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However, it should be noted that many of these companies offering similar services were large corporations to begin with, like at&T, and thus had more financial capital to draw upon for research and development of new technology, thus making it easier to offer expanded services and increase their value as a company than Space Data.
Determining how much money is needed
Unfortunately, the need for new money always seemed around the corner for the Space Data Corporation. hen more funds were required for regional testing, most capital venture funds were wary. The financial needs of Space Data coalesced with a market downturn and "the market for paging and messaging firms had collapsed over the past year, with most having plunged by more than 90% from their peaks (MacCormack 2002:11). Investment banks were not interested, except for one, provided the company's plan met with FCC approval, including "patent protection, a…
MacCormack, Alan. (9 Apr 2002). Space Data Corporation. Harvard Business School
Case Study 9-602-121.
Higher-level physical and cognitive skills can still remain intact, and age matters less than the character of the person performing the job.
The underlying theme of the film is that it is never too old to realize your dreams, even dreams about achieving physical excellence in feats that even many young men cannot achieve. Corvin and his comrades were dismissed at the beginning of their careers because of their independent attitudes. Despite their age, they are recalled to duty, and they appear to be just as defiant, if not more so, than before. The film underlines the fact that the men have changed little in character since their early days at NASA. Corvin is still working for the organization, and is equally irascible as when he was when a young man. Another of his friends went on to become an electrical engineer; a former pilot works as a crop duster;…
Space Cowboys. (2000). Directed by Clint Eastwood.
SETI, of course, is the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence that has been taking place throughout various countries and nations on earth for quite some time. The way the site works is that there are a number of telescopes that are pointed in outer space and are picking up radio wave frequencies from what scientists have denoted as likely targets for extraterrestrial existence. These stars have been determined to be likely to providing conditions for life based upon the fact that they have exoplanets from the Kepler field. Furthermore, the site works by a consensus method, in which people are responsible for reporting any radio wave activity that appears as though it has been manipulated by some form of extraterrestrial origin. If enough people are able to witness data from radio frequency interference that is indicative of some form of extraterrestrial intelligence, scientists will know that they should focus on that…
In this sense, we may state that JWST is more than able to replace the Hubble, but only in one area of competency.
3. Given the fact that the last servicing mission has been cancelled, in my opinion, Hubble is approaching an end. This is not necessarily because it is not doing its job anymore, but simply because time and use is already taken a toll on its equipment. Even initially it was only designed to be used until more than 2006, which is quite a long period of time. The fact that the servicing mission was cancelled entitles me to believe that there will be no further investments in the Hubble.
It is to be expected that NASA will wait a year or two and then will end Hubble's period of activity. The $350 million a year I have mentioned do not seem reasonable in this case. The JWST,…
1. Hesseldahl, Arik. Peering back at the Universe's past. Forbes. June 2004. On the Internet at http://www.forbes.com/infoimaging/2004/05/06/cx_ah_0506spaceimaging_ii.html
3. Hubble Space Telescope costs Americans less than $1 year. Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. 1997
Love Of Extremes: Space Physiology
About the effect of gravity on the human being in space
Early milestones in space exploration and space physiology
The effects of microgravity on human physiology
Physiological changes during a space flight
The effects of microgravity on the human body
The Vestibular System
Orientation in space
Space Adaptation Syndrome (SAS) and Space Motion Sickness (SMS)
The effects of radiations on astronauts in space
DNA damage mechanisms by radiations
The biological effects of radiations
Acute effects of ionizing radiations on health
The effects on the immunologic and hematological system
The late effects of radiations on human health
Cardiopulmonary System (CVS)
Heart, circulation and body fluids
The effects of microgravity on bone physiology
The structure and function of muscles
Effects on the muscles
The effects of microgravity on the immune and hematopoietic systems
Effects of microgravity on the nervous system
In-flight acclimatization with…
Space Debris and Junk: Causes and Effects
Last February 1, 2003, the world had witnessed the news that the space shuttle Columbia broke up upon its reentry on the surface of the Earth. There have been speculations about the real cause of the mishap, wherein one report states that there has been an error in the piloting of the reentry of the said space shuttle. In an article written by Jeffrey Kluger of TIME, scientists speculate that the probable cause of the breaking out of Columbia is because of the difficulty that the space shuttle had in reentering the Earth. The "sheer turbulence of re-entry" may be the cause of Columbia's fate (Kluger 2003 26). However, despite the possibility of this theory, one popular theory about this event is that there might have been a damage in the ship, wherein one of the heat-absorbing tiles in Columbia's external surface may…
Bekey, I. May 1997. "Orion's Laser: Hunting Space Debris." Aerospace America, Vol 35, No 5, pp 38-44. Also downloadable at http://www.spacefuture.com/archive/orions_laser_hunting_space_debris.shtml
This journal article discusses the technological solution to the problem of space debris and junk, which is through laser technology, and focuses on the research study named "Orion," which discusses the implications of this study.
Collins, P. 1992. "Implications of Reduced Launch Costs for Commercial Space Law," in Legal Aspects of Space Commercialization, editor K. Tatsuzawa, CSP Japan, pp 13949. Also downloadable at http://www.spacefuture.com/archive/implications_of_reduced_launch_cost_for_commercial_space_law.shtml
Another journal article, this paper focuses on the legal measures made by the government in order to ensure that space explorations and programs will not contribute to the worsening problem of space debris and junk accumulation and high population in space.
An example is when Antonia rides his bicycle to hang up posters and advertisements for the cinema. A large image of the American film star ita Hayworth provides an ironic and telling contrast between the glamour and wealth of Hollywood and America and the lives of the ordinary people in postwar Italy (Ebert, 1999).
There are many reasons why this film has been critically acclaimed. As one critic notes; " 'The Bicycle Thief' is so well-entrenched as an official masterpiece that it is a little startling to visit it again after many years and realize that it is still alive & #8230; ( Ebert, 1999). It is the films exploration of human nature and the insight that it provides into human motivation that is one of the central reasons for the popularity of this film. For example, in the last sequence of the film, icci is also tempted to steal…
'2001: A Space Odyssey', 'Thus Spake Zarathustra'. Retrieved April 5, 2009, from http://www.crystalinks.com/2001z.html
Anyanwu, C.J. (1998). Virtual World and Virtual Reality. 154. Retrieved April 8, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001399400
Arnold, G. (1999, April 4). Film Institute Pays Tribute to 'The Bicycle Thief': De Sica's Classic Tale. The Washington Times, p. 5. Retrieved April 8, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001803027
Brevet B. ( 2008) One Scene Specifically Gives 'Kramer vs. Kramer' Its Heart.
Melt (work in progress). 8 February 2008. YouTube. Web. 29 April 2013.
Stephan Koplowitz: TaskForce UK Chapter 6 (site-specific dance). 26 June 2009. YouTube. Web. 3 May 2013.
Alyssa's analysis of Hotel Pool was insightful because she emphasized some of the different elements that are salient in a sight specific performance and distinct from a conventional stage one. In particular, her comment about the actual art including elements of the site, such as the water splashing up in the air after the dancers plunged into it, is the whole point of doing a site specific performance. I also agree with what she said about the setting from TaskForce UK Chapter 6 encouraging anticipation for the summer time. That was actually one of the best parts about this video, watching people in what must have been ideal (meaning hot) weather and taking advantage of it in a pool.
Just based on…
Space Answering the Following:
Can we ever protect a facility 100% given all the security tools available? Discuss.
Although 100% protection may be a laudable goal, and a personal and ideal 'benchmark' for any theorist of computer encryption and protection technology, it is not a realistically feasible one, given that, no matter how stalwart the protections of passwords, anti-virus software, and up-to-date firewalls may be, hackers are often equally adventurous. (Kaufman, et. al. 2002) At times, the more secure the system, the more attractive it is to the 'sporting' hacker. Also, popular systems may be more attractive to attacks, even though it is necessary to use such systems to exchange data between different branches of an organization. (Newman, 2002) Lastly, every concession to access and efficiency means some security concession. Always, a balance must be struck, and thus 100% protection cannot be a true goal, because one must always balance…
Corporate Security on the Internet. (February 2002) News Views. http://www.newsviews.info/techbytes02.html
Enterprise Wide Security on the Internet (March 2002) News Views. http://www.newsviews.info/techbytes03.html
Kaufman, Perlman & Speciner. (2002). Network Security: Private Communication in a Public World. Second Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Newman, Robert C. (2003). Enterprise Security. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
space to fill in key points under each heading. You should fill in 1-2 sentences in the lines provided in red to summarize main points in each section where space is provided. When you complete the study guide, submit it through the unit's study guide dropbox. Each study guide is worth 10 points.
Reading 1: Stages of Literacy Development
Reading Readiness/Pre-Reading (Birth -- age 6)
Initial Reading (Age 6-7, Grades 1-2)
Fluency (Age 7-8, Grades 2-3)
Reading to Learn (Age 9-13, Grades 4-8)
Reading Readiness/Pre-Reading (Birth -- age 6)
_Children should get exposed to reading and writing, and see that it is a form of communication that interests them. They should also attempt to mimic reading and writing on some level.
Initial Reading (Age 6-7, Grades 1-2)
_At this age children begin to read on their own and learn simple monosyllable words that rhyme. They learn typical spelling rules and…
In Jamaica Kincaid's "On Seeing England for the First Time" the invisible hand, the authority is education. In this case, education is the mode which the British government uses in order to guarantee control over its colony. By presenting the grand, illustrious idea of Britain, the British government is making sure that Antiguans are in awe and are not thinking about rebelling. The author expands on her experience with Britain while growing up in Antigua. Though she had never been to England at that point she remembers how they were forced to draw maps of England in school and how she was "familiar with the greatness of it." (Kincaid, 720) This points out how through education, children in Antigua were provided with the idea of great England, which later on made them feel incompetent because they were not from it. This idea of England was forced to its colonies by…
space inhabit. You visit St. Patrick's Cathedral New York analyze experience understand design theories, concepts, historical precedents looked class.
Patrick's Cathedral in New York City: A historical and architectural overview
Patrick's Cathedral is a 'working' cathedral in the U.S.: it stands both as a historical monument but also offers the function of a place of worship to parishioners. "It is the seat of the archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, and a parish church" yet because of its location on Fifth Avenue right across from Rockefeller Center, it is not unusual to see churchgoers mingling with tourists and people coming to services next to people taking photographs.[footnoteRef:1] A visitor can quietly pray and seek spiritual solace -- or buy rosaries at the gift shop. Although it was not originally designed to accommodate such diverse uses but rather to tend to the needs of New York's immigrant Catholic…
Franz, Marcus. "St. Patrick's Cathedral." Medieval New York, 1997. 11 Dec 2013.
"Gothic architecture." Athena Review, 4.2, 11 Dec 2013.
NASA was operating as an authoritarian and hierarchical organization.
Owen Garriot was an exception to the rule of regimentation in the sense that he brought a lighthearted attitude to the workplace environment. Garriot's "excitement," "enthusiasm" and "zealousness" made him a sort of unintentional leader for the Skylab 3 crew (p. 6). Thus, the astronauts were only able to create a circle network because of their extreme isolation -- from planet earth.
Unlike the second Skylab, the third was comprised of a team of rookies. Moreover, "none of the third crew shared any close personal connections with the first two crews," (p. 7). The problems in communication and lack of teamwork led the third crew to "play down the adverse effects of space travel to protect NASA's funding for future space programs," (p. 7). A lack of camaraderie solidified the wheel-chain combination strategy that NASA had come to rely upon as…
Too often, important issues are overlooked because people fail to realize that there are deeper concerns that are not being considered. When managers address problems, they have to frame them the right way, so anyone they communicate with sees the value of what they are trying to say and the goals they are attempting to reach (Bazerman & Moore, 2008). This was something that can and should have been done with the Challenger disaster, but that was not done. A significant number of lives were lost because of that, and that could have really been avoided with proper communication and framing techniques on the part of both NASA and the engineers at Morton-Thiokol. What happened with the shuttle that day was tragic, and many argued that it was unavoidable.
However, it was actually an avoidable issue that appeared to be brought on simply by improperly framed communication. Framing has to…
Bazerman, M.H. & Moore, D.A. (2008). Judgment in managerial decision making. NY: Wiley.
Pinkus, R.L. (1997). Engineering ethics: Balancing cost, schedule, and risk. NY: Cambridge University Press.
Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism
Developing Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism
Today, certain individuals in the developing countries could be viewing "space tourism" as vocabulary. Nonetheless, in the developed countries, this term is turning to be more familiar and gradually becoming a holiday experience for world Forbes. This is an expensive venture that is exciting, stunning, adventurous, and relatively remains the least exploited phenomena in the world history. Since the first "space tour" in 2001, the rich stamps their foot on a fact that wherever they can go, the poor cannot manage to go, and what the poor can do, they can do best. Over the past few decades, the general perception about space tourism has been changing yearly. History reveals that this perception considered space tourism as a "science fiction." However, this term currently gains recognition and is becoming the most important grand target for the growing…
Ashford, D.M. (1984). Space tourism: Key to the universe? Journal of Spaceflight, 26(4), 123-
Bono, P. (1973). The reusable booster paradox: Aircraft technology or operations? Journal of Space Flight, 9(3), 379-387.
Broz, T.A. (1985). NASA administrator rules out shuttle for space tourism. Commerce on Space Tourism, 9(8), 68-77.
Gerard, M. & Jefferson, P. (1998). International cooperation in space: New government and industry relationships. Journal of Space Exploration, 9(5), 27-39.
New York City
Use of Temporary Space
(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)
Images & Charts
Illy Push Button House
Store Front Library
Brooklyn Bridge Park
Images & Charts
According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…
Vega, Eric. (2009). "New York Social Society." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.nycsocialsociety.com/index2.html
Yahoo Finance. (2009). "Commercial Real Estate Loans A Growing Problem For Banks." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Commercial-Real-Estate-Loans-ibd-3654392109.html?x=0&.v=1
Zip Car. (2009). "Zip Car." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.zipcar.com .
hen the Soviets successfully launched Sputnik I, the first ever artificial satellite, in orbit on October 4, 1957, the event took the Americans and the entire western world by surprise. Sputnik I was just a 2-foot sphere with nothing more than two tiny radio transmitters on it, but the symbolic significance of the event -- the implication that Communist Russia had taken a significant technological lead over the United States was a massive blow to the American nation's pride. It signaled the start of the Cold ar space-race between the two major super powers of the time and developed into a race for putting the first man on the moon that culminated in the historic "giant leap for mankind" on July 20, 1969 when Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. This paper focuses on the history of the U.S. Space Program, the role…
Chaikan, Andrew. "Space Exploration." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003
Ezell, Clinton E. And Linda Neuman Ezell. "The Partnership: A History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project." NASA Special Publication-4209,1978 Chapter 1: The Space Race Competition vs. Cooperation: 1959-1962. April 21, 2004 http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4209/ch1-4.htm
History of the Space Programme." Scenta Website. March 16, 2004. April 21, 2004. http://www.scenta.co.uk/news/viewFeature.cfm?ciid=207&iCurrSubSection=2
Koman, Rita G. "Man on the Moon: The U.S. Space Program as a Cold War Maneuver." Organization of American Historians. Reprinted from the OAH Magazine of History
The first space is the space where I live. This is an apartment, relatively small but well-designed. The space where I sleep is adjacent to the main living area. It is notable for its small size. The depth of the room is the length of the bed, such that the ends of the bed abut the walls. One may exit the bed on either side, however. Most of the remaining wall space is taken up by nightstands, shelves along the back wall, a door to the walk-in closet and a door to the office. There are sliding doors to access either side of the bed.
This space recognizes that the sleeping area is mainly used for just that, sleep. One could, in theory, hang a television screen on the wall for watching TV while in bed, but I have chosen not to do that. The minimization of the sleeping…
Throughout the course of human history, the idea of traveling into space has been something that has captured the imagination. This is because it is offering everyone with an avenue for seeing new worlds and learning about the universe. The result is that a number of missions are being planned for going back to the moon and eventually Mars.
To reach these objectives, a series of space vehicles are under development. This is to address the desire to explore the unknown and ensure that astronauts can return safely to Earth. At the same time, many craft are utilizing robotic technology. This improves the ability of scientists to understand what is happening and the impact it having on stakeholders.
In the case of space tourism, these changes will encourage more firms and governmental organizations to become involved. This is because the costs for conducting these missions can be reduced.…
Czysz, P. (2009). Future of Spacecraft Propulsion Systems. New York, NY: Springer.
Doddy, D. (2013). Deep Spacecraft. New York, NY: Springer.
Wang, W. (2011). Near Space Remote Sensing. New York, NY: Springer.
Objects in Space
Many objects move around in space that proves to be a threat to the planet earth and its components. There is a chance of collision in relation to the number of objects in the space thus the need to adopt and implement preventive or tracking measures towards minimization of the effects. One of the effects of the collision of the numerous objects moving in the space is death of the humanities in extreme circumstances. Luckily, for the development of human beings, space is empty. It is also essential to note there is critical information or knowledge on the locations of the large objects in the space. This makes the chances of DS1 hitting any object accidentally to be very slim. Despite this essence, there are small objects in the space that eludes the knowledge the humanity in relation to the exact location. This makes DS1 to be…
"Asteroid Detectives." New Scientist 217.2906 (2013): 5. Academic Search Premier. Web. 8
Simonov A., et al. "Asteroid Hazard, Real Problems and Practical Actions." Solar System
Research 45.7 (2011): 577-583.
The presence of water is also central to the architecture of mosques, albeit for religious more than aesthetic purposes.
Conclusion: Two Squares, Two Cultures
The Place de la Concorde shares more in common with the Maidan-i-Shah than is immediately apparent. The two squares are about the same size: around 8 hectares. Both have been used for multiple purposes and whisper the changes that have taken place within their respective cities. Political and social life has centered on each of these public spaces.
More than a century separates the two squares, as the Maidan-i-Shah in the early seventeenth century and the Place de Louis XV in the mid-eighteenth century. The architecture and intended use of the two squares proves to be radically different. Unlike the Maidan-i-Shah, the Place de la Concorde serves no religious function. The lack of places of worship as part of the city square speaks directly to the…
Boyer, M.C. (1996). The City of Collective Memory: Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments. MIT.
Carmona, M. (2003). Public Spaces, Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design. Oxford: Architectural Press.
The Center for Design Excellence (n.d.). Public space. Urban Design. Retrieved online: http://www.urbandesign.org/publicspace.html
Craven, J. (n.d.). Public spaces: cities, towns, and landscapes. About.com Guide to Architecture. Retrieved online: http://architecture.about.com/od/urbandesign/u/PublicSpaces.htm
Suggesting the significance of food as a social activity, kitchens in suburban homes sometimes have their own entrances. The kitchen entrances are convenient for carrying in groceries. Regardless of where the kitchen is located in relation to the front door, it is almost always a shared space in which guests and residents may linger and socialize. Built-in items like countertops and breakfast bars encourage guests and residents to set down their drinks while chatting or to eat food.
Any other side or back doors that offer entryways into the home are used for special occasions. Sometimes a side or back door becomes a default front door depending on the layout of the home. In cases in which the family has a housekeeper, the housekeeper is often told to enter through a side-door, denoting differences in class and social status.
A garage can become the main entrance because of the car-centered…
egulations and requirements
The Federal Aviation Authority -- FAA passed the "Vision100 - Century of Aviation eauthorization Act," which among other regulations also allowed for the allocation of the AIP funds for the facilities like hangars and fuel farms. This is stated in the law that the secretary can pay the funds "apportioned to the airport sponsor under section 47114 (d) (3) (a) and if the Secretary determines that the sponsor has made adequate provision for financing airside needs of the airport." ("Airport Improvement Program," 2004) Therefore all planners and builders are required to submit a business plan. In the event where the promoter of the proposed airport is not requiring the genera fund, still considering these guidelines will help in determining the profitability and the types of facility and structures required. The foremost concern is to evaluate the need. The plan must show the demand envisaged for the facility.…
Banister, David; Berechman, Joseph. (2000) "Transport Investment and Economic
Development" UCL Press: London.
De Neufville, Richard; Odoni, Amedeo R. (2002) "Airport Systems: Planning, Design, and Management" McGraw-Hill.
Doganis, Rigas. (2002) "Flying off Course: The Economics of International Airlines"
.." (Chenoweth and Clarke, 2006) These performance regimes are required to take part in three challenges stated to be the challenges associated with:
1) Overcoming asymmetrical incentives and enlist diverse stakeholders around a collective local security goal despite varying perceptions of its immediacy;
2) Persuading participants to sustain their involvement in the face of competing demands, and 3) Overcoming collective action problems to create a durable coalition around performance goals necessary to reducing local vulnerability." (Chenoweth and Clarke, 2006)
VI. TERRORISM in 'LOCATION SPECIFIC' (CHENOWETH and CLARKE, 2006)
Chenoweth and Clarke stress that...terrorism is location-specific" and "cities especially are at risk." (2006) This must certainly be true in relation to high profile space and military industry specific locations. It is reported that since 2003 "there is some evidence of greater sensitivity to spatial variations in risk: Congress slowly increased the funding for port and railroad security and reorganized territorial funding…
Disharmony in the Spheres: The Militarization of Space (2008) Combined Air Operations Centre - the Economist - 71 Jan 2008. Briefing Online available at http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10533205
Chun, Clayton K.S.
Shooting Down a Star: Program 437, the U.S. Nuclear ASAT System and Present Day Copycat Killers. Maxwell AFB, AL: USAF Air University, April 2000.
Earl, Richard Hansen. "Can the United States Afford to Surrender in the Next Conflict to Another Nation's Dominance in Space?."
The cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, Self-Aid uddy Care and the Fire Extinguisher training are mandatory to all fuel systems personnel. Initial and annual recertification is conducted during squadron block training. Each personnel must possess a current CPR card.
All personnel are trained to use and care for all protective equipment in the work center.
And they are trained to recognize potential hazardous symptoms while working in confined spaces and to immediately evaluate the confined space as directed by the attendant.
efore the start of fuel systems maintenance, the shift supervisor insures that the applicable aircraft checklist is accomplished, the required fuel systems equipment are inspected and maintained in serviceable condition, emergency communications established by radio or emergency phones, and the Fire Department of Job Control Department notified of fuel systems maintenance.
efore entering the fuel systems repair area, all non-fuel systems personnel shall check in and get briefed by the…
Baird, R.L. (1996). Fire protection and health program. Air Force Occupational and Environmental Safety. 58 pages. Retrieved January 31, 2007 at http://www.epublishing.af.mil/pubfiles/af/91/afi91-301/afi91-301.pdf
Breed, P. (1998). Respiratory protection program. Air Force Occupational Safety and Health 48-138. Aerospace Medicine. 37 pages. Retrieved January 31, 2007 at http://220.127.116.11/pubs/info_asp?shorttitle=30SWI48-103
Millar, J. Donald. (1986). Preventing occupational fatalities in confined spaces.
NIOSH Publications 80-110. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 9 pages. Retrieved January 31, 2007 at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/86110v2.html
Art and Public Space
ho 'owns' public space? Public space is never neutral, even though it is theoretically owned 'in common,' but rather reflects the particular ideology of those who construct it. Thus, in a sense we all own public because we have a hand in how it is used and we are all owned by public space in the sense that the locations in which we dwell limit and define our social interactions. "One of the main trends in philosophy is to see the public sphere as a form of social reality, and less as an act of creation whose results would be negotiated intersubjectively" (Gheorghe 317).
Marxists see the demarcation of spaces into public and private arenas as a way to negotiate power relationships. Anyone who doubts this should consider the extent to which desirable real estate is determined by proximity to privileged social spaces: an apartment with…
"Chapter 3: A critical overview of public art." Temple University.
http://astro.temple.edu/~ruby/wava/alex/chap3.pdf [15 Mar 2013]
Gheorgh, C. "Theories and Uses in Common: Responses of Art in the Public Sphere."
Meta Research in Hermeneutics and Practical Philosophy, 2.2 (2010): 316-27.
Air, Space, And Cyber Space Security
Air, Space, and Cyberspace Power Studies
"Since the birth of military aviation, airmen have claimed that airpower offered a new approach to warfare. Even in the earliest days of aviation, airpower's range of action, its ability to react and refocus quick across a wide area without having to consider the terrain or access, and its inherent above -- the surface perspective all pointed to a new era in warfare" ("AFDD 1, Air Force asic Doctrine"). Within the military, the United States air force has a great strength and makes a considerable contribution to the well-being and safety of citizens of the United States. As society progresses into a new technology age, where computers no longer take up entire rooms but can fit in the palm of our hands, the USAF must also change with the times. How is the air force going to keep…
"AFDD 1, Air Force Basic Doctrine." 2003.www.dtic.mil/doctrine_jel/service_pubs_afdd1.pdf (accessed August 22, 2011).
Boyne, Walter J. Air Warfare: An International Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2002.
Daniel, Lisa. "New Strategy Shows Importance of Space Domain, Lynn Says." February 16, 2011. http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=62844 (accessed August 22, 2011).
Hess, Bill. "Senior officer stresses growing importance of cyber ecurity." June 12, 2011.http://www.svherald.com/content/news/2011/06/12/senior-officer-stresses-growing-importance-cyber-security (accessed August 22, 2011).
computers in space science. Specifically, it will look at the roles computers have in current space technology and how they have effected the lives of everyone in the world. Without computer technology, space science would be confined to the ground, and man's imagination. efore large-scale computing was developed, the technologies necessary to design, build, and maintain a space program simply did not exist. Computers have made it possible to explore the moon, stars, and beyond.
Computers in Space Science
Computers play an integral role in the science of space, and without them most of modern space exploration would not be possible. As the NASA report, "Computers at NASA" states, "Since the 1950's, the computer has been the main tool that has enabled scientists and engineers to visualize the next frontier and then make it a reality" (NASA). NASA employs literally thousands of computers throughout the world to monitor, design, and…
Author not Available. "Computers at NASA." NASA. 1994. 29 Oct. 2003. http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/news/factsheets/computers.pdf
Barber, Jennifer Lauren. "Close Encounters on Your Desktop." Bright Magazine. 2001. 29 Oct. 2003. http://journalism.medill.northwestern.edu/journalism/magazine/bright/brightlite/peer4.html.
Dubinski, John. "Cosmology." Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics. 26 June 1997. 29 Oct. 2003. http://www.cita.utoronto.ca/webpages/CITA/annrep96/node20.html
Editors. "Hubble's Computers and Automation." HubbleSite. 2003. 29 Oct. 2003. http://hubble.stsci.edu/sci.d.tech/nuts_.and._bolts/spacecraft_systems/#comp
One of the core objectives of warehousing is to maximize the efficient use of warehouse resources, one of which is space. The term efficiency essentially describes the extent to which the actual level of output compares with the maximum level that would be produced if resources were utilized to maximum capacity. This, in terms of warehouse space, can be interpreted as a measure of the actual units stored vis-a-vis the units that would be stored if the available space was used to full capacity.
Very often, companies believe that they need to relocate to bigger premises; yet they have enough space and are just not using it efficiently. Ineffective utilization of warehouse space limits a facility from realizing its full potential, as it imposes additional costs of building and/or obtaining new space, which may not be necessary at the time. Further, it drives a facility to incur unnecessary…
Hudock, B. (2014). How to Maximize Warehouse Space When Expansion isn't an Option. Tompkins International. Retrieved 11 September 2014 from http://www.tompkinsinc.com/article/2004/how-maximize-warehouse-space-when-expansion-isnt-option/
McKnight, D. (1999). A Practical Guide to Evaluating the Functional Utility of Warehouses. The Appraisal Journal, 67(1): 29-37.
The human body reacts in direct and indirect ways when it is bombarded with or deprived of certain things. Space is a good example of somewhere where both of those things can happen concurrently. Indeed, the radiation that is prevalent throughout space is one example. However, the general lack of oxygen is perhaps a bigger issue. Oxygen is one of the core parts of the water molecule. It is also a primary component of the air that humans breathe, along with nitrogen and a few other atoms types. Because of this, it is wise to know what happens to the human body in an area that is devoid of oxygen. The astronauts that have gone up there have worn special suits while doing so for a reason. Even with the protective measures that have been and continue to be taken, it is still true that the lack of atmosphere…
Community Space and Youth
There are many benefits for young people when public space is made available, or when citizens work together to both pressure government and work with government and business to establish quality space. Public access should not be denied to young people and as a youth says on page 7 of Another inter, Another Spring (Social Planning Toronto -- SPT), "Schools shouldn't be charging for the use of space." In hitehorse, volunteers proved that with a firm goal in mind, change can be accomplished and young people can be afforded quality space for their activities. The volunteers have worked within the system -- embracing members of the business community and others from government to establish a space for the visual and performing arts (Canadian Case Studies).
Today there is a well-functioning Yukon Arts Centre, open year-round, hosting theatre presentations, music events, and even training for young would-be…
Canadian Case Studies.
Raphael, Dennis, Renwick, Rebecca, Brown, Ivan, Phillips, Sherry, Sehdev, Hersh, and Steinmetz, Brenda. (2001). Community Quality of Life in Low-Income Neighborhoods:
Findings From Two Contrasting Communities in Toronto, Canada. Journal of the Community Development Society, 32(2), 310-333.
Social Planning Toronto. Another Winter, Another Spring: Toronto Youth Speak Out about
Confined Space, Electrodes, Chromium
A confined space is an enclosed or partially enclosed space that is not primarily designed or intended for human occupancy, it has a restricted entrance or exit by way and size, fined spaces as well poor ventilation. Confined spaces can be below or above ground, it can be found in almost any workplace. A confined space, despite its name, is not necessarily small. Examples of confined spaces include silos, vats, hoppers and utility vaults.
The AS defined confined spaces as having limited space and modes of ingress and egress as well as poor ventilation (American elding Society, 2003a). hile the NIOSH defined confined spaces as sufficient space enough for a person to enter and conduct work, limited means of entry and exit, and does not suit continuous employment. The AS definition is more restricted than that of the broader (Hammer & Price, 2001).
American Welding Society. (2003). Chromium and Nickel in Welding Fume. Safety and Health Fact Sheet No. 4. http://files.aws.org/technical/facts/FACT-04.PDF
Argonne National Laboratory. (2005). Human health fact sheet: Thorium. Retrieved November 21, 2008, from http://www.ead.anl.gov/pub/doc/Thorium.pdf
Goetschs, L.D. (2008). Occupational safety and health, for technologists, engineers, and managers (6th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
CONESED PUBLIC SPACE: MEMORIES & HISORY
Contested Public Space: Memories and History
Das Denkmal fur Die Ermordeten Juden Europas
he Memory Landscape.
Mary's is a large old-style brick church belonging to the council of the Hanseatic city of Lubeck. On the floor at the rear of the church, broken pieces of two large bells remain where they fell during an air raid in World War II. he third largest church in Germany, it took 100 years to construct St. Mary's but just one Palm Sunday night in March of 1942 to nearly destroy it. As with so many churches ruined by bombing during the war, parishioners debated about restoration. Citizens living on war-torn homeland are caught: here is a lingering desire to preserve physical destruction as a message or signal to subsequent generations, or as an effort to share the horror of war time experience. If the physical evidence of…
The Construction of the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin.
A competition for the design of the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin was held in April of 1994. Twelve artists were invited to submit a design and a stipend of 50, 000 German Marks was provided to each candidate. The proposals would be reviewed by a jury with representatives from architecture, urban design, art, history, administration, and politics. Interest in the project grew and at the end of the competitive period, 528 proposals had been submitted. Rounds of reviews commenced and 13 proposals were selected. But during the interim period between meetings, the jurors -- who ostensibly were then able to review the critiques of their fellow jurors -- asked that 11 proposals be put back in the running. Two proposals were finally recommended to the foundation for feasibility study. One proposal was designed by Simon Ungers architectural group from Hamburg, and one proposal was designed by Christine Jackob-Marks. Jackob-Marks' work included names of murdered Jews engraved in a large concrete plate, with empty spaces signifying Jews who could not be identified by name. Her proposal also included debris from Massada where the Jewish inhabitants avoided capture by invading Romans by killing themselves. Chancellor Helmut Kohl vetoed this proposal. It was considered too "German" and too similar to the Nazi death rosters. The controversy continued under many different guises.
In June of 1998, Peter Eisenman's design was chosen, but it was scaled down to 2,711 blocks, or stelae, after considerable controversy.[footnoteRef:22] Daniel Liebeskind, who was pupil of Eisenman's, claimed that Eisenman stole his design from the Berlin Jewish Museum's Garden of Exile. In July of 2001, billboards reflecting Holocaust denial sentiments appeared in Berlin triggering a funding controversy. [footnoteRef:23] In October of 2003, there was a major disruption to the project. Degesch, a subsidiary of the German company Degussa, was revealed by a Swiss newspaper to be the same firm that made Zyklon-B, the gas used in the gas chambers to murder Jews in the extermination camps. Degussa had been hired to coat the concrete slabs with an anti-graffiti substance. In fact, many stelae had already been coated and the anti-graffiti substance had been discounted as in-kind sponsorship of the memorial. Degussa had National-Socialist leanings during the war and this fact was ostensibly known to the construction management company and to Lea Rosh. Rosh declared that she had no prior knowledge of the connection, and she is reported to have said that, "Zylon-B is obviously the limit."[footnoteRef:24] Another subsidiary of Degussa had, but this time, already poured the concrete foundation for the stelae. Members of the Jewish community were outraged at Degussa's involvement and wanted them out of the project. Politicians on the Board of the foundation did not want to impose further expense on the project by stopping construction, or worse, destroying any construction that Degasse had already accomplished. The cost of this action was estimated at €2.34 million. One Board member, Wolfgang Thierse, was reported to say, "[T]he past intrudes into our society."[footnoteRef:25] The Zentrairat der Juden in Germany was outspoken about not continuing the work with Degrasse. Hezryk Broder emphasized that, "The Jews don't need this memorial, and they are not prepared to declare a pig sty kosher." [footnoteRef:26] Peter Eisenberg, perhaps in a bid to see his work finished, supported continuing the project with Degrasse. In November 2003, work restarted with Degrasse. In May of 2005, the Das Denkmal fur Die Ermordeten Juden Europas was completed. At the opening ceremony, Peter Eisenberg spoke about the significance of the Mahnmal, saying that, "It is clear that we won't have solved all the problems -- architecture is not a panacea for evil -- nor will we have satisfied all those present today, but this cannot have been our intention."[footnoteRef:27] [22: Historic Sites -- Berlin, Op. Cit. ] [23: Ibid. ] [24: Translated from "Die Grenze ist ganz klar Zyklon B." Leggewie / Meyer, 2005, p. 294. ] [25: Translated from "Die Vergangenheit ragt in unsere Gesellschaft hinein." Claus Leggewie and Erik Meyer (2005) "Ein Ort, an den man gerne geht." Das Holocaust-Mahnmal und die deutsche Geschichtspolitik nach 1989. Munich, DE: Carl Hanser Verlag Publisher. Munich. p. 294.] [26: Translated from "Di Juden brauchen dieses Mahnmal nicht, und sind nicht beriet, eine Schweinerei als koscher zu erklaren." Leggewie / Meyer, 2005, p. 294] [27: Berstein, Richard. (2005, May 11) Holocaust Museum opens in Berlin, The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com/2005/0511/international/europe/11germany . ]
ithin these transactions, however, the relationship of women towards males in their lives is often reinforced in advertising, either by the woman's desire to buy products to beautify herself or her home, or to cook and clean the home.
In contemporary life, it seems more difficult to trace the architectural genealogy of suburban and urban malls and shopping locations in as clear and in as sexually defined a fashion as the Burlington Arcade. Like the arcade, however, malls and other stores are public places where everyone is free to come in, but must behave according to the rules of the store, or else the shoppers are forced to leave by security guards. The exchanges are impersonal, like in any store, or in prostitution, and are governed by financial transactions, even though the employee may be forced to tell the customer to have a nice day, or behave according to a…
Rendell, Jane. "Industrious Females' and 'Professional Beauties." In Strangely Familiar: Narratives of Architecture in the City. Ed. Lain Borden et al. London and New York: Routledge, 1996. 32-6.
Youth is linked to a sense of plasticity of self. Many of the drugs consumed at raves, like Ecstasy, also encourage the user to engage in demonstrative behavior to total strangers. And even people not on drugs like to use the transiency of raves, where most people will never be seen again, to engage in wild sexual behavior as well as dancing.
Raves are cheap, cheaper than clubs, and do not have the institutional status of a bouncer and owner passing judgment on who enters and exits. There is no landlord of the space, other than the organizers. There is no permanent sense of who can be admitted like a restaurant, often no tickets or formal place of entry. To police the boundaries of entry and exit lie in the hands of the organizers when they give invitations. Even if the inviters have no formal social status, no wealth, and…
Further, Pahl's depiction of the mall's sacred symbols -- water and light, vegetation, and "words that promise us unity, devotion, love, happiness, and other phenomenon that were once the benefits of traditional religious practices" -- presents a truly unique and important insight into the estern way.
But where Pahl falls short is his inability to continue this argument into a piece of social commentary that benefits the anthropologically minded reader. In other words, Pahl makes his observations regarding the importance of the mall as sacred space, supports them through a list of sacred symbols employed by the malls, and then merely gives a short paragraph-long explanation of why the mall fails to meet its spiritual promise. Incredibly, he manages to leave out the sections in which he analyzes the impact of the mall's being a sacred space on estern society, as well as its cultural implications.
That the modern, estern…
Pahl, Jon. "The Mall as Sacred Space." (Information for citation not provided)
The ability to create a common culture of nursing can be difficult. However, the stresses and joys of a nursing ward create a common life culture amongst nurses, even nurses from different backgrounds. The commiseration about long hours, or engaging in sympathetic discourse about patients or patient's suffering is a common bond. Even with patients, however, the commonality of a bond can exist when one talks about grandchildren, bonding over similar life experiences and stages, for example, a bond that transcends culture. This intersection makes the process of care less frightening and confusing, as now the nurse wears a human face. Likewise, inter-staff conflict is minimized through such bonding of commonality of gender, age, life experience, or vocational experiences. The life spaces that are most important in the culture of health care can be found in health, wellness, and concern about the body -- about caring for others such…
Bigge & Shermis. (2002) Learning Theories for Teachers. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
promoting fuel efficient cars, establishing green spaces or forestry, random emission testing, and encouraging alternative transportation, walking, and bicycle use. The total cost is $15.5 M.
Fuel efficient cars
Fuel efficient cars not only reduces pollution but I chose it due to the fact that it is also a good option given today's rising gas prices.
Fuel efficient cars come in 2 categories -- electric and water. What this means is that these cars substitute gas -- which pollutes the atmosphere -- with either electricity or water or hydroxyl.
Hybrid cars are healthier for the environment since they combine gas and water (or electricity) producing lower emissions. They also reduce dependence on fossil fuel which is the main source of fuel today.(Future-Method.com)
The trade-offs of fuel efficient cars are first and foremost price. That, however, can be overcome by compelling distributors to lower the price by making it a more…
Future-Method. Fuel Efficient Hybrid Cars -- Initiatives to Reduce Pollution. http://www.futuremethod.org/418/fuel-efficient-hybrid-cars-initiatives-to-reduce-pollution
The benefits of alternative transportation http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/library/CR-007047.pdf
Supnithadnaporn, (2007), Do Vehicles Passing Emission Test Pollute Less-Georgia Institute of Technology http://www.spp.gatech.edu/faculty/WOPRpapers/AnupitWOPRFinal.pdf
The greater the level of support and information a customer needs to make a decision on which product to buy, the more likely a retail channel will be the best approach. Conversely if a product is by nature highly commoditized or is so popular it has strong customer trust, digital channels are the best approach, as they will drop the cost per transaction (Edelman, 2010).
Companies who are excelling at bridging both strategies include Apple and BestBuy. Apple has both their walk-in stores for managing the demonstration of their latest products and also delivering excellent personalized service at their Genius Bars. They also have one of the best websites and digital channels for selling their products online as well. The balance of digital and retail or space and place, is excellent, and supports the Apple brand overall. BestBuy is another company who has successfully defined a strong mix of space…
Edelman, D.. (2010). Gaining an edge through digital marketing. The McKinsey Quarterly,(3), 129.
Grandon, E., Nasco, S., & Mykytyn, P.. (2011). Comparing theories to explain e-commerce adoption. Journal of Business Research, 64(3), 292.
Martin-Herran, G., & Sigue, S.. (2011). Prices, promotions, and channel profitability: Was the conventional wisdom mistaken? European Journal of Operational Research, 211(2), 415.
I prefer lying down on my back, with my feet flat on the ground and my knees up in the air, although I have done the same basic technique sitting up as well. I close my eyes and consciously relax every part of my body, starting with my toes and working my way up, through the legs, hips, torso, arms, neck and even face. At the same time, I try to stop regulating my breathing. Every time I do this, without exception, I am amazed by the amount I needlessly control my breath. When I am able to consciously relax it, it flows much more smoothly and is far more refreshing and relaxing. This is a very physical manifestation of the ever-present pressure to be something other than who I am. It is something most if not all people experience, and yet something I think most people are totally unaware…
teaching space science. There are various complexities that affect the way that astronomy is taught, not the least of which is the enormity of scale that space science involves.
One of the basic requirements for understanding astronomy is coming to terms with the vastness of the universe. For example, a basic unit of astronomical measurement is the light year. Merriam-ebster defines the light year as "a unit of length in astronomy equal to the distance that light travels in one year in a vacuum or about 5.88 trillion miles or 9.46 trillion kilometers" (2011). hile this definition conveys factual data, it does little to make the concept real, that is, accessible to the average student.
Moreover, trying to convey the reality of light traveling at the unimaginably fast speed of 299,792 kilometers per second (186,282 miles per second) is indeed mind-boggling. Even at such amazing speeds, light takes years to…
Bennett, J. (2011). Teaching resources -- strategies for teaching astronomy. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: http://www.jeffreybennett.com/astronomy.html
Discovery Education. (2011). Astronomical scales. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: http://www.discoveryeducation.com/teachers/free-lesson-plans/astronomical-scales.cfm
Koppes, S. (2011). Award-winning teachers find the unexpected. University of Chicago website. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: http://www.uchicago.edu/features/20110527_quantrell/olinto.shtml
Merriam-Webster. (2011). Light-year. Retrieved August 12, 2011 from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/light-year?show=0&t=1313215675
Office Space opens with an extended scene showing Peter stuck in traffic on his way to work. The morning commute is the commencement of many workers’ days, and impacts their perception of their job and overall quality of life. Yet it is corporate culture itself that is the primary focus of Office Space. Supervisor Lumburgh micromanages, focusing on inane details as a means to assert his authority, without considering the big picture issues he could be focusing on to help the company. As Peter’s dissatisfaction mounts, he takes increasing risks with his career, which ultimately pay off. Initech represents the dysfunctional way many companies continue to operate. The progressive tech companies of today have learned that the organizational culture and leadership styles exhibited in Office Space are detrimental to employee satisfaction, productivity, and ultimately to the success of the organization.
The environment at Initech is bureaucratic and hierarchical, leading to…
An intergalactic space mission from Earth tries to create a scientifically-based cooperative. The name of the ship is the Nefertiti, after the ancient Egyptian Queen. Captain Reeftart, his first mate Jane, and their enthusiastic crew first set foot on the friendly planet Stauron. The Stauronians share the Earthlings' hope for an interplanetary federation based on science. Although the Stauronian leader Glastia is skeptical, Reeftart believes that the Dirgonians will be receptive. However, Dirgon is a xenophobic, insular, and isolationist planet who, though benevolent, do not generally support measures to collectivize resources. Reeftart's optimism is tempered by Jane's pragmatism.
Faced with the potential for failure, Reeftart conspires to trick the Dirgonians into starting their own collective; he believes that if the Dirgonians believe that they initiated the idea they would feel fully in charge. Reeftart obviously knows little about Dirgon or their core culture, for when the Nefertiti arrives on…
There are two important aspects that need to be mentioned here. On one hand, the pit supervisor needs to intervene whenever the rules are broken. However, on the other hand, he needs to be sufficiently diplomatic when he does this so as not to create a disturbance with the other players and have an impact on the casino's reputation.
Manager. The security manager takes on the role of the casino manager as applied for the security segment. As the security manager, his most important task is to oversee any potential risks for the casino and identify the solutions that should be applied in order to minimize the effects. From that perspective, the manager can sometimes walk around the gambling pit, but will most often use the office and meetings with his subordinates in order to obtain the necessary information and feedback.
Supervisor. The security supervisor should be the manager…
Human Factors and Interior Space Design
The objective of this work in writing is to summarize the article entitled "The Relation of Human Factors and Interior Space Design." This article begins by noting the importance of the human having tools that fit them well and that this was realized early in the development of the human species. Specifically, this article notes that Australopithecus Prometheus "selected pebble tools and made scoops from antelope bones in a clear display of selecting/creating objects to make tasks easier to accomplish." (p.3) Over the centuries there was improvement in the effectiveness of the tools as discovered by anthropologists and archaeologists including tools such as hammers, plows and axes. During the Industrial Revolution, more advanced machines were developed that assisted man with his work including such as the spinning Jenny and the rolling mills.
The methodology utilized in the study under review is reported to have…
Although Cuiyuan expresses world-weary attitudes about the nature of men and women in her inner monologue, Zongzhen clearly spots a desire for a connection with another human being in her eyes. And Zongzhen thinks he is merely avoiding Dong Peizhi, but he is also unconsciously avoiding his wife. Dong Peizhi is his wife's nephew, and part of the disgust Zongzhen feels towards Peizhi is clearly tied to his unhappiness in his own marriage. That is why he blames his wife for Peizhi's persistence, just like he resents being forced to buy spinach buns by his wife -- even though he clearly likes them, as he eats them to pass the time, while he is stalled on the tram.
The spatially constructed flirtation between Zongzhen and Cuiyuan becomes real, partially because of the unconscious needs of the protagonists but also because of the enforced closeness of the train car. The arbitrary…
Chang, Eileen. "Sealed Off." Film in Focus. November 16, 2009.
It may have seemed to many that Stegner was simply expressing a bitter lament or was being a naysayer, but in fact, what he predicted is actually quite close to the truth. The West is being settled as an insane rate, and there is simply not enough water to continue this growth. Certainly, there are other issues that make up the West, from its complex history to its varied ecosystems, peoples, and cities and towns. The fabric of the West is a patchwork, but if people do not evaluate it as "living space" above all else, and change their basic view of the West as never ending and always available, the West is going to undergo such a drastic and permanent change that it may not be inhabitable for a majority of those who live their now. Stegner, instead of being a negative doomsday predictor was a prophet who should…
It is our clear understanding that this classification was not associated to the expect usage of the item. Indeed, whatever its aesthetic judgment on the object, the government will have been in a position to honestly determine that the object was intended for gallery observation much in the same fashion as would be any more convention sculpture or painting. The lack of connection in its intended usage and the classification foisted upon it for purposes of taxation denotes a clear inconsistency on the part of Customs. Here, Brancusi has been the victim of a customs agent who has appointed himself as a critic of art.
In Brancusi's case, there would be a perception that the piece was simply not good enough, traditional enough or representative of its supposed subject enough to be regarded as art. Naturally, there are no laws defining art which abide these subjective notions of qualification. But…
BBC. (2005). Sculpture Breaks Auction Record. BBC News. Online at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4516303.stm
Time Magazine. (1928). Art: Custom House Esthetes. CNN. Online at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,928613,00.html
What solutions would you suggest for his three problems?
As the product liability for these lofts is very significant given their attachment to student's bunks, it's understandable why a $1M insurance policy is needed. it's also understandable why the university wants production off-campus and that their phone and e-mail systems not be used. Micheal Cain should approach his parents and ask to use their garage for production and also set up a Google or Yahoo e-mail account for the business, as they are free. He can use his cell phone number or get another cell phone just for the business. On the issue of insurance, this needs to be countersigned by his parents or an adult with financial collateral. In addition to the insurance, Micheal Cain should speak with the structural and mechanical engineering departments to test the loft to ensure it is safe and also to have it stress-tested…
Social Order in Public Spaces
Every society has certain rules and regulations that help people live together harmoniously. Some of these rules are explicit and are openly known. Other rules are implicit and therefore subtle. Both implicit and explicit rules and regulations govern a society. However, when a person moves away from one particular society to another, he or she has difficulty in adjusting to the norms of that new society.
Social order is considered to be the method of explaining such rules and regulations so that we live in a society along with its members. Social order is very essential for organizing everyday social life.
When a particular group of people engage in a social activity, their social behavior may seem to threaten others. For example, when a group of people shout and scream in a street, the onlookers might find that their life, their neighborhood and society in…
Bromley, S. Hinchliffe S. & Taylor S., 2009. Making Social Lives. Open University.
Over several months in 2011, I developed a cheap MP3 system with a team of friends, enabling sight-impaired users to upload and listen to audio books. Initially, it was my involvement with the National Society for the Visually Impaired that was the impetus for the concept. I started by reading books to record them electronically and uploaded them onto CDs used by individuals in need of assistance. After the institute received numerous complaints about the difficulty of keeping track of and finding desired books from large collections, we first thought of Apple's "iPod shuffle" system from the perspective of capacity to store large numbers of books, portability, and the "VoiceOver" title-identification function. To keep the product affordable, we duplicated iPod components in an electrical factory in Ramallah, Palestine. Our finished product cost one-third of the price of the iPod Shuffle and allowed 10 times the storage capacity.
People perceive and understand space differently depending on how it makes them feel, especially with regards to boundaries. Consequently, the definition of space changes across various individuals because every space has different meanings and feelings for every individual. In some situations where individuals may feel comfortable and at peace in one space, others may be very uncomfortable and irritated. For instance, social statues can change the feelings people obtain from the specific space. Based on this analysis, it is relatively clear that space affects people differently, which contributes to varying interpretations, definitions, and understanding of space. Therefore, when addressing spatial cognition, it is increasingly important to examine the different ways space is perceived and the varying feelings associated with it.
People's Perception of Space
As previously mentioned, people's perceptions and understanding of space differ significantly on the premise of how space affect them, especially their feelings. The difference…
Dolins, FL & Mitchell, RW 2010, Spatial cognition, spatial perception: mapping the self and space, Cambridge University Press: New York, NY.
Golledge, RG 1999, Wayfinding behavior: cognitive mapping and other spatial processes, JHU
Press: Baltimore, MD.
Khan, MM & Lodhi, SA 2014, 'Spatial, Social Cognition and Team Performance', Pakistan
There was one thing or the other to delay the launch of the Challenger, until the D-Day, when the shuttle was launched at 11:38 AM as against the scheduled take off time of 9:38 AM on January 28. About seventy three seconds into the mission, the Challenger exploded in mid air, and all the seven crew members were killed instantaneously. For the hundreds of people, the family and friends and others who had gathered at the site to watch the launching of the Challenger, it was a sight that they would never be able to forget. They were forced to watch helplessly and fearfully, as the fiery flames consumed their loved ones. The entire nation, which was watching events as they unfolded on their television sets, was rendered speechless. (Challenger Disaster, a National Tragedy)
onald eagan, the President of the United States of America at the time, stated, "Today is…
Administrator Goldin issues statement on Tenth Anniversary of Challenger Observance.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. January 16, 1996. http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/administrator.html
Baura, Gail D. Engineering ethics, an industrial perspective.
Academic Press. 2006.
Hubble Space Telescope
As the world's first Earth-orbiting reflecting telescope, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) represents the culmination of the dreams of many astronomers and the fulfillment of a hope that began in the 1950's when the United States launched instruments into space in order to study the Earth's atmosphere. Our planetary speck in space, namely the Earth, is only one of hundreds of billions of planets that surely orbit other star systems; our Milky Way galaxy, composed of billions of stars and other astronomical bodies, is but one out of billions of other galaxies. Thus, in order to increase our knowledge of the universe, the Hubble Space Telescope serves a vital function, for since its launch in 1990, despite several crucial problems, it has revealed a universe full of mysterious bodies, nebula, star systems and galaxies and has expanded the possibilities that humankind is not alone in the universe.…
"Eye on the Universe: The Hubble Space Telescope." Internet. HST Update: October 29, 1997. Accessed April 18, 2005. http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/hubble .
"Hubble Space Telescope." Internet. Encyclopedia.com. 2005. Accessed April 18, 2005.
Nemiroff, Robert. "Astronomy Picture of the Day." Internet. Accessed April 18, 2005.
Gemini Space Program
The Gemini mission had as one of its goals a spacewalk by the astronauts and this was an important goal because this was a time known as the 'Cold War' and the Soviet Union, the second greatest power in the world had already had astronauts perform a spacewalk. The United States was running behind it seemed at the time. . Due to the brief nature of this study there are contributions that the Gemini space program made that have not been reviewed and it is therefore suggested that in order to better understand the contributions of the Gemini space program that a more in-depth study be conducted.
Gemini Space Program
The Gemini mission had as one of its goals a spacewalk by the astronauts and this was an important goal because this was a time known as the 'Cold War' and the Soviet Union, the second greatest…
Gemini Program (nd) Think Quest Library. Retrieved from: http://library.thinkquest.org/29033 / voyages/gemini.htm
Space Rendezvous Apparatus and Method. 3,262,654. United States Patent Office. Charles E. Kaempen 3202 Larkstone Drive, orange, California. Filed August 30, 1963 Ser, No. 305, 630. Retrieved from: http://www.google.com/patents?hl=en&lr=&vid=USPAT3262654&id=A-1xAAAAEBAJ&oi=fnd&dq=Gemini+Space+Program:+rocket+booster&printsec=abstract#v=onepage&q&f=false
Mack, P.B., Lucuance, P.A., Vose, G.P. And Vogt, F.B. (1967) BONE DEMINERALIZATION OF FOOT AND HAND OF GEMINI-TITAN IV, V AND VII ASTRONATUS DURING ORBITAL FLIGHT. American Journal of Roentgenology. Vol. 100, 503-511. Retrieved from: http://www.ajronline.org/cgi/content/abstract/100/3/503
Adcock, George (2010) Gemini Space Program -- Development and Decisions. RC Davison. 10 Jan 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.brighthub.com/science/space/articles/17994.aspx
Most application of economic policy is done on either the national, supranational or subnational scales. Seldom is economic policy enacted on the non-national scale. Yet, there is the question of whether there is benefit to applying economic doctrine to space exploration. There is a corollary, in Antarctica, where various nations have signed a treaty committing to scientific activity only on that continent, and not economic activity. Yet, realistically, with space the horse is well out of the barn. Nations all over the world have launched satellites, thus far, and the more powerful nations have engaged in a broader scope of scientific exploration. Yet, the question still exists, as to whether any economic system should be applied to space, space exploration and the terrorities that exist in space. And if so, what should that economic system look like? This paper will start to explore this concept in more detail, from…
Stanley Kubrick’s 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey is a masterpiece in the science fiction genre. Based on a story by Arthur C. Clarke, the film epitomizes the features of science fiction, including an overarching theme questioning the role of humanity in the universe. The film could just as well be classified as an epic, given its length and breath, as it begins with the origin of human beings through a depiction of evolution from primates, through the story of a space mission occurring millions of years later. Plot practically takes a back seat to cinematography and design in 2001: A Space Odyssey, in which Kubrick employs multiple cinematographic tools including music, mise-en-scene, editing, lighting, design, and script elements.
The mise-en-scene in 2001: A Space Odyssey is simply extraordinary, because each image captures the tension and existential angst that pervades the movie. Because the bulk of the film takes place…
Ecological urbanism is, as Mostafavi describes it, a "sense of sensibilities' that specifically influence urban design and development in a way that will more effectively address the growing number and diversity of urban community needs.
Ecological urbanism is thus a conscious architectural and design trend that addresses the issues exposed more spontaneously by practices classified as everyday urbanism.
Le Parc de la Villette
The Parc de la Villette in Paris, France was designed by Bernard Tschumi and constructed in the 1980s and early 1990s, and can in many ways be seen as an early example of the trends of ecological urbanism and even everyday urbanism to various degrees.
Located at the edge of the city on land that was formerly occupied by slaughterhouses and other industrial structures, the park was part of a very deliberately designed urban renewal project meant to provide public space that was culturally relevant and accessible…
Galinsky. (2006). "Le Parc de la Villette." http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/villette/
Galinsky. (2006). "Le Parc de la Villette."
conception and function of public space change as historical shifts influence the delineation between public and personal rights and property. Boyer states that there is an underlying tension in the application of reference to historical styles present in the creation of public spaces, representing nostalgic yearning for past times remembered as greater than the articulation of the present. Boyer also references Walter Benjamin's theory that "all history writer in a story of triumph of bourgeois values and represents the posthumous reconstruction of fragmented events according to a completely fabricated structure (5). One may conclude, then, that the use of historical motifs, styles, and events in public spaces favors the commemoration of a privileged historical canon and pre-modern public space designation did not have populist intentions. A public space constructed with historical references under the heavily economically stratified era of the pre-modern era served to cement the historical canon of the…
Boyer, M.C. (1996). The City of Collective Memory: Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments. MIT.
spanned Old Highway 31, Broadway, State Route 119, High Street, and even the Champs-Elysees. They have elicited feelings of mouth-watering salvation from children in the backseat of cars for generations and tugged on the deeply imprinted visions of the American Dream from the adults in the front; having visited them already, adolescents on the streets of American cities clutch the greasy paper bags on the way home from school, gabbing with their friends and sharing their French fries; in downtown New York, they grace Wall Street with a top-hatted, white-gloved greeter at the front door. The Golden Arches permeate American culture, all walks of life, classes, ethnicities, social stratii, and geographies in a way that no other commercial space has. McDonald's, a leader in the worldwide fast food industry, has capitalized on its commercial ingenuity, successful marketing, globalization, and place in the American imagination by careful recognition of the cultural…