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One of the main facts mentioned is the meaning and an interpretation of the work of art is more dependent on the owners, who more influence the meaning. From here, the fact presented by Benjamin of influence of capitalism on art is being reasserted (Sturken, Douglas and Cartwright, 75).
2. Lawrence Levine's "illiam Shakespeare and the American People"
Art is not reflected in the form of painting or films, but writers and literary authors also reflect art. Lawerence Levine has highlighted that the true nature of art that was represented by Shakespeare in his plays continued to dilute since the late nineteenth century. The main roles in this case are played by the changes in the American theatre based on social changes (Mukerji and Schudson 160).
Mass production is the second fact highlighted by both the authors. In the past, the art was unique and the amount of art being…
Benjamin, Walter. The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Penguin Books Limited, 2008.
Rampley, Matthew. Exploring Visual Culture: Definition, Concepts, Contexts. Edinburgh University Press, 2005.
Sturken, Marita., Douglas, Susan., and Cartwright, Lisa. Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. Oxford University Press, 2012.
" If we take this to its logical conclusion, it would seem that eventually music "piracy" will outstrip the ability for record companies to make a profit and the flow of music will stop. At least that is the argument apparently put forth by those companies who seek to prevent music from being copied and shared on the Internet for free. The actual result, which the article does not seem to consider, could be that technology makes record companies completely obsolete as a means to find, record, and distribute talent. In fact, as the article notes, technology has made it possible for people to record their own music, and edit it with almost professional quality. People are already doing this, and they are placing their music directly to the public on social networking sites like "My Space." The article claims though, that the record company will still be needed to…
Cellular Reproduction, as we all know, has become a very controversial subject.
Scientists believe cell reproduction can enhance a human's life by curing certain disease's, such as Multiple Sclerosis. Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's disease.
Society, on the other hand is stating it is immoral and inhuman by "Playing God," and leading us to a path of destruction.
With the opposition, our government is torn and has restricted funding for cell reproduction. Only twenty-two embryonic stem cell lines are now available for federal research funds and they can only be adult cells.
he greatest concern is what kind of human cells are going to be reproduced?
Somatic Cells, blood cells that already exist in us, has made great progress. By transforming our blood cells we can produce a new liver and kidneys. Which is in high demand for transplants. hen there is the embryonic cell, which comes from a human embryo.…
The Problem of Medical Ethics
British Studies 2003
Pages: 1, 2
A woman who willingly becomes pregnant as in the case of a married woman may be thought of as a person who has voluntarily contracted an obligation with her spouse to see through the birth and preserve the fetus. What happens when the woman was raped? The actions of another individual by force would not create consent for the pregnancy and hence the obligation to preserve life cannot be read into it. (Beauchamp; Walters, 2003)
If destroying the fetus is found to be right in saving the mother's life, it is also assumed that the mothers life somehow is paramount than that of the child in the womb. There cannot be exceptions for situations for one set of events merely because the people or religious percepts believe it to be right.
3. Some people argue that a fetus is a human being because it has the unique DNA of a…
Q3. Some people argue that a fetus is a human being because it has the unique DNA of a human being. Does this mean that no one knew what a human being actually was until DNA was discovered?
The cat is a cat because the DNA of a cat created it. A cat for example cannot become anything else. DNA is not unique to humans, and it appears to be the molecular building block of all creatures of the animal kind. DNA may be an explanation for the reason why many people look, live or exhibit certain characteristics, but it cannot be the absolute definition of the individual by itself. The cat's qualities that are exhibited by all cats may be resulting from the DNA -- but we define cats based on not the DNA chain but its general features which we are aware of. While DNA analysis may tell us why Cleopatra's nose was long, it cannot define Cleopatra. (Gentry; Durand, 2008)
Going by the same argument, it is possible that cats have unique DNA and therefore animal rights activists may argue that the whole world must become vegetarian because every goat is unique and no one has to have any business putting sheep to slaughter. What we denied to the animals but thrust on ourselves -- the right to life musty be made mandatory to all living beings whose DNA is discovered because then human kind is alone not unique. So the question of who is a human is a philosophical question that was attempted to be solved from the time of the caveman. Probably Aristotle was the first to say that
Art in the Age of Mechanical eproduction," Walter Benjamin attempts to describe how the advent of industrialization has changed the way art is produced, transmitted, and received, and the effect these changes have had on the notion of art itself. Benjamin's argument centers around the notion of a work's "aura," or "the unique appearance of a distance," meaning the unique, individual experience of a work in time and space that cannot be reproduced in the same way that the work itself can (Benjamin 2004: 795). In order to better understand Benjamin's notion of aura and the way photography, film, and other reproduced images contribute to its decay, one may consider an image of Benjamin himself as a case study in changes produced by the mechanical reproduction of art.
When Benjamin talks about "distance," he is referring to distance not only in terms of space, but also time, because the particular…
Benjamin, W. (2004), "The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction." In Brudy, L. & Cohen, M. Film Theory and Criticism, 6th ed, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp.791-
Freund, G. (1937),Walter Benjamin a la Bibliotheque nationale. Available from:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/kraftgenie/4826839342 / [Accessed: September 27, 2012].
Jaireth, S. (2003), "What Is There in a Portrait? Adami's Benjamin, Seliverstov's Bakhtin and the Aura of Seeing and Showing," Journal of Narrative Theory, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 33-47,112.
Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," addresses changing views and its impact following photography and film's emergence in the previous century. The author addresses sense changes in mankind's overall way of life, how humans view and understand visual artworks differently now as compared to before, and its effect (which is yet to be identified). Further, he addresses the lost authentic aura, owing to artworks' mechanical reproduction. This aura denotes the genuineness and originality of an artwork which hasn't been reproduced. Painted pictures possess an aura photos lack because photos are simply images of other images whereas paintings are absolutely original creations (enjamin, 1936).
Traditionally, the greatest challenge encountered in the field of photography is, possibly, people's inability to seriously regard it as a type of art. Films fail to bring with them a sense of authentic aura. Reproducible images themselves reflect a historic move that needs to be taken…
Benjamin, W. (1936). The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.Modern Art and Modernism, 217.
Ginal. (2008). Summary: The Work of Art in The Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Retrieved from Introducing the Frankfurt School: https://frankfurtschool.wordpress.com/2008/02/28/summary-the-work-of-art-in-the-age-of-mechanical-reproduction/
IGNACIO, A. (2013, MAY 23). Thoughts on 'Amateur' and 'Professional' Photography. Retrieved from Peta Pixel: http://petapixel.com/2013/05/25/thoughts-on-amateur-and-professional-photography/
PLUMRIDGE, J. (2014, FEBRUARY 24). Is Photography an Art Form? Retrieved from Contrastly: https://contrastly.com/photography-art-form/
Evolutionary biologists have agreed that sex is essential to evolutionary longevity, however they cannot agree why (Milius, 2000). otifers seem to be another fly in their ointment.
In the end, researchers have found that nearly identical pairs of genes were found in rotifers that reproduced sexually (nonbdelloid). This result was expected for sexually reproducing diploids. However, these identical genes were not found in bdelloids. "Even the most similar copies found in any bdelloid genome are more divergent than the most divergent pair found in any other rotifer" (Welch & Meselson, 2000).
ecommendations for Specific esearch to Answer the Question:
Additional research certainly needs to be performed on bdelloid rotifers to determine exactly why and how they are able to be so evolutionarily successful without sexual reproduction. To date, the fossil record has not found any male bdelloid rotifers, however, the search has been less than exhaustive and must continue, to…
Hortopan, K. (2004, Spring). Virgin affairs. Canadian Wildlife, 10(1). Retrieved September 27, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.
Milius, S. (2000, May 20). Bdelloids: No sex for over 40 million years. Science News, 157(21). Retrieved September 27, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.
Milius, S. (2003, June 28). Life without sex. Science News, 163(26). Retrieved September 27, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.
Parthenogenesis. (2004, Aug 23). Retrieved September 27, 2004, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parthenogenesis .
Their cool colors make a striking contrast with the hotter, fiery sun-like stars.
The work does not depict the human form or an emotional scene, but the artist's emotion is palpably present in the landscape. A desolate, lonely tree stands in the foreground. Although it is closest to the viewer it is the least distinct of all of the representational objects of the work. It seems to point like a finger to the sky. The human presence is everywhere in this work, even though the human form is absent, and every element of the sky is clearly from a particular point-of-view.
Paul Gauguin's "Manhana no Atua" does show the human form, most prominently three reclining women dangling their feet in the water. The lush nature of the tropics is shown by the unreal warmth of the colors. Pinks dominate the landscape, making the colors of the women's tanned flesh even…
Stokstad, Marilyn. (2005). Art History. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
hile some may believe we are close to achieving the purest art form that technology has to offer, I see it another way. Understanding the differences between live performance and a recorded performance are often difficult due to the relative appreciation of every individual. Consensus in the arts is very hard to come by, but when it does, it is obvious. The digital age has allowed for the consumer of music, movies, Internet video sensations and various other forms of performance art in our times. It is important to analyze both the benefits and the negative impacts this technology has brought while forcing the artistic world to conform to its principles. The purpose of this essay is to examine the effect that technology has had on performance art within the last decade highlighted by the computer medium as a primary source of entertainment.
The most beneficial impact of…
Ogg, Erica. Five ways to make digital music sing. Cnet news July, 28 2008. Retrieved from http://news.cnet.com/8301-17938_105-9998990-1.html
Simmons, Lee. Iovine: Give us a better digital music quality. Bizmology, Feb 25,2011. Retrieved from http://www.bizmology.com/2011/02/25/iovine-give-us-better-digital-music-quality/
Female copperhead snakes are capable of both asexual and sexual reproduction. In essence, sexual reproduction has got to do with the development of a new organism via “the fusion of two sex cells, the male and female gametes” (Smith and Smith, 2015, p. 198). Asexual reproduction, on the other hand, “is the ability of an organism to produce an offspring without the union of sex cells (i.e. gamates)” (Smith and Smith, 2015, p. 199). It is important to note that in terms of genetic diversity, sexual reproduction is of greater relevance than asexual reproduction. This is more so the case given that in comparison to the parent organisms, the egg and sperm produced have different gene combinations. Meiosis is, according to Smith and Smith (2015), involved sexual reproduction. In basic terms, meiosis involves not only the cell DNA doubling, but also the rearrangement of genes, and the division of the…
......paraphilias & fetishes; (Do not engage in any contact or activity that would be considered inappropriate!) In your reflection discuss: What was the site? To whom did it apply? What were the sexuality issues? Specifics? Include the content & resources found there.
Salirophilia is defined as a "parphilic" sexual fetish in which individuals sexual arosal is obtained by basically getting really dirty -- in the literal sense. Individuals will use dirt, mud, or other soiling techniques to make the other person look dirty. This paraphilias does not involve any physical harm however, rather the only harm is done to the person's appearances. There are some reports where some deviations include the use of bodily fluids in some deviations. Treatment is only sought when this practice becomes problematic in some manner.
1) Watch and reflect on a movie containing material related to class topics: alternative sexual behaviors as…
This is called "reproduction worship." According to this belief the world originated from Yin and Yang life force. This has had a great impact on Chinese culture and its view of reproduction. Yin is considered a male life force with many powerful positive attributes while Yang is assigned mainly weaker attributes. eproduction is given much importance because of its power to move the universe ahead and to expand the same. The forces of Yin and Yang are both needed for actions to have impact. There are other beliefs that seem to have an impact on reproductive behavior among Chinese couples. (Tang, 1995)
Since Confucianism advocates sexual restraint and asceticism, marriage is seen as a vehicle for reproduction rather than a means of enjoying sex. Secondly families are considered very significant because of ancestor worship. Since ancestors are revered in Chinese culture, having a family is always the motivating force behind…
Tang Z. Confucianism, Chinese culture, and reproductive behavior
Journal Population & Environment Issue Volume 16, Number 3 / January, 1995
imilarly, the phases of the image evolves from art reflecting basic reality, through three progressive stages that culminate in art that has no relation to reality at all. The same happens with utopian and science fiction writing. The first stage requires no such writing, as the world is viewed as utopian in its current state. The second stage recognizes the world as imperfect, and compensates for this by means of romantic dreams (Mann). The third stage revolves around technological dreams such as robots and machines, while the final stage once again culminates in an end to science fiction: the hyperreal absorbs science fiction into a new genre related to the Internet and other types of mass media.
There are many examples of the hyperreal in the modern media. Perhaps the most striking of these is entertainment centers such as Disney World. These worlds are presented as reality to visitors, who…
Benjamin, Walter. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." 1936.
Kazis, Richard. "Benjamin's age of mechanical reproduction." Jump Cut, no. 15, 1977. http://web.bentley.edu/empl/c/rcrooks/toolbox/common_knowledge/general_communication/benjamin.html
Mann, Doug. "Jean Baudrillard: A Very Short Introduction." 2009. http://publish.uwo.ca/~dmann/baudrillard1.htm
red wolf and different aspects related to this species. I have included information about its taxonomy, morphology & anatomy, distribution, habitat, feeding, predators, behavior, reproduction, development and economic value. Over all, I have given thorough information regarding the life and habits of the red wolf that is now an endangered animal.
The red wolf is a species of wolf that is smaller in size and its color varies from reddish gray to almost black. It is commonly known as red wolf. The red wolf is considered as the most beautiful of all the wolves on the planet (Sutton, 1998). However, it has been given the scientific name of Canis rufus. It belongs to the Family Canidae and Order Carnivora (Kelly & Phillips, 2000, p. 247). As far as the status of red wolf is concerned, it has been categorized as an endangered living creature as this species of wolf…
Dahl, M. (1997). The Wolf. Minnesota: Capstone Press. Retrieved March 22, 2013, from http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=HomHpmeIyWkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=the+ wolf&hl=en&sa=X&ei=f_FNUZ2tHeqR7AbG5YHwBA&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA
Kelly, B.T., & Phillips, M.K. (2000). Red Wolf. Endangered Animals: A Reference Guide to Conflicting Issues (p. 247+). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Print.
Mech, L.D., & Boitani, L. (2003). Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Print.
Paradiso, J.L., & Nowak, R.M. (1972, November 29). Canis rufus. Mammalian Species, 22, 1-4. Retrieved March 22, 2013, from http://www.science.smith.edu/msi/pdf/i0076-3519-022-01-0001.pdf
science marches forward, reproductive cloning of humans will likely become a reality. It has already been accomplished with dogs, cats, cows and monkeys. This means that one day a person will be able to have a child with his/her own cells. hat do you think some of the family law issues will be as this form of alternative reproduction becomes a reality?
As soon as Dr. Ian ilmut made a breakthrough announcement that he, and his team, had successfully cloned an adult sheep in 1997, the salience of the controversy about cloning humans and genetic modifications in the human genome virtually erupted (Rose, 1999). It became clear at this point that it was feasibly possible to conduct a range of scientifically assisted reproduction such as human cloning for example. There could also be a mix of genetic information bestowed on a child. For example, family planning could resemble something along…
Aldrich, L. (2010). New York's One Judge-One Family Response to Family Violence. Juvenille Family Court, 77-86.
Berman, D., & Alfini, J. (2012). Lawyer Colonization of Family Mediation: Consequences and Implications. Marquette Law Review, 95-887.
Edwards, L. (2008). Child Protection Mediation: A 25-Year Perspective. Family Court Review, 69-80.
MacDowell, E. (2011). When Courts Collide: Integrated Domestic Violence Courts and Court Pluralism. Texas Journal of Women and the Law, 95.
Art Diminish in an Age of Mechanical eproduction?
Walter Benjamin believes that the aura of an original work of art diminishes in an age of mechanical reproduction because the work of art is decontextualized from its original context as a result of mass production. At first blush, Benjamin's argument seems very compelling. After all, few could argue that seeing a work of art in a majestic setting, like the Louvre, in and of itself a work of art provides an entire experience that simply cannot be captured in a reproduction tea-towel. However, what Benjamin's argument ignores is that people have rarely, if ever, been able to appreciate the context of an original work of art, anyway. Museums do not provide the context that the artist had when creating the artwork. Artists do not work in museums or art galleries. They work in locations, in studios, on the street. Furthermore, artists…
da Vinci, L., 1509. Mona Lisa. [Painting] (Louvre, Paris).
Michelangelo, 1508-1512. Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. [Painting] (Sistine Chapel, Vatican
Van Gogh, V., 1889. Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear. [Painting] (Courtauld Institute Galleries,
Sex and Culture
What are the advantages and disadvantages of sexual reproduction (animal/human world)?
Sexual reproduction is an evolutionary phenomenon, which entails the cooperation of two species: the male and the female. In any aspect of sexual reproduction, the energy of male spermatozoa and the female oocyte must both be expended in order to reproduce, as opposed to the efficient method of asexual reproduction, which only involves the singular (female) organism. Furthermore, sexual reproduction has a failing in that humans and animals tend to reproduce much less than organisms that reproduce asexually. However, this evolutionary method of reproduction allows for genetic variation and adaptable feasibility. The offspring of the sexually reproductive parents will have gained half of the mother's genetic characteristics and half of the father's genetic characteristics. Genetic variation increases the immunity against otherwise deadly genetic diseases.
Is the capacity that female primates have for orgasm detrimental to their…
The notion of originality relates necessarily to the idea of authenticity and to the work's authority, but with the technological revolution the issues of authenticity and originality has become irrelevant. Mass reproduction creates copies that possess an independence from the original; they can transcend the spatial and visual limitations of the original's physical tangibility and susceptibility to temporal and material's transformation with age and deterioration. As the art work's substantive duration ceases to matter, the art object loses its authority or its aura, the "unique phenomenon of a distance, however close it may be" (Benjamin Walter).
The impact on humanity has been massive, the previous art piece that was accessible and approachable to few, is now available for all. The application of reproduction means has not only increased the number of admirers associated with particular art piece, but it has also provided admirers with research and investigation opportunities. Although the…
Walter Benjamin- The Art of Work in Age of Mechanical Reproduction.
Esther Leslie- Walter Benjamin: Overpowering Conformism.
What is Cnidaria? What is it made up of? Who are the members that belong to his group? Cnidaria is an exclusively aquatic phylum. It is a group that is represented by the members, who are also called 'polyps', and these are sea anemones and corals, and also by 'medusae', which are creatures like the jellyfish. In general, both a polypoid as well as a medusoid cnidarian will be either radially or biradially symmetrical and it is an uncephalized animal with one single body opening, which is the mouth. Stinging capsules, which are embedded in the tentacles that are placed around the mouth, generally surrounds the mouth. These stinging capsules are also known as 'nematocysts', and these are capable of acting both as agents of defense as well as of offense. The most important distinguishing feature of a phylum is the presence of the intrinsic nematocysts, and in turn,…
"About Corals, anemones, and their kin" Retrieved From
http://www.augsburg.edu/biology/aquaria/SpecialTopicsFiles/AboutCoralsAnemonesAndKin.html Accessed on 21 June, 2005
"Features unique to Cnidarians and to Ctenophores" Retrieved From
Chodorow and Reproduction of Mothering
In, "A Room Of Her Own," the feminist novelist and author, Virginia Woolf demonstrated that one of the reasons why women writers were in overwhelmingly low numbers than their male counterparts was because of the lack of economic opportunity. (Woolf, 1991) Victorian perceptions also saddled women with the responsibilities of motherhood and domesticity. This took away the opportunity for women (except for a few) to truly come into their own. Nancy Chodorow, a preeminent social scientist addresses the issue. (Chodorow, 1999) She does not get caught up in the traditional feminist or socialization mindset. Even psychologists, Chodorow avers, have not pursued the matter at a higher granularity. All can agree that, explicitly or implicitly, women have been subjugated. Chodorow addresses the problem using psychoanalysis. She believes that the second-class status of women is associated with the issues of mothering, childbearing and childrearing -- aspects which…
Asimov, I. "Armies of God." Roving Mind. New York: Prometheus Books, 1997.
Beauvoir, S. d., and Parshley, H.M. The Second Sex. A limited ed. Franklin Center, Pa.: Franklin Library, 1979.
Chodorow, N. "Gender Personality and the Reproduction of Mothering." The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender: With a New Preface. Ed. N. Chodorow. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. 120-24.
Pinker, S. The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature. New York: Viking, 2002.
Noncoding DNA, also known as "junk DNA" describes portions of the DNA sequence that do not appear to have any presentable use -- they do not encode for proteins, etc. In fact, in a most eukaryote cells, a rather large percentage of the total genome is noncoding DNA, but this varies between species. However, it is now a misnomer to call this material "junk," because the more sophisticated we become at biochemistry, we find that many do have subtle biological functions, including the transcriptional and translational regulation of certain protein-coding sequences. esearchers also belive that other noncoding sequences have a likely, but unconfirmed function, as an inference from high levels of inherited tratis and natural selection processes (Masters, 2005, 163-5).
esearchers know that the amount of genomic DNA varies widely between organisms, as does the proportion of coding and non-coding DNA within these genomes. For instance, 98% of the human…
Barrows, E. (2001). Animal Behavior Desk Reference. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Mueller, Guo and Ayala. (1991). Density Dependent natural Selction and Trade-Offs in Life History Traits. Science, 253(1), 433-35.
Ricklefs and Whiles. (2007). The Economy of Nature: Data Analysis Update. New York: Macmillan.
Most fungi can also reproduce through sexual reproduction both with the same organism mixing gametes and with reproduction between two separate organisms. The cells of many fungi are primarily copies of each other, without differentiation of organs (except in the fruiting sections of the organism, such as the mushrooms and molds typically visible and known to humans).
Fungi are considered a separate kingdom for several reasons. They are different from plants in their inability to produce energy from sunlight, and in fact most grow in dark places. Unlike animals and many protozoa, they cannot move; unlike most protozoa, they exist almost entirely as multicellular and colonial organisms.
The various classifications of fungi are determined based on their method(s) of reproduction. Zygomycota produce both asexual and sexual spores, while Basidiomycota rarely produce asexually and produce a different type of sexual spore. Ascomycota produce asexual spores, and can also grow…
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
It would be difficult as a women to try and understand exactly what these women had to live through (in the name of commerce and production), but Morgan is sensitive while making her points, which has to be admired.
Of particular interest in this book is the whole talk of "creolization" -- a term not often heard. Essentially, Morgan discusses creolization and how this event is directly associated with reproduction. The entire Creole history, she claims, required black women's giving birth to these children. This is an area of history that perhaps isn't written about or talked about enough.
Perhaps one of the most original and interesting parts of Morgan's book is that she begins with the women in Africa and she follows them through the Middle Passage and then into America and thus the reader is able to get a real sense of the journal and the cultural differences…
Marx's Evolving Theory Of Exploitation
As the author of the definitive Communist Manifesto, Marx was arguably one of the most influential of 19th century economists, and certainly one of the most influential of the revolutionaries of the era. ecause of the overwhelming influence which he had on the political and philosophical history of the world, it is understandable that he has a great and even fundamentalist following. However, there remains a great deal of debate about what, precisely, constitutes "Marx's Marxism," as Kliman (1997) would call it. One of the difficulties in pinpointing authentic Marxism is the fact that Marx was hardly consistent in his writings throughout his lifetime, but continued to think and evolve as time progressed. (Kliman, 1997; Howard, 1990) If one were to compare Marx's "Alienated Labor" (1994) and Capital (1961/1967), for example, one would see a definite change in his perspective on the way in which…
Howard, M. & King, J. A History of Marxian Economics: Volume II, 1929-1990. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.
Kliman, A. "A Contribution to the Ongoing Inquiry into the Existence of Marx's Marxism"
Submitted for discussion to the International Working Group in Value Theory. Miniconference at the Eastern Economic Association Conference. Washington, D.C.,
Lee, C. "Marx's Labour Theory of Value Revisited." Cambridge Journal of Economics 17, 1993.
Silk and tassel look similar but the two structures are functionally different. The NP interviewer uses them synonymously without correction by the farmer.
However, the farmer is correct in emphasizing the importance of the silk and tassel, the stigma and the male inflorescence, in the reproduction of the corn. Moreover, the farmer stresses the relationship between wind and corn fertilization. Pollen grains are "borne in anthers, each of which contains a large number of pollen grains" that emerge only during certain morning hours (Thomison). The farmer in the NP segment fails to mention the crucial timing involved in corn pollination.
Corn ovules are potential kernels, which are the fruits of the corn. The seeds of the corn are its pollen: which is created in the anthers and which travel along the male inflorescence to fertilize the stigmas. Stigmas are essentially pollen receptors. In many plants, the stigma is part of…
Thomison, P. Corn Pollination - an Overview. Retrieved Oct 1, 2008 from http://ohioline.osu.edu/agf-fact/0128.html
Ross (1988) notes the development of Romanticism in the late eighteenth century and indicates that it was essentially a masculine phenomenon:
Romantic poetizing is not just what women cannot do because they are not expected to; it is also what some men do in order to reconfirm their capacity to influence the world in ways socio-historically determined as masculine. The categories of gender, both in their lives and in their work, help the Romantics establish rites of passage toward poetic identity and toward masculine empowerment. Even when the women themselves are writers, they become anchors for the male poets' own pursuit for masculine self-possession. (Ross, 1988, 29)
Mary ollstonecraft was as famous as a writer in her day as her daughter. Both mother and daughter were important proponents of the rights of women both in their writings and in the way they lived and served as role models for other…
Alexander, Meena. Women in Romanticism. Savage, Maryland: Barnes & Noble, 1989.
Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987.
Cone, Carl B. Burke and the Nature of Politics. University of Kentucky, 1964.
Conniff, James. "Edmund Burke and His Critics: The Case of Mary Wollstonecraft" Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 60, No. 2, (Apr., 1999), 299-318.
.. provide nourishment for the small organisms on which jellyfish feed. In waters where there is eutrophication, low oxygen levels often result, favoring jellyfish as they thrive in less oxygen-rich water than fish can tolerate. The fact is that jellyfish are increasing is a symptom of something happening in the ecosystem."
Researchers have been the ones that have as well contended that in some arias, such as the Gulf of Mexico or the Adriatic Sea, jellyfish have taken the role of fish, the former animals' number being far greater than the one of the latter's, and this can be as well put on the intensity with which the human intervene in the nature's life. Moreover, it has been observed that in the above-mentioned areas jellyfish have formed a sort of "gelatinous cover" of the water. In my opinion, this might be the reason for which during many years, Jelly researchers…
Pieribone, V. And D.F. Gruber, Aglow in the Dark: The Revolutionary Science of Biofluorescence. Harvard University Press, 2006, 288p;
Jacobson, Morris, Wonders of Jellyfish. New York: Dodd Mead, 1978
Jellyfish - Sea Science Series, at http://www.dnr.sc.gov/marine/pub/seascience/jellyfi.html
Kyle McGilligan Bentin, "Jellyfish up close," at http://danenet.wicip.org/mmsd-it/jellyfish.html
The painting begged me to ask of it why intermittent shadows struck its sides, why yellow-golden light graced its innards. I guessed that it must have been nighttime that Stella tried to capture, for at night the shining lights from the city would flicker against the bridge and bring out the character of the steel in ways sunlight could not. Sunlight was too harsh and strong; it would overpower the subtleties of steel. Steel appreciated the gentle caress of moonlight and streetlamp and the headlights of cars.
The more I questioned Stella's use of light in "Old Brooklyn Bridge," the greater the painting shone. I was starting to see colors where I had not previously seen. Rich and joyful blues complemented the blood red; yellows and greens accented the thick black background. Orbs of soft white light emanating from the underbelly of the bridge illuminated its sides proudly. Contrast between…
Additionally, the utilitarian position presents the advantage of objectively quantifying the interests of everyone affected by the decision, for the sole purpose of promoting common welfare. Thus, harvesting, fertilizing, genetically screening, implanting and researching human embryos at the risk of damaging or destroying them - is entirely justified from this perspective, and any progressive endeavor is encouraged.
Nevertheless, this approach might involuntarily discourage many IVF clients as it appears to be too rigid and provides them with little autonomy in making decisions regarding their own embryos. Interestingly, a utilitarian might not even support IVF treatment, due to the risks involved in the whole process - namely a large financial loss if the process should fail -, an therefore it is uncertain whether or not this infertility treatment would meet the Utilitarian requirements of avoiding pain and creating the most amount of happiness; there might be a lot of future un-happiness…
Balasubramanian, J. And Narayanan, N. "Assisted Reproductive Technology: life cycle of reproduction." Discovery Life Journal, Vol. 3 No. 9, March 2013:13-16.
Beauchamp T.L. And Childress, J.F. Principles of Biomedical Ethics (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Botkin, J.R. "Ethical Issues and Practical Problems in Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis." In Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 16 (1998): 17-28.
Kolata, G. "Robert G. Edwards Dies at 87; Changed Rules of Conception With First 'Test Tube Baby'." The New York Times. The New York Times Company, 10 Apr. 2013. Web. 4 June 2013. Available: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/11/us/robert-g-edwards-nobel-winner-for-in-vitro-fertilization-dies-at-87.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 .
Genetic diversity: Discuss the issues related to genetic diversity: mutations, sexual reproduction, migration, and population size.
Under most circumstances, when "an individual possesses a trait or traits that allow it to compete better for food, shelter, mates, and nesting sites, then that individual will produce more offspring because it is better nourished, is better protected, lives longer and has mate(s) with which to reproduce more offspring" (Furr n.d.). Thus, if a species produces a spontaneous mutation which is beneficial for the species' survival, the mutated organism will live, grow, and reproduce and pass on the mutation to successive generations. The mutation may survive as a heterogeneous allele, but if the mutation is common enough or the mutation produces enough offspring, eventually the useful mutation will manifest itself in greater and greater numbers in the population. "Sexual reproduction allows the genetic information of two parents to recombine to form a new…
Chapter 6. Mendelian genetics in populations II: Migration, genetic drift and non-random
Mating. (n.d.). Buffalo State University. Retrieved: http://faculty.buffalostate.edu/penaloj/bio405/outline6.html
Furr, Susan H. (n.d.). Sources of genetic diversity: A web learning experience.
University of Arizona. Retrieved: http://biology.arizona.edu/sciconn/lessons2/Furr/GeneticDiversity/GeneticDiversityHome.htm
Moss sex driven by scent by Gisela Telis (2012).
Mating is a natural process observed in every living thing in its own unique way. While worms can reproduce in the opposite head position, the sexual intercourse between humans is completely a different phenomenon. A similar yet different reproduction method is used by the Mosses. The article written by Gisela Telis (2012) demonstrates the recent findings on the innovative mating procedure of the Mosses. The article also compares the recent findings with the earlier studies done in previous years and is related to the field of biological psychology as it focuses upon plant evolution and the idea of pheromones.
Telis (2012) has found out that Mosses require help from tiny little creatures to play an important role in their mating procedure. Earlier it was observed and widely believed that Mosses reproduce by wind and water. In essence,…
Telis, G. (2004, July 18). Moss sex driven by scent. Science AAAS. Retrieved 21st July, 2012 from http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/07/moss-sex-driven-by-scent.html?ref=hp
Williams R. (2012). Mairjuana reveals memory mechanism. Scientific American Mind, No. 45.
As a woman enters her geriatric years, many unique problems are also faced. Her post-menopausal period leaves a woman with increased risk of osteoporosis, and hormone-replacement therapy may need to be considered or dismissed depending upon the needs and wellness of the individual women. Additionally, increased risk for obesity begins nearly at the adolescent period, when women's hormone loads change and often activity of childhood decreases. The incidence of obesity and overweight among women perpetually increases with every year of life. ("Overweight, Obesity Threaten U.S.," 2002, p. 8)Obesity and overweight, as one of the most significant conditions associated with several chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, increased risk of stroke and hypertension should be developed as a lifespan issue, as the needs of intervention and prevention change as women age and go through various stages of life.
While women have functional characteristics that require specialized health care,…
Blackwell, Daria, 2002. Women in the Healthcare Industry Reaching for the Top. Medical Marketing & Media, Dec2002, Vol. 37 Issue 12, p44, 8p.
Fleming, Carl, 2004. Healthcare Access: Conflicts of Interest Presented by Managed Care Icu Bedside Rationing and Their Impact on Minorities and Women. Georgetown Journal of Gender & the Law, Spring2004, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p663-676.
Heyman, B., & Henriksen, M. (2001). Risk, Age and Pregnancy: A Case Study of Prenatal Genetic Screening and Testing / . New York: Palgrave.
Lueck, T.L., & Chang, H. (2002). Tribune's 'WomanNews' Gives Voice to Women's Issues. Newspaper Research Journal, 23(1), 59.
added for a few specific points. Otherwise it can be assumed that I have added my thoughts about what the authors have said. In Part Two, I have included other sources and cited them properly.
Equal Treatment the eal Issue
In this piece the author assumes a basic fact: that because something is essentially a fundamental right at least at some point it becomes necessary for our social institutions (including government and possibly religious ones) to protect the use of the activities the rights allow for. This is what the U.S.A. Today article meant in paragraphs 4, 5, and 6, for example. ights, after all, would be useless if there were all type of obstacles put in their way of their actually being exercised. History and the law have placed themselves on the administrative side of this argument by allowing for the creation of a number of their own institutions…
Frank, N. (2010). What Does the Empirical Research Say about the Impact of Openly Gay Service on the Military? Palm Center. Retrievable from http://www.palmcenter.org/publications/dadt/what_does_empirical_research_say_about_impact_openly_gay_service_military .
Hunter, P. (1994). Homosexuality: The paradox of evolution. Retrievable at http://www.adherents.com/misc/paradoxEvolution.html .
Random History (2011). Same-Sex Unions throughout Time: A History of Gay Marriage. RandomHistory.com. Retrievable at http://www.randomhistory.com/history-of-gay-marriage.html.
agree with President Bush's ethical opposition to all human cloning? Should cloning only be used for therapeutic purposes or not at all? Does every person have the right to reproduction, even lesbians or gay men through the use of cloning? The paper will be in the first person narrative.
The successful cloning of Dolly, an adult sheep in the recent past, can be seen as one of the biggest advancements in science today. And even more dramatic is the news of the world's first cloned baby Eve, as announced by Brigitte Boisselier (of Clonaid) led by a bunch of UFO worshippers who call themselves the Raelians. However, the dramatic achievement of human cloning has simultaneously raised many issues. Is it ethical to clone a human being? Is it religiously correct? Is it morally viable? Is it legally acceptable? Somehow, human cloning has become a major public issue with…
U.S.C. § 48 is not aimed at specific instances of animal cruelty, but specifically at the creation and distribution of depictions of such abuse for the purposes of interstate and/or foreign commerce. This is the act that the appellant was unarguably engaging in when apprehended by law enforcement, and the fact that the law is not aimed at those participating directly in acts of animal cruelty does not in and of itself create a constitutional objection.
The statutes specific mention of interstate commerce renders the appellant's claim that the constitutionality of the statute is in question due to a dependence on state definitions also moot. Not only were the acts depicted in the videos the appellant old to law enforcement agencies unquestionably illegal in all fifty states, but the federal government has a duty to regulate interstate commerce specifically because state definitions and regulations differ. Failing to regulate the interstate…
FindLaw (2010a). NEW YORK v. FERBER, 458 U.S. 747 (1982). Accessed 14 January 2010. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=U.S.&vol=458&invol=747
FindLaw (2010b). CHAPLINSKY v. STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, 315 U.S. 568 (1942). Accessed 14 January 2010. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=315&invol=568
Coplans, John. Andy Warhol. England: The Curwen press, 1989
Kinsman, Jane, "Soup can mania." Artonview, no. 49 (2007): 38-9.
Ratcliff, Carter. Andy Warhol. New York: Abbeville Press, 1983.
Revy, Louisiana. Andy Warhol and his world: Nykredit, 2000
Image 1 :
Image 2 :
Image 3 :
Image 4 :
Bauer, Claudia. Andy Warhol. Nw York: Prestel, 2004.
Coplans, John. Andy Warhol. England: The Curwen press, 1989
Kinsman, Jane, "Soup can mania." Artonview, no. 49 (2007): 38-9.
ut help is on the way. A elgian theologian is cited as saying: 'It is important and healthy for women, for families, for societies, that we are dealing with the return of the human male, almost from the dead'." (2007) It is interesting to note that there appears to be great fear among the Polish majority mindset that the strong role of men in their society will somehow be diminished by women also entering into a role that is modified from the present role attributed to Polish womanhood and strengthened. The media in Poland has actively and imaginatively played with the Polish nationalist party and served to drive the country back into pre-E.U. accession mindset.
The cover of Wprost in May 2004 is stated to feature a man "placed well above the woman" who is looking "proudly and sternly ahead, into the future; the woman teeth bared in a submissive…
Abizadeh, Arash (2004) Liberal nationalist vs. postnational social integration: on the nation's ethno-cultural particularity and 'concreteness. Nations and Nationalism 10 (3), 2004, 231 -- 250. r ASEN 2004
Agnieszka Graff (2005) The Return of the Real Man: Gender and E.U. Accession in Three Polish Weeklies. Online available at: http://www.iub.edu/~reeiweb/events/2005/graffpaper.pdf
Alsop, Rachel and Hockey, Jenny (2004) in: In Women in society: achievements, risk, and challenges. Nova Publishers, 2004
Dizard, R., Korte, H. And Zamejc, A (2007) Right-Wing Nationalism in Poland: A threat to human rights? 2007 by Rachael Dizard, Henrike Korte and Anna "amej." Online available at: http://humanityinaction.org/docs/Reports/2007_Reports_P oland/Dizard_Korte_Z
Social capital can have both positive and negative effects, as is evidenced in the benefits of 'teamwork,' of sharing ideas, of using distinct talents of different workers, and also of soliciting input from individuals with different experiences, both cultural and knowledge-based, that can add to the organization's efficiency. An it person, a person of Japanese-American background, and someone who has studied abroad, for example, could all add input to improve a marketing campaign directed to Far East clients.
However, in our diverse society where culture is inexorably bound to one's identity, and personal and cultural identity are often seen as synonymous, it is difficult to 'put aside' one's identity at the door of a friendly, informal American company. The workers' diverse social networks outside the company have created a clash of diverse identities, rather than generated a workplace made strong by diversity. The manager must create a common mission statement…
The Heliconius is one of few species of butterfly with a relatively long life (estimated at six months) that tends to take flight during the day in hunt of food but return to a "fixed site communal roost" during the evenings (Capaldi & Fahrbach, 651). During this time most Heliconius engage in social activity including sex (Millius, 1998). To return to the communal roost and food sources the Heliconius must learn the "spatial location of food items and of the central communal roost" (Capaldi & Fahrbach, 651). Because of this and other factors many believe the Heliconius to be more intelligent than other butterflies.
The heliconius butterfly also spends less time developing or existing in immature stages, bulking up and "storing resources for eggs" (Millius, 1). These butterflies almost seem social in nature, spending much of their day engaging in reproduction and "sipping nectar" a lifestyle some have described as…
Capaldi, E.A., Fahrbach, G.E. "Neuroethology of spatial learning: The birds and the bees." Annual Review of Psychology, 1: 651.
Eldredge, N. (1987). "The natural history reader in evolution." New York: Columbia
Millius, S. (1998- Apr). "How bright is a butterfly." Science News. 15, October 2005:
After all, it remains within the female's best interest to mate with a newly dominant male, even if he has killer her infant. Ultimately, this is because the female, having lost her offspring, needs to remain reproductively competitive and to mate with a male. Additionally, if she mates with a non-dominant male, who has not killed her offspring, she runs the risk of the dominant male repeating his actions. Accordingly, she is obligated to mate with the dominant male in order to decrease the risk that her infant will be killed again. It may also be the case that the mothers who are victims of infanticide are physically incapable of preventing the guilty males from mating with them because of the differences in size between the sexes.
In human societies, however, we see less infanticide perpetrated by males relative to our population. There are many reasons for this: there are…
Janson, Charles H. And Carel P. Van Schaik. Infanticide by Males and Its Implications. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Daughter of Time
"Everybody knows that Richard III, the last of the Plantagenet kings, murdered his two nephews. But everybody could be wrong -- according to Scotland Yard's Inspector Grant, who studies 500-year-old evidence to try to determine who really killed these two heirs to the British throne…"
(Harris, 2001, p. 1).
On the initial page of author Josephine Tey's book, The Daughter of Time, the author (whose real name is Elizabeth MacKintosh and who also uses the name Gordon Daviot) embraces the quote, "Truth is the Daughter of Time." That is an appropriate use of the proverb because much of the discussion of Tey's fictitious historical novel centers on the concepts of truth and perception when it comes to King Richard III.
Summary of the Book
One of Tey's characters that she uses in this novel, and in several of her other books, Alan Grant, is an inspector with…
DuBose, Martha Hailey. Women of Mystery: The Lives and Works of Notable Women Crime
Novelists. New York: Macmillan, 2000.
Gale Online Encyclopedia. "Overview: Daughter of Time." Retrieved July 28, 2012, from Literature Resource Center.
Harris, Karen. "The Daughter of Time." Booklist, 97.17. Literature Resource Center, 2001.
I have worked in research and DNA analysis in formal laboratory analysis, and believe in the paradigm of lifelong learning.
I am a lifelong student, and each year realize how many wonderful new ideas need exploring; how many exciting and vital places visited through reading; and how much joy I receive simply by having the right set of tools that allow me to read, research, study, analyze, and make decisions based on information. At present, I am studying the physiology of reproduction and assist in laboratory research with Drs. Forrest and Talcott. This technical expertise well qualifies me for the position, although it is my passion for expanding the understanding and synthesis of learning about science that can help BGS expand its membership and relevance for society at large.
The task, then, of a modern leader at any level is to be a good corporate citizen, practicing the very tenants…
The following images show certain disorders that result due to mutation. Children born from the same family members' shows higher similarity index regarding the genetic disorder number inclusive of the Indian community (Cummings, 2010, pg 333).
Curbing gene disorders
Stoppage of varying types of disorders is possible through learning in consideration of human development the number of genes contained in a single genome, their respective location and the establishment of functions or roles in the various genetic processes. This is achievable through strategized genetic mapping, where the establishment of specified genes having same linkage involved. The mapping establishes the respective linkages between genes and as a result of their location in the same gene, the crossing over frequency with the existing distance amid them is notable (Cummings, 2010, pg 333). esearch on the various risks factors involved can also be considerable as beneficial. This enables the development of certain preventive…
Benson, B. (2012). Advances in Child Development. London: Academic Press.
Bowden, V.G. (2009). Children and Their Families. Atlanta: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Cummings, M. (2010). Human Heridity; Principles and Issues. New York: Cengage Learning.
Atlantic Blue fin tuna is a pat of the Scombidae family and its scientific name is Thunnus Thynnus. It is also known as Nothen Blue fin tuna and is closely elated to the Pacific blue fin tuna and the Southen blue fin tuna. They ae a highly evolved fish species that have an aveage life span of 15 to 30 yeas.
The Atlantic blue fin tuna is one of the lagest fishes alive today. It has a metallic blue colo on top and a silvey white at the bottom to camouflage it in the deep oceans against pedatos such as whales and shaks. Thei body is shaped like a topedo and this gives them the speed to get away fom pedatos as quickly as possible despite thei big size and weight. An aveage Atlantic blue fin tuna can gow to about 6.5 feet in size and weigh a…
references, and Thermal Biology of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna." Science. 293.(17 August 2001): 1310-1314.
Shwartz, Mark. "Migration Study finds that sweeping management changes are needed to protect Atlantic bluefin tuna." Eureka Alert. 27 April 2005. Web. 28 March 2012.
Theme of Collapsing Uncertainties
The Collapsing Birth Rate in the Developed orld
Human beings perceive events, individuals, and objects in different manners in relation to the circumstances and understanding. This is vital towards the development of concept of reality with the aim of continuous leadership, caring, and forms of goodness. This is an indication that human beings believe in whatever they see and purport to be ideal thus generation of meaning and form of understanding or knowledge for the purposes of guidance and leadership. Various personalities have focused on the examination of the concept of collapsing uncertainties. Some of these personalities include Timothy Eves, Plato, and Sartre. Sartre focuses on the examination of the concept of hell or the world of darkness through integration of the No Exit play. This is ideal for effective understanding and development of the forms of goodness in relation to reality and knowledge.…
Kirk, John T.O. Science & Certainty. Collingwood, VIC: CSIRO Pub, 2007. Print.
Heidegger, Martin, and Ted Sadler. The Essence of Truth: On Plato's Parable of the Cave
Allegory and Theaetetus. London: Continuum, 2002. Print.
Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore's Dilemma:A Natural History of Four Meals (New York:
Simulacrum: hat is neither real nor a copy?
The simulacrum subverts the common notion of what constitutes a copy vs. An authentic artifact (Camille 31). In the common, classical ordering of priorities, the 'real' is what comes first, followed by the copy. The copy affirms the real, and the worth of the real, rather than negates it. A good example of this can be seen in art forgery. The worth of the real is affirmed by the fact that the copy (whether illegally or legally made) is considered inferior to that of the real, and the copy attempts to slavishly imitate the real. The greatest compliment that can be paid to a copy is that it can be mistaken for the real thing. A picture post card of the Mona Lisa is not synonymous with the famous painting itself.
The simulacrum, however, is a false idea, image, or rendition that…
Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Benjamin, Walter. "Works of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." In Film Theory and Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Camille, Michael. "Simulacrum." In Critical terms for art history. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Hart, Kevin. Postmodernism: A beginner's guide. Oxford, Bridgewater books, 2005.
The Breath of Life
Throughout scripture the concept of breath represents life. Genesis 2:7
It is evident that we need to breathe to live and that without our respiratory system, we would die. But why is this? Can we know why other than to say that this is how our Creator designed us to be? Perhaps an understanding of our own respiratory system can help us to better understand our Creator? I think so.
What do we find in our nose? A kind of filter that keeps out of our lungs harmful particles and spores that would otherwise pollute them. This can be a symbol of how we should filter our minds of impure thoughts so as to keep our souls clean. It can also be a symbol of how important God's grace is in our souls -- it is to our souls as oxygen is to our bodies.…
South Bend, IN: St. Augustine's Press.
Sheen, F. (1951). Three to Get Married. Princeton, NJ: Scepter Publishers.
Holy Bible, New Living Translation. (2004). IL: Tyndale House Publishers.
Evaluation of Alternatives
Document management is an important issue that organizations are not putting great emphasis on these days. With the growing inevitable need for globalization, where large amounts of data and documents have to be handled, there is an increasing need for document handling and management. The documents may include product or business plans, meetings or brainstorming sessions, etc., but these papers lose their value if not handled carefully, especially in the growing companies (osoff, 2011). However, document reproduction has its own significance since it is an important stage in the preparation, designing, engineering, referencing, and administering of the papers within an organization. The most commonly used methods of document reproduction are photocopying, electrographic copying, electronic copying, thermo-copying and diazo copying.
The organization under consideration for the purpose of this paper does not have any document reproduction system employed within its premises. Various document reproductions are required…
Cheng, H.G. & Philiips, M.R. (2014). Secondary analysis of existing data: Opportunities and implementation. Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry, 26. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4311114/pdf/sap-26-06-371.pdf
Driscoll, D.L. (2011). Introduction to primary research: Observations, surveys and interviews. Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing, 2. Retrieved from http://www.parlorpress.com/pdf/driscoll -- introduction-to-primary-research.pdf
Rosoff, M. (2011, June 17). Where's that darn file? Why document management matters. Business Insider. Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/wheres-that-darn-file - why-document-management-matters-2011-6
Rouse, M. (2010, May). Laser printer. Whatis. Retrieved from http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/laser-printer
For example, the 1984 British government committee report suggested that "it is inconsistent with human dignity that a woman should use her uterus for financial profit and treat it as an incubator for someone else's child," in part because this threatens to undermine the traditional belief in an inviolable mother-child bond.
Opponents who criticize commercial surrogacy from this perspective frequently attempt to differentiate between commercial surrogacy and "altruistic" surrogacy, in which a surrogate carries a child without a fee, but this distinction is merely nominal, because the lack of an explicit payment structure does not make the decision to become a surrogate any less transactional, and furthermore, the potential for exploitation exists in either case.
Before considering how the law actually treats surrogacy, then, it is becoming clear that a general prohibition on commercial surrogacy represents a kind of undue restriction on the personal and financial autonomy of women, because…
BERKHOUT, S.G., 2008. Buns in the Oven: Objectification, Surrogacy, and Women's
Autonomy. Social Theory and Practice,34(1), pp. 95-117.
BRINSDEN, P.R., APPLETON, T.C., MURRAY, E., HUSSEIN, M. And AL, E., 2000.
Treatment by in vitro fertilisation with surrogacy: Experience of one British centre.
" (International Conference on Population and Development ICPD) (ibid)
However the meaning of reproductive right extends into other areas. For example, this includes the right to non-discrimination based on sex/gender and the right to privacy as well as the right to information. The issue of the reproductive rights for women becomes problematic and often fraught with controversy when it is applied to those infected with the HIV virus. This dilemma has far-reaching implications for the millions of women with HIV throughout the world.
3.2. Different perspectives
The different views on the subject of reproductive rights range from the more conservative view that all reproductive rights should be denied in Women with HIV to more perceptive views that links the denial of reproductive rights to other human rights issues. For example, one view from a survey conducted by the International Community of Women Living with HIV / AIDS (ICW) states that,…
Albury, R.M. (1999). Beyond the Slogans. St. Leonards, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin.
Almond, B., & Ulanowsky, C. (1990). HIV and Pregnancy. The Hastings Center Report, 20(2), 16+. Retrieved June 15, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com .
Amaro, H., & Raj, a. (2000). On the Margin: Power and Women's HIV Risk Reduction Strategies. 723. Retrieved June 15, 2005, from Questia database,
Alternation of Generations
Alteration of Generations
"Alternation of Generations" is a term used to explain the life cycle and pattern of reproduction in certain vascular plants, protists and fungi. Usually generations of a species take one complete life cycle; therefore, in order to avoid confusion, this term is usually replaced with the term "Alternation of Phases of a single generation."
In "Alternation of Generations," the process of reproduction is different from other reproductions; it keeps moving back and forth from a sexual from of reproduction in one generation to an asexual form of reproduction in the other generation (Polunin, 1960). Each phase of the life cycle of organisms possessing "Alternation of Generations" contains one or two independent living organism gametophyte and a sporophyte. Sporophyte and gametophyte come from the concepts: spore bearing stage (sporophyte) and gamete bearing stage (gametophyte). Genetically, a gametophyte (which can be a tissue or plant) is…
Fried, G and Hademenos, G. (1999). Schaum's Outline of Problems of Theory and Biology. Second Edition. The McGraw-Hill Companies. Retrieved July 11, 2012 http://books.google.com.sa/books?id=_XZtGXJIQA4C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Schaum%E2%80%99s+Outline+of+Problems+of+Theory+and+Biology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IQr9T6b2IOOx0QXE0cihBw&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Schaum%E2%80%99s%20Outline%20of%20Problems%20of%20Theory%20and%20Biology&f=false
Niklas, K. (1999, May). Microscopic Mating Game. Natural History, 108, 44. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from Questia
database: http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=5035650896
Polunin, N. (1960). Introduction to Plant Geography and Some Related Sciences. London: Longmans. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from Questia database:
Copyright Infringement & the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998
This paper looks into the issues of copyright infringement and circumvention of technology with reference to Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998. The author of this paper has carefully studied the law in question and has focused on various issues connected with this legislation. DMCA is a highly controversial law that has been staunchly opposed and actively supported by different section of the public and it has managed to attract great deal of media attention because of various lawsuits that emerged in this connection. The paper looks into some important Court cases for impartial and objective study of the law.
DIGITAL MILLENNIUM COPYIGHT ACT
INTODUCTION TO DMCA
There has been a long-standing debate on the issue of freedom of speech in the United States. While the Constitution of the country explicitly grants American citizens the right to share information…
Chris Taylor/San Francisco, Throwing The E-Book At Him A programmer is prosecuted for enabling users to break the security in reader software., Time, 08-20-2001, pp. 62+
Voss, David, DIGITAL SECURITY: Music Industry Strikes Sour Note for Academics., Science, 05-04-2001.
Neil Ferguson, 'Censorship in Action, Why I don't publish my HDCP results', Aug 15, 2001 http://www.macfergus.com/neils/dmca/cia.html
Lev Grossman, Business/The Future of Copyright: Digital Divisiveness., Time, 08-28-2000, pp. 40.
Cypripedium reginae is more commonly known as Pink and White Lady's Slipper, Queens Lady's Slipper or Showy Lady's Slipper (Kartesz, 1994). Coming from the plantae kingdom, it is of the order asparagales, and Orchidaceae, and the subfamily Cypripedioideae, of the genus cypripedium (Kartesz, 1994). This herbaceous perennial flower, which is a terrestrial temperate orchid, is the largest orchid native to North America. The plant may be found across a most of the eastern states in North America, including Atlanta, Arkansas and Tennessee, in the south to North Dakota in the west, and up to Canada where it is found in the eastern areas of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Newfoundland (Nature Serve, 2014; Kartesz, 1994). In Minnesota, where it has been the state flow since 1902, it is one of the rarest wild flowers in state (Minnesota Department of Natural esources, 2014).…
Gray, Asa, (2010), The elements of botany for beginners and for schools, Nabu Press
Guignard, J. A, (1887), Beginning an acquaintance with wild bees, Annual Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario 17, 51-53
Felbaum, Mitchell, (1995), Endangered and Threatened Species of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, PA: Wild Resource Conservation Fund
Kartesz, J.T. (1994), A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland, Portland, OR., Timber Press
headline from May 2015. "Picasso's omen of Algiers Smashes Auction Record," is how the BBC phrased it, on May 12, noting that "Picasso's omen of Algiers has become the most expensive painting to sell at auction, going for $160 million" (Gompertz 2015). In the frequently dicey and volatile early twenty-first century economy, it is clear that high art has managed to maintain its value in a way that the mortgage of a Florida homebuyer or the Beanie Baby collection of a midwestern housewife have not. It is now almost eighty years since alter Benjamin issued his famous meditation on what precisely the value of the visual arts could be under late capitalism, "The ork of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction." The subject of what art means in an age where reproductions of art are ubiquitous has been around for a while. But Benjamin had never seen the Internet.…
Benjamin, Walter. "The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction." In Illuminations: Selected Writings. New York: Schocken, 1969. Print.
Bosman, Julie. "Lusty Tales and Hot Sales: E-Books Thrive." New York Times, December 8, 2010. Web. Accessed 20 May 2015 at: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/09/books/09romance.html
Bourdieu, Pierre. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. New York: Routledge, 1984. Print.
Birkerts, Sven. The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age. Second Edition. New York: Faber & Faber, 2006. Print.
Kinship structures, then, are not normative, but is actually consisted of the mother and child alone, illustrating how the role of males have been gradually decreasing to being 'suppliers' of sperm cells for the women's use in assisted reproduction.
Studies from Carsten and Stone demonstrate the aspects demonstrated in Kahn's research. Carsten's research centers primarily on the kinship system extant in Malaysia, while Stone looks at how females have managed to gradually increase and assert their role in human society, eventually having their own choice to actively participate in the process of reproduction or not.
Carsten's analysis of the Malaysian kinship system shows that the concept of family goes beyond the traditional distinction of blood relations -- that is, people consider an individual as part of the family even though they are not related in blood. Being considered as part of family, then, happens through a process of constant interaction…
epeated eading Instruction a Powerful and Effective Alternative Teaching Strategy for Students with Learning Disabilities?
This paper discusses how repeated reading instruction is a powerful and effective alternative for teaching reading to students with learning disabilities. When asked about reasonable adaptations that teachers can make to support learning from instructional materials, some of the most frequently cited adaptations are those involving peer support such as cooperative learning groups, student pairing. Studies show that students like working in small groups or being paired with a partner and appreciate it when teachers provide structure in teaching students how to work together and learn from each other. Teachers have utilized the phonics reading method and incorporated the Whole Language technique, but there are many educators in support of using the repeated reading technique as the favored instruction for students who have various learning disabilities.
It is the function of reading instruction to teach…
Boudah, D. & Weiss, M. (2002). Learning disabilities overview. (ERIC Document (Reproduction Service No. ED. 462808).
Cromwell, S. (1997). Whole language and phonics: Can they work together? Education World.
Accessed March 2, 2003 at www.educationworld.com.
Fitzsimmons, M. (1998). Beginning reading. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED.
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas lived and died between 1225-74. He was an Italian philosopher and theologian. He was the Doctor of the Church, also acknowledged as the Angelic Doctor. He is the supreme stature of scholasticism, one of the most important saints of the Roman Catholic Church, as well as, originator of the system acknowledged by Pope Leo XIII to be the legitimate Catholic philosophy (1).
This article argues that Thomas Aquinas's political philosophy is un-egalitarian. Not only does Aquinas disappoints to give his support to an egalitarian outlook of political impartiality, but so as to explain his political philosophy properly one has got to ascribe to him an idea intensely undemocratic in its repercussions. This paper proposes, consequently, that by means of Aquinas's thought, as a rational foundation for democracy would need a considerable reconsideration of his own point-of-view.
The purpose of this paper is neither to call…
1). Allen Buchanan. Justice as Reciprocity vs. Subject-Centered Justice. Philosophy and Public Affairs 119 (1990) 227-52.
2). Aidan Nichols. Discovering Aquinas: An Introduction to His Life, Work, and Influence. (W.W. Norton & Company; 1987)
3). Brian Davies. The Thought of Thomas Aquinas. (Clarendon Press, 1993)
4). John Finnis. Natural Law and Natural Right. (New York: Oxford University, 1981)
Mull over the relationship between art and popular culture since 1950. Focus your discussion on 3 or 4 artists.
The world of art has seen two distinct trends in recent decades since the mid-20th century. On one hand, high art has become less central to most people's lives. Other, more visceral forms of popular media have claimed the attention of the public in the incarnations of photography, film, and television. There is no longer a reliance upon visual representations such as sketching and painting to commemorate historical and personal occasions. But as a result of this divide between popular and high culture and the increasing significance of pop culture, high art has begun to adopt many themes and even the visual style of many popular works to justify its existence. As pop culture becomes part of every person's framework of reference, the elements of pop art have been co-opted and…
"Andy Warhol." The Art Story. Web. 17 Dec 2014.
"Barbara Kruger." The Art History Archive. Web. 17 Dec 2014.
Busche, Ernst A. "Roy Lichtenstein." Grove Art Online. Oxford University Press, 2009.
"Jackson Pollock: Early photos of the action painter at work." Time. Web. 17 Dec 2014.
One of the more interesting cases is that of the Komodo Dragon. The females in this more complex species are able to spontaneously reproduce parthenogenetically when there are no males available for sexual reproduction. hile allowing for the survival of the species through a few generations, prolonged use of the method will eventually reduce the gene pool and effectively eliminate any variation in the lineage of the species. (atts, et.al 1021-1022)
In modern science this method of reproduction may have application in stem cell research. It has shown promising results in orgasms as complex as mice, but has yet to yield significant results in higher order mammals. (Kim, et.al 484-485)
Kim, K., Lerou, P., Yabuuchi, a., Lengerke, C., Ng, K., est, J., Kirby, a., Daly, M.J., & Daley, G.Q. " Histocompatible Embryonic Stem Cells by Parthenogenesis." Science, (2007) 315.5811: 482-486
Parthenogenesis." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. (2007).
Kim, K., Lerou, P., Yabuuchi, a., Lengerke, C., Ng, K., West, J., Kirby, a., Daly, M.J., & Daley, G.Q. " Histocompatible Embryonic Stem Cells by Parthenogenesis." Science, (2007) 315.5811: 482-486
Parthenogenesis." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. (2007).
Watts, Phillip C., Buley, Kevin R., Sanderson, Stephanie, Boardman, Wayne, Ciofi, Claudio, & Gibson, Richard. "Parthenogenesis in Komodo Dragons." Nature (2006) 444.7122: 1021-1022