Presidential Election Essays (Examples)

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Presidential Campaign

Words: 1192 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96947597

Presidential Candidates on Education

Education is the backbone of human growth in all fields of lives, by that economy, society, morality or personal development. It is the answer or solution to all the problems encountered by an individual, society or a nation. Through the direct use of knowledge, an educated person can help himself and others around him to overcome obstacles, develop himself and reach his highest potential. Therefore, education has been among the highest priorities of nations all over the world. Education has been among primary goals of all governments that ever ruled America and it is reason of American's success and hegemony in the world.

Thus, the candidates of American Presidential elections have come up with scrupulously detailed plans on improving the quality of education for people of America.

John Kerry is the candidate of the Democratic Party. He plans to increase job opportunities, increase the access and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

1) "John Kerry on Education" Official Web Site: Retrieved on 10th October 2004: http://www.johnkerry.com/issues/education/

2) "Transforming the Federal Role in Education" George Bush's Official Web Site: Retrieved on 10th October 2004: http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/education/

3) "No Child Left Behind" Accessed 10th Oct 2004: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/reports/no-child-left-behind.pdf.
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Elections and Campaigns What's Best

Words: 856 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91891541

Tracy Flick, a preppy overachiever, is running unopposed for student council president. Mr. M, the faculty advisor, distains Tracy and has decided she needs an opponent. Mr. M talks Paul, the injured quarterback, into running - to go for the glory of leadership instead of the momentary glow of sports. Tammy, Paul's sister, decides to run for president after her girlfriend leaves her for Paul. Throughout the movie each character takes actions, fair or unfair, for personal gain. Mr. M throws the election to Paul as revenge against Tracy for having had an affair with his friend and fellow teacher who is fired. Tracy tears down the election posters out of frustration and blames someone else. Tammy falsely claims responsibility for ruining the posters so that she will be expelled and able to transfer to an all girl's school. Paul is the only candidates who wants whatever the outcome will…… [Read More]

Election is a humorous farce disguised as a high school student council election. It explores the motivations of and influences on a candidate. Tracy Flick, a preppy overachiever, is running unopposed for student council president. Mr. M, the faculty advisor, distains Tracy and has decided she needs an opponent. Mr. M talks Paul, the injured quarterback, into running - to go for the glory of leadership instead of the momentary glow of sports. Tammy, Paul's sister, decides to run for president after her girlfriend leaves her for Paul. Throughout the movie each character takes actions, fair or unfair, for personal gain. Mr. M throws the election to Paul as revenge against Tracy for having had an affair with his friend and fellow teacher who is fired. Tracy tears down the election posters out of frustration and blames someone else. Tammy falsely claims responsibility for ruining the posters so that she will be expelled and able to transfer to an all girl's school. Paul is the only candidates who wants whatever the outcome will be, praying to God for each person to do well regardless of who wins.

All three movies use humor to exaggerates the issue each is asking the movie viewer to consider: Wag the Dog uses movie production and media tricks to ask the question of what is real and what is fake; Bulworth takes a straight-laced Senator and turns him into a rapper to show the realities of campaign funding; and Election elevates a student council election to a matter of life or death. While these issues are presented as humor, each situation can be transferred to the realities of American politics. The movies each give the viewer permission to be cynical of the voting process. They each illustrate how elections are not what they appear to be; collectively showing that the news media, professional marketers, the television and movie industry, and a candidate's campaign team can easily turn truth into fiction and fiction into truth.

These movies ironically foretold the future. The 2000 Presidential election was decided not by the voters, not by the Electoral College but by the Supreme Court. Ballots in Florida were reviewed by hand, lawyers and academia were called in to review elections laws and processes, the media cried lack of fairness, and each and every voter had to question the value of their vote. The country as a whole needs to evaluate the influence of campaign financing, the lack of consistent voting methodology, and the use of television advertising on how the United States of America elects its leaders and establish their laws. The U.S.A. citizens need to question if the process is really fair, fully representative and produces the best leadership for their country.
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Poll Data to Help Predict Outcome of 2012 Presidential Race

Words: 823 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65293879

Presidential Election Poll Data 2012

National Poll Data: 2012 Presidential Election

We are waist deep into election season. Now is the time for frantic fundraising, polling, and campaigning. ecent polls show a lot about the political beliefs and behavior of upcoming American voters. Analyzing poll results can help forecast the next president of the United States. After examining three polls in particular, a strong prediction can be made showing now President Barack Obama as the next likely president of the United States.

One ongoing poll helps paint a very detailed picture of how the two candidates are fairing within the American presidential race of 2012. This was a detailed poll that is continuously producing numbers base don interviewing registered voters. It is being conducted by Gallup Politics. Beginning in April 2012, representatives from Gallup Politics have asked registered voters "Suppose the presidential election were held today, if Barack Obama were…… [Read More]

References

Elliott, Scott. (2012). Latest polls & pundit ratings changes. Election Projection. Web. Retrieved September 29, 2012 from  http://www.electionprojection.com/2012elections/polls/ 

Gallop Politics. (2012). Election 2012 Trial Heat. Obama vs. Romney among registered voters. Polls. Web. Retrieved September 29, 2012 from  http://www.gallup.com/poll/150743/Obama-Romney.aspx 

Rainey, James. (2012). Mitt Romney's 47% comment alienated undecided voters: Poll. Los Angeles Times. Web. Retrieved September 29, 2012 from http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/la-pn-mitt-romneys-47-percent-poll-20120925,0,5822326.story
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2004 Presidential Campaign

Words: 1124 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4389805

Presidential Candidates

The presidential elections are due this November and therefore the campaign by the candidates is in full swing. The two candidates, Senator John Kerry and the present President George W. ush, have adopted various strategies and campaign styles that could possibly help them win majority's votes. Here, is a comparison of their campaign styles, statements, position on various issues and websites and how this all has affected their poll results.

John Kerry has been traveling around the country, giving speeches at different universities, cities, union meetings etc. The main aim of his campaign is to pinpoint the mistakes/blunders committed by the ush Administration and how he plans to amend them. However, neither his official website nor his speeches mention any of his past successes as a Senator, which would guarantee people of his success as a President. elow are some of extracts from his speeches and plans.

One…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Kerry blasts Bush on Iraq, Thursday, March 18th 2004,retrieved online on March 21st 2004

http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/news/nation/8214194.htm

Kerry criticizes Bush on domestic security, Sunday March 21st 2004, retrieved online on March 21st 2004,  http://www.arabtimesonline.com/arabtimes/breakingnews/view.asp?msgID=5130 

Kerry leads Bush in the new poll, Tuesday Feb3rd 2004,retreived on March 212004, http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/02/02/elec04.poll.prez
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Presidential Campaign the Current Political Campaign Has

Words: 2210 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27615267

Presidential Campaign

The current political campaign has been met with great controversy and division amongst the American People. On the one hand, we have an incumbent president that has led the country through the most tragic time in our history. On the other hand, we have his opponent that believes that more can be done to secure the country against terrorism and the war in Iraq. In addition, we will explore the position of Ralph Nader, a third party candidate. The purpose pf this discussion is to focus on the views that these three candidates have and draw some conclusions about how each candidate desires to help the country.

Healthcare:

The problem of affordable healthcare is one of the main issues that will ship this election. Many Americans do not have any healthcare coverage and many others do not have the amount of health coverage that they need. In addition,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Affordable Healthcare for all. 2004. Official John Kerry Website. 3 October 2004 http://www.johnkerry.com/issues/health_care/

National Security Strategy that Meets the Challenges of Our Time. 2004. Republican National Convention. 3 October 2004 http://www.gop.com/GOPAgenda/AgendaPage.aspx?id=5 stronger Economy. 2004. Official John Kerry Website. 3 October 2004 http://www.johnkerry.com/issues/economy/

Creating Opportunity for America's Workers. 2004. Official Website of George W. Bush. 3 October 2004 http://georgewbush.com/Economy/

Creation of More Jobs by Investing in America's Future. Official Ralph Nader Website. 3 October 2004 http://www.votenader.org/issues/index.php?cid=11
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Presidential Character by James Barber

Words: 1550 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63121539

He seems to draw easy causal connections between policy and personality that deny the exterior circumstances of history. For example, he suggests that Hoover's rigid personality made him unable to accept changes in classical economic theory during the beginning of the Great Depression, and to adopt a more Keynesian approach. Barber asserts that it was not the conventional wisdom of the time that hampered Hoover as much as his own character, despite the fact that few people really could assuredly state they had the 'answer' to the financial crisis at that time. The adaptive-negative aspects of Johnson's personality made that president similarly resistant to the idea of pulling out of Vietnam, and his egoism made him unwilling to be seen as 'losing' the war -- but what about the pressures of the Cold War during that era? Historians also might find some objection to Barber's psychoanalyzing so many major presidential…… [Read More]

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Presidential Studies the Transfer of

Words: 2836 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64032062

S. interests in that part of the world. Then, on January 17, 1991, the U.S. launched the first attack, with more than 4,000 bombing runs. After 100 hours, Bush called off the offensive, saying he wanted to minimize U.S. casualties.

Though Bush was criticized for this withdrawal being premature, the U.S. made a retreat from Kuwait after the successful offensive, and Bush's approval ratings reached new highs.

Bush announced in early 1992, that he would run again for President, and his reelection looked probable. However, higher taxes and uncontrolled economic problems brought his term to an end in 1992, and Bush lost to Bill Clinton. Bush was running as a conservative, but so were oss Perot and Pat Buchanan (who ran against him for the epublican nomination).

In order to defeat Pat Buchanan's bid for the epublican nomination, Bush declared even more conservative stances. Though he defeated Pat Buchanan, oss…… [Read More]

References

Farnsworth, S.J. And Lichter, S.R. (2004), New presidents and network news: covering the first year in office of Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 34:3, 29 Jul 2004, 674.

Frye, T. (1999). Changes in Post-Communist Presidential Power: Political Economy Explanation. A paper prepared for Ohio State University. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://kellogg.nd.edu/events/pdfs/Frye.pdf

Kelley, C.S., and Marshall, B.W. (2006). The Last Mover Advantage: Presidential Powers and the Role of Signing Statements, Chicago, IL. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p139737_index.html.

Mann, J. (2002). The ghost of the oval office, New York Times, October 4, 2002.
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Presidential Address 1 5 Pages Requested My Fellow

Words: 487 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15856047

PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS (1.5 pages requested)

My fellow Americans, the past two years have been tremendously challenging for all of us, as well as for me personally as your president. Tonight, I feel that I have to address a specific problem that has emerged since my election and that I fear is undermining the integrity of the constitutional form of government upon which all of us rely to guarantee the effectiveness of this great democratic republic.

As you know, the two-party political system and the bicameral nature of the American Congress is designed to guard against the usurpation of power by any one political party or group. However, in the last two years, a disturbing pattern has emerged in which some of the safeguards expressly designed and built into this system have been misused very deliberately and systematically for the purpose of achieving purely political goals and at great expense to,…… [Read More]

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2012 Presidential Campaigns the Use of Television

Words: 2428 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49147615

2012 presidential campaigns, the use of television advertising was characterized by unprecedented advertising volumes. The political advertising in the 2012 presidential campaign contributed greatly to the win of Obama into office due to high consistency levels and coherence (Tedesco & Dunn, p. 80). The increase was attributed to outside groups like PACs who were able to raise and spend dollars in advertising for the current post-Citizens United regulatory regime. In the pro-Obama, Super PAC Priorities presented vicious attacks on omney's personal credibility (Tedesco & Dunn, p. 89). These ads brought the fact that omney was unaware of the needs of ordinary Americans due to layoffs initiated by Bain Capital, omney's company. At the presidential level, advertising in 2012 was extremely negative and evoked anger emotions but marked the highest spending point in terms of advertising. An open question is whether the negativity will abate in next presidential election campaigns (Fowler…… [Read More]

References

Fowler, E.F. & Ridout, T.N. (2013). Negative, Angry, and Ubiquitous: Political Advertising in

2012. The Forum, 10(4), 51-61.

Hendricks, J.A. (n.d.). Chapter 8: The New-Media Campaign of 2012.

Hendricks, J.A. (n.d.). How the News Media Shape Political Campaigns.
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Communications Media Coverage of Presidential

Words: 2440 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24687851

A candidate is "dumb" or, possibly, "dumber" than his opponent.

The assassination of a Basque politician by the Basque separatist group ETA on the very eve of the election, March 7th, threatened to again confound public opinion of the relative merits of the two major candidates. Ramon Cotarelo, a professor of political science at Madrid's Complutense University opined that public sympathy could swing to Zapatero because the assassinated man was a member of his party or, as the media also reported, "But it could go the other way.... People might say, 'iron fist. The Socialists are no good. Look, they negotiate and it does no good. You have to vote for the right.'"

The idea that public opinion is so easily swayed by last minute violence, or by emotional responses to such violence, is typical of much political thinking in the two countries. Time is not wasted on the real…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=28520584

Boehm, Christopher. Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

From the Tour: Titian and the Late Renaissance in Venice." The Collection, National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2006. URL:  http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg23/gg23-1226.0.html . http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5025442054

DNC: McCain Myth Buster: John McCain and John Hagee." News Wire, 3 March 2008. www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5025442054
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Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections

Words: 3709 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39248298

Strategic Use and Impact of Social Media in the 2012 Elections

The goal of the research is to find evidence of the use and impact of social media in U.S.'s 2012 presidential elections. This is because it was reported that President Obama won the elections because of the ground operation presented by volunteers of his elections' campaigns (CNN ire 1). I chose this topic since reports in state media indicated that the Republican Party was heading in the pre-election polls, but in the end, the Democratic Party won due to the use of technological innovation (Edsall 1). An in depth analysis of the research problem intends to reveal that the presidential contest favored President Obama, for using social media. Social media is increasingly an easy, fast, and effective way for people to have personal contact through technology. The intention is to prove the political premise that the most effective means…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Changing Face of America Helps Assure Obama Victory." Pew Research Center for the People & The Press. People-Press. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

"Election 2012: Barack Obama wins with 'Better Ground Game'." CNN Wire. 7 Nov 2012. Web. 19 Apr 2013.

Blow, Charles M. "Election Data Dive." New York Times. Nov 9, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.

Edsall, Thomas, B. "Campaign Stops: What We Already Know." New York Times, The Opinion Pages. Nov 4, 2012. Web. Apr 19, 2013.
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Citizen United on the 2012 Elections Effects

Words: 1280 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89410191

Citizen United on the 2012 Elections

Effects of Citizen United

Citizens United is an organization in the United States that does not operate on profit and that focuses on conservatism. The scenario that is commonly related to the organization is the particular Supreme Court Case 'Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission," which attempted to ascertain the legality of specific aspects of campaign finance. The ruling that was made in the case influenced numerous practices that can be condoned during the election period. The 2012 elections are similarly projected to be influenced majorly by Citizens United based on the various changes that it has caused in the election system.

Citizen United's mission is described to be dedication to the restoration of the government of the United States to the control of the 'citizens'. In addition, it is committed to asserting American values that are linked to freedom of enterprise, national sovereignty…… [Read More]

References

Bai, M. (2012). How Much Has Citizen United Changed the Game? The New York Times. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/22/magazine/how-much-has-citizens-united-changed-the-political-game.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all

Millhiser, I. (2012). Citizen United Has Already Doubled The Amount of Outside Spending in Presidential Election Years. Think Progress. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://thinkprogress.org/justice/2012/03/12/442227/citizens-united-has-already-doubled-the-amount-of-outside-spending-in-presidential-election-years/?mobile=nc 

Stone, R. (2012). Koch Brothers Behind Paul Ryan as VP Choice. Economic Policy Journal.com. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://www.economicpolicyjournal.com/2012/08/paul-ryan-koch-brothers-get-their-man.html 

Toobin, J. (2012). Money Unlimited. The New Yorker. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2012/05/21/120521fa_fact_toobin
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Civics- Presidential Campaign and State

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17574419

This relationship was shown to be very high, and this shows that there is a great link between the economic condition of the country and the outcome of the elections irrespective of the other factors that play a role in the election. (Erikson, 27)

The war in raq and the peoples dissatisfaction with the policy of war where the causalities of over a million was not welcomed by the people although it gave the incumbent Bush a better rating. Thus though the war was a drain on the resources it contributed to the sentiments of the voters which brought in a second term to Bush. The 2004 election is a pointer in this regard. The 2000 election had placed Bush in a position where the party and his popularity were strong. At the beginning of the millennium Bush became the President inheriting a very strong economy and growing commercialization following…… [Read More]

It is not a new finding and researches earlier have confirmed this view. One of the important factors that determine the outcome of the election is the per capita income. The growth of the Per Capita income in a period of the Presidency signals a vote in favor of the incumbent. The evidence analyzed ever since World War II show that there is a definite correlation between economic conditions and the vote for the incumbent party. This relationship was shown to be very high, and this shows that there is a great link between the economic condition of the country and the outcome of the elections irrespective of the other factors that play a role in the election. (Erikson, 27)

The war in Iraq and the peoples dissatisfaction with the policy of war where the causalities of over a million was not welcomed by the people although it gave the incumbent Bush a better rating. Thus though the war was a drain on the resources it contributed to the sentiments of the voters which brought in a second term to Bush. The 2004 election is a pointer in this regard. The 2000 election had placed Bush in a position where the party and his popularity were strong. At the beginning of the millennium Bush became the President inheriting a very strong economy and growing commercialization following the new globalization. (Crotty, 111)

The economy was thus a favorable factor for Bush and coupled with the fact that he was the incumbent it aided in keeping him in the seat for the second term. However the 2004 elections showed that the democratic nominee Al Gore was popular and Bush won by a slender majority in the Electoral College. By the time the first year of Presidency was over in 2004, from the period 2000-2004, the economy was beginning to decline and the Democratic Party hoped that the economic conditions may overthrow Bush. But as it is argued all along economic systems do not by themselves influence voters. (Crotty, 117) The economic conditions thus while playing a major role cannot be said to be the only factor or cannot be taken as the prime
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Federal Campaign Contribution Laws for Presidential and Vice Presidential

Words: 915 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25458127

Federal Campaign Contributions

Over the last several years, this issue of campaign finance has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because the influences of the affluent and special interests in the field of politics have become more perverse. However, the issue of the involvement of special interests in elections has been a major challenge (with the founding fathers warning about how this is a threat to democracy). ("The Presidential Election")

ecently, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that limits placed on campaign contributions (i.e. soft money) are unconstitutional. This has opened the flood gates for many different groups to establish political action committees (PACs) that will provide unlimited donations to candidates. This is going directly against the very laws which are designed to limit the influence of the special interests. As, there is a patchwork of regulations that are not supported by: consistent rulings from the courts. Instead, a…… [Read More]

References

"The 2012 Presidential Election." Open Democracy, 2012. 20 Apr. 2012

"A Century of U.S. Campaign Finance Laws." NPR, 2012. Web. 20 Apr. 2012

"John Edwards Repays $1.2 Million." Inquisitr, 2012. Web. 20 Apr. 2012.

"Obama Romney Campaign Commercials." CBS News, 2012. Web. 20 Apr. 2012
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Mantle How Presidential Nominations Are

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79793034

In this regard, throughout American history, the political pundits have argued about who was going to be the next president and why, but one of the foremost factors that has not been included in their analysis has been gender and race. Indeed, to date, it would have been completely accurate to predict that it was a foregone conclusion that the next president would be "a rich white guy." Today, though, for the first time in America's history, the electorate is faced with some new choices that may spell the end of the good ol' boy cabal that has always seemed to control the political process in one fashion or another. In fact, the United States may be fielding its first viable black and female candidates ever during the next presidential election, and it the question is no longer a matter of "is America ready for a black or female president?"…… [Read More]

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Agenda-Setting Function Mass Media Work Current Presidential

Words: 1167 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71066103

agenda-setting function mass media work current presidential election. Consider essay: a) What issue(s) highlighted media ( candidates ) effect voters year? b) There emphasis independent voters swing states Ohio.

The role of the media in today's society is considered of utmost importance. It shapes opinions, if creates opinions, but most importantly it influences the way in which perceptions are created and decisions taken. This is why the media is viewed in a democratic society to be the fourth power in the state, after the executive, legislative, and judicial ones. This role is most obvious perhaps during election years and periods, regardless of the type of voting action. This is largely due to the fact that the media usually influences the agenda of the elections to take place.

The importance of the presidential elections is without any doubt. These are the times when the media exercises its biggest influence. The Watergate…… [Read More]

References

America.gov.. Third Parties in U.S. Elections. 2008 http://www.america.gov/st/usg-english/2008/September/20080926163103naneerg0.5847132.html

Driehaus, B. "Court Orders Ohio to Include Libertarian Party on Ballot." The New York Times. 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/19/us/politics/19ohio.html?_r=1

McCombs, M. The Agenda-Setting Role of the Mass Media in the Shaping of Public Opinion. N.d.  http://www.infoamerica.org/documentos_pdf/mccombs01.pdf 

The Conservative Brawler. Agenda-Setting What is it, what role did it play in the 2008 presidential election and where is it going? Agenda-Setting in the Media. 2009. http://www.theconservativebrawler.com/2009/11/msm-agenda-setting-in-2008-election.html
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American Elections Have Become Undemocratic and Must Be Dramatically Overhauled

Words: 1735 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24627789

American Elections Have ecome Undemocratic

The American electoral process has been criticized on several points. This paper addresses some, though not all, of the ways in which the American political process has been criticized. Starting with campaign finance and whether expensive advertising exerts an influence on the outcome of elections out of proportion to its importance, I discuss the difficulty faced by potential candidates in getting their names on ballots when they are not the candidate being promoted by either the Democrats or Republicans. I then address whether the idea of plurality in national elections is a rational one and conclude with a discussion of the Electoral College and whether its presence and influence in the outcome of the presidential race runs contrary to the expressed democratic spirit of the United States.

First, there is the issue of campaign finance. Essentially, the uncomfortable question is this: is the American system…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. "Abolish the Electoral College" The Rest of Us.Org 2005. 29 April 2005

2. "Frequently Asked Questions." U.S. Electoral College 2005. National Archives & Records Administration 30 April 2005.

3. "Quick Answers to Candidate Questions" U.S. Federal Election Commission. 2005. 1 May 2005.

4. Kinsley, Michael, "Sitting Pretty." CNN Time September Edition CNN.com 29 April 2005
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General Politics Presidency Election

Words: 1532 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56705020

role of government in the current debates surrounding the enactment of universal healthcare and the illicit drug war along the Mexican border, it is critical to look to the powers granted by the Constitution. Yet, the Constitution has always meant different things to different people throughout American history. As any law student will tell you, one of the major conflicts surrounding the Constitution is the concept of Originalism. This legal understanding holds that if the Constitution is to mean anything, the courts must interpret it through the lens of the men who put the ink to the paper and established the government (calia, 1998). Yet, significant flaws exist in this theory as the Founders themselves were not of one mind but were a diverse and politically combative group to the point of fighting duels with one another (e.g. Hamilton's murder at the hands of Burr). To return to these modern…… [Read More]

Sources:

Baker, P. 2010. Obama Making Plans to Use Executive Power. New York Times. 12 Feb 2010.

Fiegerman, S. 2011. Congress Approval Rating Hits All Time Low. The Street. 21 Dec 2011.

Immigration Policy Center, 2009. Enforcing Immigration Laws. American Immigration Council. Last Accessed 12 Jan 2012. URL:  http://www.immigrationpolicy.org/just-facts/enforcing-immigration-laws-repairing-our-broken-immigration-system 

Matthews, M. 2012. How Obama Sucker Punched Republicans on the Budget. Forbes. 12 Jan 2012. URL: http://www.forbes.com/sites/merrillmatthews/2012/01/12/how-obama-sucker-punched-republicans-on-the-budget/
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Shirley Chisholm 1972 Presidential Campaign

Words: 1271 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57374325

This can be clearly demonstrated by the fact that it took another 26 years for a black man to be elected president and we have yet to see a female head of state. Demographic representation in either major party has also come in waves of more or less over the years and both parties are still arguably challenged by special interest dominance and a more often then not wealthy constitution, with an even more wealthy pool of candidates to choose from, owing in great part to the not decreasing but increasing cost of running for national office at the congressional and presidential levels. (Magarian 1939)

Critics like Chisholm, though in the minority demanded changes such as an end to the Vietnam ar and limitations or challenges to the seniority systems in the House and other arenas that dominate who and why voices are heard in various legislative debates and formulations…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chisholm, Shirley Anita St. Hill." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2007.

President.org. "Shirley Chisholm for President 1972 Campaign Brochure  http://www.4president.org/brochures/shirelychisholm1972brochure.htm .

Magarian, Gregory P. "Regulating Political Parties under a "Public Rights" First Amendment." William and Mary Law Review 44.5 (2003): 1939.

Miller, Arthur H. & Miller, Warren E. "Issues, Candidates and Partisan Divisions in the 1972 American Presidential Election" British Journal of Political Science, 5. 4 Oct., 1975: 393-434.
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Gubernatorial Elections This Year the

Words: 3233 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49970912

"

Another factor that determined the failure in the 2002 elections, is that the Democratic candidates' campaign was not as aggressive as it should have been. The Democrats' opponents used attack campaigns, so the Democratic candidates should have responded "preferably with a plan that turns his attack campaign into a character issue on him."

Other than this, Shawni Littlehale of the free-market Pioneer Institute for Public Policy esearch estimates that: "the majority of the electorate wants a fiscally conservative governor to push for lower taxes and cuts in our bloated state government, while they want their [state] rep/state senator to bring home perks for their cities ad towns."

The Democrats' success in the 2006 elections was determined by a very strong electoral campaign, the 50-State Strategy. From the beginning, the Democrats were determined to win and geared up in every precinct in the country in an unprecedented 50-state organizing strategy.…… [Read More]

Reference List

Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 2006. (2006). Wikipedia. Retrieved December 3, 2006 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_gubernatorial_election%2C_2006.

Kamarck, Elaine C. Glass Ceiling. Why the dominant Democrats can't elect a governor. (2003). CommonWealth. Retrieved December 3, 2006.

Keough, Robert. Why can't the Bay State elect a Democratic Governor? (2003). CommonWealth. Retrieved December 3, 2006.

The 50-State Strategy (2006). The Democratic Party. Retrieved December 4, 2006 at http://www.democrats.org/a/2006/09/50-state_strate_17.php.
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2008 Democratic Presidential Primary --

Words: 7199 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46180969

Meanwhile in the journal Du Bois Review (Parker, et al., 2009, p. 194) the authors point to racism and patriotism as key themes for the 2008 Democratic primary election. "Race was a consistent narrative" used by those opposed to Obama, Parker explains (p. 194). Both Clinton and the Republicans "used racial references" to attack Obama, including the attacks on Obama "for his perceived inability to connect to 'real working Americans'" (p. 194).

The Republican sideshow called "Joe the plumber" attacked Obama with the charge that Obama was "seeking to take money from hardworking 'real Americans' to give it to 'those people'" (p. 194). Clinton questioned Obama's patriotism suggesting that he was not a "real" American. Parker notes that when Governor Dukakis ran for president as a Democrat, he was attacked but no one questioned whether he was "a real American as they did with Obama" (p. 195).

The authors present…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alter, Jonathan. "Leading Democrats to Bill Clinton: Pipe Down." Newsweek. (2008).

Retrieved March 17, 2010, from  http://www.newsweek.com .

Balz, Dan, and Johnson, Hanes. The Battle for American 2008: The Story of an Extraordinary

Election. New York: Viking, 2009.
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American Elections of 1876

Words: 1558 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28743408

Shady American Elections of 1876

The most corruption ridden, heinous and questionable presidential election in American history had only just begun. During the presidential campaign, Rutherford was blasted by Tilden's opposition labeling him thief, briber and a drunkard. Eyebrows were raised in states controlled by Republican about voting fraud; armed and dangerous bigoted white democrats had enveloped the South thwarting blacks from voting in elections. Hence in the aftermath, South Carolina, Louisiana and Florida were judged too close to call. With these states still in-pending, Tilden was short of one electrical vote of 185 as written in the constitution to win an election. Hayes captured 165 electoral votes; now he just needed 20 electoral votes to win from these mentioned three states to attain the president's seat. The crisis began slowly leading up to the threat of a civil war which finally concluded behind the curtain deal, popularly known as…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Harmon, Mark D. "The New York Time sand the Theft of the 1876 Presidential Election." Journal of American Culture (2004): 35-41. Retrieved from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1542-734X.1987.1002_35.x/abstract

History. n.d. 29 March 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/compromise-of-1877

Holt, Michael F. Gilder Lehrman. n.d. 29 March 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/reconstruction/essays/contentious-election-1876

King, Gilbert. Smithsonian Mag. 07 September 2012. 29 March 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-ugliest-most-contentious-presidential-election-ever-28429530/?no-ist
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E-Voting and Related Use of the Internet for Elections

Words: 2402 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35078329

E-Voting and elated Use of the Internet for Elections

Electronic voting often regarded as Internet voting, online voting or e-voting is an electoral system that utilizes encoding to permit a voter to pass on their secure and confidential ballot over the web. (E-Ping meeting Brussels) The democratic system of formation of government entails authority of the citizens to choose leaders and to represent them in the Legislative Assembly and form the government. It is pertinent to note that a lot of citizens are found to be uninterested in the process of election and do not even cast their vote. Such attitude of the voters may arise out of the lack of awareness about how and where to cast their ballot, lack of awareness about the election process or lack of time. (unning Head: Future Elections -- On the Internet?)

This is particularly true in case of United States since there…… [Read More]

References

Cross, Michael. Voting against Internet Elections. The Guardian. February 12, 2004, pp: A4-A5

e-Ping meeting Brussels. 10 September 2002. Retrieved from www.eping.org/docs/oostveen.ppt Accessed on 14 October, 2004

How E-Voting Threatens Democracy. 29 March, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/news/evote/0,2645,62790,00.html?tw=wn_story_related Accessed on 14 October, 2004

Jalonick, Mary Clare. Q& A: Campaigning on the Internet - Strategy & Tactics: Using the Internet in Politics. Campaigns and Elections. Volume: 12; No: 1; September, 2002. pp: 25-28
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Winning an Election President Incumbent

Words: 970 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20870157

incumbent is the existing holder of a political office who normally has a structural advantage over challengers during an election," ("The Power of Incumbency" 1). In the House of Representatives, incumbents win over 80% of their elections ("The Power of Incumbency" 1). For the presidential race, the power of incumbency is different and in many ways, weaker due to term limits and the nature of the executive office. Anti-incumbency can haunt presidents who, for whatever exogenous or endogenous factors, had a difficult presidency. Prevailing party fatigue can also be a factor boosting the chances of a non-incumbent from the opposing political party. In the case of presidential elections taking place after a two-term president such as in 2016, there is no incumbent and therefore the process by which the hopefuls win their party's nomination becomes the focal point of their campaign work.

Incumbents enjoy obvious advantages over their non-incumbent counterparts…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McLaughlin, Dan. "History is not on the Democrats' Side in 2016." The Fedeeralist. Retrieved online: http://thefederalist.com/2014/09/04/history-is-not-on-the-democrats-side-in-2016/

Nelson, Michael. Guide to the Presidency and the Executive Branch. Fifth Edition. Los Angeles,: Sage, 2013.

"The Power of Incumbency." Boundless. Retrieved online: https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/congress-11/congressional-elections-81/the-power-of-incumbency-446-1638/
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Dollarocracy How the Money and Media Election Complex Is Destroying America

Words: 2854 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12030934

Dollarocracy

Nichols and McChesney (2013) write about election spending and the negative effect that it has on democracy and governance in America in their book Dollarocracy: How the money-and-election complex is destroying America.. They have divided the book into central themes, including the concept of privilege, spending by the very wealthy, advertising and the role of the media in the election machine, finally arriving at some suggestions for reform to restore balance to the democratic system of the United States.

The book opens with an explanation of one of the core principles that underpins their arguments, that America is a society driven by class differences. Those with privilege consistently seek to use that privilege to enhance it. The authors make the case that such practices at this point are so rampant that "the United States is now rapidly approaching a point where the electoral process itself ceases to function as…… [Read More]

References

Nichols, J. & McChesney, R. (2013). Dollarocracy: How the money-and-election complex is destroying America. New York: Nation Books.
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1992 Presidential Campaign Television Advertising

Words: 1866 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44198367

The answer to this open-ended question was "someone other than Bush." They should have framed the question to leave only their answer, rather than suggesting we were "one unknown dictator away from the next major crisis." "Arkansas 2" gave us nothing to identify with except vague, generalized fear. This "differential reinforcement" (Althouse, Nardulli and Shaw 2001, p. 4) failed.

If these were the only campaign outreach, this would bear out the theory that negative or depressing / violent ads, even when they are supposed to support the incumbent rather than deride the opponent, mostly reinforce voters' existing attitudes (Althouse, Nardulli and Shaw 2001, p. 1-2), and drain resources away from where they could actually generate. If these types of commercials demoralize the American voter toward elections and government in general, we would think the politicians running for office would want to generate positive, rather than negative participation effects. Unless of…… [Read More]

References

Althouse, S., Nardulli, P. And Shaw, D. (2001). Campaign Effects on Presidential Voting, 1992

2000. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, August 30 -- September 2, 2001, San Francisco, CA. Retrieved from www.communication.illinois.edu/salthaus/Research/campeffect.pdf

Benoit, W., Leshner, G. And Chattopadhyay, S. (2007). A Meta-Analysis of Political

Advertising. Human Communication. A Publication of the Pacific and Asian Communication Association. 10 (4), 507 -- 522. Retrieved from  http://epublications.marquette.edu/comm_fac/9/
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Money & National Political Elections

Words: 2903 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37535214

17).

The third secondary source we will look at here is Kaiser (2009). Kaiser argues that money has corroded the electoral process in the United States. He gives statistical data on the rising cost of political campaigns as an indication of how money's importance has grown in the last several decades. If the campaigns of all the candidates for President, the House, and the Senate cost less than a billion dollars in 1976, in 2000 it was $2.8 billion (even if adjusted to the inflation), while in 2004 it was $4.2 billion. "This steady increase appears now to be a permanent fixture of our politics," he says (p. 290). Kaiser also gives examples of how money spent by individuals allowed them to win seats in the House or the Senate. For example, John Corzine, a retired investment banker and a Democrat, won a Senate seat from New Jersey in 2000…… [Read More]

References

Austen-Smith, D. (1993) Information and Influence: Lobbying for Agendas and Votes. American Journal of Political Science, 37(3): 799-833.

Bartels, L.M. (2005) Economic Inequality and Political Representation. Unpublished paper. Retrieved on February 15, 2001, from  http://www.princeton.edu/~bartels/economic.pdf 

Derek, C., ed. (2002) the Best Elections Money Can Buy. U.S. PIRG Education Fund Report. Retrieved on February 15, 2011, from  http://cdn.publicinterestnetwork.org/assets/_8MuDgm1AnavpYKIfwgxSA/bestelections10_02.pdf .

Farman, T.W., & Eggen, D. (2010) Republican Congressional Candidates Race Ahead in Fundraising. Washington Post. Retrieved on February 15, 2011, from  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/10/16/AR2010101603236.html
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Big Data Source for 2014 Election

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11504040

Open Data Source for Election 2014

Open data are the data that can be freely redistributed and used by anyone for personal or research purpose. One of the examples of open data is a government data that contain tremendous resources. Moreover, the open government data can assist in making a better decision. By law, the government data should be opened to anybody. Thus, the political analysts and statisticians have taken the advantages of the open data to generate a big data for the U.S. 2014 senate election in order to predict the outcome of the election results.

The purpose of this research is to investigate the role of big data for the analysis of the 2014 U.S. senate election. Since 2012, the big data has played a major role in the U.S. politics. In 2012, the epublican used the data analytics in winning the 2012 Presidential election by using the…… [Read More]

Reference

Scherer,(2012). Inside the Secret World of the Data Crunchers Who Helped Obama Win, Time, Nov. 7, 2012.

Shen, G. (2013). Big Data, Analytics and Elections. Analytics Inform.

The Economist (2014). The Republicans win the Senate. The Economists.

Woodie, A. (2014). How Data Analytics Shaped Election Day 2014. Datanami.
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Presidential Power

Words: 1125 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25330873

Presidential Power

While the scope of modern presidential power far exceeds the very limited but potent powers that the President is given in Article II of the Constitution, it does not appear that those powers have increased dramatically over the last 20 years, especially when one compares the President's power with congressional power. It is important to keep in mind that most presidents have "used their implied and informal presidential powers to enhance their personal influence" (Annenberg Foundation, 2014). This began with Washington and, in many ways, it has grown over the course of history, resulting in an Executive Branch that is more powerful than anticipated at the time of the Constitution. However, while the President is, nominally, the head of the Executive Branch, it is critical to keep in mind that the Executive is extremely dependent upon the Congress. "Congress controls the purse strings for all the branches of…… [Read More]

References

Krinsky, A. (2013, July 9). A four-party system for the U.S. Retrieved September 16, 2014

from The Huffington Post website:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alan-krinsky/a-fourparty-system-for-the-us_b_3531406.html 

U.S. Const. amend. XXII.
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Presidential Administration Continues to Insist That All

Words: 520 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72001398

presidential administration continues to insist that all of the factors are in place for an economic recovery, on the eve of a midterm election season, current trends don't seem to indicate any real or applicable relief from our recessionary status. What at first appeared to be a mild recovery may, in fact, be shaping up for the second leg of a double dip. This week's report placed unemployment, in the month of July, at 5.9%, a steady rate for the last six months. This mediocre stability, most analysts seem to believe, however, will give way this month to an even greater blow, perhaps as high as 6.5%. This news, combined with recent projections by mega-corps Disney and National Semiconductor that earnings will not meet expectations this quarter, have compounded the trauma to a stock market already reeling in the face of so much economic scandal. Rather than recovery, we seem…… [Read More]

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Nepal Parliamentary and Presidential Governments

Words: 968 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79992171

Preserving the current form of government will ease Nepal's transition from a constitutional monarchy to a constitutional republic. If the nation were to suddenly switch voting procedures and governmental structures, the resulting confusion would threaten to undermine the fledgling system. Furthermore, a large number of Nepalese residents are either connected to or from India and are familiar with its parliamentary system.

A parliamentary system allows for a greater plurality of voices in the legislative branch of government. Nepal is an extraordinarily diverse country, with no one ethnic group comprising more than 15.5% of the nation's population (CIA). The recent political strife in Nepal is partly rooted in the strong Maoist presence there. Maoist demands for political representation in parliament was finally granted during the recent turmoil in 2007 (CIA). Nepal's main considerations when composing its new constitution and attendant form of government include maintaining political stability, permitting a plurality of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

CIA. "Nepal." The World Factbook. July 24, 2008.

Lecture notes.
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Understanding Trump S Way of Campaigning

Words: 1694 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76982777

Presidential Election

CUENT COVEAGE OF THE 2016 PESIDENTIAL ELECTION

Donald Trump is flying high in the 2016 presidential election campaigns. Besides crushing his epublican opponents in national polls, Trump's critics have thrown in the towel (McCutcheon & Mark, 2016). Having underrated his candidature and accused of a racist and sexist huckster, Trump is now receiving the ultimate compliment and being taken seriously. This essay attempts to discuss the mystery of Donald Tramp's appeal. His opponents have to deal with his demeanor, his disdain for intellectual and party elites, as well as his talent for drawing media coverage. How is Trump achieving all these successes? Whichever the case, Trump's current position and his ultimate fate warrant a theoretical explanation. George Lakoff's linguistic theory is used to understand Trump's success. In this sense, the essay will focus on three major linguistic aspects of how Trump wants us to see him: insulting, big…… [Read More]

References

Lakoff, G. (2009). The Political Mind: A Cognitive Scientist's Guide to Your Brain and Its Politics. New York: Penguin Books

McCutcheon, C., & Mark, D. (2016). Doubletalk: The Language, Code, and Jargon of a Presidential Election. Internet Source; https://www.overdrive.com/search?q=C89B8F78-ADD0-40C0-AF02-D753178B589D.

Schick, K., & Schubert, L. (2014). So What? The Writer's Argument. New York: Oxford University Press
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American Politics for the Presidential Party to

Words: 1883 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10677409

American politics, for the presidential party to lose congressional support in a midterm election. As any administration struggles in the early part of a term to define itself, it's likely to fall in and out of favor with a public still not inundated of the White House's identity and intentions. This is an opportunity rarely missed by the opposition, as sophomore year presidencies have commonly been forced to tolerate an exploitation of their greatest possible weakness. At the dual behest of the media and some genuine desire for social progress, the public has been prone to voicing protest in a midterm election. One prime example in recent history was Bill Clinton's first midterm election. He had taken a beating on the gays in the military issue in his first year. And as he grappled with a post-Reaganomics recession in those early years, people who were frustrated with unemployment and an…… [Read More]

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Government Preferable in a Presidential System Why

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57244697

Government preferable in a Presidential system? Why or why not?

Before it can be considered whether a divided government is preferable in a presidential system, divided government must be defined. A divided government refers to a government, in which the president is a member of one political party, and at least one chamber of Congress, whether the Senate or the House of Representatives, is controlled by the opposite political party. Divided government is a frequent historical occurrence in America, meant to dissuade radical changes in policy and to motivate politicians of both parties to compromise on proposed legislation. Divided government is natural in a presidential democracy, and is preferable to a one-party congress when balance and stability of government is the chief cause for concern, as it was for the founding fathers in the 18th century.

It is normal for presidential systems to become divided governments, particularly in the mid-term…… [Read More]

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Education Assuming a Presidential Persona

Words: 1230 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2634860

It is headed in the right direction and will surly prosper in the many years to come.

(c)Why were you able to accomplish what you did when you did?

We have been able to accomplish what we have because of the Land Grant College Act of 1862. In early 1848, Congressman Justin Smith Morrill of Vermont suggested that American colleges might steer away from the portion of the studies that had been established so many years ago and think about moving in a direction of having studies with more practical values. In 1857, he introduced a bill that incorporated leading reform notions in regards to technical education. He proposed that institutions should promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in areas that relate to the professions that people were doing (udolph, 1990, p. 149).

This act provided for the support in every state of at least one…… [Read More]

References

Andrew Dickson White. (2009). Retrieved June 15, 2009, from Cornell University Web site:

http://www.cornell.edu/president/history_bio_white.cfm

Rudolph, Frederick. (1990). The American College and University. Athens: The University of Georgia Press.
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Voter Turnout

Words: 2166 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43446342

Elections

Role of Diminishing Marginal Return on Voter Turnout

This paper looks at the effects of diminishing marginal returns on voter turnout by comparing voter turnout in various countries. The paper will look at countries with both high and low voter turnout and attempt to explain the differences in the importance of the vote in explaining the differences.

Voter Turnout in Established and Less-Established Democracies

While the leaders in turnout during the past few decades have been mainly new democracies, when one looks at broader figures there does appear to be a difference in turnout between "established democracies" and "less-established democracies.

Political scientist Arend Lijphart, categorized established democracies as all countries that are democratic now, and have been democratic for the last 20 years, and which have a population of at least a quarter of a million people (International IDEA, 2000).

A. Discussion of Data from Established Democracies vs. Less-Established…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anderson, D. (1999). Alternative Electoral Systems: An Answer to Our Governing Crisis in Paul Scheele (ed.), We Get What We Vote For... Or Do We? Westport, CN: Praeger Publishing.

Barber, K. (1995). A Right to Representation: Proportional Systems for the 21st Century.

Center for Voting and Democracy.

International IDEA (2000). International IDEA Voter Turnout. IDEA Newsletter, Vol. 4.
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Biology of Elections Evaluating the

Words: 1356 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16286637

He still occasionally 'bums smokes' and chews nicotine gum to combat cravings (Altman, 2008, p 3). Obama's campaign released records suggesting that he is in excellent health -- only one page long. The only specific data they have revealed is his low cholesterol rating. The question arises -- if Obama is in such good health (and he does work out very frequently) why the reticence about the information (Altman, 2008, p.3).

The Obama campaign has implied that the mere appearance of good health on the part of the candidate should be enough, a statement that they would likely mock if it came from the older McCain. McCain has also cited the longevity of his mother as an example of why people should be unworried about his candidacy but again, this is hardly scientific proof of his fitness (Tasker & Chrissos, 2008, p.1). Of course, one of the reasons that questions…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Altman, Lawrence. "Many holes in disclosure of nominees' health." The New York Times.

20 Oct 2008. 20 Oct 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/20/us/politics/20health.html?ref=health

The health and medical history of John F. Kennedy." Doctor Zebra. 6 April 2006.

20 Oct 2008.  http://www.doctorzebra.com/prez/g35.htm
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Analyzing Trends in Modern Congress and Models of Presidential Leadership

Words: 1393 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46693315

Congress and Models of Presidential Leadership

The following article presents a discussion on campaigning trends in modern congress with critical emphasis on plebiscitary politics and governing, as well as a look into the application of the following presidential leadership models; minimalist, self- reliant, and strategic competence.

Surname

VICTIMS RIGHTS MOVEMENT

Trends in Modern Congress

Plebiscitary Politics

Robert Dahl, a political scientist, states that Congress is affected by the nature of American politics, which is increasingly becoming plebiscitary. Pushing for plebiscitary politics, Dahl propagates a more direct connection between elected officials and the public as well as the removal of intermediaries -- membership organizations and parties in this case -- that sought to represent public opinion to the officials they elected. If observed more keenly and directly, instead of mediated, public opinion is more crucial-- which is closer to Madison's dreams for the national legislature. New technologies facilitate plebiscitary politics. Developments…… [Read More]

Bibliography

John. (n.d.). U.S. Presidents and Their Influences on the Nation. Retrieved May 20, 2016, from http://www.stepbystep.com/

Oyaro. (n.d.). Retrieved May 20, 2016, from Course Hero: https://www.coursehero.com

Quirk, P. (2002). Presedential Competence. Michael Nelson - Washington DC (p. 161). CQ Press.

Smith, S. S., Roberts, J. M., & Wielen, R. J. (2013). The American Congress - Fourth Edition. Cambridge University Press.
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Fred I Greenstein the Presidential Difference Leadership

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78318684

Fred I. Greenstein, The Presidential Difference: Leadership Style from FDR to Barack Obama, Third Edition. Princeton University Press, 2009.

Fred I. Greenstein's central point The Presidential Difference is that in the modern U.S. political system since the Great Depression and Second World War, the presidents are now they key actors, far more so than the pre-1933 period when Congress was the most important branch of government. Because the role of the executive expanded exponentially in both foreign and domestic affairs, the leadership style of the presidents became a crucial factor in policymaking and policy failures. He analyzes the leadership style of the thirteen presidents from Franklin Roosevelt to Barack Obama, including their communication abilities (or lack thereof), personality and emotional makeup, cognitive/intellectual abilities, and organizational talents. If Roosevelt set the pattern and served as the template for the modern chief executive -- and there seems to be little doubt that…… [Read More]

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Role of the Media in Election Campaigns

Words: 2147 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50472770

Superiority of the anadian Government over that of the United States Regarding Access to the Media by Political Parties

The media, with its diverse modes of mass communication, plays a pivotal role in electoral campaigns both in anada and the United States. andidates for political office thoroughly understand the infinite potential in utilizing the media for their campaign platforms. With just one brief thirty-second advertisement during a commercial break either on the radio or on television, a candidate instantaneously speaks to millions of attentive listeners and/or viewers. By launching a national communications campaign, a political nominee essentially creates the most efficient and mesmerizing tool in his electoral arsenal.

Though the media has admittedly proven to be an invaluable tool in bridging the gap between a candidate and his constituency, there are a myriad of ethical issues that constrict a candidate from utilizing this resource to it's fullest potential. The main…… [Read More]

Canada.

Center for Governmental Studies. "Grading State Disclosure 2003: Campaign Disclosure Laws. http://www.campaigndisclosure.org/gradingstate/lawfindings.html

Alliance for Better Campaigns. "All Politics is Local; But you wouldn't Know it by Watching TV. http://www.bettercampaigns/org/reports/display.php?ReportID=12.
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Medicare 2012 Election The Great Medicare Debate

Words: 701 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95766906

Medicare

2012 Election: The Great Medicare Debate

Since 1965, Medicare has been attempting to provide low cost, guaranteed access to much needed healthcare for senior citizens over the age of 65 and other age groups that suffer from disabilities and terminal diseases. These people represent some of the most vulnerable population groups in the United States. Most do not work, and rely on Medicare to provide them the access to healthcare they need. Unlike privatized health insurance companies, Medicare is a social insurance program that is paid for through federal mandates and tax payer funds. Billions of dollars are spent annually on over 50 million Americans in need (Alonso-Zaldivar 1). The care structure itself is broken into several main parts: Medicare Part A covers hospital costs, Part B cover most outpatient care costs, and Part C and D. cover prescription drug costs through dealing with other private insurance. Yet, the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo. "Mitt Romney Medicare Plain Raises Cost Questions." Huffington Post. 5.10.2012. Web. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/05/mitt-romney-medicare_n_1942052.html

Pugh, Tony. "Obama, Romney Offer Different Paths on Medicare, Social security." Herald Online. 8. 10. 2012. Web. Retrieved from http://www.heraldonline.com/2012/10/08/4321880/obama-romney-offer-different-paths.html
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Ads Analysis for Presidential Candidates

Words: 1843 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57664576

Campaign Advertisements

Ad Analysis for Presidential Candidates

Lyndon Baines Johnson

Link to chosen campaign ad: http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1964

The main ad I viewed for LBJ was the one entitled "Our President." It was a black and white ad of still photographs. The pictures were of Johnson sitting with a look of concentration and his head resting on one hand. The message in the background talked about what the president is to be and what the presidents have been. It is basically saying that Johnson is the current president and he matches the preceding ones in his concern, prudence, etc. The language of the ad is formal and biographical. There are no harsh or negative words and the tone is measured and consistent. At the end of the ad, two things are noticeable. The narrator asks that you "Vote for President Johnson on November third" and secondly he adds the catch phrase which…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bush, George H.W. Advertisement. Living Room Candidate, 1988. Web.

Carter, Jimmy. Advertisement. Living Room Candidate, 1976. Web.

Clinton, William J. Advertisement. Living Room Candidate, 1992. Web.

Ford, Gerald R. Advertisement. Living Room Candidate, 1976. Web.
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Constitutional Democracy Presidential or Parliamentary System

Words: 1387 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53640569

Constitutional Democracy / Presidential or Parliamentary System

Social and Economic Sources of Democracy

For the successful development of a democracy, two major factors come into play regarding the sources of said democracy. Of course, some of the factors are also indications of other regimes -- fascist and communist -- though as argued by the various papers, there is a distinct difference in the political structures that determine democracies over fascist and communist regimes. Because of the major results created by such factors, the most important sources of democracy would have to be the economic, industrialized, and educational values within the nation.

"The level of economic development, as measured by per capita income, is by far the best predictor of political regimes" (Przeworski). While there appears to be a similarity between the development of economic countries in dictatorships and democracies, Przeworski maintains that a dictatorship eventually dies and paves the way…… [Read More]

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Government Expenditures the 2012 Election

Words: 708 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12495467



Solutions for the Future

Even a quick look at budget documents for the next few decades indicate a system burdened with exploding costs of Social Security, Medicaid, and Medicare; the latter the powder keg of the debt explosion. A reform of Medicare in which there is "only $1 in Medicare taxes for every $3 in benefits likely to be received in retirement" (Appelbaum & Gebeloff 6) must be a Congressional and Presidential priority. eturning the program to a role of insurance rather than a direct coverage program would be a start; Paul yan's proposal of premium support is a working model. Social Security must also be strengthened with common sense adjustments in payroll tax collection and age eligibility.

Those are the entitlement reforms however; these changes also forego the numerous tax expenditures which increase the government tab. The earned income tax credit, home mortgage deduction, and education credits are tax…… [Read More]

References

Appelbaum, B. & Gebeloff, Robert. "Even Critics of Safety Net Increasingly Depend on it." The New York Times. The New York Times, February 11, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012 from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/us/even-critics-of-safety-net-increasingly-depend-on-it.html
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Political Campaign Particularly a Presidential

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94750604

In fact, the election of 1912 is considered by many to be one of the most important in Presidential history and Wilson's win the result of Theodore oosevelt breaking with the epublicans, splitting the vote, and allowing Wilson on the less popular Democratic ticket to garner enough votes to win, and possibly change 20th century American Foreign policy to an extreme (Chace, 2004).

In general, when Ulysses Grant came into office, he preferred to try his best to avoid the political infighting that resulted after Lincoln's assassination. ather than form public policy based on party lines, he sought to surround himself with people who would give him accurate advice and a continuation of the reconciliation with the South rather than retribution or appeasement. Add to this, though, his need to ensure that the Federal government protected the newly freed slaves and prevented former Confederate separatists from regaining power in the…… [Read More]

Reference Resource, 2011).

One particular issue that was important to grant was the idea of the newly freed slaves and their right to vote. Beginning in 1870, Congress passes a series of laws known as the Enforcement Acts, designed to protect the right to vote. One of these, the Civil Rights Act of 1871, also known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, was specifically pushed by Grant to protect southern blacks from the Klan by providing a civil remedy for abuses committed in the South. While the Southern States could not legally prevent Blacks from voting, they often utilized the Klan to terrorize and prevent former slaves from exercising their new right. President Grant did not want the Federal Government
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Anti Establishment Voters and the Election

Words: 782 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25395855

Standard Outline of Presentation

The purpose of this presentation is to inform the audience about why voters are angry in today's political climate so that they might better understand their choices at the polls this November. The central idea of this presentation is that voters are angry because they perceive the Establishment to be against them, the system to be "rigged," and the wars in the Middle East to be unending and dangerous to global security.

The ideal audience for this presentation would be anyone attempting to understand why this election is seeing two unpopular candidates in a presidential contest -- on the one hand, a political insider and polished member of the Washington Establishment, and on the other hand an unpolished outsider who seeks to represent Middle America. The audience could be broad and include all genders, races, and ages.

This topic is important for the audience because an…… [Read More]

References

Altheide, D. (2007). The mass media and terrorism. Discourse and Communication,

1(3): 287-308.

Bakker, B., Rooduijn, M., Schumacher, G. (2016). The psychological roots of populist

voting. European Journal of Political Research, 55(2): 302-320
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American Democracy Voter Turnout in 1988 American

Words: 3140 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55831538

American Democracy

Voter Turnout in 1988 American Presidential Election:

Democracy is for the people and by the people and it can be successful if people participate effectively in electing their representatives. In 1988, presidential elections were held in United States of America. Statistics shows that voter turnout for this presidential election was very low. Voter turnout was as low as 50.1%. In spite of an increasing trend of voter turnouts in the presidential election of 1948 and in the presidential elections of 1960, the voter turn out in 1988 decreased sharply to merely half of the population that are eligible for casting votes. The turnout was below the American presidential elections standard. Most of eligible candidates who did not cast their votes were supporters of Dukakis. If these people had cast their votes the situation would have been different for 1988 elections. It can also be said that 1988 presidential…… [Read More]

References

Bardes, B.A., Shelley, M.C., II, & Schmidt, S.W. (2012). American Government and Politics Today. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Franklin, M.N. (2004). Voter Turnout and the Dynamics of Electoral Competition in Established Democracies Since 1945. Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Janda, K., Berry, J.M., Goldman, J., & Hula, K.W. (2012). The Challenge of Democracy. Australia; Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Polsby, N.W., Wildavsky, A., & Schier, S.E. (2012). Presidential Elections: Strategies and Structures of American Politics. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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Race and Politics in 2008

Words: 1186 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15947659

Obama famously referred to his white grandmother during the campaign who tragically passed away the night before he was elected, as a woman of tolerance, yet who still was subject to the prejudices of society enough to feel uncomfortable when she saw an African-American walking across the street. Although this remark was criticized, Obama's point was that in America, race was inescapable, and prejudice must be dealt with through voicing concerns, rather than pretending racial divides did not exist. At times, America's unspoken discourse about race seemed to harm Obama, as in his difficulty wresting the nomination from Clinton in states like Pennsylvania, states with large, older, white working-class populations. But the desire for change and the ability to cross barriers and humanize himself seemed to counteract this: The Obama generation "has been knocked for putting all of their personal stuff on full display...But there is an upside, too, which…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aistrup, Joseph a. The Southern Strategy Revisited. Louisville: University Press of Kentucky,

Cave, Damien. "Generation O Gets its Hopes Up." The New York Times Magazine. November 7, 2008. December 3, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/09/fashion/09boomers.html?scp=10&sq=presidential%20election&st=cse

Harwood, John. "The Fault Line that Haunts Democrats." The New York Times. May 4, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/04/weekinreview/04harwood.html?scp=5&sq=race%20election&st=cse

Kendall, Diana. Sociology in Our Times. 6th edition. New York: Wadsworth, 2007.
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Norman Birnbaum in His The

Words: 1008 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36971732



The author continues his analysis on how American politics will look like when he addresses the different points-of-view and chances of becoming the next American President for Mr. Obama and Mr. McCain.

An illustrative example of the many he offers, is the tax issue: once opposed to the tax cuts that President Bush made, Mr. McCain argues for the importance of lowering taxes whilst Mr. Obama argues for a system in which prosperous citizens pay more and higher taxes. Yet the most striking difference between the two that Birnbaum makes relates to foreign policy. The author basically argues in favor of Mr. Obama as he sees the McCain foreign policy not only imperial but also reckless and dangerous for the role that the United States will play in world politics. He sees McCain's vision as being worse that the Bush administration offering somehow exaggerated examples from the Republican candidate like…… [Read More]

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Democrats Some Contend That the

Words: 3690 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12289311

urthermore, voter turnout for election 2004 exceeded voter turnout for 2000 by approximately 8%. However, many of those voters can be attributed to efforts of special interest groups, which appealed to voters in the extremes of both parties. If the Democrats plan to win future elections, they have to capture undecided voters in the swing states. The Democrats are not going to win the votes of the undecided by appealing to the far left of the Democratic Party.

Perhaps the best recent example of a moderate Democrat is Bill Clinton. Clinton was the last successful Democratic Presidential. In addition to being a political moderate, and despite the fact that Clinton was also better-educated than the average American and less overtly religious than Kerry, Clinton was seen as more in-touch with the average person. Some Democratic Party centrists have complained that Kerry's loss was due to him straying from the winning…… [Read More]

Fineman, Howard and Weston Kosova. 2004. Wanted: Better Donkeys. Newsweek. 15 November, 26.

Zakaria, Fareed. 2004. Writing Prose for a New Team. Newsweek, 15 November, 33.

Will, George F. 2004. The Deflation of Politics. Newsweek, 8 November, 64.
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Voter Turnout Helps Determine 2008

Words: 2312 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26044654

High turnouts also helped to determine several key local and state elections. The large numbers of Latino voters in California also helped secure the passage of Proposition 8, therefore revoking gay married couples of their rights. A majority of 53% of Latino voters supported Proposition 8 (Ferriss & Reese 1). This is also thought to be due to the higher association with religious institutions over white liberal voters in California

Young voters also flocked to the polls this election in record numbers. These voters represented a large liberal majority who voted primarily Democratic in most election decisions. Many sources have been labeling this 2008 election as the second largest youth turnout in the whole of American history, (Morgenstern 1). Unprecedented numbers of young voters showed up to the polls to make the voice of a young America heard. Somewhere within the ranges of 22 and 24 million young adults between…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Borenstein, Seth. "Voter Turnout Best in Generations, Maybe a Century." Associated

Press. 2008. Retrieved 18 Nov 2008 at http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5i34ao3tow5yhj2v7v24HM_wbT8JQD948LJRG0.

Farley, Robert. "Amendment 2 Fate Lies with Black Voter Turnout." St. Petersburg

Times. 2008. Retrieved 18 Nov 2008 at http://tampabay.com/news/politics/state/article868615.ece.
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Political Campaign and Democratic Society

Words: 1551 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22264938

nexus between campaign and election results especially in relation to the developing mass media.

Political Campaign and Democratic Society

To truly understand the role of election campaigns towards the final result it is essential to understand that two views exist. On one hand it is argued that the voters decide for their candidate before campaigning commences while the others argue that it through this activity that the voters reach their decision.

An electoral campaign involves legally permitted actions which candidates and their respective parties undertake to arouse support during the period following up to the elections. Generally speaking the legal code of the country will provide a time limit during which campaigning is permitted. Additionally a financial bar is also set. This means that an upper limit is placed on the amount of money which the candidates and political parties can spend for this purpose.

Political campaigns are mainly intended…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cavanaugh, Johan William Media Effects on Voters: A Panel Study of the 1992 Presidential Election

D. Sunshine Hillygus wrote Did Gore's Kiss Work? Campaign Effects in Election 2000 available on http://www.stanford.edu/group/i-rite/statements/2002/hillygus.htm26th April 2004
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Democrat Republican Adlai E Stevenson

Words: 1522 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1863829

Nixon's election indicated a shift to the right in American politics that would remain in place for most of the next twenty-five years. The success of the third-party candidacy of George allace also indicated that there was lingering racism in America. The long-term effects of the election for the Democrats was their being out of the hite House for twenty of the next twenty-four years during which time the Party underwent a major transformation. For Nixon, personally, the election actually signaled the beginning of the end of his political career. ithin months of the inauguration, the Nixon administration was plagued with controversy which ultimately led to Nixon's resigning in disgrace shortly into his second term of office.

orks Cited

Bundy, illiam P. Tangled eb: The Making of Foreign Policy in the Nixon Presidency. New York: Hill & ang Publishers, 1998.

Burner, David. Making Peace with the 60s. Princeton, NJ: Princeton…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bundy, William P. Tangled Web: The Making of Foreign Policy in the Nixon Presidency. New York: Hill & Wang Publishers, 1998.

Burner, David. Making Peace with the 60s. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Converse, Philip E. "Continuity and Change in American Politics: Parties and Issues in the 1968 Election." The American Political Science Review (1969): 1083-1105.

Kiewiet, D. Roderick. "Approval Voting: The Case of the 1968 Election." Polity (1979): 170-181.
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Should Electoral College Be Abolished

Words: 968 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25716895

election of George W. ush over Al Gore in 2000, who won the electoral vote in spite of losing the popular vote, rekindled a controversy that has been going on for some time now: has the Electoral College mechanism lived its time?

According to the United States constitution, each state is entitled to choose its electors for president and vice-president as a number equal to the total number of representatives and senators the respective state has. The choosing itself is left to the states, by direct popular vote in each state. If the voting for President is a tie, the Constitution specified that this would be decided upon in the House of Representatives. In the initial way the Electoral College was designed by the founding fathers, the winner of the majority of electoral votes would win the election and become president, while the runner-up would become Vice-President. Of course, it…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Rohwer, Luis Fuentes; Charles, Guy-Uriel. THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE, THE RIGHT TO VOTE, AND OUR FEDERALISM: A COMMENT ON A LASTING INSTITUTION. FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW. Vol. 29. 2001

2. Polsby, Nelson W.; Wildavsky, Aaron. Presidential Elections Strategies and Structures of American Politics. 10th edition. 2000

3. Ross, Tara. The Electoral College: Enlightened Democracy. Legal Memorandum #15. November 2004. From Longley, Lawrence D.; Peirce, Neal R. The Electoral College Primer (1999). On the Internet at http://www.heritage.org/Research/LegalIssues/lm15.cfm

Ross, Tara. The Electoral College: Enlightened Democracy. Legal Memorandum #15. November 2004. From Longley, Lawrence D.; Peirce, Neal R. The Electoral College Primer (1999). On the Internet at http://www.heritage.org/Research/LegalIssues/lm15.cfm
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Function of the American Government the American

Words: 3137 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77559875

Function of the American Government

The American government has had a long-standing checks-and-balances efficiency within its three-branch system. Because of the separate governable powers within the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the United States, American law has been approved after many constant revisions and discussions. It is extremely commendable that the legislative branch takes into account the representation of both "state" and "people." This is not to say, of course, that the government system of the United States is utterly perfect; the executive branch certainly holds a bit more power within the government than one would like.

One major positive effect of the passing of laws is the representation included within those laws. Long before the House-and-Senate solution of Congress, there was always the problem of representation amongst the population of the respective states. State borders vary in land mass and population; how does one reconcile a largely-populated state…… [Read More]

References

Dahl, Robert. (1977). "On Removing Certain Impediments to Democracy in the United States." Political Science Quarterly 92(1), pp. 1-20. The Academy of Political Science.

Lieberman, Robert. (2011). "Why the Rich are Getting Richer: American Politics and the Second Gilded Age." Foreign Affairs.

Putnam, Robert D. (1996). "The Strange Disappearance of Civic America." The American Prospect 24, pp. 34-48.

Short Answer Questions -- Part Two
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Issues and Legislation Current Bill Status

Words: 549 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96697234

Legislative ills

The Campaign Finance Legislation H3463 was introduced on November 17, 2011. The proposal is to reduce spending and the deficit by terminating taxpayer financing for presidential campaigns and party conventions, as well as, by terminating the Election Assistance Commission. The bill was passed by the House of Representatives on December 1, 2011 and is waiting for the Senate. (HR-3463-Repeals Taxpayer Financing of Presidential Election Campaigns-Key Vote) Once the bill is passed by the Senate, it would still need the President's approval to be enacted into law.

The ill is to repeal taxpayer financing of presidential election campaigns and party conventions for all taxable years beginning after December 2010. It would repeal the Presidential Election Campaign fund, requiring all remaining money to be used only for reducing the deficit, and repeal the Election Assistance Commission, affected 60 days after enactment. It would also require the Federal Election Commission to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

HR-3463-Repeals Taxpayer Financing of Presidential Election Campaigns-Key Vote. (n.d.). Retrieved from Project Vote Smart:  http://votesmart.org/bill/14190/repeals-taxpayer-financing-of-presidential-election-campaigns 

S2038-Prohibits Insider Trading by Government Officials-Key Vote. (n.d.). Retrieved from Project Vote Smart:  http://votesmart.org/bill/14568/38133/prohibits-insider-trading-by-government-officials
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Don't Have One

Words: 1172 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63089446

electoral participation of American citizens and it looks at some of the factors that determine their voting behavior or patterns, also mentioned is how campaigned strategies are employed by candidates shaped by this knowledge.

he second section looks at the powers of the presidents and how different presidents have exercised powers given to them by the electorate, this part also points out how limits have been placed on the powers and if at all they have been effective.

Normative theory vs. findings of empirical research

First of all it's important to note that the normative theory is vital on understanding the political behavior of the American public and when regarding citizenship norms to participation they refer to voting in elections, being active in politics, political associations and the selection of products for ethical, political or environmental reasons. he normative theory of the ideal citizen and the findings of empirical research…… [Read More]

The president's power has been developed overtime by the congress that has the ability to expand these powers for the purpose of managing the economy and protecting the country in times of war. The presidential powers can also be extended through legislative actions as well as through the concept of inherent powers that are inferred from the country's constitution

Limitations of presidential powers

Most notably in the 20th century the congress used the powers it had to limit those powers bestowed on the president and good example of this was the War power act of 1973, which saw the presidential powers being limited as he was now required to notify the congress before sending American troops to combat, further more he was also required to seek approval for continued deployment after a sixty days period had elapsed while the troops were still in combat. However this hasn't been effective as consecutive presidents have refused to adopt the war power resolution citing that it is against the powers constitutionally bestowed to the President and thus not binding.
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Daily Show

Words: 1337 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2605821

Daily Show

One may decide to ask what the real incentive with which a person can be determined to vote for one presidential candidate or another is. Is it the U.S. foreign policy, including here the intervention in Iraq, is it national and individual security, or is it economic policy and welfare? According to the Stanford University Research Lab, there are two main issues that interest the U.S. citizen: terrorism-defense and economy. In this sense, it is easy to understand why former President Clinton has given John Kerry two major advices: "1. Focus on the economy. 2. Elections are about the future not the past."

It is no wonder this was coming from ill Clinton since, in spite of the turmoil in his private life and some questions regarding his individual morality, he was successfully elected for two consecutive mandates simply because he carried the Americans through the most prosperous…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. A Stronger Economy. On http://www.johnkerry.com/issues/economy/.See also The Kerry-Edwards Economic Plan

2. 2004 Presidential Election Coverage. On the Internet at http://www.actionco.com/news/graphs/index.htm

3. Carver, Tom. Campaign column: Kerry's new focus. BBC News. September 8th, 2004. On the Internet at   http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3637038.stm  

2004 Presidential Election Coverage. On the Internet at http://www.actionco.com/news/graphs/index.htm
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Bush's Brain How Karl Rove

Words: 3444 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30919959

Rove made an art form out of stirring up his client's opponents with whispers, innuendos and lies, while his candidates stood high above the dust and dirt. "A lot of times it wasn't enough for Karl to just win. He had to crush you in the process," according to "an adversary" quoted in Moore and Slater's book on page 28. On page 175-176, the details of Guerrero's demise are written out fully; Rove produced a "mass mailing" in 1992, as Guerrero was running for re-election as State Railroad Commissioner; it suggested she was "soft on crime, pro-gay rights, antigun, and an enemy of traditional family values." Soon thereafter, came the Rove-driven word that Guerrero was not a graduate as she claimed, and she fell like a big oak tree.

The methodical way in which Rove plowed acting Governor Ann Richards into the dust for his candidate, George . Bush, is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Moore, James, & Slater, Wayne. (2003). Bush's Brain: How Karl Rove made George W. Bush

Presidential. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.