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This increased presence of women in professional sports management positions is considered significant by Watt and this author suggests these trends will very likely continue; however, there are some skeptics who argue that the increase presence of women in sports management positions has been a token efforts by the top managers and in actuality only involves a limited number of sport and physical activity areas, such as aerobics; however, there has been a perceptible increase in the number of actively participating females during the past three decades or so, yet there is still a great deal to be accomplished to achieve equality of action in many sporting venues (Watt, 2003). In this regard, Watt points out that, "There are several major sports where women are still treated very much as second-class citizens, and in some cases they are almost not recognized at all" (emphasis added) (2003, p. 32).
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2004). Does having 'The Right Stuff' matter? Gender differences in the determinants of career success among intercollegiate athletic administrators. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 50(5-6), 411.
Feehan, J. (2006, April 28). Women in sports: Dream big. The Register-Guard (Eugene, or), D1.
Watt, D.C. (2003). Sports management and administration. New York: Routledge.
MEMO: Comparing my existing resume with a description for an internship
COMPARISON OF RESUME TO INTERNSHIP DESCRIPTION
In the first place my "Objective" is presented as a way to get into football coaching where I can also serve as a mentor for players; it does not include any suggestion vis-a-vis becoming involved in "sports management" per se, but. My objective is fairly narrow and because I am seriously contemplating an internship with an agency like the Charlotte Regional Sports Commission's (CRSC) Internship Program I will need to expand my objective to include a desire to immerse myself from the ground up in a sports management internship that offers practical, hands-on management experience for a variety of tasks and skills associated with an internship.
JOB DESCRIPTION (CRSC)
The Charlotte Regional Sports Commission presented the duties and responsibilities for the internship in bulleted form. The intern that is selected is…
Charlotte Sports Commission. (2010). Sports Management Internship Program. Retrieved January 24, 2013, from http://www.charlottesports.org .
The subject of sports is today not a method only for individuals to get enjoyment from it, but sports has become an important method for individuals also to maintain fitness and thus contribute to his being able to perform as per requirements of his main financial earnings source. At the same time, this has given rise to a group of individuals who are the leaders in the management of sport. They exist at different levels of sport. There are also relationships between the transformational leadership of sports and the resultant performance of the organization in the level of sports that it is engaged in -- recreation or leisure.
For this purpose, there has to be an examination of transformational leadership, and then an investigation of different approaches concerning the type and concept of the organization that it is and then a judgment of the effectiveness of the organization.…
Brown, Adam; Massey, Joanne. Literature Review: The impact of major sporting events. Retrieved August 28, 2005, from the World Wide Web
Brown, William; Birnstihl, Elizabeth A; Wheeler, Daniel. W. 1996. Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations Leading Without Authority: An Examination of the Impact of Transformational Leadership Cooperative Extension Work Groups and Teams. Journal of Extension. October. Vol: 34; No: 5. Retrieved August 29, 2005, from the World Wide Web http://www.joe.org/joe/1996october/a3.html
Chang, Chia-Ming; Chen, Chin-Tsu; Hsu, Chin-Hsien. 2002. A Review of Service Quality in Corporate and Recreational Sport/Fitness Programs. The Sport Journal. Vol5-No.3. Retrieved August 28, 2005, from the World Wide Web
In other words, they need to sign contracts with prominent golf players, such as Tiger Woods and tennis stars like afael Nadal; not only basketball players like Michael Jordan, Kobe Bryant, Lebron James. Creating ways to expand their dominance through just being there; reflected on various players' t-shirts from a variety of sports would stimulate interest for NIKE in areas other than basketball.
Considerations for Factories in China
The researcher considers the third recommendation that NIKE needs to have a joint venture with factories in China to be vital. Implementing a joint venture with factories in China and owning shares in these factories will help NIKE obtain more control over the production process and plant management. NIKE also needs to monitor these factories more closely to minimize child labor to 0%. If NIKE conducts business with factories utilizing child labor the company mage would be negatively affected. One way NIKE…
Groppelli, A.A. & Nikbakht, E. (2006). Finance (5th ed.). Barron's Educational
Series.Lockwood.(2004).Retrieved June 17, 2009, from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4143/is_200404/ai_n9388390/pg_4/
Walonick, D.S. (2005). Elements of a research proposal and report. Statpact. Retrieved July 22,
2009 from http://www.statpac.com/research-papers/research-proposal
Reference: de Mesa, Alycia. "Bad Behavior: Losing in Sports Sponsorship." Brand Channel. Retrieved Mar 25, 2010 from http://brandchannel.com/features_effect.asp?pf_id=330
3. Advertising and promotions
Sports is like any other business advertising and promotions are crucial to its success. Teams should use a variety of advertising venues and methods. Those methods range from new media (team and league Web sites); traditional media (newspaper, magazine, and television advertisements); and creative media (public art, celebrity endorsements). Promoting sports is a full-time job, requiring general expertise in marketing.
Reference: Shimp, Terence a. Advertising Promotion, and Other Aspects of Integrated Marketing Communications. 8th Edition. Cengage Publishing.
4. Public relations
Sports scandals can break careers and sully team spirit. On the other hand, skillful public relations can spell long-term success for sports organizations. A sports organization that hires a skillful public relations manager can count on a solid relationship with the media, which in turn leads to greater…
Service Learning or Civic Engagement: Sports Management Project Coaching and Teaching High School and Youth Sports
The objective of this study is to examine Service Learning and Civic Engagement as it relates to the Sports Management major and the project of coaching and teaching high school and youth sports.
Service Learning or Civic Engagement in Sports Management focused on coaching and teaching high school and youth sports is an important aspect of the learning project for one with a Sports Management major because it provide invaluable experience for the individual in their future of Sport Management.
Service Learning: Sports Management Students
The work of Bruening, Madsen, Evanovich, and Fuller (2010) report that leaders "in the field of sports management have been calling on the sport management professoriate to engage in the world for many years." (p.31) Service learning is defined in the work of Bringle and Hatcher as "a credit-bearing…
Bruening, Jennifer E., Madsen, Rachel M., Evanovich, Justin M., and Fuller, Rhema D. (2010) Discovery, Integration, Application, and Teaching: Service Learning through Sport and Physical Activity. Sports Management Education Journal, 2010, 4(1), 31-48, Retrieved from: http://www.humankinetics.com/acucustom/sitename/Documents/DocumentItem/03_Bruening.pdf
Sports Management Organizational Plan
SPOTS Business PLAN
This paper explains the business and organizational structure of Stark Sports Infrastructure (SSI), which is a vast organization dealing multiple functions. This firm is into production, selling and export of sports goods for various games. Apart from this, it also solicits dealings and sponsorships for sports good, kits and equipment of various local and national sports teams. It is also diversified into the field of games, and till date, it has organized various sports tournaments in various games, and has worked in collaboration with several social associations to promote the spirit of sports. Alongside these lines, recently, SSI has also launched its own regional football team, which has made it a vast operation in terms of organizational structure. Such a vast function requires specialized approach in terms of management and this is why there are certain functions which are to be…
Birch, K. (2004). Club management program. Australian Football League.
Corbett, R., & Bell, D. (2010). Risk Management Guide for Community Sport Organizations. Legacies Now.
Frederick W. Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management (New York: Harper Bros., 1911): 5-29.
Henry, P., & Robinson, L. (2010). Gender Equality and Leaders in Olympic Bodies. International Olympic Committee.
As an example, Octagon recently entered the surfing market, which presents specific challenges and narrow targeted prospects. Counter that with the broad Octagon project of expansion into new locales: Brazil, Mexico, and China. Two diverse opportunities with strategically variant operating frameworks (Hunter, J. September 1, 2010. PP. 2).
This matrix developed by the Boston Consulting Group discusses a company's product portfolio based on its market share and business growth rate. The matrix has high and low growth rates and likewise market share positions. Octagon's core competencies in marketing, management, events, and branding can produce the four markers: stars, cows, question marks, and dogs. No firm wants to have dogs however, often products or services do not meet customer needs. " the basic idea behind it is that the bigger the market share that a product has or the faster the product's market grows the better it is for…
Hunter, J. (September 1, 2010). 10 Questions with Octagon Sports Management's
Director of Action Sports. TransWorld Business. Net. PP. 1-3. Retrieved May 10, 2012 from http://business.transworld.net/46099/features/10-questions-with-octagon-sports-managements-director-of-action-sports/
McNamara, C. (2008). Basics for Developing Mission, Vision, and Values Statements.
Free Management Library. PP. 1. Retrieved May 10, 2012 from.
The Emergence of Big Data in Sports Performance Management
In the past twenty-five years, the amount of data available in this world has grown exponentially. In Western society in particular, we have become obsessed with the quantification of just about everything. One of the reasons is simple – there’s a lot more data out there, it’s relatively cheap to acquire, and there are just enough statisticians who know how to get value from data to make sense of it all. Some sports have always loved data – baseball, especially. The large data sets from playing 160 game seasons, and the way that each play occurs in isolation makes it easy for casual fans to understand baseball’s class stats. When people started digging deeper into baseball’s numbers, they came up with the ideas in Moneyball, rooted in the idea that there is a sufficient amount of granular data…
Baerg, A. (2017) Big data, sport and the digital divide: Theorizing how athletes might respond to big data monitoring. Journal of Sports and Social Issues. Vol. 41 (1) 3-20.
Dhar, V., Jarke, M. & Laartz, J. (2014) Big data. Business and Information Systems Engineering. Vol. 6 (5) 257-259.
Hutchins, B. (2015) Tales of the digital sublime: Tracing the relationship between big data and professional sport. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies. Vol. 22 (5) 494-509.
Lohr, S. (2013) The origins of Big Data: An etymological detective story. New York Times. Retrieved April 14, 2019 from https://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/02/01/the-origins-of-big-data-an-etymological-detective-story/
Millington, B. & Millington, R. (2015) The datafication of everything: Toward a sociology of sport and big data. Sociology of Sport Journal. Vol. 32 (2) 140-160.
Zuccolotto, P., Manisera, M. & Sandri, M. (2017) Big data analytics for modeling scoring probability in basketball: The effect of shooting under high-pressure conditions. International Journal of Sports Sciences and Coaching. Vol. 13 (4) 569-589.
"International Management Group / Evolution of Sports"
International Management Group (IMG) is the diversified group which believes in enhancing the career and talent of others. It handles business in many diversified fields such as sports, fashion and media being the core fields of business. Other expertise of IMG includes event management, IMG College which is the leader in collegiate marketing, licensing and media rights. IMG are the pioneers in there business. They were the first ones to come up with the concept of sports management. IMG with its new concept of effectively managing sports and marketing brought a revolution into the sports world. Through the help of IMG sports event became more publicized globally while giving the sports man a wide range of opportunities. IMG handles business globally with its joint ventures with IMG reliance, IMX and IMG CCTV in the growing markets of India, Brazil and China, the…
International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 18. St. James Press, 1997.
International Management Group, IMG Worldwide, 2010.
Sports is big business and is growing in its influence every day. Careers are now found in many different aspects surrounding the sporting world. The purpose of this essay is to describe my outline for becoming a sports agent as a future career. In this essay I will present information contained in two separate interviews I conducted with individuals who are active in their sports career. I will highlight some of these comments and put them into context with my plans and progress towards becoming a sports agent.
Although it is fairly simple to become familiar with professional sports, there are many inside facts and tips about the sports industry that must be understood if I am to be successful in achieving my objective of becoming a sports agent. While books and articles can help shape and form my scholastic approach to this career field, it is essential…
This mechanism will ultimately save the firm money as it is more efficient with its resources. More important however, feedback insures that the strategic planning process remains focused on the metrics of success rather than diverging from its intended purpose. Sporting organizations need focus in order to maintain their funding constituency. This comes in the form of ticket, merchandise, and television ad sales.
Furthermore, performance measures are important in regards to the overall benchmarking process. Performance measures provide a means of evaluation of both personnel and the strategic plan itself. With these measures of success management can better identify performance relative to strategic planning benchmarks. Also, through the use of performance measures, coupled with appropriate feedback mechanisms management can better ascertain initiatives. If performance is a substantial departure from management standards, organizational leaders can better determine what areas need improvement and coach to those specific areas. Through performance measures, management…
1) Martin, D.C. & Bartol, K.M. (1998). Performance appraisal: Maintaining system effectiveness. Public Personnel Management, 27(2), 223-230.
2) Schweitzer, ME., Ordonez, L., & Douma, B. (2004) Goal setting as a motivator of unethical behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 422-432
Sports management is defined as a coordination of technologies, resources, personnel, processes, and situational contingencies to enhance efficient exchange and production of sports services. Typically, sports management is related to other business management that involves planning, organizing, evaluating and using managerial skills to achieve the organizational objectives. Chelladurai, (1993) classifies sports management with references to the services delivered, which include participant services, consumer services, professional services, spectator services, and sponsorship services. The author also points out that the sports management has overlapped the recreation and health administrations leading to the interrelationships with other disciplines. While Chelladurai, (1993) evaluates the taxonomy of sports management in the 80s and early 90s, however, sports management has changed in the last 20 years because it has integrated the sport merchandising services, and sport facilities services.
The objective of this paper is to explore the taxonomy of sports management over the last 20 years.
Major: Sport Management Minor: Business
Financed 100% of tuition with merit-based scholarships
Bank of America
Executive Development Program (Sales Manager)
Dec 2011- Present
Managed a $10 mortgage collections business by leading and coaching a team of 31 associates
Exceeded sales plan 9 out of 12 months as manager.
Increased same store sales by 4.2% within the Mortgage Collections business
Helped develop the community service initiative "Bag Hunger," generating $2,900 to feed low income families in the South Florida area
Personal Training Intern (30 hours per week)
Jan 2010- May 2010
Pioneered a successful corporate fitness program for over 60 employees designed to increase productivity and overall efficiency within the work environment.
Generated over $9,000 dollars of revenue through successful implementation of corporate fitness programs
Sears Holdings Co
Executive Management Intern
May 2009-Aug 2009
Learned successful operation and management…
259). These authors assert that crowd management and crowd control constitute two additional vital issues that athletic facility management needs to address when hosting events at any stadium or venue.
Event managers also need to understand the type of event(s) they host and understand that variuos events draw different types of crowds, as no two crowds are alike and each crowd typically behaves in different manners. Abbott and Geddie (2001) warn: "Crowds can behave violently, resulting in destruction of property, personal injury, and, in extreme cases, death. Crowd management plans should be adjusted to meet the needs of the event and the potential crowd" (p. 260). Event managers need to prepare for the unexpected that might occur. They need to also realize that football game may require more security officers than a golf game.
Event managers also need to be aware of the surrounding location of the stadium or venue.…
Abbott, J. & Geddie, M.W. (2001). Event and venue management: Minimizing liability through effective crowd management techniques. Event Management. Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Vol. 6, pp. 259 -- 270. Retrieved July 10, 2009 from http://www.popcenter.org/problems/spectator_violence/PDFs/Abbott.pdf
Borkowski, R.P. (2006). When good facility go bad. Athletic Management. Retrieved July 12,
2009 from http://www.athleticmanagement.com/2007/01/15/when_good_facilities_go_bad/indx.php
Although the coach may not work out with the client every session, he or she may be called upon to demonstrate many of the moves and to assist the client, depending on the nature of the session and the client's needs. For some coaches, the 'best' part of work -- the involvement with people committed to fitness -- may also be the worst part, because their schedules may make it difficult to find time to work out alone. Even then, the coach may be so exhausted from helping others he does not have the motivation to condition himself. But this is vital, so the coach can assist clients in an injury-free fashion.
A typical 'day in the life' of a sports and conditioning coach will vary depending upon the coach's practice setting. A private trainer might get up at 5:30am to go to the house of a busy executive he…
Kinesiology. (2011). University of Michigan. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://www.umich.edu/units_kines.php
Sports management. (2011). Syracuse University. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://falk.syr.edu/SportManagement/Default.aspx
Waehner, Paige. (2011). How to become a personal trainer. Retrieved November 16, 2011 at http://exercise.about.com/cs/forprofessionals/a/personaltrainer_2.htm
Sports & Nbsp;(general)
Fund raising Critque
Info: • the format will be according to APA style (typed double spaced) and in four
• parts. Written out as a paper.
is the identification of the article. What is important here is that you provide the reader with enough information about your article so that they will be able to locate the article.
• A Summary. List the main points that the author has tried to establish, i.e. 1, 2, 3 or first, second, third. There normally will be 3 to 5 main points. If you are summarizing a court case you should discuss: What provision of the law was at issue? Briefly state the facts of the case. What legal tests were applied? Were there any unusual elements in the case? Include all major key points of the author. If the author addressed any major concepts or methodology this should be…
Staurowsky, Ellen J. (1996). Women and Athletic Fund Raising: Exploring the Connection
Between Gender and Giving. Journal of Sport Management,10, 401-416.
The advertising agency has been linked up with past event volunteers who have been approached to provide old video and film clips to be uploaded to Youtube and other video upload sites to aid in a viral video marketing strategy.
e will open ticket sales for the tournament several weeks ahead of the first matches so that spectators can plan for the event. e will highlight donations to charity and potential door prizes for ticket holders to increase interest for the event.
E. Personnel Scheduling.
e will have to line up contractors and necessary organizational employees. In addition, we have to draw up a core of volunteers to help us during the tournament. e will need to set up a seeding committee to assist. e will have to check to see if a racket stringer will is available. If this is not the case, we will have to hire out…
Abbott, J.L., & Geddie, M.W. (2001 ). Event and venue management: minimizing liability through effective crowd management techniques. Event Management, 6,
Cavanaugh, J. (1993, August 15). Volvo tennis tournament returns. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volvo_International .
Getz, D. (2003). Sport event tourism: planning, development, and marketing. In S.
The objective of this work in writing is to conduct a critical assessment of the negative and positive impacts of cultural events or festivals upon the host community and destination. This work will be specific to the United Kingdom.
There is an increase in the growth of popularity of culturally-based events and festivals and because of this, these types of festivals and events are becoming more commonplace. Included in these events are "a diverse range of themes from the specific, food and wine, through to multi-faceted celebrations, such as multicultural festivals. Characteristically, they originate within the community in response to a need or desire to celebrate their unique identity." (Small, Edwards and Sheridan, 2005, p.86) The work of The 2nd DeHaan Tourism Management Conference: Nottingham: December 16th, 2003 entitled "The Impact of Festivals on Cultural Tourism" defines cultural tourism as "Travel directed toward experiencing the arts, heritage, and special…
Chalip, L. And Leyns, A., 2002. Local business leveraging of a sport event: Event Management, 6, 155-165. Managing an event for economic benefit. Journal of Sport Management, 16, 132-158.
Fredline, E. & Faulkner, B. (2002a). Residents' reactions to the staging of a major motorsports event within their communities: a cluster analysis. Event Management, 7(2), 103-114.
Fredline, E. & Faulkner, B. (2002b). Variations in residents' reactions to major motorsports events: why residents perceive the impacts of events differently. Event Management, 7(2), 115-126.
Fredline, E., & Faulkner, B. (2000). Host community reactions: a cluster analysis. Annals of Tourism Research, 27(3), 763-784.
Traditional Media Strategies
The use of traditional media in sports marketing remains popular. Indeed, sports marketers spend a great deal of resources on television, print, and radio advertising, with sports comprising a substantial portion of ad spending for television and radio channels. A significant percentage of sports fans actually watch sports events for the commercials. They tend to enjoy the commercials more than the game itself. Traditional media enables sports marketers to reach geographically dispersed consumers at a fairly low cost per exposure (Swayne, 2011). Take an event like the FIFA World Cup, for instance. The event has following from virtually every corner of the world. Without television, radio, and the print media, it may be quite difficult to communicate with such a geographically dispersed fan base. For this plan, it would be important to incorporate traditional media. In fact, traditional media should be allocated a significant fraction of the…
Aspara, J. (2009). Stock ownership as a motivation of brand-loyal and brand-supportive behaviors. Journal of Consumer Marketing. 26(6). Pp. 427-436. Retrieved from: http://www.yconomie.com/aspara/articles/aspara-2009_stock_ownership_brand_loyal_behaviors.pdf
In this work, Aspara investigates the psychological motivations underlying stock ownership and its influence on brand loyalty as well as finding empirical evidence to support the explication of these motivations. The author points out that, although consumption and investment psychologies, respectively, have been seen as separate realms, the study reveals that they can have a significant mutual influence. Indeed, the author has found that many individuals who become stockowners in a company also experience a positive and increased motivation towards brand loyalty for that company. Positive word-of-mouth has also been found among individuals becoming stock owners in a company.
What this means for the study to be conducted on brand loyalty among the youth in the United States and Kenya may not be considered in terms of…
Sport Stadium Risk Assessment
Sport venue management face challenges in determining the level of a potential threat (Hall). Risk must be identified, measured, and evaluated to be effectively managed. It should include assessments for threats, vulnerabilities, and criticalities for information that helps to protect critical assets, physical and human, against terrorist attacks and other threats, such as fan behavior that can cause harm to others or physical assets. Protection measures can include access control, use of CCTV security cameras, adding lighting, performance of background checks, credentialing, checking backpacks, enhancing communication networks, as well as developing and updating emergency response and evacuation plans.
There are three types of risks that need to be assessed. Mission risk prevents the organization from accomplishing goals and missions. Asset risk can harm physical assets. And, security risks can potentially cripple actual data and people. These risks are identified by surveys, inspections, employee interviews, and the…
Hall, S., Marciani, L. Cooper, W.E., & Rolen, R. "Introducing a Risk Assessment Model for Sport Venues." The Sport Journal, 10(2), ISSN: 1543-9518 (2007). Retrieved from http://www.thesportjournal.org/article/introducing-risk-assessment-model-sport-venues .
Hall, S., Marciani, L., & Cooper, W. "Sport Venue Security: Planning and Preparedness for Terrorists-related incidents." The Smart Journal, 4(2) (Spring/Summer 2008). Retrieved from http://www.thesmartjournal.com/venues.pdf .
One of the most pressing problems with the doping incidents is that punishment is so lax in many arenas. The WADA recommends a two-year ban from the sport, but increasing the time could reduce the number of doping incidents. An athlete might be less likely to turn to performance enhancing drugs of any kind if they knew they could face a ban for life, or a five-year or more ban from their chosen sport. Laws regarding the use of banned substances should be reviewed and updated so they are the same for each sport, and so they increase the culpability of the players involved. Since many of these athletes serve as heroes and role models to the children of the world, they owe it to them to come clean, stay clean, and support stricter enforcement in their specific sports. Lance Armstrong, in his comeback maneuver, could serve as a catalyst…
Editors. "Anti-Doping Expert Promises to Test Armstrong for 'Everything'." ESPN.com. 2008. 26 Sept. 2008.
Murphy, Austin. "Armstrong Returns With a New Team and a Winning Cause." Sports Illustrated.com. Sept. 2008, 26 Sept. 2008.
Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran
Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).
Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…
(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.
(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.
(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.
(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.
Undercover Boss is a great show for illustrating core management concepts. A season five episode features the CEO of the Larry H. Miller Company, owner of the Utah Jazz along with eighty other concerns. This episode features issues related to occupational health and safety, customer service and marketing. In the episode about Modell's Sporting Goods, a family-owned business that has been around since 1889, issues related to logistics, wages, and social justice come to the fore. In the first season episode featuring the CEO and president of 7-11, issues related to management and corporate structure, customer service, and quality assurance are brought to light. These three episodes can all be used to better understand textbook concepts, from the particular skills managers need to succeed to ethics and social responsibility. Of these three episodes, the most engaging was the one about Modell's because of the way the owner came to…
Schermerhorn, J.R. (2012). Exploring Management. 3rd edition.
Undercover Boss Utah Jazz: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_Tc3qCOj68&feature=youtu.be
Undercover Boss Modell's: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8jadl9usH3s&feature=youtu.be
Undercover Boss 7-11:
Management Info Systems
My mother often tells the story about one Summer as I was growing up. Each year, we would host a family reunion at one of the local parks. My mother hated this time of year because the guest list seemed to grow larger every year, and she was in charge of so many things. To her delight, when I was 9 years old, I offered to "manage" the reunion for her. I asked her for all the people who would attend, and spent days quizzing her on who would do what, who would bring what, and even what would the contingency plan be if the weather turned sour or some other unknown were to occur. My contribution to the event was a very precise and colorful chart in which I used up every single color combination in my crayon box, drew lines for responsible people and products…
MANAGING OGANIZATION'S STUCTUE
Managing the Organization's Structure; McDonald's case study
McDonald's represents the biggest fast food chain in the world, with its key products being burgers, soft drinks, French fries, desserts and shakes. Increasing health consciousness and trends against obesity have called attention to the company, which, by all accounts, has contributed majorly to rapid growth of obesity in its customers. Foods marketed by the company (all fast foods, in fact) are unhealthy, being loaded with salt and fat, and having minimal nutritional value (About McDonald, 2015).
The organization I work in shows the following scores, based on the McGinty/Moss survey:
It has a deliberative traditional culture
Questions 6-10: It doesn't portray a stable/established culture
Questions 11-15: It has an urgent or seat of the pants culture
The question category 1-5, which labels my company's culture as traditional showed the most number of 'true' responses in the McGinty/Moss 'true/false question'…
About McDonald's. Retrieved on 19 September 2015 from http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com
Cameron, K. S., & Quinn, R. E. (2006).Diagnosing and changing organizational culture: Based on the competing values framework (Rev. ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Jacobides., M. G. (2007). The inherent limits of organizational structure and the unfulfilled role of hierarchy: Lessons from a near-war. Organization Science, 18, 3, 455-477.
Kraut, A. (1996).Organizational Survey: Tools for Assessment and Change. Josey-Bass Publishers
Management in the Justice System
Challenges in the justice system: Case management of drug crimes
Drug abuse represents one of the greatest challenges for any criminal justice professional. The question of whether drug abuse should be viewed as a medical issue, a criminal issue, or a unique combination of both remains hotly-debated question, particularly in regard to juvenile offenders. There are indications that the two are often interlinked: "research indicates that a relatively small group of serious and violent juvenile offenders who are also serious drug users accounts for a disproportionate amount (more than half, according to one national study) of all serious crimes committed by delinquents" (VanderWaal et al. 2001: 1). Given the chronic and addictive nature of drug abuse, these offenders often go on to commit more crimes as adults, unless the cycle is broken.
Case management is one of the most common techniques used to…
VanderWaal, Curtis J. (et al. 2001). Breaking the juvenile drug-crime cycle. Department of Justice. Retrieved: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/186156.pdf
Sports Bar Management
A sports bar represents a business that could not only be a blast to manage, but also an incredibly profitable endeavor. Yet, at the same time, there is also a significant amount of risk involved in such a business and efficient and effective management is a critical success factor in overcoming any obstacles that are created by the risks in the industry and the local environment. Furthermore, there is a high failure rate associated with the industry based on the associated risks. According to a frequently cited study by Ohio State University on failed restaurants, 60% do not make it past the first year, and 80% go under in five years (Feloni, 2014). There are many factors that can account for the high failure rates of small restaurant and bar businesses, however mis-management is commonly cited near the top of most lists. The most common reasons why…
Aida, M. (2015). 10 Ways How Restaurants Failure Can Be Avoid. Retrieved from POS Sector: http://possector.com/management/restaurant-failure
Feloni, R. (2014, February 25). Food Network Chef Robert Irvine Shares The Top 5 Reasons Restaurants Fail. Retrieved from Business Insider: http://www.businessinsider.com/why-restaurants-fail-so-often-2014-2
History of Reebok
he company of Reebok started in England in around 1890 to provide shoes which could help athletes run faster. he cleated running shoes were developed by Joseph William Foster and he had then started a company to make hand-stitched athletic shoes for the runners of that time. he enterprise continued in that manner and started with the name of Reebok International due to the starting of a new company by the grandsons of JW Foster. he name was taken from the name of an African gazelle. he company came to USA in 1979 when Paul Fireman bought an exclusive license for distribution of Reebok in North America. From the beginning itself, the products were the most expensive, and were being sold for $60 a pair even in 1979. he sales increased over time, and became $1.3 million in 1981, and then the production capacity of…
The international sales of Reebok were organized from the corporate office in Canton, and this office directly controlled sales in Latin America. The operations in Europe were controlled from the offices in Lancaster and London in England, as also the sales in the Middle East and Africa. There were wholly owned subsidiaries for marketing the Reebok branded products in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, Japan and South Korea. There were also majority owned subsidiaries for India, Mexico, and Spain. There were also 26 independent distributors and two joint ventures in which the company had minority interest. The entire effort marketed Reebok products in 170 countries and territories. During 2001, the total sales from international operations reduced to $1.170 billions from the previous year's figure of $1.176 billions. This was mainly due to weakening of the currencies against the dollar.
What are Reebok's and the industry's advertising and public relations strategies?
It has been stated earlier that the main strategy for all American sports footwear company has been to depend on celebrity endorsements, apart from New Balance. Even they had tried it initially. New Balance advertising featured unknown athletes and was generally released in special magazines like Outside, New England Runner and prevention as also on cable TV channels like CNN, the Golf Channel and A&E. The main slogan of the company is 'Achieve New Balance' and the slogan has not changed in five years. The headlines for the advertising are also different and like 'Life sucks go for a run'. The media strategy is clearly targeted at older people. This is the reason for Reebok to worry as the main buyers for Reebok are older people and kids who cannot spend $80 to $90 for a pair of shoes. Will New Balance finally upset the Reebok balance?
Sport Promotion Mix
Kotler's promotion mix consists of advertising, publicity, personal contact, incentives, and atmospherics as well as licensing, sponsorship, and community relations to represent the contemporary sport promotion mix (Irwin, 2008). The New York Yankees the contemporary promotion mix. They have advertising of ticket sales, news articles and videos as publicity, blogs for personal contact with fans, discounts on tickets as incentives, and atmospherics with a showcase of bleachers, licensing with team logo items, sponsorships with corporations, and community relations with donations and fund drives.
Advertising is done for ticket sales (Home Page) and team logo items (New York Yankees), such as t-shirts, hats, etc. The advertised items serve two fold in the promotion mix. Ticket sales contain incentives in 12-game and group packages that offer discounts to consumers. The team logo items are advertised for sale, but also contain the licensing of the team logo. The team logo…
New York Yankees. (2013). Retrieved from ESPN MLB: http://espn.go.com/mlb/team/_/name/nyy/new-york-yankees
Yankee Publications. (2013). Retrieved from Heros Remembered. Legends Born.: http://newyork.yankees.mlb.com/nyy/fan_forum/publications.jsp
Bryant, A. (1993, Apr 5). The Media Business: Advertising; For a Major League Baseball Team, the Season's First Pitch Comes Well Before Opening Up. Retrieved from New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/1003/04/05/business/media-business-advertising-for-major-league-baseball-team-season-s-first-pitch.html
Home Page. (n.d.). Retrieved from Heros Remembered. Legends Born.: http://newyork.yankees.mlb.com/inde , jsp-c_id=nyy
The overall economy is growing slowly, and those within our target market have not experienced the steep decline in employment that other demographics have suffered. Income levels in our target demographic have changed little as the result of the recession, so there is little cause for concern about the economic macroenvironment when launching this product. Golf continues to be a popular sport, despite flatlining interest in the United States (Nohcud, 2008). There is strong growth in golf overseas, in Asia in particular, and this provides encouragement for the long-term growth prospects of the Tracker.
One marketing issue that needs to be researched is with respect to the culture of golf, in particular the target market of the Tracker. This is important because the tone of the advertising message will be in part dictated by the culture of our golfing target market -- it could be jocular or it could be…
Nohcud, S. (2007). Why golf's popularity has mushroomed. iSnare. Retrieved February 3, 2011 from http://www.isnare.com/?aid=186590&ca=Sports
Management Issues and Practices
James Strong, the former CEO and managing director of Qantas Airlines, twice sat on the panel convened at the Sydney office of CPA Australia to select those who would be recognized for the annual 40 Young Business Leaders list. Strong believed in the importance of nurturing young talent and threw himself wholeheartedly into leading much of the discussion among prominent leaders from all over the globe. Criteria for entrants included "the ability to land a top job, develop others and get the most from a team, and leading by example was also a must-have attribute" ("CPA Australia," 2014). To provide the scope and depth of the list-building endeavor, it is informative to explore the names of other participants on the panel, and to match them to the criteria they articulated for entrant evaluation. Here is a quick run down: James Strong looked for entrants who had…
40 young business leaders. In the Black. 2014 CPA Australia Ltd. Retrieved from http://www.itbdigital.com/lists/40-young-business-leaders-2013/
Bennis, W. (1997). Managing people is like herding cats. Covey Leadership Center.
Braithwaite, J. & Mannion, R. (2011). Managing change. In K. Walshe & J. Smith, Healthcare Management, pp. 830-861. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Cummings, G.G., McGregor, T., Davey, M. Lee, H., Wong, C.A., Lo, E., Muise, M. & Strafford, E. (2010). Leadership styles and outcome patterns for the nursing workforce and work environment: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(3), 363-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jnurstu.2009.08.006.
Management of Stress and Tension
Goals-- What do you wish to complete?
The answer to attain a postgraduate degree can develop into a very long journey. For me, the contending aspects of time and financial resources constantly appeared to present problems and control the situation. In truth, it would be considerably much easier to provide every single argument present against returning to institution at this time. One can say that numerous considerable life-changing occasions experienced just recently would be cause or motive enough to put off the commencement of the Master's of Business Administration (MBA) program. Concerns associated with household loss and task modification can be made use of as proof in support of delay. Financial pressures can likewise exist yet an additional motive that the moment in time, endeavor, and cost needed for an MBA would not be a required use of resources. Nonetheless, regardless of every one of…
Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc.. (2011). What are archetypes. Retrieved from http://www.capt.org/discover-your-archetypes/about-archetypes.htm
Cohen, B. (2001, April 21). Average Salary for First Year Accountants. Retrieved from eHow Money: http://www.ehow.com/info_8271661_average-salary-firstyear-accountants.html
Curtis, J. (2009). Life change stress test. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/hw-popup/life-change-stress-test
Hansen, R.S. (n.d.). The Master of Business Administration: Is the MBA Worth the Time, Effort, and Cost? Retrieved from Quint Careers: http://www.quintcareers.com/MBA_degree.html
Management class 494, I Executive Summary case title Nascar: A Branding Success. Marketting Strategy book O.C. Ferrel, I international student, I write summary formal words make an international student essay IA, I sounds weird write Executive summary a I write.
NASCA executive summary
NASCA, short for The National Association for Stock Car Auto acing, is a relatively small size firm, but which also has an increased importance within the national and international auto racing events. The success of the organization is based on several key features, including the dedication of the staff members to high quality operations and services, the wide reach of the company outside the geographic borders, but also, the strength of its marketing approach.
The marketing team of NASCA is highly skilled and qualified, and, along the years, has produced some of the more successful measures to attracting the attention of the audience, as well as its…
Ferrell, O.C., Hartline, M., 2010, Marketing strategy, 5th edition, Cengage Learing
. The mobile business market has seen significant of uptake of 2E (mobile sales-force and field service) solutions and Microsoft has the chance to develop its offerings around its acquisitions, adding mobile functionality. Microsoft partners with many application vendors across the board and moving too heavily into the application space would incense many. However, there is viability in developing a mid-market mobile application proposition, given the unconsolidated nature of offerings from operators, traditional ISVs, start-ups and mobile middleware players.
In the device OS market, as at desktop level and in the server-room, Linux clearly represents a threat to Microsoft, and one it expends much energy playing down. Although there has been little uptake of Linux to date specifically as an operating system for multimedia cell phones, there are many who are not keen to implement end-to-end Microsoft solutions. Linux will give these companies added freedom in choosing applications, middleware…
Ovum Research (2006) - Worldwide Multimedia Cell Phone Forecast.
Source: Credit Suisse First Boston Analysis of the Multimedia Cell Market (2006)
Flextronics (2006) - Annual Report and key investor5 briefing materials. Accessed from the Internet on November 29, 2006 http://www.flextronics.com/en/Investors/ConferenceCalls/tabid/69/Default.aspx
IDC (2006) - Worldwide Multimedia Cell Phone Forecast. Framingham, MA. Published July, 2006.
The result is that even as changes and improvements have been made across the boards, schools continue both to decline infrastrucuturally and to experience a simultaneous failure to live up to opportunities now emergent.
As the text by Thompson et al. indicates, "the newest data argue that if unmet needs are vast in only the context of general upkeep and repair, they are staggering in the context of a fuller definition of total infrastructure and endorses costs of improvements associated with educational program adequacy." (Thompson et al., 260) This is the argument which is at the crux of the text, provoking the conclusion that proper financial allotment is required to produce positive academic results both generally and in the area of physical education.
Thompson, D.C.; Crampton, F.E. & ood, C.. (2008). Money and Schools. Eye on Education.
Thompson, D.C.; Crampton, F.E. & Wood, C.W. (2008). Money and Schools. Eye on Education.
Management Analysis of JCPenney
One of America's iconic department store fixtures is J.C. Penney which has provided American consumers with a wide range of family clothing and other merchandise for more than a century. In recent years, though, JCPenney has been experiencing some difficult times as its core market continues to be eroded by competitors and an aging business model. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to develop a description and history of the company, its recent financial performance and to identify some of the managerial decisions that were made in response to changes in its market or competitive environment by JCPenney in recent years. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion.
Description and History of the Company
According to JCPenney's promotional literature, "More than a century ago, James Cash Penney founded his company on the principle of…
About us. (2013). JC Penney. Retrieved from http://www.jcpenney.net/About-Us.aspx.
Company profile. (2013). Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=
Elasticity of demand. (2012). BusinessDictionary.com. Retrieved from http://www.
I will also be involved in handling and addressing employee work-life imbalances to steer them towards nothing less than achievement.
Building a happier and a more satisfied team requires some effort to reduce conflict and improve their working relationship. Teams are the force that drives most organizations, be it a functional team, a team of managers or a project team makes work easier and more effective. My key role in player development is to mentor the team members to solve problem, make better decisions, and learn new skills so that performance and productivity don't suffer.
The team, just like any other groups will therefore need a well formed team dynamics so that we have a well modeled player who will be part of the team and not act as individuals. The commonly known dynamics that are found in teams are roles, norms, relations, need to belong, development, effects…
Ann Marie N. & Joyce S., (2009). Group Dynamics and Team Building. Retrieved August 31,
2011 from http://www.wfh.org/2/docs/Publications/Hemo_Org_Resources/Monographs/HOD4_Group_Dynamics_2-edition.pdf
Business mart, (2010). Managing Your Franchise Business. Retrieved on 2, 2011 from http://franchises.businessmart.com/managing-your-franchise-business.php
Content writer, (2011). The Concept behind Sales Promotion. Retrieved on 2, 2011 from http://www.contentwriter.in/articles/advertising-marketing/sales-promotion.htm
(Krukowski, 2001) Civil religion and workplace mysticism each change the institutional locus of religious expression from the church, synagogue, or mosque to another public organization- the state or the company. The existence of these different organizations hoists the main question of individuality and perhaps challenging faithfulness.
Both civil religion and workplace theology do not show the likely clashes and problems often met by employees who are also religious practitioners. Jews, Christians, or Muslims who are workforce of a company may well have grounds to question the customs of their company on religio-moral basis. Workplace theology in a funded organization does not distinguish these possible clashes. Institutionally conveying workplace theology is obviously not identical with permitting individual employees to convey their beliefs and customs at work. This grave outlook of workplace theology should not be realized, as a censure of persons who want to live out their definite religious or spiritual…
Alpert, Richard T. "Religious Diversity in the workplace." Retrieved at http://users.crocker.com/~amedpub/rc21d/Religion%20in%20the%20Workplace11.htm. Accessed on 4 February, 2005
"Workplace Religious Freedom: What is an Employer's Duty to Accommodate? A Review of Recent Cases" Workplace Religious Freedom / 49. Retrieved at http://homepages.ius.edu/LCHRISTI/Journal%20of%20emply/religious%20accommodation.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
Deveney, William D. (September-October, 2004) "Religious Harassment Claims: Case Studies in Good Faith." No. 05-05. Retrieved at http://www.etsw.com/NewsletterLB/2004_09-10.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
Management and Organizational Development
CHAPTE V - SUMMAY ESULTS
Fresno County Department of Children and Family Services emancipates twenty and thirty eighteen-year-old foster children each month. These children face many challenges as they work through a transition into the adult, working world. Children in a foster care setting have not had the stability needed for them to develop the life skills necessary to adjust to life on their own. Many of the emancipated youth have either not graduated from high school, nor hold a G.E.D. certificate. In addition, they do not have adequate basic living skills.. The youths typically do not have employment, nor have they built a history during their teen years of successful part time entry level jobs.
The housing experiences of these children, as they have moves from home to home, have not taught them the basic skills needed to keep a home, or apartment. These young…
director for this program, recommended by his or her peers from within the foster care system. This person should be someone who has demonstrated a high level of commitment to the foster care system, and has a track record of frequently going "above and beyond" the normal course of daily activities in order to benefit the well being of children in the system.
Funds for an additional training program to teach foster care workers about the benefits of mentoring relationships.
Standards, goals and objectives must be written for the Mentor, and for his or her case worker to follow and use as guidelines for the ongoing relationship
Connection event planning. Location, supplies, budget for event foods, decorations, and other ambiance.
Branching out into new sectors of retailing - Wal-Mart has become a major pharmacy, an automotive repair shop, and a grocery retailer. This is just one example of success. It demonstrates Sam Walton's vision of being the best retailer around. After a store expands physically and geographically, it must then expand in terms of what they sell by branching out and competing with other businesses.
The conventional retail business of Wal-Mart has been to sell discount and house wares and plastic goods, clothing, sporting goods, and toys. Other departments have include but have not been limited to stationary and office supplies, hardware, home improvement, paint supplies, arts and crafts, cosmetics and toiletries, shoes, books and magazines, greeting cards, and confectionery. Wal-Mart has also branched out into home electronics, automotive supplies, pharmaceuticals, jewelry sales, photo finishing, travel planning, along with home gardening. After that Wal-Mart moved into the grocery store business…
Caban, Jennifer. (2007). Financial Success of Wal-Mart. Retrieved July 23, 2010, from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/260675/financial_success_of_walmart_pg2.ht ml?cat=55
Carmichael, Evan. (2010). Wal-Mart - Sam Walton's Success Story. Retrieved July 23, 2010,
from Ezine Articles Web site: http://ezinearticles.com/?Wal-Mart-Sam-Waltons -
S. Airways and United have been stifled twice before, but renewed interest in the merger possibility has been created as a result of economic re-stabilization. But the two companies are currently in merger talks that would make U.S. Airways the second largest airline. The industry reported a $60 billion dollar loss since 2000 which has spurred interest in consolidation. Even with the dramatic declines in capacity by airlines collectively, in recent years, experts believe that there are too many airlines and a shortage in travelers. A merger could help both increase the earnings per share in a smaller timeframe than either company can accomplish alone.
But mergers in the airline industry have been difficult to pull off, in part because complex labor contracts can offset the promised cost savings. Delta and Northwestern recently merged, creating the nation's largest carrier after two years of implementation. William S. Swelbar, (research engineer at…
Corridore, Jim. "Airlines."Standard and PoorsNetAdvantage. www.netadvantage.standardpoor.com.online.library.marist.edu/NASApp/NetAdvantage/showIndustrySurvey.do?code=air (accessed May 14, 2011).
Crutsinger, Martin. "IMF: U.S. economy slowing but global growth gaining USATODAY.com." News, Travel, Weather, Entertainment, Sports, Technology, U.S. & World - USATODAY.com. http://www.usatoday.com/money/economy/2010-10-06-imf-economic-forecast_N.htm (accessed May 14, 2011).
Bureau of Labor Statistics Graph: "The cost of airline fares and lodging away from home" http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_ugWk-rnkqXM/SYMF82UCWcI/AAAAAAAAD6U/eRlBYBU4j7s/s400/IATA+Performance+Month+Dec+2008.png (Accessed May 14, 2011).
Reed, Ted. "U.S. Airways Pilots to Seek New Union." TheStreet.com. http://www.thestreet.com/s/us-airways-pilots-to-seek-new-union/newsanalysis/transportation/10382899.html . (accessed May 14, 2011).
Octagon Sports Organization Structure
Octagon Sports Organizational Structure
The most fundamental aspect and/or tool for establishing a successful organization is the organizational structure. Organizational structure is a typical and hierarchical arrangement of lines of authority, rights, duties, and communications within an organization, thereby defining how powers, roles, and responsibilities are assigned, coordinated, and controlled, and how information flows between the diversified levels of management. All these aspects are thereby directed towards the attainment or achievement of an organization's aims and/or goals. An organization's structure depends on the organization's core objectives and strategies. There are two categories of organizational structure comprising (i) centralized structure, and (ii) decentralized structure. Within a centralized structure, the top management owns, if not all then, most of the decision making powers, as well as staunch control over the organization's departments and divisions. On the contrary, in a decentralized organizational structure, the power for decision making is…
Hoffer, C.W., Hunt, C. & Collins, W. (2009). Strategic approach to sports globalization.
Journal of International Marketing, 12(1), 57-74.
Job, P., Woods, J. & Howard, C. (2008). Description of roles of sports agencies, operational and educational programs to prepare for a successful organizational and field performance. Journal of Sports and Entertainment, 45, 27-34.
Octagon Worldwide, (2013). Octagon executive biographies. Retrieved on 15th March, 2014
Human esource Management
The Importance of Staff
The paper will critically examine the statement: "Staff are the most important resource in any organization and its cost should be regarded as an investment rather than an expensive item of expenditure"(Torkildsen, G. 1992). The paper will deal with the relevant information regarding the statement and its discussion. The entire paper will be based on critical examination of the assertion with specific reference to literature theory and best practice in sports management. Initially, the paper will describe the definition and importance of human resource manager so that the discussion can be further carried on and elaborated. In the end, a conclusion will be also included in the paper, which will be based on the relative evidences and findings of the entire paper.
THE DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF HUMAN ESOUCE Management:
The Human esources Management (HM) function includes a variety of activities, and key…
As retrieved from HUMAN RESOURCES Management
http://www.bizoffice.com/library/files/human.txtOn May 5th, 2004
As retrieved from HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGER
http://www.google.com.pk/search?q=cache:1FqOgdiAXFIJ:www.ci.woodland.ca.us/hr/docs/jobdesc/HRMgr.pdf+human+resource+manager , definition&hl=enOn May 5th, 2004
Secondly, the report alluded to by CSC asserts that in "gender symmetric" sports there are "far more scholarships available for women (32,656) than for men (20,206)." The third bullet point in the CSC press release points out that men's volleyball is the "by far the most difficult" scholarship at the Division I level; there are reportedly 489 high school athletes for every full ride NCAA scholarship.
The "underlying" data that CSC used to put together their press release comes from two NCAA reports: "1981-82-2006-07 NCAA Sports Sponsorship and Participation Rate Report" and "2006-07 NCAA Division I Manual." Also factored into the report is data from the national Federation of State High School Associations. And so what is the College Sports Council calling on the federal government -- and the Department of Education (DOE) -- to do? The press release says that "women are accorded far more opportunities to compete and…
American Association of University Women. "Report Card on Gender Equity." Retrieved
June 28, 2009, from http://www.aauw.org . (2004).
Brake, Deborah. "Revisiting Title IX's Feminist Legacy: Moving Beyond the Three-
Part Test." Journal of Gender, Social Policy & The Law, 12(3), 453-473. (2004).
There can be national championships that have been organized between the teams that won in respective teams in a particular area. These teams in that particular area can be maybe football teams of universities in a particular region of a country. These teams then face each other at national football championship event.
This include events that have been put in place or specifically organized within individuals, groups or teams with a common interest in a particular sport .this include a wide range of clubs that are competitive. This clubs travel and play in competitions that are of high level. This can also involve instructional clubs that are involved in organizing activities such as tournaments that are in-house or instruction of basic skills. Examples of club sports include a youth club that plays soccer, a swimming club, a basketball club and many more clubs that are popular within the…
Ross, C. (2004). Recreational Sports Management: R324 Grad Proficiency Exam Study Guide. Indiana University. Retrieved September 25, 2012 from http://www.indiana.edu/~sportmgt/sport_mgmt/r324.html
Ellyn, S. (2012). Tennis Rules and Skills | LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM - Lose Weight & Get Fit with Diet, Nutrition & Fitness Tools | LIVESTRONG.COM. Retrieved September 25, 2012 from http://www.livestrong.com/article/136110-tennis-rules-skills
Outsourcing Sports Venue Services
Outsourcing sports service management has become a recent innovative strategy to cut costs and deliver quality services to customers. Amidst of increase in the costs of operations, increasing sport venue organizations are outsourcing some of their management services to third party companies. (Schiederjans, 2005). While outsourcing management services or pertinent services has several advantages, the outsourcing business services have some shortcomings, which management of sports venues should take into a consideration.
The objective of the study is to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of using the third party companies for the sports venues business.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Third Party for Sports Venue Business
Outsourcing is a business tool that sport venue organizations use in turning their non-core activities to the third party providers. The outsourced service assists organizations to focus on sales efforts in order to maximize revenues. Zullo, Burden, & Li (2014) argue that…
Scandal/Controversy in Sports
The following will take a look to see if scandal and controversy benefit sports.
Background of Sports Industry and Scandals
Sports in the U.S. is a multi-billion-dollar industry. Companies try to engage with clients by aligning the services and products they offer with this well-known industry via sports funding and endorsement. The benefit of this involvement has been well-recorded in the sports marketing literature (Hughes and Shank, 2005). The effect on business brands in case a scandal surfaces regarding an athletic supporter like a player, coach, or a team however, is less well-known. Several sports scandals, for instance, the rape case surrounding Kobe Bryant and the University of Colorado recruitment scandal raise very serious questions regarding the effect of sports scandals on amateur and professional athletic institutions, participants, sponsors, as well as other stakeholders.
Whereas conventional corporate sports supporters like Nike maintain omnipresence, several other different kinds…
Alessi. (2014). TheRichest - The World's Most Entertaining Site. Top 10 Sports Betting Scandals and Controversies - TheRichest. Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.therichest.com/sports/top-10-sports-betting-scandals-and-controversies/
Doorty, A. (2016). Odyssey. Is Scandal Good for Baseball? Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.theodysseyonline.com/are-scandals-good-for-baseball
Fisher, R., & Wakefield, K. (1998). Factors leading to group identification: A field study of winners and losers. Psychology & Marketing, 15(1). Retrieved, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6793(199801)15:1%3C23::AID-MAR3%3E3.0.CO;2-P/abstract
Garg. (2010). The Hoya. Scandals Show Need to Pay College Athletes. Retrieved June 21, 2016, from http://www.thehoya.com/scandals-show-need-to-pay-college-athletes/
This aspect is greatly leveraged upon by Sport2Sport as different target populations share their experiences on company's Facebook page. There is also an aspect of quick customer response having the potential of going viral over the internet. This makes companies such as Sport2Sport to focus on customer satisfaction and prompt response. Although it may seem untraditional not to focus on traditional advertising and marketing mediums, the paradigm shift in approach to marketing and advertisement has led this agency to effectively spend their marketing budget on online campaigns and maintenance of web-presence.
IV- Organizational structure
Better Business Bureau (BBB) has reported that Sport2Sport is a limited liability company (LLC) with its current rating at A-. The highest possible rating that an agency can get with BBB is A+ (BBB Business eview, 2013). The length of time that the firm is in business is the only potentially negative factor reported by the…
Annual Report. (2013). Sport2Sport Limited Liability Company Annual Report. DEPARTMNET of the SECRETARY of STATE, North Carolina NC. Retrieved from: [ http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/soskb.web.mvc/search/Filings/9433134 ]
BBB Business Review. (2013). Better Business Bureau: Business Review Sport2Sport LLC. Retrieved from: [ http://www.bbb.org/raleigh-durham/business-reviews/sports-and-recreation/sport2sport-in-cary-nc-90205195 ]
CNN Money. (2012). Best Places to Live. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/best-places/2012/snapshots/PL3710740.html
Facebook.com/CarySport2Sport. ( n.d). Sport2Sport. Retrieved from: [ https://www.facebook.com/CarySport2Sport ]
The concept of dividing a mass market into homogeneous segments and targeting one or more with a distinct product offering and unique marketing communication is a fundamental precept of marketing theory. Market segmentation recognizes that different customer groups have different wants and needs that justify the development and offering of different products and services. The process of segmentation theoretically results in a much better understanding of users' needs, their decision criteria, and their approaches. Although much of the theory of market segmentation is appreciated and understood by sport marketers, it remains one of the more difficult marketing concepts to turn into profitable reality.
Consumer segmentation can help the sport marketer in the following areas. First, it allows an analysis of the marketplace, including a knowledge of competitors as well as how and why customers buy. Second, it can contribute to the strategic management of an organization in that it allows…
Wann, D.L., Hamlet, M.A., Wilson, T.M., & Hodges, J.A. (1995). Basking in reflected glory, cutting off reflected failure, and cutting off future failure: The importance of group identification. The Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 23, 377-388.
Zimbalist, A. (1992). Baseball and Billions. New York: Basic Books.
Personal Values in Sports
As with most dimensions of life, personal values and beliefs have a demonstrable effect on what is rendered in the form of behavior on the sports field of play and with the activities that surround the same. Beyond that, this paradigm is clear and visible irrespective of whether one is talking about the athletes, the coaches or even the parents of child (or sometimes college) athletes in some instances. This research report shall focus on the factors that most significantly engage and affect people when they are operating within the sports realm. The work of Donghun Lee (2011) will be a major focal point of this report but other sources will be looped in as well. While there are many factors and things that can influence somebody when it comes to sports, it is the free will and moral fortitude of an individual and the resolve…
Baby, B. (2016). Art Briles, Baylor officially part ways in wake of sexual assault scandal --
SportsDay. SportsDay. Retrieved 25 June 2016, from http://sportsday.dallasnews.com/college-sports/collegesports/2016/06/24/art-briles-baylor-officially-part-ways-wake-sexual-assault-scandal
Biography. (2016). Tim Duncan Biography. Biography.com. Retrieved 25 June 2016, from http://www.biography.com/people/tim-duncan-40996
CBS. (2016). The Penn State Scandal - CBS News. CBSNews.com. Retrieved 25 June 2016,
management, in particular the management of mega events. It also delves deeply into the positives and negatives of the London Olympic Games and the 2006 orld Cup events in Germany. Those who manage mega events have an enormous task and an almost impossible responsibility to the public, to those participating in the events, and to the countries where mega events take place. Those issues and more are covered in this paper.
Theoretically review the key aspects of event management
Form and Function
Theoretically an event is a kind of convergence, according to Professor Donald Getz (School of Tourism, The University of Queensland); it is a blending of forms and functions, and those in turn converge into a worthwhile experience for the tourist / participant. Getz uses two huge events to illustrate how form and function come together to produce a grand experience for the attendee. He points to the 2012…
Baumard, P. (1999). Tacit Knowledge in Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
BBC News. (2005). Four suicide bombers struck in central London on Thursday, July 7,
killing 52 people and injuring more than 770. Retrieved September 30, 2013, from http://news.bbc.co.uk .
BBC News (2012). London 2012: How the world saw the Olympic Games. Retrieved September
management are strengths within the program?
Liverpool has several different factors that are helping the program to thrive these include: the ability to locate critical talent and increase the club's profitability. What makes Liverpool such a unique team is their ability to identify and recruit new players. This is accomplished through: the homegrown and transfer talent programs. Homegrown talent is when the club will have up and coming players working with some of their minor league organizations. This gives young players the ability to develop and it is providing the team with individuals (who could have an impact on the squad). The transfer talent program is when the team is actively recruiting individuals, who could have a positive effect for Liverpool (from the moment they arrive). These two programs are strengths that management is using to ensure that the team has the best players possible. This is taking place by…
Liverpool Football Club. (n.d.).
Manchester United for Sale. (2005). Independent. Retrieved from: http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/news-and-comment/manchester-united-for-sale-one-careless-owner-8027095.html
Gratton, G. (2010). Research Methods for Sports Studies. New York, NY: Rutledge.
Kimmel, P. (2009). Accounting Principles. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley
In very day life, it is a common occurrence to attend various special meetings to celebrate a given occasion. These meetings can also be for education purposes, promotions or commemorations. The occurrence of such special meetings constitutes an event. Therefore, to make this event happen, a long process of planning and preparing for the event takes place. Thus, this process of applying the skills and structures of project management to create and develop a festival, celebration, conference or social gathering is what makes event management (eid & Bojanic, 2010). Event management is significantly involving for the people who are organizing the event as they have several factors to ensure are in place for the event. Currently, there are several events; world events all over the world such as the Olympics and the world-cup games, which involve not only a portion of the bodies involved, but also the whole country…
Allen, J. (2009). Event planning: The ultimate guide to successful meetings, corporate events, fund-raising galas, conferences, conventions, incentives and other special events.
Ont: J. Wiley & Sons Canada.
Anholt, S. (2009). Places: Identity, image and reputation. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave
sport obermeyer case study I answers attached file
Started: Jul 14 at 2:33am
ptsWhy does Sport Obermeyer place two production orders with their suppliers, each comprising 50% of their total season needs? Choose the best single answer.
Why does Sport Obermeyer place two production orders with their suppliers, each comprising 50% of their total season needs? Choose the best single answer.
They would be better off ordering just once, because then they would face a newsvendor problem for which the optimal solution is known.
This allows them to take advantage of the positive correlation between early orders from retailers and total demand.
This increases their odds of not suffering from quota restrictions.
This gives them more time to refine their product designs.
This allows them to defer production of their lowest value and easiest to forecast items until after the Las Vegas trade show.
This lowers their carbon footprint.
Flexibility within a team scenario is very important as having a choice in creating favorable matchups is a luxury for many managers looking to create a competitive advantage and sustain an effective and efficient unit of teamwork.
eflection on Learning
The many graphs and charts depicted within this chapter to reinforce the lessons written, provided much learning inspiration for me. The confusing nature of the pictures denote the importance of having a strong understanding for the problem at hand. It appears that data and information can be manipulated in many different ways, running the risk of increasing confusion rather than lessening it. Leadership is ultimately responsible for creating clear and concise questions that can help the data provide answers.
Too much data or too little data will leave the project in a state of disrepair and balance appears to be the most important objective in determining the progress of any…
Larson, E. & Gray, C. (2011). Project Management; The Managerial Process 5th Ed. McGraw Hill 2011.
b) The Football Championship in Lisbon
The capital of Portugal has received little investments in developments and infrastructure from both the public as well as the private sectors. But the football championship has stimulated the construction and development of two stadiums in north and northeast parts of the capital, namely the Benfica and Alvalade stadiums.
The hosting of the football championships, supported by the two stadiums, draws the attention of investors and stimulates their efforts to set out new operations in the community, supporting as such its social and economic development.
"In general terms, those buildings give support to a modern city vision, that attempts to preserve its ancient culture at the same time it projects an image of progress.
Those infrastructures, given their magnitude in the urban context, might help to promote Lisbon as an international capital. They will certainly allow the city to re-structure its present functional structure.…
Barghchi, M., Omar, D., Aman, M.S., 2009, Cities, sports facilities development and hosting events, European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 2
Copley, J., 2005, Sports events leave a giant 'ecological footprint', New Scientist, http://www.liv.ac.uk/impacts08/Papers/Impacts08-FLangen_and_BGarcia_May_2009_Events_Review.pdf last accessed on October 26, 2011
Cugola, G., Nitto, E.D., Fuggetta, A., 1998, Exploiting an event-based infrastructure to develop complex distributed systems, ICSE '98 Proceedings of the 20th international conference on software engineering, IEEE Computer Society Washington
Gursoy, D., Kendall, K.W., 2006, Hosting mega-events: modelling locals' support, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 33, No. 3
management of fatigue in patients on peritoneal dialysis and respond to the following critique questions. Do not provide simply yes or no answers to the questions. Provide examples to support your responses. Submit the assignment through the assignment link in Moodle
Identify the study design. Identify the specific type of quasi-experimental design used in the study.
The quasi-experimental design of this research was to implement exercise interventions within a patient population undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. There was no random sampling because of the very small population that met the inclusion criteria. The independent variable was the level of exercise, while the dependent variable was the reported measures of fatigue experienced by the participants. These measurements were then statistically analyzed using
For the specific design, what are the threats to internal validity? What are the threats to external validity?
There were threats to validity based on the individuals who participated…
business world, many strategies have been devised to gain and retain customers. Phenomena such as globalization, market saturation, and better information technology have driven strategies such as customer awareness and long-term customer relationships to be favored above relatively short-term strategies to gain new customers, such as product price and quality (Kinuthai et al., 2012, p. 223). Indeed, creating brand loyalty in order to retain customers in the long-term has played a key role in long-term business success. To accomplish this, brands such as those operating within sportswear have emphasized strategies to appeal to consumers responding to products at the individual level. As such, customer loyalty is a significant determinant in the amount of product being bought and the frequency of repeat purchases.
On the basis of this, the dissertation will aim to examine brand loyalty among the youth of a developing country (Kenya) as compared to the same phenomenon in…
Aspara, J. (2009). Stock ownership as a motivation of brand-loyal and brand-supportive behaviors. Journal of Consumer Marketing. 26(6). Pp. 427-436. Retrieved from: http://www.yconomie.com/aspara/articles/aspara-2009_stock_ownership_brand_loyal_behaviors.pdf
Ayuk, A. And Nyaseda, C. (2008, Spring). CFC Model. The Appropriateness of Celebrity Endorsement in Developing African Nations: A study of Cameroon and Kenya. IBA 8010. Retrieved from: iba8010kelly.alliant.wikispaces.net
Baker, M., Sterenberg, G., and Taylor, E. (n.d.) Managing Global Brands to Meet Consumer Expectations. Retrieved from: http://www.brsgroup.com/PDFs/Managing_Global_Brands.pdf
Haig, M. (2004). Brand Royalty: How the World's Top 100 Brands Thrive and Survive. London and Sterling VA: Kogan Page Ltd. Retrieved from: http://www.untag-smd.ac.id/files/Perpustakaan_Digital_1/BRAND%20NAME%20PRODUCTS%20Brand%20royalty%20%20how%20the%20world%92s%20top%20100%20brands%20thrive%20and%20survive.pdf