Presidential Debate Essays (Examples)

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Presidential Campaign the Current Political Campaign Has

Words: 2210 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27615267

Presidential Campaign

The current political campaign has been met with great controversy and division amongst the American People. On the one hand, we have an incumbent president that has led the country through the most tragic time in our history. On the other hand, we have his opponent that believes that more can be done to secure the country against terrorism and the war in Iraq. In addition, we will explore the position of Ralph Nader, a third party candidate. The purpose pf this discussion is to focus on the views that these three candidates have and draw some conclusions about how each candidate desires to help the country.

Healthcare:

The problem of affordable healthcare is one of the main issues that will ship this election. Many Americans do not have any healthcare coverage and many others do not have the amount of health coverage that they need. In addition,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Affordable Healthcare for all. 2004. Official John Kerry Website. 3 October 2004 http://www.johnkerry.com/issues/health_care/

National Security Strategy that Meets the Challenges of Our Time. 2004. Republican National Convention. 3 October 2004 http://www.gop.com/GOPAgenda/AgendaPage.aspx?id=5 stronger Economy. 2004. Official John Kerry Website. 3 October 2004 http://www.johnkerry.com/issues/economy/

Creating Opportunity for America's Workers. 2004. Official Website of George W. Bush. 3 October 2004 http://georgewbush.com/Economy/

Creation of More Jobs by Investing in America's Future. Official Ralph Nader Website. 3 October 2004 http://www.votenader.org/issues/index.php?cid=11
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Presidential Election of 2008 in

Words: 350 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94293197

Another Wall Street Journal article (April 2, 2007) explains that Senator Hillary Clinton is the current top fundraiser among Democratic candidates for president.

n the Washington Post (March 29, 2007), former presidential candidate Steve Forbes has decided not to run again, but he threw his endorsement over to Republican Rudy Giuliani. Senator Hillary Clinton, meanwhile, picked up the endorsement of owa Governor Tom Vilsack, according to the New York Times (March 24, 2007). n the March 19, 2007 edition of the Washington Post, it is reported that presidential candidates will continue to receive Secret Service security protection. The Los Angeles Times (March 18, 2007) reports that Senator Clinton is running as "the female-warrior" candidate and Barak Obama is running as the "black-white-immigrant" candidate. And the Washington Post reports on March 18, 2007 that the excellence of the speechwriters for Democratic Senator Chris…… [Read More]

In the New York Times on March 13, 2007, it is reported that Nebraska Senator Chuck Hagel has decided not to run for the presidency on the Republican ticket. Although the senator was not in a financial position to compete against better-funded candidates - and his position against continuing the Iraq war might find favor with voters - Senator John McCain thought that Hagel could have made inroads. The New York Times reported on March 22 that New York State legislators have set next February 5, 2008, as the date for their presidential primary.

In the Los Angeles Times (January 25, 2007) it was reported that U.S. Senator John Kerry had decided not to make another run for the White House. Kerry was apparently not "position well" in contrast to some of the other Democratic candidates, and additionally, he said he wants to put "my energy to work as part of the majority in the Senate...to end this war." An editorial in the Wall Street Journal on April 3, 2007, reported that the Commission on Presidential Debates should create a presidential debate system whereby final presidential candidates from both parties would debate "at least once a week" from Labor Day to the November election. Another Wall Street Journal article (April 2, 2007) explains that Senator Hillary Clinton is the current top fundraiser among Democratic candidates for president.

In the Washington Post (March 29, 2007), former presidential candidate Steve Forbes has decided not to run again, but he threw his endorsement over to Republican Rudy Giuliani. Senator Hillary Clinton, meanwhile, picked up the endorsement of Iowa Governor Tom Vilsack, according to the New York Times (March 24, 2007). In the March 19, 2007 edition of the Washington Post, it is reported that presidential candidates will continue to receive Secret Service security protection. The Los Angeles Times (March 18, 2007) reports that Senator Clinton is running as "the female-warrior" candidate and Barak Obama is running as the "black-white-immigrant" candidate. And the Washington Post reports on March 18, 2007 that the excellence of the speechwriters for Democratic Senator Chris Dodd is evident; Dodd has received "rave reviews" from a speech he gave to the International Association of Fire Fighters.
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Presidential Studies the Transfer of

Words: 2836 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64032062

S. interests in that part of the world. Then, on January 17, 1991, the U.S. launched the first attack, with more than 4,000 bombing runs. After 100 hours, Bush called off the offensive, saying he wanted to minimize U.S. casualties.

Though Bush was criticized for this withdrawal being premature, the U.S. made a retreat from Kuwait after the successful offensive, and Bush's approval ratings reached new highs.

Bush announced in early 1992, that he would run again for President, and his reelection looked probable. However, higher taxes and uncontrolled economic problems brought his term to an end in 1992, and Bush lost to Bill Clinton. Bush was running as a conservative, but so were oss Perot and Pat Buchanan (who ran against him for the epublican nomination).

In order to defeat Pat Buchanan's bid for the epublican nomination, Bush declared even more conservative stances. Though he defeated Pat Buchanan, oss…… [Read More]

References

Farnsworth, S.J. And Lichter, S.R. (2004), New presidents and network news: covering the first year in office of Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 34:3, 29 Jul 2004, 674.

Frye, T. (1999). Changes in Post-Communist Presidential Power: Political Economy Explanation. A paper prepared for Ohio State University. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://kellogg.nd.edu/events/pdfs/Frye.pdf

Kelley, C.S., and Marshall, B.W. (2006). The Last Mover Advantage: Presidential Powers and the Role of Signing Statements, Chicago, IL. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p139737_index.html.

Mann, J. (2002). The ghost of the oval office, New York Times, October 4, 2002.
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Presidential Speeches Similar Purposes Different

Words: 798 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76377659

He continues, not by discussing the seriousness of the war or likelihood of the terrorists attacking again, but instead by praising the United States, advocating its positive aspects. This style of appealing to his audience is evident, once again, in his speech to the American people on the anniversary of the attacks in 2006. In this speech, Bush discusses the children who "still long for the daddies who will never cradle them in their arms," but who cannot be consoled because their fathers have been killed by terrorists. Thus, Bush also asks for Congress and the American people to support him going to war, but by using a much different technique than Roosevelt.

The difference in technique between Roosevelt's speech, which was delivered in 1941, and Bush's two speeches, delivered in 2001 and 2006, suggest a difference in American Values. When Roosevelt presents a logical argument, drawing attention to the…… [Read More]

President George W. Bush's purpose is the same, though he achieves it in a different way. Instead of beginning his speech with logical reasoning, showing how the terrorist attacks were wrong, premeditated, and likely to expand into further conflict, he appeals to the emotions of his listeners. In a style much different then Roosevelt's, Bush paints images of horrific deaths, and seeks to win his audience's emotions by calling the victims "moms and dads," as well as "friends and neighbors" (Bush). He continues, not by discussing the seriousness of the war or likelihood of the terrorists attacking again, but instead by praising the United States, advocating its positive aspects. This style of appealing to his audience is evident, once again, in his speech to the American people on the anniversary of the attacks in 2006. In this speech, Bush discusses the children who "still long for the daddies who will never cradle them in their arms," but who cannot be consoled because their fathers have been killed by terrorists. Thus, Bush also asks for Congress and the American people to support him going to war, but by using a much different technique than Roosevelt.

The difference in technique between Roosevelt's speech, which was delivered in 1941, and Bush's two speeches, delivered in 2001 and 2006, suggest a difference in American Values. When Roosevelt presents a logical argument, drawing attention to the ways in which the Japanese will continue to harm unless they are stopped, he suggests knowledge of his audience. Knowing that his audience will respond to this kind of logical appeal, he uses this to gain their support. When Bush uses his emotional appeal, he suggests a similar knowledge of his audience, but acknowledges that his audience's values are different -- they value emotion and emotional arguments, rather than logical ones.

Thus, both Theodore Roosevelt and George W. Bush advocated similar actions when they delivered their speeches after the two "day[s] which will live in infamy" (Roosevelt); they both wanted citizens and Congress to support the United States' entry into war. The fact that they went about this in two different ways -- logic vs. emotion -- however, suggests different American values. But even though these speeches suggest that Americans today value emotion over logic, this is still a point of contention. Will Americans be more likely to act if they are given emotional arguments rather than logical ones? Television commercials that show the sad faces of children or animals and ask for donations, sad stories about victims of disease that contain requests for volunteers, and smiling, happy people on the cover of clothes catalogs certainly suggest that those doing the advertising in the United States feel this way. But do U.S. citizens also fall for the well-founded, logical argument? Maybe, but the differences between Roosevelt and Bush's speeches suggest otherwise.
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Pres Debate the October 3rd

Words: 307 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31940141



Governor Romney's public speaking style was somewhat less poised, but was again immediately observable in his first response. After also thanking everyone and even joking wth the President about his anniversary, he launched into a somewhat hesitant series of brief anecdotes about people wanting help. His posture shifted more frequently, his speech contained more hesitations and pauses, and his gaze wavered from the camera to the moderator to the audience present at the University of Denver, and his words were equally as evasive as the President's but without the confidence or comfort. Again, this appeared to continue throughout the debate, though Romeny did appear to gain some confidence as the debate wore on and his comfort in the setting grew.… [Read More]

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2012 Presidential Campaigns the Use of Television

Words: 2428 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49147615

2012 presidential campaigns, the use of television advertising was characterized by unprecedented advertising volumes. The political advertising in the 2012 presidential campaign contributed greatly to the win of Obama into office due to high consistency levels and coherence (Tedesco & Dunn, p. 80). The increase was attributed to outside groups like PACs who were able to raise and spend dollars in advertising for the current post-Citizens United regulatory regime. In the pro-Obama, Super PAC Priorities presented vicious attacks on omney's personal credibility (Tedesco & Dunn, p. 89). These ads brought the fact that omney was unaware of the needs of ordinary Americans due to layoffs initiated by Bain Capital, omney's company. At the presidential level, advertising in 2012 was extremely negative and evoked anger emotions but marked the highest spending point in terms of advertising. An open question is whether the negativity will abate in next presidential election campaigns (Fowler…… [Read More]

References

Fowler, E.F. & Ridout, T.N. (2013). Negative, Angry, and Ubiquitous: Political Advertising in

2012. The Forum, 10(4), 51-61.

Hendricks, J.A. (n.d.). Chapter 8: The New-Media Campaign of 2012.

Hendricks, J.A. (n.d.). How the News Media Shape Political Campaigns.
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Communications Media Coverage of Presidential

Words: 2440 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24687851

A candidate is "dumb" or, possibly, "dumber" than his opponent.

The assassination of a Basque politician by the Basque separatist group ETA on the very eve of the election, March 7th, threatened to again confound public opinion of the relative merits of the two major candidates. Ramon Cotarelo, a professor of political science at Madrid's Complutense University opined that public sympathy could swing to Zapatero because the assassinated man was a member of his party or, as the media also reported, "But it could go the other way.... People might say, 'iron fist. The Socialists are no good. Look, they negotiate and it does no good. You have to vote for the right.'"

The idea that public opinion is so easily swayed by last minute violence, or by emotional responses to such violence, is typical of much political thinking in the two countries. Time is not wasted on the real…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=28520584

Boehm, Christopher. Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

From the Tour: Titian and the Late Renaissance in Venice." The Collection, National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2006. URL:  http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg23/gg23-1226.0.html . http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5025442054

DNC: McCain Myth Buster: John McCain and John Hagee." News Wire, 3 March 2008. www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5025442054
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Persuasion Features of Presidential Scandal Speeches

Words: 2997 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63115226

Presidential Speech

The Presidents accused of scandals in the history of American politics have been known to make memorable apology speeches. Even though, the speech that the Presidents made were done by different people and in different times, marked similarities and patterns have been noted. The Lewinsky scandal was basically a political sex scandal that occurred in 1999. This scandal came out because the President was accused of having a sexual relationship with an intern in the White House, Monica Lewinsky. The Watergate scandal occurred in 1970 because five men were caught at the Democratic National Committee and further investigations led to President Nixon being found guilty of committing fraud. Another fraud that highlighted a President as the causative agent was the Iran Arms and Contra Aid Controversy. This scandal occurred when President Reagan was in the administration and the officials in charge were accused of selling arms to Iran…… [Read More]

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Domestic Policy

Words: 903 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64648722

Presidential Debate

Domestic Policy Presidential Debate 2012

The two presidential candidates, President Barack Obama and Governor Mitt omney, held a debate regarding domestic policy issues in Denver, CO. The main focus of the debate was the state of the United States economy, but other issues were discussed as well. Of course, the economy was the most prevalent because most of the other issues related to it in some way. This paper will look at the debate from a personal perspective and examine not only the topics, but how the moderator did and whether the candidates should have examined other topics.

The debate opened with the President committing to a talking point related to the economy that discussed taxation policy and its relation to providing robustness. The basic difference between epublicans, whose base holds to a conservative economic stance, and the Democrats, whose base promotes a Keynesian stance, is where revenue…… [Read More]

Reference

Fox News. (2012, Oct 3). Transcript of first presidential debate. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2012/10/03/transcript-first-presidential-debate/
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Election The Coming Presidential Elections in the

Words: 1447 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82278593

Election:

The coming presidential elections in the United States will be conducted on Tuesday, November 6, 2012 and will be America's 57th quadrennial presidential election. As the election approaches, various initiatives and measures have been taken to educate and empower America's voting public and create an increasingly responsible government. These efforts have primarily involved the provision of comprehensive, non-partisan information that relate to presidential candidates, news, issues, and political parties. These initiatives are mainly geared towards providing a platform for voters and non-voters to regularly obtain useful, straightforward, and impartial information linked to politics and issues. However, the major issue revolving around these elections is how the election results will be determined by current and previous decisions of the court. This is mainly because of the increased expectation that the coming presidential election may be a close election.

Presidential Election Laws:

The United States presidential elections are guided by constitutional…… [Read More]

References:

"Campaign Finance (Super PACs)" (2012, September 13). The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/c/campaign_finance/index.html

Coleman, K.J., Garrett, R.S. & Neale, T.H. (2012, January 9). Contemporary Developments in Presidential Elections. Retrieved from U.S. Department of State website:  http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/180682.pdf 

"Election Law -- An Overview." (n.d.). Legal Information Institute. Retrieved Cornell University

Law School website: http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/elections
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Shirley Chisholm 1972 Presidential Campaign

Words: 1271 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57374325

This can be clearly demonstrated by the fact that it took another 26 years for a black man to be elected president and we have yet to see a female head of state. Demographic representation in either major party has also come in waves of more or less over the years and both parties are still arguably challenged by special interest dominance and a more often then not wealthy constitution, with an even more wealthy pool of candidates to choose from, owing in great part to the not decreasing but increasing cost of running for national office at the congressional and presidential levels. (Magarian 1939)

Critics like Chisholm, though in the minority demanded changes such as an end to the Vietnam ar and limitations or challenges to the seniority systems in the House and other arenas that dominate who and why voices are heard in various legislative debates and formulations…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chisholm, Shirley Anita St. Hill." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2007.

President.org. "Shirley Chisholm for President 1972 Campaign Brochure  http://www.4president.org/brochures/shirelychisholm1972brochure.htm .

Magarian, Gregory P. "Regulating Political Parties under a "Public Rights" First Amendment." William and Mary Law Review 44.5 (2003): 1939.

Miller, Arthur H. & Miller, Warren E. "Issues, Candidates and Partisan Divisions in the 1972 American Presidential Election" British Journal of Political Science, 5. 4 Oct., 1975: 393-434.
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Understanding Trump S Way of Campaigning

Words: 1694 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76982777

Presidential Election

CUENT COVEAGE OF THE 2016 PESIDENTIAL ELECTION

Donald Trump is flying high in the 2016 presidential election campaigns. Besides crushing his epublican opponents in national polls, Trump's critics have thrown in the towel (McCutcheon & Mark, 2016). Having underrated his candidature and accused of a racist and sexist huckster, Trump is now receiving the ultimate compliment and being taken seriously. This essay attempts to discuss the mystery of Donald Tramp's appeal. His opponents have to deal with his demeanor, his disdain for intellectual and party elites, as well as his talent for drawing media coverage. How is Trump achieving all these successes? Whichever the case, Trump's current position and his ultimate fate warrant a theoretical explanation. George Lakoff's linguistic theory is used to understand Trump's success. In this sense, the essay will focus on three major linguistic aspects of how Trump wants us to see him: insulting, big…… [Read More]

References

Lakoff, G. (2009). The Political Mind: A Cognitive Scientist's Guide to Your Brain and Its Politics. New York: Penguin Books

McCutcheon, C., & Mark, D. (2016). Doubletalk: The Language, Code, and Jargon of a Presidential Election. Internet Source; https://www.overdrive.com/search?q=C89B8F78-ADD0-40C0-AF02-D753178B589D.

Schick, K., & Schubert, L. (2014). So What? The Writer's Argument. New York: Oxford University Press
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2008 Presidential Elections - Mccain

Words: 2256 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23414383

S. such as providing affordable healthcare for all, paid for by raising taxes on the wealthy; making a sincere effort for energy independence, and generating more jobs while investing in renewable energy and conservation (Borosage and Heuvel).

America, after decades of its love relationship with Conservatism, topped by eight years of the disastrous Bush presidency that has left the country on the brink of financial collapse and almost universal dislike, was indeed ready for change. it, therefore, decisively rejected the candidate -- McCain -- who promised more of the same and chose the candidate for change.

as the U.S. In Need for Change?

That there was a need for change in the U.S. is a no-brainer. On the domestic front, the U.S. is facing perhaps the most formidable economic meltdown since the Great Depression of the 1930s. In eight short years, the Bush administration has managed to turn a huge…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Borosage, Robert and Katrina Heuvel. "What Obama Needs for Progressive Reform." The Nation. September 01, 2008. November 17, 2008. http://www.thenation.com/doc/20080901/borosage_kvh

Grunwald, Michael. "For Obama, Race Remains Elephant in the Room." Time Magazine. Monday, Sep. 15, 2008. November 17, 2008. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1841109,00.html

It's time America should take a chance and make Barack Obama the next leader of the free world." The Economist. October 30, 2008

Jakes, T.D. "Will a Black President Really Heal the Racial Divide?" Time Magazine. November 04, 2008. November 17, 2008. http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1856574,00.html
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Agenda-Setting Function Mass Media Work Current Presidential

Words: 1167 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71066103

agenda-setting function mass media work current presidential election. Consider essay: a) What issue(s) highlighted media ( candidates ) effect voters year? b) There emphasis independent voters swing states Ohio.

The role of the media in today's society is considered of utmost importance. It shapes opinions, if creates opinions, but most importantly it influences the way in which perceptions are created and decisions taken. This is why the media is viewed in a democratic society to be the fourth power in the state, after the executive, legislative, and judicial ones. This role is most obvious perhaps during election years and periods, regardless of the type of voting action. This is largely due to the fact that the media usually influences the agenda of the elections to take place.

The importance of the presidential elections is without any doubt. These are the times when the media exercises its biggest influence. The Watergate…… [Read More]

References

America.gov.. Third Parties in U.S. Elections. 2008 http://www.america.gov/st/usg-english/2008/September/20080926163103naneerg0.5847132.html

Driehaus, B. "Court Orders Ohio to Include Libertarian Party on Ballot." The New York Times. 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/19/us/politics/19ohio.html?_r=1

McCombs, M. The Agenda-Setting Role of the Mass Media in the Shaping of Public Opinion. N.d.  http://www.infoamerica.org/documentos_pdf/mccombs01.pdf 

The Conservative Brawler. Agenda-Setting What is it, what role did it play in the 2008 presidential election and where is it going? Agenda-Setting in the Media. 2009. http://www.theconservativebrawler.com/2009/11/msm-agenda-setting-in-2008-election.html
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Armentrout Jeff Lincoln-Douglas Debates in 1858 Lecture

Words: 1265 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12396566

Armentrout, Jeff. "Lincoln-Douglas Debates in 1858." lecture., Newton Local School, 2012. Newton Local School http://newton.k12.oh.us/~jeff_armentrout/FOV2-001026E5/FOV2-001026E7/Lincoln-Douglas Debates PP.pdfPlugin=Loft.

he paper discusses the issues that were present in the U.S.A. At the time of the presidential elections in which Abraham Lincoln took part. It also describes the position of both the parties especially Douglas and Abraham. he paper then discusses the problems in the Democrat and the Republican parties. hen, after careful evaluation of all the contenders and their respective parties, the paper gives the results of the elections.

Chicago: Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, 2003. "MEE MARY LINCOLN BIOGRAPHICAL NARRAIVE & CHRONOLOGY." http://www.lincolnlogcabin.org/education-kits/Mary-Lincoln-Lesson-Plans/Mary-Lincoln-Narrative-and-Chronology.pdf (accessed April 13, 2013).

his source contains complete information about Mary odd Lincoln. It discusses in detail, Mary's early life, her schooling, character and looks and features as well. It also puts light on how Mary met Abraham Lincoln and how they got married. he transition of…… [Read More]

The ancestry, family background, siblings, educational life, death and burial of Mary Todd Lincoln were presented in this paper. This paper analyses the shifts in the life style of Mary Todd Lincoln after her marriage to Abraham Lincoln. Her occupation before and after marriage, her political career and her life as a first lady are also discussed in this paper. This paper also demonstrates how Mary Todd Lincoln spent her post-presidential life.

Wildemuth, Susan. "Elizabeth Keckley and Mary Todd Lincoln Quilt." Quilter's World Magazine, February 2009.  http://www.quiltersworld.com/webbonuses/pdfs/elizabeth_keckley_mary.pdf  (accessed April 14, 2013).

This paper is taken from the quilter's world magazine. It starts with the introduction of Elizabeth Keckley and her skills in making clothes. The paper also gives details about how she experienced an encounter with Mary and how they became friends. The paper ends with the description of the quilt Elizabeth made from the left over pieces of cloth from the gowns of Mary Lincoln.
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Fred I Greenstein the Presidential Difference Leadership

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78318684

Fred I. Greenstein, The Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to Barack Obama, Third Edition. Princeton University Press, 2009.

Fred I. Greenstein's central point The Presidential Difference is that in the modern U.S. political system since the Great Depression and Second World War, the presidents are now they key actors, far more so than the pre-1933 period when Congress was the most important branch of government. Because the role of the executive expanded exponentially in both foreign and domestic affairs, the leadership style of the presidents became a crucial factor in policymaking and policy failures. He analyzes the leadership style of the thirteen presidents from Franklin Roosevelt to Barack Obama, including their communication abilities (or lack thereof), personality and emotional makeup, cognitive/intellectual abilities, and organizational talents. If Roosevelt set the pattern and served as the template for the modern chief executive -- and there seems to be little doubt that…… [Read More]

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2008 Democratic Presidential Primary --

Words: 7199 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46180969

Meanwhile in the journal Du Bois Review (Parker, et al., 2009, p. 194) the authors point to racism and patriotism as key themes for the 2008 Democratic primary election. "Race was a consistent narrative" used by those opposed to Obama, Parker explains (p. 194). Both Clinton and the Republicans "used racial references" to attack Obama, including the attacks on Obama "for his perceived inability to connect to 'real working Americans'" (p. 194).

The Republican sideshow called "Joe the plumber" attacked Obama with the charge that Obama was "seeking to take money from hardworking 'real Americans' to give it to 'those people'" (p. 194). Clinton questioned Obama's patriotism suggesting that he was not a "real" American. Parker notes that when Governor Dukakis ran for president as a Democrat, he was attacked but no one questioned whether he was "a real American as they did with Obama" (p. 195).

The authors present…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alter, Jonathan. "Leading Democrats to Bill Clinton: Pipe Down." Newsweek. (2008).

Retrieved March 17, 2010, from  http://www.newsweek.com .

Balz, Dan, and Johnson, Hanes. The Battle for American 2008: The Story of an Extraordinary

Election. New York: Viking, 2009.
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Eisenhower Presidential Years

Words: 809 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3954243

Eisenhower Presidential Years

Dwight David Eisenhower was considered a popular President throughout his two terms in office, and his moderate Republican policies secured him numerous victories in the Democratic majority Congress (Dwight pp). He strengthened established programs, such as Social Security, and launched new ones, such as the Interstate Highway System, which was the single largest public works program in the nation's history (Dwight pp).

During this Cold ar era, Eisenhower often relied on covert action in an effort to avoid taking public responsibility for controversial interventions (Dwight pp). He believed that the Central Intelligence Agency, CIA, was a particularly effective tool to counter Communist expansion and assist friendly governments (Dwight pp). Although he authorized the CIA's use of unsavory tactics, such as assassination and bribes, he maintained denial and carefully concealed all evidence of U.S. involvement (Dwight pp).

ithin six months of taking office, Eisenhower agreed to an armistice…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Dwight David Eisenhower. Retrieved November 01, 2005 from:

http://www.americanpresident.org/history/dwighteisenhower/

Field, Mike. The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower: A Calm And Steady

Leader. Retrieved November 01, 2005 from:
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Executive Order 9066 Current Debates

Words: 3109 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59262504



And what of the details of this imprisonment? ere the camps liveable? Did they provide basic community services, like public education, privacy for families, civic news communications? The original "evacuation" to the camps was traumatic in itself for many of the Japanese-Americans, who were given a week or less to gather belongings, settle any long-term obligations they might have in their communities, say goodbye to friends and loved ones, and report a camp. The starkness of the evacuation is evident in the signs pasted every time a neighborhood was targeted for evacuation:

all persons of Japanese ancestry, both alien and non-alien, weill be evacuated from the above area by 10 o'clock noon on...evacuees must carry with the on dparture for the Assembly Center the following property: a. bedding and linens for each member of the family; b. toilet articles for each member of the family; c. extra clothing for each…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Daniels, R., 1988. Asian America. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Kurashige, L., 2002. Japanese-American Celebration and Conflict: A History of Ethnic Identity and Festival, 1934-1990., Berkeley: University of Californial Press.

McClatchey, V.S., 1921. "Japanese Residents Can Never Be Assimilated,"in Asian-Americans: Opposing Viewpoints, Dudley, W., ed., 1997. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, pp. 81-88.

Persico, J., 2001. Roosevelt's Secret War. New York: Random House.
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The USA Politics and Globalwarming Debate

Words: 566 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79539333

Climate Geopolitics

The international political solutions to climate change may not be very feasible and practical in their implementation since the issue of climate has now been turned into a political wand to sway voters one way or the other. This then means the solutions suggested are personal beliefs or party beliefs towards handling the climate change. The challenge then comes when the individual or the party ceases to be in power and a rival comes into power, one who does not prioritize climate issues, then it means that earlier efforts will be neglected and reversed. The private and the NGOs are more likely to inform the climate change agenda since they often have the vision that guides them regardless of who is at the helm of the organization.

The few high polluters need to be presented with the historical data of the cost of climate change and the devastation…… [Read More]

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Medellin Debate Moves to Congress

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41147994



The Court rejected Medellin's argument that the President's 2005 Memorandum was binding on state courts. The Court accused the President of attempting to unilaterally converting a non-self-executing treaty into a self-executing one." The government had also claimed that the Memorandum was an exercise of the President's authority to resolve international claims under his executive authority. The Court recognized that this was a long-standing practice, but prior uses of executive authority to settle international disputes had occurred in narrow circumstances, and did not involve the complete setting aside of state law, as the Medellin sought.

In the Medellin v. Texas oral argument, Justice Scalia says, "Usually when we have treaties that are not self-enforcing, the judgment of whether that international law obligation shall be made domestic law is a judgment for the Congress. Congress passes a law to enforce the treaty. " the United States must abide by its international commitments…… [Read More]

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Medicare 2012 Election The Great Medicare Debate

Words: 701 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95766906

Medicare

2012 Election: The Great Medicare Debate

Since 1965, Medicare has been attempting to provide low cost, guaranteed access to much needed healthcare for senior citizens over the age of 65 and other age groups that suffer from disabilities and terminal diseases. These people represent some of the most vulnerable population groups in the United States. Most do not work, and rely on Medicare to provide them the access to healthcare they need. Unlike privatized health insurance companies, Medicare is a social insurance program that is paid for through federal mandates and tax payer funds. Billions of dollars are spent annually on over 50 million Americans in need (Alonso-Zaldivar 1). The care structure itself is broken into several main parts: Medicare Part A covers hospital costs, Part B cover most outpatient care costs, and Part C and D. cover prescription drug costs through dealing with other private insurance. Yet, the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo. "Mitt Romney Medicare Plain Raises Cost Questions." Huffington Post. 5.10.2012. Web. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/05/mitt-romney-medicare_n_1942052.html

Pugh, Tony. "Obama, Romney Offer Different Paths on Medicare, Social security." Herald Online. 8. 10. 2012. Web. Retrieved from http://www.heraldonline.com/2012/10/08/4321880/obama-romney-offer-different-paths.html
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GOP Primaries http www politicalruck us 857 mitt-romney-you-can-win http 'sparrowchat com 2012 02 oh-lord-its-hard-to-be-humble

Words: 2884 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78931242



Rick Santorum's official campaign put out the next ad, entitled Obama Ville. It was released on March 23, 2012. It creates the image of empty American towns in 2 years, and uses very dark imagery and almost horror-genre like angst. The images of the residents of these towns are cast in dark shadows, and with depressing old infrastructure. This advertisement is painting the picture that in the next 2 years President Obama will destroy the American way of life. The second half of the ad shows the face of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran, as that country defies America and seeks Nuclear Power. The end of the advertisement has the image of "Obama Ville, coming to a town near you," in a pseudo 1950s Hitchcock style, and plugs the official website of Rick Santorum.com for more content on this subject (Santorum, Obama Ville, 2012). Despite airing so recently, Mitt Romney…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chen, H. (2009). AI, E-government, and Politics 2.0. Intellegent Systems, 64-86.

Crawford, K. (2009). Following you: Disciplines of listening in social media. Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 525-535.

Crowe, T. (2012, March 1). Santorum more electable than Romney? Retrieved from Catholic Vote: http://www.catholicvote.org/discuss/index.php?p=27435

Gabriel, Trip. (2012). Wisconsin Votes in Primaries." NYTimes. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/04/us/politics/wisconsin-votes-after- fiercely-fought- battle.html?_r=1&scp=8&sq=primary%20advertisements&st=cse
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Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections

Words: 3709 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39248298

Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections

The goal of the research is to find evidence of the use and impact of social media in U.S.'s 2012 presidential elections. This is because it was reported that President Obama won the elections because of the ground operation presented by volunteers of his elections' campaigns (CNN ire 1). I chose this topic since reports in state media indicated that the Republican Party was heading in the pre-election polls, but in the end, the Democratic Party won due to the use of technological innovation (Edsall 1). An in depth analysis of the research problem intends to reveal that the presidential contest favored President Obama, for using social media. Social media is increasingly an easy, fast, and effective way for people to have personal contact through technology. The intention is to prove the political premise that the most effective means…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Changing Face of America Helps Assure Obama Victory." Pew Research Center for the People & The Press. People-Press. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

"Election 2012: Barack Obama wins with 'Better Ground Game'." CNN Wire. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

Blow, Charles M. "Election Data Dive." New York Times. Nov 9, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.

Edsall, Thomas, B. "Campaign Stops: What We Already Know." New York Times, The Opinion Pages. Nov 4, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.
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Spin Political Campaigns Consist Not

Words: 3019 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54659349

They seek to set the news agenda for the next day, meaning that they want their view to be the one adopted by journalists and editorial writers. They believe that if they can have that influence, they can make the news story more positive for their candidate and more negative for the opposing candidate. The spin session is part of the televised debate today, and as Morano (1996) notes, "Behind the scenes at the presidential debates the polemics and posturing are almost ludicrous as touts attempt to hustle the hustlers of the national media" (para. 1).

Hoffman (2005) analyzed a different sort of spin, the spin offered by Karl ove in the aftermath of the Valerie Plame case in which ove and others were accused of having leaked the CIA agent's name to the media in order to discredit her husband. Hoffman states,

General semantics applications can be applied to…… [Read More]

References

Hoffman, G. (2005).

Symbol Manipulation and Boomerang Spin. ETC.: A Review of General Semantics, Volume 62, Issue 4. Retrieved November 28, 2008 at http://www.questia.com/read/5011745083?title=Symbol%20Manipulation%20and%20Boomerang%20Spin.

Jamieson, Kathleen Hall. Packaging the Presidency. New York: Oxford University, 1980.

Morano, M. (1996, November 4). Manipulating the Voters from Inside Spin Alley. Insight on the News, Volume 12, Issue 41. Retrieved November 28, 2008 at http://www.questia.com/read/5001639190?title=Manipulating%20the%20Voters%20from%20Inside%20Spin%20Alley.
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Business -- Political Science the

Words: 6973 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39808881



Today the outbound telephone marketing industry has given political campaigns the ability to reach out to a large group of targeted voters in a quick and quiet way, just below the radar. This notion went way beyond the small volunteer call centers that have existed for over forty years. It was essential for the technology to be in place and widely utilized. Political campaigns could not have put into production a complete industry of dissimilar companies, large and small, with many thousands of telephones in call centers. This was a revolution as one could target using any criteria from gender, age, vote propensity, income, level of education, to presence of children. One could shape the message even within a single calling agenda, so that they may be calling all women, but the script may be different for younger women in comparison to older women. And maybe most importantly, one can…… [Read More]

References

Bimber, B., and Davis, R. 2003. Campaigning Online: TheInternet in U.S. Elections, New

York: Oxford University Press.

Cornfield, M. 2005. Commentary on the Impact of the Internet onthe 2004 Election,

Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project, March 3.
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PR Campaign Boone Pickens Energy

Words: 2041 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93880742

There have not been specific funding promises from the candidates for specific aspects of the Pickens Plan, either.

The final verdict on the Pickens Plan campaign will not be known for months, if not years. The new president will not take office until January, and will require time to formulate a cohesive strategy. In terms of the action plan, the strategy to mobilize the grassroots in order to put pressure on the government has not succeeded thus far. The grassroots will give the new president his mandate, and the supporters of the Pickens Plan will ultimately take a back seat to that.

In terms of action, the most effective part of this public relations campaign has been the direct contact between Pickens and the candidates. This may or may not have occurred without the grassroots, but it is reasonable to expect that it would have occurred due to Mr. Pickens'…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Pickens, T. Boone. 2008. "Pickens Plan" PickensPlan.com. [online] Accessed October 28, 2008 at  http://www.pickensplan.com/about/ 

Lazarus, David. 2008. "T. Boone Pickens could gain from his energy plan, but so might we" Los Angeles Times [online] Accessed October 28, 2008 at http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-lazarus9-2008jul09,0,7890733.column

Rose, Charlie. 2008. "Pickens: My energy plan is the only plan" CBS News/60 Minutes. [online] Accessed October 28, 2008 at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/10/23/60minutes/main4541322.shtml?source=mostpop_story
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Misuse of Critical Thinking --

Words: 1770 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37053195



But if one agrees with the jury that convicted her, that the evidence supports that "Stewart acted on illegally obtained information in selling her stock," the fact that some corporate executives might 'do worse' things does not make her illegal actions correct or 'a good thing.' Ironically, one of the reasons so many celebrities used the 'two wrongs make a right' defense of Stewart -- even if she did lie, there are worse things she could have done, and many CEOs do worse -- is that Stewart has so often been personally attacked as a successful female corporate executive, domestic diva, and brand wrapped up into one -- allegations that have nothing to do with her quality as a leader and a developer of a quality brand. But two logical fallacies in Stewart's case do not make a right either -- merely because Martha Stewart has been unfairly attacked does…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Downes, Stephen. (2005) The Logical Fallacies Index. Retrieved 21 Apr 2005 at http://www.datanation.com/fallacies/index.htm

'Fallacy: Straw man." (19 Apr 2005) Fallacy Files. Retrieved 21 Apr 2005 at  http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/straw-man.html 

"Mission: Critical 'Burden of Proof.' (2005) St. John's University. Retrieved 21 Apr 2005 at http://www2.sjsu.edu/depts/itl/graphics/adhom/straw.html

'Martha Stewart / Insider Trading: not a "Good Thing" (Oct 22, 2002.) SRI Media. Retrieved 21 Apr 2005 at http://www.srimedia.com/artman/publish/article_245.shtml
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Plain Oral Speaking Style

Words: 687 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73187286

Plain Style

Plain speaking style

The plain oral speaking style: ecent presidential examples

Public speaking can serve a variety of functions: to persuade, to inform, or to entertain. There are various ways to achieve these objectives, including using a heightened style of prose, as exemplified in speeches like John F. Kennedy's 1961 "Inaugural address." But because of its extensive use of rhetorical constructions like parallelism, metaphors, and similes, although Kennedy's speech was powerful, not even the most eloquent person would speak like this on an everyday basis.

In contrast, a 'plain' speaking style tries to mirror everyday speech. ather than excite people with fancy rhetoric, a plain speaking style seeks to do the opposite: it convinces people because of the simple, matter-of-fact nature of its tone. It may use folksy or colloquial words to convince people of the speaker's honesty. A plain speaking style can be particularly effective when used…… [Read More]

References

Atkinson, Max. (2008). Rhetoric and imagery in Obama's victory speck. Retrieved:

 http://maxatkinson.blogspot.com/2008/11/rhetoric-imagery-in-obamas-victory.html 

Improviser in chief. (2012). Improviser in chief: Clinton text vs. audio.

NPR. Retrieved:
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Incumbent Republican President George W

Words: 1501 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87320200

"The amazing disappearing budget." CNNMoney. 26 Jan 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov, 2004. http://money.cnn.com/2004/01/26/news/economy/election_budget/.

Hollings, Ernest F. "Bush's Failed Mideast Policy is creating more terrorism." 6 May 2004. Online office of United States Senator Fritz Hollings. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://hollings.senate.gov/~hollings/opinion/2004506A17.html.

Itum, Khalid. "Pro-Middle East, pro-Bush: An Unusual Anomaly." 30 Oct 2004. Daily Star. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=10&categ_id=5&article_id=9712.

Kerry: Bush's Iraq Policy has endangered U.S.." 21 Sept 2004. CNN.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/09/20/kerry.iraq/.

Mann, Damian. "Crowd lauds Bush for his conviction, 'his word.'" Mail Tribune. 15 Oct. 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov. 2004. http://www.mailtribune.com/archive/2004/1015/local/stories/03local.htm.

Mishel, Lawrence and Bernstein, Jared. "Grading the Bush 'Jobs and Growth Plan.'" 2004. Economic Policy Institute. http://www.epinet.org/content.cfm/webfeatures_viewpoints_jobs_growth_testimony.

Sanchez, Marcela. "Morality Justifies Bush policy." 5 Nov 2004. SeattlePI.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/opinion/198265_sanchez05.html.

Transcript: First Presidential Debate." 30 Sept. 2004. From FDCH E-Media, reproduced on ashington Post.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Academics Slam Bush Policy." 13 Oct 2004. News24.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://www.news24.com/News24/World/US_Elections/0,2-10-1665_1604185,00.html.

Curl, Joseph and Duin, Julia. "Focus on Moral values tipped vote for Bush." 4 Nov 2004. The Washington Times. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004. http://washingtontimes.com/national/20-3786r.htm.

Farhi, Paul. "Job Loss May Affect Who Wins the Vote." 1 June 2004. WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved online 12 Nov 2004.  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A4808-2004May31.html .

Gongloff, Mark. "The amazing disappearing budget." CNNMoney. 26 Jan 2004. Retrieved online 12 Nov, 2004.  http://money.cnn.com/2004/01/26/news/economy/election_budget/ .
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Third Party it Is Not Likely That

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18646009

Third Party

It is not likely that a third party will be introduced to the U.S. style democracy, in regard to mainstream coverage, anytime in the near future. It is possible that a mainstream third party candidate could make more of an impact in a more long-term perspective. For example, these parties have an incredibly challenging task of just getting on the ballot in most states. For example, consider Ralph Nader's 2004 campaign where several states, such as Arizona, blocked the candidate with what Nader referred to as "dirty tricks" in many states (Anderson 2004). Neither one of the mainstream political parties would voluntarily accept a third party candidate who might attract voters from their party's grasp. Therefore, the likelihood that a third party candidate can pragmatically enter the arena in the formal system is likely fairly small.

However, one impact that third party candidates can have, and have had…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anderson, N. "Nader Falls Off Ballot in Arizona." L.A. Times. July 3, 2004.  http://articles.latimes.com/2004/jul/03/nation/na-nader3  (accessed March 13, 2013).

Blake, M. "Larry King to moderate third-party presidential debate." L.A. Times. October 17, 2012.  http://articles.latimes.com/2012/oct/17/entertainment/la-et-st-larry-king-third-party-debate-moderator-20121017  (accessed March 20, 2013).

Rainey, J. "Third-party debate showcases fresh faces and issues." L.A. Times. October 23, 2012.  http://articles.latimes.com/2012/oct/23/news/la-pn-third-party-debate-fresh-faces-issues-20121023  (accessed March 20, 2013).
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Television and America There Have Been Many

Words: 1429 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81160321

Television and America

There have been many technological advances within the past sixty years that have fundamentally influenced the way that we live in the United States. Among the most influential is the invention and proliferation of the television.

Though there are other advances which, are equally important it is still the television that dominates the background noise of nearly every home. In fact most homes have more televisions than they have bathrooms. It is not unusual for television to be the single most used avenue for national and international information. "From its early position as a new medium for political coverage in the 1950s, television quickly supplanted radio and eventually newspapers to become by the early 1960s the major source of public information about politics."

This information includes political, social and popular issues that have helped shape the culture of America. It is through the influence of television and…… [Read More]

Lynda Lee Kaid. "Political Process and Television." 2003

http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/P/htmlP/politicalpro/politicalpro.htm

Paul Schatzkin "Television is 75" 2002 http://www.philo75.com
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Stem Cell Policies Scientific Breakthrough

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78401625



This controversial decision drew all kinds of reactions from different groups on each side of the issue. Some adversaries of hESC research expressed admiration for the decision limiting research to existing cell lines, while others said that no research should be allowed under any circumstances. Advocates of hESC research, meanwhile, generally praised the president for allowing some research to go forward, but criticized the restriction to existing cell lines as too strict, questioning whether enough research would be allowed.

Current U.S. Stem Cell Policy under President Obama

The March 9, 2009 EO changes the way the National Institutes of Health (NIH) can support and conduct human stem cell research. The Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS), through the NIH Director, is required to review existing NIH and other widely-recognized guidelines on human stem cell research and issue new NIH guidance within 120 days of the date of the EO…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AAAS Policy Brief: Stem Cell Research." 10 March 2009. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 27 March 2009 http://www.aaas.org/spp/cstc/briefs/stemcells/.

Executive Summary." 2009. The National Institutes of Health resource for stem cell research. 27 March 2009 http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/scireport/execSum.asp.

Register, Federal. "Presidential Documents Executive Order 13505." 11 March 2009. Federal Register. 24 March 2009 http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2009/pdf/E9-5441.pdf.
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Television and American Pop Culture

Words: 2689 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56818111



Cable television also opened up the medium to numerous types of television programming that had previously been excluded, simply because it could never have competed with the demand for mainstream types of programs during the same time slot.

Initially, cable television was only available in the largest markets like New York and Los Angeles and it was priced out of the range of most consumers. The technology also required a cable connecting the television to the channel box, which often was the size of small dinner platter. Within a few years, the technology advanced to the point of providing microwave remote controls that were no larger than those already included with many television sets.

The addition of virtually unlimited available channels resulted in the creation of dozens of specialty-interest program content such as cable television channels dedicated exclusively to history, science, nature, sports, politics, and comedy, to name just several.…… [Read More]

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Joshua's Goldstein Book 5th Edition

Words: 7033 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98881068

history of events in the twentieth century, one might surmise that the twenty-first may not be all that different. Why? ecause human nature and the pursuit of self-interest has not changed from one century to the next. To explain what drives international relations, Joshua Goldstein provides a brief history of the world, in addition to information about the geographical features and the consequences of different nation's economies. (Goldstein, 2003) The beginning of the twentieth century was marked by relative peace in the world. The Franco-Prussian wars were at least three decades into the past. Nobody would envision that the worst horrors of a global scale wars were in the near future. In as much as Goldstein avers that the First World War was wholly unnecessary and it was, at least in its inception, a macho exercise (p. 37), one can believe that war is part of human nature.

After the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Goldstein, J.S. International Relations. 5th ed. New York: Longman, 2003.

Tacitus, C., and Birley, A.R. Agricola; and Germany. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
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Laws of Power Win Through

Words: 2061 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62269819

This created silent enemies whose sole purpose is to make that person look like a complete and total loser. Therefore, restoring the balance that was lost and feeling better about them while you are left feeling degraded and humiliated about what happened. On the other hand, the lesson is often learned the hard way and one can see that it does not pay often times to stick out in the crowd. There are those that thrive in the monotony of it all being predictable. If one follows the leader than no harm can come to them and balance is once again restored. It never works trying to appear better than those that you seek support from, they end up feeling as if you only want their support because you in fact think in some way you are better than they are. This is a sure way to keep people from…… [Read More]

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Affirmative Action in Higher Education

Words: 2904 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78266018

Alamo of affirmative action, the University of Michigan. The contradictory stances of Bush and Powell on this issue are dealt with. So is the position of Gerald Ford who believes like the proponents of affirmative action that affirmative action procedures lead to diversity at the educational institutions and opportunities for the minorities that are seen as a must to be offered.

Affirmative Action in Michigan

Diversity and Achievement

Is affirmative action the victim of its own success? That is one conclusion to be drawn from Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger, two cases challenging affirmative-action policies at the University of Michigan. Affirmative action has always counterposed two basic aspects of the American notion of equal opportunity. Opponents argue that taking race or gender into account in hiring or university admissions is discrimination pure and simple. Proponents counter that taking such characteristics into account redresses a legacy of discrimination; in…… [Read More]

References

Agence France Presse English. (2003. January). Powell disagrees with Bush on controversial race case.

Commonweal. (2001. March). The diversity dilemma, pp 5.

Staff Editorial. (2003. January). EDITORIAL: Be honest on affirmative action. University Wire.

White, J.E. (1999). Society: Dividing Line: Affirmative Action's Alamo Gerald Ford returns to fight once more for Michigan. Time, pp 48.
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Health Care in America The

Words: 1623 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69015620



Conclusion

What direction is the quality of health care and delivery of health care moving in; it is not moving in a direction at all. Like the pendulum, the direction of health care remains suspended to the far side - right or left, depending upon which side of the political isle one is on. The pendulum remains frozen in time, and it reflects chaos in the delivery of health care and the quality of patient care. Health care remains the captive audience to managed care company stockholders and executives whose business focused decision making on what benefits can access, when, and where remain guided by an archaic DG system that was implemented more than twenty-five years ago.

If there is a direction for American health care access and quality of care, it is that direction of circling the drain before it falls into the black abyss of the unknown, and…… [Read More]

References

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109671234

Altman, S.H., Reinhardt, U.E., & Shactman, D. (Eds.). (1999). Regulating Managed Care: Theory, Practice, and Future Options. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Retrieved October 14, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109671238

Birenbaum, a. (1997). Managed Care: Made in America. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Retrieved October 14, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=27467039

Nickelson, Daniel J., and Saksena, Sanjeev (1994). The Pendulum Swings: Reappraising Prepaid Health Care Systems. Placing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 17/10, pp. 1676-1677. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=6966140
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Arguments for and Against NAFTA

Words: 2077 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60299296

NAFTA: Two Sides of the Peso

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect January 1, 1994. The North American Free Trade Agreement allows U.S. companies to sell their goods in Mexico tariff-free. It also allows Mexicans to set up low-wage factories to produce their goods to sell in the United States duty free. [Dowling, 1996]. This agreement removed most barriers to investment in between Canada, the United States and Mexico. Its intention was to boost the economies of all three countries by expanding their potential markets and allowing them to take advantage of what each of the other two countries had to offer. Since its adoption, its effects have been debatable, especially concerning safety and environmental issues in the United States and the effect on the Mexican Peso.

hen we begin to read to wealth of opinions about NAFTA, one thing becomes clear. There is no set…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dowling, Donald Jr. The pros and cons of business in Mexico: South of the border, many pros are cons. Business Journal . Going Global section. American Business Journals.

November 22, 1996 print edition.

Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA). Senate quotes: the good, the bad, and the ugly. Quotes from July 27, 2001 Senate floor debate on Mexican border opening.

2002. OOIDA Website. Accessed February, 2002.
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Madison's Dilemma What Was Madison's Dilemma and

Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84593834

Madison's Dilemma

What was Madison's Dilemma and what was his solution to it?

James Madison's dilemma primarily hinges on the idea that "men are not angels," that if the contrary was true, then no form of government would be needed. However, because men are truly not angels, government is a necessary system. This brings about a dilemma to Madison, who views this roundabout thinking as a paradox: even with government, how does one prevent man from his non-angelic, corrupt behaviors? What separates government from the common man? Madison's solution, then, is a separation of powers, a "checks and balances" system in the judicial, legislative, and executive branch. In this manner, each branch limits powers of the other branches, and can also resist major influences within the separate branches.

What is the process of incorporation and what is its constitutional basis?

The incorporation doctrine -- or the "incorporation of the Bill…… [Read More]

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Coverage Millions of Americans Turn

Words: 1720 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25911286

Barack Obama and his wife Michele are regularly presented as symbols of a new era of responsibility and altruistic concern. They are cleaning up the mistakes of the past and represent a future that was presaged by the likes of Abraham Lincoln. They are likable and glamorous, their everyday lives worthy of detailed attention. ABC employs a combination of serious news stories and non-events to put across its message. It edits content to suit the theme. Clips are carefully selected to slant one way or another. ABC News conforms to prevailing news norms wherein much contemporary news coverage has come to emphasize news as a form of entertainment, entertainment that is also meant to be informative in some fashion. News must be entertaining and conform to perceived viewer biases or else viewers will switch to another network. At the same time, ABC's coverage shapes the very views it sells, helping…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Tedesco, John. "Arledge, Roone: U.S. Media Producer/Executive." The Museum of Broadcasting Communications Encyclopedia of TV. The Museum of Broadcasting, No Date. URL: http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/A/htmlA/arledgeroon/arledgeroon.htm.

Tedesco, John, "Arledge, Roone: U.S. Media Producer/Executive," The Museum of Broadcasting Communications Encyclopedia of TV, The Museum of Broadcasting, (No Date).
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Watch a TV Show or

Words: 2215 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83138485

Did your view of media literacy change over the course of the class? How will your consumption of media be affected?

As a result of taking this course, I think I have become a more critical consumer of the media. When I see a commercial, I am hyper-aware of how the product is being positioned in the market, and what types of narratives are being used to play upon the goals and aspirations of the target audience, such as being a 'good mom,' or 'hip and sexy' or even to live pain-free into one's old age. Although I was always aware of advertising, now I am better able to see how advertising works upon the psyche of the consumer. I also notice how certain ads are featured during certain kinds of television programs, or on certain Internet sites, to specifically reach a demographic.

I think I may also be slightly…… [Read More]

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American History the Underside of Affluence the

Words: 1626 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19013391

American History

The underside of affluence

The period is in the early years of the twentieth century. America is now experiencing economic and political expansion as it became the model of an imperial superpower for all nations, both in the Western and Eastern regions. Economic growth spurred as a result of the industrial revolution, while political structures strengthened due to the numerous successful conquests of the Americans to colonize nations in the Asian and southern American regions.

However, despite the affluence that American society had experienced during this period, a considerable half of the American population is suffering from poverty. With the rise of urbanization, many people flocked to the cities in search of a high-paying job and steady source of income as factory workers. However, the rapid incidence of migration to the cities made them crowded with people, hence, living conditions began to deteriorate, which includes the lack of…… [Read More]

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Kierkegaard Soccio Reports That at the Funeral

Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21883829

Kierkegaard

Soccio reports that at the funeral of Soren Kierkegaard in 1855, his brother Peter (a clergyman) delivered a conventional Christian eulogy but that "upset with the way the institution had violated the spirit of its great critic, his nephew caused a scene at the graveside." (397). his anecdote appealed to me particularly, because Kierkegaard's own critique of Christianity seems to me particularly persuasive and appealing. In the debased climate of Christianity in America today, it strikes me that Kierkegaard's view of religion is more relevant than ever.

In fact, the majority of religious believers today strike me as needing a good dose of Kierkegaard. Soccio quotes an amusing anecdote from Either/Or in which one of Kierkegaard's many fictional personae reports a scientific study of Christians, and follows one around taking notes on his behavior, only to conclude "But he does just what I do!" (401). Well, of course on…… [Read More]

The irony is that, of course, nowadays most practicing Christians are little more than Pharisees themselves. In the 2000 U.S. Presidential debates, apparently George W. Bush was asked who his favorite philosopher was, and he replied: "Jesus, because he changed my heart." If one could take a time machine and go back to that debate, then it would be wonderful to ask Bush for his interpretations of various statements by his favorite philosopher -- such as "blessed are the peacemakers," or "you cannot serve both God and Mammon" or "it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of heaven." I am being ironic, of course, but I think Kierkegaard would have appreciated the irony.

George W. Bush illustrates for me personally the central critique that Kierkegaard would make of the average Christian -- Soccio describes it as a process whereby someone "attempts to be 'a Christian' or 'a lawyer' based on some collective abstraction, some image or idea" or in other words "attempts to conform to a pattern." (404). I agree with Kierkegaard that this is not a religion -- instead it makes Christianity into a vast form of social control and enforced conformity. When Bush claimed Jesus as his "favorite philosopher," evangelical Christians across America thought "He is one of us," in other words, they recognized the signs of conformism and approved them. They did not think "How can he justify his tax policies in light of Matthew 22:15-22?"

It does not matter for the purposes of this argument whether I myself am a Christian or not. One way or the other, Kierkegaard's "leap of faith" makes any kind of religious belief ultimately an act of radical solitude and uncertainty. To encounter Kierkegaard after having grown up in a climate of contemporary American Christianity makes religious belief suddenly seem like a more respectable enterprise -- there is no solitude and uncertainty whatsoever in a "Moral Majority." But even if religion is a consoling fiction offered to cope with mortality, it is worth recalling that death, too, is an act of radical solitude and uncertainty. Kierkegaard's view of religion is the first I have encountered which seems to acknowledge this -- he not only makes religion a more respectable thing in my eyes, but he does so by exposing the vast majority of contemporary religious believers to a sharp critique that I think is undeniable.
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Film W By Oliver Stone

Words: 1521 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62150417



But it did make me wake up a little to the fact that this was not a true date and fact biopic, but a Stone biopic, which looks more into the heart of darkness of the topic than most others in the genre.

While the humor was there another unexpected feeling I walked away with was fear. This is just not fear of this particular president's way with words or from his gut decision making cowboy politics. It is the fear and the reality that the president is after all is said and done a human being making, often, inhuman decisions. One tends to think of the president as on a pedestal and the scrutiny there is so much higher that any error or misstep or malapropism is multiplied a hundred fold. But in this particular president, Stone by way of implication is saying that if you are not fit…… [Read More]

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Ethic Involved in the Partial

Words: 1094 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93944142

The editorial points out that their ruling "does not save a single fetus because physicians could instead use a standard D&E method" (LifeEthics.org).

It is interesting that the Court did not offer an exception to their rule; if they had been actually concerned about the life of a pregnant woman who may die due to the deformity of her unborn baby, they would have provided a corollary to their decision. It would read something like, "Except in cases where the mother's life is threatened." But no, the Court was following their right wing political agenda and ruling against a late-term abortion, forgetting the possibility that a pregnant mother might die without a late-term abortion.

Support for the Court's ethics: Gregory Koukl is in the dark as to why "so many mothers, doctors, senators, Members of Congress" accept partial-birth abortions ("…this barbaric practice"). Koukl asserts that a partial-birth abortion is "not…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abernethy, Bob. "Supreme Court Ruling on Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act." Religion & Ethics. Retrieved June 29, 2011, from  http://www.pbs.org .

Koukl, Gregory. "Partial-Birth Abortion Is Not About Abortion." Stand To Reason. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from  http://www.str.org . (2008).

Life Ethics. "AMA Editorial on Partial Birth Abortion Ban." Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.lifeethics.org.

Rainbow, Catherine. "Descriptions of Ethical Theories and Principles." Retrieved June 29,
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Country Can Do for You

Words: 1011 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12422057

Kennedy also specifically directed his words to the leaders of the Soviet Union, alternating between vowing that America would bear any burden to advance the cause of freedom, yet noting that both 'enemies' have a mutual interest in limiting the arms race and preserving peace. "e dare not tempt them with weakness…But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from our present course."

Kennedy's address to unseen 'listeners' in other nations was an obvious reflection of the power of the United States -- he presumed the whole world is watching and listening to what an new American president was saying. However, addressing an unseen listener was also an indirect statement to those who were present, such as the Republican politicians like Kennedy's rival for the presidency, Richard Nixon. Nixon tried to seem strong on communism to get elected. Thus Kennedy hawkishly affirmed his Administration's anti-communist commitment,…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States. Washington, D.C.: U.S.G.P.O.: for sale by the Supt. Of Docs., U.S.G.P.O., 1989; Bartleby.com, 2001.   http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres56.html   [31 May 2011].
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Bush vs Bush Iraq Redux

Words: 2512 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7590197

Primarily, both Bushes wanted to show the world that America is a powerful force with which to be reckoned -- even if not a single or sole superpower, a force that can at least militarily have its way in the world, especially with regard to rogue, weaker states.

Also, both Bushes believed in cut-and-dried reactions. Communism and Saddam Hussein are simply "bad" without complicating factors such as reasons or motivations for their actions. Going hand in hand with that assessment, communism and Saddam Hussein must be defeated thoroughly, recognizing that even small victories on the part of Iraq, for instance, could draw support to Hussein's ranks and erode America foreign policy world opinion.

However, that is where the similarities ended. For George Bush, the homeland in the United States was never under a serious threat. The most perilous years of the Cold War were behind America when Bush took the…… [Read More]

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Trump's Tax Plan and Why It Should Work

Words: 1778 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84129412

Trump's Tax Plan

Donald Trump's stance on trade -- namely, that cutting corporate taxes will incentivize companies to stay in the U.S. (as will a tariff on the imported goods of offshoring companies) -- is one that is denounced by his opponent Hillary Clinton. Clinton argues that the tax break proposed by Trump will only benefit the 1% and that his plan to place a tariff on companies that export labor only to turn around and import their products would lead to massive job loss. Trump's rationale is that by cutting the corporate tax rate, which is among the highest in the world, it would allow companies to keep labor in the U.S. as they will not have to chase margins by employing cheaper labor in foreign countries. This would be the positive incentive. Adding the tax on U.S. companies that manufacture abroad and sell in the U.S. would serve…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Durden, Tyler. "Trump slams Yellen." Zerohedge, 2016. Web. 7 Oct 2016.

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-09-05/trump-slams-yellen-fed-has-created-stock-bubble-and-false-economy-boost-obama

Hersh, Adam; Gurwitz, Ethan. "Offshoring work is taking a toll on the U.S. economy."

Center for American Progress, 2014. Web. 7 Oct 2016. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/economy/news/2014/07/30/94864/offshoring-work-is-taking-a-toll-on-the-u-s-economy/
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Candidates Project Have Chosen to

Words: 3340 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35860743

She also clearly makes a stand against continuing to rely to any large degree on non-renewable resources and giving the scientific community more authority and right.

Clinton Platform;

Clinton's platform is currently relying very heavily upon the idea of helping the middle class. Her campaign bus is currently touring Iowa with a slogan of "The Middle Class Express." She is actively seeking middle class support, and her platform is dominated by issues resolving to make those who currently feel invisible in the current administration. She is speaking to the idea that the rich are getting richer, the poor are getting poorer and the middle class is disappearing. The sentiment is a strongly held belief in middle America and the platform is strong, as it speaks to the current feeling of America.

If you place your mouse over the numbers next to Clinton's opening picture on her official website her position…… [Read More]

Resources

AP, "Democratic rivals target Hillary Clinton in debate" October 30, 2007, http://www.clarionledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071030/NEWS/71030060

Clinton, Hillary, Official Website 2008 Candidacy Retrieved October 30, 2007 from www, hillaryclinton.com

Clinton, Hillary, Senator NY Overview Immigration Retrieved October 30, 2007 at http://clinton.senate.gov/issues/immigration

CNN Elections 2008 Info Retrieved October 30, 2007 at   http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/issues/issues.socialsecurity.html
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Maybe Same-Sex Marriages Didn't Make

Words: 1811 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27552166



Nationwide, those who attended graduate school were 11 percentage points more likely to vote for Kerry than those without a college education.

In other discoveries, Bush supporters believed overwhelmingly (72% to 26%) that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction (still). This is despite the fact that it was categorically established that Iraq had no such weapons.

Bush supporters also believed, in comparison to Kerry supporters, overwhelmingly that Iraq was tied to Al Queda, when again it was categorically established there existed no such ties.

This article continues to establish that Bush supporters voted for an image and a set of factual inconsistencies that they either mistakenly believed or wanted to believe, whereas Kerry's supporters voted on facts.

Despite Rhetoric, Bush, Kerry Agree on Many Issues. Washington Post: May 9, 2004.

Although many people felt the 2004 election was an epic clash between two completely opposing camps, in reality, both sides…… [Read More]

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Advertising and Public Relations Serve to Communicate

Words: 1541 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43564571

Advertising and public relations serve to communicate ideas and convince the audience of something. Politicians are among the most prolific advertising spenders during election campaigns and can have enormous public relations machines. This is especially true of Presidential candidates, who must first run for their party's nomination and then must run for President. We know that Hillary Clinton went from frontrunner to loser in the race for the Democratic Presidential nomination in 2008. There are lessons to be learned about the different factors that contribute to selling an idea, in this case Clinton as President, to different audiences. This case study will evaluate Clinton's campaign leading up to the Democratic primary using the OSTE model. The OSTE model focuses on research, objectives, strategies, tactics and evaluation.

esources

The Hillary Clinton campaign at the time of the case was a large organization. It featured both extensive advertising and public relations, backed…… [Read More]

References:

Cree, C. (2008). Hillary Clinton's approach to social media killed her campaign. Success Creations. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from http://successcreeations.com/339/hillary-clintons-approach-to-social-media-killed-her-campaign/

Gawiser, S. & Witt, G. (2012). 20 questions a journalist should ask about poll results. National Council on Public Polls. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from  http://www.ncpp.org/?q=node/4 

Murray, M. (2008). The primary vs. general election fallacy. NBC News. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from  http://www.nbcnews.com/id/23591347/ 

OpenSecrets.org. (2008). Hillary Clinton. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from http://www.opensecrets.org/pres08/summary.php?cid=N
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Democrats Some Contend That the

Words: 3690 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12289311

urthermore, voter turnout for election 2004 exceeded voter turnout for 2000 by approximately 8%. However, many of those voters can be attributed to efforts of special interest groups, which appealed to voters in the extremes of both parties. If the Democrats plan to win future elections, they have to capture undecided voters in the swing states. The Democrats are not going to win the votes of the undecided by appealing to the far left of the Democratic Party.

Perhaps the best recent example of a moderate Democrat is Bill Clinton. Clinton was the last successful Democratic Presidential. In addition to being a political moderate, and despite the fact that Clinton was also better-educated than the average American and less overtly religious than Kerry, Clinton was seen as more in-touch with the average person. Some Democratic Party centrists have complained that Kerry's loss was due to him straying from the winning…… [Read More]

Fineman, Howard and Weston Kosova. 2004. Wanted: Better Donkeys. Newsweek. 15 November, 26.

Zakaria, Fareed. 2004. Writing Prose for a New Team. Newsweek, 15 November, 33.

Will, George F. 2004. The Deflation of Politics. Newsweek, 8 November, 64.
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Gender & Sexuality Gender and

Words: 460 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33470740

Typical examples include the occupations held by males and females and their recreational interests. Social role theory is particularly important in connection with sexual mores that prescribe very different sexual and courtship roles based on gender.

Connection between concept and article:

The article Gender Is a Relative Term in Politics, Study Finds incorporates the concept of social role theory in the way it describes the extreme rarity of female political candidates facing male candidates in high-level face-to-face debates in connection with political races. In the Unites States, it has been almost a quarter of a century since a male and female candidate for high-level national political office faced each other in a debate.

This is a direct function of the extent to which social expectation influences males and females differently to aspire to political office or achieve other positions of relative social power.

While the article focuses on the issue…… [Read More]

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Perceptions of Presidents With Disabilities

Words: 5791 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1358067

He would sometimes be wheel chaired to the door through which he would enter to make a public appearance, but once at the door, his leg braces would be put on him, and he would rely on his son's arm for support and balance (43-48). Later, with his son's support, he was able to use a cane, and the extent of his disability was successfully downplayed by the force of his political platform and the attention he commanded with powerful words and the presentation of himself in a dignified way with strong posture (43-48).

"Deeply concerned that the image of a 'permanently crippled man' seeking to lead a crippled nation out of the Depression would be damaging to his campaign, oosevelt's aides every effort to portray the Democratic nominee as a man who had conquered polio and who could walk. As he traveled across the country, his leg braces, without…… [Read More]

Reference List

Bardes, Barbara A., Shelley, Mark C., Schmidt, Steffen W. (2008).

American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials,

Coates, Peter A. (2006). American Perceptions of Immigrant and Invasive

Species: Strangers on the Land,
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Voter Turnout Helps Determine 2008

Words: 2312 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26044654

High turnouts also helped to determine several key local and state elections. The large numbers of Latino voters in California also helped secure the passage of Proposition 8, therefore revoking gay married couples of their rights. A majority of 53% of Latino voters supported Proposition 8 (Ferriss & Reese 1). This is also thought to be due to the higher association with religious institutions over white liberal voters in California

Young voters also flocked to the polls this election in record numbers. These voters represented a large liberal majority who voted primarily Democratic in most election decisions. Many sources have been labeling this 2008 election as the second largest youth turnout in the whole of American history, (Morgenstern 1). Unprecedented numbers of young voters showed up to the polls to make the voice of a young America heard. Somewhere within the ranges of 22 and 24 million young adults between…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Borenstein, Seth. "Voter Turnout Best in Generations, Maybe a Century." Associated

Press. 2008. Retrieved 18 Nov 2008 at http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5i34ao3tow5yhj2v7v24HM_wbT8JQD948LJRG0.

Farley, Robert. "Amendment 2 Fate Lies with Black Voter Turnout." St. Petersburg

Times. 2008. Retrieved 18 Nov 2008 at http://tampabay.com/news/politics/state/article868615.ece.
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Homeland Security

Words: 2043 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13036391

Demystifying the Title 10-Title 50 Debate: Distinguishing Military Operations, Intelligence Activities & Covert Action." The hypothesis that is presented at the outset of the article is that even though Congressional leaders have attempted to "redefine military preparatory operations as intelligence activities," those efforts are "legally and historically unsupportable" (all, 2011, p. 85). Moreover, the author expresses in the Abstract that Congress should "revise its antiquated oversight structure" to more accurately reflect the military's "integrated and interconnected world" (all, 85). all, who served as legal consultant for the U.S. Special Operations Command Central between 2007 and 2009, certainly has the experience and the insider's knowledge of this issue, and it comes through in his narrative. This is a unique study and the author's thesis and concerns are spelled out thoroughly.

The author begins the piece noting that Navy SEALS killed Osama bin Laden in May, of 2011, which is public knowledge…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chesney, Robert. "Military-Intelligence Convergence and the Law of the Title 10/Title 50

Debate." Journal of National Security Law and Policy, Vol. 5 (2011).

Smart, Stephanie. "Event Summary: The bin Laden Operation -- The Legal Framework."

Retrieved September 16, 2012, from http://www.americanbar.org/...covert_action_event.authcheckdam.pdf.
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Norman Birnbaum in His The

Words: 1008 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36971732



The author continues his analysis on how American politics will look like when he addresses the different points-of-view and chances of becoming the next American President for Mr. Obama and Mr. McCain.

An illustrative example of the many he offers, is the tax issue: once opposed to the tax cuts that President Bush made, Mr. McCain argues for the importance of lowering taxes whilst Mr. Obama argues for a system in which prosperous citizens pay more and higher taxes. Yet the most striking difference between the two that Birnbaum makes relates to foreign policy. The author basically argues in favor of Mr. Obama as he sees the McCain foreign policy not only imperial but also reckless and dangerous for the role that the United States will play in world politics. He sees McCain's vision as being worse that the Bush administration offering somehow exaggerated examples from the Republican candidate like…… [Read More]

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Impression New Media in the

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97115029

This correlates well with the authors' earlier indication from existing surveys, that a large amount of voters made decisions to vote for or against a candidate on the strength of information found online.

The authors also found that more informal means of information dissemination, such as blogs and YouTube, were very effective in terms of winning support for rallies. The main reason for this is the increasing access of the public to the new media. Ultimately, the authors found that politicians who used the new media in creative and effective ways were those who also won the most votes. Although the new media are certainly not the only influencing factor in determining the success or failure of a candidate, its prevalence in society today can hardly be overstated. Particularly, the political purposes of raising money, organizing volunteers and spreading information are areas in which the new media excel.

The research…… [Read More]

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Evolution Be Taught in Schools Introduction

Words: 2286 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72166000

Evolution be Taught in Schools?

Introduction / Thesis (Part One)

The debate between those that believe in creationism -- or "intelligent design," a refined offshoot of the creationism theory -- and those who believe in the science of evolution, spilled over into the schools in the United States many years ago. Conservative Christians and others who are in denial vis-a-vis Charles Darwin's research and theory argue that at the very least their religious-based theories should be placed side-by-side in public school textbooks. Scientists, biologists, teachers, scholars and others who accept the empirical nature of scientific evolution have battled to keep creationism and intelligent design (ID) out of the science textbooks -- with some degree of success albeit in certain conservative communities and states politicians and school board members have overruled logic by those insisting that ID be part of science textbooks. Some objective scholarship sees this debate as another example…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Antolin, Michael F., and Herbers, Joan M. (2001). Perspective: Evolution's Struggle for Existence in America's Public Schools. International Journal of Organic Evolution, 55(12),

2379-2388.

Armenta, Tony, and Lane, Kenneth E. (2010). Tennessee to Texas: Tracing the Evolution

Controversy in Public Education. The Clearing House, 86(3), 76-79.
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DRNC Forensics Workgroup Planning

Words: 1261 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30909454

DNC Forensics Workgroup Planning

It is the duty of this committee to set up sufficient security and forensic measures, while still ensuring "that the event continues safely and at the same time respect Constitutional rights, including freedom of speech and assembly" (Connors, 2007). Because of the highly controversy own nature of politics in the United States today, this will be a calculated effort. Undoubtedly, there will be issues with law enforcement dealing with protesters. The forensics task force must then be fully equipped to investigate any crimes committed sufficiently to produce evidence that can convict individuals later in a court of law.

To get started, it is important to understand what agencies are per feeding and how they will need to contribute their services at the time of the event. For planning purposes, it is important to set these responsibilities as early as possible to ensure that those responsible for…… [Read More]

References

Backus, W.D., & Chapian, M. (2000). Telling yourself the truth (20th ed.). Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House Publishers.

Adams, J.E. (1986). How to help people change. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House.
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Tiffany Brownlee the Field of

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85866732

However, in contrast to others, I do not agree with the assessment methods of the FCAT. The FCAT is the statewide educational assessment for the state of Florida and is intended to measure a student's prior and current knowledge of given subject matter.

The student is assessed in the areas of reading, writing, science and mathematics. It is stated that if a student attends school regularly, has in-school and home-based encouragement, eats a well-balanced diet, and completes given class and home learning assignments, he or she will have a better chance at passing this statewide test. Special emphasis must to be placed, in this case, on the importance of diet, because it is an aspect of a child's welfare that is often ignored in discussing education. It is paramount, for any child, to eat properly in order to allow one's brain and body to be attentive and alert during school.…… [Read More]

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Kagan Robert Kagan Has Been Described as

Words: 1156 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89417013

Kagan

obert Kagan has been described as a "neoconservative historian,"[footnoteef:1] and yet the commentator's views are more complex than can be squeezed into one phrase. Kagan does exhibit some of the hallmarks of neoconservative ideology, including the continued belief in American exceptionalism, and a willingness to use terms like "new world order."[footnoteef:2] Kagan vehemently opposes the belief that the American hegemon is declining in status and power, admitting only that the United States is rethinking its role in foreign policy and international affairs. Kagan is a foreign policy advisor who Barack Obama has reportedly heralded and cited in presidential speeches.[footnoteef:3] One reviewer of books in The New York Times described the author's work as being "wonderfully argued."[footnoteef:4] Another claims that glaring logical fallacies, "fuzzy generalizations, debatable assertions and self-important declarations of the obvious," generally discredit the international relations maestro.[footnoteef:5] Therefore, obert Kagan emerges as a highly controversial commentator who, at…… [Read More]

References

Kagan, Robert. "A Changing World Order." The Washington Post. 15 November, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-changing-world-order/2013/11/15/4ce39d1a-489a-11e3-b6f8-3782ff6cb769_story.html

Kagan, Robert. "A Twilight Struggle." Foreign Affairs. July/August 1996. Retrieved online: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/52129/david-c-hendrickson/a-twilight-struggle-american-power-and-nicaragua-1977-1990

Kagan, Robert. Of Paradise and Power. New York: First Vintage, 2004.

Kagan, Robert. The Return of History and the End of Dreams. New York: Random House, 2008.
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Political Science Themes Issues and

Words: 2469 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49839970

He commonly regales his backers with strong, repetitive phrases that carry a sermon-like quality of affirmation: "Yes we can." Obama's catchphrase has helped to attract even greater media support in the form of entertainment industry backing of the kind that appeals to the candidate's often young, white base. The musical group, the lack Eyed Peas recorded as song entitled "Yes We Can," that contains words from Obama's speeches as lyrics, and provides a powerful musical beat to his campaign while giving it the cachet of popular culture.

The media's love affair with arack Obama recently became a theme of the Clinton campaign when, beginning at the Texas debate, Hillary Clinton drew attention to a Saturday Night Live skit in which, during a simulated debate, arack Obama was offered a pillow to make him comfortable rather than asked the hardball questions that were hurled at his opponent.

The televised lampoon of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Colmes, Alan and Hannity, Sean.

Discussion of the Media's Treatment of Sen. Hillary Clinton." Hannity & Colmes, 27 February 2008.

Espo, David.

Clinton, Obama Trade Jabs on Health Care." Associated Press, 28 February 2008.
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American Presidency the Issue of

Words: 3208 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33740046

At the same time it was the fatal mistake that provoked and legitimized resistance to the revolutionary presidency." The Watergate scandal and the events leading to it were, from the perspective of the components mentioned above, the manifestation of both an imperial presidency visible in the way in which Nixon tackled the issue of Vietnam, and a revolutionary presidency, as the resignation of the president marked the beginning of a new period in the history of the presidential administrations.

The example of the Vietnam War is probably one of the most representatives for the issue under discussion, the idea of imperial presidency. In this sense, the author considers the right of Nixon to wage war against the authorization of the Congress. The main justification for the continuation of the war in Vietnam was the title of the president as Commander in Chief

Overall, the perspective offered by the book is…… [Read More]

Bibliography

McDonald, Forrest. The American Presidency: An Intellectual History. Lawrance: University Press of Kansas, 1994.

Rudalevige, Andrew. The New Imperial Presidency: Renewing Presidential Power after Watergate. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005.

Schlesinger, Arthur Jr. The Imperial Presidency. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1973

Arthur Jr. Schlesinger, the Imperial Presidency. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1973), 299
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Daily Show

Words: 1337 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2605821

Daily Show

One may decide to ask what the real incentive with which a person can be determined to vote for one presidential candidate or another is. Is it the U.S. foreign policy, including here the intervention in Iraq, is it national and individual security, or is it economic policy and welfare? According to the Stanford University Research Lab, there are two main issues that interest the U.S. citizen: terrorism-defense and economy. In this sense, it is easy to understand why former President Clinton has given John Kerry two major advices: "1. Focus on the economy. 2. Elections are about the future not the past."

It is no wonder this was coming from ill Clinton since, in spite of the turmoil in his private life and some questions regarding his individual morality, he was successfully elected for two consecutive mandates simply because he carried the Americans through the most prosperous…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. A Stronger Economy. On http://www.johnkerry.com/issues/economy/.See also The Kerry-Edwards Economic Plan

2. 2004 Presidential Election Coverage. On the Internet at http://www.actionco.com/news/graphs/index.htm

3. Carver, Tom. Campaign column: Kerry's new focus. BBC News. September 8th, 2004. On the Internet at   http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3637038.stm  

2004 Presidential Election Coverage. On the Internet at http://www.actionco.com/news/graphs/index.htm
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Secretary of State Transition From

Words: 3207 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60713404

Not all people who own guns are criminals nor will they end up using their gun, but it does feel better to know that in a worst case scenario situation, one will be able to fight back on even grounds.

Gun regulation is not about banning guns, but about controlling who has access to them. As proposed by the President, background checks are essential when it comes to being able to own a gun (Simon 2013). This is no way violates any sense of privacy or freedom and right to bear arms. It just assures the public that those who do have access and ownership of these powerful weapons will not use them in a hurtful or harmful way, nor will they, most importantly, hurt our children. Although it is difficult enough to protect children at home, no longer do children have that security and safety that used to be…… [Read More]

References:

LaFranchi, Howard. "Big Heels to Fill': What John Kerry Signaled to State Dept. On His First Day ( Video)." The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor, 04 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. .

Elementary School Rampage - CBS News. (n.d.). Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. Retrieved February 7, 2013, from http://www.cbsnews.com/2718-201_162-2046/elementary-school-rampage/

Simon, Mallory. "Gun Debate: Where Is the Middle Ground?" CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. .

"Inaugural Address." Fifty-Seventh Inaugural Ceremonies to Swear-in the President of the United States. Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, 21 Jan. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. .
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American Presidency

Words: 2692 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85133924

American Presidency

How Presidents can influence the policymaking process to suit their needs

constitution has created the executive branch and the executive power vested in the hands of the president. In fact, the president cannot act in isolation in running the executive branch. The president depends on the executive office staff and agencies like office of management and council of economic advisors and the policy development offices like the National Security Council. Further, the president selects individual cabinet members who lead the cabinet departments and other non-cabinet-level agencies. All these are mandated to interpret and implement laws passed by congress. All these departments act as advisors, formulating policies, and identifying issues for presidential consideration. In theory, all these divisions of the executive branch function in furthering the goals set by the president.

The presidents

The presidents are the heads of the federal executive branch. As strong as this might sound,…… [Read More]

References

Shull, S.A. (2012). Presidential policymaking: An end-of-century assessment. Armonk, NY [u.a.: Sharpe.

Mitchell, D. (2010). Making foreign policy: Presidential management of the decision-making process. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Riley, D.D., & Brophy-Baermann, B.E. (2006). Bureaucracy and the policy process: Keeping the promises. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.

Schraeder, P.J. (2008). United States foreign policy toward Africa: Incrementalism, crisis and change. Cambridge u.a: Cambridge Univ. Press.
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Function of the American Government the American

Words: 3137 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77559875

Function of the American Government

The American government has had a long-standing checks-and-balances efficiency within its three-branch system. Because of the separate governable powers within the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the United States, American law has been approved after many constant revisions and discussions. It is extremely commendable that the legislative branch takes into account the representation of both "state" and "people." This is not to say, of course, that the government system of the United States is utterly perfect; the executive branch certainly holds a bit more power within the government than one would like.

One major positive effect of the passing of laws is the representation included within those laws. Long before the House-and-Senate solution of Congress, there was always the problem of representation amongst the population of the respective states. State borders vary in land mass and population; how does one reconcile a largely-populated state…… [Read More]

References

Dahl, Robert. (1977). "On Removing Certain Impediments to Democracy in the United States." Political Science Quarterly 92(1), pp. 1-20. The Academy of Political Science.

Lieberman, Robert. (2011). "Why the Rich are Getting Richer: American Politics and the Second Gilded Age." Foreign Affairs.

Putnam, Robert D. (1996). "The Strange Disappearance of Civic America." The American Prospect 24, pp. 34-48.

Short Answer Questions -- Part Two
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Law Making Process of the

Words: 2496 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10943337

The length of time allowed for debate on a bill depends on the importance of the proposed measure and the debate time is usually divided equally between the proponents and the opponents of a measure. After the general debate, a 'second reading' of the bill is carried out during which members of the House (or the Senate, if the bill has originated in the Senate) are allowed to propose amendments in the bill ("Enactment of a Law"; Johnson 27-28).

Voting: hen the amendment process is completed, the bill is put up to the house for voting. Normally a simple majority vote is required for the passage of a bill. However, the House rules require a three-fifths vote to pass a bill, joint resolution, amendment, or conference report that contains a specified type of federal tax increase. In most cases, the voice vote is considered adequate for the voting process but…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Committees." United States Senate. 2007.  http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/committees/d_three_sections_with_teasers/committees_home.htm 

Committee Offices." U.S. House of Representatives. 2007. http://www.house.gov/house/CommitteeWWW.shtml

Enactment of a Law." United States Senate. 2007.  http://www.senate.gov/legislative/common/briefing/Enactment_law.htm 

Johnson, Charles, W. "How our Laws are Made." Document No. 108-93: U.S. Government Printing Office. June 20, 2003.  http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/howourlawsaremade.pdf
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American Government the Five Main

Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91599353

It separates the various forms of government and does not allow one to become more powerful than another, and it ensures that laws are created fairly, that justice is fair, and that the President does not gain too much power. Essentially, it is the backbone of our Democracy, and that assures our freedom and the public good.

Critics of the Constitution and its support of the public good believe that the laws can promote gridlock in legislation, and that it can make it easier for government leaders to not take responsibility for problems. However, the framers of the Constitution had the citizens in mind, and they formed it to create a Democratic country with the good of the public as a foremost concern.

The Virginia Plan was a plan favored by James Madison, and it had three branches, legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature chose the executive and judicial branches,…… [Read More]

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New Jersey Political Campaigns Politics

Words: 2363 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14028141



Another point of interest for the Congressman is the issue of the environment. The district he is representing deals with a lot of environmental challenges related to the condition of the ports, of the waters and the living creatures present there. At the same time, there is also the matter of irresponsible drilling operations which tend to endanger the equilibrium of the area. In this sense, the Congressman promoted a legislative initiative that would ban "offshore drilling off the Jersey Shore and all North and Mid-Atlantic states from Maine to Virginia." (Frank Pallone, Jr., 2007) in this way, the negative effects of unsafe exploitations can be somewhat limited.

A point related to the issue of the environment is the Congressman's initiative to increase the strictness of the EPA regulations regarding the reports on toxic requirements. By extension, he also got involved in the campaign to increase the awareness of beach…… [Read More]

References

CNN. Insight Politics. Transcripts. 2000. Accessed 5 September 2007, at http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0006/05/ip.00.html

Congressional District 6 Profile. 2004. Accessed 5 September, 2007, at http://www.njvoterinfo.org/cp/6.php?p=cp/6.php

Congressman Frank Pallone Jr. Pallone objects to certification of Ohio electoral votes in presidential election. 2004. Accessed 5 September 2007, at http://www.house.gov/list/press/nj06_pallone/pr_jan6_ohio_certify.html

Frank Pallone Jr. About me. 2007. Accessed 5 September 2007, at http://www.house.gov/pallone/biography.shtml
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Michael Kimmel's Transforming a Rape

Words: 2314 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16777762

Having grown up in an era where sex-based discrimination was legal, they understand how easy it would be to return to that era. This has led to a characterization of second-wave feminists as somehow militant, a label that even third-wave feminists might apply to them.

Looking at the 2008 Democrat presidential primaries, the conflict between second and third wave feminists became apparent. Many second-wave feminists felt that it was a woman's duty to vote for the female candidate because having a woman run as a serious contender in a presidential primary could be an isolated event. In contrast, many third-wave feminists, though thrilled that Clinton was taken seriously as a candidate, simply did not think that her candidacy would be an isolated event; instead, they believed that women would continue to make credible candidates in presidential elections. Moreover, many third-wave feminists, like the author, seemed to find racial barriers more…… [Read More]