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roots of rebellion" grow out of the "conforming culture"? Yes or No. Explain.
In my opinion, rebellions, new ideas, revolutions always have the roots into the conformity of an era, may it be a cultural, a political or an economical conformation. There are several arguments to be presented in this sense and the argumentation will aim to emphasize the intrinsic relationship between the rules that a conforming culture is trying to establish and how eluding these rules creates the exact premises for a cultural rebellion.
First of all, we need to consider the fact that, from a certain point-of-view, a conforming culture has several important characteristics. Their identification and enumeration will help in creating the premises for a rebellious response. The first characteristic is the set of rules that the conforming culture imposes on society. These are a set of general characteristics that define culture at a certain time.
1. Hordnes, Lisa. Does Film Noir mirror the culture of contemporary America?2/10 Historical main currents. Last update March 2003. On the Internet at http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/E/noir/noir02.htm
Hordnes, Lisa. Does Film Noir mirror the culture of contemporary America?2/10 Historical main currents. Last update March 2003. On the Internet at http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/E/noir/noir02.htm
Four years later a vast Incan army rises up in revolt and attempt to overthrow the Spanish. It is probably this rebellion that resulted in the mass burials that were uncovered. It seems that despite the overwhelming odds, the Spanish hacked its way through the troops by using steel and horses to kill the Incan general. New forensics, though, give a different view of the battle. It seems that most of the wounds on the dead Incas (of 70 deaths, only 3 were killed by bullets), were from Incan maces and other weapons. There was probably no "great" siege, but a few Spanish protected by Indian mercenaries.
What this really says is that it is likely that the Spanish were rather cowardly and only able to succeed in Peru (likely in Mexico, too), because of an alliance with other India tribes, a fact conveniently left out of the Spanish history.…
As such, one of the most pivotal historical moments from 1500 to 1900 would have to be the formulation of the ideologies, principles, and tenets which comprise communism. Such principles have as much to do with labor as they do with private property, which Marx explains are inherently dependant on one another since one of the benefits of labor is the creation and maintenance of private estates, typically not enjoyed by the common worker. The following quote from the same source elucidates the value of Communism in providing a universal panacea for these and other effects of imperialist, capitalist societies. "Communism is the positive supersession of private property as human self-estrangement, and hence the true appropriation of the human essence through and for man; it is the complete restoration of man to himself as a social -- i.e., human -- being…" The value of Communism, and therefore its historical and…
ise to ebellion
The book "ise to ebellion: A Novel of the American evolution" by Jeff Shaara is the story. It tells the story of the American evolutionary War through the eyes of many real people who fought and worked for American freedom, like John Adams, George Washington, and Benjamin Franklin. It covers the time period from 1770 to when the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776. It uses real events from history but it is written like a novel, which makes it much more interesting to read.
The author's thesis in writing this book was not to rewrite history, but to make it more understandable to a new generation of readers. Everybody knows we won the American evolution, so he had to find another angle of the story to make it new and unique. The big new idea that he writes about is that American Margaret Gage, wife…
Shaara, Jeff. Rise to Rebellion. New York, Ballantine Books, 2001.
Gabriel's Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies 180
There seems to be a growing consensus of analysts and product reviewers who believe that the most efficient form of BI for Big Data involves Hadoop. The increasing number of software solutions offered by a host of vendors in the last six months attests to this fact. This claims is further bolstered by the fact that there are several aspects of Hadoop that make it ideal for Big Data -- its virtually unlimited scalability, the real-time speed in which it grants access, and its cost efficiency (it's an open source platform that uses commodity hardware). Factor in the amount of variegated data that it can accommodate (which makes it desirable for little data projects as well) and the fact that it has its own system of analytics, and its popularity becomes understandable. Support for Hadoop is increasing, a fact which many NoSQL Big…
Sexual freedom and adolescent rebellion in John Updike's "A&P"
The story of John Updike's "A&P" is a simple one: three girls in bathing suits walk into a supermarket in a 'shore town' that is largely populated by tourists in the summer. The girls cause a stir as they wander through the aisles. In general, the female customers are shocked while the males are rendered speechless with sexual desire. The A&P store manager Lengel tells the girls not to come back unless they are decently attired, apparently humiliating them. The main drama in the story comes from the internal conflict present in Sammy, one of the cashiers. Sammy sees the girls as a representative not just of a sexual fantasy, but of a life and a lifestyle he wants to emulate. y quitting, an apparently meaningless gesture, Sammy hopes to ally himself with the girls, rather than with his parents or…
Updike, John. "A&P." < http://www.tiger-town.com/whatnot/updike/ >
[24 Jan 2013]
War ince 1945
As far as we know, war has been a part of human history and civilization since prehistoric times, so for one to simply assume that a world without war is inevitable is indeed incorrect. War is part of the greatness of human history as well as the dark side of human behavior -- associated often with terror, cruelty and mayhem. Yet over the centuries as humans have developed in so many ways, warfare is a constant part of the ability for states to settle their differences. Traditional military planning focused on the ideas of "might is right," yet after 1945 and the beginnings of the Cold War, this was only partially true.
History Professor Jeremy Black, for instance, believes that military doctrine and traditional foreign policy are inadequate to explain war post-World War II. Of course, the 20th century was filled with warfare -- the bloodiest century…
Black, J. (2004). War Since 1945. London: Reaktion Books.
Joes, A. (2010). Counterinsurgency in the Philippines 1898-1954, in Marston, D. And Malkasian, C., eds. Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare. Westminster, MD: Osprey Publications.
Moyer, M. (2009). A Question of Command: Counterinsurgency from the Civil War to Iraq. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Gabriel's Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies 1800 & 1802 Douglas
Even a cursory read of Gary Kinnell's poem, "Saint Francis and the Sow" and William Stafford's "Traveling Through the Dark" reveals that there are similarities between them. Some of these similarities even pertain to the authors themselves, who were both well-educated American professors born in the early part of the 20th century and greatly influenced by nature in their works. Each of the aforementioned poems is largely about nature, and uses similar settings and imagery. However, a closer read of these works reveals that there is a subtle difference between them. Despite sharing a similar subject matter as Stafford's poem, Kinnell's poem is more a celebration of life as indicated by his characterization, diction and theme.
Characterization plays a principle role in both of these works, and helps to indicate the crucial distinction between them. Stafford, for his part, is…
The history of the United States is full of stories of brave men who fought tyranny in order to create a land of the free and the home of the brave. Students' first experience with history relates tales of the Founding Fathers who fought the American Revolution and won. Their actions allowed this country to break away from Great Britain and become an independent and autonomous nation where all men were created equal. This naive believe in the founding of the United States, however, overlooks a series of crimes against humanity both on the shores of America and in the islands of the Atlantic Ocean, such as Jamaica. Much of the American and then the world economy were built upon the bloodied backs of enslaved black men, women, and children. Throughout the 17th, 18th, and early 19th centuries shiploads of slaves from Africa were sent across the Atlantic to…
Dubois, Laurent, and John D. Garrigus. Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: a Brief
History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2006. Print.
Hochschild, Adam. Bury the Chains: Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire's
Slaves. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005. Print.
Discuss the problem of how people feel excluded from society and how that leads to rebellion.
Within the fabric of every society are groups of people bonded together through their similar values, culture, race etc. The groups that bond together are prone to exclude others because of their differences. At times these similarities and differences work well together to produce a productive feeling; however, at times the feeling becomes negative and affects the society adversely as one group begins to feel resentment towards the other. This resentment can lead to full fledged rebellion and usually takes place when the basic needs of the group are affected. Consider feelings of nationalism, racism, economic upheaval all of which can individually or collectively combine to create a vortex of aggressive emotions.
In the French Revolution the masses rebelled against the aristocracy as they were getting richer at the expense of the poor.…
1. Gellner, Ernest Nations and Nationalism New Perspectives on the Past Series Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1983
2. Collins, Eamon Killing Rage Grata Publications, 1998
3. Frantz Fanon. Concerning Violence. In The Wretched of the Earth. New York, 1961, p. 38-39/53-54. Retrieved March 17, 2005, from the World Wide Web: http://www.hyperghetto.de/texts/fanon/concerning_violence
Christianity demands that its adherents offer absolute forgiveness. But Ivan says "I don't want the mother to embrace the oppressor who threw her son to the dogs! She dare not forgive him! Let her forgive him for herself, if he will, let her forgive the torturer for the immeasurable suffering of her mother's heart. But the sufferings of her tortured child she has no right to forgive; she dare not forgive the torturer, even if the child were to forgive him!" Some crimes are so beyond the pale against the innocent, believes Ivan, they cannot be forgiven: a sentiment that Ivan's brother Alyosha calls 'rebellion.' Ivan states that the Christian belief that God, rather than the victim of the torturer, can bestow forgiveness is abominable. Furthermore, the soul of the child cannot bestow forgiveness for his suffering because the innocent boy does not really fully understand the horror of what…
Rebellion Against Death
"Do not go gentle into that good night" may be considered Dylan Thomas's most recognizable and popular poems. First published in Botteghe Oscure in 1951, the poem later appeared as part of the collection called "In Country Sleep." ritten for Thomas's dying father, the poem explores the theme of death and the resistance thereof.
ritten as a villanelle in which only two sounds are rhymed, such as night/light and day/they, and containing nineteen lines, the poem rhymes the first and third lines, alternating the third line of each successive stanza and closes with a couplet. The villanelle was first utilized in English language poetry in the 19th century and draws upon French poetic models.
Rife with undertones of rebellion, the opening line of "Do not go gentle into that good night" sets the tone for the rest of the poem. Thomas urges his father, and the men…
Donne, John. "Death Be Not Proud." The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Ed. M.H.
Abrams. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1986. Print.
Donne, John. "A Valediction: Forbidden Mourning." The Norton Anthology of English
Literature. Ed. M.H. Abrams. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1986. Print.
An Examination of a Primary ource
The beginnings of our great country were not without bloodshed or sacrifice. Many a great hero fought in the War for Independence, for instance, and this is known to all, but there were other people who fought much smaller social, political and economic battles who must also be remembered. Nathaniel Bacon was certainly one of these people, and this paper will spend time introducing the reader to Bacon and his beliefs, as well as examining his own writing, found in the "Proclamations of Nathaniel Bacon" pamphlet in order to see what the main complaints that Bacon presented against the government of Virginia were, as well as find to what end Bacon's rebellion helped change relationships between the rich and poor; Blacks, Native Americans, and Whites; and free and enslaved early Americans.
Who was Nathaniel Bacon?
Nathaniel Bacon was a wealthy,…
Taiping ebellion vs. Boxer ebellion
The last two centuries are considered as the golden age of millenarianism in the sense that they brought about a change in the existing system, by means of overthrow of the system which existed. And the new system which evolved was considered as better than the old system which existed and was brought about by overthrowing the powerful. The reason is simple. As the sociologists and historians of the millenarianism say, one does not become sensitive to such ideas simply being oppressed or miserable. But instead, these ideas develop from those of whose expected and traditional lives have been destroyed and disrupted, uprooted and rendered rootless, even if they were having an unpromising and unpleasant life earlier.
As a result of the industrial revolution, many such people came to North America and Europe, but the nations which Europe was trying to bring under its control…
Boardman, E. Christian Influence upon the ideology of the Taiping Rebellion, 1851-1864. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, (1952). pp. 52-81
Chesneaux, Jean; Marianne, Bastid; and Bergere, Marie Claire. "China: From the Opium Wars to the 1911 Revolution" Pantheon Books, (1976) pp. 44-51
Ch'en, Jerome 'The nature and characteristics of the Boxer movement: a morphological study', Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies vol. 23, (1960) p.20-26
Ch'en, Jerome 'The Origin of the Boxers', in Jerome Ch'en and Nicholas Tarling (eds.), Studies in the Social History of China and South East Asia Cambridge, (1970) pp.45-57
Rebellions are a continuous process and happen not because of the leader, but due to inherent difficulties faced by certain sections of society. Often there are rebellions by sections of the society and the people who rebel dream of being able to succeed in changing their social rights and facilities. However this often does not happen as the powerful groups of society are always reluctant to give up their rights and benefits. The discontent remains and ultimately the society changes though it is doubtful whether the deprived sections get any benefit, and often it is another powerful group which comes to dominate the society.
It is time and again a disastrous period of plot and rebellion, deception and slaughter that tag along the closing stages of a dynasty in medieval or early modern Europe. The period of 1598 to 1613 in Russia is one such instance and was…
Chester S.L. Dunning. Russia's First Civil War: The Time of Troubles and the Founding of the Romanov Dynasty. PennsylvaniaStateUniversityPress. 2001. p. 8
Jeffrey S. Hardy. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://history.byu.edu/phialphatheta/thetean/Russiantime.pdf
Jeffrey S. Hardy. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from
Still it is not completely unheard of for a name to be derived from a longer epitaph of Nat, property of man, Mr. Turner. This is how many people's last names resulted in ending with "man."
Nat Turner was born a slave in Virginia in 1800 and grew to become a slave preacher. He did not use tobacco or liquor and maintained a clean, disciplined life. He was very religious man and became passionate about the Scripture. He began preaching to slaves in and around the area of Southampton County, Virginia in 1828. As a result he became well-known and liked in the area. It was at this time he began having visions. It was these visions that inspired him to revolt. hile he waited for further signs, unrest was already evident in on plantations, in the hills and on boats in ports of call (Greenberg, 85). Gradually he built…
Short History of Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. Bahia-Online. Retrieved December
10, 2004 from the World Wide Web: http://www.bahia-online.net/history-bahia.htm .
Gates, H.L., & Appiah, K.A. (Eds.). (1994). Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. New York: Amistad Press, Inc.
Goldman, S. (2003). Nat Turner Revolt of 1831. HistoryBuff.com. Retrieved December
1857 Indian Rebellion been elusive to characterize as "The first war of Indian independence?"
Lack of Strategy
Shortage of Military Skills
Unity in Communities
The first war of Indian independence in 1857 is also characterized in terms of mutiny and the movement of civil disobedience. A brief about the historic events taking place during 1957 revile that the movement started with a notion to refuse using the cartridges used by the ritish Military. The greased cartridges were provided to the native soldiers of the military. The solider MangalPanday of arrackpur in engal refused to use these cartridges on 28th April 1957 and he also shot two of his superior officers of ritish military. He was caught and hanged for instigating a single-handed revolt on 8th April, 1957. He is also named as the first martyr of freedom movement. [2: .RaghunathRai. Themes in Indian History (New Delhi: VK Publications,…
Bibliography:Alison Blunt. "Embodying war: British women and domestic defilement in the Indian -- Mutiny --, 1857 -- 8.," Journal of Historical Geography 26, no. 3 (2000): 403-428.Andrew Ward. Our Bones Are Scattered: The Cawnpore Massacres and Indian Mutiny of 1857, London: John Murray Publishers, 1996.Bipan Chandra, eds. India's Struggle for Independence: 1857-1947, New Delhi: Penguin Books India, 1989.Clare Anderson. The Indian Uprising of 1857-8: Prisons, Prisoners and Rebellion, New York: Anthem Press, 2007.George Bruce Malleson and Colonel Malleson. Kay's and Malleson's History of the Indian Mutiny of 1857-8, Vol. 1, London: Hesperides Press, 2006.Mukherjee, Rudrangshu. Awadh in revolt, 1857-1858: a study of popular resistance, New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2002.Pati, Biswammy, eds. The Great Rebellion of 1857 in India: Exploring Transgressions, Content, and Direction New York: Rutledge, 2010.Rai, Raghunath.Themes in Indian History, New Delhi: VK Publications, 2011.Richard Collins. The Great Indian Mutiny: A dramatic account of the Sepoy Rebellion, USA: Dutton & Co, 1964.SailendraNath Sen. History Of Freedom Movement In India (1857-1947), New Delhi: New Age, 2009.Samuel Matrin Burke and Salin al-din Quraishi.The British raj in India: A Historical Review, London: Oxford University Press, 1997. Simon Paul Mackenzie. Revolutionary armies in the modern era: a revisionist approach, New York: Routledge, 1997.Taylor, P.J.O. What really happened during the mutiny: a day-by-day account of the major events of 1857-1859 in India, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997.The Great Mutiny: India 1857. Christopher Hibbert; Viking Press, 1978.]
The rebellion events of the 1857 war were started through a soldier revolting the orders of its superiors and killing the officials of British authority. The results of violent actions against the rebel soldier sparked a wave of revolution and instigated the rebel activities. The later review of the reasons and motives behind the rebel actions provides an account elaborating these actions. The actions of the soldiers were primarily religious. The reasons of disobedience were that the soldiers believed that the cartridges provided to them are coated with the pig and cow fat which is not allowed in their religion.
The religious ground so the revolt soon turned into a national revolt after the execution of the rebel soldier. The soldiers of his regiment and others showed their solidarity with the forces and started a revolt movement. The movement soon turned into a violent activity as soon the locals joined the forces to ensure that the British forces are fought and sent back to their country. The local lords and land holders did not patronize with the revolutionary forces and sided with the British occupation. The turning point of the movement from purely a religiously motivated action into a national independence war is observed when the unsatisfied locals aided the rebel soldiers. The locals fought side by side with the forces and captured various strategic and symbolic places of the foreign establishment.
The question rises that the rebel actions and nationalized efforts of locals to regain their freedom from the British forces remains acts of revolt and rebellion events. They fall short of a national movement and a nationwide war for independence. More importantly the actions of the rebels also remained unaccepted as to be noted as the first war of Indian independence. The historians provide various reasons after the review of events and the effects of the war. The major reasons are described as the lack of national motive, bad generalship, and lack of war skills.
And this is why Kronstadt symbolized not only tragedy, but also absolute necessity (Baken, 2007).
Kronstadt was revived with the new life. Revolutionary enthusiasm rose to a level of the October days when the heroism and devotion of the sailors played such a decisive role. For the first time since the Communist Party assumed exclusive control of the Revolution and the fate of Russia, Kronstadt considered itself free. A new spirit of unity and brotherhood brought the sailors, the soldiers of the garrison, the factory workers, and the nonpartisan elements together in united effort for their common cause. Even Communists were affected by the fraternalism of the whole city and joined in the work preparatory to the approaching elections to the Kronstadt Soviet (Berkman, 2000).
The conspiracy and the victory were necessary for the Communist Party in order to save it from a threatening inner decomposition. Trotsky, who during the…
18 March 1921 -- 18 March 2001: The Kronstadt Uprising. (2001). Retrieved November 17,
2009, from Web site: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/63/219.html
1921: The Kronstadt rebellion. (2006). Retrieved November 17, 2009, from Libcom Web site:
In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon led a revolt against the colonial government of Virginia because of ongoing hostilities with the local Native Americans (Frantz, 1969, p. v). The origins of the rebellion dated back some seven decades according to Michael Olberg (Wiseman, 2005, p. 1-10), with the establishment of Jamestown in 1607. During this period, the Virginia colony cycled through booms and busts economically, but inevitably at the expense of the local Native American tribes. The Natives would occasionally fight back by massacring hundreds of settlers, but by 1644 the English had subdued the local tribes.
The colony began to thrive and by 1660 the population had reached 25,000 (Wiseman, 2005, p. 5-10). The inevitable result was increased pressure on settlers to buy or steal land occupied by the local Natives. The Virginia assembly in 1662 sought to maintain peace by codifying an outright prohibition against this practice and…
Wiseman, Samuel. (2005). Samuel Wiseman's Book of Record: The Official Account of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia M.L. Olberg (Ed.). New York, NY: Lexington Books.
Zinn, Howard. (1999). A People's History of the United States, 1492 -- Present. New York, NY: Harper Collins.
During the 18th century there was a fierce competition between the British and the French colonial empires which ultimately led to The Seven Years War. The final result of the conflict favored the English who, nonetheless, were forced to make appeal to the force of the American colonies in order to defeat the French. Following such an action, the opponents of the British rule over the American territories would later on recall and use in supporting the cause of independence the aid the Americans provided the British in tackling the French threat.
The British considered the Americans as being the closest political ally and colonial region. Moreover, the historical context determined such an approach. This special treatment protected the American colonies from any external and foreign threat; in return, the British sought to maintain a preferential trade connection with the American colonies who were, without a doubt, one of the…
The ritish came to impose serious taxes as a result of the French Indian war. These in turn were unacceptable to a people which considered itself not to be responsible for the causes of the war. The confrontation had been in fact another matter of European dispute that had to be solved outside the continent in the colonies.
Third, there is a disagreement in the way in which the war was perceived at the local level. The American colonies viewed this struggle as a need for independence from a regime that continued to impose an undemocratic control over its institutions and the lives of the people. On the other hand, the ritish saw it as a rebellion that must be immediately squashed. In its view, it was a war for the maintenance of a certain order, while the Americans viewed it as one of disruption of this order. While the…
Brainard, R. (2005) "Shays' Rebellion." 18th century history. 11 June 2008. http://www.history1700s.com/articles/article1120.shtml
British Battles. (N.d.) the War of the Revolution 1775 to 1783. Accessed 11 June 2008 http://www.britishbattles.com/american-revolution.htm
Calliope. (2008) "Shays' Rebellion." A Historical Synopsis. 11 June 2008. http://www.calliope.org/shays/shays2.html
Jenkins, P. (1997) a history of the United States. New York: Palgrave.
Bacon's ebellion was immensely significant. This sedition was one of the first truly national events that took place during the Colonial Period that would prove to have a lasting effect on the fledgling country well into the middle of the 19th century, when the Civil War was fought. Essentially, Bacon's ebellion involved indigent farmer's from Virginia, who gathered together and actually rioted and burned a substantial portion of Jamestown -- the first American colony that actually lasted -- down to the ground.
The critical aspect about this particular rebellion is that it made a lot of large landowners in the southern areas of the country understand the inherent problem of utilizing Caucasians as sources of labor. It did not really matter whether those Caucasians were actually indentured servants or freedmen; they all believed that they had certain rights and privileges that, if they perceived them as being unmet, they would…
Billett, N. (2012). "Reasons for the British Navigation Acts of the 1650's and 1660's." www.bizcovering.com. Retrieved from http://bizcovering.com/international-business-and-trade/reasons-for-the-british-navigation-acts-of-the-1650s-and-1660s/
Cranny, M. (1998). Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Scarborough: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada.
Faragher, J., Buhle, M., Czitrom, D., & Armitage, S. (2009). Out of many: a history of the American people (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Pincus, S. (2012). "Rethinking mercantilism: political economy, the British empire, and the Atlantic world in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries." The William and Mary Quarterly. 69 (1): 3-34.
Regulation Movement, the American Revolution, and the Whiskey Rebellion shared much in common in the state of North Carolina. Chronologically the first to occur, the Regulation movement can be thought of as a precursor to the American Revolution. Both were reactions to unfair government practices, such as unfair taxes, limited or no representation in legislatures, and corrupt juries and court systems. Likewise, the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, which came a few years after the Revolution, was also a mass effort to prevent the government from levying what the people believed were unfair taxes. The Whiskey Rebellion tested the newly formed American government, while the Regulation Movement indicated the widespread discontent of all Americans prior to the Revolutionary War.
In North Carolina, these three movements were successful to varying degrees. The Revolution was the most successful, but its boundaries extended far beyond the state. The Regulator Movement was unique to North…
The parable of the prodigal son in the Gospel of Luke is one of the seminal Biblical tales. In it, the father of two healthy sons divides his wealth and property equitably between them, and later willingly allows the younger son to ramble on and go traveling in his youth. The older son remains at home with the father. The younger son sows his wild oats and has a grand time gallivanting, but eventually runs out of money. Before he runs home to his father, he seeks gainful employment as a pig feeder, one of the lowliest positions that he could have imagined, especially given the scriptural admonishment against eating swine. Eventually the young man returned home hoping to seek solace in his father's home. The father welcomes his estranged son with open arms. He is so happy to see him, in fact, that he slaughters a fat calf…
47), Turner was preacher only in the sense that he was preaching to his fellows on some days about his God given mission and things to come. The causes and motifs for Turner's rebellion are still debated over. The documents written during the trial and ever since are agreeing on two facts that are certain: the very existence of the rebellion and the fact that it was organized under the leadership of Nat Turner. The facts about what happened during the day of the rebellion indicate that Turner and his acolytes who were approximately seventy people killed in cold blood almost sixty white people, regardless of their age or gender. The rebellion was indeed preceded by events that pointed toward a common cause found through Christianity and offered as a new form of freedom and a new ethnic identity offered by firm beliefs in supernatural and the power of the…
Greenberg, Kenneth S., ed. Nat Turner: A Slave Rebellion in History and Memory. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003
Akinyela, Makungu M. Battling the Serpent: Nat Turner, Africanized Christianity, and a Black Ethos. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Jan., 2003), pp. 255-280
Reckord, Mary. The Jamaica Slave Rebellion of 1831. Past and Present, No. 40 (Jul., 1968), pp. 108-125
Society: 1800s-1850s. Resisting Slavery. 2007. American Anthropologicval Association. Retrieved: Oct 2nd, 2008. Available at: http://www.understandingrace.org/history/society/resisting_slavery.html
The increase in the productivity of the Atlantic market created a demand for tools that for use in production. The European farmers were obtaining the tools cheaply from these Afro-Asian areas
. Through the exchanges, it is true that the interactions were an avenue for the creation of an increase in trade opportunities in the Atlantic world.
Labor implications to the conflict
Sourcing for labor for the sugar industries was initially from the indigenous America but the increase in the demand for labor prompted the Europeans to source for labor in Africa. Africans, just like the Amerindians and other slaves were resistant to the forceful slavery. On this basis, quite a number of rebellions arose. Quite a number of the American and African natives who were resisting the forceful enslavement were killed; some of them ran away to places where they could not be found. The Spanish authorities were placing…
Coclanis, Peter A. 2005. The Atlantic Economy during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: Organization Operation, Practice and Personnel. Columbia, S.C.: Univ. Of South Carolina Press.
Goldstone, Jack A. 1991. Revolution and rebellion in the early modern world. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Klein. 2003. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Cambridge University press.
Klooster, Wim. 2010. Revolution in the Atlantic world: A Comparative History. NYU Press.
They were wrong about the Bolshevik's giving in to their demands, however.
The Bolshevik's attacked the city (located on an island), under cover of darkness. They wore white uniforms to blend in with the snow and ice surrounding the city. The workers tried to defend themselves and their families, but the Bolshevik's sent in 50,000 troops. They began their attack on March 7, and the sailors and workers defended the Kronstadt fortress for ten days before they fell. A diary entry from the time says, "17th March, 1921: Kronstadt has fallen today. Thousands of sailors and workers lie dead in its streets. Summary execution of prisoners and hostages continues" (Schoolnet). Thousands of people, both sailors and civilians were killed in the streets of the city. When the Bolshevik's took Kronstadt sailors as prisoners, they later took them into the forests and executed them.
Kronstadt was the last rebellion against the…
Berkman, Alexander. "The Paris Commune and Kronstadt." Pitzer College. 2009. 21 Oct. 2009. .
-- . The Kronstadt Rebellion. Pitzer College. 2009. 21 Oct. 2009. .
Boettke, Peter J. Calculation and Coordination: Essays on Socialism and Transitional Political Economy. London: Routledge, 2001.
Busky, Donald F. Communism in History and Theory: From Utopian Socialism to the Fall of the Soviet Union. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.
Kazantzakis Freedom or Death
Captain Michalis, the hero of Freedom or Death, was based on Kazantzakis' father Michalis, a traditional Cretan community leader and warrior in the independence struggles who fought in the 1888-89 rebellion. He also introduces the Captain's best friend Nuri Bey and his wife Emine, who he also loves, but in the end he rejects them both in the cause of Cretan independence. The Pasha and the Metropolitan also symbolize the ancient clash of religions, cultures and civilizations that is fought out in this novel -- Greek vs. Turk, Christian vs. Muslim -- which also resonates with the contemporary word and the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan. These ethnic, tribal and nationalistic hatreds are so great and so enduring that they crowd out all romance, friendship or personal feelings, as all the characters join in the bloodbath. Only Nuri Bey commits suicide rather than go to war…
Kazantzakis, Nikos. Freedom or Death. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1983.
We will write this law on stellas. There will be a system of police to maintain order and to ensure that trouble does not occur. There will also be a system of judges (and a legal system of sorts) that will not only answer people's questions in terms of the laws but also decide change and legal minutia during cultural changes that warrant it. The judges too will decide conflicts between people according to the minutia of the law.
The classical Mayan system of priests and shamans will be retained. There will be the same titles Ah K'uhun, Ah K'uhul Hu'n, and Ah K'uhuun (namely "he of the holy books," "keeper of the paper/headbands," and "he who worships signifying the various tasks) (Maya culture; Miller & Taube, 1993).
Good sirs, we will establish an elevated educational system based on the highest wisdom of the time and run according to wisdom…
Coe, Michael D. (1999). The Maya (Sixth ed.). New York: Thames & Hudson
Culbert, T.Patrick (Ed.) (1977). Classic Maya Collapse. University of New Mexico Press.
Ross (1988) notes the development of Romanticism in the late eighteenth century and indicates that it was essentially a masculine phenomenon:
Romantic poetizing is not just what women cannot do because they are not expected to; it is also what some men do in order to reconfirm their capacity to influence the world in ways socio-historically determined as masculine. The categories of gender, both in their lives and in their work, help the Romantics establish rites of passage toward poetic identity and toward masculine empowerment. Even when the women themselves are writers, they become anchors for the male poets' own pursuit for masculine self-possession. (Ross, 1988, 29)
Mary ollstonecraft was as famous as a writer in her day as her daughter. Both mother and daughter were important proponents of the rights of women both in their writings and in the way they lived and served as role models for other…
Alexander, Meena. Women in Romanticism. Savage, Maryland: Barnes & Noble, 1989.
Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987.
Cone, Carl B. Burke and the Nature of Politics. University of Kentucky, 1964.
Conniff, James. "Edmund Burke and His Critics: The Case of Mary Wollstonecraft" Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 60, No. 2, (Apr., 1999), 299-318.
It is the meeting of two principles that makes the climactic fight between Hal and Hotspur so compelling, and at the same time there is a sense of righting a grievance and restoring to Hal the respect and hopes of the kingdom that Hotspur had robbed him of, along with his glory and celebrity. Hal tells his father that:
Percy is but my factor, good lord,
To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf.
And I will call him to so strict account
That he shall render every glory up
(III. ii. 147-50).
The language of commerce here suggests "a world in which practical cunning is the key to every triumph," but even this attitude of Hal's is seen to be a front when he allows the credit for his victory to be taken (Rubinstein 294). Through all of Hal's prticipation in robbery and symbolic language implying te same in…
Mabillard, Amanda. "1 Henry IV: Analysis." Shakespeare Online, 2006. Accessed 31 August 2009. http://www.shakespeare-online.com/playanalysis/1henryIVcommentary.html
Over, William. "Review: Henry IV Parts I II." Theatre Journal 31(4), pp. 545-6.
Rubinstein, E. "1 Henry IV: The Metaphor of Liability." Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 10(2), pp. 287-95.
Shakespeare, William. The First part of King Henry IV. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Furthermore, this brief introduction details the different types of legislation regarding men and women that Wollstonecraft supported. Next, this chapter moves onto Wollstonecraft's own life and actions, as well as a brief description of the time period in which she lived. These descriptions allow the reader to understand how Wollstonecraft was both revolutionary and conventional, in addition to how society encouraged and discouraged her various roles. Furthermore, I introduce these ideas to personify the struggle in which Wollstonecraft operated every day. It is this struggle that I emphasize during this chapter, giving the reader an idea of the challenging nature of Wollstonecraft's life because of it, in addition to its contribution to her struggle on paper. This chapter also introduces the reactions that others had to her work, as well as a tribute to its lasting contributions. I remark that Wollstonecraft is a strong voice among other female writers and…
Criticisms against and praise for colonialism in America: A comparative analysis of "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine and "Origin and Progress of the American Rebellion" by Peter Oliver
The declaration of King George III of the United Kingdom that America is in an active state of rebellion in August 23, 1775, marked the opportunity for Britain's 13 colonies in the country to be liberated from British colonialism. The path towards rebellion in America is an arduous process, where there had been a series of economic and political pressures that Britain had imposed in order to maintain control over the gradually rebelling members of the colonies.
What made the study of the history of the American Revolution interesting is that there are numerous literatures illustrating the political and economic climate between the Americans and British at the time where rebellious ideologies and propaganda are gradually increasing. There had been…
Woman / Plantation Mistress / Fires of Jubilee
The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion. By Stephen B. Oates. (New York:
HarperPerennial, 1990). 208 pages.
Stephen B. Oates was a professor African-American and U.S. history at the University of Massachusetts for most of his academic career. His most notable works chronicle the antebellum, Civil War, and Reconstruction eras of American history. He is particularly well-known for his biographies of the period including his works on Lincoln. The Fires of Jubilee: Nat Turner's Fierce Rebellion chronicles the life and rebellion of Nat Turner, the famous American slave rebel. Oates offers his historical work as a companion to as well as a rebuttal of some of the existing literature on Turner, including the famous novel by William Styron. Although an academic, Oates writes in an engaging and popular manner that has made many of his historical works of literature best sellers…
China did not have any debts to pay. However, actually during this era Chinese authority had been so undermined and the prestige of the government with its own people so completely destroyed "that it may well be said to have prepared the ground for the Walpurgis night of imperialism, which was witnessed in the decade following the Sino-Japanese War in 1895."
For example, one major complication that rendered diplomatic relations between China and the Western nations led by Britain extremely difficult was the attitude of the British mercantile community. The chimera of inexhaustible trade had drawn them into the interior. The central highway of China, the Yangtze, had now been opened. "Settlements" and trading establishments existed in every important city. Yet for some reason the results were bitterly disappointing. The fabulous China trade did not materialize.
The mercantile community blamed their failure on the opposition of the Chinese officials. Their…
Michael, Franz. Taiping Rebellion. Seattle: Washington Press, 1971.
Pannikkar, K.M. Asia and Western Dominance: A Survey of the Vasco Da Gama Epoch of Asian History, 1498-19 London: George Allen & Unwin, 1953.
Reilly, Thomas. Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Seattle: Washington Press, 2004
Shih, Vincent. Taiping Ideology. Seattle: Washington Press. 1967.
Constitution of the United States must be understood within the broader cultural, historical contexts in which it was drafted and ratified. The most basic explanation of the "original intent" of the Constitution is that the founders needed to formulate a cohesive and consistent system of governance and political culture after independence. The core issues at stake were Federalism vs. anti-Federalism, and the need to strike a balance between a federal government that was strong enough to oversee key economic, social, and political institutions and one that was kept in check by regional or state powers. The social and economic diversity within individual states, and between the states, made the framing of the Constitution an arduous process. By the time the Constitutional Convention convened, it became apparent that the Articles of the Confederation were insufficient. There was no sense of nationhood with the Articles; no means by which to effectively unite…
Paul and Trevor
These stories tell us that there are as many kinds of rebellions as there are rebels - in different strata of society and in different times. Some rebel against the external world, some, against the inner world, although all rebellion is inherently internal or inner.
Trevor seems to have become a rebel because of peer pressure, especially among the poor. Gangs form because there is nothing more gainful or meaningful to do, as in the case of Womrsley Common Gang of London. The young, especially, must acquire a sense of identity and belonging, no matter what identity or belonging it is. Trevor submits himself to the humiliation of initiation, especially because of his shy nature. He has relished the bright idea of burglarizing the rickety house of Old Misery and it becomes his passport to leadership in this thugs' association. Life is as simple but unsatisfying and…
Cather, Willa. (1996). Paul's Case and Other Stories. Dover Thrift Pubris
Greene, Graham. (1997). The Destructors and Other Stories. Creative Education
" Without a fundamental leg of the Southern structure taken out from underneath the Confederacy, Lincoln gained a strategic advantage. He did so using complete military preconceptions in order to carefully avoid breaking the peacetime rules and regulations set forth by the American Constitution.
Thanks to the free labor of the slaves, the South had more than enough white men willing to fight. Tons of able-bodied young men enlisted and left home, but the economy was not drastically affected due to the fact that there were still laborers available to support the war effort. Therefore, freeing the slaves in the rebellious States, Lincoln was encouraging a mass escape which would strike a crucial blow in the infrastructure of the Confederacy. Unlike other wars both before and after the Civil War, America had rarely shown the man power of a nation in war such as the South had done. The economy…
Andrus, Albert, "The Emancipation Proclamation: Speeches of the Hon. Albert
Andrus of Franklin and Hon. William H. Brand of Madison, delivered in the Assembly, on the evening of March 4th, 1863, on the Hon. James Redington's resolutions in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war, of the proclamation of freedom, and the administration of Abraham Lincoln." Library of Congress. (accessed 13 June 1008 at ( http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r-ammem/rbaapc:@field ([email protected] (rbaapc01900div0)),1863.
Davis, Jefferson, Journal of the Confederate Congress. Volume 6. A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875. (accessed 13 June 2008 at (http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llcc&fileName=006/llcc006.db&recNum=18),1862.
Lincoln, Abraham, "Emancipation Proclamation." Library of Congress. (accessed 13
But it certainly was a crucial step in he legitimation of free labor" (141).
eligion in general and revivals especially eased the pains of capitalist expansion in the early 19th century U.S. After Finney was gone, the converted reformers evangelized the working class; they supported poor churches and built new ones in working class neighborhoods. Finney's revival was effective since it dissected all class boundaries and united middle and working class individuals in churches. The middle class went to church, because of the moral obligation to do so; the working classes went, because they were concerned about losing their. Workers who did not become members of churches had more difficulty keeping their jobs. To succeed in ochester, it was astute for the employees to become active churchgoers.
In 1791, not much before the Native Americans began their trek across the country and ochester, New York, was changing its employee/merchant system,…
Gilje, Paul a., ed. The Wages of Independence: Capitalism in the Early American Republic. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1997
Johnson, Paul E. A Shopkeeper's Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, New York: Hill and Wang, 2004.
McCusker, J.J. And Menard, R.R., the Economy of British America, 1607-1789, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.
Slaughter, Thomas. R. Whiskey Rebellion: Frontier Epilogue to the American Revolution, New York, Oxford Press, 1986.
The first Great Awakening in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries became a harbinger of the later, more vocal and radical abolitionist movements. The Maryland Abolition Society was another early abolitionist group. Some abolitionist movements espoused violent means to obtain full freedom for slaves, and John Brown is one of the most notorious advocates of radical means.
In 1817, a group of wealthy white males founded the American Colonization Society (ACS). The ACS had an abolitionist platform but a fundamentally racist agenda. hile the main objective of the ACS was to eventually free the slaves, members also wanted to deport all blacks to an African colony. Called Liberia after the Latin word for "free," the colony was created by the ACS for the express purpose of creating a second exodus of freed slaves, many of whom were born on American soil. Some members of the ACS might have been…
Alvarez, Carlos. "Antislavery Movement: American Colonization Society." Online at http://cghs.dade.k12.fl.us/slavery/anti-slavery_movement/acs.htm.
Becker, Eddie. "Chronology on the History of Slavery and Racism." 1999. Online at http://innercity.org/holt/chron_1790_1829.html .
Free Blacks in the Antebellum Period." African-American Odyssey. Online at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart2.html .
History of Slavery in the United States." Wikipedia.com. Online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery_in_the_United_States .
For centuries, historians have debated the question of Kinsale's suitability as a landing place. From the Spanish perspective, it was quite suitable as a base, and for the Irish, Kinsale was too far removed from O'Neill and O'Donnell, who were constrained by the success of the new Lord Deputy (Thuillier 2001). Moreover, d'Aguila was cut off from his northern allies, and the support of local chiefs never came, thus the harnesses they had brought from Spain for horses promised by the Irish were useless (Thuillier 2001). Furthermore, the Spanish General, Brochero, the Spanish Naval Commander, left as directed after nine days with all the ships, leaving Kinsale Harbor open to the English Navy (Thuillier 2001). Nevertheless, Spanish forcers controlled Kinsale for 100 days, and for a shorter period, Rincurran and Ringrone Castles and Castle Park with an observation post on Compass Hill (Thuillier 2001).
Charles Blount, Lord Mountjoy, proved to…
Guttman, Jon. (2006). The History Channel: History.net. Retrieved December 05, 2006 at http://www.historynet.com/wars_conflicts/15_16_century/3037156.html?featured=y&c=y
Hugh O'Neill. (1998). Retrieved December 05, 2006 at http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/HughOneill.htm
Hugh1 O'Neill. (2006). Retrieved December 05, 2006 at http://www.nndb.com/people/079/000102770/
Musgrave, Anne. (2003). Hugh O'Neill. The New Advent. Retrieved December 05, 2006 at http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11252a.htm
Graduate and the New Left
In the United States in the 1960s, the nation was going through a change both in the psychological and sociological makeup of the population. Everything about the country was changing quickly, right down to the very moral code which makes up the identity of a culture. The American Dream and the belief that everyone could become successful if they were willing to work hard and if they lived in America was proving to be a fallacy in the wake of oppression, disenfranchisement, and racially-biased or gender-based prejudices. A group emerged who not only wished to be entirely different from their parents, but they also desired to completely upset if not outright eradicate the status quo and change what it meant to be an American citizen with an American identity. One of the components of this movement was a decidedly liberal perspective and agenda. This group…
Bapis, Elaine M. Camera and Action: American Film as Agent of Social Change, 1965-1975.
Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2008. Print.
Casper, Drew. Hollywood Film 1963-1976: Years of Revolution and Reaction. Chichester, West
Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Print.
French Quebec Nationalism
A major turning point in the history of Canada was the fall of Quebec which resulted in the transformation of a French colony into a ritish colony. Had it not happened, English would never have become the first language of the country. The battle of Quebec was one of the numerous wars fought between the ritish and the French over fur and land during the 18th century. The fall of Quebec ensured the control and domination of ritish in major parts of North America. New ideas were brought forward by new generations who came in power and redefined the political scenario of the province. The Quebec Act was drafted by the ritish government which motivated the growth of nationalism in Quebec and since then, the nationalist movement has remained powerful and dominated the politics of the province.
Troubles in Manitoba
In 1870, the ritish government introduced the…
Belanger, D. (2004). Henri Bourassa (1868-1953). Informally published manuscript, Department of History, McGill University, Montreal, QC. Retrieved from http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/quebechistory/bios/henribourassabio.htm
Crunican, P.E. (2012). Manitoba schools question. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/manitoba-schools-question
Gall, G.L. (2012). Quebec referendum (1995). Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/quebec-referendum-1995
Rene Levesque. (2012). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/337886/Rene-Levesque
Zinn's a People's History of the U.S.
Should the U.S. apologize for slavery and its legacy? ho benefits if the U.S. doesn't apologize?
It is difficult to determine the answer to such a polarizing question. Some argue that slavery has been a form of life since the beginning of mankind and that if the African-American community is apologized to, then the Jewish people who were slaves should get apologies too. They argue that the sins of our ancestors are not our own and that we are not responsible for their actions. Yet, the American form of slavery was especially heinous. According to the text, the American form of slavery was the cruelest. Zinn points to two reason that American slavery was the most horrible: "the frenzy for limitless profit that comes from capitalistic agriculture" and "the reduction of the slave to less than human status by the use of racial…
Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States. New York: Harper. 1999. Print.
However, one must consider the context of the petition. Given today's knowledge of Native American-colonial relations, I question whether or not the issues in the petition are hyperbolized. Were the colonists similarly torturing the Native Americans? Did they want to create a militia just to rid the area of people they saw as pests? or, were these people really harming and murdering the colonial population in this area?
Week 4: Nathaniel Bacon on Bacon's Rebellion
In today's culture, we often wonder how such blatant racism could have existed in history that Native Americans were removed and killed with such impunity during the revolutionary years. Bacon, on Bacon's Rebellion, does an excellent job of explaining how these attitudes could have existed. Bacon begins by tying his rebellion to God and what is just, although today we may call him the unjust. Toward the end of his essay, he argues that the…
Aside from the practical considerations provided by the system which split the federal and local authorities, there was also the matter of the limitation of powers. In this sense, the central government was built in such a manner as to express the boundaries of the influence even the elected office representatives had on the particular issues concerning each state. Thus, the Congress and the House of epresentatives were established and these institutions came to represent the essence of the American epublicanism and democracy.
Despite these revolutionary ideals, the interpretation of the epublican creed came to be associated with the industrial aspects of the economy. As the country began to flourish and the economic development came to be associated more and more with the industrial revolution, so did the epublican political thought. The issue related to the taxation without representation and the subsequent debates that emerged gave way to an increasingly…
Appleby, Joyce. Republicanism and Ideology. American Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 4, Republicanism in the History and Historiography of the United States. (Autumn, 1985), pp. 461-473.
Mcgurk, John. "A New Look at Civic Republicanism." Contemporary Review, Vol. 283, October 2003.
Slaughter, Thomas P. The Whiskey Rebellion: Frontier Epilogue to the American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
The United Kenya Club was founded in 1946 and was the first multi-racial social organization in Kenya; the organization sponsored concerts and cultural events open to all ethnicities (if you could afford a ticket price). The liberal paternalists pressed for programs that would introduce "profit-making crafts to landless laborers," would "encourage the growth of a prosperous rural elite" and also would encourage progressive agricultural practices among poor peasants. Moreover, the liberal paternalists (Kennedy 248) wished to "instill estern principles of hygiene and child care" among African women and their daughters.
Missionaries were traditionally among the liberal paternalists, Kennedy points out, and when Sir Philip Mitchell became governor of Kenya, he "sought to invigorate the peasant agricultural sector" in order to build a more diversified economy (Kennedy 249). Mitchell also believed "with some justification" that a few of the white leaders among the British settlers "could be persuaded to cooperate in…
Clough, Marshall S. 1998. Mau Mau Memoirs: History, Memory, and Politics. Boulder, CO:
Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Edgerton, Robert B. 1989. Mau Mau: An African Crucible. New York: The Free Press.
Elkins, Caroline. 2005. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya.
Still, urnside did not make use of his possibilities and therefore assumed the Confederate Army's position. Taking into account the limited visibility, the fog and the conditions in the area, mistakes were inevitable. Therefore, his decision not to take full advantage of his available resources also proved important for the outcome of the battle.
Finally, another major element that contributed to the failure of the Fredericksburg campaign was the confusion of the orders given, especially by urnside. Most often, they were rather ambiguous and could be easily interpreted. For instance, "urnside issued his attack orders early on the morning of December 13. They called for an assault against Jackson's corps by Major General William . Franklin's Left Grand Division to be followed by an advance against Marye's Heights by Major General Edwin V. Sumner's Right Grand Division." (United States, Dept. Of Interior, 2006) Therefore, according to his orders, the attack…
Burnside, Ambrose. Fredericksburg Order of Battle. Army of the Potomac. The Official Records of the War of The Rebellion 1862. 12 November. http://www.civilwarhome.com/aopfredericksburg.htm
Burnside, Ambrose. Report of Maj. Gen. E. Ambrose Burnside, U.S. Army, commanding Army of the Potomac, Battle of Fredericksburg. The Official Records of the War of The Rebellion. 1862. 12 November 2006. http://www.civilwarhome.com/burnside.htm
Gallagher, Gary. The Fredericksburg Campaign. Decisions on the Rappahannock. North Carolina: UNC Press, 1995.
Lee, Robert E. Report of General Robert E. Lee, C.S. Army, Commanding Army of Northern Virginia, Battle of Fredericksburg. The Official Records of the War of The Rebellion 1862. 12 November. http://www.civilwarhome.com/leeantietam.htm
Romantic ideal in the poetry of William Blake, William Wordsworth and Walt Whitman shares the attitude that the most worthy part of human existence lies in simplicity and deep emotion rather than rational thought. Romanticism is based upon a movement away from the rationality of Enlightenment and the wealth-driven society inspired by Industrialism. This ideal is reflected in the work of the poets mentioned above. To demonstrate this, "The Chimney weeper," "Ode: Imitations of Immortality" and "I ing the Body Electric" from each respective poet are considered.
Blake's poetry emphasizes the evils of existing power systems within society, and how these are used to oppress the poor and powerless. This is shown in his poem "The Chimney weeper." The little chimney sweeper is representative of the poor and oppressed suffering under the current systems of power. The parents and the church are images reflecting the oppressive forces. The…
Blake, William. "The Chimney Sweeper."
Whitman, Walt. "I Sing the Body Electric."
Wordsworth, William. "Ode: Imitations of Immortality."
The lasting impact of colonial settlement
The colonialism is taken to be a political and economic experience which paved the way for the European to explore, conquer, settle and exploit large areas of the world. The era of modern colonialism started during 1400 A.D with the European discovery of sea route around Africa's southern coast during 1488 and that of America during 1492. They made provisions to transfer the sea power from that of the Mediterranean towards the Atlantic and to the emerging new nation-states at that time which were Portugal, Spain, Dutch epublic, France and that of England. The initiation for discovery, the desire to conquer and settlement led these nations to expand their territories and to colonize over the world, extending the European institutions and culture to other parts of the world. The competition continued among the European nations for colonization across the world. Such colonies…
Colonial Settlement, 1600s-1763. Retrieved from http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/colonial/colonial.html
Accessed 21 September, 2005
Exploration. Retrieved from http://regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes/movement/exp.cfm
Accessed 21 September, 2005
ink dried on te U.S. Constitution, political parties began emerging in te United States. Despite te adamant argument of early party members tat tey were against suc parties becoming commonplace in American politics, te division amongst tose in power became clear almost immediately after te Constitution was drafted in te late eigteent century. Te differences in opinion between te two parties in te U.S. government elped maintain a sense of "ceck and balances" for every politician, as well as eac party itself. Between 1790 and 1814, tere were several opportunities for te different factions to compete for te loyalty of te American citizens, all wic elped saped our political system today.
Te Federalist Party was one of te first two parties to arise after te Constitution. Te Federalist faction was founded primarily by te Secretary of te Treasury, Alexander Hamilton and by Vice President, Jon Adams. (Burke) Te Federalists desired…
http://encarta.msn.comSite accessed 06 Oct 2002. http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761558305
Whiskey Rebellion," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2002
http://encarta.msn.comSite accessed 06 Oct 2002. http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761564115
hen the angel came again to tell him that his family was in danger, he immediately left everything he owned, all his family and friends, and fled to a strange country with his young wife and the baby. He waited in Egypt without question until the angel told him it was safe to go back." (Matthew 2:13-23).
In these, Joseph, provides us with an example of steady faithfulness even in the face of great personal cost. And in return, all that we know of him has been culled from the story of Jesus, and indicates to us that he was a kind and loving father who made himself a lifelong servant to God.
Unfaithfulness and Rebellion:
Perhaps the only scintilla of rebellion to be examined with respect to the story of Joseph is the disagreement held between different denominations with respect to Joseph's celibacy. Some traditions argue that he would…
Catholic Online (CO). (2010). St. Joseph. Catholic.org.
Wikipedia. (2010). Saint Joseph. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.
This suggests another realm from which I might be able to draw, using both design elements and textures. Clothing, whether truly traditional or the modern degradations of the older textile traditions, could also prove to be a source of materials for my own work.
My research will involve both academic research into contemporary and past art and craft practices in Saudi Arabia as well as an artistic exploration into the incorporation of unconventional materials into works relevant for today's society. I plan to use unconventional materials in my sculptures such as waste and discarded materials, leather, wood, plastic, and glass. This is the new point in my work, using materials that many people will not see as being properly the building materials of art. Making art that reclaims discarded materials will be one by which I will make work that is -- especially within the realm of Saudi…
Facey, W. Building on the past. Retrieved 24 April 2010 from http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199904/al-.udhaibat-building.on.the.past.htm
McNiff, J. (n.d.) Learning with and from people in townships and universities. A paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, as part of the symposium Communicating and testing the validity of claims to transformational systemic influence for civic responsibility.
Nawaab, N.I. (1998). The suqs of 'Asir. Retrieved 24 April 2010 from http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199804/the.suqs.of.asir.htm
Ross, H.C. The fabric of tradition. Retrieved 24 April 2010 from http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/198705/the.fabric.of.tradition.htm
At the same time she strove to do well in her traditionally family role, while also attempting to prove herself as a worthy author.
Wollstonecraft also influenced other prominent female figures of her time, of which the most notable is Anna Letitia Barbauld. Although the latter firmly differed from Wollstonecraft in her ideas relating to women and their role in society as well as their rights to formal education, she was indeed inspired by the fervor with which Mary Wollstonecraft fought to bring her ideas to light.
Finally, the conclusion summarizes the fact that Wollstonecraft concerned herself not only with her career as writer, but also with the broader implications of such a career for the women of her time. She used the power of her words to pioneer the rights of women to lives of their own and to an education that would match their intelligence. This makes her…
Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy planter staged an uprising, which eventually developed into a rebellion, against Sir William Berkeley's corrupt regime. His manifesto opens with how perverted the morality of the colony has become. Bacon enumerates corruption, where the quality of the lives of their colonizers have greatly improved but the welfare of the colony has stagnated and downgraded, the administration's protection of their" darling Indians," where the interest of the people have not been protected but these "darling Indians" have been, as crimes of the Berkeley's administration. In return, the manifesto suggests the need to expatriate all Indians as well as to extinguish all forms of commerce and trade with them. Even though the rebellion failed, it has had some positive effects: the reduction of taxes as well as the end of rule of the "grandees" (Virginia Magazine of History and Biography in oner, 2008).
In most societies where unjust…
Foner, E. (2008). ed. Voices of Freedom. A Documentary History. W.W. Norton & Company: New York.
Lepore, J. (2000). Encounters in the New World. A History in Documents. Oxford University Press: New York.
Rushforh, B. & Mapp, P.W.. (n.d.). Colonial North America and the Atlantic World. A History in Documents. Pearson Prentice Hall: New Jersey.
Putnam (2000) suggests that trust already exists within societies, when clearly there is evidence that it does not exist, and that people are not confident in who is in control (Domhoff, 2005). Putnam (2000) argues that it is important to have a strong and very active and aggressive civil society within the United States to consolidate democracy. Many of the traditions of independent civic engagement have been lost according to Putnam, and are now replaced with passivity among the peoples of the United States; far too often civic engagements rely on the "state" making civil societies as described by Putnam (2000) weak and incapable of developing. Putnam's idea of social capital is the view that social capital is a resource that is ingrained in norms and in social trusts, and it is these norms and trusts that help facilitate collaborative actions and help communities cooperate so they can achieve mutual…
Dahl, Robert Who Governs? 2005. Democracy and Power in an American City, Second edition. Boston: Yale University Press
Domhoff, William G. 2005. Who Rules America? Power, Politics and Social Change.
New York: McGraw Hill: Higher education
Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American
It is recommended that the oss should tell artleby to begin acting more responsibly or he will be forced to leave. (Melville, 2006)
Exactly why does artleby always "prefer not to?" Describe artleby's behavior. Why can't he make friends or communicate? What is at the heart of his rebellion?
artleby does not want to work or doing anything that will allow him to take control of his life. The best way to describe this individual is dysfunctional and it is obvious that he may suffer from some kind of mental disorder. The reason why he refuses to make friends as well as communicate is because; he becomes more withdrawn and delusional in the story. The heart of his rebellion is his desire to do nothing and live off of what others have achieved in their lives. (Melville, 2006)
Are there any ironies in the story that you could point out?…
Bartleby the Scrivener. (2011). Spark Notes. Retrieved from: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/melvillestories/section1.html
Melville, H. (2006). Bartleby the Scrivener. Melbourne: Objective Systems.
postwar relationship United States Japan.
Unfortunately, the postwar relationship between the United States and Japan has mirrored the relationship of the United States with the vast majority of countries that it has dealt with in the ensuing decades that followed orld ar II. Veiled, shadowy secrets, duplicity, and outright deception have characterized the vast majority of these relationships; numerous exchanges between the United States and Japan have indicated that the relationship of these countries was no exception to this proclivity. hat may be most appalling about the situation between the U.S. And Japan during the postwar epoch, however, is the degree of complicity that Japan was virtually forced to take on in the relatively brief amount of time that existed since it engaged the U.S. On the battlefield.
A prime example of Japanese compliance that seems particularly unsettling, of course, is in regards to the assistance it provided America with…
Gavan McCormack, "Ampo's Troubled 50th: Hatoyama's Abortive Rebellion, Okinawa's Mounting Resistance and the U.S.-Japan Relationship (Part 1)," The Asia-Pacific Journal, 22-3-10, May 31, 2010.
Melanie Kirkpatrick, "Why we don't want a nuclear-free world," Wall Street Journal, 13 July 2009.
It was created in 1949.
It was first showcased in 1936 (Berlin).
Cannot find any record of this person…is this the most common spelling of the
It was standardized in 1958.
It was first created in 1958.
There are 5 sections.
This information is not readily available through any sources I've researched.
They were revised in 1990.
Unable to find this information.
It was Richard Nixon.
They were a Wushu (Martial Arts) Company
It was in 495 A.D.
Damo is the Chinese name of Bodhidharma, credited for bringing Ch'an to China.
It was released in 1982.
It was in 2005, in Beijing.
It was in 1974.
Anthony Chen is a silver medalist at the 4th World Traditional Wushu Championship.
Bai Yu-Feng, from his monk name Qiu Yue Chan Shi is a martial art expert who trained at the Shaolin Temple. He is the author of the…
What style is the preferred style of the generals and bodygaurds of Beijing?
What are the three treasures?
Jing, Qi and Shen
What are the 5 excellences?
calligraphy, poetry, painting, traditional medicine, and martial arts
What are the 5 elements?
Wood, fire, earth, metal, water
What are the 3 gates?
Faith, wisdom, and compassion.
What are the 8 powers of wushu?
Heaven/Sky, Lake/Marsh, Fire, Lightning, Wind, Water, Mountain, Earth
What are the 12 animals of Xing Yi?
Dragon, tiger, monkey, horse, alligator, chicken, falcon, swallow, snake, t'ai (roc), eagle, bear
What does the name Bagua mean?
What styles are referred to as the wind, thunder, and clouds? In order
What the 5 zones of attacks?
What is the mathematical formula for power?
Power = work/time
Name 5 Northern styles?
Baguazhang, Bajiquan, Ch-quan, Chuojiao, Taijiquan
Name 5 Southern styles?
Choy Gar, Mok Gar, Choy Li…