Rehabilitation Essays (Examples)

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Head Injuries and Resultant Deafness

Words: 1992 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98340917

(Walls, Hendricks, Dowler, Hirsch, Orslene and Fullmer, 2002). The animal will serve as a vital link between John Q. And the world around him, helping to be independent and to have quality time to himself and allow him to travel on his own.

There is a need, too, to emphasize that services are available to the family as individuals, and in a group setting, to confront and work through the issues that upcoming months, perhaps even years of hardship as a result of John Q's physical injuries will mean to them as a family and as individuals. The focus must be a positive one, for research has shown that positive and hopeful attitudes impact an individual's ability to recover faster and more fully (Schmidt, Vickery, Cotugna, and Snider, 2005).

esearcher Thoughts

esearching the conditions and needs of a family and individual as cited above, created a sense of caring and…… [Read More]


Christensen, a. & Uzzell, B.P. (Eds.). (1994). Brain Injury and Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: International Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved February 8, 2008, from Questia database:

(1994). CHAPTER TWO Pharmacological Treatments for Brain-Injury Repair: Progress and Prognosis. In Brain Injury and Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: International Perspectives, Christensen, a. & Uzzell, B.P. (Eds.) (pp. 17-33). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved February 8, 2008, from Questia database:

(2003). Conversation and Brain Damage (C. Goodwin, Ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved February 8, 2008, from Questia database:
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New York Public Sector Vocational

Words: 4492 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71100105

CBVH then continues to work with VESID to assess performance on an ongoing basis, participate in on-site reviews, and provide technical assistance or recommend adjustments to contracts as needed.

In the near century that these agencies have been in place, they have worked together in their efforts to assist those with disabilities to find employment. The current supported employment delivery system has allowed all eligible individuals with the most significant disabilities who are interested in supported employment to obtain services. A joint policy statement between the CBVH, the State Education Department, and VESID was initiated in 1985. At this time, the two State agencies agreed that only by working together could they address the needs of individuals who are deaf and blind. Through the memorandum of the agreement in 1999, CBVH and VESID reaffirmed their commitment to joint efforts to better serve this unique group of individuals. While there are…… [Read More]


American Foundation for the Blind. "Statistics and Sources for Professionals."

Retrieved November 26, 2010.

Belote, L. Low Vision Education and Training: Defining the Boundaries of Low

Vision Patients. A Personal Guide to the VA Visual Impairment Services
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Justice Crime and Ethics

Words: 3434 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16571934

Justice, Crime and Ethics

Prepping the President: Ethical Analysis and Future Policy Initiatives

Suggesting the Use of Rehabilitation in Corrections

The President of the United States has just scheduled a town hall meeting entitled, "Criminal Justice Ethics: Today's News and Tomorrow's Solutions." Many of the country's most interested individuals in the field of criminal justice's present ethical issues are attending the meeting and expect to be informed on the status of some of the most innovative and future-leaning criminal justice policies that the country currently utilizes. In prepping the president on the topic at hand, significant attention must be paid to the use of rehabilitation in corrections, which has proven itself effective in rehabilitating criminal offenders in a way that allows them to regain a productive life for the remainder of their sentence and beyond. In viewing the status of criminal rehabilitation as well as the programs and policy considerations…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Everett, B. (2010 May 23). "Realistic rehabilitation: 12 points for future success; thoughts on reforming rehabilitation built by looking at past failures." Corrections One. Web. Retrieved from: . [Accessed on 15 November 2012].

Gehrig, T. And Warner, K. (2007 June). "Against the narrowing perspectives: how do we see learning, prisons, and prisoners." Journal of Correctional Education: 58(2), pp. 170-184. Web. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database. [Accessed on 15 November 2012].

Grover, A., Lane, J. And Santos, S. (2012). "Former prison and jail inmates' perceptions of informal methods of control utilized by correctional officers." Southern Criminal Justice Association, January 2012: 1(1). Web. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database. [Accessed on 15 November 2012].

Latessa, E., Lowekamp, C., Pratt, T., and Wright, K. (2012). "The importance of ecological context for correctional rehabilitation programs: understanding the micro and macro level dimensions of successful offender treatment." Justice Quarterly: 29(6), pp. 775. Web. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database. [Accessed on 15 November 2012].
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Framwork for Practise and Presentation Sociology --

Words: 4006 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43751466

Framwork for Practise and Presentation

Sociology -- Social Work

There are several factors that contribute to seeming intractability and complexity of social issues. We cannot retrieve an actual picture of any problem considering a single issue. The root causes of social issues are related to individual circumstances and some are beyond the individual control. Central goal of social work profession is the social justice. Social workers can better serve all the needs of the service users if they will have the tools that are required to analyze the existing social policies and problems. This term paper is based on the ideology and the theories embraced by social workers; also their practice strategies and inclusiveness of cultural diversity is discussed in detail.


We find several social issues in our surroundings. Every social issue does not depend on a single cause rather there are…… [Read More]


Antonio, A., & Resko, S.M. (2008). Cognitive-Behavioral Theory. Retrieved July 3rd, 2012, from

Clines, F.X. (1993). Dealing with Drug Dealers: Rehabilitation, Not Jail; Hynes Tries Alternative Approach Intended to Stop a Problem by Curing and Addiction. The New York Times. Retrieved July 3rd, 2012, from

CBR. (2004). A Strategy for Rehabilitation, Equalization of Opportunities, Poverty Reduction and Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities. Community-Based Rehabilitation. Retrieved August 3rd, 2012, from

Flores, P.J. & Georgi, J.M. (2005). Substance Abuse Treatment: Group Therapy. Retrieved June 02, 2012, from .
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U S Correctional System U S Correctional

Words: 1014 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44370521

Therapy aims at deterring the criminals from committing crimes in the future. The therapy is where the offender undergoes a counseling and treatment system to help them recover from that mindset of committing the crime. Psychological counseling aims at creating a positive attitude in the criminal. Therefore, in rehabilitation, the justice and correctional system work towards the emancipation of individuals to stop committing criminal acts.

Which method is more effective in reducing crime, Punishment or rehabilitation?

The impact of punishment and rehabilitation in the society help to analyze which of the two methods of the correctional system is more effective. According to the Criminal Justice Statistics, a majority of the American society prefers swift punishment to rehabilitation (Blakely, 2008). In this survey, a resounding three quarters of people have the view that punishment is the primary justification of sentencing. Additionally, a 70% of people believe that, incapacitation is the surest…… [Read More]


Blakely, C. (2008). American criminal justice philosophy revisited. Federal Probation, 72(1),

43-47,72. Retrieved from 

Edgely, M. (2010). Criminals and (second-class) citizenship: Twenty-first century attainder? Griffith Law Review,19(3), 403-437. Retrieved from 

Stanko, S., Gillespie, W., & Crews, G.A. (2004). Living in prison: A history of the correctional system with an insider's view. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.
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Crystal Meth

Words: 1838 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93093629

Meth Moms: Rehabilitation Strategies

The drug methamphetamine, also known as "meth," is cheap and easily obtained. This makes it a risk among those who feel overwhelmed by their circumstances, such as mothers or pregnant women. This addiction, whereas the drug itself is not costly, cost many of these women their children. In order to rehabilitate them it is perhaps better to work with them on a social basis than to send them to jail or to remove their children on a permanent basis.

elow the issues involved with meth addiction are considered, along with strategies that could be followed towards rehabilitation.

Reasons for Taking Meth

The pressure that society imposes on the modern woman is immense. Not only is a woman expected to be a career woman; she should also take good care of her home and her children. oth these things are almost mutually exclusive jobs, and without help,…… [Read More]


Bonner, A. & J. Waterhouse (eds.). (1996). Addictive behaviour: molecules to mankind: perspectives on the nature of addiction. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Joint committee of the American bar association and the American medical association on narcotic drugs. Drug addiction: crime or disease? Interim and final reports. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

McMurran, M. (1994). The psychology of addiction. London; Bristol, PA: Taylor & Francis.

Meth in the News. (2003) "Are Super Moms Turning to Meth to Do It All?" Meth in the News,
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Implementation of Balance Score Card Approach

Words: 871 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16408781

Balanced Scorecard Approach by Cattaraugus County eHabilitation Center

Unlike many so-called "management fads" that emerged over the past 20 years, the balanced scorecard approach has been shown time and again as an effective way for companies of all sizes and types of better manage their resources in ways that provide them with a competitive advantage. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to demonstrate that Cattaraugus County ehabilitation Center did an effective job of implementing a Balanced Scorecard approach in a fashion that reflects their organizational mission and vision. A summary of the research and important findings concerning the Center's implementation of a balanced scorecard approach are presented in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

Balanced Scorecard Overview

The Balanced Scorecard approach was developed and refined during the 1990s by Kaplan and Norton with the goal of identifying those factors that are most responsible for driving organizational performance (Martello,…… [Read More]


Mackay, A. (2004, October). A practitioners' report based on: Shareholder and stakeholder approaches to strategic performance measurement using the Balanced Scorecard. CIMA

Research Report.

Martello, M., Watson, J.G., & Fischer, M.J. (2008, September). Implementing a Balanced

Scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of Business & Economics Research,
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Role of Prisons in the Society I

Words: 1988 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37250638

role of prisons in the society. I have included the theories of deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, incapacitation, non-interventionism and restoration to support my discussion along with their positive and negative aspects. In the conclusion, I have given my preferred theory of imprisonment as the most effective and important ones.

A prison can be defined as a protected and locked institution where juvenile and grown-up offenders are housed with punishments that vary from a year to life. Such facilities hold the objective of accomplishing the verdict that the courts impose on the offenders and also of protecting the community and civil society by taking measures to prevent escapes. These facilities are also liable to provide programs and services that are important for taking care of the convicted population under their custody (Sumter 2007).

The issue of imprisonment has constantly been an intense experience for every individual found guilty of committing offenses. Sometimes…… [Read More]


Banks, C. (2004). The Purpose of Criminal Punishment. In: Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publicaton, pp 103-126.

Mauer, M. (2004). Thinking About Prison and its Impact in the Twenty-First Century. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law [online].2, p.607-618. Available from: . [Accessed February 17, 2013].

Macionis, J.J. & Plummer, K. (2008). Control, Crime and Deviance. In Sociology: A Global Introduction (5th edition), New York: Pearson Prentice Hall, pp591-592.

MacKenzie, D.L. (1996). Criminal Justice and Crime Prevention. Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice University of Maryland, Maryland. Available from: . [Accessed February 17, 2013].
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Balanced Scorecard and the Financial Perspective

Words: 767 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81839777

high-quality healthcare services to families with children suffering from a broad range of developmental disabilities is a challenging enterprise in any setting, but the constraints to productivity faced by Cattaraugus County eHabilitation Center were daunting indeed. The Center had grown to include a number of organizations that provide specialized care to disabled children, but it had outgrown its old business model when a Balanced Scorecard initiative was implemented. This paper examines the Center's efforts to determine if the job they did in implementing a balanced scorecard approach was effective in reflecting its organizational mission and vision. A summary of the research and an overall evaluation of the Center's efforts are provided in the conclusion.

eview and Analysis

The balanced scorecard approach developed by Kaplan and Norton (1992) is intended to provide managers with quantifiable performance metrics that link outcome measures with measures reflecting future outcome drivers (Martello, Watson & Fischer,…… [Read More]


Kaplan, R. & Norton, D. (1992). The balanced scorecard -- measures that drive performance.

Harvard Business Review, 70(1): 71-79.

Martello, M., Watson, J., Fischer, M., (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard in a not-for-

profit organization. Journal of Business & Economics Research. 6(9), 67-80. Retrieved
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Goals of Corrections Retribution the Rationale Behind

Words: 882 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57439148

Goals of Corrections


The rationale behind retribution is simply to punish the offender and it reflects the most basic natural impulse of human societies in response to individuals who deliberately break the established rules of society (Schmalleger, 2009). Its purpose is nothing more than to satisfy those impulses, particularly on the part of the victims of criminal acts. The types of penal sentences that reflect pure retribution are long terms of incarceration and even hard labor and other forms of punishment that are expressly designed to be unpleasant for the offender. The types of crime control strategies dictated by this philosophy are those that make penal sentences as long and as unpleasant for offenders as is constitutionally permissible (Schmalleger, 2009). In many respects, this was the approach taken in American criminal justice prior to the revolutionary ideas first introduced by William Penn (Schmalleger, 2009). The only "advantages" of this…… [Read More]


Lynch, M.J. (1999). "Beating a Dead Horse: Is There Any Basic Empirical Evidence for the Deterrence Effect of Imprisonment?" Criminal Law & Social Change, Vol.


Nagin, D.S. (1998). "Criminal Deterrence Research at the Outset of the Twenty-First

Century." Crime and Justice, Vol. 23.
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Re-Entry of Prisoners Back Into the Community

Words: 2356 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58481808


Rehabilitation vs. punishment

Changing philosophy


Creation of mandatory sentencing

Punishment vs. rehabilitation as a goal

High rates of recidivism

Alternative sentencing methods

Increasing size of the prison population

F. Elimination of parole

G. Failure to monitor released felons


Prisoners released all the time

Failure to prepare those prisoners for outside world

Programs showing success



Need for similar programs

A movie made in 1939 entitled They All Come Out makes the point that all prisoners are released one way or another, with most returning to the community (while a comparative few die in prison). The point of the film was that provision must be made for the re-entry of prisoners into the community, a point that seems to have been lost in the intervening years as politicians increase punishments as if longer sentences would solve all problems, while the re-entry of prisoners to society takes a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bessette, Joseph M. "In Pursuit of Criminal Justice." The Public Interest (October 15, 1997).

Conaboy, Richard P. "The United States Sentencing Commission: A New Component in the Federal Criminal Justice System." Federal Probation (March 1, 1997).

Davis, Danny K. "Living with an 'X' on Your Back: Released and No Place to Go." Corrections Today, Volume 65(5)(August 2003). October 28, 2005. d=5007703411.

Kopel, David B. "Sentencing Policies Endanger Public Safety." USA Today Magazine (November 1, 1995).
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How Social Media Can Help Counselors

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81745476

Stuntzner's (2014) study on the concept of "self-compasision" as a component in rehabilitation counseling and the study by Hartley, Johnston and Tarvydas (2015), which focuses on the use of social media advocacy in rehabilitation counseling both examine ways that rehabilitation counseling can be improved through the implementation of different variables. This paper will critique and compare the two studies and show how their findings can be used to help rehabilitation counselors better their own profession in the field.

Stuntzner's (2014) article is based on a literature review of the concept of "self-compassion" as a construct so as to determine how this idea might be applied to rehabilitation counseling to help reduce "negative thoughts, feelings, and outcomes while also promoting positive ones" (p. 37). Stuntzner's findings indicate that self-compassion is a concept that can be more clearly defined and utilized by counselors to assist in the healing of persons with disabilities.…… [Read More]


Hartley, M., Johnston, S., Tarvydas, V. (2015). The ethics and practice of social media advocacy in rehabilitation counseling. Journal of Rehabilitation, 81(1): 42-51.

Stuntzner, S. (2014). Compassion and self-compassion: Exploration of utility as potential components of the rehabilitation counseling profession. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 45(1): 37-44.
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Quality Improvement in Health Care

Words: 1426 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25926976

Furthermore, the VA hospitals are devoted to new research on Parkinson's disease in the development of surgical treatment for late-stage patients for whom medical therapy is no longer effective and development of new medications, which are more effective and have fewer side effects (Department of Veterans Affairs, 2001). In this way the VA's rehabilitation services structure assists in the transition of patients from one level to another level of care.

alanced Scorecard of the VA's Rehabilitation Services

The creation of a balanced scorecard for the rehabilitation services offered by the VA consists of developing metrics, collecting data and analyzing the data in relation to: 1) the learning and growth perspective, 2) the business process perspective, 3) the customer perspective, and 4) the financial perspective. The learning and growth perspective includes employee training and corporate cultural attitudes related to both individual and corporate self-improvement. In the current climate of rapid technological…… [Read More]


Department of Veterans Affairs. (2001, February). Parkinson's disease: VA Benefits and Programs. Office of Public Affairs Media Relations, p. 1.

Mitchell, S.L., Kiely, D.K., Kiel, D.P., & Lipsitz, L.A. (1996). The epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and natural history of older nursing home residents with a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. J Am Geriatr Soc 44, 394-9.

Wilson, N. & Kizer, K. (1997). The VA Health Care System: An Unrecognized National

Safety Net. Health Affairs 16(4), 200-4.
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Prison Punishment Should Prison Be Punitive or

Words: 2477 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52781814

Prison Punishment

Should Prison be Punitive or Rehabilitation in Nature?

A question that has existed since the beginnings of the modern prison system has been that of whether prison should be an unbearable punishment for an action committed, or rehabilitation for the accused to rid them of a particular behavior. In ancient times, a violent crime was usually responded with a violent verdict, resulting in torture and pain, and the concept of 'an eye for an eye' that led human law for thousands of years. Recently, however, civilization has rejected the outward torture of prisoners, and has tried to implement a system based on fairness, both during the trial and during the punishment. hile prisoners may not feel like their jail time is fair, modern civilization has elected judges to make these decisions for society. There is still the question, however, of what in today's world is the goal of…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Larrabee, A., (2006). Punishment vs. Rehabilitation in the Criminal Justice System. Retrived from,

Multiple authors. (2010). Should Criminal Justice Focus More on Rehabilitation or Punishment. IDebate. Retrieved from  .

Peak, K., (2012). Justice Administration: Police, Courts and Corrections Management (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson: Prentice Hall.

Turner, A., (2012). Work Programs for Texas Inmates Go High Tech. Chron. Retrieved from,  .
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Sociology Is the Cure Worse

Words: 2111 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54630635

Youthful offenders especially, are subjected to negative influences and damaging treatment while in prison. Rehabilitation can be arranged so as to meet the needs of individual women and men, allowing them to come to terms with the reality of their transgressions, and to see and understand how they affect those around them. Mandatory participation in rehabilitation programs as an alternative to prison can give these insights to offenders even if they do not, at first, or even a second or a third time, accomplish their desired goals. Mandatory prison sentences for relatively minor or consensual drug and alcohol offenses have swelled the nation's prison system. Vast numbers of otherwise productive persons are kept locked away from society, doomed for perhaps making ill-advised decisions, denied proper treatment and consideration. The system should be changed to emphasize the inclusiveness of society. Individuals who offend should be helped with their problems and welcomed…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berman, Douglas a. "Distinguishing Offense Conduct and Offender Characteristics in Modern Sentencing Reforms." Stanford Law Review 58.1 (2005): 277+.


Delgado, Melvin. Where Are All the Young Men and Women of Color?: Capacity Enhancement Practice in the Criminal Justice System. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.
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Goals of Corrections the Objective

Words: 2380 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19065395

Just as clearly no individual who is logical would consider Charles Manson or Theodore undy as eligible profiles for the restorative justice program or even for rehabilitation program or indeed of any other than imprisonment or death by execution There are however, very potentially productive, useful, and worthy individuals who are shuffled into the correction system due to their inability to hire a lawyer or lack of knowledge concerning their rights to having representation appointed to them that with education and knowledge or skills acquisition can be successfully rehabilitation or restored to society and within the community. Recently there has been documented an additional strategy in criminal justice corrections which is described as a 'transformational' process and is a cognitive-behavioral approach in treatment.


Cognitive behavioral approaches are being used in transforming the dysfunctional thinking of the individual. The work of Mahoney and Lyddon (1988) relate approximately…… [Read More]


MacKenzie, DL and Hickman, LJ (1998) What Works in Corrections? An Examination of the Effectiveness of the Type of Rehabilitation Programs Offered by Washington State Department of Corrections. Submitted to: The State of Washington Legislature joint audit and review committee. Crime Prevention effectiveness Program - Dept. Criminology and Criminal Justice. Online available at

Van Ness, DW (nd) Restorative Justice in Prisons. Session 204: The Practice of Restorative Justice in Prison Reform. PFI Centre for Justice and Reconciliation. Prison Fellowship International. Online available at

Complexity of the Social Contract (2001) Prisoner Life Online available at

Erikson, Kai. Wayward Puritans. New York: John Wiley, 1966.
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Strategy Mapping and the Learning and Growth Perspective

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50989492

Strategy Mapping & the Learning and Growth Perspective

Learning and growth is the fourth category of the balanced scorecard, which makes up the basis of any strategy. In this perspective, there is establishment of the employee capabilities, skills, technology, and a corporate environment to support a strategy. There are several objectives identified by Cattaraugus ehabilitation Center Mission (CCM) in an attempt to improve their learning and growth. These include (i) recruit, orient, manage, develop and retain personnel, (ii) Utilize technology to progress the organization's information systems and (iii) Promote, train and practice the organization's culture (Kaplan and Norton, 1992).





ecruit, orient, manage, develop and retain personnel

The turnover rates

Attract the best employees in an attempt to achieve sustainability

Develop a motivated and satisfied employee

Utilize technology to improve and progress the organization's information systems

The number of staff who successfully complete training

Incorporation of technology…… [Read More]


Kaplan, R., & Norton, D. (1992). The balanced scorecard: Measures that drive performance.

Harvard Business Review, 70(1), 71-79.

Martello, M., Watson, G.J., & Fischer, J.M. (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of business & economics research, 6(9), 67-80.
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Integration - Causal Chains and Strategy SLP

Words: 787 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13782200

Integration - Causal Chains and Strategy SLP

The balanced scorecard approach is a useful tool, applicable to most organizations for identifying strategic action plans. One of the most important advantages for a balanced scorecard is that it is able to provide information in a synthetic manner, making it easy to digest for decision makers, who often don't have the time to analyze all the deeper details, especially when the decision sometimes needs to be made on the stop or in a very limited period of time.

In the case of the Cattaraugus Rehabilitation Center Mission (CRCM), a first look over the balanced scorecard gives immediate information about the strategic objectives of the organization, over four pillars: financial, customer, internal and learning. These range from containing costs and improving patient outcome to personnel objectives (recruiting and retaining the best employees) and to financial objectives such as increasing revenues.

Another argument in…… [Read More]

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Criminal Sentencing

Words: 1236 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2975971

criminal justice system comprises of key features that generally include the criminal act, investigations into it and subsequently arresting the suspect, abhorrence to suspect's rights in the course of due process, the trial as well as the sentencing after a guilty verdict has been passed. The sentencing of a suspect follows the guilty verdict and at this stage of the criminal justice process, the judge determines the suitable punishment. This is the most important aspects of the criminal justice system and pivotal in the pursuit of preventing crime. The sentencing stage is based on four key objectives that include deterrence, rehabilitation, incapacitation, and retribution.


In general terms deterrence in the criminal justice system is expected to have two effects. The clear certainty of action against offenders, potential law breakers should be deterred by the risk of arrest and second, the punishment may affect behavior change by the potential offender…… [Read More]


Avio, K.L. (1990). Retribution, Wealth Maximization, and Capital Punishment:A Law and Economics Approach. Stetson Law Review, 19, 373-409.

Gadek, R. (2013). Rehabilitation vs. Punishment in the Adult Justice System. Retrieved Feburary 11, 2013, from 

McNeill, F. (2012). When Punishment is Rehabilitation. Retrieved February 11, 2013, from http://www.Fergus.

Moore, M. (1993). Justifying Retributivism. Israel Law Review, 15-49.
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Metatarsal Stress Fracture and Complications

Words: 2769 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92504585


Partly because anatomical variation contributes to the development of metatarsal fractures, footwear is particularly important to mitigating any existing predisposing factors to the condition. While conflicting data as to the effect of hard surfaces call into question the assumption that surface density is directly related to metatarsal problems (Laker, Saint-Phard, Tyburski, et al., 2007), the insufficient cushioning properties of athletic footwear likely increases the overall risk nevertheless.

Proper fitting, particularly in the lateral dimension (i.e. width) is directly related to increased susceptibility to metatarsal problems because it further (artificially) contracts the overall surface areas available to dissipate and absorb dynamic forces by squeezing the metatarsals closer to each other as well (Cullen & Hadded, 2004). Finally, excessive roominess in athletic footwear can also contribute to stress fractures and other debilitating foot problems by allowing the foot to develop momentum within the shoe and resulting in momentarily high loads when…… [Read More]


Barsom, R. (2005) Fracture and Fatigue Control in Structures: Applications of Fracture

Mechanics. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Cullen, N. & Hadded, F. (2004). How would you manage the painful midfoot? Pulse,

64(24), p.50 -- 52. Retrieved March 16, 2009, from EBSCO online database.
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Authors Communicate There Are a Number of

Words: 950 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45112597

Authors Communicate

There are a number of points of interest regarding "Massage therapy in post-operative rehabilitation of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy - a pilot study." On the whole this is an extremely well-organized article, which is one of its primary strengths. The different sections and phases of the research are well documented. There are a variety of tables that elucidate several components related to the literature review, the results, and the particulars of the subjects considered in the research. However, there is more than one area of the study in which the researchers could have benefited from the use of more substantial effort and a more thorough methodology, which is certainly reflected in the results and the conclusion.

The central weakness of this study is the fact that all of the results were based on research performed on just six subjects. To the credit of the researchers they…… [Read More]


O'Conner, P. (2003). Woe is I: The grammarphobe's guide to better English in plain English. New York: Riverhead Books
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BSC Implementation and the Internal Business Process Perspective

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92338014

Balanced Scorecard

The internal business processes perspective of the balanced scorecard highlights metrics that allow managers to understand how well their business is running. These processes should be tied closely to enhancing financial objectives, and should reflect a high level of congruence with the customer and learning & growth perspectives as well (BSI, 2013).

The organization's mission and vision should be the basis for this analysis. At Cattaraugus ehabilitation Center the focus is on improving patient outcomes and containing costs, so the metrics used in the internal processes perspective should reflect this. The first metric is to improve patient success rates. This has to be defined, but for each rehabilitation case there are specific objectives that are set within the industry based on medical science and industry knowledge. There is some leeway for medical staff to change the measures of success where unique circumstances arise. Thus, the first objective is…… [Read More]


BSI. (2013). Balanced scorecard basics. Balanced Scorecard Institute. Retrieved December 21, 2013 from

McCarthy, S. & Chapman, A. (2013). Balanced scorecard. Business Balls. Retrieved December 21, 2013 from
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Correctional System Plays a Critical

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57773238

This is largely because rehabilitation of offenders is for the purpose of transforming the criminal to an important member of the society from being a cost to the society. Some of the most common rehabilitation techniques in the correctional system include counseling and drug rehabilitation treatment as well as vocational training.

The two most extensively used modes of rehabilitation in the correctional system are education and work programs since they are integral to offenders securing employment and becoming productive members of the society. Education and work programs are widely used as modes of rehabilitation because they have a modest impact in lessening post-release recidivism, particularly when they are geared towards specific inmates ("ehabilitation," n.d.). The education programs are conducted in various forms i.e. life-skills training that are considered as counseling interventions and vocational education. The vocational education provided in the correctional system is geared towards preparing inmates for employment upon…… [Read More]


"Balancing Justice: Setting Citizen Priorities for the Corrections System." (n.d.). Civic Practices

Network -- Manuals and Guides: Community. Retrieved December 29, 2011, from

"Rehabilitation -- Correctional Programs In The United States." (n.d.). Law Library -- American

Law and Legal Information. Retrieved December 29, 2011, from
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Spinal Cord Job Placement Issues

Words: 2729 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71199446

Studies have shown that a relationship exists between individual's satisfaction with their life after a spinal cord injury and their access to the environment, including the work environment (ichards, Bombardier, Tate, Kijkers, Gordon, Shewchuk & DeVivo, 1999). In particular access to a life that can be considered normal and "outside of the person" or their injury is an important predictor of satisfaction with life for individuals with spinal cord injury (ichards, et. al, 1999). Occupational status is a tremendous element of personal satisfaction.

acial disparities have been identified in employment and job placement patterns among individuals with spinal cord injuries, however these differences are found by some researchers to mirror the patterns that exist among the population at large (Meade, Lewis, Jackson & Hess, 2004). Studies conducted show that racial disparities in employment rates and job placement are found to be similar before and after injury, and in one study…… [Read More]


Anderson, CJ & Vogel, LC. (2002, Jun). "Employment outcomes of adults who sustained spinal cord injuries as children or adolescents." Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 83(6): 791-801

Dudgeon, BJ; Gerrard, BC, Jensen, MP, Rhodes, LA & Tyler, EJ. (2002, Feb). "Physical disability and the experience of chronic pain." Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 83(2): 229-35

Gibson, KL. (2003, July). "Caring for a patient who lives with a spinal cord injury."

Nursing 33(7): 36-41.
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Manual Therapy Is Regarded as

Words: 1862 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21085628

It is evidenced that soon after lapse of two months of treatment about 67% of the patients administered with manual therapy and 27% of the patients administered with exercise therapy could return to work revealing substantial difference through the follow up period. The study concluded that improvements are noticed in both the groups. However, the improvements in respect the patients administered with manual therapy are more prominent than that with exercise therapy. (Aure; Hoel Nilsen; Vasseljen, 2003)

Thus even though manual therapies are beneficial, it has been debated upon. However irrespective of the fact that delaying methods taking into consideration the reality that it compels the athlete to a therapeutic machine, still then it is acknowledged to have the significant techniques in alleviating pain, rehabilitating the common range of motion, and treating specialized conditions like myofascial pain syndrome. (Holt, 2004) However, such advantages are to be exploited from the physical…… [Read More]


Aure, Olav Frode; Hoel Nilsen, Jens; Vasseljen, Ottar. (15 March, 2003) "Manual Therapy and Exercise Therapy in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized, Controlled Trial with 1-Year Follow-up" Spine. Vol: 28; No: 6; pp: 525-531.

Beeton, Karen. (2003) "Manual Therapy Masterclasses"

Elsevier Health Sciences.

BMJ: Manual therapy beats out traditional treatment." (August, 2003) Journal of the American
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Customer Services it Takes Examples

Words: 3631 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16884780

The employees should be firmly committed to the firm, they are the face of a firm (also its eyes and ears). The staff focus should be involved in the process management, also their measurement and knowledge as well as initial contact with customers, all contribute to the performance of the organization.

Firms need to provide results on a consistent basis, be innovative and should respond quickly to any changes in environment for giving exceptional results and satisfying customers. Further in continuous improvement, aspects such as redesign of processes or services, upgraded technology systems, proper paperwork should be focused upon. Continuous improvement requires all firms' members to look for opportunities to improve. Overall, the continuous improvement process involves customers, leadership, employees and quality. It is the customers who determine if the firm is providing quality. They are the judges of it. The leadership is useful for setting direction of the firm.…… [Read More]


Brown, S.A. (1998). Breakthrough Customer Service. Toronto: John Wiley & Sons.

Buttle, F. (2004). Customer Relationship Management. Amsterdam: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.

Els, W. (2003). Winning at Service. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Horrell, E. (2006). The Kindness Revolution. New York: AMACOM.
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Consent Should Be Emphasized Rather

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67557134

This was unknown to a researcher who wanted to test a new rehabilitation drug specifically on long-term alcoholics. As a reward for her participation, he offered Maggie some time away from the center. Maggie of course jumped at the chance without further considering the risk factors to either her physical or emotional health. The counselor working with Maggie should have joined the informed consent process, and would have been able to help her make a better decision.

Recommendation 5.4 states that mechanisms should be in place to protect the privacy and confidentiality of patient records. Confidentiality is of utmost concern, especially for vulnerable patients.

In the rehabilitation profession, the history of drug and alcohol use is of utmost sensitivity and privacy to both in- and outpatients. Those visiting the facility trust its professionals with their deepest secrets, some of which they are utterly ashamed of. It is therefore highly important…… [Read More]

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Assistive Technology What Is the

Words: 4146 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50166555

Many of the answers used to hold workers with disabilities can also crack work-related problems of older workers. But older workers would not point out that they are disabled, even though they may come across functional limitations that are comparable to those met by persons with disabilities. Elder workers with vision, hearing, dexterity, memory, attention, standing, and/or sitting disabilities may come across difficulties on the job. There are a range of AT aids and other useful products available to tackle the issues that older workers may experience. (Assistive Technology and Aging)

6. Describe a process as to how assistive technology devices will be transferred to and/or purchased by another agency to support postsecondary activities

Once the nature of the needs have been identified, you can then look at the appropriate assistive technology devices and services. It is also important, that most technologically advanced system may not be the best solution.…… [Read More]


"A framework for assistive technology planning" (2002) Education Tech Points. Retrieved from Accessed on 20 February 2005

"Assistive Technology and Aging" Virginia Assistive Technology System. Retrieved from  Accessed on 20 February 2005

Assistive Technology Fact Sheet #2. (November 30, 2004) Department of Public Instruction and Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative. Retrieved from Accessed on 20 February 2005

'Assistive Technology: What is it?" Massachusetts Department of Education. Retrieved from Accessed on 20 February 2005
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Jody Smith Application of the Moral MODEL& 8230

Words: 2443 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21510385

Jody Smith: Application of the Moral Model…

Applying Ethical Decision Making Model

"Jody Smith Case Study: Application of Thiroux's Moral Model"

The decision making model that will be applied in this work is the Moral Model (Thiroux 1977) and the case it will be applied to is the Jody Smith case. The reason this model was chosen is because the model lends itself best to a situation, such as Smith's where an impasse has been reached between the patients values and desires and that of family and the health care team. In this case the ethical dilemma is one clearly of informed consent as Smith has been excluded from conversations associated with her prognosis and care and this is contrary to her values and her identity. Without inclusion of this communication standard Smith has very little to go on regarding her prognosis and may be seeing her situation as insurmountable…… [Read More]


Burkhardt, M. & . (2008). Ethics issues in Contemporary Nursing. Clifton Park: Delmar.

Chorney, J., McGrath, P., & Finley, G. (2010). Pain as the neglected adverse event. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 182(7), 732. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Guido, G.W. (2010). Legal & Ethical Issues in Nursing (5 ed.). Vancouver, Washington: Julie Levin Alexander.

King, J.S., Eckman, M.H., & Moulton, B.W. (2011). The Potential of Shared Decision Making to Reduce Health Disparities. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 3930-33. doi:10.1111/j.1748-720X.2011.00561.x
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Punishment it Has Always Been

Words: 1979 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2345102

I do, however, contend that appropriate rehabilitation programs will make this at least unlikely.

On the other hand, one must acknowledge that such rehabilitation programs are not always available and often not appropriate to the specific person having committed the crime. Hence, what I am suggesting is that more research be commissioned to create better ways of responding to various criminal offenses. Offenders of certain petty crimes, for example, can be required to commit a number of hours to appropriate community services along with being admitted to rehabilitation groups or programs.

While I therefore do not doubt that danger to society can be limited by removing certain offenders from the streets, I highly doubt that it is an appropriate response to all criminal activity.

Furthermore, what length of incarceration would be deemed appropriate for the removal of any given criminal to ensure that he or she does not offend again?…… [Read More]

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Traumatic Brain Injuries

Words: 1419 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90509481

patients diagnosed with TBI cope better with counseling and outreach programs when dealing with new or abnormal behaviors?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may result in social and emotional defects (such as delayed word recall) that result in frustrating and embarrassing moments for the victim. Of all counseling and intervention programs, rehabilitation therapy (CT) is the one that is commonly used and, therefore, this literature review will conduct a meta-analytic search (focusing on quantitative studies within the last five years) in order to assess the efficacy of CT in helping TBI individuals with their social and emotional skills and perceptions.

The essay identified and reviewed seven randomized trials of language, emotional and social communication cognitive rehabilitation. Inclusion terms were that participants had to possess sufficient cognitive capacity to be included in a group and impairment in emotional and social skills was evidenced either by a questionnaire or by the clinician's reference.…… [Read More]


Bell, K et al. (2011) Scheduled Telephone Intervention for Traumatic Brain Injury: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92, 1552 -- 1560

Bornhofen, C., and S. McDonald. 2008a. Treating deficits in emotion perception following traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 18(1): 22-44.

-- -- . 2008b. Comparing strategies for treating emotion perception deficits in traumatic brain injury. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 23(2): 103-115.

Chard, K et al. (2011) Exploring the efficacy of a residential treatment program incorporating cognitive processing therapy-cognitive for veterans with PTSD and traumatic brain injury, Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24, 347 -- 351,
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BSC Flexibility and the Customer Perspective

Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57987404

BSC Customer

One of the aspects of the balanced scorecard framework is the customer service perspective. This perspective is based on the idea that there is "an increasing realization of the importance of customer focus and customer satisfaction in any business" (BSI, 2013). The general idea is that there is a strong link between pleasing the customer and achieving the desired financial results in particular. If nothing else, it is critical that the customer is able to be happy, because that encourages return customers, and these are essential to the success of any business. When a business pursues other objectives at the expense of the customer, then the business is unlikely to thrive.

At the Cattaraugus ehabilitation Center, there are several elements to the customer perspective. First, the patient outcome is the most important thing. That is the reason why we are in existence, to provide the best service and…… [Read More]


BSI. (2013). Balanced scorecard basics. Balanced Scorecard Institute. Retrieved December 8, 2013 from
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Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL

Words: 2193 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30046943

esearchers believe that incorporating evidence-based prevention methods can decrease the incidence of ACL ruptures, but an understanding of the etiology and mechanisms of sports injury are a necessary to do this (Posthumus, 2009).

The highest prevalence of extrinsic ACL injuries tends to occur in organized sports especially adolescents participating in pivoting type sports such as football, basketball, and team handball (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). In addition to any intrinsic factors and adolescent may have, or predisposing factors, environmental factors surrounding organized sports can also play a role in injury. For example, weather conditions (slippery surface), type of surface sport is played on (grass vs. pavement), proper footwear, and protective bracing (Posthumus, 2009).

A growing concern regarding these injuries and the populations that incur them is that these injuries increase the risk of osteoarthritis (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). In fact, after ten years, around half of all people that have suffered…… [Read More]


Ageberg, E., Thombe, R., Neeter, C., Gravare Silbernagel, K., Roos, EM. Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Treated With Training and Surgical Reconstruction or Training Only: A Two to Five-Year Followup. Arthritis Care & Research. 2008; 59(12):1773-79.

Bahr, R., Krosshaug, T. Understanding injury mechanisms: a key component of preventing injuries in sport. Br J. Sports Med. 2005; 39:324 -- 329.

Grindstaff, TL., Hammill, RR., Tuzson, AE., Hertel, J. Neuromuscular Control Training Programs and Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Rates in Female Athletes: A Numbers-Needed-to-Treat Analysis. Journal of Athletic Training. 2006; 41(4):450 -- 456.

Health Information Publications (2011). What is the anterior cruciate ligament? eHealthMD retrieved from
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Prevention and Intervention Treatment Programs

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15397920

Juvenile ehabilitation Programs

Prevention and Intervention Treatment Programs

ehabilitation of juveniles: Four critical factors

Two of the universal characteristics of successful juvenile rehabilitation programs include beginning early (i.e., offering services while the child is still young and has only committed his or her first offense) and dealing with multiple settings and systems (i.e., incorporating the family and school instead of merely focusing on the individual) (Bartol & Bartol 2010: 153-156). This is the aim of one evolving approach to counseling juveniles which focuses on giving juveniles important communication skills. This enables them to better cope with life stressors and is an important part of rehabilitation. According to Sanger & Spilker (2006), social skills training (SST) is an important part of any rehabilitation program and may encompass story-telling, guided conversation, and instruction in how to use language effectively.

Learning these skills can also enhance teens' future vocational prospects and enable them…… [Read More]


Bartol, Curt & Bartol, Anne. (2010). Criminal Behavior: A Psychological approach. Prentice Hall.

Sanger, D., Maag, J.W., & Spilker, A. (2006). Communication and behavioral considerations in planning programs for female juvenile delinquents. Journal of Correctional Education, 57(2), 108-125.
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Economic Influences

Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97330000

Economic Influences

In the current budgetary environment, it is difficult to justify any increase in expenditures. In order to do this, especially to the public audience, it is necessary to offer a cost-benefit analysis. In the case of prison treatment and rehabilitation programs, there is a clear cost-benefit argument to be made.

When making an economic argument, trade-offs and opportunity cost are critical to understanding the issue. On one side of the economic ledger is the cost of the treatment and rehabilitation programs. These are known costs, and these are the costs that are included in the budget request. We know how much we want to spend on these programs. Yet, the idea that this simply represents new spending, with no trade-off, is entirely false. The trade-off is in ex-convicts who have lower recidivism rates, lower substance abuse rates, and who are more likely to be employable once they have…… [Read More]


Gudrais, E. (2013). The prison problem. Harvard Magazine. Retrieved November 14, 2013 from
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Shatin Hospital

Words: 3442 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12669331

budget template that is being produced for Shatin Hospital, which is a rehabilitation hospital. This hospital is run by the Hospital Authority, which is the main health care provider in the country. The proposal is basically highlighting the issue of labor and increase stress on the hospital administration staff. The project proposal is therefore to reform one pair of the geriatric and the medical wards into a nurse led ward.

Justifications for change

The current hospital that I am working in is located in Shatin, Hong Kong where the aging population and the lack of hospital beds are creating a lot of strain on the delivery of health care . There is a crucial shortage of labor and the nurses and the doctors are being overworked to quite an extent.

Need for Service

The need for service is present because the rehabilitation hospital that is present works in sync with…… [Read More]


Arias, E., Curtin, L.R., Wei, R. & Anderson, R.N. (2008). Us decennial life tables for 1999 -- 2001, United States life tables. National Vital Statistics Reports, 57 (1).

Catangui, E.J. & Slark, J. (2012). Nurse-led ward rounds: a valuable contribution to acute stroke care.British Journal Of Nursing, 21 (13), p. 801.

Census and Statistics Department. (2009). Thematic household survey report. 41. [report] Honk Kong: Census and Statistics Department.

Cohen, J. & Deliens, L. (2012). A public health perspective on end of life care. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Letter Will Demonstrate That I Have the

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79899231

letter will demonstrate that have the talent you are looking for in a Pre-Rehabilitation student. am dedicated to improving myself, and that is something have proven my entire life. My service in the Army and National Guard is my strongest accomplishment, and it has provided me with the discipline and sense of purpose that will allow me to excel in the Pre-Rehabilitation program.

first took an interest in rehab science a couple of years ago when broke my left tibia above my ankle. received a 5-inch plate to hold my ankle in position, and worked extensively with a physical therapist after the surgery, sparking the interest in me about helping people to recover from traumatic injury.

am applying on the basis of my military experience, my maturity and the strength of my character. will be the first to admit that when was younger had no real sense of what it…… [Read More]

I was able to become a full-tuition Scholarship Cadet, and a Basic Combat Training Squad Leader. I contributed in other ways, building my leadership skills. I was able to conduct English training as an English as a Second Language (ESL) professor. I also served an Army ROTC Culture and Language Program Ambassador in Vietnam. This was an incredible experience for me, and I grew a lot in my time in a leadership position overseas.

I have also undertaken some work in the private sector as well, to help build my skill set. I worked for a marketing company, conducting sales meetings, gathering demographic information, talking to customers and tracking results. In this role, I had to be confident, and highly knowledge about our service offering. I still work in this Promotion Coordinator role, and it has force me to learn new skills, especially with respect to dealing with people, that will come in handy when I graduate and enter the rehabilitation field.

In addition to these experiences, you will find that I have built a solid portfolio for myself. I have worked several promotions jobs, including a volunteer role improving the promotional program for the Make-a-Wish Foundation, and a host of other volunteer roles. I even made the Dean's List in 2010. What I offer the Pre-Rehabilitation Program is a hard worker with a track record of success everywhere I have been. As a natural leader, I will represent the school well when I graduate and enter into the field. I have a lot of enthusiasm for the work that physical therapists do, having experienced it myself, and with my natural leadership and the strong communication skills that I have developed over my time working in marketing, I see nothing but success for myself. On the basis of my military service, excellent track record in the private sector and in my volunteer work, and the strength of my intangible factors, I believe that I will be an asset to the Pre-Rehabilitation Program.
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Actions and or Feelings Between Me

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50510396

He notes that many of the young men who were in rehabilitation with him returned to fighting, but he managed to escape and finally come to America, where he went to school and finally wrote about his experience. During his rehabilitation, the people working with him would tell him what happened was not his fault. One social worker said, "None of what happened was your fault. You were just a little boy, and anytime you want to tell me anything, I am here to listen" (Beah 160). Her encouragement helped him overcome his fears and his self-recrimination, and helped him move along the road to true rehabilitation.

ehabilitation takes time and patience, and this woman, "Nurse Esther," had both. She is largely responsible that Beah was able to assimilate back into society and live a normal life.

She helped him realize that he could not feel guilty about what had…… [Read More]


Beah, Ishmael. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007.
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Nursing Teaching Ethics in Nursing

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50542776

It is saddening to note that as hospital stays grow more expensive, patients are getting less care and families must resort to the private sector and pay still more money to feel as though their loved ones are being treated competently. The problems are rife, legally in terms of liability and medically in terms of nursing conflicts over patient treatment. There is also the ethical issue that the poor are getting less decent care than the rich, because poor families cannot provide private nurses. Clearly, hiring private nurses or assistants is not the solution to an overburdened medical system, but families will continue to do so to protect their loved ones until a better solution is achieved by policy makers.

Poststroke Rehabilitation

Deutsch, Anne, Rodger C. Fielder & Kenneth J. Ottenbacher. Stroke. 37 (Jun


Rehabilitation after a stroke is a critical part of the healing process. The article attempts…… [Read More]


Rehabilitation after a stroke is a critical part of the healing process. The article attempts to assess differences in outcomes between patients treated at inpatient rehabilitative facilities (IRF) versus skilled nursing facilities (SNF). Overall, it was discovered that most patients, except for those patients who had suffered the most minor motor disabilities, had better quality of care and improved general outcomes when they went to the more expensive IRFs. Yet, although IRF payments for Medicare patients were higher, the stays were shorter than the SNF stays and this ultimately might result in lower costs overall to the health care system, when patient treatment is viewed in a long-term fashion.

This article highlights the problems of patients who have similar conditions, yet have vastly different insurance policies. Policymakers and health insurance assessors must ask, what incurs more long-term costs, and how should the value of rehabilitation be calculated? The article provides a compelling case for the superiority of IRFs as well as the difficulties of putting a price on rehabilitation, when more intensive rehabilitation can result in better outcomes for the patient later on.
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U S Correctional System Correctional Systems Are Much

Words: 1028 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34597637

U.S. correctional system

Correctional systems are much essential in curbing out acts of crimes. The main purposes of correctional systems are to punish, rehabilitate the offenders and protecting the population. The big question is that do the modern U.S. correctional systems achieve their aims? The question came about because it was realized that individuals who came out of prison after completing their sentence changed to be worse in performing crime as compared to before. However, the law has tried to reduce or stop the rate of crime considerably through correctional systems. Correctional systems fulfill their duty of punishing the offenders by engaging in the following measures:

Basic probation: This is the commonly used community-based punishment within the United States. It is whereby an offender lives at home but at the same time he or she is being monitored. This may be through keeping of daily log of the activities of…… [Read More]


Cullen, Francis T., and Gendreau, Paul. (2000) "Assessing Correctional Rehabilitation: Policy, Practice, and Prospects." In Criminal Justice 2000 -- Volume 3: Policies, Processes, and Decisions of the Criminal Justice System. Edited by Julie Horney. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice. Pages 109 -- 175.

Currie, Elliott (1998). Crime and Punishment in America. New York: Metropolitan Books,

Gendreau, Paul.( 1996) "The Principles of Effective Intervention with Offenders." In Choosing Correctional Interventions That Work: Defining the Demand and Evaluating the Supply. Edited by Alan T. Hardin. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. Pages 117 -- 130.
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Have Stiff Drug Laws Helped or Hurt the Criminal Justice System

Words: 1901 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4814440

Drug Laws

The Shortcomings in our Current Drug Law Policy: Research Proposal

As a major policy issue in the United States, the ar on Drugs has been one of the most monumental failures on modern record. At a cost of billions of taxpayer dollars, thousands of lives lost and many thousands of others ruined by untreated addiction or incarceration, America's policy orientation concerning drug laws is due for reconsideration. Indeed, the very philosophical orientation of the ar on Drugs and of the current drug policy in the United States has been one of prosecution and imprisonment rather than one of decriminalization, treatment and rehabilitation. As our medical and scientific communities characterize addiction as a disease, the United States government continues to characterize this disease as a crime. And in doing so, it has created an unnecessary criminal class in the United States. The research proposal will set out to prove…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Debusmann, B. (2012). Obama and the failed war on drugs. Reuters.

DeMelo, D. (2005). Merton's Strain Theory. Criminological Theory.

DeMelo, D1. (2005). Cloward & Ohlin's Differential Opportunity Theory. Criminological Theory.

Eldredge, D.C. (1998). Ending the War on Drugs: A Solution for America. Bridgehampton, NY: Bridge Works.