Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
In a business world characterized by perpetual competition, business rivalry and other challenges, Oprah Winfrey has managed to build a business empire with various interests in the entertainment industry. In the process she has also managed to amass a sizable fortune. Though Oprah's success as an entrepreneur is hardly unique given the number of entrepreneurs who have over time scaled corporate heights, she continues to be seen as one of the most talked about business leader based on not only her actions but also her philosophy and success as an entrepreneur in the entertainment industry.
Oprah's Primary Businesses
Born in 1954 in a Mississippi town, Oprah Winfrey's story is a typical from rags-to-riches story. Surviving various odds, Oprah started off her well documented career in the broadcasting field. By then, she was only 17 years old. However, by the time she was hitting 19, Oprah already had a…
Goudreau, J. (2010, October, 22). How to Lead Like Oprah. Retrieved November 21, 2011, from Forbes Web Site: http://www.forbes.com /sites/jennagoudreau/2010/10/22/how-to-lead-like-oprah-winfrey-own-rachael-ray-dr-oz-phil/
Illouz, E. (2003). Oprah Winfrey and the Glamour of Misery: An Essay on Popular Culture. Columbia University Press.
Pride, W.M., Hughes, R.J. & Kapoor, R.J. (2011). Business. Cengage Learning
Sadler, R.L. (2005). Electronic Media Law. SAGE.
However, her father had instilled the importance of a formal education in her. As such, she enrolled at Tennessee State University. There, she majored in Speech Communications and Performing Arts ("Oprah Winfrey," 2003). It would be this formal and informal educational background that would serve as a platform for her wondrous life achievements.
Oprah Winfrey's Life Works:
Oprah Winfrey's life has been full of purpose since her late teens. Moving from radio host, to news anchor, to talk show host and movie actress, Winfrey has earned a dedicated nationwide fan base. However, her achievements only start with her many entertainment accolades.
Oprah has been involved in a variety of philanthropic activities. One such endeavor is Oprah's Angel Network. This organization sponsors charitable initiatives worldwide ("Winfrey, Oprah," 2004). Oprah's Angel Network has not only distributed millions of dollars, but has also inspired others to get involved. Whether they're funding rural development…
Oprah Winfrey. (3 Mar. 2003). Retrieved January 14, 2005, at http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/win0bio-1 .
Winfrey, Oprah. (2004). Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved January 14, 2005, from Encyclopaedia Britannica Online database.
Winfrey, Oprah. (2005). Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 14, 2005, from Grolier database.
The research found that Oprah's Angel Network began as an effort to help a few people a little more than ten years ago. Over time the network has evolved into something much greater and thousands of people have been assisted as a result of the philanthropic endeavors of the organization. The research also found that Oprah has been instrumental in supporting the endeavors of other charitable organizations including those that assist people with HIV / AIDS. Over the years Oprah infrey has provided an example of what people can o when they formulate good ideas and work together to bring these ideas to fruition. Hopefully Oprah and her philanthropic endeavors will continue to endure in the years to come.
"About Us." Oprah's Angel Network. 14 May 2009.
Harpo Productions Inc. (2006). Oprah and Bono Paints the Town 'Red." The Oprah
infrey Show October 13, 2006. Livingston, NJ:…
"About Us." Oprah's Angel Network. 14 May 2009.
Harpo Productions Inc. (2006). Oprah and Bono Paints the Town 'Red." The Oprah
Winfrey Show October 13, 2006. Livingston, NJ: Burrelle's Information Services,
Oprah Winfrey's Shortcomings as a Leader
As a person in a leadership role, Oprah Winfrey has been criticized in the media for advocating bad science (Jenny McCarthy's anti-vax crusade), pseudoscience (The Secret), materialism (the car give-away), and Dr. Phil. While her show is followed by millions of adoring fans, some critics question whether Oprah is well-suited for the role she inhabits. From philanthropic activities (such as the Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls in South Africa) to her book club choices, almost every decision she makes is open for scrutiny. This paper will examine Oprah's activities, and explain how Oprah's shortcomings have given her a limited ability to be a good leader.
Oprah's most vocal (though not necessarily heard) critic may be a man named Gerard Jones, the award-winning author of the cautionary tale Ginny Good. After being rejected by virtually every publishing house in America -- not to mention…
Jones, G. (2011). Oprah's Dead Son. Everyone Who's Anyone in Adult Trade
Publishing, Newspapers, Magazines, Broadcasting and Tinseltown, Too. Retrieved from http://everyonewhosanyone.com/awsyn10.html
Lasky, E. (2006). The Campaign against Oprah and Elie. American Thinker. Retrieved from http://www.americanthinker.com/2006/01/the_campaign_against_oprah_and.html
Pittman, S.M. (2007). Criticism of Oprah's 'Dream' Project Unfounded. The Collegian.
As an adult
Oprah Winfrey has been commonly known amongst the masses as one of the most confident and influential woman in the United States of America. She came to prominence through her hosting roles in television shows, and watching her shows became a common routine for the domestic women in the country. Through her television show, Oprah famously brought those matters into the limelight that had hindered normal living for many women across the nation. Her brutal approach of hosting shows about sensitive topics became a common theme for her shows. Through these, Oprah aimed to help the people of America to come to terms to their problems and helped them achieve solve their own problems by providing effective solutions. Although the issues she based her shows on were very unorthodox for a family show, the American people loved the way Oprah presented her shows. These issues were…
Therefore, if we accept this view, the Oprah Winfrey Show has become a cultural phenomenon that assimilates and incorporates other areas of culture and society, such as the new age movement, and creates a focal point in the talk show for the expression for many issues and views.
This has both positive and negative aspects. It can be seen to reveal and make public many of the underlying issues and problems in society. On the other hand, as will be discussed discuses in relation to crime, it can change attitudes and perceptions that may not, in the view of certain analysts, be entirely beneficial.
Oprah and Crime
Some critics have ambivalent views about the influence that Oprah's show has had on crime. While she of course condemns all crime on her show, her ethos of care and compassion has many criminologists worried. This is because there are those who…
Abt, V., & Mustazza, L. (1997). Coming after Oprah: Cultural Fallout in the Age of the TV Talk Show. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press. Retrieved May 16, 2010, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=101108038
Davis, S., & Mares, M. (1998). Effects of Talk Show Viewing on Adolescents. Journal of Communication, 48(3), 69-86.
Glynn, C.J., Huge, M., Reineke, J.B., Hardy, B.W., & Shanahan, J. (2007). When Oprah Intervenes: Political Correlates of Daytime Talk Show Viewing. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 51(2), 228+.
Hill, J.R., & Zillmann, D. (1999). The Oprahization of America: Sympathetic Crime Talk and Leniency. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 43(1), 67. Retrieved May 16, 2010, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001242032
Leadership of Oprah Winfrey
When most people think of Oprah Winfrey, they will often associate her with the long running self named talk show (i.e. Oprah). However, throughout the course of her life she has endured various challenges that shaped her outlook. These experiences helped her to become a role model for everyone to follow. To fully understand the way Oprah exhibits these attributes requires focusing on what makes her a great leader and the accomplishments which enabled her to become successful. Together, these elements will illustrate how she was able to transform her life. (Garson, 2011) (Brown, 2005)
What makes her a great leader?
The most important factors that make Oprah Winfrey a great leader are her ability to inspire and motivate those around her. This is occurring based upon the way she supports those who are less fortunate and does more to make the world a better place.…
Brown, J. (2005). Oprah Winfrey. Milwaukee, WI: Weekly Reader Early Learning.
Garson, H. (2011). Oprah Winfrey. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC CLIO.
speech analysis of Oprah Winfrey and ill Gates' speeches delivered to the Harvard 2013 class uses the block arrangement template. The analysis first of all focuses on Oprah Winfrey Speech enumerating main ideas spelt out in the speech and the relevant supporting arguments. It finally focuses on main points elicited in ill Gates speech and the supporting arguments.
Oprah Winfrey's "Was that okay?"
Troubles never last
Oprah avers that by the time she received a phone call from President Faust, she had problems with her Oprah Winfrey Network (OWN) and was embarrassed that OWN was falling. She wondered what she could say to successful Harvard students at time she considered herself a failure. She was stuck in a hole. She used the Harvard opportunity to turn things around. It served as a motivation to her. In fact, Prof. Nagy pronouncement to her to walk decisively strengthened her resolve to succeed.…
Bill and Belinda Gates began their work by just asking how the world could let children whose mothers and fathers had no powers in the market and voice in the system in poor countries die. He in this end supports creative capitalism where more people can make profit or at least make a living, and serve people suffering from worst inequities.
Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey speeches to the Harvard class of 2013 both focus on how somebody can use his position in society to better the lives of those who cannot afford food, roofs over their heads, and medical care. Oprah Winfrey in this context uses the media platform to achieve this. Bill Gates on the other hand uses proceeds from his entrepreneurial engagements to afford children from poor backgrounds medical care.
Businessmen and the Entrepreneurship of Oprah Winfrey
In today's business environment, working for oneself is often a much more lucrative and successful choice than resigning to work for someone else. As more and more companies see lay offs in these hard times of recession, the thought of self-ownership and entrepreneurship is becoming an ideal dream for many. This makes it crucial to understand what it takes to be an entrepreneur and how prominent examples like Shai Agassi and Donald Trump can be a pathway to emulating their great success. Overall, it is a business woman who best embodies the spirit of entrepreneurship; Oprah Winfrey is the epitome of a modern day entrepreneur who has taken every obstacle and turned it into a very lucrative advantage and by branding herself, she has gained enormously, both monetarily and through the love and devotion of her millions of fans around the world.
Better Place. (2011). Shai Agassi. Meet Our Team. Web. http://www.betterplace.com/the-company-leadership-detail/index/id/shai-agassi
Biography.com. (2011). Donald Trump biography. Bio: True Story. Web. http://www.biography.com/articles/Donald-Trump-9511238
Oprah.com. (2011). Oprah Winfrey's official biography. Original Content. Web. http://www.oprah.com/pressroom/Oprah-Winfreys-Official-Biography
Sabol, Jae. (2011). Model for entrepreneurial success. Self Sustainability and the Center of Peace. Web. http://selfsustainabilityandthecenterofpeace.blogspot.com/2010/10/entrepreneurial-distribution-of-funds.html
The host is particularly sensitive to issues related to class, and urged her guests and audience members to think hard about the way social class impacts opportunity. On the other hand, many audience members nodded in sympathy at the genuine desire to bear a child. Motherhood does, in fact, link women together regardless of their social backgrounds. As most of Winfrey's audience members are female, few were not unaffected by the topic. The audience members selected to participate in the question-and-answer sessions asked a range of questions related to their personal experiences with trying to have children. "Wombs for Rent" called into question the notion that motherhood is a right -- or even a duty.
Winfrey rarely gets religious. However, the Oprah Winfrey Show can be undeniably New Age. The word "spiritual" is tossed around a lot. Recent episodes have been relatively mundane, though. For instance, an episode on interior…
Oprah: A Profile of an Entertainment Empress
Oprah Winfrey rose from obscure origins in the Southern United States to become one of the most iconic and influential women in the world. Her journey was one that brought her in connection with dynasties like the Kennedys and it was one which attracted interest from journalists of all walks of life. She capitalized on her image and her talent to become a media maven and today her name is as much a brand as Pampers or Coca-Cola. How did she do it? Kitty Kelly has written that she did it in much the same way that all powerful people do it as they go on to become titans, moguls, global czars of industry: she was both admired by fans (Jones, 2011) and feared by those in her employ (Kelly, 2011).
Kitty Kelly's unauthorized biography of Oprah reveals the real woman behind the…
Harris, J. & Watson, E. (Eds.). (2007). The Oprah Phenomenon. Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky.
Jones, J. (2011). Oprah Winfrey: Celebrity with Heart. Melrose Park, IL: Lake Book Manufucturing, Inc.
Kelly, K. (2011). Oprah: A Biography. NY: Random House.
D. Levine also said that he had neve met a child without stengths, but that he had met many childen whose paents o teaches eithe did not ecognize thei stengths, o who did not conside them to be stengths, but instead, weaknesses. The job of paents and educatos, D. Levine futhe suggested, is to help childen develop thei individual leaning stengths, in ways that suit them pesonally. D. Levine said: "Success is like a vitamin. If you don't get enough of it gowing up, you'll suffe a vey sevee deficiency that could have long-tem impacts in you life."
D. Levine also noted that the idea of "well-oundedness" is oveemphasized in education. Most adults ae not by natue "well-ounded," that is, equally good at eveything, whethe it is eading, math, spots, music, science, o othe aeas. Theefoe we should not place this atificial expectation on childen. Emphasizing "well-oundedness" at the expense…
references, and interests, rather than forcing them to develop unnatural or artificial ones, thereby interfering with both children's confidence building nd their love of learning.
In one of her television shows, Oprah Winfrey decided to give away Pontiac G6 Sedans to her audience. From an accounting perspective, its important to determine whether the value of these cars was taxable. Following a comprehensive analysis of taxable and nontaxable income, the cars awarded to the TV audience should have been included in their gross income and subject to federal taxation. According to federal taxation prizes and awards in the form of goods and services must be included in an individual’s income at their fair market value (Bureau of Internal Revenue, 2009). Federal taxation laws stipulate that if an individual wins a prize in a television program, radio quiz program, lucky number drawing, beauty contest or any other event, he/she must incorporate it in his/her income. Based on these taxation regulations, the TV audience should have included the Pontiac G6 Sedans in their gross income and…
Soon thereafter, she started working with CNN channel in handling their Washington bureau. For the forthcoming seven years, Couric was engaged with CNN bureaus across the nation as a producer and also as an on-air reporter. She returned to Washington in 1987 taking up job as a reporter at an NBC affiliate station. She rose from her ranks to hold the number two position as a reporter at the Pentagon for the Washington bureau of the NBC news. ("Katie Couric Biography," n. d.)
For the next three years she was in charge of covering the U.S. invasion of the Panama as also Persian Gulf War in her Pentagon position as also as a new post at the NBC's morning newspaper, Today. In the early part of 1991, she discharged her role as a co-anchor of Today. Her immense popularity with the viewers was because of her pleasant and charming demeanor…
Banting, Erninn. (2007) "Katie Couric"
Weigl Publishers Inc.
Clarke, Kristin. (2002) "First Among Equals: Barbara Walters on Leadership" Executive
Update, Retrieved 21 March, 2009 at http://www.asaecenter.org/PublicationsResources/articledetail.cfm?ItemNumber=13267
It was followed by more record-breaking flights. Her story, on the other hand, was cut short with her 1937 flight which ended in her mysterious disappearance (Amelia Earhart Website n.d.).
Earhart's story indeed reflects that a lot of women during this period of American history were engaged in activities that were first labeled as masculine in nature. Earhart's achievement reflected the sense of equality between men and women that have long been fought for by women of the earlier period of history.
Towards more active political participation
We have seen how particular socio-historical features of the 19th century -- these being the strengthening of women's educational facilities as well as the job opportunities that went with the industrial changes of this period, gave way to women's demand for equal participation in the political sphere.
During the early 20th century, women were influential in welfare advocacy, particularly in the formulation and…
Academy of Achievement. 10 March 2009. 6 April 2009.
< http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/win0bio-1 >.
Amelia Earhart Website. n.d. 6 April 2009. .
America.Gov. Betka, Mark. 8 March 2006. 6 April 2009.
Secret; The Power
honda Byrne's The Secret: The Power (2010) is truly an incredibly bad book, simplistic, repetitive and divorced from real history, politics or economics, yet it has sold 19 million copies. A cynic might say that the real secret to wealth is writing a bestselling book that millions will buy. Her 2006 book The Secret sold more over 19 million copies and was translated into 46 languages, and she was also a guest on the Oprah Winfrey Show and many others on the daytime TV chat circuit. Like all self-help writers, she has a talent for publishing the same advice repeatedly in new books that claim to offer even greater insights than past philosophers and religious teachers and in 2007 Byrne wrote The Secret Gratitude Book, followed a year later by The Secret: Daily Teachings. Her latest offering is about 250 pages long and quickly appeared on the…
Byrne, R. (2010). The Secret: The Power. NY: Simon & Schuster.
Second example: High School Prejudice
In 2003, the Oprah infrey Show profiled a racially divided high school, where racism and prejudice were evident in the student body. Students allied themselves with 'like' persons much as in the above work situation, where only adults were concerned. As in the above-cited example, certain members of the community, although not all, wished to create a more cohesive social organization. Rather than engage in informal broaching of social norms, a more formal approach was used. This reflects the fact in high school, even more so than in the work place, that allying one's self with a particular group of one's friends is extremely important.
The high school instituted what it called a Challenge Day. At first, the students were resistant to the idea. The day began with a series of team-related activities that forced students from different cliques and ethnic groups to engage with…
Breaking Down Barriers." (2003) The Oprah Winfrey Show. Retrieved 11 Nov 2006 at http://www2.oprah.com/tows/slide/200611/20061109/slide_20061109_284_101.jhtml
Interview with team member. (2006) Personal Interview with Team Member on 10 Nov
Religion and Spirituality in a Broad Sense
Spirituality and religion are two terms that have rather unstable, historically changing definitions, characterized by numerous implied and explicit theological considerations. Further, the general contention is that these definitions are either overly specific or overly generic. A more astonishing fact is, possibly, these researches' level of concurrence that spirituality represents a private, budding, personal and emotional sphere, whilst religion is more public, group-based and fairly stable. Interviews and questionnaire tools arising out of these definitions characteristically undertake measurements of the spirituality element by posing questions with regard to people's self-identity, psychological experiences, and psychological health. By contrast, the element of religion is measured using questions that relate to religious participation, events and undertakings, observance of community or religious code. (Bender 1).
The ideal approach to spirituality would be considering it as a means to know the divine. Individual means to do so are,…
CEOs and Presidents
In delineation, influence processes are those employed by a leader to inspire, sway and encourage their followers and employees. This paper makes a comparison of the leadership styles of three particular leaders who include John F. Kennedy, Oprah Winfrey, and Nelson Mandela.
Influence is a vital component of leadership and refers to the manner in which a leader affects followers and employees. This particular aspect of influence necessitates that a leader affects the lives of their followers and employees. In particular, influence processes encompasses the different manners in which leaders fashion variables such as personnel and resources. In definition, influence processes denotes and conveys the different approaches employed by leaders to provide the essential strategic leadership vital for the everyday management of their organization. Irrespective of the processes used by leaders, their decisions largely influence the direction taken of the organization in addition to affecting the motivation…
Allen, T. (2014). Oprah Winfrey: Authentic and Transformational Leadership Personified. Linkedin. Retrieved from: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/20140813145049-27554839-oprah-winfrey-authentic-and-transformational-leadership-personified
Arogundande, B. (2016). Oprah Winfrey's Amazing Biography: The Facts About Her Early Life, Ancestry & Accomplishments. Retrieved from: http://www.arogundade.com/when-and-where-was-oprah-winfrey-born-facts-accomplishments-short-biography-of-her-early-life-and-african-ancestry.html
Articles Base. (2011). The Concept of Influence Processes. Retrieved from: http://www.articlesbase.com/leadership-articles/the-concept-of-influence-processes-4872906.html
Bio. (2016). Nelson Mandela Biography. Retrieved from: http://www.biography.com/people/nelson-mandela-9397017
Obstacle omen Face in Pursuit of Equality
hen it comes to overcoming obstacles, two essays, "Ain't I a oman" and "atching Oprah infrey" from Behind the Veil," clearly show that women are encountering hindrances in chase of impartiality all over the world. However, although both essays touch on the same type of injustice which is gender inequality, they each have different themes. For instance, one delves into a country where the sexes are thoroughly kept apart from each other, where topics like sex and race are just about banned for even discussing them openly and where a severe enigma of public morality is imposed by police that are religious. However, the other touches on a period that goes back over a hundred of years where women of color were treated as cattle. Basically bought and sold by a society ran by men. Although these essays are worlds apart, they are…
Cooley, Thomas. The Norton Sampler. New York: Eighth Edition, 2013.
Jacoby, Jeff. Jeff Jacoby: Watching Oprah from behind the veil. 2 March 2013. http://www.nytimes.com /2008/09/24/opinion/24iht-edjacoby.1.16446161.html?_r=0. 3 May 2014.
In order to encourage Linda to continue giving her account, Oprah defends Linda's right to make a choice. However, Oprah then shows an excerpt from a video diary that Linda has kept about when Fred is not at home and about the phone call from his mistress. After showing Linda the obvious anguish that she experiences when she does not know where Fred is, Oprah then confronts her, but in a gentle manner. Oprah simply asks Linda, "And life is good that way?" When Linda tries to use another disclaimer to push aside the concerns by explaining that Fred does not frequently leave the house anymore, Oprah has clearly reached her limit and asks for Dr. Saltz to come back into the discussion.
At this point, Dr. Saltz takes an interesting approach to Linda. She calls Linda the consummate victim. In doing so, Dr. Saltz may have appeared harsh, because…
hen Jim Morrison of the Doors famously sang, "People are strange," what he should have sang is, "People are rude!" Two articles, one published by ABC.com and another published by CNN.com (via the Oprah infrey Show), discussed how rude modern day America is. It is the purpose of the essay to compare and contrast these articles to learn about a particular rude habit we (Americans) have and how we can correct that habit.
The ABC article, "Poll: Rudeness in America, 2006," is a researched-based article that surveyed 1,014 random adults on what type of "rude" behavior they most often witness as well as what type of "rude" behavior they find most irksome. The five categories tested were: Making Annoying Cell Phone Calls, Being Rude and Disrespectful, Using Bad Language, Using ords Like B.S. And Freaking, and Using Cells or E-mail Mid-Conversation.
In the other article, the 'Oprah' piece, the…
Winfrey, Oprah. "Are You Rude? Maybe You Should Thing Again." CNN. 11 Nov.
2008. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. .
Langer, Gary, Cohen, John. "Poll: Rudeness in America, 2006." ABC News. ABC News
poison used in the gas chambers, to the thousands of empty suitcases, clearly marked with names, which Nazi personnel emptied and appropriated after their owners were gassed to death. The Nazis not only took the lives of millions of Jews, they took everything that was a reminder of their lives. The world stood by while this occurred, and did nothing.
Why did the world stand by and allow millions of Jews to disappear into the death camps? Perhaps it was because most people could not comprehend anything so sinister and evil. Who could possibly believe that such evil could exist in the world? Who could believe that a race could incite so much hatred that another race would attempt to completely exterminate them? The very idea seems beyond imagination or possibility. Perhaps that is one reason the world stood by and watched as the Jewish ghettos emptied. They simply could…
Editors. "Then and Now." Remember.org. 2006. 9 June 2006. http://remember.org/then-and-now/tn03.html
Winfrey, Oprah. "Inside Auschwitz: The End of Times." Oprah.com. 2006. 9 June 2006. http://www.oprah.com/obc_classic/featbook/night/holo/holo_trip_350_101.jhtml
Within months after Winfrey took over, the show went from last place in the ratings to overtaking Donahue as the highest rated talk show in Chicago. It was renamed the Oprah Winfrey Show. And the rest is history.
Considering her past, childhood and experiences and positive outlook in life, she didn't let anything deter her from reaching her goal and becoming successful. In fact, she uses them to inspire and reach out to others.
Self-confidence is an attitude which allows individuals to have positive yet realistic views of themselves and their situations. Self-confident people trust their own abilities, have a general sense of control in their lives, and believe that, within reason, they will be able to do what they wish, plan, and expect.
Surprisingly, lack of self-confidence is not necessarily related to lack of ability. Instead it is often the result of focusing too much on the unrealistic…
Self-Confidence. Retrieved April 27, 2007 from http://www.couns.uiuc.edu/New_Site/defaultwinter.html
Dr. C. George Boeree. (2006). B.F. Skinner, Personality Theories. Retrieved May 5, 2007 from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/skinner.html
Oprah Winfrey. (2007). Retrieved May 5, 2007 from
The Application of Five Communication Theories
There are countless communication theories, with each one looking at a different aspect of communication or looking at communication in a new way. The number of theories that exist raises the question of how they can be used to understand communication. The answer is that every communication is complicated, with one single theory not being enough to understand every communication completely. For this reason, various theories can be applied to various situations, with each one helping us to understand something about the communication. To consider how real situations can be analyzed, five communication theories will be described. Each one will then be applied to a real situation to show how the theory helps create understanding of the communication events and processes that make up human life.
Theory of Feminine Style
The theory of feminine style argues that the difference in the way that…
Dow, B.J. & Tonn, M.B. "Feminine Style and Political Judgment in the Rhetoric of Ann Richards." Quarterly Journal of Speech, 79(1993), 286-302.
McLuhan, M. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Men. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.
Even if a student has low grades, if they want to attend college, they should have the opportunity. Many students do better in college because they are more interested in their courses and in learning, and so, even if they had lower grades in high school they should have the opportunity to attend college.
Higher education prepares the students for the "real" world of work and family, but it can make a true difference in a person's life, as well. Just two examples of many that exist are Oprah Winfrey and Barack Obama. Winfrey grew up poor, was shuttled between relatives, and was molested by members of her family when she was young. She managed to attend college, and it prepared her for her career in broadcasting, which began when she was 17. "She attended Tennessee State University, where she majored in Speech Communications and Performing Arts" (Editors). She began…
Archibald, Robert B., and David H. Feldman. "Explaining Increases in Higher Education Costs." Journal of Higher Education 79.3 (2008): 268+.
Clausen, Christopher. "The New Ivory Tower: America's Higher Education Complex Is a Behemoth of Mass Production. But What, Exactly, Is Coming off the Assembly Line? A Veteran Professor and Administrator Looks Inside the New Ivory Tower." The Wilson Quarterly Autumn 2006: 31+.
Editors. "Oprah Winfrey Biography." Academy of Achievement. 2009. 9 March 2009. http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/win0bio-1 .
A Deconstruct of the movie "Paris is Burning" as it relates to 6 Chapters in our textbook
Paris Is Burning is a provocative and controversial documentary film released in the year 1990. The direction was done by Jennie Livingston who focused on filming the drag ball culture and society that existed in the city of New York during the 1980s. The film focuses on three primary topics: race, homosexuality and prejudice towards a social stereotype. Hence the movie focuses on not just the culture of the whites in the American urban society but also the lifestyles of the African-Americans, Latinos and gays within the communities while also shedding light on the lives of the transsexual and sex workers in the city.
The significance of the movie is not only on the thought-provoking topics it covers, but also in its style of filming and the fact that it perhaps…
Clarkson, J. (2008). The limitations of the discourse of norms: Gay visibility and degrees of transgression. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 32(4), 368-382. Published by Sage Publications, Inc.
Green, J. (1993). "Paris Has Burned." The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE0DF143DF93BA25757C0A965958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all . Retrieved August 9th, 2011
Merskin, D. (2007). Three faces of Eva: Perpetuation of the hot-Latina stereotype in Desperate Housewives. Howard Journal of Communications, 18, 133-151. Reprinted by permission of Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Moore, C. (2008). Resisting, reiterating and dancing through: the swinging closet doors of Ellen DeGeneres's televised personalities. In R. Beirne (Ed.), Televising queer women: A reader (pp. 17-31). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
If there is anything that we as a society love deeply…it's a hero. Both children and adults alike are drawn to heroes in both reality and fantasy. Children grow up being regaled by stories of the prince saving the princess and adults beam over happy endings in movies where the hero saves the day. Most people would describe the role as hero as someone, who defies the odds, is a champion for the people, and who physically or possibility even emotionally or spiritually rescues others. A hero may even possess unconventional ethics and approaches, but the constant is that a hero looks out for the greater good of others, particularly the minority whose voices have been silenced by the majority. This paper will provide a subjective definition of a "modern heroine" as well as present a discussion of an protagonist I deem a hero in Alice alker's novel "The…
Gates, Henry Louis, and Anthony Appiah. Alice Walker: critical perspectives past and present. New York: Amistad:, 1993. Print.
Walker, Alice. Her blue body everything we know: earthling poems, 1965-1990 complete. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1991. Print.
Walker, Alice. The color purple. Repr. ed. London: Women's Press, 1993. Print.
"Women of the Century: 100 Years of American Heroes - DiscoverySchool.com." Free Teacher Resources | Discovery Education N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2012.
ritten by Alex Kotlowitz, a reporter for the all Street Journal, the book There Are No Children There follows two boys' activities around the Henry Horner Homes, a low-income public housing project in Chicago, Illinois. The book covers the time period from the summer of 1987 through September, 1989, and follows the protagonists, Lafeyette Rivers (nearly 12 years old) and Pharoah Rivers (nine years old). This is not an ordinary American neighborhood. It is a heavy gang area, a war zone where shootings are commonplace, drugs are a catalyst for crime and death seems to lurk around every corner. This paper will review the book chronologically through five chapters then provide a closer critique of LaJoe Rivers, the mother of the protagonists.
The average American comes home from work in the evening, opens a refreshing cold drink, gets comfortable on the couch and turns on the evening news.…
Bushey, Claire. "Saying goodbye to Henry Horner Homes." Chi-Town Daily News. Retrieved February 15, 2011, from http://www.chitowndailynews.org .
Grace, Julie. "There Are No Children Here." Time Magazine. Retrieved February 16, 2011,
from http://www.time.com/printout/0,8816,981434,00.html . (1994).
Kotlowitz, Alex. There Are No Children Here: The Story of Two Boys Growing Up in the Other
If feminism is about civil rights, human rights, children's rights and the search for peace, then it is clear that a substantial amount of the descriptive narrative in the Road is clearly anti-feminine. This has nothing to do with gender rights, and everything to do with the rights of all humans to live in dignity and be allowed "...life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The nights, McCarthy writes on page 129, were "...blinding cold and casket black and the long reach of the morning had a terrible silence to it. Like a dawn before battle." The feminist world is not a cold world at all and children are sheltered from suffering; death is not supposed to come to young and middle aged people and mornings are not silent. Mornings are supposed to be filled with the joyful sound of songbirds and the happy shrieks of children, and there is…
Flack, Jessica. "Conflict and Creativity." Santa Fe Institute. Retrieved June 7, 2007, from Oprah's Book Club, http://www.oprah.com/obc_classic/featbook/road/future/road_future_main.jhtml.
McCarthy, Cormac. The Road. New York: Vintage International, 2006.
Richards, Amy. "What is Feminism?" The University of Oklahoma. Retrieved June 7, 2007, at http://www.ou.edu/womensoc/feminismwomanism.htm.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "Topics in Feminism." Retrieved June 6, 2007, at http://plato.stanford.edu /entries/feminism-topics/.
She was willing to put her career on the line to become one of the few female celebrities to come out as being lesbian. This essentially inspired many within the LBGT community to embrace their own individualities and face the world as gay individuals, despite the misunderstandings from the external world that may try to bring them down. Ellen has helped put LBGT issues in the mainstream with her influence and popularity. In a country that has seen so much controversy about LBGT rights, especially regarding marriage in California, Ellen really inspires people and also exposes others who are not gay to a greater understanding of the gay community. Ellen even went as far as to marry Portia de ossi and publish her wedding video on "Oprah" "as part of a major campaign for gay true love and happiness," (Pizello 2010). It is through her real portrayal of her own…
Pizzello, Chris. (2010). Ellen Degeneres news. New York Times. Web. http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/d/ellen_degeneres/index.html
Stelter, Brian. (2010). NBC commits to keeping 'Ellen' show. New York Times. Web. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9800E2D7113FF932A25751C0A9669D8B63&ref=ellendegeneres
discrimination in U.S.
There are people still alive today who remember Jim Crow laws. Half a century ago, segregation of drinking fountains, public restrooms, public buses, and public schools was still legal. Fifty years ago blacks in many states could not make a living except to work in jobs that resembled slavery in their wages and work conditions. The Civil Rights movement ostensibly changed everything. Yet decades of political correctness and affirmative action have all but glossed over the deeply rooted problems of racism and other forms of injustice evident in the daily lives of many Americans. African-Americans are also not the only minority group to suffer from systematic discrimination. Half of all Americans -- black, white, rich poor -- experience daily discrimination at home and in the workplace. Less than a hundred years ago, women could not even vote. Suffrage created twice as many voters and like the Civil…
In 1996 Westinghouse/CS bought Infinity radio broadcasting and outdoor advertising group for $4.7 billion, a deal that was largely the result of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The Telecommunications Act heavily deregulated the media industry and allowed a company to significantly increase the amount radio stations it could own. In 1997, Viacom dealt its educational, professional and reference publishing businesses to Pearson for $4.6 billion, and retains Simon & Schuster. In 1999, CS bought King World Productions, the leading television program syndicator at that time, for $2.5 billion. On September 7, 1999, Viacom and CS announced their merger, a $50 billion deal. This was the largest media merger of that era, which came one-month after the FCC approved duopolies. Under this merger, the new Viacom had 33 television stations, eclipsing the FCC's 35% ownership cap. This cap was based on the amount of stations one company owns that reach 35%…
America Online. (2005). AOL.com. Retrieved October 2, 2005 at http://www.corp.aol.com/ .
Bloomberg News. (2005). Viacom Explains Slip into Units. Retrieved October 4, 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com /2005/01/06/business/media/06viacom.html.
Columbia Journalism Review. (2005). Viacom Corporate Timeline. Retrieved October 1, 2005 at http://www.cjr.org/tools/owners/viacom-timeline.asp .
Goldsmith, J. (2005). Viacom Looks to the Future. Retrieved October 4, 2005 at http://www.variety.com/article/ur1117929452?cs=1&5=h&p=0 .
Poverty among Afro Americans
America has always been at the top in the counting of developed countries all over the world. In the past 50 years, the rate of poverty has somehow declined but one can say that it is only for a specified circle of society (Carrillo, 2012). The poverty rate fluctuated around 22.4% to 15.11% in the past 50 years (Iceland, 2012). Although the ratio has decreased but it's a considerable rate for country like USA. Here the question which is under consideration is the poverty rate of those Africans who have been living there for a very long time but they are the most under privileged community of this society as depicted by the researches and reports every year.
The report of Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage stated that 27.4% of Africans are living even below poverty line (Iceland, 2012). Afro-Americans also named as…
Carrillo, K.J. (2012). African-American History Day by Day. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.
Ellis, C.M., & Carlson, J. (2012). Cross Cultural Awareness and Social Justice in Counseling. Newyork: Taylor & Francis.
Iceland, J. (2012). Poverty in America . Berkeley: University of California Press.
Polednak, A.P. (1997). Segregation, Poverty, and Mortality in Urban African-Americans. New York: Oxford University Press.
Examples of successful women abound in recent history, evidenced by the recognition of Oprah infrey as one of the wealthiest and most powerful individuals in the entertainment/news industries, Venus illiams as one of the highest paid tennis professionals-male or female-in the world, and the countless examples of prominent women in medicine, law, business and more. An interesting aside to the consideration of infrey and illiams, as well as Dr. Rice, however, is the fact that they are not only women, but they are also African-American women, a key distinction that deserves closer discussion. These women have blazed a trail for the advancement of the women's movement without a doubt, but also, they have opened many doors for minorities, which is perhaps an even larger tribute to them and more evidence of their exceptional abilities and talent to overcome adversity and excel. hether they are evaluated simply as successful women, or…
Biography of Dr. Condoleeza Rice." July, 2004, White House Online. Retrieved May 17, 2006 from the World Wide Web: http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/ricebio.html .
Feifer, Megan. "The History of Black Feminism and Womanism." University of Wisconsin at Madison, 2004. Retrieved May 16, 2006 from the World Wide Web: http://www.uwm.edu .
Secretary Rice's International Debut." Manila Bulletin 15 Feb. 2005: NA. Questia. 17 May 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008648125 .
Whitaker, Charles. "The Changing Role of Black Women." Ebony Mar. 2001: 108. Questia. 17 May 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000958776 .
The role of sex in advertising is even more blatant in a food advertisement of an ejaculating Tabsco sauce bottle over a split bake potato -- hot and spice as a metaphor for intercourse.
Sex sells: a woman wants to be desired by a man which requires the perfect figure, in the perfect low-cut dress with the perfectly matching nail polish, and a man can only be desired by a woman if he drives a BMW, wears a olex watch and has on a alph Lauren suit (which is not a Polo suit but the higher end and much more expensive Purple Label suit). Media's objectification of women and the fact that sex does sell has lead to the "sexification" of young girls and teens. Kilboure makes her point with magazine covers and television spots, including JonBenet in full makeup for a toddler beauty pageant, a teenage Brittney Spears displayed…
Keith, Thomas. 2008. Tough Guise: Violence, Media & the Crisis in Masculinity. Available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DP1ACIUHhp4&feature=related , parts 1-9.
Keith, Thomas. 2008. GENERATION M: Misogyny in Media & Culture. Available at http://www.mediaed.org/cgi-bin/commerce.cgi?preadd=action&key=234&template=PDGCommTemplates/HTN/Item_Preview.html
Kilbourne, Jean. Date unknown. Killing Us Softly 3: Advertising's Image of Women. Available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9zudgbjFvvo&feature=related
Moore, Alecia Beth (AKA Pink). 2006. Stupid Girls. Lyrics available at www.lyricstop.com/s/stupidgirls-pink.html. Music available at iTunes.com.
Men and women have many more options today when it comes to their choices in periodicals opposed to even a short thirty years ago. Although they both have the shared increase in choices, there are some very universal differences between the two genders.
It may be men preferring topic specific magazines while women enjoy generalized periodicals, or the way members of their sex and the opposite sex are displayed, or even the thrust of advertising campaigns found throughout, in the end there's no getting around it, men and women's periodicals are simply different, just as men and women themselves are.
Differences in Gender Specific Publications
Despite the influx of numerous e-zines, the magazine industry continues to branch out into a variety of genres. Each year, new publications are introduced on newsstands around the country. Not so surprising, these general and topic specific magazines are often gender specific. Interestingly enough, although…
Men's Magazines. (2003). Retrieved September 1, 2003, from Magazines.com Web site: http://www.magazines.com/ncom/mag?subject=53&id=2624621189928
Women's Magazines. (2003). Retrieved September 1, 2003, from Magazines.com Web site: http://www.magazines.com/ncom/mag?id=2624621189928&subalpha=%30%3055&last=80
Differences in Gender Specific Publications
Self-Organizational Model of Leadership in Practice -- 'It's a Good Thing'
Selfishness within organizations is much derided, given the common emphasis on community in business life. 'Teamwork' is buzzword of management gurus and corporate retreat organizers alike, and who would say he or she is not a team player, even if he or she is desiring promotion to a leadership position? However, self-organization theory "suggests that the evolution of the universe adheres to self-organizational principles," in other words, because even basic biological molecules may attempt to create both more of themselves (as leaders) and through doing so create more complex molecules (such as corporate empires), therefore individuals who attempt to create 'more' or to make more of themselves as human beings could theoretically empower other individuals.
Perhaps the quintessential example of self-organization as a mode of leadership can be found in both positive and negative forms, in two women whom…
Kauffman, S. (1995). At home in the universe: The search for laws of self-organization and complexity. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrievable on the web at http://www.goertzel.org/dynapsyc/1999/AutopoiesisPaper.htm
Facts about the Cheshire Murders
The Cheshire murders were the Connecticut home invasion that occurred on July 23, 2007. Jennifer Hawke-Petit, wife of Dr. William Petit and her two daughters were brutally killed. Her daughter was raped and killed while Dr. William managed to escape, although, he was injured during the home invasion. (Daily Mail). Typically, the case was the most widely publicized case in the history of Connecticut because of the nature of the killings. The two daughters of the couple were Hayes aged 17 and Michael 11, were tied to the bed, suffocated and the house was set on fire. The Haye's confession proved that the two criminals had planned to rob the house in the dark. However, the police were able to arrest the penetrator named Steven J. Hayes and Joshua A. Komisarjevsky.
Sentence Defendants Receive
During the trial, the jury deliberated on the evidence against them.…
He would sometimes be wheel chaired to the door through which he would enter to make a public appearance, but once at the door, his leg braces would be put on him, and he would rely on his son's arm for support and balance (43-48). Later, with his son's support, he was able to use a cane, and the extent of his disability was successfully downplayed by the force of his political platform and the attention he commanded with powerful words and the presentation of himself in a dignified way with strong posture (43-48).
"Deeply concerned that the image of a 'permanently crippled man' seeking to lead a crippled nation out of the Depression would be damaging to his campaign, oosevelt's aides every effort to portray the Democratic nominee as a man who had conquered polio and who could walk. As he traveled across the country, his leg braces, without…
Bardes, Barbara A., Shelley, Mark C., Schmidt, Steffen W. (2008).
American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials,
Coates, Peter A. (2006). American Perceptions of Immigrant and Invasive
Species: Strangers on the Land,
When I see inequality in the world, I am visibly moved and affected. The only thing that makes me feel better is knowing that in America, we do value equality and many groups have been able to attain equality under the law on a collective level as well as respect on an individual level.
Introspection is a value that I deem extremely important and I believe it comes from a variety of sources from my parents to Oprah Winfrey and her progeny. My parents repeatedly advised me that it is alright to make mistakes as long as we reflect upon them and find a way to learn and grow from the errors of our ways. Furthermore, I have a closet addiction to watching self-help shows, buying self-help books, and following self-help websites. Inside of me is a budding psychologist who finds great pleasure in finding out the real emotional process…
Popular culture differs from what was once referred to as "high" culture ("Popular Culture" 2000). High culture distinguished and continues to distinguish itself from popular culture by subordinating the latter. However, a tremendous shift in academia has led to the critique of both "high" and "low" culture and a subsequent merging of the two ("Popular Culture" 2000).
Also known as "mass" culture, popular culture can be considered crude even as it shapes politics and policy ("Popular Culture" 2000). According to Chito Childs & Laudone (2004), popular culture is uniquely responsible for the shaping of values, beliefs and norms surrounding interracial friendships, interracial relationships, and race relations in general. Films that depict interracial couples "tend to reinforce the existing racial hierarchy, rendering interracial relationships problematic," (Chito Childs & Laudone 2004, p. 1). Popular culture is part mirror for social realities and part shaper of those realities.
One exception to the generally…
Chito Childs, E. (2009). Fade to Black and White: Interracial Images in Popular Culture. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Chito Childs, E. & Laudone, S. 2004-08-14 "Interracial Images: Popular Cuture Depictions of Black-White Couples" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online . 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p108369_index.html
Dolby, N. (2001). Constructing Race: Youth, Identity, and Popular Culture in South Africa. Albany: SUNY Press.
Some artists, such as Aaron Douglas, captured the feeling of Africa in their work because they wanted to show their ancestry through art. Others, like Archibald J. Motley Jr., obtained their inspiration from the surroundings in which they lived in; where jazz was at the forefront and African-Americans were just trying to get by day-to-day like any other Anglo-American. Additionally, some Black American artists felt more comfortable in Europe than they did in America. These artists tended to paint landscapes of different European countries. Most of the latter, however, were ostracized for this because many black politicians felt they should represent more of their African culture in their work (Campbell 1994, Powell and Bailey).
Whatever the case, most African-American artists during this period of time had a similarity that tied them together. Black art was often very colorful and vivacious; having an almost rhythmic feel to it. This was appropriate…
Allego, D. "Margaret Walker: Biographical Note." Modern American Poetry. 1997. Cited in:
Beaulieu, E. Writing African-American Women: An Encyclopedia of Literature by and About
Women of Color. Greenwood Press, 2006.
Thus, the television shows, or their producers would have us think, do not actually promote violence and sexual promiscuity, they simply depict it as part of the reality of the particular people they chose to show on their programs.
The problem, however, comes with what such depictions teach those people for whom identity is yet to be determined - our youngest boys and girls. Before MTV's the Real orld, popular culture's images of boys and girls was managed through a scripted experience - a lens that showed only what the writers, directors, producers, and television executives wanted you to see. Therefore, shows gave people what other people thought they should and would like, and nothing else. hat reality shows have capitalized on is a hunger for the non-scripted, for the spontaneous, for the unpredictable. and, as society is still managed by people who were brought up by people who generally…
Adams, N.G. (2005, Spring). Growing Up Female. NWSA Journal, 206(6).
Clark, T. (2008, March 24). Let's Misbehave. Multichannel News, p. 14.
Mantilla, K. (2003, Aug-Sept). Boys Girls will be Boys. Off Our Backs, 48(8).
Moss, L. (2007, June 25). The Good Fight. Multichannel News, 28 (26), p. 20.
For adolescents living in the Delta, health education on modifiable risk factors is mandatory if any change is to be seen.
FINDINGS of the REVIEW of LITERATURE
Findings of the literature reviewed in this study include the key roles of mothers, cafeterias in schools, physical education teachers and food accessibility in overweight African-Americans. Community initiatives which are combined and integrated with school and home initiatives focused toward healthier eating have been found to be effective in educating and treating African-Americans who are suffering from obesity. Sedentary lifestyles and poor eating habits coupled result in not only obesity but also oftentimes more serious diseases and complications such as experienced by those with diabetes mellitus, which is a common complication of obesity among African-American individuals.
RECOMMENDATIONS for PROGRAM DESIGN
ecause there are cultural factors that greatly impact the rate of obesity among African-American individuals it is necessary that these types of programs…
Environmental Influences on Physical Activity and Obesity in African-American Adolescents - a Multilevel Perspective. (2008) Active Living Research. Online available at http://www.activelivingresearch.org/node/11623
Dietz, William, (2000) Focus Group Data Pertinent to the Prevention of Obesity in African-Americans. From the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences.
Cultural Attitudes Toward Weight, Diet, and Physical Activity Among Overweight African-American Girls" by Josephine E.A. Boyington and colleagues is found at http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2008/apr/07_0056.htm?s_cid=pcd52a36_e .
Hughes, Gail D. (2002) Obesity and the African-American Adolescent, the Mississippi Delta Report. 130th Annual Meeting of APHA. 11 Nov. 2002. Board 8. Online available at http://apha.confex.com/apha/130am/techprogram/paper_46137.htm
Projecting higher expectations: A "bad boss" has not developed positive dynamics with all his/her subordinates.
Four key principles, on the other hand, identify practices a "good boss" implements:
Be clear up front
Get to know the individuals
Beware of labeling
Monitor ongoing evaluations
In the article, "How to spot the boss from hell Classic signs of a Mr. Nasty," Oliver Finegold's (2005) notes that a current study "details the 10 signs of a bad boss - from having complete disregard for employees' need for a life away from work to delegating the toughest tasks." (Finegold, 2005) also relates characteristics of a good boss, which include expressing reasonable expectations from teams, along with being positive Findings from a survey of 1000 workers by the Good Boss Company consultancy group note that approximately one in four employees identified their boss to be "bad" or " dreadful." More than two thirds of the…
Barsoux, Jean-Louis. "How bosses reveal their attitudes towards employees: can you tell if your boss really has faith in your ability to solve problems and manage your operation? If you think you can, chances are that the people reporting to you can also read your behaviour. Your low expectations may have more impact on them than you think." European Business Forum, January 1, 2005.
Dealy, M.D., & Thomas, a.R. (2004). Defining the Really Great Boss (B. Lindig, Ed.) Westport, CT: Praeger. Retrieved May 2, 2007.
Dolezalek, Holly. " Dark Side: When Good Leaders Go Bad," (2007). Retrieved 2 May 2007 from:=
He doesn't mention Apple's iPod, iPod Touch, and iPad, but those devices also pose a challenge for traditional radio broadcasting. People can "…select music that suits their individual tastes and many have wider repositories of music in their own libraries" -- thanks to the iTunes and similar services -- than are offered on the playlists of radio broadcasters (Picard, p. 1).
Moreover, Satellite and Internet radio are offering "hundreds of choices of highly focused music formats," Picard continues, making radio "…a less relevant platform" for music and entertainment than it was previously (p. 1). Besides using Satellite radio -- and being willing to pay for a service that specializes in exactly the music genre listeners prefer -- users are downloading podcasts on a number of topics that interest them, Picard explains. The problems for radio resulting from these alternative audio choices are "compounded" in the United States due to the…
Clear Channel. "Corporate Fact Sheet." Retrieved November 10, 2011, from http://www.clearchannel.com .
Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB). "How do public broadcasters obtain programming?"
Retrieved November 9, 2011, from http://www.cpb.org/aboutpb/faq/programming.html .
Forbes. "CBS Radio Faces Pandora Threat." Retrieved November 10, 2011, from http://www.forbes.com . 2011.
skills sets needed to be successful in the market place and whether discrimination of poverty, gender, and race may impede one's chances
There are those who argue along the lines of "if you will it, you can do it," and that as long as you present something that people need and you show them that you are the one who can best help them get it, you can be successful no matter what your external limitations.
On the other hand, there is a significant amount of social scientists that say that impeding factors such as poverty are real and stop you from getting where you want to be. The rags to riches story is a myth that happens infrequently to rare individuals. Much more common is the reality that states that money, class, and, to a lesser extent, gender are the factors that get you to, or impede you from…
Baron, RA & Markman, GD (2000). Beyond social capital: How socail skills can enhance entrepeneurs' success. Academy of Management Executive, 14, 1
Dearing, D. (2008). Psychological costs of growing up poor. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1136, 324-332.
Farah, M.J., Noble, K.G., & Hurt, H. (n.d.). Poverty, privilege, and brain development: Empirical findings and ethical implications.
Federal Laws Prohibiting Job Discrimination. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/qanda.html
Jane Addams: Honor Before Popularity
Jane Addams wanted many things in her life, but first and foremost, she wanted to live a life that was useful and of service to others. Before orld ar I, Addams was probably the most beloved woman in America. "In a newspaper poll that asked, "ho among our contemporaries are of the most value to the community?" Jane Addams was second, after Thomas Edison." (p. 28) Jane Addams promoted her democratic ideals as the founder of a settlement house, educator, author, labor advocate, and suffragist. But more than that, she maintained a lifestyle that reflected those beliefs and left a legacy of democratic values behind her.
Addams lectured and wrote widely on her views. She published the first of many books, Democracy and Social Ethics, in 1902. She influenced children and women's labor laws, welfare procedures, industrial standards, workplace safety, and the juvenile court system,…
Davis, Allen F., American Heroine: The Life and Legend of Jane Addams, Oxford University Press, 1973.
Personal communication skills, as exemplified by talk show host Larry King, are crucial to success in today's interconnected world. King, one of America's most successful communicators, provides a valuable example of successful communication skills that have brought him world renown as a broadcaster, successful book career, and influence in the political arena. It is through the example of individuals like King that we can learn not only the value of personal communication skills, but the specifics of some of the most important of these skills. King himself notes that personal communication skills are based on a number of factors such as honesty, interest, attitude, and openness. Successful adaptation of such skills can help the individual both on a personal and professional level.
Larry King is one of America's best known talk show hosts. He hosts the well-known Larry King Live, the world's first phone-in television talk show. Larry King live…
CNN.com. Larry King. 11 October 2004.
King, Larry. How to Talk to Anyone, Anytime, Anywhere: The Secrets of Good
Communication. Three Rivers Press, 1995.
Firstly, in Piagetian manner, the subject is confronted with a moral dilemma, that is, a short story in which two or more moral principles oppose each other. He or she is asked to make a choice. Secondly, the interviewer uses intensive probing, that is, why-questions, and questions which stimulate the respondent to consider varying situational contexts. Thirdly, stage scoring of interview is based on well conceived and meaningful measurement units.Through the confrontation with moral dilemmas, the subject is stimulated to consider moral norms rather than merely technical knowledge of solving a problem (most people suggest a technical solution first, which seems an appropriate strategy in most every-day decision making).(Kolhberg)
There are six levels of leaders, according to the combined works of Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohberg, and obert Kegan. esearch shows the majority of leaders are level four leaders or level five leaders. Level four leader 'Achiever' is categorized as…
Cherry, Kendra.(2012)About.com guide. Kohlbergs Therory of Moral
Development.Retrieved from website:
Media in America [...] How does mass media affect American values? American media is pervasive in nearly every aspect of society today. Newspapers, magazines, online Web sources, television, radio, and film all create a sense of commonality, and often a sense of how to behave, think, and react to social and societal situations.
Today, Americans rely on a variety of media for most of their news, information, and values, whether they know it or not. While this may seem like a recent occurrence, experts and researchers have been seeing this trend in media influence for decades. Two experts note, "Over a half century ago, Lippmann (1922) also noted this role of the news media in defining our world, not just the world of politics during and between elections, but almost all of our world beyond immediate personal and family concerns" (Bryant and Zillmann, 1994, p. 2). Thus, the media has…
Arant, M.D., & Meyer, P. (1998). Public journalism and traditional journalism: A shift in values? Journal of mass media ethics, 13(4), 205-218.
Brown, A. (1996). Economics, public service broadcasting, and social values. Journal of media economics, 9(1), 3-15.
Coleman, A.W. (2000). "Calvin and Hobbes": A critique of society's values. Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 15(1), 17-42.
Gomez, D.S. (2001, April). Sex, peers, media -- and family values: The NEA health information network's 'can we talk?' program helps thousands of parents talk with their kids, in English or Spanish. NEA today, 19, 29.
black colleges/Tuskegee University
The psychological, economic, political importance of historically black colleges
In a workplace, the significance of scholarly and nourished atmosphere cannot be underrated in forming a stronger base for future success. (Historically Black Colleges - Letters to the Editor) Before the period of 1964, the 'Historically Black Colleges and Universities'- HBCU's, the postsecondary academic institutions were established and its educational purpose was to teach African-Americans. (The Importance of HBCUs) Historically, HBCUs came into being at a time when Black students were mainly barred from other institutions of higher education, and their purpose was to give these students with chances for scholarship and professional training. (Students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Their Aspirations & Accomplishments) HBCU's have been a main basis in the growth of the African-American middle class. They offer a helpful social, cultural, and racial atmosphere for people of color who are looking for a college…
History of Tuskegee University. Retrieved from http://www.tuskegee.edu/Global/story.asp?S=1070392& ; nav=CcX4DGwrTuskegee Accessed on 16 February, 2005
Recognizing National Historically Black Colleges and Universities and the importance and accomplishments of historically Black colleges and universities. (Introduced in House). Retrieved from http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z-c108:H.RES.82.IH : Accessed on 16 February, 2005
Students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Their Aspirations & Accomplishments. Retrieved from http://www.ets.org/research/pic/hbcprefa.html Accessed on 16 February, 2005
The Importance of HBCUs. The Common Sense Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.common-sense.org/?fnoc=/common_sense_says/99_february Accessed on 16 February, 2005
Segregation, denial of voting rights, and systemic terrorization were part of the everyday life of many African-Americans. Following the Civil Rights Movement, African-Americans had the same legal rights as other Americans. The years following the Civil Rights Movement have seen those legal rights bloom into actual rights. In approximately 50 years, the United States has gone from a country that was sharply divided along racial lines, to a country where the most influential members of the President's cabinet are African-Americans. Furthermore, the wealthiest, and perhaps most influential, entertainer, Oprah infrey, is an African-American.
hile there is some surface validity to the idea that American policy is dominated by a power elite, there is too much evidence that contradicts the idea of a true power elite. First, there has been a major revolution in American society in the last 50 years. The country has gone from an almost apartheid-like system…
Abraham Lincoln." WhiteHouse.gov. 2005. The White House. 9 Mar. 2005 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/al16.html .
Andrew Jackson." WhiteHouse.gov. 2005. The White House. 9 Mar. 2005 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/aj7.html .
Gates, Bill and Melinda French Gates. "Letter from Bill and Melinda French Gates." Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. 2005. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. 9 Mar. 2005. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/AboutUs/LetterfromBillMelindaFrenchGates/default.htm .
Lyndon Johnson." WhiteHouse.gov. 2005. The White House. 9 Mar. 2005 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/lj36.html .
Horatio Alger" by Harlon L. Dalton.
The Horatio Alger myth is the 'rags to riches' story that America likes to represent itself as. Hard work and perseverance can pull the poor out of poverty and make him rich. The problem is that this myth is only partially true. Analysis of the myth shows that accompanying conditions necessitate integrity and honesty. It is only the privileged few who can possess wealth within the framework of integrity and honesty. Dalton insists that the myth is false when applied to people of Black extraction. It seems to me that the myth is false when applied to individuals of any extraction for conditions of the corporate world, particularly of the world of today and particularly for the disgruntled poor, necessitate conniving, Self-centeredness, selfishness, and other omission of values to succeed. Black people -- as any -- can become wealthy; they may need to renounce…
Positive Message in Hip Hop
When most people think of Hip Hop, they will often associate it with strong lyrics and the message it is sending. Its roots date back to New York City during the 1970s, as DJs would play various forms of music at different block parties. At the same time, some kind of rap is included which offers listeners with an underlying message they can connect with. These elements are combined with popular lyrics and sounds to create a unique style. As it tears away and deconstructs mainstream culture. (Lewis, 2009)
This is used to communicate about lifestyle choices and offer a way of thinking / behaving. These ideas have been utilized to provide a positive message to large segments of society through the challenges they are facing and how to overcome them. Most notably: escaping poverty, discrimination, an abusive family life / household and dealing with…
Biography of Nas. (2013). Poem Hunter. Retrieved from: http://www.poemhunter.com/lyrics/nas/biography/
Eminem Biography. (2013). Biography.com. Retrieved from: http://www.biography.com/people/eminem-9542093
I Can. (2013). AZ Lyrics. Retrieved from: http://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/nas/ican.html
Not Afraid. (2013). AZ Lyrics. Retrieved from: http://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/eminem/notafraid.html
Leaders come in many different types and flavors with the visionary leaders being the most prominent and cited much of the time. Names that come to mind are Oprah Winfrey, Steve Jobs and Warren Buffett. This report will cover the topic of visionary leadership in general as well as a focus on one leader in particular, that being Bill Gates of Microsoft fame, and how he himself signified and exemplified visionary leadership (USA Today, 2013). The author of this report is asked to what makes Bill Gates a visionary with some specific examples. The author is also asked to clarify and explain what a visionary leader brings to the workplace they operate in. The author is asked whether a visionary leader is needed in every workplace with a clarification of why or why not. Finally, the business conditions that call for visionary leadership are also asked for.
Macke, J. (2013, February 14). Best Buy Is Losing Its Best Chance of Survival: Jeff Macke | Daily Ticker - Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo! Finance - Business Finance, Stock Market, Quotes, News. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/best-buy-losing-best-chance-survival-jeff-macke-181740101.html
Microsoft. (2013, May 31). Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.microsoft.com
USAToday. (2007, September 3). Most influential people - USATODAY.com. USA TODAY: Latest World and U.S. News - USATODAY.com. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.usatoday.com/news/top25-influential.htm
resist in the city?
To parallel the 'Occupy' movement and others of its ilk with the Arab Spring may seem strange, given that the Arab protestors were resisting a bloodthirsty dictator, while the 'Occupy' movement was more concerned with economic issues such as student loan debt and outrage over the 'bailout' of the Wall Street banks. However, although the lives of young people are not necessarily on the line, their livelihoods and futures are -- to be crippled with student loan debt at a young age can mean that one's credit score, job prospects, and even ability to raise a family in a home is endangered. This is why organizers are creating a 10-day teach-in in Union Square in the spirit of the 'Occupy' movement to raise awareness about the high cost of tuition. The event is called the 10 DAY NO MORE TUITION INCREASE PROTEST PLAN organized by Students…
Ballard, JG. War Fever. London: Collins, 1990.
Gray, Rosie. "NYU has highest student loan debt in the nation." NYU local. 2010.
Available: http://nyulocal.com/on-campus/2010/08/18/nyu-has-highest-student-debt-in-the-nation / [3 Mar 2013]
"Is a college degree still worth it?" U.S. News & World Report. 2013. Available:
Technology and Society
All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula. To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the estern world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side. hether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed.
This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…
Corey, G. et al. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, 8th Edition. Cengage Learning, 2011.
Milliken, J. Brands and Social Media Participation; United Breaks Guitars. Coreographytv, 2010.
Morozov, Evgeny. "Losing Our Minds to the Web." Prospect, June 22, 2010.
United States is a country that thrives on the achievements of various people groups. The achievements of African-Americans in the United States are particularly significant. African-Americans have contributed greatly to the world of literature, medicine, and business. The purpose of this discussion is to examine the role that African-Americans have played in the formulation of American culture.
lacks in America
Although the history of blacks in America has been steeped in bigotry, hatred, and segregation, the culture has managed to face these adversities with courage and triumph. African-American's have fought for equal rights since their arrival in this country. Initially, they were forced to fight for the right to be free men and to end slavery. Eventually, African-Americans also struggled for integration during the civil rights movement. There were several individuals that were instrumental in ensuring that African-Americans were free from slavery and that they gained their civil rights. These…
Bennet, L. 1989. The 50 most important figures in Black American history; experts list men and women who made indispensable contributions. Ebony. Volume: 44 Issue