Systems Analyst Essays (Examples)

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System Analyst Job Website Overview

Words: 450 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22182554

" The job required a candidate with a BS in Technical Writing, Food Science, Food Engineering, Food Microbiology or Food Chemistry and competency in Microsoft Word. Salary was commensurate with experience.

A software system architect for the Interoperable Solutions Team at Motorola would be part of a development group within the company's Worldwide adio Solutions Group. The job required a BA and 5+ years in software or system engineering, along with experience with one of the following systems: C++, java, lte, wimax, tau g2, doors, udp, igmp, multicast ip, sdt, evdo. Salary was not specified. A systems analyst for eCommLink was to act as a liaison between eCommLink's engineering, quality assurance, business, and operations teams and create the technical requirements for the prepaid card system created by the company.


Associate product lifecycle management specialist. (2010). Con Agra. etrieved February 17,

2010 at

Manager, business development II, Air Force…… [Read More]


Associate product lifecycle management specialist. (2010). Con Agra. Retrieved February 17,

2010 at

Manager, business development II, Air Force systems and requirements. (2010). BAE Systems.

Retrieved February 17, 2010 at
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System Concepts Company Overview Complete Solutions Plc

Words: 2470 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13716465

System Concepts

Company Overview

Complete Solutions plc (CS) is a successful organization specializing in IT consultancy business with annual turnover of £40 millions. The company is located at North of England with branches in the U.S. And France. Established in 1980, the company was taken over by a larger company, and the take-over bid led to the rapid expansion of the company. Complete Solution has several sections with approximately 400 users in the UK divisions. The company internal services are based in Manchester with the Training Solutions (TS) consultancy section, Sales, and Marketing section. The overall services of Complete Solution consists of the IT consultancy service as well as selling of hardware and software, training and recruitment, software development and, outsourced services. The other services provided by the Complete Solution are consultancy services. With rapid expansion that the company is enjoying, the Complete Solution is planning to go public by…… [Read More]


CO3601 System Concepts (nd).Soft Systems Methodology Case Study: Complete Solutions

Checkland, P.(1985). Achieving 'Desirable and Feasible' Change: An Application of Soft Systems Methodology ST. The Journal of the Operational Research Society. 36(9): 821-831.

Gasson, S. (1995). The Role of Methodologies in IT-Related Organizational changes. Proceedings of BCS Specialist Group on IS Methodologies, 3rd Annual Conference.

Simonsen, J. (1994).Soft Systems Methodology. Computer Science/Roskilde University.
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System Development Art or Science

Words: 863 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61924130

This process places the user in a central position for both determining system requirements and ensuring they are met.

The benefits of these systems include not only improvements in user efficiency, but also others, such as reduced training costs, reduced user errors, reduced maintenance costs, and increased customer satisfaction. However, the chief requirements in these kinds of systems become to understand the users' information needs. As we argued earlier, the systems analysts cannot determine information needs scientifically, rather the system analysts are required to obtain this needs by projecting an extrovert interpersonal style that fits more closely to an art form.

Design evaluations and maintenance are carried out with users of the systems (Smith and Dunckley, 2002). Although we believe that most of maintenance is routine, but in critical cases how systems are made usable so that users do not suffer their work requires an understanding of working around the…… [Read More]


Nielsen, J. (1993). Usability Engineering. New York: Academic Press.

Smith a. And Dunckley (2002). Prototype Evaluation and Redesign: Structuring the Design Space through Contextual Techniques. Interacting with Computers 14, 821 -- 843
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System Paradigms Humans Have the

Words: 2110 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70999728

The religious organization has other-worldly goals, but must adapt to the demands of this world in order to survive. There are generally two kinds of responses to this problem -- the church response and the sect response. The church response is to adapt at the expense of the goals and the sect response is value-rational-to maximize goal commitment at the expense of adaptation (Satow, 1975).


Theories and research concerned with individual performance, employee satisfaction, and reduction of tension between individual and organizational goals deal only with internal aspects of events, relationships, and structures that make up the total organizational system. However, if an organization is seen as an open-energy system, it is apparent that it is dependent for survival and growth upon a variety of energy transfers within the organization and also between the organization and its external environment. It is sure,…… [Read More]


Barnard, C. (1938). The Functions of the Executive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University

Friedlander, F., and Pickle, H. (1968). Components of Effectiveness in Small Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly13(2), 289-304

Kanigel, Robert (1997). The One Best Way: Frederick Winslow Taylor and the Enigma of Efficiency. New York:

Kloos, B., McCoy, J., Stewart, E., Thomas R.E., Wiley, a., Good,- T.L., Hunt G.D., Moore, T. And Rappaport, J. (1997) Bridging the Gap: A Community-Based, Open Systems Approach to School and Neighborhood Consultation. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation 8(2), 175-196
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System Analysis and Design Is the Process

Words: 1552 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51330698

System analysis and design is the process of planning, analyze, design and implement the information systems for the business needs. "Systems analysis is a process of collecting factual data, understand the processes involved, identifying problems and recommending feasible suggestions for improving the system functioning." (Open Schooling (2010.P 5). On the other hand, system design is the process of converting the business requirements into physical system design. To design a system designer makes use of the designing tools such as the flow chart, Data flow diagram (DFD), data dictionary and structured English to build the functional information systems. The Broadway Entertainment Company (BEC) case study is a prototype of the system development life cycle where the group gathers relevant data to analyze and design the information systems. Although, the BEC case does not reflect the overall system development life cycle, nevertheless, the case study provides learning experience for the development of…… [Read More]


Broadway Entertainment Company Inc. (nd), Retrieved 30 July 2011, from the attached file of the BEC Case study.

Dennis, A. Wixom, B. H & Roth, R.M. (2008). System analysis and design. John Wiley and Sons. USA.

Espindola, D. (2009). The 7 Traits of Highly Effective Teams. Self-Improvement Magazine.

Open Schooling (2010).Introduction to System Analysis and Design. National Institute of Open Schooling
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System Thinking and Problem Solving

Words: 3029 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28354991

Systems Thinking

The key constructs of systems thinking were constituted in the first half of the 20th century in fields such as psychology, ecology, organismal biology, and cybernetics (Capra 1997). They include: sub-systems/parts/wholes, environment/system/boundary, process/structure, emerging properties, hierarchy of organizations, negative and positive feedback, data and control, open systems, holism, and the observer. The practical application of these constructs in many fields was discovered by von Bertalanffy (1950). He referred to these concepts as general systems theory (GST). These concepts were adapted in Organizational research and Management science (O/MS) and were referred to as management cybernetics (Beer 1967), systems engineering (Hall 1962), system four dynamics (Forrester 1968), and finally, in what we might refer to as the systems approach (Churchman 1968; Klir 1969; Weinberg 1975) (Mingers & White, 2009).

The systems thinking/systems approach, has been closely linked to the growth of organizational research and management science. At the start it…… [Read More]


Beer, S., 1967. Cybernetics and Management, English Universities Press: London.

Beer S (1984). The Viable System Model: Its Provenance, Development, Methodology and Pathology. Journal of the Operational Research Society 35(7): 25.

Bezuidenhout, C. & Bodhanya, S., 2010. Identifying opportunities in South African sugarcane supply-chain-systems: A synopsis, limitations and recommendations. Report to the South African Sugarcane Research Institute, Mount Edgecombe: s.n.

Burnett SM and Durant-Law GA (2008). Applying the RAAAKERS framework in an analysis of the command and control arrangements of the ADF Garrison Health Support. Journal of Military and Veterans' Health 17: 19-26.
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Systems Engineering Roles Evaluating Systems

Words: 2741 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83919611

Third, subsystems engineers are more attuned to how their specific product and technology areas are driven by external market forces and market dynamics than system engineers typically are. The reason is that subsystem engineers, both hardware and software, seek to understand how customer and market needs impact their existing and future designs. As both of these classes of subsystem engineers are more focused on how to create valuable contributions to their specific area of expertise, monitoring market and customer trends tends to be a passion for many of them. It is not unusual for example to see an engineering team know more about market trends, research, unmet customer needs and competitors than a marketing department for the same product (Hoberman, 2009). This is precisely why subsystem engineers in high technology companies often end up running product management, product marketing and corporate marketing because they have a better grasp of the…… [Read More]


David Carrington, Paul Strooper, Sharron Newby, & Terry Stevenson. (2005). An industry/university collaboration to upgrade software engineering knowledge and skills in industry. The Journal of Systems and Software, 75(1-2), 29-39.

George T. Dasher. (2003). The interface between systems engineering and program management. Engineering Management Journal, 15(3), 11-14.

R. Harrison, a.W. Colombo, a.A. We-st, & S.M. Lee. (2006). Reconfigurable modular automation systems for automotive power-train manufacture. International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, 18(3), 175-190.

Steve Hoberman. (2009). How to Produce Adequate Definitions: Clear and complete attribute definitions improve data deliverables. Information Management, 19(5), 45.
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System Development There Are a Myriad of

Words: 332 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57278939

System Development

There are a myriad of challenges to successfully implementing new systems with the largest being how to manage resistance to change. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the five major challenges to system development. What unifies all of these factors is the need for a successful change management program that can provide those users most affected by new systems with greater insight into why the change is happening (Kroenke, 2013).

Analysis Of The Five Major Challenges To Systems Development

In addition to change management challenges, a lack of having clear objectives and lead to a systems development project failing. The first challenge to systems development is managing the difficulty of determining requirements (Kroenke, 2013). This is particularly difficult when there is resistance to the new system going in or when system analysts are attempting to design enhanced and more effective workflows.

The second major challenge is…… [Read More]


Kroenke, D.M. (2013). Using MIS (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. (Pg. 368-371).
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Systems and Operations

Words: 910 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81801468

Management System

To manage and control the development activities for Visa's new system, Visa Commerce, the management system that would perhaps be best applicable is to focus the management and control on the development team that must consist of "just enough" number of members. This includes the team that chiefly handles all the requirements for the new system and the system's IT development team. Since Visa Commerce is a system for global use, it is essential that all development activities for the system must be firmly monitored and controlled. Communication to a team that is not large in number of members, yet enough to complete the system, facilitates this process.

To manage and control the activities for Visa Commerce, an open communication should be available between each member of the development team. If possible, the development team must work as a group in one location. This is important specifically to…… [Read More]


Douglass, B.P. (2000). Organizing Models the Right Way.

Retrieved on February 12, 2004, from SD Magazine.

Web site:

Solarski, M. (1998). Dynamic Updating of Software Components in TINA-based Systems.
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System Development Life Cycle

Words: 2836 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25061562

system development life cycle (SDLC) approach to the development of Information Systems and/or software is provided. An explanation of SDLC is offered, with different models applied in implementing SDLC delineated. Advantages and disadvantages associated with each of the models will be identified.

System Development Life Cycle

According to Walsham (1993), system development life cycle (SDLC) is an approach to developing an information system or software product that is characterized by a linear sequence of steps that progress from start to finish without revisiting any previous step. The SDLC model is one of the oldest systems development models and is still probably the most commonly used (Walsham, 1993). The SDLC model is basically a project management tool that is used to plan, execute, and control systems development projects (Whitten & Bentley, 1998). System development life cycles are usually discussed in terms of the conventional development using the waterfall model or the…… [Read More]

References survey of system development methods (1998). Center for Technology in Government,

Albany, NY: University at Albany, CTG Publication, pp. 1-13.

Ahituv, Niv & Neumann, Seev (1982). Principles of information systems for management. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers.

Hughes, P. (2002). SDLC models and methodologies. Information Systems Branch,

Ministry of Transportation, Governement of British Columbia, Victoria, BC, Canada.
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System Theory the Origin and

Words: 4711 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99908857

However, in the most recent theory of evolution which discusses the living world appears as the result of chance and an output of different randomly selected natural mills. This kind of development came to present as a result of the need of more subjects or topics in areas such as cybernetic, general system theory, information theory, theories of games which is needed in most decision making process in line with real applications. In mathematics techniques however, there are a number of general assumption which are insufficient and most of the time very contradict themselves (Laszlo & Krippner, 1982).

Again, Laszlo (1982) outlined that von Bertalanffy considered the idea of organization to be involved at various stages in the expression of natural system. This could be highlighted from his first statement on the system which he made between the years 1925-1926, during the time when similar thinking of organism was being…… [Read More]


Bailey, K.D. (2004). Beyond System Internals: Expanding the Scope of Living Systems Theory. Los Angeles: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Bailey, K.D. (2006). Living systems theory and social entropy theory. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 23, 291-300.

Bertalanffy, L. (1951). General system theory - a new approach to unity of science. (Symposium), Human Biology, 23, 303-361. Dec 1951.

Bertalanffy, L. (1972). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications. London: Allen Lane.
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Systems Theory the Auto Industry

Words: 1149 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59319371

For example, GM lobbied the state of California 1998 to overturn an emissions-reduction mandate that would have prohibited many of GM's passenger vehicles from being sold in the large, car-hungry state. When it was successful in the short run, GM discontinued its work on its prototype of a battery-powered car, the EV1 that ran 100 miles on a single charge. Toyota, in contrast, continued to work on its hybrid line, and the resulting Prius shows the fruitfulness of the Toyota approach (Lifton 2008). Discontinuing research on battery-powered technology was not simply bad business sense on GM's part, but also showed how one part of the company (management) could thwart the efforts of another part of the company (&D). The focus of systems theory is synergy rather than such discordant behavior. Systems theory stresses that "the system's overall behavior depends on its entire structure (not the sum of its various parts)"…… [Read More]


Bunkley, Nick & Bill Vlasic. (2009, October 1). G.M. To close Saturn after deal fails. The New

York Times.

GM plans to cut 10,000 Opel jobs. (2009, 5 November). BBC. Retrieved November 27, 2009 at 

Lifton, Jack. (2008, December 10). Toyota's business model is the reason that Detroit should not be bailed out. Gershon Lehman Group. Retrieved November 27, 2009 at
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Swt System Wide Test Efficiency

Words: 543 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48763725

The project will be initialized by system analysts who explore the implication of their current system and the constraints provided by the new MP solution. Project managers monitor the communication between the executive committee specifications and system analysts, while the it support division provides ongoing support, maintenance and training for the system. There are several constraints for this project, primarily, the MP solution must be developed in parallel in the current system so that no downtime is experienced during implementation. Which means that a flawless transition between systems must take place, taxing all agents involved. Implementation time will be significant because the longer the implementation period, more costs will accrue for double usage of the ongoing MP solution. However, careful implementation and training will allow for a smoother transition between systems, which will be crucial for operations. The training procedure will be two steps, first the it support staff then…… [Read More]

Resources software system analyst

System Software

MRP interface

GUI hardware

IT support
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Business Systems Improving Your Career

Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60945880

Career in Business Systems Development

A specialist in business systems development has the responsibility of working with organizations to provide technical advice in relation to information technology. "They typically reside in the Information Technology department. Using their knowledge of the organization's technology infrastructure and specific software applications (e.g. Human esources/People Soft, or Finance modules in SAP or other industry applications) they help the business to address changes through technology" (McVey 2016). The skills needed to succeed include "technology, data, networks, the internet, mobile devices and how technology supports the achievement of business goals" (McVey 2016).

Because technology is always changing, it is particularly critical that Business Systems Analysts keep their skills current and sharp. Sustaining membership in organizations which offer continuing education classes and other forms of instruction is critical. This includes organizations such as the International Institute of Business Analysts which provides classes in software development, risk assessment, and…… [Read More]


5 reasons to join. (2016). ABPMP. Retrieved from:

Computer systems analyst. (2016). U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved from:
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Divide-And-Conquer Strategy in Developing an Integrated System

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22221401

Divide-And-Conquer Strategy

In developing an integrated system, it is often considered better to divide the system into subsystems. Because of the complexity of the integrated system, often development work has become enormously difficult. At the same time, however, organizations are demanding new and integrated systems more quickly to compete in the marketplace.

Seeing that the cost of an integrated system can run into millions of dollars and several years, the organizations usually work with the divide-and-conquer-strategy. This strategy is useful in the development of the complex and integrated system because it allows the division of the complex integrated systems into manageable sets of subsystems that can be allocated to different groups of developers, who can work concurrently.

By dividing an integrated system into several subsystems, the systems analysts get the advantages of focus and attention, as they can assign subsystems to those groups that possess the adequate and the relevant…… [Read More]


Blanchard, B.S. And Fabrycky, W.J.. Systems Engineering and Analysis. Third Edition. Prentice-Hall. Upper Saddle River, NJ. 1998
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Human Resources Information Systems --

Words: 891 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95377882

Second, the assumption of a phased roll-out in each of the global geographies of Cincom makes the most sense, concentrating on localization of languages and variation in key human resources processes by region prior to the formal introduction of the system. This is critical, in our experience, to ensure there is a higher probability of adoption of the system. Third, the assumption that the system will be integrated with payroll and accounting systems has been made in this initial business case. From our previous conversations it is clear you would like to manage human resources to a tighter budget given these difficult economic times, and the system we've chosen is flexible enough to allow for costing and integration. Fourth, the assumption that the outsourcing businesses of Cincom, now in its formative stages, will grow. Our criteria in the evaluation of the recommended system take the potential growth of this exciting…… [Read More]

Resources Management System. Our thorough review of potential systems have shown this to be the most cost-effective and best aligned with your company's needs. At your request our team can provide you with further analysis and potential cost and time savings to Cincom for adopting this potential strategy. Thank you and we look forward to hearing from you soon.
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Natural Systems Model 'Mayo and

Words: 1972 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26067549

(1958: 191) (Scott, 2003, p.50) Simon states that a hierarchy of goals is established in which each level is "...considered as an end relative to the levels below it and as a means relative to the levels above it. Through the hierarchical structure of ends, behavior attains integration and consistency, for each member of a set of behavior alternatives is then weighted in terms of a comprehensive scale of values -- the "ultimate" ends. (Simon, 1997: 74) "In addition to simplifying decisions for participants in all these ways, organizations also support participants in the decisions they are expected to make.



Scott (2003) notes that it was observed by Collins (1986) that there is nothing "...known in the field of organizations, perhaps in all sociology, than Weber's model of bureaucracy. It also happens that there is no more complete misunderstanding of a major sociological…… [Read More]


Scott, W. Richard (2003) Organizations; Rational, Natural and Open Systems. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
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Systems to Manage Warehouses

Words: 995 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72665733

Warehousing Management Systems

When it comes to warehousing, times are definitely changing. The past meant a lot of paperwork for the warehouse, and it was still possible for things to get lost in the shuffle. That brought about the realization that state-of-the-art warehouse management systems are critical to the operate of a modern warehouse, for a number of reasons (Atkinson, 2002). Those reasons will be explored here, along with how warehouse management systems have changed the landscape and what they have provided to people in that industry. It is now much easier for items to travel to and from the warehouse on schedule, and more likely that items leaving the warehouse will arrive at the right destination (Atkinson, 2002). But warehouse management systems do much more than that. They also ensure that everything is handled correctly within the warehouse. They are vitally important in the modern warehouse because of the…… [Read More]


Anonymous. (2002). WMS drives efficient parts distribution. Modern Materials Handling, Boston, 57(12).

Atkinson, W. (2002). Value-added services from 3 PLs and public warehouses: What to look for. Logistics Management, 41(10): W8-11.

McKnight, D. (1999). A practical guide to evaluating the functional utility of warehouses. The Appraisal Journal, 67(1): 29-37.
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SAS System SAS Contains an Excellent Graphics

Words: 2471 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70484698

SAS System

SAS contains an excellent graphics package for producing graphics and visuals to enhance the display and reporting of statistical information. The focus of this study is to examine the graphics uses of the SAS system and to provide a description for each use of graphics with the SAS system and then to compare the SAS system with other graphics packages available in today's market. Toward this end, this work will conduct a review of literature in this area of study.

(1) What are the various types of graphics that can be performed using the SAS system?

(2) What are the applications of SAS graphics?

(3) How does SAS graphics differ from other graphics packages?

The work of Phil Spector reports that the SAS system was developed in the early 1970s decade at North Caroline State University and was intended originally for use by management and analysis of agricultural…… [Read More]


Friendly, Michael (nd) A SIMULATION PROJECT FOR EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN. SUGI. York University. Friendly, Michael (nd) Visualizing Categorical Data: Data, Stories, and Pictures. Retrieved from: 

Introduction to SAS®/Graph Philip Mason, Wood Street Consulting, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, England (nd) Retrieved from:

Muenchen, RA (nd) Comparison of SAS and SPSS Products with R. Packages and Function. Retrieved from:

Patel, H. And Caira, D. (nd) Using SAS/GRAPH® Software to Create Graphs on the Web. Paper 189. Revised by David Caira, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, Retrieved from:
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Environmental Systems in the Past

Words: 12463 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 751326

Although the research tools provided by the ISO 14001 framework are both qualitative and quantitative, this approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who points out that, "Both qualitative and quantitative research use several specific research techniques (e.g., survey, interview, and historical analysis), yet there is much overlap between the type of data and the style of research. Most qualitative-style researchers examine qualitative data and vice versa" (p. 16). Indeed, researchers have used qualitative and quantitative surveys to assess consumer reactions to proposed environmental initiatives at the local level (Neuman, 2003).

In fact, quantitative and qualitative research methods are characterized by a number of similarities that lend themselves to environmental systems analyses and development (as well as some differences) (Neuman, 2003). The distinct differences in the qualitative and quantitative research suggest that the use of quantitative data for environmental system development is highly appropriate, but that such…… [Read More]


Bonlac Foods. (2012). Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from

McComb, S. (2010). Green building & green business informatics tool. Elusor. Retrieved from

Recardo, R. & Jolly, J. (1999). Organizational culture and teams. SAM Advanced Management

Journal, 62(2), 4-5.
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Air Traffic Control Systems in

Words: 1343 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91147471

46). To date, though, these reforms have not materialized and the air traffic control system remains mired in the FAA bureaucracy (McDougall & oberts, 2008). In this regard, Poole (2008) emphasizes that, "[the air traffic control system] is managed by an unwieldy government bureaucracy, micromanaged by Congress, and subjected to the ups and downs of the federal budget process. And as air travel continues to grow, the air traffic control system is less and less able to keep pace" (p. 11).

Based on the importance of sound air traffic control systems, there have been a number of studies conducted to determine the primary causes of existing air traffic control system deficiencies. The research to date has identified five main causes as follows:

1. Procurement: cumbersome federal procurement processes end up taking five to seven years to acquire new radar and computer systems -- at a time when a new generation…… [Read More]


Deitz, S.R. & Thoms, W.E. (1999). Pilots, personality, and performance:

Human behavior and stress in the skies. New York: Quorum Books Jacko, J.A. & Sears, a. (2003). The human-computer interaction handbook:

Fundamentals, evolving technologies, and emerging applications.

Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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Information Systems and Its Effects on Business

Words: 2058 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75689548

information systems and its effects on business processes. Moreover, I have explained the several business components and their effectiveness as information systems. In addition, I have provided information regarding the effects of information systems on various business careers.

Information systems have brought revolutions and innovations in today's business' setups and also have developed a close relationship with globalization. The responsibility of these information systems in an organization is not to support the tasks of the individuals but to support business functions as a whole. Nowadays, business operations are conducted by using e-mail, online conferences (video/audio) and cell phones which have turned out to be the most fundamental tools in business execution. Information systems, if truth be told, are the basis of accelerating supply chains. The businesses today have the advantage of using internet for purchasing, selling, advertising and imploring the feedbacks from consumers/customers online. It is now the purpose of…… [Read More]


Alter, S. (2002). Information Systems: Foundation of E-Business, 4/e (4th ed.). New Delhi, India: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from

Chatterjee, I. (2010). Management Information Systems. Delhi, India: PHI Learning Private Limited. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from

Laudon, K., Laudon, J., & Dass, R. (2010). Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm (11th ed.). Chennai: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from,+11/E&hl=en&sa=X&ei=KM0dUcjxNOW00QXAtIH4Bg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

Lucey, T. (2005). Management Information System (9th ed.). Croatia: Thomson Learning. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from
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Net-Centric Computing and Information Systems

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61884582

As each of the principles is predicated on each person involved in the implementation taking a personal role in their success, transformational leadership is crucial for its success. As the transformational leader has the ability to get people to move beyond their own boundaries of the status quo and move forward despite fear, for the 10 principles as defined by obertson to be successful, there will need to be a continual focus on transformational leadership and a continual reinforcing of the value of the change as well. All of these factors will need to be unified in a very thorough communications plan that gets beyond the generalities to the specific very quickly. Only by having a strong project director with these skills with any project succeed and attain the 10 principles as defined (Vital, Bernier, 2006).

Another dimension of implementing these factors throughout a network is the long-term motivation of…… [Read More]


Minard, B. (1987). Growth and change through information management. Journal of Healthcare Management, 32(3), 307-307.

Murdick, R.G., & Ross, J.E. (1972). Future management-information-systems. Journal of Systems Management, 23(5), 32-32.

Nasir, S. (2005). The development, change, and transformation of management informaton systems (MIS): A content analysis of articles published in business and marketing journals. International Journal of Information Management, 25(5), 442-457.

Robertson, J. (2005) 10 principles of effective information management. KM Column. 1 November 2005. Retrieved on March 12, 2012 from
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Small but Successful Systems Integrator

Words: 2180 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97773921

This skill will help am in all areas of his life.

The counseling protocol

I will introduce am to these ideas by using a mixture of Rogerain non-directive counseling with behavioral and cognitive techniques, as well as Gestalt by placing am in the other's shoes.

It seems to me that although am's confidence needs working on, the best route to rectify his self-esteem is by focusing on the problem and having am address it in a practical incremental way.

Discussion with team

My plan of action will be open-ended listening where I will encourage them to share their reactions about am. I will involve am in these meetings so am can discuss his concerns with his colleagues resulting in each gaining a perspective and understanding of the other's situation and feelings. I will encourage all participants to be as concrete and as open as possible so that all concerns get…… [Read More]


Callister, RR & Wall, JA Jr. (1995). Conflict and its management Journal of Management. 21.3 p515.

Chesler, M.A., Crowfoot, J.E. & Bryant, B.I. (1978). Power training: An alternative path to conflict management. California Management Review, 21(2): 84-90.

Derr, C.B. (1978). Managing organizational conflict: Collaboration, bargaining, power approaches. California Management Review, 21: 76-83.

Goleman, D.(1995) Emotional Intelligence, Bantam, USA
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Hit System Planning

Words: 1049 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81316010

HIT System Planning

This study examines the four phases of HIT systems, the key members of the steering committee and why they are important, and the importance of needs assessment. HIT is the abbreviation for Health Information Technology, which is stated to have four steps to adoption including; (1) planning; (2) selection; (3) implementation; and (4) maintenance. (American Medical Association, nd) This work examines specifically a long-term care facility adoption of Health Information Technology (HIT).


Preparation includes daily operators that are changed by Health IT including provider workflow, nursing workflow, billing process, front desk process, scope/complexity of IT infrastructure and revenue/expense mix. The changes begin by defining the organization's needs in terms of what is needed by the HIT. Secondly, it is important to determine the organizational readiness and to gain the information concerning other individual's "experience and lessons learned while implementing and using health IT. Current processes should…… [Read More]


A Roadmap for Health IT in Long-Term and Post Acute Care (LTPAC)(2010-2012) A Roadmap for Health IT in Long-Term and Post Acute Care. Retrieved from:

Electronic Medical Records System and Health Information Exchanges for Long-Term Care (2006) NYAHSA Spring Institute & Exhibition Presented on May 23, 2006. Retrieved from:

Health information technology: System selection and planning (nd) PWC. Retrieved from:

Health IT Quick Reference (nd) American Medical Association. Retrieved from:
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Bae Systems Financial Analysis as

Words: 2799 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44058072

Clearly the ability to transform critical new product development, supply chain, sourcing and material yield and optimization strategies has paid off, as indicated by the exceptionally strong inventory turns a year in the latest fiscal period (29.78). This was also achieved in FY 2008 and due to several acquisitions during FY 2007 BAE Systems posted 52.31 inventory turns due to the consolidation of financial statements and operations with companies acquired during that time. Finally the metrics illustrate how well BAE is re-architecting key processes to gain high levels of cost efficiencies. This is seen in the trending of Return on Assets (ROA), which in 2005 was 3.03, increasing to 8.52 in 2006 and then dropping to 4.69 in 2007. The FY 2008 timeframe showed exceptional growth with the company reporting 7.58 ROA. On ROE the transition from 20.22 in 2005, to 47.16 in 2006, 17.78 in 2007, and 26.19 in…… [Read More]

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Retired Military Media Analysts Gates

Words: 808 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12980474

Although former soldiers might assert that they are being objective because they are using their past experiences to support their assessments, viewers have the right to know what might influence former soldiers' perception of military evidence. This is particularly important in dealing with military speakers, because often a military title and a uniform, even of a retired officer, can cause a viewer to stand a little taller, and feel unpatriotic discounting the officer's testimony. A casual television viewer might assume the officer is reporting directly about what he or she has seen of troops in the field -- not balance sheets in a contractor's office. While Gates, as Secretary of Defense, clearly respects the men and women who have served the nation, he notes: "when they [former officers] are referred to by their title, the public doesn't know whether they are active duty or retired officers because those distinctions tend…… [Read More]


Gates urges greater clarity by military media analysts. (2008, April 21). Space Daily.

Retrieved January 31, 2010 at
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Career as a Financial Analyst

Words: 839 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43983799

The capacity of interpreting and using information to create scenarios and, even more important, access to all the latest information in the financial sector (currency exchange rates, declarations by key players on the different markets, announcements made by world leaders etc.) is an important benefit of the job. Imagine that instead of having to go out on the market and obtain relevant information, you find it all on your computer, at a touch, and the only thing you need to do is filter through it, pick out the important things and be able to interpret these correctly.

Further more, despite the fact that there is an incredible responsibility, one of the great advantages is that this responsibility can be interpretable. You make analysis, not decisions and, from this perspective, the responsibility refers only to the correct interpretation of the data and information that has been provided rather than to making…… [Read More]

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What Information System Holds in Accounting Industry's Future

Words: 7679 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50658433

Information System holds in Accounting Industry's future?

Looking through the glass and estimating what the future holds for any individual or profession is always a difficult exercise as the trends in any business or profession may change and so the path of development. It is better to look at the experience of some companies whose systems have changed over the past few years and thus try to estimate what is likely to happen.

There are many changes that have come to the world through the development of Information Technology and Computers. All the changes have come over a relatively short period of twenty years, and in many cases both industry and concerned humans are yet to adjust to the changes. There are many changes which have come in the accounting industry also, and those changes give an idea of what is likely to happen in the future.

The organization where…… [Read More]


Anders, Susan B. (February, 2005) "Website of the Month: Legalbitstream" The CPA Journal.

Retrieved from Accessed on 12 July, 2005

Anders, Susan B. (July, 2005) "Website of the Month: Kaplan CPA Review" The CPA Journal.

Retrieved from Accessed on 12 July, 2005
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Bretton Woods System vs The Economic and Monetary Union Emu

Words: 2561 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70344045

ules and Institutions of the Bretton Woods System

The increasing popularity of the importance of monetary unions has gained much focus in the recent past. Most states consider forming monetary unions a solution to most of their financial problems. However, they fail to realize the challenges associated with its establishment and sustainability. Therefore, this research paper analyzes two different monetary unions, their policies, failures and successes and lessons learnt from their experiences for future success of the monetary unions.

The key design features of the System

The system was designed with the fundamental aim of establishing an international financial system to overcome the real and perceived financial problems. Among the problems included the competitive devaluation, subordination of the monetary policy in relation to the external bane and the need for the establishment of a system that facilitated exchange rates for different foreign transactions (Eichengreen, 2004). The design of the system…… [Read More]


Ardy, B., 2000. Economic and monetary union: A review article. JCMS: Journal of Common

Market Studies, 38 (7), p.667.

Avgouleas, E. 2010. The governance of global financial markets and international financial regulation: Legal framework and policy directions. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Bernstein, E.M., and Kirshner, O. 1996. The Bretton Woods GATT system: Retrospect and prospect after fifty years. Armonk, NY [u.a.: Sharpe.
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Health Care Finance Financial Analyst Eric Feigenbaum

Words: 1202 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38662815

Health Care Finance

Financial analyst Eric Feigenbaum (2009) notes that while we like to think of hospitals in terms of compassion, patient care and dedication to altruistic aims, they are businesses concerned with revenues and expenses like any other business (Feigenbaum 2009, p.2). In today's hectic world of economic downturn and financial struggles felt from individuals of every demographic and social status, revenue and expense accounting are issues that must be addressed carefully by nearly every business in every market. The same holds true for the health care industry and health care providers. With financial uncertainty come threats for health care providers in managing revenue and expenses during the upcoming years. However, with these threats remain certain opportunities for health care providers to take on in order to combat the uncertainty that comes with managing revenue and expenses when the amount of each is not ideal.

With the appropriate management…… [Read More]


Bristow, W. (2009). How to thrive during a recession. Doctor's Digest. 81(1): p.16.

Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.

Feigenbaum, E. (2009). Categories of expenses and revenues in the hospital business setting. Demand Media, 2(1), pp. 2-5. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Johnson, N., McNichol, E. And Oliff, P. (2011). Feeling the recession's impact on health care. Handbook of Health Economics 3(2), pp. 54. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
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Two Party System the Two-Party

Words: 1731 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65605920

The merits of the two-party system all stem from its perceived (and probably justifiably so) stability. That stability is offered by many as reason enough to avoid rocking the boat. But, as presented here, the arguments against the two-party system and, indeed, maybe against stability itself, are more persuasive. The U.S. can handle electoral dynamics associated with more than two parties, and it seems that the governing body can only benefit from the injection of new, perhaps radical, ideas. hile the two-party system is unlikely to change in the near future, it seems possible that a charismatic and visionary leader from a third party could tap into broad public dissatisfaction and create a whole new chapter for America.

orks Cited

Alesina, Alberto. (1988). Credibility and Policy Convergence in a Two-Party System

with Rational Voters. The American Economic Review, 78 (4): 796-805

Arjmand, Marzieh. (2010). Two-Party System in the United States.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alesina, Alberto. (1988). Credibility and Policy Convergence in a Two-Party System

with Rational Voters. The American Economic Review, 78 (4): 796-805

Arjmand, Marzieh. (2010). Two-Party System in the United States. Available at:
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Siebel Systems Case Study the

Words: 1796 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90403371

This modularity of their applications will allow them to be more aggressive on pricing, and also tackle the second strategic weakness they have today, which is the gulf between what they say customer satisfaction is and what it actually is (Elgin, Sager, 2003). edefining the implementation methodologies is critical for Siebel not only from a customer satisfaction perspective but also from a customer referenceability one as well. Third, Siebel needs to look at SaaS as the new platform of choice for integration platform solutions including UAN (Jones, Schwartz, 2003) and the delivery of highly specific vertical market applications that will resonate with customers in the midst of the recession that was occurring at that time (Schwartz, 2003). Finally Siebel must become more transparent and genuine in their dealings with the analyst community as they are clearly seen as out of touch by AM esearch (Kerstetter, 2003) and Gartner. The bottom…… [Read More]


Larry Barbetta, VP and General Manager, Analytics Siebel Systems. (2004). DM Review, 14(7), 30.

Barbara Darrow, Rochelle Garner. (2003, October). Siebel, IBM launch OnDemand hosted CRM but competitors say they are unfazed. CRN,(1066), 35.

Darrell Dunn. (2003, October). Siebel's makeover. InformationWeek,(959), 49-59.

Ben Elgin, Ira Sager. (2003, May). CONDITION RED AT SIEBEL. Business Week,(3832), 10.
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Computer Information Systems Marketing Information

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40674935

Future Development Trends

The pervasiveness of the Internet and the increasing availability of development tools for creating analytics applications are together serving as the catalyst for the development of an entirely new set of predictive analytic and modeling applications where the performance of specific strategies can be simulated and planned for (Gounaris, Panigyrakis, Chatzipanagiotou, pp. 615, 616). Second, the development of collaborative platforms based on the Internet is also making the data collection function of Marketing Information Systems much more streamlined that has been the case in the past.


Marketing Information Systems are transforming the accuracy and speed that companies' marketing, sales and senior management can react to market conditions effectively. The growth of these systems is in direct proportion to the increasing speed and uncertainty new markets and market conditions influence company's plans and results.


Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through…… [Read More]


Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through call center emails into a decision support system for churn prediction. " Information & Management 45.3 (2008) 164. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008.

Elizabeth Daniel, Hugh Wilson, Malcolm McDonald. "Towards a map of marketing information systems: An inductive study. " European Journal of Marketing 37.5/6 (2003): 821-847. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008

Spiros P. Gounaris, George G. Panigyrakis, Kalliopi C. Chatzipanagiotou. "Measuring the effectiveness of marketing information systems:an empirically validated instrument. " Marketing Intelligence & Planning 25.6 (2007): 612-631. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008.

Ronald L. Hess, Ronald S. Rubin, Lawrence a West Jr. "Geographic information systems as a marketing information system technology. " Decision Support Systems 38.2 (2004): 197-212. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 27 Apr. 2008.
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Community Health Systems Chs Is

Words: 5245 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97136709

The company's board believed they could not find a replacement for Chaney by the date of his intended departure, and so the directors put the company up for sale. In March 1996, the New York-based investment banking firm Merrill Lynch was hired to generate interest in the company, and a suitable buyer was found, a New York-based private investment firm named Forstmann Little & Co. This company was headed by Theodore Forstmann, a leveraged buyout specialist. Forstmann's firm had more than $20 billion invested in 20 companies and made its living by acquiring companies and selling them for a profit. Forstmann Little acquired Community Health in 1996, and this was the firm's first purchase of a healthcare company. The firm paid $1 billion for Community Health, which at the time operated 38 hospitals in 18 states, and this change in ownership made Community Health a privately held company. In January…… [Read More]


Adams, D. (1996, March 20). Buy materials management systems, or pray you can swim. Health Management Technology, 63-65.

Community Health Systems Inc. scales back on risk (2004, November 23)., retrieved May 30, 2007 at

Community Health may seek other deals (2001, February 2). Philadelphia Business Journal, v19 i51, 10.

Career opportunities (2007), retrieved May 29, 2007 at
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Small Computer Systems Proposed Research

Words: 4808 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43109232

According to aul B. Mckimmy (2003), "The first consideration of wireless technology is bandwidth. 802.11b (one of four existing wireless Ethernet standards) is currently the most available and affordable specification. It allows a maximum of 11 megabits per second (Mbps)" (p. 111); the author adds that wired Ethernet LANs are typically 10 or 100 Mbps.

In 1997, when the IEEE 802.11 standard was first ratified, wireless LANs were incompatible and remained vendor specific; the 802.11 protocol representeded an important step towards standardization (assmore, 2000). Wireless local area network (LAN) technology, however, has actually been in use since the late 1980s; different proprietary approaches were commonly used, and the networks operated at lower speeds (e.g., 1-2 Mbps). In 1997, though, the standards setting body, IEEE, released the 802.(11) standard for wireless local area networking using the unlicensed 2.4 GHz frequency band (as opposed to the 900 MHz band used in the…… [Read More]

Passmore, D. (2000, March). Wireless LANs Come of Age. Business Communications Review, 30(3), 22.

Vance, a. (2002, August). Variations on 802.11: Here Are 802.11's a, B, G's, and Other Things You Never Learned in School about Wireless LANs. Business Communications Review, 32(8), 36.

Weiser, M. (1998). The future of ubiquitous computing on campus. Communications of the ACM, 41, 41-42.
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Mobile Commerce on Home Control System

Words: 1893 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40386035

home control system using mobile commerce -- or, how your cell phone can connect you to your home when you are away from home

For better or for worse, the cell phone technology has changed modern communication and modern life. Mobile communication systems have undoubtedly made modern human beings more 'connected' to one another, or at least more able to talk to, or to reach one another, at any point in time. Now, an individual with a 'switched on' cell phone can always be accessed through the use of mobile cell phone technology -- barring any interference from poor connections or poor service, of course! However, besides simply being able to talk to others more easily, mobile phones can also make it easier to access other aspects of one's daily existence, from one's calendar, list of frequently called numbers, and yes, one's home.

The ability of mobile commerce to connect…… [Read More]

Works Cited Staff. "Nortel Networks." (February 19, 2004). Retrieved on February 19, 2004 at site=

"Home Control Systems." (2004). Electronic House Magazine. Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at

'Motorola." (February 18, 2004). Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at,_inc/profile / 'Motorola: and Leading Developers Add Multimedia and Connectivity to Feature Phone Reference Design. (2004). Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at site=

'Market Report -- In Play." (February 19, 2004). Retrieved on February 4, 2004 at site=
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Economic System of Mexico Mexico Which Is

Words: 2017 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2668196

Economic System of Mexico

Mexico, which is officially United Mexican States, is a country that is bordered by the United States, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea; elize and Guatemala; and the Pacific Ocean (Concise Columbia, 2000). The country's capital is Mexico City and its other main cities include

Guadalajara, and Monterrey.

Mexico's landscape is predominantly mountainous. While lowlands lie in the southeast and along the coasts, the heart of the country is the extensive Mexican plateau, with elevations generally above 4,000 feet.

Mexico's government consists of an executive, legislative and judicial ranch. The executive branch is ruled by the president and must rule according to the law. The legislative branch is in charge of the making of laws, and discussing the countries problems with other countries.

In Mexico, a new president is elected every six years by means of election. The current president is Vicente Fox. The…… [Read More]


The Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Columbia University Press. 2000.

Mexico Economic Survey, OECD Paris, 1999.

Mexico's Historical Figures,, Mexico Connect, 1996-2000.

Krauze, E. Mexico: Biography of Power. Rutgers, 1999.
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Enterprise Level Business Systems Assessment

Words: 1221 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58449369

Enterprise-Level Business Systems: Assessment

One of the most criticized aspects of modern business life has been the role of the chief executive. In the public's mind, the CEO is often an over-paid, over-privileged individual, feted with perks rather than required to perform to his or her maximum capacity as an employee. The watchword of corruption and ethics has caused the media and investors to view this individual in the corporate hierarchy with suspicion. In contrast, the CIO, or chief information officer often has the opposite problem -- he, or, increasingly she is viewed as someone of a specialty occupation, rather than a critical part of the developing business management infrastructure. (Surmacz, 2004)

The CIO has often viewed as a technocrat, rather than someone whom can contribute holistically to the overreaching vision of the business. This is not simply the company's fault, however. ather, too many CIOs often judge implementations "by…… [Read More]


Low, Lafe. (February 15, 2004) "They Got it Together." (CIO Online.

Mesoy, Tor and Jonas Arleback. (February 15, 2004) "For High Performance Opportunities for CIOs." CIO Online.

Schrage, Michael. (February 15, 2004). "The Metrics Trap." CIO Online.

Surmacz, Jon. (February 15, 2004). "Closing the Gap. CIO Online.
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Wired Communication Wire Systems in

Words: 1929 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73044094

As the pace of communication affects the pace of business and the degree to which a society can "keep up" with the rest of the world, public funding for private telecommunications growth has been justified; in addition, several landmark court rulings have required telecommunications infrastructure to be usable in ways that are not harmful to the public by entities that do not own them, through licensing requirements and other arrangements (von Alven 1998). Growth has thus been spurred by both public and private interests.

epair and Maintenance Procedures

The repair of the actual wire portions of wired telecommunications systems is relatively straightforward. Downed lines -- a common occurrence in storms due to high winds, fallen trees, etc. -- must be replaced by new segments of wire connecting existing (or replaced) nodes along the wire route. Wires can often be reused following being downed after inspection and refurbishing, though long-term maintenance…… [Read More]


Hoovers. (2011).Fixed-line voice service providers. Accessed 11 April 2011.

IBIS. (2011). Wired telecommunications carriers. Accessed 11 April 2011. 

Von Alven, W. (1998). Bill's 200-Year Condensed History of Telecommunications. Accessed 11 April 2011.
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Motivational Reward System Pro's Con's the Learning

Words: 2551 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84897524

On the one hand, it can increase the uncertainty he accumulated during the time in which he was subject to abusive treatment. On the other hand, he can limit the level of trust he offers to any superior with authority. Therefore, the punishment-based system of motivation can cause serious long-term effects.

Another reason for which punishment-based motivation systems is not useful for the construction of a stable and reliable motivation is the fact that it is not built or it does not appeal to a system of values based on mutual respect. More precisely, the element of fear present in the relationship between the professor and the student is not able to have a consistent contribution to the establishment of a respectful relationship and once the fear is gone, an offensive attitude replaces any submissive behavior from the part of the student. Moreover, he comes to reject any future authority.…… [Read More]


Cameron, J., Pierce, W. (2002). Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation: Resolving the Controversy. Westport: Bergin & Garvey.

Chan, E. (Maech 2004) Student Motivation/Teacher Motivation. Motivation for Mandatory Courses. Vol. 7, No. 3. Faculty of Human and Social Development, University of Victoria, Canada.

Cook, J. (October-November 2003) Motivational Strategies: The Outcome Starts Here Motivating through Extrinsic and Intrinsic Rewards. American Music Teacher. Vol. 53, issue 2..

Hurlbert, W. (2006). Employee motivation: Build trust and respect. Big Business World. 2006. Retrieved 14 January 2008, at
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International Monetary System

Words: 3495 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13803492

International Monetary System

In world trade, varied national currencies are swapped for each other by means of rules and procedures set by a system called the international monetary system. To delineate a general standard of value for the world's currencies, such a system is believed to be necessary.

The global monetary structure has always adhered to the organizational framework of the international discipline. In each stage of the financial capitalism there exists a corresponding monetary approach. The monetary structure during the postwar periods catered to the dominance of the United States. This was applied as a tool during the period to enforce the U.S. dominance over all its allies and the developing countries, irrespective of the socialist countries isolated themselves being unconnected from the influence of the financial and monetary disciplines of the global capitalism.

Gold standard was the first contemporary international monetary system. The gold standard contributed for the…… [Read More]


Amin, Samir. Replacing the International Monetary System? - Current Failures of Global Economic Policy. Monthly Review. Volume: 8; No: 1; October, 1993. pp: 93-98

Holloway, Thomas. M. The International Monetary System: Essays in World Economics. - Book Reviews. Monthly Labor Review. Volume: 12; No: 1; January, 1998. pp: 158-164

International Monetary System. The Columbia Encyclopedia. Sixth Edition. 2001. Retrieved from Accessed on 12 November, 2004.

Little, Jane Sneddon; Oliveri, Giovanni. P. Rethinking the International Monetary System: An Overview. New England Economic Review. Volume: 16; No: 1; November, 1999. pp: 24-29
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Expert Systems and Neural Networks

Words: 5427 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89110827

Expert Systems and Neural Networks

The Development and Limitations of Expert Systems and Neural Networks

The human experience demands a constant series of decisions to survive in a hostile environment. The question of "fight or flight" and similar decisions has been translated into computer-based models by using the now-famous "if-then" programming command that has evolved into the promising field of artificial intelligence. In fact, in their groundbreaking work, Newell and Simon (1972) showed that much human problem solving could be expressed in terms of such "if-then" types of production rules. This discovery helped to launch the field of intelligent computer systems (Coovert & Doorsey 2003). Since that time, a number of expert and other intelligent systems have been used to model, capture, and support human decision making in an increasingly diverse range of disciplines; however, traditional rule-based systems are limited by several fundamental constraints, including the fact that human experts…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bainbridge, William Sims, Edward E. Brent, Kathleen M. Carley et al. (1994). Artificial Social

Intelligence. Annual Review of Sociology, 20, 407.

Berry, Frances Stokes, William D. Berry and Stephen K. Foster. (1998). The Determinants of Success in Implementing an Expert System in State Government. Public Administration

Review, 58(4):293.
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Management Distributed Order Management Systems

Words: 4856 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12855735

AMR Research (2005) believes that companies must begin developing and redeploying current order management architectures with the focus on delivering more flexibility rather than a strategy that delivers far less. The move toward customer-driven fulfillment processes requires the ability to build and adapt channel-specific, product-specific, and customer-specific order flows quickly without an army of developers creating custom code.

However, the days of big bang, rip-and-replace implementations are over, and any significant it project must have two key attributes: the ability to use existing investments in data and business logic and the ability to be deployed iteratively. oth of these require thinking about the order management applications in terms of architectures, rather than a laundry list of features and functions. The users that are good candidates for the various types of Distributed Order Management (DOM) applications that are defined in this analysis should place significant emphasis on the architecture support across…… [Read More]


AMR Research (2006) - What is Demand Visibility? AMR Research Report. Published March 14, 2006. Accessed with permission from the publisher. Lora Cecere and Roddy Martin.

AMR Research (2005) - the Handbook of Becoming Demand Driven. AMR Research Report. July 15, 2005. Accessed with permission from the publisher. Lora Cecere, Roddy Martin, Debra Hofman.

AMR Research (2003) - Configuration is the Heart of Customer Fulfillment for Complex Product Manufacturers. AMR Research Report. Monday March 31, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on May 3rd, 2006 at

Askegar and Columbus (2002) - Channel Management Best Practices: It's All About Orders. AMR Research Report. Monday September 9, 2002. Retrieved from the Internet on May 7, 2006:
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PSI System and Other Educational

Words: 5885 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5995460


The Keller/PSI approach to academic and professional training has been documented to improve student performance as measured by course completion rates and subject matter retention among students. On the other hand, there are considerable practical and technical problems implementing the Keller/PSI approach within traditional educational institutions. Meanwhile, there is little if any empirical evidence suggesting precisely how the Keller/PSI model benefits learning outside of the focus on the reduced deadline orientation that is the hallmark of that teaching methodology.

Substantial evidence exists to suggest that the success of the Keller/PSI approach is actually attributable to other changes typically attributable to Keller/PSI, such as the broadening of the range of media of instruction, despite the fact that those changes are natural consequences of the Keller/PSI design rather than deliberately conceived components of the approach. The empirical evidence of the increased success of CAPSI programs further bolsters that argument.

A wealth…… [Read More]


Abdulwahed, M. And Nagy, Z.K. "Applying Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle for Laboratory Education." Journal of Engineering Education. American Society for Engineering Education. 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2010 from HighBeam


Burton, J.K., Moore, D.M., and Magliaro, S.G. (2004). Behaviorism and instructional technology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.

Dunne, J.D. (1997). Behavior Analysis: No Defense Required. Wright University.
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Communication Systems Put Wheels on Projects Facilitation

Words: 1956 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86726025

Communication Systems Put Wheels on Projects

Facilitation participation. Development Support Communication (DSC) is a system that facilitates the sharing of information about development agenda and associated actions (Adesida, 2001). The purpose of development support communication is the effective linking of the stakeholders in a development process (Adesida, 2001). The range of stakeholders who benefit from a development support communication system is broad, including the planners, the implementers, the donor community, and the beneficiaries of the development (Adesida, 2001). Good communication is critical to effective development planning and implementation (Adesida, 2001). By adhering to development communication system, planners and implementers can greatly enhance the quality of their communication, providing explicit and interpretable data (Adesida, 2001). The objective is provide clarity about the goals and objectives, to articulate the development roles, including the opportunities afforded beneficiaries to help shape the eventual development outcomes (Adesida, 2001). Beyond its impact on the quality and…… [Read More]


Adesida, O. (2001). Health Futures, WHO Africa region, Harare. Retrieved 

Communication Planning for Development: An Operational Framework. Paris, France: UNESCO.

Hancock, A. (1981). Retrieved

Hancock, A. (1992). Communication Planning Revisited, A. Hancock. Paris, France: UNESCO.
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Cost of Return on a New Parking System

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41565957

New payment system for parking near MBTA

The benefits of the new proposal for a pre-paid monthly scanned parking pass are twofold: it will make commuting to the city easier for regular commuters and also result in revenue increases for the city. Because of increased the ease of parking cars, more commuters will be willing to use public transportation, and there will be less congestion and pollution overall, indirectly improving the situation for all residents and pedestrians in the city.

Commuters will like the plan because it will better ensure them of a regular parking spot. It will save time in the morning, since presumably many people must rise early, just to ensure that they have time to pay for parking. In today's cashless society, the use of prepaid parking spots via a monthly pass ensures that commuters do not need to fumble with cash and coins to pay a…… [Read More]

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Step NC System

Words: 5800 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76023513

NC system

This study focuses on the rise and significance STEP-NC as the most efficient model to transfer knowledge and communication on different CAD and CAM structures to improve the product design and overall project management. The paper will be divided into six chapters: 1) ntroduction chapter which will include the statement of the problem, significance of the problem, purpose and scope of the study, the relevant definitions, the assumptions of the study as well as its limitations; 2) Literature Review chapter which will present an analysis of all the prior studies done on similar topics; 3) chapter variables and hypothesis creation where all the variables (dependent and independent) will be listed; 4) methodology chapter which will include data collection processes and the qualitative procedures used; 5) results and presentation of data chapter which will include all statistical calculations and the regression analysis; 6) conclusion chapter which will includes discussion…… [Read More]

In this study, while both can be very useful, we will use the deductive approach and form hypothesis/research questions. The deductive approach will prove to be more useful as it will help us determine all the necessary technological changes that are occurring and support our decision of why choosing Step NC was the right form of technology. Furthermore, it will also help us solidify and strengthen our hypothesis as the study and data collection process moves into the latter stages. This will perhaps be most advantageous for this study as in reality, it is probably not very challenging to arrange the necessary grounds of reasoning and incorporate it into a single minded approach or aim of the study that consistently works its way from general ideas to specific observations. The fact of the matter is that even if this approach presents a lot of limitations and constraints, we might still be able to conclude some definite trends and patterns in the information that can be eventually helpful in developing up newer theories (Trochim, 2006) and help us form better recommendations for future research on the given topic.

Research Horizon and timeline

When it comes to the design of any research, time typically plays the part of
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PC's Central-System Computing and Government Functionality in

Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64345359

PC's, Central-System Computing, and Government Functionality

In this article, the authors use correlational methods to prove their point-of-view. The way that this is accomplished is through a survey. They used percentages comparing two sets of subjects as well as a statistical analysis based on Cramer V scoring. The importance of the correlation was based upon whether or not the values in the study were greater than.20 on the Cramer V scale. If the score was under.20 it showed a weak relationship, while scores greater than.20 on the Cramer V scale showed a moderate relationship.

The authors address the computing problem quickly. The problem being the widespread belief that PC's can easily and cheaply replace mainframe computers in governmental operations (page 1, paragraph 3, lines 1-4). The problem itself was deduced from research studies completed over the last decade and is answered by the study conducted by the authors. The objective…… [Read More]

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Healthcare Information Systems

Words: 563 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92488553

Healthcare Delivery Systems Annotated… [Read More]


Parnaby, J., & Towill, D.R. (2008). Seamless healthcare delivery systems. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 21(3), 249-73.

Towill, D.R., & Christopher, M. (2005). An evolutionary approach to the architecture of effective healthcare delivery systems. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 19(2), 130-47.
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Role of Information Systems in

Words: 2932 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99768440

An unforeseen benefit of this online strategy Dell used to increase brand awareness and remove some of the tarnish from their brand image was Word-of-Mouth (WOM) of the brand began to grow significantly as a result (Jarvis, 2008). Dell had not experienced WOM success of its brand awareness strategies in nearly a decade prior, and what the marketing managers attributed this to was the commitment to listen and respond to customers and talk openly about the strengths and weaknesses of products. In short Dell was able to redefine their brand through the use of augmented branding strategies based on listening to customers. They showed they cared when they listened and this engenders trust, which was critical for their brand to be seen as credible again. Information technologies were tertiary to this effort. Web-based portal applications made it possible for Dell to get their website up and running within weeks.…… [Read More]


Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Bughin, J., Shenkan, A., & Singer, M.. (2009). How poor metrics undermine digital marketing. The McKinsey Quarterly,(1), 106.

Dan Coffey. (2005). Matching strategies in car assembly: the BMW-Rover-Toyota complex. International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, 5(3), 320-335.

Duray, Rebecca. (2004). Mass Customizers' Use Of Inventory, Planning Techniques And Channel Management. Production Planning & Control, 15(4), 412-421. (125 mass merchandisers)
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Performance Measurement Performance Analysis System

Words: 3010 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7494995

A survey will be developed as a part of implementation of the BSC system in this hospital to track customer satisfaction with the services that they receive here.

A positive image of the organization translates into repeat business and a more positive reputation in the neighborhood, Patient satisfaction translates into increased future revenues. It also has some positive impact on risk assessment as well. The more satisfied the customer is, the less likely they will file an adverse lawsuit against the hospital. Patient satisfaction has a direct impact on the profitability of the organization. The number of complains that the facility receives can also be an important measure of the overall customer satisfaction. However, this number alone may not tell the entire story. A customer survey is the best method for addressing overall satisfaction with the facility.

Patient involvement was another important indicator of BSC technologies. Patient involvement means providing…… [Read More]


National Health Foundation of California. 2004. Survey of Hospital Performance Measurement Activities in California. National Health Foundation of California. Available at  [Accessed 30 April 2008].

Walker, K. & Dunn, L. 2006. Improving hospital performance and productivity with the balanced scorecard. Academy of Health Care Management Journal. Annual. Available at [Accessed 30 April 2008].
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Accounting Information System for Harmonization

Words: 569 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 904747

This model could then be customized for the needs of the different companies.

Sankaran and AlHashim (2006) make a compelling case regarding the need for harmonized accounting standards and practices. In addition to the globalized economy, they also rightly point to the benefits of such harmonization for corporations - including a greater ability to keep track of expenses and a better way of reconciling different accounting practices in its branches worldwide. Furthermore, Sankaran and AlHashim (2006) also allay fears that harmonization is equivalent to imposing only one accounting system around the world. Instead, they highlight the need for commonality, for a web-based accounting system that lends itself to different accounting practices.

The paper makes a strong argument, and the data regarding the need for a harmonized accounting system is compelling. hile this article may present a challenge for readers unfamiliar with basic programming language, the inclusion of a generic algorithm…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sankaran, Siva and Dhia D. AlHashim. 2006. "An Accounting Information System for Harmonization."

Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge. 9(2): September.
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Relationships and Distinctions Between the Information Systems

Words: 2071 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25691673

relationships and distinctions between the information systems concepts of data warehousing and data mining, which combined with online analytical processing (OLAP) form the backbone of decision support capability in the database industry. Decision support applications impose different demands for OLAP database technology than the online transaction processing (OLTP) model that preceded it. Data mining with OLAP differs from OLTP queries in the use of multidimensional data models, different data query and analysis tools at both the user-facing front end and the database back end, and different mechanisms for data extraction and preparation before loading into a data warehouse can take place. The construction of data warehouses entails the operations of data cleaning and data integration, which are key pre-processing steps for enabling data mining. Furthermore, the concept of metadata (data about data) is essential to the functioning of a data warehouse, and must be managed appropriately for an effective and…… [Read More]


Berson, A., & Smith, S.J. (1997). Data Warehousing, Data Mining, and Olap (1st ed.). McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from 

Chaudhuri, S., & Dayal, Umeshwar. (1997). An overview of data warehousing and OLAP technology. ACM Digital Library, 26(1). doi:10.1145/248603.248616

Douq, Q. (2009, November 24). Comparison of Oracle to IBM DB2 UDB and NCR Teradata for Data Warehousing. X-Space. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from

Gartner Newsroom. (2008). Gartner Reveals Five Business Intelligence Predictions for 2009 and Beyond. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from