Public Personnel Administration Essays (Examples)

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Personnel Law and Regulation

Words: 4135 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42972839

Personnel Law and Regulation

Workers Compensation Rehabilitation

For nearly 100 years, the system of Worker's Compensation has been used in the United States. Worker's Compensation is legislated and administered at the state level. Accordingly, each state has passed their own laws and developed their own system to administer Worker's Compensation within their jurisdiction. Despite the differences of each state's benefits, the overall concept of Worker's Compensation is used in each state.

The model of Worker's Compensation is simple. Employees loose their right to sue their employer for negligence, and employers are required to provide Worker's Compensation to their employees. Specific benefits vary from state to state. All state systems provide some form of protection for employees who are hurt while working.

Prior to the adoption of Worker's Compensation, the previous system required an employee to file a lawsuit against their employer. This proved to be ineffective and problematic. For example,…… [Read More]


Job Got You Stressed?" Health Beat Magazine, February 28, 1995. Pages 50-51

Adams, John D. "Creating and Maintaining Comprehensive Stress-Management Training" Stress Management in Workplace Settings, Praeger Publishers: New York (1989)

Bloch, Frank S. (Editor), Prins, Rienk (Editor) (2001). Who Returns to Work & Why?: A 6 Country Study on Work Incapacity & Reintegration (International Social Security Series, V. 5). Somerset, NJ: Transaction Publications

Clay, Rebecca A., "Job-stress Claims Spin out of Control," American Psychological Association Monitor, July 1998, pgs. 52-55.
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Leadership and HRM in the Public Sector

Words: 4785 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23792010


Leadership and HM in the Public Sector

At the national level, leadership in human resource management has been problematic, if not negative, in its effects. The Civil Service eform Act of 1978 and related legislation established the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to provide leadership and innovative personnel programs for the federal establishment. Instead, in the first ten years after its creation, OPM established a record of missed opportunities, failed initiatives, and declining organizational effectiveness, as documented in comprehensive reports issued in 1989 by both the U.S. General Accounting Office and the U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board (Ingraham and Ban, 2008).

By any measure of performance against legislative intent, OPM has been largely an organizational failure in the conduct of its programs and the achievement of its goals. OPM has not become the primary management office for the president, as envisioned by its first director, Alan Campbell. It has…… [Read More]


Patricia, Ingraham W., and Ban. Carolyn (1988) Politics and Merit: Can They Meet in a Public Service Model? Review of Public Personnel Administration (Spring):719.

Lane, Larry M (2009) The Administration and Politics of Reform: The Office of Personnel Management. Policy Studies Journal 17 (Winter):331-351.

Swoboda, Frank (1989) A Coming Shift in the Power Balance. The Washington Post (October 8):H3.

Selznick, Philip (1987) The Idea of a Communitarian Morality. California Law Review 75 (January):445-463.
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Public Administration With Considerations on

Words: 3453 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97193481

One time or the other, these elected legislatures will find themselves in difficult situations that call for difficult ethical decisions in the processes of performing their duties just as public administrators and as some can mange such trying moments, others will fail to perform. These public administrators should ensure that they have proper interaction with the government/authorities so as to understand well how they function in the quest to establishing reliable solutions that are potential managers of public pressure to finally ensure that public action is not compromised (Stillman, 2009). For example, in the last twenty years, the pressure exerted on public administrators has been "more entrepreneurial, to find ways to do more things and new things with fewer resources, to be nimble in response to fluctuating problems and demands, has been acute" (Cook, 2007, p. 243). In addition, considering the pressure on public administration coupled by increasing global changes…… [Read More]


Business training schools. (n.d.). What does a public administrator do? Business-training- Retrieved from

Cook, B.J. (2007). Democracy and administration: Woodrow Wilson's ideas and challenges of public management. Baltimore, Maryland: JHU Press.

Dubai School of Government. (2010, April 4). Faculty positions in public administration, the Dubai school of government. International Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration. Retrieved from http://www.iias-
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Public Partnership in Serving Transitional

Words: 3360 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11845574

By bringing into the equation of transitional services the special needs personnel at local colleges and vocational institutions, the interagency agreement described here will ensure that upon the student's eventual arrival at one such institution, there will be people familiar with his case and prepared to accommodate his needs. These respective agency types can then help a disabled student to train a focus on the specific career goals which have been identified either with the assistance of counselors.

Using the Strategic Planning Meeting as a method to identifying willing and helpful stakeholders in the process, the public partnership in question relies heavily on such networking to both orient the community toward our collective goals and to foster natural communication between such agencies at a personal level. By inviting and bringing into contact such groups as decision-makers from local law organizations, leaders from public recreation leagues and university personnel, as well…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Graddy, E. & Chen, B. (2006). Influences on the size and scope of networks for social service delivery. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory Advance Access.

Milward, H.B. & Provan, K.G. (2006). A Manager's Guide to Choosing and Using Collaborative Networks. Network and Partnership Series.

Office of Career Assessment, Planning and Placement (OCAPP). Setting a Course for Students with Disabilities & their Parents. Charlottesville City Schools. Online at
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Public Services Management According to

Words: 4690 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67874481

" (issessar, nd) the evidence showed, however "that the choice of 'new' methods of management had become a regional fad. Indeed the universality of NPM could not be disputed." (issessar, nd) New Public Management had been introduced in many countries including the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia and "was accordingly considered a more than appropriate model for the Caribbean and Latin American states as well." (issessar, nd)

There were various differences in the models of NPM being introduced in each of these countries. issessar states that "variations in the extent to which NPM had been adopted in many countries was not a new phenomenon." (issessar, nd) Hood (1996) notes that "...some countries have placed more emphasis on ideas than other countries, and NPM styles have even varied within the same family groups' of countries." (issessar, nd) it is noted that in Australia, the UK and New…… [Read More]


Barzelay, Michael (2001) the New Public Management: Improving Research and Policy Dialogue. Regents of the University of California. Online available at:

Bissessar, Ann Marie (nd) the Introduction of New Public Management in Small States - taken from "Governance in the Caribbean" ed. Selwyn Ryan and Ann Marie Bissessar. Online available at 

Boin, a. (2001), Crafting Public Institutions: Leadership in Two Prison Systems, London: Lynne Rienner Publishers. In Boin, Arjen; James, Oliver; and Lodge, Martin (2005) New Public Management and Political Control: Comparing Three European Correctional Systems: Paper prepared for the SCANCOR Workshop 'Autonomization of the State: From integrated administrative models to single purpose organizations, Stanford University 1-2 April, 2005. Online available at

Boin, a. And Otten, M.H.P. (1996), 'Beyond the Crisis Window for Reform: Some Ramifications for Implementation', Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Volume 4, Number 3, pp. 149-161. In Boin, Arjen; James, Oliver; and Lodge, Martin (2005) New Public Management and Political Control: Comparing Three European Correctional Systems: Paper prepared for the SCANCOR Workshop 'Autonomization of the State: From integrated administrative models to single purpose organizations, Stanford University 1-2 April, 2005. Online available at
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Public and Private Policing Functions

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7564262

The private security field also underwent significant reforms in connection with the qualifications, training, and (especially) vetting of employment candidates as well Ortmeier, 2009). Ironically, instead of recognizing the comprehensive improvement throughout the private security industry after 2001, many police personnel intensified their pre-existing disdain for all non-sworn security professionals instead (Dalton, 2003).

The Conceptual Significance of Public and Private Spaces

One of the worst consequences of the antagonism on the part of police toward private security forces is that the private security industry could actually provide valuable assistance to the overall interest of national, regional, and local security. Whereas the actions of all government policing and law enforcement authorities is very strictly limited by fundamental constitutional principles (especially in connection with 4th Amendment search and seizure concepts), non-governmental security agents can operate with considerably wider latitude (Larsen, 2007). In general, private security personnel may conduct various types of searches…… [Read More]


Dalton D. (2003). Rethinking Corporate Security in the Post-9/11 Era. Burlington, MA:


Larsen R. (2007). Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About Security to Protect You, Your Family, and America. New York: Grand Central Publishing.

Ortmeier P. (2009). Security Management: An Introduction. Uppers Saddle River,
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Public Hospitals

Words: 2108 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6735134

Public Hospitals are facing imperative challenges offered by the fast growth of communication, as well as biomedical technology; the necessity for cost-control; as well as the spotlight on efficiency and competence; the augment of populations' strains for services and transformations in demographic and epidemiological factors (Counte, 1995; Walid, 2003; Henry, 1997; Patricia, 2001).

The diverse strategies for restructuring should include devolution and centralization, changeover guidelines, redefinition of the purposes of hospitals and primary care, formation of novel positions for experts, enhanced administration, cost-control and marketplace direction. No matter the strategy assumed, the aspirations of restructuring are to give health care that is oriented towards result, footed on proof and centered on usefulness and competence, to augment the accessibility of services, patient happiness and the superiority of care (Counte, 1995).

Therefore, reforms of public hospitals should focus on how to develop value and decrease expenditure devoid of restraining access and evenhandedness.…… [Read More]


Counte, M.A. (1995). Improving hospital performance: Issues in assessing the impact of TQM activities. Hospital and Health Services Administration, 40(1), 80. 1995.

Covin, J.G., Prescott, J.E., & Slevin, D.P. (1990). The effects of technological sophistication on strategic profiles, structure and firm performance. Journal of Management Studies, 27(5), 485-510.

Fottler, M.D., Blair, J.D., Whithead, C.J., Laus, M.D., & Savage, G.T. (1989). Assessing key stakeholders: Who matters to hospitals and why? Hospital and Health Services Administration, 34(4), 525-546.

Henry R. Desmarais. Financing graduate medical education: The search for new sources of support. Volume 16. Issue 4. Health Affairs. Chevy Chase. 1997.
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Personnel Offices the Personnel Function

Words: 856 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87289926

The guardian bureaucracy, for example, goes all the way back to the writings of Plato. Patronage/spoils goes back to the founding of the United States, which is not a surprise, since loyalty was a predominant value post-revolution. Agencies in the United States value "merit and confidence" and merit principles are the core values of the majority of systems.

Cayer moves on to listing the organizational questions that must be asked when choosing a personnel system, including which type of board is desirable, whether there is a centralized personnel office, and who has the final authority over personnel functions and the pros and cons of each decision. Bipartisan or nonpartisan commissions are the dominant choice for governance in the U.S. And have been since 1883. The main alternative to this model is the central personnel office which reports directly to the top executive and takes a role in leadership and management.…… [Read More]

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Public Accounting Corporate Accounting and

Words: 3822 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3509043

This role is in response to clients' demands for a single trustworthy individual or firm to meet all of their financial needs. However, accountants are restricted from providing these services to clients whose financial statements they also prepare." (U.S. Department of Labor, ureau of Labor Statistics, 2009)

1. Public Accounting

The work entitled: "The Reality of the CPA's Role" states that modern CPAs work "behind the scenes as trusted advisors in nearly all significant business decisions. Successful accountants display the ability to think strategically and creatively and to be problem solvers and business advisors." (Douglass, 2006) Douglass states that the views of the CPA are widely varied "...whether from the viewpoint of the investing public or from the perspective of the companies that engage CPAs to audit their financial statements or perform other functions. In fact, many people not involved in the business management or accounting profession may perceive CPAs…… [Read More]


Douglass, Kevin (2006) the Reality of the CPA's Role New Jersey CPA Magazine, April 2006. Accounting and Auditing. Online available at:

Erard, Brian (1992) Taxation with Representation: An Analysis of the Role of Tax Practitioners in Tax Compliance. Journal of Public Economics 52 (1993) 163-107. North-Holland. Online available at:

Financial accounting for Local and State School Systems (2005) Chapter 4: Governmental Accounting. National Center for Education Statistics. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences. Online available at: 

Garrison, Ray H. And Noreen, Eric W. (2009) What is Managerial Accounting/Cost Accounting. Accounting Management. Online available t:
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Public School Paradigm Reflection of

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15183179

They would do so in a fashion ideally, so as to not merely prepare students to take the test in rote fashion, but to make the new information a vital part of the extant educational process. (SEDL, 2004)

Such instructional leadership is subject to quality controls in-house. As part of the paradigm, public school teachers are consistently and regularly evaluated by administers, while administers receive feedback in a concrete and constructive fashion through evaluations by instructors, students, and parents that come into contact with them. Learning becomes a holistic experience of the school, and there is a strong trust, responsibility and faith placed in teachers by administers as teachers are assumed to have a vested interest in, and a sense of history of, the school community.

It is said that "while administrators' visions tend to focus on district- or school- wide instructional issues, teachers' visions tend to address teacher roles…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL) (2004) "Leadership Characteristics that Promote School Change." Official SEDL Website. Retrieved 4 Dec 2004 at
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Public Administration History of Urban

Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96392708

One demand is to supply adequate fresh water. Insufficient fresh water for drinking, sewage treatment and sewage discharge are frequent issues that arise as the population increases. Augmented amounts of air pollution, water pollution, soil contamination and noise pollution are also issues faced by city governments. Another issue is that of high infant and child mortality rates. These rates are frequently caused by deficiency. There is also an augmented possibility of the appearance of new plagues and pandemics. For a lot of ecological and societal reasons, including congested living situations, undernourishment and insufficient, unreachable, or missing health care; the underprivileged are more likely to be exposed to communicable diseases (Devaney, 2010).

What steps did city governments take to help deal with new demand resulting from the influx in population?

In the late nineteenth century, municipal governments frequently failed to meet the needs of their constituents. Because of this urban planning…… [Read More]


Auch, Roger, Taylor, Janis and Acevedo, William. (2004). Urban Growth in American Cities.

Retrieved March 8, 2011, from Web site:  

Devaney, Erik. (2010). The Effects of Population Density on Individuals. Retrieved March 8,
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Question and Answer for Public Administration

Words: 3871 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25308112

solid waste management in impoverished areas versus affluent areas by examining the social, economic, ethical, and political reasons for placement of landfills and other waste removal facilities in poorer neighborhoods. By exploring the background of specific social movements, the first section of the assignment will seek to explore why the government placed landfills in certain locations versus others. The essay will also seek to examine what caused the social movements. As well as why the issue evolved from placement of landfills in poorer neighborhoods to placement of landfills in minority-majority poorer neighborhoods.

The next section will seek to analyze which candidates would be best for a nonprofit. Candidate one is a business-savvy employee wishing to change things by dismissing all the older employees and hiring new ones. Candidate two is a college graduate with experience in the field. By looking at the various perspectives of public administration theory, this section…… [Read More]


Aston, R. (1999). The Legal, Engineering, Environmental and Social Perspectives of Surface Mining Law and Reclamation by Landfilling: Getting Maximum Yield from Surface Mines (p. 120). World Scientific.

Brownell, P. & Kelly, J. (2013). Ageism and mistreatment of older workers. Dordrecht: Springer.

Frederickson, G. (1994). Ethics and Public Administration. Routledge.

Hill, B. (2014). Environmental Justice (p. 103). Environmental Law Institute.
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Human Resources and Functional Illiteracy Public Administration

Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59066106

Human esources and Functional Illiteracy

Public Administration Human esources esearch Study Design

Public Sector Human esource Policy and Functional Illiteracy

Public Sector Human esource Policy and Functional Illiteracy

Anderson and icks (1993) examined the role of illiteracy in determining worker status within the public sector, in part because it had not been done before. They were interested in understanding how worker stratification was determined, after scholars had raised the possibility of a worker caste system within government agencies. This issue is still relevant today, given the increasingly diverse workforce both ethnically and linguistically. This report will analyze the research methods used by Anderson and icks (1993) and summarize their findings


The sample studied by Anderson and icks (1993) were human resource professionals currently engaged in managing employees in the public sector. A 41-item questionnaire was used to determine the 'functional literacy' that these managers were noticing on the job,…… [Read More]


Anderson, Claire J. And Ricks, Betty Roper. (1993). Illiteracy -- The neglected enemy in public service. Public Personnel Management, 22(1), 137-152.

History Channel. (2013). Great migration. Retrieved 13 Feb. 2013 from
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Public Management the Dynamic Changes

Words: 2886 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66934211

Still, compared to most Asian countries, which continue to struggle with highly hierarchical political systems, South Korea has developed and implemented more open reforms. It has to be noted that the efforts made to better reform the South Korean public sector have been determined by a natural sense of alignment to international features and a relative emergence of the country from its communist past.

In both cases of South Korea and New Zealand, the implementation of the reform has generated important impacts on all three components of the public sector mix -- the market, the hierarchy and the networks. As it would be generally expected, the principles of the market were adopted into the public sector. The federal agencies became more focused on efficiency, performance and even began to outsource part of their operations. A particular application of the market principles within the public context is the creation of the…… [Read More]


Bhatnagar, S.C., 2004, E-government from vision to implementation: a practical guide with case studies, SAGE, ISBN 0761932593

Boston, J., 2001, The challenge of evaluating systemic change: the case of public management reform in New Zealand, Learning from International Public Management Reform, Vol. 11

Davies, L., Wright, K., Price, C.W., Experience of Privatization, Regulation and Competition: Lessons for Governments, Economics and Social Research Council, ISSN 1745-9648

Fortin, Y., van Hassel, H., 2000, Contracting in the new public management: from economics to law and citizenship, IOS Press, ISBN 158603037X
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Public Policy

Words: 1975 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68812481

Policy Change

Anti-Bullying as a Policy Change

Students have been bullied while at school since the beginnings of education. Originally they might have been bullied by the people who taught them, but much of that does not continue into the present say. However, students bullying other students does continue. Every child needs an advocate at their school whose function it is to make sure that they are not being bullied. Many times this happens informally when a school does not have a bullying program, but it can also happen formally. The need for advocacy programs within schools, both primary and secondary, that allow children to feel that they are safe from the time that they leave their homes until they arrive back at home in the afternoon is elemental. Because of the backlash that has happened at some schools due to being bullied, it is more vital than ever. Students…… [Read More]


Aluede, O., Adeleke, F., Omoike, D., & Afen-Akpaida, J. (2008). A review of the extent, nature characteristics and effects of bullying behavior in schools. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 35(2), 151-163.

Buck, L., & Willer, B. (2008). Advocacy for young children. In S. Feeney, A Galper, and C. Seefeldt Eds. Continuing issues in early childhood education (pp. 391-405). Toronto: Pearson Education Canada.

Hirschstein, M.K., Edstrom, L.V.S., Frey, K.S., Snell, J.L., & Mackenzie, E.P. (2007). Walking the talk in bullying prevention: Teacher implementation variables related to initial impact of the steps to respect program. School Psychology Review, 36(1), 3-21.

Jacobsen, K.E., & Bauman, S. (2007). Bullying in schools: School counselors' responses to three types of bullying incidents. Professional School Counseling, 11(1), 1-8.
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Implementing Public Programs and Social Policies

Words: 2566 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94835126

Public Administrators in Work First Family Assistance Program

The ole of Public Administrators in Work First Family Assistance Program

Competency 1: Summarize the Findings of the Analytical Framework

Designing an analytical framework is possible and is seen because the Act was passed into law in 1975 by the federal government. The aim of implementing the child support policy in all states was to reduce the expenditure of the public on social welfare. The North Carolina welfare is an example of child support programs where the Division of Social Service disburses funds, and 100 counties use the program. emember, TANF program is a block grant. The assistance provided by the state is for five years only to ensure that the family stays together, and a reduction of teenage pregnancies is adhered to especially because teenagers need their parents guidance and counsel.

TANF program was created after the passing of legislation in…… [Read More]


Ammons, D.N. (2008). Leading Performance Management. Washington, DC: ICMA Press

Ammons, D.N. & Riverbark, W.C. (2008). Factors Influencing the Use of Performance Data to Improve Municipal Services: Evidence from the North Carolina Benchmarking Project. Public Administration Review, 68(2): 304-318.

APHSA. (2010). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Recommendations for Reauthorization. Washington, DC: NASTA

The European Union. (2012). Excellence in Public Administration for Competitiveness in the EU Member States. Enterprise and Industry
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Power and Politics Organizational Culture

Words: 2708 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67131637

Team building, group dynamics, talent management, leadership development, and any number of other functional areas are much more about clarity, focus, aligning expectations, and defining roles than creating equality" (Myatt, 2012). In the last twenty years, organizations have come to the realization that the better their employees are at working together, the more successful their organizations will be.

eductions in budgets in the public sector mean that there is an increased pressure for these organizations to deliver more effectively. Team-building is a verifiable way to ensure a greater success at employee cohesion. Private sector organizations have largely realized this, as private sector organizations more frequently enlist the help of outside organizations such as team-building experts to teach and implement effective means of team-building for their workers. Given these trends in team-building, I would want to further explore: what are the immediate benefits of team building? What are the long-term benefits…… [Read More]


Cellucci, T. (2008, October). Bridging the Communication Gap. Retrieved from

Dillon, S., Buchannon, J., & Corner, J. (2010, November).Comparing public and private sector decision making: Problem structuring and information quality issues. Retrieved from (2013). 5 Stages of Group Development. Retrieved from

Groeneveld, S., & verbeek, S. (2011). Diversity Policies in Public and Private Sector Organizations. Review of Public Personnel Administration, 353-381.
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Presenting for the Future Public Administration

Words: 3931 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23443609

Public Administration: Presenting for the Future

Immigration Policy eform

The term "immigration reform" is used to collectively refer to all efforts that have been undertaken by a country to amend abuses and reduce faults in its immigration policy. These efforts could be geared at either promoting and encouraging immigration or reducing and even eliminating the same. A perfect example of the former is the UK's promotion of the absorption of foreign-educated health specialists in its National Health Service (Dodds, 2012). The U.S. has, however, almost consistently run an anti-immigration policy. As this text will demonstrate, numerous reform efforts have been undertaken since way back in the 18th century to reduce the number of aliens illegally or legally crossing into the U.S. through the country's border points. Most of these efforts were particularly speeded up after the 9/11 tragedy; however, the successful implementation of these has been hampered by a number…… [Read More]


Baker, B. & Rytina, N. (2012). Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Retrieved 17 March 2015 from

Camayd-Freixas, E. (2013). U.S. Immigration Reform and its Global Impact: Lessons from the Postville Raid. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan

Carens, J.H. (2013). The Ethics of Immigration. New York, NY: Oxford University Press

DHS. (2015). About DHS. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Retrieved 17 March 2015 from
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Succession Planning for Multi-Faceted Enterprises and Organizations

Words: 9765 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32194686

Succession Planning for Multi-Faceted Enterprises and Organizations

La Russa Enterprises

Thunder ay, Ontario

Nadia La Russa

The journey to this point in my academic career has been a long one, and challenging, however I am successful. A number of people have effortlessly contributed to my success, and I take this opportunity to thank them. First, it is with great honor that I thank my academic adviser he/she took on the obligation of advising me in my post coursework and exam completion, while I was in the university. his/her xxxxxxxxx unrelenting encouragement, mentorship and support were the ultimate motivators. Without her firm, yet caring guidance, I would not have completed this research study.

To my friends xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, I owe my gratitude. The incalculable lunches, coffee breaks and emails of support helped me work through the writer's block, despair at lack of improvement and eventually gave me the strength to know that…… [Read More]


Academy of Management Journal, 36, 763-793. And Participation, Fall 2005, 4-6.

Anderson, M.J. (2010). Making the future possible: Succession as a component of strategy. OfCounsel, 29:5, May 2010, p. 13-17.

Appelbaum, S., Benyo, C., Gunkel, H., Ramadan, S., Sakkal, F. And Wolff, D. 2012. Transferring corporate knowledge via succession planning: analysis and solutions - Part 1. Industrial and Commercial Training, 44(5), pp. 281-289.

Appelbaum, S., Benyo, C., Gunkel, H., Ramadan, S., Sakkal, F. And Wolff, D. 2012b. Transferring corporate knowledge via succession planning: analysis and solutions - Part 2. Industrial and Commercial Training, 44(7), pp. 379-388.
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Felons and the Community Analysis

Words: 2941 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70941405

, et al., 2012).

Systems approaches look towards the functional integration of different stakeholders and their goals towards a specific issue or path. What implications might a proposed solution have and to what groups? What is the functional relationship between groups of stakeholders and how can that be maximized. For returning felons, this approach looks at ways to construct programs that are utilitarian in context (the greatest good for the greatest number) (Teaskey, 1976).

Ecological PA supports a more holistic viewpoint and focuses on the nature of the internal and external environments. In other words, PA must interact with the political executive, social political interest groups, commercial and economic organizations, and the citizenry. This approach takes the approach that solutions may only be found by looking at the issue as a sub-set of a larger set of societal issues. Ecological PA cannot solve the incarceration problem, but can look toward…… [Read More]


Project Return - Breaking the Cycle of Crime. (2009, April). Retrieved from

Public Administration. (2012, July 31). Retrieved from 

Beck, a., & Shipley, B. (1989). Recidivism of Prisoners Released. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

Benincasa, R. (2012, May 29). 6 Leadership Styles and When You Should Use Them. Retrieved from Fast Company:
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Ethical and Legal Issues Related to Product Safety Marketing and Intellectual Property

Words: 1676 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34100951

Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property

Legal and ethical considerations

Ethical issues

PharmaCAE intentionally bypassed the Food and Drug Administration when it established CompCAE a compounding pharmacy. This was done in order to avoid FDA scrutinization, which indicates that the company was aware of the side effects that the drug would have on patients. By evading FDA scrutiny and approval, PharmaCAE was able to sell the new formulation on a prescription basis without the need to seek approvals. CompCAE was not supposed to market directly to consumers, but it still conducted direct marketing to consumers and hospitals. Furthermore, the company encouraged doctors to fax them lists of fictitious patient names. This was done to demonstrate that the company was not selling directly to consumers, but rather it was doctors who were prescribing the drug to the patients.

When reports started surfacing indicating that the drug was causing heart attacks, the…… [Read More]


Halbert, T., & Ingulli, E. (2011). Law and ethics in the business environment. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Kim, Y.K., Lee, K., Park, W.G., & Choo, K. (2012). Appropriate intellectual property protection and economic growth in countries at different levels of development. Research policy, 41(2), 358-375.

Liu, W., KNOx, C.A., & Brushwood, D.B. (2013). Discretion of the Food and Drug Administration to enforce compounding rules. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH-SYSTEM PHARMACY, 70(17), 1538-1543.

Peffer, S.L., Bocheko, A., Del Valle, R.E., Osmani, A., Peyton, S., & Roman, E. (2013). Whistle Where You Work? The Ineffectiveness of the Federal Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 and the Promise of the Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012. Review of Public Personnel Administration, 0734371X13508414.
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Managing Diversity Matters a Study on Qantas

Words: 3911 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22883136

Managing Diversity Matters

A Study on QANTAS

Women Representation at QANTAS

QANTAS' Focus on Diverse Needs of Customers

QANTAS Ideology Regarding Recruitment of Youth

Challenges Faced y QANTAS

In today's challenging global scenario where competition is rising every day, it is necessary for Multinational organizations to address the basic need of today's business world: diversity. Customers, employees, strategic alliances, competitors, industry norms etc.; they are all subject to changes every day. This is the reason why organizations must need to show adaptability to the change and address the diverse needs of all these stakeholders. Furthermore, while discussing MNCs, it is noticeable that one of the industries (with highest degree of diversity in its operations) is the aviation industry. Australia is one of the most culturally diverse in the world, according to a 2009 study by L. Leveson in the International Journal of Manpower. The study explored current attitudes to diversity…… [Read More]


Arthur, J.B 1994, 'Effects of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover', Academy of Management Journal, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 670-687.

Australian Human Rights Commission. 2008, The Right to a Discrimination-Free Workplace, Legal Section, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission

Beer, M., Spector, B., Lawrence, P., Mills, D.Q. And Walton, R 1985, Human Resource Management: A General Managers Perspective, New York: Free Press

Berman, E., West, J. And Wang, X 1999, 'Using Performance Measurement in Human Resource Management', Review of Public Personnel Administration, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 5-17.
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Civil Service Reform Itself Is Still an

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90470848

civil service reform itself is still an ongoing process, not yet perfected to a point that satisfies all parties. Even the past reforms have been littered with dissent and the need for further revolutions regarding civil service suits, culminating in two different forms of systems: the merit system and the spoils system. hile the spoils system generally gains a horrendously bad reputation, it is without doubt a catalyst that brought about positive reform. And while the merit system has a genuinely "good" idea behind it, there is still basis for concern regarding the ultimate movement toward corruption. In either case, the reform acts brought about by the government regarding civil service have continued to rise up for the benefits of the public service workers.

It is evident that throughout history, there had been ongoing ping-pong relations between presidential administrations and the partisan process. In both the Unit 2 Lecture (2011)…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cayer, N. Joseph (2004). "Evolution of the Public Personnel System." Public Personnel Administration. Fourth ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. Print.

Public Unit 2 (2011). "Unit 2 Lecture." Public Administration.
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British Healthcare System A Model

Words: 2194 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55737257

Indeed many of the "rotating staff may have never been on a transfer" and in addition most transport vehicles "are not conducive to carrying out active interventions on patients" -- a situation that can lead to serious medical complications during transfers (which often take place in late-night hours) (Ahmed, p. 503). Moreover, less than one in three NHS hospitals followed the procedure of checking the compatibility within the ambulance and it's "mounting system" prior to moving the patient (Ahmed, p. 504). All of these concerns are worth noting by U.S. healthcare professionals, lest similar situations may occur and put patients in jeopardy.

Should every American healthcare provider be required to publish performance data in an online account -- information that relates to the clinical outcomes of his services as well as a record of patient satisfaction? That is a pertinent question because that is the new rule that all NHS…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ahmed, Majeed a. (2008). Risk management during inter-hospital transfer of critically ill

Patients: making the journey safe. Emergency Medical Journal, Vol. 25, 502-505.

Ali, Adam M. (2009). The personalization of the British National Health Service: empowering

Patients or exacerbating inequality? The International Journal of Clinical Practice, 63(10),
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Illicit Drugs Has Always Been

Words: 539 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93313755

For instance, in Min Patel's case her lung cancer there years ago that went into full recovery had nothing to do with her ability to perform as a deputy sheriff especially since she has passed the medical exams of the city. As what the Americans with Disability Act specifies, it is illegal to screen for any disability unrelated to job performance (Cayer, 2003, p. 141) and clearly, there was no disability to speak of except for records of Ms. Patel's clung cancer treatment and her statements that she had the disease. The city may be stating that if she is hired as a deputy sheriff, "she would be exposed to situations in which she could be breathing substances that could reactivate her condition (Cayer, 2003, p. 146)." This argument is immediately presumptuous and without basis unless the city provides strong evidence from top medical experts that that could be the…… [Read More]


Cayer, N.J. (2003). Public personnel administration in the United States, 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.
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Subjectivity of Classification of Particular

Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48012576

This is the stage in which classifiers stratify (often in terms of importance or ability) the several job factors which comprise a position's description -- all of which contains a fair degree of subjectivity based on the classifier's own personal opinions. The solution, naturally, would be to assign a numeric value to each of these job factors and to come up with a quantitative point-factor comparison method, but as Cayer points out, this approach merely transfers the subjectivity to the numbers assigned to each job factor.

The apex of subjectivity for the classification process, however, exists in the tendency of managers, laborers, and employers to "overclassify" themselves and their positions in order to improve their ranking as well as their remuneration and benefits. The determining of adequate compensation on an equitable scale to all is one of the primary objectives of classification, which any number of workers may exploit for…… [Read More]

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Commences by Pointing to the

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5368543

But another thing which has been neglected in the chapter is represented by the attitudes of the employees in the private and the public sector. In this order of ideas, the employees in the private sector function in a corporate environment, in which emphasis is placed on perfection, development and gains. And they have come to focus on these values, meaning that bargaining is a means of attaining these objectives for themselves. The employees in the public sector however were less eager to demand new rights and rewards. Some professionals even "resisted joining the bargaining movement because they viewed bargaining as an unprofessional behavior" (Cayer, 2003).

As the chapter completes the discussion of the public sector employees and labor relations, it moves on to describing the concept of bargaining, through various lenses, such as those of the negotiation process, the procedures to resolving impasses, mediation, arbitration or referendums. In cases…… [Read More]


Cayer, N.J., 2003, Public personnel administration, 4th edition, Wadsworth / Thompson Learning, ISBN 0534618669

Cochran, C.E., Mayer, L.C., Carr, T.R., Cayer, N.J., 2008, American public policy: an introduction, 9th edition, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0495501891
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Avoiding Reverse Discrimination While Making a Difference

Words: 3532 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20880755

Affirmative Action Planning

Affirmative Action

Through its reference to affirmative action, the Civil ights Act of 1964 ushered in a remedy for disadvantage and discrimination that was intended to reach into the hallowed halls of higher education, union halls, and corporate meeting rooms. President Johnson extended The Act to federal contractors through an Executive Order, and again the charge was to take affirmative action to ensure discrimination was not occurring. The Act was intended to guide and coerce social change, and it empowered the federal courts to penalize violators. The law was based on the construct that people who have been historically excluded from substantive social institutionalized benefits -- culture, education, employment -- needed a boost in the form of preferential selection. This means that the same factors that trigger or support exclusion, by law (ethnicity, gender, and race), become the same factors that drive the affirmative actions that serve…… [Read More]


Aron, N. (2011, March 28). Wal-Mart v. Dukes: The Supreme Court's Big Case Threatens the Ability to Fight Corporate Misbehavior. Alliance for Justice. Huffington Post.

Bates, T. (2009, August). Utilizing Affirmative Action in a public sector procurement as a local economic development strategy. Economic Development Quarterly, 23(3). DOI: 10.1177/089242409333549.

Blanchflower, D.G., Levine, P.B., & Zimmerman, D.J. (2003). Discrimination in the small business credit market. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 91(3), 503-522.

Blanchflower, D.G., and Wainwright, J. (2005). An analysis of the impact of affirmative action programs on self-employment in the construction industry. NBER working paper no. 6840
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Google Search and Services the Major Product

Words: 3115 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50416087

Google Search and Services

The major product that Google Inc. runs is their extremely successful search engine, By the year 2009, Google had grown considerably and had expanded to include many more services that were available on the web (Johnson, Scholes, & Whittington, 2008)

Some of these services are Google Chrome, a lightning speed web browser, Google Images for searching for images on the web, Google News which aggregates news from thousands of sources worldwide, Google Docs which allows users to create new documents and share their other documents online, Google Translate which helps translate web pages to different languages, Google Blog Search which searches within millions of blogs around the world, Google Scholar which helps in the search for scholarly articles, Google Adwords which helps advertisers place advertisements on the web and Google Adsense which monetizes websites by publishers serving advertisements on the Google Adwords network. These are…… [Read More]


Cowan, L. (2009). Google's Big IPO, Five Years Later. [Article]. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition, 254(40), C3.

Forrest E. Adams. (1987). A comparison of teachers', administrators', and school board member's attitudes toward merit pay for teachers in selected school districts in south-central Pennsylvania.

Gabris, G.T., & Ihrke, D.M. (2000). Improving Employee Acceptance Toward Performance Appraisal and Merit Pay Systems:The Role of Leadership Credibility. Review of Public Personnel Administration. 41-53.

Google Inc. (2010). 2010 Annual Report. Mountain View, CA: Google Inc.
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Human Resources Management Gary Corbett's

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37353394

Additionally, his statement that new procedures will be phased in over time is inconsistent with the realities of the rules put in place over the first few weeks of his new regime.

Clearly what has occurred and what must be changed to redevelop the productivity and morale of the department is recognition that heavy handed techniques designed to enhance productivity will not produce results. From a psychological perspective Corbett's error was in determining that employees would positively respond to his changes as a matter of physiological and safety considerations as indicated by Maslow. The culture though prior to his arrival though was built on the Maslow identities of social needs, ego, and self- actualization. (Public Personnel Administration. P.104. N.D.) Employees who were subsequently told how and when to do their jobs responded with a decision to do less work, miss time, and produce at a reduced quality. Corbett's intention to…… [Read More]

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Online Recruitment Study Recruitment Is

Words: 2117 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54455777

Once the sampling frame has been defined, the students will be sent a mock-up of a recruitment website and they will be asked to evaluate its navigation, personalization and what factors add to or detract from its trustworthiness online. The mock-up of the online recruitment site will also allow for alerts by specific job category to be defined in addition to personalization of the site as well. Once students have been given the opportunity to review the website, questionnaires will be sent requesting their opinions. To further minimize boas, the students are going to be told this is for a beta test site program for a new job recruitment site specifically developed for graduating seniors.

Data Collection and Analysis Techniques

The data collection and analysis will be initially managed though online survey application Zoomerang, which has preliminary statistical analysis applications included on the site itself. Further analysis of the data…… [Read More]

Bibliography and Reference List

Talya N. Bauer, Donald M. Truxillo, Jennifer S. Tucker, Vaunne Weathers, et al. 2006. Selection in the Information Age: The Impact of Privacy Concerns and Computer Experience on Applicant Reactions. Journal of Management 32, no. 5 (October 1): 601.          (Accessed April 20, 2008).

Susanne M. Bruyere, William Erickson, Sara VanLooy. 2006. Information technology (it) accessibility: Implications for employment of people with disabilities. Work 27, no. 4 (January 1): 397-405.
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Teaching Ethics and Values in Public Administration

Words: 3701 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7201356

Goals of a Public Administrator

The implementation of the policies devised by the government is referred to as public administration. Moreover, public administration is also a discipline that is taught in many higher education institutions. This discipline is based on the studies that revolve around the aforementioned implementation and therefore it prepares the civil servants that would be working for the public service in the future (Frederickson, 1997). The fundamental goal behind the layout of the curriculum of this discipline and the training in this field is to advance the policies and management in order for the government to function effectively (Frederickson, 1997). There are various definitions that have been used to describe this term; "translation of politics into the reality that citizens see every day"; "the management of public programs" and "the study of the process of decision making by the government, the analysis of the devised policies, the…… [Read More]


Alvarez, K., & Stupak, R. (1993). An Analytical Essay and Annotated Compendium on Organizational Theory: Paradigms Lost and Needed in Public Administration. International Review Of Modern Sociology, 59 -- 81.

Brown-John, C. (1990). Budgeting in the Provinces: Leadership and the Premiers Allan M. Maslove, ed. Toronto: The Institute of Public Administration in Canada, 1989, pp. xxii, 175 Tax Reform in Canada: The Process and Impact Allan M. Maslove Halifax: The Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1989, pp. xv, 96 The Politics of Public Spending in Canada Donald J. Savoie Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990, pp. xiv, 433. Canadian Journal Of Political Science, 23(03), 568 -- 571.

Frederickson, H. (1997). The spirit of public administration. Jossey-Bass Publishers San Francisco, 80.

Geva-May, I., & Kfir, A. (2000). Developments in Policy Analysis and Evaluation in Public Administration. Public Administration, 78(2), 409 -- 422.
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Human Resource Management Challenges and Roles

Words: 3547 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73626207

Public Human esources Management

Challenges facing human resource management

Human esource Management is the element of the organization that deals with the human aspect of the organization. The business world today, is very competitive. Every organization must align its resources to the organizational goals and objectives. According to Gill (2009), the employees of an organization are part of its assets just as capital and technology. Proper utilization of human resource can account for the success of an organization. This study will examine the challenges that the human resources management is facing in its commitment towards contributing to organizations' prosperity. It will further, explore how human resource management can overcome the challenges to remain relevant.

The role of human resource management

Human esource Management performs an imperative role in the organization. Its role involves giving job descriptions, assigning of salaries, establishing policies that govern the personnel and capacity building of the…… [Read More]


Ullah, M. (2010). A systematic approach of conducting employee selection interview.

International Journal of Business & Management, 5(6), 106-112

Arthur, J.B. (2011). 'Effects of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover', Academy of Management Journal, 37(3), 670-687.

Jing, W. Huang, T. (2005). Relationship between Strategic Human Resources Management and Firm Performance, International Journal of Manpower, 26 (5),434-449.
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Immunizations and Public Org India

Words: 3532 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13081055

The resulting information points to the idea that there are more factors at play than simply developing and then providing vaccination doses to developing nations. The action plans that produce better results are paramount to success, and factors of social significance are just as important as or more important than having enough clinicians or clinics to administer the immunizations. The idea that community based and local volunteers would be needed to help administer and do family teaching about immunizations in India is also supported by Prinja, Gupta, Singha & Kumar who stress that in their large trial, associated with timely vaccinations of children in India with the DPT vaccination the results were far better when local volunteers were recruited as the presence of these individuals as well as their supportive education helped individuals better understand the need for their children to get the vaccination (eb-97). Another concept that is raised…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ali, Hammad, Nicholas Zwar & Jo Wild. "Improving Childhood Immunization Coverage Rates: Evaluation of a Divisional Program." Australian Family Physician. 38 (10) (October 2009): 833-835. . (10 November 2010).

Arora, Narendra K., Sanjay Chaturvedi & Rajib Dasgupta. "Global Lessons from India's Poliomyelitis Elimination Campaign." Bulletin of the World Health Organization (2010) 88-232 -- 234 (10 November 2010).

"Global Routine Vaccination Coverage, 2009" MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 59 (42) (October 29, 2010) 1368-1371. < >. (10 November 2010)

Hull, Harry F. The Future of Polio Eradication Lancet Infectious Diseases (2001) 1 299 -- 303.
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Organizational Change in the Public Sector This

Words: 6104 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9103024

Organizational Change in the Public Sector

This research proposal explores the feasibility of management in the public Sector as an organizational paradigm and new model in organizational development. The literature review reviews numerous journal articles that explore on the key concepts of change management strategies from a public sector project management perspective. The authors suggest that employee's participation, effective feedback across the board, and empowerment of subordinate staffs is a major step in transforming public organizations. This proposal further hypothesis that establishment of long-term and productivity advantages are crucial throughout the organization.


Research Questions



Factor 1: Need for change

Factor 2: implement a Plan for change

Factor 3: create political internal environment for Change

Factor 4: Support and Commitment from managers

Factor 5: enhancing External Support

Factor 6: Provide Resources for change

Factor 7: establish Change

Factor 8: ascertain comprehensive Change

Determinants of implementing…… [Read More]


Abramson, Mark A., and Paul R .Lawrence .2001. The Challenge of Transforming

Administration and its influence on organizational change. Management Decision,

50(10), 1843-1860, Review 62: 555-67.

Armenakis, Achilles A ., and Arthur G .Bedeian .1999 .Organizational Change: A Review of Associates.
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U S Department of State Public Policy Issue

Words: 4527 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73334685

U.S. Department of State: Public Policy Issue and Sexual Harassment


Policy Issue 7

esolution Procedures

Policy Outcome

Leaders Influence

ole of technology in the process

Diversity Issues Involved

Ethical Concerns and Implications

Protection for Employee


U.S Department of State: Public Policy Issue and Sexual Harassment

Sometime back in 2010, the Albany Fire Department in Georgia established a newer "sexual harassment" policy that was in accordance with the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's course of action and Federal Law. At first, the idea of sexual harassment occurred merely in sexual related claims that were against an employer. Ever since the approval of the department's policy, sexual harassment has now been spreading into every part of employment discrimination as well as the creation of a work environment that is hostile. esearch shows that hostile work environment claims are founded not just…… [Read More]


Baugh, S.G. (2009). On the persistence of sexual harassment in the workplace. 899-908, 34(9), 34-56. Retrieved from Journal of Business Ethics.

Cabrera, N. & . (2010). Understanding and dealing with the problem of sexual harassment in the workplace. Women in Management Review,, 11(2), 21-26.

Cates, S.V. (2013). The state of sexual harassment in america: What is the status of sexual harassment in the U.S. workplace today? Journal of Global Business Management, 8(1), 133-138.

De Coster, S.E. (2009). Routine activities and sexual harassment in the workplace. Work and Occupations, 26(1), 456-459.
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Reserve Personnel Management Officer Evaluations

Words: 4371 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1940124

eserve Personnel Management Systems Division: Officer Evaluations

This paper engages in a thorough assessment of the culture, organization and technology of the reserve personnel management that operates as a branch within the Personnel Service Center of the United States Coast Guard: specifically the Officers Evaluation Systems. The method used to assess this particular branch relies heavily on ethnographic skills and related techniques. According to the official website of the U.S. Coast Guard, this is the division which handles "boards, panels, promotions, evaluations, advancements, retirements, resignations, discharges and separations for all reserve officer, chief warrant officers, and enlisted members" (, 2013). This is the division which deals with assignments, copies of records, medical issues and disability, individual ready reserve, promotions, separations, reserve retirement requests, policy waives and a host of other connected factors.

By scrutinizing closely factors like culture, organization, technology and related issues, one is able to obtain an accurately…… [Read More]


Boisjoy, R. (2013). Professional Responsibility and Conduct (Ethical Decisions - Morton Thiokol and the Challenger Disaster) . Retrieved from 

Goldstein, H. (2005, September 1). Who Killed the Virtual Case File? Retrieved from 

Howard, A. (2012, February 22). Data for the public good. Retrieved from

Israel, J. (2012). Why the FBI Can't Build a Case Management System. Computer, 73-80.
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Survey Administration Plan

Words: 521 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82743109

Administration Plan

To analyze the views of the general public about the Stanley Park project

To determine whether Stanley Park meets the needs of the public

To identify opportunities for service improvements in the project

I am:





Under 18 years old

years old

years old

years old

Over 45 years old









How would you rate:

(please circle)

= awful, 2 = bad, 3 = okay, 4 = good, 5 = great

The design of Stanley Park

The environmental friendliness of Stanley Park

The amenities provided at Stanley Park

The comfort of the provided benches and lawns

Extras provided at the park

In your opinion, how important is it that: (circle)

= awful, 2 = bad, 3 = okay, 4 = good, 5 = great

10. Stanley Park is comfortable and pleasant






11. Stanley…… [Read More]


Brewer, M. (2000). Research Design and Issues of Validity. In H. Reis & C. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wikman, A. (2006). Reliability, Validity and True Values in Surveys. Social Indicators Research, 78(1), 85-110.
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Settings for Public Health Practice

Words: 1856 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52934394

There is confusion about laws which are subject to different interpretations and this result in critical information not being made available. This is caused by such laws like the "Educational ights and Privacy Act -- FEPA, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act -- HIPAA and a number of legislations that seek to protect the privacy of the family." ("eport to the President on Issues aised by the Virginia Tech Tragedy," 2007) Many state laws are also interpreted in such a way that they retard the work of agencies involved in monitoring health and safety issues. ("eport to the President on Issues aised by the Virginia Tech Tragedy," 2007) the complex nature of the law and the state laws, with a small percent of the laws applicable in a federal scale, it is not possible to enforce uniform standards.


It is to be concluded that the federal laws must be…… [Read More]


Billi, John E; Agrawal, Gail Bopp. (2001) "The Challenge of Regulating Managed Care"

Gostin, Larry Ogalthorpe. (2002) "Public Health Law and Ethics: A Reader" University of California Press.

Grim, Charles W. (2005, Jan) "IHS Focuses on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention"

Retrieved 11 February, 2008 at
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Complete an Evaluation of Personnel Practices Processes

Words: 2655 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55541706

HR Practices in Public Administration:

Performance Improvement Through Distributed Leadership

Managing personnel in a public administration context can be particularly challenging given the various economic, political and bureaucratic pressures which are often attendant to work in the public sector. These challenges are magnified when that public administration context is a school. Public schools are typically beset by a range of personnel obstacles that are unique to the field and which render the implementation of effective Human Resource strategies particularly complex. Indeed, the pressing realities of public education have to an extent created a context in which effective HR strategies have been relegated behind the often more apparent demands of parental contentment, administrative regulation and economic limitation. However, American public education is today suffering, as are many of the professionals who work within this context, due to a decline in quality and a diminishing experience as employees. This calls for a…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Administration and Finance Division (AFD). (2006). Distributed Leadership. West Chester University.

Flash, P.; Froehlich, S; Hegeson, S; Jensen, J.T. & Biotti, J.S. (2006). Identifying Key Attributes of An Effective Transformational Change Model at the University of Minnesota. President's Emerging Leader Team.

Gronn, P. (2002). Distributed Leadership as a Unit of Analysis. The Leadership Quarterly, 13(4), 423-451.

Harris, A. (2004). Distributed Leadership and School Improvement: Leading or Misleading. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 32(1), 11-24.
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Social Equity in Public Administration

Words: 1560 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86851525

Social Equity Public Administration

Emergence as Concern in Field of Public Administration

Social equity has always been an important aspect of public administration, though only recently is it receiving much attention in the press. Whereas in times of old social equity concerned itself primarily with issues of fairness and equality in the public workplace, today social equity is emerging as a field encompassing many different aspects of administration.

Among these include public education, policy development, hiring and promotional practices, public welfare and even transportation. In modern public administration, all of these issues are applied to the field in order to establish fairness, justice and equality for all. Social equity in the field of public administration has emerged as a response to consumer demands for equitable policy making and fairness in governance.

Public administration as a whole may be defined as the management of "matters which have principally to do with…… [Read More]


Frederickson, G. (1986). "New public administration." Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Rice, M.F. (2003). "Organizational Culture, Social Equity & Diversity: Teaching Public

Administration." Texas A& M. University, Bush School Working Paper #314. 14, November, 2004:

Christopher, G.C., Rutledge, P.J. (2001). "Reinvigorating the Social Equity Debate."
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New Public Management Reforms the

Words: 4090 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65984502

Indeed, the reference to "institutional sclerosis" concerns the fact that virtually every conceivable interest in contemporary society is protected by a variety of laws that provide for extensive advising, participation and appeal procedures, a process that further exacerbates the inability of public administrators to remain responsive to their constituents (Klijn & Koppenjan 241). These authors emphasize that, "This results, among other things, in the Not In My Backyard (NIMBY) syndrome, where parties block the creation of arrangements of collective interest (such as the location decision concerning an industrial site, a road, an asylum centre, etc.) based on their own private interests" (Klijn & Koppenjan 241).

According to King and her associates, current public participation processes have four major components as follows:

The issue or situation;

The administrative structures, systems, and processes within which participation takes place;

The administrators; and,

The citizens (318).

This arrangement means that those with the most…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barzelay, Michael. The New Public Management: Improving Research and Policy Dialogue. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001.

Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.

Brudney, Jeffrey L., Sergio Fernandez, Jay Eungha Ryu and Deil S. Wright. (2005). "Exploring and Explaining Contracting Out: Patterns among the American States." Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 15(3):393.

Feltey, Kathryn M., Cheryl Simrell King and Bridget O'Neill Susel. (1998). "The Question of Participation: Toward Authentic Public Participation in Public Administration." Public Administration Review 58(4):317-319.
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Contract Administration Plan

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75223909

devising a contract administration plan should include concise and clear direction. Focus or scope should be narrow and specific. Years of experience suggests the more focused one is on a subject, the more one can eliminate the unnecessary fluff, the better the product or outcome will be. People across various fields appreciate when a plan generates progress and that can be achieved through effective communication.

Perhaps that is why contract administraton planning, if done well, will affect a company's business in a positive way. As mentoned in a report by the Office of Federal Procurement Policy: "In contract administration, the focus is on obtaining supplies and services, of requisite quality, on time, and within budget. While the legal requirements of the contract are determinative of the proper course of action of government officials in administering a contract, the exercise of skill and judgment is often required in order to protect…… [Read More]


Luther, C. (n.d.). Preparing a Contract Administration Plan | Retrieved April 25, 2013, from 

OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY (OFPP) (1994, October). Best Practices for Contract Administration. Retrieved from
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Democracy and Public Administration

Words: 5642 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63787304


Democracy and Public Administration

This report is a theoretical essay on the inevitable conflicts that consistently occur between public agencies that are managed by unelected civil servants and the political environment in which these individuals and organizations operate in. Public agencies in the healthcare environment are prime examples of successful interdepartmental cooperation in most cases, but, there are also examples where they can demonstrate both internal and external in-fighting. "The health sector workforce, which usually comprises a significant element within the total public sector workforce, may be either directly employed by the public sector health system, or work in public-funded agencies or organizations (e.g., social insurance funded). In many countries healthcare will also be delivered by organizations in the private sector and by voluntary organizations." (World Bank Group) As concerns like the nation's aging population, a rapidly depleting Medicare Trust or the many potential pandemics such as SAs, Swine…… [Read More]


Antos, Joseph. (2008). "Medicare's Bad News: Is Anyone Listening?" American Institute for Public Policy Research. April, No. 3.

American Public Health Association (2009). Retrieved on November 2, 2009, from American Public Health Association Web Site:  aphanet. (2001). Senators' Introduce Bill to Prepare For Possibility of Biological Warfare. Retrieved on November 2, 2009, from

CDC. (2009). H1N1. Retrieved on November 3, 2009, from Center For Disease Control web site at .

Center for Disease Control. (2009). State and Local Infrastructure. Retrieved on November 3, 2009, from Center for Disease Control Web Site:
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Rationalism Politics Impacts Public's View the Six

Words: 745 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42557142

ationalism Politics Impacts Public's View

The six deadly sins in public administration are mandated in Drucker's "The deadly sins in public administration." The first one is to have too great of a "lofty objective" (Drucker, 1980, p. 103) in the aim that a program is trying to achieve. Programs need to have objectives that are specific and not targeted towards some general good. The next one is to incorporate too wide a scope of objectives in programs. It is much better to start out with a finite (or a single) objective and then attempt to move on to another initiative than to do too many things at one time. The third deadly sin is overstaffing. Simply by sending a great number of people to address a problem will never replace adequately thinking through a solution.

The fourth is to not sufficiently test a theory before applying it. Administrators need to…… [Read More]


Behn, R.D. (2003). "Why measure performance? Different purposes require different measures." Public Administration Review. 63 (5): 586-606.

Drucker, P.F. (1980). "The deadly sins in public administration." Public Administration Review. 40 (2): 103-106. Retrieved from

Faris, S. (2013). "Have the NSA leaks compromised big data's future?" Retrieved from
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Health Care Administration Profession as a Health

Words: 737 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44999127

Health Care Administration Profession

As a health care manager, the reason for choosing this profession and the day-to-day activities which fill my schedule are often vary different. As a health care professional, I entered this profession to make a contribution to the health and well being of my fellow soldiers. I chose to become a part of the support system which keeps the military functioning, and able to freely commit themselves to the defense of our country. As a health care manager, my time is filled with responsibilities which revolve around 4 categories that have little to do with the daily care of the soldiers and civilians who use our facilities. My job responsibilities focus on the Administrative, financial, legal, ethical, and financial aspects of keeping the medical care facilities operational (so that the other health card staff, such as doctors and nurses, can tend to the medical well-being of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kirkman-Liff, Brad. Keeping an eye on a moving target: quality changes and challenges for nurses. Nursing Economics. 11/01/2002;

South Florida Employees Face Higher Health-Care Premiums, Fewer Benefits. Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News. 10/12/2003

Shah, Bimal R. Reed, Shelby D. Francis, Jennifer Ridley, David B. Schulman, Kevin A The cost of inefficiency in U.S. hospitals, 1985-1997. Journal of Health Care Finance. 10/01/2003
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Occupational Stress in a Public

Words: 5453 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35693330

The stress alarm, therefore, can actually assist the employee to improve her performance and is necessary especially, if positive perceptions regarding the challenges of the work environment exist. The response to the stress under the Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress, provided that the exceptions held by the employee are positive, is healthy and necessary for survival and productivity. Eriksen H.., Murison, ., Pensgaard, a.M., Ursin, H. (2005). Under this theory, emotional and physical health within the individual is sustained through a positive expectation for the outcomes, compliance with the expectations, or through resisting the stress altogether. Eriksen H.., Murison, ., Pensgaard, a.M., Ursin, H. (2005). A summary chart outlining these different theories on stress and their potential effects on the organization follows.

A Comparison of Theories of Stress and How They Affect Organizational Operations


Basic Concept

Basic eaction

Effect on the Organization

Fight or Flight

The stress produces physiological…… [Read More]


Afzalur, R. (1996). Stress, strain, and their moderators: An empirical comparison of entrepreneurs and managers. The Journal of Small Business Management, 34, 1-12.

Cooper, C.L. ed. (2002). Theories of organizational stress. New York, NY: Oxford University


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Causes for the Public to

Words: 451 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68852795

One may also question Bush's incentives for attacking those in the Middle East to begin with. Weapons of mass destruction? Is this just a front for Bush carrying out his own personal vendettas against Hussein? And what of other government officials who have engaged in distrustful behaviors? Other examples include top officials in the White House and VP Dick Cheney's office who await criminal prosecution for their participation as whistleblowers (Lobe, 2005). Such circumstances suggest that the government may at best be dysfunctional and untrustworthy. Even during Clinton's regime and his accusations of infidelity citizens had reason to question the authority of the government. Even historical president's including Nixon had problems in the white house. Indeed there is much not to trust in the realm of politics, as much as there are agencies built around trust and support.


"Drunken airline pilots sentenced to prison." (2005, Jul 22). CNN. 14,…… [Read More]


"Drunken airline pilots sentenced to prison." (2005, Jul 22). CNN. 14, November 2005:

"The Evil in Us." (2004, Jul). Christianity Today. 14, November 2005:

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Corruption in a Public Organization

Words: 972 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80171685

Performance Evaluation on Corruption for Public Organization

In the wake of the double-edged sword caused by its scandalous mismanagement of the September 11th terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina's devastation of New Orleans in 2005, the venerable charity organization American ed Cross (AC) was subjected to intense public and political scrutiny. This pressurized process of external examination eventually revealed an abundance of systemic flaws in the AC's organizational management structure, including widespread fraud and abuse of privileges by executives, gross misconduct on the part of volunteers and other employees, and an astounding level of wasteful spending as it pertains to funds that were ostensibly donated to a charitable cause. The four established benefits of business ethics, as described by Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell in Business Ethics, of employee commitment, investor loyalty, customer satisfaction, and bottom line (2011) all experienced dramatically detrimental consequences that were directly caused by the AC's corrupt and…… [Read More]


Ferrell, O.C., Fraedrich, J., & Ferrell, L. (2011). Business ethics: Ethical decision making and cases. (8th ed.). Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Koleva, G. (2012, January 17). American red cross fined $9.6 million for unsafe blood collection. Forbes, Retrieved from million-for-unsafe-blood-collection/

Scott, L. (1995). Red Cross touts its broad restructuring. Modern healthcare, 25(46), 10-14.

Strom, S. (2006, March 24). Red cross sifting international charges over katrina aid. The New
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Orange County Florida Public Administration

Words: 1613 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4328547

Denhardt & Denhardt report that "one aspect of compensation policy that has received substantial attention over the years is the comparability of wages and salaries in the public and private sectors. Efforts to make such comparisons are similar to comparing apples and oranges, thus early studies tended to show public-sector salaries considerably below those in the private sector -- today ranging between 22 and 38%, depending on grade level." (p. 299)

Accordingly, many agencies are under real economic pressure to improve pay scales of public employees and to close this notable gap. For Orange County, this prompts a recommendation to evaluate compensation strategies lest they should lose many of the best and brightest young public administration candidates to more lucrative private enterprising opportunities. Indeed, though the benefits and transparency of public administration may be appealing, these cannot compete with so wide a gap in compensation opportunities. If Orange County is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Denhardt, R.B. & Denhardt, J.V. (2008). Public Administration: An Action Orientation. Cengage Learning.

Drage, T. (2010). Charter Review Commission Orientation. Charter Review Commission.

Geuras, D. & Garofalo, C. (2011). Practical Ethics in Public Administration. Management Concepts.

Haynie, M.O. (2010). Orange County Comptroller.
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Accountability of Personnel at an

Words: 4294 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71681262

(Abdelnabi, 2007)

Emergency services personnel are required to perceive to include an accountability system which is standard. Systems may change as per the circumstances, however there is required to be certain fundamental principles which are to be followed so as to promote compatibility among systems. There are several varying systems of accountability out there. Each asserts to be superior. Some are very costly, and some are cheap. When perceiving for an accountability system, each of the individual agency is required to first assess their requirements. What kind of incidents do you react to? How many personnel are required to be liable for? What is your economic position? Do you desire to adopt an electronic system or that of a manual system? (Yaccich, 2002)

It is an established truth that freelancing is a much unsecured practice. Freelancing might give rise to injury or death. ("Public Fire Safety Guidelines," 2000) Old timers,…… [Read More]


Abdelnabi, Rasmieyh. (2007, Dec) "Firefighting tactics change over time" Beloit Daily News,

pp. 5-6.

Bieback, John S. (1999) "Firefighters integrated communication and safety system"

Kipp, Jonathan D; Loflin, Murrey E. (1996) "Emergency Incident Risk Management: A Safety & Health Perspective" Rothstein Associates Inc.
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War and Public Administration War

Words: 3482 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84932314

So, even in such situations as when the countryside has also been hit by war, the local administrators are much more likely to be able to function productively as they are fundamentally closer to the need and have strong community ties and possible a strong desire for social order but more importantly for the meeting of the local publics' needs.

The importance of establishing a public administration theoretical framework that prioritizes citizenship over consumerism, in a society where so much of the citizenry relies on public services is foundational to social order and to mitigating the change that has occurred as a result of war. There is no one right answer to all the functional changes to public administration, with regard to war as the many facets of war also create many facets of change in public administration. The level of degradation to physical and psychological networks must be analyzed…… [Read More]


Boleman, L., & Deal, T. (2003). Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership. Third Ed. . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Bruck, T. (1997). Macroeconomic Effects of the War in Mozambique. QEH Working Paper Series QEHWPS11, 1-63.

Chopra, J., & Hohe, T. (2004). Participatory Intervention. Global Governance, 10-27.

Denhart, J., & Denhardt, R.B. (2007). The New Public Service. Revised Edition. Armonk, NY:: M.E. Sharpe.
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Bush Christian the Bush Administration's

Words: 4214 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83900730

ith the production of Dolly, we also entered a vast technological frontier of possibilities. The cloned sheep "was born after nuclear transfer from a mammary gland cell, the first mammal to develop from a cell derived from adult tissue." Taking a cell containing 98 per cent of the DNA, or its genetic blueprint, from the udder of a six-year-old adult sheep, they fused it to the egg of another sheep to produce a lamb that is virtually an exact copy." (Marsh, 1) Equally as groundbreaking as the creation of the world's first clone was the implication of its process, which indicated that there is a way to employ adult cells, already differentiated and specialized to their own organic functions, in order to fabricate new, un-differentiated genetic material. For researchers battling such diseases as Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and paralysis all around the world, such a possibility began to hint at countless opportunities…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Albu, M. (2004). Bush's gay marriage ban is unjust. The Channels Online. Online at

Bazinet, K.R. (2009). President Obama Reverses Bush's Stem Cell Research Ban; Debate Rages Along Abortion Fault Lines. New York Daily News. Online at

Campbell, D.E. (2007). A Matter of Faith: Religion in the 2004 Presidential Election. The Brookings Institute.

Chaddock, G.R. (2006). Veto Clash Looms for Stem Cell Bill.
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Military Budget Personnel Draw Down

Words: 2977 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76294457

Military Draw-Down from Afghanistan

hen terrorists attacked the United States on September 11, 2001, there was very little hesitation on the part of then President George . Bush -- and the United States Congress -- to mount a retaliatory military campaign in Afghanistan, the place where bin Laden was training terrorists to kill Americans. The Taliban militants were control of Afghanistan at that time and they had provided training camps for bin Laden and al Qaeda to plan their terrorist activities against the United States. Bush gave the Taliban time to either hand over bin Laden (which they were not about to do) or prepare for a bombardment by U.S. military. The American public was fully behind the 2001 military engagement in Afghanistan, but few citizens at that time imagined that more than ten years later American soldiers would still be in Afghanistan, fighting the resurgent Taliban militants.

hen President…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aymeen Jawad, al-Tamimi. 2012. Rethinking U.S. Strategy in Afghanistan. Middle East

Quarterly 19 (Winter) 1-15.

Jones, Jeffrey M. 2011. Americans More Positive on Afghanistan After Bin Laden Death.

Gallup Poll. Retrieved January 29, 2012, from
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Health Administration

Words: 16307 Length: 59 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95887639

Health Administration

The purpose of this study is to show that there are many reasons why nurses leave their profession, but that financial reasons often rank very high on their list of concerns. Managed care issues and job dissatisfaction also play large roles in the minds of nurses when they decide to seek employment elsewhere. A review of current and pertinent literature indicates that most nurses are leaving because they are unhappy with pay and working conditions. These same reasons are cited by many of those who have considered being nurses and then changed their minds.

An analysis of the relevant data indicates that this trend is continuing and that nurses are much more put upon and underpaid than they used to be. This is not because they are being paid less, but because their salaries have not risen through the years like the salaries of other professions, and because…… [Read More]


Aiken, L., et al. (2002, October). Hospital Nurse Staffing and Patient Mortality, Nurse Burnout, and Job Dissatisfaction. JAMA. 288(16): 1987-1993.

Aiken L., et al. (2001, May/June). Nurses' Reports on Hospital Care in Five Countries. Health Affairs. 20(3):43-53.

Beu, Burke. (2002). Nursing Issues. The Association of Perioperative Registered Nurses. Retrieved October 14, 2003, at

Hofmann, M.A. (2001). Patient rights bill gains momentum; Senate set to begin debate this week. Business Insurance, 35, 1.
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Ethics in Administration Terry L

Words: 1477 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55471692

Whistle-blowing can have many adverse effects on the person doing the whistle-blowing and there are definitely feelings of loneliness that can arise when a whistle-blower decides to make some noise. Cooper gives some prime examples of whistle-blowing cases in chapter six, but he insists that there are still many who have "gone away quietly" (202), which may appear to be the safest option for the individual, yet that means that the public will never know the truth about what was going on -- and so, the individual really does have a moral responsibility to the public so that unethical behavior isn't allowed at any level as it will eventually seep into the very core of the organization and back into society.

Whistle-blowing, no matter what way it is looked at is "risky," according to Cooper (203). People who blow the whistle not only face scrutiny and alienation, but they may…… [Read More]

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National Public Health Resources in the United

Words: 1141 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96283733

national public health resources in the United States. We will be describing the history of the public health department as well as other significant things regarding this subject. Our main focus besides at the national level will be at the Santa Clara County which is in the state of California. Finally, we will attempt to differentiate between public and community health which is related to our chosen agency of Santa Clara.

History of Department of Health in U.S.

Department of Health and Human Services started in 1798, at that time it had few finances as well as resources in terms of employed personals, medical equipments and so on. It later on became more effective with the aid of different acts such as Quarantine act of the year 1887. The department introduced children's services early in the twentieth century. The overall Public Health Service in the United States was restructured during…… [Read More]


Webster, C. (1998). The National Health Service. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCrae, M. (2003). The National Health Service in Scotland. East Linton: Tuckwell Press.

Levy, B. (2006). Social Injustice and Public Health. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gostin, L. (2002). Public Health Law and Ethics. California: University of California Press.
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Westinghouse Public Relations Historic Overview and Job Over

Words: 1805 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21698613

Organizational Structure

According to Pugh (1990), the organizational structure is an instrument that appears from the need to fulfill the organizational aims and objectives with the tools and activities that are available. Following the way that this process is managed, several types of organizational structures can be identified, including pre-bureaucratic structures, bureaucratic and post-bureaucratic structures, functional structures, divisional structures and matrix structures.

Westinghouse organizational structure falls into several different categories. On one hand, it is a bureaucratic structure. Among the characteristics of such an organization, Weber (1948) identifies several: "precision, speed, unambiguity, & #8230; strict subordination, reduction of friction and of material and personal costs- these are raised to the optimum point in the strictly bureaucratic administration."

The bureaucratic nature of the organizational structure at Westinghouse is motivated by at least two aspects: (1) the nature of the industry in which Westinghouse operates: the nuclear industry, highly regulated, which implies…… [Read More]


1. Handy, Charles, (2007). Understanding Organizations. Penguin Books.

2. Deal T.E. And Kennedy, A.A. (1982) Corporate Cultures: The Rites and Rituals of Corporate Life, Harmondsworth, Penguin Books, 1982

3. Weber, M. (1948). Essays in Sociology. London: Routledge

4. Pugh, D.S., ed. (1990).Organization Theory: Selected Readings. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
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White's Concept of Public Administration and Management

Words: 1241 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53769356

Administrative Traditions in America

American administrative tradition has been a historic dilemma for a long time. This is caused by the existence of various administrative traditions like the Hamiltonian traditions, the Madisonian, Wilsonian, and the Jeffersonian tradition. The mode of managing has improved dramatically, and the gap between the theory and the actual activities has brought many challenges to the managing sector. According to Kettl, political scientists have been in the process to initiate some approaches. Formal modeling is one of the administrative traditions that Kettl supports. He also suggests a public method of management and a right of citizens to choose institutions of their choice. Additionally, Kettl goes ahead and gives the effective methods America should focus on to have formal obligations. He talks of administration personnel and theorists who need to focus on the link between the government and its surrounding which include political, social and administrative. The…… [Read More]


Kettl, D.F. (2015). The Transformation of Governance: Public Administration for the Twenty-First Century. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press

White, L. (1926). Introduction to the Study of Public Administration
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Dilemma's in Public Administration

Words: 1229 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19869921



Kettl's Administrative Dilemmas

Kettl introduces his book by describing the entire history and concept of public administration. The focus on the history enables him to identify administrative dilemmas, which are unique to the traditions previously identified. He uses these methods of writing to enable the learner highlight the major differences in both the public administration and theory and government. The dilemmas the author has described in his writing include the Wilsonian dilemma, Madisonian dilemma, Jeffersonian dilemma, and the Hamiltonian dilemma.

Through these administrative dilemmas, the author has tried to connect the federal 51 paper to the study of administrative. In most cases, public administration has internal paradoxes in all the four traditions: the same are highly experienced in the American democracy even today. Evidently, the American culture is driven by the fierce individuals, the armed opposed the government power, and finally American was found…… [Read More]


Kettl, Donald F. (2002). The Transformation of Governance: Public Administration for Twenty-First Century America. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Goodnow, Frank. (1900). Politics and Administration.
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Homeland Security and Justice Administration

Words: 1467 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76654550

Homeland Security and Justice Administration

In this paper, we are going to be studying the impact of the relationship between: an emergency operations plan (EOP) with a real time incident action plan (IAP). This will be accomplished by focusing on: the strategies that can be used by first responders and the relationship between an EOP in comparison with an IAP. Once this takes place, is when we provide specific insights as to how these areas can address the challenges that are impacting different stakeholders.

Over the last several years, the issue of first responders in dealing with terrorist related events has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because they are expected to go into areas where they may have to save lives. Yet, they are also must preserve evidence and protect any kind of possible crime scene. This is illustrating the constant amounts of planning and training that…… [Read More]


Emergency Operations Plan. (2011). Rollins University. Retrieved from:

FEMA Incident Action Planning Guide. (2012). FEMA. Retrieved from:

Bennett, G. (2010). Cross Training for First Responders. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Kirkorian, M. (2007). Are Immigrants a Homeland Security Risk? CFR. Retrieved from:
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Variables that Inspire a Person to Blow the Whistle

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32393251

Cho, Y., Song, H. (2015). Determinants of whistleblowing within government

agencies. Public Personnel Management, 44(4): 450-472.

Cho and Song (2015) examine the determinants of whistleblowing behaviors in public administrative positions in their study by basing their approach on the work of Miceli and Near, who "argued that proactive personality, less co-worker invalidation, and leverage in the specific situation lead to whistleblowing" (p. 450). However, in their research, Cho and Song (2015) find that the determining variables behind whistleblowing in public are complex and many relevant variables remain unexplored. The purpose of their study is to examine some of these variables more closely and open the door for further investigation into what causes public administration whistleblowers to go public with their information. The thesis of the researchers is that the factors leading to this activity are dynamic, interacting, complex and personal.

The methodology of the study is to test for several…… [Read More]


Cho, Y., Song, H. (2015). Determinants of whistleblowing within government

agencies. Public Personnel Management, 44(4): 450-472.
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Knowledge Concerning Ethical Issues Involved

Words: 4963 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86009486

100). Much of the focus of personnel selection using psychological testing was on new troops enlisting in the military during two world wars and the explosive growth of the private sector thereafter (Scroggins et al., 2008). Psychological testing for personnel selection purposes, though, faded into disfavor during the 1960s, but it continues to be used by human resource practitioners today. In this regard, Scroggins and his colleagues advise, "Many H practitioners, however, have continued to use personality testing with an optimistic and enduring faith in its ability to discriminate between good and poor job candidates" (p. 101).

In cases where cheating is suspected (such as in the case of an teen applicant possibly using a smartphone or consulting crib notes during testing by visiting the restroom), psychologists have a professional responsibility to conform to relevant privacy laws with respect to the results of such tests, including following the decision-making model…… [Read More]


Barnes, F.P. & Murdin, L. (2001). Values and ethics in the practice of psychotherapy and counseling. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Bersoff, D.N. (2008). Ethical conflicts in psychology. American Psychological Association.

Bonventre, V.M. (2005, Spring). Editor's foreword. Albany Law Review, 68(2), vii-ix.

Charman, D. (2004). Core processes in brief psychodynamic psychotherapy: Advancing effective practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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Social Equity Leadership Conference

Words: 5893 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74643599

Social equity is a key issue of public administration and forms the basic theme of the 2013 "Social Equity Leadership Conference," in June. This white paper discusses the key goals of the conference based on the conference issue for social equity as global engagement and local responsibility. These are the issue facing social equity among domestic and global public leaders in public and private agencies in the education, immigration, transportation, environmental, policing and corrections sectors. A review of theories on public administration identifies that public leadership networking, collaboration, and cooperation with leaders and agencies is necessary. This is associated with public leadership practices like public policy development, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation, social equity, and public advocacy.


Conference Theme:

Globally Engaged, Locally esponsible: New Challenges for Social Equity

Emerging Issues in Social Equity and Leadership Covered in the Conference:

1. Education

2. Policing and corrections

3. At risk communities, which…… [Read More]


Brian, A.E., & Adam, J.N. (2010). Building the reservoir to nowhere: The role of agencies in advocacy coalitions. Policy Studies Journal, 38(4), 653-678.

Buss, T.F. & Morse, R.S. (2008). Innovations in Public Leadership Development. Armonk, New York; M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

Candler, G., & Dumont, G. (2010). The price of citizenship: Civic responsibility as the missing dimension of public administration theory. Public Administration Quarterly, 34(2), 169-201.

Cichocki, D., Laberschek, M., & Rusanowska, M. (2011). Analysis of strategy of culture development in krakow 2010-2014 as an example of public policy implementation. Zarzadzanie Publiczne, 13(1), 103-115.
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Training and Development Roles and

Words: 2759 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73967434

This does not refer to classified information that private companies will not make public, but only to the data they will release. In other words, the two most important and reliable corporate resources are the company's official website and the company's statements and annual reports.

Articles on the internet will also be analyzed as they increase the amount of available information, allowing as such the reader to hear more statements and be able to form an independent and unbiased opinion.

6. Sampling

Considering that the management and employees within the ten selected organizations agree to participate to the study by answering the questions organized in the questionnaires, a sample of individuals will have to be organized. The sample will have to consider three primary specifications. First of all, it has to be large enough as to offer sufficient responses sitting at the basis of a clear conclusion formulation. Secondly, it…… [Read More]


The information contained in the research paper will be gathered from various resources. An approximate list will be offered below, but this may well modify throughout the actual process of writing the paper. The company and institutional information will be retrieved from the annual reports and the official websites, where possible. However, these will only be presented once the ten companies have been selected.

The list of the probable resources to be used is as presented below:

Kurb, M., Prokopenko, J., 1989, Diagnosing Management Training and Development Needs: Concepts and Techniques, 3rd Edition, International Labor Office

Milheilm, D., 1999, Public or Private Sector Work: The Eternal Question, Public Management, Vol. 81
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National Fire Academy Established in 1971 the

Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90186490

National Fire Academy

Established in 1971, the purpose of the National Fire Academy is to provide up-to-date training in fire service coursework, including a 4-year executive-level course. In addition, the Academy collaborates with other federal agencies, including the Fire esearch Laboratory, the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Building and Fire esearch Laboratory, the International Association of Arson Investigators, the United States Fire Administration, and the National Fire Protection Association to develop improved investigative, prosecutorial and training methodologies (Donahue, 2002). The responsibilities for the administration of the National Fire Academy fall to Academy Superintendent, Dr. Denis Onieal and the stated mission of the Academy is to, "Promote the professional development of the fire and the emergency response community and its allied professions" (National Fire Academy, 2013). In addition, the Academy is also tasked with developing, delivering and managing educational and training programs with a national focus that transcends state and…… [Read More]


Application forms. (2013). U.S. National Fire Academy. Retrieved from http://www.usfa.fema.


Donahue, M.L. (2002, January). The ATF Fire Research Laboratory: A new forensic resource for fire-scene investigations. Forensic Science Communications, 4(1), 37-39.

Eligibility. (2013). National Fire Academy. Retrieved from / attend/eligibility.shtm.
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Healthcare Legal Aspects of Health

Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27640642


The health care industry is heavily regulated and has several special risk areas that need to be looked out for. An effective compliance program is necessary in order to mitigate these risks. In addition to the challenges that are associated with taking care of patients, health care providers are subject to huge and sometimes intricate sets of rules that govern the coverage and reimbursement of medical services. Because federal and state sponsored health care programs play such a big role in paying for health care, compliance with these rules are necessary in order to avoid penalties that can occur. These penalties can include such things as recoupment of improper payments, along with sanctions imposed by Medicare and Medicaid against health care businesses that engage in abuse or fraudulent practices (Corporate esponsibility and Corporate Compliance: A esource for Health Care Boards of Directors, (n.d.).

A good health care administrator will…… [Read More]


Corporate Responsibility and Corporate Compliance: A Resource for Health Care Boards of Directors. (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2009, from Office of the Inspector General Web site: 

Health Administration. (n.d.). Retrieved April 3, 2009, from Web site:
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Human Resource Management in the

Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91747498

In the hierarchical configuration it also augmented the working hours but decreased the pay in poor working conditions, increased the social distance between employee and employers and increased bureaucratization of all factors, resulting in an increase in monotony. Because of these factors personnel management began to get a lot of attention. The function of HM has become even more important since 1980. There has been an absolute transfer from post war socialism towards individuality along with changes in the arrangement of the financial system. A number of people believed that HM had developed in order to resolve union problems as there was a new command to look out for employees within a company as it performed its special functions (Evolution of Human esource Management, 2009).

The beginning of New Public Management within the public services area of a lot of countries has led to changes in epistemology along with new…… [Read More]


Bissessar, Ann Marie. (2001). Differential Approaches to Human Resource Management

Reform: in the public services of Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved September 30, 2010, from Entrepreneur Web site:

Evolution of Human Resource Management. (2009). Retrieved September 30, 2010, from Articles Base Web site:
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Work Motivation and Job Satisfaction

Words: 5392 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49444559

As Moore and Anderson emphasize, "Another driver is that distance education students have as much right to expect effective library services as traditional on-campus students. Therefore, services have been enhanced to ensure easy access and equitable delivery of resources and services" (p. 384).

Clearly, then, although the mission of many university libraries to provide the resources and tools students need to achieve successful academic outcomes has not changed in substantive ways in recent years, technological innovations have demanded that they transform the manner in which they achieve these missions. A survey of university librarians conducted by Moore and Anderson (2003) determined that, "y far the major thrust of the libraries surveyed was the inclusion of information literacy skills into the curriculum, either imbedded into the discipline-specific information or as assessable tests within foundation or first-year subjects" (p. 382). The provision of these types of services, Moore and Anderson suggest, may…… [Read More]


Droege, S.B. And J.M. Hoobler. 2003. "Employee turnover and tacit knowledge diffusion: A network perspective." Journal of Managerial Issues, 15(1): 50.

Finnegan, R.P., F.D. Frank and C.R. Taylor, C.R. 2004. "The race for talent: Retaining and engaging workers in the 21st century." Human Resource Planning 27(3): 12.

Milgate, Michael a. 2004. Transforming Corporate Performance: Measuring and Managing the Drivers of Business Success. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Phillips, Jack J. 2005. Investing in Your Company's Human Capital: Strategies to Avoid Spending Too Little -- or Too Much. New York: AMACOM.
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Training Needs to Accomplish Selected

Words: 747 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92027878

This author notes that in some cases it is more appropriate for human resources trainer to create the situation, and at other times the trainees themselves can create situations based on their past experiences. "When trainees are asked to create their own situations," Gordon adds, "the trainer needs to provide guidelines so that trainee-designed situations provide sufficient information for use in a subsequent role play, simulation, or case study" (p. 35), and recommends setting a time limit for such exercises.

Follow-Up and Iteration.

Because all companies experience some turnover and priorities change over time, it is important to keep in mind that further training needs assessment will be required and quantifiable monitors established to determine the effectiveness of the approach used for this purpose. Based on a trending of the quantifiable data developed from previous training initiatives, it will be easier to fine-tune future programs to better suit the needs…… [Read More]


Bates, R.A., Holton, E.F., & Naquin, S.S. (2000). Large-scale performance-driven training needs assessment: A case study. Public Personnel Management, 29(2), 253.

Bowers, C.A., Braun, C.C., Jentsch, F., & Salas, E. (1998). Analyzing communication sequences for team training needs assessment. Human Factors, 40(4), 672.

Gordon, S.P. (2004). Professional development for school improvement: Empowering learning communities. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
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Administrative Purpose Comparative to the

Words: 3688 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66863718

Such ratings are affected by different human factors which may or may not provide an unbiased feedback.

atings are affected by social and situation factors, such as the opportunity to observe and the image of themselves that people try to convey. aters' motivation to pay attention, recall behaviors observed, and base their judgments on fact will influence the accuracy of their ratings. Having an incentive (e.g., a monetary reward) for accuracy and being asked to recall observed behaviors are ways to enhance accuracy..." (London, 2003).

There are different individual characters considered in providing the evaluation or the feedbacks for developmental purposes. Such characteristics include observation skills, self-monitoring ability and empathy.

Observation skills involve gathering and recording of data that represents job performance. This observation skill is done to give evaluation without judgment or bias.

In this situation, the success and intensity of impact of the feedbacks for developmental purposes lie…… [Read More]

Reference List

Askew, Susan. 2000. Feedback for Learning. Routledge/Falmer. Place of Publication: London.

London, Manuel. 1997. Job Feedback: Giving, Seeking, and Using Feedback for Performance Improvement. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of Publication: Mahwah, NJ. Publication

London, Manuel. 2003. Job Feedback: Giving, Seeking, and Using Feedback for Performance Improvement. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of Publication: Mahwah, NJ. Publication

London, M. And Beatty, R. 1993. "360-Degree Feedback as a Competitive Advantage." Human Resource Management, 32 (2 and 3): 213.
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Noble Cause Removing the Culture of Noble

Words: 724 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51129461

Noble Cause

Removing the Culture of Noble Cause Corruption

To the Officers in our State Police Department,

As a Colonel of this force with years of experience in the field, I understand the complexity and nuance of conducting police work. And I also understand the imperative to 'get the collar' as it were, at all costs. However, we cannot pursue law enforcement at the expense of upholding the law.

Frequently, police officers act according to a set of laws and parameters internal to a department's culture. In some instances, this behavior will strain or undermine true legal and ethical expectations of law enforcement agencies. However, there is a moral gray area for many departments, who view this specialized set of parameters as necessary for pursuing the complex challenges of police work. This underscores the concept of noble cause corruption, which allow officers to act according to their own set of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Fitzpatrick, D.P. (2006). Moving Beyond the Noble Cause Paradigm: Providing a Unified Theory of Ethics for 21st Century American Policing. The Forum on Public Policy.

Holmes, M.H. (2012). Raising the Ranks of Public Sector Leaders. Public Personnel Management, 41(3)

Hoppe, R. (1999). Argumentative Turn. Science and Public Policy, 26(3), 201-201.

Micheli, P.; Schoeman, M.; Baxter, D. & Goffin, K. (2012). New Business Models for Public-Sector Innovation. Research-Technology Management.