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Safety in American Workplaces

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69834526

OSHA and EPA are the only federal agencies protecting the safety and health of the U.S. public. While, OSHA concentrates on issues of workplace safety, EPA on the other hand, has a wider scope. The two have different legal authority: EPA applies to offsite effects while OSHA is for on-site effects. In the aviation industry, the hazard evaluation team is obliged to assess the hazards, likely to affect the environment or public offsite. Suitable employee protection measures are likely to imperil the public (Smith & Kriebel, 2010).

In the aviation sector, the joint OSHA team identifies various hazards expected to be addressed by the hazard communication standards of OSHA. They entail hazards posed by jet fuel vapors, commercial cleaning agents and combustion de-icing chemicals, bi-products, medication and compressed oxygen present in emergency medical kits. Workers are likely to be exposed to cleaning agents as they are used by airline cleaning…… [Read More]


Breyer, S.G. (2014). Breaking the vicious circle: Toward effective risk regulation. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: Harvard Univ. Press.

Robson, M., & Toscano, W. (2007). Risk assessment for environmental health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Smith, T.J., & Kriebel, D. (2010). A biologic approach to environmental assessment and epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Injury and Illness Prevention Programs

Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63422004


The issue in question is that of developing a standard for injury and illness prevention programs. OSHA notes in the white paper that many companies have such programs already, and that some states have also implemented standards for these types of programs. But OSHA also notes that adoption of this type of program is not universal. Many small businesses, for example, find the implementation of such programs to be onerous in particular with respect to cost and manpower. Thus, it is proposed that national standards be adopted as a means of helping more workers receive this sort of training, and to have more companies implement injury and illness prevention programs. The motivation for OSHA is clear. The organization has a mandate to reduce workplace injuries, yet its data shows that 4500 workers die on the job each year, and 4.1 million workers "suffer a serious job-related injury or illness"…… [Read More]


OSHA (2012). Injury and illness prevention programs Occupational Health & Safety Administration. Retrieved October 17, 2015 from
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Workplace Safety Do You Agree

Words: 309 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1750128

Boosting job satisfaction by offering employees safety nets should they get MSD or offering as many preventative measures as possible will lead to a corporate culture more conducive to long-term profitability. Firms should move away from the prevailing business model that discounts employee satisfaction (and employee health) and shift toward a more holistic vision of business. No industry or organization will fare well for long if they cannot maintain a healthy workforce. Firms and their leaders also have an ethical obligation to provide their employees with the best ergonomic equipment and the latest knowledge about MSDs.

MSDs are not a problem, regardless of arguments that insufficient research backs up OSHA's claims. Enough research is available and enough case studies testify to the problem. The federal government absolutely should intervene and mandate complete coverage for MSDs because one of the purposes of government is to help maintain public safety.… [Read More]

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Healthcare Occupational Safety and Health

Words: 1605 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44142264

The penalties for being out of compliance when OSHA comes knocking should be enough to motivate any healthcare facility to devise a plan to make sure that they are in compliance with OSHA's regulations. The startling thing is that it took an initiative like NEP to wake these facilities up and get them thinking about being compliant. Since they deal with people and their well being on an everyday basis, these are things that they should have been doing all along and not just because there is an increased probability of getting into trouble by OSHA.


Harris, S. (2012). OSHA in Health Care: Out of Sight & Out of Mind? etreived from

Healthcare workers. (2012). etrieved from

New OSHA inspection initiative focuses on healthcare. (2011). etrieved from

Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA") Targets Nursing and esidential

Care Facilities. (2012). etrieved from

Prepare Your Facility…… [Read More]


Harris, S. (2012). OSHA in Health Care: Out of Sight & Out of Mind? Retreived from 

Healthcare workers. (2012). Retrieved from 

New OSHA inspection initiative focuses on healthcare. (2011). Retrieved from 

Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA") Targets Nursing and Residential
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Department Employed About 100 Men and Women

Words: 1274 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25745656

department employed about 100 men and women to create the wiring and connect it to different universal couplings so that speedometers, oil gauges, and other instruments would work. The final product, an under-dash wiring harness, was sent to the assembly plant for installation.

Sam developed a relationship with one of his employees, Paula, and they began dating. Paula later ended the relationship with Sam. Sam wanted to continue dating Paula, and he began exhibiting unwelcome behaviors, even after she told him to stop. Sam suggested that Paula's work might be suffering from a lack of interest.

Paula decided she could no longer work with Sam and applied for a transfer to the wire-coating department, which was not under his control. Sam blocked the transfer, citing evidence that chemicals used in wire coatings could harm an early-state fetus. Because Paula could become pregnant, Sam argued, NewCorp could not take the chance…… [Read More]


Kuntz, A (nd) Managers Can be Manipulated and Subsequently Burned: Know the Fable of the Monkey and the Cat's Paw,-be-wary-of-the-monkey-and-the-cat%E2%80%99s-paw-fable.aspx 

United Staqtes Dpt of Labor. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Confined Spaces
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Voluntary Protection Program Occupational Safety and Health

Words: 530 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91831346

Voluntary Protection Program

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has undertaken to develop a matrix that guides employers at work places that would significantly reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks as well as reduce the effect of the explosion if any arises hence increasing the internal security of each employee within the premises among other major policies formulated to protect employees at workplaces (Counter Terrorism, 2011).

Voluntary Protection Programs therefore works with OSHA and national Bureau of Labor Statistics in ensuring the safety of the employees at work. VPP is mandated with recognizing employers and employees within the private sector and federal agencies that have effectively implemented the safety and health management systems. They also recognize such organizations that have maintained the injury and illness rates of the employees below the average of the national Bureau of Labor Statistics (United States Department of Labor, 2013).

The VPP they work in…… [Read More]


Beverly Ford, (2012). Massachusetts workers killed, seriously injured at OSHA designated

"Model Workplaces." Retrieved February 12, 2013 from 

Counter Terrorism, (2011). Community Preparedness. Retrieved February 12, 2013 from

David E. & Mark A.(2012). OSHA releases report on Voluntary Protection Program.
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Flight Line Ground Safety General

Words: 2478 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4619150

However, recent spot checks suggest that many operators are unaware of the risk and therefore have not taken precautions to prevent dangerous concentrations of CO (NIOSH, 1984). This could prove to be fatal.

When employees are around aircraft it is important to practice the utmost safety, in order to ensure the safety of the ground crew, the people are on board of the aircraft, and all other employees involved in the handling of the flight line. Individuals must watch and listen for newly arriving or passing aircraft. If driving, employees must keep a proper distance from the aircraft and drive slowly, at 5 miles per hour only (AFOSH, 2003). Caution must also be taken with forklifts and k-loaders, as they must be lowered while aircraft is moving.

When working at night and around hazardous equipment, employees must utilize luminous wands, practice safe driving techniques, as those mentioned above, and use…… [Read More]


AFOSH, Std 91-100 (2003). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from AFOSH Web site: 

CDC (2005). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from CDC Web site: 

FAA (2005). Retrieved June 19, 2005, from FAA Web site: 

NIOSH: Controlling carbon monoxide hazard in aircraft refueling operations (1984). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from NIOSH Web site:
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Employee Rights Safety

Words: 1469 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25724171

American business has grown over the past several decades, so have the number of laws, rules, and regulations governing the operation of such business. These laws and regulations are generally of types: 1) to promote market competition and to keep the power of large corporations under control, and 2) to mitigate the adverse effects of business activity on individuals and organizations. These laws and regulations are often beneficial but they come at a cost. These costs are not always obvious but they include the cost of compliance as well as the increased risk of litigation. These costs affect all businesses no matter how large but they hit smaller businesses particularly hard. The purpose of this paper will be to examine the various laws and regulations affecting employee safety in the United States and determine their advantages and disadvantages.

Employment laws, regulations, and policies have become burdensome for American businesses. Whether…… [Read More]

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Human Resource Management

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55062052


Evaluate three programs related to OSHA and employers' obligation to follow or participate in them.

The Occupational Safety & Health Administration has a mission to "assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance" (OSHA, 2014).

One of the outreach programs is with the construction industry, an industry that has a history of being one of the more dangerous businesses for worker safety. There are 10-hour and 30-hour classes that OSHA runs for its authorized trainers in the industry. The ten-hour class is "intended for entry level workers," while the 30-hour class is intended for "supervisors or workers with some safety responsibility." The program includes tips on the "recognition, avoidance, abatement and prevention of safety and health hazards" (OSHA, 2014). There is also information about workers' rights and filing complaints. This program is strictly…… [Read More]


OSHA. (2014). About OSHA. Occupational Safety & Health Administration. Retrieved February 1, 2014 from
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Business Law Case Review

Words: 2090 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 983018

Tennessee Scrap ecyclers Association v. Bredesen, the court affirmed the law in question and upheld the state's ability to set the terms under which it would allow transactions regarding scrap metal to take place. The court noted that the problem the law was designed to thwart was a local issue and thus did not violate the Fifth Amendment's Commerce Clause (State law, 2009, Cengage). Also, the additional burdens imposed upon the scrap metal dealers were so minimal it did not affect their ability to participate in interstate commerce, nor did it give additional privileges to in-state dealers. "The government did not take possession of any property; it only regulated the method in which the business is lawfully transacted" and there was a compelling law enforcement issue at stake -- to prevent transactions in stolen merchandise (State law, 2009, Cengage).

Section 2

In the case of American Canine Foundation v. City…… [Read More]


About the Privacy Act (2014). FOIA. Retrieved from: 

City may ban dangerous dog breeds. (2009). Cengage. Retrieved from:
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Occupational Safety and Health Act

Words: 1238 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28835827

It is involved in enforcing effective standards, assist and foster employers to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and to provide necessary environment for its effective enforcement, research, information, education and training in the area of occupational safety and health. By means of this Act the California workers have been guaranteed that they would have the rights to attain orientation training from the employer in relation to the workplace hazards and the rights of the labor force. They might request for the necessary information in relation to the injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Also information on hazardous substances in the workplace like material safety data records could also be requested. The workers also have the right to request the employer for taking up corrective measures and methods for avoiding hazards. (Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH))

In similar ways many states have enacted their own OSHA approved laws…… [Read More]


Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH)" Retrieved at . Accessed on 4 June, 2005

Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA)" Retrieved at . Accessed on 4 June, 2005

Occupational safety and health and employability programs, practices and experiences"

Retrieved at . Accessed on 4 June, 2005
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Control of Worker Compensation Costs

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 85639383

Then, in the case of just cause, these mechanisms are employed only when necessary, such as the identification of unethical of illegal behavior on the part of an employee. When severe disciplinary action has to be taken, such as the dismissal of an employee, this would have to be supported by due process and just cause (Sison, 2010).

2) Free speech and individual's rights

Employers might strive to limit the free speech of their staff members in order to prevent the spreading of any fact of perception that might damage the reputation of the entity. While this attitude might have some benefits at the business level, it would also raise some concerns at the level of individuals' rights.

In this order of ideas, the business gains would materialize in the control of the information which impacts employee motivation as well as the image of the firm (Daft, 2009). Still, it…… [Read More]


Daft, R.L., Lane, P., 2009, Management, 9th edition, Cengage Learning

Daft, R.L., 2009, Organiztaion theory and design, 10th edition, Cengage Learning

Hosier, F., 2010, Top 10 dos and don'ts for OSHA inspections from 2 OSHA inspectors, Safety News Alert,  / last accessed on May 2, 2012

Manzoor, M.M., 2011, Relating emotional intelligence, compensation and motivation with employee's performance, LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
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Employment Law Legal Risk and

Words: 1069 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 80155686

Paula states that the rationale for the refusal is also violation of Title IIV and EEOC (Equal Opportunity Commission Policy) as it is based merely on the fact that she is a woman and has the potential to become pregnant. Sam's use of his power is also a continuation of his harassment, and now seems explicitly 'quid pro quo.' Not accepting his advances resulted in a negative impact upon Paula's job.

Paula is correct and Sam is incorrect, legally speaking. While fetal protection policies that barred women of childbearing age from jobs because of harm to their potential fetuses became widespread in 1970s and 1980s, the 1991 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in UAW v. Johnson Controls declared these laws to be a form of sexual discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil ights Act of 1964 (Fetal rights, 2009, Law Library).

Scenario 3:

NewCorp has a strong case that…… [Read More]


Consumer Law: What is a contract? (2009). Paralegal Advice. Retrieved January 10, 2009 at 

Employment at will. (2009). Nolo. Retrieved January 10, 2009 at 

Fetal rights. (2009). Law Library. Retrieved January 10, 2009 at 

Worker rights. (2009). Retrieved January 10, 2009 at OSHA.
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Supervisors Who Conduct Job Interviews

Words: 314 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 53567810

Mobility impairment would be impossible because of the use of machinery such as forklifts. Hearing/visibility impairment would compromise communication, which OSHA lists as the #2 safety concern in warehouses. Mental impairment could compromise the worker's ability to make sound decisions -- given that the consequences extend to grievous injury and death it would not be reasonable to accommodate that disability either.

5) The relevant OSHA requirements for this position are to have proper lockout/tagout procedures; to ventilate the warehouse; to keep floors and aisles free from clutter, to install proper guards on exposed or open dock doors, that workers must have periodic rest breaks, that employers must factor in the proper amount of time to complete tasks; and employees must receive ergonomics training and be trained to recognize heat stress.

orks Cited:

OSHA. (2004). arehousing. OSHA. Retrieved February 3, 2010 from… [Read More]

Works Cited:

OSHA. (2004). Warehousing. OSHA. Retrieved February 3, 2010 from
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Near-Miss Crane Incident as the

Words: 867 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78256125

I will inform my facility manager as soon as I have all the potential witnesses record their statement and most importantly the technical team that includes the engineers and the supervisor giving me the technical aspects of the whole incidence. This informing of my supervisor must however come before the arrival of the OSHA inspectors so that we both have a harmonized report and agreement on how we are to handle the OSHA inspectors.

It is very central that I meet with the hourly employees since they are the ones who acted as witnesses and are the people who are bound to blow the incidence out of the proportion by calling media houses and misinforming the OSHA inspectors. I would let them know that the incidence was not out of neglect and request them to allow the organizational communication channel to be followed so that the incidence can be given…… [Read More]


Center for Chemical Process Safety of the America Institute of Chemical Engineers, (2005).

Corporate Crisis Management. Pp.17. Retrieved February 8, 2012 from 

James E. Lukaszewski (1998). Seven Dimensions of Crisis Communication Management: a Strategic Analysis and Planning Model. Retrieved February 8, 2012 from
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Legal Employment Scenario Employment Law

Words: 1318 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 5223702

To the precedent of Paula's case, a prominent case, which exemplified the sometimes institutionalized presence of inappropriate sexuality in the workplace, came to light when "eight women and one man were fired from a North Mankato (MN) women's shelter because (allegedly) they refused to fit into the sexually charged atmosphere created by a few staff members." (Lang, 1) the clarity of motives for their collective dismissal aligned the decision directly with Title VII.

Still, the burden of proof, as is underlying in the constitutionality of our criminal and civil law systems, lay with the plaintiff. Thus, even if such incidences are said to have occurred, the judicial examination of any case would demand a prying deconstruction of the claim and the individual making said claim. Therefore, it will fall upon Paula to prove that Sam had made inappropriate and unwanted sexual advances toward her and further, that her refusal to…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Jessica, S.N. (2008). at-Will Employment Dismissal Law. EHOW. Online at

Lang, G. (1994). Women's Shelter Sex Harassment. Men's Voices Magazine. Online at

Brown, NS. (1994). Sexual Harassment -- Fact v. Myth. Men's Voices Magazine. Online at .
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Pain and Spinal Disorder at

Words: 3131 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72284695

The problems at the work place were detected over a long period of time and are a part of the history of development. The development of technology was very rapid which must also have brought in the needed changes in the workplace functions and norms. Unfortunately the basic structure of health protection came to be discussed only in the beginning of 1960s. The occupational medicine became a separate field of study since then and the occupational health service was born. The motto which the service wanted to achieve was an ergonomic system that could fit the job and the worker and simultaneously identify and eliminate health hazards. (Wilkinson, 50) There were many statues passed that created safety at the workplace. The greatest step in this regard was the OSHA regulations.

OSHA Implications

The OSHA act of 1970 was the single piece of legislation that gave an impetus to the work…… [Read More]


N.A. Comparative table of pain distribution. ( )


Charlton, Samuel G; O'brien, Thomas G. Handbook of Human Factors Testing and Evaluation. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Mahwah, NJ. 2002.

Harrington, Lisa. H. The Safety Zone.
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HR Job Design Included in

Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 7796544

These rewards and motivators are important to me because they appeal to my higher order needs. I am fairly well satisfied with respect to my lower order needs, and will be with most positions in which I find myself. Work for me is not only a creative outlet but also an opportunity to showcase my skills. As a result of this, I view work less as a means to earn a paycheck -- which I take as a given -- and more as a means for me to attain higher levels of satisfaction. Recognition, promotion and achievement all fill these higher order needs.

3. The Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) has been set up by the Department of Labor to "assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women." The organization assists businesses in several ways. It provides informational resources regarding workplace health and safety. It also…… [Read More]

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Accidents and Death in Construction Trades

Words: 1874 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73299716

Summary and Conclusion

There is no way to protect construction workers from every accident that could possibly befall them. The nature of the work is such that complete safety is not guaranteed or even realistically possible. However, that does not mean that the number of fall accidents that occur cannot be reduced. Quite often, it is not a true accident but actual carelessness that is the cause of injuries and deaths on construction sites. Many construction workers forego safety harnesses, for example, because they can be cumbersome and inconvenient. They can make the work take longer, and make it more difficult for the worker to move around. That is especially true in cases where required work means the construction worker will have to unhook and re-hook his harness frequently. This aggravation is a small price to pay for saving lives, but the value of a harness is only seen if…… [Read More]


Burke, K. & Tracy, T. (2014). Queens construction worker is dead in horrifying accident. New York Daily News. Retrieved from
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Case Summary of Latex Paint Company

Words: 1145 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13877974

Paint Company

There has been an accident on the production floor at Latex Paint that has injured three men. As a result, Latex Paint must deal with a number of serious issues. First, the decline in employee productivity after the accident could become a drain on company profitability. Further, the company will be required to prove that it has met its obligations in relation to health and safety rules of the Union and OSHA legislation and may face substantial financial penalties if it has not done so. Liability for the injuries to its employees and damage to the company's reputation are a real threat, particularly if this company was not in compliance with health and safety standards.

Richards needs to take a variety of immediate steps to deal with the accident. To adequately prepare for the staff meeting, he needs to understand what happened and to the best of his…… [Read More]


Management styles. Retrieved June 11, 2005 from Web site:
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Environmental Crimes and Health and Safety Law

Words: 3051 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96085136

Environmental Crimes and Health and Safety Law Violation

With the current changes in weather patterns, strange climatic conditions and other uncontrollable natural disasters, there has been a lot of attention directed towards the environment and the way people may be contributing to the degradation of the environment in small ways that is summed up results into the disasters that we see on daily basis. The environment is becoming unpleasant on an increasing trend each and every day, this is a cause to worry about for each government that cares to see the consequences of our careless handling of the environment.

There are also man's contribution to the insecurity that surrounds us on a daily basis since people no longer care for the safety of the workers that work in their industries and sadly to some extent, some don care even about themselves and the safety that may be protecting their…… [Read More]


Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Republic of South Africa, (2012). Stepping up

Enforcement Against Environmental Crimes. Retrieved April 4, 2012 from 

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1998). Final Guidance for Incorporating

Environmental Justice Concerns in EPA's NEPA Compliance Analyses Retrieved April 4, 2012 from .
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Legal Risk Arising From Wrongful Discharge What

Words: 1135 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36839483

legal risk arising from wrongful discharge.

What liability and rights do NewCorp and Pat have in this situation? What legal principles -- such as statutory or case law -- support those liabilities and rights?

When it comes to the first scenario, it is clear that NewCorp fired Pat based upon the views that he expressed at a public gathering. While this cannot be directly proven, various pieces of circumstantial evidence are illustrating how this is the case. As, he was not given any kind of notification for: unsatisfactory behavior at work. This is important, because it means that the company does have a potential legal liability (based upon these actions).


The statutory rule that company is violating is the provisions of: intentional discrimination (under the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964). This states that it is illegal for employers, to fire someone based upon: actions that…… [Read More]


Cheeseman, H. (2010). Employment, Worker Protection and Immigration Laws. Business Law. (pp. 486-498). New York, NY: Pearson Education.

Cheeseman, H. (2010). Equal Opportunity in Employment. Business Law. (pp. 511 -- 527). New York, NY: Pearson Education.

Cheeseman, H. (2010). Labor Law and Collective Bargaining. Business Law. (pp. 499-510). New York, NY: Pearson Education.
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Halon Is a Gaseous Material That Inhibits

Words: 485 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4339351

Halon is a gaseous material that inhibits the chemical reaction in fire. In most parts of the world, it is banned from new production except for military use because it contributes to ozone pollution and atmospheric effects. It was completely banned in Europe and Australia, which resulted in stockpiles being sent to the United States which still allows for use. Halon extinguishes fires by chemically reacting with the fire's components (fuel, oxygen and heat) and interrupts the reactions that allow the fire to continue. It is suitable for use in cold weather and leaves no residue. It is particularly good used on class A and B. fires, especially preventing flammable liquids from igniting.

There are several steps necessary to putting out an electrical fire, with the most critical being turning off the power (fuse box, etc.) if at all possible. To do this, ensure that one's hands are dry and…… [Read More]

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Ohsha on the Job Exposure Is to

Words: 762 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84740088


On the job, exposure is to hazardous materials or conditions is related directly to the job activities performed by the worker. As part of the familiarization process know as process management one can become knowledgeable about the workers' job activities and the consequent potential for exposure. In this essay, we will review the OHSHA process step-by-step an explain the procedure for conducting a job hazardous materials analysis (HAZMAT) ("Compliance guidelines and," 2010).

Most integrated sampling methods for gases and vapors that are published by OSHA use active and passive sampling techniques. The OHSHA procedures are examined below for advantages and disadvantages of active and passive integrated sampling methods in the process analysis (ibid).

In the process, complete and accurate written information meeds to be included about the chemicals, technology and equipment that is essential to an effective process safety management program and/or to an effective process hazards analysis. These…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Compliance guidelines and recommendations for process safety management. (2010). Retrieved

from .
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Institutional Pharmacy

Words: 514 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81278718

Institutional Pharmacy

According to various research and countless newspapers, institutional pharmacy has an undoubtedly positive role in our society. By definition, institutional pharmacy is that which provides "a range of services to residents of nursing homes, hospitals, or hospice environments which do not have an on-site pharmacy." As such, and without this service, long-term care facilities, such as nursing homes, would not be able to function smoothly nor take care of patients properly. Thus, due to institutional pharmacies, the facilities that utilize them can play a role in helping the patient firsthand with important matters. [1: "Institutional Pharmacy." Gerson Lehrman Group. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. .]

It is important to note, however, that there are various rules regulating these pharmacies. This is due to the fact that, in addition to providing pharmaceuticals, these entities also provide consulting services, and these can include the following:

monitoring control of drugs monitoring the…… [Read More]

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Reason for Me to Chose MBA and Background

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98780601

application/admission. There are several qualities that should be present in an MBA candidate. A person should be clear in their desire to be a candidate because the expense is high, but well worth the effort.


My desire to be an MBA candidate is based on my work experience and my ability to be able to promote myself in achieving the best that I can be. It is my desire to be able to learn more about business across many different disciplines. I have accomplished a lot in my work history, but I want to be able to achieve more. Having my MBA degree will help me to promote myself even better in the business world.

I have accomplished a lot in my professional work field. It is my desire to obtain my MBA so I can further promote my marketing abilities for the…… [Read More]

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Case Study on Employee Layoff

Words: 704 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 3612361

Employee Layoff

A friend in California has just lost his job in a layoff together with 98 other employees in the same private sector company. The company's administrators have told him that he was included in the recent layoff because of his refusal to take a lie detector test regarding some drugs that were found in his company locker. He also declined to take a drug test since he was afraid that a positive result would make the state child protection agency to take away custody of his children. This situation is an example of a scenario with legal ramifications on the basis of several regulations such as Polygraph Protection Act, Worker Adjustment and etraining Notification Act, Privacy laws, Drug Testing laws, and OSHA.

Generally, the use of lie detector tests in the workplace is not geared towards determining whether an employee is telling the truth but to examine whether…… [Read More]


"Employees' Rights in the Workplace." (1999). The Maryland State Bar Association, Inc.

Retrieved May 9, 2014, from 

"Lie Detector Tests." (2008). Can My Boss Do That? Retrieved May 9, 2014, from
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Injury and Illness Prevention Within the Workplace

Words: 6068 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11811891

Unlike our predecessors in the mines and mills and factories - and even offices - we today expect our workplaces to be safe. We consider this a birthright - that our employers should design and monitor the workplace in such a way that we are allowed to do our job without any undue risk for ourselves. And yet, of course, this is not a birthright but rather a legal protection that was fought for by workers and workers advocates (including unions) in previous generations. There seems to be little if any natural inclination of even good employers to ensure the safety of their workers, and it is for this reason that government regulations exist to protect workers. This research project examines one very specific example within the contemporary workforce of the ways in which government regulation is sometimes a necessary supplement - or bulwark - to the good intentions of…… [Read More]


Barch, Richard. Interview, 2002.

Berg, B.L. (2000). Qualitative methods for the social sciences. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Clarke, E.M. etal. (2000). Model Checking. Cambridge: MIT Press.
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Aramco Health Center Is a

Words: 2752 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50685287

Emergency Action Plan

As a strict requirement of OSHA, the clinical laboratory science department must comply to this standard that is used in describing all the appropriate actions that must be taken by the facility in order to ensure that there is proper safety in case of any accidents such as fire outbreak.

Fire Safety

As a strict requirement of OSHA, the facility must ensure that there is a proper Fire Prevention Plan that is necessary to avert any kind of loss of either life or property.

Medical and First Aid

All the employees who work in this department must have the necessary component of both medical and first-aid providers. This is in order to ensure that any emergency situation that arises can be met with the appropriate solution.

Personal Protective Equipment

Due to the high risk of infection that is associated with the samples in the laboratory, it is…… [Read More]


AIUM, (2009).Standards and Guidelines for the Accreditation of Ultrasound Practices

ARDMS (2010) Introducing...MY ARDMS 

ASCP (2010).Certification
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Ergonomic Injuries Occupational Safety Has

Words: 1377 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 31892526

However a more basic plan is to be adopted by firms with lower risk of these injuries.

OSHA provided training to employers for implementing these guidelines. These training sessions are considered even more critical for small businesses which are at a higher risk of facing such injuries. OSHA also plans to conduct regular inspections to make sure these guidelines are being adhered to. It is the responsibility of the employer to identify risk factors and make reasonable effort to remove them in order to develop a safer and healthier workplace. Development of programs to identity and remove risky patterns is what OSHA demands and expects from employers. It states clearly that: "Employers need to remain vigilant for ergonomic risks. This issue clearly is important to OSHA and will be a priority during upcoming inspections. Companies need to take steps now to identify and eliminate ergonomic hazards. At a minimum, employers…… [Read More]


OSHA Issues New Plan for Reducing Ergonomic Injuries May 6, 2002. Retrieved online

Ron Wood, Ergonomic injuries and the workplace December 13, 2005. Retrieved online 

Michael Adelizzi. OSHA's Comprehensive Plan to reduce ergonomic injuries. Retrieved online 

Adelizzi, 2002
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Evolution of Construction Safety Regulations

Words: 3205 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19940748

The Association of Iron and Steel Electrical Engineers (AISEE) pushed for a "national conference on safety" and as a result the Cooperative Safety Congress (CSC) was held (in 1912) and out of that meeting the National Council of Industrial Safety (NCIS) was founded. Later, the NCIS evolved into the National Safety Council (NSC) (Goetsch, p. 6).

On-the-job accidents "and even fatalities" were "an accepted fact of life in the construction industry" during the early 1900s, writes author Richard Hislop on page 4 of his book, Construction Site Safety: A Guide for Managing Contractors. Construction workers helping to build the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, for example, were in harm's way constantly. hen the budget was established and the projections for the Golden Gate were prepared, "it was expected that there would be on fatality for each million dollars of construction work," Hislop explains (1999, p. 4). And since the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2008). Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2007.

Retrieved July 18, 2009, from .

Goetsch, David L. (2003). Construction Safety and Health. Upper Saddle River, NJ:

Prentice Hall.
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Oshe the Occupational Safety and Health Act

Words: 2037 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70251298


The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 set the stage for the creation of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) whose duties include the prevention of illnesses, injuries, and deaths that are work-related. The administration has produced tangible results in reducing occupational deaths and injuries by 62% and 42% respectively. The reason behind OSHA's success is down to its regular inspection of work facilities, as well as issuance of certificates and applications of fines whenever law violation takes place. OSHA takes keen interest in warehouses bearing in mind the central role they play on business supply chain. Warehouse managers must take the safety maintenance issues very seriously (HSE, 2009).

What ole Does Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Play in Warehousing Safety?

OSHA issues warehouse certifications in areas such as electrical wiring methods, forklifts, electrical system design, hazard communication, wall openings and holes, respiratory protection, exits, lockout…… [Read More]


Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2009): A Guide to Safety and Health Regulation in Great Britain. 4th edition. ISBN 978-0-7176-6319-4

Koester, Frank (April 1912). "Our Stupendous Yearly Waste: The Death Toll of Industry." The World's Work: A History of Our Time. XXIII: 713 -- 715. Retrieved 2009-07-10.

Ladou, Joseph (2006). Current Occupational & Environmental Medicine (4th ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-144313-4.

Lebergott, Stanley (2002). "Wages and Working Conditions." In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270 and 163149563
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Human Resource Regulations Specifically it

Words: 1037 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 68579862

Another landmark case involved global giant British Petroleum (BP) in the largest fine in OSHA history. The case involved the explosion at a BP refinery in Texas that killed 15 people and injured 170 others. An OSHA press release notes, "This citation and penalty - nearly double the next largest fine in OSHA history - sends a strong message to all employers about the need to protect workers and to make health and safety a core value,' Solicitor of Labor Howard M. adzely stated" (Groover, 2005). The implications for human resource implementation are again clear. Without the proper training, the individuals in the plant did not operate some of the processing equipment effectively, and pressure built up in the unit that exploded. Part of the settlement required BP to "hire an expert to assess and report on communication within and between management, supervisors, and authorized employee representatives and non-management employees…… [Read More]


Editors. (2008). Breaking news: GINA becomes law May 2008. Retrieved from the Human Genome Project Web site: .

Groover, P. (2005). OSHA fines BP Products North America more than $21 million following Texas City explosion. Retrieved 26 March 2009 from the Web site: .

Mitchell, B. (2007). U.S. Labor Department's OSHA announces workplace health violations against American Airlines at O'Hare International Airport. Retrieved 26 March 2009 from the Legal View Web site:
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Iamaw Views on Safety

Words: 3386 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65445959

IAMAW Views on Safety

The response of the American people to the terrorists attacks of 9/11 was felt one of compassion and resolve. Almost all Americans were associated in one or other manner in assisting the Nation come out of the dangerous impacts and become strengthened. It was curious to witness the way some hurried into the burning building and saving lives of their fellow workers, friends and strangers. While many measures have been undertaken to safeguard the security of Americans and continuance of the way of life, the workers confront stringent security policies on the job and sometimes loss of civil rights. (Worksite Security: IAM Headquarters)

The International Association for Machinists and Aerospace Workers -- IAM& AW as well as other institutions are watchful of the legislation and presidential orders against possible violation of bargaining and civil rights. They found the workplace security to be more embarrassing to the…… [Read More]


"Contact Lens Use in a Chemical Environment" (11 July, 2005) Retrieved from  Accessed 16 September, 2005

'Ergonomic, OSHA and EPA Update" (April/May, 2003) Trade Winds. Vol: 51; No: 2.

Retrieved from

Accessed 17 September, 2005
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Hazard Communication

Words: 806 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57218950

Hazard Communication Standard. There are five references used for this paper.

Safety in the workplace is a major concern for both employees and employers. It is important to look at the Hazard Communication Standard, 29 Code of Federal egulations 1910.1200 and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to understand the employer's role and responsibility.

History and Development

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) was developed by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 1974, and is "known as the 'employee right-to-know law' (Geigler, 1989)."

The development process was lengthy, lasting until November 25, 1983 when the Federal egister published the original final rule. The original rule covered the "manufacturing segment of industry, and its basic intent was to inform workers about hazardous materials they come in contact with (Geigler, 1989)."

The effective date for industries to implement the HCS was May 25, 1986. The rule was changed on August 24, 1987,…… [Read More]


Brady, John F. (08 November, 1990). Chemicals training plan stresses comprehension. (Safety)

Plant Engineering.

Daugherty, Jack. (01 February, 1995). Hazard communication for small plants. (Occupational

Safety and Health Administration's Hazard Communication Standard).
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Nursing Nurses' Risk for Occupational

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42863317

Moreover, recent legislation such as the Affordable Care Act is expected to create an even greater need for nurses who can take on more advanced responsibilities. As one nurse stated on National Public adio: "…with the passage of the Affordable Care Act, which was passed in March, we're going to see 32 million new patients accessing the health care delivery system which previously weren't accessing this system. And currently, we don't have the capacity to provide high-quality, patient-centered care for this new expanded population" (NP, 2010)

Careers in nursing have become vast and varied, particularly for the highly educated, and pay for many of these careers is above $60,000 annually. While a nurse with a BSN who becomes an N can still advance in her career, enter management, or become a nursing professor, an MSN is necessary for nurses to enter one of the more prestigious and specialized subfields (Sacks,…… [Read More]


AACN. (2010, 10). The Impact of Education on Nursing Practice. Retrieved 02-14, 2011, from AACN: 

Allen, J. (1988). Health Care Workers and the Risk of HIV Transmission. The Hastings Center Report, 18 (2), 2+.

NPR. (2010). Talk of the Nation: Role of Nurses in Primary Care May Expand. Retrieved 02-14, 2011, from NPR: 

OSHA. (2011). Bloodborne Pathogens and Needlestick Prevention. Retrieved 02-14, 2011, from
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Imperial Sugar and Dust Hazards

Words: 1139 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54705742

2008 Imperial Sugar refinery explosion/Fire.

Fire at Imperial Sugar efinery

Background Info

On February 7, 2008, a massive fire and explosion took place at northwestern Savannah, Georgia's Imperial Sugar factory. The incident claimed the lives of no less than 14 individuals, and left 38 people injured; of these, 14 suffered life-threatening, acute burns. The blast was caused by enormous deposits of inflammable sugar dust all through the packaging unitManagement of the company ought to have been aware of the fact that explosions are likely to occur if the sugar refining process is enclosed. Comprehensive and precise information (in writing) on process chemicals, equipment, and technology is vital to a sound program for industrial process safety management (PSM) as well as hazard analysis of the process. The documented knowledge will be an indispensable resource to various users, including the personnel who carry out obligatory hazard analysis, mandated under PSM; personnel in…… [Read More]


Bynum, R. (2008, July 25). USA TODAY: Latest World and U.S. News - OSHA fines Imperial Sugar $8.7M in deadly blast - Retrieved December 2, 2015, from 

Fox News - Breaking News Updates -- Latest News Headlines -- Photos & News Videos. (2012, February 2). No combustible dust rules from OSHA any time soon -- Fox News. Retrieved December 2, 2015, from 

Occupational Safety and Health Administration - Home. (1994). Process Safety Management Guidelines for Compliance. Retrieved December 2, 2015, from 

Peterson, L. (2009). -- Savannah Georgia's source for News, Entertainment, Sports, Weather, Classifieds, Jobs, Autos, Real Estate and St. Patricks Day. Chemical Safety Board says 14 Imperial Sugar deaths 'entirely preventable' -- Retrieved December 2, 2015, from
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Project Management What Role Does

Words: 6546 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84049892

The project manager must effectively utilize all of the communication methods available to them. They must choose the most appropriate method of communication for the workers and for the managers. The more workers and managers hear the messages, in as many sensory modes possible, the more likely the message will be to make an impact on a reduction in accidents on the job.

Language proved to be a problem in Australia's construction industry. Many of the safety programs are conducted in English, although a significant portion of workers in the industry are non-English speakers. Communication proved to be a significant problem in the successful implementation of safety programs. The key factors were the inability to understand government safety regulations and the inability to communicate these standards to the workers (Trajkoevski & Loosemore, 2005). Project managers must be aware of language barriers that may hinder the ability to communicate safety messages…… [Read More]


Abudayyeh, O., Fredericks, T., Butt, S., & Shaar, a. (2006). An investigation of management's commitment to construction safety. International Journal of Project Management. 24 (2); 1767-174.

Building Chaos: An International Comparison of Deregulation in the Construction Industry. Contributors: Gerhard Bosch - editor, Peter Philips - editor. Publisher: Routledge. Place of Publication: London. Publication Year: 2002. Page Number: iii.

Boyd, C. (2003). Human Resource Management and Occupational Health and Safety. Routledge: New York.

Chiang, Y., Anson, M., & Raftery, J. (2003). The Construction Sector in the Asian Economies. Spon Press: New York.
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Wal-Mart it Is Likely That

Words: 616 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 78019948

Thousands of al-Mart stores are opened every day and there are no tramplings involved. But OSHA takes the view that workplace fatalities are unacceptable, even once, and this colors its application of the concept of workplace safety.

al-Mart's view of this incident illustrates a more utilitarian approach. hatever safety procedures OSHA wants to see at the company's stores are likely to be costly. In addition, other retailers would thereby face the same conditions as al-Mart. The cost to business will run into the tens or even hundreds of millions, despite the absolute lack of risk faced by the tens of thousands of employees opening stores across America each morning. The utilitarian approach clearly sees that incident as isolated and unpredictable, and something that is not part of the daily risk to al-Mart workers. As such, expenditure on safety measures would be detrimental to the company and to the economy as…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Craig, E. (2010). Wal-Mart spends millions to fight OSHA fine. Fair Warning. Retrieved March 21, 2011 from 

OSH Act of 1970. Retrieved March 21, 2011 from 

Wal-Mart. (2008). Searcy Wal-Mart distribution center recognized for safety practices. Wal-Mart. Retrieved March 21, 2011 from
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Employer Best Practices & Policies

Words: 1945 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77783309

Company Policy

Draft a company policy on use of the internet by employees. Draft it in the form of a memo to employees.

Take into consideration the following issues:

Is it realistic to believe that all personal use of the internet at work can be prohibited? How do you deal with this?

Do employees have a reasonable expectation of privacy in, e.g., an email they might send at work? A website they might visit? How could your policy deal with this?

Dear Acme employees,

It has become necessary to address the employee use of internet and internet tools for personal reasons while on company time and/or company equipment. While Acme wishes to respect your privacy and allow you to fill any idle time you might have between calls or during your lunch break, bear the following in mind:

All computers and phones on Acme property are subject to be monitored…… [Read More]

Mind you, the employee cannot be forced to do ANY of those things. However, unflattering comments could be construed as harassment (sexual, general harassment, bullying, etc.) and the employer would be on the hook for vicarious liability (potentially) if they stand by and do nothing. Basically, the employee does not HAVE to do anything about the blog but the company and/or people facing ridicule could take action and Acme's hand will be forced. No complaint? Technically not an issue…yet.
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Know the Answers Before You Ask

Words: 2770 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52092073

law should be used as a tool for shaping a shared moral climate? Why or why not? Should moral values be written into the law and enforced? Can you think of any examples where a change in the law seemed to improve the moral climate of society?

In general, I would say that the government should stay away from enforcing a moral climate in the sense that there has to be the question asked whether someone is harmed or not. However, "harm" is a very loaded term when it comes to some topics and this includes some things that are entirely legal. For example, adultery is assailed as a wrong thing to do. It can obviously break up relationships/marriages and any kids in the mix can be greatly impacted. However, while such tawdry details may (or may not) matter when a divorce or child custody hearing is done, it is…… [Read More]

Retrieved from 

Does the Nick Naylor character utilize the same forms of arguments he previously advocated? What about the Senate Committee? What strategies are they using to gain their points? Do you think there are any problems with the way the Senate Committee conducts the public discourse?

He does shift quite a bit in that he turns the attention to different things. For example, as a way to deflect about cigarettes being bad, he points to the fact that cheese can clog arteries and fatten people. He is also asked whether he would let his son smoke. Again, he deflects and says that it would be illegal. When the question shifts to what would happen if his son was 18, he admits he would buy him one. The questioning of the committee was a little unseemly because the questions were made personally. It is a textbook case of a Senator or other person in government using strident or even incendiary questions. Going after someone's family or the feelings for the same is below the belt and should never happen. The Senator should have stuck to the facts, the studies and so forth and not been such a crass person. Their strategy is to use "gotcha" questions and/or to get the person to say something controversial so as to discredit them. The admission by Naylor that he would give his son a cigarette would surely be used against them both in that committee and outside of it.