324 results for “Pest”.
PEST/ Competitor Analysis of HHM
PEST analysis is a regularly used and immeasurably valuable method for analyzing the external environment of an organization. In particular, this technique splits the general environment into four distinct areas and encompasses pretty much everything that can influence an organization. These four particular areas are political, economic, social and technical (Thompson and Martin, 2010). In regard to political factors, the company accomplishes the proficiency to ascertain the kind of role that the government plays within the industry and marketplace. For example, does the government carry out interventions in the customary forces of demand and supply? It also deliberates whether there are any government rules and regulations. Secondly, the economic factors take into consideration the particulars of the conditions in which the national and the international economy are in. Third, with regard to social factors, the technique accounts for the considerable aspects that point…
Enz, C. A. (2010). Hospitality Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons.
Henry, A. (2011). Understanding Strategic Management. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hoovers. (2016). Top Competitors for Hersha Hospitality Management, LP. Retrieved from: http://www.hoovers.com/company-information/cs/competition.hersha_hospitality_management_lp.4683f376931880a1.html
Thompson, J. L., Martin, F. (2010). Strategic Management: Awareness and Change. United Kingdom: Cengage Learning.
large organizations like Comcast to use both PEST and Porter's 5 Forces analysis in helping its leaders to understand their particular external environment?
Globalization has created an interesting dynamic in regards to Comcast's external environment. What once was a handful of competitors has now grown to include both international and online competition. To better grasp the current competition with an eye towards future innovations, a PEST and Porter's 5 forces analysis is necessary. This is particularly true as the business dynamics in Comcast's external markets has fundamentally changed over the years. Competition is now outside of the fundamental cable providers. Innovation and strategic mergers have created new product offerings for consumers. Globalization has created a rising middle class in many of Comcast's international markets. Finally, substitutes via the internet have placed pricing pressure on Comcast's core product offers. All of these factors thus contribute to management's view of the future…
1) Geraldine Fabrikant (January 21, 1999). "The Media Business; SBC Communications to Buy Comcast Cellular Operations." New York Times.
2) Peter Key (July 5, 1999). "Comcast: Not just cable anymore." Philadelphia Business Journal.
3) Romm, Tony (March 9, 2014). Comcast spreads cash wide on Capitol Hill. Politico.
Pest pays respect to his council-members and honors their unique individual talents, in accordance with the American spirit of individualism, as each of the members of Pest's cabinet demonstrates a unique specialty. Poe attributes a grotesquely enlarged facial feature to each member of the "extraordinary assembly," suggesting that American culture may exaggerate the importance of individualism or, perhaps, that American politics may overemphasize the unique features of individual states.
During a time when the American government was still working out its kinks, Poe wrote "King Pest" to illustrate the shortcomings of both Federalism and Jeffersonian democracy. Poe depicts King Pest himself was a strong "elite" political leader who Hamilton and the Federalists would have supported. Yet the grossly exaggerated facial features of the individual council members indicate that Jefferson's concept of states' rights was also deeply flawed.
Moreover, the description of the group of six hoarding the town's liquor during…
One example is the Titanic incident, which led to far greater safety standards on cruise ships. He talks about how cars changed the face of the American landscape, and created everything from superhighways to motor courts and carhops. Cars made it easier to get from here to there, but they create pollution, traffic jams, and numerous causalities, too. He maintains that as we develop even more reliance on computers and programming, it can lead to catastrophe if health, wellness, or safety systems backfire. He talks about modifying intensity in agriculture to improve yields and stop rampant growth, and talks about other gains in technology that have improved our lives, such as stronger steel and more fuel-efficient automobiles. He believes that in the future, we need to be less reliant on resources from the Earth, and more economical in how we live and view out lives. He also maintains that we…
Tenner, E. (1996). Why things bite back: Technology and the revenge of unintennded consequences. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Oriental Fruit Fly Pesticide esistance
Overuse of pesticides to control pest populations in fruit and vegetable commodities has led to the development of pesticide resistance among Bactrocera dorsalis, more commonly known as the oriental fruit fly. Pesticide resistance occurs when resistant individuals reproduce and the resistance to their offspring. If the pesticide is repeatedly used against a given population, the resistance will strengthen and a greater population will survive. It has been estimated that more than 500 species of insects, mites, and spiders have developed some level of pesticide resistance, a phenomenon that was predicted by achel Carson in her book Silent Spring (Gut, 2007). Despite developing resistance to pesticides meant to control oriental fruit fly populations, eradication has been achieved through the use of quarantine and fumigation programs.
Various insecticides have been used to combat oriental fruit flies including fenthion, fenitrothion, formothion, malathion, naled, trichlorfon, methomyl, fenvalerate, and cyfuthrin.…
"Exotic Fruit Fly Risks." 2006. USDA-APHIS. Retrieved from:
Gut, L., Shilder, A., Isaacs, R., & McManus, P. (2007). Managing the Community of Pests and Beneficials. Fruit Crop Ecology and Management. Retrieved from:
Hsu, J., Wu, W., & Feng, H. (2004). Biochemical mechanisms of malathion resistance in oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis). Retrieved from:
Pesticide Use on the Environment in the United States
Managing pests, such as weeds, insects, plant diseases, and nematodes, has been on of the greatest challenges in both agricultural and nonagricultural environments throughout history.
Mainstream use of synthetic pesticides in the United States began shortly after the World War II, during a time of significantly increasing crop production. Since the 1950's, American agriculture has relied heavily on pesticides, dumping 30 billion pounds of pesticide into the environment.
Pesticides are chemical substances that are used to control pests. Pesticides are basically economic poisons that are used for controlling, preventing, destroying, or mitigating pests (Kobal, 1999). Synthetic organic compounds, as well as inorganic products like sulfur, natural botanical products like pyrethrum, and biological products, are commonly found in pesticides, which are produced commercially for pest control.
There are many benefits to using pesticides, as they protect animal health and enhance plant production…
Hamm, James G.: The Handbook of Pest Control. Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited, 1982.
Kobal, Harold. Feasibility of Pesticide Use in the U.S. CAST Issue Paper No. 9, August 1999.
Larson, S.J.; Capel, P.D.; Majewski, M.S. Pesticides in Surface Waters: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors. Chelsea, Michigan: Ann Arbor Press, 2000, 373
Norris, L., and Dost, F. Proposed surface water quality criteria for selected pesticides used for forest management and management of forest tree seedling and christmas tree plantations in Oregon and Washington. Oregon State University, 1991.
Threat of Pesticides to Infants' Health and Safety:
Pesticides are chemicals that have successfully been used in agricultural production to restrain pests on different crops such as vegetables, cereal grains, fruits, and nuts. As a result, they have become a standard part of most farming operations to an extent that they have contributed to an increase of farm productivity to 82% in the past three decades. However, did you know that pesticides pose a serious threat to the health and safety of infants? How? Because infants can routinely come into contact with these chemicals with inherent toxicity since most of their common surroundings are usually touched by these chemicals.
The purpose of this pamphlet is to examine the threats posed by this environmental factor i.e. pesticides on the health and safety of infants. This evaluation is based on the increased or widespread use of these chemicals even in areas where…
Pamphlet on Pesticide Exposure and the Health and Safety of Infants
Pesticide is a term that is used to refer to products that are developed to destroy, prevent, ward off, and mitigate any pest. The main aim of the use of these products in the home environment is to destroy bacteria, weed, and fungi as well as kill insects through destroying their neurological and reproductive systems. While these products are used to help promote the health and safety of every individual in the home setting, exposure to them can sometimes generate significant health risks. Pesticide exposure can act as a source of injury or a factor that exacerbates illness, especially in vulnerable populations such as infants. This pamphlet provides information on how pesticide exposure affects the health and safety of infants and offers recommendations on accident prevention and safety promotion in relation to pesticide exposure.
The Threat of Pesticide Exposure…
"Children Are at Greater Risks from Pesticide Exposure." (2002, January). Pesticides: Topical & Chemical Fact Sheets. Retrieved from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency website: http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/kidpesticide.htm
Davis, A.D.B. (2007, May). Home Environmental Health Risks. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 12(2). Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume122007/No2May07/HomeEnvironmentalHealthRisks.htm
"Pesticides and Children." (2013, May 23). National Pesticide Information Center. Retrieved from Oregon State University website: http://npic.orst.edu/health/child.html
Gilles mentions, for example, "faulty sprayers, lack of protective equipment adapted to tropical conditions, and nonexistent first-aid provisions" in developing nations (11).
In a Sand County Almanac, Leopold argues that it is time to extend the concept of ethics to the environment. Human attitudes and consciousness related to the environment can and should change. Leopold uses a moral and philosophical argument, whereas Carson uses a more emotional and evidence-based argument. Both these approaches continue to inform sensible domestic and foreign policy related to synthetic pesticide use. Interestingly, many scientists decry programs that minimize pesticide use because of the collusion between science and chemical industries. Chemical industries offer lucrative positions to the world's top scientists. Ames and Gold, for example, make illogical arguments about pesticides. "If reducing synthetic pesticides makes fruits and vegetables more expensive, thereby decreasing consumption, then the cancer rate will increase, especially for the poor," (1041). Ames and…
Ames, B.N. And Gold, L.S. "Environmental pollution, pesticides, and the prevention of cancer: misconceptions." The FASEB Journal. Volume 11, No. 3, p. 1041-1052.
Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin, 1962
Forget, Gilles. "Pesticides and the Third World." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Vol. 32, Issue 1, 1991.
Leopold, Aldo. A Sand County Almanac. Oxford University Press.
PESTLE analysis of Apple Inc.
Apple Inc. is a technology company, which designs, produces and sells goods of the Computer, Music and Mobile-Phone Industries. It is differentiated by its brand-perception and identification. Over the last couple of years, Apple has become a cult-brand, thanking its life to iTunes, QuickTime and iMaclines. Apple Inc.'s short-term goals are currently increasing the sales of the just launched iPad (the most innovative web-browser in market). In the long-run, Apple aims are to be on the top of the market, becoming the number one leader.
Products of the Apple are profitable. Be it the best of time, just a single or double Windows OEMs earns a profit. We now see even Microsoft had no obligation but to layoff workers so that it to keeps its head above water. Dell as well is seen taking a major hit. Low-end computers tend to be cheaper that customers…
Adam (2009). Apple SWOT Analysis. MBA Tutorials. Retrieved November 23, 2011 from http://www.mba-tutorials.com/marketing/273-apple-SWOT-analysis.html
Business Insider, 2011). 8 Management Lessons I Learned Working At Apple. Retrieved November 25, 2011 from http://www.businessinsider.com/management-lessons-i-learned-working-at-apple-2010-7#a-tech-company-should-be-run-by-engineers-not-managers-1
Hill, T. & R. Westbrook (1997), "SWOT Analysis: It's Time for a Product Recall," Long-Range Planning, 30, No. 1, 46-52.
Management Paradise (2011). Pest Analysis on Apple.Inc. Retrieved November 22, 2011 from http://www.managementparadise.com/forums/principles-management-p-o-m/208663-pest-analysis-apple-inc.html
External Analysis Motorcycle Industry
External Analysis of the Motorcycle Industry
Harley Davidson, the heavy-bike manufacturer holds the purpose of fulfilling dreams of personal freedom (Purpose: Harley Davidson, 2013). The company functions in segments of Motorcycles & elated Products and the Financial Services. It is however globally known for heavy bikes that have engine displacement of 651+cc (Harley-Davidson Inc. 2013). The company enjoys a unique position in the market yet it is exposed to many new market challenges in recent future. The demand for heavy bikes has increased among those that are not necessarily filthy rich and other companies are also entering the industry. Here is the PEST analysis of Harley Davidson to study what challenges it is facing in external environment.
The PEST analysis offers a detailed picture of how the macro environment factors affect the performance of Harley Davidson. The PEST stands for Political, Economic,…
Engel, J., (2013), "Polaris challenges Harley-Davidson with 3 Indian motorcycles," Retrieved
Harley-Davidson Inc. (2013), Retrieved from:
Internalization of Fast Food Business
Internationalisation of Fast-food Business
PEST Analysis for India
PEST Analysis for United States
Comparison between the two Countries
Changes in the Global Environment due to Financial Crisis
Impact of Financial Crisis on Internationalisation
Fast food has transformed the eating habits of the entire population, whether they are resided in UK, U.S., Asia or any other country. The changing trend of the eating habits evidently exhibits that fast food industry is one of the industries that have developed over the time. Even though fast food consumption has shown an increasing pattern of factors that has affected the health in many ways such as increased overall calorie intake, contribution to weight gain, and elevation in the risk for various diseases, yet, the consumption trend at the same time has represented an escalation in the recent years (Parsa & Kwansa,…
Brauch, H.G. 2009. Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts. Springer. Wurzburg.
Griffin, D. 2010. Business with a Purpose: Starting, Building, Managing and Protecting Your New Business. Easy Brain Labs Inc. USA.
Haberberg, A. & Rieple, A. 2007. Strategic Management: Theory and Application. Oxford University Press. New York, USA.
IMF. 2008. IMF Survey. International Monetary Fund. USA.
Over the last few years, Kraft has been dealing with unique challenges. This is from the wide range of products and markets the firm is competing. In this study, there was a focus on the current opportunities and challenges. What was determined is that Kraft is facing considerable risks from a number of industry and external factors. To address these issues, the firm must maintain constant amounts of watchfulness of new changes and quickly adjust to them. This will help the company adapt with critical challenges and address the needs of stakeholders.
For many firms, globalization has increased the competitive pressures they are facing inside the marketplace. This has transformed the kinds of strategies they are utilizing. In the cases of Kraft Foods, they are facing similar issues from these and other factors such as: high raw material and energy costs. This has the potential to hurt their ability…
Kraft Foods. (2012). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=KRFT
Our Progress in 2011. (2011). Kraft. Retrieved from: http://www.kraftfoodscompany.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/pdf/KraftFoods_DeliciousWorld2011.pdf
PEST Analysis. (2009). Value-Based Management. Retrieved from: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_PEST_analysis.html
Porter's Five Forces: A model for industry analysis. (2007). Quick MBA. Retrieved from: http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
Social Ecology of Health Promotion
Modern day examples of human modification of an ecosystem
Module 01 Question 01: Preservation of the existing ecosystems
Various measures have been put in order to modify and contain the natural state of the ecosystem. Preservation is one of the approaches that have been used to foster equitable management of the ecosystem. Through preservation, it has become evident that the ecosystem has taken a different understanding from the avenue of human perception. For instance, rules and regulations that help to protect the ecosystem have changed the entire perception of the ecosystem globally. Initially before the establishment of preservation approaches, the ecosystem was getting devastated gradually. Nonetheless, modification has come with the introduction of laws and regulations that work towards protection and preservation of the available avenues in the market.
Through the rules and regulations created, the ecosystem has achieved a new state of protection in…
Callan, S., & Thomas, J.M. (2010). Environmental economics & management: Theory, policy, and applications. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Corwin, J. (2009). 100 heartbeats: The race to save earth's most endangered species. New York, NY: Rodale.
FAO/IRRI Workshop on Judicious and Efficient Use of Insecticides on Rice, International
Rice Research Institute. & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
S. production value. Exports account for approximately half this amount (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). Figure 2 portrays three views of bamboo. One: A bamboo forrest; Two: A bamboos shoot; Three: A bamboo grove walkway.
Figure 2: Three Views of Bamboo (adapted from Stickman).
As bamboo production levels have risen, the amounts of raw materials needed to facilitate the production have simultaneously increased. The bamboo industry in Anji predominantly harvests bamboo from plantations, as it primarily grows a fast growing and easily cultivated, bamboo species, locally known as "maozhu" or "moso bamboo" (phyllostachys heterocycla) (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). .
Currently in Anji, the cultivation of moso bamboo encompasses 60% of the forest area, with the percentage rising as plantations expand. Along with the hefty production of bamboo, the intense cultivation bamboo industry uses mammoth amounts of fertilizers and pesticides; which contributes to negative environmental effects. In reference to the bamboo production…
Applegate, Ed and Johnsen, Art. Cases in advertising and marketing management: real =
situations for tomorrow's managers Plymouth, United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.
Adhikary, Nripal. "Treatment Process." Abari Adobe and Bamboo Research Institute. 2009.
Web. Available at: . 09 October 2009.
Genetically Modified Crops
Genetically modified (GM) food has generated considerable interest and controversy in the United States and around the world (University of Richmond, 2004). Proponents applaud the vast benefits of technology while opponents argue that environmental and food safety issues outweigh the benefits. This paper provides background information regarding the genetically modified crops in an attempt to show that they are a benefit to society.
The appearance of GM food products in the marketplace has resulted in a great deal of public debate, scientific discussion, and media coverage (SCOPE, 2004). A variety of concerns go hand in hand with the new advances enabled by genetic modification. However, the possibilities presented by GM crops cannot be overshadowed by these concerns.
Crop varieties developed by genetic engineering were first introduced for commercial use in 1996 (University of Richmond, 2004). Today, these crops are grown on more than 167 million acres worldwide.…
Dibb, Susan. Mayer, Sue. (April, 2000). Biotech - The next generation: Good for whose health? The Food Commission (UK) Ltd. And GeneWatch UK. Retrieved from the Internet at: http://www.foodcomm.org.uk/biotech_summary.htm.
Reuters News Service. (July 6, 2000). GM Crops Safe, Offer Consumer Benefits. Retrieved from the Internet at: http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/7361/newsDate/06-Jul-2000/story.htm .
Sakko, Kerryn. (May, 2002). The Debate Over Genetically Modified Foods. American Institute of Biological Sciences.
Sample, Ian. (June 3, 2003). GM crops. The Guardian.
Smuckers has a number of strengths from which to gain competitive advantage. The company has a roster of leading brands that are household names (2009 Annual Report). It has saturation-level distribution around the nation. The company is consistently profitable and has a healthy balance sheet (MSN Moneycentral, 2010). It is liquid, has a low debt ratio and the company is growing faster than the industry average -- impressive since its business tend to be mature. One weakness of Smuckers is that its brands lack dynamism -- they are staples and do not excite consumers. The company's margins typically lack those in the industry over the past five years, indicating that Smuckers has lower pricing power than its competitors.
There are a number of opportunities in the market. Smuckers can place increased emphasis on the growing organic segment. Organic groceries have grown from $1 billion in 1990 to $23 billion in…
MSN Moneycentral: JM Smucker. (2010). Retrieved May 2, 2010 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/detail/stock_quote?symbol=SJM&ww=1
JM Smucker 2009 Annual Report. Retrieved May 2, 2010 in possession of the author.
Porter's Five Forces: A model for industry analysis. (2007). Retrieved from QuickMBA. Web site: http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
PEST analysis (2009). Retrieved from Value-Based Management. Web site: http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_PEST_analysis.html
Coca Cola -- External Analysis
An external analysis of Coca-Cola (NAICS # 312111 -- Soft Drink Manufacturing) requires scrutiny of the specific industry environment with Porter's 5-Forces model and examination of the larger business environment through a PEST analysis. In his interview on YouTube, Porter speaks of the five factors of Competitive Rivalry, Threat of New Entrants, Threat of Substitute Products, Bargaining Power of Suppliers, and Bargaining Power of Buyers. He also discusses the underlying forces for each factor, examining the Airline Industry, in which all five factors are strong, and the Soft Drink Manufacturing Industry, in which all five factors are "benign," essentially making the Soft Drink Industry "a license to print money" (Harvard Business Publishing, 2008). Porter stresses the importance and flexibility of his five forces, which keeps an organization focused on "underlying fundamentals" so the organization's leadership is not tricked or trapped by the latest trend or…
Chapter 21. (2011, August 25). Retrieved February 4, 2012 from Scribd.com Web site: www.scribd.com/doc/63145097/Chapter-21
American Bar Association. (2012). ABA Journal - Law news now. Retrieved February 4, 2012 from ABAjournal.com Web site: http://www.abajournal.com/
American Demographics. (2012). American demographics - News - Advertising age. Retrieved February 4, 2012 from Adage.com Web site: http://adage.com/section/american-demographics/195
Bhasin, H. (2011, February 21). Positioning by product characteristics. Retrieved February 4, 2012 from Marketing91.com Web site: http://www.marketing91.com/positioning-product-characteristics/
Annual reports are strong for the breadth of information discussed, but with respect to depth are better used for internal analysis. They provide an overview of external issues but that overview should be supplemented with other research. Trade magazines and academic journals often have very specific articles that may or may not be of relevance to an external analysis. hen they are relevant, they tend to provide excellent detail. Analyst conference calls, as with annual reports, are best used for internal analysis, but in these calls if management feels that external forces were the key factor in firm performance in the past quarter, the discussion will center on that performance. The Bureau of Economic Analysis is valuable for learning about broad economic trends, but those trends are not put into context of the industry. Newspaper articles may be excellent sources, but they can also be useless. Information literacy is required…
Websters Online. (2010). Retrieved May 15, 2010 from http://www.webstersonline.com/searchresults.asp?category1=company&searchvalue=southwest+airlines&state_prov=&search=Search&AddInfo=
FareCompare.com. (2010). Retrieved May 15, 2010 from http://www.farecompare.com/
Bureau of Economic Analysis website: http://www.bea.gov
LaMotta, L. (2009). Southwest soars despite fuel costs. Forbes.com. Retrieved May 15, 2010 from http://www.forbes.com/2009/01/22/southwest-airlines-fuel-markets-equity-cx_lal_0122markets12.html
External Analysis of Southwest Airlines
External Analysis Southwest Airlines
Will Southwest Airline's strategic plan continue to bring success in the new airline industry landscape? This paper sought to answer this question by examining the external increasingly consolidated environment in which Southwest competes. The review was conducted through application of Porter's Five Forces, a PEAT analysis, and a SWOT analysis.
The report concludes that Southwest has gained ground and maintained stability, changing only as much as it needed in order to remain the friendly domestic budget airline it started out as, and to compete effectively but with fidelity to its vision and values.
This paper will present a brief analysis of the competitive landscape for Southwest Airlines based in order to assess the airline's future capabilities in an environment in which other airlines are increasingly co-opting Southwest's successful and innovative strategies. This deductive exploration of the landscape will continue at the…
Airlines Industry Profile, First Research. (2011). [Web]. http://www.firstresearch.com/industry-research/Airlines.html
Domestic Airlines, U.S. Industry Report, IBIS World. (2011). [Web]. Retrieved http://www.ibisworld.com/industry/default.aspx?indid=1125
Huettel, S. (2011). Tampa International Airport votes to give airlines incentives for adding flights, St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved http://www.tampabay.com/news / business/airlines/article1176335.ece
Porter's Five Forces, Strategic Management, Quick MBA. (2011). [Web]. Retrieved http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
External Environmental Analysis
This is an online business that offers direct retail sales as well as online auctions both at the international level and locally. It is an online market place where potential buyers can visit for designer brands and home goods at the best price bargains. It also offers a platform where sellers of items can get onto the market platform online and sell their items to other people within or outside the U.S.A.
Porter's Five Forces model and the overstock.com (Mind Tools Ltd., 2014)
Supplier power- this refers to the concentration of other businesses or suppliers that can provide the same service that overstock.com offers. This threat can be rated as high since there are several websites like amazon, ebay among several others that offer the same services.
Buyer power- this refers to the ease with which the buyers of the goods or services can drive down…
Mind Tools Ltd., (2014). Porter's Five Forces Assessing the Balance of Power in a Business Situation. Retrieved February 3, 2014 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMC_08.htm
Strategic Management Insight, (2014). PEST & PESTEL Analysis. Retrieved February 3, 2014 from http://www.strategicmanagementinsight.com/tools/pest-pestel-analysis.html
Changes (Global, National, Region, Local, and Farm)
In the work entitled: "Climate Change and Agriculture" a brochure prepared for the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food written by Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. In Section 4: Impact of Climate Change on Crops report findings that:
1) Elevated temperature increased their rate of grain growth but shortened the duration of grain filling;
2) Higher temperatures may have decreased the availability of assimilates so decreasing grain size, grain yield and mass per grain; and 3) Higher temperatures reduced average mass per grain, in one experiment, by 25% in normal CO2 and 14% in elevated conditions." (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. nd)
The following chart demonstrates the effect that CO2, temperature, and CO2 combined with a higher temperature had on crop yields in this study.
Change in yield (%)
Source: (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, 2006)
Chipanshi, a., Chanda, R., & Totolo, O. (Dec 2003). Vulnerability assessment of the maize and sorghum crops to climate change in Botswana. Climatic Change, 61(3).
Dhakwa, G. & Campbell, L. (Dec 1998). Potential effects of differential day-night warming in global climate change on crop production. Climatic Change, 40(3).
Isik, M. & Devadoss, S. (20 April 2006). An analysis of the impact of climate change on crop yields and yield variability. Applied Economics, 38(7).
Peng, S., Huang, J., Sheehy, J., Laza, R., Visperas, R., Zhong, X., Centeneo, G., Khush, G., & Cassman, K. (6 July 2004). Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(27).
Innovations in strategic planning
Organizational analysis of Chinese industrial firm, Zhongqing Zongshen Automobile Industry Manufacturing Co., Ltd., offers much in terms of understanding the global powerhouse as an industrial economy of scale. If China's macro-economic position is one of increased export growth, then micro-analyses enable us to uncover the ingenuity and strategies behind the giant. Zongshen Motorcycle brand is one of the core subsidiaries of Zongshen Industrial Group, with consumer recognition in the capital market. The mission of the company is to improve the quality of life of human beings through innovation of clean, convenient and safe transportation tools (Zongshen, 2010).
In 2008, expansion of the two-wheeled motorcycle concern in its multi-scale strategic plan encouraged growth through: domestic sales, import and export agreements, and key & important component distribution. The integrated strategy resulted in substantial returns, with export sales at $100 million alone. The Company reports cumulative assets…
Dispute Settlement: Dispute DS340 China -- Measures Affecting Imports of Automobile Parts (2008). World Trade Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds340_e.htm
DOHA Declaration on Anti-dumping GATT Article VI, Section 7. WTO (2009). Retrieved from: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dda_e/implem_explained_e.htm#antidumping
Flannery, R., & Huang, P. (2003). No HOGs here. Forbes Global, 6(17), 26.
PESTLE (2010). RapidBi.
The ubiquity of online media has prompted the magazine to reduce its rate of print publications to 10 from 12 publications a year, and cut its print subscriptions in favor of digital advertising. This will also allow for greater segmentation, as it can more easily create "digital single topic editions, mobile applications, e-reader products and videos" of specific interest to segments of its core consumer base, and hopefully draw more advertisers who wish to target their publications online (Bell 2009). It can also feature general articles and condensed stories to suit the desire of readers still seeking the Reader's Digest compressed form that tells them 'everything they need to know.' Through the online website, searchers can select what stories interest them the most.
Industry environment (Porter's Five Forces)
Reader's Digest is currently in a medium with very low barriers to entry -- virtually anyone can start a blog about…
Bell, Lauren. (2009). Reader's Digest pulls back print, focuses on digital. DM. (Direct
Marketing). Retrieved October 11, 2009 at http://www.dmnews.com/Readers-Digest-pulls-back-print-focuses-on-digital/article/138808/
Historical Perspectives of the Reader's Digest. (2008). Focusing on Words. Retrieved October
11, 2009 at http://www.wordfocus.com/word-RD-intro.html
The interview already revealed different technology, such as pay-per-click advertising, being used in order to maximize the outreach of the message at the lowest possible cost.
Second, technology is also important in reducing the cost in the hotel and making the business more efficient and effective in the way it is using its resources. For example, Scott has mentioned that the email is the preferred form of communication. This makes sense both in terms of the human resources effectiveness in the workplace and in terms of the overall costs for the organization. It is much simpler to keep track of a communication thread via email and this also increases the work productivity of the different employees at the hotel.
The political and social aspects from the PEST analysis have a smaller impact on the activity of the business. Scott has mentioned that he tries to steer the business as much…
1. http://embassysuites.hilton.com/en/es/brand/about.jhtml . Last retrieved on May 1, 2009
2. Embassy Suites opening Minneapolis hotel, No. 200 for the brand. Memphis Business Journal. April 2009. On the Internet at http://www.bizjournals.com/memphis/stories/2009/04/27/daily31.html . Last retrieved on May 1, 2009
3. Habuda, Janice. Hundreds turn out for jobs at new Embassy Suites hotel. The Buffalo News. April 2009. On the Internet at http://www.buffalonews.com/cityregion/story/643481.html . Last retrieved on May 1, 2009
Apple is a personal electronics manufacturer and marketers. The company competes in personal computers, mp3 players, tablet computers, software and smartphones (Apple.com, 2011). Apple has improved revenues and profits rapidly of late (Apple, 2011). Apple is financially strong with a great balance sheet (MSN Moneycentral, 2011) and strong brand loyalty (ithers, 2008). The company's stock is currently trading at very high multiples because of its multi-year track record of hit product launches, its lack of slowdown during the recession and the company's continued ability to resonate with consumers. Apple's entrant into smartphones is the iPhone. Apple holds 25% share of the market, good for third place behind Android and Blackberry (Blodget, 2011). Apple just introduced its latest model smartphone, the iPhone 4.
The iPhone 4 is the latest incarnation of Apple's iPhone line of smartphones. The smartphone market is divided by operating system, rather than device manufacturer.…
Apple. (2011). Apple reports first quarter results. Apple. Retrieved April 26, 2011 from http://www.apple.com /pr/library/2011/01/18results.html
Apple.com. (2011). Retrieved April 6, 2011 from
Organics trip to the local grocery store will reveal that organic vegetables and fruits not only look better than their non-organic counterparts: they are in many cases also not that much more expensive. As a result, many mainstream supermarkets are starting to carry organic lines of produce, offering more choice to consumers. The Albertson's chain in ashington State recently started stocking shelves with organic coffee; UK food retail giant Safeway added organic meats to its shelves, all of which is locally produced. Increasing numbers of packaged foods are being made with organic ingredients and many of them don't cost more than non-organic counterparts. However, the organic food industry still has a long uphill battle to fight. Organic agriculture is a system of production that eliminates "the use of synthetic inputs, such as synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, veterinary drugs, genetically modified seeds and breeds, preservatives, additives and irradiation," replacing them with…
Albertsons and Equal Exchange Coffee Team Up To Please Consumers and Small Farmers." Equal Exchange. 29 Jan 2003. Online at http://www.equalexchange.com/news_info/pr1.03.htm .
Cowley, Geoffrey. "Certified Organic." Newsweek. 30 Sept 2002.
Frequently Asked Questions About Organic Agriculture." FAO. Online at http://www.fao.org/organicag/fram11-e.htm.
Safeway Organic Meat is 100% Sourced." Eurofood. 15 Aug 2002. On FindArticles.com. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0DQA/is_2002_August_15/ai_90623214 .
Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis formed Skype in 2003. The two produced VoIP software based on P2P architecture that revolutionized the field of communication. The software provided its users with high quality and free voice calls, as firewalls did not affect this software. The company rapidly grew due to the free quality voice calls reaching its critical user mass in a short time. The company later started premium Skype products to corporate users, which increased the revenue generated. VoIP technology used by Skype means that the company relies on the internet or IP-based networks to transmit the signal. The information transferred through the software requires protection from hackers and for privacy thus encrypted.
Microsoft acquired the company in 2011 for a record 8.5 billion U.S. dollars. This is considers one of Microsoft's most expensive acquisitions as the company grows to become the number one software company in the…
Capon, N., & Hulbert, J.M. (2007). Managing marketing in the 21st century: Developing and implementing the market strategy. Bronxville, N.Y: Wessex Inc.
Cronin, M.J. (2010). Smart products, smarter services: Strategies for embedded control. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Hill, C.W.L., & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic management theory. Mason, OH: South-Western/Cengage Learning.
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2012). Strategic management: Competitiveness & globalization. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
ervice (Porter's value chain):
Best low-fare carrier
(a) High capacity usage (few unfilled seats), and is, therefore, one of the most profitable airlines, while many other airlines are unprofitable. (b) It can maintain focus on cutting frills.
Best low-fare carrier by standardization of fleet
(a) Few unfilled seats. WA has only one basic type of aircraft. This reduces training times (b) it can continue this direction.
Price and great staff relationship
(a) Employees work very well as a team (b) Employees are encouraged to have and show their sense of humor. This should continue though within bounds
Flexible as well as unionized.
tep 4: (a) Maintains very good relationships with its unions (b) may need to set conditions with its flexibility
Operations (Porter's value chain):
Mainly operates its own booking service
tep 4: (a) Booking flights is not available except directly through outhwest Airlines…
Southwest Airlines Co. (2009). Southwest Airlines -- A Brief History.
Mutzabaugh, B (March 1, 2012). Southwest, AirTran now single carrier in FAA's eyes. USA Today.
business, there are a number of issues that will have an impact on a firm's ability to compete and increase their profit margins. One of the most formidable is the transformations that can occur inside an industry. This means that corporations have to understand potential threats and create strategies for mitigating them. Otherwise, there is the possibility that a company could lose their market share and dominance in the sector.
A good example of this can be by looking at General Motors. From 1946 until 2008, they were considered to be the world's largest automaker. Yet, foreign manufacturers continued to erode away at their position. This is because the management failed to understand the challenges they were facing and adapt with them. The long-term effects are that the firm was forced into bankruptcy and had to receive government bailouts in order to stay in business. This is illustrating how not…
About Us. (2012). Kraft Foods. Retrieved from: http://www.kraftfoodsgroup.com/About/index.aspx
Kraft. (2012). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/co?s=KRFT+Competitors
Kraft Recalls. (2011). Consumer Bell. Retrieved from: http://blog.consumerbell.com/2011/10/03/product-recalls-safety-kraft-velveeta-recall/
Porter's Five Forces. (2012). Quick MBA. Retrieved from: http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
There are minor differences in prices, quality, and features of these products. Therefore, consumers can choose those products that best match their current needs. In the new market, Technosoft will need to strive hard for building a strong customer base by producing and promoting innovative technology solutions.
v. The Bargaining Power of Suppliers:
The bargaining power of suppliers is strong against new and small scale software manufacturers while very low against top market leaders. eason being, large scale manufacturers take advantage of their financial strength and make long-term collaborations with the raw material suppliers in a view to get regular and non-stop supply. On the other hand, small manufacturers can neither make strategic collaborations nor make bulk purchases for getting discount on raw material. As a result, the bargaining power of suppliers increases against these small manufacturers.
Section 3: Marketing Plan
3.1: Potential Target Market
Technosoft specializes in operating system…
Bangs, DH, & Henricks, M. (2005). Business Plans Made Easy, 3rd Edition. Irvine, California: Entrepreneur Press.
Cadle, J., Paul, D., & Yeates, D. (2010). Business Analysis, 2nd Edition. Swindon: British Informatics Society
Canzer, B. (2006). E-business: strategic thinking and practice, 2nd Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Daft, R.L. (2011). Understanding Management, 7th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.
Business Transformation Strategy
GE Capital oodchester is a leading provider of motor car, equipment, and personal finance in the country of Ireland. They offer the most flexible packages for diverse financial needs and as such, have earned the position of leading the personal and capitol acquisition financial services. GE Capital oodchester also provides specialized financing and services and they focus on niches including equipment and car leasing, hire purchase and loans to businesses and individuals across Ireland. Headquartered in Dublin, GE Capital oodchester services the financial needs of its customers through its regional sales centers and extensive dealer and partner network.
GE Capital oodchester is a wholly owned subsidiary of GE Capital. ith assets of more than U.S.$425 billion, (gecapitol.ie, online) GE Capital is a global, diversified financial services company with 28 specialized businesses worldwide. GE Capital has had an enviable record of growth over the past decade delivering value…
Who We Are. (2002) GE Capitol. Accessed 6 August 2003. Website: http://gecapital.ie/GECapital/WhoWeAre.cfm
Our Expertise. (2002) GE Capitol. Accessed 6 August 2003. Website: http://gecapital.ie/GECapital/OurExpertise.cfm
Hill, C. & Jones, G. (2001) Strategic management: an integrated approach, 5th ed. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston.
Porter, Michael. (1980) Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors New York: Simon and Schuster.
3 Squares is a company that has remained profitable across its operations because of suitable internal and external environment factors. These internal and external factors have enabled the company to effectively identify market opportunities and capitalize on them to become one of the profitable meal delivery service for seniors. Based on the findings of a SWOT analysis, one of the historical factors that have contributed to change in the company's market segment is the changing demographics of modern populations. In the last few years, there has been a significant increase in the number of the elderly populations in developed countries, particularly the United States (Wiener & Tilly, 2002). Since the company focuses on delivery of meal services to seniors, the growth in the elderly population has contributed to change in the firm's market segment. This change has implied that the firm has a huge customer base because of the increase…
Gypsy Moth Control and the Diana Fritillary (Speyeria diana): Carolina Landscape in Conflict
The Gypsy Moth is an exotic pest and invasive species that feeds on the leaves in the middle branches and crowns of tress, and while populations tend to persist at low levels in some areas for quite some time sudden and as yet unexplained population explosions can lead to massive defoliations (Liebhold 2003). The Speyeria diana, commonly known as the Diana fritillary, is a butterfly species that inhabits the northwest counties of South Carolina and certain surrounding areas, with recent evidence suggesting that populations might be more widespread than previously thought; unlike many other fritillary species the Diana fritillary primarily populates wooded and shaded areas (Scholtens n.d.). The overlap of these two species is fraught with complications that threaten the survival of the Diana fritillary.
There are several significant environmental issues that need to…
Any action taken by any federal agency, which includes actions taken on the federal lands include in the targeted region as they are part of the National Forest Service's dominion and thus require federal approval, is required to conduct Environmental Assessments and produce Environmental Impact Statements in accordance with EPA guidelines, as per 1969's National Environmental Policy Act (EPA 2011). The pest management control methods and treatment must be shown to have a minimal expected impact on other populations of both flora and fauna based on available evidence, and the benefits and necessity of these actions must also be demonstrated (EPA 2011). Coordination with other efforts to reforest specific areas of the region, correct other environmental damage, and promote the overall health of the ecosystem must also be a part of the treatment plan development, as well (National Forest Service n.d.). This is not only due to regulatory and legislative concerns but also because such coordination will represent the most efficient and effective use of resources available (National Forest Service n.d.; EPA 2011).
The control of the Gypsy Moth population in the Eastern United States has been a long-running issue since the introduction of the species. The threat the Gypsy Moth represents to the Diana fritillary butterfly is both direct and indirect, and moth population control methods can themselves be harmful to the Diana fritillary. Careful consideration of landscape issues and other concerns is necessary in the development of a treatment plan.
As of late 2010, rumors in the financial community persist that Spain is going to be the next Eurozone nation to suffer an economic crisis. Spain's high unemployment rate, coupled with a lack of economic recovery and being unable to adjust interest rates due to its participation in the euro, has resulted in a rapid appreciation of interest rates in Spanish sovereign debt in recent weeks amid speculation in the bond markets that Spain will be unable to meet its obligations (Krugman, 2010; Krause, 2010). The Spanish economy, it would seem, has been suffering in recent years and that suffering is not expected to end any time soon.
For a company looking to do business in Spain, the current situation is certainly cause for alarm. The economic fundamentals of the country look troubling, and there are significant structural reasons why Spain will not be a good place in which…
CIA World Factbook: Spain. (2010). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved December 1, 2010 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sp.html
Dimireva, I. (2009). Spain investment climate 2009. EU Business. Retrieved December 1, 2010 from http://www.eubusiness.com/europe/spain/invest
Dowsett, S. (2010). Spain austerity plan scrapes through parliament. Reuters. Retrieved December 1, 2010 from http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE64Q54T20100527
Dowsett, D. (2010, 2). Key party attacks draft Spanish labor reform. Reuters. Retrieved December 1, 2010 from http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE65B0ZT20100613
A eport on Advertising Industry
This paper presents a detailed report on the environmental factors, competitive environment, and current trends in the advertising sector. The purpose of this report is to highlight and discuss the major challenges which companies in the advertising sector are facing in the present business landscape. It starts with a brief overview of the advertising industry; its introduction, functions, and purposes, and proceeds by discussing the major environmental forces that impact the companies in this industry. These are political, economic, social and technological forces. The later section explains the competitive environment in detail. That is, how advertising companies are managing to compete in the presence of a stiff competition from existing competitors, new entrants, and substitute services. The report also discusses the introduction and role of the five key players of the advertising industry. Moreover, the trends, opportunities for graduates, Gap analysis and action…
Clark, C.R., Doraszelski, U., & Draganska, M. 2009, The Effect of Advertising on Brand Awareness and Perceived Quality: An Empirical Investigation Using Panel Data, Quantitative Marketing and Economics, 7 (2): 207-236
Doole, I., & Lowe, R. 2008, International Marketing Strategy: Analysis, Development and Implementation. 5th Edition. London: Cengage Learning
John, G., & Reve, T. 2010, Transaction Cost Analysis in Marketing: Looking Back, Moving Forward, The Journal of Retailing, 86 (3): 248 -- 256
O'Guinn, T.C., Allen, C.T., & Semenik, R.J. 2012, Advertising and Integrated Brand Promotion. 6th Edition. Mason: Cengage Learning
On all four levels of the PEST test, this product appears to be exceedingly feasible. There are currently no patent protection against using central home networking systems via either existing market players or specific electronic retailers. Since this is an emerging field, political and legal barriers are almost non-existent and therefore pose no real threat to future product advancement problems. Although the current economic trend is towards a cooling of the overall economy, the consumer electronics market is still very strong. This is because both technology as well general consumer spending has not declined along with the economy. The sociocultural forces surrounding this current circumstance does not explicitly affect the home networking market. Since it is an addition to current home electronics, acceptance of this product is contingent upon already existing technology within the sector. Finally, the technological climate in the current era is extremely conducive for home networking systems.…
The office and administrative expenses would remain constant even to that point, as would the insurance expense.
Exhibit B: Cash Flow Statement, Year Two
At this point, the business is earning a healthy return and Mr. Ahn is receiving will be able to bring in a reasonable salary. The nature of the business may well change at this point. At the maximum revenue of $144,000 per year the pretax profit would be $63,600. As a result, it is likely that a clinic will be formed with other practitioners in order to minimize expenses and increase profitability.
e did not include taxes in our cash flow examples because the company is going to be set up as a sole proprietorship. This means that the income from the company will be rolled into the income for Mr. Ahn, as well as his liabilities. Mr. Ahn's personal expenses are therefore not included in…
No author (2007). Traditional Chinese Medicine. Alternative Medicine Foundation. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.amfoundation.org/tcm.htm
No author (2005). Regulation of TCM in the United States. Medscape Today. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/511877_7
No author (2008). HIV / AIDS, the U.S.-China Partnership for Public Health at Work, and Traditional Chinese Medicine in the U.S. Fact Sheet. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.hhs.gov/news/facts/chinahiv.html
Census information from U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en
The company is itself a major driver of innovation in this area, and the efficiency of renewable energy engines and power generators will decrease the cost of operations for the company even as the same products and efficiency increases will enhance and increase its sales (Quantum 2011). Twnety years from now, it is expected that major utility grids will at least be in the beginning stages of being capable of handling energy input from renewable sources, and this will increase industrial demand for many of Quantum Technology's products enormously (Foo.com 2011).
Quantum Technology's diversification is a major strength of the company, as it is somewhat shielded from major changes in any one application or industry in which its products are used. A weakness can be found in its dependence on external business contract and a lack of direct-to-consumer sales. A large opportunity exists for the company in the…
Fool.com. (2011). Quantum Technology. Accessed 21 February 2011. http://caps.fool.com/Ticker/QTWW.aspx
Google. (2011). Quantum Technology. Accessed 21 February 2011. http://www.google.com/finance?q=NASDAQ:QTWWD
Quantum Technology. (2011). Accessed 21 February 2011. http://www.qtww.com/
Yahoo. (2011). Quantum Technology. Accessed 21 February 2011. http://finance.yahoo.com/q;_ylt=AhaLdmQNG8PmBjKzPsLwg2bxVax_;_ylu=X3oDMTFiNnU5dWY1BHBvcwMxMgRzZWMDeWZpU3ltYm9sTG9va3VwUmVzdWx0cwRzbGsDcXR3d2Q-?s=QTWWD
Direct mailers will first go to the 535 green businesses on a monthly basis and will be expanded from this number as needed to continue to provide the average 15 event total to meet the strategic goals.
Type: All types of businesses, with 10 or more employees will be targeted as potential customers to this service with the first emphasis being on businesses who have strategic planning around green/sustainable business practices.
Value Drivers: Intentions of practicing sustainable standards in business, seeking mid range catering for meetings and events, seeking alternative to cheaper/less healthy alternative catering offerings, seeking to try something new with a greater level of service and sustainable business practices, a desire to support other local businesses with a similar goal, a desire to improve business climate with only limited resources, a desire to offer vegetarian fare to those who choose it, a desire to offer healthier alternatives to…
Arthur, D. (2001). The Employee Recruitment and Retention Handbook. New York: AMACOM.
Furniss, C. (2006, October). How Green Is Your Business. Geographical, 78, 45+.
Halweil, B. (2003, May/June). The Argument for Local Food: At an Unimposing Diner in Vermont, a Revolution Is Taking Place. World Watch, 16, 20.
Henderson, E. (1998, July/August). Rebuilding Local Food Systems from the Grassroots Up. Monthly Review, 50, 112.
The statistics show that the table wine enjoys the largest popularity of all wines. Table wine is not just a tasty, but also handy. Its level of alcohol is reduced compared to the other two types, which explains why its consumption in litres is higher than for the other types.
From this point-of-view, virtually all European countries qualify as exporting countries, although their wine consumption in general is higher in the southern and western part of the continent.
Wine variety: semi-dry/semi-sweet/sweet/dry should come second as it reflects the European attitude towards the different types of table wine. The statistics show that different countries in Europe have different tastes when it comes to wine variety.
From this point-of-view, given that semi-dry and semi-sweet wines are popular in Europe as their taste is not extreme so it satisfied a wider range of tastes, El chileno branco qualifies as a popular product. Moreover,…
Comtrade - United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database Statistics Division, http://comtrade.un.org/
European Commission - EC, 2005/2006. Agriculture and Rural Development - Wine Consumption. http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/markets/wine/facts/index_en.htm
European Commission - EC, 2002. Overview of the Wine Market. Tender AGRI/EVALUATION, http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/eval/reports/wine/2.pdf
Green, R., Zuniga, R.M. & Pierbattisti, L. 2003. Global Market Changes and Business Behavior in the Wine Sector. Economie et Sociologie Rurale, Cahier n" 2003-02.
BA - Iberia
After nearly two years of negotiating, British Airways (BA) and Iberia completed their merger in the spring of 2010 (Arnott, S., 2010). By 2011, the combined entity earned an operating profit of €190 million. The profit was attributed to improved U.S. business due to a partnership with American Airlines, and strong group buying power that helped control jet fuel expense (othwell, S., 2011, 1). The combined entity is known as International Airlines Group (IAG) and has pledged to grow further, something that combined with the operating benefits has added to its share value (othwell, S., 2011, 2). When the merger was first proposed, the two airlines noted that there were synergies to be won, and that the combined entity would be better able to thrive in the current difficult market conditions (Werdigier, J., 2009). The success of the merger can be attributed in part to a good…
Arnott, S., 2010. BA and Iberia Sign Merger Deal, at Last. Business Week. [Online] Available at http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/apr2010/gb2010049_464729.htm [Accessed October 26, 2011]
QuickMBA., 2010. Porter's Five Forces. [Online] Available at http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml [Accessed October 26, 2011]
Rothwell, S., 2011, 1. BA-Iberia Group Taps U.S. Business Boom to Outdo Air France-KLM, Lufthansa. Bloomberg. [Online] Available at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-29/ba-iberia-post-second-quarter-profit.html [Accessed October 26, 2011]
Rothwell, S., 2011, 2. BA-Iberia Overtakes Air France by Market Value as IAG Stocks Start Trading. Bloomberg. [Online] Available at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-01-24/british-airways-merger-with-iberia-takes-off-as-iag-group-begins-trading.html [Accessed October 26, 2011]
Saudi Arabian pharmaceutical market is one of the largest in the Middle East. Within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Saudi Arabia represents 65%, or $1.7 billion, of the pharmaceutical market (EPSICOM, 2011). This work will analyze the unique opportunities within the Saudi pharmaceutical industry along with challenges, such as heavily regulated price controls and the barriers to access faced by international pharmaceutical companies. Through a better understanding of these factors, a more complete picture of the market can be obtained.
Saudi Arabia is a unique pharmaceutical market. It is the largest consumer in the GCC, with more than 82% of the medicines utilized being imported (aines, 2009). Also, the GCC is unique from nearly every other global region in that patients favor brand products over generics. This is despite that generics are the vast majority of the drugs produced in the Kingdom and the GCC. One study estimates the market…
Bains, E. (2009). Pharmaceuticals: Bringing in the Global Leaders. Middle East Econ. Dig. 53(33).
EPSICOM. (2011). The Pharmaceutical Market: Saudi Arabia. Last Modified 31 Oct 2011. URL: Http://www.espicom.com/prodcat2.nsf/Product_ID_Lookup/00000367?
ASDA Stores is a large scale retailer in the United Kingdom. It has grown over the decades by regularly expanding its business operations all over the country. Currently, ASDA Stores is present in more than 564 locations and offers a wide array of grocery items, general merchandise, and financial services. The business operations of ASDA Stores are affected by a large number of environmental factors. These factors fall under political and governmental forces, economic forces, social, cultural, and demographical forces, technological forces, legal forces, and environmental forces. All these forces have a direct impact on the company's sales, operations, and financial performance. In order to encounter the environmental challenges and operate in the most competitive and profitable fashion, ASDA Stores has to carefully analyze these forces and design its strategic directions in the best interest of its business affairs.
The resource management practices of…
Armstrong, M. 2007, A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, (10th ed.). London: Kogan Page
Armstrong, M. 2000, A Handbook of Management Techniques, (3rd ed.). London: Kogan Page
ASDA, 2013, About ASDA. Available from
[Accessed January 31st, 2013]
exist for wood and veneer manufacturer Chabros International. he company is located in Lebanon which could cause problems due to the new political unrest which has plagued the country over the past four years. However, Chabros has positioned itself well by diversifying its business to other countries in the region. he business has grown in the past two decades, largely due to its emphasis on growth outside of Lebanon and its focus on the veneer industry. his report use Porter's five forces, a PES analysis and a SWO analysis to determine the advantages of moving to other areas of world. he issue at hand is that the companies sales have been greatly affected by the economic downturn which stopped many projects in its largest area of growth, Dubai. Because the economic situation has been tenuous for the past three years, Chabros has had to study its situation and try to…
The company could also use the fact that they have a large portion of the veneer business in a lot of countries to just expand that part of their business. Veneer seems to be the most desired of its products, so the company could focus its attentions on selling more of that product while continuing to conduct the wood business also. The main advantage to this is that they are not committing their entire operation to one country or one region. Since their hardwood and softwood products are selling well in the regions they are already in, and they account for about two-thirds of all sales, the company could use its veneers to open the door in places like Morocco, and then add products as the customers in the country or region become more familiar with its quality. The SWOT of Morocco said that one of the weaknesses for Chabros was that no one knows who they are in Morocco. Chabros can change this by just following a more gradual product introduction curve than it has at other times.
The reality is that the company has positioned itself well by using a time of relative political calm to grow it business beyond the borders of Lebanon. With the war small war that took place between Hezbollah who occupied the Lebanon side of the border and Israel in 2008, and the subsequent unrest caused by Hezbollah, it is good that the company has diversified to other countries as well as Lebanon. It is also good that the company has succeeded in establishing itself in Eastern Europe, but they may also do well by expanding to areas in Asia. The opportunities seem to exist if Chabros pushes its competitive advantage, especially with its veneer lines, and continues to expand its business beyond the confines of Lebanon.
the Allied health care staffing agency is a staffing agency that focuses on the niche of the nursing jobs within the healthcare industry in Chicago
The Allied healthcare staffing agency works to recruit registered nurses belonging to all medical Specialties, Practical Nurses that are licensed also called LPNs, Nursing Assistants that are certified also called CNAs and Specialists from the allied health sciences. These professionals would be hired both from the area of the metro city as well as the suburbs and placed within the hospitals, the neighborhood medical centers, Adult care facilities, clinics, and rehabilitation centers.
The mission of the Allied Healthcare Staffing Agency is to provide the best opportunities of employment both to its collaborators which are the local healthcare organizations as well as serving the entire nursing community to provide amply amount of job opportunities to choose from in a time when the turnover of…
Bureau, U.C. (2000). Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights:. chicago illinois, fact sheet .
commerce, U. d. (2010). bear facts, state illinois. bureau of economic analysis .
directory, a. h. (2010). free stats & national stats. Retrieved september 7, 2011, from american hospital directory: www.ahd.com
Lindberg, R.C. (1991). To Serve and Collect: Chicago Politics and Police Corruption from the Lager Beer Riot to the Summerdale Scandal. chicago: praeger publications.
Green Sourcing Process for Mcdonalds French Fries
McDonald is a global and largest food chain specializing in fast food with more than 68 million customers. The company operates in 36,658 outlets across 119 countries. Major brands of Macdonald include French fries, cheeseburgers, hamburgers, chicken products, breakfast items, desserts, milkshakes and soft drinks. However, Mcdonald's French fries is the world most famous fries produced from premium potatoes, Shepody and usset Burbank. Mcdonald has been successful from selling the French fries because their fries are made up of one-third of French fries sold in the United States. In the last few years, Mcdonald has faced criticisms because of inability to follow green initiatives when procuring the ingredients used to prepare the French fries.
The purpose of this document is to provide recommendations to assist Mcdonald completing the Green Sourcing process for French fries. The report uses the following steps in providing the…
Blome, C. Hollos, D. & Paulraj, A. (2014). Green Procurement and Green Supplier Development: Antecedents and Effects on Supplier. International Journal of Production Research. 52( 1): 32 -- 49.
Birkin, F. Polesie, T. Lewis, L. (2009). A new business model for sustainable development: an exploratory study using the theory of constraints in Nordic organizations. Business Strategy and the Environment 18(5): 277 -- 290.
ESRC. (2008). Biological Alternatives To Chemical Pesticides. Sciencedaily. Economic & Social Research Council.
Greaves, J. (2015). Biopesticides, regulatory innovation & the regulatory state. University of Warwick.
Many pests, like the fire ant, are extremely destructive and hard to control, he shows how they develop resistance to many pesticides, making it even harder to get rid of them, and he maintains that will only continue in the future.
Chapter 6: Acclimatizing pests: Animal. The author shows how making the world more accessible helped transport pests around the world, and that studies showed that most plants and animals could survive in other areas than their natural homes. This is acclimatizing, and it continues to domesticating animals and bring non-native species to areas to attempt to control other species. The starlings are a good example. The first were imported to New York in the 1890s, and they have spread across the continent. They are aggressive against other birds and each other, and bird lovers generally do not like them. He talks about other species that have spread just as…
Tenner, E. (1996). Why things bite back: Technology and the revenge of unintennded consequences. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
1. Community Health Concerns
Georgia is predominantly faced with the risk of mosquito related infections due to the numerous viruses that are breed by mosquitos. These viruses are still in circulation in Georgia and they have the potential to cause human and animal diseases (Georgia.Gov, 2017). Here are the most pronounced mosquito viruses that Georgia has had to contend with over the years:
· Eastern equine encephalitis
· West Nile
The mosquito viruses are assessed as being very active during early the Georgia early fall season. The viruses are capable of infecting humans and animals such as horses, birds and other types of animals. According to the Georgia Department of Public Health (GDPH) any reports of infected horses or birds in Georgia or the presence of large mosquito numbers could be an indication of greater risks of getting infected as well (Georgia.Gov, 2017). Georgia residents are advised to…
2.0 Strategic Situation Analysis
In order to understand the nature of aircraft manufacture at Boeing, it is important to have a clear vision of how outsourcing plays into the manufacture of aircraft. Let us use the example of Boeing's Dreamliner. The following illustration explains how outsourcing plays a key role in Boeing's business strategy. These represent TIER 1 suppliers.
From here, the parts go to the plant in Everett and are assembled by TIER 2 suppliers as follows:
These two illustrations clearly help to develop an understanding of the relationship between TIER 1 and TIER 2 suppliers at Boeing.
2.1 SOT Analysis:
SOT analysis is a planning method used to evaluate a company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. In a business analysis, all of these factors are analyzed for the company under study and their competitors. This analysis allows the researcher to see both…
Airbus. "Welcome to the world of Airbus." 2011. < http://www.airbus.com/company / ..
Accessed February 17, 2011.
BA. "Boeings Outsourcing for the 787 "Dreamliner",." September, 28, 2006 <
insect and human warfare. There is one reference used for this paper.
There have been a number of innovations during early twentieth century in terms of science and warfare. It is important to examine an article concerning the use of insecticides in both military and commercial venues in order to gain a better insight of how these chemicals can be both beneficial and harmful.
orld ar I
orld ar I saw the first use of chemicals in a military action when the German troops released a "greenish yellow cloud of chlorine gas on the Allied troops. This experiment led to civilian science and industry being turned to military research and production, in not only Germany, but other nations as well (Russell, 1510)." The production and use of these chemical gases were the first known instances of chemical warfare and contributed to the deaths of thousands throughout Europe.
The introduction of…
(Russell, Edmund P. "Speaking of Annihilation: Mobilizing for War Against Human and Insect Enemies, 1914-1945." The Journal of American History, Vol. 82, No. 4.
(March, 1996), pp. 1505-1529. (accessed 13 November, 2004).
This is only in the case whereby protein introduced possesses allergenic properties and is introduced to the edible part of the particular plant. Due to the difficulty of predicting allergens, there should be careful selection in gene donors so as to avoid widespread consequences.
Bacteria in the digestive tracts can pick up antibiotic resistant genes present in genetically modified foods and it may bring about an increase in the problem of bacteria adapting to antibiotics. It is believed that the dispersal of pollen and seeds from genetically modified crops to other crops and the surrounding environment might result in genetic and biological pollution bringing about a new breed of genetically engineered organisms which will lead to unknown problems. This pollution will eventually spread to the soil and eventually make every plant genetically modified.
Genetically modified foods are seen as a means of solving the problem of food security and…
GM foods. (2002). Retrieved on April 9, 2010 from http://www.princeton.edu/~chm333/2002/spring/GMFoods/impactshumanco sumptionpros.html
Halford, N.G., & Shewry, P.R. (2000). Genetically modified crops: methodology, benefits, regulation and public concerns. Retrieved on April 11, 2010, from http://bmb.oxfordjournals.org
Jefferson, V. (2006). The Ethical Dilemma of Genetically Modified Food.
Retrieved on April 10, 2010, from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+ethical+dilemma+of+genetically+modified+food-a0148957139
Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.
2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.
3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.
4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.
The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…
Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.
Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.
Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.
Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
The marketing planning revolves around three major concepts the swimming pool organization must consider: the segmentation criteria applied to the audience, the identification of the target market, or markets, and finally, the positioning of their products and services.
There are numerous criteria used to segment the market and identify those particular groups of individuals to which to address the service. The most relevant criteria include demographics, income or personal preferences and capabilities of the individuals in the segment (Brown, 2007). But the selection of the most relevant segmentation criteria must be made relative to the type of activity conducted by the organization. In this order of ideas, the segmentation criteria most relevant for the swimming pool company revolve around:
Financial capabilities of the customer - regardless of them being corporate or individual clients, they must all be able to pay the fees for the cleaning, repairing or…
Acuff, J., Wood, W., 2004, Relationship Edge in Business: Connecting with Customers and Colleagues when it Counts, John Wiley and Sons Incorporated
Brown, a., 2007, What is a Market, University of Delaware, http://www.udel.edu/alex/chapt9.html , last accessed on March 10, 2008
Finney, a., 2008, Alternatives to Chlorine for Swimming Pools, About.com, http://swimming.about.com/od/allergyandasthma/a/cl_pool_problem_3.html. Ast accessed on March 10, 2008
Mathis, R.L., Jackson, J.H., 2005, Human Resource Management, South-Western
HSBC: An Outlook
BNP Paribas: A Helicopter View
Comparison Between HSBC and BNP Paribas in the Banking Field
SWOT Analysis and the Bank's Operations in Middle East Especially in Dubai & Bahrain
PEST Analysis And the Bank's Operations in Middle East Especially in Dubai & Bahrain
External Analysis of HSBC and BNP
Competitive Profile Matrix (CPM)
Example of HSBC and BNP Around the World
Customer Values Analysis
Value Chain Analysis of the Banks
The current corporate world and environment can be referred as the resolution of administration. Way backed in which bread-and-butter development depends entirely on accurate and automated inventions. However, in the avant-garde apple acceptable administration is all-important for able and able alive of organization, forth with abstruse advancement. Administration is all the added significant between the ambience of the enterprises of the business, neither a business can run on itself nor…
Adelman, C. (1998). Women and Men of the Engineering Path: A Model for Analyses of Undergraduate
Bhote, K. (2002). The Ultimate Six Sigma: Beyond Quality Excellence to Total Business Excellence. New York: American Management Association.
Bossert, J. (2003). "Lean and Six Sigma -- Synergy Made in Heaven." Quality Progress. 31-32.
Breyfogle, F.; Cupello, J.; and Meadows, B. 2000. Implementing Six Sigma: Smarter solutions using statistical methods. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
These four dimensions are the tools for developing the company's marketing strategy and deciding which product line to cultivate, preserve, yield, or get rid of. Strong products should be grown or maintained. eak or unprofitable lines should be sold or discontinued as soon as possible. "Four basic factors are critical in the decision to manage individual product lines.
Cost to produce
Total sales volume" (Berry, 2012).
Going through the process of developing a marketing plan will help CVS to figure out how they are going to draw people into their stores and sell them things beyond discounted generic drugs. A provides the market with a source of discounted drugs among other products. This market need is important today as many Americans are faced with the dilemma of using their limited income on food or meds. A pharmacy should seek to fulfill the following benefits that are…
Berry, T. 2012. "Add competitive analysis to your marketing plan." Web. 2 April 2012.
Available from: http://articles.mplans.com/include-competitive-analysis-in-your-plan/
Berry, T. 2012. "Product marketing." Web. 2 April 2012. Available at:
As such, the question that those who oppose GMOs should be asking themselves is whether people should be left to starve to death basing on the fear of unknown long-term implications of GMOs or not.
Dunwell, Jim. "Novel food products from genetically modified crop plants: methods and future prospects." International Journal of Food Science & Technology 33, no. 3 (1998): 205-213.
Forman, Lillian. Genetically Modified Foods. New York, NY: ABDO, 2009.
Insel, Paul, and Elaine Turner. Discovering Nutrition. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009.
Kennedy, George. "Integration of Insect-esistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs." Integration of Insect-esistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs 1, no. 5 (2008): 1-26.
Nottingham, Stephen. Eat your genes: how genetically modified food is entering our diet. 2nd updated ed. London: Zed Books Ltd., 2003
George Kennedy "Integration of Insect-esistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs." Integration of Insect-esistant Genetically Modified…
Dunwell, Jim. "Novel food products from genetically modified crop plants: methods and future prospects." International Journal of Food Science & Technology 33, no. 3 (1998): 205-213.
Forman, Lillian. Genetically Modified Foods. New York, NY: ABDO, 2009.
Insel, Paul, and Elaine Turner. Discovering Nutrition. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009.
Kennedy, George. "Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs." Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs 1, no. 5 (2008): 1-26.
Validation of Commercial Baking as an Effective Step to Control/Inactivate Salmonella in Baked Products
Major findings, analysis and conclusions
Description of the baking industry and baking emphasis in the United States.
Purpose and structure of importance
Description of the problem being addressed and its importance to the practice of applied food safety
Process of Consultation
Outline how the client (ABA) will be engaged and carefully define the problem
Identification of key stakeholders
Overview and feedback of findings and results
ecommended actions and dissemination of these recommendations
Plans for implementation and measurement
Major findings. The U.S. had approximately 167,600 baker positions available in 2012 and around 6% of these were self-employed (Bakery business, 2016). Although industry analysts project sustained growth in the U.S. baking industry, this growth will not be on par with other industries (Bakery business, 2016). Currently, the U.S. baking industry is a nearly $310 billion industry that has…
About us. (2016). American Bakers Association. Retrieved from http://www.american bakers.org/.
Albion, R. G. & Williamson, H. F. (1944). The growth of the American economy: An introduction to the economic history of the United States. New York: Prentice-Hall.
Bakery business. (2016). SBDC Net. Retrieved from http://www.sbdcnet.org/small-business-research-reports/bakery-business-2014 .
Baking industry economic impact study, 2016). American Bakers Association. Retrieved from http://www.americanbakers.org/industry-data/.
Japan, Russia, South Korea and countries that are members of the European Union require that genetically modified food products be labeled accordingly. (Li, Curtis, McCluskey, and Wahl, 2002, paraphrased) in fact, it is reported that China along with 160 other countries have signed the 2000 Cartegena Protocol on iosafety, stated to include a requirement for labeling of GM products.
VI. Effects of Culture on Perception of Consumers Relating to Genetically Modified Foods
The work of Finucane (2002) entitled: 'Mad Cows, Mad Corn and Mad Communities: The Role of Socio-Cultural Factors in the Perceived Risk of Genetically Modified Food" published in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Nutrition Society" states that the "rapid globalization of the world economy has increased the need for a knowledge base of relatable socio-cultural differences in perceptions, values and ways of thinking about new food technologies." (Finucane, 2002) Finucane (2002) states additionally that the awareness…
Finucane, Melissa L. (2002) Mad Cows, Mad Corn and Mad Communities: The Role of Socio-Cultural Factors in the Perceived Risk of Genetically Modified Food. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2002, 61.
Genetically modified Organisms: Consumers, Food Safety and the Environment. Vol 2 of the FAO ethics services. Organization of the United Nations. Food & Agriculture Organization 2001.
Hossain, Ferdaus, and Onyango, Benjamin (2004) Products Attributes and Consumer Acceptance of Nutritionally Enhanced Genetically Modified Foods. International Journal of Consumer Studies, Vol. 28, No.2. June 2004.
Li, Quan; Curtis, Kynda R.; McCluskey, Jill J.; and Wahl, Thomas I. (2002) Consumer Attitudes Toward Genetically Modified Foods in Beijing, China. Journal of Agrobiotechnology Management and Economics. Vol. 5. No.4, Article 3.
This implies that decomposition process goes on activated by the young earthworms in the soil, given that the soil is loose, moist and rich in organic matter for the worms to remain alive. The bacterium which is present in the alimentary canal of the earthworm converts organic water to natural fertilizers. The chemical alterations that the organic wastes are put to consist of deorderising and neutralizing. This implies that the pH of the castings is 7 which is neutral. (the tasteful garden)
The Latin meaning of vermes is worm from which the term vermiculture has been derived. Vermiculture is a process wherein the process of composting, containing the addition of some species of earthworms used to improve the process of conversion of waste and produce an improve product. Vemicomposting varies from composting in a number of ways. Mainly, vermicomposting consists of a mesophillic process in which the microorganisms are…
Delahaut, Karen; Koval, C.F. Earthworms: beneficial or pests?
N.A. Advantages of Vermicompost. http://www.organicneem.com/neemvermicompost_advnt.htm
N.A. Beautiful gardens begin with great compost. http://www.happydranch.com/articles/reference.html
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insect and human warfare. There is one reference used for this paper. There have been a number of innovations during early twentieth century in terms of science and warfare.…Read Full Paper ❯
This is only in the case whereby protein introduced possesses allergenic properties and is introduced to the edible part of the particular plant. Due to the difficulty of predicting…Read Full Paper ❯
Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa. 2. XYZ can grow its business…Read Full Paper ❯
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Validation of Commercial Baking as an Effective Step to Control/Inactivate Salmonella in Baked Products Major findings, analysis and conclusions Description of the baking industry and baking emphasis in the…Read Full Paper ❯
Japan, Russia, South Korea and countries that are members of the European Union require that genetically modified food products be labeled accordingly. (Li, Curtis, McCluskey, and Wahl, 2002, paraphrased)…Read Full Paper ❯
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This implies that decomposition process goes on activated by the young earthworms in the soil, given that the soil is loose, moist and rich in organic matter for the…Read Full Paper ❯