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Perfection Essays (Examples)

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Heavenly Realm or Alternate Universe
Words: 1076 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12985567
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(Conze 78)

After recognizing Mara's ill intent, Sakra resolves to "recall the Perfection of Wisdom, bring it to mind, repeat it, and spread it." (Conze 78) This definitely indicates some sort of process or method. What is interesting is that you have to both "recall" the perfection of wisdom, then "bring it to mind." (Conze 78) So merely remembering it is not enough, you have to focus on it after making yourself remember it. Then, you "repeat it," indicating that it is some sort of chant or mantra. (Conze 78) Finally, you "spread" it. I think "spread" means to let it penetrate your mind and expand, as thoughts tend to do when you focus on them. (Conze 78)

After Sakra performs the Perfection of Wisdom, Mara is discouraged, and "immediately" "turns back again" and "goes on his way." (Conze 79) This implies that Mara was more disappointed than defeated, going…


Conze, Edward (1973). The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines and its Verse Summary.

Silk, Jonathan (1998). The Heart Sutra in Tibetan: A Critical Edition of the Two Recensions

Wriggins, Sally Hovey (2004). The Silk Road Journey with Xuanzang.

Prebish & Keown (2007). Introducing Buddhism.

Perceptions and Expectations Analyzing the Concert Experience
Words: 1780 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97526592
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Perceptions and Expectations:

Analyzing The Concert Experience In A Live

versus televised format

Perceptions and Expectations: Analyzing the Concert Experience in a Live vs. Televised Format

In experiencing a real-life situation in the flesh rather than in viewing its projection through a medium such as television, one's experience differs significantly. The expectations one brings to a live performance vs. The expectations one brings to the viewing of that same performance on television are radically different, as experiencing the performance in the flesh brings with it an entirely different experience that one expects to achieve upon deciding to attend. This type of expectation can be seen in viewing the example of attending a rock concert vs. watching the same concert on television. In looking at the two situations in comparison to one another, it can be seen that several factors come into play to distinguish the two from one another most…


Balzer, W. (2004) Boredom: Practical Consequences and a Theory. Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. 49(1): 289-294.

Barzilai-Nahon, K. (2009) Gatekeeping: A Critical Review. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. 43(1): 433-478.

Eilders, C. (2002) Conflict and Consonance in Media Opinion. European Journal of Communication. 17(1): 25-63.

Goffman, E. (1974). Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. New York, NY: Harper and Row. Available at:  / publications/frameanalysis/.

Arthurian Literature
Words: 5193 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27209723
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Pearl Poet's Sir Gawain

The Arthurian Legends are one of the most mysterious of Middle English literature. For many years historians have tried to match King Arthur to one of the Early Kings of Britain, however, all attempts have met without success. It is now generally accepted that King Arthur and the other Knights of the Round table represent a composite of the behaviors and attitudes of people of that time period. The same can be said of the character of Sir Gawain in "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight." As social attitudes changed, so do the ideal characteristics that exemplify virtue and purity. The character Sir Gawain appears in many versions of the Arthurian Legends. The characteristics and attitudes of Sir Gawain seem to shoe a shift over time. The most widely accepted version of the character of Sir Gawain is the version that is attributed to the poet…

Works Cited

Abrams, M.H. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1993.

Andrew, Malcolm, and Ronald Waldron, eds. The Poems of the Pearl Manuscript. 2d ed.

London: Arnold, 1982; Gordon, E.V., ed. Pearl. Oxford: Clarendon, 1953.

Bishop, Ian. Pearl in Its Setting- A Critical Study of the Structure and Meaning of the Middle English Poem. Oxford: Blackwell, 1968

Response to Themes in Barry's Machine Man
Words: 1737 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50319705
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Barry's "Machine Man"

Originally published in 2011, Max Barry's futuristic science fiction novel "Machine Man" was first made available to readers as an online serial, before being updated and collected into a full-fledged book. Barry bucked publishing industry protocol and posted excerpts from his "Machine Man" to his personal website, imploring his regular readers to submit criticism and feedback in the hope of collectively shaping his creative vision. As one of the first literary works to be "crowdsourced" in terms of content, the version of "Machine Man" which emerged from this collaborative process is, much like its conflicted protagonist, an amalgamation of various constituent parts which comes together to form a harmonious whole. Barry's thematic thrust with the novel -- which tells the tale of Charles Neumann, a subordinate scientist working for a military research conglomerate known as Better Future -- is humanity's ceaseless pursuit of perfection, and the consequences…

Works Cited

Barry, Max. Machine Man. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 2011. Print.

Crerand, Canice E., and David B. Sarwer. "Body dysmorphic disorder." Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (2010).

Interpretation Analysis Evaluation of a Short Story
Words: 1253 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58607530
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irthmark, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is the story of a man consumed by the pursuit of perfection. He seeks absolute knowledge and absolute control, and imagines that he has discovered great scientific absolutes including the nature of the very heavens and the reason volcanoes erupt. After he marries, he becomes obsessed by a small birthmark on the cheek of his otherwise flawlessly beautiful young wife. His obsession with perfection combined with his scientific hubris leads to the death of his wife. Ironically, in death, the hated birthmark finally fades. The story demonstrates the danger of hubris in assuming that science will have all our answers, that we can manipulate life to meet our arbitrary standards.

Hawthorne demonstrates the protagonist, Aylmer's, obsession through various references. In the opening paragraph he says Aylmer.".. had made experience of a spiritual affinity more attractive than any chemical one. He had left his laboratory to the…


1) Beauchamp, Gorman. 2002. "Hawthorne and the Universal Reformers." Utopian Studies 13. (Beauchamp, 2002)

2) Fitzpatrick, Martin. 2000. "To a Practised Touch': Miles Coverdale and Hawthorne's Irony." ATQ 14:1, pp. 27+. (Fitzpatrick, 2000)

3) Wohlpart, A. James. 1994. "Allegories of art, allegories of heart: Hawthorne's 'Egotism' and 'The Christmas Banquet.'" Studies in Short Fiction, June 22. (Wohlpart, 1994)


Myths Myth of Marriage and Children Joseph
Words: 1995 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64860892
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Myth of Marriage and Children

Joseph Campbell's The Power of Myth is a book that can potentially transform the reader's consciousness. Beyond being informative, Campbell's analysis of cultural myths is profound; it provokes genuine introspection. The author refers to the spiritual in whatever he speaks about, and yet he never lapses into religious diatribe or dogma. Subjects like marriage are elevated beyond the social to the psycho-spiritual. For example, he calls marriage "primarily a spiritual exercise, and the society is supposed to help us have the realization. Man should not be in service to society, society should be in the service of man," (8).

In light of modern society, Campbell's words hold new meaning. In America, we have few true rituals because we have turned our attention outward instead of inward. The wisdom of life is being denigrated through a preoccupation with technology and material goods. There is little…

External vs The Internal View in Neo-Confucian
Words: 3097 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27261842
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External vs. The Internal View in Neo-Confucian Thought

Since the beginning of time, philosophers have made a living looking at how people conduct themselves and trying to make sense of it. Sometimes the philosopher will devise a theory about how the human world works by looking inside themselves and trying to determine the answer, and other times they will observe what people actually do and make comments based on that. Two Chinese philosophers and teachers, Zhu Xi and Wang Yangming, who were the most prominent Neo-Confucian thinkers, had different ideas with regard to how people developed a moral sense and translated that to the world. They also understood the law very differently. This paper looks at the two philosophers and their perspectives on some key issues so as to determine how they differed, were similar and how they relate to a modern world that often seems to be largely amoral…


De Bary, William Theodore, and Irene Bloom. Sources of Chinese Tradition, 2nd ed., vol. 1 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999), 849.

De Weerdt, Hilde. "Changing Minds through Examinations: Examination Critics in Late Imperial China." The Journal of the American Oriental Society 126, no. 3 (2006): 367-375.

Gardner, Daniel K. Zhu Xi's Reading of the Analects: Canon, Commentary, and the Classical Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Guo, Xuezhi. The Ideal Chinese Political Leader: A Historical and Cultural Perspective. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

Dark Age and the Archaic Age
Words: 1920 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36563837
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Dark Age and the Archaic Age

Having watched the lectures for the prior learning unit on video, I was prepared to enjoy the video lecture presentation for this learning unit. I previously found the presentation of lectures in the video format to be very convenient because I could observe at my own pace, rewind if I missed part of the lecture, have flexibility about when I was viewing the lecture, and not be distracted by the behavior or questions of other students. I acknowledged that there were some negatives to the video-learning environment, such as missing out on the organic and natural question and answers that develop in a live classroom setting, but had decided that missing those was an acceptable trade-off given the other benefits that I was receiving from the video lecture environment. Therefore, I was surprised to find that I did not enjoy the video lectures for…

Holt Renfrew
Words: 2190 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88781489
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Holt Case

Holt Renfrew

Holt Renfrew Toronto Storefront (Isaido, 2010)

Galen estond overseas the ittington Group which is the company's owner. Holt Renfrew is a high-end retailer in Canada with ten stores located in seven different metropolitan areas and the company's flagship store is located on Bloor Street, Toronto. The retailer sells top quality, branded and private-label designer fashions as well as cosmetics and sells a plethora of designer names such as Prada, Gucci, Armani, Dolce & Gabbana and Oscar de la Renta to name a few. As a luxury retailer the company targets an upper demographic and must stay on the cutting edge of the fashion industry to remain competitive. The company has also launched hr2 by leveraging their 175 years of Canadian retail expertise. hr2 offers Canadians who love fashion and leading brands, a new and unique designer product selection -- at great value -- and with a…

Works Cited

Bessant, J., Von Stamm, B., Moeslein, K., & Neyer, A. (2010). Backing outsiders: selection strategies for discontinuous innovation. R&D Management, 345-356.

Gembutsu Consulting. (N.d.). Kaizen Approach. Retrieved from Gembutsu Consulting: 

Holt Renfrew. (N.d.). Our History. Retrieved from Holt Renfrew:|about|our%20history 

i Six Sigma. (N.d.). 7 Wastes of Lean. Retrieved from I Six Sigma:

Tibetan Buddhism Qs the Great
Words: 501 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7637579
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Lecture 12:

The Kadampas monks were instrumental in spreading Tibetan Buddhism not so much for developing their own strain and teachings of Buddhism, but rather through the creation of programs for advancement towards Enlightenment and progress through Tibetan Buddhist teachings. These monks also develops preaching techniques that proved highly effective and popular. The Gelupkas were similar to the Kadampas in many respects, but placed a greater emphasis on the doctrine of emptiness than the older school.

Lecture 13:

Though the Buddhism that the New Translators found in India was largely the same as what they had left in Tibet, there were significant differences that were observed and developed out of this return to the Indian Sanskrit scriptures. The Sakya lineage was formed from reinterpretations of Sanskrit texts from a Tibetan Buddhist perspective, explaining both the similarities and the differences between the Sakya and the Nyingma schools. One of the unique…

Shoe Blog Brand Stewardship Blog
Words: 1878 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 61126280
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Given that Puma's new Bolt-endorsed line of running shoes doesn't really contain any groundbreaking innovations, either, it seems like simply more of the same rather than anything fresh and exciting.

Puma is reaching out to a different market than Nike, it is understood, and Usain Bolt simply does not have the same celebrity status or marketing clout as Michael Jordan. The relationship itself, however, just seems lackluster compared to the long-running Air-Jordan campaign and to other efforts made by other companies in the securing of endorsements and engaging in product-specific celebrity alignments. A rather basic looking running shoe blandly supported by a world-class runner -- the balance isn't there, and neither is they hype. There is more excitement brewed by the new comfort-oriented shoes being released by Asics than there is when it comes to Bolt's purported choice in footwear.

Other celebrity associations with footwear have been more successful, likely…

References (2012). micahel Jordan. Accessed 4 April 2012. 

Manifested Marketing. Converse Shoes -- Celebrity Endorsement of CSR? Accessed 4 April 2012.

Nike. (2012). History of Flight. Accessed 4 April 2012. 

SneakerFiles. (2012). Celebrity Shoe Sightings. Accessed 4 April 2012.

Mccloskey Asserts That the Initial
Words: 1593 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 96197182
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This contradicts the reason provided by McCloskey theism that only makes the life of man more difficult. If not for God, as Craig states, there will be no man and, therefore, there could be no argument that man will help each other in providing solutions to their problems. God also contributes to the knowledge of man; consequently, without God there would be no innovation or invention by man, a contradiction to McCloskey assertion.


Eden, Michael 2008. The Absurdity of Life Without God - William Lane Craig. etrieved from:

Evans, C. Stephen. 1982. Philosophy of religion: Thinking about Faith. Downers Grove, Ill.,

U.S.A.: InterVarsity Press.

McCloskey H.J., 1968. On being an Atheist. London: ationalist Press Association,

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Cosmological Argument. etrieved from:

McCloskey H.J., 1968. On being an Atheist. London: ationalist Press Association,

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Cosmological Argument. etrieved from:

McCloskey H.J., 1968. On…


Eden, Michael 2008. The Absurdity of Life Without God - William Lane Craig. Retrieved from: 

Evans, C. Stephen. 1982. Philosophy of religion: Thinking about Faith. Downers Grove, Ill.,

U.S.A.: InterVarsity Press.

McCloskey H.J., 1968. On being an Atheist. London: Rationalist Press Association,

Leibniz According to Leibnez God Has the
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51504377
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According to Leibnez, God has the potential to envision, conceive, and create an infinite number of possible worlds. From this infinite potential God selects the best one(s) to create. Leibnez suggests that God uses reason to consciously select the world that has the fullest creative potential, the most multiplicity, and ultimately, the least amount of evil. Leibnez suggests that the world in which we live must have been the best possible world, because God would not have chosen otherwise to create it. In the Monadology, Leibnez characterizes God as being benevolent as well as omnipotent, and therefore surmises that this one is the best of all possible worlds. "Now, as in the Ideas of God there is an infinite number of possible universes, and as only one of them can be actual, there must be a sufficient reason for the choice of God, which leads Him to decide upon…

Works Cited

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. The Monadology. Trans. Robert Latta. Reproduced online at < >.

Dell Total Quality Management Questions
Words: 1175 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44464138
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These vary by the type of managers and leaders there are in a given company. At Dell, transformational leaders are prevalent given the approach Michael Dell takes of allowing risk-taking, greater autonomy and support for decentralized decision making throughout the company (Dell Investor elations, 2013).

Explain different supplier relationship practices you think will be an advantage to the company, providing examples.

There are many different approaches Dell takes in creating and sustaining their supplier relationships. There are supplier relationships for commodity-oriented products to entirely different ones for high-value products like microprocessors. Dell has been able to unify all of these using a common set of analytics and metrics of performance, creating a consistent approach to managing their diverse supply chain based on profitability contribution by supplier, not just price (Weisendanger, 1993).

Explain the different customer focus practices you think will be an advantage to the company including examples.

Dell is…


Abramowich, E. (2008). Lean six sigma's new look. ASQ Six Sigma Forum Magazine, 7(2), 38-39.

AlSagheer, a. (2011). Six sigma for sustainability in multinational organizations. Journal of Business Case Studies, 7(3), 7-15.

Dell Investor Relations (2013). Investor Relations. Retrieved January 10, 2013 from the Dell Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC Web site:

Biblical Mission
Words: 2633 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36875123
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Christian Church acknowledges its missionary function as truly the core of Christianity, the heart of the Church. Through Christ's teachings, mission is the foreground of His legacy to the Church, the instrument for redemption. The guiding principles at the basis of the Church's mission exist as transparently related by the ible which in itself transcends all worldly knowledge and phenomena. God, as the Holy Trinity, reveals Himself through the biblical record in order to communicate with man candidly and openly, sends His only son into the world in order to claim Him back to the offspring of wholeness, and puts forth a missionary pattern for His followers: "A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another." (John 13:34, 15:17 King James ible) "And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the…


Abraham, William, James. The Logic of Evangelism. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989.

Blauw, Johannes. The Missionary Nature of the Church. New York, Toronto, London: McGraw-Hill Company Inc., 1974.

Bosch, David, C. Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission. New York: Orbis Books, 1991.

Flett, John, G. The Witness of God: The Trinity, Missio Dei, Karl Barth, and the Nature of Christian Community. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000.

How Michelangelo S Pieta Represents Renaissance Beauty
Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48302581
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Pieta by Michelangelo

Michelangelo's Pieta is a sculpture that was produced during the enaissance time period in Italy. This was a period of time in which wealth and artistic guilds flourished. Michelangelo was by trade and a talent a sculptor of the utmost precision, as the historian of the time, Giorgio Vasari, has indicated in his Lives of the Artists. Produced in 1498 for a Cardinal in ome, the sculpture is a combination of naturalistic design and classical dimensions/proportions. Thus, the Madonna and the Christ dead in her lap convey real, human characteristics -- yet the overall shape of the sculpture, the positioning of the Madonna's arms, the tilt of her head, the way in which the Christ lies in her lap, the crook of his knees, the drape of his arm, the folds of her robes -- all of this is detail of a most naturalistic devotion to accuracy…


Johnson, P. (2003). Art: A New History. NY: Gallery.

Vasari, G. (2003). The Lives of the Artists. NY: Penguin.

Why I'm Not the Perfect Kid
Words: 1387 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71362478
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Joe Student

Joe Teacher

hy I am Not the Perfect Kid

hen my best friend told me how perfect I was I actually blushed. hat was it that she said, "You have great parents, you're getting great grades in school, you don't drink or smoke, you've never even thought about trying drugs, you're single with no kids -- hell, all nineteen-year-olds should have your life -- It's perfect - ***** -- you're perfect." suppose I blushed because in my head I am not the perfect kid. Besides, what is perfection and why do I feel I have not achieved it? Do I even want to achieve it? hen I think of perfection I always think of the story of John Humphrey No/yes who died in 1886. No/yes was an outspoken religious and communal leader who in the 1860's helped found Oneida Community in central New York. No/yes had some crazy…

Works Cited

Author Unavailable. "A Tale Of Two Geeks." Wisconsin State Journal 18 June 1999,: 1D.

Author Unavailable. "Noyes, John Humphrey (1811-1886)." London: The Hutchinson Dictionary of World History, 01-01-1998.

Author Unavailable. "Perfection -- Poetry." 07-06-96. The VioComm Information Network. Ed.. 162 ed. n.p.: 1996.

Marks, Jonathan. Human Biodiversity: Genes, Race, and History. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1995.

Women Disability Sexuality and the
Words: 5037 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85099237
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Stocker, deaf since birth, admittedly attempted to compensate for her disability, her imperfection, through the relentless pursuit of achieving perfection physically and athletically, and even when she excelled, Stocker confesses, for a long time she remained emotionally tortured by disability for which no amount of body shaping or athletic skill in sports could change that disability (2001, p. 154). Stocker's struggle with her self-image, her identity and hers sexuality were in large part shaped by her disability.

While it is not an attempt here to disparage Stocker, or to belittle the significance of her disability; Stocker is a woman who suffered her hearing impairment from birth. Stocker suffered emotionally as a result of her disability, struggled with it for most of her life in the ways in which it impacted her self-esteem, self-image, and sexuality. So, might not a woman who acquired a disability at that point her life when…


Barker-Benfield, G.J. (2000). The Horrors of the Half-Known Life: Male Attitudes toward Women and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Routledge. Retrieved February 2, 2008, from Questia database: 

Bellerose, S.B., & Binik, Y.M. (1993). Body Image and Sexuality in Oophorectomized Women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(5), 435+. Retrieved February 2, 2008, from Questia database: 

DeFries, Z., Friedman, R.C., & Corn, R. (Eds.). (1985). Sexuality: New Perspectives. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Retrieved February 2, 2008, from Questia database:

Plato's Beliefs Plato's Belief in
Words: 1337 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29219712
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All the aspects of society are based on the models of the Forms, or the ideals of perfection. In other words, if we translate this belief into practical terms, Plato's theory really means that we should strive for the highest possible ideals in life.

Although Plato had a great influence on estern thought, there are many thinkers and philosophers who disagree with the basic premises, and dualism, of this theory. For example, the philosopher Emmanuel Kant states that man has certain limitations in his search for truth and knowledge. Unlike Plato, Kant believed that we could not have knowledge of or 'know' the truth that exists behind ordinary reality. He referred to the word of true reality as the noumenal world. However to understand this noumenal world is to understand the "thing in itself'; a possibly that Kant believed was beyond human capabilities. Therefore, although Kant acknowledged that there was…

Works Cited

Kant, I. Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals.

Indianapolis: Liberal Arts Press, 1949, 68.

Mansfield, Harvey. "Education: Where We Stand - the Conservative End of Education." National Review, 3 July 2000.

Plato. Republic. Translated by Waterfield, Robin. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Bonaventure Cardinal Bonaventure 1221-74 Was
Words: 2095 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15500392
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"(Bonaventure 116) Bonaventure's philosophy has experienced a lot of features of mysticism, as for Bonaventure mysticism is the only way to perform a spiritual journey to God. We can also observe it in the work, as he blindly refers to the bible texts:

By Scripture we are taught that we should be purged, illumined and perfected according to the threefold law handed down in it: the law of nature, of Scripture and of grace; or rather, according to its three principal parts: the law of Moses which purifies, prophetic revelation which illumines, and the gospel teaching which perfects; or especially, according to its threefold spiritual meaning: the topological, which purifies one for an upright life; the allegorical, which illumines one for clarity of understanding; and the anagogical, which perfects through spiritual ecstasies and sweet perceptions of wisdom."(Bonaventure 91)

So we should make a conclusion that the journey that Bonaventure had…

That's why we can see that being a theologist, and a representative of Franciscan Order; Bonaventure had left a lot of humanistic ideas in his philosophy, based on spiritual perfection, love and mental development.


Bonaventure, J. The Mind's Journey into God Hackett Publishing Company, 1993

Religion Discuss the Death of
Words: 2000 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 89134144
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This difference may be in part to the fact that many philosophies that coalesced into Greek philosophy saw God or (in some cases the Gods) as tricksters that played with the living, creating havoc and destruction for enjoyment and entertainment. The God of the Greeks was watching us all play, much as if her were attending a theater, but as the defacto director he has the power to play with the actors, restaging them to do either good or evil, depending on his whim. While the God of religion is here to guide, protect and punish us for our own actions within the confines of free will, a gift he has given us to allow us to choose the right.

The similarities between the two conceptions of God sort of end with the fact that both assume that he exists, and beyond that they vary extremely in the Greek tradition…

Hegel's System The New Philosophy
Words: 3643 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 58710664
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In fact, development of the idea will be substituted for life (Hegel, 1988).

The article on natural right and the System der Sittlichkeit complete each other. The first is destined to reveal a new way of posing the problem of natural right while the second is an attempt to solve this problem by the method proposed here (Goldstein, 2004). The System der Sittlichkeit, like the Platonic republic, is the conception of ethical life from its lower forms that Hegel considers abstract, such as individual desire, possession, work and family, to those higher forms, such as the integration of the lower forms in ethical totality, by which they truly receive their meaning. What Hegel later calls subjective spirit (psychology, phenomenology) is considered there as a preliminary moment of ethical life so that absolute spirit is presented in the form of political and social community. Religion and art, which at a later…


Aristotle, 1984, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, trans. Hippocrates G. Apostle Grinnell, Iowa: Peripatetic P, bk. Z.13, 1145a5-10.

Crites, Stephen. 1998, Dialectic and Gospel in the Development of Hegel's Thinking. University Park: The Pennsylvania State UP, 72-80.

Dickey, Laurence. 1987, Hegel: Religion, Economics, and the Politics of Spirit, 1770-1807 Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Gray, Glenn J. 1968, Hegel and Greek Thought New York: Harper and Row, 24-28.

Clinicians Have Always Been Reminded
Words: 4252 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33632219
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He can then be influenced to live what he now understands but has yet to do. The therapist or doctor must encourage the patient or awaken his social interest and raise his level of energy along with it. y developing a genuine human relationship with the patient, the therapist or doctor can re-establish the basic form of social interest, which the patient can use in transferring it to others. oth therapist and patient must realize that the latter's ultimate cure can come only from him.

Adler's approach has similarities with that of Socrates (Stein 1991). Socrates exhorted others to "know thyself," while Adler urged that people should think for themselves (Meyer 1980 as qtd in Stein 1991). Like Socrates, he would lead the person or patient through a series of questions to a contradiction within himself as revealed by his own answers. oth philosophers were committed to the search for…


Adler, A. (1932). Mind and Body. What Life Should Mean to You. Unwin Books. 

Boeree, G. (1997). Alfred Adler. Shippensburg University. 

Holmes, L. (2002). Clinicians' Personal Theories Influence Diagnosis of Mental Disorders. Mental Health Resource: Vanderbilt University. 

Center for Existential Depth Psychology. (2004). Philosophical Forerunners of Existential Psychotherapy. Louis Hoffman.

Philosophy General in Sections 37 Thru 45
Words: 1542 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38825670
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Philosophy (general)

In sections 37 thru 45 of the Monadology Leibniz offers three different proofs of the existence of God. Explore the way in which each of these proofs is derived from the 'two great principles' introduced immediately before.

The 'two great principles' expounded in paragraphs 31-2 of the Monadology are the principle of contradiction and the principle of sufficient reason. The principle of contradiction states that any statement containing a contradiction is false, and its opposite is true (para. 31); the principle of sufficient reason states that no state of affairs can exist, and no statement can be true, unless there is a sufficient reason why it is so and not otherwise, and that these reasons cannot usually be humanly known (para. 32). If these principles are accepted then it follows that there are two kinds of truths, each being based upon one of the two principles. Truths of…

Works Cited

Leibniz, G.W. (1698). The Monadology. Translated by Robert Latta. At

Self-Made Man and the Recipient of Divine
Words: 1472 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66039005
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Self-Made Man and the Recipient of Divine Grace:

Benjamin Franklin vs. Jonathan Edwards

Despite the fact that both Benjamin Franklin and Jonathan Edwards are honored as two of the greatest authors of colonial America, they could not be more different in their ideological orientations. Edwards (1703-1758) is perhaps most famous for penning the image of the human soul as a spider in the hand of a merciful God, suspended above the flames of hell in his sermon "Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God." All human beings, Edwards implied in his image, were essentially fallen beings. A true Puritan, Edwards believed there was no way for hard work to win divine favor; one could only hope to be the recipient of divine grace. In contrast, Franklin (1706-1790), despite living during roughly the same time period as Edwards, was the consummate self-made man. As well as being credited as one…

Works Cited

Edwards, Jonathan. "A divine and supernatural light." CCEL. Web. 16 Dec 2013. 

Franklin, Benjamin. "From Chapter VIII of The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin." The

American Tradition in Literature. Perkins & Perkins (Ed). McGraw Hill.

Phantom Limbs When We Ask Ourselves What
Words: 4654 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43053452
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Phantom Limbs

When we ask ourselves what is knowledge (as we do when we are engaged in the process of philosophy) we are effectively asking what is our relationship with the world. V.S. amachandran - as is the norm for philosophers - asks the question about our relationship to the world by using what at first might seem to be a relatively trivial issue, or at least one that very few of us shall ever actually have to worry about, which is the question of phantom limbs, the subject of both amachandran's interest and our own.

The desire to know and the desire to discover are essentially active, even aggressive actions taken on the part of consciousness to acquire pieces or aspects of the world. When we seek knowledge, we seek to take into our minds (and so to take into our bodies physically) something that exists in the world.…


Anderson, J.W. (1991). Freud or Jung. Chicago: Northwestern University.

Aristotle.(1989). Poetics. Trans. S.H. Butcher. New York: Hill and Wang.

Carnap, R. (1995). An Introduction to the philosophy of science. New York: Dover.

Descartes, R. (1999). Discourse on method and meditations on first philosophy (4th ed.). New York: Hackett.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel According
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Therefore the commerce under analysis is not a mere relation of exchange, but is a relation in which two forces become actively involved. Since it is man who initiates the process then it results that man is free to act as he wishes and not determined in his actions. The fact that this process is initiated in times of hardship demonstrate the fact that will and freedom are not enough in order to find the path towards the truth, freedom and serenity, and that god is needed in order to achieve this goal. If the exchange relationship is the mechanism through which god ad man communicate and unite, then prayer is the instrument which the process needs for its fulfilment.

Prayer is considered to be the active manifestation of religion, its incarnation. That is why the author argues that it is "real religion" as opposed to moral senses (the ethic…


Hegel, G.W.F. Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, trans., E.B. Speirs and J. Burdon Sanderson. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ltd., 1895

Renard, J. The Handy Religion Answer Book . Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 2002

Sabatier, a. Outlines of a Philosophy of Religion. New York: George H. Doran Company, 1897

Aristotle and the City State
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From this point-of-view, the role of the constitution was to provide equal conditions for everybody. The community was meant to be made of free people. The rules were supposed to follow the principle of justice, punishing those who would try to behave in an unjust manner (Aristotle's Political Theory, 2002)..

In addition, he believed that the constitution was meant to serve the best interest of everybody and not just the rulers. This is an important strong point of the city-state concept since it puts the basis for a democratic approach.

A point which may be on the other hand considered weak refers to the conception according to which people living within the community would be willing to act in manner which would bring mutual benefits. In the philosophers' view, the fact of living within the community acted strongly upon the nature of man (Introduction to Aristotle).Reality has showed that the…


Aristotle, Benjamin Jowett. 2009. Politics by Aristotle. IndoEuropean

Aristotle's Political Theory. 2002. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 30, 2009 from 

Introduction to Aristotle, University of Washington, Retrieved November 30, 2009 from 

Presuppositions of Aristotle's Politics. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 30, 2009 from

Faith Philosophy Paul Tillich Paul Tillich Was
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Faith: Philosophy

Paul Tillich

Paul Tillich was one of the most famous theologians of the 20th century. He represented the 20th century movement called neo-orthodoxy. Most of Tillich's work is represented in a series of transcribed lectures. Tillich's work contains volumes of historical details and theological connections. One of his most important works is the three volume systematic theology, which details theology from 1951 to 1963.

Tillich's Theory

Tillich's theology was that God exists or that God is a being. He identifies God as being itself. He quotes "God is being-itself, not a being." Tillich's theory is different from the other theologians. He does not believe in the existence of God. Theologians believed that there is no external factor in the existence of God. The general feeling is that God has not been derived from any source nor is He dependent on anything.

Argument and Example

According to Tillich, it…


1. Paul Tillich, Systematic Theology, vol. 1 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951), 205, 209, 237.

2. Paul Tillich, Systematic Theology, vol. 2 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957, Page 6)

3. William Rowe, Religious Symbols and God (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968), 76-77

4. Forrest E. Baird, "Descartes' Epistemology." New Jersey: Upper Saddle River, 2000.

Plato's Theory of Forms
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Plato's theory of forms promotes the belief that two objects can never be equal, regardless of their apparent similarity. Concepts cannot be defined by their appearance, as they actually need to be defined by their nature. People thus come to define objects by trying to associate them with the closest ideas that they can think of and that is similar to these respective objects. The Ancient Greek philosopher practically wanted people to understand that form was a very complex concepts and that it would be wrong for someone to attempt to define an object simply by looking at its appearance.

While a table might be defined by someone as being an idea that cannot be discussed as a result of the rigidity of the concept's form, matters can actually be more complex than someone might be inclined to believe. For example, something like a tree stump might be used by…

Strengths and Weaknesses of Empirical Methods of Inquiry
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philosopher Rene Descartes can be regarded as the supreme rationalist. Descartes believed that only through our rational minds could we fully know God and find evidence of God. Empirical knowledge was not sufficient justification to prove the existence of God because our senses could delude us or be faulty (such as through madness or blindness). In contrast, through rational inquiry we could first demonstrate our own existence on a mental plane: even if all is a delusion regarding the body there must be some 'mind' doing the thinking, rationalized Descartes. And, as the human mind can conceive of a greater intelligence known as God, a level of perfection human beings cannot approach, then within the very structure of our mind lies the evidence of God.

David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, however, takes the opposite, empiricist point-of-view. In the dialogue, three figures known as Demea, Cleanthes, and Philo engage in…

Political Thinkers Throughout the Ages Have Considered
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Political thinkers throughout the ages have considered the meaning of citizenship and the relationship that does and/or should exist between the citizen and the state. The meaning of citizenship has been addressed in different ways by various schools of thought, beginning with the Greeks. Citizenship means the state of belonging to a collective, a state, and an important element that emerges from Greek, Roman, and early Christian thinkers is that citizenship both confers rights and requires the fulfillment of responsibilities for an individual to be considered a good citizen. Definitions of being a good citizen include clarifying the relationship between the individual and his or her society, as can be seen in the political writings of Plato and the philosophical and ethical writings of Confucius. Plato identifies the good man with the good citizen, and what makes the individual good also makes the individual a good citizen. Confucius would agree…

Existence on God
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God Exist?

The Case for God's Existence


Thomas Aquinas

Other Arguments

The Case Against the Existence of God

My Assessment

Many people go to churches, mosques, and synagogs each week to worship God and to pray. ut does God hear those prayers? Does he exist? The debate over God's existence has gone on for centuries and is alive and well in our time. Philosophers, theologians, scientists, and ordinary people have weighed in on the argument. Theologians such as Aquinas and Anselm argued for the existence of God in the Middle Ages, but even in that time, others disputed their contentions. Even some who believe in God argue that proving God's existence through logic, science, or reasoning is impossible because even hard evidence has nothing more than faith behind it. Are the people who worship God wasting their time then? Does God impact their lives? That question can be difficult…


Anselm of Canterbury." The Internet Encyclopedia of Knowledge. 1996. Retrieved 10 December 2002 from

Bradley, Walter. "The Real Issue: The Scientific evidence for the Existence of God." 14 July 2002 Retrieved 10 December 2002 from

Burr, David. "Anselm on God's Existence." Medieval Source Book. 1996.

Retrieved 9 December 2002 from / source/anselm.html

Aquinas and Classical Islamic Philosophy on the Divine
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The way in which this argument is employed differently in classical Islamic philosophy is actually quite interesting. e might compare Aquinas' argument here with Avicenna's use of Al-Farabi's concept of the "active intellect." Aquinas' prime mover argument is fundamentally Aristotelian, and thus Avicenna and al-Farabi were both familiar with the Aristotelean notion that God as Prime Mover could be logically deduced from the motion of planets and stars. For Avicenna, however, the notion of "active intellect" (borrowed from al-Farabi but here repurposed) is understood as the necessary manifestation of God in the world: the movements of things from potentiality to actuality is an intellectual movement (as well as a physical) and the form and shape that appears in matter is actually -- in Avicenna's philosophy -- an emanation from God's active intellect. As Leaman puts it, "this is not a matter of choice or God's grace but rather a necessary…

Works Cited

Leaman, Oliver. An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy. Second edition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Print.

Man Created in the Image of God and Nursing
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Genesis 1:27 has huge implications for the nursing profession, creating an attitude of respect and social justice that permeates our practice and impacts all our interactions with patients and coworkers. Through a Biblical lens, we are able to make ethical decisions with clarity, grace, and ease. The truth of man being created in the image of God essentially implies that to offend a human being in any way is to offend God. The authority of God is implicit and explicit in the work of nursing, guiding personal philosophy and easily coexist with evidence-based practice. Theology and nursing practice both offer systematic methods of treating patients with revealed knowledge.

"So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them," (Genesis 1:27). This seminal passage is one of the underpinnings of Judeo-Christian thought. For example, we learn that God does…


Bible: New International Version.

Feinberg, C.L. (1972). The image of God. Bibliotheca Sacra 129(1972): 235-246.

Lossy, V. (1974). The theology of the image. Chapter 7 in In the Image and Likeness of God. Retrieved online:

Reflection and Research Essay on Augustine Saint Augustine on Evil
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Origin of Evil

The origin of evil has been a controversial issue not only in the contemporary Christian circles but also among the ancient Greek Christians. The point of contention in the discussion about the origin of evil is why a good God would have created evil. The Judeo-Christians struggled to understand how a good, powerful, and all-knowing God could allow evil to exist. The logical conclusions were that either God did not exist or God was not good[footnoteRef:1]. However, Augustine sought to clarify this erroneous notion about the existence of God. Saint Augustine believed that the discussion on the origin of evil and whether a good God has a role in its creation and existence must first begin with the understanding of evil and God. He explained that if evil was not necessarily a thing, then it may not have been created although it negates the notion that God…

Karol Jozef Wojtyla 1920-2005 Served
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Similarly, no one can deny that this Pope's message of peace and tolerance was more than Papal doctrine and became, instead, Vatican Foreign Policy, delivered in person by someone who "walked the walk and talked the talk." Precisely because of this, the book gives the contemporary reader insights into a tenuous time -- a time of Cold War tensions, a time when the economic stability of much of the world was unknown, and most especially a time in which many feared the coming millennium.

Ironically, one of the final public scenarios presented in the book deals with the then Cardinal atzinger, prefect for the Congregation of the Faith, authoring and espousing the primacy of the Catholic Church. Despite the seeming arrogance of such a statement, the Pope called the documents "close to my heart" and explained that, "our confession . . . . isn't arrogance that deprecates other religious but…


Flynn, R., R. Moore, J. Vrabel. (2002). John Paul II: A Personal Portrait of the Pope

And the Man. St. Martin's Press.

Gertz, S. (October 1, 2003). "Christian History Corner: John Paul II's Canonization Cannon."

Christianity Today. Cited in:

Kabbalah Practice and Its Followers
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The follower of modern Kabbalah pursues divine unification through personal introspection. The person-centered world so dear to contemporary belief is preserved, while being extended to cosmic proportions. Individuals right their own wrongs by seeing in their own failings evidence of their own ignorance of a larger reality. This larger reality descends directly from God, down through the various sephirot that occupy the Tree of Life. Each sephirah is suffused with a Divine light that contains a specific emanation of God. Each emanation of God is another piece in the complex puzzle that is the universal reality. The individual indentifies himself or herself with these specific elements, building up what is missing, and discovering what is unknown. Eventually, the top of the Tree is reached, and the practitioner of Kabbalah achieves the ultimate goal of changeless perfection.

orks Cited

Bisk, Tsvi, and Moshe Dror. Futurizing the Jews: Alternative Futures for Meaningful…

Works Cited

Bisk, Tsvi, and Moshe Dror. Futurizing the Jews: Alternative Futures for Meaningful Jewish Existence in the 21st Century. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003.

Cimino, Richard, and Don Lattin. Shopping for Faith: American Religion in the New Millennium. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002.

Lewis, James R., ed. New Religions and the "Cult" Controversy New Religions and the Cult Controversy. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2001.

Pike, Sarah M. New Age and Neopagan Religions in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Aquinas People Had Always Been
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160). Furthermore, Aquinas considers all people as being creations of God and parts of a whole that God represents. God's perfection has been passed on to its creations and thus all humans are perfect in their nature.

Aquinas is obsessed with demonstrating the existence of God and this can be seen in most of his writings. F.C. Copleston elucidates the reason for this through the fact that "in arguing for the truth of theism he places special emphasis on one argument, which I shall call 'The Existence Argument'." (Copleston, F.C. pp. 31)

Apparently, Aquinas considered that if he managed to demonstrate that God exists, everyone will have faith. In general, one has five methods through which he or she can prove the existence of God. All methods need to relate to something logical in order for people to comprehend. Aquinas' first way of proving the existence of a divine character…

Works Cited

Aquinas, Thomas & Gilby, Thomas. St. Thomas Aquinas: Philosophical Texts. Oxford University Press, 1951.

Copleston, F.C. Aquinas. Penguin Books, 1955.

Davies, Brian. The Thought of Thomas Aquinas. Clarendon Press, 1993.

Davies, Brian. Thomas Aquinas: Contemporary Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press, 2002.

Wuwei in the Daodejung the
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An excellent example of this principle is the art of cooking. hen one cooks, they may follow a recipe. However, if they find in the middle of the recipe that the dish is cooking too quickly, they may have to exercise flexibility and make adjustments to avoid ruining the dish. They cannot follow the recipe without thought, but must make adjustments as they go along. Flexibility must occur spontaneously and must be integrated into what the situation requires (Fox).

Practicing the uwei produces a seamless dance in which the elements are not noticed of their own accord (Fox). hen the actions are appropriate to the situation and the proper amount of flexibility is applied, no one will notice the transitions that have taken place. If one turns down the flame on the stove, naturally, as if without effort, no one will notice. However, if one were to choose to follow…

Works Cited

Fox, a. Reflex and Reflectivity. Wuwei in the Zhuangzi. Asian Philosophy, Volume 6:1 (1996), pp. 59-72. . Accessed February 10, 2009.

Goddard, D. & Borel, HLaotzu's Tao and WuWei.. 1919.  Accessed February 10, 2009.

Kardash, T. Jade Dragon Taoism - the Wu-Wei Principle, Part 4. Online June 1998. . Accessed February 10, 2009.

Lawson, S. Wu Wei. Accessed February 10, 2009.

Vitruvian Man the Concept of
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However, starting from this, Leonardo was able to use this conclusion in his mathematics work and "rationalize irrational geometry of square root of 2."

The rationalization mentioned in the previous paragraph is not only related to the proportions that exist between the different body parts, but also to the easiness with which the square and circle can be constructed and how these two perfect geometric shapes are correlated. As such, the drawing initially starts with the square. If rotated by 45 degrees, the square will result in a vertical geometric projection of itself. The difference between the extremity of the projected square and the side of the initial square will form the diameter of the circle. Calculated in palms, the area of the circle is 660 palms, while the area of the square is 576 palms. This makes for the differences between the two areas 84 palms, important because of…


1. Vitruvius. Ten Books on Architecture. Translated by a committee, edited by Ingrid D. Rowland and Thomas Noble Howe; Cambridge University Press, 1999

2. Place, Robert. Leonardo's Vitruvian Man. 2000. On the Internet at  retrieved on December 7, 2008

3. Turbeville, Joseph. An Angular Perspective of Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man. From "A Glimmer of Light from the Eye of a Giant: Tabular Evidence of a Monument in Harmony with the Universe.

4. Bowman, David. Vitruvian Man. 2008. On the Internet at retrieved on December 7, 2008

Satyajit Ray's Pather Panchali the
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Ray also believed that Hollywood presented a world that was completely foreign and at odds with the reality of life in India. hy, then, had so many previous Indian filmmakers attempted to copy the Hollywood style? The result could only be failure. It was for this reason that Ray decided to turn his back on the Hollywood aesthetic altogether - and the result was Pather Panchali. Rather than the stylistic gloss that Hollywood coats its product with, Ray allowed a significant degree of "dirt" in to his film as a way of arguing with the dominant aesthetic.

In doing so, Ray purposefully chose a "rambling" novel to adapt for his first film. "The script," he later explained, "had to retain some of the rambling quality of the novel because that in itself contained a clue to the feel of authenticity: life in a poor Bengali village does ramble" (Ray 33).…

Works Cited

Ray, Satyajit Ray. 1976. Our Films, Their Films. Calcutta: Orient Longman Limited.

Exegesis of Hebrews One of
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Unless the author's typological approach is appreciated, the interpreter may wrongly assume that the author is making literal statements about the salvation-historical significance of Christ.

The fact that Hebrews was originally written in Greek does not provide any substantial or definitive help in the search for author or audience. During the time period in which Hebrews had to be composed, Christians in Rome spoke Greece. In fact, Hellenism had much of Western Europe and the modern-day Middle East familiar with Greek. This familiarity would have been even more likely among educated groups, and is highly unlikely that uneducated people would have had the ability to read or write. While there was some early suggestion that Hebrews was originally written in a language other than Greek, it seems highly unlikely that that was the case:

That the Letter to the Hebrews was originally written in Greek is suggested by the fact…

Percy Bysshe Shelley One of
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The corruption which has been imputed to the drama as an effect, begins when the poetry employed in its constitution ends: I appeal to the history of manners whether the periods of the growth of the one and the decline of the other have not corresponded with an exactness equal to any example of moral cause and effect. (54)

In this message Shelley connects the universal idea that poetry, once translated into the theatrical creates a natural transition into a cause and effect relationship but that the poetry itself is also flawed in that translation and that even this form of art cannot perfectly represent the moral, cause and effect situation.

A under a thin disguise of circumstance, stript of all but that ideal perfection and energy which every one feels to be the internal type of all that he loves, admires, and would become. The imagination is enlarged by…

Faith and Reason an Analysis
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If he had love, he had no pot in which to plant it. And so it stayed trapped in his mind, separate from any object -- for Kant insisted on the gulf between faith and reason. If one had to accept certain truths on the authority of the one revealing them -- Kant wanted no part in it. According to Kant, one should accept only that which can be reasoned. According to Aquinas, it is not unreasonable to accept that which is revealed.

In a sense, many of us today are Kantian rather than Thomistic. We are Hamlet figures, forever trapped in doubt. What Aquinas allows us to do is put away doubt. He allows us -- in fact, implores us, to act. He is now to us like the ghost of Hamlet's father -- reappearing to urge his son to action. Still, Hamlet delays. What happens to Hamlet --…


Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Contra Gentiles. London: Burns and Oates, 1905.

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. UK: Fathers of the English Dominican

Province, 1920.

McInerny, Ralph, ed. Thomas Aquinas: Selected Writings. England: Penguin, 1998.

Descartes' Method of Doubt and
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Then, by beginning with the idea that there may or may not be a chair present at all, one can begin building on those truths that remain to establish more truths and eventually establish the presence of the chair.

Descartes uses such reasoning not only to establish the presence of those things that can be verified by the use of the senses, but also to establish the existence of God and the immortality of the soul. Descartes begins with the premise that neither mountains nor valleys may exist, but that if they do exist, then "a necessary attribute of a mountain is that it be adjacent to a valley" (Burnham and Fieser). Descartes acknowledges that the same could be said of the existence of God:

In the same way, even though the concept of supremely perfect being necessarily possesses certain attributes, it doesn't follow that this being exists. It only…

Works Cited

Burnham, Douglas and James Fieser. "Rene Descartes." The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2001. University of Tennessee at Martin. 4 Mar. 2005 .

Chew, Robin. "Rene Descartes: Philosopher." Lucidcafe. 2005. Lucidcafe. 4 Mar. 2005

Descartes, Rene. "Meditations." Eds. David B. Manley and Charles S. Taylor. Descartes'

Meditations. 1996. Wright State University. 4 Mar. 2005 .

Islam and Christianity Religion Serves
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The first five books were separated from the whole about 400 B.C. As the Pentateuch. Jean Astruc in the eighteenth century noted that the Pentateuch is based on even earlier sources. The two chief sources have since been identified in Genesis on the basis of their respective uses of Yahweh or Elohim in referring to the deity. They are called J. For the Jehovistic or Yahwistic source and E. For the Elohistic source, and P. For the Priestly source was later separated from the E. source (Miller and Miller 698-699).

Consider just the complexities involved in the construction of the first book of the bible, Genesis, in its present form. It is believed that at an early time in human history, perhaps as early as the eleventh or tenth century B.C., someone put together the stories of God's dealing with the fathers from oral forms then in circulation. Such a…

Works Cited

Blair, Edward P. Abingdon Bible Handbook. New York: Abingdon Press, 1975.

BrJhier, Louis. "Crusades." The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IV. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908.

Dimont, Max I. Jews, God and History. New York: Mentor, 1994.

Jomier, Jacques. How to Understand Islam. New York: Crossroad, 1991.

Advertising and Anorexia American Media
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As such, she is once again linking the notion of skinny to fashionable. Everyone in "Young Hollywood," as the magazine refers to the younger celebrities as skinny and this then reinforces a need for young girls to also be skinny, at all costs. When young women are looking to their favorite stars and singers they want to replicate that look, and often many take on unhealthy habits in order to get that skinny that fast.

Victoria Justice is not the first child star to embed these types of messages into images. No, many child actresses have felt the pressure to be skinny, and have thus internalized the societal demand and reproduce it for their own fans to follow. Take for example the case of former Nickelodeon actress Amanda Bynes. According to one recent post on the Huffington Post's Celebrity page, the actress has continuously admitted to her fans on Twitter…


Huffington Post. (2013). Amanda Bynes eating disorder: Actress shares yet another worrisome tweet. HuffPost Celebrity. Web. 

Kirsh, Steven J. (2010). Media and Youth: A Developmental Perspective. John Wiley & Sons.

Thompson, J. Kevin & Heinberg, Leslie J. (1999). The media's influence on body image disturbance and eating disorders: We've reviled them, now can we rehabilitate them? Journal of Social Issues, 55(2), 339-353.

Courtly Love
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Courtly love is, in general form, a structured form of male / female interaction which was infused with a poetic, heroic, romantic idealism about the virtue of both the man and the woman. The core idea of Courtly Love, as defined by Capellanus, is that the woman (or Lady) should be worshipped, ardently pursued, and intensely desired. She is to receive this attention and devotion not because of an intrinsic beauty and nobility (read: only the members of the upper class were capable of Courtly love), but because she capable of endowing the male with virtue and honor because of and through her acceptance and faith in him. The Lady, then, is to judge her suitor upon the basis of his character, his noble deeds of gentleness and courtesy, his degree of chivalry, not his incidental qualities. In this dynamic, the Lady is obligated through her social responsibility, to accept…

Bennetts, Melissa. "Knightly Prowess and Courtly Love Revealed." Christian Science Monitor. 25 Apr, 1996. v88. i105. pB1 (1).

Capellanus, Andreas. The Art of Courtly Love. John Jay Parry, Translator. New York: Ungar, 1959.

Koenigsberg, Richard A. "Culture and Unconscious Fantasy: Observations on Courtly Love." The Psychoanalytic Review. Spring, 1967. v54. n1. p36(14).

Buyers Guide to Flatbed Scanners
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uyer's Guide To Flatbed Scanners

Getting digital images is easy with a right scanner. Nowadays, printing productions and websites demand huge numbers of digital images for easy modification, interactive presentation, and professional look of their final products. A reliable and affordable scanner helps out the need both for home and corporation requirement. Among different types of scanner, there is a high preference for flatbed scanner for its working performance, size, and affordable price even for the lower consumer level.

Flatbed scanner incorporates speed and quality into one package. The most common purpose of buying a scanner is to scan pictures and small objects into digital files, and get a close resemblance of the digital image with its original picture. It means, a scanner should be able to identify and produce colors as vivid as the object or image. Clear image is important, as people need to modify, resize, adjust the…


50 Most Popular Scanners. ZDNet Shopper. Web site: 

Freed, R. Buyers' Guide to Scanners. 2002. PC World Magazine September 2002. Retrieved December 8, 2002 from PC World Online Edition. Web site:,aid,102514,pg,2,00.asp 

Freed, R. Top Ten Scanners. December 2002. Retrieved December 8, 2002 from PC World Review. Web site:,aid,106196,00.asp 

Keverline, A. Understanding Scanners. 2002. Retrieved December 8, 2002. MSN Photos Quick Shots. Web site:

Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse the Central Character
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Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse, the central character takes a journey that is like the journey one takes through life. This journey shows him as he develops from an impetuous youth to a man with the wisdom that comes with age. His goal is to attain Nirvana, and on the journey he encounters the Buddha. He believes he must always work toward his goal, but the Buddha argues with him and encourages him to become a monk and join the Sangha. In this way, Buddha tries to guide Siddhartha, but Siddhartha continues to follow his own path and refuses the invitation. The reason he makes this choice is because he believes that the individual may find his own way, and while he does not deny the validity of those who choose to be taught and to participate in a group such as the Sangha, he knows this way is not his…

Works Cited

Hesse, Hermann. Siddhartha. New York: New Directions, 1951.

aristotle nicomachean ethics and virtue ethics
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Unlike either deontological or utilitarian ethics, virtue ethics focuses on character. Because virtue ethics are not consequentialist, overall virtue ethical frameworks are more akin to deontological analysis of moral right and wrong. One’s intentions are as important as one’s actions; the consequences of one’s actions are important but not as much as remaining honest, compassionate, and willing to learn. At the same time, Aristotle and other proponents of virtue ethics believed that it is most important to be a good person, and to live a good life, than it is to ascribe to some external moral code.

Two virtues that are important to living a flourishing or successful life, in Aristotle’s sense, include magnanimity and temperance (“Traditional Theories of Ethics,” n.d.). Magnanimity is best understood as understated confidence, evident in behaviors like good sportsmanship whether one wins or loses. Temperance is moderation in all areas of life: not going to…

virtue ethics responses
Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77791154
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Response 1
The responsibilities of parenthood do require character virtues. Simply being a parent does not make one virtuous, but parenting can bring out the best in people. Parenting requires the person to put their child ahead of any selfish desire, which promotes humility, magnanimity, and temperance—three of the essential character virtues (“Traditional Theories of Ethics,” n.d.). Developing character ethics promotes eudaimonia within the family, and each member of the family including the parent who exhibits a virtuous character (Aristotle; Husthouse, 2016). In fact, the more one exhibits virtuous behavior in their role as a parent, the more likely it is for the child to embody the same virtues. In this way, virtuous parenting reverberates through the generations and helps create a more virtuous society overall.
Having personal experiences with a father who did not have a virtuous approach to parenting makes it easier to recognize the importance of strong…

Beauty Its Allure and Elusiveness
Words: 1403 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34963313
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audelaire's poem makes clear that beauty is actually closer to a form of death, acting like a drug that poisons one's mind, creates addiction and finally brings one closer to death.

The very title of the book of poems the flowers of Evil which associates the flower, a conventional representation of beauty with "evil," announces a different kind of poetic testimony. Examining audelaire's volume of poems, Marcel a Ruff points out that

"Les Fleurs du Mal constitutes an examination of conscience, that examination is not limited to the person of audelaire; it extends to all humanity. but, whatever errors are divulged, it remains a scrutiny, at times accompanied by a warning. It is never a condemnation. and, when others are concerned, the poet does not fail to express his compassion" (the Centennial Celebration of audelaire's Les Fleures du Mal, p. 44).

Hymn to eauty although a very personal confession, is…

Baudelaire, Charles. Waldrop, Keith. The Flowers of Evil. Wesleyan University Press, 2006

Baudelaire Charles. The Centennial Celebration of Baudelaire's Les Fleurs Du Mal. Marcel a Ruff. The Evil in the Flowers. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1958

Mossop, D.J. Baudelaire's Tragic Hero: A Study of the Architecture of Les Fleurs Du Mal. London: Oxford University Press, 1961

Nicene Creed Good Morning Everyone
Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46074493
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Something that is divine is able to do all and be all. In describing Divinity in terms of who God is, God is Divine because He has perfect power, perfect knowledge, and perfect goodness. He is without flaws.

ho is the Divine God? In the next section, the lesson will cover that God is the Maker of heaven and earth. He is described in Genesis 1:1 as the Creator, in Genesis 18:25 as the Judge, and in Psalms 23:1 as the Shepherd. hat this means is that the Divine God is the Maker of all, the Judge of all, and the Shepherd of all. For a believer, a Divine God serves dual roles in one's life the Judge of His creation, but also as the One who leads and protects them when they seek Him. Ravi Zacharias's comment from the previous section also illustrates the Divinity of God. For example,…

Works Cited

Dawkins, Richard. "The Improbability of God." Free Inquiry" (2010): 18.3, n. pag. Web.

17 Dec. 2010.

New King James Bible. T.D. Jakes, ed. Shippensburg: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1998.

Zacharias, Ravi. "Atheism, Feminism, and the Bible." Ravi Zacharias Ministries," 2010. Web.

Chaucer The Prioress the Pious
Words: 1812 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61413143
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She has an earnest love for the purity and perfection of the Virgin Mary, but she is overcome by her own immaturity in expressing her love. Finally, the Prioress desperately wants the world to consider her as pious, devout and worthy of respect and dignity. However, she exudes an amount of prejudice and anger not befitting a lady who is devoted to love and mercy. To assess the character of the Prioress is quite difficult indeed; her character, as presented by Chaucer, is much like that of most ordinary humans. The prioress has some admirable and endearing virtues that many wish to emulate and some character defects that prevent her from being of maximum service to god and her fellow men and women.

orks Cited

Ames, Ruth M. God's Plenty: Chaucer's Christian Humanism. Chicago: Loyola

University Press, 1984.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales: The Prioress' Tale. Online Accessed 17


Works Cited

Ames, Ruth M. God's Plenty: Chaucer's Christian Humanism. Chicago: Loyola

University Press, 1984.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Canterbury Tales: The Prioress' Tale. Online Accessed 17

Ocober 2010.