1000 results for “Public Speaking”.
According to Slattery "every good speech deserves a great beginning." (2008) Slattery addresses the attention-getter in another article and states that another technique or type of attention-getter is the use of 'questions', which are useful for the following reasons:
Questions engage the audience on a personal level by beginning a thought-process about your topic
Questions help frame the rest of your introduction and speech in a way that promises answers
Questions can raise ideas about your topic audience members may not have thought of Questions show audience members they are not alone in what they are experiencing. (Slattery, 2008)
When using the question method for the attention-getter in a speech it is important to: (1) ask more than one question; (2) be clear your question is rhetorical; (3) ask some of the most frequently asked questions you get about your business or the subject at hand; (4) ask…
Bibliography de Beer, Estienne (2007) Polishing Your Presentation Skills. Public Management. 1 Nov 2007. Online available at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-171020755.html
The Speech Recipe -Public Speaking (2008) Casaa Resources. Online available at http://www.casaa-resources.net/resources/sourcebook/acquiring-leadership-skills/public-speaking.html
Brighton, NJ (2008) 3 Essential Secrets to Overcome Fear of Public Speaking. Ezine Articles. Online available at http://ezinearticles.com/?3-Essential-Secrets-to-Overcome-Fear-of-Public-Speaking&id=1013036
Davidson, Kathleen (2006) Effective Public Speaking Requires Skill, Media Savvy. 2006 July 21. Phoenix Business Journal. Online available at http://phoenix.bizjournals.com/phoenix/stories/2006/07/24/smallb3.html
Slattery, Felecia (2008) Public Speaking Great Beginnings - Attention-Getters. Ezine Articles Online available at http://ezinearticles.com/?Public-Speaking-Great-Beginnings-Attention-Getters-Part-3-Tell-a-Story&id=998492
Public Speaking Class
If it hadn't been for this class, I would be blushing amidst my various shades of sickly green, sweating through my shirt, and shredding my note cards into tiny pieces on the floor. As a result of taking a public speaking course, I have lost my previous feelings of self-consciousness, feel for the first time in life that my ideas have value, and am not intimidated by anyone. I can now brazenly assert that I am worth listening too.
Public speaking is an art, whether an inherent one or a learned approach." I am still baffled that I have learned the art of confidence. I had always thought that confidence was something that came from within, or was the culmination of some life-changing experience. Yet, as I have learned, being able to communicate with an audience has empowered me and my levels of confidence. Because I can…
The Bill Grove Speech Workshop. http://www.speechworkshop.com/
Krasne, Margo. Say It With Confidence: Overcoming the Mental Blocks That Keep You from Making Great Presentations & Speeches. Warner Books: 1997. [consulted, not quoted from]
Carnegie, Dale. How to Develop Self-Confidence and Influence People by Public Speaking. Mass Market Paperback: 1998. [consulted, not quoted from]
Public speaking: Tips from the Toastmasters
According to the Toastmasters International Website, visual aids are a key part of professional presentations. I have found this to be the case, given that visual aids give the speaker something to focus on rather than him or herself. They also draw the audience's attention away from the speaker and instead focus it on the subject the speaker is addressing. This is also why public speaking that is designed to inform can particularly benefit from visual aids. Visual aids reinforce the speaker's message, and even if the audience's recollection of what was said is somewhat shaky, they may be able to recall the striking visuals used by the speakers. Charts, graphs, videos, overheads, or models can all be used. The only important thing is that they are relevant, easy-to-understand, and not cumbersome for the speaker while he or she is addressing the audience.
Speech Class Learning Statement
The author of this report has been asked to offer what was learned over the course of the public speaking class that is about to conclude. There are actually a great many things that were discovered or at least improved internally within the student who is writing this response. The author of this report will describe and expand on the terms and tricks that were learned over the course of this class and what the future might hold in terms of learning and growing further. While some people are prone to under-estimate and under-state the importance of public speaking skills, they are indeed invaluable or at least advantageous to possess in many roles and positions within society.
One major part of effective public speaking is preparation. While some speeches and words spoken are off the cuff and there can be little to no time for…
Boundless. (2015, January 13). Boundless - Textbooks. Retrieved January 13, 2015,
Dummies. (2015, January 13). Public Speaking For Dummies. Retrieved January 13,
Public speaking is a form of speaking to a group of people in an informative, influential manner. A public speaker should target the expectations and motivations of the audience and clearly state the main purpose of speech. The purpose of public speaking can include but not limited to simply informing, to motivating people to garher together, to simply telling stories and to entertaining the audience. Good speakers should drag the audience into the speech by changing the emotions and view of the target group. In order to be able to drag the group from the beginning to the end of the speech, the speaker should be into the speech, creating spontaneous ideas and tools to attract the attention of the audience. The tools and ideas of a good speech should be changed regarding to the type of the speech. The speech can be motivational, related to leadership/personal development, business, customer…
Consider that you will only have the designated amount of time to communicate your message to the audience. You will need to determine your goal in advance. Do you wish to teach something in particular to the audience? Are you interested in inspiring or motivating them? Are you only providing information that they will use at a later time, and to which they will have ready access to reference material. Are you simply providing updates and news that you have selected to give the audience a sense of being included?
The purpose of your speech should guide you in a choice of format, length, level of detail, and opportunities for interaction with you and with other members of the audience. You should make an overarching outline of the major points of your speech. Minimally, you should create a list of bullet points that will serve as a breadcrumb…
Bovee, C.L. (2003). Contemporary Public Speaking (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Collegiate Press.
Gardner, J.N. And Jewler, A.J. (2002). Your College Experience. Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
the ceo of verizon communications recently had the great opportunity to attend the Progress and Freedom Foundation Forum in Houston with the keynote speaker being Mr. Ivan Seidenberg, Chief Executive Officer for Verizon Communications. Mr. Seidenberg's presentation before an audience made up of company executives and other interested parties was to say the least the most professional speech I have ever heard. His opening comments provided much inspiration and showed how important my position with Verizon is to the overall success of the company: "As one of America's premier telecom network operators, Verizon is a key player in the technology sector, and therefore in the economy as a whole. We invest more capital, deploy more technology, and serve more customers than virtually anyone else in the country. We've established a record of real investment, real competition, and real innovation. And we've worked hard to put ourselves in a…
A Christian believing that some of God's gifts are not important can mean that the person would disregard Christianity as a whole. The gift of speaking in tongues is not only important, but it is of great importance, since God's decision of giving people such an attribute would mean that it is required for people to have it.
Christianity has become what it is today because of the extreme devotion that Christians have for God. The gifts passed on through the ages from God have been left in his followers, and, speaking in tongues is one of the most important features taken over by Christians. A true Christian can go as far as believing that the gifts given by God are the best features that Jesus Christ had.
In the Corinthians, one that prophesies is apparently more important than one who speaks in tongues. However, the latter is even greater…
1. Connelly, James T. "Speaking in Tongues: Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives." Theological Studies, Vol. 68, 2007.
2. Culy Martin M., Parsons Mikeal C. (2003). "Acts: A Handbook on the Greek Text." Baylor University Press.
3. Hovenden, Gerald. (2002). "Speaking in tongues: the New Testament evidence in context." Continuum International Publishing Group.
4. Krodel, Gerhard A. (1986). Acts. Augsburg Pub. House.
Public AIDS Policy -- And the Band Played on, for Republicans and Democrats alike, during this public health crisis of the 1980's
Today, it hard to remember a day before 'AIDS alks' through Central Park, before television advertisements in the voice of hoopi Goldberg proclaimed that "AIDS affects everyone," before AIDS became a public health enemy 'Number One.' But one must look back to the days when AIDS was a disease of secrecy and shame to truly learn from the illness, as it exists today. Most of us of Generation Y mercifully cannot even remember a time when AIDS was not even a name, but something called 'the gay cancer.' During America of the 1980's the disease of Acquired Immune Deficiency Disorder, it was thought only to affect those marginalized by society because of their sexuality.
Randy Shilt's book And the Band Played On acts as an important journalistic and…
Shilts, Randy. And the Band Played On.
Siplan, P. Aids & The Policy Struggle In the U.S. Georgetown Press, 2000.
Speaking Truth Concept
Discuss the concept of speaking truth to power. Are you better prepared to advocate for patients, nurses and nursing after taking this class?
During a time when there is a nationwide shortage of nurses (Glazer, 2009), identifying opportunities to improve their working conditions and status has assumed new importance and relevance and the concept of speaking truth to power can help achieve this outcome. According to Greear (2015), the concept of "speaking truth to power" was coined by the Quakers during the 1950s and has come to mean "taking a stand and mobilizing society around change" (para. 2). An important point made by Greear (2015) is that mere humans are only capable of knowing some of the truth at any given point in their lives but it is essential to act on what truth is known by taking action to effect meaningful change where it is needed.…
Glazer, G. (2009, January). Legislative: The nursing shortage: A public health issue for all. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 14(1), 37.
Greear, J. (2015, December 2). Speaking truth to power. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jade-greear/speaking-truth-to-power_2_b_8824094.html .
Paynton, S. T. (2009, January). The informal power of nurses for promoting patient care. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 14(1), 21.
Fear of Public Speaking
Public speaking is perhaps the most stressful type of communication there is. Few people do not, in some way, fear it, especially when coming up in front of an audience for the first time. Some people appear to be excellent public speakers, especially when they do so habitually. President Obama, for example, seems to be particularly good at public speaking. Some preachers also have the power to hold their audiences in the palms of their hands. Sometimes I am sure that those addressing an audience for the first time wish that they could ask somebody with true expertise for some advice. When addressing an audience, an individual would do well to investigate other public speakers, research public speaking itself, and research his or her topic as well as possible.
First, even though it is not possible to obtain personal advice from a habitual public speaker like…
Plain speaking style
The plain oral speaking style: ecent presidential examples
Public speaking can serve a variety of functions: to persuade, to inform, or to entertain. There are various ways to achieve these objectives, including using a heightened style of prose, as exemplified in speeches like John F. Kennedy's 1961 "Inaugural address." But because of its extensive use of rhetorical constructions like parallelism, metaphors, and similes, although Kennedy's speech was powerful, not even the most eloquent person would speak like this on an everyday basis.
In contrast, a 'plain' speaking style tries to mirror everyday speech. ather than excite people with fancy rhetoric, a plain speaking style seeks to do the opposite: it convinces people because of the simple, matter-of-fact nature of its tone. It may use folksy or colloquial words to convince people of the speaker's honesty. A plain speaking style can be particularly effective when used…
Atkinson, Max. (2008). Rhetoric and imagery in Obama's victory speck. Retrieved:
Improviser in chief. (2012). Improviser in chief: Clinton text vs. audio.
speaking in the target language is the expectation that a proficient speaker will sound like a native speaker. Is this an appropriate or realistic expectation?
Not a long while after the emergence of the subject of second language acquisition (SLA), which most of the scholars think came around the time of initial years of 1970s, there has been a need to develop ways by which to measure the development of the second language, aside from the usage of detailed homogeneous skill tests which were mostly appropriate to fulfill other objectives.
As per Freeman's (2009) information, the first declaration of this need was made by Kenji Hukuta (1976). Kenji Hakuta was concerned in knowing the path of his subject Ugusiu's English language development over a period of time. Besides the aforementioned practitioners, other L1 acquisition scholars had carried out for the pupils learning English as a national language. In the research…
Bardovi-Harlig, K., & Dornyei, Z. (1998). Do language learners recognize pragmatic violations? Pragmatic vs. grammatical awareness in instructed L2 learning. TESOL Quarterly, 32, 233 -- 259.
Bialystok, E. (1991). Achieving proficiency in a second language: A processing description. In R. Philipson, E. Kellerman, L. Selinker, M. Sharwood Smith, & M. Swain (Eds.), Foreign/second language pedagogy research: A commemorative volume for Claus Faerch (Vol. 64, pp. 63 -- 78). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
Bialystok, E. (1993). Symbolic representation and attentional control in pragmatic competence. In G. Kasper & S. Blum-Kulka (Eds.), Interlanguage pragmatics (pp. 43 -- 59). New York: Oxford University Press.
Bouton, L.F. (1988). A cross-cultural study of ability to interpret implicatures in English. World Englishes, 7(2), 183 -- 196.
Speaking in the Target Language Is the Expectation That a Proficient Speaker Will Sound Like a Native Speaker
One of the most important aspects when talking about the impact of class size, level, student age and purpose of class in Iraq is the concept of 'willingness to communicate' between and amongst the teachers and students in the L2 setting. Research on WTC within the context of France, have previously been based around initial testing of teachers and students' enthusiasm in learning a L2 are more predisposed to depend on information gathered at one point of time, often gathering through a sole instrument and to regard only numeric conclusions. For instance, the wide cross sectional research by MacIntyre et al. (2002) which sought to identify the impacts of age and sex on WTC, employed a questionnaire that required the respondents to rank themselves on eight scales. It was carried out with…
An examination of the four basic steps of policymaking reveals this quite clearly.
The first step in the policymaking process is the agenda setting that must come before policies are even considered. Bringing problems to the attention of policy makers and thus setting the policy agenda is accomplished by many different players with different aims, from citizen groups to businesses to media organizations and many others. All of these groups r individual representatives (and sometimes simple individuals) can use a variety of methods for setting the agenda, form private meetings with policy makers to speaking at town hall meetings or city councils to engaging in media or public awareness campaigns. In larger governments, lobbying is a major source of agenda-setting activity, as the interests of groups that engage lobbying services are brought to the direct and immediate attention of government representatives in what amounts to a pay-for-play system. The political…
Gerston, L. (2010). Public Policymaking: Process and Principles. Armonk, NY: M.E.
Texas Constitution and Statutes. (2011). Government Code Chapter 573. Accessed 14
October 2011. http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/
public budgeting comparisons of the federal, state and local budget distributions. This thesis will be focused on whether or not the increased budget allocations for transportation in the federal, state and local government will enhance travel security, efficiency, performance measures and &D development in the domain. The thesis will start off with a proposal for an agency that works across and is allocated budget in all the federal, state and local legislatures. The agency chosen for the thesis is the United States Department of Transportation. The proposal will include a detailed overview of the chosen agency inclusive of some financial data in recent years for the agency and a comparative analysis of the performance measures accomplished with those measures that were not completed. This will be followed by the details and comparative analysis of the budgetary performances of the federal, state and local budget departments in the United States which…
Budget.Gov. 2012. Fiscal year 2012: Historical tables -- Budget of the U.S. Government. Office of Management and Budget.
Budget.Gov. 2012a. Fiscal year 2012: Budget of the U.S. Government. Office of Management and Budget.
Dinapoli, T.P. (2011). Report on the State Fiscal Year 2011-12 -- Enacted Budget. New York State Comptroller
Leigland, J. And Russell, H. 2009. Another lost decade? Effects of the financial crisis on project finance for infrastructure, Grid Lines No. 48. Washington, PPIAF.
Many small and medium sized town are experiencing problems that were typically focused on larger urban areas. An issue that has a broad range of effects; from environmental to fiscal, from social population dynamics to the cultural environment of the city, transportation is one of the key factors that makes the modern urban area function.
Fairfield City is located SW of Sydney and has an approximate population of 181,000. Demographically, more than 50 per cent of the population is foreign born, speaks little or no English, and is at medical risk from lifestyle behaviors that contribute to potentially serious health problems.
Fairfield City also lacks adequate public transport, and most of its residents remain tied to their cars for work, school, and recreation. This creates a serious environmental problem, parking issues, crowding issues and perpetuates the separate nature of the community.
To mitigate this issue, the Fairfield City…
But even in Pope, there is an intense sense of Eloisa's self-dramatization, as she uses herself as a potent warning to others, in a way that oversteps the conventions that she is merely talking to her former lover:
hen this rebellious heart shall beat no more;
If ever chance two wand'ring lovers brings
To Paraclete's white walls and silver springs,
O'er the pale marble shall they join their heads,
And drink the falling tears each other sheds;
Then sadly say, with mutual pity mov'd,
"Oh may we never love as these have lov'd!"
Eloisa wishes to account for the gap between her unruly inner life and a static monastic life that she professes in order to help herself and others 'do good and avoid evil, for the love of God, requirements that entail an ongoing interior struggle with one's motives, memories and desires' (Hotz 2001:205). Hers is a morality tale…
Haywood, Eliza. Fantomina: or, Love in a Maze. From Secret Histories, Novels, and Poems, by Eliza Haywood (ca.1693-1756). London: Dan Browne and S. Chapman, 1725. III, 2. (2d. Ed.)
Hicks, Stephen. "Eliza Haywood's letter technique in three early novels (1721-27)."
Papers on Language and Literature. Fall 1998.
Hotz, Mary Elizabeth. "Precious to grace: Necessary desolation in Pope's Eloisa to Abelard." Renascence. Spring 2001.
The Vietnam ar represented a series of first, all of them seismically changing and affecting the United States in terms of how it wages wars and the outcomes garnered as a result. To be sure, America was wildly successful in wars for the most part up to that point with the Civil ar and orld ar II perhaps being the most quintessential examples. However, the public's rise against the Vietnam ar, the fact that the United States lost the war, that the United States (according to many) could not possibly have won the war if they wanted to and so forth all set a new standard for warfare after that much like the atom bomb did after orld ar II. hile wars are still something the United States is successful at, the media sphere and public cynicism have changed warfare forever and that same public cynicism has become…
Bloom, Alexander. Long time gone: looking back at sixties America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Pew. "Public Attitudes Toward the War in Iraq: 2003-2008." Pew Research Center RSS. http://www.pewresearch.org/2008/03/19/public-attitudes-toward-the-war-in-iraq-20032008 / (accessed June 19, 2014).
Symonds, William. "America The Uneducated." Bloomberg Business Week. http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2005-11-20/america-the-uneducated (accessed June 19, 2014).
Bloom, Alexander. Long time gone: looking back at sixties America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
CHIP: To Abolish or Not to Abolish
The State Children Health Insurance Plan (SCHIP), commonly referred to as CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Plan), is an insurance plan run by the Department of Health and Human Services, and which administers funds to states to enable them provide quality insurance coverage to eligible children within their jurisdictions. To be eligible for CHIP, a child needs to be from a family whose level of income is too low to qualify for private insurance coverage, but too high to be considered for Medicaid (Holtz-Eakin, 2014). With the introduction of the Obama Care Policy, however, which expanded the list of persons eligible for both Medicaid and CHIP, there came so many overlaps between CHIP and other secondary insurance options that budgetary allocations and funding to the former were threatened. Owing to this, there is a lot of controversy over whether funding to the CHIP ought…
CBO. (2014). An Update to the Budget and Economic Outlook 2014 to 2024. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO). Retrieved May 6, 2015 from http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/45653-OutlookUpdate_2014_Aug.pdf
Ewing, M.T. (Ed.). (2008). State Children's Health Insurance Program. New York, NY: Nova Publishers
GAO. (2012). What GAO Found. The Government Acounting Office (GAO). Retrieved May 7, 2015 from http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-12-648
Holtz-Eakin, D. (2014). The Children's Health Insurance Program: Status and Outlook. The United States Senate Committee on Finance: Subcommittee on Health. Retrieved May 6, 2015 from http://www.finance.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Testimony%20of%20Douglas%20Holtz-Eakin%20-%20Senate%20Finance%202014-09-16.pdf
countries impose barriers to stop or hinder the import of cultural products (film, movies, etc.) or offer subsidies to promote their production and distribution
"This memo is in response to your request for input regarding the debate of whether countries should impose barriers to hinder the import of cultural trade or provide subsidies to promote their distribution and production."
In the olden days, the cultural products such as television, movies and broadcasting systems were only developed within the national territories and were shaped using the national regulations. Even during the twenty-first century, the promotion of cultural values through television, films and movies remain the national phenomenon. (Morris and Waisbord 2001). However, rapid development of information technology has revolutionized the promotion of the cultural values to international level. The advent of satellite and cable channels as well as the growth of modern technology such as internet and digital compression has transformed…
Doyle, G.(2012). Audio-visual Services: International Trade and Cultural Policy. ADBI Working Paper Series. Available http://www.adbi.org/files/2012.04.17.wp355.audiovisual.srvc.international.trade.cultural.policy.pdf
Canada Heritage (2014). Audiovisual Treaty Coproduction. Government of Canada. http://www.pch.gc.ca/eng/1358521061176/1358521234022
Filho, E.M.G. Botelho, F.B. Rezende, B. et al. (2014). An Analysis of the Brazilian Audio Visual Sector. Tendencias Consultoria Integreda.
Public elations Campaign Plan for Huntington County
The mission of the Emergency Management Agency for Huntington County is to provide an integrated and comprehensive emergency management system that would coordinate community resources in order to protect lives, the environment, property, preparedness, recovery and response from all natural and man-made hazards that impact the county (Yates & Paquette, 2011). The county has implemented a CodeED emergency Notification System that it uses to communicate any emergencies to the registered members of the county. The system enables the county to telephone all targeted areas of the county, and it can dial over 50,000 number in an hour (Wentz et al., 2014). The main weaknesses of the system is that it only dials three times, and if a response is not received, it will not dial again. However, the system is smart enough to leave a voice message. The main threats to the system…
Shimp, T., & Andrews, J.C. (2013). Advertising promotion and other aspects of integrated marketing communications: Cengage Learning.
Watson, T. (2012). The evolution of public relations measurement and evaluation. Public Relations Review, 38(3), 390-398.
Wentz, B., Lazar, J., Stein, M., Gbenro, O., Holandez, E., & Ramsey, A. (2014). Danger, danger! Evaluating the accessibility of Web-based emergency alert sign-ups in the northeastern United States. Government Information Quarterly, 31(3), 488-497.
Yates, D., & Paquette, S. (2011). Emergency knowledge management and social media technologies: A case study of the 2010 Haitian earthquake. International Journal of Information Management, 31(1), 6-13.
The Public Sphere
Jurgen Habermas and the "Public Sphere"
The idea that the continuum of people in a geographical space make up some sort of cohesive unit has been championed since the beginning of known history. Humans need the protection of groups because only then does brain power outweigh the otherwise immense power of fang and claw. This seems to be an evolutionary imperative that remains strong within people. However, as people gather together, they begin to realize that their close proximity also means that they have the power to decide how they will live as a community, and that every person can influence that through the power of voice. Every person has the ability to state and opinion, no matter how inane it may seem to the others of the group. Teacher's will often say that there are no dumb questions, and within a social group, there…
Anderson, B. (2006). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London: Verso.
Benkler, Y. (2006). The wealth of networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (2005). The political field, the social science field, and the journalistic field. In. R. Benson & E. Neveu (Eds.), Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field. (pp. 29-47). Cambridge: Polity Press..
Habermas, J. (1991). The public sphere. In C. Mukerji & M. Schudson (Eds.)., Rethinking popular culture (pp. 398-404). Berkley, CA: University of California Press.
Management Account in the Public Sector and Management Accounting in the Private Sector: A Comparative Review
The late 20th and early 21st centuries have brought increasing change to almost every country in the world, Australia included. Globalism describes, in fact, the increasing unification of the world through economic means (reduction of trade barriers, support of international trade, and mitigation of export and import quotas). They goal for globalization is to increase material wealth and the distribution of goods and services through a more international division of labor and then, in turn, a process in which regional cultures integrate through communication, transportation and trade. The overall theory is that if countries are tied together cooperatively economically, they will not have needed to become political enemies. Additionally, the idea of globalism and international trade has changed the way Australian's view public and private businesses and the opportunities afforded them because of investment,…
Alexander Performance Management, Inc. 2004, Private vs. Public Sector, viewed May 2012, .
Broadbent, J & Laughlin, R 1988, 'Public Private Partnerships: An Introduction', Accounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal, vol 16, no. 3, pp. 332-41.
Financial Accounting Standards Board 2012, Convergence with the International Accounting Standards Board, viewed May 2012, http://www.fasb.org/international/convergence_iasb.shtml .
Funnell, W & Cooper, K 1998, Public Sector Accounting and Accountability in Australia, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.
solid waste management in impoverished areas versus affluent areas by examining the social, economic, ethical, and political reasons for placement of landfills and other waste removal facilities in poorer neighborhoods. By exploring the background of specific social movements, the first section of the assignment will seek to explore why the government placed landfills in certain locations versus others. The essay will also seek to examine what caused the social movements. As well as why the issue evolved from placement of landfills in poorer neighborhoods to placement of landfills in minority-majority poorer neighborhoods.
The next section will seek to analyze which candidates would be best for a nonprofit. Candidate one is a business-savvy employee wishing to change things by dismissing all the older employees and hiring new ones. Candidate two is a college graduate with experience in the field. By looking at the various perspectives of public administration theory, this section…
Aston, R. (1999). The Legal, Engineering, Environmental and Social Perspectives of Surface Mining Law and Reclamation by Landfilling: Getting Maximum Yield from Surface Mines (p. 120). World Scientific.
Brownell, P. & Kelly, J. (2013). Ageism and mistreatment of older workers. Dordrecht: Springer.
Frederickson, G. (1994). Ethics and Public Administration. Routledge.
Hill, B. (2014). Environmental Justice (p. 103). Environmental Law Institute.
Such limitations seem necessary because of the limited resources that schools have and the need for students to learn English as soon as possible so that they can receive all the benefits of a public school education.
It is evident that this issue will be present for years to come. The increase in the number of children for whom English is not their first language is an indication of the importance of this subject. It is also evident that the issue must be resolved so that all of the children in this nation are able to receive the education needed to become viable members of society.
Brisk, Maria, Maria Estela Brisk. Bilingual Education: From Compensatory to Quality Schooling. 2005 Routledge
Calhoon, Mary Beth, et al. "Effects of a Peer-Mediated Program on Reading Skill Acquisition for Two-ay Bilingual First-Grade Classrooms." Learning Disability Quarterly 30.3 (2007): 169+. Questia. 9…
Brisk, Maria, Maria Estela Brisk. Bilingual Education: From Compensatory to Quality Schooling. 2005 Routledge
Calhoon, Mary Beth, et al. "Effects of a Peer-Mediated Program on Reading Skill Acquisition for Two-Way Bilingual First-Grade Classrooms." Learning Disability Quarterly 30.3 (2007): 169+. Questia. 9 July 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023349521 .
De Ramirez, Romilia Dominguez, and Edward S. Shapiro. "Curriculum-Based Measurement and the Evaluation of Reading Skills of Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners in Bilingual Education Classrooms." School Psychology Review 35.3 (2006): 356+. Questia. 9 July 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5017755652 .
Montano, Theresa, Sharon H, Ulanoff, Rosalinda Quintanar-Sarellana, and Lynne Aoki. "The DEbilingualization of California's Prospective Bilingual Teachers." Social Justice 32.3 (2005): 103+. Questia. 9 July 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5015870966 .
Therefore, we may conclude that the speaker has some cognitive function from the structure of the speech, even if it is based on a very basic set of language rules (Samarin 1972 120).
Three major linguistic traits emerged from other research into the subjec. Regardless of the geographic area, educational level, or age of the individual, glossolalia consists of:
Verbal behavior that has a certain number of consanants and vowels.
There seem to be a limited number of syllables that are reorganized into larger units.
These units are then rearranged using variations in pitch, volume, speed and intensity (e.g. A "word" group spoken with different inflections).
The "words" put together seem haphazard but emerge as word and sentence like because of the use of realistic timbre, rhythm, and melody (Samarin 1972).
Other research confims that glossolalia shows an oddly definitive syballant commonality with the particular spoken language of the speaker.…
Aquinas, T. "Summa Theologica Question 176." New Advent. March 2008. http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3176.htm (accessed September 2010).
Bock, D. Acts: Baker Exegetical Commentary. Ada, MI: Baker Academic, 2007.
Chavda, M. The Hidden Power of Speaking in Tongues. Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image Publishers, 2003.
Coffman, J. "Commentary on Mark 16." Abeline Christian University Press. 1999. http://www.searchgodsword.org/com/bcc/view.cgi?book=mr&chapter=016 (accessed September 2010).
Advertising and public relations serve to communicate ideas and convince the audience of something. Politicians are among the most prolific advertising spenders during election campaigns and can have enormous public relations machines. This is especially true of Presidential candidates, who must first run for their party's nomination and then must run for President. We know that Hillary Clinton went from frontrunner to loser in the race for the Democratic Presidential nomination in 2008. There are lessons to be learned about the different factors that contribute to selling an idea, in this case Clinton as President, to different audiences. This case study will evaluate Clinton's campaign leading up to the Democratic primary using the OSTE model. The OSTE model focuses on research, objectives, strategies, tactics and evaluation.
The Hillary Clinton campaign at the time of the case was a large organization. It featured both extensive advertising and public relations, backed…
Cree, C. (2008). Hillary Clinton's approach to social media killed her campaign. Success Creations. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from http://successcreeations.com/339/hillary-clintons-approach-to-social-media-killed-her-campaign/
Gawiser, S. & Witt, G. (2012). 20 questions a journalist should ask about poll results. National Council on Public Polls. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from http://www.ncpp.org/?q=node/4
Murray, M. (2008). The primary vs. general election fallacy. NBC News. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from http://www.nbcnews.com/id/23591347/
OpenSecrets.org. (2008). Hillary Clinton. Retrieved November 7, 2013 from http://www.opensecrets.org/pres08/summary.php?cid=N
English-speaking versions of Hamlet vs. European versions
The many contemporary interpretations of Shakespeare enacted on the modern stage underline the fact that Shakespeare was a playwright for the ages, not simply a man of his own time. However, in the ways in which Shakespeare has been adapted to modernity, it becomes apparent that modern directors are just as intent upon revealing their own personal preoccupations as well as revealing the nuances of Shakespeare's plays. This can be seen when comparing British interpretations with European and other non-English language stagings of Hamlet. Although the most obvious difference between these two categories is that British interpretations are in the original language of Shakespeare while European stagings are enacted in translation, the difference runs far deeper. English productions tend to emphasize the psychological, internal conflict of Hamlet and view the play in terms of its psychological drama. In contrast, European interpretations of…
Dasgupta, Gautam. "Germany's Fourth Wall." Performing Arts Journal, 13. 2 (May, 1991):
Goldman, Peter. "Hamlet's Ghost: A Review Article." Greenblatt, Stephen. Hamlet in Purgatory.
Princeton UP, 2001. Anthropoetics 7. 1 (Spring / Summer 2001).
Douglas states that one of the most complicated in which the geography of a series of murders seemed to play a part, was that of the Zodiac killer (Profiling and Geography). Furthermore, in a study of 300 serial killers, it was found that 2.3% had turned themselves in, one way or another. However, this does not include those who might have made mistakes as a subconscious way to reveal themselves, but only those who initiated police awareness of them. There are many interpretations of their intent, and even as to their actual guilt, but it's nevertheless an error to say they never do it (the Myth).
From the evidence in this paper, it is clear that if a child is left alone, or forced to live in isolation, their minds become the object of their company, which begins the daydreams and the fantasy world (Ressler, Douglas and Burgess, 1990). Isolation…
Goals of a Public Administrator
The implementation of the policies devised by the government is referred to as public administration. Moreover, public administration is also a discipline that is taught in many higher education institutions. This discipline is based on the studies that revolve around the aforementioned implementation and therefore it prepares the civil servants that would be working for the public service in the future (Frederickson, 1997). The fundamental goal behind the layout of the curriculum of this discipline and the training in this field is to advance the policies and management in order for the government to function effectively (Frederickson, 1997). There are various definitions that have been used to describe this term; "translation of politics into the reality that citizens see every day"; "the management of public programs" and "the study of the process of decision making by the government, the analysis of the devised policies, the…
Alvarez, K., & Stupak, R. (1993). An Analytical Essay and Annotated Compendium on Organizational Theory: Paradigms Lost and Needed in Public Administration. International Review Of Modern Sociology, 59 -- 81.
Brown-John, C. (1990). Budgeting in the Provinces: Leadership and the Premiers Allan M. Maslove, ed. Toronto: The Institute of Public Administration in Canada, 1989, pp. xxii, 175 Tax Reform in Canada: The Process and Impact Allan M. Maslove Halifax: The Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1989, pp. xv, 96 The Politics of Public Spending in Canada Donald J. Savoie Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990, pp. xiv, 433. Canadian Journal Of Political Science, 23(03), 568 -- 571.
Frederickson, H. (1997). The spirit of public administration. Jossey-Bass Publishers San Francisco, 80.
Geva-May, I., & Kfir, A. (2000). Developments in Policy Analysis and Evaluation in Public Administration. Public Administration, 78(2), 409 -- 422.
Coombs and Holladay (2007)
Coombs and Holladay use the support of the professional literature to find an explanation to the importance stakeholders came to play in their role with the management. Their next movement is back to history, this time deeper to the times where there was no such field as public relations. They start in their investigation with the Anti-Slavery Society, formed by Arthur and Lewis Tappan in 1831. They were among the first to discover the role of using various ways of disseminating information to the public they targeted by using the printed word or by assembling in "meetings, sermons and public lectures." Coombs and Holladay (2007, p. 62). Further examples show how tools specific to the PR industry nowadays were discovered and put to use by simple people who succeeded to start major changes in society: Carry a. Nation, the first woman who made an "event" in…
Coombs, W.T and Holladay S.J. it's Not Just PR: Public Relations in Society. Blackwell Publishing. 2007
Ineffective Public Policy -- No Child Left Behind
One of the most widely criticized educational policies of recent years was / is No Child Left Behind. It is widely referred to an ineffective policy (or legislation). Despite high hopes and bipartisan support, the policy has not worked out as planned. This paper delves into the problems with No Child Left Behind -- and will present the changes that could make it stronger and more effective.
No Child Left Behind -- The Problems and Criticisms
The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation (signed into law by President George . Bush in 2002) was launched, according to authors Deborah Meier and George ood, in a bipartisan spirit in order to do something "positive in the wake of the terrorist attacks" of September 11, 2001 (Meier, et al., 2004). In the Introduction to their book, Meier and ood, founding members of the Forum…
Alexander, Lamar. "A Better Way to Fix No Child Left Behind." The New York Times.
Retrieved November 1, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com . 2011.
Meier, Deborah, and Wood, George. Harrison. Many Children Left Behind: How the No Child
Left Behind Act is Damaging Our Children and Our Schools. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Ethics and Public Policy
This paper discusses the application of the major ethical theories of consequentialism (utilitarianism), deontology, and virtue ethics to a specific policy question, namely how to improve the nutrition of the nation's poor and to reduce the rise in food insecurity. It also discusses the implications of ethical theories such as determinism and moral relativism. First, the theory is discussed in the abstract, followed by an exposition of how the theory relates to real-world practice. The paper concludes with a more general reflection on the implications of ethical theories for public policy-makers. The specific merits of virtue ethics are stressed vs. The more extreme and polarizing views of deontology and consequentialism.
An ethical dilemma: Food insecurity
One of the dilemmas facing public policy-makers regarding food insecurity and the need to improve the diet of poor Americans is the balance between individual liberties and the need…
Athanassoulis, N. (2014). Virtue ethics. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved http://www.iep.utm.edu/virtue/
Alexander, Larry and Moore, Michael. (2012). Deontological ethics. The Stanford Encyclopedia
of Philosophy. Retrieved from:
School of Public Health
Public Health Admissions Essay
The most logical next phase of my career would be the completion of a degree in Public Health Administration.
A currently hold a BS in Sociology and the diversity that this and my personal history have offered me will lend well to the challenges of a postgraduate degree program. I am goal driven and will succeed, regardless of the difficulty of the task. I have researched the program that is offered by your institution and I believe the curriculum and faculty afforded there will be exactly what I am looking for and exactly what my professional goals need to progress.
The impetuses for my professional goals are strongly rooted in my life history. I am an immigrant from Sierra Leone. The reality of meeting my education goals were at times in my life fortuitous accidents. As a child myself my parents and…
Application to International Trade
Evaluation of New Governance
Application of New Governance to International Trade for Free Market
In today's robust world, scholars as well as the think tanks and tools of democracy and beaurcracy have been using a term "governance" or good governance rather frequently. Where governance in needed in every aspect of corporate management and public administration, it is important to understand how the very concept of governance has evolved over time. Old theory of governance has been replaced by its contemporary version which can be seen as a pre-requisite for the free trade regime especially for exporters. Where the new governance theory has a considerable impact on international trade; its effectiveness in public and private sector cannot be ignored.
Background of New Governance
Over past two decades, public and private organizations have followed a path of evolution. 'ayner's aiders' and the '3Es' of economy, efficiency…
Brown, A.G. & Stern, R.M. 2011. 'Free trade agreements and governance of the global trading'. University of Michigan.
Cleveland, Harland. 1972. The future executive: a guide for tomorrow's managers. New York: Harper & Row.
Heinrich, Carolyn J. And Laurence E. Lynn Jr., eds. 2000. Governance and performance: new perspectives. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Lynn, Laurence E. Jr., Carolyn Henrich, and Carolyn J. Hill. 2001. Improving governance: a new logic for empirical research. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Therefore the pubic relations specialist has to be conscious and fully aware of his or her role as intermediary between the organization and the public. This is particularly true of P specialists who work for government and organizations affecting health and the environment.
An example of social responsible P marketing is marketing that;
Identifies areas where the firm can make a positive difference.
Makes sure local media are aware.
Informs and involve employees.
Invests in advertising and public relations to highlight the firm's efforts.
Public elations, egulations and Sponsorship Programs)
In terms of the external responsibilities and functions of the P officer in an organization, media relations often take priority. The P specialist is trained to communicate and to enable the media to write and present the organization in a light that is conducive to the good image of the company.
In order to achieve these functions the public relations…
Public Relations Specialists. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos086.htm
Public Relations, Regulations and Sponsorship Programs. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:eLqM0aWlAxgJ:www.cob.sjsu.edu/vitale_r/clowch13Selected.ppt+social+function+of+Public+relations&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=35&gl=za
Virtual Communities - Social Implications of Public Relations. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://wiki.media-culture.org.au/index.php/Virtual_Communities_in_Public_Relations_-_Social_Implications
working with a diverse population of Native Americans, Hispanics, and other individuals in the prison systems and public clinics of this country, I have come to two, crucial conclusions. Firstly, that the currently cost-strapped environment of the national health care system cries out for innovative financial and sociological solutions. Secondly, I believe I require further education in the field of public health to accomplish my goals in seeking to remedy the systemic abuses I have personally witnessed in my own, current capacity as a physician's assistant. These two crucial reasons combine and fuse in my desire to pursue a PhD at Walden in the field of public health.
"Physician, heal thyself," goes the famous quotation -- and indeed, I have sought to heal my own gaps of knowledge through continually educating myself in the technical innovations of the medical field and of the current state of public health in America.…
Internalizing externalities and public goods
Discussion Question: Externalities
The most obvious negative externalities of traffic congestion, even for non-drivers who take public transportation, include the noise and air pollution caused by traffic. Pedestrians may also run the risk of being hit by a passing driver who is trying to maneuver his or her way in rush hour traffic. There are significant opportunity costs to living in a large city where many people drive. Large commercial parking lots take up space that otherwise could be allocated for use for retail stores that all residents could patronize. Public parking areas take up space that could otherwise be devoted to public parks. Cyclists and pedestrians often have notably decreased quality of life and freedom of movement, thanks to the fact that they must compete for space with cars on city streets. While even drivers bear some of these costs when they…
Speech by a Teacher
Teachers in public schools are not permitted to invoke specific Biblical theories, parables, or otherwise invoke the word of God -- either denominationally or generally -- in their classes. The constitutionally imposed rule -- separation of church and state -- is widely considered appropriate and important to the American democracy within the secular and legal community.
Moreover, the rules of public schools make it clear that it is psychologically, morally, constitutionally and socially unacceptable to stealthily (or otherwise) attempt to interject God's word or God's prophets' narrative into an educational setting.
But a competent, alert and effective Christian teacher today need not break those rules in the process of presenting information God would approve of. hy? That is because there are values that God has emphasized in the Holy Bible that can be presented to students without ever identifying them as having come from God Himself.…
Cable News Network -- CNN. "Innocent man freed after serving 15 years in prison." KPLCTV.
Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://www.kplctv.com .
Cumming-Bruce, Nick. "U.N. Says Syrian Refugee Numbers Are Surging." The New York
Times. Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com .
CONESED PUBLIC SPACE: MEMORIES & HISORY
Contested Public Space: Memories and History
Das Denkmal fur Die Ermordeten Juden Europas
he Memory Landscape.
Mary's is a large old-style brick church belonging to the council of the Hanseatic city of Lubeck. On the floor at the rear of the church, broken pieces of two large bells remain where they fell during an air raid in World War II. he third largest church in Germany, it took 100 years to construct St. Mary's but just one Palm Sunday night in March of 1942 to nearly destroy it. As with so many churches ruined by bombing during the war, parishioners debated about restoration. Citizens living on war-torn homeland are caught: here is a lingering desire to preserve physical destruction as a message or signal to subsequent generations, or as an effort to share the horror of war time experience. If the physical evidence of…
The Construction of the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin.
A competition for the design of the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin was held in April of 1994. Twelve artists were invited to submit a design and a stipend of 50, 000 German Marks was provided to each candidate. The proposals would be reviewed by a jury with representatives from architecture, urban design, art, history, administration, and politics. Interest in the project grew and at the end of the competitive period, 528 proposals had been submitted. Rounds of reviews commenced and 13 proposals were selected. But during the interim period between meetings, the jurors -- who ostensibly were then able to review the critiques of their fellow jurors -- asked that 11 proposals be put back in the running. Two proposals were finally recommended to the foundation for feasibility study. One proposal was designed by Simon Ungers architectural group from Hamburg, and one proposal was designed by Christine Jackob-Marks. Jackob-Marks' work included names of murdered Jews engraved in a large concrete plate, with empty spaces signifying Jews who could not be identified by name. Her proposal also included debris from Massada where the Jewish inhabitants avoided capture by invading Romans by killing themselves. Chancellor Helmut Kohl vetoed this proposal. It was considered too "German" and too similar to the Nazi death rosters. The controversy continued under many different guises.
In June of 1998, Peter Eisenman's design was chosen, but it was scaled down to 2,711 blocks, or stelae, after considerable controversy.[footnoteRef:22] Daniel Liebeskind, who was pupil of Eisenman's, claimed that Eisenman stole his design from the Berlin Jewish Museum's Garden of Exile. In July of 2001, billboards reflecting Holocaust denial sentiments appeared in Berlin triggering a funding controversy. [footnoteRef:23] In October of 2003, there was a major disruption to the project. Degesch, a subsidiary of the German company Degussa, was revealed by a Swiss newspaper to be the same firm that made Zyklon-B, the gas used in the gas chambers to murder Jews in the extermination camps. Degussa had been hired to coat the concrete slabs with an anti-graffiti substance. In fact, many stelae had already been coated and the anti-graffiti substance had been discounted as in-kind sponsorship of the memorial. Degussa had National-Socialist leanings during the war and this fact was ostensibly known to the construction management company and to Lea Rosh. Rosh declared that she had no prior knowledge of the connection, and she is reported to have said that, "Zylon-B is obviously the limit."[footnoteRef:24] Another subsidiary of Degussa had, but this time, already poured the concrete foundation for the stelae. Members of the Jewish community were outraged at Degussa's involvement and wanted them out of the project. Politicians on the Board of the foundation did not want to impose further expense on the project by stopping construction, or worse, destroying any construction that Degasse had already accomplished. The cost of this action was estimated at €2.34 million. One Board member, Wolfgang Thierse, was reported to say, "[T]he past intrudes into our society."[footnoteRef:25] The Zentrairat der Juden in Germany was outspoken about not continuing the work with Degrasse. Hezryk Broder emphasized that, "The Jews don't need this memorial, and they are not prepared to declare a pig sty kosher." [footnoteRef:26] Peter Eisenberg, perhaps in a bid to see his work finished, supported continuing the project with Degrasse. In November 2003, work restarted with Degrasse. In May of 2005, the Das Denkmal fur Die Ermordeten Juden Europas was completed. At the opening ceremony, Peter Eisenberg spoke about the significance of the Mahnmal, saying that, "It is clear that we won't have solved all the problems -- architecture is not a panacea for evil -- nor will we have satisfied all those present today, but this cannot have been our intention."[footnoteRef:27] [22: Historic Sites -- Berlin, Op. Cit. ] [23: Ibid. ] [24: Translated from "Die Grenze ist ganz klar Zyklon B." Leggewie / Meyer, 2005, p. 294. ] [25: Translated from "Die Vergangenheit ragt in unsere Gesellschaft hinein." Claus Leggewie and Erik Meyer (2005) "Ein Ort, an den man gerne geht." Das Holocaust-Mahnmal und die deutsche Geschichtspolitik nach 1989. Munich, DE: Carl Hanser Verlag Publisher. Munich. p. 294.] [26: Translated from "Di Juden brauchen dieses Mahnmal nicht, und sind nicht beriet, eine Schweinerei als koscher zu erklaren." Leggewie / Meyer, 2005, p. 294] [27: Berstein, Richard. (2005, May 11) Holocaust Museum opens in Berlin, The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com /2005/0511/international/europe/11germany. ]
Bilingual education should not be required in our nation's schools. This does not mean, it should be noted, that foreign language education should be banned, not that supplemental or resource room help in the English language should not be accorded to students who require such assistance. However, bilingual education programs more often than not require a long period of assimilation for students of immigrant status, or parentage, whereby part of the day is taught in English and part of the rest of the day is taught in that student's native language. It is this form of duality of educational environments that must be avoided, so children are not subjected to a further bifurcation of home and American identity, of parental and educational attitudes in culture and in language.
It is argued that it is difficult, and an added burden, for students who speak a different language in the home than…
Therefore, the first time a colleague spoke about a client in an inappropriate way, I would probably remain silent and standoffish as a way of expressing disapproval. I would avoid eye contact during the conversation and change the subject immediately to discourage a continuation of the topic. Hopefully the colleague would get the hint.
If the other counselor did not get the hint and again referred to his students at inappropriate times, then I would say something to him or her directly. In the most respectful way possible, avoiding insults and accusations, I would tell the colleague that I really didn't think it was appropriate for the divulgence of clients' secrets. I would state clearly that the behavior made me uncomfortable, to personalize the issue and to avoid sounding didactic. I would ask that he or she please refrain from gossiping about clients and remind him or her of the…
Clash of Identities
Is a private identity a curse or a blessing? Is it necessary or valid to hide who you really are? According to "Aria: Memoir of a bilingual childhood" by Richard Rodriguez and "How it feels to be colored me" by Zora Hurston, creating a private identity and leaving your public identity behind, may be necessary, especially living, growing or entering an environment where it is not that accepting to cultural differences, there is probably not other culture during these times such as the exchange students from the Islam culture from the Azerbaijan State that can relate. "You need to study abroad! In the United States!" are two sentences many high school seniors, that do not live in the United States, hear from their mothers, fathers and counselors. There is a current obsession for children to get educated in the United States. The Azerbaijan State has gone as…
Author's last name, first name. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.
Author's last name, first name. "Title of Article." Title of Publication Date Published: Pages.
Author's last name, first name. "Title of Online Article." Title of Online Publication Version (Year Published): Pages. Date Accessed .
"Title of Article." Title of Media. CD-ROM. City: Publisher, Year.
Characteristics of networks
Traditionally speaking the guidance services and career information has mostly been considered to be a public service in UK which is given to the people by the government departments and educational institutes. The countries that are competing today in the global economy are seen to be having more and more awareness about career development and career information:
It's the responsibility of an individual- services should be such that people could get help from them in managing and developing their careers. This is called career self-management;
It's acontinuing (lifelong) process of learning - it is the responsibility ofeverybody and not something that should only be paid attention to at the time of crisis;
There is a need for learner and worker flexibility as well as adaptability - the most important requirement that occurs when one faces change in the nature of work or employment is the willingness…
The guidance and career information services come under the public services in UK and these are available in the educational institutions, federal, provincial and municipal agencies. There have been many years that outplacement counseling, career and employment has been a part of the private sector in the UK and their services are available to those who can pay for them. But today this landscape has changed to a great extent and now there are many private practitioners who are providing people with these services under the government contracts. According to these contracts the services are being provided to the people for free. Not-for-profit community groups also have a large amount of practitioners working in them. These practitioners have very diverse professional backgrounds and hold multiple skills.
(the Pew esearch Center, 6) Meanwhile, almost half (49%) of those who fell in the low knowledge group have no more than a high school. diploma (the Pew esearch Center, 6) Unfortunately, when Pew esearch Center conducted a deeper analysis of the survey data, they found that the Americans did poorly in 2007 compared with how Americans of the same level of formal education performed in 1989. (the Pew esearch Center, 10)
The article also reported that people who are knowledgeable tend to be knowledgeable about politics and foreign affairs. And on the contrary, those who are less knowledgeable appear to know little about both subjects. (the Pew esearch Center, 7)
In terms of gender, results showed that on the average, women are less knowledgeable than men wherein 45% of the high knowledge group is males and only 25% are females. (the Pew esearch Center, 6) Furthermore, women appear to…
The Pew Research Center. (2007). What Americans Know: 1989-2007: Public Knowledge of Current Affairs Little Changed by News and Information Revolutions. Retrieved from http://online.columbiasouthern.edu/CSU_Content/ps2000/article.pdf
Mass marketing is differentiated from target marketing, in that the target customer is pretty much everybody. A firm that has a target market will either have all of its sales, or a significant portion of them, in an specific identifiable group. Thus, the product should span across race, gender, age and geography. Such a product's target market would be better understood in terms of who doesn't buy it than who does. Wal-Mart would be a good example of a mass market retailer, based on their size, their geographic spread, the wide variety of products that they sell and the ubiquitous nature of many of those products -- many mass market retailers target very broad groups (Investopedia, 2015).
A mass market product, therefore, would be a product that broadly appeals. I will go with Charmin. The target market for Charmin is almost everybody. There are only a few groups that…
Coca Cola Company (2015). The Coca-Cola system. Coca Cola. Retrieved June 13, 2015 from http://www.coca-colacompany.com/our-company/the-coca-cola-system
Investopedia (2015). Definition of derived demand. Investopedia. Retrieved June 13, 2015 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/derived_demand.asp
Investopedia (2015). Mass market retailer. Investopedia. Retrieved June 13, 2015 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/m/mass-market-retailer.asp
New Zealand Transportation Association (2013) Blazed -- drug driving in Aotearoa. YouTube Retrieved June 13, 2015 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8KAaf45g5U
Rupert Murdoch gave a speech in 2011 that defines ethics in a manner that many individuals would likely find quite enlightening. In that speech, Murdoch states "There is simply no excuse for unethical behavior. There are real issues that we must confront and are confronting. e could not be taking this more seriously or listening as intently to criticisms" (Murdoch, 2011, p. 436). The violation of ethical conduct that Rupert was referring to were the actions taken by a number of journalists in his employment. The journalists were accused of hacking into personal telephone voicemails.
Having harboured a secret desire to be a professional journalist at sometime in my life, I followed closely the allegations, as well as Mr. Murdoch's response to those allegations. In his speech to shareholders of the company that he runs, Murdoch states "if we hold others to account, then we must hold ourselves to account"…
Liveris, A.N.; (2011) Ethics as a business strategy, Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. 77, Issue 1, pp. 35 -- 39
Murdoch, R.; (2011) We must put things right, Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. 77, Issue 12, pp. 435 -- 437
Dragojlovic, N.I.; (2011) Priming and the Obama effect on public evaluations of the United States, Political Psychology, Vol. 32, Issue 6, pp. 989 -1006
intern in the administration of an inner city school. Learning the "ropes" in terms of what administration staff does in a school environment requires the ability to research, it calls for good listening skills, and the ability to closely observe what skilled, experienced professionals are doing. It also becomes clear from the beginning that asking questions is a vital component of the learning process as an intern.
The underlying value of the internship -- personal experiences and observations: It would not be possible to place a specific value on the experience I had in participating with the administration, but there were lessons and achievements that certainly added value to my resume and to my brain's database of positive school-related experiences.
Overall I was pleased to have a chance to participate as a liaison with parents, and to learn about and participate with the parent educational program. Part of the school…
President Kennedy also used Aristotle's logic or logos to convince people to fight against public enemy such as poverty. JFK also used metaphor and the most famous sentence delivered after metaphor was "asks not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." (Nicholas, 2001 P. 283). The phrase was to appeal and persuade American people to devote their energy to the building of their country as well as cherishing their country as a nation. While the speech was specifically focus on American public, it was also adapted to global people in general. His speech was rhetoric in nature because the speech was a unique for of public speech ever made by any U.S. president.
The paper explores relevance of rhetoric and rhetoric criticisms in public communication. The paper identifies the importance of rhetoric is politics, business and academic communities. To demonstrate importance…
Campbell, K.K. (2008). Rhetorical Criticism. The International Encyclopaedia of Communication.
Cyphert, D. (2010). The Rhetorical Analysis of Business Speech.Unresolved Questions Journal of Business Communication. 47 (3): 346-368.
McCroskey, J.C.(1997). King Martin Luther 'I have a Dream' in: An Introduction to Rhetorical Communication.7th Ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon: 288-291.
Nicholas, C.(2001). 'Ask Not… a Critical Analysis of Kennedy Inaugural'. Great Speech for Criticisms and Analysis. Alistair Press.
speech, and I believe that this effort largely paid off. I began by thoroughly researching my topic on the internet. After going to a few search engines to get some ideas, I then got some reputable scholarly articles to reinforce what I had learned. After I had done the bulk of my research, I then prepared a formal outline for the speech -- this way I was able to ensure that I discussed all of the topics that I intended to. The outline was extremely useful for the actual writing of the speech, which consisted of my talking about the various points outlined by using the information I researched. Lastly, I performed the speech in the mirror several times and even before family members. The execution of my speech was fairly decent. I was extremely nervous and experienced "stage fright" (Grassi 21), yet tried not to show it. I believe…
Baker, Millie, Kingsley, Daniel. "Authentic Public Speaking." Training Journal. 2014. Print. 23-27.
Grassi, W. "Improve Your Speaking Skills: Maximizing the Speaking Club Experience. Canadian Manager. 38 (3): 21-22. 2013. Print.
Prud'homme, Patrice-Andre, Hensley, Brandon. "It Takes More Than Public Speaking: A Leadership Analysis of the King's Speech." Organizational Learning & Leadership. 11 (1): 19-28. 2013. Print.
Slang and Communication in CLUELESS
One way that human culture tends to be defined is both the way we are able to manipulate the environment and communicate cognitively with an idea of past, present and future. Communication allows for group behavior to occur, cooperation, problem solving, and the ability to think beyond one's self as an individual and more as a community that can express itself in subtle and artistic ways. Communication is thus the act of conveying information through thoughts and messages, but has a critical point -- to be effective it must be understood. This requires a sender, a message and a recipient in which information exists in the mind of the sender; is formulated in a way that has meaning, and then transmitted to the receiver in ways that they can understand (Chandler, 2010). Slang, in communications is the use of more informal words and expressions that…
Chandler, D. (2010, June). The Transmission Model of Communication. Retrieved September 2013, from aber.ac.uk: http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/short/trans.html
Patel, A. (2012, December 19). Slang Words: What Are Young People Saying These Days. Retrieved September 30, 2013, from The Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/12/19/slang-words-2012_n_2322664.html
Quotes from Cluless. (1995, April). Retrieved September 2013, from IMDb: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0112697/quotes
Communications -- Personal Statement
Say the word 'communications,' and immediately people think of the written or the spoken word. They think of a page of newspaper, a conversation with a friend. But corporate communications encompasses so much more than merely the verbal exchange of ideas.
Corporate communications is kinesthetic. Through my work at my current place of business, Alcoa I communicate by email to all Alcoans worldwide, regarding the Earthwatch program, including its guidelines and the application process. Earthwatch expeditions are hands-on efforts designed to add to the knowledge of Alocan personnel to give them personal knowledge of the different needs that must be met to build a sustainable future. My communication efforts for this program are personal as well as technical, and facilitate the communications process between employees on a personal level, and for the fifteen individuals ultimately chosen to become a part of the program, on a physical…
Nurse Eduactor Strategic Plan
Nurse educator strategic plan
A strategic plan for a nurse educator
At present, I would say that my greatest strength as a nurse educator is my willingness to challenge myself in the pursuit of excellence. Within the next year, I will obtain my MSN with a specific concentration in education. Previously, I obtained certification as a Basic Life Support instructor (BLS). Also within the next year I intend to seek out certification in Advance Cardiac Live Support (ACLS) and Pediatric Life Support Instructor (PAL) with the intention of becoming both an ACLS and PALS instructor. These will enhance my capabilities as a nurse educator and provide greater specificity in the range and types of teaching I will be able to convey.
My second great strength as a nurse educator is the compassion I have for my patients and my genuine love of teaching. A nurse is…
Covey, S. (2012). 7 habits of highly effective people. Franklin Covey.
Gardner, H. (2007). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic
Professional Nurse Educator's Group. (2013). Official Website. Retrieved from:
Second Inaugural Address: President Obama
Giving an inaugural address is a massive endeavor, and requires an extensive amount of preparation for the speaker. Public speaking requires more structure and detail than ordinary conversation: even a short speech given by a student to the classroom requires research, audience analysis, and above all practice. As a U.S. president entering his second term, it was incumbent upon President Obama to give a speech that would address the needs of a very diverse audience on January 21, 2013 and to satisfy a wide range of often-competing audience needs and concerns.
President Obama had to tread a delicate balance in his speech in terms of the issues he covered. On one hand, he was speaking to many people who had fought long and hard to elect him. They wanted him to celebrate his past, present, and future accomplishments. But President Obama was also speaking to…
Obama, Barack. "Second inaugural address." The Washington Post. 21 Jan 2013.
[9 Feb 2013]
Governor Romney's public speaking style was somewhat less poised, but was again immediately observable in his first response. After also thanking everyone and even joking wth the President about his anniversary, he launched into a somewhat hesitant series of brief anecdotes about people wanting help. His posture shifted more frequently, his speech contained more hesitations and pauses, and his gaze wavered from the camera to the moderator to the audience present at the University of Denver, and his words were equally as evasive as the President's but without the confidence or comfort. Again, this appeared to continue throughout the debate, though Romeny did appear to gain some confidence as the debate wore on and his comfort in the setting grew.
Ladies and Gentleman
Ladies and Gentlemen
Ladies & Gentlemen
Ladies & Gentlemen
Ladies & Gentlemen
Current essay is a survey report. The author surveyed 10 men and women about the image of a perfect lady and a perfect gentleman as described in the book "The Courtier" by Characteristics of a gentleman
In describing the excellent courtier in her book "The Courtier" Castiglione has discussed the characteristic of a perfect gentleman. In the book the perfect gentleman has been portrayed as cool minded, having good voice, using good, elegant and brave words as well as appropriate manners and gestures. The perfect gentleman should also possess a warrior spirit, be athletic and should keep good knowledge of humanities, fine arts and classics. The debate of perfect gentleman revolves around the aspects of humor, nobility, women and love. Amongst the several qualities discussed for a perfect gentleman the most discussed in the book…
Catiglione, Baldesar. (2002). The Book of the Courtier, trans. Charles Singleton, ed. Daniel Javitch. New York: W.W.Norton, 2002
Wayne, R. (1993). "Baldesar Castiglione, Thomas Wilson, and the Courtly Body of Renaissance Rhetoric." Rhetorica 11 (3): 241 -- 274.
Saccone, Eduardo (1987). "The Portrait of the Courtier in Castiglione." Italica64 (1): 1 -- 18.
history have brought us great leaders whom people all over the world recognize and admire. In front of hundreds of thousands of people they deliver stirring and moving speeches that touches each listener's heart and soul. Each of their gestures while delivering words of wisdom demands respect and attention. Truly, these great personalities from the annals of history have mastered the art of public speaking, effectively presenting their thoughts, views, ideals and policies. It is no wonder that their works in the past have become the foundation of lectures and studies on how to effectively conduct presentation in front of an audience. The manner of their delivery is now a basis for presentations aided by modern technology.
This paper shall clearly discuss important details in summary on effectively conducting presentations whether in front of a class, a work environment, a public audience or a client. Preparations, situations and the do's…
Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, July 2, 2005 pNA
Effective presentation skills.
10 techniques to improve your presentations
Retrieved on August 05, 2005, from Online. Web site:
Business Skills -- Personal Evaluation
Demonstrate effective communication skills
• I have expanded my vocabulary to include standard practical and theoretical business concepts and I have increased my proficiency with digital technology communications media. I have learned how to coordinate my vocabulary, language, and persuasion efforts to specific audiences depending on whether they are laypeople, professionals, colleagues, or strangers. This skill is extremely important within the military, in particular, because communications that are standard among service members are often incomprehensible to civilians and because civilian communications may be too imprecise to convey the minimum necessary information and distinctions typically communicated best through highly specialized terminology.
• I have improved my ability to use email and other forms of technology to communicate in a professional manner. That also includes a greater understanding of the manner in which different communications media typically require the communicator to consider how various communications efforts might…
From his entry to the company, Ian and his side of the family was summarily ousted and perceived as outsiders. Ian claimed that Eric "refused to work with him" and as a result had "destabilized the company," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The cousins had clearly outlined roles within the company so their conflict was not necessarily due to intrarole conflict or to jurisdictional ambiguity. However, their personalities did appear to clash. Ian was obviously to more brash and outgoing of the two and Eric has been described as a "shy man who was uncomfortable with public speaking," ("Vying for Control of Molson Inc.," nd). The clash between the cousins led to significant intergroup and intragroup conflicts. Each believed the other incompetent, and each believed that his methods and strategies were more effective than the other's. Eric leveraged his superior position as Chairman of the Board and his…
Eric Molson Retains Control of Brewery." (2004). Modern Brewery Age. July 5, 2004. Retrieved Mar 31, 2007 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3469/is_27_55/ai_n6133475
Vying for Control of Molson Inc." (nd).
(Slattery, 2008) According to Slattery "every good speech deserves a great beginning." (2008) Slattery addresses the attention-getter in another article and states that another technique or type of attention-getter…Read Full Paper ❯
Public Speaking Class If it hadn't been for this class, I would be blushing amidst my various shades of sickly green, sweating through my shirt, and shredding my note…Read Full Paper ❯
Public speaking: Tips from the Toastmasters According to the Toastmasters International Website, visual aids are a key part of professional presentations. I have found this to be the case,…Read Full Paper ❯
Speech Class Learning Statement The author of this report has been asked to offer what was learned over the course of the public speaking class that is about to…Read Full Paper ❯
Public speaking is a form of speaking to a group of people in an informative, influential manner. A public speaker should target the expectations and motivations of the audience…Read Full Paper ❯
Public Speaking Consider that you will only have the designated amount of time to communicate your message to the audience. You will need to determine your goal in advance.…Read Full Paper ❯
Public Address the ceo of verizon communications recently had the great opportunity to attend the Progress and Freedom Foundation Forum in Houston with the keynote speaker being Mr. Ivan…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
A Christian believing that some of God's gifts are not important can mean that the person would disregard Christianity as a whole. The gift of speaking in tongues is…Read Full Paper ❯
Public AIDS Policy -- And the Band Played on, for Republicans and Democrats alike, during this public health crisis of the 1980's Today, it hard to remember a day…Read Full Paper ❯
Health - Nursing
Speaking Truth Concept Discuss the concept of speaking truth to power. Are you better prepared to advocate for patients, nurses and nursing after taking this class? During a time…Read Full Paper ❯
Fear of Public Speaking Public speaking is perhaps the most stressful type of communication there is. Few people do not, in some way, fear it, especially when coming up…Read Full Paper ❯
Black Studies - Philosophy
Plain Style Plain speaking style The plain oral speaking style: ecent presidential examples Public speaking can serve a variety of functions: to persuade, to inform, or to entertain. There…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Language
speaking in the target language is the expectation that a proficient speaker will sound like a native speaker. Is this an appropriate or realistic expectation? Not a long while…Read Full Paper ❯
Speaking in the Target Language Is the Expectation That a Proficient Speaker Will Sound Like a Native Speaker One of the most important aspects when talking about the impact…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Journalism
An examination of the four basic steps of policymaking reveals this quite clearly. The first step in the policymaking process is the agenda setting that must come before policies…Read Full Paper ❯
public budgeting comparisons of the federal, state and local budget distributions. This thesis will be focused on whether or not the increased budget allocations for transportation in the federal,…Read Full Paper ❯
Cycle Network Many small and medium sized town are experiencing problems that were typically focused on larger urban areas. An issue that has a broad range of effects; from…Read Full Paper ❯
But even in Pope, there is an intense sense of Eloisa's self-dramatization, as she uses herself as a potent warning to others, in a way that oversteps the conventions…Read Full Paper ❯
American Cynicism The Vietnam ar represented a series of first, all of them seismically changing and affecting the United States in terms of how it wages wars and the…Read Full Paper ❯
CHIP: To Abolish or Not to Abolish The State Children Health Insurance Plan (SCHIP), commonly referred to as CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Plan), is an insurance plan run by…Read Full Paper ❯
countries impose barriers to stop or hinder the import of cultural products (film, movies, etc.) or offer subsidies to promote their production and distribution "This memo is in response…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Computers
Public elations Campaign Plan for Huntington County The mission of the Emergency Management Agency for Huntington County is to provide an integrated and comprehensive emergency management system that would…Read Full Paper ❯
Jurgen Habermas The Public Sphere Jurgen Habermas and the "Public Sphere" The idea that the continuum of people in a geographical space make up some sort of cohesive unit…Read Full Paper ❯
Management Account in the Public Sector and Management Accounting in the Private Sector: A Comparative Review The late 20th and early 21st centuries have brought increasing change to almost…Read Full Paper ❯
solid waste management in impoverished areas versus affluent areas by examining the social, economic, ethical, and political reasons for placement of landfills and other waste removal facilities in poorer…Read Full Paper ❯
Such limitations seem necessary because of the limited resources that schools have and the need for students to learn English as soon as possible so that they can receive…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
Therefore, we may conclude that the speaker has some cognitive function from the structure of the speech, even if it is based on a very basic set of language…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Journalism
Advertising and public relations serve to communicate ideas and convince the audience of something. Politicians are among the most prolific advertising spenders during election campaigns and can have enormous…Read Full Paper ❯
Theatre: English-speaking versions of Hamlet vs. European versions The many contemporary interpretations of Shakespeare enacted on the modern stage underline the fact that Shakespeare was a playwright for the…Read Full Paper ❯
Douglas states that one of the most complicated in which the geography of a series of murders seemed to play a part, was that of the Zodiac killer (Profiling…Read Full Paper ❯
Goals of a Public Administrator The implementation of the policies devised by the government is referred to as public administration. Moreover, public administration is also a discipline that is…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Journalism
Coombs and Holladay (2007) Coombs and Holladay use the support of the professional literature to find an explanation to the importance stakeholders came to play in their role with…Read Full Paper ❯
Ineffective Public Policy -- No Child Left Behind One of the most widely criticized educational policies of recent years was / is No Child Left Behind. It is widely…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Miscellaneous
Ethics and Public Policy Ethical Dilemma This paper discusses the application of the major ethical theories of consequentialism (utilitarianism), deontology, and virtue ethics to a specific policy question, namely…Read Full Paper ❯
School of Public Health Public Health Admissions Essay The most logical next phase of my career would be the completion of a degree in Public Health Administration. A currently…Read Full Paper ❯
New Governance Application to International Trade Evaluation of New Governance Application of New Governance to International Trade for Free Market In today's robust world, scholars as well as the…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Journalism
Therefore the pubic relations specialist has to be conscious and fully aware of his or her role as intermediary between the organization and the public. This is particularly true…Read Full Paper ❯
working with a diverse population of Native Americans, Hispanics, and other individuals in the prison systems and public clinics of this country, I have come to two, crucial conclusions.…Read Full Paper ❯
Negative Externalities Internalizing externalities and public goods Discussion Question: Externalities The most obvious negative externalities of traffic congestion, even for non-drivers who take public transportation, include the noise and…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
Speech by a Teacher Teachers in public schools are not permitted to invoke specific Biblical theories, parables, or otherwise invoke the word of God -- either denominationally or generally…Read Full Paper ❯
Drama - World
CONESED PUBLIC SPACE: MEMORIES & HISORY Contested Public Space: Memories and History Das Denkmal fur Die Ermordeten Juden Europas he Memory Landscape. Mary's is a large old-style brick church…Read Full Paper ❯
Bilingual education should not be required in our nation's schools. This does not mean, it should be noted, that foreign language education should be banned, not that supplemental or…Read Full Paper ❯
Therefore, the first time a colleague spoke about a client in an inappropriate way, I would probably remain silent and standoffish as a way of expressing disapproval. I would…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
Clash of Identities Is a private identity a curse or a blessing? Is it necessary or valid to hide who you really are? According to "Aria: Memoir of a…Read Full Paper ❯
NVQ-LEVEL Characteristics of networks Traditionally speaking the guidance services and career information has mostly been considered to be a public service in UK which is given to the people…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Journalism
(the Pew esearch Center, 6) Meanwhile, almost half (49%) of those who fell in the low knowledge group have no more than a high school. diploma (the Pew esearch…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Advertising
Marketing Mass marketing is differentiated from target marketing, in that the target customer is pretty much everybody. A firm that has a target market will either have all of…Read Full Paper ❯
Rupert Murdoch gave a speech in 2011 that defines ethics in a manner that many individuals would likely find quite enlightening. In that speech, Murdoch states "There is simply…Read Full Paper ❯
intern in the administration of an inner city school. Learning the "ropes" in terms of what administration staff does in a school environment requires the ability to research, it…Read Full Paper ❯
Black Studies - Philosophy
President Kennedy also used Aristotle's logic or logos to convince people to fight against public enemy such as poverty. JFK also used metaphor and the most famous sentence delivered…Read Full Paper ❯
speech, and I believe that this effort largely paid off. I began by thoroughly researching my topic on the internet. After going to a few search engines to get…Read Full Paper ❯
Slang and Communication in CLUELESS One way that human culture tends to be defined is both the way we are able to manipulate the environment and communicate cognitively with…Read Full Paper ❯
Communications -- Personal Statement Say the word 'communications,' and immediately people think of the written or the spoken word. They think of a page of newspaper, a conversation with…Read Full Paper ❯
Health - Nursing
Nurse Eduactor Strategic Plan Nurse educator strategic plan A strategic plan for a nurse educator At present, I would say that my greatest strength as a nurse educator is…Read Full Paper ❯
Second Inaugural Address: President Obama Giving an inaugural address is a massive endeavor, and requires an extensive amount of preparation for the speaker. Public speaking requires more structure and…Read Full Paper ❯
Black Studies - Philosophy
Governor Romney's public speaking style was somewhat less poised, but was again immediately observable in his first response. After also thanking everyone and even joking wth the President about…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
Ladies and Gentleman Ladies and Gentlemen Ladies & Gentlemen Ladies & Gentlemen Ladies & Gentlemen Current essay is a survey report. The author surveyed 10 men and women about…Read Full Paper ❯
history have brought us great leaders whom people all over the world recognize and admire. In front of hundreds of thousands of people they deliver stirring and moving speeches…Read Full Paper ❯
Business Skills -- Personal Evaluation Demonstrate effective communication skills • I have expanded my vocabulary to include standard practical and theoretical business concepts and I have increased my proficiency…Read Full Paper ❯
From his entry to the company, Ian and his side of the family was summarily ousted and perceived as outsiders. Ian claimed that Eric "refused to work with him"…Read Full Paper ❯