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7. National Early Childhood Transition Center (NECTC)
The National Early Childhood Transition Center (NECTC) examines factors that promote successful transitions between infant/toddler programs, preschool programs, and public school programs for young children with disabilities and their families. The NECTC comes from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. Parents can utilize the website to download tips for what to expect at each transition stage and how they can better assist their children, how to talk to teachers so that they are aware and informed of the special education needs of the child, and how to prepare an older child for life beyond primary school.
8. Birth Defect esearch for Children, Inc. http://www.birthdefects.org
For parents of those with IDD, the personalized attention at home can be the most important factor in a child's intellectual, social, and transitional development (Nachshen, & Minnes, 2005). The Birth Defect esearch for…
Hasman, L., & Zafron, M.L. (2010). An Analysis of Online Resources for Parents, Siblings, and Other Caregivers of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet, 14(1), 33-41. doi:10.1080/02763860903543312.
Nachshen, J.S., & Minnes, P.P. (2005). Empowerment in parents of school-aged children with and without developmental disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49(12), 889-904. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00721.x.
This interview is conducted with the mother of a five-year-old patient who is suffering from Autism. Due to privacy reasons, the name of the patient has been completely changed.
When your child's disability was initially suspected? Please discuss who brought it to parents attention. If it was the parent who first suspected it, what was the cause for the suspicion?
The child's disability was initially noted when Jessica was three years of age. This disability came more into my attention when Jessica's younger sibling reached about one year of age. Comparison between the two siblings showed that something was really wrong with Jessica. As opposed to her younger brother, Jessica was more socially withdrawn. We used to notice that Jessica didn't respond as readily to her name and panicked a lot in large gatherings. Thinking it was just a normal infant reaction, we didn't pay much attention to…
Parent Education Program
Children and young adults have a strong connection with their environment. The concept of parenting determines the outcome of a child's growth and development. Parenting education is, therefore necessary in strengthening families through provision of signs, efficient education and support and ensuring maximum environment for stronger growth and development of parents/nurses and children. Caregivers link effective parental educational programs with reduced rates of child mistreatment and abandon, normal cognitive and emotional development in children, improved knowledge of child development and parenting abilities, and more effective parental supervision and discipline (Azar, Nix, & Makin-Byrd, 2005).
Efficient parent education programs occur in various types and found in many locations. However, some parent education programs are universal and useful to any parent, while others are significant for specific population's demands. In essence, parent education falls into various categories; home-based, group-based, through newsletters or community services. Even though, there is a…
Armstrong, M.I., Birnie-Lefcovitch, S., & Ungar, M.T. (2005). Pathways between social support, family well-beings, quality of parenting, and child resilience: What we know. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 14(2), 269-281.
Azar, S.T., Nix, R.L., & Makin-Byrd, K.N. (2005). Parenting schemas and the process of change. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 31(1), 45-58.
Barth, R.P., Landsverk, J., Chamberlain, P., Reid, J.B., Rolls, J.A., Hurlburt, M.S., et al. (2005). Parent-training programs in child welfare services: Planning for a more evidence-based approach to serving biological parents. Research on Social Work Practice, 15(5), 353-371.
Bavolek, S. (2005). The nurturing parenting programs. Retrieved May 2005, 2005, from www.nurturingparenting.com/research_validation/index.htm
Parents and Education
Select three educational settings in your community. Contact members of the program staff and interview them to determine the following:
How does their program de-ne parent involvement? Do they have a policy statement or mission statement? What does their choice of parent involvement activities reveal about their philosophy of parent involvement?
Parent involvement is defined as the parent's attendance to meetings, reviewing their child's reports from the school and assisting children with homework. These settings do have a mission statement. Their choice of parent involvement relates their philosophy of providing the best education possible in a community-based educational setting. They involve the community and parents in their decisions about their programs and are open to what the parents and community has to say about the educational setting.
Parents are involved in many activities at this educational institutions witin the community including various activities such as fall festivals…
In Support of Parenting Education
In an perfect world, every child would be wanted and loved, and all parents would have the capacity and the desire to raise children who are healthy, mentally and physically strong, and displaying high moral integrity. Sadly, this is not the case. Some parents are, unfortunately, not much interested in what happens with their children. Other parents are not pleased with what is happening in the home with their children but do not know what to do to create effective change. Still other parents are unaware that there is another way, a better way, of parenting. Parent education could help in all of these scenarios.
The literature demonstrates that parenting interventions improve the quality of the relationship parents have with the children as well as improving child social behavior (Scott, O'Connor, Furth, Mathias, Price, and Doolan 2010). Programs have been particularly effective when…
Barna, Jennifer S., and Brott, Pamela E. "How Important is Personal/Social Development to Academic Achievement? The Elementary School Counselor's Perspective." Professional School Counseling 14.3 (2011): 242-249.
Brannon, Diana. "Character Education -- a Joint Responsibility." Education Digest 73.8 (2008):
Parker, David C., Nelson, Jennifer S., and Burns, Matthew K. "Comparison of Correlates of Classroom behavior problems in schools with and without a school-wide character education program. Psychology in the Schools 47.8 (2010): 817-827..
Parent Caregiving: The Emotional and Monetary Issues
Eliot's afternoons and coffeespoons rings truer today than ever before. With the potential collapse of social security and the concurrent aging of America's population, care for the elderly has rocketed from a backburner issues to one that is a source of stress for most adults nationwide.
The American Association of Retired Persons lists a number of issues involved in parent caregiving, all of which are suffused with the emotionality of turning the tables and asking children to care for parents instead of vice versa.
First, the AARP cites balancing work and caregiving. (AARP, 2005, 1) When entrusted with the care of a parent, the task may become entirely all-consuming. Children may quickly lose sight of a very important balance between their own careers and caring for their parent, and this could result in a poor balance of emotionality. For instance, the child may…
AARP. 2005. Cargiving. http://www.aarp.org/life/caregiving/
Astone, N.M., Nathanson, C.A., Schoen, R., Young, J.K., 1999. Family Demography, Social Theory, and Investment in Social Capital. Population and Development Review 25(1), 1-31.
Beth McLeod. 2004. The spiritual journey of love, loss and renewal. Pink Sunrise.
Marlene Stum. 2005. How much does long-term care costs? Financing Long-Term Care.
Frankly, the first interview was disturbing to conduct. The parent, a young woman who had been a teenage mother was raising a daughter who seemed almost destined to follow in her mother's footsteps. Although the interview questions, themselves, did not elicit information that would lead the interviewer to that conclusion, the mother was very open about her own life experiences. She got pregnant at 15, when she was a freshman in high school. The father of her child was an adult at the time, a high-school dropout who had been involved in gang activity. He was incarcerated for the first time during her pregnancy, and has spent the last 15 years in and out of prison. He has been involved in robberies and other gang activity, and was a suspect in a murder, though there was not enough evidence to charge him with that crime. hen he is…
APA Help Center. "Recognizing Violence Warning Signs in Others." Warning Signs of Youth
Violence. 2004. American Psychological Association. 3 Mar. 2009 http://www.apahelpcenter.org/featuredtopics/feature.php?id=38&ch=3.
Lassiter, William. "The School Safety Test." Seen Magazine. 2007. South East Education
Network. 3 Mar. 2009 http://www.seenmagazine.us/9.2/seen%20book%209.2.pdf.
The author cites other research which suggests that parental behaviors do not have any effect on the psychological characteristics of their children. The author concludes that the largest and most wide reaching studies suggests that parental behavior has relatively little long-term influence on how children turn out and behave when adults.
etzstein, C. (1996, October 8). Poor parenting blamed for teen problems: Giving children choices can hurt. The ashington Times, 2.
In this newspaper article the author suggests that parents are linked to the behavior that children exhibit at home and in school. The purpose of the article is to argue that when parents offer children too many choices rather than set limits on their behaviors, children learn to disrespect parents and turn to anti-social behaviors to regain feelings of control and power. The author does not closely examine empirically the relationship between parental behavior and children's behavior or psychopathology…
Wetzstein, C. (1996, October 8). Poor parenting blamed for teen problems: Giving children choices can hurt. The Washington Times, 2.
In this newspaper article the author suggests that parents are linked to the behavior that children exhibit at home and in school. The purpose of the article is to argue that when parents offer children too many choices rather than set limits on their behaviors, children learn to disrespect parents and turn to anti-social behaviors to regain feelings of control and power. The author does not closely examine empirically the relationship between parental behavior and children's behavior or psychopathology specifically, however does examine the relationship that exist between parental influences and teenager behavior. The author does offer subjective conclusions regarding parental behavior however. The author suggests those parental feelings of helplessness and a well intentioned desire to allow their children freedom often results in a syndrome where children become over-empowered, and subsequently feel helpless and less secure. The answer to children's behavioral problems is more control from parents, who have an obligation to make children feel secure by setting limits, showing that they are secure themselves in their idealisms.
Parents and Their Children's Education
Giving a child education is the most precious gift a parent can offer to their child. Paying for school fees is not the only role that a parent has to play when it come to her child's education. Parents should be involved in their children education more than just financially. However some parents fail to get involved in their children's education due to some factors. The paper will look at some of these factors that have been cited as barriers to parents' involvement in their children's education.
Most parents want to get involved with their child's school life. Most parents have some life demands that act as barriers to their involvement in their child's education.one of these factors is time; most of the parents have other commitments part from their child's schooling.one of these commitments is work. Work is the overall commitment and excuses that…
Reynolds, J.(2005)Parents' involvement in their children's learning and schools. Retrieved October 30, 2013 from http://familyandparenting.web-platform.net/Filestore/Documents/publications/Parental_Involvement_Reynolds.pdf
Family and Parenting Institute.(2013). Barriers to parental involvement. Retrieved October 30, 2013 from http://www.familyandparenting.org/our_work/All-Other-Subjects/Early-Home-Learning-Matters/Practitioners-Section/Engaging+parents/Barriers-to-parental-involvement
.. It is our only son, ventured the husand." (Pirandello, 1918, line 35). The fat man contradicts the husand of the ulky woman who does nothing ut so: "What difference does it make? You can spoil your only son with excessive attentions, ut you cannot love him more than you would all your other children if you had any" (Pirandello, 1918, lines 36-38). He evokes the loss of his son, and admits that he is oth happy and proud that his son died in the front. The fat man is the least selfish of the seven passengers ecause he is capale of recalling his youth, and understanding why his son was happy to die for his country. He does not focus on his pain, ut on how his son wanted to die: "Why then shouldn't we consider the feelings of our children whey they are twenty?" (Pirandello, 1918, lines 74-75);…
Okuda, M., & Okuda, D. (1993). Star trek chronology: The history of the future. New York: Pocket Books.
They argue that the U.S. Constitution is color blind and while conceding that racial diversity is a noble goal, seek to achieve it through 'race-neutral' means. They also insist on a level playing field for all American citizens, regardless of their race. Such arguments can be found in the concurring opinion of Chief Justice Roberts and Justice Thomas, who wrote a separate opinion endorsing the ruling. The liberals point out that the long history of slavery in the U.S., racial discrimination against the blacks, and the Jim Crow laws make it necessary that the Affirmative Action laws should continue in order to counter the social and economic disadvantages of the black community. They fear that the conservative insistence on 'equal opportunity' and a 'level playing field' is just another manifestation of the deep-rooted racism in American society. The dissenting opinions in this case, too, are largely based on such an…
Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 Et Al." No. 05-908. Find Law for Professionals. 2007. August 5, 2007. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=U.S.&navby=case&vol=000&invol=05-908
Lieberman. Jethro K. "Supreme Court of the United States." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. 2007. August 5, 2007. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761574302/Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States.html
This desire of the Presidents has not always worked according to plan: Justice Earl Warren, for example, who was nominated by President Eisenhower (a Conservative) turned out to be one of the most liberal judges in U.S. history
In the popular perception, Chief Justice Roberts and Justices Scalia, Thomas, and Alito are the Court's "conservative" judges, while Justices Stevens, Souter, Ginsburg and Breyer are categorized as "liberal"; Justice Kennedy is generally considered as a "moderate conservative"
It is now widely recognized by psychologists that the first few years of a child's experiences are crucial in her subsequent personality and behavioral development. The most critical aspect in this regard is the child's relationship with her parents in the formative years. The recognition of this simple fact has led to the development of the "attachment theory" that emphasizes the importance of a close parent-child relationship in promoting a balanced, caring and trustful individual -- so essential for the evolution of a healthy society. This essay gives a brief overview of the "parent-child attachment theory" and outlines its importance.
Various people have carried out research on parent-child attachment during the last sixty years. Prominent names among them are John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth and William Sears. (Nix 2005) Bowlby, regarded as the father of the attachment theory, believed that all infants would become "attached" to their care-givers regardless…
"Attachment Theory." (2005). Article from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopeia. Retrieved on October 19, 2005 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attachment_theory
Breazeale, Tami E. (2001). "Attachment Parenting: A Practical Approach for the Reduction of Attachment Disorders and the Promotion of Emotionally Secure Children." A Master's Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Bethel College. Retrieved on October 19, 2005 from http://www.visi.com/~jlb/thesis.html
Nix, Nelle. (2005). "Strings Attached: The Ins and Outs of Attachment Parenting." Parenthood.com. Retrieved on October 19, 2005 from http://parenting.parenthood.com/articles.html?article_id=7301
Attachment is defined as "the emotional bond that forms between two people" in psychological terms. (Nix 2005)
It is possible that the teacher can identify the weaknesses that the child has relative to the standards. eing able to hone on problem areas, along with the help from the teacher, will reinforce to the teacher that these are this particular students problem areas. Hopefully, this will address the areas that have issues in both the school setting and will also set up the parents to help in the appropriate areas of help and guidance at home. The school-home connection is an important one that can further reinforce things that are taught (Milne, 2011). In this case, it would be important to help the teacher at home to summarize key events of an era, identify the human and physical characteristics of places, among other things at home so that the same information is being constantly reinforced.
Again, the home-school relationship is very important and communication with the teacher to…
Educational Testing Service, Initials. (1994). Parents ask about standards. Retrieved from http://www.ets.org/Media/About_ETS/pdf/title1-4.pdf
Milne, Diane. (2011). Reinforcing classroom expectations at home. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/magazine/article/reinforcing-classroom-expectations-home/
Haynie and Payne (as cited in Haggerty et al., 2013) also note that if exposure to negative peer influences is higher amongst Black youth, then the relationship between behavior of a violent nature and race could be mediated by negative peers. In an attempt to further examine racial disparity in violent offending, the authors in this case as I have already pointed out in the introductory section also seek to "examine race differences in mean levels and the impact of these risks and protective factors on self-reported behavior." This is particularly important especially given that in the past, crime statistics have indicated that race disparities in violent crime do exist. Indeed, according to Puzzanchera (as cited in Haggerty et al., 2013), "Black juveniles are five times more likely to be arrested for violent crime than are White juveniles." Studies that have been conducted in an attempt to explain this disparity…
Lerner, J.V., Lerner, R.M. & Finkelstein, J. (2001). Adolescence in America: N-Z. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.
Mendel, R.A. (2002). Less Hype, More Help: Reducing Juvenile Crime, What Works -- and What Doesn't. New York: DIANE Publishing.
Some games rated by the video game industry as appropriate for everyone still contain potentially harmful content like violence or sexually explicit material. (Anderson & Ferlazzo, 2006) Unlike a movie, a parent cannot entirely screen a video game. A parent cannot watch a video game from beginning to end, merely trust the rating system. At best, the parent can play the game once or twice, which will not give the viewer a complete idea about the full range of the game's content or how it encourages the player to act violently towards imaginary villains. Aware of the negative impact of video games, the Federal Trade Commission has tried to limit the sale of M. For mature rated video games to children. But can you really trust the government to police what's inside the boxes of the approved video games? ("Undercover Shop Finds Decrease in Sales of M-Rated Video Games to…
Anderson, Craig & Mike Ferlazzo. "ISU psychologist offers parental advice
On purchasing child's video games." Iowa University Press Release. 26 May 2006. [11 Nov 2006] http://www.iastate.edu/~nscentral/news/06/may/games.shtml
Berman, John. "Do Video Games Help Make Kids Smarter?" ABC News
Special Report. 2 Jun 2005. [11 Nov 2006]
Parents Matter, Don't They?"
Multitudes of research have been done to answer this seemingly simple question. The question is really quite basic; which has the most profound affect on a child's behavior and personality, nature or nurture (heredity vs. environment)? Behaviorists argue that the parents' actions and methods of child rearing have a direct bearing on the outcome. Environment definitely makes a difference. Some geneticists, however, strongly disagree. According to them, once the parent has donated his or her gene pool, their contributing influence on the development of an individual is complete (King). In fact, Sandra Scarr "asserts that genes are the primary determinant of developmental outcomes. Thus, once parents have passed on their genes to their children, the most important work is done" (King). Judith Harris continued in this vein with her book, The Nurture Assumption: Why Children turn Out the Way They Do. Then, there are those who…
Arena Magazine. (2008). They F. you up: an interview with Oliver James: British psychologist and author Oliver James discusses the political implications of evolutionary psychology. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from FindArticles website: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6469/is_72/ai_n29118723/?tag=content;col1
Collins, W.A., Maccoby, E.E., Steinberg, L., Hetherington, E.M., & Bornstein, M. (2000, Feb.).
Contemporary research on parenting: The case for nature and nurture. American Psychologist 55(2), 218-232). Retrieved December 7, 2011 from http://jpkc.ecnu.edu.cn/fzxlx/kewai/Contemporary%20Research%20On%20Parenting.pdf
Grobman, K.H. (2008). Diana Baumrind's (1966) prototypical descriptions of 3 parenting styles. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from Developmental Psychology website: http://www.devpsy.org/teaching/parent/baumrind_styles.html
Parents Whose Child Has ecently Been Diagnosed With a Disability
Bearing that whenever there is a disability detected within the family, the entire family gets affected, there is need to find out to what extent and how the family members share in the pain and disability of one of them. Disabilities can be from the time of birth or can emerge as the child grows up from accidents or developed complications and diseases. egardless of he cause, source and course, parents of a child are usually distressed about such disabilities and need the support of the entire family to cope with the depression. There is normally anxiety, fear, denial, guilt, depression and even anger that is manifest among parents of children diagnosed with disability, all of which can degenerate into stress disorders at the long run if not well diagnosed, understood and psychological counseling and other corrective measures taken (Ashun…
Ashun Gupta, (2004). Positive Perceptions in Parents of Children
with Disabilities. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal. Vol. 15. No.1 Retrieved September 20, 2013 from http://www.autism-india.org/NS_positive_perceptions.pdf
Heward W.L., (2010). The Impact of a Child with Disabilities on the Family. Retrieved September 20, 2013 from http://www.education.com/reference/article/impact-child-disabilities-family/
Parent's Selection for Supplementary utoring Centre in Hong Kong - Primary School Level
With reference to the above discussion, it can be apparently observed that the education industry in Hong Kong is quite expanded. However, the performance of students and educational growth in the country can be observed to be weakening which indicates that the education sector in Hong Kong requires to be facilitated significantly within a short-run period. his in turn signifies the importance of supplementary tutoring centres to render expanded assistance to the students from the primary level of schooling. In relation to this context, there are various factors which can be identified to have a substantial impact over the decisions taken by parents regarding the supplementary tutoring facility for their children.
Related to this certain fact various researches have been taken into consideration such as the study conducted by Davies (2004), Bray & Kwok (2003), and Blachford…
The schools should re-assess their curriculum in order to avoid the need of supplementary tutorial centres.
Strong disagree Strongly agree
Source: (Francis & et. al., 2004)
Using the same leadership commands, I worked on translating those term and commands into Chinese. I had to consult my parents many times for the correct usage in Chinese to make sure that my instructions were in the simplest possible form so that they could be easily understood by children. After numerous revisions and many hours of preparation, I finally came up with a routine that started with simple English terms and plays then slowly built up into full sentences and games. My goal was that by the end of the summer, an entire game of badminton could be conducted by the children speaking only English to express themselves.
Seeing the Aborigine children run around the court with their rackets made me feel very proud of my decision to do more than just assist my parents with familiar tasks. The combination of teaching English and badminton simultaneously could not have…
parents to provide a rich learning environment for their children at home. Generally speaking, the most effective methodology for doing so typically varies according to student age and individual interest. However, one can generally stratify these methods into those that pertain to habits that should be practiced, as well as those relating to habits that should not be practiced. Quite simply, an efficacious learning environment can manifest by both taking action and also avoiding certain action that may lead to undesirable outcomes.
One of the essential methods that can help to provide an atmosphere in which students can come to enjoy learning at home is reading. The particular form of reading which is most beneficial depends on the child since it is always beneficial for children to read material that they are interested in -- especially in terms of extracurricular activity at home. Therefore, books, board games, magazines, and certain…
My services have spanned the fields of information technology; enterprise architecture; business process re-engineering (BPR); web and database development; and training and communication. My various clients have included the World Bank, IBM, AARP, Medicaid, Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of Labor -- a virtual Who's Who of major national and international organizations. One of my most recent tasks was a Treasury Department EMPO contract, where I was responsible for the operations and support of the Department of the Treasury Enterprise Architecture Management System (TEAMS).
All of these various efforts have given me vast breadth and depth of insight into how government and non-governmental forms of bureaucracy operate. Combined with higher-level study of managerial and technical theory, I believe I could make an invaluable commitment to the world, working for a service organization of my own design.
The reason I have chosen to focus so much on serving the…
I want to welcome each of you to my class! I cannot put into words how excited I am to have been afforded this opportunity to get to know you and your child. I look forward to having a productive year and helping your child grow in his or her educational growth.
My name is and I received my undergraduate degree in secondary education with a major in history from the University of Texas and my graduate degree in Education Administration from Trinity University. This will be my tenth year of teaching and I can sincerely state that I enjoy my job today as much as I did the first time I stepped into a classroom.
My homework policy is simple. It will be assigned and I expect that it will be completed and handed in on time. Part of this policy is that every student is expected to…
In a two-parent family, children may not be as often subjected to the stress that comes from an impoverished economic situation. But two-parent families are not immune from the hardships of economic times, and children may face just as many of these stressors in a two-parent family if one parent does not work or looses his or her job. Thus, while two-parent families may be slightly more likely to provide a greater deal of economic security, the single parent family can also be one greatly affected or not at all affected by economic hardship.
Finally, support networks are perhaps the greatest resource that parents and children have; they are the people that parents and children can turn to in the event of an emergency or time of need. Growing up in some single parent families, many children see large support networks that consists of parents' friends, family members, colleagues and…
Parenting styles vary, and include authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and harmonious styles. All of these styles are relatively common, varying depending on culture and individual differences. Television shows reveal different parenting styles. For example, on the sitcom Modern Family, different parenting styles are evident. Gloria is occasionally authoritarian in her approach, but otherwise the parenting style evident in all the three different family units is harmonious. Harmonious parenting styles are superior to authoritarian, authoritative, permissive styles in that they prepare the child for healthy social relationships with others.
Moreover, harmonious parenting styles help achieve a harmonious household. Harmonious parenting styles create win-win scenarios as shown in the video explaining the different styles of parenting. When the child wants something, and the parents also want to enforce some rules of conduct, a conflict may ensue. An authoritarian parent will lay down the law, refusing to give into any of the child's requests.…
Finally, Boothroyd (2010) suggests that because the authors of PCI do not provide guidance on how parents are defined, the assessment may not be appropriate for families with a parenting structure other than two biological parents. It seems that while the PCI is considered a valid and reliable assessment for some populations, further study should be conducted with a more diverse norming sample.
Coffman, J.K., Guerin, D.W., & Gottfried, A.W. (2006). eliability and validity of the parent-child relationship inventory (PCI): Evidence from a longitudinal cross-informant investigation. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 209-214. doi:10.1037/1040-35220.127.116.11
Gerard, A.B.Parent-child relationship inventory Western Psychological Services, 12031 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251; ephone [HIDDEN]; FAX [HIDDEN]; Web: www.wpspublish.com. etrieved from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mmt&AN=TIP07001840&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Heinze, M.C., & Grisso, T. (1996). eview of instruments assessing parenting competencies used in child custody evaluations. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 14(3), 293-313. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-0798(199622)14:33.0.CO;2-0
Schroeder, V., & Kelley, M. (2009). Associations between family environment,…
Coffman, J.K., Guerin, D.W., & Gottfried, A.W. (2006). Reliability and validity of the parent-child relationship inventory (PCRI): Evidence from a longitudinal cross-informant investigation. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 209-214. doi:10.1037/1040-3518.104.22.168
Gerard, A.B.Parent-child relationship inventory Western Psychological Services, 12031 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251; ephone [HIDDEN]; FAX [HIDDEN]; Web: www.wpspublish.com. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mmt&AN=TIP07001840&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Heinze, M.C., & Grisso, T. (1996). Review of instruments assessing parenting competencies used in child custody evaluations. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 14(3), 293-313. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-0798(199622)14:33.0.CO;2-0
Schroeder, V., & Kelley, M. (2009). Associations between family environment, parenting practices, and executive functioning of children with and without ADHD. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 18(2), 227-235. doi:10.1007/s10826-008-9223-0
Codi has a very complicated relationship with her father. It is not a conventional relationship. Their relationship to each other is renewed after her father falls ill. Her father (Doc Homer) has a different relationship with his daughters. His daughters, hallie and Codi moved out of their father's house when they grew up to adolescents. They both want to lead independent lives of their own. There has always been distance between the father and daughter ever since they were young. Something was lacking in their relationship and that was the only way of making the relationship work.
Their father had always separated them from the rest of the community and not let his offspring discover the true roots of their identity. He does not want to remember his ties to the Gracela valley and tries to forget them. He has never let his daughters reach out to him,…
There are many of these individuals, and it is time that this is changed.
Parents often look away from these kinds of problems, or they spend their time in denial of the issue because they feel that their child will not be harmed by parental involvement with drugs or alcohol. Some parents have parents that were/are addicts themselves, and some are so busy with their lives that they do not actually realize that their child has any kind of problem with the lifestyle of the parent until it becomes so severe that it cannot be overlooked, or until it is brought to their attention by police, the school, or someone else that has seen it first hand. Parents are not the only ones that overlook this issue, though.
Sometimes siblings and friends also see problems that they ignore, do not understand, or do not talk to anyone about, and the…
Aleman-Padilla, L. 2002. Babies First gets last word on infant care Hundreds recognize groups contribution at fourth annual event. The Fresno Bee.
Anderson, D. 2004. Funding cuts impact health services. Precinct Reporter.
Anderson, S.A. (2000). How parental involvement makes a difference in reading achievement. Reading Improvement.
Baker, P.L. (2000). I didn't know: discoveries and identity transformation of women addicts in treatment. Journal of Drug Issues, 30, 863-881.
Sally bounces her six-month-old boy on her knee while she responds enthusiastically to my questions. At twenty-six she is a relatively young mother; however, Sally had her first child when she was only eighteen.
A wasn't using any birth control at the time," she tells me. "I was really worried that I wouldn't be able to support my kid without dropping out of college, but I made it! Joey here wasn't an accident," she tells me frankly. "I thought the relationship was going to last, but you know how these things go."
Many of the single mothers I interviewed for this study shared similar sentiments: most of expected their relationships with men would last and that they could form a "big, happy family." Their disillusionment has made some of them stronger, others bitter and mistrusting of members of the opposite sex. Sally is of the former camp; her lively…
For example, Leventhal (2001) analyzed different intervention methodology and implementation of home-based services aimed at preventing abuse and neglect as well as promoting the health and development of the infant and mother, by specifically looking at the Healthy Families Olds' models.
Kass and colleagues (2003) from Fight Crime: Invest in Kids argue that the cycle of violence can be prevented with intervention methods including parenting education. oberts, Wolman and Harris-Looby (2004, p. 101) state that "teaching students parenting skills may be the most cost-effective way to reduce violent and abusive behaviors and prevent the transfer of violent behaviors from generation to generation." They found that for less than $1,000, Project Baby Care, a parental training program developed for adolescents proved successful in improving parental knowledge and skills and attitudes toward caring for an infant.
Another study (Hughs & Gottlieb, 2004), regarding the effects of the Webster-Stratton parenting program on parenting…
Belsky, J. & Vondra, J. (1989), 'Lessons from child abuse: The determinants of parenting', in D. Cicchetti & V. Carlson (Eds), Child Maltreatment: Theory and Research on the Causes and Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect, New York: Cambridge University Press, 153-202.
Chalk, R. & King, P.A. (Eds) (1998), Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs, Washington DC: National Academy Press,
Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) (U.S.), Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (ACF). Child maltreatment 2003. Washington (DC): Government Printing Office; 2005. Website retrieved May 10, 2007 www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm03/index.htm.
Fine, M.J. (1980), Handbook on Parent Education, Academic Press, New York.
Parent Communication Plan
Parent-teacher communication is one of the bedrocks of education. The reason for this is that education is not something that solely transpires in the classroom. It extends outside its walls and continues on into the real world. The student’s home is one area where education also occurs, and that is not the realm of the teacher but rather of the parent. Thus, to ensure that both parent and teacher are on the same page and are communicating the same vital messages and lessons to the child, it is wise that they themselves communicate with one another, share ideas, and discuss important issues that are likely to be faced by the child (Graham-Clay, 2005). As Merkley, Schmidt, Dirksen and Fuhler (2006) point out, there are many ways in which parent-teacher communication can be conducted today: the face-to-face meeting is always an option, but technological advancements have also…
More Care Giving to Babies:
One of the biggest advantages of co sleeping is increase in breast feeding (McKenna, 1994; Richard et al., 1996). This is admitted even by the most conventional American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) that co-sleeping has the most advantage of breast feeding. According to the research, mothers who co-sleep breast feed an average of twice as long as non-co-sleeping mothers. Moreover, the act of sucking in breast feeding increases oxygen flow, which is useful for both baby's growth and immune functions (McKenna, 1994).
In addition, co-sleeping infants also get more notice and protective care. The studies have shown that mothers who co-sleep provides five times the number of care like as adjusting the baby's blanket, stroking or cuddling as compared to those mothers who were non-co sleepers (Mosko, 1997).
Long-Term Benefits of Co- Sleeping in Children as adults
Those boys who co-slept with their…
La Leche League International, Inc. (1997). The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding. (6th rev. ed.)
Schaumberg, IL: Author
Davies, L. (1995). Babies Co-sleeping with Parents. Midwives: Official Journal of the Royal
Heinig, M.J. (2000). Bed sharing and infant mortality: Guilt by association? Journal of Human
At the end of the play, she dies of a broken heart following the death of her son. Romeo, by contrast, is a typical teenager. He probably loves his parents but does not give the relationship much thought or consider their feelings. As a typical teenager, he is self-involved.
Juliet's parents care about her, but in the way that would have been typical ob
Elizabethan nobility. That is, Juliet loves her parents and respects them as a dutiful daughter should, but her relationship with her nurse is much closer. Since the nurse raised
Juliet, this is not surprising.
V. Relationships outside the immediate family are also important in Romeo and Juliet.
Because of relatively short life expectancy in Elizabethan times as well as high infant mortality rates and mortality rates in general, extended families were not large. The play features several minor characters, men and women who are…
parent with a young child and a demanding job -- whether it is a mother or a father -- has challenges that a family with both parents on board does not experience, in most cases. And when you add to the equation the fact that the single parent in this case is a male in the U.S. Army, there are complications and serious work-life balance issues to be addressed. After all, the health and care of the child in question must be at the top of the list of priorities, along with the employment of the father and the balance of the conflicting challenges and issues.
As a single dad with a young child, I already face challenges when it comes to raising my child, providing a good home and good health for the child; but in addition I am in the U.S. Army and my duties and responsibilities necessarily…
Britt, T.W., Adler, A.B., and Castro, C.A. (2006). Military Life: The military family. Chicago,
IL: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Lieke, L, Brummelhuis, T., and Van Der Lippe, T. (2010). Effective Work-Life Balance
Support for Various Household Structures. Human Resource Management, 49(2), 173-193.
For example, Walker and Hennig add that, "It has frequently been found that children (particularly boys) in divorced, mother-custody families exhibit lower levels of well-being than children in intact families, with more externalizing and internalizing behavior problems and lower levels of cognitive and social competence" (p. 64). My son is also currently at a formative period that has special significance for single-parents families. For instance, Walker and Hennig also point out that, "Single-mother families are often affectively charged, with high instrumental affection combined with high negativity and conflict, particularly in the transition to adolescence" (1997, p. 64).
The "transition to adolescence" can be a rocky period in anyone's life, of course, and it is reasonable to expect my son to experience some problems in general and with me in particular during this transitional period. Fortunately, this challenging developmental period is eased somewhat as children grow into mid-adolescence. As Walker and…
Burns, A. & Scott, C. (1999). Mother-headed families and why they have increased. Hillsdale,
NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Crossman, S.M. & Adams, G.R. (1990). Divorce, single parenting and child development.
Journal of Psychology, 106(2), 205-207.
Parenting Skills and Early Placement of Children in Daycare Settings
This paper presents a detailed discussion about daycare and the possible correlation between parenting skills and early placement of children in daycare settings. The writer explores the effects of daycare on children as well as the parenting skill possibilities that lead a parent to place their child into an early day care setting. There were ten sources used to complete this paper.
Since the women's movement took hold about four decades ago millions of children have been placed into daycare systems across the nation. This movement has sparked huge debates on the impact of daycare on children including children who have been placed in their daycare settings at a very early age. Some focus has been on the parenting skills of those who place their children into daycare at an early age and whether or not the parenting skills or…
Abril, David (2000). Stanford undergrad parents look for assistance., University Wire,.
Author not available (1995). After-school childcare difficult., The Evening Post (Wellington, New Zealand), pp 6.
Dhooma, Rashida (!999). THE NEW PARENT TRAP., The Toronto Sun, pp 91.
Author not available (2000). Gun found in three-year-old's bag at daycare., Agence France Presse English,.
Grant Proposal for Strengthening the Family Unit
Program Design and Implementation
The overall design and structure of the program will orbit around multiple activities and methodologies which are designed to fortify the overall family unit, most notably the parental unit. Parenting is an extremely challenging endeavor and one which can put a considerable strain on a marriage -- even the strongest marriage. Thus, one of the foremost aspects of the program in general will consist of a parenting skills training program to minimize behavior problems in young children (particularly when these children are at the most difficult age) by bolstering the level of parent self-efficacy through beneficial parenting behaviors and overall child discipline strategies (NEPP, 2012).
Many of the strategies used in this case will be modeled after the Chicago Parent Program (CPP), which is an extremely well organized program that is founded in the notion that parents play the…
Flay, B., & Allred, C. (2010). The Positive Action Program. International Research Handbook on Values Education, 471-481.
GGC. (2012, July). Guiding Good Choices. Retrieved from NREPP: [HIDDEN]
Lia, K., Washburn, I., & DuBois, D. (2011). Effects of the Positive Action programme on problem behaviours in elementary school students. Psychology and Health, 187-204.
NREPP. (2012, August). Chicago Parent Program. Retrieved from NREPP
At the same time, authoritative parents use discipline judiciously.
Unlike authoritative parents, permissive parents shy away from discipline. They are overly indulgent to their child's whims. Permissive parents tolerate a wide range of behaviors that would not be tolerated by either authoritarian or authoritative parents. Although permissive parents can be emotionally nurturing, they often erect barriers to parent-child communication because of not paying closer attention to the developmental and maturation needs of the child.
Authoritative parents do not show much warmth toward their children. They can be unresponsive and emotionally detached, demanding a "be seen, not heard" environment. Discipline is heavy-handed but unlike authoritative parents, authoritarian parents do not explain their punishments or communicate with their children. However, they do not coddle their children like permissive parents do and do not tolerate emotional outbursts.
The effect of parenting style on self-esteem has been widely studied. Children who grow up in…
Warash, B. & Markstrom, C. (2001). Parental perceptions of parenting styles in relation to academic self-esteem of preschoolers. Education. 121(3).
Because parenting is so very personal, I approached this essay with a lot of curiosity, and even some amount of concern over what the literature on the subject might reveal. I expected to find a number of high-minded platitudes and very little practical advice that would be useful in the day-to-day trenches of the parenting wars. I'm pleased to say how wrong I was.
The first thing I noticed was that in article after I article, they were filled with heartwarming supportive advice, almost all dos and almost no don'ts. The next thing I noticed was that all the articles acknowledged that these are very trying times in which to be a parent. The message was uniformly the same: expect to make some mistakes but be encouraged that it's well within one's reach to be a good parent.
Seth Mullins (2008) makes the point that in today's world, we…
Better Parenting. (2010). Dealing with modern parenting challenges. Retrieved July 21, 2011 from http://www.parentingbaby.com/dealing-with-modern-parenting-challenges.htm
Gaikwad, M. (2011). Challenges in modern parenting styles. Buzzle.com website. Retrieved July 21, 2011 from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/challenges-in-modern-parenting-styles.html
Mullins, S. (2008). The challenge of modern parenting. FamilyLobby.com Website. Retrieved July 21, 2011 from http://articles.familylobby.com/284-the-challenge-of-modern-parenting.htm
parent literally had nothing to do with a biological child in order for the child to take advantage of the Family and Medical Leave Act to care for that parent.
The family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) gives no determination that states that the known relationship or lack thereof between the child and parent will determine the child's ability to use FMLA to care for the parent. Any employee can request FMLA regardless of if the child had nothing to do at all with the biological parent. The FMLA provides the employee with up to a maximum of twelve weeks of un-paid, job-protected leave for one of the following reasons:
Care of a spouse, daughter, son or parent with serious health conditions
Due to an employee's inability to work due to a serious health condition
Placement of a child for adoption or foster care
The birth and care of a newborn…
Kollman & Saucier P.A. (n.d.). Does the family and medical leave act apply?. Retrieved 04/29/11, from www.kollmanlaw.com/article/articel19.html
Larson, A.E. (2011). The Intricacies of FMLA. Retrieved 04/28/11, from www.fmla-rules.com
OSHA (n.d.). OSHA Safety regulations & Labor Law Guide. Retrieved 04/29/2011, from www.osrllg.com/additional_fmla.php
Effects of the new fathers network on first-time fathers' parenting self-efficacy and parenting satisfaction during the transition to parenthood.
The authors study first-time fathers and how they parent, and two key points include their testing, which looked at fathers who had no outside intervention in the first 8 weeks of their new babies lives, to fathers who interacted with others though the online New Fathers Network. They found that self-efficacy and satisfaction was higher than the group without intervention, and that fathers found the online group extremely helpful. It was surprising to learn that often fathers are dissatisfied with their parents and with their role as fathers. It was not surprising that they do not often reach out for help. I would definitely recommend this article to others, although it was a bit scholarly at times.
Assistance to aging parents and parents-in-law: Does lineage affect family…
132). hen women reported that their desire for greater social support was satisfied, the outcomes reported for their children improved dramatically.
The negative associations with single parenting thus have more to do with the circumstances that can give birth to single parenting, or are attached to single parenting because of the way our society is structured. In society, we have come to regard the nuclear family as the norm and single parents do not always have the multigenerational support that could give their children positive role models of both genders that they may have in previous eras. Single parents are more likely to be female, and females are traditionally underpaid for their labor. Additionally companies are not always willing to make accommodations for male or female single parent's need for flexible schedules. But the problem is not with single parenting; rather the problem is with how our society views parenthood…
Burden, Dianne S. "Single Parents and the Work Setting: The Impact of Multiple Job and Homelife Responsibilities." Family Relations. Vol. 35. No. 1. The Single Parent Family. Jan., 1986. pp. 37-43
Hanson, Shirley M. "Single Parents and the Work Setting: The Impact of Multiple Job and Homelife Responsibilities." Family Relations. Vol. 35. No. 1. The Single Parent Family. Jan., 1986. pp. 125-132.
DeLeire, Thomas & Ariel Kalil. "Good things come in 3's: Single-parent multigenerational family structure and adolescent adjustment." Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies. Oct 2001. 4 Apr 2008. http://www.spc.uchicago.edu/prc/pdfs/deleir02.pdf
Walker, Victoria. Pagewise. 2002. 4 Apr 2008. http://www.essortment.com/all/singleparentfa_rcsc.htm
The writer concludes that the social scientists have been correct when they have mentioned the family dynamics and parental behavior as major influences in the growth and development of the child.
Also Henry iller (1993) asserts that the ability of the parents to develop an intimate connection with their baby and their essential responsibility throughout the newborn's growth and maturity has a profound impact on the behavior of the child because it helps their child to build and grow an upbeat body figure, self-worth, ethical principles and academic and social capability.
Therefore in light of the above mentioned facts it is essential for parents to spend a lot of time with their children and engage in constructive activities so that they can be emotionally connected with their parents and grow up to be trusting and loving individuals.
Annie Murphy Paul. Do Parents Really Matter? Psychology Today, Vol. 31, January-February…
Annie Murphy Paul. Do Parents Really Matter? Psychology Today, Vol. 31, January-February 1998
Betsy Bates. Parents' 'Prompting' Behavior Encourages Smoking. (Survey of Seventh and Eighth Graders). Family Practice News; 11/1/2001.
Fred Hutchinson. Parents Who Quit Smoking When Their Kids Are Young May Have a Big Influence on Whether Their Offspring Will Quit Smoking in Young Adulthood. PR Newswire; 3/1/2005
Henry B. Biller. Fathers and Families: Paternal Factors in Child Development. Auburn House, 1993
Dynamism Between Parents and Children
Of diverse interaction people have over the course of lifetime, the relationship between parent and child is the most important. Children's growth and development is greatly dependent relatively on the parental bond which exists between them. This bond provides the child with the framework on how they outlook themselves and the people around them. The tie will also determine how well they relate with their peers and the environment their whole lifespan. However the tie between the parents and children can be affected because of parents physical or mental state which may keep him or her to from avoiding relationship with their children. Illness, depression, disorders, alcoholism and drugs addiction are also some of the factors the can make to difficult for the child and parent to relate with each other effectively. According to Cathy Meyer (2011), divorce and conflict can disrupt the growth of…
Amy Black 2011 Authoritative, Authoritarian and Permissive Parenting Types Retrieved April
26. 2011 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/614981/authoritative_authoritarian_and_permissive.html
Baby Care Help2011 Exploring Different Types of Parenting Styles Retrieved April 26. 2011
Adopting Speial Needs Children
When it omes to adoption, parenting styles for speial needs hildren is really no different. There are hundreds and thousands of hildren that are urrently living in the foster are system that are put into the group of "Speial Needs" waiting for a household to support and love them. The word speial need promptly brings to mind the idea of a hild with inability, in adoption terms the word inludes a larger sense. The word speial needs relating to adoption basially is saying that a hild that is hard to plae by the state adoption agenies or adoption unit. Most of these hildren do not have muh health or temperament issues; they are just measured "hard to position" by a lot of adoption organizations. The hoies of ages for hildren that are in this group are from babies all the way up to the age of…
cited in Gray, 2003) on the subject of parents with high functioning autism or Asperger's syndrome shows how parents cope with their child's disability. The mother and the father each draws from different resources to cope with how they react toward their child. Furthermore, the research has shown that coping strategies varies for women and men.
The struggle with tradition and one's personal history comes to the forefront in two other family memoirs, Ayaan Hirsi Ali's Infidel and Maxine Hong Kingston's the Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. In the case of the former, Ali is thrust into exile because of her unwillingness to conform to her parents' expectations of what is proper for a woman in her native culture. Maxine Hong Kingston experiences similar issues, although the consequences for her are far less extreme.
In my analysis of the issues outlined above, I intend to show how all three writers transform the personal into the political, effectively establishing that the most minute, particular happenings in our lives can indeed have universal implications.
Ali, Ayaan Hirsi. Infidel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.
Kingston, Maxine Hong. The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. New York: Vintage ooks, 1975.
Walls, Jeannette. The…
Ali, Ayaan Hirsi. Infidel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007.
Kingston, Maxine Hong. The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. New York: Vintage Books, 1975.
Walls, Jeannette. The Glass Castle. New York: Scribner, 2006.
Roper, from noticing that Jack had brought home a dog, because pets were not allowed in the building. Although this episode didn't revolve around the sexual tension in the house specifically, I couldn't help noticing the scanty outfits of the blonde Chrissy, and how unrealistically skimpy they seemed, for just lounging around the house on an ordinary day to be spent with one's friends. Janet, the other woman, was clearly supposed to be 'the smart brunette,' and seemed like the less desirable of the two women because the camera (and Jack's wandering eyes) spent very little time focused on the other woman. Although the show was supposed to be revolutionary, the message was clear -- you could be dumb and blonde, or oridinary looking and smart if you were a woman. These two qualities couldn't mix.
The plot, of 'no dogs allowed' seemed very conventional and unimaginative to me, and…
No Children, no dogs." Episode 4. Three's Company DVD Season 1. http://www.threescompany.com/
Mr. C." Personal Interview. December 10, 2006.
Findings and Discussion
Paulessen-Hoogeboom et al. (2008) present us with a number of key findings that have such pervasive implications for parenting. All toddlers engage in behaviors such as biting, hitting, screaming, or otherwise acting out. Such behaviors arise as a result of negative emotions. Parents often find these behaviors hard to deal with -- along with other children and other caregivers. The response by others in the children's world may be highly negative itself and may thus provoke additional negative feelings, which in turn provoke additional negative behaviors. This is a cycle that is bad for all concerned.
Paulessen-Hoogeboom et al. (2008) further validated the finding of others that an authoritarian parenting style is aimed at getting children to stop these negative behaviors by commanding them to follow parental orders. However, they also found, such a parenting style ignores the underlying emotions and so is ineffective in…
Clark, K.E., & Ladd, G.W. (2000). Connectedness and autonomy support in parent-child relationships: Links to children's socioemotional orientation and peer relationships. Developmental Psychology, 485-498.
Kochanska, G., Murray, K., & Coy, K.C. (1997). Inhibitory control as a contributor to conscience in childhood: From toddler to school age. Child Development, 68, 263-277.
Paulussen-Hoogeboom, M. etal (2008). Parenting style as a mediator between children's negative emotionality and problematic behavior in early childhood. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2008, 169(3), 209 -- 226.
Keijsers, L., & Poulin, F. (2013, March 11). Developmental changes in parent -- child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 49(12), 2301-2308. doi:10.1037/a0032217
The science of Developmental Psychology purposes and endeavors to elucidate the change that comes about in both children and adults in the course of time. I have decided to focus and lay emphasis on this topic as the most change takes place in the course of a person's lifespan during this particular period (Mcleod, 2012). Further, the topic "Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence," lays emphasis on the individual changes and variations in the patterns of change between the association that exists between the child and the parent in the course of adolescence. Particularly important is the fact that any individual during its infancy is largely attached to the parent and therefore communicates a lot. However, according to this topic, it is delineated that the attachment and…
Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance: A Multiple Mediational Analysis
David R. Topor, Susan P. Keane, Terri L. Shelton, and Susan D. Calkins
Numerous studies have shown a clear positive relationship between the involvement of a parent in a child's education, and the academic performance of the child. This particular study seeks to explore the mechanisms of the said association. On that front, only two potential mechanisms are taken into consideration. These, according to the authors, include; 1) the quality of the relationship between the teacher and the student, and 2) the child's perception of cognitive competence. A total of one hundred and fifty eight 7-year-olds participated in this study. The sample also included their teachers and mothers. It is important to note that data was in this case sourced from three key centers; the child, their mothers, and teachers -- with the gathering of data from the first two…
parent-child conflicts cause people to act without being true to their own needs and desires. Because of the ingrained need to please the parents, people often sacrifice, suppress, or deny their feelings. Especially in families in which tradition is important, a person may find him or herself trying too hard to stay in the good graces of their family. An example would be marriage outside of the religion. It is very common for families to unduly pressure their children into marrying within the same faith, even if that religious tradition means little to the child. As a result, the child may end up sacrificing a positive and loving relationship to please the parents. This could cause serious repercussions for the person down the road. Not only will he or she lose an opportunity for a healthy marriage, but may end up building up resentment towards the strict parents. Instead of…
parents need to do in order to make sure that their children make healthy choices is to educate them with regard to the effects that particular foods can have on their health. Even with the fact that they can also cooperate with schools in order to prevent educational institutes from providing students with unhealthy foods, it is still important for them to be certain that their children have a complex understanding of why it is important for them to eat healthy foods. Information is essential and parents thus need to focus on teaching their children how to filter it in order to benefit from life in general.
hile many are inclined to believe that taking on physical activity as an obese person can be especially difficult and even impossible in some cases, the reality is that the concept of physical activity is very complex. People can start off by walking…
Dunn, Anderson Carolyn, "Everyday Nutrition," (Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 01.02.2012)
Watson, Ruthy, "Obesity, Physical Activity, and Healthful Nutrition: What Does the Pastor Think?," (ProQuest, 2008)
In collaboration with the Healthcare Georgia Foundation, Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies, "Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium," (Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief ... - In collaboration with the Healthcare Georgia Foundation, Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies - Google C-r-i)
"Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity," Retrieved May 24, 2013, from the Healthy People Website: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/LHI/nutrition.aspx
1. As people progress through the stages of psychosocial development, they may get fixated due to suppressed desires. As all desires is driven by libido, according to Freud, any fixation can become a sexual fixation. Thus, being fixated at the oral stage would theoretically predispose one to have some type of oral fetish. Abnormal sexual behavior can be traced to fixation or stagnation, a neurosis that is due to a previous difficulty at one of the stages of development.
Freud’s theory is interesting, certainly, and has its own internal logic. However, Freud’s model is not at all scientific. Freud also focused almost exclusively on male libido, being personally perplexed by female sexual desire and by women in general (“Modules on Freud: On Psychosexual Development,” n.d.). Without any substantial research to back up his theories, Freud’s work remains theoretical. Therefore, I do not necessarily agree with the details of the theory.…
Family therapy believes that problems that the individuals evidence stem from the fact that problems occur within the family unit itself and that the family is divided into several component parts. To address these problems the therapist, as it were, therefore steps into the family unit, becomes "a part of it" and intervenes. His doing so not only enables him to see the family patterns from the inside; thereby understanding faults of fission but also enable him to practice therapy. Intervention in the family is called enactment.
Enactment refers to the therapist encouraging acting of dysfunctional relationship patterns within the family therapy session and him acting out some of this behavior by actually entering the family unit. The therapist thereby learns about the family's structure and interactional patterns and is able to interfere in the process by modifying some of the negative elements, pointing these out, intensifying positive elements, and…
Family Systems institute Bowen Family Systems Theory and Practice: Illustration and Critique
Bowenian Family Systems Theory and Therapy
My parents also instilled in me a love for science and reading, and have proven to be the best examples in the world. Our favorite family activity is to watch the game show "Jeopardy" together. We challenge each other to see who can answer the most correct questions, and whoever wins gets to choose the restaurant the family will eat at that weekend. And if I win, I am even allowed to invite friends to join us.
My parents are also very wise. I have come to understand from my high school psychology class why my parents never argued in from of me no matter how upset they may have been. My mother would always say to my father, "Can we go to the other room, there is something that I must talk to you about." feel very proud of my parents, especially when my friends make comments such as,…
Art supplies the vision, and the vision is important, but people must be willing to bring that vision to life. Furthermore, people need to realize that they can bring about monumental change. To remind myself of that, I look to my own ancestors. I am African-American, and my ancestors were able to accomplish so much despite the overwhelming odds against them. If they could surmount the overwhelming odds against them, I feel it would be dishonorable for me to refuse to meet the challenges in my own life. That is why I have engaged in a series of projects that aim to have a direct and positive impact on the lives of the people around me. I had a talk show, "Closer to my Dreams" on WGIV 103.3 FM; the purpose of the talk show was to inspire teenagers to reach for their dreams. I work at Youth Empowerment Solutions…
Toxcio's experts, on the other hand, believe that evidence is incomplete and that further, costly studies need to be implemented to show the connection.
It seems to me that (a) if the biophysicist is indeed as credentialed and qualified as said and (b) if her studies are as empirical as stated from peer-reviewed scientific journals, bearing reliable evidence, than the families do, indeed have a case. This is because even thoguh further research may need to be conducted (as per Toxico's scientists) to assess strength of the research, the evidence that exists at the moment seems to show an almost undisputed association between the children's cancer and the toxic emission.
econdly, the biophysicist also reinforces her case with other empirical evidence -- and empirical evidence is that which is required by the courts - of the significant statistical incidence of this rare cancer in the neighborhood. In both cases, her…
WILLIAM DAUBERT, et ux., etc., et al., PETITIONERS v. MERRELL DOW PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. 1993
The People of the State of New York, Respondent, v. George Wesley, Appellant, Court of Appeals of the State of New York., 1994.
teenage pregnancy on the family of the effected girl. In addition to that, this paper also highlights the prevailing rates of teen pregnancy in the U.S.A. And the adverse consequences of adolescence pregnancy. Furthermore, the strategies to prevent teenage pregnancy have also been discussed by this paper.
Setting the Scene
Teenagers are forced to confront a crisis because of an unintended pregnancy, which in most cases is an unwanted pregnancy. The unmarried adolescents, who are pregnant, have to make a number of complex decisions. These decisions include choosing between aborting and giving birth, and choosing between raising the baby by themselves or placing them for an adaption. Simultaneously, other decision in relation to school, work and interpersonal relationships are to be taken by the affected teenagers. (Wirkus & Maxwell, 2010)
Another important decision that the teens confront is to opt the manner in which they will discuss this issue with…
Birthline, Inc. (2014). Birthline of central mn:: about us. Retrieved from: http://www.birthline.org/about-us / [Accessed: 10 Mar 2014].
Chen, X., Wen, S.W., Fleming, N., Demissie, K., Rhoads, G.G. & Walker, M. (2007). Teenage pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes: a large population-based retrospective cohort study. International Journal Of Epidemiology, 36 (2), pp. 368 -- 373.
East, P.L. (1999). The first teenage pregnancy in the family: does it affect mothers' parenting, attitudes, or mother-adolescent communication?. Journal Of Marriage And The Family, 61 (2), pp. 306 -- 319.
Office Of Adolescent Health United States Of America (2014). The office of adolescent health, u.s. department of health and human services. Retrieved from: http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-health-topics/reproductive-health/teen-pregnancy/trends.html [Accessed: 10 Mar 2014].
In understanding the differences between childhood behaviors and adulthood behaviors in identifying problems is very important for those counselors seeking to find causes to problematic symptoms. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case study issues dealing with Maria, a 9-year-old Hispanic girl who is experiencing some behavior issues dealing with fear and anxiety. This report will offer an assessment and evaluation of Maria in determining the best way to approach and eventually solve this problem.
The text suggested that it was important to differentiate the issues of children and adults in a manner that is reasonable and understandable. There is, however, been a historical tendency to ignore this separation and treat children just like adults, perhaps misreading the situation and ultimately causing more confusion and harm. The authors wrote " the lack of attention to developmental variations in symptoms in the DSM and its applications…
Barrett, P.M., Dadds, M.R., & Rapee, R.M. (1996). Family treatment of childhood anxiety: a controlled trial. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 64(2), 333.
Prezeworski, A. & Dunbeck, K (2014). Development Considerations in Assessment and Treatment. In Alfano, C.A & Beidel, D.C. (Eds). Comprehensive Evidence-Based Interventions for Children and Adolescents (pp.3-13). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons
Wood, J.J., McLeod, B.D., Sigman, M., Hwang, W.C., & Chu, B.C. (2003). Parenting and childhood anxiety: Theory, empirical findings, and future directions. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 44(1), 134-151.
Baird, J., ehm, ., Hinds, P., Baggot, C., Davies, B. (2016). Do you know my child?
Continuity of nursing care in the pediatric intensive care unit. Nursing esearch, 65(2): 142-150.
Barid et al. (2016) provide a grounded theory, qualitative assessment of seven parents and 12 nurses using in-depth interviews with participants, observational assessment, and documents from within the organization under scrutiny in order to "explore the delivery of continuity of nursing care in the PICU from the perspective of both parents and nurses" (p. 142). The researchers describe continuity of nursing as being very important to parents, as they feel that there is better consistency of quality care when there is consistency within the ranks of the staff in terms of how nurses treat patients, how prompt they are, how their persona is and how well they interact with patients and parents, etc. Through the conducting of interviews with parents,…
Baird, J., Rehm, R., Hinds, P., Baggot, C., Davies, B. (2016). Do you know my child?
Continuity of nursing care in the pediatric intensive care unit. Nursing Research, 65(2): 142-150.
Conflicting Educational Association Groups
The article critiqued in this document was Lareau and Munoz's "You're not going to call the shots: Structural conflicts between the principal and the PTO at a suburban public elementary school." This article contained original qualitative research in which the authors utilized the interactions between a Parent Teacher Organization (PTO) and the principal of an elementary school to analyze the source of structural conflict between the two. Their research consisted of interviews and observations at the school. Interview subjects included the principal, school board members, and parents involved in the PTO. The authors believed the source of conflict stemmed from the structure of the PTO and the principal.
The authors' key points largely revolved around the thematic issues that emerged via their observation and interviews. Specifically, the authors (2012) were able to denote that the sources of conflict seemed to come from different priorities between the…
Eren, A. (2014). Uncovering the links between prospective teachers' personal responsibility, academic optimism, hope and emotions about teaching: a mediation analysis. Social Psychological Education. 17: 73-104.
Lareau, A., Munoz. (2012). "You're not going to call the shots": Structural conflicts between the principal and the PTO at a suburban public elementary school. Sociology of Education. 85(3): 201-218.