Reading Strategies Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:

 

View Full Essay

Reading Comprehension There Is an

Words: 2948 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3116509



One counterargument to the practice of teaching vocabulary is that children learn the meanings of many words by experiencing those words in the actual world and in text without explicit instruction. Unfortunately, such incidental learning is filled with possible problems. The definitions learned range from richly contextualized and more than sufficient, to incomplete to wrong. Children do develop knowledge of vocabulary through incidental contact with new words they read. This is one of the many reasons to challenge students to read incessantly.

World Knowledge

There is considerable evidence that readers who possess prior knowledge about the topic of a reading often comprehend the reading better than classmates with no, or lower prior knowledge. Nevertheless, even when students have knowledge relevant to the information they are reading they do not always relate their world knowledge to the content of a text. Unless inferences are absolutely necessary to make sense of the…… [Read More]

References

Armbruster, B.B. & Osborn, J., (2001) Put reading first: The building blocks for teaching chilren to read. National Institute or Literacy, Retrieved May 20, 2010, from: www.nifl.gov

Beck, I.L., Perfetti, C.A., & McKeown, M.G., (1982) Effects of long-term vocabulary instruction on lexical access and reading comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 74, 506-521.

Cordon, L.A., & Day, J.D. (1996) Stategy use on standardized reading comprehension tests. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88, 288-521.

Nation, K. & Snowling, M.J., (1998) Individual differences in contextual facilitation: Evedence from dyslexia and poor reading comprehension. Child Development, V. 69 No. 4, p.996- 1011. Retrieved May 20, 2010, from: http://C:UsersOwnerDesktop
View Full Essay

Effects of Sustained Silent Reading on Reluctant Middle School Aged Children

Words: 6293 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58364370

Reading is a fundamental part of a child's education. Many techniques have been utilized in an effort to make learning to read and reading comprehension easier for students (McCray 2001). One such technique is Sustained Silent Reading (SSR). The purpose of this discussion is to investigate Sustained Silent Reading as it relates to reluctant middle school aged children. Let us begin our investigation by discussing the theoretical framework of Sustained Silent Reading.

Sustained Silent Reading (SSR)

Jenson & Jenson (2002) report that The Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading program (USSR) was first implemented by Lyman Hunt at the University of Vermont during the 1960's (Jensen & Jensen 2002). By the 1970's the program was implemented into the American public school system (Jensen & Jensen 2002). Forty years after its initial inception this same program has an array of aliases including: Motivation in Middle Schools (MIMS), High Intensity Practice (HIP), Free Voluntary…… [Read More]

References

Broughton, M.A., & Fairbanks, C.M. (2003). In the Middle of the Middle: Seventh-Grade Girls' Literacy and Identity Development Here Is a Look at the Ways in Which a Group of Girls Perceived Themselves and How Their Perceptions and Behaviors Changed as They Moved from the Sixth Grade to the Seventh Grade: The Middle of Middle School. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(5), 426

Brozo, W.G., & Hargis, C.H. (2003). Taking Seriously the Idea of Reform: One High School's Efforts to Make Reading More Responsive to All Students. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 47(1), 14

Crawford P.C.2004. Using Graphic Novels to Attract Reluctant Readers. Library Media Connection

Graham, S., & Taylor, A.Z. (1998). Exploring Achievement Values Among Ethnic Minority Early Adolescents. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(4), 606-620.
View Full Essay

Strategy Under Uncertainty Business Environments

Words: 1755 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6349833

That can get them into a lot of trouble.

In short, uncertainty is always going to be there in the business world. Nothing is one hundred percent certain when a person is owning and operating a business. During a time when economic uncertainty is higher than normal, there is even more uncertainty that has to be addressed. Overall, though, most uncertainty falls into levels one and two. By the time it has gotten to level three the economy and industry are both struggling and it may be better not to make any exotic or unexpected changes during that time. In level four, there is no need to start creating strategy. It is simply too dangerous to consider, because it offers too large of a range of choices to be seen. When it is completely impossible to address or even determine ever reasonable option or outcome that could occur, it is…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Strategy Management Business

Words: 1233 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22616689

Strategy Management

Current Situation

Home Depot is a "category killer" retailer, selling supplies for home and garden. Home Depot operates with a cost leadership strategy, as it seeks to use its buying power in particular to offer customers a low price. Home Depot also incorporates a service element to its business model, something it hopes will give it a competitive advantage. Home Depot is currently undergoing a change in terms of its structure and culture, and this has caused some disruption. That said, Home Depot is the second-largest retailer in America behind Wal-Mart and has experienced strong sales improvements during the Nardelli years.

The competitive situation is intense. Home Depot is a dominant competitor in the industry, but faces strong competition from Lowe's, which is almost the same size. These two competitors operate as something of a duopoly, although in other businesses there are specialist firms that are strong competitors.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Strategy Mapping Please Title Case 4 I

Words: 740 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14408952

Strategy Mapping

Please title Case 4 I attached Previous 3 Papers (Case1-3) Explain process strategy mapping relates performance management establishing propositions. You discuss theoretically Glacier Inn case study presented Armitage Scholey (2009) document readings serve integrating ideas.

Strategy mapping, performance management and establishing value propositions

Virtually all organizations today have some sort of defined 'strategy' which they are ostensibly attempting to put into action -- but merely articulating strategy is not enough. Executing the strategy is the critical often-forgotten element. Following through, organizations often face roadblocks, both internal and external. A strategy map sets "appropriate overriding objectives in a corporate setting" and is intent upon "establishing a dominant value proposition that will set the direction for achieving those objectives, and "using that proposition to guide the selection of critical financial, customer, internal process, and learning and growth strategies" (Armitage & Scholey 2006: 4).

Analysis

Although strategy mapping shares many similarities…… [Read More]

Reference

Armitage, H., Scholey, C., (2006). Using strategy maps to drive performance. Society of Mgt.

Accountants of Canada. Retrieved from:

 http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_MAG_Strategy_Mapping_March07.pdf
View Full Essay

Strategy and Strategic it Planning

Words: 1202 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8098225



Goal-based diagnosis

In addition to the need to have organizational structures that are agile enough to quickly form interrelationships to solve emerging customer problems there is a corresponding need to also have a goal-based diagnosis methodology in place. According to the Criteria for Performance Excellence (2007) there are seven categories that form the basis for 18 criteria items, distributed throughout the areas of Leadership, Strategic Planning, Customer and Market Focus, Measurement, Analysis, and Knowledge Management, Workforce Focus, Process Management, and Results. While the point has been made earlier that an entirely new approach to managing the tracking of these variables requires high degrees of process and system integration, there is also the need to completely modify how the universities operate in response to the demands placed on their it departments. It is not simply a strategy of selecting these 18 specific criteria and working to create high scores on each.…… [Read More]

References

Alstyne, Marshall van, Erik Brynjolfsson, and Stuart Madnick (1997). "The Matrix of Change: A Tool for Business Process Reengineering." MIT Sloan School Working Papers available on the Internet, accessed on March 29, 2007:

 http://ccs.mit.edu/papers/CCSWP189/ccswp189.html 

Criteria for Performance Excellence (2007) - Baldrige national Quality Program. NIST. Published January 2007. Guidelines for Baldrige National Quality program. www.Baldrige.nist.gov

Managing Change is it Directors' Toughest Job (2002) - Computer Weekly Magazine. Page 8. June 27, 2002
View Full Essay

Strategy Mapping and the Learning and Growth Perspective

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50989492

Strategy Mapping & the Learning and Growth Perspective

Learning and growth is the fourth category of the balanced scorecard, which makes up the basis of any strategy. In this perspective, there is establishment of the employee capabilities, skills, technology, and a corporate environment to support a strategy. There are several objectives identified by Cattaraugus Rehabilitation Center Mission (CRCM) in an attempt to improve their learning and growth. These include (i) recruit, orient, manage, develop and retain personnel, (ii) Utilize technology to progress the organization's information systems and (iii) Promote, train and practice the organization's culture (Kaplan and Norton, 1992).

Objective

Measure

Target

Action

Recruit, orient, manage, develop and retain personnel

The turnover rates

Attract the best employees in an attempt to achieve sustainability

Develop a motivated and satisfied employee

Utilize technology to improve and progress the organization's information systems

The number of staff who successfully complete training

Incorporation of technology…… [Read More]

References

Kaplan, R., & Norton, D. (1992). The balanced scorecard: Measures that drive performance.

Harvard Business Review, 70(1), 71-79.

Martello, M., Watson, G.J., & Fischer, J.M. (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of business & economics research, 6(9), 67-80.
View Full Essay

Strategy and Human Resource Management

Words: 3649 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70683823

In 2004, it established its operations in Mexico to cash in on the high rate of diabetes in this country. Diabetes is responsible for 13 out of every 100 deaths in Mexico and Novo Nordisk expanded into this Latin American market. It also encompassed Mexico as part of its global campaign and its representatives went to schools and villages to spread awareness about the disease and the ways and means to cope with it.

The HR system that was implemented in Mexico was different from the one that existed in Denmark and this was mainly due to the differences in culture, work attitude of the people and national factors that have a profound impact on the employment benefits of the workers. For example, in Denmark, every worker gets to participate in the decision making process. This is a part of the Danish culture and comes from the long-standing democracy and…… [Read More]

References

Shields, John. 2007. Managing employee performance and reward: concepts, practices and strategies. Boston: Cambridge University Press.

Bratton, John. 2001. Strategic Human Resource Management. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan .

Bamberger, Peter; Meshoulam, Ilan. 2000. Human Resource Strategy: Formulation, Implementation and Impact. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

No Author. No date. Human Resources UC Berkeley. UC Berkeley. [Online]. Available at: http://hrweb.berkeley.edu/guides/managing-hr/interaction/diversity/resources
View Full Essay

Strategy & Ethics Bowden &

Words: 1279 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38930871

The claim that a board member familiar with forensic accounting would have been able to uncover such a fraud holds little water given that it took a team of experts working in secret many months to uncover the fraud. However, the argument generally holds that better board composition, and more engaged board members, would have prevented such a fraud. Nadler (2004) argues that better boards are less important for preventing frauds as they are for driving better performance. This then shifts the emphasis of the board away from governance and towards performance enhancement.

Nadler's argument supports Nohria's claims about the relative irrelevance of strong corporate governance. No matter whether the boards take a strict shareholder approach or the expanded stakeholder approach proposed by Post et al. (2002), there are limits as the impact that they can have over a company's performance, no matter how well-composed the board is. If the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Bowden, P. & Smythe, V. (2008). Theories on teaching & training in ethics. Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organizational Studies. Vol. 13 (2) 19-26.

Nadler, D. (2004). Building better boards. Harvard Business Review. May 2004, 102-111.

Nohria, N. (2004). What really matters. Harvard Business School. Retrieved February 28, 2011 from http://info.umuc.edu/mba/HBS/realmathi/presentation/title/start.html#play

Post, J.; Preston, L. & Sachs, S. (2002). Managing the extended enterprise: The new stakeholder view. California Management Review. Vol. 45 (1) 6-28.
View Full Essay

Strategy for Building a Community

Words: 1366 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82080152

The primary aspect of Billy's scenario is that he has the propensity to be disruptive. I believe that this tendency of his is due to the fact that he is able to complete his work relatively quickly, the work is easy for him to accomplish, and then he becomes bored. The larger issue involved here is the fact that he evidently needs to be on an advanced track for learning, and is involved in a school in which homogenous learning occurs.

That said, Billy is one of the primary candidates to benefit from community-building -- mostly because it will allow him to apply his considerable intellect to some other aspect of academics that he has not already mastered. There are several facets of his character that make him perfect to become involved in perspective taking. He is naturally gregarious, so the essential concept of community-building is already ingrained within him.…… [Read More]

References

Hardin, C.J. (2012). Building Community. In C.J. Hardin, Effective Classroom Management: Models and Strategies for Today's Classroom (3rd ed., pp. 139-154). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Jankowski, K.A. (2002). "Community building: A positive approach to discipline in schools." Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED475324.pdf

Kohn. (1997). I BELIEVE YOU HAVE THIS RESOURCE -- it CAME FROM YOUR PARAGRAPH

McFarland-Piazza, L., Lord, a., Smith, M., Downey, B. (2012). "The role of community-based playgroups in building relationships between pre-service teachers, families and the community." Australasian Journal of Early Childhood. 37 (2): 34-41.
View Full Essay

Adolescent Literacy Levels Reading and

Words: 1977 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99128126

Increased vocabulary levels leads to increases in reading comprehension. Students with higher levels of vocabulary can also express themselves in more unique and complex formats, essentially increasing their ability to comment on the reading material in a way that better correlates with their exact emotions or experiences associated with that reading material.

Writing summaries for reading material is another method of using writing exercises to increase literacy levels. Teachers should implement lessons were students write hierarchal summaries that help organize the structure of reading material in a shape that is more familiar and understandable to students (Meltzer, Cook, & Clark, 2011). Writing summaries force students to internalize the material and reassert it in a different way. This further engages them with the texts, as they are forced to put the material in their own words.

Thirdly, using student-generated content to expose weaknesses in understanding can play a key role. Having…… [Read More]

References

Guthrie, John T. (2001). Contexts for engagement and motivation in reading. Reading Online. 4(8). Retrieved September 21, 2012 from http://www.readingonline.org/articles/art_index.asp?HREF=/articles/handbook/guthrie/index.html

Guthrie, John T. (2012). Adolescent literacy: Issues, knowledge base, design principles, and challenges. Center on Instruction. Web. Retrieved September 21, 2012 from  http://centeroninstruction.org/ 

Melzter, Julie, Cook, Nancy, & Clark, Holly. (2011). Adolescent Literary Resources: Linking Research and Practice. Center for Resource Management. Brown University. Web. Retrieved September 20, 2012 from www.alliance.brown.edu/pubs/adlit/alr_lrp.pdf
View Full Essay

Kids Can't Read Journal Beers'

Words: 3610 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66197750

This is the goal of struggling readers. A dependent reader takes only a peripheral interest in the text. He gives it the minimum of his attention and approaches it only because he is forced. It is as though he is reading against his will and fighting all the way.

Beers provides an anticipation guide, but I don't necessarily agree that such a guide is very constructive or helpful. It deals solely with crass generalizations, and whether attitudes held before reading the text are still ascribed to after reading the text. For the most part, students' attitudes are going to be superficial and having them partake in an exercise of superficiality is likely to be counterproductive.

Beers argues that performing such activities will help to encourage students to become more involved with the reading. It will help them to engage their prior knowledge and challenge them to think. Beers recommends making…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Art Reading and Writing -

Words: 1348 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88500956

However, it is possible to write in a way that reveals an understanding of what a person reads or what they hear during lecture. Lecture in the classroom provides an ideal opportunity for learners to reflect on what they have learned in previous sessions and to decide how they will use that knowledge to further their understanding, or to help them make decisions related to the content they have learned.

As I plan to become a history teacher I now realize how important reading and writing skills are to the student's comprehension of the content covered in lecture and in class. Students learn in many different ways. One reason that Nathan may not be doing well in both reading and in writing is because he simply does not understand the content or the context in which information is presented in the classroom. While he may not understand much from lectures,…… [Read More]

Reference

Freeman, F., Ghiso, M.P. & Hamayan, E. (2006). Authentic Accountability for ELL's Reading and Writing Development. Available: http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/resabout/research/ira06_freeman.pdf

Reflection
View Full Essay

Dramatic Reading for ESL Differentiated Reading With

Words: 1157 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4239265

Dramatic Reading for ESL

Differentiated Reading with 10th Grade EFL Students

ESL literature is replete with studies focused on optimal learning environments and enhancements to student motivation (Lazaraton, 1886). Some of this literature parallels earlier work by linguists, psychologists (Harter, 1981), and educators (Richards & Rodgers, 2001), and early childhood researchers (Vygotsky, 1986) who specialize in language acquisition. Indeed, there is a plethora of anecdotal information about how to use visuals, games, music, and drama to increase ESL students' engagement in their learning. However, formal research about the effectiveness of drama as context for teaching English as a second language is not readily found in the literature.

This case study offers a discussion of the use of drama as part of a differentiated reading strategy to teach literature to 10th grade ESL students. Although the highlighted strategy is generally applicable, the literature used in this exercise is Of Mice and…… [Read More]

References

Baxter, J. (1999). A message from the old world to the new: Teaching classic fiction through drama. English Journal, 89(2), 119-124.

Berlinger, M.R. (2000). Encouraging English expression through script-based improvisations. The Internet TESL Journal, VI (4), April 2000. Retrieved February 25, 2011. from  http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Berlinger-ScriptImprov.html 

Boulton, M. (1968). The anatomy of drama (3rd ed.). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.

Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rded.). Boston: Heinle & Heinle.
View Full Essay

Disabilities Students With Reading Disabilities

Words: 2217 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80262789

This is particularly true for students with learning disabilities. Secondary students' reading performance reaches a plateau during their high school years, and it is clear that the performance gap between their abilities and what they are expected to do widens (Mock, 2003). Adolescents who lack basic literacy skills need intensive, focused, sustained instruction to help them catch up with their peers.

Conclusion

Reading disabilities are life long; however, the effects may be mitigated to support learning, living, and earning, particularly when identified early and dealt with effectively. Language acquisition with phonemic awareness correlates to learning to read, plus it is an accurate predictor of reading success. Furthermore, it is important to identify reading disabilities early so that effective intervention strategies are employed. High school students are in a transitional phase and without the necessary scaffolding support and tools to enhance self-efficacy, young adults will have challenges to becoming self-sustaining. Hence,…… [Read More]

References

American School Counselor Association. (2012). Adolescent development. Retrieved from http://www.teachervision.fen.com/growth-and-development/child-development/2874.html?detoured=1

Bowman, M., & Treiman, R. (2004). Stepping stones to reading. Theory Into Practice, 43(4), 295-303.

Catone, W.V., & Brady, S.A. (2005). The Inadequacy of Individual Educational Program (IEP) Goals for High School Students with Word-level Reading Difficulties. Annals Of Dyslexia, 55(1), 53-78.

Hock, M.D. (2003). "No Child" leaves behind teen reading proficiency. Education Digest, 69(4), 27.
View Full Essay

Oral Reading Fluency Final Action

Words: 4792 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38611613

Solutions to incorporating fluency instruction in the classroom include repeated reading, auditory modeling, direct instruction, text segmenting, supported reading, and use of easy reading materials. Young readers may not always know what fluent reading should be like. Despite the awareness, oral reading fluency is a neglected aspect of the classroom (Allington, 1983). Therefore, according to Fluency for Everyone, written by Rasinski, "It seems clear that students need frequent opportunities to see and hear fluent reading. Since the most fluent reader in the classroom is the teacher, the teacher should be the primary model" (1989).

The method of auditory modeling can be used in several ways. Auditory modeling can dramatically improve fluency among readers (Dowhower, 1986). She says, "Auditory or oral modeling may be the most powerful of all techniques in encouraging prosodic reading." Prosodic reading can be described as reading with voice inflection and expression. Dowhower believes that modeling oral…… [Read More]

References

Abram, S. (nd) The Effects of Fluency Instruction Incorporating Readers Theatre on Oral Reading Fluency in an Eighth-Grade Classroom. Retrieved from: http://arareading.org/doc/Susan_Abram_Reading_Fluency_Action_Research.pdf

Anderson, R., Hiebert, E., Scott, J & Wilkinson, I. (1985). Becoming a Nation of Readers, Urbana, IL: The Center for the Study of Reading.

Cooper, D. (2000). Literacy: Understanding Literacy Learning and Constructing Meaning. Massachusetts: Houghton Muffin Company.

Fluency (nd) National Institutes of Health. Chapter 3. Retrieved from:  https://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/nrp/Documents/ch3.pdf
View Full Essay

Improving Reading Skills Reading and

Words: 8772 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33211921



Students then move to advisory to discuss what they learned from the principal, then begins first period science class.

Science is tutorial based, but often broken up into groups of four for lab and experimentation work. Math lab includes a number of different activities that change out regularly.

Following math, the students meet for Art class, which varies daily in activities, social and spatial development.

Lunch and a brief recess follows.

First class after lunch focuses on learning tools combined with independent reading; teacher uses only worksheets as student activity after reading; question worksheet designed to uncover comprehension and vocabulary development

Next class is social studies, work in pairs, teacher uses a number of different strategies and course outlines for variety.

Final period of the day focuses on English, or ESL for international students.

Reviewing a typical day for Ahmad, however, shows some serious disconnects in terms of his continual…… [Read More]

What do Tom and Mary have in common?

Describe Mary

Outside of the purview of this essay, but nevertheless vital to the arguments presented when dealing with multicultural education, one must understand that there is a rather hierarchical taxonomy regarding the topic: Conservative multiculturalism, which assumes that unsuccessful minorities come from culturally deprived backgrounds and require ethnicity "stripping" for economic success of the child; Liberal multiculturalism which formats the sameness of all groups and requires manifesting language, but remaining culturally aware of the base culture; Pluralistic multiculturalism that shares features with the liberal view but focuses more on learning about differences and integration of race into simply being part of the individual; Left-Essentialist multicultural that holds that the conservative element uses language and other educational means as a way to control a minority and that essential traits may be romanticized for effect; and Critical multiculturalism that takes race, class, gender and even sexuality and transcends to a larger, more complex, social struggle. See: Kincheloe, J. And S. Steinberg. (1997). Changing Multiculturalism. Open University Press; and D. Campbell (2008). Choosing Democracy, a practical guide to Multicultural education. Allyn/Bacon.
View Full Essay

Improving the Reading Comprehension of

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77030524



The study focused on an urban middle school and two particular classes of 34 learning disabled students. Researchers broke the two classes down into two groups, the intervention group and the comparison group. The intervention group was introduced to the strategic lesson plans and collaborative techniques found in the computer administered CACSR. This program consisted of lessons on how to use the program and also informed students how to then implement those lessons in order to learn better reading strategies. The comparison group was instructed with typical language arts lesson plans. Both groups were then tested and those scores were analyzed for results using ANCOVA.

Results of the research showed that the intervention, or experiment group, not only significantly improved their reading comprehension, but also that they scored much higher than the control group. Furthermore, the study showed that many of the students involved in the experiment group believed that…… [Read More]

References

Kim, Ae-Hwa, Vaughn, Sharon, & Klinger, Janette K. 2006. Improving the reading comprehension of middle school students with disabilities through Computer-Assisted Collaborative Strategic Reading. Remedial and Special Education. 27. pp. 235-256.
View Full Essay

Action Reading Response DVD 3

Words: 552 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27118769

By attaching visual elements to specific words and even to specific sounds within those words, many learners that might struggle with simple auditory approaches attached only to visuals of the letter might be better able to commit letter/phoneme associations to memory (Fox, 2011). The use of pictures also seems more interactive and engaging with the learners than simply showing visuals of letters associated with sounds, as it speaks to the imagination of the learners and gives them something to respond to in addition to the simple reading facts being presented. In this way, both the educator and the learners can be drawn into the lesson more fully, it would seem, and there is definite evidence that pictures make both the lessons and the material more memorable when they are properly used (Fox, 2003).

Other issues raised on these two DVDs such as synthetic phonics are also fairly controversial, and seem…… [Read More]

References

Elam, S. (2010). Phonics primer. Accessed 19 March 2012.

http://www.nrrf.org/PhonicsPrimer.pdf

Fox, B. (2011). Word identification strategies. Toronto: Lavoisier.
View Full Essay

Shared Reading

Words: 1153 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10505221

vocabulary acquisition for a child, especially one that is not a native English speaker, who is trying to learn to read. The author mentions four "areas of instruction that teachers…demonstrated: comprehension, vocabulary, text structures and text features" (Kesler, 2010). The author relates that his test group for different reading approaches was from an urban elementary school at which 21% of the student population was ESL students. Four shared reading approaches -- possible sentences, using context clues, repeated readings, and using our bodies -- were compared as to effectiveness with this population. The remainder of the article was used to describe and evaluate the four different approaches.

The goal of using possible sentences is to help students understand how sentences can be built from an individual word or group of words. The author used a shared reading context to help the students think of ways that the words could be used.…… [Read More]

References

Graves, M.F., Juel, C., Graves, B.B., & Dewitz, P. (2011). Word recognition, in Teaching reading in the 21st century: Motivating all readers. New York: Pearson.

Kesler, T. (2010). Shared reading to build vocabulary and comprehension. The Reading Teacher, 64(4), 272-277.

Ontario. (2003). A guide to effective instruction in reading: Kindergarten to grade 3. Ontario Early Reading Strategy. Ontario: Ministry of Education.

Pinnell, G.S., & Fountas, I.C. (2007). Shared and performance reading, in The continuum of literacy learning, grades K-8: Behaviors and understandings to notice, teach, and support. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
View Full Essay

Application Plan on Reading According

Words: 1442 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87673007

Overall, this type of reading lesson on the part of the teacher may inspire students to explore other types of reading material, thus expanding their reading horizons and their ability to think creatively.

READING PROJECTS:

Besides having the teacher read aloud passages from a text, one reading project which undoubtedly would benefit everyone involved would be to have the class read the text aloud, either as individuals or as Zullo suggests, as a whole class reading with the text enlarged to poster size on a screen which would enable the teacher to include comments on the text by the students. In this way, all of the students would be encouraged to verbalize their thoughts on the text, make new connections between one passage and another, listen and appreciate different perspectives on certain passages and come to a more fuller understanding of the text. In addition, this method would benefit those…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Zullo, Rebecca L. (2004). Literacy for Learning: Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum. Canton, OH: Communicate Institute.
View Full Essay

Using Music to Improve Reading

Words: 3886 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39375503

Integration of music and reading may help parents prepare their children for school. On the surface, music and literacy seem opposite of each other both in meaning and delivery. However, the two forms of learning go hand in hand. For example, lyrics and literacy are similar because lyrics are the words sung in a song. Often, they are poetic and can be understood as poetry that sometimes tells a story.

Many singer songwriters are also storytellers, weaving intricate and powerful stories into their songs. If one examines a music soundtrack and a story line/plot, one can see how music is used to help tell the story as much as the narrative itself. As technology advances, music is becoming readily interweaved with reading comprehension. One study examined the use of multimodal e-books that combined text with animation, images, and sounds. Children made academic gains in reading from using multimodal e-books (Morgan,…… [Read More]

References

Cauchard, F., Cane, J. E., & Weger, U. W. (2011). Influence of Background Speech and Music in Interrupted Reading: An Eye-Tracking Study. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(3), 381-390. doi:10.1002/acp.1837

Chang, A. C., & Millett, S. (2015). Improving reading rates and comprehension through audio-assisted extensive reading for beginner learners. System, 52, 91-102. doi:10.1016/j.system.2015.05.003

Cogo-Moreira, H., Andriolo, R. B., Yazigi, L., Brandao de Avila, C. R., & Mari, J. (2012). Music education for improving reading skills in children and adolescents with dyslexia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.cd009133

Cohn, N., Jackendoff, R., Holcomb, P. J., & Kuperberg, G. R. (2014). The grammar of visual narrative: Neural evidence for constituent structure in sequential image comprehension. Neuropsychologia, 64, 63-70. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.09.018
View Full Essay

Educational Reading This Bibliography Reviews

Words: 3225 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8039295

They can then use this information when not in a group setting and apply it to other courses or experiences in life where they are charged with the task of comprehending reading materials.

Pearson, David. (2002) Handbook of reading research Vol 1. Westport: Lawrence

Erlbaum Associates.

The authors created this book as a reference trade book that provides educators with information on the history of reading as well as information on reading research. The objective is to provide the classroom teacher with multiple strategies and methods they can use to promote reading for beginning readers that are at grade level, below grade level and beyond grade level. The first part of the work provides "how to" advice according to the authors, noting specific elements educators must consider while they plan to implement various reading strategies in the classroom. The next section of the work talks about basic processes in reading,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Vision Therapy on Children's Reading

Words: 4751 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73045955

81). Ambrose and Corn (1997) further define "functional vision" as vision that can be used to derive input for planning and performing tasks; the extent to which one uses his or her available vision is referred to as "visual efficiency."

Reading Skills. According to Carver (2002), "reading usually means to attempt to comprehend language in the form of printed words"; therefore, for the purposes of this study, the term "reading skills" will refer to an individual's ability to comprehend language in the form of printed words.

Chapter Summary

This chapter provided an introduction to the study, including the background and a statement of the problem of vision impairment on students' academic performance; a discussion of the purpose and significance of the study was followed by a description of the research questions that will guide the research process. An assessment of the study's limitations and delimitations was followed by a delineation…… [Read More]

References

Ambrose, G.V. & Corn, a.L. (1997). Impact of Low Vision on Orientation: an Exploratory Study. RE:view, 29(2), 81.

Balota, D.A., D'Arcais, G.B. & Rayner, K. (Eds.). (1990). Comprehension processes in reading. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Becker, C.A. (1980). Semantic context effects in visual word recognition. An analysis of semantic strategies. Memory & Cognition, 8, 493-512.

Blachman, B.A. (1997). Foundations of reading acquisition and dyslexia: Implications for early intervention. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
View Full Essay

Motivating Middle School Students to Read

Words: 1913 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60465643

Working with young people in an educational setting can be an enlightening experience, and one can quickly discover that most young students will do almost anything possible to please their teacher. This can be especially true in the elementary grades, but oftentimes the enthusiasm shown by these youngsters begins to wane by the time they reach the middle school groups.

Teachers of middle school students are therefore faced with instructing students who may or may not be motivated to be instructed, and this can be a very difficult situation, specifically when regarding a basic skill such as reading. Experts agree that "reading is a fundamental and necessary skill in order to successfully participate in society, yet employers lament that high school graduates lack the necessary literacy skills to be productive employees" (Kelley, Decker, 2009, p. 467). Many times the lack of reading skills can be traced directly to the lack…… [Read More]

References

Aarnoutse, C. And Schellings, G.; (2003) 'Learning reading strategies by triggering reading motivation, Educational Studies, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 387-409

Fawson, P.C. & Moore, S.A.; (1999) Reading incentive programs: Beliefs and practices, Reading Psychology, Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 325-340

Gambrell, L.B.; Palmer, B.M.; Codling, R.M.; Mazzoni, S.A.; (1996) Assessing motivation to read, the Reading Teacher, Vol. 49, No. 7, pp. 518 -- 533

Guthrie, J.T.; Mcrae, a.; Klauda, S.L.; (2007) Contributions of concept-oriented reading instruction to knowledge about interventions for motivations in reading, Educational Psychologist, Vol. 42, Issue 4, pp. 237 -- 250
View Full Essay

Learning to Read and Write Are Complementary

Words: 1445 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22351665

Learning to read and write are complementary skills. While in the younger years, writing depends on reading skills, by middle and high school, they are complementary skills: reading is necessary to do writing assignments, while writing about what has read increases comprehension of the reading materials. For this reason, separating reading and writing instruction from content areas is arbitrary and will eventually interfere with the students' progress in those content areas.

From the day children are born, parents are told by doctors, teachers and other experts to read to them, and to read to them every day. They are told to do this because hearing language that contains story lines, rich language and vivid imagery facilitates language development and develops a desire to read. From "The Poky Little Puppy" to Rudyard Kipling, children's literature exists that uses language in exciting and colorful ways. Good children's literature doesn't sound the same…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Erickson, Lawrence.Jan. 11, 1998. "Informational literacy in the middle grades." The Clearing House.

Foley, Regina M. Winter, 2001. "Academic Charateristics of incarcerated youth and correctional educational programs: a literature review." Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.

Gardill, M. Cathleen, and Jitendra, Asha K.April 15, 1999. "Advanced Story Map Instruction: Effects on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities." Journal of Special Education: Vol.33.

Nourie, Barbara; Livingston, Lenski, and Davis, Susan.July 17, 1998. "The (in)effectiveness of content area literacy instruction for secondary preservice teachers." The Clearing House: 71: 372-375.
View Full Essay

Differentiated Instruction Guided Reading Differentiation

Words: 2367 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78774935

Iaquinta (2006) explains "Guided reading is a teaching approach used with all readers, struggling or independent, that has three fundamental purposes: to meet the varying instructional needs of all students in the classroom, enabling them to greatly expand their reading powers; to teach students to read increasingly difficult texts with understanding and fluency; to construct meaning while using problem-solving strategies to figure out unfamiliar words that deal with complex sentence structures, and understand concepts or ideas not previously encountered" (p. 414). Guided reading is an approach that combines small group instruction with ongoing observation and systematic assessment to meet the needs of learners of various abilities. According to Iaquinta (2006), it is important that grouping remain dynamic, flexible, and varied to allow students to support one another as readers as well as to make them feel part of a community of readers.

A study conducted by Ford & Opitz (2008)…… [Read More]

References:

Anderson, K.M. (2007). Differentiating instruction to include all students. Preventing School Failure, 51(3), 49-49-54. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/228568951?accountid=27965 

Ankrum, J.W., PhD., & Bean, R.M., PhD. (2008). Differentiated reading instruction: What and how. Reading Horizons, 48(2), 133-133-146. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/236486668?accountid=27965

Ford, M.P., & Opitz, M.F. (2008). A national survey of guided reading practices: What we can learn from primary teachers. Literacy Research and Instruction, 47(4), 309-309-331. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/205337312?accountid=27965

Iaquinta, A. (2006). Guided reading: A research-based response to the challenges of early reading instruction. Early Childhood Education Journal, 33(6), 413-413-418. doi:10.1007/s10643-006-0074-2
View Full Essay

Children Should Be Required to Read More

Words: 1764 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76985546

Children Should Be Required to Read More

Almost all the parents want their child to be intelligent. Every parent yearns for their child to be well-groomed, brilliant and smart. This is why parents spend a lot of their time in trying to search for the best schools for their children and expect the teachers to be exceptionally outstanding. However, they forget the fact that their own attitudes and habits have a great effect on the personality of a child. Thus, the parents must realize that by making books an essential part of their children's lives, they can heighten the wisdom and learning potential of their child more than a school teacher can help to increase ("Early Moments sharing the gift of reading").

It is not by an accident, brainwave, infection or encouragement that children learn to read. They learn to read when they are taught to do so. Reading cannot…… [Read More]

References

Copperman, Paul. Taking Books to Heart: How to Develop a Love of Reading in Your Child. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 1986. 223-226. Web. 4 Nov 2011.
"Engaging Children While Reading Will Help Them Love Books."Daily Herald July 20, 2008. 2. Web. 4 Nov. 2011. .

"Why Reading to Children Is Important." Early Moments sharing the gift of reading. Sandvik Publishing, n.d. Web. 4 Nov 2011. .
View Full Essay

Strategy Strategic Positioning Means Offering Different Goods

Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9009980

strategy?

Strategic positioning means offering different goods and services from rivals or offering goods and services in a unique way.

The company must provide a unique product or service, in contrast to its rivals.

This might include offering a relatively narrow range of services to a broad range of customers or serving the many needs of a targeted niche market.

The reverse is also true: a company can serve broad needs for a narrow market and narrow needs for a niche market.

Strategy requires trade-offs: no company can do everything well and be all things to all people.

There must be a good 'fit' between disparate company activities to achieve organizational efficiency.

Operational effectiveness (OE) means performing certain actions better than competitors such as improving quality and speed.

A. OE has received increasing emphasis in management literature in recent decades.

B. Maximizing the productivity frontier to improve organizational efficiency is…… [Read More]

Reference

Porter, M. (1996). What is strategy? Harvard Business Review, 2-18.
View Full Essay

Strategy Successful The Sudden Resurgence Experienced by

Words: 806 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4702188

strategy successful?

The sudden resurgence experienced by the Primm Valley Casino Resorts is based entirely on the recreation firm's response to natural market behavior. As its own executives reveal in the article by Medina (2011), it was only when they observed the rising popularity of the casino with a growing Hispanic population that the Casino decided to go all-in on a strategy of Latino courtship. By responding to natural market behavior rather than attempting to shoehorn the casino to fit expected demographic responses -- as had been done somewhat unsuccessfully with country music fans and retirees -- the casino town has seen a natural response of interest by this inherent target group.

This kind of responsiveness is surely at the base of the firm's success. Moreover, the change in strategy represents a departure from conventional logic in the industry. As the article by Medina reports, "People have always said things…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Medina, J. (2011) Casino Town Puts Its Money On Hispanic Market. The New York Times.
View Full Essay

Strategy Order Organizational Effectiveness & Strategy in

Words: 1089 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34348884

Strategy Order

Organizational Effectiveness & Strategy in Darden Restaurant Group

Darden Restaurant group is the world's largest company-owned and managed full-service restaurant company which includes Red Lobster, Olive Garden, Bahama Breeze, LongHorn Steakhouse, Seasons 52, and The Capital Grille. Since 1995, Darden Restaurant Incorporation has been in operation, and the name Darden came from William Darden when he found and opened their first Red Lobster, which is a seafood restaurant, in Lakeland Florida 43 years ago. After being acquired by General Mills for many years, Darden decided to be a separate publicly held company, and the company went from six restaurants in 1970 to approximately 680 restaurants in North America by the end of 2008 (Richmond, 2008, pp. 1-57). Furthermore, in order to stay aggressive and on top in the food industry, Darden uses operational effectiveness and strategies in order to be a strong contender as they are.

After reviewing…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Darden (2010), Supplier diversity. Available from http://www.darden.com/diversity/supplier.asp [Accessed: July 24, 2011].

Lockyer, S. (2007), Darden could become franchisor via buyout. Restaurant news. Available from http://www.nrn.com/article/darden-could-become-frachisor-buyout [Accessed: July 23, 2011].

Macleod, D.S. (2010). "North america's biggest buyer of lobster looks to grow their own," Maine Observer, July 14, p.1. Available from  http://thehaul.maineobserver.net/2010/07/14/north-americas-biggest-buyer-of-lobster-looks-to-grow-their-own/ 

Richmond, B. (2008), Darden restaurants inc: Form 10-k. Edgar Online. Available from: http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/DRI/0x0x270699/fl5f373d-3786-4c56-a11f-d0f5c36cbfdd/DRI_2008-10-K.pdf [Accessed: July 23, 2011].
View Full Essay

Strategy Icty and Ictr Introduction

Words: 5032 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26469442

Yet, according to the article, former Yugoslav republics continue in their failure to arrest and hand over inductees, or to investigate and prosecute the war crimes in question. Clearly the counseling provided by the ICTY has been far from adequate, or the countries involved are simply not yet ready to take over the responsibility of prosecution.

The article also cites Amnesty International in a statement that war crime legislation on the domestic level in these countries are frequently not in line with international legislation, and that victim and witness protection programs are far from adequate. Apparently these issues have not been thoroughly investigated before implementing the phases of the completion strategy.

A further flaw in the completion strategy is consensus, or the lack thereof. According to the Security Council Report (2007), the various countries are in disagreement on how to proceed after December 2010. There are also differences regarding the…… [Read More]

Sources

Bellinger, John B. 2008, Nov. 14. U.S. Perspectives on International Criminal Justice. http://www.state.gov/s/l/rls/111859.htm

Belczyk, Jaclyn. 2008, Dec. 19. ICTY may have to remain open two more years: prosecutor. Paper Chase Newsburst. http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/paperchase/2008/12/icty-may-have-to-remain-open-two-more.php

Citizens for Global Solutions. 2008. International Criminal Court: An Overview. http://www.globalsolutions.org/issues/international_criminal_court

Coalition for the International Criminal Court. 2008.  http://www.iccnow.org/
View Full Essay

Strategy Implementation

Words: 1681 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71869537

Business - Management

Strategy Implementation

Southwest Airlines is the nation's low fair, high customer satisfaction airline. It mainly serves short haul cities, offering single class air transportation, which aims for the business commuter as well as leisure travelers. "The mission of Southwest Airlines is dedication to the highest quality of Customer Service delivered with a sense of warmth, friendliness, individual pride, and Company Spirit" (About Southwest, 2010). Southwest's mission statement expresses its core competency in its dedication to the highest quality of customer service. Their strategy is explained for providing this high quality customer service by providing warmth, friendliness, individual pride and company spirit. What their mission statement does not state is the organization's strengths, values and purpose. They also don't explain what the organization is trying to accomplish. These are two very important things that should be included so that the mission statement would be complete.

Southwest Airlines uses…… [Read More]

References

About Southwest. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.southwest.com/html/about-southwest/index.html?int=GFOOTER-ABOUT-MISSION

Acquisition Information. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.southwest.com/html/about-southwest/lowfaresfarther.html

Chan, Bimin. (2007). Why Is Southwest Airlines One of the Best Low Cost Airlines? Retrieved

from http://fishtrain.com/2007/08/21/why-is-southwest-airlines-one-of-the-best-low-cost-airline/
View Full Essay

Strategy Implementation

Words: 720 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17482838

Business - Management

Strategy Implementation

Structure

Southwest Airlines Corporation - http://mba.tuck.dartmouth.edu/pdf/2002-2-0012.pdf

This source explains the organizational structure at Southwest Airlines. This appears to be a very reliable and truthful source with a lot of good information.

Belief Model for the Leadership of Herb Kelleher (Southwest Airlines) - http://mission-coach.co.uk/pages/belief_model_leadership_herb_kelleher.asp

This source takes a look at the CEO of Southwest Airlines. This article breaks down all of the qualities that the CEO has as well as a snapshot of how leadership functions within the organization. This is a good source of valuable information.

Teams and Decision Making in the Strategic Environment - http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt3ch10.html

This article looks at how Southwest Airlines uses teams in order to carry out the function of the different jobs. It looks at how this type of structure is used to make their employees happy and result in positive outcomes for the company. This is a very valuable resource…… [Read More]

This source talks about the company's values and how they are widely shared accepted by the employees. This identifies the key norms of behavior that they employees carry out. This is a great insight into the employees and their jobs.

The Southwest Airlines Way: Using the Power of Relationships to Achieve High Performance - http://www.coachingandmentoring.com/BookReviews/SouthwestAirlinesWay.htm

This source looks at how Southwest Airlines uses conflict to build better relationships. At Southwest, managers are expected to take an active role in resolving cross-functional conflicts. When conflicts arise and are not resolved by the parties themselves, a conflict resolutions process is used. This is a great source in order to understand what goes on behind the scenes at the airline.
View Full Essay

Strategies for Success Compuco Corporation

Words: 972 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48784048

CompuCo Corporation is a corporation that was started in the year 2004 by Pierre Durand and Girard, who are brothers. The corporation begun as a computer retail outlet and expanded to printing of computer manual for distribution of consumer software. The company started in France and spread to other countries globally, including the United States of America, Spain, Belgium, Japan, the United Kingdom, and Germany. The corporation faced numerous challenges as it struggles to achieve its desired competitiveness. This study analyzes some of the changes that are recommendable for the corporation to adopt to enable it achieve its desired international Global Product Development strategy alongside giving some of the steps it will adopt to implement the changes. The essay also identifies of the key reasons as to why the corporation wants to expand its market to the U.S. market.

The changes I would Recommend Dr. Durand to make in the…… [Read More]

Reference

CompuCo Corporation (2011). Creating Sustainable Competitive Advantage through Global Innovation. Paris: CompuCo Corporation
View Full Essay

Strategy Mapping and the Learning and Growth Perspective

Words: 1254 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26413567

Strategic Mapping & the Learning and Growth Perspective

The execution of a strategy in an effective manner is a crucial factor to success and survival of organization and businesses. Despite of the significance of effective implementation of strategy, very few companies and businesses are actually successful in executing their own strategies. Generally, many companies continue to fall short of their own expectations and those of others when executing their strategies. One of the major reasons for the relative poor execution of strategies is the seeming inability by organizational leaders to communicate their vision in a manner that others can participate and contribute to its achievement. Even though many companies have clearly defined procedures for developing strategic plans, there is usually a major disconnect between formulation and implementation stages of strategy. This paper will mainly focus on explaining the strategy mapping process and its link to performance management and the development…… [Read More]

References:

Armitage, H.M. & Scholey, C. (2006, March). Using Strategy Maps to Drive Performance.

Retrieved December 29, 2013, from  http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_MAG_Strategy_Mapping_March07.pdf 

DiCenso, C. (2004, June). Build Your Strategy Map and Balanced Scorecard. Retrieved December 29, 2013, from http://www.growthstrategypartners.com/about/balancedscorecard-july04.htm

Murby, L. & Gould, S. (2005, July). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced
View Full Essay

Strategy of Ray Kroc Mcdonald's

Words: 5121 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71794164

Ray Kroc paying particular attention to leadership qualities. It has 6 sources.

Business strategy implemented in a particular market determines the success that an organization would have. In a highly competitive world, business strategy is vital to success and as demonstrated by some individuals an ordinary business can be converted into a massive chain of outlets on an international scale. An example of this kind of success is Ray Kroc's McDonald's, which developed from a relatively small fast-food company into a fast-food chain with outlets in nearly every corner of the world.

Ray Kroc's strategy is the key that changed the manner in which things were being conducted at the McDonald brothers' fast-food. At first he gained franchising rights from the owners, and then founded McDonald's Corporation in 1955. Six years later, Kroc bought the McDonald brothers for a sum of $2.7 million. From then on, Kroc implemented strategies of…… [Read More]

References

Avolio, Bruce J. & Bernard M. Bass. (1999). "Re-examining the Components of Transformational and Transactional Leadership Using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire." Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 72(4), 441-462.

Barnes, Donelle M. (1996). "An Analysis of the Grounded Theory Method and the Concept of Culture." Qualitative Health Research, 6(3), 429-441.

Ciulla, Joanne B. (1995) "Leadership Ethics: Mapping the Territory."

Business Ethics Quarterly, v. 5, 5-24.
View Full Essay

Strategies for Success for a Small Company

Words: 1665 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73664128

Small Business Growth

Achieving the desired organizational growth is a dream most organizations aspire to realize. Organizational growth entails an increase in the total productivity, sustainability, and competitiveness in the marketplace. Organizational behaviors such as the adoption of the desired culture, leadership style, and effective management of the employees ensure the realization of the desired organizational growth. However, environmental factors such as the adoption of the new technology, constantly changing consumer demands, and stiff competition make the realization process a challenge. Despite these, adoption of the most effective interventions often enables organizations to achieve their objectives (Neale & McElroy, 2004). Therefore, this research paper analyzes a case that involves a small business owner (Kelly) who plans to expand her business.

Analysis

Kelly should take some steps while organizing and prioritizing her business growth strategies. Mrs. Kelly should consider involving the employees of her business in the planning and prioritization of…… [Read More]

References

Arriola, L.R. (2012). Multi-ethnic coalitions in Africa: Business financing of opposition election campaigns. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Cinnamon, R., & Helweg-Larsen, B. (2006). How to understand business finance. London: Kogan Page.

Dlabay, L.R., & Burrow, J. (2007). Business finance. Mason, Ohio: South-Western.

Neale, B., & McElroy, T. (2004). Business finance: A value-based approach. Harlow [u.a.: Prentice Hall.
View Full Essay

Strategy HRM

Words: 4001 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81453059

Strategic HRM Analysis

Human resources management has been undergoing a shift for the past several decades that is meant to instill a system that is more consistent with the departments actual role in the business. "Strategic HRM began to emerge approximately twenty-five years ago, and since then it has evolved to include several streams of theory and empirical investigations" (Schuler & Jackson, 2005). These theoretical variants have all proposed that HRM is not the same as it was when the practice was developed more than a century ago. Although upper management is content to use the HR department in the same way that they always have, this does not utilize it in such a way as it can be to help the company grow.

The practice has undergone a pretty thorough vetting among the research community because of its seeming efficacy in relation to the overall business model. "HRM researchers…… [Read More]

References

Alcazar, F.M., Fernandez, P.M.R., & Gardey, G.S., (2005). Researching on SHRM: An analysis over the role played by human resources in firm success. Management Revue, 16(2), 213-224.

Bhatnagar, J., Puri, R., & Jha, H.M., (2004). Managing innovative strategic HRM: The balanced scorecard performance management system at ITC hotels. South Asian Journal of Management, 11(4), 92-203.

Cunningham, J.B., & Kempling, J., (2011). Promoting organizational fit in strategic HRM: Applying the HR scorecard in public service organizations. Public Personnel Management, 40(3), 193-207.

Hogan, P., Moxham, L., & Dwyer, T. (2007). Human resource management strategies for the retention of nurses in acute care settings in hospitals in Australia. Contemporary Nurse: A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, 24(2), 189-197.
View Full Essay

Strategies for Promoting Health or Managing Disease

Words: 2454 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85798346

Obesity

A website for Current Nursing touts a health promotion model as espoused by Nola J. Pender, a former professor of nursing at the University of Michigan. The model's focus is on three areas: 1) individual characteristics and experiences, 2) behavior-specific cognitions and affect, and 3) behavioral outcomes (Current Nursing, 2011). Additionally, the model touts the fact that each individual has unique personal characteristics and experiences that will affect their actions and their health. Employing the Pender health promotion model concerning obesity will necessarily entail understanding each individual's motivation for participating in the study, and gearing the study towards those motivations.

It might be a simple matter to understand the motivating factors an obese person will be feeling regarding participation in the study, but to prepare an individualized course of action for each individual would likely entail a lot more time and expense than developing a more broad based approach…… [Read More]

References

Aitlhadj, L.; Avila, D.S.; Benedetto, A.; Aschner, M.; Sturzenbaum, S.R.; (2010) Environmental exposure, obesity, and Parkinson's disease: Lessons from fat and old worms, Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 119, Issue 1, pp. 20 -- 28

Cliff, D.P.; Okely, A.D.; Morgan, P.J.; Jones, R.A.; Steele, J.R.; (2010) The impact of child and adolescent obesity treatment interventions on physical activity: A systematic review, Obesity Reviews, Vol. 11, Issue 7, pp. 516 -- 530

Current Nursing (2011) Health Promotion Models, accessed on August 1, 2011 at: http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/health_promotion_model.html,

Davin, S.A. & Taylor, N.M.; (2009) Comprehensive review of obesity and psychological considerations for treatment, Psychology, Health & Medicine, Vol. 14, Issue 6, pp. 716-725
View Full Essay

Strategies of Disseminating Project Outcomes

Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90160330

Hourly Nurse Rounds

The main objective of dissemination is sharing the information that has been produced from the evaluation with other parties. The specific audience towards which the information is focused and bound for, may determine the dissemination technique. It is imperative to communicate and share the evaluation results in a manner that is reliable and clear for certain audiences (Myers & Barnes, 2004)

Strategy for disseminating results of project to key stakeholders

The main strategy to be employed in disseminating results of the project to the key stakeholders will be formal reports. Formal reports ought to be a fundamental component of strategies employed by evaluators as well as program managers for communicating and sharing findings (Diane McNally Forsyth, 2010).

One of the ways that the project can employ this strategy is, by making available a yearly evaluation report in addition to providing an in-depth summary report of a longer…… [Read More]

References

Diane McNally Forsyth, T. L. W. (2010). Disseminating Evidence-Based Practice Projects: Poster Design and Evaluation. Clinical Scholars Review, 3(1), 14-21. http://doi.org/10.1891/1939-2095.3.1.14

Myers, P., & Barnes, J. (2004, December). Sharing Evaluation Findings: Disseminating the Evidence. National Evaluation of Sure Start, 30.
View Full Essay

Strategies in Caring for HIV AIDS Patients

Words: 944 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31754143

Health Services for Vulnerable Population

Beyrer, C., Malinowska-Sempruch, K., Kamarulzaman, A., & Strathdee, S. A. (2010). 12 Myths About HIV / AIDS And People Who Use Drugs. Lancet, 376(9737), 208-211. Doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61005-7

This article explores on the misconceptions that have rocked the existence of the phenomena in HIV and ADIs in many parts of the world. The article looks at different interpretations people have on HIV and AIDs, with the outcome or the decisions these people take like using certain drugs based on their stereotypical understanding. The authors of the article have noted that the misconceptions include the statements that HIV and AIDs people who make use of drugs and not compliant in that they have a negative response to the antiretroviral drugs just like those who do not have the disease (Beyrer et al. 2010). Further, the article claims that these people have a very poor rate of retention of…… [Read More]

References

Beyrer, C., Malinowska-Sempruch, K., Kamarulzaman, A., & Strathdee, S. A. (2010). 12 Myths About HIV / AIDS and People Who Use Drugs. Lancet, 376(9737), 208-211. Doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61005-7

Chepngeno-Langat, G., Falkingham, J. C., Madise, N. J., & Evandrou, M. (2012). Concern about HIV and AIDS among Older People in the Slums of Nairobi, Kenya. Risk Analysis: An International Journal, 32(9), 1512-1523. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01765.x

Surgevil, O., & Akyol, E. M. (2011). Discrimination against People Living With HIV / AIDS in The Workplace: Turkey Context. Equality, Diversity & Inclusion, 30(6), 463-481. Doi:10.1108/02610151111157693
View Full Essay

Strategies for Effective Communication

Words: 1547 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90204802

Communication Skills Needed for Effective Collaboration

Communication is the process of relaying information from the source to the recipient. The essential elements in a communication process include the message, channel, encoder and the decoder. The message is the intended information that is passed by the communicator to the listener. From the source, the message is made meaningful through the encoder. Once the message reaches the other end of the communication channel, it gets meaning to the recipient when has passed through the decoder stage (Agarwal, 2010). This also means that the message can be made use of once the message passes through all these stages.

Points assigned

Organization

The audience cannot make much out of the communication because of a breakdown. The reasons for these include inappropriate message, wrong medium used as well as presence of detractors in the channel of communication.

The audience has a difficulty following the communication…… [Read More]

References

Agarwal, O. (2010). Effective communication (Rev. ed.). Mumbai [India: Himalaya Pub. House.

Decker, B. (2007). How to communicate effectively. London: Kogan Page

Mambert, W. (2013). The elements of effective communication; idea, power, tactics. Washington: Acropolis Books.

McQuail, D. (2011). Communication. London: Longman.
View Full Essay

Strategies in Creating a Less Polarized Political Climate

Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29699647

Democracy and Politics

From Palmer's perspective, the confessions made by an accidental citizen bring to light a different definition of the word citizenship. This new definition eliminates the politics ascribed to having citizenship and demands for individuals to embrace their membership to "a vast community of human and nonhuman beings" and by being in the world rooted in the knowledge, I depend on it for essentials. Hence, I must celebrate, affirm, and express gratitude toward that community in all aspects of life, and try being responsive to its every need. As such, my immediate self-interests are set aside to allow for the success of my community's vision and goal. The goal of true citizenship entails uniting together for a common goal and pulling resources that contribute to attaining solutions that are beneficial to all citizens of a given community, state, and or country (Palmer 2014).

Palmer also contributes to the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Brad, Paisley Feat LL Cool J. "Accidental Racist (With Lyrics)" Online Video Clip. Youtube. YouTube, 10 April 2013. Web 16 Oct. 2015.

Palmer, Parker. Healing The Heart Of Democracy: The Courage to Create a Politics Worthy of Human Spirit. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2014. Print.
View Full Essay

Strategies for Success in an Online Learning Environment

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91292019

Employ for Successful Distance Learning

In some ways, distance learning and learning in the traditional classroom rely upon the same basic academic skills and study habits. A quality educator, strong classroom materials, and the background education necessary to understand new materials all contribute to student success. However, the distance learning environment offers unique opportunities and challenges for students. Distance learning removes some of the obstacles to the traditional classroom by allowing students to attend classes when they have the time available, increasing learner flexibility. They also provide students with the opportunity to review material as it is being taught, without delaying other learners in the classroom. However, distance learning also injects four primary challenges for the student: planning, time management, communication and technology use. Fortunately, with proper planning, a student can ensure that these challenges, which have the potential of derailing a distance-learning student, can actually become advantages.

Planning

One…… [Read More]

References

Walden University. (n.d.). Technical tips for learning at Walden. Walden e-Guide. Retrieved Walden University. (n.d.). 10 tips for being a successful online learner. Walden e-Guide.

Retrieved from
View Full Essay

Generic Strategy and Synthesis

Words: 594 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49959098

Strategy Tools

Cost Leadership / Differentiation / Best-Cost

Cost leadership creates a low cost for a given level of quality (Porter's Generic Strategies). Products get sold at industry average to earn a higher profit than rivals or below industry average to gain market share. By producing a cheaper price, the firm stays profitable for longer periods targeting a broad market. It is useful for improving processes, lowering material costs, making decisions, and efforts of eliminating some costs. It is also used to create barriers to entry. Differentiation is developing products that have unique attributes that give value competitor products do not have. It creates a competitive advantage with products and may allow for premium pricing to cover all associated costs. Best cost combines cost leadership with differentiation to create value added products for the least cost for the level of quality, which in turn, creates a bigger competitive advantage.

Product…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Balanced Scorecard Basics. 2013. webpage retrieved from http://www.balancedscorecard.org/BSCResources/AbouttheBalancedScorecard/tabid/55/Default.aspx. 1 Oct 2013.

Change Management. nd. webpage retrieved from http://zeepedia.com/read-php-prospectors_a..._management_change_management&b=41&c=24. 1 Oct 2013.

Hambrick, Donald C., & Fredrickson, James W. Strategy Diamond. 2013. article retrieved from http://provenmodels.com/598/strategy-diamond/donald-c.-hambrick -- james-w.-fredrickson/. 1 Oct 2013.

Porter's Generic Strategies. 2010. webpage retrieved from  http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/generic.shtml . 2 Oct 2013.
View Full Essay

Implementing Great Strategy for Top Performance

Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58751056

Strategy to Implementation and Action Plans

Business Strategy Implementation

From Strategy to Implementation

Action Plans

The development of action plans is a process of putting the wheels on a strategic plan. Action plan development is crucial to implementation success as it outlines an overarching and a detailed map for achieving the goals and objectives outlined in the strategic plan. It is important for action plans to be comprehensive, providing both a macro and a micro approach. For example, action plans should address resource allocation, goal setting and the performance measures to determine if goals and objectives are being met -- in both formative and summative manner -- and the interlocking functions of operations, finances, marketing, and sales.

Turning Great Strategy into Great Performance

Companies that are looking for a roadmap to help them achieve their strategic performance benchmarks and move their business beyond the quality levels described in their strategic…… [Read More]

Resources

Moss Kanter, R. (2009, September 14). Inside Proctor & Gamble's New Values-Based Strategy. HBR Blog Network. Retrieved http://blogs.hbr.org/2009/09/fall-like-a-lehman-rise-like-a/
View Full Essay

Comprehensive Reading in Middle Classes

Words: 3433 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20112352

Reading Comprehension in the Middle Grades

Reading comprehension refers to a complex, active process that incorporates reader-related (linguistic awareness), activity-related (studying for the purpose of keeping information in mind for retrieval in future) and text-related (high-level vocabulary) variables, all of which are correlated in a broader socio-cultural context. However, studies on development of reading comprehension have, thus far, been typified by focus on student traits and/or specified instructional systems (Carnegie Council on Advancing Adolescent Literacy [CCAAL], 2010). This comprehensive literature base clearly demonstrates that oral language proficiency (such as vocabulary, print-independent aspects, and listening comprehension) and decoding abilities (print- dependent aspects) are significantly linked with reading comprehension. This link is proven through strong theoretical as well as practical evidence (Ouellette & Beers, 2010). Furthermore, although decoding abilities continue to account for unique reading comprehension variations, even in cases of adults, oral language proficiencies assume a more predictive role as children…… [Read More]

References

Al-Haba, M.A.M. (2013). Reader Response Theory in the Phenomenology of Reading with the text and the reader as its focal point. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), Volume 8, Issue 6, P 83-86

Carnegie Council on Advancing Adolescent Literacy. (2010). Time to act: An agenda for advancing adolescent literacy for college and career success. New York, NY: Carnegie Corporation of New York.

Corrigan, R. (2011). Effects of pre-service teachers' receptive vocabulary knowledge on their interactive read-alouds with elementary school students. Reading and Writing, 24, 749 -- 771. doi.org/10.1007/s11145-009-9223-5

Gamez, P.B., & Lesaux, N.K. (2015). Early-adolescents' reading comprehension and the stability of the middle school classroom-language environment. Developmental Psychology, 51(4), 447-458. Doi:10.1037/a0038868
View Full Essay

Classic Standby Business Strategy Tools

Words: 1474 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86839567

Strategy and SWOT Analysis

Key Concepts in Business Strategy and SWOT Analysis

Creating a competitive business advantage is a complex endeavor. Various techniques have been developed to guide the self-analysis process practiced by business enterprises. Traditional strategic planning engages a company in both internal and external analysis. In order to conduct a strategic analysis that makes niche or unique opportunities salient, it is necessary to have a robust view of the competitive landscape. Alternately, a thorough analysis of operations and position requires a penetrating look at the internal capacity of the company. A SWOT analysis promotes a clear-eyed look at the external and internal dimensions of a business that have the potential to impinge on the development of an effective strategic plan for the company.

A SWOT analysis takes the participants through a systematic process of examining the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that are aspects of a company's business.…… [Read More]

References

Chen, J. (2013). 2013, The Year of Starbucks. Retreived  http://seekingalpha.com/article/1103821-2013-the-year-of-starbucks 

Starbucks (2013).Investor overview. Retreived http://investor.starbucks.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=99518&p=irol-irhome

Interbrand (2013). Best Global Brands 2012. Retreived http://www.interbrand.com/en/best-global-brands/2012/Best-Global-Brands-2012.aspx
View Full Essay

Implementing Blue Ocean Strategy

Words: 2956 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56349503

Strategy Concepts -- From Planning Through Analysis and Implementation

The Concept of Strategy

Strategy is about change and response to change. Competitive strategy cannot stand still (Eisenhardt, 2002). Competitive strategy must establish differentiation (Kim & Mauborgne, 2004). Strategy appears most difficult from the inside of a business as perspective taking is based on what the competition is doing, might do, might do in response to what other businesses do, and so forth (Kim & Mauborgne, 2004). The critical distance needed to truly conceive and implement efficacious strategy is not easily achieved from inside a company -- a factor that has contributed significantly to the financial success of consulting businesses like Bain Consulting, Boston Consulting Group, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, and McKinsey and Company.

SWOT Analysis

Businesses face market conditions that are in a continual state of flux, challenging them to construct strategies that are agile, effective, and relevant ("HBR SWOT,"…… [Read More]

References

Eisenhardt, K.M. (2002). Has strategy changed? MIT Sloan Management Review, 43(2), 88-91. Cambridge, MA: MIT Sloan Management Review.

Halligan, B. (2006, September). HubSpot. Blue Ocean Strategy: A Small Business Case Study. Retrieved  http://blog.hubspot.com/blog/tabid/6307/bid/54/Blue-Ocean-Strategy-A-Small-Business-Case-Study.aspx 

Johnson, M.W., Christensen, C.M., & Kagermann, H. (2007, December) Harvard Business Review. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation. [Reprint.]

Kaplan, R.S. (2007, January). What to ask the person in the mirror. Harvard Business Review. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation. [Reprint.]
View Full Essay

Defence Strategy Defense Strategy Reading

Words: 1293 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34315604



Furthermore, the strategy still relies on the fact that the country is set to get a transition beyond the war on terror activities. This comes so early that the nation will not be ready to abandon some of the activities being done to counter terrorist attacks. Nonetheless, the U.S. is still experiencing numerous serious threats from its enemies like the al-Qaeda and other terrorist actors in the world. The strategy will serve as a good idea but a serious threat to the general existence of peace and stability in the country. The basic mechanisms of counterterrorism will be eradicated when the nation is facing serious certainties of attacks from the wounded enemies.

Asia in the balance: Transforming U.S. military strategy in Asia

After the Second World War, the United States has been at a forefront in ensuring the security of its allies and commodities found in China. The interests bestowed…… [Read More]

References

Berman, I. (1/05/2012). Reading the Tea Leaves on Obama's New Military Strategy. Forbes.

Retrieved on 30 Jan. 13 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/ilanberman/2012/01/05/reading-the-tea-leaves-on-obamas-new-military-strategy/

Mahnken, T. G et al. (June 04, 2012). Asia in the balance: Transforming U.S. military strategy in Asia. American Enterprise Institute. Retrieved on 30 Jan. 13 from http://www.aei.org/papers/foreign-and-defense-policy/regional/asia/asia-in-the-balance-transforming-us-military-strategy-in-asia/
View Full Essay

Curriculum Content That Implements Strategies and Methods

Words: 1817 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99974665

curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition. This is done in light of the relevant theories that surround the proper development of linguistics in kindergarten children from vast socio-cultural backgrounds.

The teaching of linguistics to Kindergarten children is indicated by Ellis and McCartney (2011) to be quite a challenge. This is more dominant for the wide range of linguistic diversity as well as literacy development that exists within the 21st century classroom setting (p.44). This challenge is most common among pre-service teachers and the diversity in linguistics is noted to transcend continents as in never limited to the United States (Gerald and Hussar,2003). The diversity is noted to be present in other places that bear the same demographic trends as noted by Portes and Rumabaut (2001).In this paper we develop a curriculum content that implements strategies and methods that enhance language acquisition.

Strategies and methods

Most…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

HR Strategy Read Abstract Mountain Bank Strategies

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50179112

HR Strategy

Read Abstract

Mountain Bank

Strategies to achieve a competitive advantage in the marketplace

Organizations thrive by providing a level of value or services for their customers that their competitors cannot. Mountain Bank currently has a strong retail banking business, but it wishes to expand its outreach into the more lucrative business banking sector. It wishes to expand into retail and corporate banking. To do so, it desires to better use its tellers to convince current private banking account holders to open up corporate accounts.

Tellers are the 'face' of Mountain Bank. They are a critical asset, because one of the main reasons consumers desire to use a bank beyond basic 'nuts and bolts' needs is the confident and concerned image presented by the teller. Of course, more and more banking is being done online today. However, many consumers are frustrated by this, and often it is when a…… [Read More]

References

Huitt, W. (2007). Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta,

GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved: http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/regsys/maslow.htm

Porter's five forces. (2011). Quick MBA. Retrieved:

 http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
View Full Essay

Goal of Indiana Students Reading

Words: 3549 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44891359



Clickers/Responses Phonics Lesson

Phonics Long Vowel - Silent e Lesson Plan for Special Education

Objectives:

Students will recognize and say words that follow the c-v-c-e and v-c-e rule where the first vowel is a long vowel and the final e is silent. By using the Clickers/Responses as a classroom game they will utilize them after hearing the correct sounds.

Students with the will be able to spell and write out some basic long vowel words that have c-v-c-e and v-c-e spelling patterns and will use the Clickers/Responses when they hear the right sound.

About the Concept:

There are several regular long vowel spelling patterns in the English language. The c-v-c-e pattern (consonant-vowel-consonant-final e) is a long vowel spelling pattern which occurs quite frequently in early reading and spelling. Essentially, the phonics rule for this design mentions that when a vowel and final e are separated by a single consonant, the…… [Read More]

References:

Indiana Standards. (2010, March 3). Retrieved from Learniing Connection:  https://learningconnection.doe.in.gov/Standards/About.aspx?art=11 

Classroom Resources. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from ReadWritethink: http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/

Elementary K-5 Writing Curriculum. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Melrose Public Schools: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:aLFi5i1eLl4J:www.melroseschools.com/lincoln/MPS_Writing_Curriculum_K_5.pdf+writing+curriculum+for+elementary&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShGXpwCDU3mdB2rQVO2e3Dav6AgQn-3Ng2vDjsDa_f50Pd5k8wDn4zmQH2cTwV3P7kAA2v9zu

Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests® Online. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Online reading test: http://www.riversidepublishing.com/products/gmrtOnline/index.html
View Full Essay

Starbuck's Pricing Strategy Throughout Its History Starbucks

Words: 1340 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6167623

Starbuck's Pricing Strategy:

Throughout its history, Starbucks Corporation has established a reputation for having the most expensive coffee products in the marketplace. The evident premium pricing at Starbucks are combined with the premium name or brand that the organization has also developed. While the prices of Starbucks coffee products are relatively expensive, the high prices are approved by many customers in many places where the firm has its operations. Pricing act as an important aspect of Starbuck's marketing strategy because it's critical to the firm's promotion strategies and profitability. However, the company's pricing strategy is based on several aspects and decisions that help in determining its efficiency.

Pricing Decisions and Strategies:

Pricing decisions and strategies are important to a business since pricing is the only element in the marketing mix that generates revenues. Moreover, these decisions and strategies are crucial since the wrong ones can damage the firm's corporate value…… [Read More]

References:

Bertini, M. & Wathieu, L. (2010, May). How to Stop Customers from Fixating on Price.

Harvard Business Review, 88(5), 84-91.

Florissen et. al. (2001, August). The Race to the Bottom. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/The_race_to_the_bottom_1078

"Pricing." (n.d.). USC Marshall. Retrieved from University of Southern California website:
View Full Essay

Wrong With Strategy Is Focused

Words: 1812 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11266195

Patience is required, and that is also difficult for many people.

By building well-researched insight into a business, a leader can come up with tactics that will help that business. From that point, the leader can also come up with strategies that allow the company to address the tactics. That sounds easy, but it is a difficult process that will take time. However, when it is done correctly it is one of the best things a business can ever do in an effort to move forward. Successful businesses understand that strategy is vital, and they have also taken the time to figure out how strategy works and how they can make it apply to their business. Companies that are not successful also work with strategy, but they do not work with it in the right way. They focus on what they want to see the business do, but not how…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Exit Strategy Entrepreneurship Is a Risky Business

Words: 1446 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65722925

Exit Strategy

Entrepreneurship is a risky business and requires a certain type of personality to really succeed at this lifestyle. Every and any business or idea will certainly end when the time is right and it is important for those wishing to exploit profits when to get out of the business. The purpose of this essay is to explore the options that entrepreneurs and investors have to recoup their investments and continue on to the next stage in life. This essay will explore exit strategy options and the considerations that must be taken into account before performing these actions. Ultimately this essay will describe how exiting a business venture is just as important as any other component of the process.

Why Get Out?

There are many reasons why anyone would want to change something up in their lives, but when it comes to venture capitalism it is important to understand…… [Read More]

References

Anonymous. (2006, July 24). For Small-Biz Owners, It's Tough To Let Go. Business Week, 3994. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_30/b3994407.htm.

Burrows, P. (2010, February 15). Hot tech companies like Yelp are bypassing IPOs. Business Week Online, 4166, 23. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/10_07/b4166023271880.htm?chan=ma gazine+channel_new+business.

Faust, D. (2008, May 26). The perils of going public. Business Week, 085. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_21/b4085064750402.htm.

MacMillan, D. & Burrows, P. (2009, November 2). The app economy. Business Week, 4153. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/09_44/b4153044881892.htm.
View Full Essay

Hotel Strategy the First Strategy Is to

Words: 953 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43947537

Hotel Strategy

The first strategy is to promote the spa at the Watermark Hotel. The spa is a key strength and competitive advantage of the hotel. Many new hotels have spas in them, but few hotels have exceptional spas, something the Watermark has. A great spa can help attract both business travellers looking for a break after a hard day at work, and recreational travellers looking to relax (Minnini, 2007).

Spas, like hotels, are differentiated by their branding. Customers identify with the branding of a spa and will seek out this branding when they travel (Borgman, 2011). This means there are two options for the spa at the Watermark. The company can continue with its current branding, which is linked to the hotel, or it can find a spa branding partner, which has an international name in the industry. Such a deal would allow the Watermark to license the spa…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Borgman, P. (2011). New thinking on private branding for spas. American Spa/Spatrade.com. Retrieved May 8, 2012 from http://www.spatrade.com/spa-business/new-thinking-on-private-branding-spas

Minnini, T. (2007) The latest marketing strategy in the hospitality industry: Spas. Marketing Profs. Retrieved May 8, 2012 from http://www.mpdailyfix.com/the-latest-marketing-strategy-in-the-hospitality-industry-spas/

No author. (2012). Buyer behavior -- the decision-making process. Tutor2U.net. Retrieved May 8, 2012 from http://tutor2u.net/business/marketing/buying_decision_process.asp

NW Star. (2012). Isa passengers increase 10%. North West Star. Retrieved May 8, 2012 from www.northweststar.com.au/news/local/news/general/isa-airport-passengers-increase-10/2547664.aspx
View Full Essay

Business Strategy Role of Work Life Programs in

Words: 3247 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29428491

Business Strategy

Role of Work/Life Programs in Business Strategy

Strategic Analysis

Strategic Implementation

Human Resources

Social Costs and Benefits

Work/Life Programs

Dependent Benefits

Working Conditions

Leaves

Human Resources Policies

Role in Business Strategy

Significance of Work-Life Programs for Employees and Organizations

The business strategy is influenced through multiple channels including human resources. The developments of innovative practices in offering employee benefits and maintaining a healthy organizational culture is notable technique. The management of organization takes advantage of high performing employees by offering work-life programs. The outcome of increased performance is achieved by offering multiple benefits to employees with regards to the work and non-work related issues. The notion that satisfied employees are essential to increase retention of experienced and high performance workforce is an important benefit for business strategy considerations (Wang & Verma, 2012). The organizations plan their growth and expansion in consideration with the workload and capacity of the…… [Read More]

References:

Blanchard, K.H. (2010). Leading at a higher level: Blanchard on leadership and creating high performing organizations. USA: Ft Press.

Campbell, D., & Stonehouse, G., Houston, B. (2002). Business Strategy. (2nd ed.) USA: Elsevier.

De Wit, B., & Meyer, R. (2010). Strategy Synthesis: Resolving Strategy Paradoxes to Create Competitive Advantage, Text and Readings. USA: Cengage Learning Business Press.

Kossek, E.E., & Lambert, S.J. (Eds.). (2012). Work and life integration: Organizational, cultural, and individual perspectives. USA: Psychology Press.
View Full Essay

Leadership & Strategy Strategic Leadership

Words: 619 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60663866

" (Ying-Feng, 2006)

As mention earlier, the leadership at GE was able to pull of years of having the best leadership; for instance, in September 7, 2001, when 44-year-old Jeff Immelt was picked as being the company's twelfth leader after Edison, he faced an intimidating challenge. Not only would he be guiding a $130 billion global company managing businesses from lighting to aircraft engines to monetary services, nonetheless he would do so following Jack Welch, a legendary CEO who, over two decades, had generated an average annual total return to shareholders of more than 23%.

As Immelt took on one of the biggest management jobs in the world, some wondered whether GE's vaunted management development process had prepared him to lead such a complex organization. But for the new CEO, the bigger question was, how could he ensure that GE's talent machine kept developing executives who could continue driving the…… [Read More]

Storm, P., 1995. Strategy and leadership. Organization Studies, 16(3), pp. 527-527.

Tivendell, J., 2003. Teams that lead: A matter of market strategy, leadership skills and executive strength. Canadian Psychology,, 44(4), pp. 428-430.

Ying-Feng, K., 2006. Influences on employee career strategy adoption in the information service industry: Superior leadership style or employee achievement motivation?. International Journal of Management,, 23(1), pp. 176-186. .
View Full Essay

Team Plan Strategy for Program Implementation Success

Words: 1890 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21382543

Team Plan Strategy for Program Implementation

Success University (SU) a medium sized undergraduate institution located Southern California. SU offers Associates Bachelors programs Business, Psychology Education San Moreno campus online. SU decided launch programs Fall.

Strategies for as unified team

The members of the task force team will be selected internally to maintain the university culture and ensure that the team does not need training on the values, mission and vision of the university.

Strategies for as unified team

Including an already existing employee base will also boost their morale and ensure commitment to projects needs. The need for recruiting internally is because the ability of the faculty members is known and one can easily target them for an ideal position. The proposed members of staff to form the task force will also go through a vetting process from their colleagues. This will further go to advice the leader on the…… [Read More]

References

Balmer, J.M.T. (2001). Corporate Identity, Corporate Branding and corporate marketing European Journal of Marketing 34(4), 248-291.

Barney J.B., & Hesely W.S. (2008). strategic management and competitive advantage concepts and cases second eds. upper saddle river: pearson prentice-hall.

Lorenzen M. (2006). Strategic Planning for Academic Library Instructional Programming. Illinois West Publishing.

Michael A., & Jude K. (2005). Strategic Planning for Nonprofit Organizations. Second Edition. . Australia: John Wiley and Sons.
View Full Essay

Market Orientation Strategies Affect the Acceptability of

Words: 1156 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31515796

market orientation strategies affect the acceptability of their products and services among their customers. Even though banks -- above all -- are utilizing old-style approaches of endorsing their financial services and products; their marketing strategies have mainly been controlled by relationship marketing, digital marketing, rivals' strategies, and complete industry behavior. The entire attention of their marketing orientation stratagems is to appeal to new customers in addition to keep the present customers by proposing the most inexpensive and consistent banking services and products at the most reasonably priced fees. As a result, there is a huge necessity to recognize how these marketing orientation strategies truly influence the level of suitability of the general consumers. In order to gather the information a phenomenological study will be used because it is one that focuses on descriptions of what individuals are experiencing and how it is that they experience what they are experiencing. Interviews…… [Read More]

Mike Chen-Ho Chao, & Spillan, J.E. (2010). The journey from market orientation to firm performance. Management Research Review, 33(5), 472-483.

Rojas-Mendez, J.,I., & Michel, R. (2013). Chilean wine producer market orientation: Comparing MKTOR vs. MARKOR. International Journal of Wine Business Research, 25(1), 27-49.

Zolfagharian, M.A., & Cortes, A. (2010). Linking market orientation to strategy through segmentation complexity. Journal of Business & Economics Research, 8(9), 79-91.
View Full Essay

Internet Marketing Strategy of Argos

Words: 3862 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63255895

Internet Marketing Strategy of Argos

The purpose of this essay is to examine the Internet marketing strategy of Argos. Argos is a home retail group and market leader in retail sales of home and general merchandise. Argos reports that it is a "unique multi-channel retailer recognized for choice, value, and convenience." (Argos Website, 2011)

Argos and the Online Market: Size and Growth

Argos customer base is approximately 130 million and reports state that 26% of Argos sales are via the internet channel with approximately 4 million customers placing orders by phone or online. The Argos website is touted as the website visited the most among high street retail websites in the United Kingdom in 2008. (Argos, Website, paraphrased) Argos is environmental conscious and caters to customers with disabilities. Argos was named the 'Online Toy Retailer of the Year 2009' by the British Toys & Hobbies Association (BTHA). (Argos Website, 2011)…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Argos Boost Sales with Award-Winning User Generated Content (2011) eCircle. Retrieved from: http://www.ecircle.com/uploads/tx_csrportfolio/ecircle-case-Argos-en.pdf

Argos Online and Mobile Sales Hit Nearly Half of Total Revenue (2011) CIO. 21 Apr 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.cio.co.uk/news/3275741/argos-online-and-mobile-sales-hit-nearly-half-of-total-revenue/

Burnett, John (2008) Core Concepts of Marketing. Global Text. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. Retrieved from: http://globaltext.terry.uga.edu/userfiles/pdf/Core%20Concepts%20of%20Marketing.pdfhttp://globaltext.terry.uga.edu/userfiles/pdf/Core%20Concepts%20of%20Marketing.pdf

Charlton, Graham (2010) Multichannel Accounts for 43% of Argos Sales. Econsultancy Digital Marketers United. 4 May 2010. Retrieved from: http://econsultancy.com/us/blog/5850-multichannel-accounts-for-43-of-argos-sales
View Full Essay

Starbuck's Strategy and Internal Initiatives for Profitable

Words: 3178 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89738645

STARBUCK'S STRATEGY AND INTERNAL INITIATIVES FOR PROFITABLE GROWTH

Starbuck's Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable Growth

Starbuck's Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable Growth

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Michael Porter's 5 Forces Model

Industry Competition

Threat of New Entrants

Buyer's Bargaining Power

Bargaining Power of Suppliers

Formulate Strategic Marketing

Improve Standing of Stock Market

Starbuck's Strategy and Internal Initiatives to Return to Profitable Growth

As Starbucks was expanding, another emphasis was set on hiring talented leadership in managing the huge momentum of the organization. Significant amount of resources was geared towards developing an organizational infrastructure, which would satisfactory support the expected prospective size of Starbucks. Schultz accepted that numerous business visionaries failed by not making the correct systems and processes to guarantee a suitable establishment for their entrepreneurial divisions to be actualized. Together with his partners, he made the planning, legal logistics, accounting and financial important…… [Read More]

references are continually evolving. Subsequently economic situations likewise change. In this setting, Starbucks neglected to stay abreast of the changing market positions and consumer behavior. In the most recent months, Starbucks' performance is going on a downtrend. It is essential that the explanations for this downtrend must be recognized, and remedies must be invested. The remedies also need to be permanent and not just short-term.

Whilst transient activities are required to address strategic progressions, it is more imperative to set a strategic objective, or if fundamental, reform the present strategic objective to fit in with to the conditions in today's business environment and the future business. Hence, it was suggested that Starbucks might also concentrate on marketing while upgrading its operational adequacy. Marketing has been the missing segment in the Starbucks practice as of late. It is consequently imperative to emphasize on this area.

Reference

Thompson, A. & Shah, A. (2010). Starbuck's strategy and internal initiative to return to profitable growth. Mu-nchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
View Full Essay

Human Resources Recruitment Strategy and Plan This

Words: 1173 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5017485

Human Resources

Recruitment strategy and plan

This document is about laying down a strategy of recruiting employees in sincere college. Employees move, quit or transfer thus creating a need to open job application for interested candidates. It helps to determine what the job entails, tasks and skills of the employees. It covers an outline of the recruitment plan, job description, methods of recruitment, interview procedures and hiring. The strategy aims at attracting qualified applicants ready to take the job.

Recruitment plan

Recruitment goal

The goal is to attract higher standard candidate with skills promoting the name of the Sincere College. This can be achieved where the faculty of the Davis School of Business should suggest names of people who "know people" in the field who should be called upon to nominate individuals. The other way is posting advertisement in newspapers, journals read by people in this discipline and posting advertisement…… [Read More]

References

Edenborough, R. (2007). Assessment methods in recruitment, selection & performance: A

manager's guide to psychometric testing, interviews and assessment centres. London:

Kogan

Page Ltd.
View Full Essay

Vetting Strategy the Purpose of This Report

Words: 775 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33607415

Vetting Strategy

The purpose of this report is to culminate the previous two assignments, using the source profile and subsequent vetting plan. This report will determine the reliability and usefulness of the previously discussed intelligence source. Taken from the perspective of a HUMINT officer, this report will include the issues revolving around the source and how to incorporate any possible information this source has to offer into describing the larger intelligence picture.

This report will include the necessary steps of a vetting plan that will minimize risk and maximize results.

Vetting Issues

The information presented about Allen Jones creates some important questions in terms of vetting him as a reliable source of information. Jones is a complicated figure with many emotional issues. He is well connected within the underground libertarian movement and is surrounded by many seemingly important sources of information. His family background suggests that his father's suicide after…… [Read More]

References

Biographical Template on Allen Jones. Provided by student.

Pilkington, E. (2011). Curveball's admission raises questions about CIA. The Guardian UK, 15 Feb 2011. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/feb/16/curveball- questions-cia

Vetting Curveball Analysis. Provided by student.

White House Memorandum. Adjudicative Guidelines for Determining Eligibility for Access to Classified Information. 29 Dec 2005. Retrieved from  http://www.fas.org/sgp/isoo/guidelines.pdf
View Full Essay

P& G Case Facts a Strategy Is Needed

Words: 1540 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32056332

P&G

Case Facts

A strategy is needed for P&G management to continue to compete in the market for one of against competitors. P & G. has a long history of success however there had been little change in their product lineup from the mid 1980s. This allowed competitors who listen to the voice of the customer to move ahead of P&G in the market. Competing companies have taken away market share from P&G. The competition has responded to the trend of using the Internet, inventory management systems, and Point of Sale systems, taking advantage of the latest technology to improve processes that reduce labor and supply chain costs. P & G. has remained stagnant by maintaining present product lines, and using outdated technology and managerial practices for its global operations. Brand management at P & G. begin realizing that in order to regain its market share it was essential to…… [Read More]

Inventory can be maintained through gathering POS data noting retail location and the quantity of product needed to replenish depleted inventories daily.

Maximizing profitability requires exploring opportunities to increase market share. Whether they are related to additional channels of distribution, research and development, restructuring the organization, or process improvement. In this case the second alternative of investing in technologies and restructuring the organization through category management increasing Volume or the number of units being sold by the various retailers that distribute P&G products to consumers. By working to automate business processes and category management P&G will have better tools, resources, and data to support leadership in making decisions.

Mckenney, J.L, and Clark, T.H. (1995). Procter and Gamble (A): improving Customer Value through Process Redesign. HBS.
View Full Essay

Improving Student Reading Skills

Words: 1921 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49833823

Curriculum and Instruction

Compare and contrast the bottom-up curriculum and the top-down curriculum. Discuss instructional objectives, materials, learning environment, instructional strategies, and assessment.

The top-down belief system related to curriculum centers on reading for meaning. Teachers who hold this philosophy of reading instruction stress engaging language arts activities that students find relevant and interesting. Indeed, teacher with this top-down perspective of reading curriculum are likely to encourage students to select their own reading materials in order to optimize the students' enjoyment of reading. The shift in this approach is definitely away from a focus on individual words, letters, and phonetics. Although teachers who embrace the top-down belief system want students to be proficient readers with robust skills that enable them to enjoy their reading, these teachers tend to believe that what motivates students to work hard on their reading skills is a strong appetite for story. Accordingly, their instruction targets…… [Read More]

Reference

Vacca, J. Vacca, R. Gove, M. Burkey, L. Lenhart, L. McKeon, C. (2012). Reading and learning to read. (8th ed.) Pearson Education Inc. Upper Saddle River, N.J.
View Full Essay

Education Reading Disorders Reading Disabilities

Words: 3924 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77672184

In order to build an age-appropriate vocabulary in the English language, ESL students must learn words at a faster rate than normal (Lipka, Siegel, & Vukovic, 2005; Drucker 2003). This results in a widening gap between the reading and comprehension levels of ESL and non-ESL students if the needs of ESL students are not addressed (Lipka, Siegel, & Vukovic, 2005).

Some ESL students come from a native language that poses more difficulties than others. For example, Russian and Arabic have alphabets that look very different from the English alphabet. Children must learn an entirely new coding system in order to proceed (Lipka, Siegel, & Vukovic, 2005). Even when the alphabet is similar, the English language is difficult to learn due to the many inconsistencies in tense and individual word use. Because they may not be conversationally fluent, subtleties of the English language may take some time to master (Palmer, El_Ashry,…… [Read More]

References

Abu-Rabia, a., and Maroun, L. (2005). The effect of consanguineous marriage on reading disability in the Arab community. Dyslexia, 11, 1-21.

Davis, G.N., Lindo, E.J., and Compton, D.L. (2007). Children at risk for reading failureL Constructing an early screening measure. Teaching Exceptional Children, 39(5), 32-37.

Drucker, M.J. (2003). What reading teachers should know about ESL learners. The Reading Teacher, 57, 22-29.

Hudson, R.F., High, L., and Al Otaiba, S. (2007). Dyslexia and the brain: What does current research tell us? The Reading Teacher, 60, 506-515.
View Full Essay

Teaching Strategy of Creatring Mental

Words: 786 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9170600



We talked in class about the things a flat person would have trouble doing and the dangers that a flat person might encounter.

The parts of decorating and sending the flat person worked because it allowed children of all abilities and educational needs to become involved with the project and have a hands on approach to the story.

The areas where I feel the lesson was weak included the testing of the story comprehension through written testing. The children are still learning to correlate storylines to ideas and some of them had difficulty moving to the next strategy of teaching with regard to the story.

When I do this project next year I will incorporate some music that can relate to the story so that children can learn to imbed the story in their minds through the memory of lyrics and musical notes that go with it.

The children did…… [Read More]

References

Brown, Jeff. Flat Stanley. Publisher: HarperTrophy; Revised edition (March 1996)
View Full Essay

Diversity as Strategy

Words: 708 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58125031

Diversity as Strategy: IBM

There are some companies that are more committed to diversity than others. IBM is one of those companies. In 1995, IBM created task forces specifically designed to work with diverse individuals and to help the company relate to different kinds of customers - and to its own workforce. The eight IBM task forces created represented the following constituencies: Native Americans, blacks, women, white men, people with disabilities, Asian, GLBT, and Hispanics (Canas & Sondak, 2011). Each task force was asked to work together and give advice and information to IBM about what the company could do better internally and externally to retain customers and employees.

The task forces were to report back six months later (Canas & Sondak, 2011). Even though they were only required to be active for that six-month time frame, they are still in existence today because they worked so well and they…… [Read More]

References

Canas, K.A. & Sondak, H. (2011). Case study: Diversity as strategy. Chapter 3: Diversity management as systemic. Part 1: Uncovering the complexities of workplace diversity. Opportunities and Challenges of Workplace Diversity (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Prentice Hall

Walck, C.L. (1995). Editor's introduction: Diverse approaches to managing diversity. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, (31), 119-123.
View Full Essay

Starbucks' 'Third Place' Strategy Derived From Howard

Words: 537 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87379004

Starbucks' 'third place' strategy derived from Howard Schultz' experience in Milan, where he saw how the coffee shop could serve this role, and how the comfortable environment attracted customers. Starbucks decided to cultivate this third place with a number of key policies. The first is that the company needed outlets with ample seating in order to facilitate a large number of customers in the establishment at any given time. The staff needed to be oriented to allowing customers to remain in place for long periods of time as well, so some training was required in order to implement this strategy.

In addition, the design and layout of the stores was important. Starbucks stores need to feel comfortable, so that people are encouraged to linger. This creates an atmosphere that other customers pick up on, and becomes part of the culture of the company's stores. The company has also supported this…… [Read More]