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The effective use of qualitative research
When I first embarked upon this course, I only had a vague idea about the purposes of the different qualitative research methods. While I knew the distinctions between grounded theory, case studies, phenomenology, narratives, and ethnographies on an intellectual level, when I assessed different studies over the course of my own research, I was less concerned about the different processes used to reveal the results than I was about the results themselves. By virtue of taking this course, I am much more process-oriented in my analysis. Now I see it is impossible to understand the results of a study without an intimate understanding of how those results were achieved. Critiquing and understanding the final conclusions requires a full understanding of the assumptions and methods of the researcher.
A researcher's choice of methods can affect the accuracy of the results and the standards by…
Lee, P. (2006). Understanding and critiquing qualitative research. Nursing Times, 102 (29). 30.
Retrieved from: http://www.nursingtimes.net/nursing-practice/clinical-zones/educators/understanding-and-critiquing-qualitative-research-papers/203129.article
Types of qualitative research: Explained within a SOTL framework. (2013). UCF. Retrieved
Self-ASSESSMENT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
Overall, my emotional intelligence score is 82. Scores of 80 -- 89 are considered strong, and those people with scores in that range can count their emotional intelligence as a strong upon which they should continue to build. This is interesting news for me. Emotional intelligence is an issue in education and in the professional world that has garnered increased attention in the 21st century. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence is now two decades old. At first, considered radical and tenuous, now is considered practical and growing increasing more necessary in order to function in this 21st century society, as well as a sought after commodity and skill. I do have confidence in my score, but very good scores are sometimes difficult. They are better than average, yet they are not outstanding. Very good scores require very fine tweaking in order to push them just…
Russell, J.A. (1994). Is there universal recognition of emotion from expression?: A review of cross-cultural studies. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 102-141.
Smith, M.K. (2002, 2008). Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences. The Encyclopedia of Informal Education, Web, Available from: http://www.infed.org/thinkers/gardner.htm . 2012 December 20.
Self-Assessment and eflection
According to Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence: Why it Can Matter More than IQ (July 1997): "Self-awareness includes the competencies of emotional awareness, accurate self-assessment and self-confidence. Skill in knowing about personal strengths and limits and self-worth are related to these competencies." Various professional tests I have taken have provided me with some insights into my own personality characteristics and personal and professional strengths. For example, according to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, my personality type is ISTJ (introverted, sensory, thinking, judging), which I find useful in assessing my own personality style and strengths. The Fundamental Interpersonal elations Orientation-Behavior (FIO-B) test, an assessment tool used for improving working relationships and individual effectiveness, places me at the midway point between 'need for inclusion' and 'need for total control'. In other tests I have taken, results indicate personality characteristics including self-confidence; adaptability; initiative; empathy; service orientation, and ability in…
Bush, G.W. (Date). Name of article. Retrieved July 31, 2005, from: http:www.
whitehouse.gov.html. (You need to include the name an article, or link, or something on this website, e.g., Biography, or something like that, not just the website itself. The rest of this citation is okay)
Goleman, D.(July 1997). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ.
New York: Bantam.
Some of my mistrust may come from my personal timeliness, and my sense that teams can occasionally procrastinate and pull other people back. Accepting others differences is indeed difficult. (Kroeger, Thuesen & Rutledge, 2002, p. 3) I need to make the differences of others work better for both myself, and my organization. Even if I am doing a good job, I must make my internal criticism of others less judgmental. (Kroeger, Thuesen & Rutledge, 2002, p.7) Instead of just buckling down and working harder, as I have always done, I need to strive to make the work styles of others work for me, rather than against me, and combine the mutual skills of everyone at the office to realize the goal of a project.
Of course, I would like to retain my strengths as an individual. My desire to exercise leadership potential and to learn more at work…
Furnham, Adriean & Joanna Moutafi, & John Crump. (2003). "Relationship between the Revised NEO-Personality Inventory and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator."
Social Behavior and Personality. Retrived 4 Nov 2006 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3852/is_200301/ai_n9213480/pg_1
Kroeger, Otto, Janet M. Thuesen & Hile Rutledge. Type Talk at Work. New York:
There are no good or bad personalities, and diversity creates strength. This is particularly true in terms of teams, where having D, I, S, and C-types working harmoniously together enables all tasks to get done by the individuals with the greatest core strengths in specific interpersonal areas. Different team members can compensate for one another's weaknesses.
One problem with team-building between different types, however, is the fact that the different types often have radically different communication styles. The C-type's focus on facts and data may conflict with an S-type's focus on people. But many people, including myself, are made up of a conglomeration of different types and merely exhibit tendencies towards one type or the other. This means that there may be more points of commonality than one might initially suspect. Still, in a diverse work team based upon DISC principles, it might be a good idea for people to…
Carbonell, Mels (2005). Uniquely You. Retrieved June 13, 2009
DISC personality profile. (2009). DISC Insights. Retrieved June 13, 2009 at http://www.discinsights.com/cyber/scripts/disc.asp#used
Witt, Christ. (2009). C-type. DISC. Retrieved June 13, 2009
Self-Assessment Progress Report Number Three
Self-Assessment Progress Report Three
Current Employer: Military
Current Job: P-3 Analyst
Future Job: Real Estate
Attribute 1:Outgoing Attribute 1 Score
Attribute 2: Decisive Attribute 2 Score
This report summarizes my post-assessment reflections and my progress while working on change activities to develop personality attributes of sociability and decisiveness. I feel confident that I have achieved Level III. I have invested my time and energy to be able to progress to this level, and now that I have been exposed to this kind of growth, I plan to continue on my own.
I can make this claim because I consistently applied the Three Rs change model so that I could improve my OPQ scales. I also put a lot of effort into reading books that my mentor suggested, along with doing recommended exercises and activities. Every day I try to push the envelope a little…
The all Street gurus who had trumpeted deregulation were now seen demanding a bail-out from the federal government. For business enterprises to thrive today demands an astute understanding of philosophy and ethics, which is why professors are weaving Rousseau and systems theory into enterprise courses.
To understand the nature of business ethics, it is also critical to understand systems thinking. A business does not operate in isolation from the environment in which it operates. The University of Denver publication "The Essence of Enterprise" points out that "Every system has a purpose within a larger system." The business is therefore a system within a larger community. Ethics begins with an awareness of how businesses impact more than just their shareholders. Businesses impact the environment, the social and political climate, and the economic stability of whole regions.
The managing of risk is a constant ethical dilemma in business. How much risk is…
Brandeis, Louis. "Business: A profession." Brown Commencement Address. 1912.
"The Essence of Enterprise." University of Denver: Daniels College.
Rousseau, Jean Jacques. "The Social Contract." 1762.
Self-Assessment of Academic Development
In today's wold it's the desie of almost evey individual to have good education and a bight futue. To follow and accomplish this desie the individuals look fo an institute which is up to the standads of moden innovations in the discipline of leaning and knowledge assisted by the pofessional instuctos, poject manage and in geneal whole of the faculty. Like all the othe individuals, I also had the simila goal to attain best education and leaning in the most pofessional style. This aim of mine has esulted in the selection of this institute.
Questions egading self-assessment in academic development:
Adopted stategies and thei significance:
The accepted stategies that wee employed by me to manage the leaning equiements of my teaches wee dependant on my ability of leaning as I eckon that each individual's ability of leaning is diffeent fom the othe. Some students get the…
references Using Vark. Nurse Education Today, 28(5), pp. 572-579.
Allinson, C.W.; Hayes, J. (1990): Validity of the Learning Styles Questionnaire. Psychological Report, 67, pp. 859-866.
Argyris, C. (2007). Double-Loop Learning in Classroom Setting In Reynolds M & Vince R. (Ed.), the Handbook of Experiential Learning & Management Education Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Another option is to run a nursery school. This would be more intellectually challenging, as preschool preparation is often an integral part of these facilities. Also, it demands a more structured day, more experienced and competent teaching personnel, and often children stay longer at the site. Parents feel comfortable leaving their children in the care of others for longer periods of time when the children are older. For this business, advertising is likely to be more formal and less on a word-of-mouth basis than for a home or group day care center for young children, as parents wish to find the most competent individuals to prepare their children for entering school. This would be more ideal for my previous sales, marketing, and managerial experience. I would be able to make decisions about how to shape and have an impact on the children's lives.
An after-school child care center would make…
Careers in the corporate sector, especially those within multinational organizations, NGOs or government agencies would be the ones most suitable for my personality and value system. Similarly, my ability to deal with change and stress make me well-suited for careers in the global business environment, in which I would be expected to travel and communicate with people from different cultural backgrounds than my own.
The Gospel and Personal eflection" offers advice on how to navigate through the world with greater self-awareness. As an ISTJ, I know that I work best in a structured environment. I expect loyalty from others because I exhibit it myself. Thus, I would do well to avoid individualistic work environments or situations that incite competition due to a lack of internal consistency and cooperation. At the same time, Fischer suggests developing a sense of understanding for different personalities and communication styles. An ISTJ does tend to…
Fischer, K. (nd). "The Gospel and Personal Reflection
George, J. (nd). "One Another."
Portrait of an ISTJ." BSM Consulting. Retrieved Nov 25, 2006 at http://www.personalitypage.com/ISTJ.html
Another problem is that, in the light of the volume of information, I also find it difficult to construct sensible paragraphs to present my ideas and information in a logical way. Because academic writing depends upon the presentation of ideas in a logical and concise way, I believe that this will be one of my main areas of focus when I attempt to improve myself.
One of the most important element of a growth plan is self-knowledge. I now have a knowledge of my precise strengths and weaknesses, which I can use to construct a self-development plan.
The first part of my plan will then involve finding a way to use my strengths in order to improvement weaknesses. In research, my major strength is my ability to find relevant, high-quality academic information. A weakness is that I find rather to much of this to allow time for a…
Teaching and Learning Institute (2004). Writing for University Courses -- Use of Words. Sheffield Hallam University. Retrieved from: http://universitywriting.shu.ac.uk/words/advice/d_being.htm
University of California Berkeley. (2010). Critical Evaluation of Resources. Retrieved from: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/instruct/guides/evaluation.html
Even if there is a world hereafter, because that world will be so inconceivably different, I cannot enter it calmly, with open arms. Part of me is glad that I cannot, like Emily Dickinson say coolly: "Because I could not stop for death/he kindly stopped for me." hen I am older, perhaps, I may be able to confront death with resigned acceptance. I have known people facing illness and old age who say that they have no regrets, and simply surrender and bow to the inevitable. But I can only think of all of the things I still wish to do in life, when I hear the world 'death.' I think of my loved ones, of children whom I will never be able to see grow old. I even wonder who will take care of my pets.
Our culture and other cultures deal with death through euphemisms. The metaphors of…
Dickinson, Emily. "Because I could not stop for death." Online. 17 Mar 2011.
Thomas, Dylan. "Do not go gentle into that good night." Online. 17 Mar 2011.
Self-Assessment in a Group
Recent experiences with a team project more clearly demonstrated my general strengths and weaknesses when working with a group of people. The particular team research project involved investigating a small internet advertising company with three Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and forty employees. Our main tasks can be divided into three significant categories: finances, interpersonal relationships, and specific tasks. For example, we determined the monetary feasibility of the company, taking into account salary levels, benefits packages and bonuses for employees, as well as turnover rates. We also analyzed interactions inside and outside of the office as well as the feedback and performance appraisals given by employees. Finally, we investigated the distribution of tasks and clients and examined the type of direction in which the company was headed.
We held several team meetings to discuss our research projects. One of my strongest points was an excellent attendance level.…
Many of my greatest weaknesses and strengths can be attributed to my being an international student who has spent only one and a half years in the United States. Because of the language barrier and culture shock, I have often had to contend with shyness in my relationships and especially in group settings. I am still learning a lot about American culture and customs and feel often that I lag behind in terms of understanding certain ways of life and means of communication. However, learning how to overcome my weaknesses has also created much self-confidence and strength of character. Although group settings are still difficult for me sometimes, I try to maintain a positive attitude and sense of humor. I have noticed immense improvements since I first arrived here and am sure that these improvements will continue as I immerse myself even more.
Unfortunately, I have not had the…
self-assessment of any familiarity with ethical codes, principles and laws and personal professional development goals for the semester in relation to these topics and your growth to date. You should discuss your strengths and weaknesses using these, and your plan for enhancing your assets and reducing your limitations.
I am familiar with the general principles of ethics that are mainly intuitive, for instance, respecting the other, treating their coincidences confidentially, and not manipulating them in any way as well as not having dual relationships. The ethics of counseling / social work / related disciplines are actually intuitive and built into the system with all the details revolving around this.
On the other hand, I do need to gain a greater in-depth familiarity with the various nuances so that I familiarize myself with different situations and know how to apply myself in particular situations that may differ from the rule. I…
ACA . (2005) ACA Code of Ethics.
APA (2012) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx
Self-Evaluation/Self-Assessment for Leaders
People are influenced by leaders. Leaders cannot affect people without understanding why people behave the way they do. Successful and effective leaders are, therefore, learners of human behavior. Good leader not only try to understand the personalities and psychology of their subordinates but they also consistently evaluate and assess themselves in order to be productive (Clawson 2001). Till date, no studies have produced a clear profile of an ideal leader; his authoritative styles, distinctive characteristics or personality traits. This makes it crystal clear that authentic leaders know who they are. They don't imitate or become replicas of others. On the other hand, they "demonstrate a passion for their purpose, practice their values consistently, and lead with their hearts as well as their heads" (George, Sims, McLean & Mayer 2007). All of us are endowed with the competence to motivate and empower others. However, one must devote himself/herself…
Brereton, M. 1996. Introducing Self-assessment -- one of the Keys to Business Excellence. Management Services, 40, 22+. Available from Questia database: . [Accessed June 18, 2012].
Clawson, J.G. 2001. A Leader's Guide to Why People Behave the Way They Do. University of Virginia - Darden School of Business.
Clawson, J.G. 2001. Leadership and Intelligence. University of Virginia - Darden School of Business.
George, B., Sims, P., McLean, A.N., Mayer, D. 2007. Discovering Your Authentic Leadership. Harvard Business Review. pp.1-8.
Of course, this is only one perspective on history. But one of the most exciting things about reading Guns, Germs, and Steel, and the March of Folly is that they had such a clear perspective, unlike the textbook the Human Venture. Sometimes when a historian tries too hard to be objective, it is hard for the reader to make sense of a long narrative of historical facts, and it is better to read different biased perspectives and come to one's own conclusion as a student. Also, there is really no such thing as pure objectivity, as even to tell the story from the perspective of a person of the present, looking at the past carries within itself the tendency to see the conclusions of what occurred as inevitable.
A noticed this when watching "The Fog of ar" as former Secretary Robert McNamara talks about how close the American nation came…
Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel. New York W.W. Norton & Company, 1999.
Esler, Anthony. The Human Venture. New York: Prentice Hall, 2003.
The Fog of War." Directed by Errol Morris. 2004.
Using the self-assessment to determine innate and emerging strengths in the area of project management provides insights not easily determined any other way. It is difficult for anyone to accurately and objective assess their own strengths and weaknesses, which makes the self-assessment framework so valuable as a means to objectively measure one's abilities. An innate strength of any effective leader is the continual maturation of their Emotional Intelligence (EI), including have a grasp of their innate strengths, weaknesses and area for improvement (Nicholas, Hidding, 2010). The assessment has provided these insights and provides a foundation future leadership development through the continual addressing weaknesses and fine-tuning of strengths. The experience completing the assessment was insightful and very positive in that it provided valuable guidance on areas of weakness that need to be addressed, and brought out areas of strength not expected. The assessment provided a roadmap for continual management and…
Nicholas, J., & Hidding, G. (2010). Management principles associated with IT project success. International Journal of Management and Information Systems, 14(5), 147-156.
Roy, V., Bernier, C., & Danis, M. (2010). Leadership, sourcing modes and IT project management. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 27(4), 348.
Sauer, C., & Reich, B.H. (2009). Rethinking IT project management: Evidence of a new mindset and its implications. International Journal of Project Management, 27(2), 182.
Sharma, D., Stone, M., & Ekinci, Y. (2009). IT governance and project management: A qualitative study. Journal of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management, 16(1), 29-50.
The four parts of the mandala indicate the balance that I feel is most important. One of the concepts at work here, however, is the interrelatedness of things. I have physical as being the most important, because in my experience feeling good physically has a lot to do with how you feel mentally. When I am tired, run down, or sick I have a much harder time keeping my spirits up. I am quicker to become upset, so less patient, and ultimately I feel that I am less productive as well. Feeling bad physically can result in sinking into a funk for a while until I feel better. Thus, my physical well-being is substantially tied to my emotional well-being as well. I have emotional as second because I feel that it flows from the physical, though arguably these are two halves of the same equation, and could be given…
Adams, T., Bezner, J., Steinhardt, M. (1997). The conceptualization and measurement of perceived wellness: Integrating balance across and within dimensions. American Journal of Health Promotion. Vol. 11 (3) 208-218.
University of California, Riverside. (2016). Seven dimensions of wellness. UC, Riverside . Retrieved March 28, 2016 from https://wellness.ucr.edu/seven_dimensions.html
Leadership and Self-Evaluation
What is Self-Assessment/Evaluation?
Self-Assessment or the process of evaluating oneself refers to the way in which one reviews and analyzes the credibility and value of their own work or personality. Although this field might be referred and categorized under the specialization of psychology, it is important to recognize the importance of this in our daily life and in the various tasks we indulge in on a regular basis. Grading oneself on the basis of different aspects will help one determine where they stand and how smoothly they fit into a criteria.
How does self-evaluation assist leaders?
Self-evaluation, as discussed above can be applied to a variety of fields and has a variety of purposes. For a leader, this process might come in handy in order to recognize their own expertise, qualities and determine exactly what they are best at. An effective and competent leader would be well…
Butcher, J.N., 1992. Advantages in Personality Assessment. s.l.:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
London, M., 2002. Leadership Development: Paths to Self-Insight and Professional Growth. s.l.:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
The management control area of authorize processing including certification and accreditation has been defined within Coyote Systems through the use of roles-based logins and access privileges and the use of certification of role-based access to ensure security. The company has found that through the use of role-based security authentication and the defining of rights by role, the certification and accreditation audits are far more efficient in being completed, and provide far greater value. The previous approach of stratifying authorization to use systems within the company and the definition of access privileges by application, development tool, development region, or workbench development areas accessible globally over the network have been redesigned to define role-based approvals instead. This approach to roles-based workflows and the integration of only those system resources required for use has made auditability and compliance, hence certification more efficient. If there is variation from a role-based process alerts are immediately…
Developing a Professional Identity
Pursuing an education specialist degree has solidified my professional identity, as I build confidence in my skill set and level of competency. I have already established myself within the field of education but have shifted focus to special education. This course has helped me to develop a professional identity as a special education teacher and one who eventually hopes to advocate and inform public policy.
Personal Philosophy and Ethics
My personal philosophy of education is based on ethical principles like equality and social justice, which is also what drove me to learn more about how I can contribute to the field of special education. As Krek & Zabel (2016) point out, educators need to be driven by overarching principles that inform their curricula and pedagogical practices. Otherwise, educators have no way of gauging their contributions to the profession or even of assessing the impact they make…
Barrett, K. (n.d.). Establishing effective time management practices for coursework.
Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative inquiry and research design. Health Promotion Practice 16(4): 473-475.
Kirillov, A.V., Tanatova, D.K., Vinichenko, M.V., et al. (2015). Theory and practice of time management in education. Asian Social Science 11(19): DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v11n19p193
Krek, J. & Zabel, B. (2016). Why there is no education ethics without principles. Educational Philosophy and Theory 49(3): 284-293.
MacFarlane, B., Zhang, J. & Pun, A. (2012). Academic integrity: a review of the literature. Studies in Higher Education 39(2): 339-358.
I need to acknowledge that I can only control how I react with an environment, but that I cannot control the environment itself, and I can try to ensure that my reactions are consistent across time and space. Finally, I need to make some changes to how I deal with stress in general, which may make me more resilient in my professional life. I need to learn to laugh at myself, and I need to embrace a more optimistic outlook. Finally, because resiliency is linked to personal stress levels, I need to engage in healthy behaviors, such as eating right and exercising.
Title of the Assessment: Assessing Your Creative Personality
Purpose of the Assessment: The purpose of the assessing your creative personality assessment is to estimate the subject's creative potential.
Actual Score: +1
Interpretation of Score: I have an average creative personality.
Improving Effectiveness / Efficiency: With all of the…
I have a plan for my own life as well, and this plan is aligned with my current efforts, including my leadership studies. I may not be the most charismatic leader, but I will have good plans that when implemented will lead to success.
I am generally open to change, and I enjoy experiencing new things. I am cautious with respect to making major changes, because I want to evaluate what the impact of those changes might be, but for minor changes I am usually willing to try new things. I am less an influencer, however. I tend to feel that others should make up their own minds with respect to change -- forcing people out of their comfort zone is not something that I do much. I will need to be more assertive with respect to motivating others to make changes, however. Doing so will make me a stronger…
Leadership and Self-Assessment
An Analysis of how Self-Evaluation and Self-Assessment relates to Leadership Today
The modern organizational environment must keep pace with changes that are occurring at a historically unprecedented rate. Many of these changes are driven by technology and require that leaders continually learn new skills in order to stay abreast of needed skill requirements. It is often the case that a leader will have difficulty getting performance feedback from their superiors because they generally do not work in close contact with supervisors and in some case may not even have one at all. Therefore a leader must rely on self-assessments primarily to further develop the skill set that will allow them to help their organization create or maintain a competitive advantage.
360 Degree Feedback and Self-Evaluation
Evaluation is an important component of any organization. The use of an evaluation program has been shown to be able…
Alipour, F., K., I. & Karimi, R., 2011. Knowledge Creation and Transfer: Role of Learning Organization. International Journal of Business Administration, 2(3), pp. 61-67.
Avey, J., Luthans, F. & Jensen, S., 2009. Psychological capital: A positive resource for combating employee stress and turnover. Human Resource Management, 48(5), pp. 677-693.
Becker, K., Antuar, N. & Everett, C., 2011. Implementing an employee performance management system in a nonprofit organization. Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 21(3), pp. 255-271.
Halliday, S. & Beddie, F., 2009. Informal Learning. At a Glance. National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 12(1), pp. 1-12.
The role of ethics in healthcare is to mitigate risks and ensure oversight of each strategic process area, ensuring patient treatment quality consistency and transparency. The American College of Healthcare Executives (ACHE) Code of Ethics and its self-assessment provide foundational insights into how ethical decisions can be more effectively made and how decision making can align effectively to the ACHE standards. Ethics are the foundation of patient trust and need to be the catalyst of transparency throughout a healthcare provider organization to the practice level and ultimately solidifying patient and healthcare provider collaboration to common goals (Higgins, Gross, Hackett, 2000). In the highest-performing healthcare providers, there is a tight alignment of patient expectations and the need for transparency on the one hand, and the ethics and willingness of a healthcare provider to disclose data and knowledge necessary to keep treatment plans progressing (Frederick, Wasieleski, Weber, 2000). In addition…
Ehlen, K.J., & Sprenger, G. (1998). Ethics and decision making in healthcare. Journal of Healthcare Management, 43(3), 219-21.
Frederick, W.C., Wasieleski, D., & Weber, J. (2000). Values, ethics, and moral reasoning among healthcare professionals: A survey. HEC Forum, 12(2), 124-40.
Higgins, W., Gross, J.W., & Hackett, K.L. (2000). Ethical guidance in the era of managed care: An analysis of the American College of healthcare executives' code of ethics. Journal of Healthcare Management, 45(1), 32-42; discussion 43-5.
Weil, Peter A, PhD., F.A.C.H.E., Kimball, P.A., & Lerner, Wayne M, Dr. P.H., F.A.C.H.E. (2010). The volunteer activities of healthcare Executives/Practioner Application. Journal of Healthcare Management, 55(2), 115-29; discussion 129-31.
Leadership Self-Assessment Analysis
In the wake of the corporal scandals of Enron and the Arthur Anderson Company, there have been increased calls for strong ethical leadership. Leadership had always been regarded as a key factor in ensuring the effectiveness of any organization. However, new models are also being developed to challenge the limitations of the prevailing classical theories of leadership.
This paper argues for a tempered approach, one that combines effective leadership with good management. Both factors are important, since over-managed and under-led organizations tend to lose sight of their goals. By the same token, while charismatic leaders can lead their organizations to high levels of success, the lack of management skills means that such victories do not last in the long run.
The growing awareness of corporate and white-collar crime has likewise presented new challenges to the classical leadership model. Organization leaders should now be wary of lawsuits the…
Bolman, Lee G. And Deal, Terrence E. 1997. Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2nd ed.
Northouse, Peter G. 1997. Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publishing.
We are more than welcome to assist any client who has trouble understanding anything. However, we do not offer to meet with clients whose first language is not English to decipher communications that they might not understand. Making this effort goes a long way toward promoting client health and well being.
We do have bilingual staff but Spanish is the only language besides English that is well-represented. It would be more helpful to hire people who have some command of other languages that our clients might speak. One of the areas I believe we do well in is sensitivity to diverse views of family and health. We allow extended members of the family to visit and consult with them too. I understand that people from different cultures grieve differently, too. Finally, I would be better off reading peer-reviewed journal articles as to the most current best practices that take cultural…
My plans for fixing this area of ethical weakness is simply t more carefully observe the behavior of the individuals within my organization, and to feel more open in expressing any concerns I have. I also think I should become more proactive in my dealings with other administrators, specifically in the areas of encouraging individual community service and organizational involvement in community health needs and opportunities. These are issues I am strongly committed to, and though I do not view my reticence as unethical, my opinion will only do good when voiced, so in a way I suppose I am doing a disservice by not speaking out more often.
2) Personal, organizational, and global ethics are different only in scope. The basic premise of most ethical systems can be expressed by the Golden Rule: "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you." Though the specifics of the…
Leader You: Self-Assessment / Johari Window the Johari Window emphasizes aware . Others things unwilling admit. One improve personal relationships increase . The (2) behaviors key improving personal professional relationships: •Openness Feedback -- recognize things aware accept information provide.
I see myself as an individual who is unhesitant about getting actively involved in activities that are innovative but that I consider beneficial for me and for the team as a whole. As a manager I've learnt that decision making is an essential step in assisting the community experience progress and I thus feel that it is always important for me to be prepared to make right decisions, regardless of the gravity of a situation. y being well-acquainted with strategies I can use in critical conditions I consider that I am better trained to deal with situations that others might interpret as having no solution whatsoever.
My life experiences shaped…
Philips, Jean M., Morris Gully, Stanley, "Organizational Behavior: Tools for Success," (Cengage Learning, 07.01.2011)
Robins, Stephen, "Self-assessment Library 3.4: Insights Into Your Skills, Interests and Abilities," (Pearson South Africa, 01.07.2008)
Ethics in Health Care
The role of ethics within the medical profession is extremely important and it is extremely necessary to abide by a high standard of ethical behavior while working in this industry. The trust that patients and people place within the medical profession dictates this high level of ethical behavior. The purpose of this essay is to examine the influence of individual ethics on decision making the health care industry using the ACHE self-assessment test as a guide to highlight key issues regarding this approach.
The ACHE self-assessment provided some, but not much guidance on the way medical professionals should conduct their business. Many of the questions were quite superficial and did not really hit at the true ethical issues that are present within the medical field. For me, ethics cannot be standardized to the extent where there are automatic responses to challenging situations. ather, the ethical approach…
American College of Healthcare Executives. Ethics Self-Assessment.
My scores for this Self-Assessment exercise were 5, 13 and 14 for money as power, retention time, and anxiety respectively. My score for money as power was therefore well below average, while the other two were respectively slightly below and slightly above average. My total score was 32; somewhat below average.
I was not surprised by these scores. I have very little regard for money in terms of status. I do not believe that success can be measured in one's bank balance, as there are so many personal factors that also play a role in what constitutes one's status in life. I also do not believe that this will ever change, regardless of internal or external factors. This is a consistent value that has resulted from my ability to observe and think critically about life and what is important.
In terms of retention time, I am quite conscientious regarding…
Identify which three of the six dimensions of health you are strongest in.
According to this self-assessment instrument, my three strongest health dimensions are Social Health, Spiritual Health, and Intellectual Health. I scored a 4 out of 5 in each of those areas. By comparison, I scored a 3 in each of the other three measures (Physical Health, Emotional Health, and Environmental Health.
Describe why you think the identified three dimensions are your strongest.
I scored well in Social Health because I am comfortable with the impressions that I make on people and because I tend to get along well with others. I also participate in various social activities and genuinely enjoy interacting with others, including those who are different from me. My family relationships are healthy and fulfilling, I am fully present and available in my personal relationships, I am considerate of others, I contribute positively to…
Innovation comes into the picture when a leader has the self-knowledge and self-confidence to devise innovative solutions. Leaders without a high level of self-confidence will typically be more conservative in their approach, and that can make it more difficult for those leaders to adjust. Innovation, therefore, comes from having a high level of confidence in one's abilities -- and that in turn comes from understanding your skills and how they can be best put to use in a given situation.
The article is insightful with respect to the role that emotional intelligence, particularly with regard to oneself, plays in decision-making. While managers often see themselves as highly rational, we all use our intuition more than perhaps we realize. The lesson to take from this is not that intuition should be suppressed, but that we should better understand the processes that affect that intuition. The more we know about ourselves, how…
Goleman, D. (no date). Working with Emotional Intelligence. Random House/Bantam.
I decided to take their idea of turning the adoption of the system into a game, and it would be one entirely available offline as well. This would give the older workers a chance to compete and see their progress. I devised a game of showing not productivity, but customer satisfaction -- a rare metric that was captured in our post-department surveys. The senior managers of the department had extensive dashboards on productivity alone and were at times too obsessed with it, I thought. People in the department considered their worth in productivity alone, not so much in the customer satisfaction they delivered. Focusing on that metric, I put together a short dashboard and had a meeting with everyone in the department, saying that the new system would be used for showing how they as a team delighted and excelled for our internal customers. Immediately the barriers came down with…
Order ID: Control Self-Assessment
Control Self-Assessment (CSA), also known as internal audit risk assessment is one of the management tools used to facilitate workers to be more effective in realizing their goals and managing associated risks which occurs, as a result. In risk management, organizations can "systematically identify potential exposures, take corrective actions early, and learn from those actions to achieve objectives" (David, 2004, p.6).
CSA in a company takes place to control and maybe to develop more controls if required within the company or a department. Within an organizational department, the employees are to determine the hindrances to be overcome or the strength to be leveraged and they are to agree on the most appropriate action to do to improve on the situation. One of the strengths of this management tool is that, it brings employees together, so that they can be able to identify and focus…
Hightower, R. (2008). Internal Controls Policies and Procedures: John Wiley & Sons.
Pickett, K.H.S. (2005). The essential handbook of internal auditing: Wiley
El-Dine, D.S. (2005). Control self-assessment: concepts and applications: manual for practitioners and exam preparation guide for the Certification in control self-assessment exam: Thomson/South-Western.
Auditors, I. o. I., & Center, I. o I.A.C.S.A. (1997). Control Self-Assessment Workshop Facilitator's Guide: Institute of Internal Auditors..
He looks at the methodological and practical problems that can impact assessment research in correctional settings, including the distinctive culture in correctional institutes. Megargee's reason for doing the research is today's huge population of incarcerated persons and the fact that psychological research that has been conducted on people outside of the incarceration setting may not be applicable to people who are incarcerated. He recognizes that there is a need for research in this area to determine whether tools developed elsewhere are applicable. He points out the irony of this lack of applicable research because clinical psychology was developed in the criminal justice setting. He does not really conduct any individual research, therefore the methodology is most akin to a literature review in which he assesses the information available about correctional institutions and draws conclusions from that information to determine why there is a lack of research on assessment in correctional…
Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Chapter 3: Looking into the clinician's mirror: cultural self-assessment. In Editor's Last Name, First Initial (Ed). Book Title. Place of Publication, Publisher.
Megargee, E. (1995). Assessment research in correctional settings: Methodological issues and practical problems. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 359-366.
Leadership Style & Theories, Self-Assessment
esources: Leadership in Organizations, Organizational Behavior
To be understood and be believed as fully accountable, any individual must convincingly convey an affective as well as truly influential vision of the future for the organization, or subdivision / sub-directive of this organization, to project that needed charisma. When the subject in question can align his or her behavior alongside the principles of these values as a charismatic leader, then, is the first step to conquer in being believed to live up to the depiction projected. This individual must display a character for everyone in the room to befriend; must draw the imagery of that charismatic personality that everyone will both want to resemble or simulate in style, as well as assist in the here-and-now.
Compare and contrast leadership theories in the textbooks to gain understanding of relevant theories to your leadership approach:
Conger, J.A., & Kanungo, R.N. (1987). Toward a behavioral theory of charismatic leadership in organizational settings. Academy of Management Review, 12, 637-647.
Conger, J.A., & Kanungo, R.N. (1988). Charismatic leadership. The elusive factor in organizational effectiveness. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Conger, J.A., & Kanungo, R.N. (1992). Perceived behavioral attributes of charismatic leadership. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 24, 86-102.
Conger, J.A., & Kanungo, R.N. (1994). Charismatic leadership in organizations - Perceived behavioral-attributes and their measurement. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15, 439-452.
Qualities as an Authentic Leader
Authentic Leadership Self-Assessment Questionnaire has helped me measure the component comprising Authentic Leadership (Northouse, 2016). Thus, under self-awareness questions, I was aware of my strengths, limitations, how I influence others and how they view me as a leader. Transparency is an essential tool for me that have enabled me to reinforce my high leadership levels of openness with others in the organization. Therefore, this has given them an opportunity to be forthcoming with their opinions, challenges, and ideas. This aspect has gone a long way in solving company problems and hence, many are the times that a leader and his team work in getting solutions to a situation as a team. In today's business world, ethics is being advocated for and therefore, my ethical or moral aspect as a leader showed high degrees because I have set high moral and ethical standards of conduct in…
Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: Theory and Practice (7th Ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications.
Nichols, T. W. & Erakovich, R. (2013). Authentic Leadership and Implicit Theory: A Normative Form of Leadership? Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 34(2), 182-195.
Finding a career path that is both financial rewarding and personally satisfying can be a trying process. hile many workers find positions that are either financial rewarding, or personally satisfying, ultimately the two goals are subtly linked. hen a person settles for a career path that is financial rewarding, but exists outside the scope of their personal values or talents, the career can produce feelings of unhappiness in the individual, and lead to the 40-40-40 syndrome. A person works forty hours per week, for roughly 40 years, and tops out at a 40K per year salary. On the other hand, a person who finds the career he or she loves can spend a lifetime building personal accomplishments, which will quite often lead to expanded opportunity and expanded earning potential. Finding the ideal path for the career minded individual is a function of matching the person's desires…
The Self-Directed Search Assessment. (2003) Self-directed-search.com. Accessed 22 Oct. 2003. http://www.self-directed-search.com/aboutsds.html .
Self-Directed Search-What is the Self-Directed Search? (2003) Career Counseling Ready minds.com. Accessed 22 Oct 2003) http://www.readyminds.com/cc/program/sds.html.
Reardon, Robert, and PAR Staff General. (2001) The Self-Directed Search Interpretive Report.
Gottfredson, G.D., Holland J.L., & Ogawa, D. K (1982). Dictionary of Holland occupational codes. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
If a psychotherapist is used to assessing their own performance then they themselves will be that much more effective. That benefits all parties involved for patient to doctor. A counselor's duties are first and foremost, pushing and challenging their client in a safe environment. it's imperative that a client feel unthreatened but still be pushed beyond their comfort zone which, oftentimes, becomes interacting with daily life. How then, to judge growth?
If a counselor is self-employed then it becomes crucial to continuously and regularly check and grade oneself for the client. Any form of therapy produces some resistance to changing old ways. Client's often feel their not moving or growing when in reality, they've made huge strides they cannot see. With no supervisor to answer to and the misinterpretation by the patient themselves, self-assessment is key. Identifying what techniques are helping and what are hindering. Only in education are we…
Dunning, D. (2005). Self-insight: roadblocks and detours on the path to knowing thyself. Psychology Press; New York, NY.
Morrissette, P.J. (2001). Self-supervision: A primer for counselors and helping professionals. Brunner-Routledge; New York, NY.
Literacy in Secondary School in Ireland
The literacy curriculum in secondary school in Ireland is based on a strategy of language-related lesson modifications, identified by Peregoy and Boyle as good methods of ensuring that differentiation occurs in the classroom. This strategy allows for the use of "visuals, concrete objects, direct experience, and other nonverbal means to convey lesson content" alongside the main lesson taught by the teacher in the classroom (Peregoy, Boyle 86). In my area, this is consistent with what we experienced in school, and differentiation is a huge part of the cycle -- as much of what is centered on literacy is done so with direct relation to experiential learning, the use of visual aids, and the expression of ideas identified in readings via nonverbal means, such as drawings, videos or performance in the classroom. At the same time, there is a notable urgency among literacy leaders and…
Department of Education and Skills Press Release. Education.ie, 2011. Web. 1 June
Gottlieb, M. Assessing English Language Learners. CA: Corwin Press, 2006. Print.
Peregoy, S., Boyle, O. Reading, Writing and Learning. MA: Pearson, 2013.
I tend to prefer eclectic counseling above all other modalities, generally scripting my practice towards particular individuals and directing my approach towards his or her personality. That is as it should be. Nonetheless, I myself have certain preferences and these are in order of rank: behaviorism (not excluding mentalism); most aspects of Rogerian counseling; a barely-known approach called 'focusing; and the essence of Beck's (1999) approach (not rational emotive therapy which I consider subjective and ethnocentric as well as time-bound).
The aspect that I like about behaviorism is its practical quality. Studies (e.g. Feldman & Kokinov, 2009) have shown that emotional regurgitation (or emoting) is detrimental to a person's peace of mind and diverts them from dealing with the problem. Life, it seems to me, is absorbed with 'doing'; rather than' being', and my observations of successful and content people shows that, oftentimes, the most emotionally and mentally…
Gendlin, ET (1978) Focusing Univ. Of Chicago, USA.
Milne, A. (200) Counseling. London: Hodder
Weiten, W. (2007). Psychology: Themes and variations. USA: Thomson-Wadsworth.
Different Models of Health and Healing
Models of health and healing influence patient attitudes and lifestyle, and also impact health seeking and healthcare behaviors. Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues.
Physical Body: The Mechanistic View
The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view that the body itself can be treated as a discreet system. Although the mechanistic view can be traced back as far as Asclepiades, it was never fully accepted as a viable model of health and healing until the 20th century (Curtis & Gaylord, 2004, p. 8). The mechanistic view predominates…
enhance the reliability of this exercise, I requested Alex, a good friend of mine, to rate me by checking statements he believed to be generally true about me. I then proceeded to complete the assessment exercise by checking statements that I believed were a true reflection of myself. Later on, I compared Alex's analysis with my self-analysis. This exercise, I must say, was critical in the assessment of my interpersonal skills related to both leadership and influence. I was able to identify a number of specific behaviors that ought to be changed.
In brief, the exercise revealed that I am fond of telling others that which they want to hear, as opposed to the truth. Upon reflection, I found out that this I do to avoid hurting other people's feelings. I also routinely have trouble displaying or demonstrating my true feelings. Again, this I do to avoid hurting others. Next,…
Adler, N.J. & Gundersen, A. (2007). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior (5th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Sindell, M. & Hoang, T. (2001). Leadership Development: Management Development. New York, NY: ASTD Press.
Self-Monitoring in Education
Putting individuals with "intellectual disabilities" and "challenging behaviors" into regular classrooms is clearly a good idea - the educational literature supports this. But what happens once they are in the classroom? How does one then improve the social behavior and learning opportunities of these students? One idea, cooperative learning (also called peer tutoring), does show some promise; however, another idea based around the technique of self-monitoring/self-recording is specifically highlighted in the article under discussion. This method (which trains a student to identify, record and modify inappropriate behavior) was introduced to a certain thirteen-year-old girl named Pauline who had lived in a Romanian orphanage for ten years and had suffered "severe deprivation and abuse." The specific behaviors targeted in Pauline were stereotypic in quality (body-rocking and hand gazing) as well as consistent in quantity (they occurred consistently throughout the school day).
This "targeting" of behavior took the form…
Self and Social Psychology
Social psychology is a relatively new field of study in modern science. Its focus is on the identity of the "Self" -- the sense of individuality: the component parts that make up who one "is" and the meaning of the "whole" Self. This paper acts as a referenced for individuals unfamiliar with the general principles of social psychology. It aims to provide the reader with a basic overview of the field and to define key principles often used by social psychologists.
Discovering the Self
Self-Concept, Awareness, and Self-Schemas
Discovering the Self in social psychology can seem as simple as posing the question, "Who am I?" (Myers, 2010, p. 13). But answering the question is where the discovery of Self really begins. One's sense of identity, sense of self, sense of gender, race, categorical social grouping all factor into the answer. "Who am I?" raises the issue…
Aronson, E., Wilson, T., Akert, R. (2012). Social Psychology. NY: Pearson.
Hewitt, J.P. (2009). Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology. Oxford University
Jung, C. (1921). Psychological Types. Zurich: Rascher Verlag.
If she indicates an interest in promotion and leadership, I will connect her existing behavior and its effects to her relatively slim chances of ever attaining such dreams.
Another problem is that ue is relatively new in the company and feels that she has to make an impression as a highly ambitious person. I will talk to ue about this and ask her about her definitions of ambition, and whether this should necessarily include aggression. I will impress upon her the necessity of honesty and teamwork. When she leaves my office, ue needs to be aware that her behavior is to change if she hopes to excel in a leadership position. I would therefore attempt to persuade sue by using her own beliefs and dreams.
In the case of Alice, I would also call her to my office and ask her whether she is aware of the opinions surrounding her…
Capadanno, Stephanie, Zapanta, Liezel & Buccoli, Molly. Prompting Plus Choice of Target Behavior Increase Compliance with Behavioral Self-Monitoring. Organizational Behavior Network. http://www.obmnetwork.com/resources/articles/main/Capadanno_PromptPlusChoice/
ChangingMinds.org (2007). Self-Monitoring Behavior. http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/self-monitoring.htm
Holtzhausen, Derina. (2001, Jan 1). The Effects of Workplace Democracy on Employee Communication Behavior: Implications for Competitive Advantage. http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/workforce-management/817419-1.html
Mehra, Ajay, Kilduff, Martin & Brass, Daniel J. (2001, March). The Social Networks of High and Low Self-monitors: Implications for Workplace Performance. Administrative Science Quarterly. Database: FindArticles.com:
Cindy said she could see herself managing a fashion boutique, makeup studio, or retail store. This would use her flair for design, knowledge of business, and also her astute knowledge of people. Although she might need some additional education in beginning her own business, this would not be as extensive as going back to school, which Cindy feared she would have to do, to remain competitive in the working world.
Application of data to client
Cindy is a 'people person' at heart. Hopefully, this forced career change will be the proverbial blessing in disguise and allow her to explore previously hidden internal aspects of her vocational self. Although Cindy was frequently called upon to show leadership of other administrative personnel, she was often relegated to a supportive capacity at her previous place of employment. At the helm of her own business, in an occupation she loved, this would not be…
Bolles, Richard. (2009). What color is your parachute? Ten Speed Press.
Keirsey, David. (1987). Portraits of Temperament. Prometheus Nemesis Book Company.
Shavik, Andrea. (2002). Passing synchometric tests. How to books.
Straker, David (2008). . Changing minds: In detail. Syque Press.
Self-egulation Issues in Children and Adolescence with ADHD, ODD, and OCD
Self-regulation in children and adolescence who suffer from ADHD, ODD, and OCD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Oppositional Defiant Disorder) is often evident due to several things. A lot of the issues in relation to self-regulation stem from additional anxiety the child/teen may feel from the difficulties experienced from these kinds of mental disorders. OCD is known to cause anxiety and isolationist behaviors leading to decreased emotional self-regulation. ADHD at times can cause hyperfocus, making it difficult for the child/teen to switch tasks therefore limiting their ability to handle their emotions and activities that assist in regulating themselves. ODD, connected to ADHD, is a disorder that has the child react angrily and spitefully to people in otherwise normally responsive situations. The extreme feelings of children or adolescence who manifest ODD make it hard for them to…
Barkley, R.A. (2013). Oppositional Defiant Disorder: The Four Factor Model for Assessment and Management - by Russell A. Barkley, Ph.D. Retrieved from http://www.continuingedcourses.net/active/courses/course079.php
Blum, K., Chen, A.L., & Oscar-Berman, M. (2008). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and reward deficiency syndrome. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 4(5), 893-918. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2626918/
Campbell, S.B. (1990). Behavior problems in preschool children: Clinical and developmental issues. New York: Guilford Press.
Cheng, M., & Boggett-Carsjens, J. (2005). Consider Sensory Processing Disorders in the Explosive Child: Case Report and Review. Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 14(2), 44-48.
Moreover, the strong correlation between confidence in peers and communication/problem understanding demonstrated that it is the confidence and ability of these co-workers that encourage members of self-managing teams to gather new information and knowledge, so that they may create useful decisions in relation to problem solving. Confidence in peers resulted in a negative, not positive, impact on organization and negotiation. This suggested that confidence in peers has a negative effect in the process of organizing the dissemination of knowledge in self-managing teams. Thus, it is imperative for team members to trust their peers and management and, in doing so, create and share new knowledge and further the organization's opportunity to offer best solutions to clients. Present research lacks the empirical evidence supporting the relationship between interpersonal trust and knowledge acquisition. Especially, academicians and practitioners are interested in studying whether "interpersonal trust" advances the follower's knowledge acquisition practices -- knowledge sharing…
Abbott, J.B., Boyd, N.B, and Miles, G. (2006) Does Type of Team Matter? An Investigation of the Relationships Between Job Characteristics and Outcomes Within a Team-Based Environment. The Journal of Social Psychology
Attaran, M. And Nguyen, N.U. (1999) Succeeding with self-managed work teams. CT Industrial Management. 41(4). 24-29
Brannick, M.T. And C. Prince. An overview of team performance measurement. In Team performance assessment and measurement-Theory, methods, and applications, ed. M. Brannick, E. Salas and C. Prince. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Brannick, M.T., E. Salas and C. Prince. 1997. Team performance assessment and measurement: Theory, methods, and applications. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Within months after Winfrey took over, the show went from last place in the ratings to overtaking Donahue as the highest rated talk show in Chicago. It was renamed the Oprah Winfrey Show. And the rest is history.
Considering her past, childhood and experiences and positive outlook in life, she didn't let anything deter her from reaching her goal and becoming successful. In fact, she uses them to inspire and reach out to others.
Self-confidence is an attitude which allows individuals to have positive yet realistic views of themselves and their situations. Self-confident people trust their own abilities, have a general sense of control in their lives, and believe that, within reason, they will be able to do what they wish, plan, and expect.
Surprisingly, lack of self-confidence is not necessarily related to lack of ability. Instead it is often the result of focusing too much on the unrealistic…
Self-Confidence. Retrieved April 27, 2007 from http://www.couns.uiuc.edu/New_Site/defaultwinter.html
Dr. C. George Boeree. (2006). B.F. Skinner, Personality Theories. Retrieved May 5, 2007 from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/skinner.html
Oprah Winfrey. (2007). Retrieved May 5, 2007 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oprah_Winfrey
Alfred Adler, Core of Personality. Retrieved April 26, 2007 from http://psych.eiu.edu/spencer/Adler.html
Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Communication
Does the full moon really effect one's behavior? Does Friday the 13th really deserve extra precaution? Is a Harvard professor wiser than say an Appalachian hermit? Or is someone who abandons their life of wealth and fame, suffering from mental illness? Is one race or gender more adept at a particular profession than another? There is no scientific evidence that proves the full moon has any effect on a person's personality or behavior, yet those in law enforcement and the medical profession often say that crime, accidents, and psychotic behavior are higher during the full moon, moreover, many people say they feel more anxious or nervous during a full moon. Henry David Thoreau lived in the woods for several years, St. Francis of Assisi abandoned his wealth and military position for a life of poverty, and many people regard Friday 13th as a lucky day. Self-fulfilling…
Barsoux, Jean-Louis. "The Set-Up-to-Fail Syndrome." Harvard Business Review. March http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=Harvard_Business_Review&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.hbsp.harvard.edu&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Jean%2DLouis+Barsoux+%2D+INSEAD+%28France%29&title=The+Set%2DUp%2Dto%2DFail+Syndrome++&date=03%2D01%2D1998&query=effects+of+Self%2Dfulfilling+prophecies+&maxdoc=30&idx=3.(accessed 10-30-2002).
Bushman, Brad J.; Baumeister, Roy F.; Stack, Angela D. "Catharsis, Aggression, and Persuasive Influence: Self-Fulfilling or Self-Defeating Prophecies?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Volume 76. No. 3 January 1999. http://www.apa.org/journals/psp/psp763367.html.(accessed 10-30-2002).
Feingold, Alan. "Gender Stereotyping for Sociability, Dominance, Character, and MentalHealth: A Meta-Analysis of Findings From the Bogus Stranger Paradigm." Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs. Volume 124. August 01, 1998. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=Genetic,_Social_~A~_General_Psychology_Monographs&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.heldref.org~S~mono.html&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=FEINGOLD%2C+ALAN&title=Gender+Stereotyping+for+Sociability%2C+Dominance%2C+Character%2C+and+MentalHealth%3A+A+Meta%2DAnalysis+of+Findings+From+the+Bogus+Stranger+Paradigm+%2E++&date=08%2D01%2D1998&query=effects+of+Self%2Dfulfilling+prophecies+&maxdoc=30&idx=24.
A accessed 10-30-2002).
Still, Mason indicates that the opposite is often true in public education settings, where educators, parents and institutions collectively overlook the implications of research and demands imposed by law. Indeed, "despite the IDEA requirements, research results, teacher perceptions, and strong encouragement from disabilities rights advocate, many youth have been left out of IEP and self-determination activities. For example, 31% of the teaches in a 1998 survey reported that they wrote no self-determination goals, and 41% indicated they did not have sufficient training or information on teaching self-determination." (Mason et al., 442)
This is a troubling finding, and one which implicates the needed paradigm shift discussed already in the research endeavor. Clearly, as the matter is framed by Mason et al., educators and researchers have already acknowledged the value in the strategies addressed here. By contrast, institutional change has been hard won, with schools and administrators balking at making broad-based alterations…
Beresford, B. (2004). On the Road to Nowhere? Young Disabled People and Transition. Child: Care, Health and Development, 30(6).
Department of Education (DOE). (2007). Guide to the Individualized Education Program. United States Department of Education. Online at http://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide/index.html .
Katsiyannis, A.; deFur, S. & Conderman, G. (1998). Transition Services -- Systems Change for Youth with Disabilities? A Review of State Practices? The Journal of Special Education, 32(2), 55-61.
Mason, C.; Field, S. & Sawilowsky, S. (2004). Implementation of self-determination activities and student participation in IEPs. Council for Exceptional Children, 70(4), 441-451.
An alarm was set each night signaling the self-agreed upon time for bed. I explained to friends and family that this was an important behavioral change in my life, as well as an academic exercise, and asked for their support. The process of self-change by using consciousness raising and reevaluation of goals and behavior were also an important part of the motivation for this study. I followed the prescribed agreement for a three-week period, realizing that I would need a few days at several levels in order to be successful (See Appendix B). At the end of three weeks my quality sleep averaged above 7.5 hours, thus increasing the basal measurement by 50% (from 5.0 hours to 7.5 hours).
Discussion- the intervention was a success and there was a clear set of lifestyle and behavioral changes that were made. General feelings of self-worth, sense of direction, and contentment/happiness with the…
Leader's Self-Insight 1.1: Your Learning Style: Using Multiple Intelligences
I scored evenly on all of the types of intelligence measured by this self-assessment: logical-mathematical, verbal-linguistic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and musical. This indicates that I am a well-rounded person with the ability to work in multiple environments on different tasks.
Leader's Self-Insight 1.2: Your Leadership Potential
I scored slightly more (7) on the even-numbered indicators than on the odd ones (6), indicating I have leadership capabilities such as "vision and change." However, the scores were about even.
Leader's Self-Insight 1.3: Are You on a Fast Track to Nowhere?
On people skills, I scored 3 out of the 4 qualities. I believe I have solid interpersonal skills. On working with authority, I scored 2. I believe I need to work more on my assertiveness and courage when dealing with persons in positions of authority because I remain afraid to speak up and express…
Daft, R.L. The Leadership Experience.
Facilitating Teaching and Assessment
Facilitating, Teaching and Assessment
Facilitating, teaching and assessment in practice
The facilitation, teaching and assessment of nurses are important and critical jobs. Hospitals understand that it is cost effective for them to have a senior employee mentor the junior employees so that they are soon trained enough to be on their own at work. Mentors are employees that have supervisory as well as leadership qualities to teach and facilitate learners. The nurse mentor carries on the job by assessing and evaluating the methods that can be used to facilitate the nurse. These methods may include but are not limited to lectures and discussion. The processes of facilitation and teaching depends on the capacity of both the mentor as well as the learner. The following discussion will focus on mentor and learner backgrounds, learning needs of the learner and the responsibilities of both parties. It also offers…
American Medical Association, 2013, "Continuing Medical Education," Retrieved from:
Brown, J.S., 2005, "New Learning Environments for the 21st Century," Retrieved from:
e. In instances where the students have already demonstrated a diversity of learning styles (DeCastro-Ambrosetti & Cho, 2005). The use of authentic assessments includes greater student directive-ness and increased empowerment and self-guidance and -reliance in the learning process.
Self-assessment is seen by many to be the culmination of the individualization of learning assessment, but when this occurs solely for the purposes of accountability, learning is far from guaranteed (Gaytan & McEwen, 2007). This is partially due to the difference students and instructors, at least in the study conducted by Gaytan and McEwen (2007), perceive in the purpose of self-assessment tests; students viewed them primarily as a way to receive feedback as to their progress and achievement, while instructors saw them more as a way to make sure students understood the material (Gaytan and McEwen, 2007). Both views underline the usefulness of self-assessments, but perhaps they can be best applied by…
Commons, P. "The contribution of inspection, self-assessment, investors in people...: an initial exploration." Journal of further & higher education, vol. 27, issue 1 (Feb 2003), pp. 27-47
DeCastro-Ambrosetti, D. & Cho, G. "Synergism in learning: A critical reflection of authentic assessment." High school journal, vol. 89, issue 1(Oct/Nov 2005), pp. 57-62
Feinstein, S. "Performance assessment in Juvenile Correction education programs." Journal of correctional education, vol. 53. Issue 1 (Mar 2002), pp. 9-12
Gaytan, J. & McEwen, B. "Effective online instructional and assessment strategies." American journal of distance education. Vol. 21 issue 3 (Sep 2007), pp. 117-32
Clinical Assessment of Learners
Clinical assessment involves the evaluation of technical skills, communication skills, professionalism, knowledge base, and teaching skills, where applicable, of students who are about to enter independent practice. Technological changes have made it possible to assess clinical performance in ways that are far more advanced than pencil and paper tests relied on in the past (Dauphinee, 1995). In the late 1970s, clinical training programs utilized continuous practical assessments to evaluate learner competencies and as means of providing formative assessment feedback. These continuous practical assessments were considered to be "a much more valid, reliable, and realistic method of assessment" (Quinn, 1989). As clinical placements grew shorter and the number of staff, including those with "supernumerary status" grew larger, the quality of continuous practical assessments was substantively impaired (Girot, 1993). The goal of assessment has always been to identify a "competent practitioner" and to support the educational efforts required…
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Classroom-based reading assessment is the measurement of children's progress in learning reading by using both formal and informal measurement tools.
Classroom assessment collects useful information about what students do and do not know about reading. Teachers can use four different types of assessments to accomplish this.
Leveled books can be used to figure out where exactly a student is in terms of reading level.
Rough observation and measurement can be used to figure out where exactly students are in terms of reading level.
Tests can be administered to find out where students' strengths and weaknesses are.
Collecting samples of a student's work can be instructive in figuring out where a student is in terms of reading level
Determining Student's Reading Level
Teachers must figure out where students are in terms of reading level so that they can progress in their learning…