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Students' Email Usage and Student
Words: 10852 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84013386
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This research will fill in a gap that was discovered in the literature review. There have been many, even in an academic setting, that have made comments regarding the effects of email on the student environment. However, there have been no significant studies to substantiate these claims. This study will fill in the existing gap in research and will examine the actual importance of email to the academic setting.

Chapter 2: Literature eview

The importance of technology in the academic setting was an accepted fact from the inception of the internet. However, there have been few academic studies that have attempted to quantify its impact on student lives and success. In order to understand the importance of email and its impact on students lives, one must examine several areas of academic research on the topic. It has been implied that self-esteem and a feeling of satisfaction play an important role…


Beffa-Negrini, P., Miller, B., and Cohen, N. (2002). Factors related to success and satisfaction in online learning. Academic Exchange Quarterly. September 2002.

Borowitz S., & Wyatt J. (1998) the origin, content, and workload of e-mail consultations. JAMA 280: 1321-4. (2003). Firm can e-mail at work. September 19, 2003. CNN.Com Retrieved October 29, 2007 at 

Ferguson T. (1996). A guided tour of self-help cyberspace. [monograph on the Internet]. Rockville (MD): Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office of Public Health and Science, Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 1996 Retrieved November 3, 2007 at

Student Affairs as Both a Field of Study and a Profession
Words: 3850 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98237300
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Student Affairs as Both A Field of Study and a Profession

What is Student Affairs?

Tyrell (2014) believes student affairs professionals have a continually expanding and evolving role in community colleges, with recognition of increasingly complex student experiences and with broadening of community colleges' role in the way students are engaged outside of and within formal, institutional settings.

The student affairs domain is an extensive and complex part of college campus operations, covering several departments and involving professionals hailing from a broad range of academic backgrounds. Student learning does not occur only in classrooms; rather, it is interwoven all through students' experiences in college, right from their freshmen days to the time they leave its doors after earning their college diploma. College students are molded by these experiences, conflict management lessons learnt from sharing dorms with fellow students, critical thinking skills perfected through challenging coursework, leadership skills attained through leadership…


Hoffman, J. L., & Bresciani, M. (2012). Identifying What Student Affairs Professionals Value: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Professional Competencies Listed in Job Descriptions. Research & Practice In Assessment, Vol 7, 26-40. Retrieved from 

Long, D. (2012). The Foundations of Student Affairs: A Guide to the Profession. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 1-39). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from 

Long, D. (2012). Theories and Models of Student Development. In L. J. Wong, Environments for student growth and development: Librarians and student affairs in collaboration (pp. 41-55). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries. Retrieved from

Students to Participate in School
Words: 1746 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43241710
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The study used student projects as the main vehicle for integrating active learning methods into the lecture. The study took place during a 10-week class, with four projects being assigned to groups of size four to six. Projects centered on (1) statistical tests of goodness-of-fit; (2) design of a simple experiment and analysis of variance using two factors; (3) factorial design experiment and analysis; and (4) regression analysis. In each project, there was emphasis placed on the purposefulness of the experiment, the design, and the ensuing collection of data. Each project lasted about two weeks, including around 90 minutes of in-class work used for project instruction, questions, and discussion. A primary weakness of the research was insufficient time in which to conduct classroom presentations by the students themselves concerning their projects and the learning processes that took place.

Extent to Which Findings Can Be Generalized to Student Population. While the…


Heron, Alison H. (2003). A Study of Agency: Multiple Constructions of Choice and Decision

Making in an Inquiry-Based Summer School Program for Struggling Readers. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(7), 568.

Kvam, P.H. (2000). The Effect of Active Learning Methods on Student Retention in Engineering Statistics. The American Statistician, 54(2), 136.

Lewis, V.K. & Shaha, S.H. (Spring 2003). Maximizing learning and attitudinal gains through integrated curricula. Education, 123(3), 537.

Student Services
Words: 2084 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 87717126
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Systems and Success of Students

American higher education is unique in its construction of student body as it is highly diverse today with students from various ethnic, social and racial backgrounds forming an integral part of the college environment. But apart from ethnicity and race, what makes higher education student body even more diverse is the presence of older students, students with disabilities and greater participation of women in educational pursuit. This has given a unique flavor and color to student body in American higher education institutions and hence also rendered it a complex mix of challenges, opportunities and excitement. This complexity also spurred the growth of support units on college campuses that would help students make an easy transition to the college life. With the passage of time, a new department of student affairs or student services emerged to handle all problems, opportunities and challenges related to a student's…


Biscaro, M. (2004, December). Self-efficacy, alcohol expectancy and problem solving appraisal as predictors of alcohol use in college students. College Student Journal, 38 (4), 541 -- 551.

Fisher, S. (1992). From margin to mainstream: the social progress of Black Americans (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Rowan & Littlefield.

Luquis, R.R., Garcia, E., & Ashford, D. (2003, Spring/Summer). A qualitative assessment of college students' perceptions of health behaviors. American Journal of Health Studies, 18 (2/3), 156 -- 164.

National Association of Student Personnel Administrators. (1989).

Population for My Proposed Research Will Be
Words: 616 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 93320509
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population for my proposed research will be college students ages 17-22 at three different educational institutions. The purpose of the cross-sectional study will be to survey the study habits of college students and the effect of those study habits on student's grades. Students will be asked to identify themselves on the questionnaire in terms of their age, gender, ethnicity, college major, whether they are the first member of their family to attend college full-time and their GPA. They will then be surveyed upon a variety of study habits, such as what time of day they study, where, how frequently, if they study alone or in a group, if they study with music playing and for how long.

All of the categories will be narrowed down in the final statistical analysis, for ease and clarity (such as noting if their major is in the humanities, social sciences, or natural sciences). GPAs…


Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Students with Keratoconus Disease in Saudi Arabia
Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 29732364
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The Effect of Keratoconus Disease on the Education Levels among Students at Different Ages to Determine the Locations of Their Spread in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Keratoconus disease is a disorder in the curvature of the eyes. Keratoconus occurs when the cornea becomes thin and bulges like a cone, altering the focus of light rays, blurring and distorting the person’s vision, and making it difficult to do daily tasks such as reading. The disease is believed to be genetic and typical onset begins in the teens or early 20s and gradually worsens over a period of 10 to 20 years.
Purpose of the Study
As keratoconus is thought to be hereditary, the study of its prevalence in among endogamous marriage groups could be beneficial in developing a better understanding of how this disease is spread. Among certain regions and groups in Saudi Arabia as well as throughout the…

Students of All Ages and Backgrounds Have
Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27301832
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students of all ages and backgrounds have enrolled in distance learning degrees through the Internet. The two forms of college education, the traditional on-campus degree and this new distributed learning approach, differ in a number of ways. Yet they both offer specific advantages.

The composition of the student population has changed significantly since the 1980s. A large number of today's college students are older and more heterogeneous. They also demonstrate varying levels of academic preparation. Many would-be students graduated high school a number of years ago and, due to various family and employment commitments, no longer have the flexibility of attending a traditional university setting. Further, some individuals live in remote geographical areas or do not have appropriate transportation opportunities. Distance learning offers them a much more expedient way to further their education.

Distance learning offers such students the opportunity to learn online through their computers. Distributed learning programs are…

Students With Disabilities and Their Mathematics Instruction
Words: 2038 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 35104826
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) governs how the U.S. states offer special education services to children with disabilities. It addresses the educational needs of the children with disabilities from birth to age 21, and involves more than a dozen specific categories of disability. Congress has reauthorized and amended IDEA several times, most recently in December 2004. Although historically, students with disabilities have not had the same access to the general education curriculum as their peers, IDEA has changed the access and accountability requirements for special education students immeasurably (NCTM, 2011).

The challenges for meeting the needs of students with disabilities and ensuring their mathematical proficiency, confront teachers of mathematics every day. Teachers must use the results of all assessments, formative and summative, to identify the students whose learning problems have gone unrecognized, and monitor the progress of all students. Regardless of the level or method of assessment used, teachers…

Gavigann, K., & Kurtts, S. (2010). Together We Can: Collaborating to Meet the Needs of At-Risk Students. Library Media Connection, 29(3), 10-12.

King, C. (2011, March). Adults Learning. Retrieved from 

Sellman, E. (Ed.). (2011). Creative Teaching/Creative Schools Bundle: Creative Learning for Inclusion: Creative. Port Melbourne: Routledge.

Students With Special Needs
Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73590579
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representation has become a very contentious issue of late. Typically, overrepresentation is characterized with race or socio-economic status. Society often wants to an equal distribution and equal opportunity for all. This concept on the surface should be applauded. However, although it is well intentioned, it should not apply to all facets of life. In some instances, particularly with special education, overrepresentation is welcomed. According to studies, it is estimated that about twelve percent of the American student population experiences some type of disability in regards to physical activity, mental activity, or overall health. Whenever a disproportionate number of students are identified from specific populations of students as having disabilities, this group is considered "over-represented." One would believe that students with disabilities would be roughly equal to the overall demographics of an area. However in some instances, it is not. Overall however, I believe over representation should not be welcomed.



1) Birsh, Judith R., & Wolf, B., eds. (2011). Multisensory Teaching of Basic Language Skills, Third Edition. Baltimore: Brookes.

2) Wilmshurst, L., & Brue, A. W. (2010). The complete guide to special education (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

3) Snell, M. E. & Brown, F. (1987, 2011). Instruction of Students with Severe Disabilities. (7th edition). Seoul: Pearson.

Students' Motivation
Words: 3728 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81753158
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student motivation in the learning environment and what motivates students to study. The evaluation begins with a theoretical background on the issue of student motivation based on existing literature and studies on the issue. This is followed by a literature review of 10 studies that have been carried out on the student motivation in various classroom settings and learning environments. Through this review the author has identified various factors that motivate students to study including creation of a supportive learning environment, use of suitable teaching practices, and use of multi-level strategies. The article also includes a discussion regarding the significance of student motivation in the learning process.

One of the most important goals of an educational environment is to motivate students toward environmentally friendly behavior change. The need for student motivation in the high school setting is attributed to the fact that motivation creates positive experience, which helps in improving…


Daniels, E. (2011, November). Creating Motivating Learning Environments: Teachers Matter.

Middle School Journal, 32-37.

Darner, R. (2012, August). An Empirical Test of Self-determination Theory As A Guide to Fostering Environmental Motivation. Environmental Education Research 18(4), 463-472.

Hardre, P.L. (2012). Standing in the Gap: Research that Informs Strategies for Motivating and Retaining Rural High School Students. Rural Educator, 12-18.

students and disabilities
Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 64303270
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deficits of students with mathematics disabilities?

Mathematical skills are definitely just as crucial as literacy and reading skills when it comes to succeeding at school and beyond. Of late, researchers and policymakers have focused considerably on reading; the latter's attention was manifest in the 2001 No Child Left ehind (NCL) Act. While reading deficiencies are commonly believed to be one among the main characteristics of learning-disabled pupils, mathematical disabilities pose an issue just as serious as reading in case of several learning-disabled pupils and might, in fact, be just as common as reading deficits.

Although cognitive skills (including intelligence quotient), educational experience, drive, etc. might challenge mathematical ability development, a major probable barrier is DD or Developmental Dyscalculia, a numeracy-specific developmental learning problem impacting roughly three to six percent of persons' school-level mathematical skill acquisition (Price, 2013). DD-related studies have revealed a broad array of mathematical skill-related behavioral deficiencies. ut…


MCUE. (2008). Culturally Responsive Classroom Management Strategies. New York: New York University.

Morin, A. (2014, March 10). Understanding Dyscalculia. Retrieved from 

NASET. (2014). Characteristics of Children with Learning Disabilities. National Association of Special Education Teachers.

O'Connell, T., Freed, G., & Rothberg, M. (2010). Using Apple Technology to Support Learning for Students with Sensory and Learning Disabilities. WGBH Educational, 9.

Students With ADHD
Words: 1533 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 91522386
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Students with ADHD

Education 518, Section B13

Dr. Carolyn McCreight

Qualitative article review: Students with ADHD

Homeschooling is one of the controversial approaches to educate children with 'special needs'. Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are preferred to be taught at home by their parents. Instructors for homeschooling are also arranged for this purpose. However, there has been widespread criticism on this method of teaching attention-deficit students. The main purpose of this paper is to review a qualitative study conducted on the topic of providing homeschooling to attention-deficit students. Duvall, Delquadri and Ward (2004) conducted a study to investigate the appropriateness of homeschooling environment for instructing basic skills to children with special needs. The main purpose of this qualitative study was to ascertain whether or not parents of children having attention-deficit as well as hyperactivity disorder could provide their children with instructional environmental that was conducive for facilitating acquisition of…


Duvall, S.F., Delquadri, J.C., & Ward, D.L. (2004). A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Home-school Instructional Environments for Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. School Psychology Review, 33(1), 140-158.

Students With Disabilities in Higher
Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Grant Writing Paper #: 96151372
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The basic idea is to provide these individuals with technology that they can use to help them effectively deal with the issues that they are facing. A few of the most notable solutions that we will be using include: the Braille / Braille Embosser, FM radio systems, Hear It devises, tape recorders, victor reader waves for audio books, victor reader streams for audio books, Handi Cassette II (talking book), MP 3 Players, Neo-Alpha Smart Note Pad, TTY Communication, Digital Voice Statistical Calculators, Speaking Dictionaries and Cannon Scanner for text books. At the same time, we will use different programs to support these various solutions that are being introduced to include: JAWS, Kurzweil, open book, and zoom text. Once this occurs, this will help to address the needs that are facing a wide variety of individuals who suffering from various disabilities. As, these tools can be used to help them be…

Students and Learning
Words: 925 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91054153
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Students and Learning

The learner-based outcome that I've chosen for this paper involves all students being able to successfully complete a physical education curriculum designed to enhance overall physical strength, improve dexterity and increase stamina. For this learner-based outcome, it is important to create a rubric so that students understand the criteria involved for measuring success. Toward this endeavor, it is important to include concrete, attainable and measurable goals for all students.

Such a physical education curriculum involving learner based outcomes is justified given the importance of physical activity for children. Childhood obesity is a serious social problem in America. The effects of obesity in childhood are well documented in both the social science literature and medical journals. During the last 30 years, the percentage of obese children between the ages of 6 and 11 has risen 200% while the percentage of obese children between 12 and 19 has tripled…


Golder, G. (2003). Inclusive education: Making the most of what's available. The British Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 34(2), 2327.

McCaughtry, N., & Rovegno, I. (2003). Development of pedagogical content knowledge: Moving from blaming students to predicting skilfulness, recognizing motor development, and understanding emotion. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 22(4), 355-368.

Rink, J.E. (2001). Investigating the assumptions of pedagogy. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 20(2), 112-128.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity. Retrieved from:

Students Will Select a Construct of Interest
Words: 1703 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 59939499
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Students Will Select a Construct of Interest

My construct of interest is whether there are any prejudice tests that can accurately measure prejudice to races other than Blacks.

Do the currently available standardized tests on prejudice measure prejudice to individuals other than Black people?

Conduct research on other assessments used to measure the same or similar construct,

The Modern acism Scale

According to the SAGE Handbook of prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (Dovidio, 2010), the scale of modern racism is popular because of high construct validity and predicting relevant criteria, states critics Sniderman & Tetlock, (1986). Prejudice and politics cause individuals who are not prejudice to appear so since their views are conservative (Sniderman & Tetlock, 1986). One might argue that the MS is outdated (e.g. Kunda, 1999) as well as that it deals exclusively with a specific population (i.e. Black), however this test has been used in recent studies and…


Dovidio, J.F. (2010). Handbook of prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination. SAGE: NY.

Dunton, B.C., & Fazio, R.H. (1997). An Individual Difference Measure of Motivation to Control Prejudiced Reactions. Personal Social Psychology Bull, 23(3), 316-326.

Gordijn, E.H.,Koomen, W., & Stapel, D.A. (2000) Level of Prejudice in Relation to Knowledge of Cultural Stereotypes, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 150 -- 157.

Kline, P (1999). Handbook of Psychological Testing Psychology Press

Student Assessment and Background Variation Flexnet Courses
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22466555
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Student Assessment and Background Variation

Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available, including both written and oral components, though all require English fluency. Technology competency and small group work are key.

Flexnet courses are both online, and face-to-face, and so have a variety of assessment methods available. Online courses based in newsgroups have primarily written assessments, including mandatory short-answer essays and written participation, which requires both reading comprehension and writing skills. Longer written essays and PowerPoint presentations are both common online assessment methods. Small group learning teams will require proficiency in informal written communication, and possibly oral communication in the form of phone calls. Face-to-face assessment methods vary widely, and include oral presentations, oral class discussions, and small group work resulting in a written product. All of these, of course, are conducted in English, and therefore require English reading comprehension and…

Student Training in Aged Care What Factors
Words: 2115 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 59425745
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Student Taining in Aged Cae

What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention

Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?

What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention

Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?

Thanks to medical eseach, bette povision of medical assistance and inceased lifestyle options, individuals ae living longe and in bette health than pevious geneations; howeve, the Austalian population continues to age, lagely due to deceasing bith ates and inceased life expectancy. Not supisingly, this will have an impact on the health cae system. Specifically, the aged cae secto of healthcae equies committed and competent wokes to meet wokplace needs. Unfotunately, Fagebeg & Ekman's (1997) study (as cited in Abbey et al., 2006) shows that the numbe of nusing gaduates willing to assume employment in the aged cae secto is alamingly low. Fo one o moe easons, it appeas that many students ae eithe unwilling to ente this…

references after a gerontology curriculum. Educational Gerontology. 21(3), 247-260.

Australian Department of Health and Ageing. (2002). Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Residential Aged Care. Final Report. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing.

Babbie, E. (2007). The practice of social research (12th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

De la Rue, M. (2003). Preventing ageism in nursing students: An action theory approach. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20(4), 8-14.

Fagerberg, I. & Ekman, S. (1997). First-year Swedish nursing students' experiences with elderly patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19(2), 177-189.

Students' Access to Birth Control
Words: 3923 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24777458
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In conclusion, atkins draws an important link between teen childbearing and poverty, which takes this discussion past morals and values and moves it into socioeconomic territory. Half of all mothers currently on welfare assistance "were teenagers when they had their first child," atkins writes. Also, a) less than a third of teen mothers "ever finish high school"; b) the children born to teenage mothers "are twice as likely to raise their children in poverty"; c) the children of teen mothers "...are more likely to do poorly in school, more likely to drop out of school, and less likely to attend college"; and d) girls whose mothers were teenagers at the time of their birth are "...22% more likely to become mothers as teens themselves," thus completing the cycle and perpetuating the problem into future generations.

An article by Jennifer a. Hurley ("Promoting the Use of Birth Control Reduces Teen Pregnancy")…

Works Cited

Bakalar, Nicholas. "Adolescence: Abstinence-Only Programs Not found to Prevent HIV." The New York Times 14 August 2007: Retrieved Dec. 3, 2007, at .

Garrett, Robert T. "Texas teens lead nation in birth rate." The Dallas Morning News 5 November 2007: Retrieved Dec. 2, 2007, at .

Green, Tanya L. "Parents Have the Right to Know when their Children Receive Family

Planning Services at School." Opposing Viewpoints: Students' rights. Greenhaven Press,

Student Retention Has Long Been
Words: 5392 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13282475
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The next three categories deal with the lack of information: 4) lack of information about the career decision-making process, itself; 5) lack of information about one's own capabilities, personal traits or interests; 6) lack of information about occupations and what work is involved and the type of work available; and 7) lack of information about ways of obtaining career information. The final three categories deal with the inconsistent information that students receive that make decision-making difficult: 8) inconsistent information due to unreliable sources;

9) inconsistent information due to internal conflicts, such personal identity and 10) insistent information due to external conflicts with significant others.

Once students have had a an opportunity to learn more about their personal traits in relationship to careers and the type of positions available, they want to actually have an opportunity to learn more right from the source. However, even at community schools, only two percent…

Special Education and Students With
Words: 1459 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 10289465
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(4) Have participating teachers develop and lead online collaborative projects for students with emotional and behavioral disorders.

(5) Develop and maintain an online community for teachers in self-contained units where ideas, lessons, and strategies can be shared.

(6) Train staff on the concepts surrounding Positive ehavioral Intervention Support (PIS) and support teachers as they develop preventative behavioral intervention plans that utilize PIS strategies and concepts. (Rush, 2010, p.1)

Rush (2010) states that the key elements of the model were online, collaborative learning and accessible computer-based educational resources. The results are stated to have exceeded initial expectations for "changing the focus in self-contained classrooms from behavior control to academic achievement." (Rush, 2010, p.1) Not only is academic achievement up but as well it is reported that "behavior referrals are down, and teachers report improved student outcomes in all areas." (Rush, 2010, p.1)

The work of Pierangelo and Guiliani (2008) states the…


Pierangelo, R. And Guiliani, G.A. (2008) Classroom Management for Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: A Step-by-Step Guide for Educators. Corwin Press, 2008.

Jolivette, Kristine, et al. (2000) Improving Post-School Outcomes for Students with Emotional and Behavioral disorders. ERIC Clearinghouse. ERIC/OSEP Digest #E597. Online available at:

Salmon, Hallie (2006) Educating Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders. Law & Disorder. Online available at: 

Rush, Sharron (2010) Improving Education for Students with Emotional Disturbances. Knowbility. Online available at:

Inclusion of Students Diagnosed With
Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 87036536
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The academic and behavioral challenges presented by students with EBD affect the nature of their interactions with their teachers. Aggressive behavior patterns increase the likelihood that children will develop negative relationships with their teachers. Indeed, problematic relationships in kindergarten between students with behavior problems and teachers are associated with academic and behavioral problems through eighth grade. Henricsson and ydell (2004) report that poor teacher -- student relationships tend to be stable over time and have a negative effect on school adjustment. These problematic relationships with teachers may contribute to the documented low rates of positive teacher attention, such as academic interactions and teacher praise in classrooms for students with EBD. Teacher -- student interactions in classrooms for students with EBD have been described both in terms of negative reinforcement and as reflecting the transactional nature of social interchanges.

Students with and at risk for developing EBD are uniquely influenced by…


Cooley, E, L., Triemer & D.M. (2002, December) Classroom behavior and the ability to decode nonverbal cues in boys with severe emotional disturbance. Journal of social psychology. Vol. 142, Issue 6, 741-751. Retrieved November 19, 2011 from 

Henricsson, L. & Rydell, A. (2004, April) Elementary scholl children with behavior problems: Teacher-child relationns and elf-perception. A prospective study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly. Vol. 50, Issue 2, 111-138. Retrieved November 19, 2011 from 

Lewis, T.J., Jones, S.E.L., Horner, R.H. & Sugai, G. (2010, April - June) School-wide positive behavior support and students with emotional/behavioral disorders: Implications for prevention, identification, and intervention. Exceptionality. Vol. 18, Issue 2, 82-93. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from 

Solar, E. (2011, September/October). Prove them wrong. Teaching exceptional children. Vol. 44, Issue 1, 40-45. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from

ED Students and Teacher Behavior
Words: 6032 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57044186
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This study used quantitative techniques to measure the dependent variables, but the answers obtained have a high level of subjectivity present in them.

Confounding Variables

Aside from the independent and dependent variables, almost every study has a number of factors present that affect the results obtained in the study and the ability to interpret them. In this study, there are a number of factors that must be addressed in regards to the teacher responses to the survey. Confounding variables can be internal or external factors over which the researcher has no control. It id difficult to find a study that has absolutely no confounding variables that could affect the results.

In this study, the first confounding variable is dependent on the interactions of other confounding variables. The student's type and severity of emotional disturbance are the first factors that affect the results obtained in this study. Neither the teachers, nor…


Hyatt, K. & Filler, J. (2007). A Comparison of the Effects of Two Social Skill Training

Approaches on Teacher and Child Behavior. Journal of Research in Childhood

Education. 22 (1): 85.

Lane, K., Wehby, J., Robertson, J. & Rogers, L. (2007). How Do Different Types of High

Achievement of African-American Students in Civilian Public
Words: 1931 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 11979243
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achievement of African-American students in civilian public schools vs. African-American students in the Depart of Defense (DOD) school system

The methods section of this dissertation provides the rationale for the proposed study based on my hypothesis comparing African-American students in the DOD school system with African-American students in civilian school systems.

It also highlights the key questions that were examined, how the study was conducted and the measuring criteria for analysis. The paper will provide detailed information that should be a sufficient foundation for anyone who wishes to conduct a parallel study.

This portion of the paper will provide an outline of the following:

Purpose - which will define my reason for doing this study

Background Information - will provide information on the level of measurement I have selected, i.e. The SAT scores and information on the Department of Defense (DOD) school system itself

Procedure - outlines the steps that…

Fact Sheet. The National Center for Fair and Open Testing. Cambridge, MA. August 2001.

George A. Clowes. "Defense Dept. Knows How to Operate Good Schools, Too." School Reform News. January 2002.

Defense Department Taps Distance Learning Tools., No.22. February

Non-Traditional Students in the 1980s
Words: 4998 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 98728324
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Pantages and Ceedon (1978) have epoted that the geatest attition ate occus among fist-yea students, and this goup is not vey likely to etun to college at a late date. Even if they do dop out, the longe a student pesists in a univesity o college setting the moe likely it is that they will peceive attaining a degee as beneficial (Tinto, 1975). Additionally, etention studies have emphasized that social and academic integation at the school is a majo facto in etention (Pascaella and Chapman, 1983). Attaining this integation is ove a challenge fo the non-taditional student, as they often commute to campus and ae not aound the college setting duing the off hous when many social activities take place. Muguia, Padilla, and Pavel (1991) discoveed that students in minoity ethnic goups often had access to this social integation though goups, clubs and enclaves on campus aimed at thei specific…

references toward Internet-based learning environments. British Journal of Education Technology, 36(1), 97-100

Villella, E.F., & Hu, M. (1991). A factor analysis of variables affecting the retention decision of nontraditional college students. NASPA Journal, 28(4), 334-341.

Undocumented Students Equity to In-State Tuition Reducing
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Undocumented tudents Equity to in-tate Tuition:

Reducing The Barriers

There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…

Scott, W.R. (2004). Institutional theory: Contributing to a theoretical research program. Retrieved from

Spickard, P. (2007). Almost all aliens: Immigration, race, and colonialism in American history and identity. New York, NY: Routledge.

Taylor, E. (2009). The foundations of critical race theory in education: An introduction. In E. Taylor, D. Gillborn & G. Ladson-Billings (Eds.), Foundations of critical race theory in education (pp. 1-13). New York, NY: Routledge.

Unlv Constructed Its First Student
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The facility is technologically advanced with the latest wi-fi capabilities and aesthetically it is both unique and very attractive. The main advantage of the new student union is the greater space for lounges and offices, and the addition of a 300 seat theater will be excellent for many different student groups on campus. However, the downside is that it does not dramatically improve upon the overall MSU, but appears on the surface level to be an expansion. Its cost, which was 39 million dollars will take a long time to pay off and will put additional pressure on student dues. However, overall it was a necessary construction and its advantages outweigh any disadvantages posed.

The focus on the energy efficiency of the new student center resulted in several finds. First, the student center was designed by Tate Snyder Kimsey. This company places heavy emphasis on energy conservation and efficient use…

Graduate Students and Networking
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Networking in Student Affairs

Student Affairs Networking

Graduate students who will be moving into work in higher education and student affairs have much to consider, including professional development and networking. Ideally, that networking should start well before graduation is imminent, because it allows the student to develop contacts in the professional world before he or she moves into that world on a more permanent basis. Students who have professional contacts before they finish graduate school are more likely to see success in the working world in an earlier time frame, which can help those students make the transition from educational institution to professional working environment more easily.

While this type of networking and development does not guarantee success, it is one of the most significant things a student can do to move toward career placement and advancement in his or her chosen field. The literature that is addressed in Chapter…



Agre, P. (2002). Networking on the network: A guide for professional skills for PhD students. University of California. Retrieved from

Fedynich, L. & Bain, S.F. (2011). Mentoring the successful graduate student of tomorrow. Research in Higher Education Journal: 1-7. Retrieved from 

Singh, V., Vinnicombe, S., & James, K. (2006). Constructing a professional identity: How young female managers use role models. Women in Management Review: 1-11. Retrieved from

Retention of International Students the Value of
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etention of International Students

The value of a college education is continually stressed today as an essential component of success in life. However, merely encouraging students to attend college is not enough: measures of student retention are far more critical in assessing the success of an academic program. Universities in Australia, the United States, and the United Kingdom have all had trouble retaining students, particularly from historically underrepresented groups (Lau 2003). The consequences of low retention rates are not simply grave for the individual, but also for society, given the advantages a professional degree can convey. For example, in the profession of engineering, from "1983 and 2002, the percentage of women among bachelor degree recipients went from 13.3% to only 20.9% [2]. In addition, the retention rates for female engineering students are substantially lower than their male counterparts" (Franchetti, avn & Kuntz 2010). A lack of female and minority representation…


Franchetti, M., Ravn, T., & Kuntz, V. (2010). Retention and recruitment programs for female undergraduate students in engineering at The University of Toledo, Ohio, USA.

Journal of STEM Education, 11: 5&6. Retrieved from

Lau, L.K. (2003). Institutional factors affecting student retention. Education, 124(), 126-136.

Retrieved from

Self-Centered College Students
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Self-Centered College Students

Countless children are told by their parents, relatives, or guardians that they are "special" on a regular basis. Parents and guardians tell children they are "special" to help instill a sense of individuality. Parents try to convey to their children that they are not only unique, but capable of being anyone and doing anything; their child can accomplish anything they can imagine because they are "special." For some parents, telling children they are special can be an expression of love and affection. For the children, however, hearing that they are special on a consistent level leads children to believe they are better than others, more deserving, become egocentric, and can be left with a strong sense of entitlement. As children grow older and begin to enter adulthood, these young adults may have feelings of entitlement and be highly self-centered. Both entitlement and egocentricity are personality traits that…

Cultural Immersion Experience The Student
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A gratefully accepted and began attending the family meetings regarding this upcoming event. Apparently there had been previous meetings but I was only made aware of the event as part of this project so I got to go to the final four meetings.

he first thing that happens during this event is that the girl renews her commitment to God and to the church before her family and friends and congregation members.

he ceremony is serious with bells ringing and music playing at the church which can be decorated for the event.

In the case of this family the church was decorated with white satin and ribbon and flowers. On addition when the church part was over there were a dozen white doves released into the sky as the girl made her way outside among the onlookers.

Following the church service the family throws a large party. It was explained…

This immersion project provided me with the opportunity to learn about Hispanic culture in a way that was much more enjoyable and interesting than reading it in a book. Through this project I got to live as a Hispanic for short times and really feel what they feel during various times of family life. Whether it was attending festivals, church or going to a young girl's coming out party I was surrounded with Hispanic family members that went out of their way to help me understand. I came away with the understanding that the Hispanic culture is about love, celebration and enjoyment of life, something I think many of us could learn from.


Good News from the Hispanic Church (Accessed 10-29-06)

Teacher Has in Helping Students Develop Their
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teacher has in helping students develop their writing. Traditional methods of grading and scoring children's writing are being replaced in the modern educational system with feedback and constructive criticism of the work, rather than a trophy grade or labeling score. This study reviews literature previously compiled on the subject of feedback in the development of children's writing, as well as conducting original research with a small group of students and teachers that helps evaluate the role of feedback in writing, as well as determining what types of feedback are the most effective.

Overview & Evaluation of the Project

According to a seasoned author of the ritish Educational Research Journal, "Education without educational research can be governed by dogma, superstition, tradition and other forms of prejudice about what will work well and be 'good for' those involved in the educational process." (Murphy 1996) Education is an ongoing process, and even the…


Brindley, S. (1995) Teaching English. New York: Routledge.

Bush, L.L. & Santi, S. (2004, August) Designing & Assessing Effective Writing Assignments. Center for Learning and Teaching Excellence.

Donaldson, M. (1989) Children's Minds. London: Fontana Press.

ERIC. (2001) Grading Students' Classroom Writing: Issues and Strategies. Counseling and Student Services Clearinghouse. U.S. Department of Education. CAPS Publication.

Ethics of International Student Recruitment Higher Education
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Higher Education: Ethics of International Student ecruitment

In recent years, the number of students crossing national borders in pursuit of education has increased significantly. This phenomenon is also referred to as 'global student mobility' and it can be attributed to the students' desire for migration, the inability to find study opportunities in their home countries, and the desire to improve their employability in their home countries. According to the National Association for College Admission Counseling, NACAC (2014), enrolments of international students at institutions of higher learning have more than quadrupled over the last three decades, from a total of 1.1 million in 1985 to 4.5 million in 2012. In fact, global mobile population is expected to exceed 7 million in 2025. Wilkins and Huisman (2011) state that the United States, United Kingdom and Australia are the three most popular destinations for international students and they account for almost 44% of…


Altbach, P. G & Reisberg, L. (2013). The Pursuit of International Students in a Commercialized World. International Higher Education. Vol.(73)1, 2-4.

Engberg, D. (2013). International Recruitment: Oversight and Standards. International Higher Education. Vol.(73)1, 6-7.

Huang, I.Y., Raimo, V., & Humfrey, C (2014): Power and Control: Managing Agents for International Student Recruitment in Higher Education. Retrieved 6 May 2015 FOM 

Kallur, R. & Reeves, M. (2006). Guidelines for Ethical practices in International Student Recruitment. Association of International Educators. Retrieved 7 May 2015 from

Difficulties for Undocumented and Foreign Students in the U S
Words: 1121 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 9784350
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1960s to date, the U.S. has had the highest inflows of international students. The number has been growing over the years. Whereas 65,000 student visas were issued in 1971 the number of visas reported to have been issued in 2000 were 315, 000 (orjas, 2002). The number of international students in the country by 2003 was approximately to be 586, 323. This represents a massive growth from the student numbers in the 1950s and the 1960s (Open Doors, 2004a). The figure represents 4.6% of the entire U.S. student population. It is noteworthy that international students comprise more than 10% of the students and the proportion is even higher for the technical disciplines like computer science and engineering (Open Doors, 2004a). It is estimated that in the last decade, 49% of engineering doctorates and 35% of physical sciences were awarded to foreign students (orjas, 2002; aker and Finn, 2003;Hazen & Alberts,…


Baker JG, Finn MG. 2003. Stay rates of foreign national doctoral students in U.S. economics programs. Available at: ? abstract_id=398640 [accessed 3 March 2005].

Borjas GJ. 2002. Rethinking foreign students. National Review 17 June.

Hazen, H., & Alberts, H. (2006). Visitors or Immigrants? International Students in the United States. Wiley Interscience, 201 -- 216 .

Marshall, T., & Gonchar, M. (2014, December 10). Border Politics: Debating Immigration Policy. Retrieved from The New York Times:

Faculty & Student Development Partnerships
Words: 1544 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 24778195
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On a more general note, I believe that this article presents to us what partnership is about: i.e. The synergy of collaboration, where actions can be consolidated by pooling similar partners and have similar views. Coalitions can in fact execute multi-pronged interventions that coordinate different reinforcing services, strategies, and programs (Lasker, Weiss, and Miller, 2001).


Brower, a.M., Golde, C.M. & Allen, C. (2003). esidential Learning Communities Positively Affect College Binge Drinking. NASPA Journal, 40(3), 132-149.

Brower, a.M (2008). More Like a Home Than a Hotel: The Impact of living-Learning Programs on College High-isk Drinking. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 35(1), 32-49.

Esteban, M.A. & Schafer, W. (2005). Confronting College Student Drinking: A Campus Case Study. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 3(1), 1-55.

Garrett, M.D. & Zabriskie, M.S. (2003). The Influence of Living-Learning Program Participation on Student-Faculty Interaction. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 33(2), 38-44.



Brower, a.M., Golde, C.M. & Allen, C. (2003). Residential Learning Communities Positively Affect College Binge Drinking. NASPA Journal, 40(3), 132-149.

Brower, a.M (2008). More Like a Home Than a Hotel: The Impact of living-Learning Programs on College High-Risk Drinking. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 35(1), 32-49.

Esteban, M.A. & Schafer, W. (2005). Confronting College Student Drinking: A Campus Case Study. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 3(1), 1-55.

Garrett, M.D. & Zabriskie, M.S. (2003). The Influence of Living-Learning Program Participation on Student-Faculty Interaction. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 33(2), 38-44.

Analyzing Vocabulary Acquisition in Esol Students
Words: 3756 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 45788643
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Vocabulary Acquisition in ESOL Students

English as foreign/second language (EFL/ESL) classrooms widely neglected the area of vocabulary, until lately. Grammar lessons are founded on a collection of rules having coherent structure, expected to be remembered or followed by students. However, the same doesn't hold true when it comes to vocabulary (Jeff, 2010). In the past few years, this area of English learning has gained importance as a necessary component to be learned by ESL students. It is believed by many to be just as crucial as reading, speaking, writing, and listening (Jeff, 2010). Work of different researchers state that knowledge of vocabulary aids language use, which in turn helps expand vocabulary knowledge, while knowledge about the world leads to increased language use and vocabulary knowledge (p. 6). The above contextualized outlook towards vocabulary learning will aid students in expanding their vocabulary by means of authentic communication (Jeff, 2010).

Of all…


Adel M. Alharbi. (2015). Building Vocabulary for Language Learning: Approach for ESL Learners to Study New Vocabulary. Journal of International Students. ISSN: 2162-3104 Print / ISSN: 2166-3750 Online Volume 5, Issue 4, pp. 501-511

August, D., & Shanahan, T. (Eds.). (2006). Developing literacy in second-language learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language-Minority Children and Youth Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics. (1992). Myths and misconceptions about second language learning. ERIC Digest. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved May 22, 2007, from 

Francis, D. J., Rivera, M., Lesaux, N., Keiffer, M., & Rivera, H. (2006). Practical guidelines for the education of English language learners: Research-based recommendations for instruction and academic interventions. Portsmouth, NH: Center on Instruction. Retrieved February 21, 2007, from - Interventions.pdf

Educational Philosophy Regarding Esol Students
Words: 312 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35162070
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However, I believe wholeheartedly that it is possible to help ESOL students keep up with classroom material and overcome the language barrier without suffering either socially or academically. Research reveals several ways teachers can work within diverse linguistic environments such as cooperative learning.

Because I have two boys of my own who both attend private schools, I also have insight into different pedagogy and educational environments. The philosophies of teachers who work in private schools does not differ greatly from those in public schools but the student body tends to be more homogenous in terms of socio-economic class than it would be in a comparable public school. Wherever I work as a teacher I will be acutely sensitive to the issues related to class including access to technology and other…

Privacy for High School Students
Words: 12892 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13864282
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Internet: Privacy for High School Students

An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today

In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of a mouse. In this environment, can anyone, especially high school students, reasonably expect to have any degree of privacy? High school students, after all, are not protected by many of the same constitutional guarantees as adults, but their needs for privacy may be as great, or greater, than their adult counterparts. To determine what measure of privacy, if any, high schools students can expect at home and school today, this paper provides an overview of the issue of…


Alarming Number of Teens Addicted to the Internet. (2001, February 1). Korea Times, 3.

Albanes, R., Armitay, O., Fischer, B., & Warner, J. (1998). Marijuana, Juveniles, and the Police: What High-School Students Believe about Detection and Enforcement.

Canadian Journal of Criminology, 40(4), 401-20.

Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Math Tests for Students
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power-point presentation. Other tests, related to the assigned chapters may be approved, but require permission from course professor at least 24 hours before the due date. Tests not listed in the textbook or associated power-point presentation that are used without prior permission will result in a zero, with no opportunity for resubmission. Earlier editions for tests listed in your textbook may be used without permission if the current test has not yet been reviewed in the MMY.

equired: Look up a test in Mental Measurements Yearbook and Tests in Print Database (MMY) related to each of the following textbook chapters: Test eview 1 (ch. 16, Cognitive assessment); Test eview 2 (ch. 9, Behavioral assessment); Test eview 3 (chs. 10-11, General Achievement or eading assessment) Test eview 4 (chs. 12-13, Oral or Written Language assessment), Test eview 5 (ch. 14, Math assessment).

Use this template to complete each section, moving up…

References (provide APA formatted reference based on test review found in the MMY)

Here is a sample of a correct APA reference for a pretend test review in the MMY

Smith. J. & Jones, A. (20xx). Review of the Something Achievement Test. Mental Measurements Yearbook and Tests in Print. Yearbook: #.

Graham, T., Lane, S. (2007). Review of the KeyMath-3 Diagnostic Assessment. Mental Measurements Yearbook and Tests in Print. Yearbook: 18.

Personal Response: After reviewing this test and considering all that you have learned in this review, would you recommend that this test be used to assess the students that it is designed for? State why you believe that this test would or would not be useful in assessing this population.

Effects of Mathematics Instruction in English on ELL Second Grade Students
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Mathematics Instruction in English on ELL Second Grade Students

J. Elizabeth Estevez

Educ2205I-Content Research Seminar

Mathematics is a powerful tool for interpreting the world. Research has shown that for children to learn how to use mathematics to organize, understand, compare, and interpret their experiences, mathematics must be connected to their lives. Such connections help students to make sense of mathematics and view it as relevant. There has, however, been controversy with regard to children from non-English backgrounds and the best ways to get them to make those connections. Questions are raised regarding how to instruct these children who are referred to as English language learners (ELL's). Should they initially be taught in their native language with gradual exposure to English in language classes, or should they be immersed in English as early as possible. Based upon ideas presented in research studies and my own ideas as a former bilingual teacher,…

Factors Affecting the Retention of Students in Community Colleges
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Education - Theory

Addressing etention Issues in Community CollegesUsing Transition and Ecological/Environment Theory

Many community colleges face serious retention issues that affect student performance, persistence, and learning. The rationale employed in identifying alternative assessments involves overriding standardized test validities and predictive reliability issues. However, there are concerns regarding the derived holistic understanding among student outcomes. The goal of providing college educators through alternative supplemental approaches facilitate standardized testing of various evaluative measures as introduced. The issues of student self-assessment and social and value-added assessments, evaluations, and personal growth portfolios within community colleges had increased. The design suggests an institution of the writing and implementation of parallel outcomes in the studies are linked to different fundamental questions serving as subjects of confirm relevance to campus dynamics and student success.

The levels involved in making the students leave or stay are informative points on student engagement. This includes social and academic connection…


Braxton, J.M., & Doyle, W.R. (2013). Rethinking College Student Retention. New York: John Wiley & Sons,

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological Models of Human Development. International Encyclopedia of Education, vol. 3, 2nd ed., 131-214.

Evans, N.J., Forney, D.S., & Guido-DiBrito, F. (2010). Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

Forney, E., & DiBrito, G. (1998).Student Development in College: Theory, Research, and Practice. pp. 111-114.

How Socially Aware Are Today S University Students
Words: 2108 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46600718
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Karl Popper / Allen Bloom

hy indeed would scholars, teachers, journalists, parents and other close observers of society be surprised that many young people are, as Bloom says, given to go along "day by day ... gratifying the desire" that occurs to them in serendipitous moments? The list of possible answers to the question of why many students are not "furnished persons" would be a long and complex one. Clearly there are a multitude of distractions and digital device addictions that today's young people are caught up in, and that is just one answer to the question posed in the sentence above. But moreover, this paper delves into the subjects raised by Karl Popper and Allan Bloom -- and how those messages relate to the way Plato approached teaching the young.

Allen Bloom's Approach to Young People and Democracy

Before delving into Bloom's ranting about education and students, in answer…

Works Cited

Edington, Robert V. "Allan Bloom's Message to the Stale Universities." Perspective on Political Science, 19.3 (136-148) 1990.

HuffPost College. "Today's College Students Self-Centered, Competitive: Study. Retrieved April 26, 2016, from . 2011.

Lam, Chi-Ming. "A Popperian Approach to Education for Open Society. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 45.8 (845-859): 2013.

Rozema, David. "Plato's Theaetetus: What to do with an Honours Student." Journal of Philosophy of Education, 13.2 (207-221) 1998.

Facilitating Learning for All Students
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Houston ISD

What strengths do you possess that support high academic expectations for all Houston ISD students?

One of my key strengths that support high academic expectations for all Houston Independent School District (ISD) students is an overarching commitment to balancing constructive criticism with encouragement for work well done, a strength that is congruent with the Houston ISD Effective Instructional Practice (EIP) guidelines. For instance, the ISD EIP clearly states, "Expect students to be what you want them to be. Observe your students doing well, and let them know how much you appreciate their efforts" (2015-2016, p. 2). In addition, setting and achieving high academic expectations also requires close collaboration with parents (Sanders & Field, 2009), a requirement that also represents another strength of mine. Finally, another important strength that helps me support high academic expectations for all Houston ISD students is my unwavering belief that all young learners can…


Ababneh, S. (2012, October 1). Towards a better English classroom: Implementing effective classroom management strategies. International Journal of Education, 4(4), 300-304.

About Alief ISD. (2016). Alief ISD. Retrieved from  template.aspx?id=a9589cd6-6f34-46a9-a7aa-018b79580a98.

Asiyai, R. (2014, December). Students' perception of the condition of their classroom physical learning environment and its impact on their learning and motivation. College Student Journal, 48(4), 716-720.

Houston ISD effective instructional practice. (2015-2016). Houston ISD. Retrieved from .

Population Identified and Described Are Eligibility Criteria
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population identified and described? Are eligibility criteria specified? Are the sample selection procedures clearly delineated? Yes. The sample consisted of 350 college students at a Midwestern University. All the students were enrolled in a personal health class as a social science elective.

Do the sample and population specifications support an inference of construct validity with regard to the population construct? Of n=350, 86% were White, 5% African-American, 4% Asian-American, 3% Latino, and 2% Other. This is not representative of the collegiate population in general, nor is it representative of the baseline population breakdown for most of America. However, because the classes are a social science elective, the sample does serve as an adequate representation of a cross-section of this particular Midwestern University.

What type of sampling plan was used? Would an alternative sampling plan have been preferable? Was the sampling plan one that could be expected to yield a representative…

Populations Span From the Egregiously
Words: 2801 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30553752
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, 2006). Soliciting client's self-report may be another helpful practice (Landry et al., 2009).

To deal with both attrition and ethnicity factors in conjunction with an adolescent or school-aged client, the counselor may be well advised to consider the fact that the client may better benefit from a school counselor's intervention rather than from her own. Studies (for instance Cummings, 2009) have shown that "schools may be the best setting in which to provide mental health services if the objective is to reduce the unmet need for mental health care among adolescents living in disadvantaged and/or ethnically diverse communities." (Cummings, 2009, 1).

At times, the counselor may have to deal with trauma-related matters. Since trauma may traverse several generations and is comprised of complex issues, Goodman and West-Olatuni (2008) recommend a transgenerational trauma recognition and assessment approach as well as historical and contextual knowledge of the trauma.

Of particular interest…


Abe-Kim, J., Takeuchi, D., Hong, S., Zane, N., Sue, S., Spencer, M -- . & Algeria, M. (2007). Use of Mental Health Related Services Among Immigrant and U.S.-Born Asian-Americans: Results From the National Latino and Asian-American Study. American Journal of Public Health, 97(11), 91-8.

Barrett, M., Chua, W., Chistoph, P., Gibbons, M., Casiano, D. & Thompson, D. (2008). Early withdrawal from mental health treatment: Implications for psychotherapy practice. Psychotherapy, 45(2), 247-67.

Bird, T. (2010). Approaches to patients with neuropathic disease. Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, 30(4), 785-93.

Brach, C., Falik, M., Law, C., Robinson, G., Trent-Adams, S., Ulmer, C. & Wirght, a. (2005). Mental Health Services: Critical Component of Integrated Primary Care and Substance Abuse Treatment. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 6(3), 322-41.

Student Is Dependent Upon Numerous
Words: 1238 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49076238
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Of the sample, 60% of them had had some sort of intervention therapy in the past. Eight of the children, or 20% of the sample, exhibited a school refusal, in which they missed over 40% of the past month as a result of emotional stress.

Of the 40 children referred to the study, 38 of them followed through with the study's intervention therapy, 24 boys and 14 girls. Parents were also included in the study, of which 87.5% of them were women, 87.5% of them were married, and 65% of them were college educated. A variety of ethnicities were represented with 60% Caucasian, 22.5% multiracial, 10% Hispanic, 2.5% African-American, and 2.5% Asian.


The main hypothesis proposed was that CBT intervention therapy for anxiety disorders in children would result in a reduction in overall anxiety and therefore lead to increased school performance. Using the Anxiety Disorder Interview Schedule for DSM-IV…

Finally, the sample size creates limitations on the generability of the results. Although the results did have overwhelming numbers, a sample size of 38 is inadequate to appropriate to other populations. However, it does raise awareness for educators and parents alike that school and social problems may have a root with an anxiety disorder and that it should not be discounted before an official diagnosis can discount such a cause.

Source Used

Wood, Jeffrey (March 2006) "Effect of anxiety reduction on children's school performance and social adjustment," Developmental Psychology, 42(2), 345-349.

Student Make a Presentation a Macro-Level Practice
Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10341945
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student make a presentation a Macro-level practice skill obtained internship. Examples include developing an assessment, developing a program agency, fundraising, grant writing. If developed a macro skill participated a macro activity, responsibility discuss Field Instructor develop a plan complete.

Macro-level practice skill: Needs assessment

Conducting an effective needs assessment is a critical component of working as a sociologist. Needs assessment requires an understanding of the needs of the community which the agency is designed to serve. Methods of needs assessment will vary depending on the resources of the organization. In my case, it involved reviewing the relevant statistical data available from government agencies about the general population along with conducting more informal qualitative interviews of the community. Needs assessment may also entail a review of the relevant scholarly literature on different ways similar communities have been served. "Needs assessment is the formal process of identifying needs as gaps between current…

There are many different forms of needs assessment. This article first offers a working definition of needs assessment, followed by a recommendation for using the Organizational Elements Model which links "what organizations use, do, produce, and deliver to the value-added that all of these elements have on external clients and society" (Leigh et al. 2000). As well as the needs of the specific population being cared for, the interactions between the agency and the exterior world must also be addressed. Needs assessment must integrate all levels of the process of providing care, from the agency itself and beyond.

Epstein, M.H., Quinn, K., Cumblad, C., & Holderness, D. (1996). Needs assessment of community-based services for children and youth with emotional or behavioral disorders and their families: Part 1. A conceptual model. Journal of Mental Health Administration, 23(4), 418-431.

Meeting the needs of client populations that have multiple challenges, including emotional and behavioral disorders is essential. Providing care that does not meet all of the patient's need, or, conversely, is overly restrictive, can inhibit rather than promote healing. This article discusses the various components of such a needs assessment, suggesting a family-based and environmental strategy that is equally attuned to the external factors affecting the patient's state of mental health.

Student Loan Debt Forgiveness An Argument in Favor
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Student loan debt forgiveness has become an increasingly controversial hot-button topic in American higher education today. On one hand, the American system of higher education has grown increasingly expensive. More students have been forced to take out loans to support their education as a result. On the other hand, many people oppose debt forgiveness on financial and ethical grounds. This paper argues in favor of debt forgiveness on principle, and offers a practical solution about how to achieve it.
Student Loan Debt Forgiveness: An Argument in Favor
Student loan debt is crippling young—and many older—Americans. More people are in debt for their educations than at any time in the nation’s history. As a democracy, having an educated populace is considered necessary for government to function, so people are able to vote in an educated fashion. Our society is growing increasingly technologically complex, and greater and more specialized knowledge is…

Chingos, M. M. (2017). The rich get richer. Education Next, 17(4). Retrieved from: 
Fields, S. (2019). 70% of college students graduate with debt. How did we get here? Marketplace. Retrieved from: 
Lowrey, A. (2020). Go ahead, forgive student debt. The Atlantic. Retrieved from: 
Nuckols, W., Bullington, K. E., & Gregory, D. E. (2020). Was it worth it? using student loans to finance a college degree. Higher Education Politics & Economics, 6(1), 1-19. doi: . Retrieved from
Weiner, J. (2014). Why sally can\\\\'t get a good job with her college degree: College-educated women find it hard to get a job because the market doesn\\\\'t value their bachelor\\\\'s degree. The Washington Post. Retrieved from:

Students Encounter Some for Psychological
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7235441
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Ideally, however, students should be subject to a wide variety of tests to paint a clearer picture of their proficiency. Norm-based tests provide an idea of how well a student has performed in relation to peers with a similar educational background; subjective tests can reveal creativity or talents not scored on a standardized test.

Q3. The validity coefficient is calculated in terms of whether the content of what is being tested (such as intelligence) is comprehensive enough; if the 'face' or surface validity meets a commonsensical test; if the construct of the test (such as how intelligence is defined) is valid; and if the outcomes of the test are supported by other, existing measures of validity (criterion-based validity).


A reliable test produces the same results on a consistent basis, when it is administered to the same test population. If the same person, or people with similar backgrounds and demographic…

Population Data Collection Dependent and
Words: 1579 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14228254
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Using a random sampling helps to insure that there will be a randomly equal number of learning disabled students, gifted students, underachievers and overachievers in each group. In addition the random sampling will help insure a statistically close to equal sampling of males and females in each group.

Assumptions will also be made that the students will put forth their best effort in the class work and instruction so that the semester test results will be a true reflection of what they have learned in the American History course that semester.


This methodology section is designed to produce the most pure results with regard to the research question. Care has been taken to explore the different elements of the research topic and produce the best possible method by which to test that question.


Dobrosielski-Vergona, Kathleen a.; Gallagher, Judith E.; Williams, Theresa M.; Wingard, obin G. More (2005) Web-based…


Dobrosielski-Vergona, Kathleen a.; Gallagher, Judith E.; Williams, Theresa M.; Wingard, Robin G. More (2005) Web-based vs. traditional classroom instruction in gerontology: a pilot study. Journal of Dental Hygiene

Beard, Lawrence a.; Harper, Cynthia (2002) Student perceptions of online vs. On campus instruction.(Brief Article)(Statistical Data Included) Education Journal

Piotrowski, C. & Vodanovich, S.J. (2000). Are the reported barriers to Internet-based instruction warranted?: A synthesis of recent research, Education, 121, 48-53.

Rossman, P. (1992). The emerging worldwide electronic university: Information age global higher education. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Population Assessment of the Elderly
Words: 2453 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28794137
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Elderly in Monrovia, CA

The population of people aged 65 years or greater is steadily escalating, as baby boomers come of age. It is estimated that this age bracket accounts for 10% of the total world population, and is statistically increasing. As this sector of the population steadily increases, there are of course, accompanying health care issues: osteoarthritis, cardiac and kidney issues, Alzheimer's or dementia, and an ever-growing problem with depression. For this essay, we will concentrate on several health issues that plague seniors nationally, but will specifically focus on the aging population over 65 in Monrovia, California.

Monrovia is a smallish city located at the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains in the San Gabriel Valley, Los Angeles County. Monrovia was settled in the late 1800s as a central hub for the growing orange grove industry, but has now become more of a bedroom community that supports the urban…


Breathe California of Los Angeles County. (2009). Cited in: 

California Department of Public Health. (June 2009). "Healthy California -- 2010

Midcourse Review." Executive Summary. Cited in:

Students Classified as ESL English
Words: 3060 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73472556
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The components can be ranked by level of importance or relevance to the subject.

Sequential Graphic Organizers: Sequential organizers allow the educator to assess the ability of the student to logically link ideas and concepts together. Cause/effect and problem/solution are common types of sequential organizers.

Cyclical Graphic Organizers: According to Struble, cyclical graphic organizers help educators evaluate the ability of students to comprehend natural cycles.

In reviewing the application of graphic organizers to the science classroom, Struble (2007) further reports that these tools can provide a clear understanding of student learning at any given point in time. In addition, these tools can be used to assess student learning over the course of a lesson or unit. Because graphic organizers allow individual assessment of student learning, Struble also argues that these tools can be effective for "assessing student with limited English skills or with learning disabilities" (p. 71). Because these tools…


Craig, D.V. (2007). Alternative, dynamic assessment for second language learners. ERIC Database, (ED453691), 1-17.

Barlow, L., & Coombe, C. (2000). Alternative assessment Acquisition in the United Arab Emirates. ERIC Database, (ED448599), 1-8.

Bybee, R.W., & Van Scotter, P. (2007). Reinventing the science curriculum. Educational Leadership, 64(4), 43-47.

Fitch, G.K. (2007). A rubric for assessing a student's ability to use the light microscope. American Biology Teacher, 69(4), 211-214.

Population of the United Kingdom
Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 22609407
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Book Report: The Population of the UK

Daniel Dorling’s The Population of the UK is based upon the premise that the ways in which maps are conceptualized has a dramatic effect on how citizens perceive their nation. The book depicts different ways to look at maps of the United Kingdom, including in terms of its racial and geographic diversity. “The disadvantage of using a conventional map is that those areas that are home to most people are obscured in comparison to sparsely populated areas that appear to be most prominent” (Dorling, 2012, p.3). This can give greater significance to remote and rural areas and less significance to densely populated and diverse areas which more accurately reflect the real United Kingdom.

While physical topography has generally-accepted notations on most maps, there is no general consensus about how to depict a nation’s social landscape (Dorling, 2012). Population depiction on maps, Dorling makes…

Student Speech
Words: 1203 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16104644
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Good day, ladies and gentleman. I extend my deepest thanks to all of you for coming out to this occasion. Your presence here is an honor to all of us, and we're all happy to be able to share in our experiences with you. If there's one thing that this entire experience has shown me, it's the importance of hard work and dedication. If I've discovered anything, it's that hard work and dedication can truly help one transform oneself and one's life.

My Background

I've worked tremendously hard to earn my degree and I continue to work hard in order to better my life and the lives of the people closest to me -- my family friends and community. Ever since I was a child, I was no stranger to hard work, which is fortunate, as my life has been full of it. However, more than anything, I've learned…

Students Ethnicity
Words: 4284 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10694890
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universities and graduate schools offer courses or whole major programs of study in ethnically or culturally specific areas. Examples include African-American studies and Asian studies. This research explores whether students who identify with the ethnic or racial group will perform better or worse than their counterparts in those courses. The research also explores general perceptions of taking ethnic course content.

The study blends information from both psychology and sociology, showing how race/ethnicity, identity, and performance all converge. As Hansen, Owen & Pan (2013) point out, the ethnic composition of a group or overall class diversity does not necessarily impact individual student performance in general. However, no known research has been conducted specifically on ethnically topical classes and the academic performance of students who identify with that group. This research could lend insight into some of the ways race, ethnicity, identity, performance anxiety, and achievement are interrelated.

There are several theoretical…


Hansen, Z., Owan, H. & Pan, J. (2013). The Impact of Group Diversity on Class Performance: Evidence from College Classrooms. Education Economics, 1-21. 

Jackson, K. & Trochim, W. (2002). Concept mapping as an alternative approach for the analysis of open-ended survey responses. Organizational Research Methods 5 (4) 307-336.

Sussman, R.W. (2014). There is no such thing as race. Newsweek. Nov 8, 2014. Retrieved online:

Tsai, J., Chentsova-Dutton, Y. & Wong, Y. (n.d.). Why and how researchers should study ethnic identity, acculturation, and cultural orientation. Retrieved online:

2005, the British publication, The Economist, published an article regarding immigration and the parties who benefit from it. At the time, a decade ago, Prime Minister Tony Blair failed in his attempt to rally support against illegal immigration throughout the European Union (EU). Countries across the continent experienced intense political division regarding this issue. Those who favored politics argued for illegal immigration to cease; those who prioritized economics supported immigration, legal or otherwise. The article explains that to ease tensions within the British government, Blair proposed official supporting of legal immigration and the intensification of stopping illegal immigration. Blair ensured that the administration and bureaucracy regarding legal immigration was streamlined. The article then proceeds to question which parties in society benefit from immigration and how.

Immigration, from the perspective of The Economist is an occurrence that should be calculated, regulated, and firmly enforced. The article questions who benefits from immigration;…


Hirschman, C. (2005). Immigration and the American Century. Demography, 42(4), 595 -- 620.

The Economist. (2002). Britain: Who gains from immigration?; Immigration. The Economist, 363(8279), 30.


Student last name

Creating an App for New School Students
Words: 401 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Business Proposal Paper #: 65624921
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Student App Mission Statement

Our mission: to introduce and integrate members of the student body through a smart phone application which will allow them to trade, buy, and sell to other students creating a sense of community and promoting sustainability.

Too often new students enter a campus and become instantly overwhelmed by the sheer volume of things they need to do. Most students will be alone for the first time in their lives, being responsible for their needs and desires without being able to rely on parents or other adults. They are the adults now and it is terrifying! Wouldn't it be nice if instead of approaching their first semester with a feeling of dread, students could instead click a few buttons on their iPhone or android and instantly have access to other people in the same position as they themselves are in? There is such an application in existence.…

Student Satisfaction and Diversity

The study is devised to grasp the relationship between student satisfaction in the diverse cultural and faculty patterns. The ultimate goal of all the contemporary societies of the world is to maintain and promote gender equality. Human race has always suffered dramatically whenever it has tried to stigmatize either of the two genders. But yet many under developed and third world countries are still not able to understand the importance of gender equality and the synergy this process yields. Cultivating, raising, and promoting gender equality is a global agenda, and gender mainstreaming is one out of many techniques that have been devised to promote gender equality at all levels. Education as a matter of subtle reality is the core competency that defines the knowledge, skill and abilities of an individual are therefore reported to have a lifelong impact on the life of an individual. Therefore satisfaction…


Arbaugh, J.B. (2001). How Instructor Immediacy Behaviors Affect Student Satisfaction and Learning in Web-Based Courses. Business Communication Quarterly, 64(4), 42+. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Questia database: 

Carr, D.L., Davies, T.L., & Lavin, A.M. (2010). The Impact of Instructor Attire on College Student Satisfaction. College Student Journal, 44(1), 101+. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Questia database: 

Feng Liu, E.Z., Lin, C.H., & Chang, C.S. (2010). Student Satisfaction and Self-efficacy in a Cooperative Robotics Course. Social Behavior and Personality, 38(8), 1135+. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Questia database: 

Fountain, R.A., & Alfred, D. (2009). Student Satisfaction with High-fidelity Simulation: Does It Correlate with Learning Styles?. Nursing Education Perspectives, 30(2), 96+. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from Questia database:

PBS Against Bullying Students With
Words: 3022 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 44348595
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Pretraining: Before implementing the actual intervention method, the classroom teacher will conduct two 20 minute group instruction sessions designed how to teach the students to report their peers prosocial behaviors as well as general positive variables that have been observed on the part of their peers. Emphasis will be placed on the fact that all students of the class have to be involved. The teacher will allow the students to select their desired reward as long as this were feasible and practical and will ensure that unanimous approval and interest is evidenced in desired reward. A cumulative goal (e.g. 120 tootles) too will be unanimously decided on. The teacher will ascertain that all students understand the elements and conditions of 'tootling', that all agree to be involved, and that questions, if any, are satisfactorily addressed and answered. Students will be encouraged to provide examples of instances that can be mentioned…


Anderson, C.M., & Kincaid, D. (2005). Applying behavior analysis to school violence and discipline problems: School wide positive behavior support. The Behavior Analyst, 28(1), 49 -- 63.

Cashwell, T.H., Skinner, C.H., & Smith, E.S. (2001). Increasing second-grade students' reports of peers prosocial behaviors via direct instruction, group reinforcement, and progress feedback: A replication and extension. Education and Treatment of Children, 24, 161 -- 175.

Cihak, D., Kirk, E., & Boon, R. (2009) Effects of Classwide Positive Peer "Tootling" to Reduce the Disruptive Classroom Behaviors of Elementary Students with and without Disabilities J. Behav Educ 18:267 -- 278

Fairbanks, S., Sugai, G., Guadino, D., & Lathrop, M. (2007). Response to intervention: Examining classroom behavior support in second grade. Exceptional Children, 73, 288 -- 310.