Public Personnel Administration Essays Examples

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Challenges to Public Safety Administration

Words: 3169 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91862101

Public Safety Administration Challenges; Annotated Bibliography

Cook, C. (September 1, 2012). The Challenges and Opportunities for Public Safety Communications: The Adams County Case Study. Silicon Flatirons Center

On the 23rd of September in the year 2011, scholars, law professionals and members of public safety communications industry were brought together by the Silicon Flatirons Center to discuss issues that faced the industry in the 21st century, both in terms of benefits and challenges that would emerge upon the creation of a countrywide broadband public safety communications network as stipulated and envisaged in the National Broadband Plan. The experts gathered at University of Colorado's School of Law where the discussions were being held. The discussions were chaired by a Mr. Phil Weiser, who is not only the dean of the said School of Law, but also the head of the Silicon Flatirons Centre and also an adjunct professor at the same university. The dialogue surrounded the creation of a modern countrywide public safety broadband network via study and discussions surrounding the creation of such a network at Colorado's Adams County. The discussions began with the participants going through the developments that had occurred in Adams county and also the then overall state…… [Read More]

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Personnel Law and Regulation

Words: 4135 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42972839

Personnel Law and Regulation

Workers Compensation Rehabilitation

For nearly 100 years, the system of Worker's Compensation has been used in the United States. Worker's Compensation is legislated and administered at the state level. Accordingly, each state has passed their own laws and developed their own system to administer Worker's Compensation within their jurisdiction. Despite the differences of each state's benefits, the overall concept of Worker's Compensation is used in each state.

The model of Worker's Compensation is simple. Employees loose their right to sue their employer for negligence, and employers are required to provide Worker's Compensation to their employees. Specific benefits vary from state to state. All state systems provide some form of protection for employees who are hurt while working.

Prior to the adoption of Worker's Compensation, the previous system required an employee to file a lawsuit against their employer. This proved to be ineffective and problematic. For example, an employee was injured on the job and needed hospitalization and surgery. There would be a loss of income during the recovery period. The employee often had no means to pay for the necessary medical treatment. The only option available was to sue the employer. This is not an ideal…… [Read More]

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Leadership and HRM in the Public Sector

Words: 4785 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23792010


Leadership and HRM in the Public Sector

At the national level, leadership in human resource management has been problematic, if not negative, in its effects. The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 and related legislation established the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to provide leadership and innovative personnel programs for the federal establishment. Instead, in the first ten years after its creation, OPM established a record of missed opportunities, failed initiatives, and declining organizational effectiveness, as documented in comprehensive reports issued in 1989 by both the U.S. General Accounting Office and the U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board (Ingraham and Ban, 2008).

By any measure of performance against legislative intent, OPM has been largely an organizational failure in the conduct of its programs and the achievement of its goals. OPM has not become the primary management office for the president, as envisioned by its first director, Alan Campbell. It has not succeeded in transforming public personnel management at the federal level into a modern system of human resource management. The regulatory and procedural barriers of the past continue to inhibit managerial action in the federal personnel system. The technical innovations of the Civil Service Reform Act have not made any…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Patricia, Ingraham W., and Ban. Carolyn (1988) Politics and Merit: Can They Meet in a Public Service Model? Review of Public Personnel Administration (Spring):719.

Lane, Larry M (2009) The Administration and Politics of Reform: The Office of Personnel Management. Policy Studies Journal 17 (Winter):331-351.
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Public Administration With Considerations on

Words: 3453 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97193481

One time or the other, these elected legislatures will find themselves in difficult situations that call for difficult ethical decisions in the processes of performing their duties just as public administrators and as some can mange such trying moments, others will fail to perform. These public administrators should ensure that they have proper interaction with the government/authorities so as to understand well how they function in the quest to establishing reliable solutions that are potential managers of public pressure to finally ensure that public action is not compromised (Stillman, 2009). For example, in the last twenty years, the pressure exerted on public administrators has been "more entrepreneurial, to find ways to do more things and new things with fewer resources, to be nimble in response to fluctuating problems and demands, has been acute" (Cook, 2007, p. 243). In addition, considering the pressure on public administration coupled by increasing global changes as well as intensity and lack of efficiency in responding, majority of governments have failed to reform their laws to match the ever changing demands in public administration hence affecting decision making and the eventual public action/response.

Role of regulatory agencies in public administration

Regulatory agencies as independent government agencies/commissions…… [Read More]

Business training schools. (n.d.). What does a public administrator do? Business-training- Retrieved from
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Public Partnership in Serving Transitional

Words: 3360 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11845574

By bringing into the equation of transitional services the special needs personnel at local colleges and vocational institutions, the interagency agreement described here will ensure that upon the student's eventual arrival at one such institution, there will be people familiar with his case and prepared to accommodate his needs. These respective agency types can then help a disabled student to train a focus on the specific career goals which have been identified either with the assistance of counselors.

Using the Strategic Planning Meeting as a method to identifying willing and helpful stakeholders in the process, the public partnership in question relies heavily on such networking to both orient the community toward our collective goals and to foster natural communication between such agencies at a personal level. By inviting and bringing into contact such groups as decision-makers from local law organizations, leaders from public recreation leagues and university personnel, as well as teacher, student and parent groups, a public partnership over transitional services. will help to create the type of resource chain that will be of the greatest use to somebody of the disposition in question.

One of the greatest challenges in public partnership orientation is the inevitable diversity of structure,…… [Read More]

Graddy, E. & Chen, B. (2006). Influences on the size and scope of networks for social service delivery. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory Advance Access.

Milward, H.B. & Provan, K.G. (2006). A Manager's Guide to Choosing and Using Collaborative Networks. Network and Partnership Series.
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Public Services Management According to

Words: 4690 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67874481

" (Bissessar, nd) the evidence showed, however "that the choice of 'new' methods of management had become a regional fad. Indeed the universality of NPM could not be disputed." (Bissessar, nd) New Public Management had been introduced in many countries including the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia and "was accordingly considered a more than appropriate model for the Caribbean and Latin American states as well." (Bissessar, nd)

There were various differences in the models of NPM being introduced in each of these countries. Bissessar states that "variations in the extent to which NPM had been adopted in many countries was not a new phenomenon." (Bissessar, nd) Hood (1996) notes that "...some countries have placed more emphasis on ideas than other countries, and NPM styles have even varied within the same family groups' of countries." (Bissessar, nd) it is noted that in Australia, the UK and New Zealand held a tendency for decentralization of personnel management "to line departments away from central personnel agencies..." (Bissessar, nd) no such move had been made in Japan in which the National Personnel Authority was actually provided more strength in the 1980s. Another contention is that while some countries such as…… [Read More]

Barzelay, Michael (2001) the New Public Management: Improving Research and Policy Dialogue. Regents of the University of California. Online available at:

Bissessar, Ann Marie (nd) the Introduction of New Public Management in Small States - taken from "Governance in the Caribbean" ed. Selwyn Ryan and Ann Marie Bissessar. Online available at 
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Public and Private Policing Functions

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7564262

The private security field also underwent significant reforms in connection with the qualifications, training, and (especially) vetting of employment candidates as well Ortmeier, 2009). Ironically, instead of recognizing the comprehensive improvement throughout the private security industry after 2001, many police personnel intensified their pre-existing disdain for all non-sworn security professionals instead (Dalton, 2003).

The Conceptual Significance of Public and Private Spaces

One of the worst consequences of the antagonism on the part of police toward private security forces is that the private security industry could actually provide valuable assistance to the overall interest of national, regional, and local security. Whereas the actions of all government policing and law enforcement authorities is very strictly limited by fundamental constitutional principles (especially in connection with 4th Amendment search and seizure concepts), non-governmental security agents can operate with considerably wider latitude (Larsen, 2007). In general, private security personnel may conduct various types of searches and investigations pursuant to the assertion of private property rights that would constitute egregious constitutional violations if conducted by any governmental policing authorities (Larsen, 2007). But for the degree to which the uncooperative attitude of police toward private security personnel is unfounded, greater cooperation with and coordination between police and…… [Read More]

Dalton D. (2003). Rethinking Corporate Security in the Post-9/11 Era. Burlington, MA:

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Public Hospitals

Words: 2108 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6735134

Public Hospitals are facing imperative challenges offered by the fast growth of communication, as well as biomedical technology; the necessity for cost-control; as well as the spotlight on efficiency and competence; the augment of populations' strains for services and transformations in demographic and epidemiological factors (Counte, 1995; Walid, 2003; Henry, 1997; Patricia, 2001).

The diverse strategies for restructuring should include devolution and centralization, changeover guidelines, redefinition of the purposes of hospitals and primary care, formation of novel positions for experts, enhanced administration, cost-control and marketplace direction. No matter the strategy assumed, the aspirations of restructuring are to give health care that is oriented towards result, footed on proof and centered on usefulness and competence, to augment the accessibility of services, patient happiness and the superiority of care (Counte, 1995).

Therefore, reforms of public hospitals should focus on how to develop value and decrease expenditure devoid of restraining access and evenhandedness. Majority of the countries are tormenting from economic downturn, generating difficulties of assistance of the health care system; with public hospitals tormenting the most from lack of capital for continuation, staff and even essential drugs and apparatus. Therefore in the fast changing world, it is imperative that public hospitals learn…… [Read More]

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Public Sector Management the Term

Words: 4522 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74748712

It relies on the vision of the state you choose to subscribe and it depends upon the costs and benefits of a few highly imperfect social institutions: market trends and the public sector. (Bovaird, Loffler, 2003, p. 25) The public sector is a ubiquitous social institution having grown in size and complexity within the last fifty years. Nevertheless, this is a linear development. Whereas the development belonging to the welfare state in the late 1960s and 1970s took an unprecedented growth of men and women in most OECD states, the 1980s and 1990s was marked by concerns and attempts to reduce the strength of the public sector, or, at a minimum, to make it more helpful and all these have fiscal implications.

A good number of policies have spending implications. In cases where money becomes scarce, financial constraints can create problems in public enterprises. Though the opposite-financial crises also have a powerful upside: they put pressure on public organizations in becoming more efficient is true. (Bovaird, Loffler, 2003, p. 25) In particular, the fiscal crisis in OECD countries in the 1980s and 1990s was a key element trigger for public sector reforms and one such reform is about to be…… [Read More]

Albrecht, W. Steve; Albrecht, Conan C; Albrecht, Chad O. 2009. Fraud Examination. Cengage Learning.

Bovaird, Tony; Loffler, Elke. 2003. Public Management & Governance. Routledge: New York.
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Public Sector Accountability in the

Words: 1700 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19101070

Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Pearson Des. 2000. "Contemporary Issues in Public Sector Accountability: New Challenges for Accountability." 22 January. Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Setting the Course: Integrating Conformance with Performance." 2000. September, 7. Retrieved at on 30 May, 2005

Sozzani, Joseph "Privatization in the United States and Australia: A Comparative Analysis of the Modern Movement in Corrections." Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

S.Rpt.103-358 Governmental Affairs Committee" 1994. August, 23. Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

The Audit Office Today." Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Vouched for and Carried to Account: A History of the Western Australian Audit Office 1829-2004." Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Wongchanglaw, Somphon. 2002. "Strengthening Public Scrutiny and Government Accountability Reformation." Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005… [Read More]

Heeks, Richard. 1998. "Information Systems for Public Sector Management: Defining Accountability." Institute for Development Policy and Management. July. Retrieved at Accessed on 30 May, 2005

Lamond, Jeff. "Transparency and Ethical Governance: Promoting Accountability in Australia" Australian Public Service Commission. Retrieved at . Accessed on 30 May, 2005
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Personnel Offices the Personnel Function

Words: 856 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87289926

The guardian bureaucracy, for example, goes all the way back to the writings of Plato. Patronage/spoils goes back to the founding of the United States, which is not a surprise, since loyalty was a predominant value post-revolution. Agencies in the United States value "merit and confidence" and merit principles are the core values of the majority of systems.

Cayer moves on to listing the organizational questions that must be asked when choosing a personnel system, including which type of board is desirable, whether there is a centralized personnel office, and who has the final authority over personnel functions and the pros and cons of each decision. Bipartisan or nonpartisan commissions are the dominant choice for governance in the U.S. And have been since 1883. The main alternative to this model is the central personnel office which reports directly to the top executive and takes a role in leadership and management. Most systems combine a centralized and decentralized approach to minimize the associated pros and cons. Central agencies are largely responsible for policy-making, while the decentralized agencies tend to specific local concerns. The past decade has seen much more consolidation or even the elimination of civil service agencies as governments deal…… [Read More]

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Public Accounting Corporate Accounting and

Words: 3822 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3509043

This role is in response to clients' demands for a single trustworthy individual or firm to meet all of their financial needs. However, accountants are restricted from providing these services to clients whose financial statements they also prepare." (U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2009)

1. Public Accounting

The work entitled: "The Reality of the CPA's Role" states that modern CPAs work "behind the scenes as trusted advisors in nearly all significant business decisions. Successful accountants display the ability to think strategically and creatively and to be problem solvers and business advisors." (Douglass, 2006) Douglass states that the views of the CPA are widely varied "...whether from the viewpoint of the investing public or from the perspective of the companies that engage CPAs to audit their financial statements or perform other functions. In fact, many people not involved in the business management or accounting profession may perceive CPAs as "book smart," reclusive number crunchers who sit quietly in a cubicle typing numbers into a ten-key adding machine. But decision makers in the corporate world know that successful CPAs are highly interactive, where most of their time is spent in face-to-face communications while performing complex tasks within the ever-changing…… [Read More]

Douglass, Kevin (2006) the Reality of the CPA's Role New Jersey CPA Magazine, April 2006. Accounting and Auditing. Online available at:

Erard, Brian (1992) Taxation with Representation: An Analysis of the Role of Tax Practitioners in Tax Compliance. Journal of Public Economics 52 (1993) 163-107. North-Holland. Online available at:
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Public School Paradigm Reflection of

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15183179

They would do so in a fashion ideally, so as to not merely prepare students to take the test in rote fashion, but to make the new information a vital part of the extant educational process. (SEDL, 2004)

Such instructional leadership is subject to quality controls in-house. As part of the paradigm, public school teachers are consistently and regularly evaluated by administers, while administers receive feedback in a concrete and constructive fashion through evaluations by instructors, students, and parents that come into contact with them. Learning becomes a holistic experience of the school, and there is a strong trust, responsibility and faith placed in teachers by administers as teachers are assumed to have a vested interest in, and a sense of history of, the school community.

It is said that "while administrators' visions tend to focus on district- or school- wide instructional issues, teachers' visions tend to address teacher roles and student outcomes." (SEDL, 2004) This does not mean that the two 'camps' must have split functions or identities, rather the two of them out to have similar functions but with different responsibilities in context. No greater vision can be realized without specific classroom attention, however to function to their…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL) (2004) "Leadership Characteristics that Promote School Change." Official SEDL Website. Retrieved 4 Dec 2004 at
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Public Administration History of Urban

Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96392708

One demand is to supply adequate fresh water. Insufficient fresh water for drinking, sewage treatment and sewage discharge are frequent issues that arise as the population increases. Augmented amounts of air pollution, water pollution, soil contamination and noise pollution are also issues faced by city governments. Another issue is that of high infant and child mortality rates. These rates are frequently caused by deficiency. There is also an augmented possibility of the appearance of new plagues and pandemics. For a lot of ecological and societal reasons, including congested living situations, undernourishment and insufficient, unreachable, or missing health care; the underprivileged are more likely to be exposed to communicable diseases (Devaney, 2010).

What steps did city governments take to help deal with new demand resulting from the influx in population?

In the late nineteenth century, municipal governments frequently failed to meet the needs of their constituents. Because of this urban planning began to be seen. By about 1910 cities had the thoughts of an innermost business district, zoning, an organization of parks and parkways, and planning roads in order to permit circulation which included the first highways. These strategies were very triumphant and the value of innermost property went up and…… [Read More]

Auch, Roger, Taylor, Janis and Acevedo, William. (2004). Urban Growth in American Cities.

Retrieved March 8, 2011, from Web site:
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Question and Answer for Public Administration

Words: 3871 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25308112

solid waste management in impoverished areas versus affluent areas by examining the social, economic, ethical, and political reasons for placement of landfills and other waste removal facilities in poorer neighborhoods. By exploring the background of specific social movements, the first section of the assignment will seek to explore why the government placed landfills in certain locations versus others. The essay will also seek to examine what caused the social movements. As well as why the issue evolved from placement of landfills in poorer neighborhoods to placement of landfills in minority-majority poorer neighborhoods.

The next section will seek to analyze which candidates would be best for a nonprofit. Candidate one is a business-savvy employee wishing to change things by dismissing all the older employees and hiring new ones. Candidate two is a college graduate with experience in the field. By looking at the various perspectives of public administration theory, this section hopes to address why candidate two is the best candidate overall. Additionally, other aspects like diversity will be explored.

Question #1

Solid waste management is an ever growing economic and environmental issue in developing countries. While efforts have been made to increase recycling and reusing of waste material in the…… [Read More]

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Human Resources and Functional Illiteracy Public Administration

Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59066106

Human Resources and Functional Illiteracy

Public Administration Human Resources Research Study Design

Public Sector Human Resource Policy and Functional Illiteracy

Public Sector Human Resource Policy and Functional Illiteracy

Anderson and Ricks (1993) examined the role of illiteracy in determining worker status within the public sector, in part because it had not been done before. They were interested in understanding how worker stratification was determined, after scholars had raised the possibility of a worker caste system within government agencies. This issue is still relevant today, given the increasingly diverse workforce both ethnically and linguistically. This report will analyze the research methods used by Anderson and Ricks (1993) and summarize their findings


The sample studied by Anderson and Ricks (1993) were human resource professionals currently engaged in managing employees in the public sector. A 41-item questionnaire was used to determine the 'functional literacy' that these managers were noticing on the job, with functional literacy being defined as having the basic English reading, writing, and comprehension skills necessary to function in a specific job position. The survey respondents were also queried for information about problems caused in the workplace due to illiteracy and whether remedial actions were being taken to correct deficiencies.…… [Read More]

Anderson, Claire J. And Ricks, Betty Roper. (1993). Illiteracy -- The neglected enemy in public service. Public Personnel Management, 22(1), 137-152.

History Channel. (2013). Great migration. Retrieved 13 Feb. 2013 from
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Public Management the Dynamic Changes

Words: 2886 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66934211

Still, compared to most Asian countries, which continue to struggle with highly hierarchical political systems, South Korea has developed and implemented more open reforms. It has to be noted that the efforts made to better reform the South Korean public sector have been determined by a natural sense of alignment to international features and a relative emergence of the country from its communist past.

In both cases of South Korea and New Zealand, the implementation of the reform has generated important impacts on all three components of the public sector mix -- the market, the hierarchy and the networks. As it would be generally expected, the principles of the market were adopted into the public sector. The federal agencies became more focused on efficiency, performance and even began to outsource part of their operations. A particular application of the market principles within the public context is the creation of the electronic government, understood as " new government domain which a country including tangible and intangible governance activities, facility and construction as well as the ground, underground, and sea is digitalized in similar with the real nation" (Lee, 2007). Among its benefits, one can point out to the fact that it…… [Read More]

Bhatnagar, S.C., 2004, E-government from vision to implementation: a practical guide with case studies, SAGE, ISBN 0761932593

Boston, J., 2001, The challenge of evaluating systemic change: the case of public management reform in New Zealand, Learning from International Public Management Reform, Vol. 11
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Public Sector Throughout My Life

Words: 970 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60612370

After having discussed Florida International University's Masters in Public Administration program with some of your graduates, I am very impressed with the analytical skills that your graduates acquire. I believe that analytical skills are so important because problems cannot be solved unless they have been properly analyzed, and problem-solving is the primary duty of a public-sector professional.

One of my additional intermediate goals is to increase my knowledge of the skills required to be a successful public administrator. While my work experience has given me knowledge of one area of public-sector employment, I feel that knowledge is incomplete. While I know that I want to work in a public-sector job, helping to make the community I live in a better one, I am not certain what role I want to play. Through my education, I hope to learn exactly what is required to work as personnel director, special project coordinator, and a city manager. I feel that the more I understand about each of these roles, the better prepared I will be to determine whether I should concentrate my efforts on the big picture, by working with or as the city manager, or on the smaller picture, by working with…… [Read More]

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Public Policy

Words: 1975 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68812481

Policy Change

Anti-Bullying as a Policy Change

Students have been bullied while at school since the beginnings of education. Originally they might have been bullied by the people who taught them, but much of that does not continue into the present say. However, students bullying other students does continue. Every child needs an advocate at their school whose function it is to make sure that they are not being bullied. Many times this happens informally when a school does not have a bullying program, but it can also happen formally. The need for advocacy programs within schools, both primary and secondary, that allow children to feel that they are safe from the time that they leave their homes until they arrive back at home in the afternoon is elemental. Because of the backlash that has happened at some schools due to being bullied, it is more vital than ever. Students must have a nonviolent process that they can access when they are being bullied. Also, schools need to have programs in place in which they partner with parents to stop both physical and electronic media bullying. This paper outlines what bullying is, how the practice has been proven to cause…… [Read More]

Aluede, O., Adeleke, F., Omoike, D., & Afen-Akpaida, J. (2008). A review of the extent, nature characteristics and effects of bullying behavior in schools. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 35(2), 151-163.

Buck, L., & Willer, B. (2008). Advocacy for young children. In S. Feeney, A Galper, and C. Seefeldt Eds. Continuing issues in early childhood education (pp. 391-405). Toronto: Pearson Education Canada.
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Implementing Public Programs and Social Policies

Words: 2566 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94835126

Public Administrators in Work First Family Assistance Program

The Role of Public Administrators in Work First Family Assistance Program

Competency 1: Summarize the Findings of the Analytical Framework

Designing an analytical framework is possible and is seen because the Act was passed into law in 1975 by the federal government. The aim of implementing the child support policy in all states was to reduce the expenditure of the public on social welfare. The North Carolina welfare is an example of child support programs where the Division of Social Service disburses funds, and 100 counties use the program. Remember, TANF program is a block grant. The assistance provided by the state is for five years only to ensure that the family stays together, and a reduction of teenage pregnancies is adhered to especially because teenagers need their parents guidance and counsel.

TANF program was created after the passing of legislation in 1996 with the aim of improving the livelihood of families with low income and addressing health disparity problems in the U.S. The program was trying to make self-sufficient people and by so doing, the role of the welfare declined and skepticism arose regarding the program's effectiveness. Nevertheless, self-sufficient people needed…… [Read More]

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Power and Politics Organizational Culture

Words: 2708 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67131637

Team building, group dynamics, talent management, leadership development, and any number of other functional areas are much more about clarity, focus, aligning expectations, and defining roles than creating equality" (Myatt, 2012). In the last twenty years, organizations have come to the realization that the better their employees are at working together, the more successful their organizations will be.

Reductions in budgets in the public sector mean that there is an increased pressure for these organizations to deliver more effectively. Team-building is a verifiable way to ensure a greater success at employee cohesion. Private sector organizations have largely realized this, as private sector organizations more frequently enlist the help of outside organizations such as team-building experts to teach and implement effective means of team-building for their workers. Given these trends in team-building, I would want to further explore: what are the immediate benefits of team building? What are the long-term benefits of team building? What are some of the common mistakes or challenges encountered on the road to team building?

Collaboration and Coordination with Outside Contractors

Effective collaboration and coordination is absolutely essential at both the public and private sector. Collaboration and coordination fundamentally refer to the ability to work well…… [Read More]

Cellucci, T. (2008, October). Bridging the Communication Gap. Retrieved from

Dillon, S., Buchannon, J., & Corner, J. (2010, November).Comparing public and private sector decision making: Problem structuring and information quality issues. Retrieved from 
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Presenting for the Future Public Administration

Words: 3931 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23443609

Public Administration: Presenting for the Future

Immigration Policy Reform

The term "immigration reform" is used to collectively refer to all efforts that have been undertaken by a country to amend abuses and reduce faults in its immigration policy. These efforts could be geared at either promoting and encouraging immigration or reducing and even eliminating the same. A perfect example of the former is the UK's promotion of the absorption of foreign-educated health specialists in its National Health Service (Dodds, 2012). The U.S. has, however, almost consistently run an anti-immigration policy. As this text will demonstrate, numerous reform efforts have been undertaken since way back in the 18th century to reduce the number of aliens illegally or legally crossing into the U.S. through the country's border points. Most of these efforts were particularly speeded up after the 9/11 tragedy; however, the successful implementation of these has been hampered by a number of things, among them a volatile public mood, political wars, and an overall lack of public understanding on the constitutional, social, and economic elements surrounding the immigration issue. Studies have shown that in as much as Americans harbor strong views and beliefs about this issue, most of them do not…… [Read More]

Baker, B. & Rytina, N. (2012). Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Retrieved 17 March 2015 from

Camayd-Freixas, E. (2013). U.S. Immigration Reform and its Global Impact: Lessons from the Postville Raid. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan
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Succession Planning for Multi-Faceted Enterprises and Organizations

Words: 9765 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32194686

Succession Planning for Multi-Faceted Enterprises and Organizations

La Russa Enterprises

Thunder Bay, Ontario

Nadia La Russa

The journey to this point in my academic career has been a long one, and challenging, however I am successful. A number of people have effortlessly contributed to my success, and I take this opportunity to thank them. First, it is with great honor that I thank my academic adviser he/she took on the obligation of advising me in my post coursework and exam completion, while I was in the university. his/her xxxxxxxxx unrelenting encouragement, mentorship and support were the ultimate motivators. Without her firm, yet caring guidance, I would not have completed this research study.

To my friends xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, I owe my gratitude. The incalculable lunches, coffee breaks and emails of support helped me work through the writer's block, despair at lack of improvement and eventually gave me the strength to know that I could end the long journey.

To all of my other wonderful allies, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxnd many others too man to recognize by their names, who gave me encouragement and knew better than to ask when I would be finished, I thank you for your confidence in my ability to complete this…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Mihm, J.C. (2003). Human capital: Succession planning and management is a critical driver of organizational transformation. United States General Accounting Office

Mihm, J.C. (2003). Human capital: Succession planning and management is a critical driver of organizational transformation. United States General Accounting Office

Wallin, D. 2007. Succession planning: developing future leaders from within. Academic Leader, 23(1), 2-8
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Felons and the Community Analysis

Words: 2941 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70941405

, et al., 2012).

Systems approaches look towards the functional integration of different stakeholders and their goals towards a specific issue or path. What implications might a proposed solution have and to what groups? What is the functional relationship between groups of stakeholders and how can that be maximized. For returning felons, this approach looks at ways to construct programs that are utilitarian in context (the greatest good for the greatest number) (Teaskey, 1976).

Ecological PA supports a more holistic viewpoint and focuses on the nature of the internal and external environments. In other words, PA must interact with the political executive, social political interest groups, commercial and economic organizations, and the citizenry. This approach takes the approach that solutions may only be found by looking at the issue as a sub-set of a larger set of societal issues. Ecological PA cannot solve the incarceration problem, but can look toward a multidisciplinary approach to find solutions that take on a broader role within the community and see the issue as far more than just felon re-entry into society (Otenyo & Lind, 2006).

Contingency PA looks at anticipated situations that may occur in the future that, if not addressed, may result…… [Read More]

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Ethical and Legal Issues Related to Product Safety Marketing and Intellectual Property

Words: 1676 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34100951

Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual Property

Legal and ethical considerations

Ethical issues

PharmaCARE intentionally bypassed the Food and Drug Administration when it established CompCARE a compounding pharmacy. This was done in order to avoid FDA scrutinization, which indicates that the company was aware of the side effects that the drug would have on patients. By evading FDA scrutiny and approval, PharmaCARE was able to sell the new formulation on a prescription basis without the need to seek approvals. CompCARE was not supposed to market directly to consumers, but it still conducted direct marketing to consumers and hospitals. Furthermore, the company encouraged doctors to fax them lists of fictitious patient names. This was done to demonstrate that the company was not selling directly to consumers, but rather it was doctors who were prescribing the drug to the patients.

When reports started surfacing indicating that the drug was causing heart attacks, the company did not remove the drug from the market. The company ignored the data and continued to market the drug without informing patients on the side effects of the drug (Halbert & Ingulli, 2011). This was ethically wrong because the company is ethically required to let patients know of the…… [Read More]

Halbert, T., & Ingulli, E. (2011). Law and ethics in the business environment. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Kim, Y.K., Lee, K., Park, W.G., & Choo, K. (2012). Appropriate intellectual property protection and economic growth in countries at different levels of development. Research policy, 41(2), 358-375.
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Managing Diversity Matters a Study on Qantas

Words: 3911 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22883136

Managing Diversity Matters

A Study on QANTAS

Women Representation at QANTAS

QANTAS' Focus on Diverse Needs of Customers

QANTAS Ideology Regarding Recruitment of Youth

Challenges Faced By QANTAS

In today's challenging global scenario where competition is rising every day, it is necessary for Multinational organizations to address the basic need of today's business world: diversity. Customers, employees, strategic alliances, competitors, industry norms etc.; they are all subject to changes every day. This is the reason why organizations must need to show adaptability to the change and address the diverse needs of all these stakeholders. Furthermore, while discussing MNCs, it is noticeable that one of the industries (with highest degree of diversity in its operations) is the aviation industry. Australia is one of the most culturally diverse in the world, according to a 2009 study by L. Leveson in the International Journal of Manpower. The study explored current attitudes to diversity management in 15 Australian companies. There are many legal requirements in Australia are with concerns to racial, ethnic and cultural diversity in the workplace. The Fair Work Act (2009) (as reported in Gollan 2010) specifically addresses discrimination. Where many Australian organizations along with the government and other legal authorities are…… [Read More]

Arthur, J.B 1994, 'Effects of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover', Academy of Management Journal, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 670-687.

Australian Human Rights Commission. 2008, The Right to a Discrimination-Free Workplace, Legal Section, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission
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Civil Service Reform Itself Is Still an

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90470848

civil service reform itself is still an ongoing process, not yet perfected to a point that satisfies all parties. Even the past reforms have been littered with dissent and the need for further revolutions regarding civil service suits, culminating in two different forms of systems: the merit system and the spoils system. While the spoils system generally gains a horrendously bad reputation, it is without doubt a catalyst that brought about positive reform. And while the merit system has a genuinely "good" idea behind it, there is still basis for concern regarding the ultimate movement toward corruption. In either case, the reform acts brought about by the government regarding civil service have continued to rise up for the benefits of the public service workers.

It is evident that throughout history, there had been ongoing ping-pong relations between presidential administrations and the partisan process. In both the Unit 2 Lecture (2011) and Cayer's "Evolution of the Public Personnel System" (2004), the notion of civil service reform reared its head whenever there was dissent within a particular system of civil service. This seems to be particularly true whenever the president clashed with Congress, always fighting for control over public service personnel. Whether…… [Read More]

Cayer, N. Joseph (2004). "Evolution of the Public Personnel System." Public Personnel Administration. Fourth ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. Print.

Public Unit 2 (2011). "Unit 2 Lecture." Public Administration.
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Human Resource Management for Employee Training and Retention in the Modern World

Words: 1413 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67692620

Human Resource Management for Employee

Training and Retention in the Modern World

The modern business organization devotes much more effort and coordination to the entire spectrum of human resource management (HRM) processes than its predecessor. Previously, even if all of the individual functions and responsibilities of HRM were administrated by the same department, they remained largely separate initiatives. Recruitment was not coordinated with other aspects of HRM, let alone with other departments outside of HRM, beyond the initial request or notification to HRM that new personnel were required. New hire training was primarily organized and delivered within individual business units rather than by the organization in any uniform way; and the notion of "organizational culture" rarely played any role in that training. Legal training was limited to the department of legal counsel and higher-level management, or provided otherwise, only after being necessitated by problems after they had already become manifest. Organizations made little effort and had few means of gauging the relative satisfaction of their employees beyond objective performance measures, and any effort to maximize the potential of existing personnel to recruit new talent was limited to the occasional announcement within individual business units.

Today, contemporary business organizations recognize the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Alessie, L. "Big Brother is watching: Lorenza Alessie, associate director at HVS

Executive Search, investigates how professional and social online networks such as Facebook and Linkedin are affecting the face of recruitment." Leisure Report, (August 2008).
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Illicit Drugs Has Always Been

Words: 539 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93313755

For instance, in Min Patel's case her lung cancer there years ago that went into full recovery had nothing to do with her ability to perform as a deputy sheriff especially since she has passed the medical exams of the city. As what the Americans with Disability Act specifies, it is illegal to screen for any disability unrelated to job performance (Cayer, 2003, p. 141) and clearly, there was no disability to speak of except for records of Ms. Patel's clung cancer treatment and her statements that she had the disease. The city may be stating that if she is hired as a deputy sheriff, "she would be exposed to situations in which she could be breathing substances that could reactivate her condition (Cayer, 2003, p. 146)." This argument is immediately presumptuous and without basis unless the city provides strong evidence from top medical experts that that could be the case. Absent any of these proofs, then the city is discriminating Ms. Patel from a job that she has been found to be qualified to undertake and by not proceeding with hiring her, the city is opening itself up for carious legal cases. Thus, if Ms. Patel does not fight…… [Read More]

Cayer, N.J. (2003). Public personnel administration in the United States, 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.
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Subjectivity of Classification of Particular

Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48012576

This is the stage in which classifiers stratify (often in terms of importance or ability) the several job factors which comprise a position's description -- all of which contains a fair degree of subjectivity based on the classifier's own personal opinions. The solution, naturally, would be to assign a numeric value to each of these job factors and to come up with a quantitative point-factor comparison method, but as Cayer points out, this approach merely transfers the subjectivity to the numbers assigned to each job factor.

The apex of subjectivity for the classification process, however, exists in the tendency of managers, laborers, and employers to "overclassify" themselves and their positions in order to improve their ranking as well as their remuneration and benefits. The determining of adequate compensation on an equitable scale to all is one of the primary objectives of classification, which any number of workers may exploit for their own personal, ulterior motives. The combination of overclassification with the subjective means of assigning importance to job factors as well as the subjectivity of the initial job analysis makes the system of classification, no matter how noble in its initial intent, somewhat dubious.

And being that classification is largely…… [Read More]

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Commences by Pointing to the

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5368543

But another thing which has been neglected in the chapter is represented by the attitudes of the employees in the private and the public sector. In this order of ideas, the employees in the private sector function in a corporate environment, in which emphasis is placed on perfection, development and gains. And they have come to focus on these values, meaning that bargaining is a means of attaining these objectives for themselves. The employees in the public sector however were less eager to demand new rights and rewards. Some professionals even "resisted joining the bargaining movement because they viewed bargaining as an unprofessional behavior" (Cayer, 2003).

As the chapter completes the discussion of the public sector employees and labor relations, it moves on to describing the concept of bargaining, through various lenses, such as those of the negotiation process, the procedures to resolving impasses, mediation, arbitration or referendums. In cases when negation processes fail, strikes can result and they are highly severe when in the public sector, as they impact the entire community. In such a context, emphasis is placed on negotiation and the reaching of mutual understandings.

Overall, the eighth chapter offers additional information on the bargaining processes, the…… [Read More]

Cayer, N.J., 2003, Public personnel administration, 4th edition, Wadsworth / Thompson Learning, ISBN 0534618669

Cochran, C.E., Mayer, L.C., Carr, T.R., Cayer, N.J., 2008, American public policy: an introduction, 9th edition, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0495501891
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Avoiding Reverse Discrimination While Making a Difference

Words: 3532 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20880755

Affirmative Action Planning

Affirmative Action

Through its reference to affirmative action, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ushered in a remedy for disadvantage and discrimination that was intended to reach into the hallowed halls of higher education, union halls, and corporate meeting rooms. President Johnson extended The Act to federal contractors through an Executive Order, and again the charge was to take affirmative action to ensure discrimination was not occurring. The Act was intended to guide and coerce social change, and it empowered the federal courts to penalize violators. The law was based on the construct that people who have been historically excluded from substantive social institutionalized benefits -- culture, education, employment -- needed a boost in the form of preferential selection. This means that the same factors that trigger or support exclusion, by law (ethnicity, gender, and race), become the same factors that drive the affirmative actions that serve to increase representation of minorities and women in these institutionalized endeavors.

In this review of the literature, the fundamental considerations of affirmative action are explored. A meaningful review of the affirmative action literature must consider both legal considerations and public perspectives. Legal and regulatory bodies in the United States have…… [Read More]

Aron, N. (2011, March 28). Wal-Mart v. Dukes: The Supreme Court's Big Case Threatens the Ability to Fight Corporate Misbehavior. Alliance for Justice. Huffington Post.

Bates, T. (2009, August). Utilizing Affirmative Action in a public sector procurement as a local economic development strategy. Economic Development Quarterly, 23(3). DOI: 10.1177/089242409333549.
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Human Resources Management Gary Corbett's

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37353394

Additionally, his statement that new procedures will be phased in over time is inconsistent with the realities of the rules put in place over the first few weeks of his new regime.

Clearly what has occurred and what must be changed to redevelop the productivity and morale of the department is recognition that heavy handed techniques designed to enhance productivity will not produce results. From a psychological perspective Corbett's error was in determining that employees would positively respond to his changes as a matter of physiological and safety considerations as indicated by Maslow. The culture though prior to his arrival though was built on the Maslow identities of social needs, ego, and self- actualization. (Public Personnel Administration. P.104. N.D.) Employees who were subsequently told how and when to do their jobs responded with a decision to do less work, miss time, and produce at a reduced quality. Corbett's intention to enhance productivity is essential to a thriving operation however; the method was desultory from a culture which fostered that productivity through autonomous control by employees over their situations. To turn the tide Corbett must return the department to its original state and then explain to his employees that productivity is…… [Read More]

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Online Recruitment Study Recruitment Is

Words: 2117 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54455777

Once the sampling frame has been defined, the students will be sent a mock-up of a recruitment website and they will be asked to evaluate its navigation, personalization and what factors add to or detract from its trustworthiness online. The mock-up of the online recruitment site will also allow for alerts by specific job category to be defined in addition to personalization of the site as well. Once students have been given the opportunity to review the website, questionnaires will be sent requesting their opinions. To further minimize boas, the students are going to be told this is for a beta test site program for a new job recruitment site specifically developed for graduating seniors.

Data Collection and Analysis Techniques

The data collection and analysis will be initially managed though online survey application Zoomerang, which has preliminary statistical analysis applications included on the site itself. Further analysis of the data collected will be accomplished by exporting the data from Zoomerang to SPSS Version 13 for Windows, which will be used to complete frequency distributions, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and correlation analysis.

Ethics and Safety Considerations

The entire research process will first focus on preserving the confidentiality of the respondents and…… [Read More]

Talya N. Bauer, Donald M. Truxillo, Jennifer S. Tucker, Vaunne Weathers, et al. 2006. Selection in the Information Age: The Impact of Privacy Concerns and Computer Experience on Applicant Reactions. Journal of Management 32, no. 5 (October 1): 601.  (Accessed April 20, 2008).

Susanne M. Bruyere, William Erickson, Sara VanLooy. 2006. Information technology (it) accessibility: Implications for employment of people with disabilities. Work 27, no. 4 (January 1): 397-405.
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Information Systems Management in Practice

Words: 1769 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76525125

Since this experience is irreversible, the manager's appetite for risk taking will severely affect and all future projects will get a beating.

7. Case Epilogue:

Lessons learned in this case: (i) an organization has to learn the significance of understanding necessities beyond micro level user needs, (ii) the necessity to get the conscious participation of every interested party in a huge complex project, as participative decision making has a tremendous influence on feedback relating to performance, importance of the task at hand, and support for progress to be made. (Wright, 2004) (iii) the significance of evaluating the particular contribution of every partner in a strategic alliance and evaluation has to run through the entire process of the alliance. (Evaluating Collaborations: Challenges and Methods) (iv) the impediments encountered while entering an unknown market with a new, untested IS product.


How to Decide Which EAV / EDS System is the best for my clinic?" Retrieved at Accessed on 17 March, 2005

McNurlin, B; Sprague, R. "Information Systems Management in Practice"

Retrieved at Accessed on 17 March, 2005

Merging Windows NT and UNIX on a single hardware platform" Retrieved at Accessed on 17 March, 2005

Taylor-Powell, Ellen; Rossing, Boyd.…… [Read More]

How to Decide Which EAV / EDS System is the best for my clinic?" Retrieved at Accessed on 17 March, 2005

McNurlin, B; Sprague, R. "Information Systems Management in Practice"
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Teaching Ethics and Values in Public Administration

Words: 3701 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7201356

Goals of a Public Administrator

The implementation of the policies devised by the government is referred to as public administration. Moreover, public administration is also a discipline that is taught in many higher education institutions. This discipline is based on the studies that revolve around the aforementioned implementation and therefore it prepares the civil servants that would be working for the public service in the future (Frederickson, 1997). The fundamental goal behind the layout of the curriculum of this discipline and the training in this field is to advance the policies and management in order for the government to function effectively (Frederickson, 1997). There are various definitions that have been used to describe this term; "translation of politics into the reality that citizens see every day"; "the management of public programs" and "the study of the process of decision making by the government, the analysis of the devised policies, the different inputs that led to the production of these policies, and the inputs that are required for the production of the alternative policies" (Frederickson, 1997).

The central concern of public administration is the organization of the policies of the government and its programs along with the attitude of the officials,…… [Read More]

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Human Resource Management Challenges and Roles

Words: 3547 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73626207

Public Human Resources Management

Challenges facing human resource management

Human Resource Management is the element of the organization that deals with the human aspect of the organization. The business world today, is very competitive. Every organization must align its resources to the organizational goals and objectives. According to Gill (2009), the employees of an organization are part of its assets just as capital and technology. Proper utilization of human resource can account for the success of an organization. This study will examine the challenges that the human resources management is facing in its commitment towards contributing to organizations' prosperity. It will further, explore how human resource management can overcome the challenges to remain relevant.

The role of human resource management

Human Resource Management performs an imperative role in the organization. Its role involves giving job descriptions, assigning of salaries, establishing policies that govern the personnel and capacity building of the employees within an organization. Berry (2011) asserts that the functions of the human resource management enable the organization to achieve its strategic goals. The leaders who have the human resource management knowledge help in making decisions concerning the organizations' workforce. They are able to assess the current labor demand of…… [Read More]

Ullah, M. (2010). A systematic approach of conducting employee selection interview.

International Journal of Business & Management, 5(6), 106-112
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Immunizations and Public Org India

Words: 3532 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13081055

The resulting information points to the idea that there are more factors at play than simply developing and then providing vaccination doses to developing nations. The action plans that produce better results are paramount to success, and factors of social significance are just as important as or more important than having enough clinicians or clinics to administer the immunizations. The idea that community based and local volunteers would be needed to help administer and do family teaching about immunizations in India is also supported by Prinja, Gupta, Singha & Kumar who stress that in their large trial, associated with timely vaccinations of children in India with the DPT vaccination the results were far better when local volunteers were recruited as the presence of these individuals as well as their supportive education helped individuals better understand the need for their children to get the vaccination (Web-97). Another concept that is raised in the literature as a potential and real barrier to improved urban immunization rates is a special focus on migrant populations and especially new migrants to the area. It is noted by Kusuma, Kumari, Pandav & Gupta that as the overall economic and education levels of the migrant mothers improved…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Ali, Hammad, Nicholas Zwar & Jo Wild. "Improving Childhood Immunization Coverage Rates: Evaluation of a Divisional Program." Australian Family Physician. 38 (10) (October 2009): 833-835. < >. (10 November 2010).

Arora, Narendra K., Sanjay Chaturvedi & Rajib Dasgupta. "Global Lessons from India's Poliomyelitis Elimination Campaign." Bulletin of the World Health Organization (2010) 88-232 -- 234 (10 November 2010).
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Organizational Change in the Public Sector This

Words: 6104 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9103024

Organizational Change in the Public Sector

This research proposal explores the feasibility of management in the public Sector as an organizational paradigm and new model in organizational development. The literature review reviews numerous journal articles that explore on the key concepts of change management strategies from a public sector project management perspective. The authors suggest that employee's participation, effective feedback across the board, and empowerment of subordinate staffs is a major step in transforming public organizations. This proposal further hypothesis that establishment of long-term and productivity advantages are crucial throughout the organization.


Research Questions



Factor 1: Need for change

Factor 2: implement a Plan for change

Factor 3: create political internal environment for Change

Factor 4: Support and Commitment from managers

Factor 5: enhancing External Support

Factor 6: Provide Resources for change

Factor 7: establish Change

Factor 8: ascertain comprehensive Change

Determinants of implementing change in organizations

Change efficiency

Social cognitive theory

Change valence

Motivation Theory

Testing the Hypothesis




One of the most challenging aspects of organizational change is defining a compelling enough vision for associates and employees to concentrate on so they see the value of changing how…… [Read More]

and Research in the 1990s. Journal of Management 25 ( 3 ): 293 -- 315 .

Tushman, Michael L., and Elaine Romanelli. 1985. Organizational Evolution: A Metamorphosis

Van de Ven, Andrew H. 1993. Managing the Process of Organizational Innovation. In Van de Ven, Andrew H., and M. Scott Poole. 1995. Explaining Development and Change in Wallin, Bruce A. 1997. The Need for a Privatization Process: Lessons from Development and Walters, P.G. (1990). Characteristics of successful organization development: A review of the Wise, Lois R. 2002. Public Management Reform: Competing Drivers of Change. Public
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U S Department of State Public Policy Issue

Words: 4527 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73334685

U.S. Department of State: Public Policy Issue and Sexual Harassment


Policy Issue 7

Resolution Procedures

Policy Outcome

Leaders Influence

Role of technology in the process

Diversity Issues Involved

Ethical Concerns and Implications

Protection for Employee


U.S Department of State: Public Policy Issue and Sexual Harassment

Sometime back in 2010, the Albany Fire Department in Georgia established a newer "sexual harassment" policy that was in accordance with the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's course of action and Federal Law. At first, the idea of sexual harassment occurred merely in sexual related claims that were against an employer. Ever since the approval of the department's policy, sexual harassment has now been spreading into every part of employment discrimination as well as the creation of a work environment that is hostile. Research shows that hostile work environment claims are founded not just on sex, but likewise on religion, race, disability, national origin, veteran status, age, pregnancy status and even matrimonial status (Cates, 2013).

The Albany Fire Department was first put together in 1969 by property owners who lived within the precincts of the proposed region. The fire department is the individual organized…… [Read More]

Baugh, S.G. (2009). On the persistence of sexual harassment in the workplace. 899-908, 34(9), 34-56. Retrieved from Journal of Business Ethics.

Cabrera, N. & . (2010). Understanding and dealing with the problem of sexual harassment in the workplace. Women in Management Review,, 11(2), 21-26.
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Survey Administration Plan

Words: 521 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82743109

Administration Plan

To analyze the views of the general public about the Stanley Park project

To determine whether Stanley Park meets the needs of the public

To identify opportunities for service improvements in the project

I am:





Under 18 years old

years old

years old

years old

Over 45 years old









How would you rate:

(please circle)

= awful, 2 = bad, 3 = okay, 4 = good, 5 = great

The design of Stanley Park

The environmental friendliness of Stanley Park

The amenities provided at Stanley Park

The comfort of the provided benches and lawns

Extras provided at the park

In your opinion, how important is it that: (circle)

= awful, 2 = bad, 3 = okay, 4 = good, 5 = great

10. Stanley Park is comfortable and pleasant






11. Stanley Park is eco-friendly






12. The natural landscape of the area is preserved






13. What else would you like to tell us about the park?

Reliability and validity

Reliability issues may arise from the questions being unclear or ambiguous leading them…… [Read More]

Brewer, M. (2000). Research Design and Issues of Validity. In H. Reis & C. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wikman, A. (2006). Reliability, Validity and True Values in Surveys. Social Indicators Research, 78(1), 85-110.
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Settings for Public Health Practice

Words: 1856 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52934394

There is confusion about laws which are subject to different interpretations and this result in critical information not being made available. This is caused by such laws like the "Educational Rights and Privacy Act -- FERPA, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act -- HIPAA and a number of legislations that seek to protect the privacy of the family." ("Report to the President on Issues Raised by the Virginia Tech Tragedy," 2007) Many state laws are also interpreted in such a way that they retard the work of agencies involved in monitoring health and safety issues. ("Report to the President on Issues Raised by the Virginia Tech Tragedy," 2007) the complex nature of the law and the state laws, with a small percent of the laws applicable in a federal scale, it is not possible to enforce uniform standards.


It is to be concluded that the federal laws must be made universally applicable and state laws abrogated so far as health issues are concerned. It is evident that public health questions affect the very security of the country and must be treated on par with the defense of the country. Just as it is legal for the federal defense laws…… [Read More]

Billi, John E; Agrawal, Gail Bopp. (2001) "The Challenge of Regulating Managed Care"

Gostin, Larry Ogalthorpe. (2002) "Public Health Law and Ethics: A Reader" University of California Press.
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Complete an Evaluation of Personnel Practices Processes

Words: 2655 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55541706

HR Practices in Public Administration:

Performance Improvement Through Distributed Leadership

Managing personnel in a public administration context can be particularly challenging given the various economic, political and bureaucratic pressures which are often attendant to work in the public sector. These challenges are magnified when that public administration context is a school. Public schools are typically beset by a range of personnel obstacles that are unique to the field and which render the implementation of effective Human Resource strategies particularly complex. Indeed, the pressing realities of public education have to an extent created a context in which effective HR strategies have been relegated behind the often more apparent demands of parental contentment, administrative regulation and economic limitation. However, American public education is today suffering, as are many of the professionals who work within this context, due to a decline in quality and a diminishing experience as employees. This calls for a strategic change in HR orientation. The research and discussion conducted hereafter will concern an elementary school local to my region and many of the details will proceed from the school's growing emphasis on an HR strategy called distributive leadership.

As we enter into this discussion, it is important to recognize…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Administration and Finance Division (AFD). (2006). Distributed Leadership. West Chester University.

Flash, P.; Froehlich, S; Hegeson, S; Jensen, J.T. & Biotti, J.S. (2006). Identifying Key Attributes of An Effective Transformational Change Model at the University of Minnesota. President's Emerging Leader Team.
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Criminal Justice Administration Mainly Focuses on Crime

Words: 5138 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44589658

Criminal justice administration mainly focuses on crime prevention and punishing any illegal activities. Criminal justice administration is wide and it entails law enforcement and the judicial administration. Some of the jobs that relate to criminal justice administration include; security coordination, juvenile delinquency administration, law enforcement and being a courtroom official. Additional crime is also part of criminal justice administration. This field entails terrorism prevention, immigration policies and social policies. Other duties that criminal justice entails include; police officer, community relations advocate and correctional officer. For an officer working with the criminal justice administration, his work involves law enforcement (Bharti, 2008).

Key issues in Criminal Justice Administration today

The criminal justice administration today faces various issues and problems thus needing serious reforms. In most cases, many nonviolent offenders go to jail because many prosecutors and district attorneys succumb to political pressure hence become tough on crime. The prisons are always populated and there are minimal resources to ensure there are significant improvements in the system. Some of the key issues facing Criminal justice department today include; wrongful convictions, gangs, racial injustices in the administration, excessive criminalization, socio economic considerations, and problems with informants (Miller, 2011).

Wrongful convictions

One of the major…… [Read More]

Bharti, D. (2008). The Constitution and criminal justice administration. New Delhi:

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Social Equity in Public Administration

Words: 1560 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86851525

Social Equity Public Administration

Emergence as Concern in Field of Public Administration

Social equity has always been an important aspect of public administration, though only recently is it receiving much attention in the press. Whereas in times of old social equity concerned itself primarily with issues of fairness and equality in the public workplace, today social equity is emerging as a field encompassing many different aspects of administration.

Among these include public education, policy development, hiring and promotional practices, public welfare and even transportation. In modern public administration, all of these issues are applied to the field in order to establish fairness, justice and equality for all. Social equity in the field of public administration has emerged as a response to consumer demands for equitable policy making and fairness in governance.

Public administration as a whole may be defined as the management of "matters which have principally to do with the society, polity and it subparts which are not essentially private, familial, and commercial or individualistitic" (Shafritz, 2000:3). The public administration of today concerns itself not only with management of these matters but also with supporting equitable and fair politicking for all public consumers, in all matters from policy making…… [Read More]

Frederickson, G. (1986). "New public administration." Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Rice, M.F. (2003). "Organizational Culture, Social Equity & Diversity: Teaching Public
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New Public Management Reforms the

Words: 4090 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65984502

Indeed, the reference to "institutional sclerosis" concerns the fact that virtually every conceivable interest in contemporary society is protected by a variety of laws that provide for extensive advising, participation and appeal procedures, a process that further exacerbates the inability of public administrators to remain responsive to their constituents (Klijn & Koppenjan 241). These authors emphasize that, "This results, among other things, in the Not In My Backyard (NIMBY) syndrome, where parties block the creation of arrangements of collective interest (such as the location decision concerning an industrial site, a road, an asylum centre, etc.) based on their own private interests" (Klijn & Koppenjan 241).

According to King and her associates, current public participation processes have four major components as follows:

The issue or situation;

The administrative structures, systems, and processes within which participation takes place;

The administrators; and,

The citizens (318).

This arrangement means that those with the most at stake - the citizens themselves - are placed the farthest from the issue under consideration with layers of bureaucrats standing between them and an active voice in the governing process. The impetus on streamlining and cost-savings by transforming the public sector has therefore been more advantageous for public administrators…… [Read More]

Barzelay, Michael. The New Public Management: Improving Research and Policy Dialogue. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001.

Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
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Contract Administration Plan

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75223909

devising a contract administration plan should include concise and clear direction. Focus or scope should be narrow and specific. Years of experience suggests the more focused one is on a subject, the more one can eliminate the unnecessary fluff, the better the product or outcome will be. People across various fields appreciate when a plan generates progress and that can be achieved through effective communication.

Perhaps that is why contract administraton planning, if done well, will affect a company's business in a positive way. As mentoned in a report by the Office of Federal Procurement Policy: "In contract administration, the focus is on obtaining supplies and services, of requisite quality, on time, and within budget. While the legal requirements of the contract are determinative of the proper course of action of government officials in administering a contract, the exercise of skill and judgment is often required in order to protect effectively the public interest." (OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY (OFPP), 1994, p. 2) the planning of contract administraton lends to an effective carryout of many important aspects of a business. Staff will be more aware of what is expected in terms of job performance. Management will know what to do…… [Read More]

Luther, C. (n.d.). Preparing a Contract Administration Plan | Retrieved April 25, 2013, from 

OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY (OFPP) (1994, October). Best Practices for Contract Administration. Retrieved from