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Pico Essays (Examples)

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Treatment to Patients the Main Objective of
Words: 4516 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Paper #: 23316992
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Treatment to Patients

The main objective of providing treatment to patients is to relieve symptoms along with decreasing the progression of the disease as well as the mortality or morbidity. However, in some cases, this objective is not fully achieved, especially in the case of the patients who are admitted to the ICU with some serious and almost always a terminal stage of the disease. For example, when old patients are admitted in the ICU, their immunity is extremely low and this is the perfect time for the opportunistic infections to make matters worse for these patients. There are many infections that are specifically associated with patients admitted in the hospitals. Pseudomonas Aurigeonosa is a micro-organism that is well documented to cause bacterial pneumonia and bacteremia in the patients who are terminally ill and are receiving treatment in the hospital setting. Since most of the patients in the ICU are…


Beekmann, SE;Diekema, DJ; Chapin, KC;Doern, GV (2003) Effects of rapid detection of bloodstream infections on length of hospitalization and hospital charges.J ClinMicrobiol, 41:3119-3125.

Boussekey, N, Leroy, O, Georges, H, Devos, P, d'Escrivan, T, Guery, B (2005).Diagnostic and prognostic values of admission procalcitonin levels in community-acquired pneumonia in an intensive care unit.Infection, 33:257-263.

Charles, PE, Dalle, F, Aho, S, Quenot, JP, Doise, JM, Aube, H, Olsson, NO, Blettery, B: Serum procalcitonin measurement contribution to the early diagnosis of candidemia in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med, 32:1577-1583.

Digiovine, B; Chenoweth, C; Watts, C; Higgins, M (1999)The attributable mortality and costs of primary nosocomial bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit. Am J. RespirCrit Care Med, 160:976-981.

Adult Asthmatics Cinal Google Scholar
Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20390391
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The findings yielded a direct correlation between poor inhaler use and poor literacy: Poor inhaler technique was found in 89% of patients reading at less than the third-grade level compared with 48% of patients reading at the high-school level (Nowlan, illiams, Baker, Honig, Lee 1991).

This study's result would have a direct impact upon traditional patient educational efforts, as health education still tends to rely heavily on printed materials. These materials might also be written at too high a level. Making use of pictorial materials and personal demonstrations, the authors concluded, might be more effective than using traditional verbally-based media. The study suggests that different approaches are needed, and more personalized intervention may be required for asthmatics, at least during early stages of treatment. However, there is an issue of correlation vs. causation -- individuals with low levels of literacy may have difficulty learning in general, regardless of the medium,…

Works Cited

Huss K., M. Salerno, & R.W. Huss. (1991, August). Computer-assisted reinforcement of instruction: Effects on adherence in adult atopic asthmatics. Research in Nursing & Health, 14 (4): 259-67. ISSN: 0160-6891 PMID: 1891611 CINAHL an: 1991128860.

Database: CINAHL Plus

Meer, V. van der, M.J. Bakker, W.B. van den Hout, K.F. Rabe, P.J. Sterk, J. Kievit, W.J.J.

Assendelft, & J.K. Sont. (2009, July 21). Internet-based self-management plus education compared with usual care in asthma. A randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine. 151 (2): 110-120.

Mobility Evidence-Based Practice Progressive Mobility Protocol This
Words: 1626 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 76051675
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Evidence-based Practice

Progressive Mobility Protocol

This paper is a project based on PICO. The clinical question that serves as the foundation for this data-based design is; for immobile critical care patients, does the use of a nurse driven progressive mobility protocol reduce ICU LOS compared to every hour of repositioning? In this paper, the adult patients admitted to an ICU represent the population (P) of interest. The nurse driven progressive mobility represents the intervention (I), the comparison (C) is the critical care patients repositioned every two hours, and the reduction in LOS represents the result.

Most hospitals place critically ill patients on bed rest and reposition them every two hours in the intensive care unit. Some literature reviews provide evidence in favor of progressive mobility protocols. In addition, the paper also reviews the safety of mobilization of the critical patients and the negative effects bed rest may have on…


Plis, L. (2009). The Effectiveness of A Nurse-Driven Progressive Mobility Protocol on Reducing

Length of Stay in the Adult Intensive Care Unit. Retrieved from

Melnyk, B.M. & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare: A Guide to Best Practice.Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Goldhill, D., Imhoff, M., McLean, B., & Waldmann, C. (2007). Rotational Bed Therapy to Prevent and Treat Respiratory Complications: A Review and Meta-analysis. American Journal of Critical Care, 16(1), 50-61.

Ethical Aspects in Research Studies the Essential
Words: 1340 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94884429
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Ethical Aspects in esearch Studies

The essential aspects of research are the concern and respect that the researchers offer to the participants. esearch is aimed at producing insights that are beneficial to the society. However, the research should be conducted ethically. The ethical concern in research adduces that it should not advance a society at the detriment of others especially the participants in the research. Ethics in research is vital because it guides the working principles of the researcher for the research to conform to the required standards. This is the case especially when research subjects in health or medical research are often human beings. Therefore, it is vital to respect these individuals. The guiding principles in research ethics focus on preserving the rights and dignity of the research participants. In this regard, ethics focus on ensuring consent is obtained, no harm is done, the participant's privacy is respected, and…


Austin, W. (2007). The Ethics of Everyday Practice: Healthcare Environments as Moral Communities. Advances in Nursing Science, Volume 30 - Issue 1 - p 81-88.

Bernadette M.M. & Ellen F.O. (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing and health care: a guide to best practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Carol J.H. (2013). Professional Issues in Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Corey-L., Patricia M., Anita J., Marlene Z., & Alison M. (1999). Healthcare Reform: Its Effects on Nurses. Journal of Nursing Administration, Volume 29 - Issue 3 - pp 30-37.

Narrative Describing Using Key Word Searches
Words: 481 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 42134027
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search I intended to use various keyword searches in order to find the relevant literature regarding how lifestyle modification compared to no modification in liver transplant patients, with a view to the impact on quality of life over 4 months post-operation. I was utilizing an intervention PICO and the reviews that I deemed relevant were systematic, reviews with meta-analysis of randomized control trials, case control studies, qualitative studies, and articles in which expert opinion was pronounced. Thus the purpose of these searches was to find literature which represented the extent of academic work on the subject in recent years.

Purpose Statement

The purpose of this review was to discover primary sources in various databases such as Medline, Cinahl, Embase, PsychINFO, and PubMed. Secondary sources were also targeted using Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials.

Strengths and Weaknesses

Medline was utilized primarily because it is…

Key word searches included various phrases such as "post liver transplant patient," "post-operative liver transplant patient," "change in diet," "nutrient levels," "quality of life," and any combination of the aforementioned among other similarly worded combinations of key words. Key words were culled from various commonalities among primary reading at the beginning of this research.


The PICO searches were generated using combinations of "post liver transplant patient" and "life style modification" and "quality of life" and various combinations with results being works such as Masala et al. (2012) study entitled "Quality of life and physical activity in liver transplantation patients: results of a case-control study in Italy." This article was helpful in pointing the way to other articles as it also contained key words that would later be used to generate further results in the search engines and databases mentioned above.

Interest an Identification of the Problem That
Words: 831 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79593461
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interest, an identification of the problem that you have selected, and an explanation of the significance of this problem for nursing practice

My research question: Among acute patients on medical surgical units does hourly rounding as opposed to only setting the bed alarm help decrease patients falls by 75%.

Falls are a major problem amongst acute patients, particularly amongst the 65+ population and can lead to so many related problems, occasionally to fatal results, that this essay considers it a crucial topic for nurses and caregivers to look into and investigate.

The fall is traumatic aside from which consequences of falling can also include post-fall anxiety, fractures, head injuries and loss of independence through falling, each of which has far wider ramifications impacting physical, social, mental, emotional, and behavioral spheres of the patient's life. The ramification of falling, therefore, for the patient has a wider and far-reaching impact that touches…


Broe, K et al. (2007) A Higher Dose of Vitamin D Reduces the Risk of Falls in Nursing

Home Residents: A Randomized, Multiple-Dose Study JAGS 55:234 -- 239

Oliver D. et al. (2004) Risk factors and risk assessment tools for falls in hospital in-patients: a systematic review Age and Ageing 33:122 -- 130

Davies, K.S. (2011). Formulating the evidence-based practice question: A review of the frameworks. Evidence-Based Library and Information Practice, 6(2), 75a€"80. Retrieved from

Asthma or Heart Disease or Diabetes
Words: 3003 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 13855478
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According to Waryasz & McDermott (2009), the global prevalence of diabetes among people aged between 20 and 79 rose to 6.4% affecting 285 million people in 2010 and the rate will rise to 7.7% affecting 439 million people by 2030. Amid 2010 and 2030, the rate of individuals with diabetes will increase by 69% in developing nations, and a twenty percent rate in developed nations. In 2011, the number rose to 366 and it is expected to rise to 552 by 2030. The pervasiveness of diabetes is advanced in males compared to females, yet the number of women with diabetes is more compared to that of men.

Diabetes affects any part of the human body and people with diabetes are likely to die of heart-related problems or stroke. Seventy-percent of individuals with diabetes show signs of high blood pressure which a risk factor for heart-related diseases. The majority of…


Boussageon R, Supper I, Bejan-Angoulvant T, Kellou N, Cucherat M, et al. (2012).Reappraisal of metformin efficacy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS Med, 9(4): e1001204. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001204.

Karin et al.(2002). Diet and exercise among adults with type 2 diabetes: Findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) . Diabetes Care, 25 (10), 1722-1728

Wang, H., & Yeh, M.(2012). Systematic to insulin therapy in adults with type 2 diabetes. Mixed- method systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(4), 743 -- 757. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05853.x.

Waryasz, G., & McDermott, A. (2009). Exercise prescription and the patient with type 2 diabetes: A clinical approach to optimizing patient outcomes. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 22, 217-227.

suicide among psychiatric patients
Words: 880 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35676335
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Suicide rates are remarkably high worldwide and nationally, making suicide one of the leading causes of death (Schwartz-Lifshitz, Zalsman, Giner et al, 2012; Tillman, 2014). Although most suicides do not occur in the hospital setting, psychiatric disorders—especially mood disorders and psychotic disorders—are risk factors that increase the likelihood of a suicidal event (Appleby, 1992; Sarzetto, Delmonte, Seghi, et al, 2017). Suicide not only affects the patient, but reverberates throughout the patient’s family and social circle, also causing distress and potential performance issues among clinical staff (Tillman, 2014).

Therefore, it is important that psychiatric nurses understand how to recognize risk factors, and establish a clinical practice environment that prevents suicide. Minimizing suicidal tendencies requires different types of treatment interventions individually tailored for at-risk patients, as well as implementing best practices for creating a clinical environment that reduces risk. Best practices may also include preparing, teaching, and training nursing staff, especially when…

Francesco Petrarch Lived in Florence
Words: 1251 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79170902
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These individuals promoted the belief that it was in people's best interest to concentrate on putting across thinking that reflected positively on the world and that moral thinking played an essential role in changing the way that the social order functioned. Humanist writers wanted people to learn to enjoy life's pleasures without focusing on material values.

Even with the fact that Castiglione partly agree to Pico by stating that reason and knowledge were essential factors in this process, the former actually seems to focus on a more profit-motivated attitude while the latter is apparently interested in having people acknowledge the need for more moral values.

Castiglione, Machiavelli, and Pico all had different perspectives concerning the attitudes that the Renaissance man needed to employ in order to experience positive results as he was trying to discover his personal identity. In contrast to both of them, Machiavelli did not hesitate to emphasize…


Sherman, Dennis, "Western Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, from the Renaissance to the Present,"

Feeding intolerance Integrative Review Paper
Words: 2577 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 78824345
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Despite major medical advancements over several decades, nearly 10 percent of births in the US continue to occur prematurely each year (Martin, Hamilton, Osterman, Driscoll, & Matthews, 2017). Creating a significant socioeconomic burden, preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States resulting in approximately $16.9 billion in medical care costs annually (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2007). After days, weeks, or even months of intensive care, weight gain becomes a major criterion for hospital discharge. Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common complication among these preterm infants, which disrupts enteral feeding, resulting in feeding advancement delays, prolonging adequate weight gain and growth, and increasing hospital stays (Carter, 2012). Additionally, FI is associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a gastrointestinal emergency and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this group of patients (Moore & Wilson, 2011). The underlying cause for these problems…

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Risk of
Words: 2054 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14834415
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and isk of Dementia among U.S. Veterans

According to Yaffe et al. (2010), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a prevalent psychiatric syndrome linked to increased mortality and morbidity rates. This condition is among the most prevalent amid veterans returning from combat. Among veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq, the prevalence of post traumatic stress disorder is estimated to be about 17% (Seal et al., 2009). Veterans returning from Vietnam have a twenty to thirty percent rate. Past studies have confirmed that PTSD is linked to increased health care consumption and an augmented danger of developing a variety of other medical conditions among veterans such as dementia. The risk factors that link PTSD to increased rates of dementia include head injuries, depression or medical comorbidities.

This work highlights the findings of the study carried out by Yaffe et al. (2010). The project specifically focuses on the conclusions…


Bernadette M.M. & Ellen F.O. (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing and health care: a guide to best practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Deurenberg, R. (2009). A practical guide to Pubmed/Druk 1/ING. London: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum.

Gerrish, K., & Lacy, A. (2013). The research process in nursing. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Glasziou, P.G., Mar, C.D. & Salisbury, J. (2009). Evidence-Based Practice Workbook. John Wiley & Sons.

Antiquity and Renaissance
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73456817
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Confessions of Augustine, The Life of Saint Teresa of Avila by Herself, "On the Oration and Dignity of Man," Petrarch's poetry, and Shakespeare's drama "King Lear" are both products of societies in which the dominant religious ethos was Christian rather than pagan. However, although all texts share this similar historical feature, fundamentally opposing views of the self are articulated through the theological texts in contrast with the works of lyric and dramatic poetry.

This may seem counter-intuitive to a casual reader, as both Augustine's Confessions and "King Lear" makes use of pagan and Christian modalities of selfhood. A closer reading suggests that while the former does so to validate the Christian concept of the supreme value of the inner life of the self as illuminated by God, the latter does so in a way that ultimately expresses a view of human inner life that is nihilistic, confusing, and cannot necessarily…

Team D Agreed to Focus
Words: 951 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38725445
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Foreign key fields (i.e. The key that represents the value of a primary key in a related table) may exist in the case of CLEBSI speciment: date of diagnosis, date and time of specimen (where latter may replicate). Under 'Patient', CLEBSI line is a foreign key, too.

V. Atomic-level data

Atomic data would be the most reducible element of information (without elaboration). So for instance for hand hygiene it would be Chlorhexidine Skin Antisepsis Antimicrobial Dressing Placement

VI. Schemas of the database will be:

Patient with the attributes of name, age, medical record number (MN), diagnosis, central line; Central line with the attributes of medical record number, date of insertion, insertion site, date of removal, line days, inserting provider, the components Central Line Bundle compliance, antimicrobial dressing placement; and CLABSI infections with attributes of MN, date of diagnosis, date and time of specimen, organism detected. Central Line Bundle compliance will…


CDC (2010) Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI) Event. Retrieved April 1, 2011 from

Databasics: A Database Dictionary. Retrieved April 1, 2011 from: 

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (n.d.). Implement the central line bundle. Retrieved March 21, 2011, from 

Moodle. Database Fields. Retrieved April 1, 2011 from

Employment Application Statement as a
Words: 304 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19558335
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I completely understand the agency's chain of command, rules, and protocols. Frankly, I also appreciated the camaraderie that I enjoyed at the LCSD because it made it an absolute pleasure to come to work everyday and I look forward greatly to the opportunity to rejoin the team. Naturally, I missed the annual picnic provided by Director Strout, as well.

It would be my most sincere pleasure to have another opportunity to work for Director Dean Strout, Lou Mackoler, John Carillo, Tray Strout, and Ruben Verillo again and I am confident that they will be able to confirm my suitability for the advertised position. I look forward tremendously for the opportunity of an interview and genuinely appreciate the chance to return to the Los ngeles County Sheriff's Department as an electrician because my previous employment in that same capacity has been my career highlight to date.

As a former (laid off temporary) employee of the Los Angles Sheriff's Department in the same capacity as this job opening from 2006-2010, I am already thoroughly familiar with the requirements and responsibilities of the Electrician position. During my previous tenure in this same position, I became familiar with and knowledgeable about all of the agency's facilities, including Twin Towers, Men's Central Jail, Pitches, CRDF, Mira Loma. FSB Headquarters, and Crime Lab. Additionally, I have already worked at the Lancaster, Palmdale, East Los Angeles, Lennox, Pico Rivera, San Dimas, Temple, Walnut/Diamond Bar, and West Hollywood stations.

Most importantly, I learned how to perform all of the positional responsibilities and tasks described in the job announcement in my previous LACSD position under the tutelage of my supervisors and Lou Mackoler and John Carillo. Also, I have already received the necessary training and have considerable experience interacting with and working safely around inmates and sworn personnel alike. I completely understand the agency's chain of command, rules, and protocols. Frankly, I also appreciated the camaraderie that I enjoyed at the LACSD because it made it an absolute pleasure to come to work everyday and I look forward greatly to the opportunity to rejoin the team. Naturally, I missed the annual picnic provided by Director Strout, as well.

It would be my most sincere pleasure to have another opportunity to work for Director Dean Strout, Lou Mackoler, John Carillo, Tray Strout, and Ruben Verillo again and I am confident that they will be able to confirm my suitability for the advertised position. I look forward tremendously for the opportunity of an interview and genuinely appreciate the chance to return to the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department as an electrician because my previous employment in that same capacity has been my career highlight to date.

Globalization Often Has a Paradoxical
Words: 831 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 70964938
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Q2. From an American perspective, it is tempting to look out at the world and to assume that American culture now dominates and reigns over all, given the seeming ubiquity of American movies, television, and music. However, a cultural analysis of many regions of the world yields the finding that culture is far more regional and pluralistic in nature.

For example, in Mexico, soap operas known as telenovelas captivate almost the entire population. They often give voice to Mexican fantasies about transgressing economic borders. One such soap opera, Ugly Betty, has actually been appropriated by U.S. culture. Mexican culture has changed the U.S., as well as vice versa, despite the U.S.'s greater economic power in the region. And within India, Bollywood films are far more popular than Hollywood films because of the way they speak to unique Indian culture needs. Within this densely-populated and fantastically diverse nation, the fascination with…

Violation of First Amendment Rights
Words: 474 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87122493
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On the other hand, a motive of debate was whether or not the Court should be intervening on issues that, ultimately, belong to daily operations in schools. The Court judged, however, that this was a breech to "basic constitutional values" (as in Epperson vs. Arkansas) and, in this sense, the judicial system's intervention becomes a necessity.

Additionally, the Court decided that the school board's decision could not be justified by the sole means of "educational suitability," which would have made it permissible, but that it was based on a purely partisan, political approach (some of the 9 titles clearly suggest this).

Petitioners rightly possess significant discretion to determine the content of school libraries. But that discretion may not be exercised in a narrowly partisan or political manner."


In Board of Education vs. Pico, the Supreme Court affirmed, with a 5-4 vote an order from the Second Circuit Court of…

Nursing Responsibilities With EBP Nursing
Words: 525 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 23113646
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Nurses are well positioned to identify clinical problems and use existing evidence to improve practice and make care more effective (eyea, 2006). Evidence-based practices enables nurses to provide high quality care based on current evidence. The potential impact includes better patient outcomes, contributions to the science of nursing, keeps practice current and relevant, increases confidence in decision making, and keeps policies and procedures current, supporting JACHO readiness.

Some common practices in disseminating to a broader audience includes poster presentations, presentations, such as paper presentation, speaking, and presenting to the organization (Mauk). Other ways can include presenting to nursing journals for publication. Still another way is to implement a nursing research council that shares in the processes of researching current research studies, collecting evidence, and sharing at their individual organizations.

To implement a strategy for developing a collegiate EP network, goals and mission first need to be defined. Processes, then, need…


Beyea, S. & . (2006). Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing. Retrieved from 

Mauk, K. (n.d.). Essentials of Evidence-Based Practice Disseminating Findings Program.

Worral, P.L. (Fall/Winter 2009-2010). Documenting and EBP Project: Guidelines for What to Include and Why. Jouranl of the New York State Nurses Association.

American Influence Abroad
Words: 1017 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50243552
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American Culture

riters such as Pico Iyer, Richard Pells, and Joseph Nye are in fact correct that the world culture has not and will not be Americanized. These writers are correct in asserting that American culture is ever forceful, but still America remains just one influence in a multicultural world: a manifestation of globalization. ith such a supreme focus on America, it can seem like America is the dominant force; however, this is just a result of a skewed perspective. It is true that other cultures have also spread outwards and that local cultures cannot and will not be destroyed.

The phenomenon of culture shock is direct evidence of the fact that American culture is not as pervasive as many people would like to assert that it is. As centers for study abroad programs in various universities explain, culture shock is a logical reaction to the body and mind in…

Works Cited

Balko, R. (2014). Globalization & Culture. Retrieved from (2013). Culture Shock. Retrieved from 

Kitamura, H. (2010). Screening Enlightenment. NewYork: Cornell University Press.

Analyzing the Experience of Humanities
Words: 3596 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67210203
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Qu'an simila to and diffeent fom the Holy Bible? Give examples fom each wok to illustate thei similaities and diffeences

The Qu'an is the holy book of Islam, the eligion established by Muhammad while the Holy Bible is the saced book of Chistianity. Thee ae a numbe of ways in which the Qu'an is simila as well as dissimila to the Holy Bible. Fo states, both of them consist of chonicles, teachings, poety, and epimanding. Seveal chonicles encompass the simila basic occasions and individuals. The Qu'an and the Bible both teach the ceation of the wold by a distinct almighty, all-knowing God who commands human beings to follow the moality set out fo them. Fist of foemost, one of the key simila doctine is that God, efeed to as Allah in the Qu'an, and Yahweh in the Bible, is the only ceato of all things in the univese and whose…

references to elements in the sacred books as he points out the time of Adam's creation. In particular, Pico mirrors upon the fact that God, being the creator and artist of the universe, made the decision to make this being that is dissimilar to the other beasts, and who, as they emanate from the womb of their mother, have only one distinctive role to fulfill in this world. Man, on the other hand, has been bequeathed grace, personality, and the ingenuity that comes straight out of his own Creator. This, in particular, is the free will to act in keeping with the directives of the heart, mind, and soul. Taking this into consideration, freedom is intrinsic and blessed by the Higher Power and it is an indication of God's distinctive love for humankind.

However, Pico is keen to point out that freedom is not an assurance of happiness. Free will implies setting one's own objectives and thereby acting and operating in their own accord. For this reason, with freedom comes about a great deal of far-reaching and significant responsibilities for the reason that at the end of the day, human beings set up their own destiny. The most significant thing is that all human beings have the similar right and freedom to be completely happy and have the sense of feeling blessed by their Maker. More so, with the understanding that there is good will and a comprehensive way to nurture the "being," self-determination and freedom will instigate miracles in every Tom, Dick, and Harry. For that reason, the free will bequeathed to us by God as a gift to all humankind can impel us to utilize our freedom for whatsoever we wish and desire. Nonetheless, it is most beneficial and fruitful to make the most of the gift of free will for our own benefit, to grow into better persons and to at no given point, be unable to summon up our inimitable status as children of the "great Artisan," which is God.

In accordance to Pico, a man is duty-bound to imitate the dignity and splendor of the angels by undertaking philosophy. More so, he asserts that a man, if he develops what is coherent and sensible, will disclose himself as a heavenly being. Furthermore, if he is intelligent, he will be an angel and the son of God. Pico proclaims that a philosopher is a living being of heaven and not of the earth. At the time when man exercises philosophy or moralizes, he climbs up the chain of being in the direction of the angels and close association with God. However, on the other hand, if he fails to exercise philosophy and use his intellect, he starts to vegetate. The foundation and basis of this dignity lay in Pico's proclamation that only human beings were capable of changing themselves by means of their own free will, while all other alternation in nature were resultant of some external force operating on whatever it is that is cause to experience change. Pico made the observation that from the past account, philosophies and bodies were constantly in change, which made the capacity of man for self-transformation as the sole constant.

Rudolfo Anaya Grew Up in the New
Words: 1648 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46007941
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Rudolfo Anaya grew up in the New Mexico and much of his work reflects this upbringing. A popular theme in his fiction is the background of the state and the introduction of factors that can lead to human destruction: greed, lust, self-righteousness, deception, and connivance (Garcia 2000, p. 11). His short story "The Apple Orchard" is not exception to this. This is the story about a young boy named Isador who is in seventh grade as he struggles to come of age in his community. The first-person narrator has a father who values education. The themes of education and its importance is integral in Chicano literature. According to Hector Colderon (1999), it is extremely difficult to finish education in the Hispanic community, particularly if English is not your first language. He says, "Out of some thirty-plus students, three of us graduated from high school on time, a few others had…

Works Cited

Anaya, Rudolfo. (2006). The Apple Orchard. The Man Who Could Fly and Other Stories. 74-86.

Calderon, Hector and Jose David Saldivar. (1991). Criticism in the Borderlands: Studies in Chicano Literature.

Garcia, Nasario. (2000). Rudolfo Anaya. Platicas: Conversations with Hispanic Authors. 5-34.

Southern and High Northern Renaissance
Words: 714 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3543775
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In Italy, the Counter-eformation had a great deal of effect on enaissance works. As an example, Michelangelo's Cristo della Minerva in the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva, in ome, fell victim to these actions. Just as the bonfires of the vanities saw artwork in various forms destroyed by fire, Michelangelo's sculpture was not safe from harm. The nakedness of Christ was seen as obscene, and as such, a girdle was added to the sculpture to cover his genitals ("Cristo della Minerva"). This is in contrast to enaissance works in Northern Europe that although they experienced the troubles of religious division with the eformation, Counter-eformation and events such as the formation of the Church of England..

German enaissance artist, Albrecht Durer, also is instrumental in illustrating the differences between the Southern and Northern enaissances. Durer captures his views of the 'condition of man' eloquently in his print Melencolia I.



Cristo della Minerva. 15 Jan. 2007. January 24, 2007 .

Melencolia I. 23 Jan. 2007. January 24, 2007 .

Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni. Oration on the Dignity of Man. 21 Nov. 1994. University of Michigan. January 24, 2007 .

Fibromyalgia More Than 50 of
Words: 5095 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36644521
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(Busch, Barber, Overend, Peloso, and Schachter, 2007, p. 8)

esults from this study relate a moderate quality evidence that aerobic-only exercise training at recommended intensity levels produces positive effects "global well-being (SMD 0.44, 95% confidence interval (CI 0.13 to 0.75) and physical function (SMD 0.68, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.95) and possibly on pain (SMD 0.94, 95% CI -0.15 to 2.03) and tender points (SMD 0.26, 95% CI -0.28 to 0.79)." esults noted that flexibility and strength and flexibility remain under assessed. (Busch, Barber, Overend, Peloso, and Schachter, 2007, pp. 11-13)

According to criteria Melnyk Fineout-Overholt (2005) present, this study is a Level II study. From the Cochrane review, the following relates what research notes regarding the effect of exercise for FMS:

moderate intensity aerobic training for 12 weeks may improve overall well-being slightly and physical function.; moderate intensity aerobic exercise probably leads to little or no difference in pain…


Antai-Otong, Deborah, MS, APRN, BC, FAAN. (2005). "Depression and Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS): Pharmacologic Considerations." Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. Volume: 4, Issue 3, 146+. Retrieved April 29, 2008, at Syndrome%20(FMS)%3a%20Pharmacologic%20Considerations

Busch AJ, Barber KAR, Overend TJ, Peloso PMJ, Schachter CL. Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD003786. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003786.pub2.

Burckhardt, Carol S. Mannerkorpi, Hedenberg, Kaisa, Lars and Bjelle, Anders. (1994). A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial of Education and Physical Training for Women with Fibromyalgia. The Journal of Rheumatology; 11:4, 714-719

Costa1, D. Da., Abrahamowicz, M., Lowensteyn, I., Bernatsky, S., Dritsa1, M., Fitzcharles, a., and Dobki, P.L.. Advance Access Rheumatology; 19 July 2005, 44:1422

Innocent III and Mirandola Compare
Words: 353 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 129040
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" (Hooker)

The Pope's purpose, of course, was to emphasize the concept of original sin and the importance of the Church's priests in reconciling sinful man with God's mercy. In order to do this, he downgraded the condition of man in his writings, emphasizing how demeaned, pitiful and degraded is the state of the human soul, which could only be saved from eternal damnation by the pardon obtained by prayers and petitions offered through the Catholic Church. Mirandola's viewpoint, synthesizing the Platonist view with Aristotelianism, Averroism (a form of Aristoteleanism) and mysticism (the Kabbalah and the Hermetica), which elevated the concept of humankind, in religion, as well as in other ways, believing that religious truth was freely available and "in part revealed to all, both Christian and non-Christian." (Hooker 1)

Hooker, Robert. (6 Jun 1999) Pico Della Mirandola. orld Civilizations. Retrieved January 15, 2007 at

Whereas the Pope wrote that the destiny of damned humankind is dire, whose every idle word renders an "account... that will be exacted to the last penny," facing in the end all sorts of unutterable torture and calamities, Mirandola wrote that each human being becomes a "small universe" or parvus mundus with the potential to become any aspect of the universe, that human beings could occupy any position whatsoever in the "chain of being," including becoming the "equivalent of God, at least in understanding." (Hooker)

The Pope's purpose, of course, was to emphasize the concept of original sin and the importance of the Church's priests in reconciling sinful man with God's mercy. In order to do this, he downgraded the condition of man in his writings, emphasizing how demeaned, pitiful and degraded is the state of the human soul, which could only be saved from eternal damnation by the pardon obtained by prayers and petitions offered through the Catholic Church. Mirandola's viewpoint, synthesizing the Platonist view with Aristotelianism, Averroism (a form of Aristoteleanism) and mysticism (the Kabbalah and the Hermetica), which elevated the concept of humankind, in religion, as well as in other ways, believing that religious truth was freely available and "in part revealed to all, both Christian and non-Christian." (Hooker 1)

Hooker, Robert. (6 Jun 1999) Pico Della Mirandola. World Civilizations. Retrieved January 15, 2007 at

Nursing and Burnout The 12 Hour Shift
Words: 1417 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 62355507
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PICO/PIO development

Key term




Paediatric, pediatric, infant

Albuterol, ventolin

How would you describe your Participant, Patient, or Population group?

Female hospital worker age 20 to 45

What characteristics of your Patient/s are important? Age, gender, condition, etc. can all be significant.

What Intervention are you interested in?


8-hour shift

Work shift 8 hours long

Defining the Intervention is often the central part of PICO.

What alternative or different option do you want to Compare your intervention to?


12-hour shift

Work shift 12 hours long

You might want to Compare the chosen intervention to usual care, to another intervention or to no intervention.

What measurable Outcome/s are you interested in?



Nurse fatigue

Outcome is the final aspect of PICO. Some examples include: symptoms of asthma, accuracy of diagnosis or mortality.

2. eformatted (PICO) Clinical Question

In healthcare providers working in a hospital (nurses) (P…


Classen, J., Davis, S., Sutter, E. (2016). The impact of an 8-hour versus 12-hour shift for registered nurses: An integrative review. Cedarville University Symposium. Retrieved from 

Dall'Ora, C., Griffiths, P., Ball, J. (2016). 12-hour shifts: burnout or job satisfaction? Nursing Times, 112(12/13): 1-2.

Dall'Ora, C., Griffiths, P., Ball, J., Simon, M., Aiken, L. (2015). Association of 12 h shifts and nurses' job satisfaction, burnout and intention to leave: findings from a cross-sectional study of 12 European countries. BMJ Open, 5(9): e008331 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008331.

Han, K., Trinkoff, A., Geiger-Brown, J. (2014). Factors associated with work-related fatigue and recovery in hospital nurses working 12-hour shifts. Workplace Health & Safety, 62(10): 409-414.

Renaissance Humanism Refers to a Period of
Words: 1062 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37621671
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Renaissance humanism refers to a period of history where there was a move away from the ideas of State and religion as the basis of society and a move towards human experience and interaction. It was a rebirth in that it rejected the ideas of the Middle Ages and reinvented the ideas of the ancient philosophers. The basis of it was a return to the study of the humanities which included music, art, poetry, science, and virtue. The one thing that underlined both the ideas of the ancient philosophers and the ideas of the Renaissance humanists was that the importance of humans lay in their ability to interact as individuals with the world around them and extract meaning from it. Man himself became the measure of all things.

It is first worth noting that the humanist ideas were the ideas of scholars. For this reason, much emphasis was put on…

Disseminating Evidence Strategies for Dissemination the Key
Words: 548 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89646861
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Disseminating Evidence

Strategies for Dissemination

The key stakeholders in the implementation of the PICO project include patients, their families, health care team members including physicians, hospital administrators, insurers, suppliers, and investors ("Who are the Stakeholders in Health Care"). A broad and diverse group of stakeholders like this one requires a complex and multifaceted approach to project dissemination.

Different dissemination strategies will be used for different stakeholders. For patients and their families, the dissemination strategy will consist of the distribution of educational materials and access to educational resources. The educational resources will help patients to be empowered, so that they can ask questions related to their catheterization. Knowing what questions to ask, and what the answers mean, will help patients and their loved ones make responsible health care choices. For example, the study will show patients that they do not have to keep the catheter in, just because the nurse has…


"Who are the Stakeholders in Healthcare" (2005). Retrieved online:

M-13 Gang and How it
Words: 2401 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 64986942
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In fact, when it comes to terrorism, strangers are, generally, the ambit of their activities.

There have been some activities, however, that have targeted innocent civilians and the motives and actions, in these cases, have ominously paralleled terrorist stratagems and motivations. A case in kind occurred in December, 2004, when an intercity bus in Honduras, Central America was intercepted and sprayed with machine gunfire and 28 passengers, mainly women and children, were killed first by the gunfire then by the assailants climbing abroad the bus and methodically executing the passengers17. The objective was a protest against the Honduran government who had recently reinstated the death penalty.

Another similarity is in their pattern of operation where, like al-Quida, they operate in a form of loose, unstructured cells that form a global dispersed network. Similarly, too, their individual ceils are devoted to similar activities and some are quite sophisticated. These include activities…


Bunker, R. J. 'Epochal Change: War over Social and Political Organization', Parameters, vol. 27, no. 2, Summe, 1997

Derbeken, Jaxon Van."Widow pleads for death penalty." San Francisco Chronicle. June 27, 2008.

Del Barco, M. "The International Reach of the Mara Salvatrucha." (May 2, 2011). 

Elkus, a. Foreign Policy in Focus "Gangs, terrorists, and trade" (April 12, 2007)

Cultural Transmissions by the Italian
Words: 2492 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82728048
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Indeed the Germans, the French, and the rest looked back to an antiquity in which their ancestors had been subjugated by the legions. Nothing is more remarkable therefore than the rapid and irrevocable penetration of Italian ideas and practices among the "barbarians," as the Italian writers referred to them, some of whom were currently invading the peninsula." (Wiener, 124) it's also important to note that influence of antique classicism typical for Italian architecture of the 14-16th centuries is not observed in the north. Classical style of Italian cathedrals and churches, typical for Ancient Greek and oman pagan temples is usually not observed in buildings of enaissance epoch in Germany, Britain or France, where architecture was influenced by Gothic style, which got earlier spread in Europe.

eformation and Counter eformation

The spread of Protestantism over Europe, which is considered to be one of the most historically significant achievements of enaissance and…


Hileman, Tony Living on the Creative Edge of Our Culture available at

Wiener, Philip P. The Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas available at 

Kohl, Benjamin G., and Witt, Ronald G., eds., the Earthly Republic: Italian Humanists on Government and Society (1978)

Transfer Through Satellite Communication Systems
Words: 5027 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25885212
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After the completion of the design and development of satellites, the systems are normally subjected to waiting periods that span for several years before the identification of an appropriate launch opportunity.

Design and Implementation Cost:

The third major problem in the development and implementation of satellite communication is the software development costs. This includes money spent on all bus systems, ground support equipment, systems engineering, communication payloads, program management, and integration and test. In most cases, the development and implementation costs are difficult to estimate since there are recurring and non-recurring cost drivers in the process. The non-recurring cost drivers include heritage, number of prototypes and engineering models, and technology readiness while the recurring cost-drivers are complexity, project scope, and quantity of production.

The production quantity refers to the number of flight units developed, combined, and tested on similar contract to the development initiatives. hile the development and production initiatives…

Works Cited:

Burgess, Erik, and Nathan Menton. "Satellite-Subsystem Development Costs." The Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Cost Analysis Improvement Group, Feb. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .

Dawoud, M.M. "Communications Satellite Sub-systems." KFUPM Open Courseware. KFUPM. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .

Lappas, V., G. Prassinos, a. Baker, and R. Magnuss. "Wireless Sensor Motes for Small Satellite Applications." IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 48.5 (2006): 175-79. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .

Marz, Justin D. "The Design and Implementation of Various Subsystems for Pico-Satellites." University of Kansas. University of Kansas, 12 Dec. 2004. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .

Predominantly Latino Gangs Mara Salvatrucha
Words: 17380 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44825476
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Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments must take a stand, and combine forces to combat the immigration problem that continue to plague this country into the next generation.

Importance of the Study

The die has been cast, there is no turning the clock back now and the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang have established themselves in the United States and far beyond. The origins of the current situation with MS-13 and the 18th Street Gang date back to the late 1980s and early 1990s…


Armstrong, W. (2009, February 16). 'Sanctuary cities' protect murderous illegal aliens. Human Events, 64(37), 8.

Bansal, M. (2006) Chertoff: Street Gangs a Threat to National. Retrieved November 12,

2006 from .

Barber, B. (1996). Jihad vs. McWorld: How Globalism and Tribalism are Reshaping the World. New York: Ballantine Book.

Nursing Leadership Issues
Words: 867 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 14201245
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Nursing Leadership Issues

eflect on how you would create a safe environment in a healthcare setting by applying the 4 characteristics of a culture of safety. They are:

• Psychological safety. People know their concerns will be openly received and treated with respect.

One of the tenets of the total quality movement as expressed by W. Edward Deming is "Drive out fear" (Edward, 2012). The recommendation comes from a fundamental understanding of human nature: people do not like to call problem to the attention of their supervisors. No one wants to be the bearer of bad news, and in medical and healthcare settings this may be particularly true. Unsafe conditions can mean that patients are exposed to hazards or that employees are more likely to incur injury. In addition, nursing staff may occasionally find themselves in a position where a peer or another staff member are not following procedure. Not…


Edward, A. (2012). Project and Program evaluation. Global Health Strategies for Stability. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health. Retreived

____. (2010, March 29). Whistleblower protection for nurses in health care reform bill. Undercover Lawyer. Retreived 

____. (2007). Evidence-based practice. Bio-Medical Library. Twin Cities, MN: University of Minnesota Libraries. Retrieved 

Carey, R.G. And Lloyd, R.C. (1995). Measuring quality improvement in health care: A guide to statistical process. Milwaukee, WI: ASQ Quality Press. Retrieved

Response to Intervention Effectiveness
Words: 3002 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 26765077
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Intervention Effectiveness

esponse to instruction and intervention TI2 is reported as a general approach in education to closing the gap in achievement. TI2 methods are constructed upon the esponse to Intervention (TI) model that was an option for schools under the 'Building the Legacy, Idea 2004 reauthorization of the individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA. (California Department of Education, 2011) TI and the expanded TI2 are reported as being based upon "17 years of practice that has refined continuous progress monitoring as a strategy for keeping students on a path toward success." (California Department of Education, 2011) TI is reported as a strategy that moves all students through the steps set out in the learning standards and is further more stated to be an approach that views both academic and behavioral achievement of students.

Tier 1-3

Tier 1 included the 'Universal Interventions' which include "preventive, proactive, universal intervention in all…


Benchmark interventions -- reinforcement (2011) Department of Education. Retrieved from:

Case Study: El Rancho Unified School District in Pico Rivera, California (2011) International Reading Program. Retrieved from: 

Case Study: Pella Community School District, Iowa (2011) International Reading Program. Retrieved from:

Down These Mean Streets
Words: 6074 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42314847
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Down These Mean Streets believe that every child is born a poet, and every poet is a child. Poetry to me was always a very sacred form of expression. (qtd. In Fisher 2003)

Introduction / Background History

Born Juan Pedro Tomas, of Puerto Rican and Cuban parents in New York City's Spanish Harlem in 1928, Piri Thomas began his struggle for survival, identity, and recognition at an early age. The vicious street environment of poverty, racism, and street crime took its toll and he served seven years of nightmarish incarceration at hard labor. But, with the knowledge that he had not been born a criminal, he rose above his violent background of drugs and gang warfare, and he vowed to use his street and prison know-how to reach hard-core youth and turn them away from a life of crime.

Thirty years ago Piri Thomas made literary history with this lacerating,…

Works Cited

Anonymous. "Piri Thomas" (2000). 09 December 2003.

Coeyman, M. "In a Largely Minority School, Literature Helps Students Confront Complex

Issues of Race and Culture" (2002). The Christian Science Monitor. 10 December 2003. 

Fisher, S. "Mean Streets Author Launches Latino Month" (2003). 10 December 2003.

Nursing and Midwifery Cancer Scenario
Words: 2821 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28937469
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treatment using the drug, tamoxifen, and higher mortality rates in females aged over forty years. The peer-reviewed papers employed for this study reveal a dynamic scrutiny of the aforementioned link. Quantitative as well as qualitative research works have been utilized, with a comparison and contrast made of the most apt methodology employed by the researchers. The end goal is ascertaining whether or not it is a risky decision to not adhere to tamoxifen treatment and how much information patients possess with regard to the drug and its effects.

The esearch Question and its Importance

After the diagnosis of her health condition, Ms. Jones is prescribed tamoxifen as medication. For an entire year, Ms. Jones fails to consume this prescribed drug. Upon revisiting the hospital after a year of not complying with this recommended treatment plan, she is told that her cancer has reappeared and is much more lethal than before.…


ANS (2010) Cancer Facts And Figures 2010. American Cancer Society.

Banerjee, S., Saxena, N., Sengupta, K. and Banerjee, S. K. (2003) 17 alpha-estradiol-induced VEGF-A expression in rat pituitary tumor cells is mediated through ER independent but PI3K-Akt dependent signaling pathway. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.300, 209-215.

Banning M (2012). Adherence to adjuvant therapy in post-menopausal breast cancer patients: a review cc_1295 1.10

Study on Parents with Autistic Children
Words: 1500 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39071859
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Autism is a problem with significant negative impacts on affected children and their parents/families who require wide-ranging support services for their children. For family members, the condition generates distress when raising the affected child due to the psychological and social problems it creates. Therefore, the consideration of parental mental health is an important aspect for social workers and mental healthcare providers when attending to these special needs' kids and creating interventions for children diagnosed with autism. In this regard, the research problem to be examined in this study is the link between hopefulness, quality of life (QOF) and internalized stigma for parents with autistic children.

Plan for Identifying Research Question and Sub-questions

The plan for identifying the research question and relevant sub-questions in this study involves utilizing the PICO format. First, the researcher identified the population or problem of interest i.e. parents with children suffering from autism. This was followed…

Radon Exposure Radon Is Present
Words: 1838 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 93345645
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For basement and Slab- on -- Grade houses, the reduction is done through any of the four methods of soil suction: drain tile suction, sump-hole suction, drain tile suction or block wall suction. For claw-space houses, the radon levels are reduced effectively by using high-density plastic sheet to cover the floor. Radon is vented to the outdoor by drawing it under the sheet using fans and vent pipe. Other method of radon reduction is sealing of the cracks found in the foundation that limit the radon flow into the house ("How to reduce radon levels in your home").


Association between lung cancer and exposure in the residential houses has been shown by many studies conducted by scientists In the United States and other parts of the world though not all studies has shown this association. The reason for this inconsistencies in the different studies is because of disparate radon…

Works Cited

"Cancer and radon: Studies on the carcinogenicity of radon," Radon. 2 Jun. 2009. 21 March.


Field, Bill. "A Review of Residential Radon Case-Control Epidemiologic studies Performed in the United States," Reviews on Environmental Health 16.3 (2001): 1091-1102.

"How to reduce radon levels in your home," Pennslyvania Consumer's Guide to Radon

Radon in Michigan Radon Is
Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74702922
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The development of lung cancer is the primary health risk regarding radon, though even this risk was only discovered in the mid-1980s and it is possible that there are other health issues that could be caused or exacerbated by the presence of unsafe radon levels in many buildings (MDNE 2010). Government as well as private intervention through awareness programs, self-testing, and subsidies for installing air-exchangers, filters, and other devices proven effective at removing radon from the air and trapping the particles can and should be explored as possibilities for mitigating the negative effects of radon gas, or even eliminating them altogether (MDNE 2010; EPA 2010; SGO 2007). The government also must serve as the primary source of information on this topic, as it is simply not a major media issue for other reasons, and is a constant and ongoing problem rather than something that might receive a spike in attention…


EPA. (2010). "A citizen's guide to radon.' Environmental protection agency. 

MDNRE. (2010). "Radon potential in Michigan." Michigan department of natural resources & environment.,1607,7-135-3310_4105_4196-10497  -- ,00.html

SGO. (2007). "National health advisory on radon." Surgeon general's office.

Caries Beware the Wykked Worme
Words: 1764 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67669695
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Bell (2011) reported on work at the University of Illinois School of Dentistry which led researchers to conclude that raisins, consumed either alone or added to sugared bran flakes, lowered the pH in the mouth, thus making that environment less hospitable for bacteria-causing caries. aisins thus may be an alternative hygienists can recommend to patients and parents as a food that satisfies the craving for sweetness but is a healthier choice for teeth.

There are no "wykked worms." Tooth decay is not something that just happens. Caries are both preventable and treatable. Dental hygienists have an important mission to not only provide oral care but to educate patients about nutrition and decisions under personal control that support good oral health.


Arola, L, Bonet, M.L., Delzenne, N., Duggal, M.S., Gomez-Candela, C., Huyghebaert, a., Laville, M., Lingstrom, P., Livingstone, B., Palou, a., Pico, C., Sanders, T., Schaafsma, G., van Baak, M.,…


Arola, L, Bonet, M.L., Delzenne, N., Duggal, M.S., Gomez-Candela, C., Huyghebaert, a., Laville, M., Lingstrom, P., Livingstone, B., Palou, a., Pico, C., Sanders, T., Schaafsma, G., van Baak, M., van Loveren, C., and van Schothorst (2009. Summary and general conclusions/outcomes on the role and fate of sugars in human nutrition and health. Obesity Reviews 10, 55-58.

Anderson, C.A., Curzon, M.E.J., Van Loveren, C., Tatsi, C. And Duggai, M.S. (2009). Sucrose and dental caries: A review of the evidence. Obesity Reviews 10, 41-54.

Bell, S. (2011). Here come the raisins. RDH Magazine 3. [Online] Available:  [March 11, 2011]

Associated Press. (2009). Cut back, way back, on sugar, says heart group. MSNBC Online. [Online] Available:  / [March 12, 2011]

Population Consists of Patients Entering
Words: 495 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40438164
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This created problems in the care of patients that should have been admitted to other units, as well as for all patients receiving care in the emergency department on an inpatient or an outpatient basis.

In addition, research was undertaken that examined alternatives to simply increasing the efficiency with which ED patients are either treated and released or admitted on an inpatient basis, and it was found that increasing staffing level and other practices were still insufficient. The research all quite clearly suggested that the practice of inpatient boarding in emergency departments was detrimental to patients as well as to medical, nursing, and support staff, and was also not cost effective for hospitals. It was recognized that a huge benefit could be derived from a comprehensive and conclusive survey of the issue, which would lead to clearer recommendations for nursing and medical staff as well as hospital administrators than have…

Birth of Venus by Boticelli
Words: 3077 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87697021
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In his attempt to paint the goddess, the Renaissance painter inspired from the mythological legend of Venus's birth. The Roman Goddess of love apparently emerged out of the sea as a result of a foam formed around Uranus's genitals that had just been cut by his son, Cronus. Cronus apparently did so in order to get revenge, since his father treated him very cruelly (Deimling 52).

otticelli focused on emphasizing the painting's contours with a black stripe, making them contrast the rest of the picture. This concomitantly makes the painting clearer and gives it a detached character. The flowers falling from the sky were also taken from the legend, since flowers and spring are associated to Venus's birth (Deimling 52).

Whereas the painting's title refers to the actual birth of the goddess, the painting itself seems to represent something else. Instead of showing Venus as she comes into this world,…


Argan, Giulio Carlo, Botticelli: Biographical and Critical Study, trans. James Emmons (New York: Skira, 1957).

Bowman, David. "Birth of Venus and La Primavera Conjoined." Retrieved November 18, 2010, from the Aiwaz Website:

Deimling, Barbara. Sandro Botticelli, 1444/45-1510, (Taschen, 2000).

Singleton, Esther, Great Pictures as Seen and Described by Famous Writers, (BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2008).

Shopper Berfield 2009 the Ethnographic
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 5966553
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His firms' methodology concentrates on tracking shoppers throughout stores and videotaping their behavior, then analyzing it in the context of displays, traffic routing strategies and the use of signage in the stores. As a result of this methodology, the company Envirosell captures 50,000 hours of video each year. His firms' analysis shows that the front of stores is often used as a decompression zone, and that Americans tend to turn right when they walk into a store. As is the case with auto dealerships' service centers, the most crucial time to meet a customer is when they first enter the dealership or store. Mr. Underhill's analysis supports this fact with his firm stating that the first minute a customer enters the store is the most important in getting them to purchase. he challenges that Mr. Underhill highlights for retailers are to control the flow of traffic through their stores and…

Throughout the article there are specific strategies defined for increasing the sales effectiveness of retailers, illustrating the unique methodology that Mr. Underhill's firm Envirosell utilizes to increase the effectiveness of retailing strategies. His firms' methodology concentrates on tracking shoppers throughout stores and videotaping their behavior, then analyzing it in the context of displays, traffic routing strategies and the use of signage in the stores. As a result of this methodology, the company Envirosell captures 50,000 hours of video each year. His firms' analysis shows that the front of stores is often used as a decompression zone, and that Americans tend to turn right when they walk into a store. As is the case with auto dealerships' service centers, the most crucial time to meet a customer is when they first enter the dealership or store. Mr. Underhill's analysis supports this fact with his firm stating that the first minute a customer enters the store is the most important in getting them to purchase. The challenges that Mr. Underhill highlights for retailers are to control the flow of traffic through their stores and also specifically control the eye movement of shoppers. Each of these techniques is briefly analyzed below.

Increasing Same-Store Sales by Incenting Customer Loyalty

Mr. Underhill highlights the use of signage and shows the significant differences in how it is used at meat counters in grocery stores where 61% of the time spent waiting is after an order is placed (Berfield, 2009) in addition to how Williams-Sonoma uses signage to underscore the uniqueness and value of their products to customers. Mr. Underhill makes the point that the signage must have immediacy to them, as shown in the meat counter example, yet also be rich enough with content to provide sufficient differentiation for the products being sold. The example of this connection of incenting loyalty of customers through signage is also shown for

Transition From Gprs Edge to 3g
Words: 1821 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 82199775
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In North America the system progression will start from Time division multiple access (TDMA), change to Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) and then to UMTS.

Evolution from 2G to 3G

2G networks were built for the most part for voice data and slow communication. Due to rapid changes in user anticipation, they do not meet today's wireless requirements. Cellular mobile telecommunications networks are being improved to use 3G technologies from 1999 to 2010. Japan was the first country to introduce 3G nationally, and in Japan the transition to 3G was largely completed in 2006. Korea then adopted 3G Networks soon after and the transition was made as early as 2004.

From 2G to 2.5G (GPRS)

2.5G and even 2.75G are technologies such as i-mode data services, camera phones, high-speed circuit-switched data (HSCSD) and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) that present some functionality domains like 3G networks, but not…

Works Cited

Attewell, Jim and Smith, Carol Savill. Learning with Mobile Device. London: Learning and Skills Development Agency, 2004.

Hellberg, Chris, Greene, Dylan, and Boyes, Truman. Broadband Network Architecture. Boston: Pearson Education Inc., 2007.

Miceli, Andrew. Wireless Technician's handbook. Norwood: Artech House Inc., 2003.

Muller, Nathan J. Wireless a to Z. New York: McGraw Hill Companies Inc., 2003.

Renaissance Is Perhaps the Best
Words: 909 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37306021
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The Renaissance gave them the opportunity to explore and create without restraint. As a result of this, learning took on an entirely different meaning in that it included the human experience as a significant aspect of knowledge, increasing the desire to know more.

A result of a desire to learn resulted in an invigorated self-confidence that only reinforced the belief that mankind had the power within him to understand all things, including nature. This new outlook on life and mankind resulted in an expansion of knowledge, especially in literature and science. Renaissance artists broadened their skills by using oil paints and incorporating realism to their work. Leonardo di Vinci is perhaps one of the most prominent artists of this time. His work illustrates the new trains of thought that mankind was taking. Another artist that cannot be ignored when mentioning the Renaissance is Michelangelo; a man whose art speaks volumes…

Works Cited

Barzun, Jacques. From Dawn to Decadence. New York: Harper Collins Publications. 2000.

Breisach, Earnst. Renaissance Europe. New York: The Macmillan Company. 1973.

Craig, Albert M., et al. The Heritage of World Civilizations. Fifth Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2000.

Lucas, Henry. The Renaissance and the Reformation. New York: Harper and Brothers. 1934.

Hamlet & the Renaissance if
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In Hamlet's case, the dark Ages conquer the light and the last scene displays before Fortinbras'(the Prince of Norway, whose father was killed by Hamlet's father) eyes. Fortinbras seems to be the symbol for the rebirth of Denmark, in the light of a young king that lacks the putrid inheritance of an alienated royal family, like Hamlet's. The Renaissance man, Prince Hamlet, seems aware of the inutility of trying to restore the reign of his royal family in Denmark, since its members are proved to be corrupt and not suitable any more to lead a country in the spirit a new born world. His acts could also be in the spirit of sacrifice, suitable for a Renaissance man, in the name of restoring the dignity of his subjects and the glory of his country. People like Galileo and Savonarola were ready to give up their most precious possession, life, for…


1. Shakespeare, Hamlet, the Literature Network, retrieved Jan., 22nd, 2007, Jalic Inc. 2000-2007 

2. Hamlet, Study Guide, SparkNotes, retrieved Jan, 22nd, 2007, 2006 SparkNotes LLC,

Influance of Renaissance Renaissance in
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" Initially, the painters were given the assignment to create sample frescoes which were to be evaluated. On the basis of the evaluation, they were to be employed or not. However, their talent was rapidly acknowledged and they were commissioned to continue the work without any other testing. The individual scenes constitute a whole because they comprise typological references to one another. They present Moses as prefiguring Christ. We must mention, however, that, only after Michelangelo's later work (1508-1512) did the Chapel become famous.

After the Medici's expulsion from Florence, otticelli felt the influence of a Dominican monk called Girolamo Savonarola. In Savonarola's point-of-view, everything that wasn't useful in the life of humans didn't deserve any attention. Therefore, he destroyed many works of art, in his "bonfire of vanities." ecause of this man, Sandro was deeply affected and his interior feelings were also reflected in his work.

As a review,…


Botticelli- Renaissance Master Artist,

Sandro Botticelli, 

Wikipedia Encyclopedia,

Acupuncture & Migraines Can Be
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This research needs to be more widely published and disseminated through the media and in healthcare venues because there is still a great deal of reticence in the general public about having needles inserted into the body to reduce headaches -- or to mitigate any bodily pain. The reluctance to using acupuncture may be due simply to ignorance of the subject, or a bias against any medical technique that is used in China. Meantime, when high-visibility people use acupuncture to relieve the pain from migraines, if their stories could be told in the mass media, it might help reduce fears among citizens as to the safety and value of this technique.

orks Cited

Berenson, R., Vasconellos, E. Pakalnis, A. Mao, L., Biondi, D.M., and Armstrong, R.B.

(2010). Long-Term, Open-Label Safety Study of Oral Almotriptan 12.5 mg for the Acute

Treatment of Migraine in Adolescents. Headache: The Journal of Head &…

Works Cited

Berenson, R., Vasconellos, E. Pakalnis, A. Mao, L., Biondi, D.M., and Armstrong, R.B.

(2010). Long-Term, Open-Label Safety Study of Oral Almotriptan 12.5 mg for the Acute

Treatment of Migraine in Adolescents. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain 50(5),


Metaphysical Law of Attraction
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Law of Attraction

Metaphysical Law of Attraction

Need for consideration of Metaphysical Law of Attraction

Attitude and their Effects

Superordinate Identities

Positive Effect in everyday interactions

In conflict management

Negative Affect As an indicator of an unhappy relationship

Paving the road to D-I-V-O--C-E

Positive Affect Paves the oad to espect and Admiration

Use of Law of Attraction and Intercultural Communication

Metaphysical Law of Attraction

"Thou, constrained by no limits, in accordance with thine own free will, in whose hand we have placed thee, shalt ordain for thyself the limits of thy nature"..Giovanni Pico della Mirranda, Oranto "De hominis dignitatis, " or "God's Address to Adam."

"If you're not an infinite being, what would be the purpose of your life?"..Wyne Dyer, The Power of Intention

What are your beliefs about the nature of the universe? Do you have believed in order, universal natural laws, cosmic intelligence, or chaos? Do you believe…


Bassili, J.N. Attitude strength. In W.D. Crano & R. Prislin, (Eds.), Attitudes and attitude change, Frontiers of social psychology. New York, NY; Psychology Press, pp. 2008. 261-286.

Baxter, L.A. & Braithwaite, D.O. Introduction: Meta-theory and theory in interpersonal communication research. In L.A. Baxter & D.O. Braithwaite (Eds.), Engaging theories in interpersonal communication: multiple perspectives (pp. 1-18). 2008b Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc.

Bochner, S.. Cultures in contrast: Studies in cross cultural interaction. New York, NY: Pergamon, 2007. Print 220-2509

Cialdini, R.B. Influence: Science and Practice. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon. 2001. Print