Psychopharmacology Essays (Examples)

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Psychopharmacology
It was only in the 1950s when psychiatric drugs to treat severe depression were first developed. Prior to that, most people had to suffer with their emotional pain and its attached sigma. Many individuals had to be admitted to mental hospitals. Now, psychiatrists can prescribe any of hundreds of medications for this illness and, in the majority of cases, have successful results.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or MAOs were the first pharmaceuticals developed. Although they have more side effects than the tricyclic and latest selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSIs), they are found to be very helpful particularly in "atypical" and treatment-resistant situations. They can "produce dramatic improvements in some forms of depression" (Gorman, 1990, p. 83). The generic and brand names of the three marketed in the United States are bedisocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine sulfate (Nardil) and tranylcypromine sulfate (Parnate).

The efficacy of MAO inhibitors is generally equivalent to the other classes of antidepressant….

psychopharmacology, the goal is to use drugs to improve brain function. This takes place via very specific actions within the brain. The drug may be administered in one of several ways, and its metabolism will vary based on many factors, making psychopharmacology a complicated medical issue. In addition, some people abuse substances known to have a psychopharmalogical effect. oth the appropriate and inappropriate use of these drugs can have a profound effect on both mind and body.
While researchers have described many uses for these medications, they are not yet "magic bullets" that can be aimed precisely, giving only the desired effect, doing that well, and causing no side effects (Hamilton & Timmons, 1994). Sometimes the side effects can be managed well, but sometimes a medication will help solve another (say, depression) and yet cause or aggravate another (for example, anxiety) (Hamilton & Timmons, 1994).

One author suggests that one think….

Psychopharmacology
Website: www.bap.org.uk

The ritish Association of Psychopharmacology (AP)(n.d.) is a scholarly society and enlisted philanthropy. It advances exploration and instruction in psychopharmacology and related zones, and unites individuals in the educated community, well-being administrations, and industry. Shaped in 1974, it is the biggest such national relationship in Europe, and the second biggest in the world. The website has a lot of different content available that would help me in my coursework. Several articles can be seen in the homepage, which have been published by renowned authors. Videos are also available that would help me in understanding difficult concepts of psychopharmacology. The association has its own journal and publications which are available completely if one becomes a member of the ritish association. The homepage also presents several tweets by AP that creates a good impact on the visitor.

AP provides several activities to the members of the website and also includes detailed information….

Psychopharmacology
Non-medical psychotherapists, such as Marriage and Family Therapists, should learn about psychopharmacology in order to:

Collaborate with prescribers regarding a patient's medication

For a patient with a borderline or dependent personality, a therapist not recommending medication would likely be seen as:

Conservative

Jim is disturbed by his psychiatrist's prescription of psychotropic medication, believing that the psychiatrist is attempting to control him and remove his autonomy. This most likely reflects:

Paranoid personality traits

Short, branched structures projecting from a nerve cell body are known as:

Dendrites

Messenger molecules are secreted by neurons and affect the functioning of adjacent neurons. Messenger molecules are also called:

Neurotransmitters

The space between the terminal button and receptors is the:

Synapse

Which statement most accurately describes nerve cell receptors?

They increase in number until age 50, then slowly die off

8) The area of the brain most closely associated with emotion is the:

Limbic system

9) Higher cognitive function takes place in which area of the brain?

Cortex

10) Increased heart rate, dry mouth,….

Psychopharmacology Case Study
Possible etiologies

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

GAD or as it is known in full generalized anxiety disorder is a widespread anxiety complication that is characterized by worrying chronically, tension and nervousness. This is different from a phobia; which is characterized by fear of something specific or situation. GAD diffuses a feeling of dread and unease spanning all aspects of one's life. The anxiety is not as intensive as a panic attack but lasts much longer and consequently lowers the general quality of life over a longer time span of life. It does not matter whether you are conscious that your worrying is exaggerated or think that such worries protect you in some way, the consequence is the same. It is impossible for you to deliberately turn off your anxiety. They form an endless stream that flows on your mind (Segal, 2016). Our subject, Tom, is a case for GAD as….

Psychopharmacology
Possible etiologies

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

GAD or as it is known in full generalized anxiety disorder is a widespread anxiety complication that is characterized by worrying chronically, tension and nervousness. This is different from a phobia; which is characterized by fear of something specific or situation. GAD diffuses a feeling of dread and unease spanning all aspects of one's life. The anxiety is not as intensive as a panic attack but lasts much longer and consequently lowers the general quality of life over a longer time span of life. It does not matter whether you are conscious that your worrying is exaggerated or think that such worries protect you in some way, the consequence is the same. It is impossible for you to deliberately turn off your anxiety. They form an endless stream that flows on your mind (Segal, 2016). Our subject, Tom, is a case for GAD as his worrying….

Psychopharmocology: Psychotic Disorders
Psychopharmacology: Psychotic disorders

Accepted psychological and biological theories regarding the causes of each disorder

Psychosis is an undefined syndrome that manifests in delusions, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, losing touch with reality. The condition is attributed to a variety of conditions including primary psychiatric complications and medical complications such as dementia, central lobe epilepsy, Schizophrenia and related disorders, medical complications, abnormalities in metabolism, endocrine and neurologic disease. It also includes drug and substance abuse complications. Common among the substances abused are hallucinogens and amphetamines. The most common primary psychosis is schizophrenia. This disorder is a severe one. It begins sometime around adolescence or in the early stage of adulthood. Although the onset tends to manifest a later among women, the occurrence of the condition seems evenly spread across the gender divide. Surveys in epidemiology demonstrate that 0.4% of the disorder is characterized by critical disorders in thinking patterns and perception. Inappropriate emotions….

Psychopharmacology Treatment for Alzheimers Disease
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the three treatment options for Mr. Akkad suffering from Alzheimer's disease. Mr. Akkad is a 76-year Iranian patient demonstrating some strange behaviors. The patient has started losing interest in the major religious activities, which is critical for a member of the family. Moreover, he has started abandoning things he uses to take very seriously before, and these things have become sources of amusement and ridicule. Moreover, Mr. Akkad has been forgetting things within the past two years, and the issue seems to be getting worse. After clinical examination, Mr. Akkad scores 18 out of 30 revealing that the patient is suffering from moderate dementia based on his primary deficit in attention, registration, orientation, recall and calculation. However, Decision 1, Decision 2 and Decision 3 options are recommended for the treatment of Mr. Akkad.

The purpose of this paper is….

" (1995)
The authors state: "The amphetamines occasioned dose-related increases in d- amphetamine-appropriate responding, whereas hydromorphone did not. Amphetamines also occasioned dose-related increases in reports of the drug being most like "speed," whereas hydromorphone did not. However, both amphetamines and hydromorphone occasioned dose-related increases in reports of drug liking and in three scales of the ARCI. Thus, some self-report measures were well correlated with responding on the drug-appropriate lever and some were not. Lamb and Henningfield (1994) suggest that self-reports are complexly controlled by both the private event and the subject's history of experience with the drug. Some of the self-reports they observed (e.g., feels like speed) are probably occasioned by a relatively narrow range of stimuli because in the subject's experience with drug administration, these reports have been more selectively reinforced by the verbal community relative to other reports (e.g., drug liking). They also suggest that these results imply that….

(Walsh & Meyersohn, 2001, p. 188)
Therapeutic Interventions

Therapeutic interventions, as has been mentioned are frequently multifaceted. Nursing interventions can be associated with the disease treatment or can be in support of other diseases the individual has that need treatment, i.e. when and individual is hospitalized for illness or injury the diagnosis and therapeutic evidence of PS is absolutely essential to support and understand as incompliance can be global and "new" therapeutic relationships can be met with extreme distrust. Education is essential as PS patients still have some (greater or lesser) cognitive impairment and may not give appropriate clues as to how well he or she understands or intends to comply with treatment interventions. Nurses in a psych or medical setting must be careful how they word everything and how they educate patents about their treatment. Expected outcomes are dependant on severity but many people with PS can and do live….

Avoidant Personality Disorder
As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a certain case of avoidant personality disorder (APD) is featured by the existent sign of social inhibition, feeling of being short of requirement, and hypersensitivity to negative valuation. (American Psychiatric Association, 1994, p.1) Even though personality disorders are not often discovered in persons below age 18, children who come within the condition of APD are recurrently portrayed as being aloof to the core, fearful in arising circumstances, and afraid of dissention and social boycott. The proportion of the signs and the inability is way behind the practice of inhibition that is prevalent in as much as 40% of the populace. Hence it is of great relevance of examining the disorder as it relates to professional counseling.

Exploration of disorder

Bearing a semblance to other personality disorders, the state of Avoidant Personality disorder turns out to be a….

Genetic Influence of MDMA Neurotoxicity
MDMA Neurotoxicity

Ecstasy [(±)-3.4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA, XTC, X, E] is one of the most popular drugs of abuse in the world (Capela et al., 2009, p. 211). Often used in social settings, such as the so-called 'raves' or all night dance parties, ecstasy has been reported to lower barriers to intimacy, increase the pleasure derived from friendships, enhance social interactions, and increase energy (euphoria) (Peters and Kok, 2009, p. 242).

In the U.S., MDMA is classified as a schedule 1 drug due its addictive potential, lack of therapeutic utility, dubious safety profile, and neurotoxic potential (Capela et al., 2009, p. 212) and its use has been illegal since 1985. The safety concerns of MDMA include the potential for a negative therapeutic outcome (Parrott, 2007) and its neurotoxicity (Capela et al., 2009). Apparently, the use of MDMA in a psychotherapy setting can produce a negative outcome that can persist for….

organizational chart for the proposed organization.
XYZ Center

Organizational Chart

ADVISOY BOAD

CENTE DIECTO

CONSULTANTS

SUPPOT STAFF

ASSOCIATES

MEDICAL DIECTO

MEDICAL STAFF

THEAPISTS

ADDICTION STAFF

CONTACTS STAFF

Include the title of positions and a brief description of the positions' duties and responsibilities.

The organizational structure of the Center is founded on a shared services model. President/director of the center has administrative, management and clinical skills in the field of human welfare along with behavioral health industry for twenty years. Open-book management, mutual respect and shared obligations are the key elements on which the philosophy of the management is based upon.

Director of the company will take care of the company and its management. elationships will be the primary variable in founding the direction of the center as the company is set up as a shared service model. Advisory board will be founded which will have four leaders in the area of behavioral health, organized care, consumer and organizational dynamics.

XYZ Center's staff which would form….


Discuss the criteria used to define abnormality (abnormal behavior / mood disorders)

There are no established criteria to define what is abnormal. On the other hand, every individual trait can be said as abnormal on some social plane. (Oracle think quest, 2010) Some of the preferred ideas to define abnormality are as given below:

Statistical Norms Deviation: Certain population facts such as height, weight and intelligence are measured and recorded. Most of people come in the middle range of intelligence. Those who fail in general terms and falls below the so-called intelligence scale are termed as abnormal. But then, the people with extra intelligence also become abnormal. Furthermore, intelligence is a subjective issue. (Oracle think quest, 2010)

Social Norms Deviation: People going again social norms and trying to make their idiosyncratic identity are also termed as abnormal. Galileo was abnormal and he was brutally punished for his abnormality, he suggested that earth revolves….

At which point, they talk about the effects that the different kinds of coverage are having on senior citizen, with many using a combination of Medicare and private insurance, while others have used a combination of Medicare / Medicaid. To rectify the situation, the article points out that there is one of two solutions to include: the government placing price caps and importing prescription drugs. A government model of limiting the overall scope of price increases, could help to reduce the negative effects that this having on the elderly. Another option, for those who are opposed to such a plan, is to allow the import of prescription drugs. This is significant, because it shows how increasing the available supply of prescription drugs are a key to curtailing costs. If some kind of programs, this could be introduced to address this issue. At which point, it could be effective in….

## Delving into the Realm of Clinical Psychology: A Comprehensive Guide to Essay Topics

Introduction

Clinical psychology, a multifaceted field rooted in the practice of evidence-based techniques, offers a captivating landscape for scholarly exploration. Its vast scope, encompassing assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health disorders, presents an array of compelling essay topics. This comprehensive guide will navigate you through the intricacies of clinical psychology, providing a wealth of essay topics that resonate with the field's theoretical foundations and practical applications.

Theoretical Perspectives in Clinical Psychology

1. Psychodynamic Theory: Exploring the Unconscious Roots of Psychopathology
2. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Unveiling the Interplay of Thoughts, Emotions, and....

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4 Pages
Term Paper

Medicine

Psychopharmacology it Was Only in the 1950s

Words: 1174
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Psychopharmacology It was only in the 1950s when psychiatric drugs to treat severe depression were first developed. Prior to that, most people had to suffer with their emotional pain and…

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10 Pages
Term Paper

Sports - Drugs

Psychopharmacology the Goal Is to Use Drugs

Words: 2763
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Term Paper

psychopharmacology, the goal is to use drugs to improve brain function. This takes place via very specific actions within the brain. The drug may be administered in one…

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3 Pages

Information Technology

Analyzing Psychopharmacology Website Analysis

Words: 1428
Length: 3 Pages
Type:

Psychopharmacology Website: www.bap.org.uk The ritish Association of Psychopharmacology (AP)(n.d.) is a scholarly society and enlisted philanthropy. It advances exploration and instruction in psychopharmacology and related zones, and unites individuals in the…

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2 Pages

Psychology - Counseling

Examining Issues in Psychopharmacology

Words: 1676
Length: 2 Pages
Type:

Psychopharmacology Non-medical psychotherapists, such as Marriage and Family Therapists, should learn about psychopharmacology in order to: Collaborate with prescribers regarding a patient's medication For a patient with a borderline or dependent personality,…

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8 Pages

Psychology

Analyzing Psychopharmacology Psychotic Disorders

Words: 1981
Length: 8 Pages
Type:

Psychopharmacology Case Study Possible etiologies Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). GAD or as it is known in full generalized anxiety disorder is a widespread anxiety complication that is characterized by worrying chronically, tension…

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6 Pages

Psychology

Case Study Analysis Psychopharmacology

Words: 1957
Length: 6 Pages
Type:

Psychopharmacology Possible etiologies Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) GAD or as it is known in full generalized anxiety disorder is a widespread anxiety complication that is characterized by worrying chronically, tension and nervousness.…

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15 Pages
Research Paper

Psychology

Analyzing Psychopharmacology Psychotic Disorders

Words: 4682
Length: 15 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Psychopharmocology: Psychotic Disorders Psychopharmacology: Psychotic disorders Accepted psychological and biological theories regarding the causes of each disorder Psychosis is an undefined syndrome that manifests in delusions, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, losing touch with…

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3 Pages
Case Study

Health

Ethical Consideration and Treatment

Words: 1070
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Case Study

Psychopharmacology Treatment for Alzheimers Disease The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the three treatment options for Mr. Akkad suffering from Alzheimer's disease. Mr. Akkad is a 76-year Iranian…

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41 Pages
Term Paper

Sports - Drugs

Contingency Management Alcohol & Marijuana

Words: 11354
Length: 41 Pages
Type: Term Paper

" (1995) The authors state: "The amphetamines occasioned dose-related increases in d- amphetamine-appropriate responding, whereas hydromorphone did not. Amphetamines also occasioned dose-related increases in reports of the drug being most…

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4 Pages
Thesis

Psychology

Paranoid Schizophrenia This Work Details

Words: 1791
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Thesis

(Walsh & Meyersohn, 2001, p. 188) Therapeutic Interventions Therapeutic interventions, as has been mentioned are frequently multifaceted. Nursing interventions can be associated with the disease treatment or can be in…

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11 Pages
Term Paper

Psychology

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Words: 4280
Length: 11 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Avoidant Personality Disorder As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a certain case of avoidant personality disorder (APD) is featured by the existent sign…

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6 Pages
Essay

Sports - Drugs

Genetic Influence of MDMA Neurotoxicity MDMA Neurotoxicity

Words: 1921
Length: 6 Pages
Type: Essay

Genetic Influence of MDMA Neurotoxicity MDMA Neurotoxicity Ecstasy [(±)-3.4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA, XTC, X, E] is one of the most popular drugs of abuse in the world (Capela et al., 2009, p. 211).…

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10 Pages
Essay

Business - Management

Organizational Chart for the Proposed Organization XYZ

Words: 2822
Length: 10 Pages
Type: Essay

organizational chart for the proposed organization. XYZ Center Organizational Chart ADVISOY BOAD CENTE DIECTO CONSULTANTS SUPPOT STAFF ASSOCIATES MEDICAL DIECTO MEDICAL STAFF THEAPISTS ADDICTION STAFF CONTACTS STAFF Include the title of positions and a brief description of the positions' duties and…

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7 Pages
Essay

Psychology

Diagnose or Not to Diagnose

Words: 2826
Length: 7 Pages
Type: Essay

Discuss the criteria used to define abnormality (abnormal behavior / mood disorders) There are no established criteria to define what is abnormal. On the other hand, every individual trait can…

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8 Pages
Essay

Healthcare

Health Car Problem Select and

Words: 3075
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Essay

At which point, they talk about the effects that the different kinds of coverage are having on senior citizen, with many using a combination of Medicare and private…

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