85+ documents containing “plant relocation”.
Plant relocation *** CONFIDENTIAL ***
We have discussed previously the issue of relocating one of our plants. I have received back from the consultant a report that outlines what she thinks are our best options. This report will present her findings.
Fact Summary: The consultant identified Mexico, the Philippines and South Africa as potential sites. Her findings are summarized in the following table
Env. Scandal risk
This table illustrates the issues on the table that form part of the ethical dilemma. South Africa has environmental regulations and union strength more akin to a developed country, but with lower wages and abundant labor supply. Philippines is basically anarchy, with no regulations, no enforcement, and rock bottom labor costs. Mexico sits somewhere in between, but in a border town we are more exposed to scandal than in a far-flung country on another continent.
Ethical Dilemma: Do we close an American….
MyWage.co.za. (2014). Minimum wages in South Africa, "area a." MyWage.co.za Retrieved November 29, 2014 from http://www.mywage.co.za/main/salary/minimum-wages/minimum-wages-2012-13/minimum-wages-for-wholesale-and-retail-in-south-africa-february-1-2012-to-january-31-2013
Ethical Dilemma and Corporate esponsibility
Board of Directors
E: esponse to Ethical dilemma created by the relocation program
I am writing this memo to inform the directors that this company is faced by an ethical dilemma. The ethical dilemma presented in this report is based on challenges of balancing corporate loyalty and corporate responsibility. This report advises the Project Management office (PMO) on the possibility of applying Workers Adjustment and etaining Notification (WAN) as part of the large corporate responsibility plan. The report will identify employees as the worst affected stakeholders by the relocation program. To achieve ethical corporate responsibility, the report will identify a bailout program extended to five months from the date of declaration.
ising production costs in the U.S. have forced Electrocorp to explore the options of relocating its production plan to Mexico, Philippines, and South Africa. The three nations offer diverse conditions to the company that may make its….
Ferrell, O.C., & Fraedrich, J. (2014). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making & Cases. New York: Cengage Learning
Horrigan, B. (2010). Corporate Social Responsibility in the 21st Century: Debates, Models and Practices Across Government, Law and Business. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Office of the Federal Register. (2012). Code of Federal Regulations, Title 20, Employees' Benefits, PT. 500-656, Revised as of April 1, 2012. New York: Government Printing Office.
Quatro, S., & Sims, R. (2008). Executive Ethics: Ethical Dilemmas and Challenges for the C-suite. IAP
Ethics and Plant Closure
Situation Analysis -- ABC/DVD Manufacturing, Inc. must decide whether to close its plant in Anytown, MA. The plant closure would result in the lay-off of 50 employees. Management has asked for a brief outlining the ethical issues surrounding plant closures, and the questions apparent on profit vs. ethical behavior.
At the heart of the decision are several questions that must be considered prior to a decision. Each question plays into the overall analysis of the issue, and affects various stakeholders in different ways:
If plant closes, can a good portion of the employee base be transferred to other locations?
Employees: relocation of families, etc.
Company: costs for relocation.
Increased costs for corporation, but would those be absorbed by closing the plant?
Are jobs skilled or unskilled? Where will production be now (offshore?) Is it possible to relocate employees?
What affect would closure have on town?
Employees, citizens of the area.
Variable and dependent upon size….
The likes of service oriented companies like America Online (AOL) is a prime example of how relocation and outsourcing has changed the way service oriented businesses function in this global economy. AOL continues to be one of our nation's most intelligent economic organizations as they take advantage of the outsourcing for the majority of their customer oriented operations. When an AOL customer calls in to have his password reset he may be talking to someone in India, South America or even the Middle East. Although the customer may not know where his call for help has been routed to, the end result of the call is that the problem is usually solved but at a greatly reduced cost to AOL compared to if that same call was routed to a call center within the United States boarders.
AOL's competition is just now beginning to understand the importance of outsourcing the….
Binghame, Charles (2004). Customer call center solutions. M2 Presswire, Sept.
InformationWeek (2004). EarthLink Cuts Jobs, Closes Centers; the nation's third-largest ISP says it needs to outsource more to better compete with AOL and MSN. InformationWeek, Jan.
Champlin, Dell P., et al. (2001). Subsistence in the Computer Era. Journal of Economic Issues.
Collins, Jim (2001, October). Good to Great. Fast Company, 36.
The government has rather low environmental expectations. In fact, the consultant found that they are about as lenient as the Mexican restrictions, though the Philippines presents no public relations nightmare as protestors are not rallying against health concerns, as they were in Mexico.
Although the conditions in the Philippines may seem even more ready for outsourcing then the conditions in Mexico, the ethical costs of operating the company in the country are once again too high. Like the situation in Mexico, workers in the Philippines may work for lower wages than workers in the United States, but owners are not being provided with the same level of skill that they would be if continuing to operate the factory in the United States. Because the factory workers would consist mainly of underfed adults and impoverished children, the company would be lucky if workers managed to produce sufficient amounts of products throughout….
Esselaar, Jeanne. (2002). The Debate over Outsourcing in South Africa: Evidence from a case study. Proceedings from Development Policy Research Unit Conference '02. Muldersdrift, Johannesburg.
Casale, Frank J. (2006). The Outsourcing Institute: Mexico Trends & Opportunities.
Retrieved June 1, 2008, from, http://www.outsourcing.com/mexico_trends/mexico.html
Roberts, Russell (2000). The Choice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
That particular ethical concern may be harder to define precisely, simply because it may be too restrictive and no different from the types of decisions considered appropriate in the U.S. In that regard, provided it violates no domestic or foreign laws and that it is not undertaken for the purpose of shifting the environmental risk (osenstand, 2008), the relocation is no different from situating a similar plant in any local community that does not benefit from the existence of the plant.
osenstand, N. (2008). The Moral of the Story: An Introduction to Ethics.….
The third alternative offers the initial benefits of the first alternative. It also allows for focusing on core competencies and maintaining a smaller organization to promote personal corporate culture of the second alternative. However, this option will have a disruption as the organization changes to an autonomous entity that may be counter-productive.
The fourth alternative of no entry has the benefit of not subjecting TAG to the risk of a new industry entry. However, without this risk, it has the downside of not offering any potential reward. It also does not allow for further diversification of TAG, which has served it well during leaner economic times.
It is recommended that TAG pursue the first strategy of forming a healthcare industry division under the auspices of the original TAG manufacturing consultancy body. In this way, TAG can maximize the benefits to be had with this growth opportunity. By creating a separate division within….
Author. "Title of Article." Publication Name Volume Number (if necessary) 25 Dec. 2003: page number-page number. Database name. Service name. Library Name, City, State. Date of access .
Two books by the same author
After the first listing of the author's name, use three hyphens and a period for the author's name. List books alphabetically.)
Mollie's job moved from New Jersey to Mississippi and Arkansas and eventually to a Maquiladora in Matamoros, Mexico.
In 1955, Mollie James began her three-decade stint on the assembly line at Universal Manufacturing. The firm was founded in 1947 by Archie Sergy, an entrepreneur with a questionable past. The firm eventually opened another plant in Simpson County, Mississippi, in the early 1960s. Building on a longstanding commitment to increase industrialization, the state lured Universal by offering to transfer the cost of building a new plant to the taxpayer. The move south was a preview of what was to happen in the 1980s when a leveraged buyout put the firm in new, more cost-conscious, hands.
As locations were continuously competing to attract new firms, the Mexican government made plant relocation attractive by offering tax-free zones, cheap labor, and a willingness to clamp down on union organizers. Mexican manufacturing paid their workers so little….
elocating and Existing Business
Business elocation Literature eview: onnie's Place Convenience Store Four Oaks, NC
One of the most integral parts of successful business transitions of any kind is associated with proper and seemingly exhaustive research. A literature review of the particular issues associated with any business trend or transition can serve any business owner no matter how small their scope. Though it is important to understand the local and regional aspects of small business that can sometimes only be learned through owning a business in a particular region and practicing controlled trial and error, the larger concepts of business relocation and/or retail service practices also serve as a tool for better understandings of needs and practices.
In this particular case the owner of onnie's Place Convenience store will need to assess local and national information sources on issues particular to the transition that he/she is facing. Business relocation is not a simple….
Bertagnoli, L. (2003, Jan.13) Relocation can be risky; Stores on the move must calculate costs, retain clients. Crain's Chicago Business.
Degross, R. (2002, Oct. 5) North Carolina-based convenience store chain to close remaining 450 outlets. Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News.
Delaurier, G.F. (2001, Sept.) Dying to serve you. Dollars & Sense.
Estey, R.B. (1982, Nov.-Dec.) Putting the people who come "after," "before" the decision to relocate facilities. Industrial Development.
The project in question that of Building a reduced-sulfur generating, coal-fired plant by GHECO-One in Map Ta Phut, Thailand was examined for potential environmental impact due to the possible damage that the plant could cause. The company has stated throughout that their wish is to construct a plant that will be both environmentally and physically safe for the people, plants and animals that live within the region. This evaluation looks at that report with a specific view towards whether this environmental assessment is overly politicized in order to pacify the examining board of the country, and whether the site will have a cultural impact for the regions fishermen and others who either work in the area or are in some way affected by it. This evaluation is conducted to determine if the impact assessment met all of the requirements of a truthful and straightforward telling of the facts.
EBR., 2009. Construction of GHECO-One coal-fired IPP power plant continues in Thailand. Retrieved from http://www.energy-business- review.com/news/construction_of_ghecoone_coalfired_ipp_power_plant_continu es_in_thailand_090526
Fujitsu., 2012. Fujitsu's ICT helps to solve environmental issues in Thailand. Retrieved from http://www.fujitsu.com/global/news/pr/archives/month/2012/20120207 - 02.html
GHECO-One., 2010. Thermal power plant project. Retrieved from http://www.glow.co.th/OurProject/EN/GHECO- ONE/Summary%20report%20of%20GHECO-ONE_English.pdf
Hariharan, M., 2011. Thailand's Map Ta Phut crisis -- The NGO side of the story. Retrieved from http://www.icis.com/blogs/asian-chemical - connections/2010/03/thailands-map-ta-phut-crisis -- .html
Lord's Payer: iordan in Japan
Globalization has many different effects on the world, the nations within it, and the individual organizations and people that populate these nations. Many of the effects and challenges of globalization work in indirect ways, and these are the effects that are quite often areas of ethical concern when it comes to international business, however there are also many direct considerations that businesses must take into account when they are globalizing or engaging in any multinational/international endeavors. The day-to-day operations and the minute details of international business have immense legal and ethical implications that extend well beyond simply trying to conduct business in a way that benefits all organizations and nations involved. Careful consideration of even the most innocuous-seeming of business actions and transactions renders these complications strikingly clear.
Compensation for employees relocated to a foreign country is one of the issues that presents complications when businesses….
Average Salary Survey. (2012). Average salary in Japan. Accessed 12 May 2012. http://www.averagesalarysurvey.com/article/average-salary-in-japan/15224137.aspx
Seeman, R. (2004). Labor law. Accessed 12 May 2012. http://www.japanlaw.info/law2004/JAPANBIZLAWLITE4GAIJIN_LABOR_LAW.html
Sidorenko, A. (1999). Role of Trade Unions in Japan, United States and Sweden: Comparative Analysis. Accessed 12 May 2012. http://members.tripod.com/~a_sid/works/IER.html
4. Exit interview
As the decision to terminate the employment relationship has been made and even set in motion, the employee is asked to participate in an exit interview. This interview is generally held throughout the last days the employee spends in the organization and it focuses on retrieving feedback related to the reasons as to which the employee has chosen to leave; his feelings and opinions regarding the time he spent in the company; the team, the managerial team, the company policy and so on. "Ultimately, the goal of using EIS is to determine the reasons for company turnover, help to identify training and development needs, create strategic planning goals, and identify those areas in which changes need to be made" (Knouse, Beard, Pollard and Giacalone, 1996).
5. eturn of company property
Aside from the exit interview, there are two more aspects to consider -- the return of company property and the….
Dell'Omo, G.G., 1997, Managerial use of dismissal: organizational-level determinants, Personal Psychology, Vol. 50, No. 4
Glant, T., 2002, Against all odds: Vira B. Whitehouse and Rosika Schwimmer in Switzerland, American Studies International, Vol. 40, No. 1
Knouse, S.B., Beard, J.W., Pollard, H.G., Giacalone, R.A., 1996, Willingness to discuss exit interview topics: the impact of attitudes toward supervisor and authority, Journal of Psychology, Vol. 130, No. 3
McGough, L.S., 2003, Starting over: the heuristic of family relocation decision making, St. John's Law Review, Vol. 77, No. 2
Some of the biggest incentives for manufactures are the outrageously low tax bases in southern states. "When taxes are paid, southern levies are lower than most Northern states. GM's Hamtramck, MIG, plant, for instance, has one of the highest property tax mileages in the United States at 88 mills." (Corbett, 2002) Taxes are some much lower than in say Michigan or New Jersey and southern state officials are very open to negotiations to land the new factories and the plethora of jobs. In other words, land values are low and government incentives are extraordinary so the automobiles industry would be crazy to not migrate south for those reasons alone. "Furthermore, utilities costs are lower. After the products have been assembled, the South's location is superior to the Midwest or the East Coast for delivery." (Corbett, 2002) but there are other incentives.
Not only is the land for the new facilities cheaper….
Some of the reasons why Hyundai relocated to Alabama State of the U.S.A. include the failure that she suffered in Korea. With the influx of cheap imported cars and the violent nature of the labor unions in Korea, the company had started to suffer serious decline in profits; this necessitated the move to look for other alternatives of operation. This landed the company in the U.S. As the revolution of the manufacturing companies and industries in the country (Carmel & Tjia, 2005). This is the place that provided the utmost and best labor regulations for the company. Another significant factor is the state government's incentive package. The incentive was very attractive to Hyundai as they could abate tax if they relocated there. This was a massive boost to the process of adaptation and profit realization. Moreover, the company was offered a site for setting their operations and a good access….
Southern Discomfort: Wisconsin Specialty Products of Lamprey, Inc.
Fair wages vs. outsourcing: What is fair or unfair?
The Wisconsin Specialty Products Division of Lamprey Wisconsin may be forced to close its plant located in the U.S. because its wages and benefits for its unionized workers have become too much of a financial drain upon company finances. It is considering re-locating to Mexico to save money on both wages and benefits.
Changing market conditions
Competitors have already edged out Lamprey on price
Now they are edging out Lamprey on quality as well
Lamprey cannot afford to keep the plant as is. It cannot justify raising prices to consumers and must improve its product.
Slide 3: Analysis
Unionized workers are resistant to lower wages and to cross-training workers (which would mean fewer employees would be needed to do the same required jobs and result in layoffs -- but fewer layoffs than if the plant closed).
Dialogue between union and management has….
Literature - Latin-American
Plant relocation *** CONFIDENTIAL *** We have discussed previously the issue of relocating one of our plants. I have received back from the consultant a report that outlines what she…Read Full Paper ❯
Ethical Dilemma and Corporate esponsibility Board of Directors E: esponse to Ethical dilemma created by the relocation program I am writing this memo to inform the directors that this company is faced…Read Full Paper ❯
Ethics and Plant Closure Situation Analysis -- ABC/DVD Manufacturing, Inc. must decide whether to close its plant in Anytown, MA. The plant closure would result in the lay-off of 50…Read Full Paper ❯
The likes of service oriented companies like America Online (AOL) is a prime example of how relocation and outsourcing has changed the way service oriented businesses function in…Read Full Paper ❯
The government has rather low environmental expectations. In fact, the consultant found that they are about as lenient as the Mexican restrictions, though the Philippines presents no public…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Ethics
That particular ethical concern may be harder to define precisely, simply because it may be too restrictive and no different from the types of decisions considered appropriate in the…Read Full Paper ❯
The third alternative offers the initial benefits of the first alternative. It also allows for focusing on core competencies and maintaining a smaller organization to promote personal corporate culture…Read Full Paper ❯
Mollie's job moved from New Jersey to Mississippi and Arkansas and eventually to a Maquiladora in Matamoros, Mexico. In 1955, Mollie James began her three-decade stint on the assembly line…Read Full Paper ❯
elocating and Existing Business Business elocation Literature eview: onnie's Place Convenience Store Four Oaks, NC One of the most integral parts of successful business transitions of any kind is associated with…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
EIA eport The project in question that of Building a reduced-sulfur generating, coal-fired plant by GHECO-One in Map Ta Phut, Thailand was examined for potential environmental impact due to…Read Full Paper ❯
iordan Japan Lord's Payer: iordan in Japan Globalization has many different effects on the world, the nations within it, and the individual organizations and people that populate these nations. Many of…Read Full Paper ❯
4. Exit interview As the decision to terminate the employment relationship has been made and even set in motion, the employee is asked to participate in an exit interview. This…Read Full Paper ❯
Some of the biggest incentives for manufactures are the outrageously low tax bases in southern states. "When taxes are paid, southern levies are lower than most Northern states. GM's…Read Full Paper ❯
Some of the reasons why Hyundai relocated to Alabama State of the U.S.A. include the failure that she suffered in Korea. With the influx of cheap imported cars and…Read Full Paper ❯
Southern Discomfort: Wisconsin Specialty Products of Lamprey, Inc. Fair wages vs. outsourcing: What is fair or unfair? The Wisconsin Specialty Products Division of Lamprey Wisconsin may be forced to close its…Read Full Paper ❯