Filter Results By:

Reset Filters

We have over 91 essays for "Psychopath"

View Full Essay

Psychology Honesty

Words: 1011 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13036966

Psychopath

The research by Mazar, Amir & Ariely (2008) shows that ordinary people often find ways they can cheat and still believe themselves to be honest. People do this by rationalizing their actions, and preserving a self-concept of honesty and integrity. Most people are willing to stretch or manipulate their moral codes under certain circumstances, particularly when they can find ways of maintaining a self-concept or project the image of being honest.

A psychopath would be theoretically less concerned with self-concept or reputation than the ordinary person. Like anyone else, psychopaths will be driven to "minimize risk to themselves," and ensure they do not get caught (Grohol, n.d.). The ordinary people in the Mazar, Amir & Ariely (2008) study likewise do not want to get caught. The psychopath might be more inclined to cheat for the sake of cheating, more often than the ordinary person who cheats primarily for things…… [Read More]

References

Fetchenhauer, D. & Dunning, D. (2010). Why so cynical? Psychological Science 2010(21).

Glenn, et al. (2010). Moral identity in psychopathy. Judgment and Decision Making 5(7); 497-505.

Grohol, J.M. (n.d.). Differences between a psychopath vs. sociopath. World of Psychology. Retrieved online:  http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2015/02/12/differences-between-a-psychopath-vs.-sociopath/ 

Mazar, N., Amir, O. & Ariely, D. (2008). The dishonesty of honest people. Journal of Marketing Research XLV.
View Full Essay

Personalities and Motivations of Murderers

Words: 3011 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38966076

Nonetheless, Bill never hurts other people simply because he thinks that it is irrational to hurt others. He thinks that any rational person would be like him and not hurt other people. Does Bill really understand that hurting others is morally wrong? (Nichols, 2002, p. 285)."

This presents some interesting directions of thought. However, it is time to go into the relationship between serial murderers and forensic psychology as it applies to the crime scene. Ted Bundy seemed very much aware that he was committing crimes against society, certainly crimes against his victims. Berkowitz, it was argued, was more psychotic, and for that reason perhaps less aware of his actions as crimes against society or individuals. Berkowitz was known to have started more than a thousand fires, and had a history of cruelty to animals; both manifestations of deeper emotional problems (Schlesinger, 2004, p. 328). This does not make any…… [Read More]

References

 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107452894 

Horley, J. (2003). Personal Construct Perspectives on Forensic Psychology. Hove, England: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved December 10, 2007, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107452916   http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5020572304 

Inside the Mind of the Mind Hunter: An Interview with Legendary FBI Agent John Douglas Criminal Profiler John Douglas Will Share His Understanding of the Criminal Mind at September's APA Conference. (2007). Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 10(1), 8+. Retrieved December 10, 2007, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5020572304   http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002475027 

Nichols, S. (2002). How Psychopaths Threaten Moral Rationalism: Is it Irrational to Be Amoral *?. The Monist, 85(2), 285+. Retrieved December 10, 2007, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002475027   http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=99956702
View Full Essay

Criminal Psychology What Are the

Words: 787 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92818315

In both cases, that label can make intervention more difficult instead of less difficult. Certainly, some types of behavioral issues are functions of immaturity or of stages of development and personality or identity experimentation. However, bona fide delinquency issues should not be excused as features of personality, largely because doing so undermines the development of personal responsibility and the realization that negative behaviors have negative consequences.

Which represents the greatest threat to society: multiple murder, workplace violence, or violent bias crimes?

It is difficult to compare the three types of crimes by listing them in order because so much depends on context. For example, violent bias crimes could include multiple murders. In general, multiple murders are relatively rare outside of environments where criminality is already at issue, such as in connection with organize crime and criminal gang rivalries. Workplace violence is comparatively rare when it comes to serious crimes such…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Women Stay With Sociopaths Finding Out That

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95170089

Women Stay with Sociopaths

Finding out that one's husband does not care about anybody but themselves and is a psychopath, could be among the worse things for a wife to hear, but it has happened, and it continues to happen in hundreds of relationship. The question to answer, however, is not why is this guy a sociopath, but instead, why is this woman staying with this man who is clearly in need of mental health assistance. It can be hard to imagine how a woman, after finding out horrendous things about her husband could choose to stay with him despite who she knows he truly is. This was the case with Mary Jo Buttafuoco. After she found out her husband was cheating on her with Amy Fisher, a teenager at the time, her world came tumbling down on her. The picture perfect life that she for a very long time…… [Read More]

References:

Buttafuoco, Mary Jo. Getting it through my thick skull: why I stayed, what I learned, and what millions of people involved with sociopaths need to know. Deer Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2009. Print.

Anderson, D. Love fraud: how marriage to a sociopath fulfilled my spiritual plan. Egg Harbor Township, NJ: Anderly Publishing, 2010. Print.
View Full Essay

Theatre Art

Words: 1066 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 37629048

Dee:

The Shape of Things, a play by Neil LaBute, (A) expands on the central themes of society's distortional emphasis on appearances, and art as a potentially limitless and human-sculpting instrument. Linearly structured in three acts, the plot closely follows the problematic evolution of a student couple from a Midwest university. Starting as a discrepant match, Evelyn and Adam develop an oddly unequal relationship, as the former increasingly impacts major changes in the apparel and psychological onset of her partner, who complies with every single suggestion out of innocent devotion.

The public clarification scene from the third act has a great potential for theatricality due to the fact that it comes across as a bitter surprise and a ruthlessly planned humiliation, yet admittedly it challenges the cultural and ethical boundaries concerning art and the human being as object for art. The reason why a large part of the audience exhibits…… [Read More]

References

Allen, James Sloan. "Tolstoy's Prophesy: "What Is Art?" Today." New Criterion, December 1998: 14-17.

Antakyalioglu, Zekiye. "Chaos Theory and Stoppard's Arcadia." Journal of Istanbul Kultur University, March 2006: 87-93
View Full Essay

Virginia Tech Massacre

Words: 1767 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85202235

Virginia Tech Killings

Crime and delinquency in the Virginia tech massacre

A shooting took place on the campus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University which is located in Blacksburg Virginia, on the 6th of April in 2007. In this shooting 32 people got killed. Later on this incident was called the Virginia Tech massacre. Even today this incident is thought of as the deadliest incident that took place in U.S. There were a number of people who were wounded by the man responsible for all this; Seung-Hui Cho. Cho committed suicide at the end of this whole incident. There were two different locations that the incidents took place at in the school and the second shooting occurred two hours after the first one. West Ambler Johnston Hall, which is a co-ed dormitory, is the place where the first incident occurred and here two people were killed by Cho. One…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Counselling Cases of Violent Children Have Become

Words: 1518 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 43232078

Counselling

Cases of violent children have become rampant prompting a lot of research and studies directed towards unravelling the reason behind violence, some of which are extreme at such tender ages. The author gives an example of two children who launched a violent attack in their school killing a teacher and four little girls. The motive suggested for one of the child's behavior is that he was jilted by a girl. These two children were only thirteen and eleven years old. This is quite a young age for a child to exhibit such extreme violent behaviors, they were so young yet they killed with a finely honed sense of premeditation. If I was a child psychologist like the author I would definitely be inspired by this event trying to make sure I found out the exact cause of violent behaviors as such in children who are very young. The author…… [Read More]

References

Jonatha K., (1999). Savage Spawn: Reflection of Violent Children. Balantine Books.
View Full Essay

Personalizing Punishment-Based on Brain Psychology

Words: 1884 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2325030

Psychopathology Criminal Behavior Part

What might be some of the implications for the forensic field of the differences between the "low-fear hypothesis" and the "high-impulsive" subtypes of psychopathy? In other words, how might the differences in the models help inform us about best practices for such activities as police work on the streets, interrogation methods, trial and sentencing practices, providing treatment, or evaluating recidivism risks?

In retrospect, theorists view Lykken's conceptual framework as a first step toward distinguishing between primary and secondary psychopathy (Baskins-Sommers, 2010). As theory building continues in this decade, the typology is supported by the notion of trait-like sensitivities and trait-like cognitive capacities that suggest the following implications for criminal justice procedures. Primary psychopathy is characterized by disinhibition, which is an inability to abort a dominant response, integrate socialization, or adopt alternative objectives. An individual who is considered to have primary psychopathy will fail to consider emotional…… [Read More]

References

Baskin-Sommers, A.R., Wallace, J.F., MacCoon, D.G., Curtin, J.J., and Newman, J.P. (2010, October 1). Clarifying the Factors that Undermine Behavioral Inhibition System Functioning in Psychopathy. Personal Disorders, 1(4), 203 -- 217. doi: 10.1037/a0018950. PMCID: PMC2992384. NIHMSID: NIHMS211679. Retrieved  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2992384/#!po=74.5614 

Baskin-Sommers, A.R., Curtin, J.J. And Newman, J.P. (2013, May). Emotion-modulated startle in psychopathy: clarifying familiar effects. Journal of Abnormal Pychology, 122(2), 458-468. 10.1037/a0030958. Epub 2013 Jan 28. Retrieved  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23356218 

Blonigen, D.M., Hicks, B.M., Krueger, R.F., Patrick, C.J. & Iacono, W.G. (2005, May). Psychopathic personality traits: heritability and genetic overlap with internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Psychological Medicine, 35(5): 637 -- 648. doi: 10.1017/S0033291704004180. PMCID: PMC2242349. NIHMSID: NIHMS38985. Retreived  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2242349/ #__ffn_sectitle

Franklin, K. (2010, May 30). Psychopathy guru blocks critical article. Will case affect credibility of PCL-R test in court? In the News: Forensic psychology, criminology, and psychology-law. Retrieved  http://forensicpsychologist.blogspot.com/2010/05/psychopath-guru-blocks-critical-article.html
View Full Essay

Juveniles in Adult Incarceration Facilities

Words: 1568 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95514071

In addition, the threat of being placed in an adult facility not only doesn't lower crime rates among juveniles, but increases their chances of recidivism and violent behavior (Elikann, 1999). As one critic of the current laws stated: "This country's laws recognize that juveniles are too young to drink alcohol, vote, engage in legal contracts and enter into marriage, all because they are still developing mentally and emotionally" (Bilchik, 2003). Yet today, approximately 200,000 young offenders are funneled directly into the adult court system, "the majority for property crimes and drug-related offenses" (Bilchik, 2003). Sadly, while there are situations in which even an adolescent is a "lost cause" and must be kept locked away, the great majority of cases in which juveniles are tried as adults are unnecessary and unwise (Elikann, 1999). Granted, the juvenile justice system is overloaded and needs to change, but channeling children into the adult system…… [Read More]

References

Biden, J. (2). Attacking Youth Violence. Criminal Justice Ethics, 17 (1), 1998.

Bilchik, S. (2003). Sentencing Juveniles to Adult Facilities Fails Youths and Society. Corrections Today, 65 (2), 21.

Elikann, P. (1999). Superpredators: The Demonization of Our Children by the Law. Reading, MA: Perseus.

Feld, B. (1997). Abolish the Juvenile Court: Youthfulness, Criminal Responsibility, and Sentencing Policy. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 88 (1), 68-136.
View Full Essay

Psycho Alfred Hitchcok's Psycho Was Released in

Words: 1661 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 38515978

Psycho

Alfred Hitchcok's Psycho was released in 1960, and encapsulates the social, psychological, and political tensions of the Cold ar era. As Raubicheck and Serebnick point out, Psycho could have been a bridge to the 1960s but the film is "less linked to and reflective of the so-called radical sixties than they are of the more controlled fifties and possess more cultural texture of this earlier era," (17). The issues related to gender, sexuality, and sexual repression in the film are likewise reflective of the interest in Freudian psychoanalysis that prevailed during the 1950s. Rebello points out that the popularity of Freudian psychology and theories like the Oedipus complex are played out on the screen in Psycho. Anthony Perkins's character Norman Bates is "connected with a much larger discussion, in the early Cold ar, of political and sexual deviance," (Genter 134). In Psycho, Bates becomes the archetype of the psychopath,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Genter, Robert. "We All Go a Little Mad Sometimes': Alfred Hitchcock, American Psychoanalysis, and the Construction of the Cold War Psychopath." Canadian Review of American Studies. Vol 40, No. 2, 2010.

Hitchcock, Alfred. Psycho. Feature Film.1960.

Raubicheck, Walter and Srebnick, Walter. Scripting Hitchcock. University of Illinois Press.

Rebello, Stephen. Alfred Hitchcock and the Making of Psycho. Open Road Media.
View Full Essay

Assessment and Treatment of Criminal Offenders

Words: 2787 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76109918

Treatment of Criminal Offenders

As a clinician, how can you apply the knowledge you gained from this course to more effectively serve your clients?

A connection has been established by researchers between brutal and violent susceptibility to impair a particular area of the brain. Till date, several evidence, have assisted to bring into limelight the shady aspect of human attitude and might pave the way for important interference. For instance, several types of spontaneous aggression might be a result of defective balancing of emotion within the prefrontal cortex of the brain, the centre of superior intellectual activities like judgment, analysis and substantial control of impulses. The degree of malfunctions in the core circuits of the brain related to aggressive behavior and if these circuits are capable of being repaired is of course debatable. esearchers have mentioned that individuals inclined to violence have structured blueprints in the brain that can be…… [Read More]

References

Allen, Harry E; Simonsen, C.E. (1998) "Corrections in America" New York, NY: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Gendreau, P & Goggin, C. (1996) "Principles of Effective Programming with Offenders" Forum on Corrections Research, Volume: 8; No: 3, pp: 38-40.

Hoge, R.D. & Andrews, D.A. (1996) "Assessing the Youthful Offender: Issues and Techniques" New York: Plenum.

Jacobs, B. L; Azmitia, E.C. (1992) "Structure and function of the brain serotonin system" Physiological Reviews. Volume: 72; pp:165-229.
View Full Essay

Criminal Theory

Words: 2293 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96623247

Criminology

The case of former colonel ussell Williams offers insight into the psychology of criminal behavior. Williams's confession interview was released to the public and aired on The Fifth Estate, offering criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and law enforcement officials unique access to the mind of a criminal. Analysts interviewed for The Fifth Estate documentary note that Williams presents a conundrum for psychologists and criminologists, as his reactions to the police interview did not fit any previously known profile, such as that of a psychopath. Williams exhibits traits that resemble psychopathic behavior, in accordance with individual trait theory. For instance, he meticulously recorded his crimes and kept the photographic and video imagery as souvenir mementos.

Yet Williams also denies his right to an attorney, permits a foot imprint of his incriminating boots, and also states in the interview that he "was hoping" that he would not have raped or killed again had…… [Read More]

References

"Dr. John Bradford won't work Magnotta case because of PTSD," (2014). CBC. Mar 13, 2014. Retrieved online:  http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/dr-john-bradford-won-t-work-magnotta-case-because-of-ptsd-1.2571463 

Fifth Estate (2010). The Confession. [Video documentary].

Friscolanti, M. (2014). Russell Williams's wife knew he was a predator: victim. Maclean's. Retrieved online:  http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/russell-williamss-wife-knew-he-was-a-predator-victim/ 

La Salle, L. (2013). Colonel Russell Williams where have you been? I've been to London to fly the queen and back to collect artifacts. All Things Crime. Dec 11, 2013. Retrieved online:  http://www.allthingscrimeblog.com/2013/12/11/colonel-russell-williams-where-have-you-been-ive-been-to-london-to-fly-the-queen-and-back-to-collect-artifacts/
View Full Essay

Talented Mr Ripley Patricia Highsmith

Words: 1584 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13286262

He is a little shy of his sexuality in the novel since it was written in 1950s when homosexuality was still found repulsive. While in the novel, ipley never admits his homosexuality, he is more confident on the same in the movie. He seems to desire Greenleaf however the same overt declaration is missing in Highsmith version. Instead of clashing, the differences of the film and novel versions seem to complement each other and you might need both to fully understand the forces that guide ipley's actions.

Tom is not the American innocent corrupted by Europe. ather, he is the image of the new American who will win against the sophistication of inherited or earned wealth and Old World education... It may be Tom's ability to flourish in a fluid world, to value both the peace of his home and the challenge of the chase that allows readers to enjoy…… [Read More]

References

Highsmith, P. (1955). The talented Mr. Ripley. New York: Vintage Crime.

David Bowman: Femme Fatale: What Was It That Drove Patricia Highsmith to Create a Killer as Intriguing as Tom Ripley? We May Never Know. March-April 2003. Page Number: 28+.

John Gray. An Encounter with Evil: Patricia Highsmith Was Fascinated by the Unnoticed Amorality of Ordinary People. While This Led to a Troubled Life, It Was the Source of Her Novels' Unsettling Power. New Statesman. Volume: 132. Issue: 4644. June 30, 2003. Page Number: 50+.

Kathleen Gregory Klein: Great Women Mystery Writers: Classic to Contemporary. Greenwood. Westport, CT. 1994.
View Full Essay

Dexter the Television Series

Words: 817 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50907830

Dexter (The television series)

There is an increase of interest in Hollywood movies and television series set to expand on crime investigation. There are arguments as to how realistic these representations on the screen are in regards to real life experiences and this is what we aim to discuss in this paper with a focus on the television series, ?Dexter, ? which is still running almost eight years after its first appearance on screen. We will be focusing on what appears more realistic in regards to how forensic science is presented in the series while also directing the focus on Hollywood's distinct trademark. We will also look at how such TV series may influence real life and affect people's expectations.

When ?Dexter, ? The television series, started airing in 2006, there already were a few other serial television shows that embedded forensic investigation. But, this time, there was something new…… [Read More]

Reference List

Babiak, P., Folino, J., Hancock, J., Hare, R.D., Logan, M., Mayer, E., Meloy, J. (July 2012). Psychopathy An Important Forensic Concept for the 21st Century. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. Retrieved from  http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/july-2012/psychopathy-an-important-forensic-concept-for-the-21st-century 

Salzberg. (2010, December 13). The Pseudo-Science of Dexter. [Web Log Post]. Retrieved from  http://www.innocenceproject.org/Content/The_PseudoScience_of_Dexter.php
View Full Essay

Btk Killer Dennis Rader

Words: 1146 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 76315972

Dennis ader, BTK Killer

There are few things in society today that horrify or fascinate us as much as serial killers. Murderers like Ted Bundy and Jeffrey Dahmer fill us with fear while also inspiring us to study them and use them as subjects of fiction. Indeed, fictional serial killer Dexter Morgan has millions of fans across the world. When examining the lives an actions of these killers, it is always interesting and shocking to see how easily they blended into their social contexts before their actions were know. A common reaction to the exposure and capture of such a serial killer is often one of disbelief, accompanied by cries to the effect that "he was such a quiet, nice person." This was also the case with Dennis Lynn ader, a serial killer who committed his first murder in 1974, but was only caught, convicted, and incarcerated in 2005.

ader…… [Read More]

References

Blanco, J.I. (n.d.) Dennis Rader -- BTK Killer -- A Biography. Retrieved from:  http://dennisraderbtk.blogspot.com/ 

Bryant, M. (2005, May 30). The Murderer Next Door. The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved from:  http://www.utexas.edu/features/2005/murder/ 

CI Network (2013). Dennis Rader: The BTK Killer. Retrieved from:  http://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk /crime-files/dennis-rader-the-btk-killer/biography.html

Mann, D. (2013). Portrait of a Psychopath. WebMD. Retrieved from:  http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/features/portrait-of-psychopath
View Full Essay

David Berkowitz Known as Son

Words: 3683 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 91413393

She notified police and the parking ticket (because Berkowitz had parked too close to a fire hydrant) was traced to Berkowitz. But the police were just thinking that Berkowitz might be a witness; however, when the Yonkers police searched that Galaxie belonging to Berkowitz, they found a rifle and a .44 caliber Bulldog pistol -- along with detailed maps of the crime scenes that Berkowitz had created with his lust for killing women.

"hat took you so long?" Berkowitz is reported to have asked as the officers arrested him. In time during questioning, Berkowitz either played like he was mentally unbalanced -- which he of course was -- or was just rambling because he claimed that the dog he had killed was possessed by some kind of demon, and that the dog was demanding that Berkowitz go and do the killing. Other claims by Berkowitz included that he was a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Breslin, Jimmy. (1993). 25th Anniversary. New York Magazine, 26(16), 153-154.

Brogaard, Berit. (2012). The Making of a Serial Killer / the Superhuman Mind. Psychology Today. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from  http://www.psychologytoday.com .

Caputi, Jane. (1987). The Age of Sex Crime. Madison, WI: Popular Press.

Crossman, Ashley. (2013). Labeling Theory. About.com. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from  http://sociology.about.com .
View Full Essay

Understanding Deviant Personalities

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44972820

Psychology Discussion: Psychopathology

Read the introduction to Reading 1: Beaver, Rowland, Schwartz & Nedelec (2011). The genetic origins of psychopathic personality traits in adult males and females: Results from an adoption-based study. Journal of Criminal Justice, 39, 426-432.

Characterise psychopathy: What are the defining features?

Psychopathy is a disorder of the personality that based on three prongs of traits: affective, behavioral, and interpersonal. Perhaps because they are so striking, are observed early in a person's life, or are reliably exhibited across people with psychopathy, the affective trait domain is key to identifying and measuring the incidence of psychopathy in a population. In particular, psychiatrists and psychologists look for callousness, absence of empathy, lack of feelings of guilt or remorse, reactive short-tempers, and indifference to punishment -- other than an association with revenge seeking.

State two findings from the reading that indicate that psychopathic personality traits are inherited.

Beaver, et al.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Impact on Victims and Offenders of Legislating Sexual Behavior

Words: 2336 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95227738

ichards Marcum a minimum 5 sources

From ancient times, criminal laws have been created to control and ensure safety of society. Time to time changes in law as well as crime varies with the intentions to control criminal conduct and mitigate the troubles experienced by victimized people. Sexual exploitation is one such classification of wrongdoing that has been stamped by intense changes in public perception and enactment of laws. These progressions have influenced not just the way in which guilty parties are taken care of by the criminal equity framework as well as the reaction to survivors of sexual exploitation also (ichards & Marcum, 2015).

How legislation has led to an increase in number to sexual offenders?

Offenders of sexual crimes are wholly abhorred, loathed, and seen as risks to the society at large who need to be bolted up and held under reconnaissance. Following the huge publicity of cries…… [Read More]

References

Finkelhor, D., & Browne, A. (1985). The traumatic impact of child sexual abuse: A conceptualization. American Journal Of Orthopsychiatry, 55(4), 530-541. doi:10.1111/j.1939-0025.1985.tb02703.x

Hlavka, H., & Uggen, C. (2008).Does stigmatizing sex offenders drive down reporting rates? Perverse effects and unintended consequences. Northern Kentucky Law Review, 35(4), 347-369. Retrieved from  https://www.soc.umn.edu/~uggen/Hlavka_Uggen_NKLR_08.pdf 

Prescott, J., & Rockoff, J. (2008). Do Sex Offender Registration and Notification Laws Affect Criminal Behavior?. SSRN Journal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.1915394

Richards, T., & Marcum, C. (2015). Sexual victimization. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
View Full Essay

How History Has Shaped the Crisis Negotiation Process

Words: 1265 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46050281

Negotiation Process: How Attica and Lewis Changed the Nature of Negotiation

The historical events of the riot at Attica prison on Sept 9th, 1971 and the hostage situation in 2004 at Lewis State Prison (Arizona) led to a significant change in the application of crisis negotiation. The lessons learned from each event changed the art of crisis negotiation as a result. Understanding how this transformation came to be, it is essential to discuss the events that transpired.

The Attica prison revolt served as a "wake-up call" to administers of crisis negotiation (Strentz, 2012, p. 176). Lacking on this day were the necessary "experience" and "intelligence" of crisis negotiators, as well as the implementation of correct "command decisions," tactics, and techniques (Strentz, 2012, p. 176). The "art" of negotiation was unrefined, crude, "forceful," and disorganized (Brown, Campbell, 2010, p. 362). However, among the prisoners, there was the opposite: organization, rhetorical skill,…… [Read More]

References

Brown, J., Campbell, E. (2010). The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology.

UK: Cambridge University Press.

McMains, M., Mullins, W. (2014). Crisis Negotiations. NY: Routledge.

Strentz, T. (2012). Psychological Aspects of Crisis Negotiation. FL: CRC Press.
View Full Essay

Human Nature How Do They

Words: 1249 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37655691

Similarly, a married man, though he has a wife, can feel a sense of lack sexually. This sense of lack can lead him to rape a female subordinate at work.

Describe the core behavioral characteristics of the criminal psychopath. Name and describe any five instruments used to measure psychopathy. What is the difference between criminal psychopathy and mental disorder?

a. The core characteristics of the criminal psychopath are a lack of empathy, egocentricity, lack of shame or remorse, and tendency for lying and manipulation

b. The Hare Psychopathy Checklist is a psycho-diagnostic tool used in tandem with the broader PCL-R inventory to measure a person's psychopathic profile.

The Psychopathic Personality Inventory is a self-report survey used to comprehensively index personality traits without explicitly referring to anti-social or criminal behaviors themselves.

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory measures various components of person's personality with a self-report inventory. Each component is measured by…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Social Psychology Concept Matrix

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28835484

Social Psychology Concept Matrix

Social Psychology Concept

Application to Society

Provide Example

Criminal Justice

Provide Example

Application to the Individual

Provide Example

The researcher selects a certain number of people from the population that he/she wants to study and presents them with a list of questions on the topic asking them to respond in order to elicit their opinion.

The survey can be conducted in writing, over the phone, as face-to-face interview, or in a small-group oral format

The survey can be used to, for instance, discover the expectations that citizens wish from their new president.

The citizens of the country can be polled and asked what they wish the president to accomplish for them / their country in the new term. Results can tell the government what the citizens most wish to be implemented in their country.

Tjaden and Thoennes (2000) surveyed men and women to find their comparable…… [Read More]

Hindsight Bias

This is as also known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determinism. It refers to the situation where the individual is inclined to see events that occurred as events that were predictable all along. This may result in memory distortion where a person's memory of the past is slanted by after-effects

Hindsight bias can interfere with the judicial system in that judges and jurors presented with the case a given often judge defendants as being capable of preventing the bad outcome (Starr & McCormick, 2001). This may be erroneous since many times defendant may not have known the outcome. This also extends tot the plaintiff, where, sometimes, jurors may determine that, based on the outcome, the plaintiff should have been more aware of the
View Full Essay

Should the Death Penalty Be Outlawed

Words: 1667 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 26711161

Death penalty has become a very controversial and high-visibility topic in the recent political and social activities. This is true both in the United States as well as around the world. There has already been a lot of shifts and changes over the years including the abandonment of hanging and firing squads. Even the electric chair has fallen mostly out of favor with the governments and law enforcement agencies of the world. However, even the remaining method commonly used in death penalty executions has started to get difficult, that being the use of lethal injection. hether it be fear of liability or concern about conscience, many of the drug companies that manufacture the drugs that are used in lethal injections are starting to rescind their cooperation with law enforcement and government. This is part of a wider movement around the world to abolish the death penalty due to it allegedly…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anckar, Carsten. "Why Countries Choose the Death Penalty." Brown Journal of World

Affairs 21.1 (2014): 7-25. Business Source Premier. Web. 28 Mar. 2016.

Falco, Diana L., and Tina L. Freiburger. "Public Opinion & The Death Penalty: A Qualitative

Approach." Qualitative Report 16.3 (2011): 830-847. ERIC. Web. 28 Mar. 2016.
View Full Essay

School-Based Bullying Prevention Programs the

Words: 9042 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 8170287

They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria:

1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional "harmdoing"

2. which carried out repeatedly and over time

3. In an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power. (Smith et al., 2002, p. 1120)

In their study, Smith et al. (2002), participating researchers in the 14 countries to completed the following

1. Listed and selected bullying terms as well as social exclusion in the applicable language.

2. Used fundamental focus groups with participating children to confirm usage and extensive comprehensive of terms.

3. Using cartoons, sorted tasks to…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Anti-Bullying programs for schools. (2009). NoBully.com. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from  http://www.nobully.com/index.html 

Beaty, L.A., & Alexeyev, E.B. (2008). The Problem of School Bullies: What the Research Tells Us. Adolescence, 43(169), 1+. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5026476147 

Beran, T.N., Tutty, L. & Steinrath, G. (2004). An evaluation of a bullying prevention program for elementary schools. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. Vol. 19, Iss. 1/2, p. 99

116 . Retrieved March 3, 2010 from  http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1188387401&Fmt=4&clientId=9269&RQT=30
View Full Essay

Overarching Purpose of Criminal Justice

Words: 1973 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49541281

If citizens do not trust the courts to deliver fair sentences, then trust in the government itself falls apart. If citizens do not recognize the legitimacy of the correctional institutions that embody punishment, then the entire criminal justice system has failed.

Punishment by the state for crime must be legitimate. The act of punishment must be systematic and not arbitrary, dealt in an unbiased manner and according to rule of law. For years, differential sentencing for crack cocaine and powdered cocaine in the United States reveals an arbitrary punishment that reflects race and class conflict. Such irrational manifestations of punishment serve to delegitimize the authority of the state. When the legitimacy of the state is lost, the foundation of a free society crumbles.

Ideally, the state possesses credible authority. That authority is used to uphold the rights and freedoms upon which a liberal democracy is based. The shared values of…… [Read More]

References

Bedau, H.A. (2010). Punishment. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved online:  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/punishment/ 

Fagan, J. (2008). Legitimacy and criminal justice. Retrieved online:  http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:CCgCViIiz_QJ:moritzlaw.osu.edu/osjcl/Articles/Volume6_1/Fagan.Intro.PDF.pdf+punitive+legitimacy+criminal+justice&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShJXobcMDmglV5TlF0d0d8XPcpqHyHT7gApxqlyHB-ynAXZXXBPBiOhsyEDeO_9hXlAmWbI6NALIf6VspF0Ox77-F-8kGN04vmftun6kxQh1cvaeK8KZQMg92kQ3GRmlfssgPQ2&sig=AHIEtbTOhZcNkalDBm6G11ceblm6HlrRng 

Johnson, D. (2009). Anger about crime and support for punitive criminal justice policies. Punishment & Society. January 2009 vol. 11 no. 1 51-66.

Levine, B.B. (2005). Legitimacy and the process why which it is pursued. In Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology. Eds. Beckert, J. & Zafirovski, M. Retrieved online:  http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=7&ved=0CE4QFjAG&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww2.fiu.edu%2F~levineb%2FReadings%2FLegitimacy_for_Milan_final.doc&rct=j&q=weber%20legitmacy&ei=0yeaTYvCJMOBhQfLh6j5CA&usg=AFQjCNFY2ueJB2ECMxAN1Wz9m0_b248JAQ&sig2=lZTHzm5bjGI4oVULeml3wg&cad=rja
View Full Essay

Personal Can Ethics Get Discuss

Words: 1920 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 4828863

Therein was her first ethical dilemma: should she remain quiet about this, or should she share this information with others and see what their response will be?

Her boyfriend gave her worthy advice: keep this to yourself because if your boss is found to be accepting kickbacks, and this revelation results in his removal from the company, her unit may well be disbanded, or otherwise affected in a way unfriendly to existing employees. The fact that Valerie's work visa situation -- she did not have a "green card" -- was largely dependent on the good will and fairness of those in supervisory positions in her company put her in a tight spot. Moreover her ethical decision-making was also stymied temporarily because she was enrolled in a master's program at the University of Chicago, and her continuing with her education was predicated on getting high grades. If she got good grades,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Clegg, Stewart, Kornberger, Martin, and Rhodes, Carl. (2007). Organizational ethics, decision making, undecidability. The Sociological Review, 55(2), 393-408.

Hellriegel, Don, Slocum, John W., and Woodman, Richard W. (1989). Organizational Behavior.

St. Paul: West Publishing Company.

James, Harvey S. (2000). Reinforcing Ethical Decision Making through Organizational
View Full Essay

Film Directors Everywhere Have a

Words: 1543 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 15762580



An American Alex would be against classical music, with anarchists normally being associated with hard rock music. Moreover, he would find it perfectly normal to use drugs instead of drinking milk in a club that has dummies for tables. The reason for which a Hollywood producer would not have his psychotic character drinking milk is that he or she would unquestionably find such a scene to be sick, and, thus, not to be presented to a general public.

Most American movies presenting young people fighting for anarchy want to teach a lesson. They want people to understand that society is good and that it is not worth fighting it, since you only harm yourself in the process. In contrast, Kubrick shows that the system is bad and obsessed with maintaining control over people. After Alex is freed from prison, he can no longer be free, as his mind continues to…… [Read More]

Works cited:

1. A Clockwork Orange. Dir. Stanley Kubrick. Warner Bros, 1972.
View Full Essay

Devil in White City the

Words: 1501 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 50184968

America's sprawling territories makes it easy for people to leave their families and connections, making it easier to kill or be killed. On one hand, the inventions of the Fair and the belief in commercialism and industry makes spectacle possible in a way that is not easily replicated anywhere else, Eiffel Tower aside. More so than anywhere else, the belief in newness and self-creation seems to be a kind of religion in America. Chicago would recreate itself, and so would Holmes. Science would set America free, leaving older primitive cultures to curiosity cabinets and freak shows, and science would give Holmes the tools to create the perfect murders, and then to profit by selling the remains, letting nothing go to waste in this little 'business' he was running. For both Holmes and Chicago, eradication of the 'dark city' beneath the image of a white facade was the essence of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic and Madness New York: Crown,

Erik Larson, the Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic and Madness, (New York: Crown, 2003), p.4.

Larson, p.4

Larson, p.62
View Full Essay

Man and Authority in One

Words: 1729 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 93875462

It takes an encounter with madness to appreciate the finer things in life and through successful characterization, Kesey brings this issue to the forefront. The struggle between man and those wishing to control him is not new because it is intrinsically human to desire freedom. hen we are caged, we rebel, even if that rebellion comes with a high price. McMurphy emerges triumphant because he demonstrates to the other men that they can be free and they do not have to let the system crush them. Bromden is heroic as well, because he discovers himself after a long separation from who he actually is. He would have never taken the steps he did without McMurphy and his antics. They are modern-day heroes fighting the age-old war of man vs. authority.

orks Cited

Fick, Thomas. "The Hipster, the Hero, and the Psychic Frontier in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.'" Rocky…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fick, Thomas. "The Hipster, the Hero, and the Psychic Frontier in 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.'" Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature. 1989. JSTOR Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 01, 2008.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/1347186 

Faggen, Robert. Introduction: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. New York: Penguin Classics. 2003.

Kesey, Ken. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. New York: Signet Books. 1962.

Ware, Elaine. "The Vanishing American: Identity Crisis in Ken Kesey's One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest." MELUS. 1986. JSTOR Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 01, 2008.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/467185
View Full Essay

Andrei Chikatilo the Case of

Words: 1742 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80134640

One can only imagine how sick his mind must have been to be standing in front of students, paid to impart educational knowledge to them, but in fact unable to be effective because he was having fantasies.

In a eb site called Serial Killers, Chikatilo's name is spelled "Andrej Tsjikatilo," perhaps closer to the actual Russian name he was given at birth. The site explains that he was known to eat the genitals of his victims, and when he had them as captives, he would gouge out their eyes while they were still alive. During the court trial, Chikatilo was kept in a steel cage in the courtroom "...to protect others from Chikatilo as well as [protecting] Chikatilo from relatives of his victims.

orks Cited

Crime Library. "The Devil's Trail." Retrieved March 4, 2008, at http://www.crimelibrary.com.(2003).

Hater, Jill. "Potvin Spotlight: Andrei Chikatilo." Potvin Newsly. Retrieved March 3, 2008, at http://thepotvinreport.wordpress.com.(2005).…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crime Library. "The Devil's Trail." Retrieved March 4, 2008, at http://www.crimelibrary.com.(2003).

Hater, Jill. "Potvin Spotlight: Andrei Chikatilo." Potvin Newsly. Retrieved March 3, 2008, at  http://thepotvinreport.wordpress.com .(2005).

Mark F. "Biography: Andrei Chikatilo." Crime and Investigation Network. Retrieved March 4, 2008 at  http://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk .(2005).

Rawlins, Heather. "The Life of a Cannibal: Andrei Chikatilo." IMDB. Retrieved March 4, 2008, at  http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1330232/bio .(2004).
View Full Essay

Criminology Clearance and Crime Rates

Words: 2911 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56316859

In fact, and quite surprisingly, one of the key findings of the Rand Report was that 50% of the nation's detectives could be eliminated without having a significant effect on clearance rates in the country (O'Connor). This conclusion flies in the face of conventional wisdom on police work, yet was fully supported by the exhaustive study. The study was funded by the National Institute of Justice and was designed to monitor the effectiveness of detectives in clearing cases in a variety of situations. Surveys were designed and then sent to local and county police departments throughout the country with at least 150 fulltime personnel or a municipal jurisdiction of more than 100,000 people. In total, three hundred agencies were solicited, of which 153 responded with answers to the survey. hile all of the data from those 153 agencies was used in the compilation of the study, twenty-five of the respondents…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Christianson, Scott. "Statistics Showing Falling Crime Rates Don't Tell Whole Story." Desert News (Salt Lake City). 22 Jan. 2006. 23 Nov. 2007.  http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4188/is_20060122/ai_n16018257 .

Livingston, Jay. "Crime and the Media: Myths and Reality." USA Today. May 1994. 23 Nov. 2007  http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_n2588_v122/ai_15282521/pg_3 .

O'Connor, Tom. "Traffic, Patrol, and Detective Operations." 13 Oct. 2005. 23 Nov. 2007 http://faculty.ncwc.edu/toconnor/205/205lect08.htm.

Purpura, Philip P. Criminal Justice: An Introduction. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1996.
View Full Essay

Intelligence Profiling There Were Numerous

Words: 762 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27170450

Those who are not familiar with such conditions can hardly imagine the results, especially when the mutual differences express themselves in the form of brutal attacks on the part of the father towards the mother or to assaults due to drunkenness." (Langer, "Mind of Adolf Hitler"). He also seems ha have been his mother's favorite and the beneficiary of generous flows of love from her part, contrary to his father's severity. Langer also draws the conclusion that Hitler was influenced in a very serious degree by his father's personality and often confusing way of behaving. His father's deeds seem to contradict themselves in his attempt to present an entirely different image to the society than what he really was at home: an unreliable drunk who physically and verbally abused all the members of his family.

As Langer also points out in his study, Hitler looked in his first adult years…… [Read More]

Reference List

Kershaw, I.(2000). Hitler. 1936-1945: Nemesis. London, England. Penguin Books.

Langer, W.C.(ca. 1934) a Psychological Analysis of Adolphe Hitler. His Life and Legend.. Retrieved: September 5, 2007. from the Nizkor Project 1991-2005. Web site:  http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/h/hitler-adolf/oss-papers/text/profile-index.html 

Waite, R.G.L.(Winter 1971). Adolf Hitler's Guilt Feelings: A Problem in History and Psychology. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp 229-249 from Jstor. The Scholarly Journal Archive.
View Full Essay

Zodiac Killer in San Francisco

Words: 1695 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65431167

Graysmith notes the results of a comparison of Starr's printing to the Zodiac letters, but there was no match (Graysmith 266-267). As noted, Graysmith also had an explanation for how the Zodiac might have disguised his printing, but clearly the letters have not been linked to anyone for certain. The fact that the Zodiac stopped killing has been the focus of a good deal of speculation as well, including that he could be dead, that he might be in prison for some other crime, or that for some unknown reason he just stopped. No one really knows the answer to this question, either. A killer in New York later used the name Zodiac and even claimed to be the Zodiac, but that has been discounted by most observers. Earlier killings in Riverside and elsewhere were alter attributed to the Zodiac as well, though again, no one is certain if this…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Quick Reference Guide (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1994.

Egger Steven a. Serial Murder: An Elusive Phenomenon. New York: Praeger, 1990.

Graysmith, Robert. Zodiac. New York: Berkley, 2007.

Green River Killings." The Seattle Times (19 Nov 2004). April 1, 2007.  http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/greenriverkillings/ .
View Full Essay

Robertson Brian C 2003 Day

Words: 1295 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10961260



Although he says his book is not an attack on feminists, feminists become the villains in his book. In Robertson's view, feminists are a monolithic ideological block. He speaks about feminists in broad, sweeping terms: "Feminist advocates of the working mother model of social organization claimed that the quantity of time," was irrelevant to the child's upbringing, he sneers (30). To say that quality rather than quantity time is important when discussing childrearing practices, however, is far different than saying that quantity is irrelevant, or that working mothers have no concern for the amount of hours they spend away from young children. Feminists surely have a wide variety of views on the matter, and some feminists support flexible work time arrangements as well as day care.

Robertson shows his ideological again orientation when he says: "the media elites will not take on feminists," despite the fact that numerous media exposes…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Robertson, Brian C. (2003) Day Care Deception: What the Child Care Establishment Isn't Telling Us. New York: Encounter.
View Full Essay

Temporal Relationship to Deviance and

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99219939

Duncan continues to conform to the statutory definition of a sexual psychopath (Crenson, 2005)."

Temporal deviance can also cause inappropriate sexual behavior and problems maintaining personal relationships.

The courts must decide is and is not criminal when considering temporal deviance. The most basic answer to that question is that a deviancy is criminal if it the deviancy is acted on and is of such a nature that it commits force, damage or fear in a person or against a property.

Located just above the ears, the temporal lobe is involved in face and object recognition, musical ability, personality and sexual behavior. If epilepsy or some other condition causes damage to the temporal lobe, a person can become sexually attracted to inappropriate stimuli, even inanimate objects (Crenson, 2005)."

Studies have indicated that pedophiles have a lower activity level in the temporal part of the brain, however it only becomes criminal when…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Crenson, Matt (2005) Key Trait May Predispose Predators to Sexual Deviance; Many Appear to Possess One or More Brain Abnormalities. The Washington Post

Garcia, Erica (2006) Genetic predictions of future dangerousness: is there a blueprint for violence?(the Impact of Behavioral Genetics on the Criminal Law) Law and Contemporary Problems

McCracken, James (2001) Mental Health Problems and Service Use Among Female Juvenile Offenders: Their Relationship to Criminal History. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
View Full Essay

United States Has the Highest Rate of

Words: 13726 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23718315

United States has the highest rate of confinement of prisoners per 100,000 population than any other Western country. Analyze this phenomena and discuss actions that you feel are necessary to combat this problem.

The United States currently has the highest incarceration rate of any nation worldwide. For example, greater than 60% of nations have incarceration rates below 150 per 100,000 people (Walmsley, 2003). The United States makes up just about five percent of the world's population and yet it houses 25% of the world's prison population (Walmsley, 2009). In 2008 there were more than 2.3 million people held in United States prisons and jails, a rate of approximately 754 inmates per 100,000 people (Sabol, West, & Cooper, 2009). So if we only count adults in the population that translates into a one in 100 American adults is locked up. ussia is the only other major industrialized nation that comes close…… [Read More]

References

American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2002). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.

Breggin, P.A. (2008). Brian disabling treatments in psychiatry: Drugs, electroshock, and the psychopharmaceutical complex. (2nd Edition) New York: Springer University

Press.

Burton, R. (2002). The Irish institute of nutrition and health. In Diet and criminality.
View Full Essay

Banality of Evil What Is the Relationship

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56103927

Banality of Evil

What is the relationship between the banality of evil and the ordinariness of goodness?

Justas the 'banality of evil' was committed by apparently ' regular' ordinary' people who proceeded with the premise that their actions were acceptable based on their indoctrinations or cultural teachings (as e.g. By the third eich) and, therefore, 'evil' lost its maliciousness and became ordinary, so too, as per David Blumenthal (1999), goodness is also normalized and becomes banal through systems of social hierarchy, education, and childhood discipline that shape both good and evil attitudes and actions.

2.How do both torturers and the tortured come to terms with their circumstances? Are their similarities between these processes?

Torture not only causes pain to the body but can also cause associated damage and corruption to the psyche. The torturer, on the other hand, may not experience physical pain but will certainly experience the same damage…… [Read More]

References

Blumenthal, D.R. (1999) The Banality of Good and Evil

Moral Lessons from the Shoah and Jewish Tradition, NY: Pegassus.

Conroy, John, Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People: The Dynamics of Torture, Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

Hrea.org. The United Nations Human Rights System
View Full Essay

Criminals -- Born or Made Since the

Words: 2372 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42815491

Criminals -- Born or Made

Since the construction of the first civil society, behavioral rules distinguishing what is acceptable and what is criminal have existed. Even though individuals typically have a concept of conventional moral behavior, criminal conduct is represented in every society and culture. Criminal deviance is not a novel construct, and has long been the intrigue of researchers, philosophers, and theorists to determine criminal motivation and link the relationship between individuals and the execution of criminal acts. One central argument that has evolved in the realm of criminality is the nature vs. nurture debate, which questions if criminals are born or made. Biological, psychological, and sociological disciplines each offer theories into the origin of criminality to explain if criminal behavior is a consequence of genetics or a matter of the environment in which they are raised (Jones). The biologist introduces genetic evidence and explains the effects of varying…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Akers, R, and C. Sellers. Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Applications.

4th ed. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Publishing Co., 2004. xx-xx. Print.

Anderson, C, L Berkowitz, E Donnerstein, and R. Huesmann. "The Influence of Media violence on Youth." American Psychological Society. 4.3 (2003): 81-110. Print.

Eysenck, H.J.. "Personality and Crime." Psychopathy: Antisocial, Criminal, and Violent
View Full Essay

Violent Crimes Analysis From the

Words: 1310 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Discussion Chapter Paper #: 18249175



The term signature aspect is used to refer to unique behavior that is exhibited by the criminal that is peculiar to that particular criminal though may not be necessary in committing the crime. One of the most common signature aspects is the calling card, or tattooing of the dead bodies, use of excessive force, leaving notes behind and many more. These are not necessary in killing of victims but are a sign of claiming the crime (John E. Douglas, 2011).

The components of crime classification that I learnt about and are central in the crime classification are finding out the defining characteristics of the crimes and the crime scenes, this will be instrumental in telling the motive behind the crime and in the case of multiple motives, the most outstanding will guide the profiling. The other component is victimology which is the complete history of the victim which will help…… [Read More]

References

Anthony Lantosca, (2006) IAFEI: The truth about Deception Detection. Retrieved February 11, 2012 from  http://www.iafei.com/deception-detection/ 

Encyclopedia of mental Disorders, (2012). Hare Psychopathy Checklist. Retrieved February 11,

2012 from http://www.minddisorders.com/Flu-Inv/Hare-Psychopathy-Checklist.html

Hwakins, (2012). The Baseline Killer. Retrieved February 11, 2012 from  http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/predators/baseline-killer/1.html
View Full Essay

Personality and Personalities Everyone Has a Personality

Words: 1179 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74287462

personality" and personalities. Everyone has a personality, their own unique collection of traits and characteristics. The facets of a person's personality may be partly inherited and partly the result of the person's life experiences. In the personality disorder, the person has inflexible traits and patterns of behavior not typical of most people and that cause the person to function poorly in life. Up to 13% of people may have some kind of personality disorder.

"Odd" Personality Disorders: are characterized by odd or eccentric behavior that can include a high degree of suspiciousness or social withdrawal.

Paranoid personality disorder: is characterized by high levels of distrust regarding other people. Believing that others have it in for them, they avoid close relationships. They find proof that their suspicions are justified in the actions of others, which they perceive as either threatening or putting them down in some way. They are highly critical…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Poison in Faulkner Poison Plays

Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28019187

The whole poison-purchasing scene is very interesting and adds to the impact of her action. Emily is determined to buy poison and let the pharmacist assume it is to kill rats. While he is adamant about knowing the truth, Emily is not interested in sharing the details of her plans with him.

I want some poison," she said to the druggist. She was over thirty then, still a slight woman, though thinner than usual, with cold, haughty black eyes in a face the flesh of which was strained across the temples and about the eyesockets as you imagine a lighthouse-keeper's face ought to look. "I want some poison," she said.

Yes, Miss Emily. What kind? For rats and such? I'd recom -- " want the best you have. I don't care what kind."

The druggist named several. "They'll kill anything up to an elephant. But what you want is --…… [Read More]

References

1. Faulkner, William- Rose for Emily, Collected Stories of William Faulkner. New York: Random House, 1950, pp. 119-130

Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, William Faulkner: An Interpretation. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1957, pp. 37-38

M. Thomas Inge, a Rose for Emily: Charles E. Merrill: Columbus, OH. Publication Year: 1970.
View Full Essay

Misfit He Said Because I

Words: 1046 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71712063



Although he is compared to divinity, The Misfit is not a "good man," just as the Grandmother is not a good woman. O'Connor purposely alludes to the Old Testament because the deity described there is not necessarily "good" in the sense that He brings joy to human beings. Rather, the Biblical God is vengeful, full of wrath and disgust for humanity. God is, in many ways, like The Misfit. He brings disasters upon humanity and punishes people, often for no reason, as in the story of Job. The Old Testament God is then compared with Jesus Christ, about whom the grandmother and The Misfit exchange many words. Based on their discussions, it is clear that The Misfit has contemplated the nature of Jesus far more than the grandmother, who simply relies on her faith. The grandmother continuously pleads with The Misfit to "pray." However, his response is an intellectual investigation…… [Read More]

Works Cited

O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." The Complete Stories. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1946. p. 117-133.
View Full Essay

Biological Theories of Youth Crime

Words: 956 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81963374

" (Magrid and McKelvey, 1990).

Although some analysts still toss around the question of nature vs. nurture, current research seems to be edging out nature and placing much more emphasis on nurture. Another notable expert who agrees with the author's premise is Benjamin B. Wolman. Wolman explores the foundations of deviant behavior in his widely-read book, "Antisocial Behavior: Personality Disorders from Hostility to Homicide," and emphasizes nurture almost to the exclusion of nature, in explaining why sociopaths are more and more prevalent in our society. According to Wolman, "the way that parents rear their children can be crucial. Parental rejection can adversely affect their children's self-confidence and self-reliance. Undeniably, these children will feel neglected and unwanted if their parents are not affectionate and considerate. These children cannot however behave aggressively toward their parents as they fear that they might retaliate. Instead, they behave aggressively toward weak people who are unable…… [Read More]

References

Karr-Morse, Robin and Wiley, Meredith S., (1999). "Ghosts from the Nursery: Tracing the Roots of Violence" (1999). Chapter 2: Grand Central: Early Brain Anatomy and Violence. Pub Group West.

Magrid, Ken & McKelvey Carole a. (1990). "High Risk Children without a Conscience." Bantam, Doubleday, Dell.

Wolman, Benjamin B. (1999). "Antisocial Behavior: Personality Disorders from Hostility to Homicide." Prometheus Books.
View Full Essay

Death Penalty The Writer Explores

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63479591

org. "It is stacked again and again in the killers' favor and victims are an after-thought. It would be unlikely to ever lead to an execution in Massachusetts."

Chief among the group's gripes is that the bill does not specifically call for death in child or sex slayings but would put death on the table for inmates serving life who kill behind bars. Romney's bill provides the death penalty for killings involving terrorism, the murder of a law enforcement officer and slayings involving multiple victims or torture - all backed by irrefutable DNA evidence.

Paranzino also said a requirement for "no doubt" scientific proof conflicts with existing "reasonable doubt" standards. "This bill itself deserves to die of lethal injection," he said. "America is safer without this bill than we would be with it."

Romney aide Shawn Feddeman said the governor "focused on the worst of the worst murders (in drafting…… [Read More]

Other articles and books are: 13,14,15

There are some indicators that it acts as an anti-deterrent i.e. The death penalty actually increases the homicide rate:

In 1996, those states which had the death penalty
View Full Essay

Temporary Disability

Words: 976 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44988056

Temporary Disability Law

What laws apply to temporary disability at the workplace?

Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) programs are designed to provide wage replacement for non-work-connected sickness or injury. The TDI program complements the UI program by providing benefits to individuals who do not meet the UI program's "able" to work requirement. Although Federal law does not provide for a Federal-State TDI system, the SSA and the FUTA both authorize the withdrawal of employee contributions from a State's unemployment fund for the payment of TDI. (Temporary Disability Insurance, n.d..)

Another law providing for temporarily disabled workers injured on the job is Workers' Compensation. Workers' Compensation laws are designed to ensure that employees who are injured or disabled on the job are provided with fixed monetary awards, eliminating the need for litigation. These laws also provide benefits for dependents of those workers who are killed because of work-related accidents or illnesses. Some…… [Read More]

References

Workers compensation: an overview. Retrieved from:

'Temporary Disability Insurance" Retrieved August 10, 2005 from
View Full Essay

Nazis' Rise to Power One

Words: 3165 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76659854

In his study of the camp doctors, he noted,

The willingness to blame Jews for Germany's troubles, making them "arch enemies of Germany." The nation was itself reduced to an abstract essence, threatened by its enemies and in need of sacred renewal and purification, through blood sacrifice if necessary. One's identity as a German, as the Nazis defined it, crowded out other possible roles. As the embodiment of this "holy, divine Reich," the Fuhrer, and not the doctors, was responsible for all that happened in the camps. Yet "even the Fuhrer could be painted as 'helpless': because the Jew's evil forced the Fuhrer to act or make war on him."

So nefarious was this hidden enemy - the Jew - that he or she was quickly seen to be responsible for every conceivable social ill, real or imagined. "Jews -- or the concept of 'the Jew' -- were equated with…… [Read More]

Bibliography

 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=65194469 

Bailer-galanda, Brigitte. "8." In Antisemitism and Xenophobia in Germany after Unification, edited by Kurthen, Hermann, Werner Bergmann, and Rainer Erb, 174-188. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=103409458 

Bosworth, R.J.B. Explaining Auschwitz and Hiroshima: History Writing and the Second World War 1945-1990. New York: Routledge, 1994.  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=103664388 

Crew, David F. Nazism and German Society, 1933-1945. London: Routledge, 1994.  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=33602574
View Full Essay

Martin Luther & Psychoanalysis Young

Words: 3486 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94491863

The church had taught Luther that the Earth was the center of the universe and he pretty much had bought into everything that was laid before him in schools and church. Then, after receiving his master or arts (in 1505), and while still willing to pursue his father's dream for him (to go into law), he began to become melancholy (a best friend died; two of his brothers died of the plague) and very sad.

On July 2, 1505, while on his way back to college at Erfurt, he encountered a thunderstorm (as mentioned earlier in the paper) and when lightning struck the ground near him he was "seized by a severe, some say convulsive, state of terror" (p. 91). Luther claims to have called out at that moment, "Help me, St. Anne...I want to become a monk." Nobody of course heard him cry out, but his family and colleagues…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Erikson, Erik H. Young Man Luther: A Study in Psychoanalysis and History. New York W.W.

Norton & Company Inc.

Sharkey, Wendy. "Erik Erikson: 1902-1994." Psychology History / Muskingum College. Retrieved 25 Oct. 2006 at  http://muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/erikson.htm .

Wikipedia. "Erik Erikson." Retrieved 26 Oct. 2006 at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_Erikson .