South Korea Essays (Examples)

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South This Report Is About

Words: 1398 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35057427

Some of the biggest incentives for manufactures are the outrageously low tax bases in southern states. "When taxes are paid, southern levies are lower than most Northern states. GM's Hamtramck, MIG, plant, for instance, has one of the highest property tax mileages in the United States at 88 mills." (Corbett, 2002) Taxes are some much lower than in say Michigan or New Jersey and southern state officials are very open to negotiations to land the new factories and the plethora of jobs. In other words, land values are low and government incentives are extraordinary so the automobiles industry would be crazy to not migrate south for those reasons alone. "Furthermore, utilities costs are lower. After the products have been assembled, the South's location is superior to the Midwest or the East Coast for delivery." (Corbett, 2002) but there are other incentives.

Not only is the land for the new facilities…… [Read More]


Corbett, Brian (2002). Southern hospitality. Ward's Auto World, August.

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Economies of Japan and South

Words: 2689 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54093756

This has helped to protect the economy against sudden shocks from different events.

The government policies that are supporting growth are designed to encourage foreign direct investment in the South Korean economy. What happened was the Asian financial crisis (in 1997), underscored how government officials needed to open their economy up to foreign investors. As a result, the total amounts of money that was coming in began to increase dramatically with these figures currently sitting at $115.6 billion dollars. This is a part of an effort to diversify the economy away from the manufacturing sector. Over the course of time, this has allowed South Korea to build up their infrastructure and improve personal income with this coming in at $30,000.00 per year. This is significant, because in the early 1970's the average South Korean earned $1,200.00 per year. ("South Korea")

The different policies that were enacted have meant that the…… [Read More]


"Japan." CIA World Fact Book, 2011. Web. 13 Dec. 2011

"South Korea." CIA World Fact Boo, 2011. Web. 13 Dec. 2011

Chung, Young. South Korea in the Fast Lane. London: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print.

Ghosn, Carlos. Shift Inside Nissan. New York: Random House, 2006. Print.
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History of Korea

Words: 2125 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89233086

North/South Korea + Korean-Americans

The Two Koreas:

South Korea is known today as one of the rising economic giants of the industrialized world. The nation is a respected U.S. ally, and a center for fashion and technology, not to mention other industries. While South Korea's "star" is on a constant rise, its neighbor, North Korea, continues to live in a tightly closed society, with restrictive and degrading practices, whereby its citizens are almost like robots, not allowed to think for themselves, to eat properly, or to explore their world. The different between the two countries is stark, and in order to even begin to understand South Korea's ability to progress so much, one must analyze its history. However, for the purposes of this paper, three main questions will be analyzed in order to begin to understand the two countries in an initial phase:

South Korea's path of democratization in the…… [Read More]

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State-Led Economic Policies in South

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42635261

in the newly ormed Ministry o Finance drew rom a talented pool o
economists rom the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Privileged positions
were illed rom within the bureaucracy and were obtained through
exceptional perormance instead o cronyism or nepotism. O great
importance to their autonomy, oicials were able to disconnect themselves
rom total reliance on local unding thanks to inancial assistance rom
the international community and reparations rom Germany. Two igureheads
within the government guaranteed a decisive and coherent economic policy:
Levi Eshkol o the Ministry o Finance, and Pinhas Sapir o the Ministry o
Commerce and Industry. They worked hand-in-hand to ormulate a uniying
agenda that bureaucrats rom both departments could pursue towards a single
common goal.
The end-product o this labor in both nations was a inancial
structure in which banks, and by extension the government at large,
controlled the low o capital. On one hand, banks…… [Read More]

formulated and guided a successful investment endeavor was in the case of
textiles. Israeli officials, in particular MOCI chief Pinhas Sapir,
envisioned in the Textile Industry Development Plan that by 1966, twelve
major textile manufacturing plants would be operational and ultimately
produce 26% of Israel's
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Weltanschauung of My Country Korea

Words: 1647 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88878939

The Modernization approach and industrial policy in the period of Park Chung-Hee were considered to be much influenced by the South Korean social learning and accepting of Japanese ideologies and institution. The colonial modernity, localization of division of labor, government assisted bilateral cooperation were considered detrimental to the strategic parameters of economic development and industrialization, modernization strategy and industrial policy replicated the emulation of Japanese ideologies and institution.

Most of the Koreans believe Japan to be a perennial evil. The colonial domination by Japan over the Korea have led to massive economic exploitation and also called upon the national dignity severely. However, ever since 1980 a revisionist thought was initiated to being formed around the concepts of the perspective of colonial continuity, the notion of horizontal division of labor, and the movement towards the export led growth. The influence of the ideology of 'Fokoku Kyohei' and the emerging Modernization strategy…… [Read More]


Between Learning and Policy Innovation: Japanese Economic Institutions and South Korea's

Economic Policy in the 1960s. Prepared for presentation at the annual convention of the International Studies Association. New Orleans Marriot Hotel. March 24-27, 2002. Retrieved at Accessed 16 September, 2005

Lee, Grace. The Political Philosophy of Juche. Retrieved at Accessed 16 September, 2005

Sigmund Freud (1932): Lecture XXXV-Philosophy of Life. Retrieved at Accessed 16 September, 2005
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Export of Vitamins to South

Words: 1256 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65142854

6%. The literacy level of the total population is 97.9%. South Korea's education expenditures reach 4.6% of GDP.


There are several local manufacturers of vitamins in South Korea. Consumers in this country favor local manufacturers. This is because their prices are obviously lower than the prices of international vitamins exporters to South Korea. Another reason for which local manufacturers are preferred over foreign ones consists in the attachment of local consumers to national brands.

However, there is still room for new companies exporting their products on the South Korean market. This market sector is currently in full growth and development process.

Product Specific egulatory Considerations

Government regulation

Vitamins are considered to be dietary supplements and are not legally treated as drugs, but as foods. This classification attracts several consequences regarding the management of this activity. For example, vitamins' producers are entirely responsible for the safety of these products, and…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Introduction (2009). The Merck Manuals. Online Medical Library. Retrieved April 26, 2009 from

2. South Korea (2009). Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook. Retrieved April 27, 2009 from     .

3. Vitamin (2009). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved April 27, 2009 from

4. Vitamins driving South Korean OTC market (2003). Decision News Media. Retrieved April 27, 2009 from
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Japan Korea and China Different or Similar

Words: 1187 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95118879

Asian Studies

Countries are very much representative of human nature. If you were to examine a microcosm of a nation at its basic level, it would be a local community or neighborhood. The people who live in the same community usually tend to share similar economic levels and cultural attitudes. Neighbors also influence the behaviors of each other. For example, affluent neighborhoods tend to have good school systems, active kids (as in after school programs), and involved parents. To a certain degree, these things are expected. This notion is applicable to the nations of China, Korea, and Japan. This paper will examine similarities and differences between these counties in a historical context. China and Japan were traditional societies that responded differently to the external stimuli of foreign relations. Korea is also similar in this regard but their foreign invaders were Japanese not estern imperialists. All three nations also suffered under…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Cumings, Bruce. "We look at it and see ourselves." London Review of Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. .

Hedges, Frank. "Japan is Speeding Korean Education." New York Times [New York City ] 6 Aug. 1939: 12. Print.

Takaki, Ronald T.. Strangers from a different shore: a history of Asian-Americans. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989. Print.

Thomson, James Claude, Peter W. Stanley, and John Curtis Perry.Sentimental imperialists: the American experience in East Asia. New York: Harper & Row, 1981. Print.
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Chaebol Korea's Economic Development Korea's Economy Has

Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26246933


Korea's Economic Development

Korea's economy has been focused on developing the chaebol and export markets, as well as on the growth of existing industries. The country's economic strength thus lies in its export-dependent businesses. The particular strength of these strategies lies in the extreme concentration of its industries. The chaebol system allows economic focus on a few already prosperous business factions, and this concentration leads to the prosperity known by the country as a result. Indeed, the superchaebol in the four top positions account for 40 to 45% of Gross National Product in South Korea, which is higher than even Japan, from which the system was adopted.

The chaebol system is however very dependent on government approval, since there is no central financial institution for each chaebol. Furthermore Korea's banks had been nationalized until the mid-1970s, which resulted in a prohibition from owning large shares in these banks. The…… [Read More]

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How and Why Did the Allied Occupations of Japan and Korea Differ

Words: 2300 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7540160

Japan and Korea Occupation

How and why did the Allied occupations of Japan and Korea differ?

Allied occupations of Japan and Korea date backs to year 1945 when orld ar II got ended. Both the occupations occurred as a consequence of victory of allies over the axis. The allied powers included the United States of America, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France, and China whereas axis included Germany, Empire of Japan, and Italy (Schaller 1985, 1-11). The causes and effects of both these occupations were dependent on occupation of Japan by the allied forces. This paper will investigate and analyze that how and why did the allied occupations of Japan and Korea differ? After stating a brief hypothesis of this study, the paper will briefly inform the reader about the background that led to both these occupations. This will set the stage for understanding that how and why did both of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dower, John W. Embracing defeat: Japan in the wake of World War II. WW Norton & Company, 2000.

Molasky, Michael S. The American occupation of Japan and Okinawa: Literature and memory. Routledge, 2001.

Oberdorfer, Don. The Two Koreas: A Contemporary History. Addison-Wesley, 1997.

Schaller, Michael. The American occupation of Japan: the origins of the Cold War in Asia. Oxford University Press, 1985.
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Why Did the United States Went to War in Korea

Words: 2312 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57878412

Korean War, just like most other wars in history did not occur in a vacuum. It started because of the North Korean attack on the South Koreans with the belief that they would be able to win the war and communize the whole Korean peninsula (Chang, 2010). The confidence of North Koreans in their ability to win the fight against the South was not based on hope, but on the intense confidence that it will be an easy victory for the North Korean forces in the war (Chang, 2010). As a matter of fact, the North Korean forces were far more superior to the forces of the South in every category of the fighting abilities and capabilities (Chang, 2010). They were well armed with very heavy weapons and equipment the Soviet Union supplied, adequately trained by the cautious guidance of Soviet military education and training personnel, vastly reinforced with the…… [Read More]


Boose, Donald W. (1995). Portentous Sideshow: The Korean Occupation Decision. Volume 5, Number 4. Winter 1995-96. Parameters. U.S. Army War College Quarterly. pp. 112-29. OCLC 227845188.

Creative Commons Attribution. (n.d.). Korean War. Retrieved from:

Devine, Robert A.; Breen, T. H.; Frederickson, George M.; liams, R. Hal; Gross, Adriela J.; Brands, H.W. (2007). America Past and Present 8th Ed. Volume II: Since 1865. Pearson Longman. pp. 819-21. ISBN 0-321-44661-5.

Doug Bandow. (2010). The Role and Responsibilities of the United States in the Korean War: Critical Foreign Policy Decisions by the Truman and Eisenhower Administrations. International Journal of Korean Studies. Vol. XIV, No. 2.
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United States Persuade North Korea

Words: 1568 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72784928

The fundamentals of exchange theory are illustrated at Appendix a. This approach to analyzing the current situation in North Korea will help add to the existing body of knowledge by developing fresh insights into the possible motivating factors that have characterized North Korea's negotiations with the West in general and the United States in particular in the past and will help address the hypothesis to be tested which is stated below.



The likelihood that it will be possible to persuade North Korea to dismantle its nuclear capability will be increased if American military forces are removed from South Korea.

This hypothesis will be qualitatively tested based on a preponderance of the evidence that results from the critical review of the literature described above.


Auton, G.P. (2007). "North Korea: Another Country." Korean Studies 31, 100-101.

Barry, M.P. 2007. "North Korea equires Long-Term Strategic elationship with the U.S."

International…… [Read More]


Auton, G.P. (2007). "North Korea: Another Country." Korean Studies 31, 100-101.

Barry, M.P. 2007. "North Korea Requires Long-Term Strategic Relationship with the U.S."

International Journal on World Peace 24(1): 37-38.

Catchpole, B. 1998, November. "The Commonwealth in Korea." History Today, 33.
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Religious Culture in Korea

Words: 1448 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47460237

Confucianism promotes the "ideal of the scholar, who cultivates virtue in oneself and shares it through service in government, teaching, and daily life," Canda explains on page 1. The pure idea of Confucianism is to benefit all the citizens and those benefits have a ripple effect starting with the individual, through the family, and out to the Korean society and then the world (Canda, p. 1).

Confucianism has had an influence on many spiritual and physical Asian-based traditions; for example, Confucianism had a big influence on the development of martial arts, acupuncture, and meditation, according to Canda.

Shamanism: There are about 300 shamanistic temples within an hour of the capital of Seoul, according to an article in the New York Times (Sang-Hun, 2007, p. 1). The article points out that shamanism is presently enjoying a renaissance after "centuries of ridicule and persecution"; indeed, shamans were "demonized by Christian missionaries and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Beaver, R. Pierce. "Chondogyo and Korea." Journal of the American Academy of Religion.

XXX.2, 115-122.

Buddhism Today. Buddhism in Korea. Retrieved Dec. 6, 2010, from . (1997).

Buswell, Robert E., and Lee, Timothy S. Christianity in Korea. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, 2007.
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Japan and Korea's Political Economy Background

Words: 924 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22106023

Political Economy Background: Japan and Korea

In the period after the World War II, a large part of the world was restructured, especially the Pacific Asia (Borthwick, 1992). One of the most dramatic changes that took place in Asia was that several countries that had been colonized or semi-colonized emerged in the years following the War as independent, self-governing states, freed from colonial rule. In Southeast Asia, for example, between 1949 and 1959, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and Malaysia attained independence. Singapore gained the right to self-governance in 1949. However in this region, two countries managed not only self-governance but also diplomatic international relations. These two countries were Korea and Japan.

Though Japan had not only been physically destroyed by its enemies, but mentally and spiritually defeated by its surrender in the wake of the War, it managed to overcome this sense of defeat and started to build its way…… [Read More]


Borthwick, Mark. Pacific Century. The emergence of Modern Pacific Asia (Boulder, Westview Press, 1992).

Murphey, Rhoads. A History of Asia, 3rd edn.(New York, Longman, 2000).

Tarling, Nicholas. Nations and States in Southeast Asia (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998).
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Opportunities in Asia South East and South

Words: 2833 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37429648

opportunities in Asia (South East and South Asia) are huge and so are the challenges

For the last decade the countries like Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Hong Kong and South Korea that collectively forms the part of South East Asia have registered consistent growth year after year making an impressive position in the economic development on the international level (Pempel, 1999). These countries have shown the growth in terms of Gross Domestic Product at an average rate of 6% to 9% annually. The dawn of 1997 has darkened the glory of these courtiers with a major slump in the economic conditions and financial development. Asian financial crisis that erupted in 1997 has miserably affected the local stock market and currency market of the Asian countries. The Stock market of these countries had declined by 70% and with the same figure the currency of has also depreciated against dollar, forcing them…… [Read More]


Allen, F, & Gale, D 2000, 'Financial contagion', Journal of Political Economy, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 1 -- 33.

Brunnermeier, M 2009, ' Deciphering the liquidity and credit crunch 2007-2008', Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 77 -- 100.

Bulow, J, Geanakoplos, J, and Klemperer, P 1985, ' Multimarket oligopoly: strategic substitutes and strategic complements', Journal of Political Economy, vol. 93, pp. 488-511.

Burnside, C, Eichenbaum, M, & Rebelo, S 2008, 'Currency crisis models', New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd ed.
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Endowment Theory Hecksher-Ohlin-Samuelson Account North-South Economic Relationships

Words: 1622 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12868903

Endowment Theory (Hecksher-Ohlin-Samuelson) account North-South economic relationships? Illustrate point(s)

Generally speaking the world is economically divided into two blocks; North and South. North is characterized by stronger, more stable and powerful economies whereas south constitutes the less developed, weaker nations. 1 One of the popular economic arguments is that although North encompasses the major economies of the world which dominate the important institutions but South cannot be overlooked as it consists of the bulk of inhabitants. The world cannot ignore the importance of south due to certain emerging powers of the North like China, Brazil, and India. However, in this radical world where every state is independent and there is absolutely no self-governing power keeping an account of the governments, the hegemonic, influential and powerful countries similar to the United States of America (USA) will not ever leave their central place in the world.

The bargaining power of the countries…… [Read More]


Helpman, E. (1984). A simple theory of international trade with multinational corporations, The Journal of Political Economy, vol. 92, Issue 3. Pp. 451 -- 471, retrieved March 16, 2011 from 

Markusen, J.R. (2000). The theory of endowment, intra-industry and multi-national trade, Journal of international economics, vol. 52, Issue 2, pp. 209-234, retrieved March 16, 2011 from

Markusen, J.R.(1995). The boundaries of multinational enterprises and the theory of international trade, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 9, Issue 2, pp. 169 -- 189, retrieved March 16, 2011 from
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International Trade With Korea

Words: 951 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45486532

working average cost of capital (WACC) is an important component of determining what operations to finance and comparing different alternatives. This calculation takes into account the costs that go into providing the capital that a firm can use for different ends. It is sometimes referred to as the "hurdle" rate because projects must always return a require amount to make the investment viable; with a few exceptions. The cost of capital is determined by first considering the firms equity and debt structure. Each time of investment in the business will have a different rate of return that it offers investors. For example, assets that were financed through a bank will have a different repayment structure and rate than assets that were financed through the sale of stock. The company must first average the cost of all the different financing activities that it has engaged in before it can calculate a…… [Read More]


Forbes. (2014, December). Best Countries for Business. Retrieved from South Korea:

Heritage Foundation. (2015). 2015 Index of Economic Freedom. Retrieved from Heritage Foundation:

Ree, J., Yoon, K., & Park, H. (2012, November). FX Funding Risks and Exchange Rate. Retrieved from IMF Working Paper:

US Trade Representative. (N.d.). U.S. - South Korea Trade Agreement. Retrieved from U.S. Trade Representative:
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Korean Economics in 1997 South

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90705654

(Hahm, 2000)

However, they faced an entirely new problem; the currency was pegged to the U.S. dollar. This allowed interest rates to remain artificially low, because the peg would make the different investments in Korea look less risky. Once interest rates began to rise, a divergence would occur as the policy of the maintaining the peg would invite speculators to take advantage of this. This could cause the financial system to collapse, as the central bank would lose control of the economy. If they removed the peg, this would allow the forces of supply and demand to balance everything out. Where, the currency would face increased short-term pressures and interest rates could rise even more. Yet, over the long run this policy would help to force the banks to address various balance sheet issues. Once this took place, is when they could begin to have confidence in the financial system.…… [Read More]


Hahm, J. (2000). Causes of the Korean Financial Crisis. Seoul. Korean Development Institute.
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South East Asia Early American

Words: 473 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58245911

The goal was to eliminate the communist threat and stop "the domino effect" of South East Asian countries falling to the threat of communism. However, after over a decade of fighting and thousands of American deaths, the U.S. pulled out of Vietnam and the central city of Saigon fell into the communist Vietcong hands.

mpact on the Political Climate of the American 1950's

Red Scare -- the increasing involvement in South East Asia provided an element of fear and further control in American politics. The dealings with South East Asia only heightened the nation's fear of communists which had been most solidified with the U.S.S.R. The communist scare sent shivers down the American public, and the political atmosphere became more and more conservative in response. This was the era of Senator McCarthy, who meticulously hunted down and exposed reported communists. Government entities began meddling into normal American life. Entire Senate…… [Read More]

Impact on the Political Climate of the American 1950's

Red Scare -- the increasing involvement in South East Asia provided an element of fear and further control in American politics. The dealings with South East Asia only heightened the nation's fear of communists which had been most solidified with the U.S.S.R. The communist scare sent shivers down the American public, and the political atmosphere became more and more conservative in response. This was the era of Senator McCarthy, who meticulously hunted down and exposed reported communists. Government entities began meddling into normal American life. Entire Senate hearings were based on putting normal civilians on communist "black lists." This conservative backlash served as protection from possible invasions from communists spies and agents.

Korean War -- the United States entered into the Korean War to help the South Koreans regain control of the Korean peninsula from the communist North Koreans. However, this failed and the country is still divided even today. The war did, however, stimulate the economy and lay down the country's entrance in the Vietnam War.
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Nonkilling Korea Edited by Glenn D Paige

Words: 1169 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64145864

Nonkilling Korea

Edited by Glenn D. Paige and Chung-Si Ahn, Nonkilling Korea is a collection of scholarly essays and material delivered at the Asia Center/Seoul National University and the Center for Global Nonkilling in Seoul during August 18-19, 2010. The material is written primarily about Korean values and culture, with the purpose of creating a shift in the discourse used to discuss modern Korean history. Whereas most Korean historiography focuses on war, and the political and militaristic aspects of 20th century conflicts surrounding Korea, the authors that contribute to Nonkilling Korea try to reframe history to include spiritual values and ethics. The book does not limit itself to a discussion of Korean history or culture per se, either. The editors cull material from sources that address other nations and cultures in relation to both South and North Korea, including the United States, China, Japan, and Russia. Nonkilling Korea includes an…… [Read More]

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Korean Modern History

Words: 884 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58540427


What is the situation of Korea at the end of 19th century, in terms of international relations and domestic responses?

Before 1910, Korea was a part of an Asian empire known as the Joseon. In the 1800s, religious persecution laid the way for a rebellion by the people which would alter the course of the history of the country. The idea of a unified religious sect was to further strengthen the nation. Instead people were resentful that the government was trying to influence such a personal aspect of an individual's life. A "peasant" religion known as onghak was making its way into what would become Korea. The teachings of this religion discontented the lower classes from their stations and there was a rebellion in 1864. This all coincided with the attempts of the western world to gain access to Korea, something the government strictly refused.

In this period the…… [Read More]

During the war years, Japan would enlist Korean soldiers to fight, often through coercion or sometimes by force. As a colony population, the Koreans had far less power within the nation state and thus they were considered less important than their Japanese counterparts. This lack of fairness was battle against through several attempted revolutions. One of the most famous of these was the March 1st Movement. In 1919, in response to the oppressive regime of Japanese rule as well as the seeming incongruity of the League of Nations, a faction in Korea established a movement designed to completely alter the country and allow the common population to have sovereignty.

3. Describe the situation on the Korean peninsula from 1945 to 1950 when the Korean War breaks out.

Following World War II, Korea was finally given sovereignty and a chance to create a government more or less for and by the population. However, tensions were high from the outset. Many people within the country wanted to create a governmental format completely different from what they had experienced under Japanese rule. Influenced by the large country of China, a group within Korea believed that the best form of government for the newly freed country should be Communism. Another group however wanted a form of democracy similar to those they had witnessed from their interactions with western nations like the United States, England, and France. With neither side willing to compromise, it was only a matter of time before a schism would break the nation in two. That is exactly what happened in 1950 when the country of Korea was divided into two: North Korea which was controlled by a Communist government, and South Korea which was more democratic than its northern counterpart. This was not a suitable resolution to the distress of the warring nation and what happened was a bloody police action involving many countries of the world who each had their own individual reasons for helping. Communist countries such as China provided support for North Korea in the form of weapons and other supplies. Much of the free world, such as the United States, England, and France gave equal support to South Korea, hoping that by providing this aid the west would be able to prevent and retard the spread of Communism.
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Coldest War A Memoir of Korea a

Words: 1330 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83562019

Coldest ar: A Memoir of Korea, a novel written by James Brady. This paper clearly outlines the summary of the book and highlights some of the events written by the author in his book. This paper explains Brady's purpose behind writing his masterpiece and clearly defines its theme. Critical analysis of the novel and information about the author are also included.

The Coldest ar: A Memoir Of Korea

The Coldest ar: A Memoir of Korea written by James Brady gives a first person's account of the second Korean war. In the book the author compares the tactical approach of the army vs. marine rifle companies. Serving as a young marine lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps for a year, Brady tells the story by illustrating to his audience the deplorable conditions of the soldiers and the critical experience they underwent, through his analysis and encountering. The author talks about…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dennis D. The Forgotten War Is Remembered. Newsday. 16 Jun. 2000.

Smith H. Tales Making Courage, Hardships In Korean War. The Washington Times.11

Jun. 2000.

James B. The Coldest War: A Memoir of Korea. Thomas Dunne Books-St. Martin's
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International Marketing Country Study

Words: 3531 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38171595

International Marketing -- South Korea Country Study

The primordial question at the basis of this study revolves around the attractiveness of South Korea to American investors. Otherwise put, is this country able to determine the American investor to launch business operations in this global part? In order to answer the posed question, a series of analyses will be conducted. Some of these will refer to the general context, whilst others will detail specific issues.

The country is located in the eastern part of Asia; enjoys a temperate climate and owns less than 20% arable land. South Korea is characterized by a tormented historic past, which explains well the differences emerged between the two regions of the Korean Peninsula. The total population of the country exceeds 48 million, and their life expectancy at birth is of almost 79 years. The interactions with the South Koreans are generally formal and follow protocols,…… [Read More]


Gonzales, J., Sherer, T.E., 2004, The Compete Idiot's Guide to Geography, 2nd Edition, Alpha Books

1992, A Country Study: South Korea, American Memory for the Library of Congress, last accessed on November 25, 2009

2008, South Korea, Industry Canada, last accessed on November 25, 2009

2009, Definition of Current Account Balance, Economics About, last accessed on November 25, 2009
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Discovery the Opinions That People Hold on

Words: 1049 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71591515


The opinions that people hold on an individual's behavior or their personality have great impact on the person. There are instances where one can underestimate or even overestimate how other people think of them and how the peers consider them or the social perspective they hold of him. I have been in a situation where I totally overestimated how much other people were thinking about me. This occurred during the first few days that I had joined college. I usually made sure that I was early for class and would sit at the front of the class. I would always answer all the questions that were asked even if I was not sure of the answer. I used to do all these so that I could attract attention and hence be noticed by the rest of the class. Looking back at those early days, I reckon it was a…… [Read More]

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Military Strategy in Korean and Vietnam Wars

Words: 1555 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11150054

Military Strategy in Korean and Vietnam Wars

There have been numerous wars in the history of the United States. Some of the critical wars in the history of the United States include the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Prior to venturing into the Vietnam War, United States had participated in the Korean War. The case of Korean War proves to be a success because of the implementation of accurate and extensive strategies. Ten years after the success in the Korean War, the United States faced a similar situation, but could not recognize the same success as in the case of the previous war. One of the essential factors in the failure in relation to the Vietnam War was lack of appropriate military strategies. This research paper focuses on the illustration of reasons behind the success and failure with reference to Korean and Vietnam Wars respectively.

Military Strategy in Korea War

One…… [Read More]


Mehta, Harish C. 2012. "Fighting, Negotiating, and Laughing: The Use of Humour in the Vietnam War." Historian 74, no. 4: 743-788.

Schell, Jonathan. 2013. "The Real Vietnam War." Nation 296, no. 5: 20-24.

Hee Kyung, Suh. 2012. "War and Justice: Just Cause of the Korean War." Korea Journal 52,

no. 2: 5-29.
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Korean Economy When Park Chung

Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7218614

Korea had gone from 22% literacy in 1945 to almost 90% by the end of the 1970s. Thus the Korean workers' knowledge level picked up the slack - Koreans were working smarter rather than simply harder.

One of the reasons productivity decline in the 1970s was increased political instability. A wealth gap had emerged in Korean society, evidenced by a reduction in the Gini coefficient. Park was assassinated, resulting in increased instability. After the economic boom was established, further changes were made in economic policy at the political level. Deregulation was imposed in order to rectify some of the social sacrifices that had occurred as a result of the nation's push to prosperity. The Park government had been roughly modeled on a colonial system and reforms were required. Inflation was high and the country was developing strong class divisions that threatened the social order.

These reforms brought South Korea its…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gregg, Donald. (1999). Park Chung Hee. Time Magazine. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at

Menarguez, Francisco Garcia-Blanch. (2002). Economic Growth in South Korea, 1961-2000. Universidad Complutense Madrid. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at

No author. (no date) the Economy Country Studies - U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at 

Myung Soo Cha. (No date). The Economic History of Korea. EH.Net. Retrieved December 10, 2008 at http:/ /
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North Korean Intelligence Collection Methods

Words: 1062 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44934737

North Korea Info Collection

Over the many decades that it has had a dictatorial regime, North Korea has attempted to use a number of different approaches to gain access to the vital information it believes it needs to counter the forces of its warring enemy, South Korea. Even so on just about every level it is assumed that North Korea is quite far behind in its abilities to compete effectively in the challenge to confront or spy on other nations that it doesn't like or distrusts -- including the United States.

For the most part, North Korea funnels its strategies regarding the capturing of information through its military and spy networks (Pike, 2011). However, it has also begin using other more contemporary methods of information gathering and monitoring, including adjusting their military systems to facilitate better control and provocation strategies. This is thought to be occurring because of the country's…… [Read More]


Associated Press (2009). N. Korea reshuffles key spy agencies. Hindustan Times. Viewable at

Breitbart (2009). N. Korea operating cyber warfare unit. Viewable at

Dies, H. (2011). North Korean Special Operations Forces: 1996 Kangnung submarine infiltration. Viewable at

Jin, H.Y. (2007). NSC's Detection of Cell Phone Usage is Strengthening. Inside North Korea. Viewable at
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Korean History The Climate and Culture of

Words: 4763 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64026784

Korean History: The Climate and Culture of Foreign Business

The challenge of any cultural history undertaken to determine the foreign business fitness of a location is to make sure that there is due respect afforded the society with regard to issues that might not be seen as directly affecting the bottom line. So much of the time in the business world we are collectively focused on the ideas that surround the continued development of the global world economy, without regard for the existence of prior national issues. An easily made mistake for a researcher addressing issues of Korea from the United States would be to distill Korean history into a form that only include the interests of this country after the Korean-American ar.

This account will attempt to address those issues by addressing the culture through its earliest history to its present state through modern demographics, religion, education, housing, leisure…… [Read More]

Works Cited

North Korean crisis starts to hurt South Korea economically." February 11, 2003. American

City Business Journals Inc. February, 11 2003 (

South Korea gross national income soars." February 9, 2003. American City Business Journals

Inc. February 11, 2003. (
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2006 the Democratic People's Republic

Words: 1853 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73286634

It would likely also require the diplomatic alignment of the U.S. with United Nations interests, which has traditionally not been a guarantee. This would combine with the established potential of counter-terrorist cells to strike on U.S. soil to place unprecedented emphasis on securing U.S. borders from entities clearly designated as enemies of the U.S. Such an enemy list that includes a nuclear power such as North Korea could therefore pose grave consequences for the U.S. And for the entire world.

The history of North Korea's nuclear program has frequently been shrouded in secrecy, sheltered from the IAEA and denounced by the United Nations Security Council. With the announcement of the arrival of the nation as a nuclear power, there is little for North Korea to shield from the rest of the world beyond the tenuous nature of its political machine. It remains to be seen if North Korea can maintain…… [Read More]

Bibliography Weapons of Mass Destruction: Nuclear Weapons Program. 

McDonald, Mark. "North Korea Suggests Libya Should Have Kept Nuclear Program"

New York Times (New York), March 24, 2011. Retrieved from /2011/03/25/world/asia/25korea.html
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North Korean Intelligence

Words: 1118 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63291055

North Korean Intelligence:

Throughout its history, North Korea has continued to harass South Korea for as long as these countries have been separated by imaginary line and roadblocks. Since the country invasion upon South Korea in June 1950, North Korea has been a thorn in the daily lives of South Koreans. North Korea has been able to maintain such relations because of intelligence collection capabilities on the Korean Peninsula. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea or North Korea has a comprehensive intelligence gathering structure and several people conducting the intelligence operations. The three main agencies in the intelligence unit are the Ministry for Protection of State Security, Korean Workers Party, and the military intelligence arm.

North Korea's Intelligence Collection Methods:

One of the most evident aspects regarding North Korea is that the country seems to be in a constant mission to gather intelligence on the Korean Peninsula. This is largely…… [Read More]


Erickson, Ryan. "Foreign Intelligence Organizations: Mid Term; North vs. South Korea." Ryan

Erickson, 2009. / (accessed December 15, 2011).

Jin, Han Young. "NSC's Detection of Cell-Phone Usage Is Strengthening." Daily NK

Brightening the Future of Korea, 2007. (accessed December 15, 2011).
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Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquents in

Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67903924

Economic conditions that have forced both parents to work and have caused teenaged unemployment have also been associated with delinquency, as children are not only unsupervised, but also unoccupied. In addition to this, children who face undue hardships, such as physical and sexual abuse, as well as failure to perform academically, also often turn to delinquency (oberts, 2005). Like Kim and Kim (2008) point out for South Korean children, stress is a likely culprit for the fact that dealing with difficult situations turns into delinquency in youth. This problem is further compounded if the youth has not had instruction in making good choices from parents and teachers (oberts, 2005).

Thus, although they are on separate sides of the world, the United States and South Korea face many of the same problems when it comes to juvenile delinquents. In both countries, the lack of a definite role for criminal justice personnel…… [Read More]


Kim, H. & Kim, H. (2006). Discriminative Factor Analysis of Juvenile Delinquency in South Korea. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi, 36(8), 1315-1323.

Kim, H. & Kim, H. (2008). Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime. New York: Nova.

Library of Congress (2009). A Country Study: South Korea. Retrieved August 18, 2009,

from the Library of Congress Web Site:
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Marketing International Conference Seoul- an Emerging Destination

Words: 3402 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22300544

Marketing International Conference

Seoul- an Emerging Destination for International Convention Industry

International conferences are emerging as a major global industry over past few years. Despite its growing size, it has been largely ignored in terms of academic research. Where western part of the world has been locus of conference industry with major locations in U.S. And UK, Asian cities are now emerging as better options for conducting international conference. Furthermore, international conference industry is also growing well with the international trade show industry. Where South Korea is becoming a new hub of international trade show industry, its capital city Seoul is transforming into an ideal location for international conferences with many promising events scheduled for upcoming years.

International conferences are becoming substantial peripheral element of trade industry. And, this is the reason why tourism regulation authorities worldwide are paying major attention to this area of revenue generation. In order to…… [Read More]


Conference Alerts, 2012, Conferences in Korea (south): Major Conference Cities-Seoul, Retrieved from, Accessed on 31st July, 2012

Deery, Margaret., Jago, Leo., Fredline, Liz. And Dwyer, Larry, 2005, National Business Events Study: An Evaluation Of The Australian Business Events Sector, Common Ground, and Melbourne

Foster, Brad, 2011, Korea MiceExpo 2011, the Seoul of Asia, Retreived from, Accessed on 31st July, 2012

Imex-Frankfurt, 2010, Benefits of the G20 Seoul summit, beyond the visitor spend, Retrieved from, Accessed on 31st July, 2012
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Asian Economic Currency Crisis

Words: 2931 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14648814

Asian Economic Crisis

In the summer of 1997, an economic and currency crisis rocked the Asian markets. One by one, southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, Korea and Japan saw their economies crash in the wake of heavy foreign investment. An economic boom had made the region an attractive investment opportunity for much of the 1990s. y 1997, however, domestic production and development had stalled, and foreign investors grew nervous. A divestment run on the Thai baht triggered the crash. Large corporations, extremely dependent upon the confidence of foreign investors failed to meet debt obligations and began to fail throughout southeast Asia. Currencies throughout the region faltered and nosedived from their mid-1990s positions of stability. The causes of the Asian economic crisis are varied. Lax oversight of corporations had ramifications in economic downturns that were not a concern in the mid-90s boom. Macroeconomic policies of the southeast Asian countries…… [Read More]


Chronology of the Asian Currency Crisis.(n.d.). Retrieved July 1, 2004 from Web site:

Corsetti, G., Peneti, P., & Roubini, N. (1998). What caused the Asian currency and Financial crisis? Part I: A macroeconomic overview. Downloaded June 26, 2004 from Stern School of Business, NYU, Web site:

Khor, M. (2000). The economic crisis in East Asia: Causes, effects, lessons. Downloaded June 28, 2004 from World Bank. Web site: / wdrpoverty/malaysia/khor.pdf

Lee, Y-S. (1998). A political economy analysis of the Korean economic crisis. Journai of Asian Economics, Vol. 9, No. 4, 627-636.
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Shoring of Hyundai to the

Words: 3236 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11823911

Some of the reasons why Hyundai relocated to Alabama State of the U.S.A. include the failure that she suffered in Korea. With the influx of cheap imported cars and the violent nature of the labor unions in Korea, the company had started to suffer serious decline in profits; this necessitated the move to look for other alternatives of operation. This landed the company in the U.S. As the revolution of the manufacturing companies and industries in the country (Carmel & Tjia, 2005). This is the place that provided the utmost and best labor regulations for the company. Another significant factor is the state government's incentive package. The incentive was very attractive to Hyundai as they could abate tax if they relocated there. This was a massive boost to the process of adaptation and profit realization. Moreover, the company was offered a site for setting their operations and a good access…… [Read More]


Lansbury, R.D., So?, C., Kwo-n, S., & Hyo-ndae Chonghap Sangsa (Korea). (2007). The global

Korean motor industry: The Hyundai Motor Company's global strategy. London:


Motherson sumi systems limited: 2009 company profile edition 2: Chapter 6 SWOT analysis.
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Body Shop Humor in the

Words: 1968 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52103925

K. The advertising campaign does not differ from that in other countries, since it is integrated in the company's global marketing strategy.


egarding the consumer behavior strategy, it is recommended that The Body Shop implements a marketing approach that is more centered on competitive advantage. The company did not manage to distinguish its competitive advantage. The Body Shop is not sufficiently differentiated from other cosmetics producers that also address the South Korean market.

It is also recommended that the company analyzes consumers' needs that have not yet been addressed by their competitors. Such situations present opportunities that can be exploited by the company in order to gain more customers.

egarding the website strategy and its relation with the localization theory, it is recommended that the company's website is active enough in educating and informing consumers about the company's social values and campaigns. In addition to this, the website should…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Multi-Channel Marketing. Making Bricks and Clicks Stick (2000). McKinsey Marketing Solutions. Retrieved December 7, 2009 from

2. Chaffey, D. (2009). Online revenue models and business models. Retrieved December 7, 2009 from

3. Value Proposition (2009). Investopedia. Retrieved December 7, 2009 from .

4. Perner, L. (2009). Consumer Behavior: The Psychology of Marketing. University of Southern California. Retrieved December 7, 2009 from .
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Samsung SWOT Short-Term Threats to

Words: 1726 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97954945

Therefore, the account of threats to Samsung rendered above yield several important recommendations. Particularly, in spite of the many valid reasons for its relative freedom over the course of Samsung's history, the time has come for the firm to more toward greater transparency and a better adherence to international expectations of structural normalcy. Samsung's new leaders must make as a priority at this juncture the simplification of the company's ownership strategies and investment in convergence to international financial reporting standards.

Additionally, internal changes must be made to demonstrate that there are consequences for acts of ethical divergence. This should include the improvement of communication of ethical standards, the creation of procedures and protection for potential whistleblowers and the establishment of a department vested with the goal of giving oversight to the ethical adherence of leaders and employees alike.

Finally, it is essential that Samsung focus on more perceptive innovation in…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Economist. (2009). Succession at Samsung.

Olsen, K. (2008). Samsung Chairman Resigns Over Scandal. Associated Press.

Price, E. (2011). Samsung's Lawyers Unable to Tell the Galaxy Tab and iPad Apart. TechnoBuffalo.

Roumellotis, G. & Kreljger, G. (2011). Samsung Loses Dutch Bid to Ban Apple Products. Reuters.
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Public Management the Dynamic Changes

Words: 2886 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66934211

Still, compared to most Asian countries, which continue to struggle with highly hierarchical political systems, South Korea has developed and implemented more open reforms. It has to be noted that the efforts made to better reform the South Korean public sector have been determined by a natural sense of alignment to international features and a relative emergence of the country from its communist past.

In both cases of South Korea and New Zealand, the implementation of the reform has generated important impacts on all three components of the public sector mix -- the market, the hierarchy and the networks. As it would be generally expected, the principles of the market were adopted into the public sector. The federal agencies became more focused on efficiency, performance and even began to outsource part of their operations. A particular application of the market principles within the public context is the creation of the…… [Read More]


Bhatnagar, S.C., 2004, E-government from vision to implementation: a practical guide with case studies, SAGE, ISBN 0761932593

Boston, J., 2001, The challenge of evaluating systemic change: the case of public management reform in New Zealand, Learning from International Public Management Reform, Vol. 11

Davies, L., Wright, K., Price, C.W., Experience of Privatization, Regulation and Competition: Lessons for Governments, Economics and Social Research Council, ISSN 1745-9648

Fortin, Y., van Hassel, H., 2000, Contracting in the new public management: from economics to law and citizenship, IOS Press, ISBN 158603037X
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Women of Today Have Come Along Way

Words: 1494 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30526144

Women of today have come along way because society has recognized that they have voices as well as men do. From the entire world, women have maintained their place due to the new customs that have arisen over the years. They have been able to go vote and work, which puts them as equals with men For example, South Korea; there is a female president instead of a make. Therefore, women have overcome the stereotypes that society has created from sixty years ago. No matter what country or culture women are in, it has been proven during the last two decades they are no longer inferior when it comes to being equals with men. In other words, regardless of what society throws at women, they become stronger and more powerful every day.

In Mexico, Mexicans place a high value on family and traditional values. lthough women make up an increasingly…… [Read More]

Along with India, South Korea has build up support for women so that they can be equal. The Korean Women's Development Institute or KWDI was established in 1983 to promote women's social participation and welfare by carrying out research and studies on women, by providing education and training for women, and by assisting women's activities. A law passed by the Korean National Assembly in 1982 mandates the KWDI to assist government in popularizing gender consciousness, as well as in promoting gender equality in policy formulation and implementation. Originally under the auspices of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and then under the Ministry of Political Affairs, KWDI is now being coordinated by the Special Committee on Women's Affairs directly under the Office of the President (South Korea).

KWDI has three anchor programs, namely; the Research Center, the Lifelong Education Center, and the Women's Information Center. The Research Center carries out basic research and policy studies to promote gender consciousness in various fields of society and life as well as to formulate and implement policies that supports gender equality. The Lifelong Education Center provides gender consciousness education, women's leadership training, women's capacity development, and training of international experts. It also hosts international activities, and acts as a comprehensive assistance center for women's non-formal education. Last but not the least, the Women's Information Center produces and distributes information about the research and projects of the KWDI, as well as information about women's issues and concerns. It systematizes and computerizes various kinds of women's information through databases, and provides information service through its library, various publications, and its nation-wide electronic information network (South Korea). Therefore, women in South Korea have become very strong and determined without the help with men which only means they are growing more powerful every day.

In that case, women in most societies were denied some of the legal and political rights accorded to men. Although women in much of the world have gained significant legal rights, many people believe that women still do not have complete political, economic, and social equality with men. In South Korea, through AWORC, the KWDI hopes to share its resource and library holdings to women outside of South Korea, and to make resource and information generated by women's organizations and institutes accessible to the communities it serves. Throughout each countrywomen are becoming more self-made and the only people that they rely on themselves.
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Asian Currency Crisis the Objective

Words: 2684 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62844583

Resulting from the devaluation of China's currency was an exacerbation of problems throughout Asia.


In the summer of 1995, the reversal of the chronic weakness of the dollar resulted in the depreciation of the Japanese yen, which had been approaching an acute deflationary crisis with a steep fall in the stock market. (Makin, 2000; paraphrased)


The work of Williamson (1999) entitled: "Implications of the East Asian Crisis for Debt Management" relate that a countries debt can be viewed from four different external perspectives in terms of debt composition which include: (1) FDI; (2) Portfolio Equity; (3) Long-term loans; and (4) short-term loans. This is the ideal composition of a countries debts however the debt profile of countries in East Asia are known to profoundly differ from the foregoing profile in that they had too…… [Read More]


Banking System Developments in the Four Asian Tigers (1997) Economic Research and Data. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. 8 Aug 1997. Online FRBSF Economic Letter. Available at

Barro, Robert J. (1998) the East Asian Tigers Have Plenty to Roar About. Economic Viewpoint Business Week 27 Apr 1998. Online available at

Hughes, Christopher W. (1999) Japanese Policy and the East Asian Currency Crisis: Abject Defeat or Quiet Victory. 1999 February Online available at

Hughes, Christopher W. (1999) Japanese Policy and the East Asian Currency Crisis: Abject Defeat or Quiet Victory. CSGR Working Paper No. 24/99. February 1999. Online available at
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Pacific Rim the World Bank

Words: 549 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49651618

China has been a strong driver of growth since 1980, and South Korea has contributed. The wealthy city-states of Hong Kong and Singapore may be among the richest countries in the Pacific im, but their overall economies remain small compared with the big three. The other nations in Asia that were charted -- Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam all were noted as being minor economies. They may have seen growth in fifty years, but they remain small economies with relatively low GDP per capita rates. As a result, the conclusion that can be drawn from the data is that Japan remains the most sophisticated economy in the Pacific im, with South Korea and China making some contributions to the region's economic relevance. The city-states are valuable contributors, albeit with small economies, and other nations remain peripheral to Asia's economic success story.

There has not been any noted dropoff in any…… [Read More]


All statistics derive from the World Bank:

Exhibit A: GDP in Constant 2000 USD 1960-2010 for Selected Asian Nations

Exhibit B:

Exhibit C
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Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next

Words: 5067 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10464176

Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next Terror: Assessment of How a Significant Terrorist WMD Attack Might e Conducted by a Non-State Actors Perpetrator and Why They Can't Stage an Attack

Weapons of Mass Destructions (WMD) have considerable effect to the economies of both developed and developing countries. In the modern world, most terror groups have resolved to use Weapons of Mass Destruction to harm their enemies. The entire syndicate comprises state actors and the terror group, which intends to destroy the target country. The state actors have direct links or channels of communication with such attackers, foreign allies, and several residential alliances with almost similar connections to the terror groups. Most of the terror groups lack essential materials that would aid in the making of some of the most dangerous weapons such as nuclear bombs. The various forms of attack involved when using lethal weapons include dispersion, dissemination, and…… [Read More]


Anthony Cordesman, Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction, (New


Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002).

Eric Croddy, James Wirtz, Weapons of Mass Destruction, (London: ABC-CLIO, 2005).
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North Korean Foreign Policy During

Words: 365 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90416901

This policy has led to an increasingly negative view of this country abroad, as well as likely increased the danger presented by unstable regimes like that in operation in North Korea.

The changes that are likely to occur after Obama's inauguration are difficult to predict. As mentioned above, an increase in negotiations and the possibility of more concessions on the part of the United States, at least in terms of aid, are likely to be seen. By appointing the more hawkish Hillary Clinton to the position of Secretary of State, however, Obama may be signaling that is approach will be hard-lined than has previously been believed (Beck 2008, par. 5). Only time will tell, of course, although North Korea's announcement that they have discontinued their nuclear weapons research is encouraging place at which to begin the historical negotiations.


Beck, Peter M. 2008. "Obama and North Korea: The oad Ahead."…… [Read More]


Beck, Peter M. 2008. "Obama and North Korea: The Road Ahead." Policy Forum Onine. Nautilus Institute. 3 December 2008. Accessed 8 December 2008.
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Neoclassical Model Four Uncaged Tigers

Words: 5182 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88730794

) I will etun to the stengths and limitations of gowth accounting as a tool to use to assess the economic development of these nations below.

Gowth Accounting

Gowth accounting is an economic method designed to measue the elative and absolute contibutions of diffeent factos to economic gowth and development. Developed by Robet Solow in 1957, this methodological appoach disaggegates o decomposes the diffeent elements of economic gowth. The most impotant assumption of this method is that the goss output of an economy can be analyzed into inceases in the ange of factos (pimaily inceases in labo and in capital) and which cannot be accounted fo by discenible changes in the utilization of these factos.

Anothe way of explaining Solow's model is this: The unexplained pat of gowth in an economy's GDP is best undestood as a simple incease in poductivity, with poductivity being defined in common-sense tems as achieving…… [Read More]


For example, when I examine the data that Sarel (1996) finds inconclusive (he writes that the labor and capital accumulation vs. total factor productivity debate remains inconclusive") I find to be entirely conclusive -- in the direction of an exogenous model that is based on an assessment of factor accumulation rather than a reliance on a significant element of technological innovation as prompted by government incentive and intervention. But Sarel is impelled to ask what might have been the effect of governmental intervention and to investigate how these may have interacted with initial conditions that obtained. Taking into account only those factors that lie outside of governmental influence simply does not make sense to him (or other non-neoclassical economists), even when the picture is in fact complete. Sarel (1996) concludes:

The study does not offer clear and conclusive results nor does it make clear policy recommendations. Its main judgment is that, from a positive point-of-view, a promising avenue for the explanation of growth performance is the examination of initial conditions. Nevertheless, from a normative point-of-view, it is far from clear what specific policies governments should pursue, beyond the standard set of policies aimed at getting the basics right.

I find it fascinating that Sarel should be impelled to try to divine -- like someone seeking water with a forked stick -- the (beneficial) effects of governmental influence in the Four Tigers as necessary to understand how these nations might have accomplished the level of growth that they have.

In other words, Sarel sees the hand of the national governments even when there is no good factual evidence for this. This does not mean that his scholarship should be considered in any way to be dishonest. Rather, I am simply using his work (which raises important questions) as a demonstration of the ways in which initial assumptions and beliefs about the nature of markets (and about human nature) affect how we read economic indices.
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Korean Diaspora by Charles Armstrong

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4852627

Families are often conflicted about the degree to which they should socialize the child in the culture of their homeland, particularly if they are not of that child's origin. This conflict is often seen in adoptions of Korean children. Eleana Kim has argued that such attempts by parents are often futile, and simply confuse the child with static, folkloric representations of the home nation that bear little resemblance to Korea when the child actually pays a visit. However, Kim does not dismiss the value of trying to return to Korea, so long as it is not an act of false nostalgia. Instead, "adoptees who may have returned to Korea with fantasies of national or familial reintegration discover an adoptee expatriate community that supplements or even replaces other, essentialized or biologically-defined forms of relatedness" (Kim 497). The new connections with adoptees that have similar experiences become the most authentic forms of…… [Read More]

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Emotional Labor Implications on a Call Centre

Words: 3259 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72146890

Emotional Labor

Implications on a Call Centre

During the last two decades Contact or call centers have emerged as the answer to cost effectiveness for all sort of businesses that require back end customer services (Boreham et al., 2007). These call centers hailing from different countries are very similar with respect to markets, offered services, structure of the organization and type of workforce. This industry has flourished very quickly but usually these call centers are about ten to twelve years old hence still in infancy. Despite the similarities that exist across the globe in standards, processes and customers; are these call centers actually catering to the emotional side of this work.

Being a repetitive task with only a set of responses most of the time with no creativity and innovation in the services process added with long hours and no formal education on the subject, do these call centers affect…… [Read More]


Ashforth, B.E., & Humphery, R.H. (1993). Emotional Labor in Service Roles: The influence of Identity. The Academy of Management Review, 18(1), 88-115.

Blau, P. (1989) Exchange and Power in Social Life, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Chu, K.H. -L. (2002) The Effects on Emotional Labor on Employee Work Outcomes. Unpublished Dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Hochschild, A.R. (1983) The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling. Los Angeles, California, United States of America; University of California Press.
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U S Foreign Policy Towards North

Words: 2229 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45131135

(Efimova, 2007, paraphrased)


North Korea underwent internal changes as well as changes due to external factors that placed North Korea in a defensive stance in its focus on strategically avoiding threats and in rebuilding its own self-reliance economically. For North Korea since the erlin Wall fell the use of conventional weapons by North Korea in defending itself from external foes has not been a feasible proposition, therefore, it is apparent that North Korea acquired nuclear capabilities because of the value of these capabilities as use as a method for ensuring adequate self-defense in what the regime in North Korea views as a highly unstable security environment and one in which North Korea is quite terrified that will result in the United States becoming aggressive from a military standpoint.

It really can not be held as true that the reason for the development of nuclear capability in North…… [Read More]


Lin, Liu (2006) The North Korean Nuclear Test and Its Implications. Central-Asia -- Caucasus Institute Silk Road Studies Program. Online available at:

Yongho, Kim and Yi, Yurim (2005) Security Dilemmas and Signaling During the North Korean Nuclear Standoff. Asian Perspective. Vol. 29, No.3, 2005, pp. 73-97. Online available at:

Xizhen, Zhang and Brown, Eugene (2000) Policies Toward North Korea: A Time for New Thinking. Journal of Contemporary China. Vol. 9, Issue 25, November 2000. pp.535-545.

Sujian, Guo and Stradiotto, Gary A. (2007) The Nature and Direction of Economic Reform in North Korea. Political Studies, Vol.55, No. 4 December 2007. pp. 754-778(25) Blackwell Publishing.
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Posco Originally Called Pohang Iron

Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13569061

The crisis compelled the company to accept the government's offer of privatization and so, in 2001, POCO became a privatized company.

Enduring several scandals and plunges, POCO also managed to lift itself up and continue through its challenges through the late 1990s and into the millennium. Its success came about by eliminating ventures in other fields and investing only in projects that were in line with its objectives as well as by merging subsidiaries. In 1999, therefore, it merged Pohang teel Industries and Pohang Coated teel into Pohang teel Co. As well as starting three machinery units in the POCO Machinery Company. A few years earlier too (in 1994), its first two subsidiaries were created - POTEEL and POTGRADE.

In order to cut prices and make their organization more lean and effective, they also formed partnerships with former competitors such as with Nippon teel and China's Baoshan Iron & teel…… [Read More]

Sources Metals. Company Profile: POSC

Fundign universe. POSCO

World Steel Association. "Worldsteel top producers 2010."
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Post-Cold War Era Far From

Words: 2162 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20067512

Typically, Japanese marry before a Shinto altar and are buried, after cremation, in a Buddhist funeral. Many people, young and old, pay a New Years visit to a Shinto shrine and visit family graves once or twice a year. Young couples take their children to a Shinto shrine at the shichi-go-san festival to celebrate the ages 3, 5, and 7. For funeral and periodic memorial services, a family invites a priest from a Buddhist temple that belongs to the same Buddhist sect with which the family ancestors were affiliated.

Kamachi 29)

The Japanese, both officially and unofficially resisted the influence of the western religions, while at the same time conglomerating the traditional faiths of the region into an amalgamated faith of sorts.

In the past, every family in Japan had to be registered at a Buddhist temple to comply with the antiChristian policy of the Tokugawa government (1600-1868). After the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Allen, Douglas and Henry Warner Bowden, eds. Religion and Political Conflict in South Asia: India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Bhatt, Chetan. Hindu Nationalism: Origins, Ideologies, and Modern Myths / . New York: Berg, 2001.

Ceuster, Koen De. "The Nation Exorcised: The Historiography of Collaboration in South Korea." Korean Studies 25.2 (2001): 207+. Questia. 29 Apr. 2005
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Walmart Wal-Mart Is One of the Renowned

Words: 959 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3910715



al-Mart is one of the renowned and established retailing stores of the world. It is a non-governmental company and operates in a number of countries around the globe. The basic aim of al-Mart is to provide goods at a cheaper rate and due to this reason; it gained popularity in the domestic as well as international countries. This retail store is highly successful in various countries like China, Brazil, United Kingdom, Canada etc. However, the operation of al-Mart did not gain success in South Korea and Germany. There are a number of reasons for this success and failure (Roberts and Berg, pg. 45).

Since entering, a foreign market requires a deep analysis of political stability, culture, taste and fashion of people, many other factors, al-Mart did this analysis greatly, and due to this reason, al-Mart acquired different names in different countries. The names acquired by al-Mart were the…… [Read More]

Works cited

Onkvisit, Sak. International Marketing. Chicago: Taylor & Francis, 2008.

Roberts, Bryan and Natalie Berg. Walmart. London; Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page, 2012.

Schenk, Thorben. Foreign Market Servicing Strategies . London: GRIN Verlag, 2004.

Spotts, Greg. Wal-Mart. New York, N.Y.: Disinformation, 2005.
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Family Business Over the Last

Words: 1443 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25758494

A few of the most notable projects would include: the Clinton Commons Development and Armory Square projects. This would cause the overall amounts of available offices to increase. The construction costs will vary between: $85.00 to as high as $200.00 per square foot. ("Syracuse Average Costs," 2007) While, the financing of purchasing any kind of properties is more difficult. This is because of the tight credit conditions that many financial institutions are facing. When you analyze the different properties, it is clear that the Jefferson Center is facing the greatest challenges. As the market is struggling with an oversupply of office space and declining rents. The other properties located in Liverpool and Dewitt, are situated in markets where the levels of rent are increasing and the available supply is decreasing. This shows, how a divergence is occurring, between the properties that are located in Downtown Syracuse and the suburbs. Where,…… [Read More]


Commercial Real Estate Failures are Easy to Spot. (2010). Dallas Morning News. Retrieved from:

Limited Partnership. (2010). Quick MBA. Retrieved from:  

Market View. (2009). CB Richard Ellis. Retrieved from:

Syracuse Average Costs. (2007). Syracuse Central. Retrieved from:
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English Literacy My Experience With

Words: 1545 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30730980

It is more likely that there will continue to be many varied and constantly changing definitions of the American family, and this will continue to confuse those learning English as they attempt to make concrete connections between words and concepts from their own language and those of the new -- and constantly developing -- culture and language they have adopted.

hen making cultural comparisons, it is important to refrain from qualitative judgments, and I do not mean to imply any here. The Korean concept of the family and its responsibilities is more concrete than the American cultural and linguistic definitions, but this does not necessarily make it better. The American ideals of freedom and self-determination lie at the root of the American family, and lead to very different cultural and linguistic perspectives. It is the difference in vantage point, and not in any perceived difference in quality, that proves a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Graff, E.J. "What Makes a Family?" Frame Work. Ed. Gary Columbo, Bonnie Lisle, Sandra Mno. Boston: Bedford, 1997, 26-38.

New York Daily News. "American Role Models." 6 November 2008. Editorial: pg. 32

Tan, Amy. "Four Directions" Frame Work. Ed. Gary Columbo, Bonnie Lisle, Sandra Mno. Boston: Bedford, 1997, 124-127.

Wetzstein, Cheryl. "American Family Needs Some Help." Washington Times, 8 March 2009, M15.
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Democratic Nations Have Always Prospered

Words: 1874 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46573863

'Although these groups had different interests and goals, their mobilization and protests converged on the strategy of the opposition to the inhumane ruling of the military government' (Arifah, 2005), and this common understanding enthralled them with the spirit and motivation to demand political justice for themselves through implementation of democratic principles. It was observed that the government adopted discriminatory attitude and practiced violence against 'the protector generated righteous indignation and humanitarian concerns among progressive local population' (Charles, 2002), this further ignited their cause for the democratic reforms in the country. During 1980s a blood massacre took place at Kwangju which transformed the spirit and the practices launched for the implementation of the democratic reforms, the massacre 'radicalized and cross-fertilized the labor, student, church, and women's movements against military rule' (Charles, 2002). After the massacre the local population approved the radical Minjung ideology which demanded a rapid transition to the democratic…… [Read More]


Jeong Lim Nam. Gender Politics in the Korean Transition to Democracy. Korean Studies. University of Hawaii Press. 2000

Arifah Rahmawati, Najib Azca. Police Reform from Below: Examples from Indonesia's Transition to Democracy. Center for Security and Peace Studies, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia. 2005

Dr. Salahuddin Aminuzzaman. A Regional Overview Report on National Integrity Systems in South Asia. Department of Development Studies University of Dhaka Bangladesh. 2004

David Martin Jones. Democratization, Civil Society and the Pacific Asian Nouveaux Riches. Polity Press. 1997
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Graduate Admissions Accounting CPA Preparation

Words: 709 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66069842

The Whatever School of Business at Whatever University prepares its students well for the accounting profession but also encourages them to engage in critical debate about how to honor the different interests and demands of stakeholders at a corporation, and to balance the law with the needs of the client, regardless of whether the client is a 'real' individual or the fictional individual of a corporation. On a larger level, I believe that my experiences as an international student at Whatever will help me as an accountant student and eventually as a CPA. I am used to balancing a variety of different perspectives, as I have had to learn about the United States while learning about American and world economic systems in my classes.

In my classes at Whatever many of the students are interested to hear about the additional life experiences that I have had because I am several…… [Read More]

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Wal Mart Case Continuation Walmart in China

Words: 706 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5958221

Wal Mart Case Continuation

WalMart in China

Annotated Outline of Final Project

WalMart Globally: Why a Fast-Fail Mentality Pays

Failures in Germany & South Korea a esult of Strong Ethnocentrism

Both failures show the WalMart corporate culture had a very strong bias towards ethnocentrism (Ming-Ling, Donegan, Ganon, Kan, 2011) including a believe in their distribution and supply chain systems being so advanced that they could transcend cultural boundaries (Taylor, 2003).

Failures Showed Weaknesses In Managing Governments And Ignorance Of Their oles As Stakeholders

German government sues WalMart for violation of worker rights, specifically in the area of hours they attempted to push workers to be on the job (WalMart Investor elations, 2013).

Chinese government courted as a key stakeholder and full disclosure given over how satellite uplinks are used (Ming-Ling, Donegan, Ganon, Kan, 2011) and the WalMart executive management team starts thinking with the same Long-Term orientation (LTO) as exemplified…… [Read More]


Ming-Ling, C., Donegan, J.J., Ganon, M.W. & Kan, W. 2011, "Walmart and Carrefour experiences in China: resolving the structural paradox," Cross Cultural Management, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 443-463.

Porter, M.E. 1986, "Changing Patterns of International Competition," California management review, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 9-9.

Taylor, R. 2003, "China's Consumer Revolution: Distribution Reform, Foreign Investment and the Impact of the WTO," Asian Business & Management, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 187-187.

WalMart Investor Relations, 2013. Investor Relations. Retrieved May 8, 2013, from Wal-Mart Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC: