Reflective Essays (Examples)

reflective essays

Most academic writing requires you to write in the third-person about subjects using some type of objective criteria.  The reflective essay is a different type of academic writing.  A reflective essay asks the writer to examine his or her own life experiences, and then explore how those experiences impacted the writer’s development as a person.  Generally, reflective essays focus on how a life experience led to a positive change or development in a person’s life or personality, but positive growth is not a required part of a reflective essay.

Two of the key things to consider in a reflective essay are the audience and the writer’s goals.  Who will be reading the piece and what does the writer hope to accomplish by having them read the reflective essay?  Oftentimes, academic reflective essays are written with the goal of gaining admission to a program or some type of benefit, such as a scholarship.  In those instances, the writer wants to carefully consider the type of life experience described and how it helped shape the writer.  These types of essays want to maximize a positive change. 

However, reflective essays are also used in non-academic contexts.  They can be extremely powerful when describing, not only negative experiences, but also how those experiences negatively impacted the writer.  These types of essays may be featured in magazines or online publications as a call to action or change. 

The structure of a reflective essay is less rigid than in other types of academic writing.  The introduction will discuss the basic topic, but might not give an in-depth preview if surprise is an important component of the essay.  The body will discuss, not only the impactful event, but also how the event helped shape the writer.  Finally, the conclusion will draw together the general topic and demonstrate how it relates to the impactful event discussed in the essay.  

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How to Respond to the Emotional Needs of Others

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43048909

Reflective Listening

Feeling: Regret/remorse
Empathic response: “Sometimes it’s not so important that we go back and try to change things, but rather that we look forward with that same desire. Use that regret to make the rest of your life better. It’s actually a good thing to feel that way. It shows that you are aware and have developed a deeper understanding of things. A lot of people don’t attain that level of awareness.”

Feeling: Frightened/anxious/traumatized
Empathic response: “The important thing to remember is that you’re here now and safe. You have a lot of good things in your life and your experience, for whatever reason, may have been allowed to happen to help you see things afresh. Do you ever feel like things in your life, people, places appear to you in a new light since your accident? If you do, that may be an indication that…… [Read More]

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Australian Health Care

Words: 1706 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62216658

Critical Thinking and Analysis

Developing critical thinking skills and using those skills to analyze the nursing practices, guidelines and standards provides the individual with the ability and capabilities to advance in a nursing career, helps the individual to assist others in achieving their goals and objectives, and assists the individual in the quest to become a more effective and efficient nurses. One recent study determined that nurses can also benefit from enhanced critical thinking skills "by describing the mental processes, or vigilance, nurses use to differentiate the significant from the non-significant observations made with regard to patients" (Robert, Petersen, 2013, p. 86). If that is true then critical thinking skills can be quite important to the nurse who is seeking to develop a relationship with his or her patients that provides for the optimum recovery through comprehensive observation.

A nurse who understands that thinking through what he or she is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bozorgmehr, K.; Bruchhausen, W.; Hein, W.; Knipper, M.; Korte, R.; Razum, O.; Tinnemann, P.; (2014) The global health concept of the German government: strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities, Global Health Action, Vol. 7, pp. 1-4

Christou, A. & Thompson, S.C.; (2013) Missed opportunities in educating Aboriginal Australians about bowel cancer screening: Whose job is it anyway? Contemporary Nurse: A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, Vol. 46, Issue 1, pp. 59-69

Garrity, M.K.; (2013) Developing nursing leadership skills through reflective journaling: a nursing professor's personal reflection, Reflective Practice, Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 118-130

German, M.; (2013) Developing our cultural strengths: Using the 'Tree of Life' strength-based narrative therapy intervention in schools, to enhance self-esteem, cultural understanding and to challenge racism, Educational & Child Psychology, Vol. 30, Issue 4, pp. 75-99
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Life and Death in Shanghai

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1869835

Life and Death in Shanghai

Reflective Study

Nien Cheng, a lady of wealth, culture, and social refinement, was unused to the treatment she would ultimately receive at the hands of Mao Zedung's Red Guards. Viewed as a natural enemy to a Communistic regime - based on a measure of wealth and education - the mostly teenaged "Red Guards" invaded homes and workplaces in search of people disloyal to Zedung and the political environment of the day.

Considered "too aggressive and too independent in mind and spirit for a Chinese woman," Ms. Cheng would be humiliated in "town meetings" where false and unfounded accusations were used to force a confession of subterfuge and espionage, tortured, imprisoned for over 6 years without news of her only daughter, Meiping, who had been murdered by Maoists revolutionaries for refusing to denounce her mother as a spy, and placed under house arrest.

The Red Guard…… [Read More]

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Human Resource Management HRM in Today's Culture

Words: 1891 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65945430

Human esource Management (HM) in today's culture is very prominent and important. The most important resource with any organization is the human component and it is of extreme importance to manage and develop this crucial asset in a way that is in alignment with the strategic outlook of that organization.

The purpose of this reflective essay is to explain and contextualize the major areas of scholarly discussion of Human esources Management. This essay will examine how the following areas impact the organizational performance of an organization by interjecting specific examples of its practices in my own career occupation within the Veterans Administration Call Center. These examples will be used to highlight my own subjective interpretation of the material presented in this course and serve as the criteria to weigh the effectiveness of each area.

The following areas of HM will be included in this discussion:

EEO and Affirmative Action,

Human…… [Read More]


Duggan, T. (nd). Develop & Training Human Resources in Organizations. Chron, Viewed 5 Dec 2013. Retrieved from - resources-organizations-697.html

Hunt, M. (2012). Use Compensation to Inspire Innovation. SHRM, 26 Dec 2012. Retrieved from  ireInnovation.aspx

Kinsley, M. (2012). A Harvard Man's Critique of Affirmative Action. Bloomberg, 31 Oct 2012. Retrieved from - of-affirmative-action.html

Ryan, L. (2013). Getting HR Back into the People Business. Bloomberg Businessweek, 13 June 2013. Retrieved from - back-into-the-people-business
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Integrated Corporate Communication and Corporate

Words: 16981 Length: 52 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1510916

Corporate communications involves not just the message, but the idea that communications are managed, and are connected to corporate objectives (Cornelissen, 2004). Therefore, when communication possibilities were limited, corporate options were limited, and one did not see communications management perspectives that advocated the type of intimate connection between communications and corporate strategy that one sees in a modern context (Cornelissen, 2004). What this makes clear is that CC is not simply, or even primarily, about communications; it is an overall corporate strategy that helps define how a corporation interacts with the world.

The emphasis on communication is very different from how corporations were traditionally, historically structured. Traditionally, strategic planning occurred at the top of the corporate structure, management was considered a mid-level activity, and operational control was the function of first-level management, and this corporate strategy was used in most workplaces (Oliver, 1997). However, as institutional hierarchies were challenged and…… [Read More]


Argenti, P 2007, The power of corporate communication. Available from:

. [17 July 2011].

Argenti, P 2006, The power of integration: building a corporate communication function that is greater than the sum of its parts. Available from: . [13 July 2011].

Argenti, P & Forman, J 2002, The power of corporate communication: crafting the voice and image of your business. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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Educational Evaluations in Culturally Diverse

Words: 7024 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51600783

This view is reflected in increasing calls for financial equity among schools, desegregation, mainstreaming, and standardized testing for teachers and students alike; it has been maintained that by providing the same education to all students, schools can equalize social opportunity (Bowman, 1994).

This latter position is typically followed up with the use of a particular curriculum designed to support the approach. In this regard, Bowman suggests that, "Knowledge is thought to exist in the collected wisdom of a canon, and education is the transferral of established wisdom to the learner" (p. 218). Unfortunately, when educators attempt to impose a "one-size-fits-all" curriculum on a diverse study body, there are bound to be problems -- particularly for those students who are already marginalized through language and other socioeconomic constraints.

Furthermore, in many ways, the public schools are unique in that they have been assigned the responsibility of communicating what American society regards…… [Read More]


Artiles, A.J., Higareda, I., Rueda, R., & Salazar, J.J. (2005). Within-group diversity in minority disproportionate representation: English language learners in urban school districts. Exceptional Children, 71(3), 283.

Banks, J.A. (1994). An introduction to multicultural education. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Bowman, B.T. (1994). The challenge of diversity. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(3), 218.

Breitborde, M.L. (1993). Multicultural education in the classroom. Childhood Education,
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Economics Course Economics Impacts on Many Areas

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86387567

Economics Course

Economics impacts on many areas of life subsequently it will impact on many areas of professional life. eflecting on the lessons learned, including the knowledge and skills gained, the real value is in the way that economics concepts can be applied to the real world; not only to explain event that are seen in the macro-environment, but to guide the way personal decisions will be made with that knowledge.

The first indicator of the lessons and concepts taught in the class being absorbed and developing into transferable knowledge has emerged with an increased understanding of the way that the economy operates and the influences which are present in the economy that are driving up prices.

There are many examples of the economic concepts; one example is the way that supply and demand has impacted on oil prices which has had a knock on effect in the economy as…… [Read More]


Baye Michael, (2007), Managerial Economics and Business Strategy, McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Greimel, Hans, (2012. April 30), Toyota wants high-volume U.S. Prius output by '15; Hunt is on for N.A. hybrid parts suppliers, Automotive News, p4

Nellis JG, Parker D, (2006), Principles of the Business Economics, London, Prentice Hall.

Scholes, Louise; Siegel Donald S; Wilson, Nick; Wright, Mike, (2012, Feb), Private equity portfolio company performance during the global recession, Journal of Corporate Finance, 18(1), 193.
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Conflict Model

Words: 2561 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62402201

Deutsch, Coleman and Marcus (2006), conflict is an inevitable consequence of the human condition. Conflicts betweens humans frequently involve competition over scarce resources, but history has shown time and again that conflicts can occur for virtually any reason and that some people thrive on conflict while others actively avoid it. One recent conflict that has gained national attention has been the series of strikes by fast-food workers seeking a higher minimum wage. These strikes have gained momentum and the most recent one in December 2013 affected fast food establishments in more than 100 American cities across the country. This paper provides a description of this conflict situation, a description of the social context and participants, and an identification of antecedent conditions to the strikes. An identification of the behavior reflecting the cognition and personalization by individuals of the conflict and identification of a relevant conflict management model, the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict…… [Read More]


Bacon, J. (2013, December 5). Fast-food workers strike, protest for higher pay. USA Today.

Retrieved from .

Bratkovic, B. (2010, June). Managing conflict. Government Finance Review, 26(3), 51-55.

Bryce, D. (2000, November). Motivation by the book. Training & Development, 54(11), 66.
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Professional Development Is a Key Component for

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43029557

Professional development is a key component for the growth of all education professionals.

In the reflective paper, the author reviews information updates from the website that reviews department specifications for teacher training in the special education sector. This includes the pertinent regulations that provide funding for activities such as Functional Behavioral Assessments (FBA) and Behavioral Intervention Plans (BIPs). It also lays out the regulations regarding format and implementation of the FBAs, including such issues of legitimacy as parent participation in the evaluation and intervention process.

In this essay, the author will review a complete assessment and reflect upon the information gained, including what tools were used, what each tool does provide in terms of programming for a student with special needs. e will see how the regulations are affected by the information in the instructional planning (including FBA and BIPs) and how these affect the student with special needs.…… [Read More]

Works Cited, State of Wisconsin. (2011). Standards and directions for assessing compliance. Retrieved from State of Wisconsin website: /sped/pdf/sa-stand-dir.pdf.

Title ii, part a -- teacher and principal training and recruiting. (2006, May 15). Retrieved from
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Religious Teacher Why Do I

Words: 2108 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22241440

Trees take in carbon dioxide (which includes pollution in the air) and give off oxygen so we can all breathe, and so God's plan can be carried through. The teaching of values, morals, and discipline must be part of the program for a Catholic teacher, and also the involvement of parents brings the school, the Church, the children and the families together in a fellowship of learning and praying.

As was mentioned earlier in this section, involving parents in their children's learning activities is a powerful way to keep our faith strong and growing in the context of education and Christianity. This is particularly poignant because on page 9 of the "Our Catholic Schools" one of the major issues facing Catholic education is the "…inadequate home and parish involvement with schools," and we can mitigate this problem by working closely with children to get them inspired enough so they want…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dall, Mary Doerfler. (2000). Children Discover the Mass. Notre Dame, in: Ave Maria Press.

Ontario Catholic School Graduate Expectations.

Ontario's Catholic Schools. (2007). Our Catholic Schools 2006-2007 / Summary Report.

Teacher Expectations.
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Randy Pausch and Nursing

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50204067

andy Pausch

"I know you're smart. But everyone here is smart. Smart isn't enough. The kind of people I want on my research team are those who will help everyone feel happy to be here," so were the words of andy Pausch, a professor and lecturer (Pausch, 2008). The late andy Pausch turned one of his greatest speeches into a New York Times' bestseller. The book, The last Lecture, came out in 2008 after his infamous speech and was co authored by Jeffrey Zaslow, a Wall Street Journal reporter. The book itself builds on the content of Pausch's last lecture, also known as "eally Achieving Your Childhood Dreams." Although not directly about nursing, the inspirational message behind the book empowers nursing students to be prepared for the road ahead. The notions of the importance of experience and optimism are what prepare the student for the difficult journey down a path…… [Read More]


Pausch, Randy. (2008). The Last Lecture. Hodder & Stoughton.
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Four Different Journals on Education

Words: 1545 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54392217

Journal of Gottleib, Katz & Ernst-Slavit (2009) and Colorin Colorado Blog.

The Colorin Colorado Blog is unique in that it provides a bilingual web resource for teachers of all age groups, and offers basic information about ELLs and ELL teaching strategies, as well as school and family support areas. I especially appreciated the way that the website offers assistance for parents, and I have since been asking colleagues to translate the material into other languages for use in my classrooms because many of the ELLs in my classroom come from families that do not use either English or Spanish at home.

In Chapter 5, Gottleib, Katz & Ernst-Slavit (2009) discuss the ways that standard-based learning strategies and collaborative learning strategies can be especially useful for ELLs. The authors also discuss the ways the TESOL English language proficiency standards can be used to foster collaborations and strategic partnerships.

In Chapter 6,…… [Read More]


YouTube: The Role of ESL Teachers in Collaboration

ColorinColorado, 2013. 

YoutTube: ESOL Collaborative Team Teaching

Burell C, 2005.
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Traditional Forms of Learning Do

Words: 1543 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35922237

It does not happen overnight; 3) eflective practice occurs best when learners work with role models; 4) as noted by Fink, instruction needs to be learner-centered, of interest to the learners and long-lasting; 5) the institution in which the nurses learn must be supportive of reflective learning.

The PICOT is a useful format for developing a clinical research question. It helps to answer questions and decrease uncertainty and determine the appropriate choice of action. In this case, the PICOT is the following:

Nursing student population

Provide long-term knowledge to make reflective decisions

Traditional learning situations

eflective practice offers several benefits over traditional learning

Time frame (optional)

eferences cited:

Fink, L.D. (2003). Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Loughran, J. John (2002) "Effective reflective practice: in search of meaning in learning about teaching." Journal of Teacher Education 53(1): 33+.

Osterman, K. (1998) Using…… [Read More]

References cited:

Fink, L.D. (2003). Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Loughran, J. John (2002) "Effective reflective practice: in search of meaning in learning about teaching." Journal of Teacher Education 53(1): 33+.

Osterman, K. (1998) Using Constructivism and Reflective Practice to Bridge the Theory/Practice Gap. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998) ED425518 ERIC

Peters, M. (2000). Does constructivist epistemology have a place in nurse education? Journal of Nursing Education, 39, 166-172
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Aloud or in Writing Making

Words: 17261 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71062622

Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.

2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.

3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.

4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.


The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…… [Read More]


Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.

Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.

Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.

Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
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Teaching That Play a Role

Words: 9261 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69308031

Multicultural education researchers and educators agree that preservice teachers' attitudes, beliefs, and understandings are important: foci in multicultural education coursework (Cochran-Smith, 1995; Grant & Secada, 1990; McDiarmid & Price, 1993; Pohan, 1996). Teacher attitudes and beliefs influence teaching behaviors, which affect student learning and behavior (Wiest, 1998)."

1996 study used 492 pre-service teachers to try and gauge the attitudes and beliefs among the group when it came to understanding diversity and cultural differences in students (Wiest, 1998).

A decade earlier leading education experts Hollingsworth was able to identify a method for helping students of teaching to challenge their convictions and apply them to their careers.

Many advocates of multicultural education suggest that field experiences be included in preparing teachers to work with diverse student populations (Pohan, 1996; Sleeter, 1995; Tellez, Hlebowitsh, Cohen, & Norwood, 1995). Sleeter (1995) describes some investigations, such as miniethnographies, that her students conduct: I regard extended…… [Read More]

ZEICHNER, K.M., & GRANT, C.A. (1981) Biography an social structure in the socialization of student teachers, Journal of Education for Teaching, 7, pp. 298-314.

Assessing the consistency between teachers' philosophies and educational goals.

Education; 9/22/1995; DeSpain, B.C.
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Teaching in the Diverse Classroom

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76992253

California teachers meet the challenges of a classroom that is becoming increasingly culturally and linguistically diverse. The research will be based upon several proven strategies, including reflective practice, and incorporating the knowledge gained into practice.

Action research is described as "as a tool of curriculum development consisting of continuous feedback that targets specific problems in a particular school setting" (Ferraro). Mettetal adds that action research is undertaken in order to answer a specific practical problem, resulting in action. It is relevant to the specific site where it occurs, and results are shared with individuals who are directly affected by the research.

The action research program proposed here will follow the model set forth by Ferraro. A senior teacher will take the role of the researcher and role model. As such, the senior teacher will hold monthly meetings with all student teachers. At these meetings the student teachers will report their…… [Read More]


Ferraro, Joan M. Reflective Practice and Professional Development. ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education Washington DC. ERIC Digest.

Mettetal, Gwynn. Comparison of Formal and Action Research Methods. Resources for Teacher-researchers, Information on local teacher-researcher initiatives. Research about Teaching and Learning. Division of Education, Indiana University South Bend. 19 October 2002. 

Multicultural Pavillion Teacher's Corner. Teacher Action Research. Created and maintained by Dr. Paul Gorski. 19 October 2002.

Parsons, Sharon. Teacher Research. Access Excellence @ the National Health Museum, Classrooms of the 21st Century. 19 October 2002.
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Individual Growth in This Particular

Words: 1538 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74824329

There were also notable evaluation pointers, with a constant feedback mechanism used in order to further improve the learning process and the teaching skills.

One should, however, note, among issues to be improved in the future, the inability to uniformly distribute teaching attention among different areas of study. The example with Jenna is eloquent in this sense. The excitement over an obviously gifted child in certain areas led to the neglect in other important educational areas, even in terms of writing, a preferred subject otherwise. It seems sensible to suggest, in this case, that the encouragement of certain obvious capacities should be doubled by a uniform for of teaching, covering all relevant areas. The teaching portfolio may be improved with relevant experiences at reactions when attempting to modify negative reactions towards certain areas of study.


1. Centra, John A. (1993) Reflective Faculty Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-ass Publishers, Inc.

2.…… [Read More]


1. Centra, John A. (1993) Reflective Faculty Evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, Inc.

2. Seldin, Peter and Associates (1993) Successful Use of Teaching Portfolios. Belton, MA: Anker Publishing.

3. The Teaching Portfolio at Washington University. Last updated in December 2000. On the Internet at 

The Teaching Portfolio at Washington University. Last updated in December 2000. On the Internet at
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Attitude Change and Persuasion

Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94801485

Attitude Object Evaluations

Current Influences of Attitude Object Evaluations

Objects can elicit a variety of emotional and cognitive responses from an individual (reviewed by Giner-Sorolla, 2004). The emotional and cognitive components of a response together define the summary attitude taken towards the object. The degree to which an object can influence behavior appears to be linked to the 'rate' with which an individual develops a summary attitude, such that faster appraisals are more influential because they elicited a stronger attitude. Strack and Deutsch (2004) attempt to merge numerous dualistic models in an effort to delineate the elements that influence an evaluative process. Based on their reflective-impulsive model, motivation is the primary driver of behavior, but the interval between the sighting of an attitude object and the resulting behavior varies depending on whether a person reacts primarily in a reflective (cognitive) or impulsive (emotional) manner.

Findings by Giner-Sorolla (2004) suggest that…… [Read More]


Giner-Sorolla, Roger. (2004). Is affective material in attitudes more accessible than cognitive material? The moderating role of attitude basis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 761-780.

Rannazzisi, Danielle Marie. (2009). Appraisal processes and emotion: An examination of the influence of relative standards on the evaluation of negative situations. (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (Accession 2009-99220-267).

Strack, Fritz and Deutsch, Roland. (2004). Reflective and impulsive determinants of social behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8(3), 220-247.
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Countless Theories Regarding the Effective

Words: 2170 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7416850

If the nurse is aware of an area of waste that can be addressed and does not reflect a legal concern (reusing some things is unlawful) then the nurse can bring this to the attention of the group and a solution can be developed and hopefully acted upon. This is a simple example. A more complex example would be an aspect of patient care that did not reflect the facility's goal to ensure effective home transitions for patients. If a nurse is aware of the fact that an individual patient has met all the healing goals but has no one at home to help them recover and is a party to allowing the individual to leave the facility without intervention, he or she may need to reflect on the overall policy and how he or she could have been involved in making a referral so that the individual patient did…… [Read More]


Bulman, Chris & Schutz, Sue. (2004). Reflective Practice in Nursing (3rd). (New York:

Blackwell Publishing)
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Leadership Development and My Workplace

Words: 2897 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29027682

Sales Assistant at Marks and Spencer Section

There is a derivative need to ensure that Marks and Spenser Gifts vendors compete in Europe and America and other sections of the favorites in the clothing and cosmetics distributions. The business is located in the UK, but has a number of retail outlets in major world cities. The corporate organization was operational for the last one decade. The business is currently exploring options in food and beverage industry and thus the direction of social media sales strategy is a remarkable idea.

Some of the social media online platforms include Google blog, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and YouTube. Most people are now using social media for the basic transaction. As a result, there are opportunities to market using social media better than using traditional methods, which are relatively expensive, do not meet the odds of gain. In addition, online marketing constructively differs from traditional…… [Read More]


Agnihotri, Raj., Kothandaraman, Probakar., Kashyap, Rajiv., & Singh, Ramendra., 2012.

Bringing "Social" into Sales: The Impact of Salespeople's Social Media Use on Service Behaviors and Value Creation. Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management, 32(3), 333-348.

Gregory, A., 2000. Problematizing Participation: A Critical Review of Approaches to Participation in Evaluation Theory. Evaluation, 6(2), 179-199.

Safko, Lon., 2013, . The fusion-marketing bible: fuse traditional media, social media, and digital media to maximize marketing. Choice Reviews Online, 50(10), 50-56.
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Web Technology Effective Teaching Extant Literature Has

Words: 2384 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69364745

Web Technology

Effective Teaching

Extant literature has attempted to explore the concept of an effective teacher. The question of what constitutes an effective teacher is one that is asked by several stakeholders in the educational sector. According to The Teaching and Learning Center at Winthrop University, an effective teacher is defined as a scholar who uses an appropriate methodology in the sharing of knowledge, demonstrates as well as encourages a high level of enthusiasm on the subject matter while showing a lot of concern for the students in a manner that leaves a lasting as well as vivid conviction of the student having immensely benefitted from the provided instructions.

Some qualities of an effective teacher are noted to be innate to a given person. This is because an individual can never learn to feel a sense of concern if they lack the capacity as well as empathy with their students.…… [Read More]


Barry, K. & King, L. (2004). Beginning teaching and beyond (3rd Ed.).South Melbourne: Social Science Press.

Bennett, B., Rolheiser, C. & Stevahn, L. (1991). Cooperative Learning: Where Heart Meets Mind. Toronto: Educational Connections.

Bennett, B. & Smilanich, P. (1994). Classroom management: A Thinking and Caring Approach. Toronto: Educational Connections.

Bloom, B.S., Engelhart, M.D., Furst, E.J., Hill, W.H., & Krathwohl, D.R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The cognitive domain. New York: Longman.
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Communications Skills to Solve Problems They Are

Words: 2104 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14481140

communications skills to solve problems they are likely to encounter in the workplace.

Communication is the process of sharing information, expression, feeling, and thought between two or more people. Effective communication plays an important role in the organizational development, and communication forms an important constituent of every aspect of an organization. To maintain good working relations, it critical for the entire workforce to communicate with one another to enhance coordination, as well maintaining good working relations.

Evidence of communication skills is the ability of an individual or business organization to persuade and negotiate within business environment. Persuading and negotiating is one of the important aspects within business environment. Arriving at a concrete agreement within a business environment involves using effective communication skills. Persuasion involves ability to convince others to reach appropriate course actions, while negotiating involves ability to reach a mutually satisfactory agreement.

eflective Practice

Evidence of communication skills is…… [Read More]


Australian Computer Society (2011).Case Studies and their clauses in the Code. Australia.

Wheeler, S. (2003). Comparing Three IS Codes of Ethics -- ACM, ACS and BCS . 7th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, 10-13 July 2003, Adelaide, South Australia. 1576- 1587.
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Images and Ideas Using Videos and Reflections to Guide Instructional Change in Early Childhood Classrooms

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13650977

Disrupting by Imagining: ethinking Early Childhood esearch

Early Childhood esearch

This research highlights four teachers who work in early childhood classrooms who have chosen to implement the use of video-observations of their teaching in conjunction with the reflective process. Each teacher profile will include discussions and interviews about their teaching and change implementation. The ideas for change will be based upon their own knowledge, skills, and dispositions along with evidence from the recorded and observed videotapes. After viewing their own instruction, practitioners began the process of implementing change for individual students as well as for their class overall. Teachers shared this experience with others in their school and provided information regarding their results based on the following three areas: 1) Analysis: individuals and/or groups in the process of reflection (grade level teams); 2) Strategies: offers other teachers and/or programs ways to introduce concepts to a group of teachers and/or school;…… [Read More]


Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: Freedom.

Brophy, J.E. (2004). Using video in teacher education. San Diego, CA: Elsivier.

Copa, A., Lucinski L., Olsen, E, & Wollenburg, K. (1999). Promoting professional and organizational development: A reflective practice model. Zero to Three, 20(1), 3-9.

Cross, N. (2011). Coaching: Seven reasons to go to the tape. ASCD Express, 7(1).
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Indigenous Australian Patients Evidence-Based Discussion

Words: 1054 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14666361

In order to assess Yvonne and her symptoms, the nurse practitioner must show patience and understanding. In the treatment of the symptoms, whether to relieve the fevers or perform scans and tests to find the source of the abdominal pain, the nurse practitioner must give Yvonne and her relatives significant input into the management of the illness. Optimal outcomes can be achieved by providing information to the patient that decreases fear, timely involvement of the doctor in the administration of pain medications and emotional support (McGrath, P. 2006).

eflective practices can have considerable effectiveness in the care of Yvonne. In a paper discussing the benefits of reflective care, Ben Hannigan (2001) argues that reliance on practical knowledge alone is insufficient to solving medical problems as they are rarely abstract in nature. eflection by the nurse practitioner embeds the medical problem into the social context and allows the practitioner to engage…… [Read More]


1. Mununggirritj, D. Yolngu Healer's Medicine: Plants used by the women healers of North-East Arnhem Land. [Online] Available at:  [Accessed 3 September 2011].

2. McGrath P., 2006. 'The biggest worry..': research findings on pain management for Aboriginal peoples in Northern Territory, Australia. Rural Remote Health 6(3), p.549

3. Aboriginal Resource and Development Services (ARDS) [Online] Available at: . [Accessed 3 September 2011].

4. Cass A, Lowell A, Christie M, Snelling PL, Flack M, Marmganyin B, Brown I., 2002. Sharing the true stories: improving communication between Aboriginal patients and healthcare workers. Mad J. Aust 176(10), pp.466-70
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Human Resource Management & Workplace

Words: 1960 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19443582

The U.S. Supreme Court has given employers "little choice" in the matter, Boyd explains. If a company "can prove" they took "reasonable care" in order to prevent or to correct inappropriate behavior, under the law they have (in many cases) "safe harbor" from punitive damages (Boyd, p. 332). The author states that sexual harassment training "…has evolved to become an ornate administrative display which has the appearance of concern…" but which in fact is "expedient in that it mitigates employer liabilities in any future court cases" (p. 332).

Charles a. Pierce, Professor of Management at the University of Memphis, offers another approach for HR managers in his article published by Human Resources Management. He asserts that "nearly 10 million workplace romances develop annually" in the U.S. And "about 40% of employees" have had a workplace romance (Pierce, et al., 2009, p. 448). The reasonable and logical point of Pierce's article…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Appelbaum, Steven H., Marinescu, Ana, Klenin, Julia, and Bytautas, Justin. (2007). Fatal

Attractions: The (Mis) Management of Workplace Romance. International Journal of Business Research, VII (4), 31-43.

Boyd, C. (2010). The Debate Over the Prohibition of Romance in the Workplace. Journal of Business Ethics, 97(2), 325-338.

Mathis, Robert L., and Jackson, John H. (2007). Human Resource Management. Florence, KY:
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Multicultural Learning in Business Has

Words: 2262 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12700035

We went in assuming we would be rather homogenous and then found that the dynamic of the group could have broken down as a virtue of differences. Once those differences were noted by myself, the group leader the task became essentially easier, as more time working in the collective was sought by the group and as an individualist, simply had to adapt to this idea and allow for this time.

Within the works of Charles Handy there is also a message that influenced my thinking on this project and its dynamic and communication strategies. Handy stresses that the application of political ideas to company management is inevitable and in particular he stresses that federalism is the concept most likely to be utilized to demonstrate company structure and change. Not only did find this to be true regarding the materials gathered in the project context, HP, but also in the collective…… [Read More]

ITIM International Website "Geert Hofstede" Accessed January 7, 2008 at 

Ledwith, S. & Seymour, D. (December 2001) Home and Away: Preparing Students for Multicultural Management. International Journal of Human resource Management, (12) 8, 1292-1312.

Tomlinson F. & Egan, S. (2002) Organizational Sensemaking in a Culturally Diverse Setting: Limits to the 'Valuing Diversity' Discourse. Management Learning, (33) 1, 79-97.
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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

leader within the educational sector, it is critical that that qualities of good leadership be reflected upon the entire course of ones career.The management and leadership of academic institution is in deed a challenge that often results in poor performance in our contemporary schools (Schmoker,2001). In this paper, we present an elaborate reflection of my views on educational leadership principles that I have explored in the context of your MAED program and my career, and offer a summary of how my development as a professional educator has informed my practice that led to completion of the Capstone Project and my overall degree program.

Educational leadership principles

The very first principle of quality leadership practice is the evidence of candidate learning. This means that all the educational programs must provide enough evidence that the candidates have indeed learned and comprehended the educational curriculum.In order to do this, it was necessary for…… [Read More]


Carsey, MK and Gable, RK (2011). Beginning Teachers' Perceptions of Preparedness to Differentiate Instruction for Diverse Learners.

Paper presented at the 43rd annual meeting of the Northeastern Educational Research Association, October 19, 2011, Rocky Hill, CT.

Heacox, D. (2009). Making differentiation a habit: How to ensure success in academically diverse classrooms. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing, Inc.

Kinsella, E. (2007) Embodied Reflection and the Epistemology of Reflective Practice, Journal of Philosophy of Education, Vol. 41, No.3 pp. 395-409.
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Big Project Despite All the

Words: 1430 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91606546

Instead of fluffing about just thinking and woying about it as I did initially, I actually set off to detemine the compaative pos and cons in each option that I had, evaluating the consequences of each of my options thus helping me to make moe infomed decisions quickly. This is a habit that I intend to continue pacticing.

Tadition vs. The infiltation of newly acquied technology: Many people still believe, despite that the intenet has been looming as it has fo a decade and that cedit violations ae taced and nullified moe pomptly than eve befoe in human histoy, people ae still leey. And undestandably so. But many people uphold such an absolute though unfounded egad towad itual, tadition, and histoical convention that they automatically discount anything new. I honestly fist hand see people aound me that "cut off thei noses despite thei faces" so fequently that they pose thei…… [Read More]

references for different brand names; different sizes available for different customers; brand commitment or brand loyalty; likewise, past experiences which may taint a preference one way or the other, etc. On the other hand, product assortment, pricing, promotion, and targeting strategies are what vary between these two methods. Whether in regard to online shopping or retail shopping, these factors are constant. In concern to each breed of shopper herein, taking all these factors into account, however, I ultimately believe that nothing is set in stone, and that a whole new entity could redirect everything tomorrow.
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Reflexive Practice Leadership and Critical Thinking All

Words: 1372 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64961106

eflexive Practice, Leadership and Critical Thinking

All three themes -- critically reflective practice, leadership, and critical thinking, can be summarized in the following snippet: An American president, as President eagan's speechwriter, Peggy Noonan (1990), discovered experiences America by looking down. Much of his time is spent encountering his country and people via helicopter from which he sees tiny houses, tiny people, tiny cars, tiny roads. Noonan wondered how this affected eagan's perspective. She later found out that it compelled him to see them as outside of himself and as himself as distinct from them.

This snippet, it seems to me, is somewhat what reflective thinking, critical thinking, and leadership are all about. Each concept contains a meta-analytic sort of substance, similarly to inhabiting a plateau where the air is more refined and where the person is separate from others.

Let's take these concepts one by one.

Critically reflexive practice: Pungently,…… [Read More]


Noonan, P. (1990). What I saw at the Revolution: A political life in the Reagan era, USA: Ivy Books.

Brookfield, S.(1998). Critically reflective practice. Journal of Continuing Education in health professions,18, 197

Ayers, M.(2002). Leadership.Shared meaning, and semantics.etc. Cetera, 59, 287

Elder, L., & Paul, R.(2003). Critical Thinking...and the art of close reading (Part I). Journal of Developnment Education 27, 36 -- 39..