Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organization (JCAHO, 2008; JCAHO, n.d.) recognizes the importance of the spiritual component of a patient's evaluation. It covers his ways of coping, prayer life and religious practices, which make his life meaningful. This component, therefore, becomes an indispensable aspect of his total health care (JCAHO, JCAHO).
Part of the chosen spiritual assessment of the sample patient is composed of the following questions:
How does the patient visualize his spiritual life?
Is the patient contented or happy with his spiritual reputation?
How does he cope with a sense of guilt?
What is his and his wife's spiritual status in the community?
What is his spiritual dilemma that creates psychosomatic symptoms?
The male patient will be 54 years old in three months' time, a second-highest ranking official in the largest private coconut-growing coconut entity in Florida. He has worked at this…
JCAHO (2008). Provision of care, treatment and services. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Retrieved on September 21, 2014 from http://www.jointcommission.org/standards_information/jcfaqdetails.aspx?StandardsFaqId=290&ProgramId=1
- (n.d.). Spiritual assessment. JCAHO: Spiritual Competency Resource Center.
Retrieved on September 21, 2014 from http://www.spiritualcompetency.com/assess_spirit/ASjcaho.asp
Clinical Spiritual Assessment Instrument
Developing a Spiritual Assessment Instrument for Clinical Use
Developing a Spiritual Assessment Instrument for Clinical Use
The Joint Commission (2005) requires all healthcare organizations seeking accreditation to implement a patient spiritual needs assessment policy and recommends spiritual assessment training for all medical staff. The design and content of the spiritual assessment is left up to the organization, but an effective assessment strategy would be both respectful of the patient's perspectives and beliefs, while ascertaining how the healthcare organization can facilitate their religious and/or spiritual practices (The Joint Commission, 2008). The overall goal would be to improve patient outcomes.
Aside from meeting accreditation requirements, attending to the spiritual needs of patients is increasingly viewed as an ethical obligation for clinicians (Vermandere et al., 2011). For example, the American Nurses Association (ANA, 2014) considers the spiritual needs of patients an important component of professional nursing practice.…
ANA. (2014). Faith, religion, & spirituality. Retrieved 4 May 2014 from http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ThePracticeofProfessionalNursing/Improving-Your-Practice/Diversity-Awareness/Religion-Faith .
Casellas-Grau, A., Font, A., & Vives, J. (2014). Positive psychology interventions in breast cancer: A systematic review. Psychooncology, 23(1), 9-19.
Nadarajah, S., Berger, A.M., & Thomas, S.A. (2013). Current status of spirituality in cardiac rehabilitation programs: A review of the literature. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, 33(3), 135-43.
The Joint Commission. (2005). Asked and Answered: Evaluating you spiritual assessment process. The Source, 3(2), 6-7.
While intervention may not make a difference in their actual physical disease, it can make a patient more comfortable, more satisfied, and more at peace with themselves and their circumstances. Patient satisfaction is extremely important for overall patient health and in return visits for continued health care. Studies indicate if patients are dissatisfied or unhappy with their care, they may forego visits or visit another practitioner (Wrench & Booth-Butterfield, 2003). In addition, spiritual intervention can help the sufferers' family cope with the disease and help them give adequate care to the patient at home, which is often much more comfortable for the patient and family and adds to the overall well-being of everyone involved.
Another form of intervention especially useful with MS sufferers is therapeutic communication. This type of intervention requires the nurse to fully understand the nature and progress of MS so they can advise and consul the patient…
Lipsey, M.W., & Cordray, D.S. (2000). Evaluation methods for social intervention. Annual Review of Psychology, 345.
Pozzilli, C., M. Brunetti, A.M.V. Amicosante, C. Gasperini, G. Ristori, L. Palmisano and M. Battaglia. (2002). Home-based management in multiple sclerosis: results of a randomized controlled trial. Retrieved from the JNNP Web site: http://jnnp.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/73/3/2507 Sept. 2005.
Rosenberg, S.A., Robinson, C., & Fryer, G.E. (2002). Evaluation of paraprofessional home visiting services for children with special needs and their families. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 22(3), 158+.
Roy, Lynne Denise. (2003). Identification of the spiritual nursing care practices of volunteer parish nurses. Retrieved from the Redlands Hospital Web site: http://www.redlandshospital.com/Links/Pastoral%20Care%20Thesis%20for%20Website.htm7 Sept. 2005.
Social Work: Spiritual Assessment
Instruments for Spiritual Assessment
One of the five instruments for spiritual assessment is the spiritual history. This is the only verbal instrument. A practitioner using spiritual history obtains a client’s spiritual information using two sets of questions. The first set of questions seeks to help the client tell their story from childhood to the present. The second set helps the practitioner elicit spiritual information from the client by assessing the dimensions of the soul (cognition, will, and affect) and the spirit (intuition, conscience, and communion).
The second instrument is the spiritual life map, which is a diagrammatic or pictorial account of a client’s relationship with God. It shows where the client is coming from, where they are, and where they are going in regard to their relationship with God. The client sketches their spiritual journey from birth to the present, and continuing to death and the…
Hodge, D. R. (2005). Developing a Spiritual Assessment Toolbox: A Discussion of the Strengths and Limitations of Five Different Assessment Methods. Health and Social Work, 30(4), 314-24.
Spiritual Needs Assessment of a Patient
For the recovery of any patient, especially those with terminal illnesses, there is a need to have a wholesome recovery which does not only dwell on the medicinal administration but also of the soul through spiritual nourishment. This will ensure they get out of the hospital with renewed strength and faith and hope for a better life in the future. This can only be achieved through having a thorough spiritual assessment of the patient and knowing exactly what to prepare to touch on spiritually about the patient. The following questionnaire is instrumental in ensuring this.
Please answer the following questions with voluntary information, as comprehensively as possible.
What is the pillar of your faith that helps you have meaning in life?
How significant is your faith in the above to your life in general?
Do you belong to some religious or spiritual group? Which…
Lancashire Teaching Hospitals, (2012). Assessing Spiritual Needs: The H.O.P.E. Assessment Tool. Retrieved June 29, 2012 from http://www.centrallancashire.nhs.uk/Library/Documents/clinician-zone/Palliative_care/Assessing%20Spiritual%20Needs%20-%20HOPE.pdf
The discoveries I made about my friend were enlightening. I already knew she did not attend religious services and that she was agnostic, as this had been information that was the basis for many friendly debates in our social circle. I understood her sense of hope and her ability to find joy in her children's joy and learning. I was however not aware that all of her family was distant in either place or spirit and that she therefore had to rely heavily on her husband's family for support, and this she finds troubling as she does not wish to be a burden and she feels like a bit of an outsider. Her illness also seems to have added stress to the situation because she has had to rely heavily on her husband and his family to care for their young children. I also thought the information about…
Edlin, G. Golanty, E. McCormack Brown, K. (2000) Essentials for health and wellness. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Joint Commission (2008) Standards FAQ details: spiritual assessment. Retrieved from http://www.jointcommission.org/standards_information/jcfaqdetails.aspx?StandardsFaqId=290&ProgramId=1
Phillip, R. (2006) Reflections on spirituality and health. By Stephen G. Wright. (book review) Occupational Medicine 56 (8): 585. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kql093
The above quotation refers to forms of intuition and perception of the spiritual that in fact advocates the "blocking' of the normal modes of understanding and apprehension. As one commentator state;
The spiritual is all that is beyond the conscious awareness and would include God or gods, demons, spirits and nature spirits, ghosts, non-incarnate entities, angels, devas, guardians of the threshold, guardian angels and all the intangible entities and realities of the religions where the cloud of the unknowable things exists.
(Roze, Janis, Toward the New Humanity: From Emotional Intelligence
to Spiritual Intuition)
It is this perception of the intuitive forms of spiritual intelligence that, it also needsto be taken into account in a discussion of this subject.
2. Literature review
There are many modern as well as more traditional perspectives on the issue of spiritual intelligence. A broad and inclusive view of the central terms in this study…
Blitz, Mark. (2001) "Understanding Heidegger." Public Interest Fall 2001: 106.
Bunge, M. (1962). Intuition and Science. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Diedrich William Frank ( 2007) "What is Spiritual Intelligence and Why Should You Care?" Retrieved May 10, 2009, from http://www.articlealley.com/article_159792_51.html
Gardner, Howard. (1993) Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice. New York: Basic.
To determine the spiritual needs of patients and the impact it is having on their treatment options requires focusing on four different questions. These include:
What are the long-term effects of using spiritualism with modern medicine?
Is there some kind of balance that must be maintained during this process?
How can health care professionals incorporate these ideas into their overall philosophy of improving treatment options?
What are the possible drawbacks of using these solutions in conjunction with each other?
These different areas are important, as they will provide specific insights about the long-term effects of spirituality with modern medicine. It is at this point, when key insights can be used to enhance the quality of care patients are receiving.
Write a brief summary of your assessment findings
The different resources that were examined are illustrating how there are conflicting opinions about the best approaches for combining spirituality and…
Bradshaw, A. (1994). Lighting the Lamp: The spiritual dimension of nursing care. London: Scutari Press.
Draper P. (1998). The debates emerging from the literature surrounding the concept of spirituality as applied to nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 27 (4), pp. 683-691.
Hay, D. (2002). The spirituality of adults in Britain: recent research. Scottish Journal of Healthcare Chaplaincy. 5
(1), pp. 4-10.
Therefore, today's society in the United States is diverse, which is something a social worker needs to understand and know how to deal with each diverse group. Furthermore, through research, it has been discovered most ethnic groups that live in the United States consist of young people, which means by staying in this country, they grow accustom to their surroundings. Once they have grown accustom to living here, they feel like this is their home to start a life with their own families. This continues the growing number of ethnic groups in this country.
Due to the educational accommodations that schools and college campuses make for students that have ethnic backgrounds, there is not enough prejudice of one group to let a Holocaust to occur in the United Stated. Furthermore, this country believes in freedom of speech to allow one ethnic to be isolated from the rest and condone any…
Dennen, Johan. THE 'EVIL' MIND: PT. 3. CRUELTY AND 'BEAST-IN-MAN' IMAGERY. Retrieved March 30, 2008, from http://rechten.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/FILES/departments/Algemeen/overigepublicaties/2005enouder/EVIL_CRU/EVIL_CRU.pdf
Citrome, Lesilie,. (2007). Aggression. Retrieved March 30, 2008, from http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic3005.htm
Hall, Kathy Jo. (1997). Carl Rogers. Retrieved March 30, 2008, from http://aolsearch.aol.com/aol/search?query=Throughout+this+Jim+knocks+the+clay+figurines+head+of+and+crushes+the+body+while+shouting&invocationType=spelling
Seal, B., A. Bradford, and C. Meston. 2009. The Association Between Body Esteem and Sexual Desire Among College Women. Archives of Sexual Behavior 38, no. 5, (October 1): 866-72. http://www.proquest.com.library.capella.edu / (accessed April 1, 2010).
Children's Functional Health Pattern Assessment
Functional Health Pattern Assessment (FHP)
Erickson's Developmental Stage:
Erickson's Developmental Stage:
Erickson's Developmental Stage:
Pattern of Health Perception and Health Management:
List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.
List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.
Can formulate words with meaning
Climbs by themselves
Uses crayons and scissors
Runs, jumps and climbs
Reads at appropriate level
Can't sit alone
Not toilet trained
Unable to tie shoes
List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group.
List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.
Eating proper amounts
Eating on a regular basis
Trying new foods
Eating proper amounts
Lack of weight gain
Different Models of Health and Healing
Models of health and healing influence patient attitudes and lifestyle, and also impact health seeking and healthcare behaviors. Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues.
Physical Body: The Mechanistic View
The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view that the body itself can be treated as a discreet system. Although the mechanistic view can be traced back as far as Asclepiades, it was never fully accepted as a viable model of health and healing until the 20th century (Curtis & Gaylord, 2004, p. 8). The mechanistic view predominates…
Identify which three of the six dimensions of health you are strongest in.
According to this self-assessment instrument, my three strongest health dimensions are Social Health, Spiritual Health, and Intellectual Health. I scored a 4 out of 5 in each of those areas. By comparison, I scored a 3 in each of the other three measures (Physical Health, Emotional Health, and Environmental Health.
Describe why you think the identified three dimensions are your strongest.
I scored well in Social Health because I am comfortable with the impressions that I make on people and because I tend to get along well with others. I also participate in various social activities and genuinely enjoy interacting with others, including those who are different from me. My family relationships are healthy and fulfilling, I am fully present and available in my personal relationships, I am considerate of others, I contribute positively to…
The abnormal activities observed can point out at many different issues such as anxiety or heart failure.
The interview of the patient is a very vital and essential assessment tool in the hands of the nurse. The nurse can conduct a thorough interview to have the complete and big picture of patient (the nurse can assess the patient both physically and mentally much more efficiently by just asking what is wrong and where are the problems).
The observation is also a very important tool, nurses can make avail of the interactions they made with patients by observing their responses to different kinds of stimuli. This practice assists the nurses in recognizing the overall pain, any sort of emotional disturbances and the patient's reaction towards the treatment applied.
This observation factor is very important especially for those patients who have any sort of difficulty in communicating with the nurses or medical…
South America's very old, biggest, most competent, and well- equipped rebellion having Marxist origin is the evolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - FAC. The uproar and clashing in the 1950s involving liberal and conservative militias lead to the civil war that demolished Columbia and from here FAC came into existence. The murder of liberal party leader Jorge Eliecer by the representatives of the conservative government ignited the battle between the Liberal and Conservative political parties. The consequent civil wars lead to the loss of over 200,000 Columbians and generated a glut of guerrilla groups. One of those groups, lead by Manuel Marulanda, split from the Liberals in 1966 and developed into the Marxist-oriented FAC. (FAC History)
Identify the group by name and country in which based. If there is no one country, state the countries in which the group is operative, or the region.
a. Stated goals and…
Resources) Some medical care and advice is offered by Cuba. A court case is presently happening in Bogota to check whether three members of the Irish Republican Army, detained in Colombia in 2001 upon quitting the FARC-controlled demilitarized zone, supplies sophisticated explosives education to the FARC. The FARC and the Colombian National Liberation Army (ELN) frequently use the border area for cross border invasions and makes use of the Venezuelan territory near the border as a refuge. (Terrorist Group Profiles, 2003)
d. Spiritual or religious support.
Could not find any information.
e. Umbrella or cover organization, if any.
As per Colombian intelligence agencies, the FARC was implementing the techniques studied from a yet another terrorist cluster, namely, the Irish Republican Army. (One year after Sept. 11, U.S. And Colombia face parallel challenges)
obert, T.E., Pomarico, C.A. & Nolan, M. (2011). Assessing Faculty Integration of Adult learning needs in second-degree nursing education. Nursing education perspectives, 32(1), 14-17.
obert, Pomarico and Nolan (2011) have presented a model for assessing the learning needs of second-degree nursing education. The study was essentially designed In a way that assessment of interactive teaching model was made possible. The second-degree BSN students were taken as the sample of study. The main research question being investigated was that whether or not the teaching strategies being used at the second-degree nursing education level met the needs of nursing students. The literature review being conducted by the authors is somewhat precise and short and identifies the existing gap that exists in the learning need assessment of nursing students. It was identified in the start of study that for program development for this student segment in nursing, it is essential to evaluate the…
Cabaniss, D.L. (2008). Becoming a school: Developing learning objectives for psychoanalytic education. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 28(3), 262-277.
Dhara, R. (2002). Advancing public health through the assessment initiative. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 8(4), 1-8.
Jo Brixey, M., & Mahon, S.M. (2010). A Self-Assessment Tool for Oncology Nurses: Preliminary Implementation and Evaluation. Clinical journal of oncology nursing, 14(4), 474-480.
Jones, S., & Watty, K. (2010). Vignette 6 Pluri-disciplinary learning and assessment: Reflections on practice. International Perspectives on Higher Education Research, 5, 195-207.
Nursing Diagnosis Plan
Assessment Analysis- Patient, CM., is a 60-year-old female African-American, married and a factory worker. CM is complaining about difficulty breathing, dyspnea. She indicates she is completely compliant with her medication regimen, naps and sleeps 7 hours a day. She is active, has a positive attitude, and regularly exercises. She does admit that sometimes she waits to seek medical attention, believing she should trust in God for minor issue. She does not take OTC or herbal medications and her immunizations are up-to-date. She denies use of alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs. Her pharmaceutical regimen consists of control of heart issues (aneurysm, artery disease, COPD, vein thrombosis, hypertension, aortic aneurysm; arthritis, seizures, and diabetes). She is emotionally stable, plans to continue working for at least 7 more years, and has a positive attitude.
Areas for Focused Assessment- CM has visited the hospital four times in the last two weeks.…
Treatment with Daliresp. (2012). Forest Pharmaceuticals. Retrieved from: http://www.daliresp.com/TreatmentWithDALIRESP.aspx?WT.srch=1&guid=363952239
Sarkar, S. And Amelung, P. (2006). Evaluation of the Dyspneic Patient in the Office. Primary Care. 33 (3): 643-57.
She attends Catholic church service with her family and friends on special occasions like Easter and Christmas as this seems to please her mother.
Her favorite hobby is reading novels.
The act of cutting her wrist frightens her. She has no transportation problem; therefore her Initial Diagnostic Interview with Dr. Philips is scheduled for 12/1/11.
The 28-year-old female demonstrates a high level of depression as well as anxiety as indicated by the symptoms of flashbacks, repetitive nightmares, insomnia, poor appetite as well as a general feeling of emptiness. Her behavior of self-harm (cutting) has also increased. She has a physical and sexual abuse history all of which affect her current mood.
The client was diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression and migraines.
Master problem list
Client: Grace Manchester
Date of Identification
Date of esolution
The client has a chronic medical problem…
Nemade, R., Reiss, NS and Dombeck, M (2007)Psychotherapy - Evidence-Based Treatments for Major Depression.
Whitfield, G and Williams, C (2003)The evidence base for cognitive -- behavioral therapy in depression: delivery in busy clinical settings. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment (2003) 9: 21-30 doi: 10.1192/apt.9.1.21
For example, because different etiologies require corresponding therapeutic designs and mechanisms (Spector, 2000; Steefel, 2002), specific support group makeup must consider the need to develop different strategies and methodologies for the following types of patients at a minimum if support groups are to provide equal benefit to all patients:
Elderly Patients and Lifelong Laborers - This group typically presents with psychological issues in the realm of a direct link between their sense of purpose and self-worth and their ability to continue to function productively in their community. Their need for acute medical and ancillary services, particularly in the Longview/East Texas community are often precipitated by chronic physical deterioration from a lifetime of relatively hard labor. Therefore, support group rehabilitation services must address the issues of self-esteem as a function of vocational productivity and lifestyle changes necessitated by medical conditions.
Prime-of-Life Victims of Traumatic Injury - This group typically presents with…
Clark, C., Robinson, T. (2000). "Multiculturalism as a Concept in Nursing" Journal of the Black Nurses Association, 11(2), 39-43.
Spector, R. (2000). Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness (5th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Stanhope, M., Lancaster, J. (2004). Community and Public Health Nursing (6th ed.)
St. Louis: Mosby.
Clinical Learning Summary (Nursing Self-Assessment):
My experience with nursing enabled me to gain a more complex understanding of the domain and of the medical industry in general. Having come across a great deal of demanding situations meant that I accumulated a great deal of knowledge while having the role of a nurse. While there were a series of conditions where I was required to act rapidly and perform tasks perfectly, from my point-of-view one of the most important activities that I had to perform involved monitoring diabetes patients.
The care that one needs to provide when considering individuals suffering from diabetes is more complex than typical treatment methods. Numerous complications can arise as a consequence of this malady and it is thus important for nurses to be prepared to deal with these respective conditions. The medical industry is responsible for diminishing the effects of symptoms on the individual, to help…
cultural diversity issues and its impact on nursing professionals' practice. It assesses a client hailing from a different culture, and employs information derived from the assessment determining and reflecting on health practices and beliefs of the client's culture. Lastly, nurses' role in the care of patients hailing from diverse backgrounds care is analyzed, and a conclusion is drawn.
Client Interview Data
Client's health beliefs in relation to cultural diversity
The client comes from a family-focused background, in which she plays the role of chief household organizer and attends to her family and their needs. She believes one ought to lead a life of a good and virtuous individual, and support one's family, particularly in times of need. In her opinion, sickness must be tended to, for preserving life. She believes in healthcare professionals and services they offer, for leading a healthy life. She is comfortable having healthcare professionals take care…
American Nurses Association. (1998). Discrimination and Racism in Health Care. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association.
Anderson, L. (2012, October 10). Cultural Competence in the Nursing Practice. Retrieved from Nurse Together: http://www.nursetogether.com/cultural-competence-nursing-practice
Coe, S. (2013, January 15). Cultural Competency in the Nursing Profession. Retrieved from Nurse Together: http://www.nursetogether.com/cultural-competency-nursing-profession
Graue, M., Dunning, T., Hausken, M. F., & Rokne, B. (2013). Challenges in managing elderly people with diabetes in primary care settings in Norway. Scand J Prim Health Care, 31(4), 241-247.
He looks at the methodological and practical problems that can impact assessment research in correctional settings, including the distinctive culture in correctional institutes. Megargee's reason for doing the research is today's huge population of incarcerated persons and the fact that psychological research that has been conducted on people outside of the incarceration setting may not be applicable to people who are incarcerated. He recognizes that there is a need for research in this area to determine whether tools developed elsewhere are applicable. He points out the irony of this lack of applicable research because clinical psychology was developed in the criminal justice setting. He does not really conduct any individual research, therefore the methodology is most akin to a literature review in which he assesses the information available about correctional institutions and draws conclusions from that information to determine why there is a lack of research on assessment in correctional…
Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Chapter 3: Looking into the clinician's mirror: cultural self-assessment. In Editor's Last Name, First Initial (Ed). Book Title. Place of Publication, Publisher.
Megargee, E. (1995). Assessment research in correctional settings: Methodological issues and practical problems. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 359-366.
heavy reliance computerized technology machines blunted assessment skills nurses read- machine patient.
Nursing discussion questions
Technology can substantially enhance patient care. Contrary to the notion that technology 'does' the nursing, nurses must be better-educated than ever before in information systems, to ensure that they are able to use technology in the most effective fashion possible. In fact, there is a great deal of concern that nurses are not technologically savvy enough and that nursing education does not give nurses enough confidence in how to use technology effectively. "Information technology (IT) is not a panacea, and will not fulfill its promise unless it is harnessed in support of foundational values. That is why every nurse cannot afford to be unconnected to this transformation, but must take an active role in ensuring that IT is used in service to our profession's values" (Preparing the next generation of nurses to work in a…
Competencies. (n.d). Nursing informatics. Retrieved:
Preparing the next generation of nurses to work in a technology-rich environment. (2008).
National League of Nursing: Position Statement. Retrieved:
Dorothea E. Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory focuses on the need for all patients to develop self-reliance, particularly after traumatic injuries or in cases of disability. A self-care deficit exists when patients lack the ability to care for themselves, such as by feeding the self, performing personal hygiene, or by behaviors that might be harmful to self or others. Nurses are defined as self-care "agents" within the Orem theoretical construct, as nurses are uniquely trained to provide evidence-based interventions that can help the patient achieve the goal of self-caring. To help patients achieve their goals, the nurse will need to understand the health assessment process within the Self-Care Deficit Theory.
The Self-Care Deficit Theory (also referred to more simply as the Self-Care Theory) conforms to the fundamental tenets of healthcare assessment including the design of a plan of care. Data is to be collected on the patient's health history and…
"Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Theory," (n.d.). Nursing Theories. Retrieved online: http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/self_care_deficit_theory.html
Kourkouta, L. & Papathanasiou, I.V. (2014). Communication in nursing practice. Materia Sociomedica 26(1): 65-67.
"Therapeutic Communication in Psychiatric Nursing," (n.d.). Nursing Planet. Retrieved online: http://nursingplanet.com/pn/therapeutic_communication.html
Wayne, G. (n.d.). Dorothea Orem's self-care theory. Nurse Labs. Retrieved online: http://nurseslabs.com/dorothea-orems-self-care-theory/
Antwone Fisher Story
Antwone Fisher was a young black man with a disruptive family history. His emotional development was severely affected as he matured, which created situations and difficult choices for the first 25 years of his life. The middle child in a family of foster children, Antwone never knew his father, and was abandoned by his mother into the foster care system at the age of two. At the time he was given to the 'system' his mother was a prostitute, or at least a bar made who rarely stayed in an employed status for a long period of time. It could be assumed that she never returned for her first born son, to retrieve him from the foster care system because of her own unstable living conditions. As a result, Antwone became part of a religious, but abusive foster family where he endured the degradation of beatings, threats,…
Friendship, Marriage and God
One of the most compelling themes of the Christian gospel is love. Christian love refers to many things including the divine love of God for Creation, and also to human love for each other. Human love can manifest in a number of different ways or types of relationships. Marriage and friendship are two of the most important and universal types of human relationships that are based on love. In spite of differences in culture, language, and ethnicity, all Christians perceive and communicate love in similar ways. Christian love as a strong theological component, as for the first time in recorded history, God became equal to love: "God is love," (1 John 4:8). The Bible also shows how and why love can be psychologically as well as spiritually transformative, which is why the theme of love remains constant throughout the New Testament. Essentially, there are three distinct…
Carmichael, E.DH Friendship: Interpreting Christian Love. New York: T&T Clark, 2004.
Cooke, Bernard. "Christian Marriage: Basic Sacrament." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Lawler, Michael G. "Marriage in the Bible." In Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Scott, Kieran and Warren, Michael. Perspectives on Marriage. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Would you describe yourself as a spiritual person, a religious person, or neither?
I would not describe myself as a spiritual person, but I am open-minded. I do not typically talk about my religion or my beliefs. I respect other people's beliefs. Some people call me agnostic, but I don't care for labels. I did not come from a religious family.
Do your spiritual beliefs and practices reflect that of your family, background, or community, or are your beliefs different from those of your loved ones?
My spiritual beliefs are similar to those of my friends and family members because I do not know many people who are overtly religious.
Do you pray or meditate? How often, and how do these practices fit into your life?
I have learned how to meditate, but I do not necessarily consider this a spiritual practice. I meditate to calm my mind…
The Joint Commission (2008). Spiritual assessment. Retrieved online: http://www.jointcommission.org/mobile/standards_information/jcfaqdetails.aspx?StandardsFAQId=290&StandardsFAQChapterId=29
Saguil, A. & Phelps, K. (2012). The spiritual assessment. American Family Physician 86(6): 546-550
Spiritual Assessment Instrument
How was giving birth in a hospital a spiritual experience for you? I found the experience to be quite surreal, actually. I was heavily medicated because I was experiencing a great deal of pain. Yet there was one point in which I was able to transcend my physical environment and focus on my son.
Did the presence of the medical personnel enhance or detract from the spirituality of giving birth? Actually, it did a little of both. On one hand the personnel were responsible for administering the medication that detracted from the sheer amount of pain I experienced. At the same time, I would have liked my son's beginning to have been in a quieter setting.
Was there anything in your immediate environment during the final labor process which made the process uncomfortable -- in a non-physical sense -- for you? The room was really bright. I…
Clark, P.A., Maxwell, D., Malone, M.S. (2003). Addressing patient's emotional and spiritual needs. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Safety. 29(12), 659-670.
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (2005). Evaluating your spiritual assessment process. www.pastoralreport.com Retrieved from http://www.pastoralreport.com/archives/spiritual.pdf
Sakurai, M. (2000). JCAHO and spiritual care: An invitation for chaplains to educate and advocate. www.nacc.org Retrieved from http://www.nacc.org/vision/highlights/2000/mar2000-JCAHO.htm
eligion and Spirituality
According to Ferrell & Coyle (2010), religion and spirituality both fall under the rubric of "experiencing transcendence," (p. 14). The difference between religion and spirituality is in the ways transcendence is codified. eligions offer specific languages and modes of discourse, whereas spirituality remains more nebulous because of the lack of the need to share or express ideas with others. eligion has a social function, and can even be conceived of as a means of social control. As a sociological phenomenon, religion serves a totally different purpose and function in a person's life. Spirituality is more of a psychological than a sociological phenomenon, but unlike religion, has no bearing on community. As Judy Labonte states in her blog post, spirituality is much "broader" than religion, and it is important that nurses working in palliative care be sensitive to the personal beliefs of people, even when those beliefs do…
Ferrell, B.R. & Coyle, N. (2010). Oxford Textbook of Palliative Nursing. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wolpe, D. (2013). Viewpoint: The limitations of being spiritual but not religions. Time. March 21, 2013. Retrieved online: http://ideas.time.com/2013/03/21/viewpoint-the-problem-with-being-spiritual-but-not-religious/
It brought continuity to the process of dying, and a way to deal with critical issues in a way everyone could understand. it's holistic because it takes the process of dying, coordinates the patient's care, and brings resolution to things often left unstated. It allows the patient to have a degree of control. And it evaporates some of the high-tech coldness that can come between caregivers and patients."
The most significant area of spirituality and palliative care still unaddressed by researchers seem to be those identified by Cohen and Koenig: "the religious and spiritual needs of people of different religions, the positive and negative effects of religion and spirituality in palliative and end-of-life care, and the contributions that religious and spiritual institutions as well as health care professionals can make to such endeavors" (Cohen and Koenig
Currently, there is a widely held belief that spirituality is a valuable part…
Bogin, Rabbi S. (2000) Spiritual issues of palliative care. Nursing Homes, December. Retrieved 13 March 2005 from www.findarticles.com.
Burnside, G. (1998) New paths in end-of-life care. Health Progress, May/Jun. Retrieved 13 March 2005 from www.findarticles.com.
Cohen, a.B. And H.G. Koenig. (2002) Spirituality in palliative care. Geriatric Times 3(6). Retrieved 13 March 2005 from www.findarticles.com.
Cole, B.V. (2001) Nursing care at the end of life. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 37(3). Retrieved 13 March 2005 from www.questia.com.
MID ANGE THEOY OF SPIITUAL WELL BEING
Middle ange Theory of Spiritual Well Being in Illness
Nurse meta-theorists have recently been very much concerned about the different seasons of the patient's life, which has supported and promoted the development of middle range theories in the field of nursing. This is due to the reason that these theories focus on the specific health and illness issues instead of discussing the general issues. These specific health and illness issues focused in the mid range theories are extremely important for the practicing nurses as they spotlight on the particular problem and its solution.
History of Theory Development in Nursing
The practicing nurses started incorporating the nursing theories into their research and practically applying them to real situations during 1970s and 1980s. Majority of the early nursing theories fall in the category of grand theories of nursing because the concepts that described…
Barss, K. (2012). T.R.U.S.T: An affirming model for inclusive spiritual care. Journal of Holistic
Nursing. 30(1). 23-35.
Burkhart, L and Hogan, N. (2008). An Experiential Theory of Spiritual Care in Nursing Practice.
Qualitative Health Research, 18 (7), 929-940.
Protocols are an important part of any organizational paradigm as they provide a set of guidelines dealing with specific topics. This prevents potential legal issues, and allows for staff to be appropriately trained on specific issues. For our case study, we will use Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (Shreveport). The purpose of this policy is to "define the services provided by the Pastoral Services Department for patients and employees of LSU-Health Science Center (LSU Health Sciences Center, 2013). The purpose of this paper is to provide information to help revise the current pastoral care protocol at the LSU Health Science Center.
Pastoral care is a model of emotional and spiritual support that in the modern hospital is non-denominational and focused on the paradigm of servant leadership. During periods of high emotional stress, tragedy or situations involving the very sick, pastoral care can provide comfort for both patients…
Balboni, T. (2010). Provision of Spiritual Care to Patients With Advanced Cancer: Associations with Medical Care and Quality of Life Near Death. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 28(3), 345-52.
Bay, P., et al. (2008). The Effect of pastoral Care Services on Anxiety, Depression, Hope, Religious Coping and Religious Problem Solving Styles. Journal of Religious Health, 47(1), 57-69.
Bush, J. (2006). Gentle Shepherding: Pastoral Ethics and Leadership. Danvers, MA:
Spiritual Needs Assessment
How important is your spirituality to you?
Very important. I understand not everyone sees things the way I do but it matters greatly to me when I'm facing my mortality and questions about life in general.
Do you feel your healthcare provider should cater to your spiritual needs?
It's not a "must" because I'm more than capable of handling my own affairs and thoughts. However, if I have died or I'm about to die, I would want a Catholic priest there for last rites and final words if at all possible.
Would you prefer that your healthcare provider cater to your needs as a Catholic while doing your healthcare?
If possible ... but I don't want to be a burden. I understand the staff they have on hand is who they have available. If they can involve my faith, that's great ... but it's not…
These values can be as operational for the parent/child association as it is for the owner/pet relationship.
Strategy for communication
The objective of any family is for all members to live in agreement with each other. It is the first basis of a Childs education and moral standards (Gouze & Wendel, 2007). With that said, a strategy called floor planning is what will be utilized for Jeff and Roger.
This method should also be done throughout the instigating stages of counseling for Jeff and Roger. Jeff and Roger will be requested to draw a floor plan of their house. They will then be asked to remember the odors, sounds, colors, and people that are in their home. While they are drawing particular questions are asked regarding the environment such as;
What room does the family gather in?
What conversations take place in the various rooms?
Are any rooms…
Gouze, K.R., & Wendel, R. (2007). INTEGRATIVE MODULE-BASED FAMILY THERAPY: APPLICATION AND TRAINING. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 286-296.
Hogarty, G.E., Greenwald, D., Ulrich, R.F., Kornblith, S.J., & a, e. (1997). Three-year trials of personal therapy among schizophrenic patients living with or independent of family, II: Effects on adjustment of patients. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 56-89.
Kissane, D.W., & McKenzie, M. (2006). Family Focused Grief Therapy: A Randomized, Controlled Trial in Palliative Care and Bereavement. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 56-78.
Lund, L.K., Zimmerman, T.S., & Haddock, S.A. (2002). The theory, structure, and techniques for the inclusion of children in family therapy: A literature review. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 67-89.
3. Effects of sound -- The sound of the poem is evocative of action, words like BEHIND, JUMPED, SPIT, combining humor and active verbs.
4. Images -- The image makes the owl human, but part of nature; and an explanation for the natural world (rain) told in a way that children might think- cause and effect.
5. Emotions/Evocative, Alterative -- Teaches children that owls are wise, that nature is not meant to be captured; the poem is evocative and a journey.
6. Message -- a bit ecologic, owls part of nature, and not meant to be caught, but meant to be part of the world in which a child's imagination might inhabit.
Find and analyze TWO songs w/lyrics - these may be types or genre identified above, and/or holiday songs, hymns and spiritual songs, or patriotic. MAKE SURE THEY ARE TWO DIFFERENT GENRE. How might you present these as poetry…
Hello, Please 3 cultures compare paper. Please include Spanish, American, Indian Cultures Heritage Assessment access Heritage Assessment Tool.
A questionnaire design that is used to assess a person's culture, religion, and ethnic so as to understand the person in relation to illnesses, diseases and their general health is what is referred to as the Heritage Assessment Tool Cohn et al., 2010
( ADDIN EN.CITE )
As unique as ones fingerprint is, so is their heritage in some cultures. Everyone has their own unique heritage and this heritage is very different from the heritage of another culture, a person's heritage is what determines their religious, cultural and ethnic background. It is also what deals with the person's mental, physical and their spiritual beliefs and this will be used when maintaining the person's health, protecting and restoring their health. It is important to note that in the healthcare field knowledge…
Cohn, W.F., Ropka, M.E., Pelletier, S.L., Barrett, J.R., Kinzie, M.B., Harrison, M.B., . . . Knaus, W.A. (2010). Health Heritage, a Web-Based Tool for the Collection and Assessment of Family Health History: Initial User Experience and Analytic Validity. [Article]. Public Health Genomics, 13(7/8), 477-491. doi: 10.1159/000294415
Kasten, W.C. (1992). Bridging the Horizon: American Indian Beliefs and Whole Language Learning. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 23(2), 108-119.
Miller, J. (2000). Keeping With the Transcultural Nursing Society Mission. [Article]. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 11(3), 230.
Roland, F., Johnson, I., Bruce, E., & Khuon, K.-N. (2007). Living with Heritage: Site Monitoring and Heritage Values in Greater Angkor and the Angkor World Heritage Site, Cambodia. World Archaeology, 39(3), 385-405.
Caring is important to human kind and in our daily experiences. Although caring is fundamental, knowledge about it and its application is not one of the serious academic concerns. Caring as a topic can raise various descriptions. In nursing as a discipline of concern, caring relates to the ability and desire to help someone grow or overcome a depressing situation. Caring is the moral ideal in nursing practice. It involves ones will to care, and mind about the situation of others. In nursing practice, Caring is a process that nurtures itself from a person's moral responsibility to meet a society's mandate. According to Watson (1985), nurses are the caretakers of care for other helping professions. Nursing is the epitome of care and a nurse has to guard and develop the concept. Caring is not only required in nursing but also in various disciplines. Caring can develop from different motivational factors.…
Caudill, M. (2009). Managing pain before it manages you. New York: Guilford Press.
Watson, J. (1985). Nursing science and human care: A theory of nursing. London: Jones & Bartlett publishers.
Srivastava, R. (2007). The healthcare professional's guide to clinical cultural competence.
Toronto: Mosby Elsevier.
The heart-rending autobiographical, Antwone Fisher, portrays Fisher’s (who is the movie’s scriptwriter) obsession for a family life, and spells of extreme melancholy and loneliness. The character of Antwone Fisher, an African-American sailor, is portrayed as volatile and uncontrollable. This nature makes way for compulsory psychiatric sessions with Dr. Davenport, after Fisher has a violent spell, leaving a peer bearing the brunt of his temper. Initially, Fisher doesn’t cooperate and remains silent for several weeks; the two clash. According to naval rules, three therapeutic sessions are imperative, beginning from when the client starts speaking. However, ultimately, the real reasons underlying Fisher’s anger issues surface: childhood abuse and the constant fear of abandonment. (Skomormj, 2003). The conversation initiated between client and therapist sheds light on the heart of Fisher’s problems. The tale commences with an ordinary day in navy workers’ life but ends leaving spectators heartbroken. The client’s tale may be counterpointed…
Leader's Self-Insight 1.1: Your Learning Style: Using Multiple Intelligences
I scored evenly on all of the types of intelligence measured by this self-assessment: logical-mathematical, verbal-linguistic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and musical. This indicates that I am a well-rounded person with the ability to work in multiple environments on different tasks.
Leader's Self-Insight 1.2: Your Leadership Potential
I scored slightly more (7) on the even-numbered indicators than on the odd ones (6), indicating I have leadership capabilities such as "vision and change." However, the scores were about even.
Leader's Self-Insight 1.3: Are You on a Fast Track to Nowhere?
On people skills, I scored 3 out of the 4 qualities. I believe I have solid interpersonal skills. On working with authority, I scored 2. I believe I need to work more on my assertiveness and courage when dealing with persons in positions of authority because I remain afraid to speak up and express…
Daft, R.L. The Leadership Experience.
In addition to lecture-based introduction to religious differences, video and/or live presentations from religious leaders and clergy from different faiths and role play exercises, the proposed implementation of training in this area should also include presentations from more experienced nurses who have already successfully negotiated the delicate issues involved.
Spiritual support undoubtedly provides measurable benefits in the hospital environment where it is well received by patients. In American society, religious pluralism requires the exercise of extreme sensitivity when it comes to offering patients spiritual support. While it is certainly possible to provide beneficial spiritual support such as prayer even where nurse and patient do not share the same religious beliefs, doing so dramatically increases the possibility of offending patients rather than benefiting them.
Maximizing the potential benefit of spiritual support while minimizing negative consequences requires vocational training designed to increase awareness of the full variety of religious belief systems…
Campbell CL, Reed-Ash C. (2007). "Keeping Faith." Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing. Vol. 9, No. 1.
Cavendish R, Konecny L, Krayuyak-Luis B, Lanza M. (2004). "Nurses Enhance Performance Through Prayer." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 18, No. 1.
Galek K, Flannelly KJ, Vane a, Galek RM. (2005). "Assessing a Patient's Spiritual Needs: A Comprehensive Instrument." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 19, No. 2. Grant D. (2004). "Spiritual Interventions: How, When, and Why Nurses Use Them."
Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 18, No. 1. Johnston-Taylor E. (2003). "Prayer's Clinical Issues and Implications." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 17, No. 4. Nuss-Kotecki C. (2002). "Developing a Health Promotion Program for Faith-Based Communities." Holistic Nursing Practice. Vol. 16, No. 3.
I want to die knowing that I did everything I could with my life to feel and be as successful as possible.
During my golden years, I will continue to exercise as much as possible. The type of exercise I do will be varied, as it will be necessary to incorporate some cardiovascular activity using a gym or personal trainer. I will do yoga and meditate also, perhaps even more often than before. Turning inward for introspection will help me to reflect regularly on my life and how I hope to spend my later years. By the time I die, I will feel ready and at peace with myself.
My personal eulogy will be humble and reflect the fact that I did my best. I want to be remembered as someone who was intelligent and balanced in their approach to life. Being healthy is one of the most important things…
Terrorism: Convergence Between Terrorism Organized Crimes in Mexico
Assessment eport for Marceline
123 Crawford Lane
Phone: +54-675 5545
Presenting Problem or eason for eferral
Marceline is a 19yr old that is self-referred, with a 26-month-old male child. Marceline is very frustrated with her child and her boyfriend, Leon, for whom she is seeking counseling. Marceline's frustration with her child is making her think of giving him off to her mother-in-law. M reports feeling frustrated, uses alcohol and other substances to calm her nerves, is miserable from her job loss four months ago, and mounting bills. M also indicates to be confused on to stay with Leone her current live in boyfriend or gets back to her husband Michael the father to Michael Junior. She also indicates to be depressed with suicidal thoughts, which she overcomes with alcohol and substance abuse.…
Burwell, R.P. & Chen, C.P. (2006). Applying the principles and techniques of solution-focused therapy to career counseling. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 19(2), 189-203.
Buss, D.M. & Larsen, R.J. (2002). Personality psychology: dimensions of knowledge about human nature (1 de edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: Including 2010 Amendments. (2012). American Psychological Association, APA. Retrieved http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx?item=7.
Kaplan, R.M., & Saccuzzo, D.P. (2005). Psychological testing: principles, applications, and issues. (6th edition). Belmont, USA: Thomson Wadsworth.
Their primary duty is that of guiding the spiritual and religious aspects of the lives of their community members. They should give the highest priority to their duties towards the community including church service, counseling and other ceremonial functions required by their profession. As part of their professional and ethical duties, pastors are also required to show an interest in community development and increase their participation in community activities. This has become a necessity in modern culture because people expect institutions to take an interest and an active role in the community development efforts. Institutions cannot expect to benefit from the resources of the society and not give back. This is why business organizations, universities and even political parties make community development a part of their organization's commitment to the society and the people they serve. eligious institutions like the church are also expected to follow this example. The pastor,…
Arnold, W.V. (1982). Introduction to Pastoral Care. Westminster John Knox Press.
Bush, J.E. (2006). Gentle Shepherding: Pastoral Ethics and Leadership. Chalice Press.
Gula, R.M. (1996). Ethics in Pastoral Ministry. Paulist Press.
Hewart-Mills, D. (2011). Pastoral Ministry. Xulon Press.
Most individuals fail to appreciate life to the fullest because they concentrate on being remembered as some of the greatest humans who ever lives. This makes it difficult for them to enjoy the simple pleasures in life, considering that they waste most of their time trying to put across ideas that are appealing to the masses. While many did not manage to produce ideas that survived more than them, others succeeded and actually produced thinking that remained in society for a long period of time consequent to their death.
Creativity is generally regarded as one of the most important concepts in society, considering that it generally induces intense feelings in individuals. It is responsible for progress and for the fact that humanity managed to produce a series of ideas that dominated society's thinking through time. In order for someone to create a concept that will live longer than him or…
For many years, the college has collected and analyzed data for program evaluation and service provision. As the institution has grown, the established assessment systems have become focused on department functions and, in many instances, taking on the attributes of a work silo. It is easier today than it has ever been to integrate data and link analyses, a fact that highlights just how archaic the college's present approach to assessment has become. While the college can be proud of the rigor and continuity of many of our current assessment systems, the level of integration with institutional strategic planning and articulation across the various assessment systems is lacking. Improved cohesion among the assessment systems can only lead to a more penetrating look at the college's strengths and weaknesses. This is the nexus of my role in the position of Director of Assessment, Student Affairs: the creation of a…
Drucker, P. (2006). The effective executive: The definitive guide to getting the right things done. Harperbusiness Essentials.
____. (2010). ACPA / NASPA Professional Competency Areas for Student Affairs Practitioners.
____. (2006). Frameworks for assessing learning and development outcomes (FALDO). Washington, DC: Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education (CAS). Retrieved http://www.cas.edu/index.php/index.php/index.php
Sallie Mae Fisher
Ms. Fisher is an 82-year-old female with a history of chronic congestive heart failure (CHF), atrial fibrillation, and hypertension. With her age, and such an acute medical condition, she may undergo substantial changes in function and living standards.
Ms. Fisher has been hospitalized four times for exacerbation of her CHF in the last 6 months. One of her primary problems is most likely to be decline in function in activities of daily living (ADLs). During Post hospitalization, older patients experience changes in functional status, Mary seems not to recover well after hospitalization revealed by her frequent hospitalizations.
In addition, Ms. Fisher seems to gain weight fast an indication that her body is retaining extra fluid. This is a common complication associated with CHF. It appears that Ms. Fisher is not strict with her diet or in not monitoring her diet well to eliminate salt (De Lorgeril, Salen,…
De Lorgeril, M., Salen, P., & Defaye, P. (2005). Importance of nutrition in chronic heart failure patients. European Heart Journal, 2215-2217.
Mahoney, J.E., Eisner, J., Havighurst, T., Gray, S., & Palta, M. (2000). Problems of Older Adults Living Alone After Hospitalization. Journal Gen Intern Med, 611 -- 619.
nursing theory practice setting.
Provide an overview of the theory
Myra Estrin Levine is known as the most important Nursing theorist for developing "The Conservation Model." Levine got a diploma in 1944 and obtained her B.S in 1949 and finished M.S.N in 1962 from Wayne State College. She acted as a specialist to healthcare facilities and colleges of nursing. Furthermore, she offered a teaching format for the medical or surgical sector of nursing and developed "The 4 Conservation Fundamentals." "She clearly connected wellness to the procedure of conservation design and viewed wellness as one of its necessary elements" (Levine, 1991).
The 3 significant ideas of the Conservation Model are 1) wholeness, 2) adaption, and 3) conservation. "Whole, wellness, hale all are sourced from the Anglo-Saxon word hal" (Levine, 1973, p. 11). Myra Levine formulated her take of wholeness as an open system, which meant checking out the components of the…
Alligood, Martha Raile (2010). Nursing theory: Utilization and application. Toronto: Mosby Elsevier.
Chinn, P.L., & Kramer, M.K. (2011). Integrated knowledge development in nursing (8th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
Current Nursing (2010). Levine's four conservation principles. Retrieved from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Levin_four_conservation_principles.html .
Levine, M.E. (1973). Introduction to Clinical Nursing (2nd Ed.). Philadelphia F.A. Davis.
As a consequence, the personnel strategy must be elaborated and implemented based on the following relevant aspects for the organization: the project's mission, objectives, success factors, organization's strategy, and the analysis of the internal and external environment.
Basically, the process of elaborating human resources strategies is the result of a continuous analysis or diagnosis process of all the activities performed within the organization and of the directions that the organization follows.
In the case of Greater Manchester's transport investments process, this is a very important condition. The project must be closely and continuously monitored. All the activities comprised by the project must be controlled, so that they are performed in accordance with the established standards.
The main purpose of the analysis is to identify the human resources of the organization that are able to be introduced in the project and to establish a correlation with strategic decisions that affect the…
Creating a 21st Century transport system (2008). Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Authority. Retrieved October 29, 2008 at http://www.gmfuturetransport.co.uk/default.aspx.
Project management (2008). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management .
Arnold, John (2007). AGMA Test Review. Association of Greater Manchester Authorities. Retrieved October 30, 2008
Belcourt, M. (1998). Managing Human Resources. Second Canadian Edition, ITP Nelson. Retrieved October 30, 2008
This was true for example in the northern countries of Europe where Protestantism had firmly embedded itself an thrown off Church teaching. ars were the result as the Holy Roman Empire attempted to put down the Protestant Rebellions -- but the Peace of estphalia in 1648 finally and politically gave the Protestant countries in the north of Europe the right to exercise their new religions. Humanism, indeed, was spreading as a result of the Renaissance and many societies were willing to adopt it.
Bennett, Judith. Queens, hores and Maidens: omen in Chaucer's England.
University of London. 5 March 2002. Royal Halloway, Hayes Robinson Lecture Series No. 6. eb. 23 March 2011.
Haaren, John. Famous Men of Greece. NY: American Book Company, 1904.
Johnson, Paul. Art: A New History. NY: HarperCollins, 2003.
Jusserand, J.J. English ayfaring Life in the Middle Ages. Chatham, UK: &J Mackay & Co. Ltd., 1950.…
Bennett, Judith. Queens, Whores and Maidens: Women in Chaucer's England.
University of London. 5 March 2002. Royal Halloway, Hayes Robinson Lecture Series No. 6. Web. 23 March 2011.
Haaren, John. Famous Men of Greece. NY: American Book Company, 1904.
Johnson, Paul. Art: A New History. NY: HarperCollins, 2003.
Exegetical Analysis of 1st Peter 2:1-10
The New Testament's two documents, ascribed to Peter, represent a work in contrasts. Peter's first letter depicts a writing style, which reflects most of his letters. A reason behind this statement appears in 1 Pet. 5:12, where it is stated that the brief letter is written through Silvanus, who is regarded as a devoted brother, for encouraging readers and testifying that this truly is God's grace. This implies that the letter was not written by Peter himself, but by Silvanus (Latin name for Silas), who wrote it as directed by Peter. An ancient universal system for writing formal letters was through an amanuensis (Latin for writing secretary). Predictably, an individual who spent the major part of his adulthood traveling with Paul, the apostle, and had most probably also written some letters of Paul, would write Peter's ideas with a distinct Pauline quality to them.…
References biblestudytools. 1 Peter 2. n.d. http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/jamieson-fausset-brown/1-peter/1-peter-2.html (accessed August 1, 2015).
Constable, Thomas L. Notes on 1 Peter . Sonic Light, 2015.
Cranford, Lorin L. "1 Peter 2:1-10." http://cranfordville.com . n.d.
Social workers try to help people make the most of their environment, their relationships, and any struggles they might have with money or family. A lot of social workers deal with people who face life-threatening circumstances, such as criminal activity or substance abuse. Other issues that social workers try to tackle are inadequate housing, unemployment, illness, disability, or difficulties around childbirth (Social Work Professions: Summary of the Social Worker Fields, 2010).
There are various social work specializations, but the larger categories include child, family, and school social workers, who provide social services and assistance to children and their families; medical and public health social workers who provide support for people with illnesses, such as Alzheimer's disease, cancer, or AIDS; mental health and substance abuse social workers who deal with people who struggle with psychological issues; and social workers who deal with the intricacies of social policy and planning (Social Work…
Social Work Practice. (n.d.). Retrieved August 31, 2010, from Web site:
Social Work Professions: Summary of the Social Worker Fields. (2010). Retrieved August 31,
2010, from Education Portal Web site: http://education-
worldview is a schema that includes values, beliefs, and principles that shape one's vision of reality. As such, a worldview is a lens through which the world is viewed. Personal experience, background, culture, gender, ethnicity, age, religion, education, the media, and a wealth of other variables shape worldviews. My personal worldview has likewise been shaped by my personal experiences, and continues to change as I encounter new ideas and ways of viewing the nature of reality. There are seven core aspects of a worldview, including the nature of prime reality, the nature of the manifest reality around us, the nature of a human being, concepts of life after death, theories of knowledge and consciousness or epistemology, ethics or ethical reasoning, and finally, the meaning of human history. A worldview is connected with personal identity, and my attitudes toward spirituality also influence my worldview. Frameworks of understanding both spirituality and worldview…
Cobern, W.W. (2005). Worldview, science, and the understanding of nature. Scientific Literacy and Cultural Studies Project, Paper 22.
Salladay, S.A. (2000). Healing is believing. The Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine 4(1).
For this purpose it has set-up National Anti-acism Partnership and Strategy (Stone, 2008). This strategy will be making alliance with various departments like Department of Immigration and Citizenship, the Australian human rights commission and the ace Discrimination Commissioner, Australian multicultural advisory council etc.
Multicultural Arts and Festivals Grants: In response to multicultural Australian society, Australian government to take care of all its citizens have decided to execute Diversity and social Cohesion Programs from multicultural arts and festivals small grants. This provides a platform for all Australians to learn about each other's cultures and traditions.
Multicultural Youth Sports Partnership Program: For the purpose of creating network and connection between the youth from diverse cultural backgrounds, Australian government has taken a step in establishing Multicultural Youth Sports Partnership Programs. Australian Sports Commission (ASC) will be managing this program (Howard, 2005).
Australia with its cultural mix has adopted Multicultural Policy with the…
Howard, Cosmo (2005). The Policy Cycle: a Model of Post-Machiavellian Policy Making? the
Australian Journal of Public Administration.
Kellow, Aynsley (Summer 1988). Promoting Elegance in Policy Theory: Simplifying Lowi's
Arenas of Power. Policy Studies Journal 16: 713 -- 724. doi:10.1111/j.1541-0072.1988.tb00680.x.
Te NPC, importantly, controls bot legislative and judicial functions -- true to te consolidation of power in communism. Wen discussing te Cinese judiciary, one must understand tere are no juries, only judges; and earsay is admissible as evidence, unlike te civil tradition. However, in keeping wit civil tradition, evidence obtained from documents carries more weigt tan oral testimony. Te judge in a Cinese court is not interested in defending laws, teir interest is in defending te interests of te communist state and te socialist system.
Module 2 -- Legal Researc
Primary and secondary sources (2.11) and Keywords (2.1.2). Sources used in legal researc are primary and secondary: primary researc emerges directly from legal opinions, legislations, treaties or case law; secondary sources are commentaries about te decisions from journalists, lawyers, scolarly journals, and textbooks.
Tings to look for in conducting researc include te rigt keywords, witout wic searc engines are not…
Lexadin (world law guide): http://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/legis.php .
Megalaw International Law sites: http://www.megalaw.com/international/index.php.
ecause of rhetoric that was rampant through the region, the result was "a skewed perception among some Chinese intellectuals that Indian must have been a race of violent and uncouth barbarians" (Mather, 1992). The once positive relationship between the two regions was tarnished, as evident by the "Discourse on Triple Destruction" which illuminates the barbarian traits that the Indian people have (Mather, 1992). This laid, along with the foundational elements Scripture of Lao-tzu Converting the arbarians, for a negative perception of India and allowed for huddism to flourish on Chinese terms.
uddhism in China was taught as "radical dualism," with teachings that focused on sudden enlightenment on salvation through grace rather than through ascetic practices" making it more appealing to a larger population of Chinese (Whyte, 2008). The Consul General of China asserts that "in Northeast Asia and some Southeast Asian countries, the historical influence of Chinese culture could be…
Mather, Richard B. (1992). Chinese and indian perceptions of each other between the first and seventh centuries . Journal of the American Oriental Society, 112(1), 1-8.
Siwei, Mao. (2011, June 19). China and india: related yet different civilizations. Retrieved from http://www.defence.pk/forums/world-affairs/115473-china-india-related-yet-different-civilizations.html
Whyte, Bob. (2008). Religion in china. Retrieved from http://www.sacu.org/religion.html
S. responded to the Great Depression by electing FDR, who brought out his Alphabet Programs which were supposed to put the nation back to work with public works projects. When that failed to restore the economy, the world elected to start with a new war: WWII. Germany had been buried by the Western powers following WWI -- and now the country threatened to assert itself once more. Russia was in the middle of its own revolution: Stalin was liquidating the kulaks and rounding others up and shipping them off to the Gulag. That did not help Russia's economy any more than FDR's Alphabet program -- but it did not matter: war was on the horizon. Japan was being strangled by Western powers: the American military-industrial-congressional complex essentially forced Japan to attack -- and then sat back and let it happen when Japan finally decided to bomb Pearl Harbor. Thus, America…
In modern society, myth is identified with something of the past, something historical taught in schools and read in books. However, one needs to acknowledge that communication has enabled people to receive information in various ways: television, cinema, video games, comic books, books. These are the elements that demonstrate the presence of archetypes within modern mythology. One ancient Greek hero is one Spiderman, or Batman, one moral leader is Frodo, the hobbit. Thus, ancient archetypes resemble modern ones, making Jung's theory viable.
In Greek mythology, a hero was not just the personage who fought monsters, but a hero that was able to fight his own ego and come to terms with his nature, his goal in life. In this respect, Oedipus was thought of as a noble hero who was subjected to making mistakes because of a faulty judgement. By disregarding the divine will and giving in to an inner…
Town/Village Development in the UK in the Medieval Ages
Leicester Development in the Medieval Ages
Leicester provides an excellent example of fort-settlement-town-city development through the Medieval Ages. Controlled at different stages by the Romans, Anglo Saxons, Danish and, of course, Great Britain, Leicester shows the combined contributions, primarily of the Romans, Anglo Saxons and British in its development. Realizing the importance of these contributions, the University of Leicester has undertaken various archaeological projects to continually learn about the city's Medieval development and the Leicester City Council has undertaken a considerable preservation project, particularly of the marketplace area. Both the University and the City Council intend to uncover and preserve Leicester's rich history.
Backdrop: British to Roman to Anglo Saxon to Danish to British
Leicester is a city located at 52°38"06"N 1°08"06" in modern-day East Midlands, Great Britain (Google, Inc., 2006). However, it did not become an organized settlement until it…
Artsin Leicester/shire. (n.d.). Historic buildings and monuments, from Roman times to 1800. Retrieved from Artsin Leicestershire Web site: http://www.artsinleicestershire.co.uk/architecture/historic_buildings.htm
Chaucer, G. (2007). Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Retrieved from Electronic Lierature Foundation Web site: http://www.canterburytales.org/
Geolocation. (n.d.). The Free Grammar School in Leicester, England. Retrieved from Geolocation.ws Web site: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0b/Leicester_Free_Grammar_School_west_side.jpg
Google, Inc. (2006, July 2). Leicester, UK. Google Earth (Version 5.1.3533.1731) [Software]. Mountain View, CA, USA: Google, Inc. Retrieved from Google Earth Web site.
Traditional Land Tenure in the Modern Pacific
The Nature of Traditional Land Tenure in the Pacific
The land utilization and development necessary for a modern Pacific state could feasibly occur at reasonably good clip. Hughes suggests that, "all Pacific islands could be viable at high standards of living within a generation if they adopted policies that match their endowments" (2004, p. 1). This line of thinking is decidedly that of a non-indigenous economist, yet, if Hughes and other Western economists are correct, the Pacific islands, and particularly Papua New Guinea, are rapidly losing economic ground. The policy changes recommended by Hughes and others are formulaic and familiar. The one most pertinent to this topic of traditional land tenure is to switch from "communal land ownership to individual property rights" (Hughes, 2004, p.1). This paper discusses the effect that land tenure has on modernization and economic development in the Pacific against…
Acquaye, B. (1984). Land tenure and productivity in the Pacific Islands. Rome, Italy: Institute of Pacific Studies, South Pacific University, Suva (Fiji),
Banks, G (2005). Globalization, poverty, and hyperdevelopment in Papua New Guinea's mining sector, Focaal, European Journal of Anthropology, 46, 128-43.
Banks, G. (2006). Mining, social change and corporate social responsibility: Drawing lines in the Papua New Guinea mud [Chap. 13]. In Globalisation and governance in the Pacific islands, edited by Stuart Firth, ANU E. Press. Retrieved http;//epress.anu.edu/ssgm/global_gov/pdf/ch13.pdf
Boydell, S. (2001). Land tenure and land conflict in the South Pacific [Consultancy report for the Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations]. Retrieved http://www.undp.org/cpr/documents/we_do/drt_land%20policy%20and%20conflict%20in%20pacific.pdf
As a result of this impact, religious or spiritual organizations adopt various health beliefs that govern the well-being of their members. For instance, spirituality helps religious individuals to demonstrate less destructive behaviors like smoking, minimum stress, and improved satisfaction in life. An example of such organizations is Jews for Jesus, which has an estimated number of nearly 125,000 members across the globe. The organization is founded on three major core values i.e. being under God's Word and authority, honoring the Messiah, and relying on the Holy Spirit.
The other major tenet of this spiritual organization is that it focuses on Jewish evangelism, which is a Jewish mission that involves sharing Christ with the unsaved ("Core Values," 2011). One of the health beliefs of this organization is that physical health is needed for the spiritual well-being of an individual and to carry out the activities of spreading the message of Messiahship…
"Core Values." (2011, June 29). Jews for Jesus. Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://www.jewsforjesus.org/about/who-we-are/corevalues
"What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine?" (2012, September 18). National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). Retrieved from National Health Institutes -- U.S. Department of Health & Human Services website: http://nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam
How does terrorism affect children?
Children are often the victims of terrorism, and sometimes die in terrorist attacks (Dyson, 2001). When children witness or survive a terrorist attack, psychological ramifications like post-traumatic stress disorder may result (Hall, 2003). In some cases, children lose their loved ones and their lives may be turned upside down by terrorist attacks as all that is familiar to them -- schools, family, homes, community -- are destroyed (FBI, 2007). The war on terrorism can also affect the lives of children, as the media perpetuates a culture of fear. Children may, for example, be raised to be suspicious of people of different races or ethnicities because their parents, teachers, and the media perpetuate stereotypes about who is and who is not a terrorist.
What makes "martyrdom" such an effective tool for terrorists? Discuss in terms of social construction.
Suicide bombings and other examples of terrorist…
Dyson, W.E. (2001). Terrorism: An investigator's handbook. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2007). Retrieved March 25, 2007, from www.fbi.gov.
Gunaratna, R. (2002), Inside Al Qaeda: Global network of terror. New York: Berkley Books.
Hall, H.V. (2003). Introduction: Psychological study of terrorism. Journal of Threat Assessment 2(3), 1-8.