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NASA's Gemini Program was important for the contemporary accomplishments of the U.S. space program thoruhg its many contributions in the dawn of space travel. This work seeks to identify the significant benefits made by the Gemini program to NASA and the entire U.S. At large.
NASA reports that the second manned space program was named Gemini and was announced in January 1962. The project was named Gemini for the third constellation of the Zodiac with its twin stars Castor and Pollux. The Gemini project was inclusive of 12 flights, two of them unmanned and was a project with clear objectives including those as follows: (1) subjecting man and equipment to space flight up to two weeks in duration; (2) to conduct a rendezvous and dock with orbiting vehicles and to maneuver the docked combination by using the propulsion system of the target vehicle; (3) to perfect…
Gemini Missions (2000) John F. Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved from: http://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/gemini/gemini-manned.htm
Gemini Mission I (2000) John F. Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved from: http://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/gemini/gemini-manned.htm
Gemini Mission II (2000) John F. Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved from: http://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/gemini/gemini-manned.htm
Gemini Mission III (2000) John F. Kennedy Space Center. Retrieved from: http://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/gemini/gemini-manned.htm
" he spectacular effect achieved by the Russians therefore had a significant effect upon the minds of citizens around the globe (Dick, March 24).
he financial and political implications of the Apollo program became significant once the president made the decision to commit the United States to a Lunar landing. It was important to the president to set a goal that his country had a good chance of achieving before the Soviet Union. After a definite decision for the launch of the project was made, further important issues of politics and financing became deciding factors in the growth and development of the program.
he decision proved to be sound if the reaction of the nation could be used as a measure of effectiveness. he American imagination was captured, and they lent overwhelming support for Kennedy's decision to sponsor the moon landing. In the eyes of the nation, difficulty, expense and…
Transcript of Presidential Meeting in the Cabinet Room of the White House. Topic: Supplemental appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 21 November 1962.
Webb, James E. Letter to President Kennedy. October 29, 1962. NASA History
hen the Soviets successfully launched Sputnik I, the first ever artificial satellite, in orbit on October 4, 1957, the event took the Americans and the entire western world by surprise. Sputnik I was just a 2-foot sphere with nothing more than two tiny radio transmitters on it, but the symbolic significance of the event -- the implication that Communist Russia had taken a significant technological lead over the United States was a massive blow to the American nation's pride. It signaled the start of the Cold ar space-race between the two major super powers of the time and developed into a race for putting the first man on the moon that culminated in the historic "giant leap for mankind" on July 20, 1969 when Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. This paper focuses on the history of the U.S. Space Program, the role…
Chaikan, Andrew. "Space Exploration." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003
Ezell, Clinton E. And Linda Neuman Ezell. "The Partnership: A History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project." NASA Special Publication-4209,1978 Chapter 1: The Space Race Competition vs. Cooperation: 1959-1962. April 21, 2004 http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4209/ch1-4.htm
History of the Space Programme." Scenta Website. March 16, 2004. April 21, 2004. http://www.scenta.co.uk/news/viewFeature.cfm?ciid=207&iCurrSubSection=2
Koman, Rita G. "Man on the Moon: The U.S. Space Program as a Cold War Maneuver." Organization of American Historians. Reprinted from the OAH Magazine of History
Material equirement Planning
Selection of production has great impact on an organizational production process, and a production planning is critical to ensure smooth flow of production. Space Age Furniture is a company specializing in the manufacturing of cabinets and tables to hold televisions and microwaves. The paper analyzes the case of Space Furniture by exposing the implications of holding inventories within the company compared with the costs that the company incurs with overtime. The paper also recommends the solutions for the operation manager to solve the problems she is currently facing in order to improve the company image and derive satisfaction from the company key employer as well as attracting more customers to the company.
Space Age Furniture Company specializes in manufacturing of cabinets and tables used to hold portable televisions and microwave ovens. The products are manufactured in different sizes and features, and the manufacturing process…
Crawler, S. (2009). Management Insights. Production and Operations Management, 219-234.
Hill, J., A. (2003). Revising the Master Production Schedule in Sequence Dependent Processes. . International Journal of Production Research, 2021-2035.
Kabir, M., A. (2005). Batch-model Assembly Line Balancing: A Multiattribute Decision Making Approach. International Journal of Production Economics, 193-201.
Potamianos, J., A. (2006). An Interactive Dynamic Inventory-Production Control System. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 1017-1028.
nation-altering event of the 1960s. Specifically it will discuss man's first walk on the moon by astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldren, and how it stimulated the nation's growth, made an indelibly positive impression upon America's institutions, and if it/they provide sufficient substance to be incorporated into the future study of America during the 1960s.
MAN ON THE MOON
One of the most important and nation altering events to occur in the 1960s was the Apollo astronaut program, specifically, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldren's successful walk on the moon on July 20, 1969.
On July 20, 1969, people around the world watched in awe as Neil Armstrong became the first human to walk on the moon. The event symbolized, as Armstrong laconically radioed to earth, a "giant leap for mankind." In fact, the achievement was so overwhelming that a few people refused to believe it actually occurred, claiming that it…
Byrnes, Mark E. Politics and Space: Image Making by NASA. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1994.
Flatow, Ira, "Analysis: Anniversary of First Plans for Going to the Moon." Talk of the Nation Science Friday (NPR). 25 May 2001.
Levins, Harry. "In 1969, the U.S. Won the Cold War Race to the Moon." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 18 July 1999, pp A4.
Public Affairs. "V-2 Rocket." White Sands Missile Range. 2002. 22 March 2003. http://www.wsmr.army.mil/paopage/Pages/V-2.htm
Customer Service Triage at Home Depot
Despite the self-service checkout lanes being staffed by an associate to manage all four of the self-service locations, with custom orders and big-ticket items they had to inevitably get the store manager involved to alleviate the conflicts with customers. The time required to resolve both the custom orders and big-ticket purchases actually took more time for customers than it would have taken to just go through the traditional checkout lanes. The lack of information workflow, process, pricing, and employee knowledge of the processes was evident by watching the series of transactions completed. The triage or problem solving of the store manager took an inordinate amount of time to troubleshoot the pricing discrepancies on the service contracts alone would have made it much simpler to have also gone through the traditional check-out lanes. The more complex the transaction the greater the need for Home Depot…
AMR Research (2003) - Self-Checkout Systems -- Waiting for the 'Aha!' Moment. Wednesday April 9, 2003. Paula Rosenblum. Boston, MA
AMR Research-1 (2003) - the Aha Moment Arrives Wednesday April 9, 2003. Paula Rosenblum. Boston, MA
CapGemini (2003) - TRANSFORMING the SHOPPING EXPERIENCE THROUGH TECHNOLOGY, a Study in European Consumer Buying Behaviour. Accessed from the Internet on November 6, 2007 from location: http://www.no.capgemini.com/m/no/tl/pdf_Transforming_The_Shopping_Experience_Through_Technology__A_Study_in_European_Consumer_Buying_Behaviour_.pdf
Thus, PWhC set a record in this field with its $450 million contract with the U.S. army and Arthur D. Little came behind with a $88 million contract with Internal evenue Services (Barron, 2001).
E&Y acknowledges the critical role of e-learning for knowledge diffusion inside the company and the learning curve of its employees. Moreover, e-learning enables real-time learning and knowledge diffusion worldwide - 700 locations in 140 countries. Thus, the company has long mentioned its use of e-learning meant to reach over 80,000 employees in the early 2000 (Fry, 2001).
This strategy is fully compatible with the company's values and strategies so far. The internal usage of it increases employee performance through knowledge diffusion, learning and by employing faster and smarter tools in the day-to-day activity. The external usage of it increases customer satisfaction by delivering better results in a shorter period of time. Consequently, the company's results are…
Barron, T. 2001. Consultants Reshape the E-Learning Landscape. Learning Circuits.
Boselie, P. & Van Der Wiele, T. 2001. Employee Perceptions of HRM and TQM and the Effiects on Satisfaction and Intention to Leave. MSQ special 'Service Excellence', Erasmus Research Institute of Management - Rotterdam School of Management, www.erim.eur.nl
Fry, K. 2001. E-learning markets and providers: some issues and prospects. Education + Training, vol. 43(4/5): pp. 233-239.
Schwartz happens to be a Gemini, but John had a one in twelve chance of getting that one right. John continues to take stabs at guessing more about Gary Schwartz's family, guesses that are completely and probably deliberately vague. Not only could the mediums be making wild and general guesses but they could have also acquired information through traditional sources or nonverbal cues. For example, the medium might have known beforehand that Schwartz's birthday fell during the Gemini month, and that his mother's name contained the letter "S" in it. Barring such obvious fraud, guesswork seems as plausible an explanation as any other.
Schwartz fields accusations of fraud at several points in his book. One of his rebuttals is that "mediums need not be perfect," they just have to be better than everyone else (54). In fact, Schwartz designed all of his studies with this premise in mind, using a…
Hyman, Ray. "How Not to Test Mediums: Critiquing the Afterlife Experiments." Sceptical Inquirer. Jan 2003. Published online by Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal. Retrieved 26 Nov 2004. http://www.csicop.org/si/2003-01/medium.html .
Schwartz, Gary. The Afterlife Experiments. New York: Pocket, 2002.
problem-solving model in suggesting ways towards solving marketing problem of Classic Airline. It takes into account the internal and external pressures that contribute to the current crisis at Classic Airline, the current objective of implementing strategic marketing plan of solving solution. In addition, potential issues in implementation potential issues are as well considered in insuring impact of the plan. The analysis also touches on the fact that implementation of improved Customer elationship Management (CM) improves the profitability of the organization.
Classic Airlines is the fifth largest airline in the world with a command of up to above 375 jets that are serving cities with flights of over 2,300 daily. Since its inception, from 25 years ago, it has changed to become an organization having about 32,000 employees and even recently it managed to earn $10 million on sale of $8.7 billion in sales. Classic is among the airlines that faces…
Bull, C. (2003). Strategic issues in customer relationship management (CRM)implementation. Busiess Process Management Journal, 9 (5), 592-602, hosteddocs.ittoolbox.com/CB110408.pdf.
Hill.Patrissans, A. (2000). Customer Realtionship Management and the Challenge of Internet. Toronto: Cap Gemini Ernst and Young. scholar.sun.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10019.1/1475/BosseS.pdf?
Newell, F. (2000). Loyalty.com: Customer Relationship Management in the New Eraof Internet Marketing (1st Edition ed.). New York, NY: McGraw. http://www.scribd.com/doc/56202522/Classic-Airlines-Marketing-Solution
Philip Kotler, K.L. (2006). Marketing Management (12th Edition ed.). Upper SaddleRiver, New Jersey, United States: Pearson Prentice Hall.
If you don't do them well, you can't compete, but doing them better than anyone else provides limited benefit. Companies should carefully examine these tasks for outsourcing opportunities, keeping in mind that they may require the outsourced resources to have specialized or more developed skills.
Activities that are necessary, but a commodity level of service is sufficient - Commodity tasks are necessary for keeping a company functioning, but they do not require specialized skills. Performing these tasks at a level higher than the industry norm provides the company no value.
According to industry estimates that for most companies, only 20% of their activities provide strategic advantage, 50% of their activities are critical, and 30% are at the commodity level. However, most companies outsource few critical tasks, though outsourcing critical tasks represents a large opportunity. Several Independent Software Vendors (ISVs) that have outsourced development have found that about 20% of their…
al.); (Rahman, 136- 138) (Dasgupta)
From the segmentation analysis and mobile content revenues forecast, the need for launching the low-cost and ultra-low cost mobile cellular phone business in India based on value-added services that can be incrementally added to consumers' accounts is preferable to concentrating only on price alone. Creating the unique value proposition for the service based on mobile content also is attractive to potential partners who are necessary for the nationwide success of the company across India's broad geographic regions. This concentration on value-added services is also critical when the competitors to the proposed company are also taken into account. The following section provides insights into the competitive landscape in India for cellular and telecommunications.
Competitive Landscape and Analysis
The following is an analysis of the competitive landscape of providers that the proposed company will need to partner with in some cases, and compete with in others. Clearly…
AMR Research Study. Research Alert on Cellular Phone Costing and Forecast Alert. August 2005. Boston, MA. ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry. ProQuest.
Mike Clendenin. "Tale of two cell phone markets: INDIA and CHINA. " Electronic Engineering Times 4 Jun 2007: 33-34. ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry. ProQuest.
Nibedita Das. "Technology, efficiency and sustainability of competition in the Indian telecommunications sector. " Information Economics and Policy 12.2 (2000): 133-154. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 6 May. 2008
Anjan Dasgupta. Competition Policy in Telecommunications - a Case Study of India. 2005. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 8 May. 2008
Improvement of Supply Chain Management Tools and Processes for Ultimate Strategic Achievement of Success in Military and Civil usiness
Today, both public and private sector organisations of all sizes and types are faced with the same need to optimize their supply chain management processes to the maximum extent possible in order to achieve and sustain high levels of performance and productivity. ecause supply chain management systems are frequently highly complex, it is vitally important to understand how these systems operate and what factors contribute to their successful management. Moreover, innovations in information technologies have changed the manner in which companies manage their supply chains, but these innovations have introduced yet additional management challenges. In this environment, identifying opportunities to optimize the supply chain management process represents a timely and important enterprise. To this end, this study reviews the relevant literature to provide an overview of supply chain management and the…
Bibliography." The Journal of New Business Ideas & Trends. Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 63-66.
"Parts of Supply Chain Management." (2015). Six Sigma. [online] available: http://www.sixsigmaonline.org/six-sigma-training-certification-information/parts - of-supply-chain-management.html.
Rosenbaum, B (2001, November/December), "The Technology-Enabled Supply Chain Network." Industrial Management, Vol. 43, No. 6, pp. 6-9.
Sabbaghi, A & Vardyanathan, G (2008, August), "Effectiveness and Efficiency of RFID Technology in Supply Chain Management: Strategic Values and Challenges." Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 71-74.
Smith, T (March 2003), "New Ideas for Streamlining the Supply Chain Game: Supply Chain Management Is Something Companies Are Becoming Increasingly Focused on, as the Task of Juggling Profits and Customer Satisfaction Becomes More Complex. Business Asia, Vol. 11, No. 2, p. 22.
U.S. Tech Jobs Transferred in India
According to global research agency Gartner Inc., one out of every ten jobs in American software industry by the end of 2004 will completely move to low-cost emerging markets like India, China, ussia since United States companies have moved to cut costs. However, till now India has captured the major proportion of white-collar jobs exported from the U.S. And has proved to be the leading gainer amongst all other developing countries (Jeff).
A media report highlighted by the global research has estimated that approximately even 500,000 white-collar American jobs already have found their way offshore to the countries like China, Philippines and Malaysia; yet none has been able to capture more American jobs than India (Jeff).
However, one of the major disadvantage pointed out by the research agency was that these computer programmers who have been transferred to India are being employed comparatively at…
Jeff, Meisner. Exclusive Reports. Sea change: Overseas outsourcing could pose problems for tech sector. American City Business Journals Inc.
Black, Jane; Kripalani, Manjeet (2003). Special Report: Emerging Tech Markets. India: Hungry for Info Tech. Business Week Magazine.
Geewax, Marilyn (2003). Protests grow as tech jobs move offshore. The Atlanta Journal-
Communication est Practices in Change Management
Change is an integral part of life for both organizations and human beings. However, human beings will naturally resist change particularly because of the uncertainty it brings. In order to make their change initiatives successful, therefore, a leader ought to engage his employees and provide ample platforms for facilitating their navigation through change. This is referred to as change management (Lawler, 2006). Simply stated, change management is the management of "people in a changing environment so that business [and organizational] changes are successful and the desired business [or organizational] results are realized" (erns et al., 2007). This definition places people at the center of change initiatives and suggests that the success or failure of any such initiative depends primarily on the leader's ability to move and manage their human resources. This text identifies the components of effective change management and provides suggestions for incorporating…
Bibliography. Library Management, 27(4), 218-235
Lawler, E.E. & Worley, C.G. (2006). Built to Change: How to Achieve Sustained Organizational Effectiveness. New York, NY: Jossey-Bass.
Malek, R. & Yazdanifard, R. (2012). Communication as a Crucial Lever in Change Management. International Journal of Research in Management and Technology, 2(1), 52-57