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Sibling rivalry is among the greatest sources of stress in families, the least discussed if not the best-kept secret (Meyerhoff 1993). Conflicts, aggressive actions and harsh behavior among children, usually only a year or two apart, are a cause of deep torment and mental discomfort to parents that the matter is seldom discussed openly. Only when it becomes severe that it is brought up but in isolation and often with a lot of shame.
People in society assume that members of the family will love and get along with all other members. They generally expect positive feelings between spouses, between parents and children and among children (Jacobson 1999). It is a fact, however, that most members of a family at least some times do not feel very loving towards another member. And observation shows that the closer the family members are, the more intense their interaction with one another. Western…
1. Child Development Institute. (2005). Handling Sibling Rivalry. http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/parenting/sibling_rivalry.shtml [accessed June 22, 2005]
2. Ehlert, R. (2000). Raising Cains or Savvy Siblings? Better Homes and Gardens: Meredith Corporation. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1041/is_8_78/ai_63635842 [accessed June 22, 2005]
3. Jacobson, DR. (1995). Living With Your Teenager. NDSU Newsletter. North Dakota Department of Human Services: North Dakota State University. http://www.ext.nodak.edu/extnews.pipelines/teen_6w.htm [accessed June 22, 2005]
4. Jet Magazine. (2004). Tips for Taming Sibling Rivalry. Johnson Publishing Company. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1355/is_26_105/ai_n6160478 [accessed June 22, 2005]
The short story "hy I Live at the P.O." By Eudora elty is a family drama structured as an explanation of the circumstances surrounding the main character's alienation from her family. Sister is the story's protagonist, though she is not an entirely reliable narrator as she is entrenched in bitterness about her family situation. Sister's life changes when her sister Stella-Rondo returns to town after a long absence and reignites their long-held rivalry. One by one, Sister's family members take Stella-Rondo's side in the argument. Thus the reader is left as Sister's sole confidante, as we are privy to her point-of-view and she calls upon us to empathize with her struggle. As such, the reader is torn in half: One side seeing Sister as a victim of her sister's manipulations and her family's abuse, and the other half seeing that Sister has created some of the circumstances of…
Welty, Eudora. A Curtain of Green and Other Stories. San Diego: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,
Possible one-on-one interventions may include the following retention of pharmacology
Introduction of cognitive behavioral therapy where Brian is shown how to deal with and manage his thoughts as well as how to be responsible for his own behavior rather than attempting to control that of others. This is particularly helpful with Brian's self-imposed isolation
Eclectic Rogerain counseling where counselor practices empathy, non-judgmental tolerance towards client, active listening, and encouraging client to formulate his own solutions
Insight into the conduct and feelings of Brian's mother as well as specific suggestion for how to deal with the mother's seeming apathy to Brian. Understanding can revolve around previous marital concerns, as well as her present medical concerns
Insight into the behavior of his biological father and strategies that may be effective in dealing with his father's abusive behavior and/or keeping away form his father.
Strategies for dealing with his disease and insight into…
Means-Burleson, a.M. (2002). Aggression: Family and sibling correlates. Dissertation Abstracts International, 68(6B), 3015. (UMI
Minuchin, S. (1974). Families and family therapy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
How is the reading related to other theories, concepts, themes, and topics covered in HSBE (503/505)?
The reading relates to all the different psychological theories that are available for one to study. For example, a person can learn about Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg and Abraham Maslow. This helps someone to understand that these are crucial times in children's lives as they grow up and become adults. They need to know that they are nurtured and loved in order to make a difference in society when each of them becomes older (Hartshorne, 2010). Furthermore, the birth order of those that are the first born are considered independent and over protective of their siblings; whereas, the middle child is considered the person who is creative (Kluger, The power of birth order, 2007). The baby is the one who gets anything and everything he or she wants because of becoming the last…
Child Development Info. (2010). Birth Order. Retrieved July 10, 2011, from Child Development Institute: http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/development/birth_order.shtml .
Hartshorne, J.K. (2010). How birth order affects your personalitly. Retrieved July 10, 2011, from Scientific American: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=ruled-by-birth-order .
Kluger, J. (2006, July). The New Science of Siblings. Retrieved July 10, 2011, from Pleasanton: http://www.pleasanton.k12.ca.us/avhsweb/emersond/appsych/ch11_development/sibs.pdf.
Kluger, J. (2007). The power of birth order. Retrieved July 10, 2011, from Time: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1673284,00.html .
Adolescent Behavioral Traits
The 'era of the genome' officially began on April 12, 2003 when the entire human DNA sequence had been declared completed (Gannet, 2008). Although there was considerable resistance to the project from the beginning, the subsequent boom in medical and genetic advances are hard to ignore. For example, BAE and colleagues (2013) recently published a genome-wide association study that searched for and found specific DNA sequences significantly associated with agreeableness and long life spans. This study would not have been possible in the pre-genome era.
Despite these remarkable advances, however, genetic research has been going on for decades in the behavioral sciences, thereby laying a foundation upon which more recent genome era discoveries can be based. To better understand this foundation, a selection of studies examining the gene-by-environment influences on child and adolescent behavior will be reviewed and discussed in this essay.
Genetic Determination of…
Bae, H.T., Sebastiani, P., Sun, J.X., Andersen, S.L., Daw, E.W., Terracciano, A. et al. (2013). Genome-wide association study of personality traits in the long life family study. Frontiers in Genetics, 4(65), 1-9. Doi: 10.3389/fgene.2013.00065.
Feinberg, M.E. & Hetherington, E.M. (2000). Sibling differentiation in adolescence: Implications for behavioral genetic theory. Child Development, 71(6), 1512-1524.
Gannet, L. (2008). The human genome project. In E.N. Zalta (ed.) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition). Retrieved from: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/human-genome/ .
Heylens, G., De Cuypere, G., Zucker, K.J., Schelfaut, C., Elaut, E., Bossche, H.V. et al. (2012). Gender identity disorder in twins: A review of the case report literature. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9(3), 751-757.
Unequal Pairs in Genesis
The source of hostility experienced by humankind has a long record and an intricate web of linked causes and ascription of causes. The highly charged concerns that human beings experience in the contemporary world are as a result of something more central and at the heart of people. Abel and Cain were brothers, but brothers who felt humiliated and threatened by actions and attitudes of each other. They were brothers who sought for exceptional favor and blessings from the same Creator they worshipped in distinctive ways. However, God accepted the sacrifice presented by Abel and rejected that of Cain. The rejection of Cain's sacrifice and acceptance of Abel's sacrifice demonstrate the need for people to choose between salvation and eternal torment, righteousness and wickedness.
The story of Cain and Abel follows upon the tale of sin of humanity, and represents humanity's further estrangement from God. The…
Bible Society in Australia Staff. (2008). Holy Bible: New international version. Australia: Bible Society in Australia Incorporated.
However, because I was drawn to these characters, I wanted them to live lives that were happy fulfilled, and filled with joy, not conflict. Of course, if that were the case, they would have no stories to tell.
What would I do differently? I'm not sure. I might have chosen different works, and yet these spoke to me. I might have looked for different critiques, but they were hard to come by. I might have watched a "Will & Grace" episode for background, but I did not. I am not sure there was a lot I could have done differently, unless I chose something different to zero in on in the thesis. Then of course the paper would have taken an entirely different twist. Perhaps I could have looked more deeply into the relationships rather than the characters themselves, or the plot, that Moore seemed to have so many struggles…
Chennell, Luke. "Critical Analysis." McPherson.edu. 2002. 21 April 2005. http://www2.mcpherson.edu/~claryb/en270/anthology_2002/chennell_essay.htm
Lizer, Kari. "Will and Grace Episode." The Bedford Introduction to Literature 7th Edition. Ed. Michael Meyer. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2005. 1279-1285.
Magarrell, Elaine. "The Joy of Cooking." The Bedford Introduction to Literature 7th Edition. Ed. Michael Meyer. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2005. 834.
Meyer, Jim. "What is Literature?" University of North Dakota. 1997. 21 April 2005. http://www.und.nodak.edu/dept/linguistics/wp/1997Meyer.PDF
Family therapy believes that problems that the individuals evidence stem from the fact that problems occur within the family unit itself and that the family is divided into several component parts. To address these problems the therapist, as it were, therefore steps into the family unit, becomes "a part of it" and intervenes. His doing so not only enables him to see the family patterns from the inside; thereby understanding faults of fission but also enable him to practice therapy. Intervention in the family is called enactment.
Enactment refers to the therapist encouraging acting of dysfunctional relationship patterns within the family therapy session and him acting out some of this behavior by actually entering the family unit. The therapist thereby learns about the family's structure and interactional patterns and is able to interfere in the process by modifying some of the negative elements, pointing these out, intensifying positive elements, and…
Family Systems institute Bowen Family Systems Theory and Practice: Illustration and Critique
Bowenian Family Systems Theory and Therapy
Armand Nicholi's The Question of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Love, Sex, and the Meaning of Life is a downright unusual book. It places in counterpoint the thought and writings of two men who never met, spoke, or engaged in any important way with each other's writings -- in fact they had little in common apart from both living in Great Britain at the same time for a period of about fourteen months. These men are the Oxford don, C.S. Lewis, an authority on Renaissance literature and a novelist and Christian polemicist, and the psychiatrist Sigmund Freud, still famous as a doctor and theoretician who posited the existence of such concepts as the Oedipus complex, the unconscious, and polymorphous perversity. Freud never read a word that C.S. Lewis wrote, and while it is extremely unlikely that Lewis could have escaped exposure to the widely disseminated ideas of…
Nicholi, Armand. The Question of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Love, Sex, and the Meaning of Life. New York: Free Press, 2002. Print.
According to Fitzpatrick & Keegan (2010), "This use of historical ecology to study "the complex, historical interactions between human populations and the ecosystems they have inhabited" (Kirch 1997a, p.2; see also Crumley (ed.) 1994), has been applied in other parts of the world to observe anthropogenic changes through time. Archaeologists, influenced by a wide array of scientific fields, have taken a keen interest in understanding how humans adapted, influenced, modified, and impacted their environment. This is a difficult endeavor, however, because "environments change and the magnitude of change are never constant" (O'Brien 2001, pp. 29-30). (Fitzpatrick, Keegan, pg. 30, 2007)
Fitzpatrick & Keegan point to the uses of historical ecology to investigate the interrelationships between humans and the biosphere. The importance of noting environmental changes as separate from human involvement may be erroneous. Environmental changes are hinted by proponents of historical ecology to have been initiated by humans through their…
Anderson, a. 2009, Epilogue: Changing Archaeological Perspectives upon Historical Ecology in the Pacific Islands1, University Press of Hawaii.
Balee W. (1998), Historical Ecology: Premises and Postulates -- Chapter 1.
Bird DW., Richardson JL., Veth PM., Barham AJ. (2002) Explaining Shellfish Variability in Middens on the Meriam Islands, Torres Strait, Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science, 29, 457-469
Erlandson, Rick (2010) Archaeology Meets Marine Ecology: The Antiquity of Maritime Cultures and Human Impacts on Marine Fisheries and Ecosystems.
Venus illiams on omen and Sports
Venus illiams made an incredible impact on the tennis world at a very young age. She arose from modest beginnings in California to become one of the queens of tennis along with her younger sister, Serena. Venus, at twenty-two years of age, has provided the sports world with many exciting moments in a relatively short period of time. Her amazing athletic ability and muscular physique are recognized and admired all over the world. Venus has rejuvenated the tennis world with her talent, determination, and conviction, all of which may be attributed to a strong work ethic and the tenacity of her father, Richard illiams. The following discussion will provide an introduction into her childhood years, her rise as a world tennis champion, and her positive influence on women all over the world.
History and Background
Venus was born on June 17, 1980 in Lynwood,…
Fillon, Mike. Young Superstars of Tennis: The Venus and Serena Williams Story. Greensboro:
Avisson Press, 1999.
Morgan, Terri. Venus and Serena Williams: Grand Slam Sisters. Minneapolis: Lerner
Publishing Group, 2001.
The experimental method is usually taken to be the most scientific of all methods, the 'method of choice'. The main problem with all the Psychodynamic Method is lack of control over the situation. The experimental method is a means of trying to overcome this problem. The experiment is sometimes described as the cornerstone of psychology: This is partly due to the central role Experimental method play in many of the physical sciences and also to psychology's historical view of itself as a science. A considerable amount of psychological research uses the experimental method. An experiment is a study of cause and effect. It differs from Psychodynamic Method; in that it involves the deliberate manipulation of one variable, while trying to keep all other variables constant.
Psychodynamic psychology, although still practiced clinically, is not one of the current major approaches to personality psychology. During the 1950's and 1960's, numerous attempts…
Margaret Wetherell (Editor) (1996), Identities, Groups and Social Issues, Sage Publications Ltd.
Roger Sapsford (Editor), Arthur Still (Editor), Dorothy Miell (Editor), Richard Stevens (Editor), Margaret Wetherell (Editor) 1998, Theory and Social Psychology (Social Psychology), Sage Publications Ltd.
Bion, W.R. (1961). Experiences in groups. London: Tavistock Publications.
Bion, W.R. (1970). Attention and interpretation. London: Tavistock Publications.
Organizational Development for a Family Owned Business
Organization: Hightowers Petroleum Company
Hightowers Petroleum Company is a private company owned by Stephen Hightower. The company is an offspring of a string of family businesses originally started by Yudell Hightower, who relocated to Middletown Ohio in the 1940's, from the cotton fields in Mississippi. Yudell would eventually sell his janitorial business and invest the proceeds in his son, Stephen Hightower's business. Today the company employs three generations of Hightower's and continues to distribute gasoline, diesel, biofuels and related products and services throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Africa.
The company's mission statement reads "Fueling America's Needs one Customer at a Time" and this is born from the fact that the owner started with one contract and one client. He knew that if he really concentrated all his efforts of delivering excellent service to that one client, who happens to…
Andrews, J. (2010). Managing Growth: Best Practices of Family-Owned Businesses. Honors Projects in Management. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.bryant.edu/honors_management/6
Caspar, C., Dias, A., & Elstrodt, H. (2010). The five attributes of enduring family businesses. Retrieved August 1, 2015, from http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/organization/the_five_attributes_of_enduring_familybusinesses
Ceja, L., & Tapies, J. (2011). Corporate values guiding the world's largest family-owned businesses: a comparison with non-family firms (No. D/916).IESE Business School.
Dyer, W.G. (1988). Culture and continuity in family firms. Family Business Review, 1(1), 37-50.
Criminals of the Bible written by Mark Jones in the year 2006. Criminals of the Bible examines and studies the subject matter of the different criminal acts committed by different persons in the Bible. These criminal acts in the book are considered as a measure against Mosaic Law, a law that was common for an extended period of time within which the Bible was written. In addition, Mark Jones, the author, takes into consideration peer studied assessments of criminal law theorists both in the 21st century and even before. The Bible is such an intriguing and interesting book. It consists of numerous stories from the creation story to the end of the world that can be fascinating and keep one enthralled with the different characters. The book offers a societal, legal and political context of the criminal acts that took place at that point in time (Jones and Johnstone, 2012).…
Cochran, R. F., VanDrunen, D. (2013). Law and the Bible: Justice, Mercy and Legal Institutions. USA: Intervarsity Press.
Hiers, R. H. (2009). Justice and Compassion in Biblical Law. New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group.
Jones, M. (2006). Criminals of the Bible: Twenty-Five Case Studies of Biblical Crimes and Outlaws. New York: Faith Walk Publishers.
Jones, M., Johnstone, P. (2012). History of Criminal Justice. USA: Elsevier.
" Bhattacharya (1988). It is used to calculate the value of a company based on its total cash flow. (oss, 1988).
Bhattacharya (1998) states that this theory assumed that lower dividends will lead to reduced levels of new equity and this will bring about a balance between the debt and equity of a company. This is not ture for utilities companies and other monopolistic firms where new equities are rare.
For the "Current Examples" in our table, do we need to find specific company examples that exist today or have happened in the last 2-3 years? Or will it suffice to give a theoretical example of a measurement in a firm that fits the model.
For example, would this be OK.
Efficiency Theory Example
- Production returns based on shared, variable, and per unit costs divided by the total output of a factory in a given period of time.
Chew, DH (Ed.). (2001). The new corporate finance: Where theory meets practice (3rd ed.). New York, McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Copeland, T. & Weston, J.F., (1988). Financial theory and corporate policy (3rd ed.). Reading, MA. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Fabozzi, R., & Modigliani, F. (1996). Capital markets institutions and instruments (2nd ed.). New Jersey, Prentice Hall.
Fama, E. And K. French. (2001). Disappearing dividends: Changing firm characteristics or lower propensity to pay," Journal of Financial Economics, 60, 3-43
Few people would say that divorce helps children except in cases of abuse. Divorce can create tremendous confusion in children of any age. One of the keys to preventing psychological, behavioral, or social problems is honesty. A non-profit group called Health Guide offers advice for parents going through a divorce. The organization recommends honesty and communication as keys to helping children cope and preventing mental or behavioral health problems. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry also recommends age-appropriate honesty and openness. The Health Guide also points out that many children "go through their parents' divorce with relatively few problems or permanent negative effects." Those children who experience acute stress require special care and attention.
Depression, anxiety, social withdrawal, and a lack of interest in those things that used to give the child pleasure are some of the psychological symptoms of childhood stress. A divorce could add to existing…
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. "Children and Divorce." May 2008. Retrieved Oct 14, 2008 at http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/children_and_divorce
Cherlin, Andrew J. "Generation Ex." The Nation. Nov 27, 2000. Retrieved Oct 14, 2008 at http://www.thenation.com/doc/20001211/cherlin
Gallagher, Maggie. "The Divorce Thing." National Review Online. Aug 13, 2003. Retrieved Oct 14, 2008 at http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/comment-gallagher081303.asp
Help Guide.org. "Coping with Divorce." Retrieved Oct 14, 2008 at http://www.helpguide.org/mental/children_divorce.htm
In fact, he stresses that these stories should be read without any commentary about the possible unconscious content. "Fairy tales can and do serve children well, can even make an unbearable life seem worth living, as long as the child doesn't know what they mean to him psychologically" (Bettelheim 57). This destroys the story's enchantment.
More recently, different authors have returned to the earlier usage of fairy tales, or conveying a message about society perspectives. Catherine Storr, for example, emphasizes a feminist viewpoint. In "Little Polly iding Hood." Polly does not become a victim to the cunning of the male wolf. In fact, she outsmarts him and refutes the stereotype of men being smarter than women. Polly does not even live in a forest but in a city. She deceives the wolf by taking the bus or getting a ride to her grandmother's house. Finally, the story ends with the…
Bettelheim, Bruno. The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. New York: Vintage, 1977.
Cashdan, Sheldon. The Witch Must Die: The Hidden Meaning of Fairy Tales. New York:
Basic Books. 1999.
Dumas, Philippe. Little Navy Blue Riding Hood. In Recycling Red Riding Hood.
Public/high School Gaduate Audience) And 5 Annotated Pofessional, Pee-Reviewed Souces (aimed at a Pofessional/academic/college Student/gaduate Student Audience)
Annotated Pofessional, Pee-eviewed Souces (aimed At A Pofessional/academic/college Student/gaduate Student Audience)
Jounal of Attachment & Human Development (http://www.tandf.co.uk/jounals/titles/14616734.asp)
Routledge. 6 issues a yea. Is child-development oiented. Focuses on child attachment theoy and eseach. Povides empiical pespective with cutting edge studies, eviews, and clinical case obsevations. Cosses ove the fields of psychiaty, psychology, nusing, social wok and elated fields whilst pesenting ideas, methods, and eseach on attachment theoy.
Jounal of Child & Family Behavio Theapy (http://www.tandf.co.uk/jounals/titles/07317107.asp)
Routledge. 4 issues a yea. Teating all aspects of the child and adolescent's life within a behavioal fomat, this issue shaes extensive case methods and pactical behavioal techniques fo anyone involved in the child / o adolescent's life (including paent, teache, and counselo). Thee ae extensive book eviews, case studies, and the latest behavioal techniques with step-by-step details…
references) related to that age are extant.
5. Parenting School Years Magazine
( http://www.magazines.com/product/parenting-school-years )
Part of Parenting magazine, this new edition discusses the challenges that educators, counselors, and parents may face with school-age children. Parenting School Years targets children age 6-11. Has 11 issues per year and in popular style targets a general audience. Articles include dealing with sibling rivalry, and helping kids adjust to parents' divorce and remarriage. In this way, it targets issues that exceed the school parameters and that anyone dealing with children, in whichever capacity, will encounter.
Jacob Francis Tramp. I a senior Chugiak High School Eagle River, Alaska. I 1 older sister 1 younger sister boy family. I live mother father. I Eagle Scout. My project building flower boxes kindergartens.
Personal statement: University of Fairbanks
If I were to describe myself in one word it would be this: Alaskan. To me, the word 'Alaskan' sums up all of the positive traits of my character: the fact that I am outdoorsman, adventurous, and undaunted in the face of adversity. I am currently a senior at Chugiak High School in Eagle River, Alaska. My goal is to attend the University of Fairbanks and major in Construction Management.
Most of my extracurricular activities revolve around my passion for the outdoors. Becoming an Eagle Scout was one of the proudest moments of my life, the cumulating effort of a lifetime of scouting. To earn my status, I had to engage…
Zadie Smith's hite Teeth and the 'us vs. them' post-colonial discourse of identity
One of the difficulties of constructing an identity through the post-colonial discourse of race, religion and ethnicity is the difficulty of filtering out the discourse of the oppressor, the 'us vs. them' binary that defines colonialism. Colonialism is constructed upon a series of binaries, of 'savage vs. civilized,' 'English vs. native,' 'white vs. non-white,' and of course 'good vs. bad' and 'pure vs. impure.' The logical response for the rebellious colonized peoples of the world who wish to oppose colonialism would seem to be to vow to become everything that colonialism is 'not.' To be against colonialism is to celebrate a pure, native culture, before it was impinged upon by colonialism. However, to do so is impossible -- no identity is 'pure.' Even native cultures themselves are fusions and hybrids, and tensions exist within the…
Smith, Zadie. White Teeth. New York: Vintage, 2000.
Instead, the focus is on how it can be used to keep people connected, break through sibling rivalries (implied by the two kids both wanting to use the device at the same time) and the convenience aspect of the laptop. The stories progress overall to show how quickly families change, and how the Chromebook can keep up given it's simple, strong design.
What is most significant about the messaging is that this is the first advertisement I've seen that successfully creates the allegorical reference of a new product introduction to having very young kids and launching them into the world. This allegorical reference to launching the device and having very young kids, from infants to toddlers is brilliantly done. It is implied in the visual flow of images, the use of children at varying yet sequential ages, and the use of graphical allusions to growth.
One is left realizing that…
Pentateuch consists of the first five Books of the Bible. The Pentateuch is the same as what many people mean when they refer to the Torah, which is the first five books of the Tanakh. These books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. In both Jewish and Christian tradition, Moses is considered the author of most of the Pentateuch and the belief is that God dictated the books to Moses (Fairfield, N.p.). However scholars generally agree that the books actually reflect compilations of earlier writings by various different authors. Taken together, the five books introduce the reader to God. They explain that God is the creator of the universe and everything in it, how the world has imperfections despite being a divine creation, God's unique relationship with man, and the beginnings of the special relationship between God and his chosen people (Fairfield, N.p.).
The Pentateuch begins with Genesis. Genesis…
Fairfield, Mary. "Pentateuch: What is the Pentateuch?" About.com. N.p. 2013. Web. 29 Oct.
Mentoring Process in a Business Setting
In most professions, the first years in a new position are fraught with uncertainties and problems. The need for supporting teachers and people in other professions was cited as far back as the Conant eport (1963). During the next twenty years, many attempts were make to put effective mentoring programming in place throughout the business world. This study will address the level of mentoring which exists in different professions, specifically, education, medicine, and law.
As early as 1962, induction programs that provided assistance to beginning teachers were being described (Shaplin, 1962). Mentoring in a business setting is described as being very desirable and conducive to interaction among the protege' and the established workers (Young & Adams, 2000). Medicine has long had a system of mentoring in place which is called residency. Whether nor not the condition of this process is optimal depends upon to…
Anderson & Shannon. (1988). "Toward a conceptualization of mentoring." Journal of Teacher Education, 39(1), 38-42.
Barnett & Kirkpatrick. (1986). California's Mentor Teachers: Two Years of Learning.
San Francisco, CA: Far West Laboratory for Research and Development.
Bolton, E. (1980). "A conceptual analysis of the mentor relationship in the career development of women." Adult Education, 30 (4), 195-196.
Seligman's Authentic Happiness
Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive
Psychology to Realize your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment
Martin Seligman is a pioneer in the movement of "Positive Psychology." This new branch of research examines our ability to cultivate happiness. This ability is what Seligman calls "learned optimism" and is the basis for his bestselling book, Authentic Happiness. Seligman says that by focusing on our strengths and positive emotions as opposed to negative ones, we can bring about positive results in our lives. The traditional focus of psychology has been on pathologies and psychiatric illnesses. "For the last half century psychology has been consumed with a single topic only - mental illness."(p.xi). This focus has neglected the potential of human beings to create happiness and fulfillment in their lives. Seligman hopes that by introducing people to his "positive psychology," they may learn to appreciate and find contentment in their…
Seligman, M. (2002). Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment. New York: The Free Press.
Sexuality can be discussed and analyzed through concepts made in other works of the author. These essays revolve around the idea of sexual perversions and why they develop in the first place. In the second essay, Freud talks about the various psychosocial stages of development. The third essay revolves around the genital stage and how a person is more included to sexuality when he or she begins puberty. Freud has stated that normal sexual activity between a man and a woman and is only limited to sexual intercourse. Anything apart from that is considered a perversion or a deviation from normal human sexual activity.
Conclusion derived from this the theory of sexuality and other Freudian concepts is that: Abnormal sexual perversions develop in a person due to psychosocial conflict in life and these perversions are a threat to stability of civilization. Freud insists on the notion that sexuality is a…
Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and its discontents. New York: W.W. Norton, 1962. Print.
Freud, Sigmund. Three essays on the theory of sexuality. London: Imago Pub. Co., 1949. Print.
Freud, Sigmund. The ego and the id. New York: Norton, 1961. Print.
Freud, Sigmund. The major works of Sigmund Freud. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1955. Print.
As previously mentioned, Crisp is openly homosexual and his exhibitionist impulses and self-destructive behavior motivates the struggle within his life vs. unoriginal heroic desire. Similarly to Dil who lives his life, at times showing self-destruction as she guns down Jude and ties up Fergus, by her own rules, choosing to be a woman amidst a time when being transgendered was severely frowned upon. The journey for both Crisp and Dil though hard, ultimately led to a strong sense of gender identity and an awakening of both sexuality and eroticism as they found their way through gender and sex.
The journey for Crisp began after leaving his parent's home and venturing off into various jobs like a tap dance instructor and commercial artist. Although he met some initial success in these jobs, he ends up one of the few places that allows openly gay men. And even with constant ridicule from…
Isabelle and Therese from the 1968 movie Therese and Isabelle is a story about two lesbian women who defy convention by having a love affair in their boarding school. Their love is very intimate with scenes of conformity as Therese has sexual intercourse with a boy as an attempt to normafy herself as Goffman states on page 12 of his book, Stigma. Scenes in the beginning of Therese's mother preparing her for marriage put pressure on the young woman to adhere to the gender identity and sexuality society predetermined for her. The scenes are sweet and innocent laced with a tinge of fear as they are become fearful of someone coming into the room to find them making love. A scene in Isabelle's room gets interrupted by a noise the couple hear from outside the hallway. Their relationship ends much like that of Maurice and Clive.
In the novel, Maurice, Maurice and Clive are two college friends who engage in a homosexual relationship. Unlike with Isabelle and Therese, they are not as intimate and the relationship lasts longer, for two years. Similarly however, Clive like Therese wishes to conform and be normal and decides to marry leaving Maurice alone. The story however continues and Maurice finds solace and connection in Alec. However Alec blackmails him and in his attempt to cure what Dr. Larken terms, "congenital homosexuality" tries hypnosis. Eventually his desire to rebel against society's norms and be with Alec lead him and Alec to relinquish leading closeted gay lives for a happy life with each other.
Overall movies and films tend to show the world a different or unique perspective. The characters of Crisp, Dil, Isabelle, Therese, Clive, and Maurice offer a rare look into the life of a homosexual and in the case of Dil, a transgender/transsexual. These people like any other people struggle to conform, to meet the expectations of society, but also lead their own lives and fulfill their gender identity and sexual orientation. After all, sexuality is a large part of a person.
Myth About Men and Women
Gender Differences esults from Socialization and Culture
The development of an individual's personal identity is influenced by the socialization process and culture of respective society. The socialization process guides individuals in how they interact with each other. It teaches one on interaction behavior including how to ask, whom to ask, in what circumstance, and the appropriate language and words to use (Devor, 2001). Culture defines the way of doing things and the measures in coming up with norms in the society. In the each and every society, the members ascribed to a particular way of life defined by their culture and taught through a socialization process. The culture and socialization process ensures that members of a society relate to each other in harmony and cohesion. In the society members are socialized to uphold certain norms and adopt specific culture (ways of doing things).
Bebel, A. (2004). Woman under Socialism. United States: University Press of the Pacific, 2004.
Colombo, G., Cullen, R., & Lisie B. (2007). Rereading America. Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing. Seven Edition. Boston, New York: Bedford/St. Martin's.
Devor, H. A. (2001). "Becoming Members of Society: Learning the Social Meanings of Gender" Rereading America, 9th ed Ninth Edition Ed. Gary Colombo, Ed. Robert Cullen, Ed. Bonnie Lisle Boston/New York: Bedford ST. Martin's,
Family to Family by Pipes and Lee
After earning his Doctor of Ministry from Luther Rice Seminary, Dr. Jerry Pipes dedicated his life to the cause of using spirituality as the foundation for strengthening family ties, with Family to Family: Leaving a Lasting Legacy standing as one of his lasting contributions to that cause. Victor Lee -- Pipes' co-author on the project -- serves as the Minister of Single Adults & Evangelism at First aptist Concord, in Knoxville, Tennessee, and his specialized skill set in the realm of ministry to young people is prevalent throughout the book. Together, Pipes and Lee combine to tackle the age-old dilemma facing families everywhere: emotional distance between spouses, a lack of connection between parents and children, and rivalries between siblings. Rather than devote several chapters to a discussion of why these problems seem to afflict families across all spectrums -- including religious and secular…
Pipes, Jerry, Victor Lee. Family to Family: Leaving a Lasting Legacy. (Alpharetta, GA: North
American Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1999).
Changing elationships in Late Adulthood
Late adulthood is often mistakenly viewed as a time of relaxation, where everything slows and an individual's life becomes more consistent and less stressful. In reality, late adulthood is a time of great change. Individuals retire, children move away, lifestyles alters significantly, and social ties decline. Most significantly, a person's relationships change significantly in late adulthood. This includes relationships with siblings, spouses, friends, children, and grandchildren. By considering these relationships and how they change, it will be shown that late adulthood is far from being a time of reduced stress. It may become a time of reduced stress if the individual makes the transition successfully, but the actual process of transition involves many significant changes.
One of the significant changes that occurs during late adulthood is that individuals often become more involved with their siblings. Stark and Hall (1988) suggest that this is partly…
Berk, L.E. (2004). Development through the lifespan. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Butler, R.N. (1968). The life review: An interpretation of reminiscence in the aged. In B. Neugarten (Ed.), Middle age and aging (pp. 486-496). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Goldberg, E. (2002). "A healthy retirement." AORN Journal, 76(5), 873-874.
Keith, P.M., & Schafer, R.B. (1985). Equity role strains and depression among middle-aged and older men and women. In W.A. Peterson & J. Quadagno (Eds.), Social bonds in later life: Aging and interdependence (pp. 37-49). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Although his brother features prominently in the narrative, Nabokov cannot know, as most people cannot know, what it is like to be one of a set of triplets. The mental energy and power that comes from being one of a set is in part related to the practical issues related to our upbringing, such as the need to formulate a unique identity in spite of being treated and viewed as equals. We competed for our parents' attention, unlike typical siblings whose birth order defines much of who they are in the family.
When Nabokov's family is in exile, and they live as immigrants, the comparisons between his story and my own become even more salient. The comparison raises the question: to what degree does our environment shape our identity? Is it possible to separate the self from one's culture, class, and creed?
Like Nabokov, I had a privileged childhood with…
His solution is really an anti-solution. He urges people to have only one boy, but his implied message is clear - big brothers make stronger, better, younger brothers.
Close to the end of the essay the author writes, "If you think my case is an isolated one, you are gravely mistaken. There are probably millions of young men around the world who would not be the same men they are today had it not been for their older brothers" (Krull). I had to laugh, because his descriptions of how older brothers treat their siblings is so right on. They are bigger, and they will not let younger brothers forget it. I have gone through many similar circumstances with my older brother, and sometimes it makes me angry, because just like in this essay, my parents seem clueless about his actions. However, the essay made me laugh, because the author is…
Krull, Andrew Koritz. "My Turn: Celebrating the Pity of Brotherly Love." Newsweek.com. 14 Aug. 2006. 20 July 2007. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/14208056/site/newsweek/?from=rss
It shows the selfishness of Dewey Dell, who is only concerned about her pregnancy and gives other family members little thought. It shows the long-suffering, to the point of self-immolation, of Cash. It shows the rivalry of Darl and Jewel, both vying for their dead mother's affection. And it shows the innocent simplicity, bordering on mental instability, of the young Vardaman. Each of these family members was affected in different ways by this destructive family dynamic.
Anse, in one of the most telling passages in the book regarding his relationship to the family, goes down the list of family members and whines about how each has cost him money in some way, further complaining that he has to work, when he does so, even though he doesn't have any teeth (35-37). Wadlington argues that because the story is set in the south and Anse is the "master" of the house,…
Gradually, there are lesser desired adoptive kids as society have come to accept single mother who parent their children compared to earlier. The disgrace of giving birth to a child outside marriage has lowered and hence, the bulk of single moms prefer to have their kids with them in place of "relinquishing them" for being adopted. Besides, thanks to advanced technology, "birth control" pills are instantly accessible to the fertile populace, and, as abortion has been legalized, a pregnancy which is unplanned could be stopped. A new dimension to the problem has emerged because of the decrease in the supply of desirable adoptable infants and the rising infertility among Americans. (Infant Adoption is Big Business in America)
It is anticipated that out of every six couples, one couple has problems in conceiving and total infertile couples may number 5.3 million. A lot of adopters who are presently desirous of adoption…
Adoption is big business: Rationalizations for Adoption. http://www.adoption-articles.com/adoption_business.htm
Adoption: The Child Commodities Market is Big Business. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/224728/adoption_the_child_commodities_market.html?page=2
Avery, Rosemary. J. Adoption Policy and Special Needs Children. Auburn. Westport: CT.
Cahn, Naomi R; Hollinger, Joan Heifetz. Families by Law: An Adoption Reader. New York
Likewise, it seems that the patient may also have sublimated repressed his anger at and maybe a perpetual rivalry with at his father by dedicating his entire life to achieving the one accomplishment that his neither his father nor any of his siblings ever achieved: catching a road runner.
Furthermore, it would seem that the patient is mainly driven by ego-based issues; specifically, he has devoted his life to fulfilling the definitions established by his father and family of origin of personal worth. Consequently, he has over-valued the goal of catching the road runner far beyond its actual worth as a meal. The fact that much of the ridicule to which he was exposed during his psychosocial developmental stages occurred during the anal phase is consistent with his rigid focus and his obsession with perfection in the form of the achievement of a hunting goal.
The patient has also apparently…
S. And maintain approximately as many members (both domestically and abroad) as the Hell's Angels. Their criminal activities are more focused on the manufacturing, distribution, and sales of cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamines. The banditos use "puppet" or minor affiliate clubs who are not themselves Banditos but operate with the Banditos' authority and conduct some the parent club's criminal activities on their behalf.
In the modern era, widespread crackdowns and joint operations initiated by state and federal law enforcement authorities and legislative tools such as the federal acketeer Influenced and Corruption Organizations (ICO) Act have greatly reduced the influence of the Italian Mafia/LCN in American society but organized crime still persists, even if on a much smaller scale than half a century ago. However, whereas the power and reach of LCN has been greatly reduced, a significant influx of newer criminal enterprises has filled much of the gap vacated in…
Henslin, J. (2002). Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Macionis, J. (2003). Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Pinizzotto, a., Davis, E., and Miller, C. "Street Gang Mentality: A Mosaic of Remorseless Violence and Relentless Loyalty." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin,
September 2007: 1-7.
"Snakes are symbols of both death and fertility in many cultures" (No author). Therefore, it is highly significant that "Her head is made up of the joined heads of two snakes, and the skirt that she wears is made of snakes woven together" (No author). In keeping with the motif of the life that she is emblematic of, the breasts of this goddess are substantially enlarged to illustrate her role as nurturer. However, such effervescence is also tempered with death and its fearsome appearance and role within life, which is demonstrated in the statue by the "garment of human skin" (No author) Coatlicue wears as well as the eminent skull in her midsection. There is a definite aura of gruesomeness manifested by the statue, typified by the goddesses' necklace of hearts and hands, and the claws of her hands and feet (better to dig graves with) (No author), that is…
Encyclopedia Britannica. "Coatlicue." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2012. Web. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/123205/Coatlicue
No author. "Coatlicue." Myths Encyclopedia. 2008. Web. http://inanna.virtualave.net/southamerican.html
Robles, Kathleen, del Castillo, Richard. "Coatlicue." Chicano Park Murals. No date. Web. http://www.chicanoparksandiego.com/murals/coatlicue.html
The Curators of the University of Missouri. "Nike of Samothrace." 2011. Web. http://maa.missouri.edu/objects/castgallery/castnikesamothrace.html
Language problems may be due to other problems, including mental retardation, pervasive developmental disorder or autism, physical handicaps, hearing loss, environmental deprivations, neurological problems, or a combination of these factors.
A study in 2005 by Rivera et. al. decided to analyze how children of different ages listen and respond to questions of varying difficulty. The research examined three areas: 1) Whether there were differences between educators of toddlers and preschoolers in terms of the frequency and type of questions used. It was predicted that early childhood educators working with preschool-age children would ask more questions, more open-ended questions, and more topic-continuing questions than those working with toddlers. This hypothesis was based on the expectation that the more advanced linguistic and conversational abilities of preschoolers would motivate educators to use more of these question types. 2) Whether preschoolers responded more frequently to these different types of questions than toddlers. It was…