaborate outside class without having to meet in person. The theory behind collaborative learning is that the social construction of knowledge leads to deeper processing and understanding than does learning alone (Appalachian Education Laboratory, 2005).

The bulletin board and the chat room have become the backbone of many Web-based learning environments. Sophisticated Web-based collaborative learning environments incorporate not only real-time, text-based conversation, but also audio- and videoconferencing, and shared work spaces, where multiple users can collaboratively work on the same document or application. These multimedia shared work spaces are facilitated by software such as Microsoft's Netmeeting ( http://www. microsoft.com/netmeeting/), Intel's Proshare ( http://www.intel.com/proshare / conferencing/index.htm), and CU-SeeMe ( http://cu-seeme.cornell.edu / ). Multiuser object-oriented (MOO) text-based virtual reality environments now have a Web-based equivalent, WOOs (Web object oriented),…… [Read More]

References

Appalachian Education Laboratory. (2005). School improvement specialist training materials: Performance standards, improving schools, and literature review. Module 4 -- Effective Teaching. Charleston, WV: Edvantia.

Blumer, H. (2005). Symbolic interactionism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Borko, H. (2004). Professional development and teacher learning: Mapping the terrain. Educational Researcher, 33, 3-15.

Bransford, J., Brown, a., & Cocking, R. (2000). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience, and school. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
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Rational Xde Modeling Tool

Words: 1055 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73816690

ational XDE modeling tool

We recently received the ational XDE modeling tool for use in class and luckily I had some previous practice using it. "XDE Professional, originally released in February, is a tool that allows software developers to "model" -- or create graphical representations of -- their software, so they need to write less code to build applications." (Wong, 2002) This report aims to describe my understanding of XDE and gives some back ground to its potential for both modeling and drawing. In theory and in most cases ational XDE makes design and development faster by allowing the designer to work on two different aspects of software creation in one environment. ational as an organization also created the Unified Modeling Language or UML tool ational ose which is still a pretty well used modeling tool for Internet and object oriented design projects. "The original version of XDE for .Net…… [Read More]

References

Wong, Wylie (2002). Rational rethinks modeling tool for .Net. CNET News.com. Retrieved on February 1, 2005, from http://news.com.com/Rational+rethinks+modeling+tool+for+.Net/2100-1001_3-954425.html
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Building a Secure Workflow Management

Words: 11534 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30861705

Each onion router removes a layer of encryption to uncover routing instructions, and sends the message to the next router where this is repeated. This prevents these intermediary nodes from knowing the origin, destination, and contents of the message.

1.4.

Lecture Survey.

The predicted solution of the problems related to e-government administration depends on answering the following questions as brainstorming ideas to solve the problem and the features provided by the system or application.

1. An important step for processing of e-Government.

2. To ensure the confidentiality of information such as contracts for military weapons and other by Providing a high level of security as it is based on singing the data by combining multiple key values like user id, date stamp and transaction id which produce an encrypted key utilized and used only internally by the system for authentication and validation of user privileges. This procedure would make it…… [Read More]

References

Averyt, William. (2005). E-Government Reconsidered: Renewal of Governance for the Knowledge Age. American Review of Canadian Studies 35(4): 769-770.

Chaffee, a. (2000-08-17). "What is a web application (or "webapp")?"

Cohen, JE. (2000). Examined Lives: Informational Privacy and the Subject as Object. Stanford Law Review 52(5): 1373.

Bourquard, J.A. (2003, March). What's Up with E-Government? Digital Government Isn't a Silver Bullet, but as Part of a Long-Term Plan it May Provide a Means to Reduce State
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Strategic Management of Information Technology

Words: 3785 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61734815

The KPIs shown in Table 1 illustrate this fact.

Table 1: SOA Framework esults by Area of KPI Measurement

Areas of Measurement

Baseline: What to Measure

SOA Performance Evidence

Company-specific

Project costs and expenses

Use as a baseline for defining OI

Number of orders per year

Determine configuration's impact on inventory turns

Current inventory and costs

Inventory turn savings

Customer Data

Lifetime cost per customer; avg. deal size by customer

Sales

Order cycle time

Order cycle times reduction of 65% or more recorded with mftrs contacted

Cost of Sales

Days Sales Outstanding reduction from 60 to 29 days on average

Cross-sell and up-sell revenue

Increase of 33% on aggregate

Average sales price per order

Increase from 9% to 26%

Quoting and Ordering

Average costs to complete an order

95% reduction in cost per order

Special Pricing equests

Over 100% OI on automating Special Pricing equests

Bad or incomplete orders

Incomplete…… [Read More]

References

Abrams and Andrews 2005, Management Update: Client Issues for Service-Oriented Business Applications, 2005. Gartner Group. 20 July 2005.

Alonso, Kuno, Casati, and Machiraju, 2004, Web Services: Concepts, Architectures and Applications. Springer-Verlag Publishing. 1 January 2004. London. ISBN 3540440089

Andrews (2005) - Web Services Ripen for Strategic Use. Gartner Group. Turnbill, CT. 14 June 2005

AMR Research (2001) - Building a Case for the Private Trading Exchange. AMR Research Report. Boston, MA. Accessed with permission from the publisher.
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Using Access for Databases

Words: 3481 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17059885

Database Using Access

Jorge Martinez Guzman

Information and Knowledge Management

Charles Beverley

Introduction to Databases

elational and Entity elational Databases

Cardinalities and oles in Database Design

Business ules and their eflection in the Entity elationship Diagrams

eviewing the Conceptual Model (Figure Q4.5)

Creating a Database Using Access

Best Practices

Database Maintenance

Database Normalization

Entity-elationship-Diagram

Entity representation

Attributes epresentation

Primary Key epresentation

elationship epresentation

Using Microsoft Access

Computing technology has greatly aided human development and has presented new and more efficient methods to meet various objectives to be accomplished by users and their respective organizations. However, technology is most effective when it is properly aligned organizational outcomes, and thus it is important to understand how it can be implemented into operations in order to acquire maximum benefit out of these tools.

The aim of this research is to provide a detailed overview of the technological advantages and benefits that databases can…… [Read More]

References

Colonel, C., Morris, S., & Rob, P. (2012). Database Systems: Design, Implementation, and Management (10th edition). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. P150

Date, C., .J. (2005), Database in Depth: Relational Theory for Practitioners: The Relational Model for Practitioners, Oxford, and O'Reilly Media.

Fleming, C., C. & Halle, B., V. (1989). Handbook of Relational Database Design, New York, Addison-Wesley Professional.

Genero, M., Jimenez, L., & Piattini, M. (2000), Measuring the quality of entity relationship diagrams, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, 513-526.
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True Are Claims That the Medical Profession

Words: 2593 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58457062

True Are Claims that the Medical Profession Exercises Undue Dominance Over Health Professionals and Patients?

The objective of this study is to answer the question of how true the claims are that the Medical Profession exercises undue dominance over health professionals and patients? Toward this end, this study will conduct a review of literature in this area of inquiry. ) According to the work of Willis, et al. (2008) the rationale that doctors use for the maintenance of autonomy and control over their working conditions is derived in part from "the importance our society attributes to the relationship between the doctor and their patient. This is referred to as the patient-practitioner relationships." (Willis, et al., 2008) Stated to be an important part of the role of the doctor is the "obligation to provide the best available evidence-based care for patients." (Willis, et al., 2008) This has been termed as 'personalized…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bahnisch, M. (2012) Medical Dominance and the Continuing Robustness of Professional Cultures in Healthcare. CMEDRS/DME Research Rap. 7 Aug 2012. Retrieved from:  http://www.slideshare.net/mbahnisch/bahnisch-research-rap-070812 

Crinson (2008) Concepts of Health and Illness: Section 2: Sociological Conceptualization of Medical Knowledge and Power. Health Knowledge. Retrieved from:  http://www.healthknowledge.org.uk/public-health-textbook/medical-sociology-policy-economics/4a-concepts-health-illness/section2 

D. Armstrong, 'The Decline of the Medical Hegemony: A Review of Movement Reports During the NHS', Social Science, and Medicine, vol. 10, nos 3-4 (March-April 1976), pp. 157-63.

Henly and S. Harrison, 'Lines of Accountability', Health and Social Services Journal 22 April 1982), pp. 506-8.
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Infants Cognitive Intellectual Development

Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73662154

Cognitive Development of Infants

Piaget's sensorimotor model provides the stage of cognitive human development showing that human experience consists of four stages of mental or cognitive starting from the first day a child is born to the adulthood. The first stage of human development is referred as the sensorimotor stage that starts at birth and end when a child is 24 months old. After the age of 24 months, a child moves to the operational stage starts when a child is 2 years old through the age of 7. A child moves into the final stage of behavioral and cognitive development at the age of adolescence that spans through adulthood. The objective of this study is to discuss the "six stages of Piaget's sensorimotor development." (Shaffer, & Kipp, 2010 p 253).

Piaget's sensorimotor Development

Piaget identifies the first two years of a child as the "sensorimotor stage of development." (Shaffer,…… [Read More]

Reference

Shaffer, D.D.R., & Kipp, K. (2010). Developmental Psychology: Childhood & Adolescence: Childhood and Adolescence. Cengage Learning
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Philippa Foot

Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61589620

Foot: Moral Beliefs

L. Jones

Philippa Foot's Moral Beliefs

The concept of moral relativism is extremely troubling for many. Indeed, the human animal is desperately in need of a certain "moral order," or an intense longing to have life's issues, events and decisions neatly classified into realms of "good" and "bad," "right" and wrong. However, as most individuals blessed with a life that stretches into adulthood know all too well, other's conceptions of good and bad actions often differ greatly from one's own -- and, even more puzzling, those "others" seem to genuinely believe in their own conception of reality just as much an individual how holds the completly opposite view. In her work Moral Beliefs, Philippa Foot gives her take on this issue; namely in her response to the viability of systems of belief that allow moral eccentrism (the foundation on which moral relativism is built), and her belief…… [Read More]

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Database Shadowing or Mirroring What

Words: 2137 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12704671

This would also mean that the shadowing process goes on behind the scenes, and one need not even be aware that the process is in fact going on at any point of time; it can go on without creating any sort of disturbance to the user of the application, at any point of time. (Shadow Files)

Another important advantage of using the shadowing of a database is that data would be immediately available, even when the primary database has failed due to some reason or another. Non-exclusive usage of the primary database is also permitted, and this means that the database will not be locked, and this in turn means that it can be updated and changed during the process of its creation. Computer resource can be conserved, and this is because of the fact that shadowing does not use any separate process; the database process gives the shadow database…… [Read More]

References

Database Shadowing System with data tags that select an operation of the save command"

Retrieved at  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5230075.html . Accessed 4 October, 2005

Data Recovery without data loss" Retrieved at http://www.enet.com/enet.com.nsf/PAGES_RRDF_Recov.html?OpenPage&charset=iso-8859-1Accessed 4 October, 2005

Eng, Audra. (July, 2004) "Sygate Secure Enterprise, 4.0" Retrieved at http://www.sygate.com/solutions/datasheets/wp/WP-Sygate-Secure-Enterprise.pdf. Accessed 4 October, 2005
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Databases and Regulatory Compliance Challenges

Words: 3434 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75953507

Databases and egulatory Compliance Challenges

The advent of technology has increased the popularity of database usage in firms, yet the legislation regulating the field has yet to be finalized. The changing nature of the IT sector, coupled with the legislative traits, creates several situations in which the companies find it difficult to comply with the regulations. This paper recognizes some of those difficulties, and also proposes some solutions.

Databases

egulatory challenges for databases

No sector in the modern day society evolves as rapidly as the technologic domain. And the innovations developed at this level come to impact all aspects of life, from the spending of the leisure time to the completion of the most challenging professional tasks.

The applications of technology within the contemporaneous society are numerous and complex, one specific example in this sense being represented by superior capabilities for data management. The management of the information integrates the…… [Read More]

References:

Rouse, M. (2006). Database. Search SQL Server.  http://searchsqlserver.techtarget.com/definition/database  accessed on October 23, 2012

Thomas, J. The advantages of using a database. Life123. http://www.life123.com/technology/computer-software/database-software/advantages-of-using-a-database.shtml accessed on October 25, 2012

(2006). Regulatory compliance and database management. Sandhill Consultants.  http://www.sandhillconsultants.com/whitepapers/regulatory_compliance_and_database_management_whitepaper.pdf  accessed on October 26, 2012

(2012). Database regulatory and compliance issues. Altius IT. http://www.altiusit.com/files/articles/articlewpdatabase.htm accessed on October 25, 2012
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Human Element Computer Systems Design Has Come

Words: 2263 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86281964

Human Element

Computer systems design has come a long way from the time when Dijkstra first began exploring time sharing mechanism in the workings of the keyboard. In his day, computers were the realms of scientists and technical people. Operating systems designers were more concerned with processing ability. Human factors and "user friendliness" were terms that would not be a part of their vocabulary for many years to come. At the time of their early work, most of the population was still amazed at the automatic toaster and the television. Many early designers did not think about the common person eventually becoming a consumer of their product in a major way.

Dijkstra had vision beyond his time period and was one of the first to consider human factors in systems design. The first concept to be considered was the reduction of time spent waiting for the system to process the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bertrand, Meyer: "Proving Pointer Program Properties. Part 1: Context and overview," in Journal of Object Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, March- April 2003, pp. 87-108. http://www.jot.fm/issues/issue_2003_03/column8.(March, 2003)

Bunge M. (1977). Ontology I: The Furniture of the World, Vol. 3 of Treatise on Basic Philosophy. Dordrecht and Boston: Reidel.

Dijkstrra, Edsger. My Recollections of Operating System Design. Manuscript.

Department of Computer Sciences. University of Texas at Austin. (October, 2000/April, 2001) EWD1303  http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/EWD/ewd13xx/EWD1303.PDF  (March, 2003)
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Programming With Cocoa in Max OS X

Words: 1783 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92388850

Mac Cocoa API

This report is meant to be a summary and review of one of the main facets and important parts of what is commonly referred to as the most advanced operating system in the world, that being Mac Operating System version 10, or Max OS X for short. Specifically, this report shall focus on what is known as Cocoa. In a nutshell, Cocoa is the application programming interface, commonly referred to as an API, that is built in to Mac OS X. If one knows about the history of Apple, they would know that Steve Jobs was a huge part of how Max OS X and the Cocoa API came to be in the first place and a lot of this pathway ended up not involving Apple directly. hile there are other options when it comes to programming in the Apple operating system, it is Cocoa that should…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hillegass, Aaron. "What Is Cocoa? A Brief History of Cocoa.." Java Samples. n.p., 2016. Web. 29 June 2016.

Stevenson, Scott. Cocoa & Objective-C. Sebastopol, Calif.: O'Reilly, 2010. Print.

Thompson, Matt. "The Death of Cocoa." Nshipster.com. n.p., 2014. Web. 29 June 2016.
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Company's Competitive Strategy and Value

Words: 3492 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18181073



Product Returns is a third process area that Imperial Tobacco has to contend with, specifically from its distributors and channel partners. Typically Tobacco products are returned if a specific lot of tobacco or packaging has been found to be defective. There have at times been product recalls as defined by governments. A third reason for product returns is when a product has been discontinued and Imperial is not willing to pay price protection to cover the distribution partners' inventory carrying costs until they are sold. The Product Returns process begins with the issuance of a Return Material Authorization (RMA) that specifically states how much of a given product is being returned and for what reason.

The RMA is then sent to the distributor who then ships back the tobacco products to Imperial. Once the products have arrived back at the company, if they are defective, they are sent to Quality…… [Read More]

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Intern Software Developer &Bull Describe a Use

Words: 1224 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75394272

Intern Software Developer

• Describe a use case, complete with typical and alternate courses, that documents the event of a bank customer withdrawing money from an ATM

It is argued by Constantine & Lockwood that the use cases user interface design and software usability are of paramount importance. Use case can be used as a very effective in making better usability if the intentions are kept in mind and by avoiding elaboration and making the process simpler. (Harmelen, 2001) Therefore many extraneous possibilities are avoided and assumed that in such cases the customer will contact the customer care centre of the bank (for example: cash getting stuck, card getting stuck etc.). Thus in this use case the simple process is alone illustrated. In use cases of this type, there are more than one possibility depending on the technology available and the banking networks. The type of ATM is also in…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, James G; Goodman, Kenneth. (2002) "Ethics and Information Technology: A

Case-Based Approach to a Health Care System in Transition" Springer.

Bittner, Kurt; Spence, Ian. (2003) "Use Case Modeling"

Addison-Wesley Professional.
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Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory Psychology

Words: 1475 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81510659

Piaget's Cognitive Development

The Webster Dictionary describes the word cognition as; the psychological means of distinguishing, including features such as consciousness, perception, reasoning and decision making (Cognition). Piaget's Cognitive Developmental theory was a novel idea at the time of its birth. In depth, this theory, was the first on the issue and continued the specification of the field for a while. All through this paper, Piaget's thesis will be torn down into its four phases and all will be methodically complete. It is the intention of this research study to see how well Piaget's ideas endured the test of time and see what developments made to the current theory.

Piaget makes the hypothesis that there were four main cognitive phases in practical development, agreeing to four consecutive methods of knowledge. All through each of these stages, children were theorized to ponder and reason in a way that was different. These…… [Read More]

Reference:

Cook-Cottone, C. (2004). Using piaget's theory of cognitive development to understand the construction of healing narratives. Journal of College Counseling, 7(2), 177-186.

Goswami, U. (2001). Cognitive development: No stages please -- we're british. British Journal of Psychology, 92(00071269), 257-77.

Hinde, E., & Perry, N. (2007). Elementary teachers' application of jean piaget's theories of cognitive development during social studies curriculum debates in arizona. The Elementary School Journal, 108(1), 63.

Leppo, M., Davis, D., & Crim, B. (2000). The basics of exercising the mind and body. Childhood Education, 76(3), 142-147.
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XML Physical Evaluation of XML

Words: 2450 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26696582



One such body is the American National Standards Institute or ANSI which is a non-profit private organization that surprisingly institutes standards the industry accepts voluntarily. Other influential standards organizations include the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers or IEEE and the Organization for Standardization or ISO. The IEEE was the organization that defined LAN standards in the Project 802 or the 802 series. These projects could be the blueprints that could be used to make XML more effective by using PAT Algebra Operators for query needs.

XML PAT Algebra Operators

The internet is based on a foundation of distributed hypertext. There is also plenty of proof that the internet could be regarded as a large distributed database where there are million to billions of queries processed daily. "XML is too slow an exchange format for any large volume of data transfer. It is fine for exchange of small amounts of…… [Read More]

References

Avolio, Frederick M. (2000, March 20). Best Practices In Network Security -- As The Networking Landscape Changes, So Must The Policies That Govern Its Use. Don't Be Afraid Of Imperfection When It Comes To Developing Those For Your Group. Network Computing.

Dekker, Marcel. (n.d.). Security of the Internet. Retrieved on January 17, 2005, at  http://www.cert.org/encyc_article/tocencyc.html#Overview 

Gast, Matthew. (2002, April 19). Wireless LAN Security: A Short History. Retrieved on January 17, 2005, at http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/wireless/2002/04/19/security.html

Oasis. (n.d.). XML: Overview. Retrieved on January 17, 2005, at  http://xml.coverpages.org/xml.html#overview