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Journals of Herrera and Gottleib Books
A healthy child is the joy of the family. Social and academic development of a child depend on his ability to use his eyes and ears effectively. When one of these organs is impaired, the child will face challenges to communicate or see effectively, which will affect the child's social and academic developments. When a child has developed a vision or ear impairment, early intervention is a critical approach to addressing this disability. Typically, young children with one or multiple disabilities have unique challenges and needs. Some of these children struggle to see or communicate their needs. Parents and professionals must identify the needs of each child to ensure that young children with disabilities are able to participate actively and make a meaningful progress in life. Thus, medical, and non-medical interventions are the crucial approach for young children with disabilities since they may exhibit…
Chen, D., (2008). Early Intervention in Action Working Across Disciplines to Support Infants with Multiple Disabilities and their Families. Paul H. Brooks Publishing.
Chen. D. Klein., M.D. & Minor, L. (2009). Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Early Intervention Professional Development in Multiple Disabilities through Distance Education. Infants & Young Children. 22(2):146-158.
Colorado Department of Education (2012).The Standards-Based Teaching / Learning Cycle (Second Edition). The Colorado Coalition of Standards-Based Education.
Gottleib, M., Katz, A., & Ernst-Slavit, G. (2009). Paper to practice: Using the TESOL English language proficiency standards in PreK-12 classrooms. Alexandria, VA: TESOL. ISBN: 9781931185554
Work-based learning is generally conceptualized as a way of enabling students to merge what they learn in the classroom with tasks in the workplace. Typical examples of work-based learning include student internships and jobs. However, over the course of my Capstone Project, I intend to deploy a work-based learning approach to how teachers interact with students in the classroom, encouraging teachers to use the learning experience of self-reflective inquiry over the course of the project to enhance student learning and their own capacities as educators.
My project specifically focuses on the phenomenon of 'teaching to the test.' Many teachers are being forced to fundamentally relearn how they approach education, thanks to the new emphasis on standardized testing. Teachers are being 'reeducated' as part of the new curriculums instituted specifically designed to improve student test scores. This type of reeducation is epidemic in particular at so-called failing schools, in which a…
Brodie, Pandy & Kate Irving. (2007). Assessment in work-based learning: investigating a pedagogical approach to enhance student learning. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher
Education, 32 (3): 11-19
Career Development Plan for Implementation over 3 Years
Desired Career: Finance
eview Period from: January 8, 2016 to January 8, 2019
Enter a graduate training programme in one of the major financial companies
Shift into a management position by the completion of my training
Start undertaking the Chartered Financial Analysis (CFA)
Progress on to a senior management role
Areas of Strength:
Currently, I am on course to attaining my Bachelor's Degree, which is the minimum requirement in entering the course that I plan to undertake. I am organized and I also have excellent time management skills. Being part of the finance club leaders, I have attained proper people skills. I am also a fast leaner and require very minimal supervision and close to none. I have undertaken classes that are linked to the career, for instance, Statistics. This class has comprehensively helped me in developing the analytical…
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014). U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition. Financial Managers. Retrieved January 8, 2016 from: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/financial-managers.htm
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014) Personal Finance Managers. Retrieved 8 January, 2016 from: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/business-and-financial/personal-financial-advisors.htm#tab-2
CFA Institute. (2015). Code of Ethics & Standards of Professional Conduct: Practicing our values. Retrieved January 8, 2016 from: https://www.cfainstitute.org/ethics/codes/ethics/Pages/index.aspx
Christensen, T. (2014). Reflection Is the Most Important Part of the Learning Process. Retrieved 8 January, 2016 from: http://99u.com/workbook/25481/reflection-is-the-most-important-part-of-the-learning-process
practice is the idea that one can improve one's decision-making through reflection. Donald Schon argued that professional learning can be aided by reflective practice, wherein the manager critically reflects on decisions, decision-making process, and other elements of his or her work. This reflection provides an opportunity for learning that Schon felt has been underutilized, especially in business (Smith, 2001). Over time, his work on reflective practice evolved into a set of problem-solving techniques like frame reflection, used to solve seemingly intractable policy problems (Smith, 2001).
eflective practice can also be adapted to team settings. Just as individuals can benefit from the learning that stems from reflection, so too can teams and groups. Organizational learning is a theme in organizational behavior literature, lending credence to the idea that structured reflection can be valuable for aggregate groups of people, not just for individuals. Dew (1995) notes that having an opportunity for reflection…
Dew, J. (1995). Creating team leaders: The challenge of leading in a democratic manner. Journal of Quality and Productivity. Oct/Nov 1995.
Dew, J., Johnson, J. (1997). What game in your team playing? Quality Progress Magazine. April 1997.
Smith, M. (2001). Donald Schon: Learning, reflection and change. InFed . Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://infed.org/mobi/donald-schon-learning-reflection-change/
Communication: Workplace eflective Practice
eflective practice entails constant monitoring of one's own performance in a given role while making adjustments where necessary. For any profession, reflective practice is essential since not two cases will ever be the same thus, it is critical to always remain reactive and reflective. Several studies have ascertained that reflective practice is beneficial when it comes to the delivery of client-centered services, and assist an individual assess their learning needs. eflective practice is regarded as one of the most important elements of learning and as such, it is essential that managers as well as employees familiarize themselves with reflective practice methods such as the Gibbs reflection model. In addition, reflective practice allows learners to make connections to what they have learned, set goals, and reflect upon their learning process; reflective practice is also used for assessing learning which monitoring the individual's progress toward mastery of the…
Berlo, D.K. (1960). The Process of Communication. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.
Blogg, J. (1996). Personal Communication. University College London.
Ferris, S.R., & Mehrabian, A. (1967). Inference of Attitudes from Non-Verbal Communication in two Channels. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 31, 248-252.
Klapper, J.T. (1960). The Effects of Mass Communication. New York: The Free Press.
Convergent questions seek one or more very specific correct answers, while divergent questions seek a wide variety of correct answers. Convergent questions apply to Bloom's lower levels of Knowledge, Comprehension, and Application
and may include questions like "Define nutrition," "Explain the concept of investing," and "Solve for the value of X." Divergent questions apply to Bloom's higher levels of Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation; are generally open-ended; and foster student-centered discussion, thereby encouraging critical thinking. For example, "Describe the qualities that make a person successful," "Create an office design to facilitate group interaction," and "Describe how sun spots might affect tree growth" are all divergent questions. (162)
So, not every question even needs to lead the students through the same pathway. In the above example, a false-factor could be thrown into the mix, simply to force the student out of any developing routine when analyzing the problem.
The third suggested step…
Ainsworth, Penne (1994). Restructuring the introductory accounting courses: The Kansas State University Experience. Journal of Accounting Education, 12(4): 305-323.
Albrecht, Steve & Sack, Robert (2000). Accounting Education: Charting the Course through a Perilous Future. Accounting Education Series, 16.
Anderson, L. & Krathwohl, D.A. (2001) Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives New York: Longman
Angelo, T.A., & Cross, P.K. (1993). Classroom assessment techniques (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Consistency takes place, by using the same method and approach to analyze the information that was received. Continuity will occur throughout the entire project by constantly focusing on accuracy. The combination of these elements is important, in showing how this will improve the findings by having researchers follow pre-determined criteria. ("Structural Analysis," 2012)
eflective analysis is when actuaries are studying the findings of the results and then they are using their opinions to complete the project. Under this kind of method there is a focus on a number of categories to include: what / when / how, alternatives and consequences. What / when / how is concentrating on all of the issues that will affect cultural perceptions. In this particular case, the responses from participants will be compared with general trends to understand those issues that are impacting the operating environment. This will help everyone to see the…
Structural Analysis. (2012), Business Dictionary. Retrieved from: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/structural-analysis.html
Embree, L. (2009). Reflective Analysis. OPO.net. Retrieved from: http://www.o-p-o.net/essays/EmbreeArticle.pdf
Tesch, R. (1990). Qualitative Research. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor and Francis.
Nurses often employ critical thinking without recognizing that they are using those skills because, for many, the process is an automatic one. As the health care environment becomes more multifaceted and nurses are faced with distinctive patient care situations on a daily basis, critical thinking skills are a must. They have to be excellent and become a routine process that is used. eflection has been accepted as a tool that nurses can use to enhance critical thinking and evaluate the outcomes of nursing interventions as part of a personal improvement procedure. These tools are appropriate in any nursing setting and are easy to implement. Critical thinking with reflection is a natural forerunner to the evidence-based practice initiatives that are a fundamental part of improved patient care (Pierce, 2007).
4. Using the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Council (ANMC) competency standards for nurses (available at http://www.anmc.org.au) apply these identified benefits.
National Competency Standards for the Registered Nurse. (2006). Retrieved March 31, 2010,
from Australian Nursing & Midwifery Council Web site:
Beyond taxation, requiring wealthier individuals to pay directly for health services of the less fortunate violates some of the most basic moral rights of personal sovereignty as well as various fundamental constitutional rights of due process and equal protection. However, there are other approaches to equalizing healthcare availability that do not require involuntary financial contribution of some citizens to finance the medical services of others.
One of the most important necessary healthcare reforms is the limitation of healthcare profits attributable to the third-party payment system. Specifically, the evolution of the modern healthcare system resulted in ridiculously inflated costs of diagnostic services and medical supplies by virtue of the fact that the largest portion of healthcare charges are absorbed by insurers. Therefore, hospitals and other service providers have continually increased their fees knowing that insurers rather than patients will be responsible for payment.
Some of the most effective and morally appropriate…
Personal eflective Analysis as an Employee
Finding employment is one of the benchmarks of any person's life, and a job or training experience can be very rewarding, or it can be one of the worst events in a young life. The power of a work experience should not be underestimated especially when it comes early in one's working life. Since, work is a seminal part of a person's life, and a stark dividing line between childhood and adulthood, an individual needs to examine every youthful experience so that they can have better ones in the future. The importance then in the issues that occur at work is that they can be stepping stones to real solutions later on in a working life, or they can become progenitors of bitter feelings about work in general.
The focus should be on learning from experiences, but sometimes this is…
Ahl, B. 2008, Sociological reflections on my work experience. Human Architecture, 6(2), 239-245.
Carlson, J.B. 1993, Working to learn -- the apprenticeship experience. JOPERD -- The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance, 64(8), 57-58.
Hadberg, A.V. 2006, The methodology of Paul Wills: A review of "Learning to labor: How working class kids get working class jobs," Athenea Digital, 9, 1-13.
Kempster, S. (2006). Leadership learning through lived experience: A process of apprenticeship? Journal of Management & Organization, 12(1), 4-20.
Gibbs Reflective Cycle:
Reflection on personal experience in mental health assessment ward
While working on a mental health assessment ward, I was asked to review the case of Ms. X, a patient sectioned under the Mental Health Act (Section 2) because of her worsening dementia. Until she was sectioned Ms. X had been cared for at home by her adult children and through weekly visits from a nurse, but because of her increasing difficulties in engaging in effective self-care, her children felt it necessary to seek professional redress.
I felt very sad to see a formerly competent woman having to sacrifice her independence in her later years. I felt sympathetic towards the plight of her children. They had become increasingly concerned about leaving their mother alone for any period of time, given the sudden, rapid deterioration in her health. They were unable to provide the necessary 24-7 care…
Since becoming a college student, my writing process has changed in the sense that I am now more mindful of having a purpose when I set out to write. In high school, I would just begin writing whenever I had an assignment due: I did not prepare an outline or identify a thesis. I usually just wrote off the top of my head whatever I was thinking at the moment. Now that I am in this class and am picking up tips and lessons from the English 1301 course, I have a better idea of how writing is really more of a science than that. Writing is about having a vision and then communicating that vision in a logical manner to a reader. If you don’t know what that vision is to begin with, the writing will just ramble or meander and never go anywhere. In order to…
Portage eflective Practice Model Elements
The Portage eflective Practice Model "includes three prerequisites, or key elements. They are: a commitment to develop and maintain trust and security within the group; allocation of time and place for regularly scheduled staff meetings; and support for activities that encourage and teach ways to reflect on the work at all levels of the organization" (Early experiences matter, 2010, Zero to Three). Communication, trust, support and sharing are all essential elements of this reflective practice model. In the context of my own, personal experiences, I have seen that miscommunication between staff members is one of the most difficult barriers to overcome when helping others. Sharing what works and what does not work with clients in a group format is helpful for employees, as well as the population an agency serves. Dealing with challenges as a team is essential. A staff cannot be fully functional if…
Barnett, Jeffrey & Ofer Zur. (2008). Codes of ethics on termination. Zur Institute.
Retrieved December 1, 2010 at http://www.zurinstitute.com/ethicsoftermination.html
Davis, Denise. (2010, November). Ethics and psychotherapy termination. 2010 Connecting for Children's Justice Conference. Retrieved December 1, 2010 at www.tncac.org/file.php/10185/D7-+Ethics+%26+termination,+Davis.pdf
Early experiences matter. (2010). Zero to three. Retrieved December 1, 2010 at http://main.zerotothree.org/site/PageServer?pagename=ter_key_reflec_models
committee using a reflective approach to leadership in democratic leadership behaviors and methods. This will make use of channeling the energy of strong personality members rather than to suppress strong committee members and guide and facilitate gently these styles into crafting a solution to the problem. We also need to make sure that we are engaging all of the stakeholders internally and externally to ensure the success of the project.
In this mediation environment, the church wants to rent out space in the building to a charitable community group that functions as a day care center for developmentally adults. It is hoped that with this business, more money will be coming in. However, as with any proposal, it is not without problems and complications. The church is finding out that the project may put it in trouble with the village government on issues such as zoning, safety. Additionally, the office…
Anderson, S. (2007). Preparing to build. New York, NY: Anderson Marketing, Inc.
Church building 101 rules of thumb. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.churchconstruction.com/article-churchbuilding101.php.
Church plans for less. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.churchplansforless.com/guidelines.htm .
Comprehensive land use plan. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.stcharlesgov.net/index.aspx ?
The maintenance stage can be brainstormed with students and staff from the middle school in future months, based on the response and enthusiasm students have displayed in carrying out the initial project, and based on the number of days missed because of sickness after the hand-washing project vs. The average number of days of school missed due to illness prior to the hand-washing project. Shown that actions like hand-washing can prevent sickness, students will come on board other health-related issues.
May 29, 2006. I believe that if I have shown good research techniques in presenting my proposal for this program, and if I employ logic as well as creative planning and understanding of today's middle school-level abilities, I will succeed. Meantime, after every session on my computer, I will wash my hands in hot water for 15 seconds, because there are hundreds if not thousands of bacteria on these keys,…
Duran, Lynne S. (2003). Motivating Health: Strategies for the Nurse Practitioner. Journal of The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 15(5), 200-201.
Journal of Environmental Health (2006). Millions of Germs and Bacteria Await Kids at School.
Monk-Turner, Elizabeth, & Edwards, Donald, & Broadstone, Josh, & Hummel, Robert, & Lewis,
Selena, & Wilson, Dorothy. (2005). Another Look at Hand-Washing Behavior. Social Behavior and Personality, 33(7), 629-634.
CBI is not a simple 'rewards-based' program, but encourages students to adopt more effective coping strategies. Negative self-esteem as well as 'acting out' can be addressed by CBI as the teacher helps the child work through negative self-talk and encourages rational and realistic positive self-talk. ather than thinking 'I am a bad person,' children are encouraged to engage in effective problem-solving approaches. "A basic ingredient in CBT with children is problem-solving. Problem-solving skills training attempts to remedy the deficits in cognitive problem-solving processing abilities" which can lead to social difficulties (Joughin 2003:2).
However, while the student needs to be 'on board' in terms of the changes that are being fostered, is also important that the teacher does not 'set' the children up for failure and structures the day with an understanding of the children's capacities. "A lot of EBD kids lack the emotional balance and maturity needed to remain focused…
5 tips for handling EBD kids (Emotional Behavior Disorder) in an inclusive classroom. (2013).
Concordia University. Retrieved:
Joughin, C. (2003). Cognitive behaviour therapy can be effective in managing behavioural problems and conduct disorder in pre-adolescence. What Works for Children
In the previous section, Estabrooks raised the question of the ability of the EP framework to provide the "best evidence" in nursing practice and the danger of excluding nurses in decision-making tasks as a result of EP prevalence and dominance.
Rolfe, while he analyzed the empirical foundations of EP, also looked at it from a practical perspective, or how EP is applied in the current practice of nursing. Identifying the problem of EP as the question of its "technical rationality," Rolfe uncovered an important issue that best describes also Estabrooks' contentions in her article: the "theory-practice" gap in nursing practice.
In thoroughly discussing this phenomenon in nursing, Rolfe illustrated how theory-practice gap occurs in the practice scenario (39):
First, that nurses rarely read research reports; second, that when they do read them, they rarely understand them; and third, even when they do read and understand research reports, they are reluctant…
Avis, M. (Oct 2006). "Evidence for practice, epistemology, and critical reflection." Nursing Philosophy, Vol. 7, Issue 4.
Estabrooks, C. (1998). "Will evidence-based nursing practice make practice perfect?" Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 30, No. 1.
McCormack, B. (2006). "Evidence-based practice and the potential for transformation." Journal of Research in Nursing, Vol. 11, No. 2.
Rolfe, G. (Jan 2006). "Nursing praxis and the science of the unique." Nursing Science, Vol. 19, No. 1.
Special Ed Standard
eflective paper on student differences and learning style approaches
This paper provides a brief overview of different learning styles and the types of accommodations teachers can make in the classroom
Learning styles: An overview
"Students learn in many ways -- by seeing and hearing; reflecting and acting; reasoning logically and intuitively; memorizing and visualizing and drawing analogies and building mathematical models; steadily and in fits and starts. Teaching methods also vary. Some instructors lecture, others demonstrate or discuss; some focus on principles and others on applications; some emphasize memory and others understanding" (Felder 1988: 674). The idea of using multiple approaches to teaching the same material has become more and more popular as teachers are cognizant of the different learning styles students manifest. Some auditory learners may learn best through listening; students who are visual learners may learn best if the teacher uses graphs and…
Felder, Richard M. & L.K. Silverman. (1988) Learning and teaching styles in engineering education. Engineering Education, 78(7), 674-681. Retrieved June 26, 2011 at http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/Papers/LS-1988.pdf
Understanding different learning styles. (2011). NDT. Retrieved June 26, 2011 at http://www.ndt-ed.org/TeachingResources/ClassroomTips/Learning_Styles.htm
Personal Social Media Audit
Most used websites
Time of the day using a specific website
The usage of social media depends on the personal interests and priorities. There are various websites, blogs, content communities, and gaming zones categorized as internet-based social media. The users of social media often do not realize their patterns and number of hours spent in using social media. In order to understand the usage information a seven days diary was maintained. The analysis of diary entries provided an in-depth understanding of the situation. The reflection of observations, assessment of the findings and active experimentation is presented below.
Social media comprises of electronic tools, applications, websites, and various community-based blogs that attract the users. The users also utilize their email and contact numbers to share their profile information with contacts. It is also a medium that has…
Kaplan, AM&Haenlein, M2010, Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media, Business horizons, Vol. 53, No. 1, pp. 59-68.
The Reflective Essay
President Harry Truman's decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan during World War II
The United States remains the only country in the world that has ever made use of an atomic weapon against another country during a war. In 1945 the U.S. bombed two Japanese cities – Hiroshima and Nagasaki – in what effectively informed the surrender of Japan during World War II. It is important to note that over time, the use of an atomic bomb by the U.S. against Japan has been debated widely. Was the U.S. justified in the deployment of the atomic bombs? What escalated the wartime circumstances to dangerous levels, and could the massive devastation that came about as a consequence be prevented? These are some of the questions that scholars have grapples with on this front. This text revisits the debate and highlights President Harry Truman's decision to drop…
1 Feeling: False
Empathetic Response: It sounds like he was really making you feel false; I know that can be very frustrating—especially when you’re being honest…it’s just not what they want to hear.
2 Feeling: Infuriated
Empathetic Response: You certainly have a right to infuriated: those things were very important to you.
3 Feeling: Anxious
Empathetic Response: It’s okay to be anxious: a lot of people feel that about a move—will the next be place be as nice as my last?
4 Feeling: Punished
Empathetic Response: Yes, it is almost as if you are being punished for his faults. What we have to remember, however, is that—at this point—we are not thinking about fairness but rather about safety. We’ll get to fairness, but first things first.
1 Feeling: Contrite
Empathetic Response: Clearly you’re contrite about mistakes made in the past…
2 Feeling: Distressed
Empathetic Response: Your ordeal has…
paired with a team of four. They were not just any team of four but a dynamic group, filled with such dedication, passion and zeal to come to work on time, and unleash any fresh ideas to finish the project. Our team got along and there was not one person that did not throw upon themselves to go the extra mile. In week one, we were given our assignments and then in week two I was placed with my group and as mentioned earlier, there were four. However, within the group, we all had various tasks given to us and mine was the Sofa Hotel. This was beneficial to the team because I personally know the company and I have contact with those that work in the organization.
In my experience with doing research on this hotel, I learned a lot just individually. For example, I found out that the…
honored to meet a delegation of nurses from ten different countries, because I feel we have a lot to learn from each other in terms of different philosophies of nursing. At the same time, we are all shifting more to evidence-based practice, which transcends linguistic and cultural differences. One of the most difficult things to explain would be access to care, as the United States has the top equipment and doctors in the world but the highest cost of care, too. I would try to explain that although many Americans support the Affordable Care concept, and would even like to see Obamacare taken a step further to improve access and quality of care, many citizens remain uninformed and believe that the current profit-driven model is acceptable.
Most problems can be framed as a policy issue, because policy has real implications for day-to-day practice. Longest's policy framework demonstrates how American policymaking…
American Nurses Association (ANA, 2016). Policy and Advocacy. Retrieved online: http://www.nursingworld.org/Mainmenucategories/Policy-Advocacy
"Disparities." Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Retrieved online: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Disparities
Greear, J. (2015). Speaking truth to power. Retrieved online: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jade-greear/speaking-truth-to-power_2_b_8824094.html
Mason, D.J., Gardner, D.B., Outlaw, F.H., & O'Grady, E.T. (2015). Policy and Politics in Nursing and Health Care. Elsevier.
Intergration and Reflect Disscussion Strategc Management
In general, the concepts that were most interesting to me were those that pertained to mission statements and vision statements. I always believed that these two statements were interchangeable; I now know the difference between them is that mission statements define an organization, whereas vision statements do so as well but include information about an ideal future and the way an organization attempts to do things.
I tend to think that the information I learned about strategic choices and the functional, business and corporate levels will be relevant and useful for me -- both immediately as well as in the future. These different types of strategies represent a hierarchical immediacy approach to strategizing and implementing various tactics for the short, medium, and long-term, respectively. They are even applicable to one's career development, and have helped me to contextualize my approach to my overall career…
Reminiscing on My Teens
I actually learned a great deal from reading the several books that were required for this course, and which include Dennis McCallum's Christianity: The Faith that Makes Sense, Francis Chan's Crazy Love, Josh and Sean McDowell's More Than a Carpenter, and C.S. Lewis' Mere Christianity. I found the vast majority of these works thought provoking and relevant to Christianity today and to my life in particular. At times, I found myself wondering if these books actually helped to provide me with more questions than they did answers. In either case, I still enjoyed reading and believe that they have helped me substantially in my own journey of living as a Christian.
The book that was most critical to my own life as a Christian was Chan's Crazy Love. This book challenged the reader in numerous ways to actually become a better Christian. The basic premise of…
Team Ferris has not been overly successful thus far in our work, as reflecting in our current operating statistics. We have a negative return on sales, return on assets, return on equity and free cash flow, indicating that at present our company is not profitable. Asset turnover is a particular problem and leverage also contributes in our DuPont ratio to the negative ROE. But there is no one area where our company can be said to have excelled at the present time.
Of our five products, only one is profitable. This is the Feat product, which also happens to be far and away the leading generator of revenue. Our company has been forced to take an emergency loan in order to remain solvent. Modest performance on some balanced scorecard measures is the best that we can presently hope for. What this track record of poor performance means is that…
languages learned at school can take a variety of different forms and consist of many different influences. For example, there are informal social languages that can differ significantly from the types of languages that are considered to academic languages. Social languages can consist of foreign language or local informal dialects whereas the academic language is more formalized and needed to become more competent in school in general as they are used in several disciplines. Halliday (1993) is cited as suggesting that language has three purposes in school:
The use of language: how to speak, read, write and listen to language
Through language: al about the world inside and outside the classroom
About language: phonics, grammar, and spelling
The social language, being less formal, is learned more naturally and does not necessarily have to be studied. For example, social language can go on without any formal conventions as people simply communicate…
WIDA. (2007). Resource Guide. Retrieved from WIDA: https://www.wida.us/get.aspx?id=4
WIDA. (N.d.). Content stem/example topic - WIDA. Retrieved from WIDA Consortium: https://www.wida.us/get.aspx?id=348
Empathic response: “Sometimes it’s not so important that we go back and try to change things, but rather that we look forward with that same desire. Use that regret to make the rest of your life better. It’s actually a good thing to feel that way. It shows that you are aware and have developed a deeper understanding of things. A lot of people don’t attain that level of awareness.”
Empathic response: “The important thing to remember is that you’re here now and safe. You have a lot of good things in your life and your experience, for whatever reason, may have been allowed to happen to help you see things afresh. Do you ever feel like things in your life, people, places appear to you in a new light since your accident? If you do, that may be an indication that…
Taking the self-development path is imperative in order to excel in life. This is true for all social life encounters careers, disciplines or even academics. We must take full responsibility of our lives if we wish to progress. Improving ourselves is a central determiner for improving other area of our lives (Simuyemba, 2013).
According to Hibbert (2016) Personal development entails constantly trying to become a better person in terms of personality, knowledge and skills. The process involves recognition of one's weaknesses and developing self-love. One must abandon the pursuit of the illusion of perfection and stopping to begrudge yourself and others. Learn to see the world through the windows of faith rather than fear. It may involve coming to terms with reality by reconciling experiences and even pain and letting it pass.
Growing personality is a direct effect of life (Puddicombe, 2013) in a continuous learning curve; through meditation…
Hibbert, C. (2016). Personal Growth & Self-Actualization. Retrieved March 16, 2016, from Dr. Christina Hibbert: www.drchristinahibbert.com
Puddicombe, A. (2013, September 3). Personal Growth; Awareness provides the key to personal growth. Retrieved March 16, 2016, from Psychology Today: https://www.psychologytoday.com
Simuyemba, M. (2013). Learn, Grow and Succeed. Retrieved March 16, 2016, from Motivation For Dreamers: www.motivationfordreamers.com
Damned Lies & Statistics discusses a number of factors that impact the ways quantitative research is conducted, disseminated, and ultimately interpreted by researchers and consumers (e.g., readers of journal and newspaper articles). In what ways are the arguments raised in this book "bigger" than the simple misuse and/or misunderstanding of statistics by researchers and consumers? How might the arguments raised in the book connect with bigger themes/issues pertaining to the research (both quantitative and qualitative) process and the dissemination of knowledge? Discuss.
Statistics of Social issues are a reflection of the activities of individuals that identify with, name, describe, gauge, and promote. An extensively known name changes a condition that we take for granted into a situation we regard as disturbing and worth gauging. Simply put, statistics are regarded as a product of social activity. In addition, statistics are social constructs: it is through them that the world is made…
Nursing doesn't work in an auxiliary role to medicine, but independent of medicine. Nurses provide both direct and indirect care and also manage cases, establish nursing practice standards and procedures for quality assurance and also direct various care systems. The number of nurses in the United States is four times that of physicians and they deliver a wide range of care services including preventive and curative care in such areas as women's health, erotological care, family health and pediatrics (Nursing Fact Sheet, 2017).
As Designers and Providers of Patient-oriented Healthcare
As regards healthcare innovation, cross pollination is necessary and does take place between the various sectors in healthcare. For instance, ideas developed by nurses don't only support nursing practice, but are also applied in various other disciplines within healthcare (Omachonu & Einsprunch, 2010). With increased innovation, patients suffer less and the complexity of healthcare provision is reduced. Further, innovations lead…
Berwck, D., Nolan, T., & Whittington, J. (2008). The Triple Aim: Care, Health, And Cost. Health Affairs, 759 - 769.
Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). The IHI Triple Aim. Retrieved from Institute for Healthcare Improvement: http://www.ihi.org/Engage/Initiatives/TripleAim/pages/default.aspx
Nursing Fact Sheet. (2017). Nursing Fact Sheet;. Retrieved from American Association of College of nursing: http://www.aacn.nche.edu/media-relations/fact-sheets/nursing-fact-sheet
Omachonu, V., & Einsprunch, N. (2010). Innovation in Healthcare Delivery Systems: A Conceptual Framework. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal.
Life is filled with lessons that early on can lead to effects that last for decades. I remember when I was younger, I was told by a student in class when the teacher called on me, that she should not have asked me to participate in class because I had nothing to say. I was always shy about public speaking and when I heard her say that, it really made me feel like I was voiceless in this world and whatever bothered me or made me angry, I kept inside because I felt no one would listen. This stems from early childhood with my family and their inability to really listen to me.
I remember when I was 8 or 9 years old, I would say something to my family and they would not even acknowledge what I had said. Even if I screamed, they would just say I'm misbehaving…
Castillo, R. (1997). Culture & mental illness. Pacific Grove: Brooks/Cole Pub.
McGoldrick, M., Giordano, J., & Garcia-Preto, N. (2005). Ethnicity and family therapy. New York: Guilford Press.
Critical Thinking and Analysis
Developing critical thinking skills and using those skills to analyze the nursing practices, guidelines and standards provides the individual with the ability and capabilities to advance in a nursing career, helps the individual to assist others in achieving their goals and objectives, and assists the individual in the quest to become a more effective and efficient nurses. One recent study determined that nurses can also benefit from enhanced critical thinking skills "by describing the mental processes, or vigilance, nurses use to differentiate the significant from the non-significant observations made with regard to patients" (Robert, Petersen, 2013, p. 86). If that is true then critical thinking skills can be quite important to the nurse who is seeking to develop a relationship with his or her patients that provides for the optimum recovery through comprehensive observation.
A nurse who understands that thinking through what he or she is…
Bozorgmehr, K.; Bruchhausen, W.; Hein, W.; Knipper, M.; Korte, R.; Razum, O.; Tinnemann, P.; (2014) The global health concept of the German government: strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities, Global Health Action, Vol. 7, pp. 1-4
Christou, A. & Thompson, S.C.; (2013) Missed opportunities in educating Aboriginal Australians about bowel cancer screening: Whose job is it anyway? Contemporary Nurse: A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, Vol. 46, Issue 1, pp. 59-69
Garrity, M.K.; (2013) Developing nursing leadership skills through reflective journaling: a nursing professor's personal reflection, Reflective Practice, Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 118-130
German, M.; (2013) Developing our cultural strengths: Using the 'Tree of Life' strength-based narrative therapy intervention in schools, to enhance self-esteem, cultural understanding and to challenge racism, Educational & Child Psychology, Vol. 30, Issue 4, pp. 75-99
Life and Death in Shanghai
Nien Cheng, a lady of wealth, culture, and social refinement, was unused to the treatment she would ultimately receive at the hands of Mao Zedung's Red Guards. Viewed as a natural enemy to a Communistic regime - based on a measure of wealth and education - the mostly teenaged "Red Guards" invaded homes and workplaces in search of people disloyal to Zedung and the political environment of the day.
Considered "too aggressive and too independent in mind and spirit for a Chinese woman," Ms. Cheng would be humiliated in "town meetings" where false and unfounded accusations were used to force a confession of subterfuge and espionage, tortured, imprisoned for over 6 years without news of her only daughter, Meiping, who had been murdered by Maoists revolutionaries for refusing to denounce her mother as a spy, and placed under house arrest.
The Red Guard…
Human esource Management (HM) in today's culture is very prominent and important. The most important resource with any organization is the human component and it is of extreme importance to manage and develop this crucial asset in a way that is in alignment with the strategic outlook of that organization.
The purpose of this reflective essay is to explain and contextualize the major areas of scholarly discussion of Human esources Management. This essay will examine how the following areas impact the organizational performance of an organization by interjecting specific examples of its practices in my own career occupation within the Veterans Administration Call Center. These examples will be used to highlight my own subjective interpretation of the material presented in this course and serve as the criteria to weigh the effectiveness of each area.
The following areas of HM will be included in this discussion:
EEO and Affirmative Action,
Duggan, T. (nd). Develop & Training Human Resources in Organizations. Chron, Viewed 5 Dec 2013. Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/developing-training-human - resources-organizations-697.html
Hunt, M. (2012). Use Compensation to Inspire Innovation. SHRM, 26 Dec 2012. Retrieved from http://www.shrm.org/hrdisciplines/compensation/Articles/Pages/UseCompensationtoInsp ireInnovation.aspx
Kinsley, M. (2012). A Harvard Man's Critique of Affirmative Action. Bloomberg, 31 Oct 2012. Retrieved from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-10-31/a-harvard-man-s-critique - of-affirmative-action.html
Ryan, L. (2013). Getting HR Back into the People Business. Bloomberg Businessweek, 13 June 2013. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-06-13/getting-hr - back-into-the-people-business
Corporate communications involves not just the message, but the idea that communications are managed, and are connected to corporate objectives (Cornelissen, 2004). Therefore, when communication possibilities were limited, corporate options were limited, and one did not see communications management perspectives that advocated the type of intimate connection between communications and corporate strategy that one sees in a modern context (Cornelissen, 2004). What this makes clear is that CC is not simply, or even primarily, about communications; it is an overall corporate strategy that helps define how a corporation interacts with the world.
The emphasis on communication is very different from how corporations were traditionally, historically structured. Traditionally, strategic planning occurred at the top of the corporate structure, management was considered a mid-level activity, and operational control was the function of first-level management, and this corporate strategy was used in most workplaces (Oliver, 1997). However, as institutional hierarchies were challenged and…
Argenti, P 2007, The power of corporate communication. Available from:
. [17 July 2011].
Argenti, P 2006, The power of integration: building a corporate communication function that is greater than the sum of its parts. Available from: . [13 July 2011].
Argenti, P & Forman, J 2002, The power of corporate communication: crafting the voice and image of your business. McGraw-Hill, New York.
This view is reflected in increasing calls for financial equity among schools, desegregation, mainstreaming, and standardized testing for teachers and students alike; it has been maintained that by providing the same education to all students, schools can equalize social opportunity (Bowman, 1994).
This latter position is typically followed up with the use of a particular curriculum designed to support the approach. In this regard, Bowman suggests that, "Knowledge is thought to exist in the collected wisdom of a canon, and education is the transferral of established wisdom to the learner" (p. 218). Unfortunately, when educators attempt to impose a "one-size-fits-all" curriculum on a diverse study body, there are bound to be problems -- particularly for those students who are already marginalized through language and other socioeconomic constraints.
Furthermore, in many ways, the public schools are unique in that they have been assigned the responsibility of communicating what American society regards…
Artiles, A.J., Higareda, I., Rueda, R., & Salazar, J.J. (2005). Within-group diversity in minority disproportionate representation: English language learners in urban school districts. Exceptional Children, 71(3), 283.
Banks, J.A. (1994). An introduction to multicultural education. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Bowman, B.T. (1994). The challenge of diversity. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(3), 218.
Breitborde, M.L. (1993). Multicultural education in the classroom. Childhood Education,
Economics impacts on many areas of life subsequently it will impact on many areas of professional life. eflecting on the lessons learned, including the knowledge and skills gained, the real value is in the way that economics concepts can be applied to the real world; not only to explain event that are seen in the macro-environment, but to guide the way personal decisions will be made with that knowledge.
The first indicator of the lessons and concepts taught in the class being absorbed and developing into transferable knowledge has emerged with an increased understanding of the way that the economy operates and the influences which are present in the economy that are driving up prices.
There are many examples of the economic concepts; one example is the way that supply and demand has impacted on oil prices which has had a knock on effect in the economy as…
Baye Michael, (2007), Managerial Economics and Business Strategy, McGraw-Hill/Irwin
Greimel, Hans, (2012. April 30), Toyota wants high-volume U.S. Prius output by '15; Hunt is on for N.A. hybrid parts suppliers, Automotive News, p4
Nellis JG, Parker D, (2006), Principles of the Business Economics, London, Prentice Hall.
Scholes, Louise; Siegel Donald S; Wilson, Nick; Wright, Mike, (2012, Feb), Private equity portfolio company performance during the global recession, Journal of Corporate Finance, 18(1), 193.
Deutsch, Coleman and Marcus (2006), conflict is an inevitable consequence of the human condition. Conflicts betweens humans frequently involve competition over scarce resources, but history has shown time and again that conflicts can occur for virtually any reason and that some people thrive on conflict while others actively avoid it. One recent conflict that has gained national attention has been the series of strikes by fast-food workers seeking a higher minimum wage. These strikes have gained momentum and the most recent one in December 2013 affected fast food establishments in more than 100 American cities across the country. This paper provides a description of this conflict situation, a description of the social context and participants, and an identification of antecedent conditions to the strikes. An identification of the behavior reflecting the cognition and personalization by individuals of the conflict and identification of a relevant conflict management model, the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict…
Bacon, J. (2013, December 5). Fast-food workers strike, protest for higher pay. USA Today.
Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/12/05/fast-food-strike-wages/3877023 .
Bratkovic, B. (2010, June). Managing conflict. Government Finance Review, 26(3), 51-55.
Bryce, D. (2000, November). Motivation by the book. Training & Development, 54(11), 66.
Professional development is a key component for the growth of all education professionals.
In the reflective paper, the author reviews information updates from the i.gov website that reviews department specifications for teacher training in the special education sector. This includes the pertinent regulations that provide funding for activities such as Functional Behavioral Assessments (FBA) and Behavioral Intervention Plans (BIPs). It also lays out the regulations regarding format and implementation of the FBAs, including such issues of legitimacy as parent participation in the evaluation and intervention process.
In this essay, the author will review a complete assessment and reflect upon the information gained, including what tools were used, what each tool does provide in terms of programming for a student with special needs. e will see how the regulations are affected by the information in the instructional planning (including FBA and BIPs) and how these affect the student with special needs.…
Dpi.wi.gov, State of Wisconsin. (2011). Standards and directions for assessing compliance. Retrieved from State of Wisconsin website: http://dpi.wi.gov /sped/pdf/sa-stand-dir.pdf.
Title ii, part a -- teacher and principal training and recruiting. (2006, May 15). Retrieved from
Trees take in carbon dioxide (which includes pollution in the air) and give off oxygen so we can all breathe, and so God's plan can be carried through. The teaching of values, morals, and discipline must be part of the program for a Catholic teacher, and also the involvement of parents brings the school, the Church, the children and the families together in a fellowship of learning and praying.
As was mentioned earlier in this section, involving parents in their children's learning activities is a powerful way to keep our faith strong and growing in the context of education and Christianity. This is particularly poignant because on page 9 of the "Our Catholic Schools" one of the major issues facing Catholic education is the "…inadequate home and parish involvement with schools," and we can mitigate this problem by working closely with children to get them inspired enough so they want…
Dall, Mary Doerfler. (2000). Children Discover the Mass. Notre Dame, in: Ave Maria Press.
Ontario Catholic School Graduate Expectations.
Ontario's Catholic Schools. (2007). Our Catholic Schools 2006-2007 / Summary Report.
"I know you're smart. But everyone here is smart. Smart isn't enough. The kind of people I want on my research team are those who will help everyone feel happy to be here," so were the words of andy Pausch, a professor and lecturer (Pausch, 2008). The late andy Pausch turned one of his greatest speeches into a New York Times' bestseller. The book, The last Lecture, came out in 2008 after his infamous speech and was co authored by Jeffrey Zaslow, a Wall Street Journal reporter. The book itself builds on the content of Pausch's last lecture, also known as "eally Achieving Your Childhood Dreams." Although not directly about nursing, the inspirational message behind the book empowers nursing students to be prepared for the road ahead. The notions of the importance of experience and optimism are what prepare the student for the difficult journey down a path…
Pausch, Randy. (2008). The Last Lecture. Hodder & Stoughton.
Journal of Gottleib, Katz & Ernst-Slavit (2009) and Colorin Colorado Blog.
The Colorin Colorado Blog is unique in that it provides a bilingual web resource for teachers of all age groups, and offers basic information about ELLs and ELL teaching strategies, as well as school and family support areas. I especially appreciated the way that the website offers assistance for parents, and I have since been asking colleagues to translate the material into other languages for use in my classrooms because many of the ELLs in my classroom come from families that do not use either English or Spanish at home.
In Chapter 5, Gottleib, Katz & Ernst-Slavit (2009) discuss the ways that standard-based learning strategies and collaborative learning strategies can be especially useful for ELLs. The authors also discuss the ways the TESOL English language proficiency standards can be used to foster collaborations and strategic partnerships.
In Chapter 6,…
YouTube: The Role of ESL Teachers in Collaboration
ColorinColorado, 2013. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nL2SMmhBxlY
YoutTube: ESOL Collaborative Team Teaching
Burell C, 2005. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DOJSD5MGy4I
Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.
2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.
3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.
4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.
The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…
Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.
Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.
Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.
Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
Multicultural education researchers and educators agree that preservice teachers' attitudes, beliefs, and understandings are important: foci in multicultural education coursework (Cochran-Smith, 1995; Grant & Secada, 1990; McDiarmid & Price, 1993; Pohan, 1996). Teacher attitudes and beliefs influence teaching behaviors, which affect student learning and behavior (Wiest, 1998)."
1996 study used 492 pre-service teachers to try and gauge the attitudes and beliefs among the group when it came to understanding diversity and cultural differences in students (Wiest, 1998).
A decade earlier leading education experts Hollingsworth was able to identify a method for helping students of teaching to challenge their convictions and apply them to their careers.
Many advocates of multicultural education suggest that field experiences be included in preparing teachers to work with diverse student populations (Pohan, 1996; Sleeter, 1995; Tellez, Hlebowitsh, Cohen, & Norwood, 1995). Sleeter (1995) describes some investigations, such as miniethnographies, that her students conduct: I regard extended…
ZEICHNER, K.M., & GRANT, C.A. (1981) Biography an social structure in the socialization of student teachers, Journal of Education for Teaching, 7, pp. 298-314.
Assessing the consistency between teachers' philosophies and educational goals.
Education; 9/22/1995; DeSpain, B.C.
It does not happen overnight; 3) eflective practice occurs best when learners work with role models; 4) as noted by Fink, instruction needs to be learner-centered, of interest to the learners and long-lasting; 5) the institution in which the nurses learn must be supportive of reflective learning.
The PICOT is a useful format for developing a clinical research question. It helps to answer questions and decrease uncertainty and determine the appropriate choice of action. In this case, the PICOT is the following:
Nursing student population
Provide long-term knowledge to make reflective decisions
Traditional learning situations
eflective practice offers several benefits over traditional learning
Time frame (optional)
Fink, L.D. (2003). Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Loughran, J. John (2002) "Effective reflective practice: in search of meaning in learning about teaching." Journal of Teacher Education 53(1): 33+.
Osterman, K. (1998) Using…
Fink, L.D. (2003). Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Loughran, J. John (2002) "Effective reflective practice: in search of meaning in learning about teaching." Journal of Teacher Education 53(1): 33+.
Osterman, K. (1998) Using Constructivism and Reflective Practice to Bridge the Theory/Practice Gap. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998) ED425518 ERIC
Peters, M. (2000). Does constructivist epistemology have a place in nurse education? Journal of Nursing Education, 39, 166-172
California teachers meet the challenges of a classroom that is becoming increasingly culturally and linguistically diverse. The research will be based upon several proven strategies, including reflective practice, and incorporating the knowledge gained into practice.
Action research is described as "as a tool of curriculum development consisting of continuous feedback that targets specific problems in a particular school setting" (Ferraro). Mettetal adds that action research is undertaken in order to answer a specific practical problem, resulting in action. It is relevant to the specific site where it occurs, and results are shared with individuals who are directly affected by the research.
The action research program proposed here will follow the model set forth by Ferraro. A senior teacher will take the role of the researcher and role model. As such, the senior teacher will hold monthly meetings with all student teachers. At these meetings the student teachers will report their…
Ferraro, Joan M. Reflective Practice and Professional Development. ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education Washington DC. ERIC Digest.
Mettetal, Gwynn. Comparison of Formal and Action Research Methods. Resources for Teacher-researchers, Information on local teacher-researcher initiatives. Research about Teaching and Learning. Division of Education, Indiana University South Bend. 19 October 2002. http://www.iusb.edu/~gmetteta/Research_about_Teaching_and.htm
Multicultural Pavillion Teacher's Corner. Teacher Action Research. Created and maintained by Dr. Paul Gorski. 19 October 2002. http://curry.edschool.virginia.edu/centers/multicultural/tar.html
Parsons, Sharon. Teacher Research. Access Excellence @ the National Health Museum, Classrooms of the 21st Century. 19 October 2002. http://www.accessexcellence.org/21st/TL/AR
There were also notable evaluation pointers, with a constant feedback mechanism used in order to further improve the learning process and the teaching skills.
One should, however, note, among issues to be improved in the future, the inability to uniformly distribute teaching attention among different areas of study. The example with Jenna is eloquent in this sense. The excitement over an obviously gifted child in certain areas led to the neglect in other important educational areas, even in terms of writing, a preferred subject otherwise. It seems sensible to suggest, in this case, that the encouragement of certain obvious capacities should be doubled by a uniform for of teaching, covering all relevant areas. The teaching portfolio may be improved with relevant experiences at reactions when attempting to modify negative reactions towards certain areas of study.
1. Centra, John A. (1993) Reflective Faculty Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-ass Publishers, Inc.
1. Centra, John A. (1993) Reflective Faculty Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, Inc.
2. Seldin, Peter and Associates (1993) Successful Use of Teaching Portfolios. Belton, MA: Anker Publishing.
3. The Teaching Portfolio at Washington University. Last updated in December 2000. On the Internet at http://www.wsu.edu/provost/teaching.htm
The Teaching Portfolio at Washington University. Last updated in December 2000. On the Internet at
Attitude Object Evaluations
Current Influences of Attitude Object Evaluations
Objects can elicit a variety of emotional and cognitive responses from an individual (reviewed by Giner-Sorolla, 2004). The emotional and cognitive components of a response together define the summary attitude taken towards the object. The degree to which an object can influence behavior appears to be linked to the 'rate' with which an individual develops a summary attitude, such that faster appraisals are more influential because they elicited a stronger attitude. Strack and Deutsch (2004) attempt to merge numerous dualistic models in an effort to delineate the elements that influence an evaluative process. Based on their reflective-impulsive model, motivation is the primary driver of behavior, but the interval between the sighting of an attitude object and the resulting behavior varies depending on whether a person reacts primarily in a reflective (cognitive) or impulsive (emotional) manner.
Findings by Giner-Sorolla (2004) suggest that…
Giner-Sorolla, Roger. (2004). Is affective material in attitudes more accessible than cognitive material? The moderating role of attitude basis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 761-780.
Rannazzisi, Danielle Marie. (2009). Appraisal processes and emotion: An examination of the influence of relative standards on the evaluation of negative situations. (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (Accession 2009-99220-267).
Strack, Fritz and Deutsch, Roland. (2004). Reflective and impulsive determinants of social behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8(3), 220-247.
If the nurse is aware of an area of waste that can be addressed and does not reflect a legal concern (reusing some things is unlawful) then the nurse can bring this to the attention of the group and a solution can be developed and hopefully acted upon. This is a simple example. A more complex example would be an aspect of patient care that did not reflect the facility's goal to ensure effective home transitions for patients. If a nurse is aware of the fact that an individual patient has met all the healing goals but has no one at home to help them recover and is a party to allowing the individual to leave the facility without intervention, he or she may need to reflect on the overall policy and how he or she could have been involved in making a referral so that the individual patient did…
Bulman, Chris & Schutz, Sue. (2004). Reflective Practice in Nursing (3rd). (New York:
Sales Assistant at Marks and Spencer Section
There is a derivative need to ensure that Marks and Spenser Gifts vendors compete in Europe and America and other sections of the favorites in the clothing and cosmetics distributions. The business is located in the UK, but has a number of retail outlets in major world cities. The corporate organization was operational for the last one decade. The business is currently exploring options in food and beverage industry and thus the direction of social media sales strategy is a remarkable idea.
Some of the social media online platforms include Google blog, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and YouTube. Most people are now using social media for the basic transaction. As a result, there are opportunities to market using social media better than using traditional methods, which are relatively expensive, do not meet the odds of gain. In addition, online marketing constructively differs from traditional…
Agnihotri, Raj., Kothandaraman, Probakar., Kashyap, Rajiv., & Singh, Ramendra., 2012.
Bringing "Social" into Sales: The Impact of Salespeople's Social Media Use on Service Behaviors and Value Creation. Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management, 32(3), 333-348.
Gregory, A., 2000. Problematizing Participation: A Critical Review of Approaches to Participation in Evaluation Theory. Evaluation, 6(2), 179-199.
Safko, Lon., 2013, . The fusion-marketing bible: fuse traditional media, social media, and digital media to maximize marketing. Choice Reviews Online, 50(10), 50-56.
communications skills to solve problems they are likely to encounter in the workplace.
Communication is the process of sharing information, expression, feeling, and thought between two or more people. Effective communication plays an important role in the organizational development, and communication forms an important constituent of every aspect of an organization. To maintain good working relations, it critical for the entire workforce to communicate with one another to enhance coordination, as well maintaining good working relations.
Evidence of communication skills is the ability of an individual or business organization to persuade and negotiate within business environment. Persuading and negotiating is one of the important aspects within business environment. Arriving at a concrete agreement within a business environment involves using effective communication skills. Persuasion involves ability to convince others to reach appropriate course actions, while negotiating involves ability to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement.
Evidence of communication skills is…
Australian Computer Society (2011).Case Studies and their clauses in the Code. Australia.
Wheeler, S. (2003). Comparing Three IS Codes of Ethics -- ACM, ACS and BCS . 7th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, 10-13 July 2003, Adelaide, South Australia. 1576- 1587.
Disrupting by Imagining: ethinking Early Childhood esearch
Early Childhood esearch
This research highlights four teachers who work in early childhood classrooms who have chosen to implement the use of video-observations of their teaching in conjunction with the reflective process. Each teacher profile will include discussions and interviews about their teaching and change implementation. The ideas for change will be based upon their own knowledge, skills, and dispositions along with evidence from the recorded and observed videotapes. After viewing their own instruction, practitioners began the process of implementing change for individual students as well as for their class overall. Teachers shared this experience with others in their school and provided information regarding their results based on the following three areas: 1) Analysis: individuals and/or groups in the process of reflection (grade level teams); 2) Strategies: offers other teachers and/or programs ways to introduce concepts to a group of teachers and/or school;…
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: Freedom.
Brophy, J.E. (2004). Using video in teacher education. San Diego, CA: Elsivier.
Copa, A., Lucinski L., Olsen, E, & Wollenburg, K. (1999). Promoting professional and organizational development: A reflective practice model. Zero to Three, 20(1), 3-9.
Cross, N. (2011). Coaching: Seven reasons to go to the tape. ASCD Express, 7(1).
In order to assess Yvonne and her symptoms, the nurse practitioner must show patience and understanding. In the treatment of the symptoms, whether to relieve the fevers or perform scans and tests to find the source of the abdominal pain, the nurse practitioner must give Yvonne and her relatives significant input into the management of the illness. Optimal outcomes can be achieved by providing information to the patient that decreases fear, timely involvement of the doctor in the administration of pain medications and emotional support (McGrath, P. 2006).
eflective practices can have considerable effectiveness in the care of Yvonne. In a paper discussing the benefits of reflective care, Ben Hannigan (2001) argues that reliance on practical knowledge alone is insufficient to solving medical problems as they are rarely abstract in nature. eflection by the nurse practitioner embeds the medical problem into the social context and allows the practitioner to engage…
1. Mununggirritj, D. Yolngu Healer's Medicine: Plants used by the women healers of North-East Arnhem Land. [Online] Available at: http://www.atec.net.au/djapirri_muunggirritj_atec_h_w_presentation.pdf [Accessed 3 September 2011].
2. McGrath P., 2006. 'The biggest worry..': research findings on pain management for Aboriginal peoples in Northern Territory, Australia. Rural Remote Health 6(3), p.549
3. Aboriginal Resource and Development Services (ARDS) [Online] Available at: http://www.ards.com.au/default.html . [Accessed 3 September 2011].
4. Cass A, Lowell A, Christie M, Snelling PL, Flack M, Marmganyin B, Brown I., 2002. Sharing the true stories: improving communication between Aboriginal patients and healthcare workers. Mad J. Aust 176(10), pp.466-70
The U.S. Supreme Court has given employers "little choice" in the matter, Boyd explains. If a company "can prove" they took "reasonable care" in order to prevent or to correct inappropriate behavior, under the law they have (in many cases) "safe harbor" from punitive damages (Boyd, p. 332). The author states that sexual harassment training "…has evolved to become an ornate administrative display which has the appearance of concern…" but which in fact is "expedient in that it mitigates employer liabilities in any future court cases" (p. 332).
Charles a. Pierce, Professor of Management at the University of Memphis, offers another approach for HR managers in his article published by Human Resources Management. He asserts that "nearly 10 million workplace romances develop annually" in the U.S. And "about 40% of employees" have had a workplace romance (Pierce, et al., 2009, p. 448). The reasonable and logical point of Pierce's article…
Appelbaum, Steven H., Marinescu, Ana, Klenin, Julia, and Bytautas, Justin. (2007). Fatal
Attractions: The (Mis) Management of Workplace Romance. International Journal of Business Research, VII (4), 31-43.
Boyd, C. (2010). The Debate Over the Prohibition of Romance in the Workplace. Journal of Business Ethics, 97(2), 325-338.
Mathis, Robert L., and Jackson, John H. (2007). Human Resource Management. Florence, KY:
We went in assuming we would be rather homogenous and then found that the dynamic of the group could have broken down as a virtue of differences. Once those differences were noted by myself, the group leader the task became essentially easier, as more time working in the collective was sought by the group and as an individualist, simply had to adapt to this idea and allow for this time.
Within the works of Charles Handy there is also a message that influenced my thinking on this project and its dynamic and communication strategies. Handy stresses that the application of political ideas to company management is inevitable and in particular he stresses that federalism is the concept most likely to be utilized to demonstrate company structure and change. Not only did find this to be true regarding the materials gathered in the project context, HP, but also in the collective…
ITIM International Website "Geert Hofstede" Accessed January 7, 2008 at http://www.geert-hofstede.com/
Ledwith, S. & Seymour, D. (December 2001) Home and Away: Preparing Students for Multicultural Management. International Journal of Human resource Management, (12) 8, 1292-1312.
Tomlinson F. & Egan, S. (2002) Organizational Sensemaking in a Culturally Diverse Setting: Limits to the 'Valuing Diversity' Discourse. Management Learning, (33) 1, 79-97.
leader within the educational sector, it is critical that that qualities of good leadership be reflected upon the entire course of ones career.The management and leadership of academic institution is in deed a challenge that often results in poor performance in our contemporary schools (Schmoker,2001). In this paper, we present an elaborate reflection of my views on educational leadership principles that I have explored in the context of your MAED program and my career, and offer a summary of how my development as a professional educator has informed my practice that led to completion of the Capstone Project and my overall degree program.
Educational leadership principles
The very first principle of quality leadership practice is the evidence of candidate learning. This means that all the educational programs must provide enough evidence that the candidates have indeed learned and comprehended the educational curriculum.In order to do this, it was necessary for…
Carsey, MK and Gable, RK (2011). Beginning Teachers' Perceptions of Preparedness to Differentiate Instruction for Diverse Learners.
Paper presented at the 43rd annual meeting of the Northeastern Educational Research Association, October 19, 2011, Rocky Hill, CT.
Heacox, D. (2009). Making differentiation a habit: How to ensure success in academically diverse classrooms. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing, Inc.
Kinsella, E. (2007) Embodied Reflection and the Epistemology of Reflective Practice, Journal of Philosophy of Education, Vol. 41, No.3 pp. 395-409.
Instead of fluffing about just thinking and woying about it as I did initially, I actually set off to detemine the compaative pos and cons in each option that I had, evaluating the consequences of each of my options thus helping me to make moe infomed decisions quickly. This is a habit that I intend to continue pacticing.
Tadition vs. The infiltation of newly acquied technology: Many people still believe, despite that the intenet has been looming as it has fo a decade and that cedit violations ae taced and nullified moe pomptly than eve befoe in human histoy, people ae still leey. And undestandably so. But many people uphold such an absolute though unfounded egad towad itual, tadition, and histoical convention that they automatically discount anything new. I honestly fist hand see people aound me that "cut off thei noses despite thei faces" so fequently that they pose thei…
references for different brand names; different sizes available for different customers; brand commitment or brand loyalty; likewise, past experiences which may taint a preference one way or the other, etc. On the other hand, product assortment, pricing, promotion, and targeting strategies are what vary between these two methods. Whether in regard to online shopping or retail shopping, these factors are constant. In concern to each breed of shopper herein, taking all these factors into account, however, I ultimately believe that nothing is set in stone, and that a whole new entity could redirect everything tomorrow.
eflexive Practice, Leadership and Critical Thinking
All three themes -- critically reflective practice, leadership, and critical thinking, can be summarized in the following snippet: An American president, as President eagan's speechwriter, Peggy Noonan (1990), discovered experiences America by looking down. Much of his time is spent encountering his country and people via helicopter from which he sees tiny houses, tiny people, tiny cars, tiny roads. Noonan wondered how this affected eagan's perspective. She later found out that it compelled him to see them as outside of himself and as himself as distinct from them.
This snippet, it seems to me, is somewhat what reflective thinking, critical thinking, and leadership are all about. Each concept contains a meta-analytic sort of substance, similarly to inhabiting a plateau where the air is more refined and where the person is separate from others.
Let's take these concepts one by one.
Critically reflexive practice: Pungently,…
Noonan, P. (1990). What I saw at the Revolution: A political life in the Reagan era, USA: Ivy Books.
Brookfield, S.(1998). Critically reflective practice. Journal of Continuing Education in health professions,18, 197
Ayers, M.(2002). Leadership.Shared meaning, and semantics.etc. Cetera, 59, 287
Elder, L., & Paul, R.(2003). Critical Thinking...and the art of close reading (Part I). Journal of Developnment Education 27, 36 -- 39..
Copland and Knapp's belief that an inquiry into learning is an integral part of the existence of a professional learning community is definitely true. Learning itself is a life-long process. It never ends, regardless of whether or not people have completed their formal education or if they are even educator-researchers. However, particularly in the case when a person is involved in the profession mentioned in the latter situation, inquiries into learning play an essential part in the expansion of learning and the facilitation for the development of new methodologies and approaches that can effectively improve learning. Today's world is constantly changing and the information pertinent to it is in a state of flux as well, so it is actually part of the duty of any sort of educator-researcher or education practitioner to continue to revise and refine his or her methods of conveying education.
One of the most important…
Copland, M.A., Knapp, M.S. (2006). Connecting Leadership with Learning: A Framework for Reflection, Planning and Action.
Smith, M.K. (2009). "Donald Schon (schon): Learning, reflection and change." Infed. Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-schon.htm