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She is an embarrassment to Macon Dead, whose
artificial lifestyle is contrasts with Pilate's. However, Pilate is
welcoming and open to Milkman and Guitar, and her love for Milkman goes
back to his childhood when Pilate helped his mother conceive him, and
protected him from being aborted. Although Milkman feels no real love for
his own family or for Hagar, Pilate is the force that helps him open his
Another influence on Milkman's conscience comes from his long-time
friend named "Guitar," who is angry and serious about retribution. Guitar
questions him on his selfish behavior and shallow values and tells him,
"Now you know something about yourself you didn't know before; who you are
and what you are.... If things ever got tough you'd melt. You're not a
serious person, Milkman" (104). The legends of Milkman's heritage become
real to him, and finally, firmly establish his values. The praise…
Morrison, Toni Song of Solomon, Penguin Books, New York: 1987.
Macon & Pilate in Song of Solomon
Toni Morrison's novel, Song of Solomon, is a story of discovery as well as a story of celebrating heritage. ith her stylistic technique, Morrison is able to create colorful characters to help demonstrate the perplexity and uniqueness of individuals. Through the characters of Macon and Pilate, Morrison illustrates how society and nature influences them in a profound way. By weaving their stories into a story of self-discovery and heritage, Morrison captures the essence of the power of influence as well as the power of one's own mind.
The influence of nature is most prevalent when Macon and Pilate are young, and have just left the protective care of their Aunt Circe and venture into the woods. This departure leads to the scene where they encounter the spirit of their father. Clearly Macon has a different reaction to the spirit, as does Pilate. Pilate…
Morrison, Toni. Song of Solomon. New York: Plume Books.1987.
Song of Solomon," by Toni Morrison, "The Stranger," by Albert Camus, and "Siddhartha," by Hermann Hesse. Specifically, it asks fundamental questions about the meaning of guilt and responsibility.
Using these three stories, show the difference between guilt and responsibility.
GUILT AND ESPONSIBILITY
The Stranger" is probably the most unsettling of the three novels, and Meursault is the most interesting and controversial character. Some people see him as simply cold and unfeeling. Others see him as a symbol; he stands for truth, because he will not cover up his feelings in order to conform to what society wants or thinks. He is a 30-year-old shipping clerk in the city of Algiers, during the 1930s. His main interests are swimming, his work, and watching the people of Algiers from his balcony.
In the first part of the story, his mother has died, and he attends the funeral, but is so unemotional about…
Bree, Germaine, ed. Camus. A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1962.
Hesse, Hermann. Siddhartha. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 1922. [Bantam, 1982].
Morrison, Toni, and Harold Bloom. Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon. Ed. Williams, Tenley. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1999.
Whissen, Thomas Reed. Classic Cult Fiction: A Companion to Popular Cult Literature. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Lamentations and Songs of Solomon: A Study in Contrast
Lamentations and Songs of Solomon are both poetic books in the Hebrew Bible; however, whereas Lamentations is a lament poem, the Songs of Solomon is more of a love poem. Nonetheless, the two complement each other, providing a number of crucial insights about love, God, sin, and the destruction of God's relationship with the church. This text demonstrates how the two books complement each other in providing insights for daily Christian living.
Analysis of Lamentations and the Songs of Solomon
Lamentations and Songs of Solomon are the two final poetic works dealt with in this course. Neither fits perfectly into the confines of psalm or wisdom poetry; however, both include elements of the same. The main difference between the two is that they focus on two different aspects of life -- love and death. The Song of Solomon presents itself as…
Brenner, A. (1989). The Songs of Songs. Sheffield: JSOT Press.
Huey, F. B. (1993). Jeremiah, Lamentations. Nashville, TN: Broadman Press.
Slavitt, D. R. (2001). The Book of Lamentations: A Meditation and Translation. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
The Song also affirms, albeit, that humans consist of more than mere bodies.
Francis Landy (2007), University of Alberta, notes in his review of "Song of Songs," by Richard S. Hess, that Hess intentionally writes with his conservative audience in mind. "He assumes a context of married love for the Song, while recognizing that this is never made explicit: 'the erotic love of the couple does not lie outside the bounds of marriage but is integral to it" (Hess, quoted in Landy, ¶ 2). Hess resists direct sexual interpretations, for instance of 5:4-5 as a euphemistic description of intercourse, pointing out that "the whole point of the passage is the failure of the couple to reach and touch each other."
Tremper Longman (2001) points out in Song of Songs that, according to the Bible, the relationship between a husband and wife reflects the most intimate of all possible human relationships.…
Cunningham, Lawrence S. "Religion Booknotes (Letters to a Young Catholic, The
Church's Bible, The Song of Songs, Behind Closed Doors: A History of Papal Elections,
Dorothy Day: Portraits by Those Who Knew Her )" Commonweal Foundation. (2005).
HighBeam Research. 9 July 2009 .
Her society tells her she needs one, and when Milkman enters her life, she invests her entire personality in him. When he leaves her, Hagar lacks the self she needs to survive. Pathetically, she tries to create a self that Milkman will want by buying makeup and clothes, turning her beautiful African hair a horrible orange (Milkman has been dating light-skinned redheads), and generally abasing herself.
Morrison certainly deviates from a sterotypical feminist perspective when she criticizes Hagar's possessiveness as well as Milkman's cruelty. When Hagar and uth argue over Milkman, Pilate points out that a man is not a house to be owned. Finally, when Hagar is trying to kill Milkman (not able to possess him, she does not know what else to do), Guitar tells her how wrong she is to base her value on the possession of a man. How can Milkman love her if she is…
Bakerman, Jane. Failures of Love: Female Initiation in the Novels of Toni Morrison, American Literature 52 ( January 1981), 541.
Cowart, David. Faulkner and Joyce in Morrison's Song of Solomon. American Literature 62.1 (1990): 87-100.
Duvall, John N. Doe. Hunting and Masculinity: Song of Solomon and Go Down, Moses. Arizona Quarterly 47.1 (1991): 95-115.
Marilyn, Atlas. A Woman Both Shiny and Brown: Feminine Strength in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon. Society for the Study of Midwestern Literature Newsletter 9 (Fall 1979), 1-13.
In addition, heavy taxation and hard work in the military led to bitterness among the people, as did the special privileges he granted to Judah in favor of the northern tribes. For this, the kingship was taken away from olomon's descendants and given to Jeroboam son of Nebat. God's words to olomon regarding this issue appear in 1 Kings 11: 13:... "I will not tear away the whole kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of my servant David, and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen." For the same reason, olomon was spared this event during his lifetime. olomon died after 40 years as ruler of Israel and was buried in the City of David, like his father. As prophesied, olomon's empire was lost and divided after his death. Both kings reigned with wisdom, but also with a fair amount of…
Holy Bible. The New King James Version. New York: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1983
Schoenberg, Shira. "David." Jewish Virtual Library, 2007. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/David.html
Schoenberg, Shira. "Solomon." Jewish Virtual Library, 2007. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Solomon.html
unter and the unted:
Courtly Love and the Many Faces of the ero
Literature abounds in depictions of the hero.
Solomon, Esther, Gawain, and countless others call to mind tales of strength, valor, and passion. Whether a text's purpose is religious, instructional, or purely a matter of entertainment, a single character stands out. Emotion is often overpowering, as too, are the choices between what is right and what is wrong. Morality plays an equally important role in each of these "superhuman" stories. Frequently, the path of virtue is crossed by the highways of desire. A hero may take the high road, or he may take the low road, but which choice is correct depends upon the specific circumstances of the narrative, and upon the central figure's point-of-view. A bewildering array of problems, impossible tasks, and larger-than-life villains can turn closely-held beliefs inside out, and cause a hero to commit acts…
Heide Estes, "Bertilak Reads Brut: History and the Complications of Sexuality in Sir Gawain and the Green
Knight," Essays in Medieval Studies, 17, 72, Allen J. Frantzen, Ed. Illinois Medieval Association, 2000.
Guinevere Shaw, "Interpretations of Honor in the Medieval Period," URL: http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Hall/1170/medhero.html.
The meaning for life has illusively evaded humans for centuries. Theories abound, yet the hunger remains as mankind seeks to identify a purpose for their existence. The question of our purpose is often unknowingly based on two other unanswered queries. While some seems to construct on a meaning of life from their accomplishments, basing personal value, purpose, meaning on what he or she builds to leave behind after his death is a huge assumption. Constructivists believe that because a reality outside of this life does not exist, the construction one's own personal reality, and meaning for life is the only example. This assumption is particularly American in understanding, having evolved out of the prosperity of the West in combination with the trend of distancing ourselves from religious traditions. However, if the discussion is the meaning of life, our conclusions must be more universally applicable than to a nation…
Freud, S. Civilization and its discontents. Accessed 29 April 2004. Website: http://www.english.upenn.edu/~afilreis/50s/freud-civ.html
Morrison, T. The Song of Solomon. Western Washington University. Accessed 29 April 2004. http://www.az.com/~andrade/morrison/start.html
Nietzsche, F. On the Genealogy of Morals. 1887. Translated by Ian Johnston Malaspina University-College Nanaimo, BC. Accessed 29 April 2004. Website: http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/Nietzsche/genealogytofc.htm
Warren, Rick. The Purpose Driven Life. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing Company. 1999.
7I bought male and female slaves, and had slaves who were born in my house; I also had great possessions of herds and flocks, more than any who had been before me in Jerusalem. 8I also gathered for myself silver and gold and the treasure of kings and of the provinces; I got singers, both men and women, and delights of the flesh, and many concubines.*
9 So I became great and surpassed all who were before me in Jerusalem; also my wisdom remained with me. 10 hatever my eyes desired I did not keep from them; I
kept my heart from no pleasure, for my heart found pleasure in all my toil, and this was my reward for all my toil. 11 Then I considered all that my hands had done and the toil I had spent in doing it, and again, all was vanity and a chasing after…
Constable, Thomas L. Notes on Ecclesiastes. Plano, TX: Sonic Light, 2010. Web.
Copeland, Mark. "The Book of Ecclesiastes." Executable Outlines, 2001. Web.
Gorman, Michael. Elements of Biblical Exegesis: A Basic Guide for Students and Ministers. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2009. Print.
McGee, J. Vernon. "Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon." Through the Bible, 2005. Print.
Biblical Events Which Were Significant in the Development of the Bible
This is a collection of praise songs or poems that were meant to praise God. It was an honest communication with God as well as response to Him. The psalmist was so open with his praise to God that it has over the years been considered the best praise that there is offered to God, with many believers in the Bible referring to it constantly for praise verses or quotes that they would like to give to God. Indeed, it is one of the books that are referred to severally even in the New Testament. Two thirds of the book of Psalms is attributed to David. David was known to be a good poet, musician, founder and organizer of temple music as well as a singer who often used stringed instruments to accompany the psalms/praises when he…
Campbell L., (2015). Psalms: Overview, Authorship, Canonicity, Genre. Retrieved August 3, 2015 from http://www.xenos.org/classes/psalms/psweek1.htm
Grace Communion International, (2015). Where was Golgotha? Retrieved August 3, 2015 from https://www.gci.org/Jesus/golgotha
Spiro K., (2015). Crash Course in Jewish History: King Solomon. Retrieved August 3, 2015 from http://www.aish.com/jl/h/cc/48937102.html
The Bible Study Site, (2015). Who Wrote the Book of Psalms? Retrieved August 3, 2015 from http://www.biblestudy.org/basicart/who-wrote-the-psalms.html
The books the researcher would first and foremost include the following books which currently constitute the Old and New Testament of the Bible:
Pentateuch - 5 books
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
Historical Books - 12 books
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, First Samuel, Second Samuel, First Kings, Second Kings, First Chronicles, Second Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
Poetical - 5 books
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
Prophetical - 17 books
Major Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
Minor Prophets - Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah
Historical Books - 12 books
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, First Samuel, Second Samuel, First Kings, Second Kings, First Chronicles, Second Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
Poetical - 5 books
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
Prophetical - 17 books
Major Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
Minor Prophets - Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Beeby, H. Dan. "No Loose Canon." International Review of Mission. World Council of Churches. 2000. HighBeam Research. 4 May 2009 .
Blue Letter r Bible. "Dictionary and Word Search for metathesis (Strong's 3331)." Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2009. 4 May 2009.
Slick, Matthew J. 2008. "What is the Canon?" Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry.
The book demonstrates faith during suffering, emphasized through Job's tribulations.
A book of poems, written primarily by David in praise of God.
A book of wisdom, often regarded as an instruction manual for a Godly life.
A book intended to help readers avoid painful situations of life experienced by Solomon.
Song of Solomon
This book is about love the sanctity of marriage.
A book about judgment and comfort, written by Isaiah.
A book of repentance, written by Jeremiah.
A book of poems that grieve Israel's ruin.
This book is a history of the fall of Jerusalem and God's judgment.
A history of Daniel's banishment in Babylon.
This book illustrates God's love for his people. Hosea's wife cheated on him Hosea drew closer to God because of it.
This book urges God's people to do right. Locusts are an example…
Paul twice refers to his helper, Onesimus, as "Beloved" (Colossians 4:9 and Philemon 1:16). But then, in Ephesians, Paul begins to speak of all of those who have been saved as the "Beloved." This is the first instance of a group being given this special blessing. In Ephesians 1:5-6, Paul says that we have been adopted as children of God, by God's own free will and good pleasure and praiseworthy grace, and we have been accepted into the Beloved who have been redeemed by the Blood and forgiven of our sins.
Truly, being the Beloved of God is a special favor. Paul tries to tell the members of the church in Rome how, though each one is favored by God in a different way, each is a member of a group that is loved by one another (Romans Chapter 12: 6-10). In Verses 9 and 10, Paul says: "Let love…
Sonnet: Shakespeare's Sonnet 129
I selected this sonnet because it is different from typical sonnets in that it is so angry. Shakespeare is writing not about love but about lust and the awful consequences it can bring to one who submits to it. It is also very graphic but in a subtle and elegant way, such as in the line ("the expense of spirit in a waste of shame"). Shakespeare's conclusion about lust is that while it is fun ("the heaven") it is also bad for one's physical and spiritual health ("this hell"). o me, this poem is a big warning sign to keep control of the passions.
1 Sound Poem: Hugo Ball's "Gadji beri bimba"
his poem is about how words are just sounds, noise, without meaning. It is a Dada poem. Dada is an art movement that satirized the very concept of art. hus, Ball writes a poem…
This is the best love poetry ever written, in my opinion. It is so sensual and spiritual and real and true all at the same time. The first line just blows me away -- "Let him kiss me with the kiss of his mouth: for thy breasts are better than wine" -- and people think the Bible is boring. Well, some of it might be, but this poem is not! To me, this poem is about everything, all love.
1 Haiku: Natsume Soseki's "Haiku"
I generally don't care for Haiku poems. They say little and never has one ever stuck with me. I chose this one because I wanted one by a Japanese author, but the brevity of the form makes it all but meaningless to me. There is the suggestion of an image, but there is no context and my mind is too restless to sit and contemplate the "beauty" of the image with so few words to go on.
The future bride is a virtuous woman, with beautiful physical attributes, coming from an equally wealthy family.
Moving on with the analysis of the symbols, we must underline the importance of their position in space. She is inside and he is outside. The inside of the house is a symbol of the private space, while the outside is the symbol of the public space. Residing in these spaces, the characters become symbols of them. We notice a blunt dichotomy in terms of gender definition. The man belongs to the public sphere, where the decisions are taken. The woman belongs to the private one, where she passively obeys the husband. The painter shows that the social role of the woman was that of a home maker. The role of the man is a lot more complex, as he stands outside, but gazes inside. Reading between the lines we understand that he…
Drogin, D., Harris, B. Lippi's portrait of a man and woman at a casement, http://www.smarthistory.org/lippis-portrait-of-a-man-and-woman-at-a-casement.html (accessed April 7,2011)
Fra Filippo Lippi Biography and works, http://www.frafilippolippi.org/biography.html (accessed April 9, 2011)
Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Portrait of a woman with a man at a casement . http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/89.15.19 (accessed April 8, 2011)
Though the Bible was written chronologically depending on time some mistakes were made in reference to that time but the mistakes are negligible the message are compatible from one to another from the Book of Genesis to the last book of evelation. There 8 accepted books of the Bible namely; Historical, Poetical, Major Prophets, Minor Prophets, The Gospels New Testament Historical, Epistles and the Prophetic Book evelation.
According to Christian foundation, Historical books purpose is to trace the origin and history of man, the Poetic Books brings out the civilization of man and the experiences of human heart, while the last division of the Old Testament which is the Prophetic Books exposes the theme of sin, what the man needs to do to reconcile back with God and the anticipation of the Messiah.
However the Gospels are combined together with Acts, as Historical Books covering the fulfillment of the…
Dead Sea Scrolls
According to Michael aigent and Richard Leigh, the Dead Sea Scrolls, since their discovery in the Judaean desert and their arrival at the various institutions that retain them today, have created "a contradiction. . . between the Jesus of history and the Christ of faith" and have indicated "how explosive a non-partisan examination of the scrolls might be for the whole of Christian theological tradition" (xii).
With this in mind, it is clear that the Dead Sea Scrolls contain historical information that could, in essence, upset the entire scheme of things in relation to the life of Jesus Christ and his role in the history of his people, being the Israelite Jews. Thus, the overall importance of the Dead Sea Scrolls lies in the fact that what theologians and religious historians currently accept as the truth concerning the history of Palestine and the role of Jesus within…
Baigent, Michael and Richard Leigh. The Dead Sea Scrolls Deception. New York: Summit Books, 1991.
Burrows, Millar. The Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Viking Press, 1955.
Rowley, E. Margaret, Ed. The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Preliminary Survey. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1952.
Trever, John. "When was the Qumran Cave 1 Discovered?" Revue de Qumran. Vol. 3, no. 9 (1961): 135.
Furthermore, the Bible has influenced the evolution of language. I was pleasantly surprised to find that the Old and New Testament are filled with phrases and maxims that have become part of common vernacular, such as "nothing new under the sun" from Ecclesiastics.
One of the overarching themes of this course has been to approach the Bible as a multi-authored collection. Each book possesses unique tones and perspectives that emerge upon close and comparative readings. The collective aspect of the Bible becomes especially clear when reading the Gospels of the New Testament. The alternative perspectives of the life of Jesus of Nazareth sometimes offer contradictory stories and interpretations of his life. Learning about the historical time frame for the Gospels surprised me considerably, as it too often seems that the books of the Bible were written concurrently.
Nothing in particular bothered me about studying the Bible from an academic perspective.…
Analysis How clear is the argument? Does it flow logically? Are there gaps, inconsistencies, or contradictions in the discussion or argument?
The author's argument that the Bible was inspired by the Holy Spirit, of course, cannot be proved or disproved. However, their use of exegetical techniques, and information about the historical context of when the Bible was written is valuable, and persuasively made. Merely because the Bible was affected by history does not mean that it cannot teach lessons for all time, provided one understands how historical context may give certain words or teachings a meaning present for today, that did not exist in the past.
Conclusion: Of what value is book? What does it add to the discourse?
Every chapter is helpful because of its focus on specific passages and genres for advancing the author's argument. The author's willingness to focus on differences in the Bible in terms of…
Bible: Canonical Developments
Canonicity is a term used to describe the "sacred books distinguished and honored as belonging to God's inspired word" (Keathley, 2013). This particular term has, since the fourth century, been applied to the books of the Bible. Conservative Christians and Jews today recognize the 39 Old Testament books as inspired; the oman Catholics, 88 (because of the semi-canonical apocrypha), and the Evangelical Protestants, the 27 New Testament books (Keathley, 2013). These were, however, not the only books written during the NT and OT periods. A number of questions, therefore, arise; what criterion was used in determining whether or not to include a book in the Bible? Why should Christians today trust these books as reliable, considering the massive changes the world has undergone since their inception? This text provides answers to these questions.
Historical Evidence of the Books that Make up Both the Old and New Testament…
Keathley, J.H. (2013). The Bible: the Holy Canon of Scripture. Bible .org. Retrieved from https://bible.org/seriespage/bible-holy-canon-scripture
Miller, J.W. (2004). How the Bible Came to be: Exploring the Narrative and Message. Mahwah: NJ: Paulist Press.
Science and religion have historically possessed a tumultuous relationship based upon the fact that the latter claims to hold the ultimate answers to the most fundamental questions of existence, while the former claims to hold the means to discovering many of these answers. Consequently, for much of human history they have been viewed as being analogous avenues to gaining knowledge of the world, merely attacked from different directions; science must eventually prove with reason what is already accepted upon faith. However, a number of scientific observations and interpretations have come into direct conflict with established doctrines of the Western, Christian Church. These scientific theories have caused many to question the validity of their faith, and many others to question the validity of science. Usually, the conflicts originate from formalized interpretations of Christianity rather than upon the fundamental basis of faith. In other words, science can neither prove nor disprove the…
McGreal, Ian P. (1992). Great Thinkers of the Western World. New York: Harper Collins.
Russell, Paul. (2005). "Hume on Religion." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Oct. 4.
Smart, Ninian. "The Experiential Dimension." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 2006.
Mozart: Composer for the Ages
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in 1756 in Salzburg. His full name as recorded on his Baptismal certificate is (in Latin) Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilis Amadeus Mozart. Though seven children were born in the family only Wolfgang and his elder sister survived infancy. Both were instructed in the ways of music by their father. Wolfgang showed early signs of being a prodigy.
His father Leopold was a music teacher and composer and passed on his love of music to his son, encouraging both of his children to perform. Mozart surprised his father at an early age by drafting his own composition, without encouragement (Deutsch, 1965).
Leopold took the children on extensive tours of Europe, having them perform in the Bavarian, Vienna, and Prague Courts. The duo was the equivalent of today's child-stars. Their touring led Mozart to meet important musicians like J.C. Bach. In ome,…
Cairns, D. (2006). Mozart and His Operas. Los Angeles, CA: University of California
Deutsch, O.E. (1965). Mozart: A Documentary Biography. CA: Stanford University
It is interesting thus that many of the symbols that usually have a positive meaning in the literary tradition, such as the starts which are shining brightly in the sky or Margaret's golden hair which makes her resemble an angelic figure, have negative connotations in the poem through the reversals that Celan proposes. Also, the blue eyes of the German master and the fact that he writes love letters to Germany might beguile the reader for a moment and make him or her believe that these are the symbols of purity and innocence in the text. Both the commander and Margaret symbolize the Arian race which was considered by Hitler as absolutely faultless. The fact that Margaret is corrupted and destroyed by evil in Faust is a hint at the way in which the Nazi regime turned the qualities of the Arian race into an instrument of evil. Sulamith, by…
Celan, Paul. Todesfuge. http://www.celan-projekt.de/
Goethe, Wolfgang. Faust. Ditzingen: Reclam, 2001
Heine, Heinrich. Das Skalvenschiff. http://www.martinschlu.de/literatur/gedichte/heinesklavenschiff.htm
Die Luther Bibel.
Many expatriates are able to find large communities of their own nationalities far flung from their homes, and this in another significant factor in the choice of expatriates to stay away from home (United Nations, 2006).
When people of any origin begin to build their own community in a new place, it is harder for them to move away from that which has become safe and familiar.
Perhaps, of all people, the African-Americans who were originally brought to the new world as slaves suffer from not being truly able to return home again. Brought to a country against their will, forced to take on names unfamiliar to their tongue and work for men who claimed dominance and supremacy above them, the African-American population is quite possibly the most interesting diaspora of all. The Museum of African Diaspora provides and interesting look into a culture trying to regain itself, by slave…
Mulcahy, M. & Fitzgibbon, M.T. The Voice of the Irish People: Songs and History of Ireland. Dublin: O'Brien Press. 1982
Swift, R. The historiography of the Irish in nineteenth century Britain, in P. O'Sullivan (ed). The Irish World Wide: History, Heritage, and Identity: Volume 2, the Irish in the New Communities, p.53.1992
No Author Noted. International migration and development. SECOND COMMITTEE of the 61st SESSION of the GENERAL ASSEMBLY. Migration and development.
Accessed via the Internet on 23 October 2006 at http://diplomacymonitor.com/stu/dm.nsf/dn/dn6A45689DAC9CE7C28525720D0037AFFE
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…
Purple highlight means reference from his thesis, chapters 1-5
Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)
Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received
Gray highlight means writer found this source
Much marketing research has been done on analysing customer behaviour and retention. As a consequence, it is crucial for online companies to create a loyal customer base, as well as to monitor the profitability of each segment (Reinartz and Kumar, 2002)
Definition of customer e-loyalty
Customer loyalty has been defined as "a deeply held commitment to re-buy or re-patronize a preferred product/service consistently in the future, thereby causing repetitive same-brand or same brand-set purchasing, despite situational influences and marketing efforts having the potential to cause switching behaviour" (Oliver, 1999). This general definition appears to apply to e-loyalty as well. Another briefer and more specific definition is provided by Anderson and Srinivasan (2003), who define e-loyalty as "the customer's favourable attitude toward an electronic business, resulting in repeat purchasing behaviour" (p. ____).
Since it is considered difficult to gain loyal customers on the internet without directly contact (Gommans et al., 2001),…
Bibliography and Reference
Anderson, R.E. And Srinivasan, S.S. (2003), E-satisfaction and e-loyalty: a contingency framework, Psychology and Marketing, Vol.20 No.2, pp. 123-38
Arregle, J.L., Borza, A., Dacin, M.T., Hitt, M.A., and Levitas, E. (2000), Partner selection in emerging and developed market contexts: Resource-based and organizational learning perspectives. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 449-67. In Everett & Lo, p. 17.
Bailey, Scott and Schultz, D.E. (2000), Customer/brand loyalty in an interactive marketplace. Journal of Advertising Research, Vol. 40, No. 3, p. 41.
Slavery is perhaps the cruelest form of treatment that one human being can inflict upon another.
Despite horrible conditions, slaves exhibited great strength and hope for their own race. Because of their hardships, slaves recognized the power of human dignity and the power of hop. hile most slaves resented their masters for their cruel treatment, they did not let this rob them self-respect or their hope for freedom. Through songs, poetry, and literature, slaves expressed their angst, sorrow, and hope.
Botkin's records several slave stories that reveal how slaves dealt with their cruel masters. In the account, "Hog-Killing Time," one slave remembers how the starving slaves would trick their master into thinking some of the hogs were infected with "malitis" in order to have enough meat for themselves. The malitis was caused by striking a hog between the eyes with a mallet and was the only way the slaves could…
Boyer, Paul, et al. The Enduring Vision. Vol. I: To 1877. 5th ed. New York: Houghton Mifflin. 2000.
therapy is usually applied in cases such as the one exhibited by Kong, following the loss of a loved one. The procedure is outlined below:
The Semi-Structured Clinical Interview
The informal assessment of individuals faced with the effects of the loss of a loved one such as Kong's case is the semi structured interview. This approach allows the therapist to classify victims according to the symptoms that they exhibit. The approach allows for the recording of changes in profile symptoms demonstrated over time. The information below should be collected from a client.
The mental illness history of the family
Ones medical history
Any past visits or interactions with a psychiatrist
One's social history
Varying aspects of one's specific information should be collected regarding the loss of a loved one
There is need to focus the interview details on the secondary and primary…
Music is something that reaches the soul. In other more pragmatic words we could state that its role is to answer psychological needs. From this pint of view the greatest opportunity that the artist benefits from is the one of making good quality music. Normally the high quality product should sell itself. In reality it will need a bit of promotion and advertising to achieve its purpose of becoming successful abroad.
Now that we have taken into consideration a multitude of strong points and opportunities, we should probably underline the fact that there are important threats that one must take into consideration. The first threat that we must analyze is represented by the competition. It is true that being a male could be an advantage on the international music market.
One may become the idol of the boys and a desired partner for the girls. Especially under the circumstances in…
Belch G.E., Belch M.A. (2008) Advertising and promotion: an integrated marketing communications perspective. McGraw Hill Higher Education
Benbasat, I., Gefen, D., Pavlou, P.A., (2008) "Trust in Online environments," Journal of Management Information Systems, vol. 24, no.4, pp.5-11
Doole, I., Lowe, R. (2008) International Marketing Strategy: analysis, development and implementation. South Western Educational Publishing
Graham, J, Cateora, P. (2008). International Marketing. McGRaw Hill Higher education
Jesus' Teachings, Prayer, & Christian Life
"He (Jesus) Took the Bread. Giving Thanks Broke it. And gave it to his Disciples, saying, 'This is my Body, which is given to you.'" At Elevation time, during Catholic Mass, the priest establishes a mandate for Christian Living. Historically, at the Last Supper, Christ used bread and wine as a supreme metaphor for the rest of our lives. Jesus was in turmoil. He was aware of what was about to befall him -- namely, suffering and death. This was the last major lesson he would teach before his arrest following Judas' betrayal. Eschatologically speaking, the above set the stage for the Christian ministry of the apostles, evangelists and priests. Indeed, every Christian is called to give of him or herself for the Glory of God and the Glory of Mankind. The message at the Last Supper was powerful. People have put themselves through…
Psalms in the Life of Israel: Psalm 45 and 51
Instructions: Complete the matrices by answering the questions regarding Psalm 45 and Psalm 51. Be sure to answer in complete sentences. Cite your sources. Incorporate the information of the Superscription of the Psalm in your responses.
What role did this psalm play in the life of the author and the recipient? (5)
Psalm 45 opens with the Superscription, 'To the chief musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil; a Song of Love,' which is a clear indication that it is a song written for the Israelites in celebration of love. The term Shoshannim is Hebrew for 'lily', the beautiful flower that brings delight and happiness; in the same way, love was supposed to bring delight and happiness to God's children (Dunn & Rogerson, 2012). To the author and recipient, therefore, both of whom belonged to the…
Antjie Krog's Country Of Grief And Grace
Antjie Krog (2000) uses metaphor and extended metaphor throughout the poem "Country of Grief and Grace" -- itself an exploration of existential crisis in South Africa, ravaged by apartheid and violence. Krog descends into this maelstrom to provide the reader a glimpse, a hope, a ray of light that beams through the sludge of hopelessness, despair and grief. Through her use of metaphor and extended metaphor, Krog constructs an alternate way of looking at the world in which she lives -- a framework that invites the reader to question the borders and boundaries of time and space which keep separate the past and the future, the young and the old, the black and the white. By merging or synthesizing the elements of her country into a cohesive whole, Krog shows that all is one -- and in this revelation is the seed of…
Many claim Islam increases their sense of worth. Islam particularly appeals to disaffected young men. Solomon, 23-years-old, participated in a television interview. "It's not a part of our religion to stand there and get stepped on," Solomon said. "That's why Islam is so good for the Aboriginal people." (Australian Aborigines...)
Europeans prefer the name "Koori" for Aborigine, even though they named the native Australians "Aborigine." Aborigine, however, means "from the beginning." Aborigines "taught their children dances, songs, and stories for both sacred and non-sacred rituals that taught them traditions and history of the past, present and future." (Australian Aborigines...) Along with plants, animals, other natural objects, man categorized himself with his totem. Aborigines focused on and blamed the supernatural for every scenario. Some individuals believed a victim of a spell would usually sicken and die, because they believed it would happen. At one time in the Aborigines' religion, the "medicine…
AIPR Fact sheet: Psychic and Mystical Experiences of the Aborigines. (2002). 07 December 2006. http://www.aiprinc.org/aborig.asp.
Australian Aborigines Dreamers. (2002). 7 December 2006. http://www.religionportal.com/ReligionFinder/religions/australiaaborigines.htm.
Australian Aboriginal Religion." (2006). 7 December 2006. http://philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/encyclopedia/westoc/abor.html.
OZ CITY AUSTRALIA - Australian Aborigines. (2001). 07 December 2006. http://ozcity.faithweb.com/aborigines.html .
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony is a symphonic-choral blend that revolutionized the way composers approached their work in the 19th century. It prepared the way for future artists like agner and set the tone for the Romantic spring of classical music composition. Its ideological foundation is rooted in the Romantic "Ode to Joy" poem of Friedrich Schiller, penned in 1785 in celebration of the poet's sense-feeling of the universal fraternity of mankind. Fraternity was a notion much in vogue at the time (the French Revolution adopted it as one of its mantras), but Beethoven takes Schiller's idea and elevates in an almost spiritual way, delivering sections of the "Ode" in choral form in the final movement of the Ninth Symphony. But before getting there, Beethoven develops massive musical themes that explore that nature and impulse of humankind's mind and heart. This paper will provide a biography of Beethoven, a history…
Cook, Nicholas. Beethoven's Ninth. UK: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Levy, David. Beethoven: The Ninth Symphony. CT: Yale University Press, 2003.
Solomon, Maynard. Beethoven. NY: Shirmer Books, 1997.
Women in Monasticism
Famous women in monasticism
In monasticism, the participation of women started very early and apart from the hermits who lived in the desert, there were women in ome who were living like in a monastic manner. One of the first such instances was Paula who founded with Jerome a double monastery in Bethlehem, as also Macrina in Cappadocia at nearly the same time. Even in recorded history, there are the records from Palladius from the 5th century saying that in the desert he encountered women in monastic lives. He had met a convent of 400 women led by a remarkable individual, Amma Talis which had been going on for 80 years. His records clearly state the freedom that these women seemed to have as also their generous hospitality. Another famous personality, Pachomius, who has founded the cenobitic monastery, had written down rules in the 3rd century BC,…
"Catholic Online Saints: St. Scholastica" Retrieved from http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=240 Accessed 26 September, 2005
"Christina of Markyate" Retrieved from http://womenshistory.about.com/cs/religion/p/c_markyate.htm
Accessed 26 September, 2005
"Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)" (18 August, 2005) Retrieved from http://home.infionline.net/~ddisse/hildegar.html Accessed 26 September, 2005
Abie's Irish Rose
____ Due Date:
Subject (Literary Work): Abie's Irish Rose Entry #:
A one-word (or phrase) response to this piece:
Seriously, that is the only appropriate short response to Abie's Irish Rose. As Pauline Kael said in her review of Song of Norway, the script brings back cliches you never even knew you knew.
Dion Boucicault managed to squeeze every last ounce of shamrock juice out of various "Stage Oirish" Paddy stereotypes in the 19th century. Nonetheless Anne Nichols manages to take it one step further by combining the Irish stereotypes with Jewish stereotypes. This script is clearly the evolutionary progenitor of a host of second-rate TV sitcoms.
A personal linkage the piece engendered:
I cannot understand how this tripe became the longest-running play in Broadway history. Then again, I don't know how the 2002 rom-com My Big Fat Greek Wedding ended up becoming…
1950s was a decade of change for the U.S. - cinema was no exception, as it modeled itself to accommodate the social changes U.S. society was going through. Films not only provide entertainment to masses but are also believed to express the general outlook of society by the way it sets and adopts trends. 50s was marked by postwar prosperity, rising consumerism, loosening up of stereotype families, baby boom and growing middle-class. It was the time of reaction to the aging cinema, especially by the freedom loving youth who were keyed up with fast food (Mc Donald's franchised in '54), credit card (first in 1950) and drive-in theaters (Filmsite.org). Young people were fed-up with the conventional illustration of men and women. With growing interest in ock-n-oll and break-free attitude prevailing, a social revolution was very much in the offering, and that was to transfer the cinema as well…
Smith, Geoffrey Nowell. (1996). The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Rafter, Nicole. (2000). Shots in the Mirror: Crime Films and Society. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Byars, Jackie. (1991). All That Hollywood Allows: Re-Reading Gender in 1950s Melodrama. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Wilinsky, Barbara. (1997). First and Finest: British Films on U.S. Television in the Late 1940s. Velvet Light Trap. Issue: 40. Pg 18.
It was in the World War 2 that something so huge was tried by The Nazi Germany that it was just impossible to continue it. Genocide was attempted by Adolf Hitler and his comrades; they made systematic and deliberate attempts to kill all of the Jewish community. Jews were blamed by the Nazis for the misfortune that they faced in World War 1 because of which after the war Hitler made it his mission to kill all the Jews. This genocide started in 1939 and lased till 1945. Adolph Hitler was the one by whom this whole thing was introduced as he wanted to get rid of all the minority races from Germany (Bergen, 2009).
In the World War 2 there was a lot of suffering but what happened with the Jews can't be forgotten. The Jewish people had a set of laws for them which were known…
Bergen, Doris (2009). The Holocaust: A Concise History. Rowman & Littlefield.
Longerich, Peter. (2010). Holocaust: The Nazi Persecution and Murder of the Jews. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Asian media, specifically anime and animated movies like "Spirited Away," impact Saudi youth?
Anime or what some may consider, Japanese animation, is one of the main aspects of Japanese media. It has reached millions of people worldwide and inspired fashion, movies, and even an entire city, Akihabara. Hayao Miyasaki's "Spirited Away" is what some consider one of his best works. The magic of this animated film has brought countless fans into the realm of anime and Japanese animation. ith its themes of connection, the spirit world, and memory, it has generated meaning and depth within its growing audience. The creator, Hayao Miyasaki, is a traditional artist, focusing on strong images and themes of love, good and evil, and childhood to portray his character and tell his stories. These stories have brought him and Japanese animation in general, increased success, with "Spirited Away" becoming the most popular Japanese animated film…
Baber, Zaheer. CyberAsia: the Internet and society in Asia. Leiden: Brill, 2005. Print.
Cubbison, Laurie. "Anime Fans, DVDs, and The Authentic Text." The Velvet Light Trap 56.1 (2005): 45-57. Project Muse. Web. 9 Apr. 2014.
Darling-Wolf, Fabienne. "Virtually Multicultural: Trans-Asian Identity and Gender in an International Fan Community of a Japanese Star." New Media & Society 6.4 (2004): 507-528. Print.
Ellis, Jonathan. "The art of anime: Freeze-frames and moving pictures in Miyazaki Hayao's." Journal of Japanese & Korean Cinema 2.1 (2010): 21-34. EBSCO. Web. 9 Apr. 2014.
Gnostics believed that they belonged to the "true church" of an elect few who were worthy; the orthodox Christians would not be saved because they were blind to the truth.
Part E -- Content - if we then combine the historical outline of the "reason" for John's writings with the overall message, we can conclude that there are at least five major paradigms present that are important in a contextual analysis of John.
John 5:13 - I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. This seems to point that John saw a clear difference between those who believed in Jesus as the Son of God, but were unsure about eternal life. However, if we look back at other parts of his Gospel, we do find repetition of this theme. In John 1:5-7,…
Raymond Brown, "Does the New Testament Call Jesus God?" Theological Studies.26: 1,
Clark, N. Interpreting the Resurrection. (London: SCM Press, 1967).
Hamilton, James. God's Indwelling Presence: The Holy Spirit in the Old and New Testaments.
psychological trauma, and how does she relate it to repression? What evidence does she supply in support of her claim? Do you agree with her stance on this basic issue?
Slater, in her usual creative style, believes the current methods of dealing with psychological trauma to be ineffective in regards to the identifying a root cause. In fact, Slater believes the act of talking about a traumatic occurrence in an individual's life actually exacerbates the problem. Recollecting past events through constant conversation, Slater believes, does nothing to address the root cause of the problem. Further, by talking incessantly about this traumatic experience, patients may actually become more ill than they otherwise were. This is particularly important when patient are asks to revisit controversial areas in their lives in order to rid themselves of the traumatic event altogether. Slater is very quick to point out that conversation actually, emblazon fear within…