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The groups I attended were well organized. There is a rule however that was constantly broken in each of the group sessions I attended. The rule is called cross-talk and when a member is sharing their story or whatever it is they decided to participate to the group, the other members are supposed to be in complete silence. Each member is given between three to five minutes to speak as they please with no interruptions. However, members were often interrupted in meetings. It seemed as if many of these interruptions may have been caused by newcomers who were not used to the format. Yet in each case, if the disruption was too disruptive to the group then the leader would moderate and redirect the group to the speaker's attention.
Even if the distractions were not so prominent, they were still present. People would nod their heads in agreement or mutter…
Harris, J. (2013, June 8). The Group Dynamics of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) Meetings and the ritual ceremonies of Bill Wilson chanting and worship. Retrieved from Orange Papers: http://www.*****/forum/node/1638
Sharma, M., & Branscum, P. (2010). Is alcoholics anonymous effective? Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, 3-6.
Young, L. (2011). Alcoholism and identity: How an alternative framing of identity can facilitate Alcoholics Anonymous research. Addiction Research & Theory, 213-223.
Support Group ExperienceAbstractGroup support therapy is a type of psychotherapy that involves at least one therapist working with many persons. The type of therapy is adopted in various places, including hospitals, private therapeutic practices, community centers, and mental health clinics. It can either be utilized alone or integrated into a detailed treatment that also comprises individual therapy. There are five major types of group therapy, including interpersonal groups, cognitive-behavioral groups, skills development groups, psycho-educational groups, and support groups (Fenton, 1974). The right choice of group therapy depends on the clinical techniques used during therapy and the specific mental health problem in question. This paper focuses on a support group that helps alcoholics to overcome their addiction.IntroductionCognitive-behavioral groups focus on identifying and altering distorted or wrong emotional responses, thinking patterns, and behaviors. Interpersonal groups emphasize social interactions and interpersonal relationships. It also includes the amount of support an individual receives from…
Bauman, S., & Shaw, L. R. (2016). Group work with persons with disabilities.
Delworth, U. (1969). A comparison of professional counselors and counselor support personnel in group counseling with junior high school students.
Fenton, N. (1974). GROUP COUNSELING: A PREFACE TO ITS USE IN CORRECTIONAL AND WELFARE AGENCIES. WESTPORT, CONN: GREENWOOD PUBLISHERS.
Glass, S. D. (2010). The practical handbook of group counseling. Bloomington, Ind.: Trafford Publishing.
ereavement Support Groups
Primary kind of group
The primary group that will be established for bereavement will be a mutual support group, comprised predominately of individuals aged 60+ years that have been recently widowed, defined as individuals who have lost their spouse within the 1 year prior to seeking counseling.
Important to note is the fact that a majority of the elderly dies within nursing homes and medical centers; this fact may directly impact the experience of bereavement that individuals involved experience. According to studies, mortality rates increase as income rates and minority status decrease (Pappas, 1993). Therefore one might expect a larger population of elderly minority victims seeking a mental support relationship within a group setting.
Grief over the death of a loved one presents one of the most frequent and challenging problems mental health counselors face with their clients" (Muller, 2003). Death of a loved one is one…
Aiken, Lewis R. (2001). "Dying, Death and Bereavement." Pepperdine University. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
APA. (1994). "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Ed." Washington DC.
Caselli, Graziella and Lopez, Alan. (1996). "Health and Mortality Among Elderly Populations." Oxford University Press.
Cleberg, Kathleen & Danes, Sharon. (1999). "Five Stages of Grief." University of MN Dept. Of Social Sciences. Available:
The relevance of care givers when it comes to assisting persons with disabilities or chronic illnesses cannot be overstated. Towards this end, caregivers come in handy in ensuring the continuous care – especially when it comes to ensuring that all prescriptions are filled and that the patient has in place all the necessary tools (i.e. medical equipment such as a wheelchair, oxygen machine etc.) and services to promote their wellbeing and/or comfort. Thus, to a large extent, the responsibilities shouldered by caregivers are immense. Owing to their close interaction with the patient and the effort invested on this front, they happen to be prone to not only psychological, but also physical morbidity. It therefore follows that when it comes to alleviating the caregiver burden, the relevance of having in place formal support mechanisms targeting the said caregivers cannot be overstated.
Assessment of the Phenomena
In the words of Vanderwerker,…
AARP Public Policy Institute (2015). Caregiving in the U.S. Retrieved from https://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/ppi/2015/caregiving-in-the-us-research-report-2015.pdf
Berry, L., Dalwadi, S.M. & Jacobson, J.O. (2017). Supporting the Supporters: What Family Caregivers Need to Care for a Loved One with Cancer. Journal of Oncology Practice, 13(1), 82-93.
Grabel, E., Trilling, A., Donath, C. & Luttenberger, K. (2010). Support groups for dementia caregivers - Predictors for utilization and expected quality from a family caregiver\\'s point of view: A questionnaire survey PART I. BMC Health Serv Res., 10(4), 214-219.
Hoffmann, R.L. & Mitchell, A.M. (2007). Caregiver Burden: Historical Development. Nursing Forum, 33(4), 5-12.
Huelat, B. & Pochron, S.T. (2020). Stress in the Volunteer Caregiver: Human-Centric Technology Can Support Both Caregivers and People with Dementia. Medicina, 56, 256-270.
Vanderwerker, L. C., Laff, R. E., Kadan-Lottick, N. S., McColl, S., & Prigerson, H. (2005). Psychiatric disorders and mental health service use among caregivers of advanced cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 23(28), 11-19.
There is a crucifix in the room and a bookshelf containing Bibles and other religious texts, but the room is otherwise free from religious decorations.
Number of members
The desired size for the group is 10 members. A group with 10 or fewer members is small enough to allow for individual attention, but large enough to provide for some diversity and anonymity in the group setting. However, if there are not sufficient referrals to meet the desired 10-member group size, the group should be able to function with as few as 5 members. Moreover, if there is a greater interest in the group, it should be able to function with up to 15 members. Therefore, group size is somewhat flexible. In addition, some of the weeks will involve education for family members, and attendance is expected to double or triple on those nights.
Open or closed
This group will be…
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2005). Substance abuse treatment: Group therapy. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 41. DHHS Publication No.
(SMA) 05?3991. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved November 15, 2011 from National Center for Biotechnology Information website: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK14531/
Genetic Science Learning Center. (2011). Addiction treatments past and present. Retrieved November 15, 2011 from The University of Utah website: http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/issues/treatments.html
Nash, M. & Johnson, J. (2011). Addiction. Retrieved November 15, 2011 from WebMD
Groups for Relationship Issues
Support groups do what their title implies that they do -- they provide emotional, psychological and community support for individuals that are struggling with problems. This paper discusses support groups that exist to help people resolve romantic and other relationship issues that can stand in the way of a normal, peaceful existence. This paper delves into several kinds of support groups that deal with relationship issues, and discusses the potential solutions that different support groups offer to troubled participants.
hat are Support Groups? hat do Support Groups actually do?
Generally speaking, support groups for relationship problems or other issues provide a mechanism that offers some kind of therapy in response to "...the needs of people dealing with stress caused by life transitions, crises, or chronic conditions" (Fagan, et al., 1996). There has been a "proliferation of support groups in recent years," Fagan writes, which is a…
Brown, N.W. (2011). Psychoeducational Groups: Process and Practice. Milton Park, UK:
Taylor & Francis.
Fagan, T., and Warden, P.G. (1996). Historical Encyclopedia of School Psychology. Santa
Barbara, CA: Greenwood Publishing.
elationship Problems Support Group
Support groups are usually created to bring together individuals facing similar problems or issues such as relationship problems. The concept behind the formulation of a support group is that members can get help for their issues through talking with others in a similar situation. In this case, relationship problems support group exist so that people facing relationship issues can share their experiences and advice each other on how to handle them. Support groups help individuals deal with their problems through providing better ways of coping and making members feel less isolated as they make important connections with others in the same situation. While relationship problems support groups are not group therapy sessions, they help members to deal with relational issues through providing emotional support and shared experiences.
A support group is basically defined as a gathering of individuals who share similar interests or concerns…
Mayo Clinic Staff. (n.d.). Support Groups: Make Connections, Get Help. Retrieved August 22, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/support-groups/art-20044655
Peretti, A.G., Martins, P.P.S. & Guanaes-Lorenzi, C. (2013). The Management of Social Problems Talk in a Support Group. Psicologia & Sociedade, 25. Retrieved from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-71822013000500012
"Relationship Support Group."(n.d.). Divorce Dialogue. Retrieved August 22, 2016, from http://www.divorcedialogue.com/relationship-support-group-home.php
Sroufe et al. (2000). 5 Relationships, Development, and Psychopathology. In Handbook of developmental psychopathology (2nd ed). Arnold J. Sameroff, Michael Lewis, and Suzanne M. Miller (Eds). Retrieved August 22, 2016, from http://www.psychology.sunysb.edu/attachment/online/sroufe_rel_pathology.pdf
The group would consist of veterans who were members of a program designed to transition veterans from military to civilian life. ecruitment would be conducted through the director of the program who would inform potential participants of the option of taking part in a study. The director would need to stress the voluntary nature of the participation and the mutual benefits of counseling and support for participants as well as the benefits for the constructors of the study. As well as the free counseling, group members would also receive food and drink during the counseling sessions.
Selection would be determined by the willingness of individuals to participate in the program. The design of this study would qualitative and exploratory in nature. It would lay the groundwork for a larger, future, randomized control study. It is expected that the actual group size would be 7-10 members, a feasible size…
The human research protection program. (2015). USCF. Retrieved from:
The AA also provides a strong network of relationships that is important for the recovery and support process as pointed out by Khantzian & Mack, (1994, pp.348).
The steps are important since they assist the alcoholics in becoming patient. They also admit that they are reckless and out of control. They also give up the alcoholic struggle with self and the bottle in order to allow the higher power as well as assistance of other to emancipate them. In the recovery process, there are sponsors. A sponsor is an alcoholic who has fully recovered and the recovering alcoholic can reach them at any time.
Alcoholic Anonymous believes even the alcoholics are important help to others. The concept of AA is beneficial in getting rid of the incessant alienation as well as shame that the alcoholics feel. It then proceeds to instill a sense of hope, contact with other as well…
Alcoholic Anonymous (2002). Service Material from the General Service Office: THE TWELVE STEPS OF ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS
Browne, B.R. (1991). The selective adaption of the Alcoholics Anonymous program by Gamblers Anonymous. Journal of Gambling Studies, 7(3), 187206. Fagan, R.W. (1986). The use of volunteer sponsors in the rehabilitation of skid-row alcoholics. Journal of Drug Issues, 16(3), 321-337.
Doweiko, H.E. (2009). Concepts of chemical dependency (7th ed.). Pacifi c Grove, CA:
Group Behavoirs in Companies
Group Behaviors in Companies
There are so many different companies that have embraced executive coaching and mentoring as their principal way to support development creativities in hospital settings. However in today's corporate world these do not talk to the real-world, group dynamics that managers have to deal with. Behavior within a group in a hospital setting can be manipulated by group dynamics, interactions, group cohesiveness, the work environment, social influences, and leadership. This paper will explore each of these components of group behavior in the interior of an organization such as a hospital.
Defining Group Behaviors
Group Behavior can be described as, conditions that enable groups of people to have interaction rather it be large or small group settings. These individuals collaborating among each other may appear to coordinate their behavior by performing in a certain way that will bring them to a design that differs…
Alam, M., Gale, A., Brown, M., & Khan, A.I. (2010). The importance of human skills in project management professional development. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 3(3), 495-495-516. doi:10.1108/17538371011056101
Appelbaum, S.H. (1984). The organizational climate audit ... Or how healthy is your hospital. Journal of Healthcare Management, 29(1), 51-51.
Bradshaw-Camball, P. (1989). The implications of multiple perspectives on power for organizational development. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 25(1), 31-31.
Costigan, R.D., Insinga, R.C., Berman, J.J., & Ilter, S.S. (2005). An examination of the relationship of a western performance-management process to key workplace behaviours in transition economies. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 22(3), 255-255-267.
Social workers deal with many different types of people in many different situations, but probably the most common interaction is with some type of group. The job of a social worker is to be an advocate for whomever the individual is working with and to find resources that the individual or group did not know existed. This work can either be difficult because the worker in question does not understand the dynamics involved in the work, or it can be made easy by focusing on the objectives of the particular assignment. When working with a group of people it is essential to remember what type of group it is, know the roles the different participants can take, and have the training required to adequately facilitate the group.
Understanding the type of group is the first step. The study guide (Maidment, 2010) lists the different types of groups that…
Beck, D., Fisch, R. & Bergander, W. (1999). Functional roles in work groups -- An empirical approach to the study of group role diversity. Psychologische Beltrage, 41(3), 288-297.
Bianchi, A., & Shelly, R.K. (2007). Guest editors' introduction: Group process as social microcosm. Sociological Focus, 40(2), 117-119.
Finn, J. (1999). An exploration of the helping processes in an online self-help group focusing on issues of disability. Health and Social Work, 24(3), 220-230.
Gross, B. (2002). Online therapy. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 5(5), 30-31.
Group Contract Memo
Emily Eldridge's View on Collaboration
In her presentation, "Why Collaboration is an Individual Effort," Emily Eldridge is of the view that though individuals may not be naturally inclined to want to collaborate with others, they must make an individual concerted effort to learn to collaborate as collaboration is a powerful tool in our professional and academic careers. Emily uses her own experiences to explain how her views about collaboration have changed over time. When she was in elementary school, she hated working with other kidspeers. Driven by her introversive and perfectionist character, she always wanted to work alone. For her, it was faster as well as more productive and constructive. According to Emily, collaboration is not necessarily a natural ability as often assumed. Some individuals prefer working alone as they usually perceive other people to be slow, or to have nothing to contribute in a group.…
That way the next time we meet I can help steer the group in the right direction. For example, I once realized that we wasted a lot of time at the beginning of the meetings with small talk because everyone was afraid to be the first to start. The next time we met I just started talking. I also believe that we share common values like cooperation, commitment, competence, and positive collaboration.
4. Assumes responsibilities for interrelating with groups and units and reporting results to group members.
I have gathered information from individuals in the group and from our collective meetings. Then I will let the group decide in a democratic fashion. We often have question and answer sessions, which gives the opportunity for all individuals to voice their concerns in a safe and supportive environment. I am always willing to act as a mediator or an intermediary between members…
57). Although both teams and work groups are similar, there are some instances in which one is better suited than the other, and these issues are discussed further below.
elative effectiveness of work groups compared to teams.
While some authorities suggest that team and work groups share a sufficient number of commonalities to make them indistinguishable, there are some situations in which work groups may be more effective if they are defined within certain categories (Biech, 2001). In this regard, Lewis (2001) reports that a useful definition of team is "a group of people who work together to achieve a common goal. Unless they collaborate and cooperate with each other, they cannot achieve the goal because it is too big for any one of them to accomplish individually" (p. 410). Although this general definition could well fit most work groups as well, there are some distinguishing characteristics involved. According…
Biech, E. (2001). The Pfeiffer book of successful team-building tools: Best of the annuals.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.
Kristof, A.L. (1999). Person-organization fit: an integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49(10, 1-2.
Kruppa, R. & Media, A.K. (2005). Group dynamics in the formation of a Phd cohort: a reflection in experiencing while learning organizational development theory.
MAIN STUDY QUESTION: If a particular personality trait or component is removed from a group, will the remaining members compensate for that loss?
What methods are appropriate for determining the group's locus of control, assuming it has one?
How might this determination influence whether or not the group values a particular personality trait or a specific component?
And, based on that knowledge, what measures could be used to determine if it was necessary to compensate for whatever loss occurred?
As sociology is the study of group behavior, there is an acceptance from the beginning that the existence of a group means something more than just a collection of individuals who each do their own things. This fact is not really disputed. But there are still many questions about the various roles that individuals and circumstance play in making a group function, just as there are questions…
Akins, L.H. (2001), Functional Group Roles. Viewable at http://www8.sunydutchess.edu/faculty/akins/documents/Vocabulary.pdf .
Hyldegard, J. (2009), Personality traits and group-based information behaviour: an exploratory study. Information Research, Vol. 14, No. 2. Viewable at http://informationr.net/ir/14-2/paper402.html .
Neill, J. (2006). What is Locus of Control? Viewable at http://wilderdom.com/psychology/loc/LocusOfControlWhatIs.html#Rotter1966.
Social Work Groups
Definition of Three Types of Groups
Most of us have participated in a task group at one point, and indeed many of us participate in tasks groups on a regular basis. A task group is any group of individuals who come together (or who are brought together) to produce a particular outcome, either a particular product or a specific action. Such groups exist in every aspect of life. Such groups can be found in business, such as a group formed to assess whether a company should shift to a new software system. Such a group might do research on different types of software, interview managers at other companies to determine how well different software systems work in similar situations, and survey the staff on their needs.
Task groups also exist in the political realm. Many communities across the country have recently been hosts to such groups as…
Designing a Group
A Group for Individuals Concerned about School ullying Incidents
What population is the group designed to serve?
The group is ultimately designed to serve students of a school where bullying has occurred, and the entire school students, staff, and administrators. Local community members, such as physicians and health professionals would also be welcome; individuals who are professional counselors may have useful contributions. As well, it will serve the students' families, friends, and the community. Each of these individuals has something to contribute in a group dialogue about bullying, from a different perspective. The largest issue to be faced at the onset is empowering individuals, such as students, to speak frankly in the presence of not only their peers, but also in the presence of perceived authority figures.
Parental involvement is important so that the parent can assist with issues that their child may have had concerning bullying;…
Anti-bullying procedures for primary and post-primary schools. (2013). Retrieved from: https://www.education.ie/en/Publications/Policy-Reports/Anti-Bullying-Procedures-for-Primary-and-Post-Primary-Schools.pdf .
Berlin, R., & Ruscitti, D. (2011). Best Practices in Bullying Prevention and Intervention. Illinois: The County of Du Page.
Burns, J.H. (2015). Retrieved from Bully Proof Classroom: http://bullyproofclassroom.com/great-anti-bullying-activities
Developing an Evaluation Plan (n.d.): Retrieved from: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/evaluate/evaluation/evaluation-plan/main
When Madness Comes HomeSecunda (1997) shows in When Madness Comes Home that tens of millions of people, if not more, are directly impacted by mental illness in the family. This means that there is an urgent need for people to understand what mental illness is, what it is not, and how to care for a person experiencing mental illness. Secunda (1997) addresses issues of trauma, stigma, and how relationships can best be fostered through support systems and networks. The main point of the book is that mental illness affects more than just the person who is diagnosed or experiencing it himself; it also affects those people who are family members of the individual or who are in a relationship with the person. They need care and support as well.Secunda (1997) spends time reinforcing the argument that family members of individuals with mental illness have to know that they are not…
ReferencesHack, S. M., Muralidharan, A., Brown, C. H., Drapalski, A. L., & Lucksted, A. A. (2020). Stigma and discrimination as correlates of mental health treatment engagement among adults with serious mental illness.Psychiatric rehabilitation journal,43(2), 106.Patterson, C., Perlman, D., Moxham, L., Sudhakar, C., Nayak, A. K., Velayudhan, B., ... & Tapsell, A. (2021). Australian and Indian nursing students skills and attitudes surrounding mental illness: Preparing for a transnational nursing education collaboration.Nurse Education in Practice,50, 102909.Secunda, V. (1997).When Madness Comes Home: Help and Hope for Families of the Mentally Ill. Hyperion.
Next, the facilitator will pose an introductory question that will stimulate brainstorming by engaging students in the "why" of their involvement in the group (Bouassida et al., 2006). Next a transitory question will lead to examination of the problem at hand, where the members of the group attempt to answer key questions including (1) what is the foundation of the problem (2) what tools are available to solve the problem (3) what are the most probable outcomes of a problem given the information provided (Bouassida, et al., 2006).
Bouassida et al. (2006) provide the rationale for this protocol, suggesting it enables group members to participate in a manner that allows greater collaboration and verification of the results. This form of focus group enables each member to participate on an equivalent basis. The outcome will result in rapid resolution of complex problems including those presented in the future to students…
Bouassida, M.S., Chridi, N., Chrisment, I., Festor, O. & L. Vigneron. (2006, Jun).
Automatic verification of a key management architecture for hierarchical group protocols, in, Cuppens, F. And Debar, H., editors, 5th Conference on Security and Network Architectures.
CEISMC (2006). Focus Group Protocol, Center for Educational Integrating Science,
Mathematics and Computing at Georgia Tech College of Sciences. Retrieved October 18, 2007: http://www.ceismc.gatech.edu/MM_Tools/FGP.html
Group Social Work: Nurturing Father's Program
The group investigated for this paper is the Nurturing Father's Program. I encountered the Nurturing Fathers Program while working for my state's child protective services division (DCFS). The NFP is an evidence-based, 13-week training course designed to teach parenting and nurturing skills to men. Each 2 1/2-hour class provides proven, effective skills for healthy family relationships and child development" (Nurturing Fathers, 2012). The goal of the program is to help men transform themselves into nurturing fathers by enabling cognitive, behavioral, and affective changes in the group participants. The NFP program has been used successfully in a wide variety of contexts, including, but not limited to schools, preschools, churches, government child-safety programs, and the military.
This particular NFP group meets at First Presbyterian Church, 270 Franklin Street, Quincy, MA on Tuesday evenings from 6:00pm to 8:30pm. There is no charge for participation, and group participants…
Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups, Inc. (2006). Standards for social work practice with groups. Alexandria, VA: AASWG, Inc.
Brandler, S., & Roman, C.P. (1999). Group work: skills and strategies for effective interventions. New York: Haworth Press.
Department of Children and Families. (2012). Report child abuse. Executive Office of Health
and Human Services website: http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/consumer/family-services/report-child-abuse.html
Group Motivation and Evaluation
Group Motivation Inventory
I work very hard in my group.
I work harder in this group than I do in most other groups.
Other members work very hard in this group.2
I am willing to spend extra time on group projects.
I try to attend all group meetings.4
Other members regularly attend group meetings.
I often lose track of time when I'm working in this group.
Group members don't seem to mind working long hours on our project.2
hen I am working with this group, I am focused on our work.
10.I look forward to working with the members of my group.2
I enjoy working with group members.
Group members enjoy working with one another.3
I am doing an excellent job in my group.
I am doing better work in this group than I have done in other groups.4
The other members are making excellent contributions…
Lei, s., Kuestermeyer, B., Westmeyer, K. (2010). Group Composition Effecting Student
Interaction and Achievement: Instructor's Perspectives. Journal of Instructional
Psychology, 37(4), 317-325.
Nihalani, P., Wilson, H., Thomas, G., Robinson D., (2010). What Determines High- and Low-
Individuals trust that agreement speaks something relating to the fact. Complying with the group norms hence fulfils our requirement relating to mastery. When individuals privately, show their compliance since they trust group norms represent fact, the group has the impact of information. At the time when the chances are high, individuals are more inspired to take correct decisions, and hence correspond even strongly. Going away from the agreement weaken the impact of the group. Additionally, it weakens confidence, and hence we could feel perplexed, apprehensive and ambiguous. (Smith; Mackie 315-319).
Norms accord us the feelings of linkage since compliance to group principles lead to achieving a positive as well as principled social identity and getting respect from the members of the other group. Compliance as such gives rise to encountering a view of belonging, and it indicates assurance to members of other groups. A group has positive impact at the…
AlRoomi, Dhari. The effect of Cohesion of Group Productivity. The MBA Journal. 23 February 2006. http://businessadministration.wordpress.com/2006/02/23/the-effect-of-cohesion-of-group-productivity/
Bostro, Alan; Bredemeier, Brenda Jo Light; Gardner, Douglas E; Shields, David Lyle Light. The Relationship between Leadership Behaviors and Group Cohesion in Team Sports. Journal of Psychology, vol. 131, no. 2, 1997. pp: 196-211.
Christensen, Ulla; Schmidt, Lone; Budtz-Jorgensen, Esben; Avlund, Kirsten. Group Cohesion and Social Support in Exercise Classes: Results from a Danish Intervention Study. Health Education & Behavior, vol. 33, No. 5, 2006, pp: 677-689
Glass, Scott. J; Benshoff, James. M. Facilitating group cohesion among adolescents through challenge course experiences. The Journal of Experiential Education. Fall, 2002. vol. 26, no. 2, pp: 47-51.
Yet the film ends on an optimistic, even triumphant note, with the raised hand of Bender symbolizing victory over the stereotypes subject to which the characters began the film.
The film "The Breakfast Club" contains myriad examples of group dynamics at play. Doing a close reading of the film was valuable in that it provided insight into how narratives can be shaped by psychological principles. In dissecting the actions of the film's principal characters, it became apparent that the filmmakers were not simply trying to create a plotline that would entertain a mass audience. The film also integrates psychological inquiry into its teenaged protagonists. Each character is given a back story which motivates his or her behavior and later undergoes a realization of his or her flaws in order to make a change. The film goes beyond just a high school narrative; it is about how to break free…
Aronoff, J., & Wilson, J.P. (1985). Personality in the social process. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum
Golembiewski, R.T. (Ed.) (2000). Handbook of organizational consultation. New York, NY:
The maintenance roles help to support the creative side, which is a task that can be high risk at times (Benne & Sheats, 1978). The work that the junior members do in providing support to the creatives while simultaneously challenging them to develop stronger ideas is one of the reasons that the shop's output is so highly regarded.
This group has a significant amount of trust. The different members have built this trust over the course of years and multiple projects. ith this trust, however, they are able to be stronger, in particular with task roles. Assumptions are challenged frequently, in particular with regards to the outcomes sought by the customers. The group views this is value added to the customer, by refining a vague customer concept into something that is actionable for the advertising firm.
The high level of trust that the group members have in one another allows…
Baltes, B.; Dickson, M.; Sherman, M.; Bauer, C.; LaGanke, J. (2002). Computer-mediated communication and group decision-making: A meta-analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. Vol. 87 (1) 156-179.
Benne, K & Sheats, P. (1978) Shared experiences in human communication: Functional roles of group members. Hayden Publishing.
Discussion of the Results
Mr. Spyridos can count on French and Italians to spend more money than the Germans, and all three to spend more money than the Brits. There is a great deal of difference between German groups, which suggests that there may be some high-Euro spenders who should be appealed to in a separate marketing campaign.
The French appear to have the least variability in spending as a group, while the Italians and the Brits seem to have the highest variability. This may suggest that the French are more amenable to package tours with 'all-inclusive' or more easily-predicted pricing, a la Club Med. At the same time, the Brits and Italians may be willing to spend more once they arrive. The Brits may be lured in by promises of low initial pricing, with a propensity to spend more once they arrive. Italians are willing to spend more, and…
ut the truth is it boils down to one thing: Teamwork and Unity. With it everything comes along, sense of responsibility, accountability and concern.
Team is a cooperative unit composed of people with complimentary skill committed to a common purpose, performance goals and approach to which they hold themselves mutually accountable. It is essential that each member is willing to work in unity and should any differences arise, find a way to resolve them.
The success of the team is the success of each member. However, one bad seed included which may cause its failure will not be reflected on that individual alone but the whole team may suffer.
Marc J. Mackert, M.S. Group Functions and Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007 from http://www.umkc.edu/medpharm/408/group_process.htm
Dawn Steinward. (1999). Analysis of Group Progress. Retrieved April 19, 2007 from http://www.uiowa.edu/~c07w110/dsteinwand3003/ProgressMemo.htm
The Leadership Handout Series - Stages of Group/Team Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007…
Marc J. Mackert, M.S. Group Functions and Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007 from http://www.umkc.edu/medpharm/408/group_process.htm
Dawn Steinward. (1999). Analysis of Group Progress. Retrieved April 19, 2007 from http://www.uiowa.edu/~c07w110/dsteinwand3003/ProgressMemo.htm
The Leadership Handout Series - Stages of Group/Team Development. Retrieved April 18, 2007 from http://www.units.muohio.edu/saf/sac/handout/stages.html
Work Group Development. (2006). Retrieved April 22, 2007 from http://www1.umn.edu/ohr/toolkit/workgroup/index.html
hile allowing an authoritarian voice to hold final sway over what is done may be least desirable, it may be necessary in a very spread-out group with many areas of expertise, or if the leader bears the brunt of the responsibility for the project and has greater knowledge of the different organizational factors involved.
There is no single perfect formula for forming a cohesive group, making decisions, and arguing in a constructive manner. The only rule that does hold fast and firm, regardless of the composition and authority structure of the group, good listening skills are necessary, as well balanced consideration of all sides of a debate. A healthy group, even a group dominated by a single leader, must not fall into groupthink, or create an environment where only a single opinion is considered valid, and dissent is not permitted.
Engleberg and ynn. orking in groups: Communication principles…
Engleberg and Wynn. Working in groups: Communication principles and strategies. 3rd ed. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.
Humans tend to e social and group animals. Some anthropologists even elieve that it is cohesive nature of eing group animals that contriuted to the eventual civilization of humanity. Because we are group animals y nature, it is typical for us to compare ourselves with others. Social motives are the interaction or the glue that helps the group stick together and descries the people in the group are either satisfied or dissatisfied. One way to account for this is called Equity Theory; theory that helps us understand satisfaction in terms of fair or unfair distriution of resources within groups or interpersonal relationships. These resources may e monetary, emotional, intellectual, ut center on the issue of how an individual perceives themselves as either under-rewarded or over-rewarded, and the stress this causes that person. Equity theory holds that the actual perception of unfairness is a significant and powerful motivating force…
GOUP LEADESHIP SKILLS refer to the ability of a leader to manage a group in a manner that ensures maximum cooperation between group members and helps each make significant contribution for the accomplishment of organizational goals and objectives. ecent studies in the field suggest that group leadership skills may differ from individual leadership but the essential core competencies probably remain the same. For this reason, let us first understand what leadership means and how crucial a role in plays in organizations today.
Fenton (1990) explains who a leader is: "Leaders stand out by being different. They question assumption and are suspicious of tradition. They seek out the truth and make decisions based on fact, not prejudice. They have a preference for innovation."
Leadership is therefore "an interactive process that influences, motivates, and elicits human potentialities in the pursuit of group goals or interests" (Sogunro, 1996, p. 31). The most damaging…
Adrianna Kezar, Reconstructing static images of leadership: an application of Positionality theory. Journal of Leadership Studies. Volume: 8. Issue: 3. 2002. 94+.
Bavelas, A. (1969). Leadership: Man and function. In C.A. Gibb (Ed.), Leadership. (Pp. 9-16). Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books.
Beal, G.M., Bohlen, J.M., & Raudabaugh, J.N. (1962). Leadership and dynamic group action. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.
Dimock, H.G. (1987). Factors in working with groups: Leadership and group development. (Rev. ed.). Puslinch, ON: Center for Human Resource Development.
All of the above roles are positive influences on the group. Each is necessary in providing or prompting information, utilizing that information, and allowing for the free and equal flow of that information. Effective leadership in a group dynamic means ensuring that all of these roles are being met; if this is the case, little overt leadership should be required to maintain an effectively functioning group. There are also, however, several self-centered roles that disrupt the group dynamic and can lead to negative group performances and experiences.
Self-centered roles attempt to attract attention to themselves, and this away from the group task. Aggressors do this by belittling others and their issues, or blaming others for their mistakes; calm confrontation is often the only way to make aggressors aware of their behavior and its damages. Jokers quite obviously make jokes of things, not with the intent of relieving tension but rather…
Individuals forging together as one is not so simple. There is often an overt or covert struggle for power amongst certain members, whilst others may assume differential roles such as those of loafer, of leader, of helper, or of needy person, and so forth. That this is so in this group too can be seen from the fact where Diana is quiet and needs to be drawn out, whilst Christine is serious and motivated, and Mike is the class clown. Some need to be drawn out, whilst others need to be gently suppressed. Understanding the different team persona and playing to them may have helped Christine build a more supportive workgroup.
art III. Retrospective Evaluation
Christine can take two particular steps. Dealing with the conflict as soon as possible is essential. She can have the major parities sit around the table and negotiate, or at least talk out their complaints.…
Part IV. Reflection
It does not seem to me that Christine was an effective leader, since it seems as though she allowed the group to continue to function in a fragmented manner, rather than addressing the obvious differences and problems. Instead of approaching Mike with her concerns and asking how she could help and pointing out his potential, Christine seemed to have allowed the group to drift further and further away
Chapman, a. (nd). Tuckman's 1965 "Forming Storming Norming Performing" Team-Development Model. Retrieved July 27, 2010 at: http://www.businessballs.com/tuckmanformingstormingnormingperforming.ht m
Different demographic groups also feel differently about the demographics of a group, and racial and gender differences can cause reduced efficacy for some individuals. Group size must also be considered.
Group cohesiveness is also another important factor in measuring group efficacy, though some cohesion can be detrimental to the group's purpose. The cohesive elements must support the group's states and intended purpose to be effective. Group development can also be studied; this perspective treats the group as an individual entity that changes over time, hopefully for the better. This concept is most useful to practitioners as a way of organizing the individual members of the group as far as their goals are concerned, and to draw their attention to the dynamics of the group, especially during times of group change.
Though empirical evidence is still difficult to come by when addressing group development, there is a general consensus in the…
Group Dynamics and Teams
This paper examines an experience I had in a group dynamic that did not go well. The group was tasked with a rush project and the members of the group were not prepared professionally or personally to meet the demand. The result was a complete failure, but looking back on it I can see why it failed. This paper will describe the experience, discuss it from multiple points of view, and show what could be done to turn a similar situation into a success the next time around.
We were a team of five: Paul was the group leader; Bishop was from sales; I was heading the social media team; Carlos was from product development; Dodd was from HR; and Michelle was from PR. Each of us had worked together in the past, so we were familiar with one another; however, on this…
Scholarship notes that these five groups are critical in managing the electoral politics of the U.N., and in the manner resolutions are adopted by group. Complications arise, for instance, because the Arab world is split between Africa and Asia, and the former Soviet Republics are split between Asia and Eastern Europe, which also includes Russia. [12: Ibid.]
The importance of understanding these groupings is that they play a strategic role in controlling issues surrounding leadership, membership, responsibilities, and structure. The success or failure of a number of campaigns and issues follows the ability to find consensus with the groups, and the individual group's ability to exercise negotiation techniques to sway other blocs. Ironically, analysis of voting records over the past few decades show that despite the importance of electoral groups, 10% of written commitments between groups and 20% of oral commitments are discounted based on misleading information or intention. [13:…
"All I needed was someone to tell say, 'Yeah, I've been there, too,'" Susan said, "and that's what I found here." This attitude was typical of many of the older members present at the meeting; he almost total experience of isolation, difference and strangeness, and total helplessness could jus as well have come from a depression support group. Though these people had a specific real-world reason for their mental distress, their symptoms were no less chronic or clinically viable than those suffering from depression in more commonly recognized situations.
Doug, too, is an example of depression at work in the family of alcoholics. The real-world manipulation that his ex-wife practiced with the couple's children and money would be enough to drive most people to the brink of sever depression, if not right into it. This was not seemed to get Doug down the most, however. With some encouragement, he shared…
Al-Anon Official Website. (2006). Accessed 6 March 2009. http://www.al-anon.alateen.org/english.html
Janssen Pharmaceuticals. (2007). "Alcohol related disorders." Accessed 6 March 2009. http://www.psychiatry24x7.com/bgdisplay.jhtml?itemname=substance_alcohol
RightHealth. (2008). "Depression guide." Accessed 6 March 2009. http://www.righthealth.com/topic/Depression/overview/adam20?fdid=adam_b593fc53774e94d72ec3432ed3972154§ion=Summary
Evidence-Based Group Work
How can I increase attendance of a support group for at-risk teenage Latino students in a school setting?
Search for Evidence
In order to search for evidence in increasing attendance of a support group for Latino students in a school setting, I went to PubMed as my initial search engine. I chose PubMed because I have found it to be a great starting place for health-care research. Not only does it provide details about relevant articles, but it provides abstracts for most of those articles, as well as the full-text of many articles. Initially my question was how to increase the attendance of a support group for minority students in a school setting, but the amount of available information was overwhelming, so I then narrowed my search to the Latino community. The search terms that I used were "support group," "group therapy," "school setting," "teenage," "Latino," "Spanish,"…
Camacho, S. (2002). Addressing conflict rooted in diversity: The role of the facilitator. Soc Work Groups, 24(3-4), 135-152.
Marsiglia, F., Pena, V., Nieri, R., & Nagoshi, J. (2010). Real groups: The design and immediate effects of a prevention intervention for Latino children. Soc Work Groups, 33(2-3), 103-121.
McNeill, T. (2006). Evidence-based practice in an age of relativism: Toward a model for practice. Social Work, 51(2), 147-56.
ole of Mental Health Group in Helping an Individual
ole Of Mental Health Group In A Helping Individual Overcome Schizophrenia In Hawaii: A Substantive Grounded Theory
ole of mental health group in helping an individual overcome schizophrenia in Hawaii: a substantive grounded theory
Schizophrenia is a brain disease that is emotionally distressing for patients and their families. In a society that has misunderstood schizophrenia for a long time, its victims have been undeservingly stigmatized. This study compares the development of social skills and coping skills of schizophrenia patients in support groups: can support groups help these patients? The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare schizophrenia patients with social skills issues and the care they receive from support groups with respect to developing these skills. Schizophrenia patients need a lot of support. They attend support groups to discuss housing, job, and family issues. This also gives them an…
Aneshensel, C.S. (2009). Toward Explaining Mental Health Disparities. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 50(4), 377-394. doi: 10.2307/20617650
Austrian, S.G. (2005). Mental Disorders, Medications, and Clinical Social Work (3 ed.): Columbia University Press.
Bateman, J., & Smith, T. (2011). Taking Our Place: Community Managed Mental Health Services in Australia. International Journal of Mental Health, 40(2), 55-71. doi: 10.2307/41345351
Dyke, C.V. (2013). Research Policies for Schizophrenia in the Global Health Context. International Journal of Mental Health, 42(1), 51-76. doi: 10.2307/42003833
Group Process and Skill Selection
ecent developments at the medical industry increase the life expectancy. Census reported that 36.3 million Americans were 65 and over in 2004 and 71.5 million Americans will be 65 and over in 2030 (see, census.org). Therefore, the age related diseases and related industry (i.e. eldercare) have been taking an important part of the American society. Taking care of a person with memory loss, dementia and Alzheimer's disease is a demanding task as it requires mental and physical strength. Social supports groups are very helpful to deal with mental and physical distress for Alzheimer's patients' caregivers. In this brief document, a social group session is discussed.
ANALYZING GOUP POCESS AND SKILL SELECTION
Garvin, Gutierrez, and Galinsky (2004) describe the social work groups in which the social workers participate as part of their professional activities either as participants or facilitators. The interaction between social workers and…
Garvin, C.D., Gutierrez, L.M., & Galinsky, M.J., (Eds.). (2004). Handbook of social work with groups. New York: Guilford Publications.
Gitlin L.N., Corcoran M., Winter L., Boyce A., & Hauck W.W. (2001). A randomized, controlled trial of a home environmental intervention: effect on efficacy and upset in caregivers and on daily function of persons with dementia. Gerontologist 41 (1): 4 -- 14.
Mitchell S.L., Teno J.M., & Kiely D.K. ( 2009). The clinical course of advanced dementia." N. Engl J. Med 361 (16): 1529 -- 38.
Molsa P.K., Marttila R.J., & Rinne U.K. (1995). Long-term survival and predictors of mortality in Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia. ActaNeurol Scand 91 (3): 159 -- 64.
Multiple studies support the use of cognitive behavioral approaches in individual therapy combined with group therapy sessions to support self-care behavior, self-efficacy and positive patient outcomes (Van der Ven, et. al, 2005; Bernard & Goodyear, 1002; Alterkruse & ay, 2000). Altekruse & ay (2000) also support the notion that group therapy may be interchangeable with individual therapy to promote positive outcomes among patients.
esults of the studies reviewed suggest a new approach to group therapy should include individual and group sessions that encourage patients to focus on their successes rather than failures. At this time the evidence supporting group therapy over individual therapy is conflicting. Much of the research suggests that both approaches may be equally effective. egardless many therapists still advocate group therapy as a primary modality for overcoming patient issues.
Pre-group training sessions may help members of the group adopt a new attitudes toward therapy that enables…
Altekrsue, M. & Ray, D. (2000). "Effectiveness of group supervision vs. combined group and individual supervision." Counselor Education and Supervision, 40(1):19.
Bernard, J., & Goodyear, R. (1998). Fundamentals of clinical supervision (2nd ed.).
Boston: Allyn & Bacon
Classen, C. (2000). "Group therapy for cancer patients: A research-based handbook of psychosocial care." New York: Basic Books.
visual depiction of 5 personal impact groups to which you belong.
My five impact groups.
This has its own culture, history, language (e.g. AAVE) and way of looking at the world. It supports me in difficulties and provides with a social support group that is easily recognizable in any state and all over the world. Our color binds us together. It has impacted the way I grew up, and accordingly my experiences and therefore the way I perceive the world as well as what I like to read, watch, study, and think about. It has certainly too influenced the way that I feel on race and racism and also the way that I feel towards other minority groups and to people who are 'outsiders', scapegoats of society, or oppressed by so-called more powerful, influential others. It drives my desire for justice. This is important for a social worker, and…
Longitudinal trajectories for individual participants were used at one level, while a second level included the effects of between-subjects predictors at the higher order. To construct the models, 4,193 observations were used over time, with 3,055 of these conducted ruing community caregiving and 1,148 in the nursing home.
Presentation of Data
Data are presented by means of two figures and three tables. The data appear to be very clearly explicated. The axes in the figures are all clearly marked, and the lines differentiated to indicate the data of concern. The tables clarify the information narrated in the document.
Limitations of Statistical Methods
Limitations include the lack of ethnic diversity in the sample population. Different cultures would respond differently to the burden of care and to counseling intervention. Furthermore, only spouse caregivers were targeted for the research, which limits the application of the data to households where children or other family…
What I found most interesting was the three measurements implemented as a basis for the study. These instruments help greatly towards establishing a sound basis for the study and to implement further statistical analyses of the results. In general, I was impressed with the study and I find it very relevant in a profession where the aim is to reduce suffering.
Gaugler, J.E., Roth, D.L., Haley, W.E., & Mittleman, M.S. (2008). Can counseling and support reduce burden and depressive symptoms in caregivers of people with Alzheimer's disease during the transition to institutionalization? Results from the New York University Caregiver Intervention Study. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 56(3), 421-428
Setting the stage for the group
Psychological intervention might be most efficient when females start modification by leaving the abuser and get in a shelter. Shelters are an essential resource for victims because they offer females and kids security and link them with social, legal, and financial resources (Dutton, 1992). Furthermore, battered females in shelters have a greater threat for PTSD than those who do not look for shelter (Jones et al., 2001). Provided the problems connected with PTSD, these signs might disrupt victims' capability to successfully utilize resources made to enhance their security once they leave the shelter (Foa, Cascardi, Zollner, & Feeny, 2000).
Unlike various other PTSD victims, damaged ladies in shelters deal with continuous security issues. Numerous of their viewed dangers are genuine (Foa et al., 2000). For that reason, conventional PTSD therapies that include exposure are contraindicated, as habituation to feared stimulations might enhance their danger…
Baer, R.A. (Ed.). (2006). Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications. New York: Academic Press.
Bagshaw, D., Chung, D., Couch, M., Lilburn, S. And Wadham, B. (2000), Reshaping Responses to Domestic Violence: Final Report, University of South Australia.
Beauchamp, T.L., & Childress, J.F. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics (5th ed.). New York: Oxford.
Betan, E.J., & Stanton, A.L. (1999). Fostering ethical willingness: Integrating emotional and contextual awareness with rational analysis. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 30, 295-301.
mental health clinic is understaffed and counselors decide to use group work to deal with more clients during a particular period of time. The counselor organizes a group and asks for candidates from colleagues and places a message on the clinic's bulletin board. However, the incoming members are not prepared, and the announcements fail to inform them about the purposes and goals of the group, the background and qualification of the leader, the expectations of the group and the techniques that will be used. Consequently, the receptionist admits the first 12 people who sign up or call regardless of the nature of their problems. During the first meeting, one depressed and suicidal member takes up the entire session and the important matters are not discussed. The intensity of the client's crisis also scared some of the members and they fail to return for the next session.
How to screen more…
Berg, R.C., Landreth, G.L. & Fall, K.A. (2013). Group Counseling: Concepts and Procedures. (5th Ed.) New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Corey, G. (2013). Case Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning
Corey, M., Corey, G. & Corey, C. (2008). Groups: Process and Practice. (8th Ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning
Weimels, L. (2014). Group Dynamics: How to Successfully Work in Groups. Retrieved 23 July 2015 from https://www.naspa.org/constituent-groups/posts/group-dynamics-how-to-successfully-work-in-groups
The DSS is a state agency charged with the responsibility of protecting children from child abuse and neglect. DSS is committed to protecting children and strengthening families. When children are abused or neglected by the people responsible for caring for them, DSS will intervene to ensure the safety of the children. DSS responds to reports of abuse or neglect 24 hours a day. DSS becomes involved if there are any concerns that caretakers, parents, step-parents, guardians or other persons responsible for caring for children may be abusing or neglecting these children. Whenever possible and appropriate, DSS attempts to keep families intact. DSS reviews all the reports of child abuse and neglect received by the agency. If it is determined that abuse or neglect has occurred, or if a child appears to be at risk of being hurt, or is being neglected, DSS
takes action to protect that child.…
Berman-Rossi, T. (1993). "The tasks and skills of the social worker across stages of group development." Social Work with Groups: 26(1/2): pp. 70-81.
Duffy, T. (1994). "The check in and other go-rounds in group work: Guidelines for use."
Social Work With Groups, 17(1/2): 163- 174.
Gazda, G., Ginter, E. & Herne, A. (2001). Group counseling and group psychotherapy.
session of a group you are leading and members are giving each other feedback. One member, Jody, an Indonesian woman, says to another member "You know, there are negative feelings that I have been holding onto for weeks -- and before it's too late I think I am going to have to tell you what I've been feeling about you!"
What intervention would you make at this point? Would you encourage or discourage Jody from directing her negative feelings?
The group leader has a responsibility to create and maintain a safe environment where members can interact positively and productively to maximize their health outcomes. Negative confrontations at any of the four stages of group development ruin the calm environment that had already been created, creating room for defensiveness and scapegoating that could turn ugly if left unchecked (Corey, 2012). Based on this, I would intervene by discouraging Jody from voicing…
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2006). Substance Abuse: Clinical Issues in Intensive Outpatient Treatment. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2006). Substance Abuse Treatment: Group Therapy. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Corey, G. (2012). Case Approach to Counseling and Psychotherapy (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning
Corey, M., Corey, G. & Corey, C. (2008). Groups: Process and Practice (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Armstrong's findings additionally relate that due to previous research and the influence of perinatal loss on postpartum depression on partnered relationships. Armstrong states that differences in continued psychological stress between mothers and fathers after a subsequent birth is another area requiring further evaluation. Specifically stated is that it is necessary to evaluate "...the strength of partnered relationships during future childbearing experiences is important to identify any potential influence of the loss on couple, as well as family, outcomes. Understanding possible gender differences may help neonatal nurses and other healthcare providers to recognize couples at risk for discord." (2007)
Neonatal nurses are those who work closely with infants and parents and in the best position to make identification of depression and to pose questions about the individuals symptoms including:
3) energy or fatigue levels;
4) ability to concentrate; and 5) as well the neonatal nurse is in…
Gold, K.J., Dalton, V.K. And Schwenk, T.L. (2007) Hospital Care for Parents After Perinatal Death. Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 109. No. 5 May 2007.
Hughes, P., Turton, P., Hopper, E. And Evans, CDH (2002) Assessment of Guidelines for Good Practice in Psychosocial Care of Mothers After Stillbirth: A Cohort Study. The Lancet 2002;360:114-18.
Alexander, K.V. (2001) the One Thing You Can Never Take Away": Perinatal Bereavement Photographs. The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing Vol. 26(3) May/June 2001. 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
Many nations do not use restorative justice as a policy, but eventually bright, progressive leaders worldwide will hopefully learn the value of restorative justice, and implement it at some level.
Youth Justice Process in New Zealand. (2005). Family Group Conference. Retrieved 29 June 2008, at http://www.justice.govtnz/youth/fgc.html.
This government-produced review of the ideologies and practical implementation of the Family Group Conference was a valuable and basic article in terms of the understanding the process and how it works well in most cases.
The Family Group Conference in New Zealand
The Family Group Conference (FGC) was established in New Zealand in 1989, with the purpose in mind of more skillfully and more fairly dealing with problems and issues of boys and girls (under the age of 14) and young people (14-16) who get in trouble with law enforcement. According to information provided by the Youth Justice Process (www.justice.govt.nz),the FGC has modernized and…
Teen Pregnancy: The ole of Parental Support
A significant proportion of babies in the U.S. are born to women aged 15 to 19 years. In 2014 alone, 249,078 babies were delivered by teenage women, representing a birth rate of 24 in every 1,000 females in this age category (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). This represents a historic low in the prevalence of teen pregnancy in the U.S. compared to two decades ago, with delayed and/or reduced sexual activity as well as increased use of birth control among teens believed to be the major contributors of the decline (CDC, 2016). Even so, teen pregnancy in the U.S. remains the highest in the developed world (Department of Health and Human Services [HHS], 2016).
Whereas majority of teen births are unintended and occur outside marriage, it is important to note that many of these are intended (Sekharan et al., 2015).…
Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2016). Teen pregnancy in the United
States. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) (2016). Trends in teen pregnancy and childbearing. Retrieved from: https://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-health- topics/reproductive-health/teen-pregnancy/trends.html
Macutkiewicz, J., & MacBeth, A. (2016). Intended adolescent pregnancy: a systematic review of qualitative studies. Adolescent Research Review, 1-17.
Often, many at-risk parents have fewer social networks, and this can help contribute to child abuse after the child is born. Creating social networks, as well as a safe environment for parents to ask questions and gain knowledge should be the goal of any good prenatal support group.
In addition, many prenatal support programs include or consist of home visitation by either a qualified nurse or social worker (or both), that discuss parenting techniques and challenges, while monitoring the health of the new infant and the mother. These home visitation programs have been proven to help reduce child abuse. One study notes, "For mothers, long-term effects of home visitation include fewer subsequent pregnancies, decreased use of welfare, and fewer verified incidents of child abuse and neglect" (Hammond-atzlaff, and Fulton 435). Thus, the home visitation programs, whether a family is at-risk or not, can help reduce and prevent child abuse, and…
Editors. "Child Abuse Prevention Tips." PreventChildAbuse.org. 2007. 30 April 2008. http://member.preventchildabuse.org/site/DocServer/an_approach_to_prevention.pdf?docID=121
Hammond-Ratzlaff, Amy, and Arlene Fulton. "Knowledge Gained by Mothers Enrolled in a Home Visitation Program." Adolescence 36.143 (2001): 435+.
groups in this study are independent. Despite the fact that they were not randomly assigned to groups but were assigned based on physical sex/gender is immaterial; inclusion or exclusion in one group did not influence inclusion or exclusion in the other group in any way. As there was no matching/pairing and no influence on the inclusion/exclusion or group assignment of any participant based on the status of another participant, the groups are independent.
is the t-statistic for the Mental Health (MH) questionnaire completed by the participants. This corresponds with a p-value of 0.002. According to the Bonferroni principle, significance in this study would be indicated by a p-value of 0.0033 or lower given the alpha level of 0.05 and the fact that 15 individual measures were taken/t-tests performed (0.05/15=0.0033). As 0.002 < 0.0033, this result is significant -- the groups can be said to have a significant difference in Mental…
Groups Within My Workplace
In the Human esources Department of Barney College, there are eleven employees. It would seem that these people can be grouped in a number of ways. The most obvious groupings: nine women and two men so one possible source of conflict could be along gender lines; three African-Americans and eight Caucasians and this reference group could pose problems along racial lines. Depending on the ethnicity of the Caucasian workers, there is a possibility of conflict there. There is the reference group based on position and level of authority. The possibility of conflict here goes in more than one direction because the conflict could be racially or gender-based. Age is another possible consideration which could be multi-stranded along race and gender lines mixed with the age consideration. Another reference group would be support staff in possible conflict with the various managers. It is also possible that the…
2. position-Benefits Consultant (I am causian)
3. number of employees in the department-11
a. Director-African-American woman (barbara)
b. 2 caucasians males-mgr positions (mike and Joe
group facilitation organization using the theory of constraint as portrayed by Eliyahu Goldratt. It uses 3 sources in MLA format.
The purpose of any management theory is to achieve maximum productivity out of limited resources. This could be done through process management and inventory management. There have been many studies conducted on this topic but Eli Goldratt provides a comprehensive background for management application. The reason being that he provides practical solutions to management problems from the viewpoint of a manager. Any one in a supervisory level will understand how management works and could easily adapt his theory of constraint to their own situation and finally resolve the situation according to the organization need. After having studied his theory of constraint as portrayed in the Goal and Its Not Luck, I have also endeavor to apply it to my organization. Its analysis is as follows:
group facilitation consultancy service company…
Goldratt, Eliyahu and Cox, Jeff. The Goal. Gower. 1992 ISBN 0 566 07418
Cianni, Mary; Wnuck, Donna, Individual growth and team enhancement: moving toward a new model of career development.(Special Challenges of Careers in the 21st Century). Vol. 11, The Academy of Management Executive, 02-01-1997, pp 105(11).
group MGN42 ( 300 words section) critically analyse incident models theories levels organisational behaviour ( individual, group organisation) show understandings gained group experience draw conclusions recommendations manage future recommend manage work occurrence future.
Group Incident Analysis
The following pages focus on analyzing an incident in a company. This incident is represented by a conflict between the sales manager and the account managers in the company. The conflict is analyzed on individual level based on the hierarchy of needs model, and on organizational level based on the diversity theory.
The workplace environment and its characteristics are very important in determining employee satisfaction. The level of satisfaction of companies' employees significantly influences their performance, which affects the performance of these companies. It is important that managers understand these issues and focus on analyzing the organization behavior in their companies in order to develop workplace environment that are in accordance with employees' needs…
1. Rahim, A. (2001). Managing Conflict in Organizations. Retrieved June 7, 2012 from http://raqi148.weebly.com/uploads/3/6/7/2/3672942/managing_conflicts_in_organizations.pdf .
2. Chapman, A. (2010). Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Motivational Model. Retrieved June 8, 2012 from http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm .
3. Lieberman, S. (2002). Diversity Benefits Organizations and Communities. Retrieved June 8, 2012 from http://www.simmalieberman.com/articles/diversitybenefits.htm .
group a marketing analysis a case study "cabo san viejo." I upload file. My section "marketing sales." A small section. Break 3 pages. Include graphs citations good. The question answer paper "cab implement a loyalty program" group
Marketing and sales: Cabo San Viejo
According to Michael Porter's Five Forces analysis, every company must position itself within a certain segment of the market, either taking a global strategy, or focusing on a particular demographic (Porter's five forces, 2010, Quick MBA. For Cabo San Viejo, the focus of the company's marketing and sales is clearly upon the high-end of the vacation traveler market. ather than focusing on a narrow market segment, the company seeks to attract a wide range of high-end consumers, given the varied offerings of the resort. Marketing and advertising is currently a very small part of the company's budget, and the emphasis of the advertising has always been on…
Porter's five forces. (2010). Quick MBA. Retrieved February 15, 2011
For a long time, the topic of homosexuality has raised controversial responses from different quotas of the society. This paper aims at developing an argument in support of homosexual phenomena in the society.
One of the reasons that society should be accommodative of homosexuality is that it does not cause harm to anyone. The standard references to gay people include 'lesbians' for the females and 'gays' for the males. However, 'gay' is used to refer to both females and males in homosexual relationships. The scope of individuals identified as lesbian or gay to the proportion who engage in same-sex sexual relationships makes it harder for researchers to estimate varied options (Simon & Brooks, 2009). The concept is hard to disseminate for such as many lesbian or gay people without open identification of heterosexism and homophobic discrimination (Wolf & Kielwasser, 2014).
Many lesbian and gay people have absolute commitments…
Berns, R. (2012). Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization and Support. New York: Cengage Learning.
Mucciaroni, G. (2009). Same Sex, Different Politics: Success and Failure in the Struggles over Gay Rights. New York: University of Chicago Press.
Simon, R.J., & Brooks, A. (2009). Gay and Lesbian Communities the World Over. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Wolf, M., & Kielwasser, A. (2014). Gay People, Sex, and the Media. New York: Routledge.
Organize a regular meeting.
A regular meeting is strategic way to monitor the progress of the team. Through meetings, any existing problems can be discussed for an immediate resolution. In this way, if there are dependencies of tasks, the other tasks can be prevented from being affected by the problem.
Create some rules that can guide the workflow of a team.
Following some work rules within a team won't do any harm. The provision of work rules is one way of maintaining discipline and a proper workflow within the team.
Promote team responsibility.
Encourage every member to take responsibility of the tasks assigned to him. It is ideal if each member would strive to become an example to the other team members. This can be done by meeting the tasks requirements, as well as completing the tasks on time. It can be helpful to introduce a reward after meeting the…
Becoming a Manager of a High-Performance Work Teams.
2002. Virtual Advisor Online. 2004. http://www.va-interactive.com/inbusiness/editorial/hr/ibt/become_m.html
Strategies for Developing an Effective Team.
1998. MSH Online. 2004. http://erc.msh.org/quality/ittools/ittipstm.cfm
group and the nature of the study population. Both may present limitations to the researcher that will be reflective in the study design. In a quasi-experimental study, for instance, the study design lacks a fundamental component of a customary experimental design, namely randomization of the participants into study groups. Geographic limitations or the specificity of the participation qualifications may hinder the researcher from randomizing the subjects. An ex post facto study investigates possible cause-and-effect relationships by observing an existing condition and looking back into the past for valid causal factors. A certain study bias, however, is inherent in this type of study design because the variables are separated by time. Meanwhile, a correlational study compares two or more variables concurrently in detailed bivariate regression analyses. A common objective of this type of study is to determine the correlation between certain defining characteristics of the subjects and the effectiveness of some…
Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16, 11, 658-663.
Hielkema, M., Winter de, A.F., Meer de, G., Reijneveld, S.A. (2011). Effectiveness of a family-centered method for the early identification of social-emotional and behavioral problems in children: a quasi-experimental study. BioMed Central Public Health, 11, 636, 1-9.
Huang, C.Y., Perng, S.J., Chen, H.F., Lai, C.Y. (2008). The Impact of Learned Resourcefulness on Quality of Life in Type II Diabetic Patients: A Cross-Sectional Correlational Study. Journal of Nursing Research, 16, 4, 264-273.
Watson, D., Clark, L.A., Stasik, S.M. (2011). Emotions and emotional disorders: A quantitative hierarchical perspective. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 11, 3, 429-442.
KAPesources Consulting Firm
KAPesources Consulting Firm, a Human esources consulting company, has recently made the decision to expand its operations internationally. This expansion has been identified to require twenty-five families to relocate from the domestic headquarters to offices in Spain and Hong Kong. The plan is to also hire an additional fifty employees from the local international regions to support the company's growth plan. It has been identified that the transition for the families to the overseas locations could be a critical success factor and it is commonly known that many families have trouble during an extended overseas assignment.
Not only will the new cultures require significant amounts of adaptation from the employees and their families, but the employees' new roles in the international markets will also require new skills and new perspectives. This analysis will focus on the company's task force who has been asked to make…
Hatch, M., & Cunliffe, A. (2006). Organization Theory (2nd ed.). London: Oxford.
Tsai, W. (2001). Knowldedge Transfer in Introgranizational Networks. The Academy of Management Journal, 996-1004.
With workplace tasks becoming increasingly complex, the significance of teamwork cannot be overemphasized. Teamwork often facilitates faster and more effective execution of tasks. Nonetheless, managing a group or team of people can be a challenging endeavor in large part due to conflicts and communication issues. Indeed, conflict, misunderstanding, and miscommunication can greatly affect team success and productivity (Bateman, Snell & Konopaske, 2016). With reference to Kolb's learning model, this paper describes my own experience with a team. Following a description of the experience, I reflect on the experience, interpret the experience at a deeper level and identify ways to respond to a similar experience in the future.
At my place of work, I was recently appointed as one of the members of a team aimed at investigating the potential of a certain product the organization wanted to venture into. More specifically, the responsibility of the team was to…
Sandy Hook Case: Reintegrating Adam Lanza Into Society
The tragedy at Sandy Hook Elementary School will never be fully understood. How anyone could reign such terror on innocent children is mind numbing. Yet, if Adam Lanza were to have survived, he would have to deal with life after such a horrible massacre. If he had successfully been treated in a state mental health facility, it might have been possible for him to have one day re-entered the community. In such a situation, there would need to be ongoing treatment and supervision of Lanza himself, along with special health care services provided to Peter Lanza to help care for the ongoing treatment of his son. Overall, the community would also need to stand together and work towards a positive change in light of the tragic events that occurred in the sleepy Connecticut town.
Plan of Action
There are several areas in…