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Primary vs Secondary Sources
Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 66425518
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Primary sources are original research, not commentary on that research. In the social sciences, primary sources can also refer to seminal documents or treatises like the original writings of Freud or Adler. Thus, a primary source does not necessarily need to be an experimental research. Qualitative studies and any other original publication can be considered a primary source. The value of citing primary sources is that I can interact with the source directly, and use the primary source to substantiate my own research. I am not receiving secondhand opinions, and the information contained in the research is not paraphrased or summarized.
Secondary sources are also valuable, though, in that they provide scholarly analysis of primary sources. Scholars who interact with multiple—sometimes hundreds—of primary sources can come up with new theories that transform their field of study. Secondary sources are not less valuable than primary sources, just different. I will evaluate…

Millon, T. & Grossman, S. (n.d.). Evolution-based personality theory. Institute for Advanced Studies in Personology & Psychopathology.

Primary Source Critique Tacitus Life of Cnaeus
Words: 1048 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29707472
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Primary Source Critique

Tacitus: "Life of Cnaeus Julius Agricola"

Unlike our own period of time, the ancient Romans experienced very little angst about the prospect of colonizing a geographically and ethnically distinct people for the enrichment of their own country. As is evident in Tacitus' "Life of Cnaeus Julius Agricola," the British resistance to Roman colonization is viewed as evidence of the British people's barbarity, not praiseworthy British fortitude against foreign domination. However, the Roman Tacitus also used the example of Britain not simply to praise his father-in-law Cnaeus Julius Agricola, but also to praise what he considered the true Roman values of freedom, austerity and military valor, in contrast to licentiousness and laziness, which he felt, was characteristic of contemporary Roman morality. This primary source text thus is less a fair portrayal of Britain of the era as it is an introduction to what Romans of Tacitus' class considered…

Primary Source an Analysis of
Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58285727
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10 was written so that people could see the good in the Constitution and why it was so very important that it be ratified and accepted by all of the states in the U.S.

Federalist Paper No. 10 (Madison, 1787) is an excellent primary source because it has been verified by scholars and historians throughout the ages, because it can be safely attributed to Madison as the author, and because it has so much historic significance for the United States overall. However, understanding that Paper in context is vital, or some of what Madison had to say will be lost. For that reason, a secondary source is needed. In this case, hodenhamel's (1987) Letters of liberty: A documentary history of the U.S. Constitution helps to show how Madison's (1787) Federalist Paper No. 10 was used as a part of something much greater. Taken by itself, the Paper is still significant.…


Madison, James. (1787, Nov. 23). Federalist No. 10: The size and variety of the union as a check on faction. New York Packet. Retrieved from . Also available in Genovese, 2009, p. 49.

Rhodenhamel, John H. (1987). Letters of liberty: A documentary history of the U.S. Constitution. Constitutional Rights Foundation, Los Angeles. Microfiche.

Primary Source Analysis Ashoka's Inscriptions
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39875069
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State resources were used for useful public works like the importation and cultivation of medical herbs, the building of rest houses, the digging of wells at regular intervals along main roads and the planting of fruit and shade trees. To ensue that these reforms and projects were carried out, Asoka made himself more accessible to his subjects by going on frequent inspection tours and he expected his district officers to follow his example. To the same end, he gave orders that important state business or petitions were never to be kept from him no matter what he was doing at the time.

According to Indianetzone (2009), Ashoka's inscriptions provide sufficient and reliable knowledge about the religion of Ashoka. His inscriptions are found on the rock, and pillars scattered from the Himalyas to Mysore; and Orissa to Kathiawar. The object of his inscriptions is religious and ethical. Broadly speaking, these inscriptions…

Primary Source Analysis
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99135369
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Primary Source Analysis

The Aztec chronicler who wrote the account of the Spanish conquest notes that, from the start, the Spaniards had come to make war, but does not give much account of Motecuhzoma's psychological motivations for approaching them. He describes in great detail how Motecuhzoma greeted the Spanish while adorned in all his finery, and presented them with gifts both lavish and delicate: necklaces of gold and garlands of flowers (Graebner 24). It is possible that this was a diplomatic attempt to forestall bloodshed, but more likely that Aztec warfare involved a ritualized and formal gesture before it commenced. Certainly the description here sounds more like the ritual described later, in which two captives are "painted with chalk" and then have their hearts ripped out ritually while Motecuhzoma watches, and then their blood is sprinkled on the messengers who have brought Motecuhzoma and account of the Spanish armaments and…

Primary Source Minutes From Council
Words: 1415 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 38877959
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..]we are not on that account, by any means guilty" (p. 71). The British response to this, however, was extreme -- eventually in the expulsion and mass migration of the Acadians, but more immediately in the reaction of the council to the Acadians' memorials. They determined that the Acadians who had presented the memorials were "arrogant and insidious[...]and were severely reprimanded for their Audacity in Subscribing and Presenting so impertinent a Paper" (p. 73). The council determines that it should again read the memorials point-by-point, but not in an effort to understand and negotiate with the Acadians, which would be beneath the dignity of the monarchy, but rather this process was undertaken to "shew them the falsity as well as Impudence of the Contents of their Memorial" (p. 73). This systematic refutation and condemnation of the memorials, and the resultant decision to once again offer the oath of allegiance and…

primary'source analysis
Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69763401
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Primary Source Analysis

One of the key ideas of this document was to reveal to Americans the Klu Klux Klan's perception on white supremacy and also why they considered themselves to be the greatest race in the world. In particular, Evans employs patriotism in some manner to proclaim to Americans that one important element of being American, is to understand that they are superior to other people. In addition, Evans attempts to justify the actions and ideas of the group by linking them to "the mass of the old-stock Americans" who cannot be linked to the "intellectually mongrelized Liberals." In addition, Evans delineates the aspect of Americanism, which he ties to his notion of anti-aliens. He asserts that the immigrants are the ones that should be considered a threat against Americanism. He considered aliens to be a threat because he thought that they blatantly lacked the qualities that made Americans…


Evans, Hiram Wesley. "The Klan's fight for Americanism." The North American Review 223, no. 830 (1926): 33-63.

Simkin, J. "Hiram Wesley Evans." Spartacus Educational, 2016.Retrieved from: 

Schram, Jamie. "KKK Plans to disrupt Black Lives Matter Rally in the Hamptons." New York Post, 2016. Retrieved from:

Primary Source Written by Slave Have Picked
Words: 1303 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41570694
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primary source written by slave have picked ewis Clarke and his book Narrative of the Sufferings of ewis Clark. In my opinion, excerpts from this book give a clear account about the condition of a slave in the South in the first half of the 19th and a revelatory story of a fugitive slave and his experience as he ran for freedom.

ewis Clarke was born in 1812, in Madison County, Kentucky, as the son of a Scottish emigrant and a black mother. As such, he was a slave, owned by William Campbell. Upon his death, ewis Clarke was sold to Betsy Branton and spend his years without his mother, who had been sold at a different plantation, several tens of miles away. Escaped from the plantation in 1841, he lived the remainder of his years, until his death in 1897, in Canada, where he published his book, Narrative of…

Lewis Clarke's biography gives us a good idea about the life and condition of many of the household slave in the South in the first half of the 19th century. His account are expressed with the feelings of a man who had lived the pain he is telling us about and for who the trip to freedom and freedom itself is indeed a trip to Heaven, a transformation, a process of evolvement to a superior level.

However, many parts of his book are naive, both in style and in the way they are told. For example, the fact that a black person could escape from his household, ride a pony for tens of miles through the country, peacefully eat in the saloon without anybody getting an idea that he might be a runaway slave and alerting the authorities may seem rather far-fetched. This leads us to believe that, not necessarily on purpose, some of the parts of his story are omitted. We cannot help, however, to see in his work a biographical accomplishment.

All quotations are from Lewis Clark's book, Narrative of the Sufferings of Lewis Clark. Excerpts from the book and a short account on Clark's life can be found on the Internet at

Primary Source Is One in
Words: 862 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 8942398
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The most superficial is the use of numbers, or lack thereof. Whereas quantitative research emphasizes the study of factors that can be explicitly measured, qualitative data is more descriptive. This has a couple of key implications. The first is that qualitative data is inherently more subjective. It is directly subject to interpretation from the researcher. Quantitative data can be interpreted by the researcher, but ultimately the data is presented in raw form and can therefore be interpreted by another researcher as well. The other implication is that whereas qualitative data is interpreted at the observation level, quantitative must be analyzed at the root level. The way in which is survey is designed will reveal the biases of the researcher, so that is the level that must be given the most scrutiny. Beyond this, quantitative research often reflects the use of proxies, so there is some distance between the numbers generated…

Jimmy Carter Annotated Primary Source
Words: 806 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17522377
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This is rooted in his Christianity. The book provides important insight into Carter's personal understanding of his Southern Baptist religion, and its positive role in making the world a better place and making him a better man and advocate for social justice.

immy, Carter, Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis, (New York: Simon & (Schuster, 2006) states that America is in crisis, not simply in an immediate political crisis regarding the Iraq War. In his most recent prose offering, Carter takes on what he sees are the most serious issues of the present day, including the war, violence at home, and global warming. He criticizes the growing gap between rich and poor and the lack of charity at home and abroad. America also seems out of touch in viewing itself as a global policeman that does not need the United Nations, and America is one of the few remaining democratic…

Jimmy, Carter, Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis, (New York: Simon & (Schuster, 2006) states that America is in crisis, not simply in an immediate political crisis regarding the Iraq War. In his most recent prose offering, Carter takes on what he sees are the most serious issues of the present day, including the war, violence at home, and global warming. He criticizes the growing gap between rich and poor and the lack of charity at home and abroad. America also seems out of touch in viewing itself as a global policeman that does not need the United Nations, and America is one of the few remaining democratic world powers to still allow citizens to own handguns, and to allow the death penalty. Most interesting is the book's critique of the current Christian evangelical movement Carter used to identify with as a Southern Baptist, which Carter sees as ignoring the true call for moral leadership for social equality justice and instead passing judgment against 'others' such as homosexuals.

Primary Sources: The 'Crisis of Confidence' Speech," Jimmy Carter: The American

Experience. PBS, 15 Jul 1976, 6 Feb 2007, . offers the complete text of one of Carter's most infamously honest speeches to the American public. The speech, many think, later contributed to Carter's loss of the White House to President Reagan. It demanded sacrifice rather than promised an uncomplicated 'morning in America' that Americans at the time wished to dream of, and one of its most characteristic lines reads: "Our nation must be fair to the poorest among us, so we will increase aid to needy Americans to cope with rising energy prices. We often think of conservation only in terms of sacrifice. In fact, it is the most painless and immediate way of rebuilding our nation's strength. Every gallon of oil each one of us saves is a new form of production. It gives us more freedom, more confidence, that much more control over our own lives." Carter's ethics and moral values shine through, as this speech is read through the sadder, wiser eyes of the present.

Multimedia History Women Primary Source Videos a
Words: 2348 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52179949
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Multimedia History omen Primary source videos a rich source information a historical time period, portray assumptions minutia daily life a text . This true Hollywood films footage actual events.

This essay discusses with regard to women during and consequent to the Second orld ar. The essay relates to a series of videos and interviews in an attempt to shed more light on the role of women during this period. By emphasizing the fact that women developed a strong connection with the military as a result of the conflict and because of their tendency to exploit the matter to their own advantage, the paper is meant to demonstrate that orld ar Two actually assisted women in removing many stereotypes and in society as a whole acknowledging that it was wrong for it to discriminate on account of gender.

In spite of the fact that society progressed significantly during the early twentieth…

Works cited:

Cook, Bernard A., "Women and War: A Historical Encyclopedia from Antiquity to the Present," (ABC-CLIO)

Hepburn, Stephanie, James Simon, Rita, "Women's Roles and Statuses the World Over," (Lexington Books, 2007)

Hacker, Barton, and Vining, Margaret, "A Companion to Women's Military History," (BRILL, 17.08.2012)

"Early Women Soldiers," Retrieved June 7, 2013, from the Website:

Federalist No Primary Source Analysis on September
Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84719480
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Federalist No.

Primary Source Analysis

On September 17, 1787 the Constitution of the United States was signed by 39 delegates from 12 states in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, after spending the summer debating the final form in the first Constitutional Convention. The Constitution represented in part an attempt to prevent the dissolution of the confederacy of states formed by the shared goal of independence, by forming a strong federal government (hodenhamel, 1987, p. 6).

Once the Constitution had been signed it had to be ratified by at least nine states before the federal government could be formed. To urge the states to ratify, a series of influential essays were published in New York newspapers by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay, under the pseudonym Publius (hodenhamel, 1987, p. 45). This collection of essays was called The Federalist Papers (Genovese, 2009).

Historians have since recognized that the most influential of…


Genovese, Michael A. (Ed.). (2009). The Federalist Papers. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. Retrieved from 

Madison, James. (1787, Nov. 23). Federalist No. 10: The size and variety of the union as a check on faction. New York Packet. Retrieved from . Also available in Genovese, 2009, p. 49.

Rhodenhamel, John H. (1987). Letters of liberty: A documentary history of the U.S. Constitution. Constitutional Rights Foundation, Los Angeles. Microfiche.

Biology Qs the Primary Source
Words: 829 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 82910581
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Most fungi can also reproduce through sexual reproduction both with the same organism mixing gametes and with reproduction between two separate organisms. The cells of many fungi are primarily copies of each other, without differentiation of organs (except in the fruiting sections of the organism, such as the mushrooms and molds typically visible and known to humans).


Fungi are considered a separate kingdom for several reasons. They are different from plants in their inability to produce energy from sunlight, and in fact most grow in dark places. Unlike animals and many protozoa, they cannot move; unlike most protozoa, they exist almost entirely as multicellular and colonial organisms.


The various classifications of fungi are determined based on their method(s) of reproduction. Zygomycota produce both asexual and sexual spores, while Basidiomycota rarely produce asexually and produce a different type of sexual spore. Ascomycota produce asexual spores, and can also grow…

Primary Source Analysis Three
Words: 507 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6845600
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Jacksonian Democracy and the "Common Man"

Jacksonian politics of the first half of the nineteenth century became a battle for the common man. For the first time in American history voting rights extended to most all white males; rather than relegated to wealthy aristocrats. Political philosophy, and principles, gave way to prudent manipulation of public opinion. Jackson's heavy-handed use of mass opinion symbolized the new era of political combat, and was to forever change American perceptions concerning the social contract.

Jacksonian philosophy sought to pit the newly franchised masses against the economic might of the North. Politics now threatened to shake the establishment to its core. This is seen in Jackson's frontal assault upon northeastern industry and the central banking system. Graebner and Richards in The American Record best sum up Jacksonian democracy, "Jackson's first target was the entrenched office holders in the federal government" (218). Public opinion now dictated…

Primary Source Analysis Two
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39567120
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U.S. History

The American response to the British rule under King George III was not swayed by traditional pieties toward monarchy. For example, the official portrait of George III as reflected in the 1770 woodcut illustration from a children's schoolbook (reprinted p121) presents a naive and sentimental patriotism about the idea of "empire" altogether: George is presented as King "by the Grace of GOD" and proclaimed "Defender of the Faith," which mark the English monarch's traditional role as the official head of the Church of England. This was, of course, official policy established only after religious and doctrinal conflict had provoked a civil war and replaced the monarchy with Cromwell's protectorate a little over a century earlier -- but it is worth noting that the origin of so many New England colonies in religious sects, like the Puritans (New England), England's persecuted Catholics (Maryland), or Quakers (Pennsylvania), that rejected the…

Crime Data Sources in the United States

The collection of crime data in the United States is carried out through different approaches including Uniform Crime eports and the National Incident-Based eporting System, which also act as the two primary sources of crime data for crime reporting. The data obtained from these sources are used for research and documentation of crime status at the county, state, and national levels. Notably, the National Incident-Based eporting System emerged as an advancement of the conventional summary of Uniform Crime eports that were used to track crime in the country. In addition, the Congress uses data from these sources together with those from the National Crime Victimization Survey to guide policy decisions and create suitable responses to crime. While the use of these sources helps in dealing with crime in the United States, they have some similarities and differences between them with regards to methodological…


Addington, L.A. (2008, February). Assessing the Extent of Nonresponse Bias on NIBRS

Estimates of Violent Crime. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 24(1), 32-49.

"Data Collection Guidelines." (2000, August). National Incident-Based Reporting System.

Retrieved from U.S. Department of Justice website:

Mixed Methods Primary and Secondary
Words: 1738 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31406654
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Quantitative research uses survey, and questionnaires to collect data. Through quantitative analysis, a researcher is able to correlate mass data to the research findings. Despite the benefits identified in both quantitative and qualitative research, the paper identifies some shortcomings in both research methods. To address these shortcomings, the paper proposes mixed methods that involve combining both quantitative and qualitative research.


Bryman, A. (1984). The Debate about Quantitative and Qualitative esearch: A Question of Method or Epistemology? The British Journal of Sociology, 35,(1): 75-92.

Burney, S.M.A (2008). Inductive and Deductive esearch Approach. Department of Computer Science. University of Karachi.

Hanson, J.L. (2011). Qualitative esearch Methods for Medical Educators. Academic Pediatric Association.11(5):375 -- 38.

Henderson, J. (2011). Primary and secondary sources, IthaCha College Library.

Firestone, W.A. (1987).Meaning in Method: The hetoric Quantitative and Qualitative esearch. Educational esearcher.19(7):16-21.

Goodwin, W.L. Goodwin, L.D. (1996). Understanding qualitative & quantitative research in early childhood education.…


Bryman, A. (1984). The Debate about Quantitative and Qualitative Research: A Question of Method or Epistemology? The British Journal of Sociology, 35,(1): 75-92.

Burney, S.M.A (2008). Inductive and Deductive Research Approach. Department of Computer Science. University of Karachi.

Hanson, J.L. (2011). Qualitative Research Methods for Medical Educators. Academic Pediatric Association.11(5):375 -- 38.

Henderson, J. (2011). Primary and secondary sources, IthaCha College Library.

Historians Study Historical Sources They
Words: 798 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17847962
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When they select materials for their secondary analyses, historical researchers will invariably seek out those sources that conform to their preconceptions about what took place or who did what and will use these sources to support their perspectives.

Unfortunately, because people are just people, these processes are unavoidable when history is recorded in any fashion, and even modern cinematography and photojournalism that provides viewers with concrete and instantaneous images of events only manages to provide a "snapshot" view of a particular event, again through the unique view of the researchers or journalists involved. Witness the toppling of the statues of Saddam Hussein that were featured prominently on American television followed Gulf War II or the crowds waving Iraqi flags in the street in seeming celebration. Well, it turns out that these events were either staged by the American forces or were otherwise manipulated to convince the American public that their…


Loewen, J.W. (1995). Lies my teacher told me: Everything your high school history textbook got wrong. New York: Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group.

Hydrogen as a Source of
Words: 1893 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 11881835
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This presents challenges because neither high-pressure compressed hydrogen gas nor cryogenic liquefied hydrogen can easily be handled at home." (Panasonic, p. 1)

This underscores the reality noted by this proposal and cast to further examination in the research justified by this proposal that any real implementation of an energy source transformation would be a considerable commercial, political, economic and practical endeavor.

All of that noted, it still remains that case that hydrogen has the potential to light the way for a better fuel economy, a more efficient society and a more pristine environment in Singapore. This is because at its root, hydrogen carries not just the potential for clean-burning but also for greater energy-storing capacity. According to the Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Energy Association (FCHEA) "hydrogen is the lightest gas and also the most energy-dense fuel per mass. One pound of hydrogen holds 52,000 Btu, three times the energy of…

Works Cited

Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Energy Association (FCHEA). (2010). Hydrogen Energy Overview.

Linde Group (LG). (2010). Hydrogen Energy. Linde Industrial Gases.

Ministry of the Environment and Water Sources (MEWR). (2010). Climate Change and Energy Efficiency.

National Climate Change Committee (NCCC). (2008). Singapore's National Climate Change Strategy.

E-Groceries Primary Data Collection Secondary Data Collection
Words: 12291 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 50065159
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Primary Data Collection

Secondary Data Collection

Performance evaluation of the optimized supply chains

McLane e-grocery

Carrefour Ooshop e-grocery

Logistics Optimization

Structural decisions items of operations strategy in logistics

Hardware of the firm

Operational Facilities

Operational Capacity

Process technology

Supply Network

Infrastructure decision areas

Software of the organization

Planning and control


Organizational Structure

Comparison of structural and infrastructural logistical operations management decisions


Capital Investment

Globalization and Logistics Optimization

Logistical optimization models

Challenges in e-grocery Logistics

E-grocery logistical solution

Store-based order picking model

Figure: Store-based order picking model

Store-based order picking for attended goods reception

Store-based order picking for unattended goods reception

Dedicated order picking model

Figure: Dedicated order picking model

Delivery from dedicated centers for attended goods reception

Delivery from dedicated centers for unattended goods reception


E-basic needs frameworks so that organizations can get beneficial

Execution methodology

Distinctive logistical results

ecognize e-basic framework

E-basic framework

E-basic model…


Anand, G., Ward, P.T., Tatikonda, M.V., & Schilling, D.A. (2009). Dynamic capabilities through continuous improvement infrastructure. Journal of Operations Management, 27(6), 444-461.

Barnes, D. (2008). Operations management: An international perspective. United Kingdom: Thomson.

Griffin, R.W., & Pustay, M.W. (2009). International Business: A Managerial

Perspective. (6th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Male Primary Elementary Teachers Sociology for
Words: 1067 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59366717
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Details are provided in the primary accounts from men's experiences teaching as elementary school teachers- details that help answer the challenge at hand facing public perception and gender bias in the school system. Coulter and McNay, of the University of Western Ontario, help tease out the intimate details of "various issues these men confronted as they attempted to create for themselves in a work world traditional thought more suited for women" (Coulter and McNay, 1993). Through these male's personal accounts, as supplied in a primary source in the article, the "assumptions and stereotypes" about men are brought to the surface and discussed (Coulter and McNay, 1993). The individual nuances that these teachers discuss helps shed light on the problems at hand and how to overcome these gender stereotypes and public perception of who should be an elementary or primary school teacher.

Finally, given the definition and issues surrounding masculinity and…


Coulter, Rebecca P., & McNay, Margaret. (1993). Exploring men's experiences as elementary school teachers. Canadian Journal of Education, 18(4), 398-412.

Mills, Martin, Martino, Wayne, & Lingard, Bob. (2004). Attracting, recruiting, and retaining male teachers: policy issues in the male teacher debate. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 25(3), 355-369.

Montecinos, Carmen, & Nielsen, Lynn. (2004). Male elementary preservice teachers' gendering of teaching. Multicultural Perspective, 6(2), 3-9.

Skelton, Christine. (2003). Male primary teachers and perception of masculinity. Educational Review, 55(2).

Nature Project Sources Information Plan Important Concepts
Words: 2189 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63568525
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nature project, sources information plan, important concepts techniques applied. You receive feedback proposal Instructor Week 6, give time make adjustments.

Proposal for new strategic endeavors of production, pricing and resource utilization at Ford Motor Company

In the context of the global economic recession, the American automobile industry faces demise. Out of the three main players in the United States, Ford Motor Company has rejected the bailout from the government and has focused its strategy on internal restructuring. As part of this effort, the future project would set out to provide some recommendations of how the company can reshape its production, pricing and resource utilisation strategies in an effort to create more value for the organisation.


With the commencement of the 2007 economic crisis, the American automobile industry has been facing endless challenges. The number of customers has decreased, as has their purchase power and the subsequent demand for the…


Pride, W.M., Hughes, R.J., Kapoor, J.R., 2011, Business, Cengage Learning

Rosenfeld, H., 2009, The North American auto industry in crisis, Monthly Review, Vol. 61, No. 2

Soy, S., 1997, The case study as a research method, Texas University at Austin, last accessed on May 24, 2012

Vasudev, P.M., Watson, S., 2012, Corporate governance after the financial crisis, Edward Elgar Publishing

Power the Sources of Power
Words: 2488 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85529235
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In addition those on the board of directors may have worked at the same accounting or law firms and had business dealings with one another in the past. Even some college professors and ex-high ranking government officials who have conducted studies or have useful connections are board members (Holbrook, 2004). The author further reports that "These people with intertwined relationships with corporate management often sit on multiple boards, causing an even greater conflict of interest (Holbrook, 2004-page 4)."

As was mentioned previously the sources of power for a corporation can differ slightly depending on whether or not the corporation is publicly or privately held. Publicly held organizations are often beholden to shareholders (each of whom owns a percentage of the company) (Winkler, 2004). Publicly held corporations must make financial information about the company available to shareholders (per government regulations).

Shareholders have a significant amount of power because they are a…


Andero, a. (Winter 2000) the changing role of school superintendent with regard to curriculum policy and decision making, Education. Retreived October 18, 2007 from; 

Bigley, G.A., & Wiersema, M.F. (2002). New CEOs and Corporate Strategic Refocusing: How Experience as Heir Apparent Influences the Use of Power. Administrative Science Quarterly, 47(4), 707+.

Danaher, K., & Mark, J. (2003). Insurrection: Citizen Challenge to Corporate Power. New York: Routledge.

Gabbard, D.A. & Ross, E.W. (Eds.). (2004). Defending Public Schools (Vol. 1). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Firm John Roberts Argues Primary Purpose Firm
Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28458674
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Firm, John Roberts argues primary purpose firm ' coordinate motivate people's economic activity'

There is a great deal of evidence that indicates that the typical contention of neoclassical economic theory -- that markets are the primary source of authority in regulating transactions -- has largely been replaced by organizations which provide the bulk of this essential function. Specifically, works of literature by John Roberts (The Modern Firm) and Herbert Simon ("Organizations and Markets") prevail upon the reader that business activity is largely determined by organizations, which provide key sources of motivation and coordination of larger, market-wide efforts. The author's conviction in demonstrating this point takes on immense significance for the prudent management student who wants to effectively help his or her organizational achieve its objectives.

The most convincing piece of evidence for the prevalence of organizations as the principle determinant in business activity is discussed within Roberts' text. There is…


Roberts, John. (2007), The Modern Firm, Oxford University Press, New York.

Simon, Herbert. (1995). "Organizations and Markets." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5 (3): 273-294.

Sears the Four Sources Can Be Found
Words: 1519 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53013675
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The four sources can be found in two different fields. One is to use the information available with Sears itself, namely through the websites it has and through its press statements. This forms the first set and the second set is the books and periodicals that use the position and history of Sears as examples in discussing various aspects of management. The primary source is the company statements and they are numerous and deal with many branches and aspects of the company. The merger and the creation of Sears's holdings have brought changes in the perceptions and activities and this information are from the company information release, SCDigest's On-Target E-Magazine and the general press releases. The analysis of the Sears system can be done with the parameters that have been stated for a modern information system. Such a system ought to have better tracking functions, and other customer related…


Alstete, Jeffrey W; Halpern, David. (2008) "Aligning Knowledge Management Drivers with Business Strategy Implications" Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, vol. 9, no. 3, pp: 17-21.

Articlesbase. (2009) "Strategy Management A case study of Wal-Mart Inc."

Retrieved 7 November 2011 from 

Cascio, Wayne F; Boudreau, John W. (2008) "Investing in people: financial impact of human resource initiatives" FT Press.

Analyzing Primary and Secondary Sources an Introduction
Words: 656 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 93786413
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Secondary Sources: An Introduction

Primary Sources

Primary Source helps in delivering first-hand evidence or direct indication related to a matter under examination. ecorders or witnesses who have seen the incidents or circumstances being acknowledged produce these records. Usually these sources are produced at the time the incidents or situations are taking place, but Primary Sources can also consist of biographies, journals, and oral histories that are documented later. A notable feature of the Primary Source is usually that it contains no opinions or inferences; they would mostly be plain information or data. Primary Sources are often categorized based on their subject, irrespective of whether they are presented in original layout, in microfiche or microfilm, in digital format, or in printed structure (Yale, 2016). Following examples help understand what could constitute Primary Sources:

Documents of any government are the direct proof of its events, happenings, and strategies. For a research that…

References (2016). Secondary Source. Retrieved from 

University of Illinois. (2016). Secondary Source. Retrieved from Village: 

Yale. (2016). Primary Sources. Retrieved from

Online Sources and Their Reliability and Accuracy
Words: 2309 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8754425
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Online Sources

Using the Online Environment

he availability of online information has made a tremendous difference in many fields of endeavor including daily interactions. Many journals now have articles that are 'online first' before print; others comment on these online articles and critique even before the print issue exists. Online access also broadens the ease of accessing materials without a nearby extensive library. his is true in nearly every profession: science, economics, finance, business, nursing, medicine, hairdressing, and etc., (Leiner et al., 2003). Access to online information has changed the information paradigm. here is now a necessity and obligation to understand what appropriate online information consists of.

Use of social media and online tools for information-searching and access has increased considerably in recent years. Information is not only proliferating but is being shared more quickly than when print was the only medium available. he use of online media is a…

The European History Highway: A Guide to Internet Resources. (Dennis A. Trinkle, 1996) <

Vardi, M.Y. 2012. Predatory Scholarly Publishing Communications of the ACM, 2012:55(7)p.510. Available at: [accessed 24 January 2015].

WebMD. 2015. Hypertension/High Blood Pressure Health Center, Available at: [accessed 24 January 2015].

Business - Marketing Dontdatecreeps com Sources
Words: 763 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 28799048
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The graphics, text, and color of will strive for a neutral overall site look and feel conducive to a wide spectrum of appeal, because it is anticipated that users will represent wide variation in age and interests, in addition to both genders and alternate sexual preferences. This is a standard practice within all advertising media (Belch & Belch 1998) that is equally applicable to online formats. One mechanism under development includes prompts for users to provide basic information about themselves such as age, geographic location, and general interests.

This purpose of this feature is two-fold: (1) it is intended to augment the primary search functions by triggering additional searches associated with websites and databases particularly relevant to the descriptive information entered by the user; and (2) it will be used to coordinate page presentations most consistent with the user's age, location, and interests. For example, a user who enters…


Belch, G, Belch, M. (1998) Advertising and Promotion: An Integrated

Marketing Communications Perspective. New York: Irwin/McGraw-Hill

Halbert, T., Ingulli, E. (2000) Law & Ethics in the Business Environment 3rd Edition. Cincinatti, OH: West Legal Studies.

Logical Investigation Into and Study of Sources
Words: 1449 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79866558
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logical investigation into and study of sources and materials with the main aim of establishing facts and attainment of new conclusions. esearch entails a purposeful and intensive search for understanding and knowledge of physical and social phenomena. It is a scientific action carried out to establish something, a theory, a fact, an application or a principle, and involves an academic action comprising of a systematic search for relevant data on a specific subject (Johnson & Christensen, 2010). In this paper, I will reflect on my growth as a researcher through considering the new concepts that I have learnt about the process of research, the prospects and challenges for improvement as a researcher, and the link between social change and research.

Understanding the meaning of research is paramount for a good researcher. From my own point-of-view, a research entails an original contribution to the already subsisting knowledge stock to make new…


Freebody, P. (2010). Methodological choice and design: Scholarship, policy and practice in social and educational research. London: Springer.

Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. (2010). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed approaches. New York: SAGE.

Locke, L., Silverman, S., & Spirduso, W. (2009). Reading and understanding research. London:


Aging Population Primary Reasons for
Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 64963034
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" (Congressional udget Office Testimony, 2001) Complicating the problem is the fact that Social Security is not only a retirement program but in fact approximately 2/3 of Social Security beneficiaries are retired workers" with the remaining being disabled workers, survivors of deceased workers, and workers' spouses and minor children." (Congressional udget Office Testimony, 2001)


There are various strategies that could be pursued by policymakers to assist in preparing for the aging population coming of retirement age and these are stated by the Congressional udget Office to include options such as: (1) paying down federal debt; (2) creating private retirement accounts; and (3) changing the benefits or revenues of the Social Security program. (Congressional udget Office Testimony, 2001) However, it is clear that each of these remedies contain both advantages and disadvantages. Furthermore, in light of recent government spending the option of paying down the…


Testimony of Dan L. Crippen, Director: Social Security Challenges of an Aging Population (2001) Congressional Budget Office before the Special Committee on Aging, United States Senate. 10 Dec 2001. Online available at: 

Bongaarts, John (2005) "Population aging and the rising cost of public pensions," Population and Development Review 30(1): 1 -- 23.

Patent Protection on Clinical Research The Primary
Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81615252
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Patent Protection on Clinical esearch: The Primary Sources of Innovation in the Drug and Device Development Process

When it comes to biopharmaceutical research, the United States is the best country in the world and it is currently the largest pharmaceutical market. It has invested immensely in research and development, especially in the biopharmaceutical sector, and it holds numerous intellectual property rights for a majority of the drugs developed. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA (2014), all drug companies have to seek the organization's approval before they sell new drugs, and these drugs have to be tested accordingly to guarantee the safety of the public. Adherence to these requirements often makes markets increasingly competitive and in the recent past, the increasing demand for innovation in pharmaceutical companies has necessitated new approaches to be applied in the drug and device development process. This is particularly because pharmaceutical companies have…


Gold, R, E., Kaplan, W., Orbinski, J., Logan, S.H., & Marandi, S.N. (2009). Are Patents Impeding Medical Care and Innovation? PLoS Medicine Vol. (7)1 e1000208. Retrieved 13 March 2015 from

The United States Food and Drugs Administration (2014). FDA Basics. About FDA. Retrieved 13 March 2015 from

Sources of the Law
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83700583
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Fitzgerald went to his physician for a routine examination. The doctor discovered that Fitzgerald's vision was failing. To prevent further problems, Fitzgerald would have to have special lighting installed in his office at work. He would also have to change his work schedule so that he would not have to drive after dark. hen Fitzgerald told his employers about the changes, they fired him claiming that the alterations in his office and in his work schedule would cause too much disorder at work. Angered by this mistreatment, Fitzgerald sued his employers. He argued that a federal statute, the Americans with Disabilities Act, says that employers must try to meet the individual needs of workers who are handicapped even if these changes cause some inconvenience and disorder. hich of the two primary objectives of the law does this statute address? hich objective does it hurt? In your opinion, how should the…

Work cited

"Disability discrimination." (2004) Legal Database. Retrieved 28 Jan 2005 at 

Case 2: Dr. Ver Meulen treated Hardy for an ear problem. Ten years later Hardy began to have ear trouble again. Examinations indicated that the new problem had been caused by Dr. Ver Meulen's treatment, which had been poorly done. Hardy sued Ver Meulen. The doctor tried to stop the lawsuit by arguing that Hardy had not sued him within the four-year limit set up by state statute. Hardy argued that the statute that set up the four-year limit conflicted with the state's constitution. He said this because the state constitution guaranteed that anyone injured by another person can bring a lawsuit. Assuming that Hardy was correct, would

Primary Functions and Required Skills for Management
Words: 1628 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22663215
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Driving along the busy streets of the metro, more often than not, I would always be set astonished on gigantic billboards of successful and booming companies that ply the skyline of the city. It's just like cruising along the avenue of success where multinational companies such as Coke, Levis Strauss, Motorola, McDonalds amongst others, give full command on everyone's attention signifying their commercial conquest on our everyday lives. As I stare at these endless displays of victor, I wondered and asked myself, how do these big companies achieved such greatness in their field of business? What could be the essential factor that these companies have in common to reach such pinnacle? Who may be the one responsible for their triumph over the challenges of the 21st century?

As I read and browsed over the Internet, I would usually encounter success stories, of how something small could be a start of…


Wharton School Publishing (2004) The Innovation Imperative: Driving Long-Term Growth in Top and Bottom by Tony Davila, Marc Epstein and Robert Shelton (2004) Extracted Oct 25,2005 Website; 

Spike Bullet (June 1998) Management Working Styles.Linking Personality with working styles, Extracted Oct26 2005; Website; 

The Daily Drucker (2004) Peter F. Drucker (2004) Extracted Oct 26, 2005; Website;

The Essential Drucker- Review (2004)Perennial Wisdom from the High Priest of Management, September 8, 2004 Serge J. Van Steenkiste (Atlanta, GA) Extracted Oct 27, 2005; Website;: //

Religious Fundamentalism and Violence
Words: 1357 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84251486
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Primary Source Analysis: Islamic Text

The Muslim Brotherhood is one of the most notable conservative Pan-Islamic groups -- it is based in Egypt but has a worldwide influence. As is the case with most fundamentalist organizations, the Brotherhood takes an extremely gendered view of women. According to one of its most influential members Hasan al-Banna in his tract "Towards the light:"

"Following are the principal goals of reform grounded on the spirit of genuine Islam...Treatment of the problem of women in a way which combines the progressive and the protective, in accordance with Islamic teaching, so that this problem - one of the most important social problems - will not be abandoned to the biased pens and deviant notions of those who err in the directions of deficiency and excess...a campaign against ostentation in dress and loose behavior; the instruction of women in what is proper, with particular strictness as…

Works Cited

Al-Banna, Hasan. Five Tracts of Hasan al-Banna. Translated by Charles Wendell Berkeley,

1978. Excerpt available: 

[20 Apr 2013]

Women in the Civil War
Words: 800 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81281606
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Primary Source Material Analysis: Harriet Tubman

Mrs. Sarah H. Bradford wrote a small book in 1868 for the purpose of raising funds to benefit Harriet Tubman's efforts to buy a house and support herself and her aging parents (Introduction). This book was composed immediately before Bradford set sail for Europe in 1868 and its publication costs were covered by several benefactors. The book is remarkable because it is written by a hite abolitionist and suffragist who had become acquainted with Harriet's work on the Underground Railroad through friends and associates.

The stories that Bradford included in the book were corroborated through independent sources and therefore represent a collection of accounts detailing Harriet's struggle to move her family and other slaves north to freedom in Canada along the Underground Railroad. To substantiate the veracity of these accounts Bradford includes in the preface several letters attesting to Harriet's contributions, including one from…

Works Cited

Bradford, Sarah H. Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. 1869. Salem, NH: Ayer Company, 1992. Print.

Miller, Anne Fitzhugh and Miller, Elizabeth Smith. Miller NAWSA Suffrage Scrapbooks, 1897-1911. Scrapbook 1905-1906. Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Washington, D.C. Web. 9 Sep. 2013. ::

Tubman, Harriet. "General Affidavit" [Claim of Harriet Tubman: General affidavit of Harriet Tubman Davis regarding payment for services rendered during the Civil War]. The Center for Legislative Archives, National Archives, c. 1898. Web. 9 Sep. 2013. .

Rick Santorum's official campaign put out the next ad, entitled Obama Ville. It was released on March 23, 2012. It creates the image of empty American towns in 2 years, and uses very dark imagery and almost horror-genre like angst. The images of the residents of these towns are cast in dark shadows, and with depressing old infrastructure. This advertisement is painting the picture that in the next 2 years President Obama will destroy the American way of life. The second half of the ad shows the face of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran, as that country defies America and seeks Nuclear Power. The end of the advertisement has the image of "Obama Ville, coming to a town near you," in a pseudo 1950s Hitchcock style, and plugs the official website of Rick for more content on this subject (Santorum, Obama Ville, 2012). Despite airing so recently, Mitt Romney…

Works Cited

Chen, H. (2009). AI, E-government, and Politics 2.0. Intellegent Systems, 64-86.

Crawford, K. (2009). Following you: Disciplines of listening in social media. Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 525-535.

Crowe, T. (2012, March 1). Santorum more electable than Romney? Retrieved from Catholic Vote: 

Gabriel, Trip. (2012). Wisconsin Votes in Primaries." NYTimes. Retrieved from - fiercely-fought- battle.html?_r=1&scp=8&sq=primary%20advertisements&st=cse

Navajo Society Navajo Culture Primary Modes of
Words: 2553 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33813500
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Navajo Society

Navajo Culture: Primary Modes of Subsistence

The Navajo currently stand as the largest federally recognized tribe of the United States of America. The Navajo Nation manages the Four Corners eservation in the Southwestern United States. They continue to speak their native Navajo language. Modern Navajo Society resembles other American communities in many ways. It derives its present income sources through taxation of its people, casinos, banking, and other sectors. This research will focus on traditional and ancient forms of subsistence in society on the Navajo reservation at Four Corners.

Subsistence and Commercial Activities

It is difficult to determine subsistence in ancient times as few records exist. During the reservation period, which began in 1868 and ended in 1960, farming and animal husbandry were the primary forms of economic activity. The Navajo also produced several goods for traders (Alessi, 1980). As the fabric of American society grew, opportunities for…


Carmean, K. (2002). Spider Woman Walks this Land: Traditional Cultural Properties and the Navajo Nation. Walnut Creek: Altamira Press,

Dempsey, P. & Gesse, T. (1995). Beliefs, values, and practices of Navajo childbearing women. West J. Nurs Res. Dec;17(6):591-604.

Denetdale, J. (n.d.) We Shell Remain -- The Dine. Retrieved September 1, 2012 from 

Van Sickle, D., Morgan, F. And Wright, A. (2011). Qualitative Study of the Use of Traditional

GOP Primary Republican Primary Video Research Analysis
Words: 445 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88859585
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GOP Primary

Republican Primary Video Research, Analysis & Critique

Covering a Period between March 6th and April 3rd, 2012

Researcher/writer will be analyzing the entire TV/video ad campaigns related to both Mitt Romney and Rick Santorum from 03/06/2012 thru 04/03/2012. In the research paper, compare and contrast the overall ad campaigns of each with regard to:

Type of ad: biographical? Issue? Attack?

Sponsor of the ad: candidate, political party, independent advocacy group (including SuperPacs). Any difference in the type of ads run by each?

What demographic group(s), if any, were the ads primarily aimed at and how effective was it at reaching each?

Press coverage of the ads -- "how extensive? helpful or harmful? iased? And if biased, in what direction?

The overall effectiveness of the ads: very? somewhat? not very? Why?

Candidate reaction to the ads -- "smart or not? Why?

NOTE: The paper should be an overview --…

Bibliography and In Text Citations

Page numbers o Paragraphs -- " This means use proper paragraph form. Indent the first line of a paragraph, etc.

Times New Roman Font - 12pt

Double Space with all margins set at 1

Marketing Challenge the Primary Marketing Challenge at
Words: 1968 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 49546183
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Marketing Challenge

The primary marketing challenge at Flare Fragrances is to develop an appropriate and competitive marketing strategy for the new Savvy brand to be launched in 2009. The specific issues in this challenge include the question of whether to launch Savvy in the first place, whether to distribute it through conventional or through new channels, and whether to associate it with the Loveliest umbrella brand or to give it a separate identity.

The industry is experiencing a decline because of the economic crisis and sales at Flare Fragrances grew by only 2% in 2008 although overall performance was average given the economic challenges. Improving performance in the coming years will require a significant improvement in sales, either through existing or new products. Advertising expenditure is also a major question to be addressed. A major competitor, Aromatique, plans to introduce Dulcet, a product similar to Savvy for the same target…

Works Cited

IFRA. Women's Fragrance Catgeories. Accessed 29 April 2012

Morgan, Spencer. Scent Branding Sweeps the Fragrance Industry. Business Week, 16 June. 2010. Accessed 29 April 2012

Energy Sources Energy Source Fuel Coal Uranium Needed
Words: 787 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4625023
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Energy Sources:

Energy Source

Fuel (Coal)/Uranium Needed (tons)

CO2 Emissions

Sulfur Dioxide and Other Emissions (tons)

adioactivity mSv (millisievert)

Solid Waste (tons)



Increased global warming and health effects.



Coal power plants and nuclear power plants are currently the two basic sources of electricity generation across the globe. The purpose of this lab animation and report is to evaluate which of these sources of energy is better for human sustainability. The determination of the more efficient of these two energy sources is based on the data provided above and further research.

The generation of electricity is the leading industrial activity that produces air and gases emissions across the globe. This process is usually carried in several power plants that use different sources of energy. Generally, a huge percentage of the world's electrical power is produced through the use of non-renewable energy sources like coal and uranium (Matthews,…


Kyler, D. (2013, February 4). An Honest Look at Sustainability. Retrieved April 28, 2013, from 

Matthews, M. (n.d.). Which One is Better for the Environment: Coal or Nuclear? Retrieved

April 28, 2013, from

Community Sources of Energy
Words: 2711 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88926403
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Community's Source of Energy

An Examination of Energy Sources in the Willows Community of Gilbert, Arizona

The community of Willows is located in the city of Gilbert, Arizona. It is an HOA community of single family homes, with a number of amenities included. As with any community, it has power usage needs that have to be considered. Before the community was built, the issue of how to get power to the area and how much power might be used by the residents there was considered. Then, the community was built and the houses were sold. That raised the amount of power that was needed in Gilbert, which is a growing city with a strong population base and many things for residents to enjoy. The power needs of any community are important, because residents want to be assured that they have enough of what they need to power their homes (Aitken,…


Aitken, D.W. (2010). Transitioning to a renewable energy future. NY: International Solar Energy Society.

Lovins, A. (2011). Reinventing fire: Bold business solutions for the new energy era. NY: Chelsea Green Publishing.

Makower, J, Pernick, R., & Wilder, C. (2009). Clean Energy Trends. NY: Clean Edge.

Renewable energy. (2014). SRP. Retrieved from

Topography the Primary Responsibility of
Words: 2420 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85224747
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Primary esearch Approach Qualitative vs. Quantitative?

Characteristics, Benefits and Problems

Mail survey


Low cost

Poor response rate possibility

Possibility of incomplete answers

esponses are pre-coded and must be simple so people can understand them which means, sometimes that the quality of information provided is lower than from other methods

Telephone survey


Cost effective method of achieving strong sample which allows for generalizations to be made

esponses are pre-coded and certain groups might not have access to the telephone, so they may be excluded from the sample

It is difficult to ask sensitive questions over the telephone

Works well with employers

Face-to-face survey


Can include both open questions as pre-coded

Can achieve robust sample allowing generalizations if sufficient numbers are surveyed

Expensive and time-consuming to administrator

Ideal for gathering sensitive information or exploring complicated issues

In-depth interview


Loaded and detailed information can be gathered

Interviewers are…


Hague, Paul N (1996). Market Research: A Guide to Planning, Methodology and Evaluation. London: Kogan Page Limited.


Hitler Youth A Primary Cultural
Words: 4467 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 16663298
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Accordingly "the Hitler Youth movement emphasized activism, physical training, NAZI ideology, especially nationalism and racial concepts, and absolute obedience to Hitler and the NAZI Party. Indoctrinating children in National Socialist ideology was a key goal of the NAZI Party. Once Hitler assumed control over the German state, he used the Government to make the Hitler Youth the country's all encompassing youth movement" (HBU1, 1) The racial elements of the Hitler Youth indoctrination were also of critical importance to the Nazi movement as these propelled the aggressive social isolation and abuse of groups such as Jews, gypsies and homosexuals. The Hitler Youth would gain a sense of pride in the propaganda designed to project them as the future leaders of Germany. Essentially granted the right to defy those of any age who differed with the party's values, the Hitler Youth would be primed for a distinct level of enthusiasm based on…

Works Cited:

Associated Press (AP). (2005). New Pope Defied Nazis As Teen During WWII. The New York Times. Online at 

The History Place (HP). (1999). The History Place: Hitler Youth.

Historical Boys' Uniform (HBU). (1998). German Boys Scouts/Pfadfinderen. Historical Boys' Clothing. Online at 

Historical Boys' Uniform (HBU1). (1998). Hitler Youth. Historical Boys' Clothing. Online at

What Is the Primary Cause of Homelessness in America
Words: 2223 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86416038
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Cause of Homelessness in America

has numerous social problems. Homelessness seems to be one of the most important ones. There are several causes that determine homelessness. However, the primary cause of homelessness can be considered the reduced affordable housing level and the national increase in poverty. Other causes of homelessness refer to high unemployment rates, low salary levels in certain urban and rural areas, the inability of certain individuals to pay health care bills, the inability qualify for public assistance, domestic violence, mental illness, addiction disorders, and others. It is important to understand that there are specific factors that influence homelessness in the U.S., but these factors are allowed to develop because of the state's authorities. In other words, these authorities seem to not be able to manage the social situation of individuals in a homeless situation. If their situation is analyzed, it can be established that homeless people's actions…

Reference list:

1. Top Causes of Homelessness in America (2012). HomeAid. Retrieved April 1, 2013 from .

2. Causes of Homelessness (2011). Homeless Coalition of Hillsborough County. Retrieved April 3, 2013 from

3. Crane, M. et al. (2005). The Causes of Homeless in Later Life: Findings from a Three Nations Study. Journal of Gerontology. Retrieved April 3.

4. Fischer, P. (1992). Victimization and Homelessness: Cause and Effect. New England Journal of Public Policy. Retrieved April 3, 2013.

Survival of This Market Primary Data Reveals
Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14757231
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survival of this market. rimary data reveals the direct relationship between the company and consumers. Secondary data, on the other hand, is reused primary data; it assesses the accumulated information and then uses that to reassess and improve its product. It also relies on the data collected during a past period to restructure the product in different ways.

The primary data that I would need in connection with Leftfoot are the following:

I would like to know which of these shoe products are the most popular; which the least popular; and which have potential for popularity in the future?

I would like to know the mean number of consumers that frequent this site: what draws them to this site; repels them; how I can structure this site so that it appears more appealing to them. I would like t o know whether consumers are indeed satisfied by Leftfoot and whether…

Pew Research Center. (2002). Pew Internet & American Life. Retrieved December 24, 2010, from: 

Strategic Business Insights. U.S. Framework and VALS ™ Types.

Lys Fashion Business Plan Daylys Primary Earnings
Words: 1558 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Business Plan Paper #: 68839133
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Lys Fashion Business Plan

DayLys primary earnings

The company's start up

DayLys proposed start up expenses

Strategy and implementation summary

Marketing strategy

Target market

Sales revenue for the first and second year

Graph depicting the sales revenue

Five-year financial plan

Break-even Analysis

Pro Forma Profit and Loss

Pro Forma Cash Flow

Pro Forma Balance Sheet

Business atios

Percent of Total Assets

Percent of Sales

Main atios

Activity atios

Liquidity atios

Additional atios

The focus of this project is to draw up the business plan for DayLys Fashion and the start up funding will be $45,000. The paper also provides the pro-forma profit and loss, and the marketing strategies. The financial plan reveals that the company will record profits in the first year and continuing making profits within the next five-year.

DayLys Primary Earnings

DayLys primary earnings will be $62,715 in year 1, $135,771 in year 2,

and $243,806 in year…


Porter, M.E. (2001). Strategy and the Internet. Harvard Business Review.

HRM Best Practices the Primary
Words: 1557 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59535863
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The survey will be distributed among employees to gauge which benefits they deem most necessary in the upcoming decade to promote retention and high performance in the workplace. In addition the researcher proposes interviewing via an open ended questionnaire 10 HM officials within 10 organizations to gauge their views on the emerging trends and role human resources plays in today's rapidly changing marketplace.

Data Collection

Surveys and questionnaires will be distributed via electronic format and respondents will be allowed to provide information anonymously in the hopes of gathering as much information as possible. The information gathered from the surveys and questionnaire will be compared with information gathered from the literature review.


From the information gathered from both the field research and the literature review the researcher will develop scientifically grounded conclusions that will hopefully reveal what the emerging best practices and trends are with regard to HM. The research…


Bishop, T.R. & King, a.S. (1991). "Functional requisites of human resources: Personnel professionals' and line managers' criteria for effectiveness." Public Personnel Management, 20(3): 285

Fountaine, D. (2005- Feb). "Human resources: What's your plan?" Public Management,

Lipiec, J. (2001). "Human resources management perspective at the turn of the century."

Public Personnel Management, 30(2): 137.

Management's Primary Goal Is to
Words: 783 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89107309
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These examples indicate that a Machiavellian approach to corporate ethics and an utter lack of concern for the state of the environment in the future is poor business practice. Yet the ethical arguments in favor of businesses showing concern for the environment, having rigorous accounting ethics and observing regulations regarding consumer safety is that a failure to take ethical action often results in losses of profits. It is far more difficult to argue that a firm should ignore the need to make a profit at all, and to place the environment first.

Consider the principles of the Deep Ecology movement, which point out that Western capitalism and consumerism itself generates waste, and a focus upon maximizing productivity actually causes harm to the environment. Deep Ecology principles stress that even encouraging people to buy more consumer goods, regardless of origin, is unethical, and that improvements in technology often results in destruction…


Drengson, Alan. 2011. Mission statement. Foundation for Deep Ecology. Accessed[February 5, 2011]

Gogoi, Pallavi. 2006. Wal-Mart's Organic offensive. Business Week. Accessed at 

[February 5, 2011]

Whoriskey, Pete. 2011. GM and Chrysler, owned by the government, lobby against fuel efficiency, safety improvements. The Washington Post. Accessed through Green Change

Business Research Sources of Funding Payment
Words: 1304 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 98343329
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In the context of the sleep/rest support systems the integration of patient monitoring systems is a major market opportunity. A second key technological development is the adoption of lean manufacturing techniques in this industry. The use of Kanban manufacturing, demand-driven manufacturing, and distributed order management and supply chain optimization systems are all fueling the level of innovation occurring in this market. In addition to all these factors, the medical products industry is experimenting with Six Sigma manufacturing practices with offshore manufacturing partners to further reduce costs. These cost reductions are significantly impacting the industry's ability to invest even more into R&D and speed up the product lifecycles that set the pace of the entire global medical products industry. A third factor of technological innovation is the investment manufacturers are making in virtual instrumentation and its use to create combined monitoring and preventative assessment analysis. For medical products manufacturers of sleep/rest…

Secondary Sources in the Book
Words: 965 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48786779
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This section lists, in paticula detail, the many pimay and seconday souces he used to ceate his wok. Most inteestingly, the autho begins by pointing out that he was himself subject to the pejudice and suspicion aimed at newly aived immigants when he aived on Ameican shoes fom Gemany with his paents. He theefoe has fist-hand expeience of both being at both ends of the immigation phenomenon. Once he and his family wee thooughly integated into Ameican cultue, the autho acknowledges that he was evey bit as pejudiced against new aivals as his native-bon countepats. In addition to fist-hand expeience, Schag also notes that he has been witing on the subject of immigation fo decades. Much of the mateial he used fo his eseach duing these yeas also seves as basis fo the book. In addition, Schag is vey specific when listing the souces he uses as a basis fo…

references to support the information provided. Again, this is an element that might be included in the chapter itself.

By taking an objective view of the immigration phenomenon over centuries of American history, Peter Schrag is able to reveal the dichotomy between the general attitude to immigrants and the American ideal of inclusiveness and human rights, as guaranteed to all by the Constitution of the country. In this, he is even able to objectively consider his own attitudes, particularly when he was young, towards the same immigrants of whom he was a part during his young years. Furthermore, he also acknowledges his own prejudices not only towards immigrants of various varieties, but also the way in which his friends encouraged and fortified this attitude. Finally, the author acknowledges that his prejudice extended even to his native origins, in terms of rejecting his native German roots as "boorish" and completely uncultured in favor of his adopted country, the United States. By considering these actions and thought processes in retrospect, the author is able to provide an objective view not only of his country's flaws, but also of how these manifested in his young self. In short, the basic moral displayed by the book and its message is that, although immigrants have consistently been regarded as a threat to American culture, this is not in fact either a morally sound or practically realistic view, especially in the light of the core values promoted by the Constitution of the country. In other words, Schrag's morals are explicitly presented.

In contrast, the moral and political standing of the PowerPoint author remains implicit, with information presented in an objective way, but without personal viewpoint or comment.

Starbucks and the Four Primary Types of
Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75320196
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Starbucks and the Four Primary Types of Manufacturing Process

Job shop

ith jobs that don't fit within the scheme of continuous production the drive Starbucks, there is a need to address projects on an individiual basis. However, at this stage in its corporate life, Starbucks approaches projects quite differently than it may have a decade ago. Indeed, on the matter of its food offerings, an article by Kummer (2013) points out that the company has struggled to produce a quality product internally. As to the project of improving these offerings therefore, the resource wealthy company purchased a purveyor with a strong reputation for high quality cafe style food. According to Kummer, "last June, Starbucks paid $100 million for La Boulange, a San Francisco bakery with pastries and food that people definitely find respectable. The goal was nothing less than serving La Boulange-quality croissants and other pastries to Starbucks' 40 million…

Works Cited:

Hutson, Z. (2012). Starbucks to Create More than 140 U.S. Manufacturing Jobs at State-of-the-Art Plant in Georgia.

Kummer, C. (2013). Can Starbucks Do for the Croissant What it Did For Coffee.

Rebman, C.M. (2009). Types of Supply Chains. University of San Diego.

Reframing Organizations Analysis the Primary
Words: 1241 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 26898628
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Jack elch became the CEO of General Electric and was tasked with bringing the company's profits up in a recession. In this case, he realized that it was an issue of the internal affairs of the business and not so much customer service issues. In response, elch transformed the company through creating fresh action plans for each department, eliminating departments that were not making the market's best products, and creating an internal structure that encouraged employee growth and improvement, moving employees toward becoming leaders within the company. The purpose of the changes was to reform GE into a modern, growing company. The way that elch was able to do all this was the key: he got rid of all the company's red tape and bureaucracy. elch knew that in order for the company to thrive, there could only be one leader at the front of the company and one leaders…

Works Cited

Badaracco, Joseph L. "Ann Hopkins." Harvard Business School (1991): 1-28. Print.

Bass, Bernard. "Leadership and Performance beyond Expectations." Free Press New York12 (1985): 265-72. Print.

House, Robert J. Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2004. Print.

Kao, John. "Scandinavian Airlines System." Harvard Business School (1993): 1-21. Print.

Avoiding Plagiarism and Integrating Source Material Into
Words: 1488 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92084276
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avoiding plagiarism, and integrating source material into the body of the paper (Hacker, 106). Each main challenge involves utilizing many steps, which combine to make a research paper a descriptive analysis of a writer's thesis. The steps involved include: finding a topic, researching the topic, finding sources that support the writer's main idea, outlining the paper, writing the paper, identifying the thesis, writing the thesis, and ensuring that all source materials are properly cited in order to avoid plagiarism.

In order to put a research paper together, the writer first has to find a topic and determine the general questions that he or she wants to answer in the paper. Having found a topic, the writer begins basic research so that they can further narrow the topic into one that can be addressed in appropriate detail in their particular paper. Research can be done in a variety of ways, the…

Works Cited

Adam, Adams. "Adamanatly Adam." Adams Monthly Jan. 1991: 24-31.

"Articles in a Reference Work." The Encyclopedia of Writers. 28th ed. 1991.

Hacker, Diana. A Pocket Style Manual. 3rd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2000.

Scholar, Simon. "A Scholar's Story." The Journal of Scholarship 19.5 (1991): 15-26.

Organization's Structure This Source Will Be Able
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organization's structure?

This source will be able to give thorough information about the company organizational structure. It is reliable, however, it may be a bias source.

California Pizza Kitchen. (2011). California pizza kitchen. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from

How decentralized is it?

This article was posted in LA Magazine, a respected source from the southern California area. The source appeared to be a nonbiased source.

Lacter, M. (2008, August). econd helping. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from

What are the lines of authority and communication?

This source posted information about the structure of the California Pizza Kitchen's authority figures changing position. It was truthful and reliable, as it had direct information from sources.

Business Wire. (2003, July 24). California pizza kitchen announces CEO resignation; Co-founders and current co-chairmen will reassume roles of CEO. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from management/company-structures-ownership/5742203-1.html

What are the roles of teams, committees, and task…

Significant symbols of the California Pizza Kitchen include their intangible values system and their tangible technology. The first source is reliable, as it is the direct website of California Pizza Kitchen, however, it is hard to say how each individual responds to the corporate values system. The second article is retrieved from a restaurant news team, which objectively reviews California Pizza Kitchen's new tabletop technology.

California Pizza Kitchen. (2011). Respect, opportunity, communication, and kindness. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from careers/rock/

Liddle, A.J. (2010, September 17). CPK tests tabletop technology. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from

Nuclear Energy Risks vs Reward Every Source
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Nuclear Energy: isks vs. eward

Every source of energy has its own drawbacks. This is more so the case taking into consideration the recent energy source related accidents including but not limited to coal-mining mishaps, the nuclear crisis in Japan, the B.P. oil spill, etc. In this text, I will amongst other things concern myself with nuclear power and the consequences associated with the development of the same.

As I have already pointed out in the introductory section, every source of energy has a set of drawbacks. For instance, while there are a number of benefits associated with wind energy, the same also has several disadvantages. In the words of Eccleston, March and Cohen (2011), "wind farms can interfere with radar, creating a hole in radar coverage affecting aviation and national security." The author further points out that wind energy is largely unpredictable. Similarly, although hydroelectric power in the opinion…


Eccleston, C.H., March, F. & Cohen, T. (2011). Inside Energy: Developing and Managing an ISO 50001 Energy Management System. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Ginley, D.S. & Cahen, D. (Eds.). (2011). Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability. New York: Cambridge University Press.

McKinney, M.L., Schoch, R.M. & Yonavjak, L. (2012). Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Miller, G.T. & Spoolman, S. (2007). Environmental Science. Belmont, CA: Thompson Higher Education.