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108). Photographic truth for Gohlke is realized by showing 'the thing itself' but through a subjective perspective, accepting the contextual relativism of postmodernism without attempting to alter the piece with overt artistic tampering. Gohlke has long loved wilderness photography for its apparent purity, although he also obviously finds inspiration in the remote qualities of areas in cities. Gohlke focuses the viewer's intention on content and subject, not his technical virtuosity as a photographer or an imagined past history or connection to a larger history of art (Minichiello 1992, p.108). The viewer's involvement and experience with the landscape on a personal level is what is required to appreciate a Gohlke photograph, not sophistication or past knowledge -- this is why his works are called pure experiences, both in the taking of the work by Gohlke's camera and also the apprehending of the work from the point-of-view of the gazer (Minichiello 1992,…
Minichiello, Kent. "Photographing the Common Wilderness." American Art. 6. 1. (Winter, 1992): 108-110. 10 Oct 2008.
Watkinson, Patricia Grieve. "Mount St. Helens: An Artistic Aftermath." Art Journal.
FILM PRODUCTS & PHOTOGRPHIC TECHNIQUES
Outline or Map
Early Film Products & Photographic Techniques -- Outline
The advent of photography, like the advent of painting, is a critical point in the evolution of media with influences that continue to ripple and shape the media landscape of today and tomorrow.
Most of the world experiences the results of a technological/digital/information revolution in the 21st century
Many more experiences are mediated via technology at this point in human history
Many of the modern forms of media can easily be traced back to photography
Understanding the significance of photography as a form of media, as a tool of expression, and a strategy by which human perception is engaged and altered assists modern media producers and media consumers to navigate the more diverse media landscape of the present
Cameras, Photographs, & Color for Everyone
. What is photography and what do we need in…
A. Photography as a throwback to the past (i.e. palimpsest and painting) (Schaaf, L.J. (n.d.). WHF Talbot: Biography. Retrieved from The Correspondence of William Henry Fox Talbot: http://foxtalbot.dmu.ac.uk/talbot/biography.html )
B. Tracing the trajectory of photography through the 20th century and into the 21st (History of Photography. (n.d.). Retrieved from A World History of Art: http://www.all.art.org/history658_photography11.html )
IV. Conclusion: The advent of photography is along the same lineage as other forms of media such as painting and palimpsest. The history of photography includes scientific methodologies, mass marketing, and artistic techniques.
photographic work of Martha osler. The writer focuses on how the various photographs depict the 20th century. The writer discusses the use of color, light, image and idea to illustrate the picture painted of the 20th century by osler.
United States artist Martha osler has worked to provide a cataloged version of the spaces and moods of 20th century hearts and minds. She worked through her travels with a camera and shot things that she believed were representative of heart of America. The pictures tell stories that branch off into ideas of their own with the light and the images that are portrayed in them. The combination of people and objects blend a sense of surreal images so that the viewer can either focus on the literal image or the more abstract idea that is born from the idea. There were many photographs over several decades that the artist used…
Martha Rosler http://members.aol.com/Mart143/bio.html
However, Eastman needed him for the roller project, and together, they persisted.
In 1885, the Eastman-Walker Roll Holder received a patent. It revolutionized photography, allowing amateur photographers to take up to 50 photographs in an hour, and did away with the huge camera boxes and heavy glass plates of the era.
In 1885, to get rid of Walker's temper tantrums, but because he was a major stockholder, Eastman assigned him to manage the London office of Kodak. Walker introduced Eastman to the Dickmans of London in 1889. Several years later, as Walker's business sense drove the London office into the ground, and as Eastman finally tired of Walker's continual grumbling, Eastman fired him and replaced him with George Dickman.
How important was Walker to Eastman and the success of the Kodak company? He co-invented, with Eastman, one of the most successful creations that drove the profitability of the Kodak Company…
Ackerman, C. George Eastman. Frederick, MD: Beard Books, 1930.
Brayer, E. George Eastman: A Biography. Baltimore, MD.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
Goldman, P.B. "George Eastman 1854-1932." Various. MonkeyShines on Great Inventors. Toledo, OH: Great Neck Publishing, 1997. 69-70.
Johnston, P. "Exposing History: George Eastman." History Today (peer-reviewed) (1989): 3-4, Volume 39, Issue 12.
Dignity of orkers
Dignity of ork and the Rights of orkers
There is a set of photographs taken by Sebastiao Salgado that explains the viewer both who Salgado is and why he covers the worker's plight throughout the world. The images are set in a gold mine in Brazil called Serra Pelada which is a vast pit where people toil daily to dig gold from the mud. The people dig the mud from the pit using the meanest of tools (pick, shovels) which they then put into wicker baskets. The baskets, weighing between "30 and 60 kilograms" (Stallabrass), or 65 to 130 pounds, are then carried up wooden ladders. The ladders are approximately 50 feet tall (and can be more), and the workers make as many as 60 trips per day with their baskets (Stallabrass). For each trip, the worker is paid the equivalent of 20 United States cents on…
Arceyut-Frixione, Helen Adilia. "Picturing and consuming Images of Misery and Injustice." Concordia University, 2008. Web.
Bakre, Shilpa. "AMOA Presents: "Workers: Photographs of by Sebastiao Salgado." AMOA News, 2009. Web.
Crow, Thomas. "The Practice of Art History in America." Daedalus 135.2 (2006): 70-84. Print.
Salgado, Sebastiao. Workers: An Archeology of the Industrial Age. London: Phaidon, 2002. Print.
List and explain five (5) ways that show how authentication or identification of physical evidence can be accomplished (also called "laying the foundation").
Authentication of physical evidence can be accomplished by:
Testimony of a witness who has first-hand knowledge. This is enough for authentication if the person involved has personal diligence that a matter is what is claimed to be.
A non-expert person who must have been well-acquainted with the specimen and did not acquire the knowledge for the purpose of betrayal, such as a spouse or roommate.
Allowing the jury or an expert to put in comparison the evidence purported with the specimens which have been authenticated is enough for authentication.
Distinctive qualities and associated circumstances such as sending a bill to a particular address and getting payment from the bill or other appearance, contents, substance, as well as other internal design qualities when admitted together with…
Dressler, J. (2002). Understanding Criminal Procedure. Newark, New Jersey: LexisNexis.
Gaines, L., & Miller, L. (2006). Criminal Justice In Action: The Core. Belmont, California:
S.Bransdorfer, M. (1987). Miranda Right-to-Counsel Violations and the Fruit of the Poisonous
Even during the golden years of the beauty contest between the wars there were unresolved problems with the nature and purpose of such competitions:
There remained elements of discomfort and tension, only superficially palliated by the scientific discourse, patriotic rhetoric and philanthropic gestures of the contest's organisers. These tensions would be released again in the 1970s when a new generation of feminists added discrimination on the grounds of race and disability, together with a more unequivocal rejection of standardised and homogenised ideals of the body and beauty, to the critique of their forebears.
Yet this phenomenon can be seen as consistent with the change in the status of the beauty contest, from a celebration of values that were of universal appeal (even reflecting ideals of national identity) to a tawdry matter of selling sex. y the 1980s and 1990s such contests were experiencing a decline in entrants, with young women…
Sarah Banet-Weiser, the Most Beautiful Girl in the World: Beauty Pageants and National Identity, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1999
Colleen Ballerino Cohen, Richard Wilk and Beverly Stoeltje (eds), Beauty Queens on the Global Stage: Gender, Contests and Power, New York and London, Routledge, 1997. Useful collection of essays with a global perspective.
Lois W. Banner, American Beauty (New York: Knopf, 1983). A detailed study of the history of the Miss America contest.
Liz Conor, 'Beauty contestant in the photographic scene', Journal of Australian Studies, no 71, (2001). Interesting points on the importance of modern communication/reproduction technologies in 1920s beauty contests.
Pictorialism is a photographic movement that developed in the last 1800's and continues to the present. The main feature of the movement is the focus on photography as art where the value of the photograph is not based on the subject of the photograph, but the composition and how the subject is presented. This broad definition being given, it must be noted that pictorialism is far from a simple approach that can be easily defined. It has changed and developed over time, it has created new techniques, it has impacted on other forms of photography and aspects of it can be seen in modern approached to photography.
To consider pictorialism further, it is necessary to begin at the beginning. This will involve providing on overview of pictorialism and a history of its development. Two pictorialists will then be described as a means of giving example of the approach. Finally, it…
Leggat, R. ROBINSON, Henry Peach. 1999. Retrieved December 3, 2002, URL: http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/robinson.htm
Leggat, R. REJLANDER, OSCAR GUSTAVE. 1999. Retrieved December 3, 2002, URL: http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/rejlande.htm
Lemagny, J., & Rouille, A. A History of Photography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
Lezano, D. The Digital Camera Handbook. New York: Three Rivers Press, 1999.
jetties, places meanings associations. As a photographic project aim visually explore jetties context, create images reflect personal involvement jetties. Seen point view clear photographs autoethnographic.
While most people think of jetties as having a purely functional purpose, it is especially intriguing to consider them in a context of a person's view on life in general. The fact that a jetty interacts with a body of water that can be considered to be 'alive' also makes it possible for the structure itself to take on a personality -- it constantly comes into contact with water and provides viewers with a really impressive show if analyzed thoroughly. To a certain degree it appears that a jetty is man's tendency to get involved in the natural world while having a limited impact on the environment.
In comparison to a large port, a jetty has minimal impact on the body of water where it…
Premier Portraits: Online Branding Proposal
Premier Portraits is a luxury brand. Its customers are not interested in bargain prices but in quality and the prestige of having a custom photographic portrait of themselves or a loved one ("Different Types of Goods," 2016). Given that the target audience comprises corporate executives, sports figures, politicians, actors, and other people in the media or with significant income, price not a concern versus crafting an image of exclusivity. In the case of some media figures, the portraits may be used in marketing their own personal brand.
The core product should be a personalized digital photograph altered and retouched to customer specifications. For example, some of the portraits may be altered to look as if they were painted by famous artists like Rembrandt in his traditional chiaroscuro style. Other portraits may have handcrafted touches, like actual oil painting superimposed upon them. Each product…
Coplans, John. Andy Warhol. England: The Curwen press, 1989
Kinsman, Jane, "Soup can mania." Artonview, no. 49 (2007): 38-9.
Ratcliff, Carter. Andy Warhol. New York: Abbeville Press, 1983.
Revy, Louisiana. Andy Warhol and his world: Nykredit, 2000
Image 1 :
Image 2 :
Image 3 :
Image 4 :
Bauer, Claudia. Andy Warhol. Nw York: Prestel, 2004.
Coplans, John. Andy Warhol. England: The Curwen press, 1989
Kinsman, Jane, "Soup can mania." Artonview, no. 49 (2007): 38-9.
History of Paxil
In the 1960s a Danish company named Ferrosan began performing research on aspects of the central nervous system. Ferrosan was most interested in the relationship between the neurotransmitter serotonin and depressed mood in people. The original idea was that if a drug could be developed to increase serotonin levels in the brain it might lead to improvements in treating people with depression (DeGrandpre, 2006). The research resulted in the development of a formula for a compound then known as the "Buus-Lassen Compound" which allegedly had the capability to relieve the depression in people. The compound was patented in the United States in 1977 and the company later sold all rights and research surrounding this patent to SmithKline (now GlaxoSmithKline) in 1980 (DeGrandpre, 2006).
SmithKline put significant effort into developing the compound and much of this development occurred in the SmithKline plant in Harlow, England (DeGrandpre, 2006).…
Anderson, I.M. (2000). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors vs. tricyclic antidepressants: A
meta-analysis of efficacy and tolerability. Journal of Affective Disorders, 58(1), 19-36.
DeGrandpre, R. (2006). The cult of pharmacology. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Kim, S.W., Grant, J.E., Adson, D.E., Shin, Y.C., & Zaninelli, R. (2002). A double-blind placebo-
Environmental History of Sandia Mountains
The view from the top of Sandia Peak is breathtaking. Showing off some of Nature's finest work, the Tramway glides along the cable climbing the rugged Sandia Mountains presenting spectacular views of the io Grande Valley and nearby Sandia Crest. Even though you're just a few miles from Albuquerque, the 15 minute tram ride has taken you far away from the everyday world. As your eyes sweep across the mountain range, appreciating one geological feature after another, you're taken by the spirituality of the scene. You have discovered what every Pueblo Indian knows, that this is indeed a sacred space. At the same time, you understand too why obert Nordhaus was inspired to build the Sandia Peak Tramway to share this picturesque bounty with millions of tourists. For Sandia Mountains, past and present, is a place where residents and tourists, Native Americans and…
Benedict, Cynthia. 2009. Contemporary American Indian uses and tribal consultation, U.S. Forest Service, http://www.fs.fed.us/outernet/r3/cibola/projects/nepa_reports/hondo/tribal_uses_specialist_report.pdf (accessed March 22, 2012).
Hawkinson, Bruce. 2011. History A brief, unresearched history of the Sandia Park Scenic Byway neighborhood. Sandia Park Scenic Byway Neighborhood Association, http://www.sandia-park.com/History_and_Maps.html (accessed March 22, 2012).
Indian Pueblo Cultural Center. 2007. Sandia Pueblo, http://www.indianpueblo.org/19pueblos/sandia.html (accessed March 22, 2012).
New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. 2012. Sandia Pueblo, http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=1220 (accessed March 22, 2012).
Chinese' Food and the Model Minority study in ethnic cuisine and culture, marginalization and commercialization, and the paradox of exoticism.
The anthropological theme studied for this work was that of the ethnic compromises and paradoxes inherent in creating a "Chinese" restaurant in America, for Americans. In every English speaking country from England to Canada, Chinese food is a huge business. For many immigrants it is one of the only businesses ready and willing to take them in. Most Chinese restaurants strive to present themselves as cultural representations where the American connoisseur can have a legitimate cross-cultural experience. The more I researched the actual traditions of Chinese and Asian cuisine and the way in which Western prejudices and expectations shape the presentation of this experience, the more it became apparent that --like so many other cultural phenomena-- the cultural relevance of the Chinese-food experience is far from untainted. Repeated immersion at…
About, Inc. "Eating Patterns: You call this Progress?" What You Need To Know About.
2003. Accessed at http://nutrition.about.com/library/weekly/aa070201a.htm
Hung-Youn, Cho. "Traditional Way of Life in East Asia." Korea Focus Vol.9 No.1. 2000.
Acessed at http://www.kofo.or.kr/koreafocus/content.asp?no=354
Photographic Analysis of Dorothea Lange's Political And Artistic Vision:
Candidate for Congress (General alter Faulkner) and a Tennessee farmer. Crossville, Tennessee
"Although many do not know her name, her photographs live in the subconscious of virtually anyone in the United States who has any concept of that economic disaster" (Gordon 698). Yet, as noted by professor of history Linda Gordon, Lange was not someone who idly wandered in amongst the farm workers whose images she captured on film. She had a highly specific political agenda and had been hired by the Farm Security Administration (FSA) to capture her images. There has been a dual, contrasting interpretation of Lange through the ages, one perspective which views her work as essentially political, like Gordon, while others like James Curtis who see her work as more personal than political: "Lange sought to create a transcendent image that would communicate her sense of the…
Curtis, James C. "Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, and the Culture of the Great
Depression." Winterthur Portfolio, 21, No. 1 (Spring, 1986): 1-20
Gordon, Linda. "Dorothea Lange: The Photographer as Agricultural Sociologist." The Journal of American History, 93. 3 (Dec., 2006): 698-727
Nan Goldin: Punk Expressions
Nan Goldin captures a raw, energetic visual spirit in her photography -- images of individuals outside the mainstream, persons who live in the sub-culture of the modern day world. These people are transsexuals or drug addicts, some of whom are involved in the punk music scene, others of whom are part of the underground by virtue of their "third gender" status, which Goldin applies to them. She does not photograph them as one who is reviled but rather as one who admires them and wants to be around them. Thus, her aesthetic judgments of her subjects are never scathing or attacking: rather, she presents them as they are -- boldly, objectively, almost defiantly, with their poses, attitudes, facial expressions (the eyes staring directly into the camera and hence into the viewer's saying, "Take me as I am" as in Misty and Jimmy Paulette in a Taxi,…
Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason. NY: Colonial Press, 1899. Print.
Manchester, Elizabeth. "Nan Goldin." TATE, 2001. Web. 9 Nov 2015.
Ansel Adams: An Analysis of the Importance of America's Most Popular Photographer
Of all the great black-and-white photographers, Ansel Adams was the blackest and the whitest. -- Kenneth Brower, 2002
Today, Ansel Adams is widely regarded as the most important landscape photographer of the 20th century, and is perhaps the most best known and beloved photographer in the history of the United States. As a firm testament to his talents and innovations, the popularity of his work has only increased over the years following his death in 1984 (Szarkowski 1-2). This photographer's most important work concerned the last remaining vestiges of untouched wilderness in the nation, particularly in the national parks and other protected areas of the American est; in addition, Adams was an early and outspoken leader of the conservation movement (Szarkowski 2). This paper provides an overview of Adams and his historical significance, followed by a discussion of…
Adams, Ansel. "The Artist and the Ideals of Wilderness." In Wilderness: America's Living
Heritage, David Brower (Ed.). San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1961.
--- -- . Letters and Images 1916-1984, Mary S. Alinder and Andrea G. Stillman (Eds.). Boston:
Little, Brown, 1988.
This means that the questionnaire may be designed with a thorough understanding of the processes within the company and the experience to which the customers of the company should be ideally exposed.
The studio presently collects some information on the experience of their customers but this focuses predominantly on the customer's experiences on the day of their shoot. For example the questionnaire which is currently distributed to all customers asks questions such as 'hich parts of your photo shoot did you like the best?' The current questionnaire is also very simple with only three options given for the multiple choice questions and a number of questions such as that above which are open ended questions. The company is however concerned that sufficient information is not available to guide them specifically on customer satisfaction with the service provided from initial contact with the company to receipt of the photographic products ordered.…
Dillman, D.A. & Christian, L.M. (2005) Survey mode as a source of instability in responses across surveys. Field Methods, 17(1), 30-52.
Joinson, a.N. & Reips, U.-D. (2007) Personalised salutation, power of sender and response rates to Web-based surveys. Computers in Human Behavior, 23(3), 1372-1383.
Kaplowitz, M.D., Hadlock, T.D. & Levine, R. (2004) a comparison of web and mail survey response rates. Public Opinion Quarterly, 68(1), 94-101.
Kaye, B.K. & Johnson, T.J. (1999) Research methodology: Taming the cyber frontier - techniques for improving online surveys. Social Science Computer Review, 17(3), 323-337.
Evidence, Truth, and Order
Tagg, John. "Evidence, Truth and Order: A Means of Surveillance" From Visual Culture: The Reader. Edited by Jessica Evans and Stuart Hall. New York: Sage, 1999, pp. 244-273. Originally published as Tagg, John. "A Means of Surveillance: Photograph as Evidence in Law," in John Tagg, The Burden of Representation: Evidence, Truth, and Order. London: Macmillan, 1988, pp. 66-102.
hen confronted with an article entitled "Evidence, Truth, and Order: A Means of Surveillance," a reader unacquainted with the rest of the photographer and critics John Tagg's work or the authors' other writings on the subject of his art might assume that his written work to follow the title would center purely upon notions of the criminal justice system pertaining to evidence and the establishment of truth, viewed with the electronic eye of mechanized surveillance. However, Tagg, a photographer, is mainly concerned with the photographic art specifically of…
Tagg, John. The Burden of Representation: Essays on Photographies and Histories. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1988.
" Photography may not, as Susan Sontag has claimed, symbolically reduce its subjects to "corpses,"
It should also be pointed out this is to often not a specifically intentional attempt at disguise, but rather forms part of the cultural views and milieu of the time. This becomes evident if we take an cursory look at some of the photographers of the period.
Frances enjamin Johnston's Hampton Album was possibly one of the first photographic attempts to document and 'explain' in images the concept and reality of the American dream. Her work particularly relates to the above problems: the question of the other or minorities in the nation. Johnson created her images at Virginia's Hampton Institute in November and December 1899. This was an institution which was concerned with the education and training of lack people.
Many of the aspects relating to nations building and the American…
Bird, S. Elizabeth, ed. Dressing in Feathers: The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996.
Blair, Sara. "Cultural Geography and the Place of the Literary." American Literary History 10.3 (1998): 544-567.
Clark, Walter. Photography by Infrared: Its Principles and Applications. 2nd ed. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, inc.;, 1946.
Conner, Jill. "Representation and Photography." Afterimage 29.2 (2001): 16. Questia. 15 May 2005 .
(Steichen and Sandburg, 2002) Although the paintings from this period are less well remembered by posterity than his photographs they are still striking in their design and were formative in his conceptualization of himself as an artist and his later arrangement of his photographic subjects. ("Steichen as Painter," National Gallery of Art, 2005)
For instance, like the revelation of a painting, 'true' Swanson emerges in her photograph more vividly through the haze of lace than would a perfect shot of the young actress' beauty, just as the true "George ashington Bridge, 1931's" expanse of loneliness and cold, steely beauty illuminated in the darkness of that photograph speaks deeply about what the surface represents about modern city life, as well as what it looks like to an outsider's eyes. This iconic quality of his photographic work has also caused Steichen to be called an early albeit unintentional pioneer of what was…
Flatiron NYC on a Rainy Night." Photograph by Edward Steichen. 1924. Image available online at http://www.allposters.com/gallery.asp?aid=1205661015&c=&search=Edward+Steichen
George Washington Bridge: 1931." Photograph by Edward Steichen. 1931. Image available online at
In 2002 the crime lab in the state of Mississippi found that the semen in the victim's body belonged to two different men and neither of them was Kennedy rewer. alko concludes by stating: "Forensic scandals have been troublingly common of late, with phony experts, fake results, and incompetent testing recently uncovered in Virginia, Maryland, Kansas, Illinois, and Texas, to name just a few. Courts need to take a more active role in weeding out the Michael Wests of the world before they ever take the witness stand. ut professional organizations also need to be more vigilant about policing their own. Dr. West's peers should more vocally have questioned his methods long before he was permitted to testify more than 70 times in courts across the country. One would think they'd step up their standards to protect the integrity and reputation of their profession. ut these continuing scandals suggest another,…
Danger to Society: Fooling the Jury with Phony Experts (nd) Chapter Three. State of Texas Law Review.
Bite Mark Evidence Dispute in Murder Cases (2008) CNN.com Crime. 29 Feb 2008. Online available at http://www.cnn.com/2008/CRIME/02/29/bite.marks.ap/
Bowers, C. Michael and Johansen, Raymond J. (2001) Digital Rectification and Resizing Correction of Photographic Bite Mark Evidence. Forensic Science Communications. July 2001. Vol. 3 No. 3. Online available at;
What Caused Polaroid's Bankruptcy in 2001?
In 2001 Polaroid filed for bankruptcy. The circumstances surrounding the bankruptcy indicate several potential reasons, including poor management decision making and escalating commitment. The financial management of the firm appears to have been questionable in the year before the filing; a special bonus of $1.4 million was paid to the CEO Gary DiCamillo, and other board members received payments f between $63,000 and $272,000 (TParadiso, 2003). The payments were not illegal, but it is notable that the $1.4 million bonus for DiCamillo would not have been received if 6 months prior the auditor KPMG LLP had not been persuaded to refrain from issuing a going concern warning on the annual accounts (TParadiso, 2003). These actions may all appear questionable, especially the action of DiCamillio calling KMPG's CEO in order to ensure the going concern warring was not issued, but whatever the view,…
Rifkin, G, (2002, Jan), Losing Focus, Boston Magazine, accessed at http://www.bostonmagazine.com/2006/05/losing-focus / on 2nd April 2014
Sandstrom, Christian; Magnusson, Mats; Jornmark, Jan, (2009), Exploring Factors Influencing Incumbents' Response to Disruptive Innovation, Creativity and Innovation Management, 18(1), 8-15
TParadiso, (2003, Aug 26), The Battle for Business Ethics, Polaroid's Final Days Come Into Focus, Motley Fool, accessed at https://www.fool.com/community/pod/2003/030826.htm on 2nd April 2014
azin, Mulvey, the "Male Gaze," and Taxi Driver
The claim that Taxi Driver refutes azin's photographic/realist notion of cinema and affirms Mulvey's idea of the "male gaze" is valid when one considers the film in light of the "lens" of director Scorsese and his journey for the hero Travis ickle. On the surface, it is a film about the "real" streets of New York City and the "real life" of an individual teetering on the brink of insanity while he drives strangers in his cab through the streets of Manhattan. ut below the surface is a film that is pure fantasy and that projects the male gaze on to the viewer and obliges the audience to witness the world through the eyes of the male protagonist and to interpret the world from his isolated point-of-view. At the same time, azin's notion of cinema cannot be wholly discounted because what makes…
Bazin, Andre. What is Cinema?, vol. 1. LA: University of California Press, 2005.
Mulvey, Laura. "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema." Screen, vol. 16, no. 3 (Autumn
Taubin, Amy. Taxi Driver. UK: British Film Institute, 2000.
Competitiveness of Sustenance Lithographic Printing Industry with the Digital Printing Industry: A Case Study of the Lithographic Printing Industry in Nigeria
Major Constraints Affecting the Lithographic Printing Industry
The Effect of the Total Quality Management System on Lithographic
Industry and Compliance with a Changing World
Comparison of Lithographic Printing and Digital Printing to Develop
Avenues to Increase the Sale of Lithography
Stakeholder Opinions of the Proficiency of the Lithographic Printing
Although facing obsolescence from innovations in digital printing technologies, the lithographic industry is faced with several constraints to its competitiveness that form the focus of this study. The overarching aim of this study is to investigate and explore the future of the lithographic printing industry and develop ways on how lithographic printing can be sustained in the changing world of emerging technologies in the printing industry today. In support of this main aim, the study's objectives were to: provide…
Avery, C and Zabel, D 1997, The Quality Management Sourcebook: An International Guide to Materials and Resources. London: Routledge.
Beaujon, J 1936, Graphic Arts. Garden City, NJ: Garden City Publishing.
Cohen, P 2007, 'Deming's Fourteen Points,' Deming Articles. [online]. available: http://www.
There he exhibited 125 of his large Pacific coast views and had more than a thousand images accessible for view through stereoscopes. During these years, he traveled further afield in search of new subjects: he sailed to the barren Farallon Islands, twenty-six miles off the California coast; he photographed the geysers of Sonoma County; he traveled to Mount Shasta in the northern part of the state; and he documented the massive hydraulic gold mining operations in the Sierra Nevada foothills (Watkins' Life and Works, 2010).
Watkins received support in his travels from his friend Collis Huntington, a principal in the Central Pacific ailroad, who offered him a flatcar to carry his van filled with photographic materials. By 1869 the Central Pacific line had pressed through the Sierra Nevada Mountains, allowing Watkins to take photographs of the wilderness landscapes that could now be seen by railroad travelers. Throughout the final years…
Friedel, Megan K. (2010). Carleton Emmons Watkins (1829-1916). Retrieved July 31, 2010,
from The Oregon Encyclopedia Web site:
Hill, Eric. (2004). Carleton E. Watkins. Retrieved August 5, 2010, from Web site:
When we look at Starkey's works we appear to be looking at moments captured from everyday life, in particular the everyday life of women. In fact Starkey's photographs are constructed, the people we are looking at are actors.
Her images of modern banality also suggest ennui, despair, depression and listlessness, which are conveyed as central facets of the reality of life for women in society. As one critic describes her images; "apathetic teenagers, usually girls, languish, slack-limbed and expressionless, in dimly lit cafes, nondescript interiors, and anonymous shopping malls."
Furthermore, the images also emphasize the sense of loneliness and isolation that she considers to be the existential situation of working women in the city.
In these images and others like them, individuals stand apart from the world, separated from it by a screen of indifference. It is not that they actively refuse to invest in their surroundings; they simply do…
Berger, P and Luckmann T. The social construction of reality: A
treatise in the sociology of knowledge, Garden City, NY; Doubleday. 1966.
Delamater, J.D., & Hyde, J.S. "Essentialism vs. Social Constructionism in the Study of Human Sexuality," The Journal of Sex Research, 35, no. 3(1998): 10.
Fuku Noriko. "A woman of parts." Art in America, June, 1997. November 30, 2009. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1248/is_n6_v85/ai_1948
In the "temple paintings" by Anuszkiewicz, for example, a sense of depth is elicited by the utilization of two contrasting colors. Looking at these works, we are under the impression that we are looking at something in three dimensions. It is almost as though an architectural work is invading the space in which we view the picture.
Stanczak went even further in his pictorial compositions with color. As a matter of fact, it could be said that Stanczak's oeuvre is based on an intense examination of the way that colors function when they are put together. In the words of Rand,
Stanczak created various spatial experiences with color and geometry; the latter is far easier to discuss. Color has no simple systematized equivalent. Indeed, there may be no way to describe it that is both meaningful and accurate. Descriptions of it (the color wheel or color solids, for example) are…
Rand, Harry. 1990. Julian Stanczak: Decades of Light. Buffalo: State University of New York.
Ratliff, Floyd. 1996. The Theory of Color and the Practice of Painting. Color Function Painting:
The Art of Josef Albers, Julian Stanczak and Richard Anuszkiewicz. Winston Salem, NC: Wake Forest University.
DYNAMICS BETWEEN AT & TECHNOLOGY
Art & Technology
From the earliest moments of human history until the present and certainly into the future, the relationship between art and technology will be a dynamic one. Technology has directly impacted art forms such as architecture, photography, sculpture, and painting. Painting, sculpture, and architecture are much older art forms than photography, whose roots come from the latter portion of the 19th century. Nonetheless, each of these forms has changed technology and has been changed by technology. In numerous cases within each art form, technological developments in other industries, not related to art, influenced developments in each art respectively. The paper will discuss and consider connections between technology and art including culture and gender.
The great industrialization at the turn of the 20th century changed the world and every industry. The 20th century made possible the further development of existing industries and made possible…
Benjamin, W. (1935) The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Available from design.wishiewashie.com/HT5/WalterBenjaminTheWorkofArt.pdf. 2012 June 15.
National Endowment for the Arts. (2009) Audience 2.0 -- How Technology Influences Arts Participation. National Endowment for the Arts, Available from www.nea.gov/research/new-media-report/New-Media-Report.pdf. 2012 June 17.
Thakur, M.K. (2010) How technology influences arts and creativity. International Business Times, Available from http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/79404/20101107/digital-technology-art-dulwich-picture-gallery-iguides-iPod-touch-technology-austin-museum-of-digita.htm . 2012 June 16.
Finding a Solution to Our Camera Failure Problems at Images Studio
Images Studio is a full service photography studio offering multiple photography services. For more than 15 years, Images Studio has been capturing life's memorable moments. Our creativity, knowledge and caring, professional service provide our clients with images of the highest quality. Our clientele choose Images Studio because they can be assured we deliver on our promises of exceptional quality and service.
hile we specialize in elegant wedding photography, we also photograph family portraits, children, senior portraits, special events, executive portraiture, sports, glamour shots, high-definition (HD) video services, commercial and aerial photography. Images Studio offers both in-studio and on-location services.
Since expanding our mix of photographic services in 2007, our revenues have grown steadily with the demand for our additional services. e have accommodated this additional demand by adding personnel and equipment. By hiring two additional full-time photographers…
Affordable 2/3" HD cameras hit the studio. (n.d.). Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://www.hdcameraguide.com/guide/hi-def_spotlight/23q-hd-cameras
Current, T. (2009, Sept.27). The new H4D-60 from Hasselblad. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://currentphotographer.com/the-new-h4d-60-from-hasselblad/
Financing photography equipment. (2008). WB Financial. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://www.equipmentleasingspecialists.com/photography-equipment-financing.php
Stephen. (2010, July 11). Hasselblad H4D review. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from: http://bayimages.net/blog/reviews/hasselblad-h4d/
Borders: Visible and Invisible-Presentation of 3 Artworks
Borders of gender: Artwork that questions the way women are represented
Depicting the female form has been central to the development of estern art, yet women have often been denied the means to create art themselves. ithin the works of postmodern feminist artists like Barbara Kruger, the assumptions of what constitutes 'great art' and appropriate ways of representing women are questioned. Kruger takes existing photographs and images of popular culture and reconstitutes them into collages. Kruger, much like male artists before her like Manet and Andy arhol, reconfigures conventional ways of depicting the female body to cross the borderlines of what is considered art, appropriate sexuality, and appropriate ways of representing women.
This is seen in one of Kruger's most famous works entitled Your Body Is a Battleground. The work gets its title from the literal words that are cut out and transposed…
"Andy Warhol's Marilyn prints." Web Exhibits. [27 Jul 2012]
"Barbara Kruger." Art History Archive. [27 Jul 2012]
History Of Communication Timeline
TIMELINE: HITORY OF COMMUNICATION
(with special reference to the development of the motorcycle)
First paleolithing "petroglyphs" and written symbols. This is important in the history of communication because it marks the first time humans left a recorded form of communication. Also, these written symbols became the ultimate source of later alphabets.
Cave paintings at Lascaux show early representational art. This is important in the history of communication because the caves depict over 2000 figures, including abstract symbols. More recent research suggests these may record astronomical information.
OURCE: Wikipedia, "Lascaux."
First surviving umerian pictograms demonstrate a primitive form of record keeping. This is important in the history of communication because pictograms, together with ideograms, represent a primitive form of writing, in which a symbol either means what it looks like, or represents a single idea.
OURCE: Wikipedia, "Pictogram."
St. Hubbins, David and Tufnel, Nigel. "Stonehenge." London: Polymer, 1984.
Thompson, Hunter S. Hell's Angels. New York: Modern Library,1966.
Picasso's Las Meninas (After Velazquez)
Baudelaire, in The Painter of Modern Life, approached the modern element in modern painting by reminding us that everything old-fashioned was necessarily once in fashion: "every old master has had his own modernity; the great majority of fine portraits that have come down to use from former generations are clothed in the costume of their own period…If for the necessary and inevitable costume of the age you substitute another, you will be guilty of a mistranslation…" (Baudelaire 497). Yet what if the artist is attempting such a deliberate mistranslation? A mistranslation, of course, changes the meaning of a statement by attempting to make it more comprehensible. To some degree, though, I think that Picasso attempts in his 1957 painting Las Meninas (After Velazquez) precisely this sort of "mistranslation" -- the canvas itself a work of revision, or re-vision. Picasso uses Velazquez' 1656 court painting --…
Apollinaire, Guillaume. "The New Painting: Art Notes."
Bahr, Hermann. Expressionism.
Baudelaire, Charles. "The Painter of Modern Life."
Greenberg, Clement. "Avant-Garde and Kitsch."
Science appealed to me as early as I can remember in my academic career, specifically, solving problems through experimentation. Biology, in particular, captured my interest because it seemed to combine science with the goal of providing healthcare and comfort to patients suffering from medical disease. Since then, I have learned that the other scientific disciplines contribute equally toward improving modern health care, but the biological sciences have always captured my greatest interest.
My recent volunteer duties at the (Name of nursing home) nursing home confirmed to me the profound satisfaction inherent in providing patient care. The experience of being able to improve the lives and outlook of elderly patients (some of whom suffer more from depression and loneliness than any organic disease) remains one of the most rewarding endeavors that I have ever undertaken.
The satisfaction of helping others is one element that has been missing from my professional life,…
Alfred Stieglitz: The Changing Face of Photography
Alfred Stieglitz is considered to be one of the primary early definers of the nature of photographic art. His life and career spanned from 1864 to 1946, encompassing the tail end of the Civil ar through orld ar II. "Stieglitz witnessed New York transform from a sleeping giant of cobblestone streets and horse-drawn trolleys to a vibrant symbol of the modern metropolis, with soaring skyscrapers becoming visible emblems of a new age" (American Masters: Alfred Stieglitz). Although photography was well-established as an art form in the 19th century, Stieglitz was one of the first to defend the unique gifts of photography as an expressive medium in and of its own right. hen he became the editor of Camera Notes, the journal of the Camera Club of New York, Stieglitz used the platform provided by this "association of amateur photography enthusiasts" to make a…
American Masters: Alfred Stieglitz. PBS. Web. 29 Oct 2015.
Georgia O'Keeffe -- Hands. The National Gallery of Art. Web. 29 Oct 2015.
Hostetler, Lisa. "Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) and American Photography." In Heilbrunn
Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000 -- .
). Indeed, when Dix exhibited Der Krieg in Berlin in 1924, he was criticized by the right wing press and eventually when Hitler came into power in 1933, Dix was fired based upon pressure from Hitler's government that contended that his paintings were antimilitary. According to Dix's dismissal letter from the Dresden Academy, his artwork "threatened to sap the will of the German people to defend themselves." To add insult to injury, Hitler's assault upon Dix did not end there. The Nazis also destroyed several of his paintings not long after he was dismissed from the Academy (Id.). Dix, however, did not let this injustice destroy his creative spirit. In 1933, he used oil and tempura on wood to paint The Seven Deadly Sins, an allegorical painting that represented Germany's political situation under Hitler. In this painting, Dix utilized the figure of the lazy Sloth because Dix blamed the German…
Apel, Dora. "Heroes and Whores: the Politics of Gender in Weimar Antiwar
Imagery." The Art Bulletin 79.3 (1997): 366+. Questia. Web. 20 Apr. 2010.
Avgikos, Jan. "Max Beckmann and Otto Dix: Neue Galerie." Artforum International Oct.
2005: 275. Questia. Web. 20 Apr. 2010.
For the former, the cellular provider (as mandated by a court order) forwards information from the site of the phone to law enforcement authorities, allowing these authorities to fixate the location of a subject and to proceed accordingly. For the latter, an audio device consisting of a transmitter, antennae and power source is attached to a person to relay interactive surveillance in a manner which is highly covert. No warrant or court order is required. Regardless of which of these myriad manners of tracking is employed, the primary objective of surveillance is to provide information which can be used as evidence to assist in the prevention of or the bringing of justice of those who have previously committed a crime. Consequently, tracking and surveillance have become integral elements in today's enforcement of law.
1. Foster, R.E. (2004). Police Technology. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
2. Manning, Allison.…
1. Foster, R.E. (2004). Police Technology. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
2. Manning, Allison. (2010). New Police Technology is Helpful but Costly. Retrieved from http://www.dispatch.com/live/content/local_news/stories/2010/11/14/new-police-technology-is-helpful-but-costly.html?sid=101
3. Pittman, E. (2010). Real-Life Police Technology Catches Up With Science Fiction. Retrieved from http://www.govtech.com/public-safety/Real-Life-Police-Technology-Catches-up-With.html
4. Schultz, P.D. (2004). The Future Is Here: Technology in Police Departments. Retrieved from http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display&article_id=1527&issue_id=62008
Taking a look at this statement, it is easy to understand that the most important value that resson wished to convey was photography itself. His words make us understand that photography is not a mere recording of what happens outside of you. On the contrary, it is a very mental process and a life style. According to the artist, this particular means of expression allows you not only to discover the world, but to discover the self at the same time. He underlines the fact that these discoveries take place simultaneously and that they enhance each other. Photography is the link between the external and the internal world of the individual, but also a very important means of communication.
In the context of the world wars, this sort of communication is extremely important. The division which occurred between people because they followed different interests led to a massive destruction…
Interview: "Henri Cartier-Bresson-Famous photographers tell how"(1958) in American Suburb X, photography and culture, Retrieved February 12, 2011 from http://www.americansuburbx.com/2009/09/interview-henri-cartier-bresson-famous.html
Famous photographers of Urban Scenes, Henri Cartier Bresson in Urban Photography, Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.urban-photography-art.com/henri-cartier-bresson.html
Garrett, Brandon L., and Tania Tetlow. "Criminal Justice Collapse: The Constitution after Hurricane Katrina." Duke Law Journal 56.1 (2006): 127+. Questia. 1 Mar. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019431816.
Images of Hurricane Katrina, found online at http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&q=looting%20hurricane%20katrina&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wi,2005,retrieved 1 March 2009.
Images of Brittany Spears, found online at http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://judicial-inc.biz/81b.ri1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://thisiszionism.blogspot.com/2008/01/brittany-spears-rushed-to-hospital.html&usg=__uoZgO_FKCKQSYT3FQzen5-UUDYU=&h=317&w=405&sz=27&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=HnAV16M6q9DM:&tbnh=97&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbrittany%2Bspears%2Bhome%2Bchildren%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG,retrieved1 March 2009.
Bloggerhead.com, found online at, retrieved 1 March 2009.
Garrett, Brandon L., and Tania Tetlow. "Criminal Justice Collapse: The Constitution after Hurricane Katrina." Duke Law Journal 56.1 (2006): 127+. Questia. 1 Mar. 2009
One could almost argue that it is in the same manner of a collage that the cinematography mixes with the almost painted images of Salvador Dali's dreams. The idea of the movie is just a pretext: a mentally deranged individual is put in charge of a mental asylum, an ironical premise that allows the director to explore the deep implications of the human personality, including veritable dream sequences in which the art is shown so as to provide an argumentation for the infinity of the ideals. I think this combination of different arts to present the same perspective for the artist is also one of the characteristics of pop art.
The eclectic perspective in Spellbound is also given by the numerous issues that are being approached in the movie, besides the psychological and psychoanalytic aspects. The movie is also a mystery movie, it is a romantic story and it's also…
Images of war, homelessness, and poverty also convey poignant messages that can be construed differently by different people. The photographer presents the image but the viewer deciphers it. When photographs like those from Walker Evans are used as journalistic content, they can become imbued with meaning and political ideology. Other images are less equivocal. For example, a shot of a homeless man sleeping on a bench in Beverly Hills would immediately connote income disparity in the United States.
Another issue Nickel raises in "American Photographs Revisited" is the confluence of art and science in the medium of photography. Evans and other professional photographers and photojournalists craft their images, painstakingly addressing variables like lighting and atmospheric conditions with tweaks to their camera techniques. New technology including digital photography and editing software has expanded the range of possibilities for photographers. The art of photography is extended to book layout in works like…
Movie mode is accessible from the camera's main mode dial. The function of movie mode allows users to take short digital videos.
Other functional modes accessible on the Sony Cybershot dial include snow, beach, landscape, twilight, twilight portrait, soft snap, and high sensitivity modes. Snow, beach, landscape, twilight, twilight portrait, and soft snap are each pre-programmed settings. The settings are programmed into the camera software to simplify picture taking; their primary function is to allow novice camera users or those who want simplicity to take the best possible shot without having to enter into the camera's main menu. On a traditional single lens-reflex (SL) camera or on manual digital cameras, these functions must be performed manually: such as by adjusting the lens aperture to let in more or less light or by altering shutter speed to adjust the length of exposure. Basic photographic functions like changes to ISO sensitivity are…
Keller, Jeff. "DCRP Review: Sony Cybershot DSC-W80." Jan 17, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008 at http://www.dcresource.com/reviews/sony/dsc_w80-review
The awareness of those assumptions, in conjunction with case elements, creates a new way of looking at case studies. One is more alert to the prejudices and other assumptions experienced by people in the work place, or even other environments.
2. What did you learn about yourself in the course of this exercise?
That, prior to the course, my awareness of these issues was limited. That age discrimination takes on a greater meaning in the work place than not hiring someone because of their age. That when you hire someone, it should be on an equal basis, one of job related duties to the skill, the environment, and even the existing staff. Sometimes, especially when one is over qualified or over educated for a position, it is going to be more problematic than hiring someone who needs to be trained.
3. What did you learn about others in the course…
It should be noted here that the culture/nature dichotomy is just as important to utler as it is to Mendieta. Early on in odies That Matter, utler asks the following question: "Is sex to gender as feminine is to masculine?" Nature has traditionally been associated with the feminine; thus, culture or some agency thereof will often "act" upon nature, interfering with it. Nature is thus considered as a passive surface - the feminine, the vaginal - with culture being associated with the masculine, the phallus. utler writes,
One question that feminists have raised, then, is whether the discourse which figures the action of construction as a kind of imprinting or imposition is not tacitly masculinist, whereas the figure of the passive surface, awaiting that penetration act whereby meaning is endowed, is not tacitly or - perhaps - quite obviously feminine.
In Mendieta's piece, we see a dramatization of these issues…
Butler, Judith. 1993. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex." New York:
Mendieta, Ana. 1977. Tree of Life. Retrieved on November 17, 2007 at http://www.burrac.com/ah/45/Mendieta,%20Tree%20of%20Life,%201977.jpg.
The scene of the Orange Trees is silent and intent; the other is alive with motion and growth. The first is shadow less and crisply outlined; the other is informal and wild. The Orange Trees portrays a phallic, cross-legged condescension. The other portrays a youthful brashness and disconcern of modern conventionalities (the child is standing tippy-toed striving, as though it were, to break free from her boundaries, the fence in front of her. And the fence is vague as thoguh to give way to the child. The child dominates all.)
obert Nye describes how the values of Caillebotte's class and time permeated his paintings in the form of the noble gentleman that he often adopted as theme. The codes of honor and comportment of the ruling class males are evident throughout, with rules and precepts tightly binding bourgeois family lei and existence indicating "ossification of the bourgeois family.. [that] was…
Smith, Terry E. Invisible Touch: Modernism and Modernity, Univ. Of Chicago Press, 1997
Berthe Morisot, The Basket Chair, 1885
Gustave Caillebotte, The Orange Trees, 1878
As Baigent and Leigh point out, von Stauffenberg's co-conspirators were "aristocratic" men who despised what they now knew to be a murderous regime (26). However, it was Stauffenberg who was "the most active leader in the conspiracy against Hitler," which is exactly how Operation Valkyrie is portrayed (Hoffman xiv). The close relationship between Nina Stauffenberg and her husband is rendered thinly but at least accurately in the film, based on what historian Hoffman has to say. Although there are several other ancillary characters that were not addressed or developed in Valkyrie, the filmmakers chose what are arguably some of the most historically important in terms of the attempted assassination of Hitler.
Of course, the central event of Valkyrie is the attempted but failed assassination of Hitler. Interviews with Berthold von Stauffenberg, the Colonel's son, verify the accuracy of the historical events that shaped his father's life. For instance, Jones claims…
Baigent, Michael and Leigh, Richard. Secret Germany: Stauffenberg and the True Story of Operation Valkyrie. Skyhorse Publishing Inc., 2008.
Brooks, Xan. "Valkyrie." The Guardian. 19 Jan 2009. Retrieved online: http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2009/jan/20/valkyrie-tom-cruise-film-review
Craig, John S. Peculiar liaisons: in war, espionage, and terrorism in the twentieth century. Algora Publishing, 2005.
Hoffman, Peter. Stauffenberg: A Family History, 1905-1944. McGill-Queen, 2003.
Monet started his creative activity being young by making scratches and cartoons for a local frame-maker. He took classes of art from Eugene Budent, who taught him lessons of work on open air. Later he goes to Paris and enters the circle of Paris painters. Because he had no financial support he enters French army and after military service he continues painting with Pierre-Auguste enoir, Alfred Sisley, Edgar Degas, Gustave Caillebotte, Frederic Bazille who were experimenting and searching for a new style different from official canons of art.
Technique developed by Monet and other impressionists was unique and innovative. Monet realized that a painting which was made on the open air, has a unique freshness and liveliness, which is unable to be achieved when working in the workshop, where artist plans the painting beforehand. Monet advised artists to rebuild the impression of image perception substituting routine objects by some naive…
Hannoosh, M. Delacroix, E. 1995.Painting and the Journal of Eugene Delacroix. Princeton University Press
Jobert, B. 1998. Delacroix. Princeton University Press
Schapiro, M. 1997.Impressionism: Reflections and Perceptions. George Braziller
Forge, a. 1995.Monet Art Institute of Chicago (Artists in Focus).Harry N
In the 1930s, Dorothea Lange used photography to document the disastrous conditions for Americans confronted with the Dust Bowl in the West. The images demonstrated the urgent need for government programs to assist these disadvantaged people. The photographs told the entire story. Today, Lorna Simpson's photographs do the same: document the American blacks and demonstrate their personal societal needs. This Brooklyn-born artist uses black-and-white images to portray the situation of present-day American blacks so uninformed viewers can better understand these individuals perception of the world.
As Simpson notes about her work:
By presenting these cliches about women, I'm dealing with the language of stereotypes. I'm pointing to the fact that the wrong questions are so often asked, and this is why you don't know anything about this person. I intentionally sought to avoid presenting a 'them and us' situation, them being a white audience. It is also a…
Arango, Jorge. "At home with Lorna Simpson: a major player in the world of photography and video composes her personal sanctuary -- home." Essence. May (2002), np. [Electronic Version]
Ansell, Bennie Flores. "Lorna Simpson: The Black Female Body in Photography." Photography Institute. 25 April 2005.
Fusco, Coco. English is Broken Here. New York City: The New Press, 2000.
art of Helmut Newton and state a vision of modern fashion photography through his work and visual influence on the 20th century art. The conception of the female figure as a subject of art has changed through history and evolved according to the demands of society at any specific time or place. From the invention of photography the vision of nude photography has changed following the changes of society, and the fashion woman, the one that characterizes the world of publicity and media, took different shapes and sizes with each decade. From the flunky, fluffy nymphs that were on vogue from the late 1800 until after World War I, evolving into the thin, almost boy-ish model that was the standard image of the 20's, the curvy and voluptuous vamp of the 50's, to the skinny, dominating woman that portrays the second half of the 20th century. The image of woman…
1-Altschul, Serena. "Chasing The History Of The Skirt." 2006. CBS Broadcasting Inc. 2 feb. 2007 http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/05/07/sunday/main1596113.shtml
2-Brewerd, Christopher. Fashion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, Greenwood Press, 2001, 3- "History of fashion 1900-1910." American Vintage Blues. 2005. 11 feb. 2007. http://www.vintageblues.com/history_main.htm.
4-"Helmut Newton." 2003. 12 feb. 2007 http://www.temple.edu/photo/photographers/spring03/photographers/heatherprice/newton/
5-O'Rourke, Aidan. "Fashion Photography Essay by Aidan O'Rourke Part One." 2005. The Aidan O'Rourke Photography & Media Portfolio Site History of. 11 feb. 2007 http://www.aidan.co.uk/article_fashion1.htm
Termed "the forgotten battle," the Battle for the Aleutians represented the only instance during World War II when the Japanese occupied American soil and the campaign exacted a significant toll of American lives and treasure. The Aleutians became strategically significant during World War II for the Japanese as well as the United States, but the American preparations in anticipation of this attack were woefully inadequate. Despite a U.S. naval base was being established at Dutch Harbor in 1942, the Japanese bombed the base and later occupied Attu, Kiska, and Agattu islands. Although a U.S. counterattack from bases on Adak and Amchitka retook these islands in 1943, several thousand of American lives were lost in the process and many more were injured. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive and critical analysis of the primary and secondary juried and scholarly literature concerning the Battle of the Aleutians to…
'Aleutian Islands,' 2012, The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.
'Battle of the Aleutian Islands,' (n..d). History. Retrieved online: http://www.history.com/topics / battle-of-the-aleutian-islands.
Breslin, CB 1994, June 18, 'World War II in the Aleutians: The Fundamentals of a Joint
Campaign,' Newport, RI: Naval War College.
Intro to Digital Photography
The Landscape of Vermont in Black and White
I have had the wonderful fortune of being able to live in Vermont for most of my life. The splendor of the landscape is what first motivated me to pick up a camera over thirty years ago and endeavor to capture its beauty to tell a story. My photographic images are an extension of the world in which I grew up and live in today.
The images in this portfolio of Vermont are in black and white. I chose this medium because for me, black and white, or monochrome photography, comes naturally. When I am photographing, I try to look at how I can use the light, shadow, and composition to capture the character that black and white photography has to offer.
Having both black and white in a shot is important, but just as…
Few pieces of cloth have garnered as much attention as the so-called Shroud of Turin, a piece of linen cloth allegedly containing the image of Jesus Christ. The shroud of Turin measures 4.4 meters in length and about one meter wide (about fourteen feet by three feet). Both the front and the back appear to have an image of a man "who had been scourged, crowned with thorns, crucified with nails, and stabbed by a lance in the side," (Fanti, Botella, Crosilla, Lattarulo, Svensson, Schneider and hanger 1).[footnoteRef:1] Traces of blood, fire, and water have also been identified on the shroud (Fanti, et al.; Heller & Adler). Because of the way the imagery on the shroud corresponds with the Biblical story of Jesus of Nazareth, it has been speculated that the shroud was the burial cloth of Jesus before the body was put into a tomb. [1: Fanti,…
"Controversial New Theories on the Shroud of Turin." CBS. 8 April, 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-3445_162-57410982/controversial-new-theories-on-the-shroud-of-turin/
Damon, P.E., Donahue, D.J.; Gore, B.H.; Hatheway, A.L.; Jull, A.J.T.; Linick, T.W.; Sercel, P.J.; Toolin, L.J.; Bronk, C.R.; Hall, E.T.; Hedges, R.E.M.; Housley, R.; Law, I.A.; Perry, C.; Bonani, G.; Trumbore, S.; Woelfli, W.; Ambers, J.C.; Bowman, S.G.E.; Leese, M.N.; Tite, M.S. Radiocarbon dating of the Shroud of Turin. The Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System. 1989.
Fanti, G., Botella, J.A., Crosilla, F., Lattarulo, F., Svensson, N., Schneider, R. & Whanger, A.. List of evidences of the Turin shroud. 2010. Retrieved online: http://www.acheiropoietos.info/proceedings/FantiListWeb.pdf
Heller, J.H. & Adler, A.D.. Blood on the shroud of Turin. Applied Optics 19(16): 2742-2744, 1980.
INTERVIEWER: I was very taken aback and exhilarated to see the intense use of texture in your work. I was surprised to see how much more significantly this characteristic of your work stands out when viewing it in person. Can you explain your inclination to the capturing of powerfully textured subject matter?
HENRI CARTIER-BRESSON: Well I certainly love texture. I see life as a multi-textured, multi-layered experience and I want to capture that. We know that photography is simply a means of capturing life. But more specifically, it is a means of capturing a precise and fleeting moment in life (Cartier-Bresson). Therefore, I like to try to capture as many layers of lifelike texture as possible in order to give the photograph real meaning and accuracy.
INTERVIEWER: I am from Indonesia and I was happy to see that you have spent some time working in my homeland. I…
Nan Goldin Photography
Nan Goldin -- Empathy and Obsession
Nan Goldin is a famous American photographer who was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1953 (Williams 26). From an early age, she demonstrated a passion for photography, often using it in her teens to document the gay and transsexual communities she frequented with friends. Her earliest works are considered provocative, voyeuristic, and controversial and noted for their depiction of sex, desire, obsession and empathy (O'Brien 151). Although her current work is much more subdued (i.e., landscapes, etc.), she still continues to create powerful motifs involving couples, intimacy, addiction, HIV / AIDS, prostitution, and homosexuality.
Goldin attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. There she created The Ballad of Sexual Dependency, arguably her most noteworthy body of work (Danto 33). The 700 image collection set to music presented friends in intimate scenarios in slide show format. It is…
Danto, Arthur C. "Nan Goldin's World." The Nation Dec 02, 1996: 32-5. ProQuest. Web. 19 Oct. 2013.
Eade, Michael. "Michael Eade Talks with a Postmodern Photographer: "Nobody Symbolizes Anything." Nan Goldin." The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review 4.3 (1997): 16. ProQuest. Web. 19 Oct. 2013.
Chrisafis, Angelique. "My Camera Has Saved My Life." The Guardian, Wednesday 21 May 2008. Web. http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2008/may/22/photography.art
Kois, Dan. "Amazing Adventures in Empathy." New York Times Magazine Oct 07, 2012: 52-3. ProQuest. Web. 22 Oct. 2013.
If you walk in to a bookstore or browse online you will find hundreds, in fact thousands, of essays, books, articles, and speeches about prejudice. Obviously, most of them are against prejudice and before you begin reading any of them, let me tell you that chances are good that they will contain phrases like "don't have prejudice against people," "prejudice results in downfall" or "prejudice is a bad thing,." ut what puzzles the mind is whether phrases like "we shouldn't have prejudice against people" are enough to end prejudice. Does a moral lesson at the end of a very moving story convince you not to have prejudice against your fellow beings? Does it convince people not to judge others and to treat everyone equally? I think not. In order to understand what prejudice is, does a person have to experience it firsthand?
In order to ponder over this important…
Angelou, Maya. "Graduation." "Occasions for Writing: Evidence, Idea, Essay." DiYanni, Robert, and Pat C. Hoy. Boston, MA: Thomson Heinle, (2008).335-342. Print.
Hurston, Zora. "How It Feels To Be Colored Me." "Occasions for Writing: Evidence, Idea, Essay." DiYanni, Robert, and Pat C. Hoy. Boston, MA: Thomson Heinle, (2008). 159-161. Print.
Kincaid, Jamaica. "On Seeing England For The First Time." "Occasions for Writing: Evidence, Idea, Essay." DiYanni, Robert, and Pat C. Hoy. Boston, MA: Thomson Heinle, (2008).720-727. Print.
Staples, Brent. "Just Walk On By." "Occasions for Writing: Evidence, Idea, Essay." DiYanni, Robert, and Pat C. Hoy. Boston, MA: Thomson Heinle, (2008). 153-155. Print.
Live Concet Analysis
How Doing Good Makes Us Feel Poweful and Poweless at the Same Time
Design Activism vs. Design fo Social Change
The Awakening Consciousness of Designes 1960's
Thee has been lukewam inteest in public sevice design, social impact and design activism. But in most convesations, all othe designs wok to enhance the standad of living of the people; some of it must be activism. The agument is seldom boosted by the notion that achitectue has been impacted by intellectual movements and ats fo instance, modenism which fuels an idea of a evolutionay society. These movements had ideal poposals fo society's efoms. They wee elated deeply to commece and aesthetics as well (Jose et al., 2008). Conside the diffeence between modenism and activism fo that matte. The modenism idea states that people stand equals to each othe, while society became united in evey aspect fo instance uniting laboes,…
references and charitable habits of Generation Y, Generation X, Baby Boomers and Matures. Convio and Edge Research. (2010).
Boehnert, J. "In the Front Line," Creative Review, October 2008.
Borasi, G., & Zardini, M. (Eds.). Actions: What you can do with the city. Canadian Centre for Architecture. (2008).
Brown, T., Sklar, A., Speicher, S., Solomon D. And Wyatt, J. "Design For Social Impact," (New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, 2009), 80-81.
Cowan, G. "Street Protest Architecture," Bad Subjects, January 2004.
gamut of subjects related to American history. The underlying themes of the course included race, class, gender, and power. Books such as Lies My Teacher Told Me and Zinn's People's History of the United States present a more rounded overview and analysis of historical events than what is typically offered in public school textbooks or in popular media. Modern resources ranging from newspaper and magazine articles to film and documentary productions help to round out the student's understanding of American history. The course shows that history is written by the victors, which paints a skewed and heavily biased version of events. The time has come to revise American history textbooks with a more truthful portrayal of how historical events unfolded. History has shaped, and his shaped by, sociological factors like race, class, gender, and power.
Race remains one of the most important topics in American history, culture, society, and identity.…
Allen, James and Littlefield, Allen. Without Sanctuary. Film retrieved: http://withoutsanctuary.org/main.html
Drum, Kevin and Gilson, Dave. "Charts: 6 Big Economic Myths, Debunked." Mother Jones. December 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2011/10/charts-economic-myths-jobs-deficit-taxes
Gilson, Dave. "Charts: Who are the 1%?" Mother Jones. Retrieved online: http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2011/10/one-percent-income-inequality-OWS
Gilson, Dave. "Only Little People Pay Taxes." Retrieved online: http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2011/04/taxes-richest-americans-charts-graph
Fatat el Masna (Factory Girl) by Mohamed Khan depicts a misunderstood segment of society: female Muslim factory workers in Egypt. he contemporary setting of the story allows the viewer to make real-life comparisons with their own notions of race, class, gender, ethnicity, and power. Social stratification is a core theme, but gender is a far more salient one in Khan's movie. Fatat el Masna is about individual women taking personal risks to alter gender norms. Yet ironically, Hiyam (Yasmin Raeis) operates within a stereotypically chauvinistic framework. She fantasizes about her boss in ways that are the antithesis of female self-empowerment, as if the film suggests that women in Egyptian society can only liberate themselves in their own minds. heir actual liberation remains a pipe dream. Seeds of hope are planted, however, as Hiyam remains true to her word and values. She does fall in love with her boss…
The blending and confluence of identities is the quintessential story of the modern world. It is also the quintessential story of the Jews. Modern citizens of the world for whom geographic boundaries are meaningless will relate to this film, which has a universal appeal. A primary target audience would be Jews in the diaspora and also Lebanese people as well. However, Return to the Valley of the Jews is about the search for personal identity and a homeland. No external forces can come in the way of personal and collective identity formation. The Jews depicted in this film have strong national identities and call themselves Lebanese. Things did change after the 1967 wars, when Arabs started to persecute Jews even in areas once characterized by peace and tolerance like the Wadi. Ironically, Lebanon tore itself apart, in a civil war pitting Muslims against Christians. Jews were in the crossfire, showing that the tensions in the Middle East are not between Arab and Jew. They are unnecessary tensions, but have almost nothing at all to do with religion or even the creation of Israel. This film corrects a lot of misinformation about the root causes of problems in the Middle East, and shows how propaganda and politics can create animosity.
Return to the Valley of the Jews is about destruction and rebirth, too. There is hope for the future even though there is much despair permeating the film. Lebanon is a good case study for paving the way toward tolerance and respect. The government of Lebanon has been relatively tolerant and has enabled the reconstruction of the synagogue at the heart of this film. Returning to the "valley of the Jews" is a spiritual metaphor. The people depicted in the film maintain their community identity whether or not they are in Lebanon. Language and a shared nostalgia for the geographic beauty and history of Lebanon are their social and cultural glue. Religion is not as central as people think, and this film is necessary in dispelling the myth that religion is a source of trouble in the Middle East. Land and civil rights are central issues, but not religion. Furthermore, Lebanon needs to be seen on its own rather than being lumped in with other Arab nations. Israel has had ambivalent relations with Lebanon. Not as friendly as Jordan, but friendlier than other nations, Lebanon may come to play a critical role in the development and evolution fo future peace processes in the Middle East.
It may be idealistic to believe that films can change the world. In this case, the film may at least shed light on a critical issue. The film may open hearts and change minds. It might help viewers reconnect with their own cultural roots, and help people to see that all the people of the world seek belonging within a community. That community may be defined by nationality or geography, language or religion. What matters most is that love and compassion define social relations.
My immediate response to Burtynsky's work was to think that the artist had managed to find a relevant aesthetic response to the most serious issue of the twenty-first century, which is climate change. he difficulty with climate change is that it does not lend itself easily to artistic representation or commentary: any small child knows that slowly and painstakingly building up a castle made of Legos is not as exciting as destroying a Lego castle. Ecology can seem tedious and destruction can seem fun. Burtynsky's work sidesteps this difficulty because in some sense he is documenting the destruction.
his does not mean Burtynsky's work feels message-driven. In photographic work documenting the large-scale changes that human beings make on their physical environment, such as "Mines," "Quarries," and "Railcuts" (all of which are large enough to be actual geological phenomenon but are in fact manmade, and each of which is…
This does not mean Burtynsky's work feels message-driven. In photographic work documenting the large-scale changes that human beings make on their physical environment, such as "Mines," "Quarries," and "Railcuts" (all of which are large enough to be actual geological phenomenon but are in fact manmade, and each of which is documented in a separate photographic series) Burtynsky is showing, rather than telling. His work does not preach a save-the-planet message but instead allows the viewer to infer the presence of human activities behind these panoramic views of "un-natural" landscapes. I use the word "un-natural" because Burtynsky's work first meets the eye as standard nature photography -- a sort of Ansel Adams in Technicolor -- until the viewer realizes that these are not "natural" scenes but scenes of man-made disruption.
Burtynsky's work appeals to me for its relevance. We live in an era when climate change is happening fast due to human activity, while humans are not responding quickly enough for a crisis of such magnitude. While other art forms may attempt to capture an environmental theme -- plenty of Hollywood films have an obvious ecological message -- photographs like Burtynsky's do not manipulate an audience like a movie does. His pictures merely provide evidence, and let the audience draw their own sober conclusions. In some sense, the major work of aesthetic ordering and organization in Burtynsky's work is not the photography itself but the man-made structures and scenes that he depicts -- this problematizes our category of "the aesthetic" insofar as many of these devastated scenes have their own haunting and desolate beauty, and clearly that is part of Burtynsky's point.
2. Burtynsky's series "China" depicts the environmental and landscape changes caused by large-scale human development projects during China's ongoing economic boom. For example, Burtynsky's photograph "Feng Jie #3" from part of the series of the "Three Gorges Dam Project, Yangtze River, China 2002" is only a little more than ten years old, and shows construction on an electrical generation dam being built on one of China's largest rivers. Compositionally speaking, "Feng Jie #3" uses the traditional elements of photography to frame Burtynsky's evident message. The predominant color in the photo is the ashen grey stone of the broken rubble that litters the landscape, presumably stone used in the building of the dam itself. But this landscape has become inhospitable for human habitation, and so on the far left of the photo -- where the eye naturally begins to "read" the image from left to right -- we can see a colorful and flimsy cloth tent, which is the closest to a human dwelling that can be placed on top of this vast rockpile. In the distance also on the left we can see an actual human dwelling -- a multi-story concrete apartment dwelling -- which is framed to provide context to the cloth tent. But the overall movement of
Harold Eugene "Doc" Edgerton
Born on the 6th of April, 1903, in Nebraska State's Fremont city, Harold E. Edgerton was the eldest child of Mary and Frank Edgerton. Harold was raised in Nebraska's Aurora city; in his youth, he was fascinated with machines and motors, and loved dismantling broken items, deducing their workings, and repairing them. He graduated from the Nebraska-Lincoln University in 1925. In the year 1928, he got married to Esther Garret, with whom he had three children: a daughter, Mary Lou, and two sons, illiam and Robert. Edgerton was an electrical engineering professor at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and is recognized by many as the scientist who transformed the little-known lab instrument, the stroboscope, into a device commonly used in all cameras. In 1927, Edgerton obtained his Master's degree from MIT, and in 1931, in his doctoral thesis, he studied synchronous motors by employing stroboscopes. He…
"Doc life: Midwestern Boy: 1903-1926" visionary engineer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, n.d. web. 12 Nov. 15
Dowling, Stephen "Harold Edgerton invented the electronic flash -- which allowed him to capture things the human eye cannot see. Stephen Dowling looks at his legacy." British Broadcasting Corporation July 2014. Web. 11 Nov. 2015
Gray, Paul E. "Harold E. Edgerton." Physics Today Apr. 1991: 126+. Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.
"Harold Edgerton" LUMIERE, n.d. web. 12 Nov. 15