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Education to both addicts and non-addicts is important since it discourages those people who have not started taking drugs and informs those who are addicted on the consequences they are likely to face.
The government should facilitate the setting up of more businesses so us to provide employment opportunities for ex-addicts who are undergoing treatment and those who have completed treatment. This will make their minds to be occupied with important things which are constructive to them rather than being idle which leads them to indulge in bad habits such as drug abuse.
The government should crack down on all sources of these drugs including their farms where drugs are planted so as to reduce on the supply of drugs across the country.
Parents should also keep an eye on their children by monitoring the friends they have and guide them on which kind of friends they should associate with…
Web April 16, 2012.
Smith Phillip. Drug Courts Are Not a Solution to the Drug Problem. Chemical Dependency. Ed. Roman Espejo. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2011.
Theses economic problems can be lower wages and unemployment such as in the expenses of medical care, increased legal expenses and a decreased eligibility for taking loans from banks and other financial institutions.
easons why Americans are much more tolerant of Alcohol Usage
Alcohol has turned out to be an unavoidable part in the American society. Almost every event in the American life involves drinking alcohol or related beverages. A majority of people in America have made alcohol a part of their daily life. The major reason of toleration of alcohol in American society is that the people and society have accepted alcohol as a normal and accepted element of their everyday living. Another reason is that alcohol is the cheapest of all drugs and is becoming inexpensive with every passing day. A can of alcohol is available on the same price of a can of soft drink. The unfortunate…
Legal Equality: A Public Justice Response to Discrimination Against Gays and Lesbians. (2004, October 4). The Other Journal. Retrieved July 12, 2013, from http://theotherjournal.com/2004/10/04/legal-equality-a-public-justice-response-to-discrimination-against-gays-and-lesbians/
Pilon, M. (2002). Is Prostitution Work or Exploitation? Further Consideration is Needed. SexWork. Retrieved July 11, 2013, from http://www.sexwork.com/montreal/WorkOrExploitation.pdf
Regoli, R.M., & Hewitt, J.D. (2010).Exploring Criminal Justice: The Essentials. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Rothman, M.B., Dunlop, B.D., & Entzel, P. (2004). Elders, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System: Myth, Perceptions, and Reality in the 21st Century. New York: Springer Pub. Co..
Social Problems: Social Role Questions
You in the figure- occupy many positions in society, each of which involves distinct statuses. How would you define your statuses? Which have the most influence in your life? Explain.
As with most people, I can define myself according to a cross-section of interests, aspirations and demographic associations. These form my individual status, one that features overlapping biographical characteristics such as nationality, familial background and age group as well as a wide spectrum of personal predilections formed over the course of my lifetime. I would define my statuses as both independently and collectively helping to forge my personal identity as well as my identity within such contexts as family, community and country.
Accordingly, I would consider that my Japanese nationality and my affiliation with the Asian race are defining features of my status and have had a profound influence on my life. With…
Children with AID are often poor and orphaned, further setting them apart from their peers. This further results in poor school performance and a deadly cycle of being labeled not only as "sick," but also as "stupid." Peer pressures such as these have a greatly detrimental affect on the future of such children, and could even result in much earlier illness and death than necessary. Not having much hope of any future at all, such children are seldom encouraged to try to perform at school. At the fundamental level, the problem is a lack of education for both the peers and authority figures who work with these children; this lack perpetuates the problem.
Maieron, Mariella J., Roberts, Michael C. & Prentice-Dunn, teven (1996). Children's Perceptions of Peers with AID: Assessing the Impact of Contagion Information Perceived imilarity, and Illness Conceptualization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. Vol. 21. No 3. pp.…
Maieron, Mariella J., Roberts, Michael C. & Prentice-Dunn, Steven (1996). Children's Perceptions of Peers with AIDS: Assessing the Impact of Contagion Information Perceived Similarity, and Illness Conceptualization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. Vol. 21. No 3. pp. 321-333 http://jpepsy.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/21/3/321.pdf
Office for Civil Rights. (1991, July) Placement of School Children with Acquired Immune Dficiency Syndrome. U.S. Dept of Education. http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/hq53e9.html
Social Problem Dialogue
Scene: Turkish doner kabab restaurant in a German village. Turkish music is playing on the radio and the food service worker is moving to the beat. A blonde woman enters the restaurant.
Turk: Hello. Can I take your order?
Dane: I would like four doner kababs.
Turk: Four? To go?
Dane: To go. Thanks.
Turk: What kind of sauce? Red or white?
Dane: Red is spicy with chilies, right?
Turk: Yes, red is a little spicy.
Dane: Could you make two kababs with red sauce and two with white?
Turk: Split it up. All right.
Dane: I know I should try some of your other dishes like in the photos there.
Turk: You would like the other food.
Dane: I agree. It is just that I like the kebabs so much.
Turk: You like Turkish food? You been to Turkey?
Dane: I haven't been to Turkey, but…
Social Problem & Event
The social problem of substance abuse has been prevalent for many years that different perspectives have been expressed and discussed for and against its practice. Using the three sociological traditions/perspectives, namely, Functionalism / Structuralism, Conflict Theory, and Symbolic Interactionism, the social problem of substance abuse will be explored and interpreted.
In functionalism/structuralism, substance abuse is considered a dysfunction in the society. From a macro-sociological perspective, substance abuse does not perform a specific function in the society. Moreover, since not all people engage in substance abuse, it is not considered the norm, not a part of the society's norms, values, and beliefs. It could also be considered a change in society, a manifestation of change or shift from a functional to a dysfunctional one.
Conflict theory, meanwhile, posits that dysfunctional or deviant behavior such as substance abuse is developed as a form of "escape," wherein the conditions…
In order to make better management of urbanization certain, governments can take on macroeconomic policies with the intention of alleviating the extent of urbanization to levels that can be controlled or to maintain people to keep on living in rural areas. A National Physical (Spatial) Development Plan could be set up as a principal means for dealing with the "national direction on distribution of population; utilization of land; development of new land, water and energy; provision of infrastructure, housing and transportation that favor decentralized economic development" (Ichimura, 2003). This kind of approach would be of use in creating an orderly and consistent use of land on a nationwide basis and making the opportunity available "for urbanization issues to be addressed in the coherent way in the context of overall national development" (Ichimura, 2003).
The third approach is related to involvement, affiliation and control. It is an undeniable fact that no…
Better Urban Mobility in Developing Countries. (2003). Union Internationale des Transports Publics. Retrieved June 15, 2013, from http://www.uitp.org/publications/brochures/Dev-Countries-uk.pdf
Cincotta, R.P., & Engelman, R. (n.d.). Economics and Rapid Change: The Influence of Population Growth .Population Action. Retrieved June 16, 2013, from http://populationaction.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Economics_and_Rapid_Change_PDF.pdf
Definitions of Poverty. (n.d.). BBC. Retrieved June 16, 2013, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/education/int/ms/health/wealth/def_of_poverty/definitions.shtml
Does the U.S. Have a Population Problem?. (n.d.). Arizona Geographic Alliance. Retrieved June 16, 2013, from http://alliance.la.asu.edu/geomath/GeoMath3/lesson_files/Glenn/CROWDED/GlennChipsHfootprintUS.pdf
Social Problem of Homelessness
Teaching Social Issues
Homelessness is a social problem that is prevalent around the world and particularly in the United States of America. Homelessness has existed for much of "civilized" human history, with sharp increases in eras of history such as the Industrial evolution. In the last two centuries, homelessness and changed and expanded, though there remains a significant amount of research to be done. Professionals who study and research homelessness have argued over its formal definition for decades, though for some, the definition of homelessness seems self explanatory and obvious. The paper will examine homelessness, particularly as it exists in the United States of America, the country that has the highest homelessness rate in the world. There are individuals and groups who choose to be traditionally homeless, but for a great deal of the homeless population, it can be a dangerous and tragic lifestyle that is…
Crosson-Tower, C. (2009). Exploring Child Welfare: A Practice Perspective, 5th Edition. Pearson Education, Inc. Print.
National Alliance to End Homelessness. (2013). Issues. NAEH.org, Web, Available from: http://www.endhomelessness.org/pages/issues . 2013 June 07.
United States Interagency Council on Homelessness. (2013). Take Action. USICH.gov, Web, Available from: http://www.usich.gov/action/ . 2013 June 07.
Social problems affecting students and schools in the U.S.
Caring and coaching are two methodologies that can be used by teachers in classrooms comprised of students with problems ranging from teen pregnancy to violence.
Four other social problems, including drug use, alcohol use, suicide and delinquency, are among the top causes for student disengagement, and socioeconomic and race issues also contribute to the problems at hand.
In order for a teacher to overcome these deterrents to learning, he or she must show genuine caring for the student and get the student to become an active learner, rather than a passive observer who watches the teacher recite a lesson.
There is much room for change in our school system, according to Lawrence Steinberg, author of Beyond the Classroom: hy School Reform Has Failed and hat Parents Need to Do. In this work, Steinberg claims disengagement kicks in as early as 7th…
Adolescent Pregnancy," Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United
States Web site, July 22, 2002 http://www.siecus.org/school/preg/preg0000.html
Bowman, Darcia Harris, "Lethal School Shootings Resemble Workplace Rampages,
Report Says," May 29, 2002, Edweek.org, July 22, 2002 http://www.edweek.org/ew/newstory.cfm?slug=38shoot.h21&keywords=delinquency
he family may be a source of stress, tension, and problems, and can drive its individuals to cope with these problems in harmful ways, such as by use of drugs and alcohol (UNDCP, 1995). Families may be social inhibitors, or may be a channel for family members to be involved in the community.
he implications of familial relationships can influence both positive and negative behaviors. he family has the potential to be a source of social and community values, and may be a critical part in the intervention process (UNDCP, 1995; Agha, Zia & Irfan, 2008). In some circumstances, the family may be the source of drug addiction; the family can also be a source of treatment. he role of the family is critical to the success or failure of an addict seeking sobriety (Barnard, 2007). Even in the healthiest family environments, having an addict or multiple addicts in the…
This document reads like a pamphlet for addicts who are seeking self-help groups and is published by SAMHSA. The document explains the significance of mutual support groups and how they are beneficial to recovering addicts. The literature is applicable this paper as it details help groups within the community that are available for addicts, and describes self-help as a positive tool for maintaining sobriety.
Wilson, R., & Kolander, C. (2011). Drug abuse prevention. (3rd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
This text provides and educational overview of drug abuse and prevention. The text offers basic definitions of drug, addiction, and provides background information on difference types of drugs. In addition to providing historical background on drug culture, the text focuses mainly on prevention strategies within the family and community to lower the incidence of drug abuse. The text by Dr. Wilson and Kolander presents the background information needed to establish a contextual baseline for this paper. The intended audience is academic in nature, as this text could be applicable to high school and college students learning about the complexities of drug abuse prevention for the first time. This text was useful as it help establish the prevalence of drug abuse and also highlighted the role of the family in prevention practices. Understanding the role of the family is critical to formulating a solution for drug addiction.
Speaking of which, parents and teachers are much needed to extend ample guidance and understanding the on-going physical and emotional avalanche in their children or students. This could help manifest a good hatch for the over-all grooming of the adolescents with the warmth of affection and love. Individuals overcoming these nominal conflicts are normally seen to be having much more balanced personality comparatively as of their peers. Moreover, parents should tackle this issue sensitively as it could help ensure their children successfully completing this stage with much benefit to their personality and lesser quibbling in response to the mental growth and its implications.
The High School Transition
Adolescents also get very much influenced with the indirect factors leading to quivering of them in the unbalanced social environment, most importantly their transition towards the high school from junior or middle schools. These factors are bureaucratic structure, diversity of ethnic groups and…
Eccles, J.S. & Wigfield, A. (2000). Adolescence: Social patterns, achievements, and problems. In A.E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 46-52). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Lee, V.E., & Bryk, A.S. (1989). A multilevel model of social distribution of high school achievement. Sociology of Education, 62, 172-192
Mabuse, N. (Reporter). (2011). Breast ironing tradition targeted in Cameron [News Report]. United States: NewYork
Ruffin, N. (May 1, 2009). Adolescent growth and development. Retrieved from http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/350/350-850/350-850.html
I believe that many students would become more academically successful if schools were able to provide more resources to their students. These resources could include more social organizations that are run through the school and maybe even breaking down popular activities into smaller groups that offer a greater chance of individual recognition and social success.
Some students who come from a single parent home are determined different from the "normal" ideal family structure. For those students that have both parents at home are not familiar with the aspects of only having one parent. It also leaves the children who only have one parent at home more susceptible to making bad choices. These choices include not doing homework, talking back to the teacher, and misbehaving inside the classroom.
Obesity is another social problem in the classroom. Obese children are twice as likely to be talked about as non-obese children. It is…
SOCIAL PROBLEMS (POVERTY, UNEMPLOYMENT, CRIME, MEDIA, ...) AND RITE a PAPER I attached instruction.
There is presently much controversy regarding the concept of poverty, as society finds it difficult to accept the fact that it exists contemporary to the opulence present in first-world countries. ith politicians using poverty as a means to endorse their campaigns, the masses tend to consider that governments have the tools necessary to eradicate poverty and that strategy is all that they need in order to do so. Poverty has basically come to be an instrument used in propaganda, considering that official figures constantly relate to it with the purpose of improving their image. The general public needs to understand that poverty cannot simply be eradicated, as governments would actually have to test and install a series of programs over a long period of time in order to come up with an effective method of ending…
Bell, K. And Strelitz, J. "Reframing Child Poverty," Soundings Summer 2011
Besharov, D.J. And Call, D.M. "Income Transfers Alone Won't Eradicate Poverty," Policy Studies Journal 37.4 (2009)
Rodgers, J.R. And Rodgers, J.L. "Chronic and Transitory Poverty over the Life Cycle," Australian Journal of Labour Economics 13.2 (2010)
Swift was outraged at the dire conditions present in Ireland. However, rather than writing angrily about the Irish famine, Swift instead wrote a Modest Proposal, suggesting that the Irish should eat their own children to solve both hunger and overpopulation. Another example of hyperbole is found in the character of Dr. Pangloss in Voltaire's Candide. In Candide, Voltaire satirizes idealistic philosophy. Dr. Pangloss is such an absurdly idealistic philosopher, he insists that everything is for the best in the best of all possible worlds, even when the characters confront horrific fates, like being nearly burnt to death by the Spanish Inquisition.
Another common technique used in satire is irony, where the author says one thing but means another, particularly as a method of making people laugh at their follies. In Alexander Pope's "The Rape of the Lock," Pope uses an epic style to describe a minor society incident, in which…
social problems as alcoholism and drug abuse as diseases rather than behavior disorders? What are the implications of treating other social problems as diseases? What are the implications for the medical care system of the proliferation of these new diseases?
It is not as important to distinguish between behavior disorder and disease as it is to find the root causes of these classifications. ehavior disorders suggest that the person's actions are somewhat preventable while diseases are portrayed as unpreventable. Much grey area and confusion arise in these discussions because causes and effect relationships are not explicit. Obesity can be considered both a disease or a behavior problem, like other kinds of substance abuse. ut what are the factors that lead to any specific problem? Unfortunately until individuals realize that they are responsible for their own conduct and rampant victimization ceases to be celebrated, these problems of identifying causes of problems…
Mataconis, D.(2011). Health care costs and the third-party payer problem. Outside the Beltway, * June 2011. Retrieved from http://www.outsidethebeltway.com/health-care-costs-and-the - third-party-payer-problem/
Sexual Orientation Discrimination
Discrimination can be carried out in the work place through many different ways. Federal and state laws go on to prohibit employers from carrying out unfair practices like hiring or terminating on the basis of religion, race, sex, national origin, physical disability or origin. All these are factors about a person that can be used either in his favor or against him. Some states have also declared employment discrimination laws that basically forbid employers from discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation.
It was earlier in November that the U.S. senate went on to approve the legislation that basically prohibit workplace discrimination that is being carried out based on gender identity or sexual orientation. The legislation was approved 64-30 (Lopez) The employee non-discrimination act or ENDA was first brought out in the public in 1994. Even though it was been almost twenty years ever since it was…
Alsop, Ronald. "Are Gay People More Affluent Than Others?." Wall Street Journal 1999: B1-B3. Print.
Anderson, M.L. And Taylor, H.F. Sociology: The Essentials. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth (2009).
Antecol, Heather, Anneke Jong and Michael Steinberger. "Sexual Orientation Wage Gap: The Role of Occupational Sorting and Human Capital, The." Indus. & Lab. Rel. Rev., 61. (2007): 518. Print.
Berg, Nathan and Donald Lien. "Measuring The Effect Of Sexual Orientation On Income: Evidence Of Discrimination?." Contemporary Economic Policy, 20. 4 (2002): 394-414. Print.
For example, one Dearborn, Michigan student used his appearance as a way to politically protest the Iraq war when he wore an anti-Bush t-shirt. The school prohibited him from doing so, but he finally won the right to do so, after an appeal to the state's supreme court: "I wore the shirt to spark discussion among the students on an issue I cared deeply about....I haven't decided when I'll wear the shirt again, but now I have the confidence of knowing that I have the right to wear it" he said ("Judge Rules in Favor of Michigan Student's Right to ear Anti-ar T-Shirt to School," ACLU, 2003).
hen public institutions require students to wear uniforms as a mandate of participation in a public educational community, what sort of image of a free society are we creating for a nation's young people? Uniforms are a Band-aid solution; rather the real concern…
Applebome, Peter. "In Court: When Clothes Speak to More Than Fashion." The New
York Times. 23 Sept 2007. 15 Oct 2007. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/23/nyregion/23towns.html?_r=1&ref=education&oref=slogin
Bennett, Jill. "Clinton Urges Stricter Rules in Schools." The New York Times.
21 July 1998. 15 Oct 2007. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D00E3DE1E30F932A15754C0A96E958260&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/C/Clinton,%20Bill
Prejudice has become a significant social problem in the U.S., particularly since the 2016 election: it seems that America is divided into multiple camps, none of them willing to tolerate the other, each thinking it knows what the other is about and believing that the other is bad for society. Prejudice occurs in the form of racism, sexism, ageism, and other forms, as Forscher, Mitamura, Dix, Cox and Devine (2017) point out. Conservatives and traditionalists feel they are prejudiced against by liberal groups. Liberals feel that conservatives are prejudiced against minorities and immigrants. There is anxiety on all sides and it has become a serious social problem that no one appears willing or able to address to the satisfaction of all, and now multiple people including Bill Maher and Pat Buchanan are fearing that a civil war could break out in America as a result (Blake, 2019; Buchanan, 2017).
Blake, A. (2019). \\'There will be blood\\': Maher sees civil war breaking out if we don\\'t \\'learn to live with each other\\'. Retrieved from https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/nov/16/bill-maher-says-second-civil-war-is-possible-learn/
Buchanan, P. (2017). Are We Nearing Civil War? Retrieved from https://buchanan.org/blog/nearing-civil-war-127177
Forscher, P. S., Mitamura, C., Dix, E. L., Cox, W. T., & Devine, P. G. (2017). Breaking the prejudice habit: Mechanisms, timecourse, and longevity. Journal of experimental social psychology, 72, 133-146.
esolving a Social Problem:
As mentioned in the first assignment, one of the main social problems in the modern society is crime, which is basically defined as an offense against public law. Since it is a major social problem, crime has significant effects on victims, the society, and social institutions. Crime is a multi-faceted social problem because it involves personal responsibility as well as social, cultural, and political aspects that contribute to it. It is also a social problem that should be understood from a social context because it does not occur in a social vacuum. Due to the social nature of crime and its impact on the society, there are several organizations that seek to address this social problem. These organizations range from governmental agencies to community-based organizations with different ways for addressing the problem. Some examples of organizations committed to this social problem include National Organization for Victim…
"About." (n.d.). National Crime Prevention Council. Retrieved March 8, 2014, from https://www.ncpc.org/programs/crime-prevention-coalition-of-america/about
"NOVA Overview." (n.d.). National Organization for Victim Assistance. Retrieved March 8, 2014,
Social Science esearch Problem
"PIPA Policy Work Wonder Worker Bees"
From: obert Lloyd, PIPA Executive Director Joshua
USAID foreign aid grant, education, and development
The standard of living of people and their per capital income are steadily increasing globally. Many factors contribute to the increase in the higher income, and these factors include education, globalization, and economic stability across countries. However, there is a positive correlation between higher earning and level of education. Education is defined as a formal learning that assists individuals to acquire knowledge, and skills to improve their standard of living and make them becoming useful members of society. Education is a critical tool to improve performances of individuals. On the other hand, income is defined as amount of money that individuals can make at a regular basis. Typically, income levels depend on the level of skills and knowledge that an individual has acquired over the years.…
Bloom, D. Canning, D. & Chan, K. (2006). Higher Education and Economic Development in Africa. Human Development Sector Africa Region.
UNESCO (2013).EFA Global Monitoring Report 2013. United Nation Education Scientific and Cultural Organization.
UNESCO (2014).Teaching And Learning: Achieving quality for all Gender Summary. United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization.
World Bank (1998). World Bank Development Indicator 2000. World Bank.
Interconnectivity of Social Problems
Criminal sanctions and victimization work to form a system of disadvantage that perpetuates stratification and poverty. Punishment impacts individuals convicted of felonies, as well as their families, peer groups, neighborhoods, and racial group. After controlling for population differences, African-Americans are incarcerated approximately seven times as often as Whites. Variation in criminal punishment is linked to economic deprivation. As the number of felons and former felons rises, collateral sanctions play an ever-larger role in racial and ethnic stratification, operating as an interconnected system of disadvantage.
~Wheelock & Uggen, 2006
Crime, punishment, and poverty are related issues. There are many causes and reasons crime exists, which explains the field of criminology. Punishment, if referring to the formal kind, relates to topics such as law enforcement, public administration, health care, the legal system, and others. Poverty is definitely a social issue. In fact, all of these issues…
Bourguignon, F. (nd). Crime as a Social Cost of Poverty and Inequality: A Review Focusing on Developing Countries. Available from: http://www.rrojasdatabank.info/facets/facetsp189-209.pdf . 2012 July 28.
Wheelock, D., & Uggen, C. (2006). Chapter 10 - Race, Poverty and Punishment: The Impact of Criminal Sanctions on Racial, Ethnic, and Socioeconomic Inequality. Harris, D., & Lin, A.C. (eds) The Colors of Poverty: Why Racial and Ethnic Disparities Persist. University of Michigan.
Social Problems become Policy Problems
A social problem is a situation where people deviate from some social beliefs, which a group of people cherishes. Different societies experience different social problems, and this explains why there have been substantial studies on this subject. In addition, social problems differ by degree, and this is why some social problems have resulted to formulation of public policies in an effort to control the social menace. In a society, the public are the last people to identify that a social problem exists (Iganski, 2001).
There are common aspects used by analysts to determine if the problem is a social issue, but they are diverse, and depend on the problem at hand. However, there are aspects such as the existence of an objective condition, followed by a subjective assessment, which helps to verify that the social issue is adverse, destructive, or immoral. In addition, the objective…
Barnes, A., & Ephros, H.P. (1994). The impact of hate crime on victims: Emotional and behavioral responses to attacks. Nationalassociationofsocialworkers.com [online] http://www.socialworkers.org/pressroom/events/911/barnes.asp (accessed April 6, 2014)
Burns, L.S., & Peyrot, M. (2010). New Approaches to Social Problems Treatment. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing.
Daniels, Mark R. (201). Policy and Organizational Termination. International Journal of Public
Administration, 24(3), pp. 249 -- 262.
Diverse Nature of Psychology
Psychology has not been around a terribly long amount of time, dating back only a century or two. However, the diverse outgrowths and subsets of psychology that have emerged and flourished in the years since is nothing short of extremely wide-ranging and fascinating all at the same time. Just a few examples would include health psychology, forensic psychology and educational psychology. Those three spheres are commonly used for cardiac rehabilitation, child custody evaluation and IQ testing, respectively. Broadly, the diversity and depth of psychology will be evaluated in terms of their impact on motivation, behavior and cognition. How and whether new disciplines (and what they are) should be applied to society will be posed by the author of this report. Finally, the sub-disciplines noted in this report will be related to the theoretical perspective in play. The author will also offer personal contributions to the psychology…
Hayford, S. R., Guzzo, K. B., & Smock, P. J. (2014). The Decoupling of Marriage and Parenthood? Trends in the Timing of Marital First Births, 1945-2002. Journal of Marriage & Family, 76(3), 520-538.
Kelly, P. J., Witt, J., McEvers, K., Enriquez, M., Abshier, P., Vasquez, M., & McGee, E.
(2012). Clinician Perceptions of Providing Natural Family Planning Methods in Title X Funded Clinics. Journal Of Midwifery & Women's Health, 57(1), 35-42 8p.
Stop and Frisk as it elates to ace and Social Class
Despite living in the Land of the Free, some Americans on the public streets are still being singled out by law enforcement authorities for questioning and searches based on race and social class. In what is termed a "stop and frisk," police have detained and searched ordinary citizens for no other crime than being a minority or poor. In mid-1968, the two Supreme Court cases, Terry v. Ohio and Sibron v. New York, approved the constitutionality of police stop and frisk practices under the Fourth Amendment. Since that time, there is a growing body of evidence that indicates that police have used disproportionately applied this authority to minority members and poor people, in some cases to improve their image with their fellow officers. This paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning these two cases,…
Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Barrett, J.Q. (1998, Summer). Deciding the stop and frisk cases: A look inside the Supreme
Court's conference. St. John's Law Review, 72(3/4), 749-752.
Civil procedure - class actions - Southern District of New York certifies class action against city police for suspicionless stops and frisks of blacks and Latinos. (2013, February). Harvard
Social Problem Related to Human Services
Social justice implies citizens’ equal entitlement to the self-same services and rights. In this paper, the inequalities in providing various human services to different societal groups in the nation will be addressed.
Beginning with education, a fundamental human service, it is a highly concerning fact that the nation’s educational system continually fails unwanted, abused and neglected children. Also, foster children totally at society’s mercy for survival are largely ignored. As children don’t have any avenue for voicing their views and demands, and cannot finance political campaigns, protest for improved services, or lobby elected representatives in order for being heard, it is the responsibility of society’s adults to speak for this faction of society. Attempts at organizing an effective child welfare system can be traced back to the late nineteenth century, when the nation’s contemporary system of foster care was established and Charles Loring Brace…
Unemployment: A Social Problem?
There are few problems that nations face more perplexing than that of unemployment. The condition of being unemployed is in some ways natural to a capitalist system, as businesses try to succeed while spending as few resources as possible, and a flexible workforce means most people are willing and happy to change jobs several times throughout their lives. The problems of unemployment then often only go noticed during periods of economic slowdown, when the number of out of work individuals rises far beyond the ability of private business to give these individuals jobs. Unemployment is a significant social problem caused by poor economic conditions, and as such, unemployment should not simply be characterized as an individual's inability to find meaningful work, but also a nation's inability to provide meaningful employment to the entirety of its workforce.
A highly developed economy requires a busy and proactive society…
Block, F. (1981). Policy analysis. Retrieved from http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa004.html
Paul., & Moser (2009). Psychological effects of unemployment and underemployment. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/about/gr/issues/socioeconomic/unemployment.aspx
The effects of unemployment: The effects on society. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.blacksacademy.net/content/3312.html
Riley, G. (2006, September). Tutor2u. Retrieved from http://tutor2u.net/economics/revision-notes/a2-macro-unemployment.html
Political or Social Problem
Racism has been a major social problem in American history going back to the colonial period of the 17th and 18th Centuries, and by no means only in the former slave states of the South. In fact, the condition of blacks in the United States has always been a central social, political and economic problem that resulted in the nation's most destructive war in 1861-65 and in its most important civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. As the moral and spiritual leader of the latter, Martin Luther King's place in American history is well-known: this was the central preoccupation of his life from 1955-68, and he died as a martyr to this cause. Karl Marx was merely a foreign observer of the U.S. Civil ar, but he understood the issues of slavery and racism very well and was an enthusiastic abolitionist and supporter of…
Gilman, S.L. "Karl Marx and the Secret Language of the Jews" in Jessop, Bob (Ed) Karl Marx's Social and Political Thought. Routledge, 1999: 22-41.
King, Martin Luther. "Address to the Thirty-fourth Annual Convention of the National Bar Association, August 20, 1959" in Carson, Clayborne (Ed) The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr., Volume V, Threshold of a New Decade, January 1959-December 1960. University of California Press, 2005.
Marx, Karl. "Comments on the North American Events," Die Presse, October 12, 1862 and "The Election Results in the Northern States," Die Presse, November 23, 1862 in Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels, Writings on the U.S. Civil War. http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1861/us-civil-war/index.htm
In addition to creating jobs, casinos on reservations provided the American Indian community with various social services and strengthened their social bonds (Momper 142; Cornell et al., 1998). hile it is true that gambling addiction has increased among American Indian residents as a result of building casinos, in many instances improvements in standards of living took many of them out of poverty, decreasing the rate of behavioral problems and anti-social activities.
In summary, both proponents of gambling-is-a-social-problem thesis and their opponents have strong arguments at hand. The debate is likely to continue without being resolved as it is a controversial topic and gambling among the U.S. population leads to mixed results: both positive and negative.
Cornell, Kalt et al., American Indian Gaming Policy and Its Socio-Economic Effects. Cambridge, MA: Economic Resource Group, Inc., 1998. Print.
Hardoon, Karen et al., "Psychological Variables Associated ith Adolescent Gambling." Psychology of Addictive…
Cornell, Kalt et al., American Indian Gaming Policy and Its Socio-Economic Effects. Cambridge, MA: Economic Resource Group, Inc., 1998. Print.
Hardoon, Karen et al., "Psychological Variables Associated With Adolescent Gambling." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 18.2 (2004): 170-179. Print.
Larimer, Mary & Neighbors, Clayton. "Normative Misperception and the Impact of Descriptive and Injunctive Norms on College Student Gambling." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 17.3 (2003): 235-243. Print.
Momper, Sandra. "Implications of American Indian Gambling for Social Work Research and Practice." Social Work 55.2 (2010): 139-146. Print.
Anti-science is nothing new and in fact has been seamlessly woven into the story of human progress. Locating historical incidents linked to the repercussions of anti-intellectualism or anti-science is easy. One of the first European examples of the repercussions of anti-intellectualism is the story of Socrates's death sentence due to his philosophy of reason contradicting the established religious authorities in ancient Athens. Anti-intellectualism permeates European history, culminating with the excommunication of prominent scientists like Galileo and Kepler. Science, truth, and intellectual inquiry can present clear threats to an established authority like the Catholic Church or any other religious body, as well as threatening powerful political authorities or social systems like patriarchy. Any social system that relies on propaganda and myth-making to preserve its integrity is naturally going to be threatened by science and intellectual or critical inquiry. On the surface, there is a sort of quaintness about anti-intellectualism that appeals…
Achenbach, J. (2015). Why Do Many Reasonable People Doubt Science? National Geographic. Retrieved online: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2015/03/science-doubters/achenbach-text
Casey, S. (2015). Love in the age of measles. Dissertation for Arkansas State University. Retrieved online: http://gradworks.umi.com/15/86/1586034.html
Desilver, D. (2017). U.S. students' academic achievement still lags that of their peers in many other countries. Pew Research. Retrieved online: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/02/15/u-s-students-internationally-math-science/
Dixon, W.E. (2015). Anti-intellectualism and the fracking of psychology. Training and Education in Professional Psychology 9(4), Nov 2015, 286-291.
One of the key social problems currently being faced in the United States is the gun control issue. In the contemporary, there is considerable and contentious debate regarding whether there should be more restrictions on the prevailing process or practice of purchasing and owing a gun or not. In particular, this social issue had great significance in the everyday lives of the general public with regard to safety and security. Gun holders across the nation have been involved in incidents of shooting other individuals prompting gun violence. This paper seeks to examine the issue of gun control, delineating the cultural and structural aspects that fashion the problem, the sociological standpoint and the social change necessitated in remedying the problem.
Cultural and Structural Factors
Gun control as a social issue is influenced by cultural and structural factors. There is actual and representational importance of gun ownership for millions of…
Beckett, L. (2016). What could actually work to fix gun violence in America -- and what doesn't. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/jun/23/gun-control-violence-what-works-what-doesnt
Henigan, D. A. (2011). Is Gun Control a Social Issue? The Huffington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dennis-a-henigan/is-gun-control-a-cultural_b_219136.html
Perez-Pena, R. (2015). Gun Control Explained. The New York Times. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/10/07/us/gun-control-explained.html?_r=0
Speiser, M. (2015). DEAR AMERICA: Here's why everyone thinks you have a problem with guns. Business Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.businessinsider.com/americas-gun-problem-2015-6?IR=T#the-previous-map-bears-an-eerie-resemblance-to-this-one-which-shows-each-states-stance-on-the-concealed-carry-of-firearms-12
Laverghetta, A., Stewart, J. & Weinstein, L. (2007). Anti-intellectualism and political ideology in a sample of undergraduate and graduate students. Psychological Reports 2007(101): 1050-1056.
Primary sources include original research like a study by Laverghetta, Stewart & Weinstein (2007). Starting with the hypothesis that anti-intellectualism will have correlates in political conservatism, economic conservatism, and religiosity, the authors used a survey methodology and all hypothesized correlations were confirmed. That is, anti-intellectualism is correlated with political conservatism, economic conservatism, and religiosity. The reason I chose this primary source is that I believe that these three variables (political conservatism, economic conservatism, and religiosity) are stereotyped as being linked with anti-intellectualism. Rather than rely on stereotypes or assumptions, I believe it is important to check the empirical studies that actually measure whether there is a correlation; not to do so would actually be anti-intellectual.
The study has some weaknesses, mainly in that the sample size…
Competitor products and their equivalent prizes, this is so that after establishing our break-even analysis it can act as a guiding line to set the best price. (Tao 2008)
The survey should enable one establish the best marketing strategies and anticipate any future contingencies.
Entrepreneurship development services
This service will target individuals who wish to start business on their own or in a group it will mainly involve
Training on how to originate business ideas. It is said that if you feed a man you have only feed him a day, a long-term problem in a short-term way. If you show the man how to fish then you have feed him and his family for life and I add that if you show the man how to run a fish business you will have feed the society too. In his book ich Dad Poor Dad, Kiyosaki explains that the most…
Adaman F., Keyder C., Mudderrisoglu S., Yukseker D. (2009) Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Slum Areas of Large Cities in Turkey. European Commission on Employment, SocialAffairs and Equal Opportunities Development Goal. European Union, Luxenbourg, Europe.
Agbola T., Agunbiade E. (2009) Urbanization, Slum Development and Security of Tenure: The Challenges of Meeting Millennium Development Goal 7 in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Camur E. (2003) What are the Social, Physical and Economic Problems of Slums and their Expectations from the Urban City? Sage books.New York.
Dumashie a. (2004) Informal Housing in East Africa: Lessons Learned From Cross Country Borders (Part II). Journal, FIG Working Week, May 22-27, United Kingdom.
Social issue alcohol drugs consider a social issue interested. It human freedom, sexuality, deviance, crime, social mobility, poverty, education, aging, similar issues. Select a specific social issue investigate assignment.
Social issue: Drug abuse
The social problem of drug addiction is a long-standing one, yet the causes of addiction and the best way to treat addiction still remain difficult questions to answer. One contentious issue pertains to whether addiction is a 'crime' or an 'illness,' although an increasingly large body of medical research indicates long-term abuse fundamentally rewires addicts' brains and changes their perceptions of reward and punishment. Drugs stimulate dopamine receptors. Dopamine is a chemical in the brain that generates a sense of positive well-being: "Just as we turn down the volume on a radio that is too loud, the brain adjusts to the overwhelming surges in dopamine (and other neurotransmitters) by producing less dopamine or by reducing the number…
Cratty, Carol. (2011). New rules slashing crack cocaine sentences go into effect. CNN.
Drugs and the brain. (2012). National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Retrieved at:
Cradock's 2004 study of a correlation between population categories and child abuse lead to the development of an assessment tool that allowed social workers to determine when children were at risk for child abuse and when to intervene and what actions would be seen as an over-intervention. By using this assessment, social workers will not only know how to identify the serious danger of child abuse and what children are at-risk for being abused, but also the assessment makes it possible for social workers to determine when intervening in the situation may be dangerous or unnecessary for the children involved. Of similar importance are the tools developed to assess and evaluate those convicted of both child physical and sexual abuse. In Milner and Murphy's 1995 study, the methods of assessment and evaluation are discussed and critiqued. These methods, including interview, observation, personality tests, and offender-specific assessments, are all studied in…
Arad-Davidzon, Bilhah, and Benbenishty, Rami. "The role of workers' attitudes and parent and child wishes in child protection workers' assessments and recommendation regarding removal and reunification. Children and Youth Services Review. 30.1 (2008): 107-121.
Bray, James H. "Family Assessment: Current Issues in Evaluating Families." National
Council on Family Relations. 44.4 (1995): 469-477.
Buckner, Lynn P. And Salts, Connie J. "A Premarital Assessment Program." Family
When food insecurity is therefore effectively addressed, minority communities can be uplifted to become part of the American way of life in a sustainable and viable way. he statistics demonstrate the demographic inequalities: According to the Food Research and Action Center (hereafter referred to as FRAC), as of 2005, 35.1 million people in the U.S. - over 10% of the population - were experiencing "food insecurity." Among African-Americans and Hispanic populations, this percentage is considerably higher, at 22.4% and 17.9% respectively (Adach-Vollinger, 2006). According to FRAC, the ten states where food insecurity is most likely include the West and South: New Mexico, Mississippi, exas, South Carolina, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Utah, Idaho, North Carolina and ennessee. Clearly, if the American Government were to be truly concerned with creating prosperity for all its citizens, these communities and their needs should be urgently addressed with sustainable programs.
In the light of the above,…
The demographics related to the problem are significant in demonstrating the specific poverty levels and racial discrepancies within the country. When food insecurity is therefore effectively addressed, minority communities can be uplifted to become part of the American way of life in a sustainable and viable way. The statistics demonstrate the demographic inequalities: According to the Food Research and Action Center (hereafter referred to as FRAC), as of 2005, 35.1 million people in the U.S. - over 10% of the population - were experiencing "food insecurity." Among African-Americans and Hispanic populations, this percentage is considerably higher, at 22.4% and 17.9% respectively (Adach-Vollinger, 2006). According to FRAC, the ten states where food insecurity is most likely include the West and South: New Mexico, Mississippi, Texas, South Carolina, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Utah, Idaho, North Carolina and Tennessee. Clearly, if the American Government were to be truly concerned with creating prosperity for all its citizens, these communities and their needs should be urgently addressed with sustainable programs.
In the light of the above, it is the objective of this document to propose ways in which a sustainable solution can be created for food insecurity, particularly in communities where this problem manifests itself most prominently. With sufficient funding, such a program can be greatly successful in addressing the problem of food insecurity in a targeted and effective manner. As such, the objective of the program (to be known as DEAL - DEcentralize and Localize) is to make low SES communities more self-sufficient. The ideal is to create ways in which such communities can cultivate a large amount of their own food products - particularly vegetable-based foods - by means of cooperative gardens and "mini-farms." These will exist in and around urban and suburban areas, with land provided through the program. The ideal is that such programs will be funded by direct grants to the communities that are affected. Initial seeds and equipment are provided, as well as an advisor/support person, who is trained in agricultural and environmental science, for each community. Such a program will have several benefits. In addition to the environmental benefits already mentioned, communities will be uplifted by a sense of self-sufficiency and the concomitant power of caring for themselves. This will have a tremendous impact not only upon the general outlook of such communities, but also upon their sense of self-worth and motivation. In this way, while directly providing employment and lowering unemployment levels, the program can also do so indirectly by motivating community members to start their own businesses - whether food related or not. Furthermore, cultivating land will result in rising natural resources and a sustainable way of providing communities with food. In general, the program can
Social Order in Public Spaces
Every society has certain rules and regulations that help people live together harmoniously. Some of these rules are explicit and are openly known. Other rules are implicit and therefore subtle. Both implicit and explicit rules and regulations govern a society. However, when a person moves away from one particular society to another, he or she has difficulty in adjusting to the norms of that new society.
Social order is considered to be the method of explaining such rules and regulations so that we live in a society along with its members. Social order is very essential for organizing everyday social life.
When a particular group of people engage in a social activity, their social behavior may seem to threaten others. For example, when a group of people shout and scream in a street, the onlookers might find that their life, their neighborhood and society in…
Bromley, S. Hinchliffe S. & Taylor S., 2009. Making Social Lives. Open University.
Social work history displays that the desire of social justice is both a task and a myth for employees and their immediate predecessors in organizations. This study provides a critical analysis of Janet Finn's and Maxine Jacobson's work titled "Just Practice." The great focus is on the first and the third chapter where their contributions and critical omissions are identified. Finn and Jacobson have worked hard to illustrate the historical development of social work, which was largely premised on charity for the poor (Finn, & Jacobson, 2003). In both chapters, they have elaborated in length on how social work came into being. Ideally, social work history revolves around the industrial revolution and the way the rise of capitalism created a gap between the rich and the poor. In the first chapter, the role of Charity Organization Societies and Settlement House Movement as the pioneers of social work has been elucidated…
Barusch, A.S. (2009). Foundations of social policy: Social justice in human perspective. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Finn, J.L., & Jacobson, M. (2003). Just practice: a social justice approach to social work. Peosta, Iowa: Eddie Bowers Pub. Co..
Leiby, J. (1978). A history of social welfare and social work in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lundy, C., & Lundy, C. (2011). Social work, social justice, & human rights: A structural approach to practice. North York, Ont: University of Toronto Press.
...liberty to captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free,,: (Luke 4: 18)
Summary & Conclusion
The teaching of the Catholic Church in relation to social rights and responsibilities is quite clear however, it has been noted to be critical by the U.S. ishops that the church teaches these social principles more clearly and more persistently to the church in advancing the Kingdom of God and in fulfillment of the Great Commission.
yron, William J. (1998) Ten uilding locks of Catholic Social Teaching. America - the National Catholic Weekly Vol. 196 No. 3-29, January 29. Online available at http://www.americamagazine.org/articles/catholicsocialteachingbryon.cfm.
Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana
ISN 88-209-7716-8. Online available at: www.vatican.va/roman_curia/p ontifical_councils/justpeace/docum…
Byron, William J. (1998) Ten Building Blocks of Catholic Social Teaching. America - the National Catholic Weekly Vol. 196 No. 3-29, January 29. Online available at http://www.americamagazine.org/articles/catholicsocialteachingbryon.cfm .
Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana
ISBN 88-209-7716-8. Online available at: www.vatican.va/roman_curia/p ontifical_councils/justpeace/docum ents/rc_pc_justpeace_doc_20060526_compendio-dott-soc_en.html#the%20Church,%20the%20Kingdom%20of%20God%20and% 20 the%20renewal%20of%20social%20relations
Cf. John Paul II, Encyclical Letter Redemptor Hominis, 11: AAS 71 (1979), 276: "The Fathers of the Church rightly saw in the various religions as it were so many reflections of the one truth, 'seeds of the Word', attesting that, though the routes taken may be different, there is but a single goal to which is directed the deepest aspiration of the human spirit" Cited in: Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (2004)) Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church- to Hi Holiness Pope John Paul II Master of Social Doctrine and Evangelical Witness to Justice and Peace. 2004. Libreria Editrice Vaticana
By the 1980s, theories had begun to swing the other way again, with doubts being cast on the relevance of aggregate social strain theories (Bernard 1987). Even social strain theorists were finding new and more individualistic and specific features within the theory (Agnew 1985).
In the past two decades, social strain theory has continued to be attacked by some as an antiquated and invalidated method for explaining subversive and criminal behavior, with some theorists stating outright that the empirical evidence supports alternative explanations far better than it supports traditional social strain theories (Burton et al. 1994). Other researchers have found evidence that in their view directly refutes certain aspects of social strain theory while seeming to support certain other conclusions and hypotheses that are a part of the overall explanation for criminality (De Clercq & Dakhil 2009). Ultimately, all of the problems and discrepancies that have been found with social…
Agnew, R. (1985). A revised strain theory of delinquency. Social forces 64(1): 151-67.
Bernard, T. (1987). Testing social strain theories. Journal of research in crime and delinquency 24(4): 262-80.
Burton, V., Cullen, F., Evans, T. & Dunaway, R. (1994). Reconsidering strain theory: Operationalization, rival theories, and adult criminality. Journal of quantitative criminology 10(3): 213039.
De Clercq, D. & Dakhil, M. (2009). Personal strain and ethical standards of the self-employed. Journal of business venturing 24(5): 477-90.
(Huff, Social ork, 2000, Chapter 1, p.3)
Private efforts were not enough to treat the ills caused by the unchecked capitalism of the Gilded Age, however, an age that brought tremendous wealth to some Americans and tremendous poverty to others. During the first depression occasioned by this split between the haves and the have-nots in 1890, private relief organizations could not cope. "In Mulberry Bend, the heart of the Italian district, one-third of all babies born in 1888 died before their first birthdays. Traditional agencies such as the Children's Aid Society and the Salvation Army were overwhelmed, incapable of meeting the demands placed on their services." (Huff, Social ork, 2000, Chapter 1, p.4) "The old shibboleths commonly accepted as the major causes of poverty, low character, indolence, and intemperance, were replaced with more systemic theories," that sought economic and social causes as the cure, rather than moral reform. (Huff, Social…
Murray, Jill. (1996) "The Social Work History Online Time-Line." The School of Social Work. Retrieved 10 Nov 2005. http://www.gnofn.org/~jill/swhistory/
Huff, Dan. (2000) Social Work: Progress and Reform. A Cyberhistory of Social Work's Most Formative Years. Retrieved 10 Nov 2005 http://www.idbsu.edu/socwork/dhuff/history/central/tc.htm
Social workers try to help people make the most of their environment, their relationships, and any struggles they might have with money or family. A lot of social workers deal with people who face life-threatening circumstances, such as criminal activity or substance abuse. Other issues that social workers try to tackle are inadequate housing, unemployment, illness, disability, or difficulties around childbirth (Social Work Professions: Summary of the Social Worker Fields, 2010).
There are various social work specializations, but the larger categories include child, family, and school social workers, who provide social services and assistance to children and their families; medical and public health social workers who provide support for people with illnesses, such as Alzheimer's disease, cancer, or AIDS; mental health and substance abuse social workers who deal with people who struggle with psychological issues; and social workers who deal with the intricacies of social policy and planning (Social Work…
Social Work Practice. (n.d.). Retrieved August 31, 2010, from Web site:
Social Work Professions: Summary of the Social Worker Fields. (2010). Retrieved August 31,
2010, from Education Portal Web site: http://education-
In the Hastings and Saren article dealing with social marketing the literature foundation used throughout the article spans a few decades in content. The authors do an excellent job at melding old with new literature in order to provide a basis for the evolving social marketing concept. The theoretical framework consists of components of how and why social marketing is used in today's modern society. The researchers theorize that social marketing is an excellent method for addressing many of society's woes because it has the "potential to make a unique contribution to the increasingly important field of behaviour change; and the added weight and insights it can bring to critical marketing" (p. 306).
In order to support this assertion, the researchers provide data from a number of sources and experts. The researchers argue that the exchange theory and more recent thinking about relationship building still has not achieved…
Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and he can feed himself for life. How could you put this principle into practice through the development of a social entrepreneurship venture?
Development of Social Entrepreneurialism
Corporate Social Responsibility
Social Entrepreneurship and Food
Social entrepreneurship was introduced in the 1970s to address the issue of social sustainably and the term "social entrepreneur." This analysis will begin by providing a brief history as well as a working definition for the concept of social entrepreneurialism. It will also discuss some of the related movements that have been working towards some of the same goals, albeit, from different directions to address various challenges in society and the environment. Furthermore, a more detailed overview of the exact challenges that are present in society that social entrepreneurialism can work to address will…
Abu-Saifan, S., 2012. Social Entrepreneurship: Definition and Boundaries. [Online]
Available at: http://timreview.ca/article/523
[Accessed 28 April 2016].
Ashoka, N.d.. Vision and Mission. [Online]
Social Policies in Community Agencies
Hall (2013) opines that social workers practicing from a community organizing or development perspective try to tackle systemic problems that lead to negative social issues. Social policy attempts to study how society promotes individual and family welfare. Also, the policies tend to be consistent with what the government of the day views to be the most optimal way to help those who are disadvantaged and can't help themselves. A number of these social policies are incorporated in the works of community agencies. They include availing supportive services to the vulnerable members of society and coming up with long-term policies handling care services so as to help this disadvantaged demographic.
Serving Seniors Agency
Social Problems, Social Policies, Target Population and Services Provided
From 1970, Serving Seniors, a program based in San Diego County, has been one of the leading service providers to seniors with…
The form of oppression and discrimination discussed in Unit 2 is mental health problems among veteran are further compounded by other problems such as financial difficulties, joblessness, marriage problems, social isolation, and homelessness (Smith et al., 2017). These problems are major risk factors for suicide and substance abuse. The federal policy from the Library of Congress that relates to this social justice is the Affordable Healthcare Act.
Include a description of the programs and services that are provided through the policy. What is the purpose of this policy? What problem does it seek to remedy?
The Affordable Care Act is also referred to as the health care law and was established with the main purpose of providing more Americans with greater accessibility to affordable health insurance, enhancing the quality of health care and health insurance, and also diminishing health care spending in the in the United States. Basically, its main…
social science indentified as social psychology studies the influences that affect how individuals in a society interact with one another (Kenrick, 2006). In doing so, it applies scientific methods to measure how a variety of different factors such as group behavior, social perception, leadership, conformity, aggression and prejudice serve to affect how members of society relate to each other. In doing so, social psychologists examine the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of both the individuals and groups who incorporate society. They also measure the effect that culture factors such as advertising, television, literature, and the movies contribute to these interactions.
Through the study of social psychology experts in the field use empirical methods in an attempt to explain why people organize themselves in groups, make decisions, behave in deviant ways, and form dating relationships. The field of social psychology has adopted a number of approaches to study in this area but…
Abelson, R.P. (2003). Experiments with People: Revelations from Social Psychology. London: Psychology Press.
Kenrick, D.T. (2006). Social Psychology: Goals in Interaction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Ally & Bacon, Inc.
Oishi, S. (2009). Sociology: A Lost Connection in Social Psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 334-353.
These "interventions are strategies that target whole communities in order to build public resources and attend to the factors that contribute to child maltreatment" (Holzer et al. 2006 p 3). In NAPCAN's 2006 campaign, the organization was promoting parental education through social marketing. NAPCAN's campaign is directed at individuals in order to bring awareness of how their parenting can negatively impact their children.
One of the biggest strengths the campaign boasted was its price tag. The cost effectiveness of social media is a major strength to the overall campaign. Prevention programs are often less likely to be rigorously funded and supported by government agencies and institutions, with most funding coming only for short periods of campaign management (Tomison 1998). As a result, social media serves as an extremely beneficial platform because of its cost effective nature. The cost of the campaign is much less than other forms…
Barth, Richard P, 2009. Preventing child abuse and neglect with parent training: Evidence and opportunities. Future of Children, 19(2), 95-119.
Horsfall, Briony, Bromfield, Leah, and McDonald, Myfanwy, 2010. Are social marketing campaigns effective in preventing child abuse and neglect? National Child Protection Clearinghouse Issues, 32(2010), 1-28.
Holzer, Prue J., Higgins, Jenny R., Bromfield, Leah M., Richardson, Nick and Higgins, Daryl, 2006. The effectiveness of parent education and home visiting child maltreatment prevention programs. National Child Abuse Prevention Clearinghouse Issues, 24(Autumn 2006), 1-24.
Kaplan, Andreas M. And Haenlein, Michael, 2010. Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons, 53(2010), 59-68.
The manufacturing, advertising, and retailing of a product devoid of consideration for ethical, legal, and social aspects is harmful to the general success of any entity. The company in consideration is Jolly Company, which is presenting Bubbly Energy Drink. This is a start-up company that will have its base of operations in the State of Texas, in the United States. With the U.S. being the domestic market, the international market included in this discussion is Mexico. Energy drinks are amidst the most fast growing business segments of the entire beverage industry in the present day and are progressively more market in the direction of young individuals. Owing to the fact that these drinks are comparatively new to the market, the impacts of their longstanding use continues to be vague, and there is increasing proof to hint that they may be detrimental to young consumers. One of the legal issues linked…
Problems and issues are inevitable in every society. These can be societal problems or issues that are profession-related. Sometimes people are so accustomed with their situation that effecting change would result to a social problem. A child who had been a victim of long-term domestic abuse may not welcome change if that change would mean being departed from his own family. A government employee would not welcome change if it would mean a loss in his
"corruption-takings." Or a victim of racism may be reluctant to change if his employment would be endangered.
Change is the only thing permanent in this world but it can be controlled. Change may cause problems but these problems may also cause further changes if not solved. 'Social change is the shifts in the attitudes and behavior that characterize a society' (Greenwood & Guner 2008).
Some of the societal and profession-related problems that need…
Greenwood, J. & Guner, N. (2008 May).Social Change. Bonn, Germany.
More. (2011). Social Justice Launch Pad. Retrieved 22 Jun 2011, www.more.com.
NASW. (2011). Code of Ethics of the Natl. Association of Social Workers. Retrieved 22 Jun
The authors believe that some citizens have become "...socialized into a particular ideological system that molds their values, attitudes, beliefs and/or symbolic predispositions on a wide range of issues, including political parties and the economy." And this article also found that most party interests and self-interests revolve around both ideological considerations and economic considerations; however, those voters who are on the lower rung of the economic ladder tend to be less ideological and more economically-motivated, which makes sense.
Labour...[which is] traditionally welfare state in ideology, was the party that initiated the conversion to neoliberalism" prior to the election of the Alliance in 1999, the article continues. Allen and Ng write that many members of the Labour party "felt confused and betrayed" when the Alliance moved away from the welfare state policies and into neoliberalism. Another result of the Labour Alliance's shift from welfare to neoliberalism was an "increase in poverty…
Allen, Michael W.; & Ng, Sik Hung. (2000). Self-Interest, Economic Beliefs, and Political Party Preference in New Zealand. Political Psychology, 21(2), 323-345.
Blair, Tony. (1998). Tony Blair, the Third Way. Goucher College History Department. Retrieved 9 July 2008, at http://faculty.goucher.edu/history231/blair.htm.
Blair, Tony, & Schroeder, Gerhard. (1999). Europe: The Third Way. Retrieved 9 July, 2008, at http://www.socialdemocrats.org/blairandschroeder6-8-99.html, also available from www.labour.org.uk;produced by Social Democrats.
Giddens, Anthony. (2000). Social Democracy and the Third Way. In the Third Way and Its Critics, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
social work was mainly influenced by my desire to work with people. As a teenager, I saw several of my friends being helped by social workers in manner that left me motivated. My motivation was fuelled by the fact that I believe in the power of knowledge in alleviating problems in the society. This is why I embarked on a research process that would help me in advancing knowledge in the field of social science. Other than working with people, I strongly felt the urge of empowering them in a manner which is congruent with the existing social values and beliefs.
Before embarking on my research, I took a lot of time to thinks of the areas of knowledge in social science which had a deficit. This process allowed me to coin a precise problem statement which would later on help me in finishing my research. The problem statement was…
Conflict of social norms and its effect on school environment
Social norms can be defined as the rules that determine what should be done or avoided by people in their social settings and circumstances. Norms make sure that people keep promises, ranging from the lane to drive on, to sticking by the golden rule. These are tools for explaining phenomena. They are used to analyze the state of the world even as great as international diplomacy or as subtle and ordinary as traffic rules. However, the body of knowledge regarding norms is spread across disciplines and traditions of research with unclear guidelines or consensus on the way the term should be put to use. Existing research on the subject has largely majored on the effects of the norms and the content of the same. By description, social norms cut across such disciplines as sociology, game theory, economics, and legal studies…
college education, learning and practicing the social responsibility and the significance of inculcating a strong sense of social responsibility in college students.
Man's main task in life is to give birth to himself, to become what he potentially is. The most important product of his effort is his own personality"- Erich Fromm.
This personality is shaped and refined through the enlightenment gained through education, personal experiences and personal efforts to ameliorate one's personality by tapping the dormant talent and by adhering to the learned moral and social values. In order to keep our values intact for the rest of our lives and to become what we potentially are education is a must, for mentors at all levels inculcate a strong sense of discipline and responsibility in the college-going students, qualities that facilitate them in being productive and successful citizens.
Where educational institutions fulfill their social responsibility by providing various facilities…
Fromm E. Available at http://www.quoteland.com/topic.asp?CATEGORY_ID=108 (October 24, 2002)
Vaughn W (1999). From Sociality to Responsibility: Graduate Employee Unions and the Meaning of the University. Perspectives: Issues in Graduate Education.
Clayton M (1999). Cultivating character. The Christian Science Monitor, 06-15, pp 15
Arawi T (2002). Values in Education, Volume: 2, Journal of College and Character.
children in the United States suffer from learning disabilities and disabilities that impair their ability to socialize properly with others. Social skill interventions are designed to help students with specific disabilities like autism understand how to learn and adapt while in a social setting like a classroom or school trip. One such project, the HANDS project, developed a way to support students with autism spectrum disorder learn important social and life skills. "The HANDS project has developed a mobile cognitive support application for smartphones, based on the principles of persuasive technology design, which supports children with ASD with social and life skills functioning -- areas of ability which tend to be impaired in this population" (Mintz, Branch, March, & Lerman, 2012, p. 53).
This kind of technology is not only easy to access, but easy to use making it feasible for any parent or teacher looking to help a student.…
MacFarlane, K. & Woolfson, L. (2013). Teacher attitudes and behavior toward the inclusion of children with social, emotional and behavioral difficulties in mainstream schools: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Teaching and Teacher Education, 29, 46-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2012.08.006
Mintz, J., Branch, C., March, C., & Lerman, S. (2012). Key factors mediating the use of a mobile technology tool designed to develop social and life skills in children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders. Computers & Education, 58(1), 53-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.07.013
Walton, K. & Ingersoll, B. (2012). Improving Social Skills in Adolescents and Adults with Autism and Severe to Profound Intellectual Disability: A Review of the Literature. J Autism Dev Disord, 43(3), 594-615. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1601-1
Monetizing Environmental Goods and Services
Monetizing ecosystem services is not essential for ecological sustainability. Thus, all goods and services provided by nature should not be commoditized and given an economic value or price so that they can be traded properly and accounted for in economic decisions to bolster their conservation. Monetization is only effective in the realm of presenting penalties for ecosystem violations, though even then it presents as a flawed system. The monetization of natural resources and ecosystems marks a violation of our integrity and collective human spirit.
Nature and all organic processes already have an inherent value that makes them valuable. It's up to society to realize that value, and to treat these attributes as precious through their time and attention. All attempts to monetize or to ascribe a financial value either artificially or through government support generally manifest as unsustainable. For example, the government often tries to…
Ackerman, F., & Gallagher, K. (2000, October). Getting the Prices Wrong. Retrieved from Global Development: [HIDDEN]
Kinzig, A. (2011, November). Paying for Ecosystem Services -- Promise and Peril. Retrieved from Sciencemag.org: [HIDDEN]
Spash, C. (2008). How Much is that Ecosystem in the Window? Retrieved from Environmental Values: [HIDDEN]
Stavins, R. (2009, April). What Explains the Recent Popularity of Market-Based Envrionmental Solutions? Retrieved from [HIDDEN]
Book Critique on the book boys adrift
Book critique: Boys Adrift
For many years, there was a great deal of concern expressed about the poor performance of girls in schools. Although girls often excelled during the early grades, boys tended to edge out girls in terms of grades and on standardized tests, particularly in the sciences and math. However, girls have begun to catch up with their male counterparts in the wake of the influence of the feminist movement, which has profoundly changed the ways in which women are educated and viewed by the educational system. Now women are beginning to surpass their male counterparts according to some indicators such as college attendance. Women have not yet become able to earn as much money as men for the same work but their role in society has clearly changed. This has provoked a great deal of anxiety amongst some…
Sax, L. (2009). Boys Adrift. Basic Books.
Scenario One; Mr. K
My Life is a train Wreck
I can't sleep at night
I can't do my work
I think my boss is getting tired of my mistakes
I also forgotten to pay my some of my bills
Creditors are calling the time
The Chief Reason: My Life is a train Wreck
Mr. K, I have heard about your story and I regret what you and your wife had to experience. I do not consider divorce as a fruitful option, especially if the culprits are not prepared for their outcomes. However, with a close analysis, you should rethink about your life, especially in relation to your mental health. Based on the synopsis you have been having about your social and economic life, you will agree with me that you might need to change the way you view life.
From my understanding,…
I have had friends that I've known since I was in grade school. Our initial interaction occurred because of our attraction toward one another. We had so many things in common, such as the same favorite television shows and the same favorite sports. Our proximity to one another also aided in the development of this attraction toward one another. We all lived on the same block and therefore had more opportunities to interact with one another outside of the school setting.
Although physical attractiveness did not necessarily influence our friendship, according to Myers (2012), it is usually the first step in any sort of relationship, even those that are platonic in nature. The theory of physical attractiveness is based on research conducted that tends to suggest that people who are viewed as being more physically attractive are seen as being more approachable (Myers, 2012). My relationship with my friends can…
David, M. (2012). Social psychology. (11 ed.). New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Social Engineering Attacks Counter Intelligence
Social Engineering Counter Intelligence
Describe what social engineering and counterintelligence are and their potential implications to our national security in regard to the leaked Afghan War Diary and the Iraq War Logs.
Social engineering is the theft of classified information. Then, using it to change everyone's opinions and perceptions about what is happening. Counter intelligence is preventing hostile enemies or organizations from obtaining access to sensitive material. These areas are viewed from two different perspectives. The first one is that of more liberal attitudes. They believe that any kind of secret files, are allowing the U.S. government to hide the truth. This is when it has no accountability for engaging in different actions. These voices, feel any kind of disclosures of classified information, is critical to understanding the larger issues and letting the public (i.e. world) know what they are up to. (Mulrine, 2013) (Harding,…
Wiki Leaks. (2010). ABC News. Retrieved from: http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wikileaks-109000-deaths-iraq-war/story?id=11949670
Wiki Leaks Releases. (2010). VOA News. Retrieved from: http://www.voanews.com/content/wikileaks-releases-400000-classified-us-military-files-105568738/128719.html
Fowler, A. (2011). The Most Dangerous Man in the World. Carlton: University of Melbourne Press.
Harding, L. (2011). Wiki Leaks. New York, NY: Public Affairs.
Social Network and Its Effects on the Developing Brain
The enhancing quantity of time kids are investing on computer systems in their home and institution has actually raised concerns about how using computer innovation might make a distinction in their lives-- from assisting with research to triggering depression to motivating terrible habits. This short article offers a review of the restricted study on the impacts of personal computer use on kids' physical development. Preliminary study recommends, for instance, that access to computer systems enhances the overall quantity of time kids invest in front of a TV or computer screen at the expenditure of other individual tasks, therefore putting them at danger for excessive weight. At the exact same time, intellectual study recommends that playing video game can be an essential foundation to computer proficiency due to the fact that it boosts kids' capability to check out and picture images in…
Deadwyler, S.A. (2008) 'Systemic and nasal delivery of Orexin -- A (Hypocretin-1) reduces the effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance in nonhuman primates', Journal of Neuroscience, 27 (52): 14239 -- 47.
Linn, S. And Poussaint, A.F. (1999). The Trouble With Teletubbies. The American prospect. May 1, 1999. June.
Sigman, A. (2007a) Remotely Controlled: How Television Is Damaging Our Lives, Vermilion, London
Sigman, A. (2007b) 'Visual voodoo: the biological impact of watching television', The Biologist, 54 (1): 14 -- 19