One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest Essays (Examples)

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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Independent Films

Words: 2020 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27675349

Flew ver the Cuckoo's Nest"

Independent films have become such a mainstay of American cinema that it is difficult to tell what should be considered independent and what should be considered a major production these days. Small, independent film studios can gain such a following that they are soon producing movies that are seen by millions. f course, this was not always the case because the reason there are indie films is because of the rebellion over the control of the large studios. In the case of the movie "ne Flew ver the Cuckoo's Nest" it was an indie film, but it was seen by a large audience. Like many indie films of that time and this though, it had a flare that could not be seen in major motion pictures. Since major motion picture studios were interested more in the bottom line and worried about turning a profit for…… [Read More]

One only has to look at history to see the fallacy perpetrated by major motion picture studios. "They Died with Their Boots On" is a retelling of the story of the Little Bighorn massacre which starred Errol Flynn and was released by the major motion picture company Warner Bros. The movie makes a hero of Custer as he tries to run down Sitting Bull and a corrupt, gun-selling Indian agent. The picture is factually inaccurate from start to finish and perpetuates the myth that Custer was the honorable one at Little Bighorn. Sitting Bull is seen as an opportunist and a rebel who only wants to kill white people. This sort of movie was immensely popular (released in 1949) because, although everyone knew it was probably a biased retelling, it had a distinct hero and a villain (there were actually later movies which had Sitting Bull as the hero which is also factually inaccurate). Although the movie is enjoyable when an individual wants to spend a mind-numbing few hours in front of the TV, it is also a symbol of why many people were tired of major motion pictures, and why indie films have gained the traction that they currently have. A true telling of the story would reveal that neither was a hero, but that Custer, as a glory-seeker and narcissist, sacrificed his troop on a fool's errand.

In recent times, major motion picture studios have gotten the message, at least partially, that people crave a little more reality. That is why big name releases such as "American History X" and "American Beauty" were released by New Line Cinema and Dream Works respectively. These are considered indie film companies, but they are that in name only. These are both major studios that are producing edgy movies under an indie tag. Both of the releases mentioned above were both critical and box office successes because they were edgy. Another film that shows the influence that indie films has had is "Unforgiven." This is not a classic Western that has a distinct white-hatted good guy and a black hat wearing bad guy. The lines are blurred between the sheriff and the ex-outlaw. Some of the things Eastwood's outlaw character does are good, and some are not. The same can be said of Hackman's sheriff character.

These movies seem to rely on the success of such movies as "One Flew Over a Cuckoo's Nest." Because movie producers could see a major shift in the way they viewed edgy movies, the large motion picture studios changed the way they made movies. The money shifted, so the movie makers did also.
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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86227671

It is through this opportunity that the novelist reveals the extent to which Nurse Ratchet actually dominates the rest of the staff as much as she dominates the daily lives of the patients. In some ways, she represents the hypocrisy of mental institutions, especially in that day and age. Specifically, the outward appearance of the institution and of all of its employees (including the nurses) is perfectly clean and sanitary and (as represented by the white uniforms), innocence. Nurse Ratched, in particular, is polite and proper to a fault and obviously masking the true dark nature of her character. In reality, Ratchet is cold-hearted person who deliberately enforces arbitrary decisions and rules even though she has the authority to make relatively meaningless and harmless adjustments that would improve the daily life and circumstances of her patients.

Initially, McMurphy takes everything that happens somewhat lightly and he is a constant source…… [Read More]

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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Words: 3373 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24649756

Despite his being the most lucid among the inmates, he was still not immune to psychiatric intervention that led to his eventual defeat against Nurse atched. This makes society all the more oppressive, not accepting any dissent or differing perspective and eliminating those it cannot subdue. Thus, the story resonates Szasz's argument that mental illness is a myth and that psychiatry is a practice masquerading as a science to exert control over behavior by medical treatment that do not necessarily have physio-biological bases.

Disturbing as it is, both book and movie teaches the valuable lesson that even so-called social misfits or people relegated to being mentally deranged do find their sense of self given the right motivations and under positive and uplifting circumstances. McMurphy's character highlights the need for man to challenge the norm, not necessarily for the benefit of the self but more so for others. In his journey…… [Read More]

References

Faggen, Robert. "Introduction." One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest. Ken Kesey. : Penguin Classics, . ix-xxvi.

Goodwin, Susan and Becky Bradley. "1960-1969." American Cultural History. 2008. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library. 28 April 2009

Leifer, Ron. "Critique of Medical-Coercive Psychiatry." The Thomas S. Szasz, M.D. Cybercenter for Liberty and Responsibility. 2001. Ithaca, New York. 28 April 2009

 http://www.szasz.com/leifercritic.pdf
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Flew Over the Academic Nest

Words: 1902 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91288869

For his trouble, Murphy receives a frontal lobotomy as a "treatment" for his unwillingness to cooperate and abide by the rules and norms, a touch that gives him a Christ-like quality that gives his ultimate fate as that of a martyr to the cause of the promotion of humanity. Indeed, humanity is ultimately indebted to those brave few in the human race who defiantly dare to confront and challenge the conventional thinking patterns and then willingly (or unwillingly) suffer the ultimate price for their ideals (McEver, 1998).

To recap, the author in this paper, has will applied sociological concepts such as groupthink, doublespeak and doublethink, and sociological experiments that speak to us as social groups about socialization and religion in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey. Although this book was originally made for entertainment purposes, this author finds that it is a key factor in the learning…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anderson, M. (2003). 'one flew over the psychiatric unit': mental illness and the media.

Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 10, 297 -- 306.

Kesey, K. (1962). One flew over the cuckoo's nest. New York, NY: Signet.

Lena, H., & London, B. (1979). An introduction to sociology through fiction using
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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Next

Words: 2287 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37927156



inston is impressed by a man named O'Brien who is supposed to be very powerful member of the party, but he believes in his heart that O'Brien is actually a member of the Brotherhood which is a group dedicated to overthrowing the Party (Orwell, 1977).

inston looks to O'Brien in the same way that Bromend looks to McMurphy in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. O'Brien is someone that inston comes to admire and follow.

He is still afraid to rebel himself at first. He has thought crimes about the way he is paid to change the history books so they will fit the Party's version of history but he is afraid to speak up about his own memories which tell a completely different story.

inston uses every evening to walk through the poor neighborhoods where the lowest members of society live. They live extremely poverty stricken lives but because…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kesey, Ken (1963) One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (Paperback)

Publisher: Signet; Reissue edition (February 1, 1963)

Orwell, George (1977) 1984 (Signet Classics) (Mass Market Paperback)

Publisher: Signet Classics; Reissue edition (July 1, 1977)
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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Words: 1807 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41476689

The fog is actually generated by two painful experiences in Chief's past: first, the fog in his mind is a recurrence of the brain treatments ordered by Nurse Ratched, and secondly, the fog is a direct reference to the actual fog machine of World War II operated by military intelligence in order to obscure what was occurring on the airfield (Lupack 70) as Chief recalls: "Whenever intelligence figured there might be a bombing attack, or if the generals had something secret they wanted to pull -- out of sight, hid so good that even the spies on the base couldn't see what went on -- they fogged the field" (Kesey 116).

Generally speaking, the themes of a particular novel cannot be fully understood outside the social context of the plot. This also largely applies to "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest" whose plot is set in the 1950s which also…… [Read More]

Sources:

Kesey, Ken. One flew over the Cuckoo's Nest. Penguin Classics, 2003.

Ferrell, William K. "A Search for Laughter: One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest." Literature and Film as Modern Mythology. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2000. 75-85.

Tepa Lupack, Barbara. "Hail to the Chief: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest." Insanity as Redemption in Contemporary American Fiction: Inmates Running the Asylum. University Press of Florida, 1995. 63-99.

Valentine, Virginia. "Kesey's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest." Explicator 41.1 (1982): 58-59.
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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Words: 982 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5731426

He is the narrator of the novel, so the reader is privileged to understand how sane he really is, despite the fact he has been subjected to horrible electroshock treatments, which are administered more as punishments than as treatment.

Chief Bromden is diagnosed as paranoid, although he really seems to see things more clearly than anyone else on the ward, even McMurphy. The Chief does show some features of mental illness, however. He often sees things in a fog, and has trouble feeling emotionally connected to disturbing events at first. He begins the novel unable to laugh, smile, or remember much of his past, and he has very disturbing dreams. His watchfulness, however, makes him a good rather than an unreliable narrator, despite his mental problems.

Chief Bromden says that the hospital is not a place to make people saner, but to encourage people to conform and to fit into…… [Read More]

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Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Words: 2212 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65853290

Once again, research reveals a healthcare setting where professionals are supposed to be trained to help those with mental deficiencies. But something is wrong here. This is not comparable with Cuckoo's Nest, but it reflects bad management, which leads - at the very least - to poor service at the patient level, and at worst, brutal abuses of the kind that were seen in Cuckoo's Nest.

Doctors, nurses and medical students in nursing and doctor training are pivotal actors in the fight to detect, prevent, and somehow manage substance abuse among patients; that is a given when it comes to mental health services across the board. But in London a recent study reveals that "...many doctors and nurses can have a negative attitude towards the management of drug and alcohol problems" of patients and of their own community of professionals (O'Gara, et al., 2005, p. 328). Doctors themselves "are at…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2008). "Chinese paper: Gov't critics sent to mental wards."

International Herald Tribune. Retrieved December 7, 2008, at http://www.iht.com.

Gold, Stanley. "One flew over the cuckoo's nest." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 37.1 (2003): 115-118.

O'Gara, Colin, Keaney, Francis, Best, David, Harris, Jennifer, Boys, Annabel, Leonard,
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Grief and Loss in One

Words: 1721 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32074069



EFEENCES

One Flew Over the Cucoo's Nest. (1990). etrieved October 2010, from Internet Movie Database: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0073486/

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. (2010, January). etrieved October 2010, from AMC Greatest Films Filmsite: http://www.filmsite.org/onef.html

Cooper, C. (2001, April). Modern Literature's Depiction of Nervous Ailments. etrieved October 2010, from Literature Study Online: http://www.literature-study-online.com/essays/bellow_kesey.html

Kubler-oss, E. (2005). On Grief and Grieving: Finding the meaning of Grief Through the Five Stages of Loss. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Madden, F. (1986). Sanity and esponsibility: Big Chief as narrator and Executioner. Modern Fiction Studies, 32(2), 203-17.

Perring, C. (2003, March). eview - One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. etrieved October 2010, from Metapsychology: http://metapsychology.mentalhelp.net/poc/view_doc.php?type=book&id=1849… [Read More]

REFERENCES

One Flew Over the Cucoo's Nest. (1990). Retrieved October 2010, from Internet Movie Database:  http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0073486/ 

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. (2010, January). Retrieved October 2010, from AMC Greatest Films Filmsite:  http://www.filmsite.org/onef.html 

Cooper, C. (2001, April). Modern Literature's Depiction of Nervous Ailments. Retrieved October 2010, from Literature Study Online:  http://www.literature-study-online.com/essays/bellow_kesey.html 

Kubler-Ross, E. (2005). On Grief and Grieving: Finding the meaning of Grief Through the Five Stages of Loss. New York: Simon and Schuster.
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Man and Authority in One

Words: 1729 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93875462

It takes an encounter with madness to appreciate the finer things in life and through successful characterization, Kesey brings this issue to the forefront. The struggle between man and those wishing to control him is not new because it is intrinsically human to desire freedom. hen we are caged, we rebel, even if that rebellion comes with a high price. McMurphy emerges triumphant because he demonstrates to the other men that they can be free and they do not have to let the system crush them. Bromden is heroic as well, because he discovers himself after a long separation from who he actually is. He would have never taken the steps he did without McMurphy and his antics. They are modern-day heroes fighting the age-old war of man vs. authority.

orks Cited

Fick, Thomas. "The Hipster, the Hero, and the Psychic Frontier in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.'" Rocky…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fick, Thomas. "The Hipster, the Hero, and the Psychic Frontier in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.'" Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature. 1989. JSTOR Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 01, 2008.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/1347186 

Faggen, Robert. Introduction: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. New York: Penguin Classics. 2003.

Kesey, Ken. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. New York: Signet Books. 1962.

Ware, Elaine. "The Vanishing American: Identity Crisis in Ken Kesey's One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest." MELUS. 1986. JSTOR Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 01, 2008.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/467185
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Diversity Sometimes the Worst Disabilities Are Those

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15823536

Diversity

Sometimes the worst disabilities are those which are invisible to the naked eye; people who have a mental illness or disability are overwhelmingly stigmatized by society and discrimination against them is both widespread and fully condoned in our culture. (Johnstone, 2005). The disadvantages of mental disabilities are compounded by the fact that the abilities which are disabled, so to speak, tend to be those which are most useful in navigating the social provisions for the disabled, and by the lack of physical manifestations which may discourage outsiders from recognizing the need for intervention. Thus there are many particular challenges facing the mentally disabled, including a lack of social sensitivity to, acceptance of, and knowledge about these disabilities, and widespread institutional discrimination affecting employment, medical care, travel, residency, and many other aspects of life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the portrayal in film and literature of the…… [Read More]

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Beat Generation the Beats

Words: 5341 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62341166

beat generation are several strong principles, the most notable is associated with the founder, Jack Kerouac and his definition of the generation as a whole.

The road" has been a powerful metaphor for freedom from the constraints of ordinary life, ever since Jack Kerouac's On the Road became the Beatnik Bible in the 1950's. Kerouac saw beauty in gas stations and freedom on the road. The metaphor caught the imagination of a generation. Many of the key phenomena of "the Sixties" developed in coherence with this metaphor... getting high on psychedelic drugs was called "taking a trip."

Jack Kerouac and others developed through his mostly autobiographical works the "positive" concept or purpose of the retaliatory generation of the beats.

ithin the works of the small elite group of writers associated with the beat generation there are many messages about, life, the world and rejection of conformity. There is little doubt…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burroughs, William, Naked Lunch. Grove Press, New York, NY 1992.

Esler, Anthony. 150 Years of Youth in Revolt. New York: Stein and Day, 1972.

Giamo, Ben. Kerouac, the Word and the Way: Prose Artist as Spiritual Quester. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.

Gozzi, Raymond. "From "The Road" to "The Fast Track" - American Metaphors of Life." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 50.1 (1993): 73+. Questia. 10 May 2004 http://www.questia.com/.
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Mcmurphy as the Christ-Like Figure

Words: 2042 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99590878

Here we see how McMurphy's effect works on Bromden. Elaine are observes, "Kesey exposes the hospital as a chamber of tortures. Bromden receives no help from the hospital because the environment is conducive to mental illness, not to mental health. Only through the support of McMurphy, another inmate of the hospital, does Bromden regain his strength and size and develop some self-confidence" (are 99).

It is a slow awakening but it is an awakening and we can be assured that it would have never occurred had McMurphy never arrived. McMurphy never conceived of changing men's lives in this way but it was something that he found he could do with little ease and even some pleasure.

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is an incredible look into the psyche of man. Human nature is seen in its most attractive and most hideous forms. Ratched and McMurphy become opposites struggling for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baurecht, William. "Separation, Initiation, and Return: Schizophrenic Episode in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.'" the Midwest Quarterly. 1982. GALE Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 12, 2008. http://galenet.galegroup.com

Fick, Thomas. "The Hipster, the Hero, and the Psychic Frontier in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.'" Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature. 1989. pp. 19-34. JSTOR Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 12, 2008.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/1347186 

Kesey, Ken. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. New York: Signet Books. 1962.

Spiller, Robert. Literary History of the United States. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. 1974.
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Danger of Authority Explored in

Words: 986 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73396853

Lupack points out that conventional male and female roles are "comically reversed" (Lupack 96), emphasizing the "underlying principle of ironic contrast and the reason for the novel's universal appeal... madness is sanity and sanity is madness" (96). In addition, we come to grasp the notion that the patents are more "sane" (96) than their caretakers are but they only become aware of this after they check themselves into the asylum. Lupack observes, "The Combine's order is actually chaos, and the random natural elements of the world outside provide the only real meaning and order in life" (96). hile life appears to be orderly, it is actually empty. In Brave New orld, the irony exists in the premise of what defines happiness. The Savage touches on it briefly when he realizes that without pain, there can be no real, measurable pleasure. In a sense, everything is equal and while this may…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hochman, Jhan. "An overview of Brave New World." Exploring Novels. 1998. Gale Resource Database. Information Retrieved February 01, 2005. www.infotrac.galegroup.com

Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper and Row Publishers. 1960.

Kesey, Ken. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. New York: Signet Books. 1962.

Lupack, Barbara. Insanity as Redemption in Contemporary American Fiction. Gainsville: University Press Florida. 1995.
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Teacher Great & the Effect

Words: 572 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1748745

There is still a great deal of prejudice and ignorance about the mentally ill, and how to treat patients suffering from psychological disorders. Professor Feudenthal was to show compassion, without ignoring the serious implications of mental illness. She was also able to show how psychological concepts were evident in our own psyches and lives, not just in the lives of our future patients.

Professor Feudenthal was a charismatic and caring teacher because she was genuinely interested in how people lived their lives and perceived their own state of wellness, as well as how textbooks defined mental health. Every time I interview a patient in my work as a mental health nurse, I am living Professor Feudenthal's teaching, and it was because of this professor that I became a mental health nurse.

This teacher seemed to draw her energy from her students, as well as inspire them. When she encouraged students…… [Read More]

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Medical Model and Learned Helplessness

Words: 1083 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78154146

Lobotomy is a popular medical procedure introduced in curing mentally ill individuals, which requires the removal of the prefrontal lobes of the cortex of the brain, the part of the brain wherein aggressive and violent behavior is triggered. However, in the movie, lobotomy is shown to have disastrous results: McMurphy's violent behavior is indeed abated, but as illustrated in the movie, the lobotomy had turned him into a 'vegetable' neither responding to his ward mates' call for attention nor displaying his usual rowdy, obnoxious, McMurphy self.

This instance in the movie is considered as patterned after the medical model of abnormal psychology, wherein "mental disorders are described as medical diseases with a biological origin" (450). ecause this is the prevalent thinking in medical science during the time the movie (and novel) was made, Nurse Ratched decided, in order to "treat" McMurphy, to let him undergo lobotomy. Subsistence to the medical…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Santorck, J. (2001). Psychology. NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
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Counseling for Mental Health Professionals Working With

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14279514

Counseling

For mental health professionals, working with patients can be challenging. This is because they will have issues that could be directly associated with their condition. In the movie One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, it is discussing these problems. To fully understand how this relates to crisis theory and intervention requires comparing different scenes from the film that are relevant. This will be accomplished by focusing on: the precipitating event, identifying the type of crisis, examining the material / personal / social resources available, studying the different perspectives, looking at how it was handled by the protagonist, suggesting coping skills, discussing referral sources that are available and biblical perspectives. Together, these elements will provide specific insights as to the way it is illustrating crisis theory and intervention challenges.

Identify precipitating events

The main event is when andal Patrick McMurphy is sent to a mental hospital from the state prison.…… [Read More]

References

Holly Bible New International Version. (1985). Oak Ridge, TN: Gideon's International.

How Do I Find a Local Support Group. (2012). NMHA. Retrieved from: http://www.nmha.org/go/find_support_group

Douglas, M. (Producer), & Forman, M. (Director). (1975). One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. USA: United Artists.

Wright, N. (2011). The Complete Guide to Crisis and Trauma Counseling. Ventura, CA: Regal.
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Book Is There No Place on Earth for Me

Words: 785 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15808648

Earth for Me

Sheehan, Susan. (1983) Is here No Place On Earth for Me? New York: Vintage Books.

When Benjamin Wilder reminisced recently about Sylvia's summer in Chicago, he said he could have tolerated Sylvia's presence in his house for a few more weeks if he had had to, but she was taking such a toll on him that he had asked himself whether it was his mission in life to make her behave acceptably. His answer to that question was no. He felt that if she had stayed with him much longer, he would have lost his mind." (Sheehan, 1983, 223)

he book Is there no Place on Earth for me? is an account of Sylvia Frumkin, a pseudonym used to identify the true identity of a young woman who began suffering from schizophrenia in her teens. Sylvia was institutionalized early in her illness, and spent much of her…… [Read More]

The second part of the book details Frumkin's experiences with institutionalization in greater detail. Sheehan does not stint with her critique of the mental health care profession, which she describes in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest terms. Most specifically, Sheehan focuses on Creedmoor's overuse of electroshock techniques and hydrotherapy, both of which have since been shown to be largely ineffective in dealing with schizophrenia, the inadequacy of the facilities counseling, and the experimental 'let's see' approach to medication, which often resulted in patients being used as guinea pigs for medications with debilitating side effects. Even the food was standardized, according to computer. In the "computerized food plan," for instance, "pot roast was on the menu fifty-two times a year, not fifty-one or fifty-three times." (Sheehan 43)

The book, however, is not absent of hope. The fact that Sylvia was given voice to tell her story is hopeful in and of itself, and the book concludes, with not a rosy point-of-view about the mental health profession, then about the ability of individuals to recover and to reach some sort of tentative understanding of the world. To answer the question proposed deliberately by the title, yes indeed there is a place in the world for the Sylvia Frumkins of the world

Ironically, however, the pseudonym used for the protagonist underlines the fact that mental illness as severe as schizophrenia remains stigmatized in our society, particularly when the book was written during the 1980's. Prevailingly, the fear experienced by Sylvia's uncle that he would go mad himself if she remained with him, remains present in society -- today as well as twenty years ago. The uncle's punitive view towards the girl and her illness also shows how people still see mental illness as something communicative that they can 'catch' and thus fear those who suffer from it, as he said her presence, he feared, would make him go mad himself. The book is instructive about the field, not simply about the inaccuracies inherent in many misguided medical and psychological treatments, but also simply the way that schizophrenia and the human suffers of this debilitating illness are perceived by doctors, nurses, family members, and the psychiatric profession.
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Community Psychology

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85919261

Community Psychology

Deinstitutionalization refers to releasing a mentally handicapped person from an institution whose main purpose was to provide treatment into a community with the intent of providing services through the community under the supervision of health-care professionals. There have been some positive outcomes from deinstitutionalization trend for society but there have also have been a wide array of drawbacks limiting care provided to these individuals. Among other things, crime, violent crime, and homeless are among the major consequences of releasing some of these patients to the public. Much of the trend began in the 1950s and the 1960s and the deinstitutionalization of institutional patients has been a trend that has impacted society on many levels and continues to this day.

Deinstitutionalization

There were a number of factors that were responsible for the reversal of the institutional framework that was built nationally to house the mentally damaged. After the Second…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Torrey, E.E., Geller, J., Stanley, J., & Jaffe, D. (N.d.). The Shortage of Public Hospital Beds for Mentally Ill Persons. The Treatment Advocacy Center, 1-17.
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Marfan Syndrome

Words: 2059 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24996087

Marfan Syndrome

In 1896, the pediatrician Dr. Antoine Bernard-Jean Marfan described the exceptionally long, slender limbs and physique of a 5-year-old girl, Gabrielle P., in front of the Medical Society of the Hospital of Paris (Enersen). It is unknown whether Gabrielle P. actually suffered from what is now known to be Marfan syndrome, but Dr. Henricus Jacubus Marie eve was recognized as the first person to use the term 'Marfan syndrome' to describe this common genetic disorder.

In the decades leading up to Dr. eve's use of Marfan syndrome to describe a patient's symptoms in 1931, other physicians had begun to document their encounters with this disease with the benefit of radiological images (Enersen). Drs. Henri Mery and Leon Baonneix studied Gabrielle P. anew using this new technology in 1902 and noted a misaligned spine, thoracic asymmetry, long digits, cardiovascular abnormalities, and dislocation of the ocular lens. During the same…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Beighton, Peter. Inherited Disorders of the Skeleton. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone, 1978. Print.

Dean, John C.S. "Marfan Syndrome: Clinical Diagnosis and Management." European Journal of Human Genetics, 15.7 (2007): 724-733. Web. 5 Aug. 2012.

Enersen, Ole Daniel. Antoine Bernard-Jean Marfan. WhoNamedIt.com. n.p., 1994-2012. Web. 5 Aug. 2012.

England, Ellen. "What is Dural Ectasia?" MarfanLife.org. n.p., n.d. Web. 5 Aug. 2012.
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Mechanical Restraint Which Interventions Prevent Episodes of Mechanical Restraints a Systematic Review

Words: 2137 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75828830

Psychiatric Patients and Mechanical Restraints

Mechanical restraints are one of the most controversial aspects of psychiatric care. The aversion to using them no doubt dates back to the popularity of films like One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, which portrays the psychiatric institutions and medical authorities using restraints to constrain the free spirits of sane, but noncompliant patients. The reality of the use of restraints is far more complex and some defend the use of these devices to promote patient safety. ccording to the review article "Mechanical restraint -- which interventions prevent episodes of mechanical restraint? -- systematic review" by Bak (2011), "in some countries, mechanical restraint is performed according to the law when psychiatric inpatients pose a risk to themselves or to others." But other countries do not allow the use of mechanical restraints: for example, in the United Kingdom, only the use of seclusion and holding (physical restraint)…… [Read More]

Although the recommendations are cautious, it would behoove organizations to use patient empowerment and therapeutic programs that promote staff dialogue with patients to reduce the use of mechanical restraints. Improving patient care cannot be achieved in a 'top-down' fashion. Patients must feel as if they have a stake in how care is administered and develop a sense of responsibility for self-regulating to the maximum degree to which they are capable.

Reference

Bak, J., Brandt-Christensen, M., Sestoft, D., & Zoffmann, V. (2011). Mechanical restraint which interventions prevent episodes of mechanical restraint: A systematic review. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 48(2), 83-94. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6163.2011.00307.x
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Culture Freudian Theories Sigmund Freud

Words: 3527 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16801693



When one thinks about Freud's theory one has to presume Freud's conscious thoughts or his theory regarding an Oedipus complex represents not his real thoughts but his defensive condensations, displacements, reversals, omissions, and distortions of his real thoughts. If one wishes to look inside his real thoughts regarding an Oedipus complex, one has to analyze and interpret the manifest content of his thought with these defenses in mind. According to Freud, a person must use this method of analysis to overcome such defenses and resistances. The first rule of Freud's technique was to reject the manifest content or the apparent meaning of the dream, symptom, or activity as merely a distorted substitute for one's real thoughts (Freud's Theory Analyzed -- a eport on esearch n.d).

Freud thought that one's conscious thoughts would be unconsciously determined and distorted by what one had censored. One's conscious thoughts condensed, displaced, reversed, omitted, covertly…… [Read More]

Reference List

A Brief Outline of Psychoanalytic Theory, n.d., Available at:

http://homepage.newschool.edu/~quigleyt/vcs/psychoanalysis-intro.pdf

Bridle, S. And Edelstein, a., 2009, Was ist "das Ich"?, Available at:

http://www.enlightennext.org/magazine/j17/wasist.asp
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Construction of a Person Who Feel Disconnected

Words: 906 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28345616

construction of a person who feel disconnected from his social setting? What are the elements of a person's experiences that combine to disconnect him or her from his social environment, and create the archetype misfit? Sometimes the person's ethics create the desire within him to be separate from his social surroundings sometimes the person is thrust into a setting with which he does not share any connections. Sometimes the simple choices of the individual separate him or her form the social surroundings, and create an isolated individual who is searching for meaning, and purpose. Such is the case for the characters in Ethan Frome, and Recitatif.

In the case of Ethan Frome, to combat the silence, isolation, and loneliness in his life, he marries a woman who is dissimilar to him, names Zenobia Pierce after his mother's death. While Ethan wants to leave their home town of Starkfield, his new…… [Read More]

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Monterey Bay the Environment Has

Words: 4298 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93293655

This entity follows the California Clean Air Act and the Federal Clean Air Act so that it is responsible for air monitoring, permitting, enforcement, long-range air quality planning, regulatory development, and education and public information activities with regard to air pollution.

A more recent concern has developed as the first cruise ship to enter Monterey ay since 1966 caused environmental groups to demand increased protection for marine sanctuaries and to increase regulation of the cruise ship industry. The water around Monterey ay has also been affected by sewage spills at local beaches, leading to viral and bacterial contamination. In 2000, four Monterey County beaches were closed because of sewage spills, and twenty-five warning advisories were issued. In 2001, there was one beach closure and eleven advisories. It has also been found that there is inadequate storm pipe maintenance in cities on the Monterey peninsula.

The California Ground Squirrel is a…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Burde, John H. And George a. Feldhamer. Mammals of the National Parks. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Environmental Impact Analysis." San Benito County 2005 RTP EIR (2005).

Castillo, Edward D. A Short Overview of California Indian History (1998). http://www.nahc.ca.gov/califindian.html.

Cato, Paisley. "Spermophilus beecheyi." San Diego Natural History Museum (2007),  http://www.sdnhm.org/fieldguide/mammals/sper-bee.html .