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hat is the future of distance learning (including online learning as well as distance alternatives to internet delivered instruction)?
The future of distance learning is often viewed in black and white terms -- that is, that online learning will completely replace face-to-face instruction in the classroom, or that online learning is destructive to the purpose of pedagogy. However, the truth is likely to be between the two extremes. On one hand, distance learning for over-committed learners at community colleges with many outside 'life' obligations and individuals seeking supplements to their education such as executive MBAs, seems to be growing. Even the most prestigious schools in the nation, such as New York University's Stern School of Business, offer part-time executive MBA programs that marry limited onsite education opportunities with online opportunities, as noted on the website of the school.
But distance learners in all situations must be highly motivated.…
Dover, Kimko. (2005) "Contract Work in Adult Education." About. Com. Retrieved 4 Jul 2005 at http://adulted.about.com/cs/employment/a/contract_work.htm
Labour, Michel Charles Juwah, Nancy White and Sarah Tolley (2000) "Facilitating Online Learning." Online Tutoring. Last Updated 21 Feb 2002 Retrieved 30 Jun 2005 at http://otis.scotcit.ac.uk/onlinebook/otist607.htm
Littlefield, Joan. (2005) "Is Distance Learning Right for You?" About. Com. Retrieved 4 Jul 2005 at http://www.distancelearn.about.com/od/isitforyou/a/considering.htm
Smith, Judith. (2005) "Integrating Technology with Teaching." About. Com. Retrieved 4 Jul 2005 at http://adulted.about.com/cs/integratingtech/a/teach_w_tech_2.htm
Online Learning Study
Park, J., & Choi, H.J. (2009). Factors influencing adult learners' decision to drop out or persist in online learning. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 12(4), 207-n/a. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1287038599?accountid=28844
Online study has become increasingly popular with adult learners over the last twenty years. Despite the popularity of this learning mode, the dropout rate is significant and thus of concern to institutions and organizations. The purpose of the study was to characterize the dropouts and determine the roles played by individual identifiers (i.e., age, gender, and level of education), external factors (i.e.., family and/or organizational support) and internal factors (related to motivation). Understanding why adult learners drop out is essential to planning programs designed to retain students and help them complete their educational goals.
The target population for the study was non-traditional adult learners enrolled in job-related online courses offered through a large Midwestern university (Park…
Two weeks after the course, a follow-up survey will be given to assess if they have increased their level of computer knowledge and level of usage in the classroom.
Sample participants for the study will be selected from among elementary school teachers in several local school districts. They will be teachers for grades 1-6 and will be selected by announcing the study and allowing volunteers to sign up. They will be offered an incentive for participation to encourage enrollment in the study. The course itself will be an incentive to participate. The study will consist of 50 participants from among at least three local school districts. They will be a demographically mixed group.
The study will consist of two phases. The first phase will consist of administering a survey to assess the level of computer knowledge and current level of computer usage in the classroom. This will serve as…
Creswell, J.W. (2005). Educational Research: Planning, conducting and Evaluating quantitative research. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Online learning is an exciting new platform that can make education accessible for millions of individuals. If offers flexibility in instruction that will never be paralleled in traditional education. However there are also many challenges that students must overcome to be successful online students. One of these challenges is the ability to communicate with different IT platforms. The technology is developing rapidly and there are now more options for communication than ever before. However, none of these technologies offer the same kind of advantages that an individual gain by communicating in a face-to-face setting. This paper will briefly introduce some of the issues that present in the communication capabilities that are found in an online education.
The ability to communicate directly with the teacher and the other students is one of the most fundamental benefits of a traditional structure in education. Students may feel disconnected from the class and the…
Betts, K. (2012). Lost in Translation: Importance of Effective Communication in Online Education. Retrieved from Westga: http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer122/betts122.html
Tomei, L. (2006). The impact of online teaching on faculty load: computing the ideal class size for online courses. . Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 531-541.
5. The writing is by no means superficial, but also not over complex in terms of the subject matter. The requirements of the topic does not appear to involve greatly complex ideas.
6. The author only briefly considers other literature and perspectives to justify his own. Nevertheless, this does not appear to be a detrimental factor in terms of the article.
7. The text is very focused and consistent. The largest part consists of the strategies identified by the students, along with their responses and explanations of these. The other parts of the article serve to highlight this central aspect.
8. The text is very significant in several respects. The current learning and teaching environment is greatly influenced by the online learning paradigm. This makes strategies to attain success within such a paradigm vital for the future of students learning in this way.
9. The author does appear to be…
Online Learning Communities
The community of practice that is the basis of this analysis is a list located on the Twitter platform. The list is used for sharing information on key technology topics including enterprise software. A variety of hashtags are used to communicate across the community of practice, highlighting specific messages of interest. Members of the list have also created unique DropBox accounts for capturing larger files that are shared with all members of the group.
This specific group concentrates on staying current in the areas of information technologies including cloud computing, Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), customer relationship management (CRM) and the latest software mobility trends for the Apple iOS and Android operating systems. It is a diverse group that is a community of practice focused on sharing useful information both through links and also via the DropBox account for larger files. The group has over time created a taxonomy of…
(Hansen, 2006) Adults who already have degrees, and are weary of the college experience can also make use of online classes to pursue career-enhancing degrees, such as an MBA (Master's of Business Administration) part-time, or gain a certificate that offers them a new career path, such as in website or graphic design.
It is not simply the more responsible adult who will benefit from online learning. It can be a more effective learning environment "for certain types of learners (shy, reflective, language challenged, those that need more time)." ("hat are the pros and cons?" e-learning FAQs: e-learners resources, 2006) Of course, it could be countered that such learners need to come out of their shells, practice their language schools, and need to benefit from outside resource room help, and thus might benefit from the additional pressures of a live classroom in the long run. But online learning can act as…
Hansen, Randall. "Distance Learning Pros and Cons." Quintessential Careers. 2006. [27
Aug 2006] http://www.quintcareers.com/printable/distance_learning_pros-cons.html
Strengths of Online Learning." University of Illinois. Last modified Aug 27, 2006. [27
Aug 2006] http://www.ion.illinois.edu/Resources/tutorials/overview/strengths.asp
The way of conveying message to students has begun to change in this online era. Teacher who are the brokers of information have to approach the advanced mediums in order to reach the students or consumers. Online learning is gaining more popularity for reaching students as it aids in expanding the comprehension and readability of what a student learns. For a teacher, sometimes it can be frustrating when student do not complete their homework just because they are unable to do it (Somekh and Underwood, 2007).
Practicing mediums of technology provide teachers an opportunity to teach at an advance level instead of average grade levels to students. While, technology plays a very crucial role in schools, but it is disappointing that it has given less importance in integrated learning systems. This is also true for technology courses and internet access which are generally offered to the children. Moreover,…
Laurillard, D. (2006). Rethinking University Teaching: a framework for the effective use of learning technologies. Abingdon, Oxon., RoutledgeFalmer.
Muller, D.A.; Lee, K.J., & Sharma, M.D. (2008). "Coherence or interest: Which is most important in online multimedia learning?." Australasian Journal of Educational Technology 24 (2): 211 -- 221.
Somekh, B.J. And Underwood, et al. (2007). Evaluation of the ICT Test Bed project. Coventry, BECTA.
Turvey, K. (2005). Elearning, efacilitation, ecommunities, epedagogies: a professional standpoint based on evidence. Reflecting Education 1(1-2): 24-40.
Online Learning as Effective as Classroom Learning
Online Learning Verses Classrom
In the contemporary times, developments in technology have expanded access to education. The internet and other technological advancements have created an efficient platform that facilitates online learning. This has redefined the traditional approach of learning which is done in physical classrooms. Students using this approach are not required to be physically present in classrooms in order to learn. There has been a steady increase in the number of students enrolling for online courses. This development has resulted in debates on the effectiveness of online learning platforms when compared to traditional learning in classrooms. This research aims to determine if online learning is as effective as classroom learning.
In order to compare online learning and classroom learning, it is crucial to analyze existing literature and researches on the topic. This approach will ensure that the research has a…
Hollenbeck, C.R., Zinkhan, G.M., & French, W. (2005). Distance learning trends and benchmarks: Lessons from an online MBA program. Marketing Education Review, (15)2, 39-51.
Legutko, R.S. (2007). Face-to-face or cyberspace: Analysis of course delivery in a graduate educational research course. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 3(3).
Mitchell, R.L.G. (2009). Online education and organizational change. Community College Review, 37(1), 81-101.
Miyazoe T. And Anderson T. (2010). The Interaction Equivalency Theorem. Journal of Interactive Online Learning. Volume 9 (2).
Online learning is a growing part of pedagogical practice, and has distinct benefits over traditional classroom learning. For example, online learning opens up educational opportunities for a greater number of people, potentially eliminating barriers of socioeconomic class or geography for personal and professional development. Online learning also fosters independence, and creates more flexible educational opportunities. In most cases, online learning is more cost-effective than traditional learning and puts education within the reach of greater numbers of people around the world. However, surveys indicate that online learning is not perceived of as positively as traditional classes (Lederman 1, para. 1). Some of the perceived drawbacks with online learning include the perception of less academically rigorous classes, and less qualified instructors, and less applicability of the degree in the job market (Lederman, Doug, Table 1). Although online learning can potentially be less academically rigorous with less perceived value versus a traditional learning…
Lederman, Doug. “What Do We Have Against Online Classes?” Inside Higher Education, Oct 16, 2013.
Higher educational institutions have adopted online degrees and courses as a substitute for the conventional classroom instruction. A United States higher institutions study on online education discovered that about 80% of the entire course content those institutions deliver were online courses (Song, 2010). In spite of the definition, an initial sign of the prevalent popularity of about 862 education courses delivered online are contained in a study carried out by the United States Education Department, which showed that over 54, 000 education courses were offered online in 1998, with more than 1.6 million students registered (U.S. Department of Education, 1998).
According to a new research: (a) more than 1.6 million students were enrolled in an online course during 2002 Fall, (b) more than 1/3 of these students (578,000) took everyone of their courses online, (c) among the United States students during 2002 Fall, at least 11% were enrolled…
Cranton, P. & Taylor, E. W. (2012). "Transformative learning theory: Seeking a more unified theory." In E. W. Taylor & P. Cranton (Eds.), Handbook of transformative learning: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 3-20). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. Rev. 30th Anniversary ed. New York: Continuum
Kligyte, G. (2011). Transformation narratives in academic practice. International Journal for Academic Development, 16(3), 201-213.
Klobas, J. E., & McGill, T. J. (2010). The role of involvement in learning management system success. Journal of Computer High Education, 22, 112-134.
Why Online Learning Works
With the arrival of the Digital Age and the advent of distance learning, taking college level courses over the Internet has become a real possibility for today’s students seeking a higher education. But is it worth it? Does it provide the kind of quality education that learners need in order to excel in the real world? Or are their drawbacks to distance learning that outweigh the pros? This speech will go over the benefits and advantages of learning online at the college level while addressing some of the potential disadvantages that might make some hesitant to pursue distance learning as a viable option.
Why Learning Online is Useful for Adults
Adults tend to have busy schedules, which makes it hard for them to find the time to get to a traditional college for classes while making time for everything else that they have going on—whether…
How Technology Enhances ESL Students’ Learning Experience
In the COVID-19 era, education has taken a dramatic turn towards distance learning, meaning that virtual classrooms are now more popular than ever. But what is the effect of the use of technology in an ESL classroom? Evidence shows that technology actually does enhance ESL students’ learning experience (Kasapoglu-Akyol, 2010). The fact is that ESL students use technology tools in their daily lives and thus not to use technology for learning purposes is akin to taking a fish out of water and then asking it to learn to swim. In the digital era, digital natives have been using technology since birth and it is older teachers and educational systems that are slow to recognize this fact. This paper will show how technology enhances ESL students' learning experience related to ESL instructional practices and analyze how that topic or trend impacts the district,…
Interactivity for Education
Interactivity in the classroom refers to a hands-on approach to education that facilitates active learning (Park, 2015). Active learning has been shown to strengthen students’ ability to acquire knowledge over time—more so than passive learning (Dobbs, 2011). Through interaction, which may occur with our without technology, students obtain a deeper understanding of lessons, retain information more effectively, and are able to better build on prior knowledge. Interactivity has been shown to be a productive method for teachers seeking to support student learning with applications that get students involved and engaged with the material in a meaningful way.
This paper will show why interactivity for education is a beneficial method that educators can utilize to increase student performance, knowledge acquisition and academic success throughout a range of teaching environments, age levels, and disciplines.
Interactivity for education can be a boon at any level from…
Dobbs, D. (2011). Beautiful brains. National Geographic, 220(4), 36-59.
Guzman, J. L., Costa-Castello, R., Dormido, S., & Berenguel, M. (2016). An
interactivity-based methodology to support control education: How to teach and learn using simple interactive tools [lecture notes]. IEEE Control Systems, 36(1), 63-76.
Huo, X. (2016). Research on the Man-machine Interactive Environment VR and the
Applications on Vocational Education and Training under the Perspective of Interactivity. DEStech Transactions on Social Science, Education and Human Science, (isetem).
Huss, J. A., Sela, O., & Eastep, S. (2015). A Case Study of Online Instructors and Their
Quest for Greater Interactivity in Their Courses: Overcoming the Distance in Distance Education. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(4), n4.
Keengwe, J., & Hussein, F. (2014). Using computer-assisted instruction to enhance
He asserts that the online environment can be an even richer learning experience than in a traditional setup. It is however important to understand the dynamic that is necessary to achieve this.
6. It is possible that the author is overlooking the fact that the students he interviewed might derive their success not only from the strategies identified, but also from factors such as innate comprehension ability and compatibility with teaching techniques.
7. If the author is ignored, it is likely that the online learning environment will continue to be a "hit and miss" learning experience for students, with success being more or less random.
8. The author is regarding the online learning experience from the perspective of already successful students, rather than those who have begun the process and are in need of techniques to attain success. He therefore views success in…
Shifting Classroom Learning to Online Learning: A Case Study to Transition From the Traditional Classroom-Based Program to Online CBT Format
The objective of this study is to examine the transition from the Traditional classroom-based program to Computer-Based Training. There are reported to be a great number of colleges and universities that are presently transitioning to Computer-Based Training and fully transitioning to "online, blended or web-facilitated courses." (Keengwe & Kidd, 2010) The number of online programs and classes available have grown exponentially during the course of the last ten years. Other terms used to refer to Computer-Based Instruction include those stated as follows: "…web-based training, e-learning, distributed learning, Internet-based learning, web-based instruction, cyber learning, virtual learning, or net-based learning. Online learning is a subset of distance education and embraces a wide set of technology applications and learning processes including, computer-based learning, web-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaborations." (Keengwe & Kidd,…
Keengwe, J. And Kidd, TT ) (2010) Correspondence Study, CBI & OJT. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching Vo. 6, No. 2 June 2010. Retrieved from: http://jolt.merlot.org/vol6no2/keengwe_0610.htm
FAA Academy Distance Learning (2010) MY FAA Academy Distance Learing. Retrieved from: https://www.academy.jccbi.gov/distancelearning /
Active participation in comprehensive activity may support not only advanced conceptual understanding, but also the emergency of new metacognitive beliefs about knowing, and particularly about the importance of understanding Hatano & Inagaki (1992); as cited by Lehtinen, et al., (2004). The typical classroom does not have the resources needed for successful collaboration because there are not enough available anchor points at which action and attention can be coordinated, "however computers and the accompanying capabilities of computers present an opportunity for mediation tools that assist students in focusing their attention on objects that are mutually shared." Jarvela, Bonk, Lehtinen; as cited by Lehtinen et al., (2004).
ffects of CSCL on learning and achievement have been studied through a large meta-analyses specifically on the effectiveness of computers with results stating that the use of technology has markedly improved learning outcomes e.g. Khaili & Shgashaani, (1994), Kulik, Kulik & Cohen, (1998); as cited…
Effects of CSCL on learning and achievement have been studied through a large meta-analyses specifically on the effectiveness of computers with results stating that the use of technology has markedly improved learning outcomes e.g. Khaili & Shgashaani, (1994), Kulik, Kulik & Cohen, (1998); as cited by Lehtinen, et al. (2004). The conclusions that CSCL-based learning frameworks enable higher levels of learning both for in-class and distance taught courses (Macdonald, 2003) further underscores the need for an online learning management system that is tailorable to support both instruction strategies. The concepts of Khan (2003) and others (Bannon, 1989) (Kanfer, 2001) highlight the need for an agile yet foundationally solid learning network that can respond to the changing needs of students.
Research Design and Methodology
In order to isolate the effects of CSCL and scaffolding-based teaching approaches, specifically looking to isolate statistically significant increases in comprehension, capability to critically evaluate concepts and analyze and critique them using analytical constructs learned, a test/re-test methodology is suggested. Of all methodologies that could potentially be used for analyzing the influence of CSCL-based teaching strategies that include customized scaffolding strategies for students, the test/re-test methodology shows the greatest potential level of reliability and validity over time according to Anderson (1998). Taking into account the concentration on using argumentative teaching strategies in conjunction with CSCL-based platforms and scaffolding yields a complex set of independent variables that are best measured in a test/re-test methodological approach. The combined influences of all variables together can be isolated by specific variable through the use of pair-wise t-tests and correlation analysis once the data is accumulated. Using statistical approaches that introduce any of the given independent variables into the analysis during the learning process introduce too much of a potential for sampling error, in addition to spurious results given the influence of the independent variable's introduction rather than its actual effect of the variable's value itself.
There are varying educational backgrounds and levels in distance education and the delivery method must be in a way that is interactive using visuals, charts, graphs and other stimulating realia.
In conclusion, the Dick & Carey Model of Instructional Design and the Jerrold Kemp Model of Instructional design are both excellent models for developing both traditional and distance learning materials. However, the differences among the types of ISD Comparison 6 learners must be clearly identified and defined in order for either of these models to be successful. With technology changing the face of education, instructional design models will also need to change in order to best educate and meet the needs of the different types of learners.
Dick, Walter, & Carey, Lou. (1985) The Systematic Design of Instruction (2nd ed.) Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company.
Kemp, Jerrold E. (1977). Instructional Design. (2nd Ed.) Belmont, CA: Fearon Publishers,…
Dick, Walter, & Carey, Lou. (1985) The Systematic Design of Instruction (2nd ed.) Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company.
Kemp, Jerrold E. (1977). Instructional Design. (2nd Ed.) Belmont, CA: Fearon Publishers, Inc.
Brown, Frederick G. (1981). Measuring Classroom Achievement. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Dalton, William. Assessing Student Learning: It can be more than a survey. Retrieved May 25, 2006 at http://fie.engrng.pitt.edu/fie95/2c1/2c14/2c14.htm
Academic Argument on Faculty Perceptions of Student Disengagement in Online Learning
The emergence of technology has meant that today people are challenged every single day to accept something new in their lives on a regular basis. This is not to say that this is a bad thing, but the argument that can here is that are we really ready as a society to incorporate these new technological advancements in their day-to-day life? And it is exactly at this juncture that we face a critical issue.
hile there is no doubt that the mark of technology has been felt on every segment of our lives, no matter how trivial it may seem, the fact of the matter remains that there is currently a majority of people who are not equipped to handle this new intrusion in their lives. The reason for this can vary from the lack of acceptability to the…
A History of Online Learning. (n.d.). Retrieved from Online Education: http://seacstudentweb.org/a-history-of-online-learning.php
Kurubacak, G. (2002). Book Review: E-tivities; The Key to Achieve Online Learning by Gilly Salmon. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education,, 4 (1).
Liyan Song, E.S. (2004). Improving Online learning: Student perceptions of useful and challenging characteristics. Internet and Higher Education, 7, 59-70.
Michael W. Ward, G.P. (2010). Student and Faculty Perceptions of the Quality of Online Learning Experiences. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 11 (3).
Instructional Method Applicability
Online learning is becoming increasingly common, given the rise of nontraditional learners who must fit their classes into a schedule with outside work and family obligations. However, grave concerns remain as to whether online learning is as effective as face-to-face learning. New technological methods of instruction have created ways in which synchronous or 'real time' education can take place, through chat rooms, versus asynchronous methods like message boards, which do not facilitate dialogue and debate. However, online learning is still often perceived as 'second best' versus face-to-face learning.
A 2010 report by the U.S. Department of Education contradicts this finding. It found that "on average, students in online learning conditions performed modestly better than those receiving face-to-face instruction. The difference between student outcomes for online and face-to-face classes -- measured as the difference between treatment and control means, divided by the pooled standard deviation -- was larger…
Means, Barbara; Toyama, Yukie; Murphy, Robert; Bakia, Marianne & Karla Jones. (2009).
Evaluation of evidence-based practices in online learning: A meta-analysis and review of online learning studies U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved:
Article Critique Worksheet
1. Correctly reference the article using current APA format.
Schutt, M., Allen, B.S. & Laumakis, M.A. (2009). The Effects of Instructor Immediacy Behaviors in Online Learning Environments. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 10(2), 135-148.
2. What is the purpose of the study? In the present study, the authors sought to assess and evaluate the perception of participants in relation to the social presence as well as immediacy of the instructor and how immediacy relates to social presence in online educational settings.
3. List the hypotheses; then, underline and label the corresponding independent/dependent variables or predictor/criterion variables. Are there any covariates? If so, name them.
Several hypotheses were analyzed by the authors in the context of the highlighted educational settings. The hypotheses have been stated below:
Hypothesis 1i: Participants who view the high-immediacy sessions will indicate higher perception of instructor immediacy than the participants who view the…
Employ for Successful Distance Learning
In some ways, distance learning and learning in the traditional classroom rely upon the same basic academic skills and study habits. A quality educator, strong classroom materials, and the background education necessary to understand new materials all contribute to student success. However, the distance learning environment offers unique opportunities and challenges for students. Distance learning removes some of the obstacles to the traditional classroom by allowing students to attend classes when they have the time available, increasing learner flexibility. They also provide students with the opportunity to review material as it is being taught, without delaying other learners in the classroom. However, distance learning also injects four primary challenges for the student: planning, time management, communication and technology use. Fortunately, with proper planning, a student can ensure that these challenges, which have the potential of derailing a distance-learning student, can actually become advantages.
Walden University. (n.d.). Technical tips for learning at Walden. Walden e-Guide. Retrieved Walden University. (n.d.). 10 tips for being a successful online learner. Walden e-Guide.
Kiefer, K. (2007). Chapter 8: Do students lose more than they gain in online writing classes? In Joe Lockard and Mark Pegrum (Eds.), Brave New Classrooms: Democratic Education and the Internet (pp. 141-151). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
Introduce the topic and introduce the author and essay. Then state your thesis.
Writing courses in higher education are increasingly being offered in online environments, right along with many other academic coursework. Opinions about how well this online writing instruction is working vary widely. Kate Kiefer contributed a chapter to the book Brave New Classrooms: Democratic Education and the Internet. As a composition specialist teaching graduate writing theory and undergraduate composition courses, including a course titled Computers and Composition, Kiefer is solidly qualified to provide scholarly commentary on the very field in which she labors. In the early 1980s, Kiefer began a long-standing interest in computers and writing, co-founded and…
Bacow, L.S., Bowen, W.G., Guthrie, K.M., Lack, K.A., and Long, M.P. (2012, May). Barriers to adoption of online learning systems in U.S. higher education. Ithaka S+R. Retreived http://www.sr.ithaka.org/sites/default/files/reports/barriers-to-adoption-of-online-learning-systems-in-us-higher-education.pdf
Pickett, M.C. (2009). Overcoming technology barriers in adult online learning environments with modular instructional design. Proceedings of the ASBBS Annual Conference in Las Vegas, in February 2009, 16(1). Retreived http://asbbs.org/files/2009/PDF/P/PickettM.pdf
Strategic Distance Learning Tactics
A strategy for successful online learning in planning involves planning in an extremely comprehensive way. Specifically, then, it is necessary for students to analyze their syllabi and determine what exactly is required for them in terms of assignments. It is best to do so while considering any sort of final projects/assessments, as well as nightly assignments, particularly since online learning has increased exponentially (Elbeck and Mandernach, 2009).
The best strategy that one can employ for time management in an online learning environment is to denote specific days and times for when one will complete one's coursework. One of the key differentiators between distance learning and conventional classroom learning is that there is not a set schedule for when students are to complete their coursework with the former, as there is with the latter. By setting a schedule to study, however, students are able to not only…
Chua, B. B., Bernardo II, D.V. (2011). Integrating scholarly articles within an e-learning courses: a framework. www.db2powerhouse.com / Retrieved from http://www.db2powerhouse.com/soar.pdf
Elbeck, M. Mandernach, B. J. (2009). Journals for computer-mediated learning: publications of value for the online educator. www.irrodl.org Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/676/1268
Certainly, pedagogy may be an issue. Whatever the case, human anxiety is a critical issue in the employment of Web 2.0 technology in nursing education. In an article in Nursing Education Perspectives, the issue is raised as to whether social media such as Twitter could bridge the gap. It appears that Twitter may provide a social media that ties classes together and builds classroom comradery and community in the online classroom. Faculty interviewed in the article have reported success in this area. They report that the ability to send an unshared message to the instructor was helpful and may help reduce student anxiety (Skiba, 2008, 110-111).
It appears to this author that Twitter has tremendous potential, not just in the area of class community building and reduction of student anxiety, but also in developing and adapting the tool because of the handy diagnostic tools available to analyze bands of tweets…
Skiba, D.J. (2008). Nursing education 2.0: Twitter & tweets. Nursing Education Perspectives, 29(2),
Sun, P.C., Tsai, R.J., Finger, G., Deschenes, Y.Y., & Yeh, D. (2008). What drives a successful e-
learning? An empirical investigation of the critical factors influencing learner satisfaction.
Online College vs. Traditional College
When considering the ever-changing and ever-growing world of globalization and technology, it is no surprise that such trends have found their way into the educational arena. Accordingly, with the computerization of classrooms and assignments many more worldly citizens have been given access to the valuable education they deserve. Regardless of the subject they teach, almost all teaching professionals have also had to become more educated in the world of technology. For, in addition to the computerization of assignments, technology has found its way into several other aspects of the overall higher education experience. In the modern collegiate world things like applications, grades, transcripts, library resources, textbooks and even exams have all been incorporated into the lives of students and faculty members. In keeping with this advancement of technological integration, countless universities have begun to offer online classes and degree programs, whereby students never enter a…
Learning Platforms -- K-12 and Beyond
A Comparison of Learning Platforms that Focus on the K-12 and Higher Education Learning Environments
Many of the educational initiatives in recent years have focused on improving the delivery of services by incorporating learning platforms that focus on the K-12 and higher education learning environments, such as WebCT or Blackboard. To determine how these learning platforms are being used today and for what learners, this paper will provide an overview of the features of learning management systems (LMS) that have assumed increasing importance for a wide range of corporate and government-sponsored learning environments. A comparison and evaluation of these platforms and their applicability to the different learning environments is followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Background and Overview. In their book, Handbook of Distance Education Technology, Anderson and Moore (2003) suggest that it just makes good sense…
Anderson, W.G., & Moore, M.G. (2003). Handbook of distance education. Mahwah, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Carlivati, P.A. (2002). E-learning evolves. ABA Banking Journal, 94(6), 49.
Granger, D., & Bowman, M. (2003). Constructing knowledge at a distance: The learner in context. In W.G. Anderson & M.G. Moore (Eds.). Handbook of distance education.
Do students lose more than they gain in online writing classes?
Kiefer argues that the online educational format for a writing class is inferior to the traditional classroom setting that is normally composed of a limited amount of students. In the traditional writing classroom students can be given the timely feedback that has been shown to be able to increase their writing capabilities. The online setting by contrast has inherent limitations that do not allow for the quality and timeliness that is needed to effectively study writing. Although Kiefer's overall argument has valid points, there are two considerations that must be taken. These considerations look at alternatives and the future of online education.
The first is that not all students are able to take a class in person due to work or a personal situation. Therefore, while not ideal, an online course can still be a worthwhile…
Kiefer, K. (n.d.). Do Students Lose More than They Gain? Chapter 8.
Any lack of candor with reference to how I approach my interview is unethical. If I am interviewing a professor about online learning vs. what he does in classrooms, of course I don't need to go into deep, involved detail about what I might do if "a" or "b" occurs during the interview; but a forthright introduction to my intentions is the best ethical approach. TO) No apologies need to be made in advance even though, let's say, the interview is to be with a housewife who has to babies at home and can't attend classes at the local community college. She may be suspicious of a college student's intentions. Consent is usually based on what the researcher plans to do with the information; my honest answer is, "I'm doing this for a research class and none of the information will be published or made public in any way." If…
Golafshani, Nahid. (2003). Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research.
The Qualitative Report, 8(4), 597-607.
Schram, T.H. (2006). Conceptualizing and proposing qualitative research. Upper Saddle River,
NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
In conjunction with these perspectives on how to create a highly effective online learning platform that aligns to the specific needs of students, there is a corresponding area of research that concentrates on teaching resiliency in the teaching process. The work of Dr. Carol Dweck of Stanford University underscores the need for leading students to continually challenge themselves to grow and have a very strong growth mindset vs. A limited on. She draws on an empirically-derived research study that shows the greater the growth mindset of even the most talented and gifted mindset, the greater the long-term performance gains they make in life (Dweck, 2006). Her book, Mindset, challenges both students and teachers to create a culture of continual focus on excellence and continual striving to improve, never taking a closed or limited mindset to improvement. It is an inspirational book and shows that there is hope for continual improvement…
Ahlfeldt, S., Mehta, S., & Sellnow, T. (2005). Measurement and analysis of student engagement in university classes where varying levels of PBL methods of instruction are in use. Higher Education Research & Development, 24(1), 5-20.
Basile, a. & D'Aquila, J.M. (2002). An experimental analysis of computer-mediated instruction and student attitudes in a Principles of Financial Accounting course. Journal of Education for Business, 77(3), 137.
Beard, L.A. (2002). Students perceptions of online vs. campus instruction. Education, 122(4), 658.
Dutton, j. d.; Dutton, m.; Perry, j. (2002). How do Online Students Differ from Lecture Students? JALN. Vol. 6, no. 1, July.
Distance learning is a new scheme or mode of transferring and acquiring learning or education through the use of modern technology between instructor and student who are separated by time and space. It can be between schools, between schools and colleges and universities, within school buildings and districts or between individuals (urke, 2002).
Is earliest prototype was the international correspondence in the 19th century. In the 1970s, it reshaped into open universities, later into the 1980's wave of technological products, such as the videotape, broadcast, satellite and cable. In the 1990s, rey (as qtd in urke) predicted that distance education programs would phenomenally grow that decade to an extent that most of the people the U.S. would be served by it at the minimal ratio of 1:1, mostly in the community colleges. Right enough by 1994, 80% of community colleges in the U.S. began offering some form of distance education…
Armstrong, L (2000). Distance Learning. Change: Heldref Publications. http://www.findarticles.com/m1254/6_32/67884312/article.jhtml
Bersch, C. (2001). Can You Go the Distance? Communications News: Nelson Publishing. http://www.findarticles.com/MOCMN/4_38/73533613/article.jhtml
Blotzer, M. Distance Learning. Occupational Hazards: Penton Media. http://www.findarticles.com/m4333/3_62/63269468.article.jhtml
Burke, T. (2002). (research paper) The Influence of Distance Learning on Education. http://www.hernco.com/THBURKE/THE%2INFLUENCE%200F%20DISTANCE%20LEARNING%20ON%20EDUCATION.html
The Benefits of Online Education
To a degree, all educational institutions have migrated some of their services online, taking advantage of new media and new technologies to improve service delivery, cut costs, and enhance the learning environment. From eBooks to cloud-based collaborative work projects, the online environment adds depth to the classroom and expands opportunities for students from different backgrounds including those with special needs. It is therefore no surprise that enrollment in online education programs has been steadily climbing, with the greatest growth in the private non-profit school sector (Allen & Seaman, 2016). Online learning might never fully supplant traditional in person classroom learning, but it can help educators and students reach their mutual goals. Educational institutions should in fact work harder to improve their online education offerings, to promote social justice goals in education, enhance student engagement, and expand opportunities for a broader client base.
Online Learning Business
This research report answers a good few questions pertaining to computer online learning company which intends to survey the potential market and various other related aspects before taking the plunge in the cyber sea. The orks Cited appends four sources in MLA format.
Internet startup "Computer Learning online"
Corporate training is evolving into performance support. I don't see them as courses. I see it as a knowledge resource. You work with a manager, find your deficiencies, and go online for the tools to improve." ["Steve Teal, e-learning director at Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., the $19.4 billion a year pharmaceutical company in New York."] (E-Learning News, reference 1)
This is because online computer learning classes offer not mere courses as Teal opinionates but they offer a rich array of helping study material and a complete guide that equips individuals with the much-needed awareness regarding the computerized learning of computer.…
E-learning news: Brainware. TV VOD E-learning News. Broadband Video-on-Demand (VOD) for Business e-learning. Retrieved February 05, 2003 from: http://brainware.tv/elearning_news.htm
University of central Lancashire: Guidelines on Intellectual Property (IP). Retrieved February 05, 2003 at http://www.uclan.ac.uk/e-learning/i/IPRamended.DOC
How to get started with e-learning. Retrieved February 05, 2003 at http://www.futuremedia.co.uk/FMsite3/Html/e_learning2.htm
Fisher & Frazer. Learning how to smile online. Retrieved February 06, 2003 at http://www.digitaldividenetwork.org/content/stories/index.cfm?key=205
Certificate Online Teaching Learning
Certificate in Online Teaching Learning
When I first began contemplating about teaching online, I came to the realization that there was a lot that I needed to learn and grasp. Taking into account my age and education period, I have not yet been an online student. However, I do know that I want to take part in imparting knowledge regarding security to those individuals who are not able to come to a traditional or conventional classroom environment. I want to be of assistance in created courses concerning security aspects that are of quality and beneficial to these students and those that will take into consideration all sorts of activities that normally take place in courses that are centered within the classroom.
I am extensively engrossed and interested in partaking in the Certificate in Online Teaching and Learning. I am interested in this course for the reason…
Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT). (2015). Strategies for Online Teaching. Retrieved 26 December 2015 from: http://www.crlt.umich.edu/tstrategies/tsot
Curtis, P. (2002). Study highlights benefits of home learning. The Guardian. Retrieved 26 December 2015 from: http://www.theguardian.com/education/2002/oct/05/schools.uk
Security is also a major concern in K-12 education, and WebCT's in-program email service will no doubt assuage many parental and administrative fears regarding the privacy of educational information (eed 2006). The reliability of the software itself and the company behind it are also necessary considerations; as both are now owned by the dame company (Blackboard), both WebCT and Blackboard are likely to have solid support for years to come (Jaschik 2005).
Boyd, M. (2000). "Blackboard vs. WebCT atings." University of Texas. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.utexas.edu/academic/blackboard/about/atut/ratings.html#decide
Jaschik, S. (2005). "Blackboard vs..." Inside higher ed. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/10/17/blackboard
eed, J. (2006). "Blackboard vs. WebCT." Cuyamaca College. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://cis2.cuyamaca.net/jreed//ed214/notes/CMS/CMScomparison.asp
Boyd, M. (2000). "Blackboard vs. WebCT Ratings." University of Texas. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.utexas.edu/academic/blackboard/about/atut/ratings.html#decide
Jaschik, S. (2005). "Blackboard vs..." Inside higher ed. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2005/10/17/blackboard
Reed, J. (2006). "Blackboard vs. WebCT." Cuyamaca College. Accessed 25 September 2009. http://cis2.cuyamaca.net/jreed//ed214/notes/CMS/CMScomparison.asp
Online discussions are asynchronous postings of electronic messages by members of a particular class in a conversation that is continued on topics that are designated by an instructor. Online discussions are useful since they help instructors facilitate online courses and faculties that teach remote sites through interactive television. These are quite beneficial for faculties that each traditional courses and only meet once or twice a week as well as faculties that are occasionally absent from class. This is just like any other type of learning and therefore theory will inform the facilitation of online discussion. Theory brings out the idea of what is to be learned and therefore will form the basis for the discussion. We can say that theory is what facilitates online discussion since the learners and facilitators have what they need to form the base of their discussion.it is therefore very important for the facilitators to have…
Brindley, J & Walti C.(2009). Creating Effective Collaborative Learning Groups in an Online Environment. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/675/1271
Raleigh, D.(2000). Keys to Facilitating Successful Online Discussions. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from http://www.uwsa.edu/ttt/raleigh.htm
Nichols.M.(2009).Online discourse. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from https://akoaotearoa.ac.nz/download/ng/file/group-661/n2304-online-discourse -- 4-in-eprimer-series-pdf.pdf
ADODCC. (2014). Best Practices from ADODCC Facilitators'. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from http://www.adodcc.ca/Generic.aspx?PAGE=Best+Practices+from+Facilitators&portalName=ADODCC
According to the University of Canberra's Academic Skills Centre (2008), learning is a highly complex process that "takes place at different levels of consciousness, and in different ways, in everything we do. Moreover, individual people learn in different ways and have their preferred learning styles." One of the keys to improving student learning is to understand the different types of learning styles and apply that knowledge to study habits and practices. Study skills are themselves behaviors that need to be learned like any other. Using a combination of disciplinary techniques and cognitive shifts, students can improve their capacity for learning. This will, in turn, help boost grades and test scores. However, learning in an academic context is about more than earning grades. Learning should ultimately enhance one's view of the world and increase tolerance of diversity.
The theory of multiple intelligences has formed the theoretical foundation for the study…
Armstrong, T. (2010). Multiple intelligences. Retrieved online: http://www.thomasarmstrong.com/multiple_intelligences.php
Dartmouth College Academic Skills Center (2011). Managing your time. Retrieved online: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~acskills/success/time.html
Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons. Perseus.
Langer, J.A. (1986). Learning through writing: Study skills in the content areas. Journal of Reading. Feb 1986.
Other prevention techniques are open communication, conflict management training, resource allocation, communication (using "I" language), managing others expectations and focusing on others first. However, in an online environment, this process occurs quickly through interacting and completing the team charter that establishes teamwork expectation.
Team Charter: Managing Conflict
Team conflict is inevitable, and it must be managed effectively so that productivity is not affected. Hence, a team charter is vital to the success of an online workgroup. Such a document establishes ground rules, expectations, and communication tool that will facilitate team engagement in an asynchronous environment. Should a team member go missing in action, this document serves as recourse for consequences in not supporting team efforts. Since this document contains protocol for handling team conflict, team members can merely reference the document and be objective in handling the conflict.
Moreover, the team is better prepared for projects, understand each person's role,…
Wienclaw, R.A. (2010). Teams & team building. Teams & Team Building - Research Starters Business, 1-6. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Effective. (2011). In Merriam-Webster's dictionary online. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/effective
Bonebright, D.A. (2010). 40 years of storming: a historical review of Tuckman's model of small group development. Human Resource Development International, 13(1), 111-120. doi:10.1080/13678861003589099
Online classes are presented with challenges that brick and mortar classes do not have to face. The challenge of not being able to see the professor to ask questions is limited to email, phone, and times the professor is available. There may not be immediate answers to questions because professors cannot be available 24/7, more especially where online classes are concerned. There are challenges concerning the learning of the online class environment to meet assignments and obtain instructions. Each class may be set up different ways. There are time management concerns because, with Asynchronous classes, for example, the week is set up from Sunday midnight to Sunday midnight. There are time differences between geographic locations that also play a part. Determination has to be made between the time differences.
The online environment can be especially challenging to someone who has never done online classes. Learning the different functions…
"In a developmentally appropriate classroom, the teacher's role is that of facilitator and enabler," (Crosser). The physical and spatial design of the classroom directly reflects this core philosophy of placing students at the center of their learning environment. However, the learning environment must be a diverse, modular, and highly interactive space that encourages change and flexibility. Teachers are cast in a role of "facilitator and enabler," as well as supervisor to ensure safety and comfort. The design of the classroom and its learning centers is important for study because of the need to strategize, organize, and plan the way the environment looks and feels for both students and the teacher.
This paper addresses four learning centers that are ideal for a classroom composed of four-year-olds. These learning centers will encompass the gamut of needs of preschoolers. Creative enterprises, play, and social interactions are key components of the preschool…
Crosser, S. (2008). . The Butterfly Garden: Developmentally Appropriate Practice Defined. Early Childhood News. Retrieved online: http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=115
Kostelnik, Marjorie J., Soderman, Anne K., Whiren, Alice P., Contributor, John Q (2012). Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education  (VitalSource Bookshelf), Retrieved from http://online.vitalsource.com/books/9780558706111/id/ch05fig02
Color coding words and researching notes.
Using highlighters, circle words and underlining (Fleming, 2010).
If one focuses more on illustrative or graphical knowledge than on the expressions of what is being taught, they put themselves at a distinctive weakness since verbal and written knowledge is still the chief favored option for delivery of knowledge. One should apply their note taking and try to find occasions to make clear information to others by way of using words. A visual learner learns best when knowledge is given to them visually and in a printed language arrangement. In a classroom location, they profit from teachers who employ the blackboard or overhead projector in order to register the vital parts of a lecture, or who supply them with an outline in order to follow along with throughout the lecture. They profit from knowledge attained from textbooks and class…
"DVC Online," 2000, viewed 23 October2010,
Fleming, Grace. 2010, "Learning Styles," viewed 22 October 2010,
"Visual Thinking and Learning," 2010, viewed 23 October
(American Lirary Association, 2006)
II. Skills that Students will Possess upon Graduation from High School
The work entitled: "Information Literacy Curriculum" states that upon graduation from high school the student will posses the following skills:
(1) Information literacy -- aility to identify, locate, access, retrieve, evaluate and use information from a variety of formats;
(2) Information management -- aility to use electronic lirary catalogs, microformats, periodical dataases, CD-ROM interfaces, school area network programs, INTERNET, and print materials;
(3) Research Strategies -- aility to use print and electronic lirary sources effectively;
(4) Classification and Grouping of Information -- aility to use word processing, manipulation of dataase files to download, copy, and print information, and note-taking skills;
(5) Organization of Information - aility to correctly cite sources and create note cards and iliography; and (6) Effective Use of Media Equipment -- aility to operate OPAC, LAN, Microfilm / Microfiche, VCR and Videotapes,…
bibliography; and (6) Effective Use of Media Equipment -- ability to operate OPAC, LAN, Microfilm / Microfiche, VCR and Videotapes, Audio Cassette Player and tapes, CD-ROM station, Copy Machine and Printer to retrieve, copy, or print materials.
Information Literacy Curriculum (nd) Clarkstown Central School District West Nyack, NY. Online available at: http://www.ccsd.edu/bardonia/CCSDLibraryCurriculum/hrdcpy/Final%20Draft1.pdf
Information Power: Building Partnerships for Learning - Learning and Teaching Principles of School Library Media Programs (2006) American Association of Libraries. Online available at: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/aasl/aaslproftools/informationpower/iplearningteaching.cfm
e. In instances where the students have already demonstrated a diversity of learning styles (DeCastro-Ambrosetti & Cho, 2005). The use of authentic assessments includes greater student directive-ness and increased empowerment and self-guidance and -reliance in the learning process.
Self-assessment is seen by many to be the culmination of the individualization of learning assessment, but when this occurs solely for the purposes of accountability, learning is far from guaranteed (Gaytan & McEwen, 2007). This is partially due to the difference students and instructors, at least in the study conducted by Gaytan and McEwen (2007), perceive in the purpose of self-assessment tests; students viewed them primarily as a way to receive feedback as to their progress and achievement, while instructors saw them more as a way to make sure students understood the material (Gaytan and McEwen, 2007). Both views underline the usefulness of self-assessments, but perhaps they can be best applied by…
Commons, P. "The contribution of inspection, self-assessment, investors in people...: an initial exploration." Journal of further & higher education, vol. 27, issue 1 (Feb 2003), pp. 27-47
DeCastro-Ambrosetti, D. & Cho, G. "Synergism in learning: A critical reflection of authentic assessment." High school journal, vol. 89, issue 1(Oct/Nov 2005), pp. 57-62
Feinstein, S. "Performance assessment in Juvenile Correction education programs." Journal of correctional education, vol. 53. Issue 1 (Mar 2002), pp. 9-12
Gaytan, J. & McEwen, B. "Effective online instructional and assessment strategies." American journal of distance education. Vol. 21 issue 3 (Sep 2007), pp. 117-32
(3) According to the Multiple Intelligences Survey, I have quite a bit of intrapersonal and interpersonal intellegence and a moderate amount of musical and kinesthetic intelligence. This makes sense because I enjoy analyzing people and situations; and, I decided to leave my old job because I was bored sitting still behind a desk and not talking to anyone for most of the day.
As I was enjoying the surveys so much, also I took Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory and discovered that my learning style consists of doing and feeling or what Kolb would abbreviate as "CE/AE." When these findings are placed on the two-by-two grid by Kolb, my learning style is accommodating. An accommodating learning style is often times referred to as a "hands-on" style and one that relies upon intuition over logic. In fact, these findings also did not surprise me because I have to do something at least…
Codde, PhD, J.R. (2006). Using Learning Contracts in the College Classroom. Michigan State University.
There are some indications that observational learning might be genetic; animals teaching their young to hunt and the discovery of mirror neurons -- brain cells that fire when emotions/behaviors are observed in others -- both point to a biological basis for this type of learning. This learning is far more likely to occur if observed behaviors are met with rewards, however. Observational learning is also at the heart of the controversy concerning violence in the media, which some believe leads to more violent behavior in real life as individuals observe and learn from "fake" violent depictions.
There is growing evidence that violent media does in fact lead to increased real-world violence, both with "copy-cat" crimes and simply with violence generally. Exposure to violence lowers inhibitions against violence and possibly alters perceptions about the meanings and intentions behind others' behaviors, as well, causing nonviolent acts to be perceived as…
Also, by creating school-centered products for older children, it can lessen the criticism that it is imposing technology upon the young, impressionable minds of preschoolers.
Available action alternatives
LeapFrog could continue to stress its core model, or 'razor and blades' approach. However, given that other educational and toy companies are capitalizing upon the LeapFrog platform model, LeapFrog cannot afford to ignore the fact that this market will eventually shrink, even if LeapFrog remains the industry standard. However, the Obama Administration is expanding the focus of the nation on standards-based education. Thus, shifting LeapFrog's focus to its K-high school Leap Start initiative, ESL programming, and other devices that make teaching standards-based education easier for teachers in crowded and cash-strapped classrooms would seem to be the ideal way to ensure that LeapFrog has a comprehensive market approach that covered all potential 'bases' for the company, regardless of the market environment. Furthermore, even…
Bennett, Haynie, McKelvie, Tarallo, Torrens, Wiklund. (2009). Strategic and entrepreneurial management. McGraw-Hill Primis Custom Publishing.
SWOT or TOWS analysis. (2010). Quick MBA. Retrieved February 3, 2010 at http://www.mba-tutorials.com/strategy/96-SWOT-or-tows-analysis-tows-matrix.html
') (Tingstrom et al., 226) in correspondence with the example provided by the researchers responsible for this evaluation, it may be deduced that such method of positive reinforcement implementation is best suited to a younger educational context such as grammar school. It may only be considered appropriate to attach the positive consequences of individual efforts with the capabilities of an entire class in settings where future prospects such as class rank and college admissions have not yet entered into the discourse over performance motivators.
Tingstrom et al. also identify the independent group-oriented contingencies, which "involve consequences, and criteria for all group members, but access to reinforcement for each group member is based on each member's performance (e.g., 'whoever makes a 90% or higher on the end chapter math test will be able to pick a prize from the treasure chest.' (Tingstrom et al., 226) in many ways, this has proved…
Bunderson, C.V. (1990). Computers in Educational Assessment: An Opportunity to Restructure Educational Practice. Educational Resource and Information Center.
Eisner, E. (1997). The Promise and Perils of Alternative Forms of Data Representation. Educational Researcher, Vol. 26, No. 6, p. 4-10.
Emerson, J. (1989). Review: Dead PoetsSociety. Jeems Cinepad. Online at http://cinepad.com/reviews/deadpoets.htm.
Florio-Ruane, Suzanne; Marianne George & Taffy E. Rapheal. (2004). Book Club Plus: Organizing Your Literacy Curriculum to Bring Students to High Levels of Literacy. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, Vol. 27.
Learning Teams; Website Assigned Facilitator
E-Campus Website -- Phoenix.edu
The ecampus website that governs the user portal for the University of Phoenix is an aggressive and modern website design. The Phoenix brand has integrated a marketing approach that incorporates Macromedia flash as a primary means to engage the user to identify the mobile web for use to integrate learning with mobility. The website is able to effectuate the transition from user activity to the classroom by using the Macromedia to visually accentuate the transition.
The use of web design to convey a message regarding the use, convenience, and service of the website is at the heart of proper design. "For organizations engaged in electronic business, the corporate website has emerged as the single most important interface through which transactions are carried out. This being so, appropriate design characteristics are required to make websites effective. Customers expect websites to be designed…
Fonseca, A., Macdonald, A., Dandy, E., & Valenti, P. (2011). The state of sustainability reporting at canadian universities. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 12(1), 22-22-40. doi:10.1108/14676371111098285
Kovacs, P., & Rowell, D. (2001). The merging of systems analysis and design principles with web site development: One university's experience. T.H.E.Journal, 28(6), 60-60-65. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/214800316?accountid=13044
Monideepa T., Jie, Z. 2006. "Analysis of Critical Website Characteristics: A Cross-Category
Nelson, J.L. (2011, Help from higher education. New Jersey Business, 57(4), 53-53. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/863372809?accountid=13044
Choosing the most effective style that relates to one's individual personality is very useful in terms of increasing one's learning strengths. I have personally found that in reality most people combine a number of learning styles in developing their unique approach to learning. From my perspective I have found that a combination of both imaginative and analytical learning styles best suits my needs. The emphasis in my approach is however on the imaginative style as I am more comfortable with a learning style that explores various sources and views of reality in a discursive and open-ended way. At the same time the more considered and careful analytical approach is also useful in that it tends to 'ground' one in reality.
Durbin G. (2002) Interactive Learning in Museums of Art and Design.
etrieved February 23, 2009, at http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:2V3DNJpxFKkJ:www.vam.ac.uk/files/file_upload/5752_file.pdf+%22dynamic+learning+style%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=10&gl=za&client=firefox-a
Exploring Psychology. Learning Styles. etrieved February 23, 2009, at http://www.dushkin.com/connectext/psy/ch06/learnsty.mhtml www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000308203
Durbin G. (2002) Interactive Learning in Museums of Art and Design.
Retrieved February 23, 2009, at http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:2V3DNJpxFKkJ:www.vam.ac.uk/files/file_upload/5752_file.pdf+%22dynamic+learning+style%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=10&gl=za&client=firefox-a
Exploring Psychology. Learning Styles. Retrieved February 23, 2009, at http://www.dushkin.com/connectext/psy/ch06/learnsty.mhtml www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000308203
Guild, P. (1994, January). Making Sense of Learing Styles. School Administrator, 51, 8. Retrieved February 26, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000308203 www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002522655
In these exceptions, which may be a one-time transfer of funds from a 401k to an IA or to a mutual fund, the financial services firms need to create ethical safeguards to ensure the confidentiality and actual funds themselves are secure. The bottom line is that the financial services firms need to create a highly secure, customized and tightly integrated series of web-based online trading applications and tools to make sure individual investors can work to attain their investment goals.
Improvements for Online Trading as a Self-Service Strategy
There are many opportunities for improvement for Web-based online trading tools, starting with even stronger security specifically on the area of inter-fund transfers and the recording of transactions. Today many of these Web-based online applications store history only for 12 months, and do not provide an audit record back three or five years of all in-account transactions. This lack of multi-year audit…
AMR Research (2003) - Configuration is the Heart of Customer Fulfillment for Complex Product Manufacturers. AMR Research Report. Monday March 31, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on April 19, 2007 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/ConfigurationIstheHeartofCustomerFulfillmentforComplexProductManufacturers.pdf
Columbus (2001) - Defining Your Direction in Guided Selling. AMR Research Report. October, 2001. Retrieved from the Internet on April 19, 2007:
Columbus (2002) - the Sell-Side E-Commerce Market: It's All About Integration. AMR Research Report. Monday April 1, 2002. Retrieved from the Internet on April 19, 2007:
, 2001). Based on the proliferation of the Internet and the near-ubiquity of personal computers in many affluent homes, these rates can reasonably be expected to have increased even further in subsequent years.
In fact, it would appear that the more people of both sexes are using the Internet for these purposes, the more ways they are finding to do so. In this regard, Green and her associates point out that, "The fact that one can access sexually related materials and interact with others anonymously on the Internet has opened the doors even wider. Using anonymous screen names, individuals can explore and express their sexual interests with little fear that friends, coworkers, or even spouses will discover their activities" (2001, p. 303). Furthermore, the individuals who participate in these encounters can do so with other anonymous individuals without the risks typically associated with face-to-face relationships; if an anonymous online relationship…
Benotsch, E.G., Cage, M., & Kalichman, S. (2002). Men who have met sex partners via the Internet: Prevalence, predictors, and implications for HIV prevention. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(2), 177.
Giuseppe, R., Tiziana, T., & Anolli, L. (2003). The use of the Internet in psychological research: Comparison of online and offline questionnaires. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6(1), 73.
Green, A., Katelyn, S., Mckenna, Y.A., & Smith, P.K. (2001). Demarginalizing the sexual self. The Journal of Sex Research, 38(4), 302.
Hill, R.J. (2005, Spring). Poz-itively transformational: Sex workers and HIV / AIDS education. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 105, 74.
Online Collaboration: How and Why?
What is Online Collaboration?
Online Collaboration bases the system on what have been started by the earlier PC networking system. Users in certain local area and other network are capable to communicate each other on their PC by swapping files and mails in text file, although during the early time it was limited to text data in small size. As technology has developed more sophisticated facilities, it is possible for people to use the complete system to transfer information anywhere in seconds, enabling people to cut time and travel and having the whole work, outline, discussions and commands transferred through the wire.
People are depended on computers to connect to each other nowadays. With the emergence of the internet, many industries will find an open door to spread the news and support the growth to anywhere in the world. Controlling the whole world's business will…
Berst, Jesse. Oct 11, 1999. How to Use the Web for Meetings. ZDNet. http://www.zdnet.com/anchordesk/story/story_3959.html . (Apr 11, 2002).
Laiserin, Jerry. Dec, 2000. The Pre-History of Internet Collaboration. Cadence Channel. http://www.cadenceweb.com/2000/1200/collaboration1200.html. (Apr 11, 2002).
Levitt, Mark. Jan 2002. Warning: Collaboration Can be Harmful to Your Employees' Productivity Unless Used Properly. Doc #VWP000083. http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jhtml?containerId=VWP000083 . (Apr 11, 2002).
Miller, Michael J. Oct 11, 1999. How to Build Offices Without Walls Today. PC Magazine. http://www.zdnet.com/anchordesk/story/story_3960.html . (Apr 11, 2002).
.. than grown-ups understanding, caring and self-motivation of children [are] what should be] cultivated... It can be very damaging for a person's development to be treated as a child until the age of 21... children can make very valuable contributions to society with their fresh perspectives and playful attitudes. This is to be supported and treasured.
Instead, however, since childhood independence and autonomy often are not encouraged, today's young students often become inflexible, non-adaptive, and non-spontaneous, therefore operating based on confusion, fear, or "by rote" within new or unfamiliar environments. The example Rich gives of the elementary school-aged boy who was not expected to clear his own dishes from the table, at home or at school, and who is surprised about being asked to do so by the author (and initially reluctant to do so), is illustrative in that respect.
It is not surprising that in the school environment, as…
Children." Worldtrans.org. Retrieved October 1, 2005, from: http://www.worldtrans.org/hw/children.html >.
Enjoying and Achieving." Early Years: Firm Foundations. Ofsted Better
Education and Care. Retrieved October 2, 2005, from: http://www.ofsted.
Clicking on the links reveals that some of the topics provide more information and information in different formats than others. For example, the Aging Driver topic lists the following clickable PDF files:
Tips for Safe Driving, How to Help the Older Driver, Getting by Without Driving, Am I a Safe Driver?, and Successful Aging Tips.
Other topics, such as Health Disparities, do not provide information directly but only link the user to external resources and other databases. This might discourage many users, especially those unfamiliar with online research hoping to find printable information with a minimum of further searching online. Meanwhile, another topic, Breastfeeding, does provide easily accessible information that includes illustrative diagrams along with the text-based information, as depicted below.
How should I hold my baby while breastfeeding?
You can hold your baby in a number of ways. Your baby shouldn't have to turn his or her head or…
Another way of combining these two approaches is by having the students involved in the process of what is learned and how. Each learner brings something different to the classroom, so will want to take away something different as well. The teacher and student can work together to set goals of what is to be achieved. Similarly, the students need continual feedback, so they know how they are accomplishing these goals. Lastly, since all students do learn differently, the classroom environment has to be a place for sharing new ideas. Students can learn considerably by seeing how their peers perceive the same drawing, or science experiment or historical event. They gain both knowledge and acquire new learning about their own abilities and that of others in the room. More importantly, this gives each child a similar opportunity to express him or herself and build self-esteem, regardless of the students' varying…
Many people who choose to eat at upscale restaurants consider themselves gourmets who enjoy showing off their knowledge of fine food by ordering dishes using correct French pronunciation or by knowing the difference between flambe and flame-broiled. To have the meal pre-ordered takes away the excitement of interacting with fellow foodies or people who enjoy such dining experiences. In addition, no online reservation service can routinely offer diners with table selection or other fastidious details that a live hostess or waiter can.
However, this service could appeal to event planners and people who are responsible for organizing and arranging meals for large amounts of people. By allowing people to order online, conference and other large event planners may be able to provide more flexibility in the menu offerings and hasten the ordering process by having drink, appetizer, entree and dessert choices in hand instead of having to collect even pre-ordered…
Andrews, Whit. (2000). OpenTable.com. Internet World 6.8: 32
Carlson, S. (2000). Internet Booksellers Rely on Low-Tech Legwork of Student Representatives. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 46.26
Fox, Susannah & Jones, Sasha (2009). Generations Online in 2009. Pew Internet & American Life Project.
Fox, Sasha & Vitak, Jenna. (2008). Degrees of Access. Pew Internet & American Life Project.
online consumer reviews from the consumer's perspective.
Online consumer reviews are often the first way that a consumer will learn about a new product or service. The pros of online consumer reviews include receiving potentially unbiased information about a product or service. The cons of online consumer reviews include their increasing lack of credibility as more companies are resorting to tactics like paying bloggers for positive product reviews, paying writers to write positive Amazon reviews, and the inability to genuinely decipher the difference between a trustworthy and untrustworthy review. Paid or compensated reviewers are becoming increasingly savvy in their presentation of material. By inserting a few objective or even critical comments amid a sea of positive information about the brand or specific product, the paid reviewer engenders trust and therefore creates an illusion of credibility. The ill informed consumer might be prone to trusting the paid reviewer because of the…
Online Social Networks for Older Adults
The online social networks have become the fastest tools to share information. Presently, increasing number of people have resorted using online social networks. Most especially, some older people have also settled down with online social networks to broaden their knowledge. The objective of this study is to explore the online social networks for older adults. The study reviews two different research articles that focus on the online social networking for the older adults. The first article discusses the different between the online social networking platform between the UK and Cyprus. While the second article discusses the policy to assist older people having an increased access to online networking.
Online Social Networks for Older Adults
Michailidou, Parmaxi, & Zaphiris, (2014) investigates the cultural effects of online social networking for older people. The authors argue the use of computer has increased among older adults because this…
Jaeger, P. T., & Xie, B. (2008). Developing the Online Community. The Accessibility Guidelines for the Persons With Older Adults and Disabilities. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 20(1), 55-63. doi:10.1177/1044207308325997.
Michailidou, E., Parmaxi, A., & Zaphiris, P. (2014). Culture effects in the online social community support for the older people: experience and perceptions. Universal Access in the Information Society, 14(2), 281-293. doi:10.1007/s10209-014-0346-3
The way we communicate says everything about who we are, and in this small and diverse world it is of increasing importance.
Being Prepared: Example
The online community seems to provide a great deal of anonymity, but the things said there have a farther reach and larger staying power than previous communications.
Learning to communicate effectively and politely will take you very far.
Planning for the Future: Overview
Setting goals is the first step in achieving them. Knowing about your values can help you determine what you want to get out of life. After determining this, you can set meaningful, realistic, and practical goals based on these identified desires.
Goals take many forms, but three essential goals to set during your college years are personal, academic, and professional goals. Though there is always room to adjust them planning now will help you immensely in achieving your future goals.
Combining these two methods is one effective strategy in mitigating pain in children (Cohen).
Additional strategies that involve both the patient and family are evident, particularly when dealing with chronic pain. Children sometimes internalize pain, believing that they must restrict their activity, particularly when parents worry and hesitate to allow them to be active. Parents see play as worsening of the situation or a relapse, contributing to an overprotectivness. This, in turn, reflects on the self-image of the child. In any case, experts recommend that parents not react in a negative way -- either by thinking the child is faking pain or becoming so overprotective that the child is a virtual prisoner. Instead, the psychological strategy should be to set realistic and evolving strategies so that there is not a continue pessimism regarding future health outcomes. This, for adolescents, is critical since there is also a self-esteem issue that goes…
The Handbook of Chronic Pain. (2007). New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Handbook of Pediatric Chronic Pain. (2011). New York: Springer.
Carter, B., & Threlkeld, M. (2012). Psychosocial perspectives in the treatment of pediatric chronic pain. Pediatric Rheumatology, 10(15), 1-11. Retrieved January 2013, from Pediatric Rheumatology: http://www.ped-rheum.com/content/pdf/1546-0096-10-15.pdf
Christie, D., & Wilson, C. (2005). CBT in Pediatric and Adolescent Health. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 8(4), 241-47.