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Tale of Two Cities
Wealthy Aristocrat Stands Trial for Treason. Charles Darnay stands trial for the high crime of treason today at the Old Bailey Courthouse. Darnay is suspected of being a spy for the French monarchy, under direct orders from King Louis XVI. The Crown has accused Darnay of divulging top secret information regarding the war in the colonies. John Barsad, an agent of the Crown, is set to testify on behalf of the British Attorney-General.
Darnay acquitted of crimes of treason. Charles Darnay, the French expatriate recently accused of spying on behalf of Louis XVI, has been cleared of all charges of treason. Darnay's attorney, Mr. Stryver and his associate Sydney Carton discredited two key Crown witnesses: John Barsad and Roger Cly as being untrustworthy. Stryver and Carton demonstrated that the eye witness identification of Darnay might have been spurious, based on an uncanny resemblance between Carton and…
Sydney Carton, the infamous esquire with a personal life of ill repute, pulled the strings that led to acquittal, despite famous attorney Stryver's best attempts. Pointing out that he looked similar to the defendant, Carton was able to refute the prosecution's argument that the criminal was unmistakably Darnay. Much to the joy of himself and his associates, Darnay is now free.
Jacques Strikes Again
The latest in a string of murders and misdeeds attributed to a man named Jacques occurred late last night, when aristocrat Marquis Evremonde was killed. Evremonde, an unabashed supporter of the French aristocracy, stirred up attention just yesterday when his reckless driving ran down and killed a child. His refusal to apologize and entitled attitude left many peasants seeking revenge. Evremonde was found dead this morning, a note from the murderer with the scrawled name of "Jacques" by his body. As Jacques is the name used…
Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens [...] how "Vengeance is self-perpetuating" applies to the novel. Vengeance is important in this novel because it illustrates how seeking vengeance can only lead to hurt and pain, and can only continue the cycle of vengeance and hatred, it never ends, and there is never enough payback to end the vengeance.
Vengeance is a central theme in "A Tale of Two Cities," and Dickens illustrates it throughout the book. As Madame Defarge quietly knits, she is vengefully listing all the people who should die when the new republic is created. Her vengeance and hatred of the oppressors of the working class knows no bounds, and it ultimately consumes her and leads to her death. She acknowledges she wants vengeance for all the wrongs done to her and her family, and shows that it has been eating at her for a long time "Vengeance…
Dickens, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities: In Three Books. New York: Books, Inc., 1868.
Tale of Two Cities
The opening sentences of Charles Dickens's novel A Tale of Two Cities is famous because its writing draws the reader into the world depicted in the novel with gripping imagery and remarkable writing. The novel was written during a time of great change, and rather than just telling us "this story takes time during a period of great change," Dickens shows us all the conflicts going on. While the first image, "t was the best of times, it was the worst of times...," is the most well-known the first paragraph contains seven such opposites. While the writing is beautiful and well-crafted, the words say less than they seem: what does it mean to be the "best" or "worst" of times? Without the beautiful writing, the paragraph would open with a string of cliches.
Dickens then goes on to note other parallels, such as superficial similarities between…
It was both "the epoch of belief" and "the epoch of incredulity." Some people remained devoted to religious beliefs, while others were openly questioning the nature not only of God but of existence itself. "The season of Light" and "the season of Darkness" may have referred to the stirrings of democracy, a shift that would bring great turmoil to France. France would not achieve democracy easily, and many people would suffer along the way. With all these changes going on, it was the spring of hope for those who embraced all the new changes, sometimes naively thinking that great ideas would be easily adopted, but the season of despair for many whose lives had no hope of improving.
Not surprisingly, the nature of the period with all its contradictions is reflected in the characters. For instance, Sydney Carton and Charles Darnay start out as opposites of each other. Other character opposites appear in the book as well, such as Lucie and Madame Defarge. Lucie is a loving, caring and compassionate person, while Madame Defarge is vengeful.
Tale of Two Cities was first published in 1859, so the time period of the story, 1775, was recent history. Literate people who read the book for the first time likely recognized all the cultural history encapsulated in Dickens's seemingly simple statements of contrast. They knew that first page set them up for a story about turmoil and struggle.
The Revolutionary period and its effects and causes went beyond scores of years as highlighted by Dickens, but the major events of the French Revolution took place between 1787 and 1799 (Sorensen 6). During this period highlighted by Dickens, all the political power lay on the hands of the king as well as those people who owned the majority land, the clergy and the aristocracy. The vast majority of people comprised of the Third Estate that entailed peasants and the whole middle class of professionals and businesspersons. The Third Estate according to French history is one of the three categories through which members of the society were classified in French before the French Revolution. Third Estate represented the great majority of persons in the French society.
The First Estate or the Clergy and the Second Estate or the aristocracy benefitted from numerous privileges and rights that include tax exemptions. The…
Bloom, Hard. Charles Dickens. London: Infobase Publishing, Jan 1, 2009.
Dickens, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities. New York: Interactive Media, 2012 .
Glancy, Ruth. Charles Dickens's a tale of two cities: A sourcebook. New York: Routledge,
He arguably represented some of the worst vices of humanity, and in saving innocent lives he demonstrates some of the best characteristics of humanity. His choosing to squander his ability and intellect by drinking to excess shows great foolishness, yet his decision to save his friends shows a degree of wisdom. It is also important to notice the religious implications of this quotation. The reference to the time of the novel as one of "belief" can be interpreted to refer to religious belief, especially given the large amount of imagery and passages related to Christ and the concept of redemption. Lastly, it is worth noting that Carton's sacrifice is one which may make him worthy of going to a celestial paradise, while his previous actions certainly seem to incline him towards an afterlife in hell. Essentially, this passage foreshadows the extreme character changes that Carton goes through, while emphasizing the…
Dickson, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities. www.literature.org. 1859. Web. http://www.literature.org/authors/dickens-charles/two-cities/book-02/chapter-05.html
Tale of Two Cities
An Analysis of Duty and Sacrifice in Dickens' a Tale of Two Cities
Charles Dickens' 1859 A Tale of Two Cities deals with the dichotomous nature of man: the good and the bad, the selfish and the selfless. These two natures are observed in the two (ironically look-alike) characters, the dutiful Charles Darnay and the derelict Sydney Carton. Yet, just as the novel embodies a dichotomy, shown in its opening statement that "it was the best of times, it was the worst of times," (3) Sydney Carton also embodies a dichotomy: selfish and destructive throughout the tale, he performs one heroic deed in the novel's climax by sacrificing his life for Darnay's. Dickens, here, appears to be sending the message that one good action (such as Carton's) can make up for a lifetime of bad ones. He also appears to be following the Christian ethic that…
Dickens, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities. New York, NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 1948.
Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens and eflections on the evolution in France, by Edmund Burke. Specifically it will compare the two novels, answering the question: "Given that our two authors are English, what do eflections on the evolution in France and A Tale of Two Cities tell you about English attitudes towards revolution in general and the French evolution in particular?" Both of these countries were in turmoil during the French evolution. England, only a few years before, had given up her rights to the United States, and so revolution was not the most popular term. The French evolution frightened many people, including many of the aristocratic English, who might even have feared revolution could spread to their own country.
Both of these English authors write of the French evolution from different perspectives. Dickens writes of it from a distinctly English point-of-view while actually championing some aspects of…
Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Dickens, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities. New York: Books, 1868.
He then goes to the guillotine in Darnay's placed, disguised as his friend, and acting with the assurance that it is a "far better" thing that he is doing than anything he has ever done before.
2. Political Themes: The Loss of Personal inside the Political
Dickens uses characters, language, metaphor, and other literary elements in order to link his characters to the political themes in his book. It was been seen in the previous section how the setting of the novel indicated that an overt political interpretation was possible. In this section the precise nature of that political interpretation will be discussed.
Dickens makes suggestions throughout the text regarding the connection between the personal lives of his characters and their political selves. For example, when he is narrating the travels of a lorry driver who is on the way to pick up Dr. Manette from the prison at the…
Dickens, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities. New York, Allyn and Bacon, 1922.
Hanisch, Carol. The Personal is Political. www.docs.google.com. February, 1969. Web. 14 December 2009. .
Stange, Robert. Dickens and the Fiery Past: A Tale of Two Cities Reconsidered. The English Journal 46 (1957): 381-90.
Stout, Daniel. Nothing Personal: The Decapitation of Character in A Tale of Two Cities. www.findarticles.com. Fall, 2007. Web. 15 December 2009. .
Dolor Sit Amet
After a day of nearly warlike conditions in the French capital, a massive crowd of Revolutionaries took to arms and toppled the symbol of French monarchy. The Bastille -- a medieval era tower building that was used as a prison -- was set ablaze all day yesterday. The number of people in the Revolutionary mob is estimated to be around 1000; the numbers of casualties have yet to be determined. What does this mean for London? Is a revolution of our own brewing?
Continued on Here comes the sun!
American Tariff Act: Will it work?
Could this be the new French flag?
Houses for Sale!
With a revolution brewing in France, what are the possible outcomes of the strife? Could France emerge unscathed, or will the nation crumble? Analysts say that if France had a new flag, it would look like this one. The red…
Opening Paragraph of "A Tale of Two Cities" by Charles Dickens
In Charles Dickens' "A Tale of Two Cities," the characters and settings are doubled, and even the opening lines of the story sets the stage for an age of paradox. "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness," wrote Dickens.
This opening paragraph describes the conflict in France that Dickens will later describe in greater detail. asically, the peasants are being destroyed because of the needs and desires of the wealthy and affluent. Like exterminators killing roaches, the rich aimed to drive out the poor during this time.
The opening paragraph provides a strong start to a brief yet informative first chapter, which describes the era in which the novel takes place: England and France in 1775. This age was marked by contradiction…
Dickens, Charles. Tale of Two Cities. 1859.
Fielding, K.J. Charles Dickens: A Critical Introduction. New: York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1958.
Rather than attempting to increase the diversification of product offerings, management at Best Buy have found small and subtle ways to adjust the retail experience, making stores (or more specifically, certain areas of each store) more tailored to specific classes and types of consumers. Sales staff have also been trained to use different language styles and sales efforts when dealing with different consumers, again tailoring each individual consumer's experience to their own personal needs and preferred methods of conducting business. By simply presenting and describing the largely technological offerings available at Best Buy stores in different manners to different consumers, sales have increased and the store's profitability has risen, as well. The continued success of the company depends on its ability to continue this process of incremental innovation, adjusting and developing as new consumer trends come to the fore.
Encouraging managers and employees to become intrapreneurs, making profitable incremental innovations…
In contrast, Dances with Wolves seems more like a western in that it takes place in the wild frontier and it centers on the white man's relationship with the Native Americans. The initial conflict and anxiety that the Natives experience is something that we can link to a western. There are other scenes, too, that make the film feel more like a western. These include a buffalo hunt and a fight with the angry tribe of Native Americans just to name a couple. It is important to note that we also have other battle scenes that make the movie feel more like a drama than a western. The move has been praised for its accuracy and historical detail and this makes it more than a western as well. This is not a light-hearted film like City Slickers. Instead, this movie encourages viewers to think about history and those that had…
The hungry birds in the sky pecked away at the bread. The presence of the birds was an independent event unrelated to the travails of the children: it could not be foreseen and would have not made getting loss more or less probable if Hansel had used stones. But with bread, alas, that was not the case.
"Don't the leaves of the trees look strange?" said Gretel. The conifers of the evergreen trees around the children were organized in perfect Pascal's triangles. The strangeness of the land of probability was confirmed when they came upon a gingerbread house covered with chocolate shingles and lollypops in every permutation of the colors of the rainbow (Hansel and Gretel calculated the possible combinations). Had the children been less hungry and weary they would have further calculated a subset of probabilities that the individual who owned such an abode was likely to be a…
OZ and Transition
The izard of Oz provides Americans with a text that helps them make the transition from the country to the city and sets the stage for the commodified American popular culture of the 20th century. This paper will show how, thanks to its pristine (Emerald) beauty and adventurous episodes, Oz makes "the city" much more appealing than the muted, old-fashioned of America. It will also explain why Dorothy returns to Kansas (someone has to take back home the message of how amazing "the city" is).
Baum's Oz shows that everyman can become a king if he pursues his own desires: thus, the Scarecrow is awarded leadership over the Emerald City, the Tinman leadership over inkie County, and the Cowardly Lion kingship over the forest. Each character, of course, rises to meet his own personal challenge -- but, nonetheless, these are clear examples of how the American Dream…
Baum, F. The Wizard of Oz. Chicago, IL: George M. Hill Company, 1900.
Ellison, Ralph. Invisible Man. NY: Random House, 1952.
Jones, E. Michael. Sexual Liberation and Political Control. South Bend, IN: St.
The Merchant of Venice, though ostensibly a comedy, is one of the more serious plays in the comedic genre. The Taming of the Shrew is far more humorous and light hearted, but it is not without its lessons. The specific lessons vary greatly depending on one's interpretation of the play, especially in performance, but one key lesson that most of the female characters fail to learn is the advantage of working in tandem with their husband. Petruchio manages to win a substantial amount of money through his new wife Kate's quick obedience; she has learned through the course of the play to at least give the appearance of docility and subservience, which the other women lack -- they have failed to learn anything from her transformation, seeing no problems in themselves form the outset. This failure costs them some cold, hard, cash.
It is in Julius Caesar, however, that Shakespeare…
History / Politics
There are a number of salient issues to consider when discerning a mayoral candidate for a city as large and as prominent as New York City. Many of these issues are discussed within this week's readings, the introduction to Bruce Berg's New York City Politics: Governing Gotham, and "The Tiger" from Luc Sante's Low Life. The principle point of commonality dealt with between these two works is social issues pertaining to the results of economic prowess (or the lack thereof). There are many poor people in disadvantaged social positions in New York (Sante 258). Viewed from this lens, I whole heartedly advocate Bill de Blasio as the next mayor of New York.
De Blasio, who is a Democrat, is the antithesis of the Republican candidate, Joe Lhota. Lhota and his vision of the city and its governance are widely in accordance with that of incumbent Michael Bloomberg,…
Berg, Bruce. New York City Politics: Governing Gotham. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. 2007. Print.
Sante, Luc. Low Life. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux 1991. Print.
Despite what seems as a more permissive approach regarding the consumption of alcohol or coffee, Catholicism and Mormonism both believe that there should be no sex before marriage and that the example of Christ should be a central example to each believer. Additionally, holiness in the world is a message that both religions put one as an objective we should try to have for our lives and at a global level.
Modesty is probably also a common denominator of both faiths. People should be modest, both in terms of how they dress and show around their riches and in terms of the way they decide to live their lives. There is something happy about living a modest life and something that ties into the initial conception of the Christian faith.
Many have labeled Mormonism as a cult and, most likely, it has everything to do with the fact that we…
1. Style Guide - the Name of the Church. On the Internet at http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/eng/style-guide.Last retrieved on October 31, 2008
2. On the Internet at http://www.lds.org/ldsorg/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=bbd508f54922d010VgnVCM1000004d82620aRCRD&locale=0&sourceId=05d69daac5d98010VgnVCM1000004d82620a
3. Las Vegas Mormon Temple. On the Internet at http://lasvegasmormontemple.org/las-vegas-mormon-temple.Last retrieved on October 31, 2008
4. Taylor, William. 1980. Tale of Two Cities: Mormons vs. Catholics. Little Red Hen, Incorporated
And yet, the clockwork puppet, certainly but a shadow of a living woman, can only try to sing, try to move out from the shadows, out from the stereotype crushing her. The horrible marionette, in contrast, rather than singing, smoked its cigarette and tried to pretend it was alive. Finally, the utter hopelessness of the dark side of Victorian society comes out with the phrase, "The dead are dancing with the dead, the dust is whirling with the dust," evoking the funeral speak of "ashes to ashes, dust to dust," and the dead -- the underside of society, those with whom the proper Victorian had little use, pass from love to lust, from light to dark, tire of the game as they do the synthetic waltz, their shadows morphing into nothing as they continue to wheel and whirl, finally weary of it all.
The literary images of this poem, coupled…
REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED
Hay, C. "A Glimpse at Lust Redeemed." The Victorian Web. 2003.Cited in:
"Welcome to the Twilight City." HistoricalEye.Com., (n.d.). Cited in:
In either case, privacy issues were known to be much more complicated than mere issues of personal secrecy. In fact, as Richard Posner suggested more than 20 years ago, there is a fundamental economics of personal privacy -- an economics that is in large part responsible for, and untiringly organic to, our Constitution.
It is feasible, therefore, that there are rudimentary, biological, economic bases at the very roots of humankind's insatiable desire and need for privacy and security. (Posner, 1983)
As Mcride's research further indicates, "In 2002, the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies initiated Project Guardian: Maintaining Civil Liberties in the Information Age. The effort is aimed at shepherding discussion from all qualified voices on issues central to the tradeoff between privacy and security, particularly as this balance is threatened, or is perceived to be compromised, by advances in technology. Guardian is enriching the discussion by establishing a rigorous, multiway…
1) David Brin. "Coming Full Circle -- 21st Century Defense Will Stress Citizenship." Proceedings from Out of the Box and into the Future. Arlington, Va.: Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, 2001.
2) Michael Fitzgerald. "Alien lands big Gillette deal, but privacy is not on razor's edge." Small Times. 24 January 2003. www.smalltimes.com/document_display.cfm?document_id=5363.
3) Amitai Etzioni. The Limits of Privacy. New York: Basics Books, 1999.
4) Richard a. Posner. The Economics of Justice. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
If his father had been violent with him, Jeremiah would have that experience to draw upon in order to solve problems. He may have seen violence as the only way out of the situation. Moreover, Jeremiah's extreme insecurity led him to be fully engaged in conditioned thinking, which compelled him to assert the validity of his worldview by any means necessary. In this instance, that meant resorting to murder in order to prove that he was right.
Where do these feelings of insecurity originate from? According to POM, insecurities are not a result of circumstances or life events. On the contrary, POM suggests that the source of insecure feelings exists within the mind of the offender and occurs as a function of different mood states (Kelley, 1996). The reason why a certain person may have feelings of insecurity in one instance but not in another, even under identical circumstances, stems…
Adams, M.S., Robertson, C., Gray-Ray, P., Ray, M. (2003). Labeling and delinquency. Adolescence, 38(149), 171-86.
Dishion, T.J., Nelson, S., Bullock, B., Winter, C. (2004). Adolescent friendship as a dynamic system: entropy and deviance in the etiology and course of male antisocial behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32(6), 651-63.
Doucette, P.A. (2004). Walk and talk: an intervention for behaviorally challenged youths. Adolescence, 39, 373-88.
Flom, P.L., Friedman, S., Kottiri, B., Neaigus, A., Curtis, R. (2001). Recalled adolescent peer norms towards drug use in young adulthood in a low-income, minority urban neighborhood. Journal of Drug Issues, 31(2), 425-43.
6). Beattie, like anyone else, was a product of her times.
She is also, again like anyone else, a product of her own individual circumstances. A further interpretation of the bowl as a symbol of the feminine finds a deeper connection between the circumstances of the fictional Andrea and the real-life Ann Beattie. Though she is not especially forthcoming with personal details, there are some facts with which a correlation can be drawn.
Though (presumably) happily married for many years, Ann Beattie and her husband have no children (Frost, par. 1). Again, she has not shared the reasons for this, nor would it be a reasonable question to pose to her. It is a significant fact to note, however, given the resemblance of the bowl to the female womb. Henningfield suggests an interpretation of the bowl, especially of the husband's turning away from it and Andrea's refusal to let him…
Beattie, Ann. "Janus." The Norton Introduction to Literature. Ed. Allison Booth, J. Paul Hunter, Kelly J. Mays. New York: Norton, 2005. 280-283.
Brent, Liz. "Overview of 'Janus.'" Short Stories for Students, Vol. 9, the Gale Group, 2000.
Frost, Adam. "Beattie, Ann." Literature Online bibliography. Cambridge, 2002. ProQuest Information and Learning Company. 12 Mar. 2009. http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl-ctx_ver=Z39.88-2003&xri:pqil:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:lion-us&rft_id=xri:lion:ft:ref:BIO006220:0
Henningfield, Diane Andrews. "Overview of 'Janus.'" Short Stories for Students, Vol. 9, the Gale Group, 2000.
It is portrayal of extreme goodness with extreme evil that makes the story believable and causes us to lose ourselves in the process.
It was no wonder that the ussian authors such as Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy, and Chekhov are renowned for their craft. Each of them were supreme psychologists with the portrayal of the human spirit brilliant in its comprehension and complexity. Take Dostoyevsky's 'Crime and Punishment' for instance. Here, evil slurred side-by-side with goodness. The hero murdered. Yet insertion of dichotomy into the narrative reveals his honesty, inclination towards religion, and desire to be good.
Pierre Bezukhov, a bumbling figure, was no different in Tolstoy's War and Peace. A drunkard and a fool, he was likeable, loyal, and ultimate survivor and hero of the tale.
In no other story could the benefit of dichotomy be more clearly evidenced than in Anne Karenina. The narrative is rife with contrast. The heroine…
Dickens, C. Tale of Two Cities, Signet Classica, NY, 2003
Economic Injustice in the Fictional orks of Dickens and Gaskell
In his text on human commercial practices and economic behaviors, author James Black diverges from many of the dryer and less nuanced textual considerations of socioeconomic dynamics. He does so by couching his discussion in frequent divergences into iconic and modern works of fiction. These add a humanitarian consideration to many of his discussion points, helping to provide more complex rationales for why human beings in business and matters of money tend to behave the way they do. Beyond this, Black provides a compelling template for consideration of broader sociological concerns. This serves as an ideal framework for the present discussion, which considers pressing human issues such as poverty and labor conditions. Hereafter, we consider the works of Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Gaskell, both of whom would comment extensively on the economic affairs of societies in their highly…
Black, J. (?). Humanist Issues in Commercial Practice. HC1 Reading Book. 1st Edition.
Lollar, C. (1997). The Role of Working Class Woman in the Labor Strikes. Victorian Web.org.
Perdue, D. (2010). Dickens' London. Charlesdickenspage.com.
They were followed in 1936 by the Harlem River Houses, a more modest experiment in housing projects. And by 1964, nine giant public housing projects had been constructed in the neighborhood, housing over 41,000 people [see also Tritter; Pinckney and oock].
The roots of Harlem's various pre 1960's-era movements for African-American equality began growing years before the Harlem Renaissance itself, and were still alive long after the Harlem Renaissance ended. For example:
The NAACP became active in Harlem in 1910 and Marcus Garvey's Universal
Negro Improvement Organization in 1916. The NAACP chapter there soon grew to be the largest in the country. Activist a. Philip Randolph lived in Harlem and published the radical magazine the Messenger starting in 1917.
It was from Harlem that he organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters. .E.B. DuBois lived and published in Harlem in the 1920s, as did
James eldon Johnson and Marcus Garvey.…
Baldwin, James. "Sonny's Blues." Online. Retrieved February 3, 2007, at http://www.spcollege.edu/Central/libonline/path/shortstory.pdf .
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)'. Wikipedia.
December 7, 2006. Retrieved December 7, 2006, from: http://en.
The death of a beautiful heroine always leaves someone behind, or the device simply would not work. Poe's narrator laments his loneliness as much as he laments Lenore's death. Poe writes, "Leave my loneliness unbroken! -- quit the bust above my door! / Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!" (Poe). Poe may have had very personal reasons for including the death in his poem, too. Kopley and Hayes continue, "The impetus for the poem doubtless arose, at least in part, from Poe's loss of his mother - and of others whom he had loved" (Kopley, and Hayes 194). Thus, while the literary device worked effectively, Poe's own haunting memories of his mother and lost loves may have contributed their own unique blend of sadness, longing, and loneliness to the poem that help give it an even more poignant and melancholy quality.…
Hayes, Kevin J., ed. The Cambridge Companion to Edgar Allan Poe. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Kopley, Richard, and Kevin J. Hayes. "12 Two Verse Masterworks: 'The Raven' and 'Ulalume.'" The Cambridge Companion to Edgar Allan Poe. Ed. Kevin J. Hayes. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 191-203.
Poe, Edgar Allen. "The Raven." Personal Web Site. 7 Oct. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.coment.ca/~forrest/raven.html
Capital Punishment: A Capital Offense in Today's Easily Misguided orld
The debate surrounding the usage of capital punishment in the modern era has raged for generations. hile there have always been arguments for the positive aspects of capital punishment, today's world is less optimistic about the death penalty -- and with good reason. The death penalty affects more than just the convicted, it affects all of society. In order to show why capital punishment should be avoided, it is helpful to draw lessons from history, literature, and psychology.
The historical case for capital punishment has long been made. Capital punishment has existed in every major society in one form or another throughout the centuries. As Michael Kronenwetter states, in every society "all punishment is based on the same simple proposition: There must be a penalty for wrongdoing" (1). Kronenwetter is correct in asserting as much: all major societies have had…
Arriens, Jan, ed. Welcome to Hell: Letters and Writings from Death Row. UK: UPNE,
Bacon, Francis. "Of Goodness and Goodness of Nature." Essays of Francis Bacon (The
Harvard Classics), 1909. Web.
When the Truth Takes a Stretching Class
Maria Bailey clearly and blatantly misrepresented the size of her start-up business, but shrugged it off saying she knew what she was "capable of doing" and just wanted to show potential clients "what we were going to be," rather than tell them the truth about how fledgling her business actually was at that time.
Was it immoral for Mary Bailey to misrepresent her company?
Looking at the "consequential" side of her decision to fudge the truth about her company, moral decisions are made based upon what the consequences of the action will be. The results of her action actually could have several consequences. The one first and pivotal consequence Maria hopes will happen, of course, is that the fact of her deciding to embellish the truth about the size of her company will bring potential customers into her business start-up Web…
Australasian Business Intelligence. (2004, May 4). Guilty plea follows workplace death.
Bauman, Margaret. (2004). Alaska leads nation in workplace death rate, report says.
Alaska Journal of Commerce.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (1999). Improvements in workplace safety
Trade Books and Content Literacy
The content are is English.
Tools to read
Reading/Comprehension Skills. Students use a flexible range of metacognitive reading skills in both assigned and independent reading to understand an author's message. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts as they become self-directed, critical readers. The student is expected to:
(A) establish purposes for reading selected texts based upon own or others' desired outcome to enhance comprehension;
(B) ask literal, interpretive, evaluative, and universal questions of text;
(C) reflect on understanding to monitor comprehension (e.g., summarizing and synthesizing; making textual, personal, and world connections; creating sensory images);
(D) make complex inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding;
(E) summarize, paraphrase, and synthesize texts in ways that maintain meaning and logical order within a text and across texts; and make connections…
A recent article touted the 6.1% growth of spending on medical care in 2007.
The same article cautioned however that, "most experts know that no matter what the numbers say, there is still a great deal of work ahead to reform a healthcare system that is still fundamentally broken -- and is facing one of the worst economic recessions in decades" (Lubell, 2009, pg. 6).
Government and industry officials have been working to reform the industry for more than a decade yet the problem seems to be getting worse rather than better. More and more individuals are finding that insurance takes too much of their income and are forced therefore to forego that expense. Government is leery of committing to the cost of such expense, and industry is reluctant to offer expanded coverage without the backing of the federal government. As the interested parties do the two-step the problem becomes…
Bentley, C.S.; (2005) the new healthcare system, New American, Vol. 21, No. 18, pg. 44
Blizzard, R.; (2002) the haves and have nots of healthcare, Gallup Poll Tuesday Briefing, pp. 8-9
Brown, J.; (2009) Obama healthcare plan would shut down private sector, OneNewsNow, http://www.onenewsnow.com/Politics/Default.aspx?id=414372 , Accessed February 10, 2009
Conn, J,; DerGurahian, J.; (2008) HIT budgets taking a hit: study, Modern Healthcare, Vol. 38, No. 50, pp. 10-11
The first reading allows the individual to react to it on a personal level, to relate the story of the tragic lovers in terms of his or her own experiences with love (Walker, 1995, p. 13). But secondary and tertiary (and so on) readings allow the individual to connect to the story on deeper and increasingly abstract levels so that an analysis of this story might come to understand it as a story of the temporary death of the individual and its potential and even expected rebirth as part of a universal mother, a submission of the identity of daughter and son into the more primary identity of creation and life. An individual who follows an analysis along such a path can explore his or her own feelings about love and loss, about autonomy and dependence, about fear and acceptance.
However, within the clinical setting, the client must choose his…
Armenian poetry. Retrieved from http://www.hyeetch.nareg.com.au/armenians/poetry_p15x4.html
Aziz, R. (1990). C.G. Jung's Psychology of Religion and Synchronicity (10th ed.). New York: The State University of New York Press.
Jung, C.G. (1985). Synchronicity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Odajnyk, V.W. (2004). The Archetypal Interpretation of Fairy Tales: Bluebeard. Psychological perspectives 47(1): 10-29.
Here, we see the Mediascape landscape alongside many other of the success factors for design in real-world situations:
[MORE PHOTO HERE]
Compare that last to the landscape identified as Ethnoscapes here:
[APPLICABLE PHOTO HERE]
Here we find Ethnoscapes defined:
In the anthropology of globalization, the suffix "-scape" signifies transnational distributions of correlated elements whose display can be represented as landscapes. For example, transnational arrangements of technological, financial, media, and political resources can be seen, respectively, as technoscapes, financescapes, mediascapes, and ideoscapes (Appadurai 1996: 33). The prefix "ethno-" refers to "people" rather than stricly to "ethnicity."
Next up we have Financescapes. Through these next images the heart of this majestic capitalist nation: the financial market alongside the culture associated with financial markets:
[CAPITALIT PHOTO HERE]
Up next, of this Anthropology of Globalization, here we find Ethnoscapes, or the people (Greek, ethno-) + the transnational distribution of correlated…
If someone living 2,000 years from now wanted to know what took place in the year 2005, it would be necessary to go through impossible amounts of information. Today, scores of individuals with varying agendas write about day-to-day events. Thousands of publications and electronic media maintain records. Before the Common Era the situation was naturally much different. Because so few accounts exist of this time period, anthropologists and historians have to make educated guesses to fill in the blanks. This same problem exists with early ome and Italy. No account written earlier than the late 3rd century exists and no continuous account recorded before the age of Augustus now survives. Thus, most of the information concerning the Etruscan traditions either comes from individuals such as the oman historian Livy, the Greeks, and archaeological finds.
Born in Northern Italy in 59 BC, Livy wrote a 142-book history of ome called…
Bloch, Raymond. 1965. Etruscan Art. New York: Cowles. London: Thames
Bloch, Raymond. 1969. Etruscans. New York: Cowles.
Bonfante, Larissa, ed. 1986. Etruscans Life and Afterlife. Detroit: Wayne State.
Bryce, Trevor. 1999. Kingdom of the Hittites. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
invisible cities all over the world like Ahwaz in south of Iran, that suffer through horrible tragedies and the world won't pay attention to. They are the real life invisible cities. Through literature one is able to empathize to people and situations that otherwise would never be seen or known. Calvino's Invisible City explores the imaginative world of Kublai Khan and Marco Polo.
The book discusses the descriptions of cities by an explorer, Marco Polo. The book is put together as a conversation between the aging and busy emperor Kublai Khan, a busy man with many emperors who talk to him about the state of his expanding and vast empire, and Polo, the boundless explorer. The largest percentage of the book is of short prose poems describing 55 cities, narrated by the explorer Marco Polo.
Every five to ten cities, there are small dialogues that act as transitions between the…
Invisible cities cyclopedia of literary characters, revised third edition. (2012) . Retrieved from http://www.enotes.com/invisible-cities-salem/invisible-cities
Calvino, I. (1974). Invisible cities. New York: Harcourt.
(2009). Refugee review tribunal australia. DOI: www.mrt-rrt.gov.au/ArticleDocuments/89/irn35261.pdf.aspx
We do not know if Grammatica is portraying something real or merely representing an image from the stage. This too, is symbolic of its period. The mannerist and baroque eras reflected a time when art was being made to serve the propagandistic purposes of a Church under siege. Like the headless warrior on the stone table, it also was under attack by evil forces. These forces needed to be fought by any means necessary. All were participants in this battle -- and so the figure of the lowly older woman following the direction of the more upper class Judith. Individual initiative is replaced by group action. Impulse is substituted for carefully-planned covert attack. Judith's pointing finger is indicative of a place to which the two must go, a prearranged location that apparently is known only to Judith. Again, secrecy is more important than openness, if secrecy means victory and ultimate…
Empowerment of and Prejudice against Women in Tales from the 1001 Nights
The famous legendary tale of Tales from the 1001 Nights illustrates the life of Muslims in the context of different social issues plaguing the Islamic society. Tales consists of a thousand tales narrated over a thousand nights by a woman named Sharazad, in order to divert the King Shahriyar's attention from exploiting and killing more virgin women. The tales narrated by Sharazad shows the nature of relationship between men and women, and how each can be seen as conflicting members of the Islamic community. The focus of this paper centers in particular the status of women in the Islamic society, wherein they are both portrayed as empowered and prejudiced members of the society.
Three important tales illustrate the status of women as both empowered and oppressed members of the society. The Introduction or Prologue to the Tales from…
Gender, Sexuality, and Identity -- Question 2 "So, is the category bisexuality less or more threatening to the status quo than is homosexuality?"
The passage suggests that in fact, rather than presenting patriarchic constructs of identity with less threatening formulation of human sexual identity, bisexuality does the exact opposite -- it presents common social norms with the more threatening notion that human sexuality is not an either/or 'Chinese menu' option of stable choices. The practice of homosexuality, even when it is deemed taboo and beyond the pale of the human sexual order is still a 'comfort' to the heterosexual norm. The construct of homosexuality suggests that human sexuality exists in an either/or dichotomy. So long as one is attracted to the opposite gender one is, in essence, safe from the presumably aberrant, even pathological orientation of homosexuality.
However, bisexuality presents a potentially fluid rendering of human sexual desire, whereby even…
While the tale of how we suffer, and how we are delighted, and how we may triumph is never new, it must always be heard," writes James aldwin in his short story, Sonny's lues. "There isn't any other tale to tell, it's the only light we've got in all this darkness." This might be called the theme of Sonny's lues, and it comes at the end of a long descriptive passage about the playing of music -- of the blues, in particular -- and how truly playing music is difficult, dangerous, beautiful, and deep; that being intimate with one's instrument is akin to being intimate with one's life. Sonny's lues is about being lost, and trying to be found, within the context of being a black man in this society; and of finding oneself as so many black men have, through the blues -- both as music, and…
Baldwin, James. (1957). "Sonny's Blues." In A. Charters, S. Charters (Eds.). Literature and Its Writers (pp. 65-88). Boston: Bedford Books.
Campbell, James. Talking at the Gates: A Life of James Baldwin: With a New Afterword University of California Press, 2002.
Miller, D. Quentin. Re-Viewing James Baldwin: Things Not Seen Temple University Press 2000.
Sherard, Tracey. "Sonny's Bebop: Baldwin's "Blues Text" as Intracultural Critique." African-American Review Winter 1998: 691-705.
New York: State and City
Suffice to say, the French adage "plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose" remains true today as it was during the time of Jacob Riis in the late 1800s. This is particularly relevant when looking the conditions of women in the workplace that could only be described as dire and dismal. Although between that period and at present, there have been major changes and improvements in women's working lives, there are still similarities though. Hence, the more things change the more they remain the same and Riis' writing is testimony to this since he was able to present how society was then and how society is now especially in the treatment of women in the workplace. Reading through the whole chapter, one can feel unnerved and question how come in a society and nation that values freedom, equality and merit allowed for such miserable…
Riis, Jacob. 'Chapter XX: The Working Girls of New York.' How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York. 1890. 15 Jun. 2011. .
HUMANITIES215 Discovering Humanities Sayre Pearson 2 9781256735007 1304A HUMA215-07 Please reference include sayre. DISCUSSION BOAD -2 in 12th century, literacy women increased. Though literacy Latin limited specific social classes, literacy local vernacular languages increasingly commo
Initial Post: Write 100 words within the Discussion Board responding to the following questions. Create a substantive and clear post expressing your research, thoughts, and ideas:
• Discuss common characteristics of romantic or courtly love poems.
• What are your reactions to these expressions of romantic love?
• Does the content of the poetry surprise you in any way?
omantic or courtly love poems expressed the devotion of a knight for his lord's lady. The love of the knight in the courtly love scenario was thus never likely to be consummated. It was supposed to be chaste and pure, much like the love a worshipper might feel for the Virgin Mary. The main audience of…
History of the French language. (2013). Site for language management in Canada.
History of the French language. (2013). Discover France. Retrieved from:
Edward P. Jones - "A New Man" (from Lost in the City )
In Edward Jones' short story, "A New Man," which was initially published in 1992 as part of a collection of short stories known as Lost in the City, its protagonist, Woodrow L. Cunningham, loses virtually everyone of importance to him. He suffers the deaths of both his mother and father, the disappearance of his daughter Elaine, and the alienation of his wife Rita. The author's primary theme of loss and its effect upon Cunningham is aided by deliberate variations of narration. The tale is principally narrated from an unfocalized viewpoint, while the voice of the characters -- including that indicated in a literal sense through dialogue as well as through their thoughts -- is highly focalized. The confluence of these voices allows the reader to experience the meaning of the story from a variety of perspectives, all…
Computer games have lamentably been kept to such niche, and exist under a false essence as being immature and a waste of time. While, beyond any doubt, there are in fact whimsical/childish computer games out there, that doesn't imply that there aren't mature, engaging and worthwhile video games out there; just because there are childish films and TV programs out there it does not detract from the more quality shows. y and large, narrative and games share a couple of characteristics; however games are a little different niche due to their interactivity and simulation. Additionally, the improvement of game has demonstrated that stories are only a part of the game. They do not form the key element of game, they help the need to keep games interesting and entertaining[footnoteRef:2],[footnoteRef:3]. Narrative too is kind of representative because it lacks the interactivity and the limitations inherent in using stories and the experience…
"Next Level." Next Level. http://gamedev.dmlive.co.nz/page/12/.
Aarseth, Espen J. Cybertext: perspectives on ergodic literature. JHU Press, 1997.
Aarseth, Espen. "A narrative theory of games." In Proceedings of the international conference on the foundations of digital Games. ACM, 2012.
Barker, Sammy. "Review: Beyond: Two Souls (PlayStation 3)." Push Square. October 8, 2013.
U.S. INVADED IRAQ IN 2003
Why U.S. Invade Iaq 2003
invasion of Iaq has a numbe of foceful effects that elate to the influence of the 9/11 occuence in the county. The then U.S. pesident who happened to have been Pesident Bush pushed fo the U.S. invasion of Iaq amidst the actions that Saddam had done to the U.S. In most avenues of pefomance, it is clea that the U.S. attack on Iaq was bought unde an infuiated situation. The demand fo the U.S. To invade Iaq came fom the sensitive eactions and elations between Bush and the then Iaq pesident Hussein. Many nations in the wold have engaged in wa and not because of the ideological diffeences. Rathe, the invasions and conflicts that have been expeienced in many nations ae elated to the geneal balance of powe. Many of the nations that have been expeiencing the ugency to be…
references to the political, economic and ideological interests/purpose of the U.S., ignoring the reasons stated by the Bush administration and the Blair government. Mu-nchen, GRIN Verlag
GmbH. http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:1-20100916742 .
Radu, M., & Arnold, A. (1990). The New insurgencies: Anticommunist guerrillas in the Third
World. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers.
Roberts, J.E., & Army War College (U.S.). (2007). Winning the battle of ideas in the War on Terrorism. Carlisle Barracks, Pa: U.S. Army War College.
In "The New War Between the States," Fund (2014) discusses the implications of states and cities that have high taxes, including income taxes, versus those with low tax rates. The author's thesis is that states with lower taxes foster economic growth, which is why many people are moving to those areas. In fact, lower taxes are being used as a marketing tool to attract investors as well as new residents. Similarly, tax rates are playing a major role in political campaigns. The author frames the issue squarely as being one of liberal vs. conservative political practices. Cities with liberal mayors, and states with liberal governors, often lose residents who flee to more business-friendly areas, according to the author. Union-friendly political practices are especially heinous, causing residents and businesses to sink "further into economic stagnation," according to Fund (2014). On the other hand, many states are lowering or eliminating state…
Fund, J. (2014). The new war between the states. National Review Online. May 30, 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.nationalreview.com/article/379117/new-war-between-states-john-fund
The stories of "Arabian Nights" come mostly from India, Persia and Arabia. These stories reflect the highly civilized Islamic world of the ancient centuries. Many of the people in these areas shared a religion, Islam, a religious language, the Arabic of the Koran, and many cultural elements, which derived from the Koranic culture of Islam and its roots in the Arabian Peninsula, now mostly Saudi Arabia.
The stories of "Arabian Nights" vary as much as the lands they originate from. However, all the stories have a spiritual message and a message about values during life. The stories talk about life and how to live it, based on the Islamic culture and religion.
The wise tales speak of good and bad rulers, and have messages about how to deal with both. They speak of magic, demons, lust and violence, as well as love and spirituality.
The story tells…
The Thousand and One Nights. Translated by Husain Haddawy. In The Norton Anthology: World Masterpieces. Norton, 1995.
Burton, Richard. Selections from The Arabian Nights. International Collectors Library, 1991.
Foreman, Michael. The Arabian Nights: Or Tales Told by Sherherezade During a Thousand Nights and One Night. Morrow, William & Co., 1995.
Mansfield, Peter. The Arab world: a comprehensive history. Crowell, 1976.
Street USA: Designing American Idealism
This paper looks at the concept of Main Street as a form of American idealism, and attempts to determine how an arena as massive as Times Square can authentically work as New York's main street. The concept of "Main Street" in terms of America in general refers to the primary street in the center of a city or town, which is a destination of sorts. This is where the primary attractions of the town generally are along with the pillars of the community. Thus, it's common to find post offices, schools, banks, churches and city halls located on or near a particular town's main street. It's also very common in America to find forms of entertainment and relaxation along a particular town's main street. This is why things like cinemas, theatres, concert halls, shops and restaurants generally orbit out from a city's central main street.…
Historicalquarter.com. (2013, January). The Evolution of NYC Times Square. Retrieved from historicalquarter.com: http://www.thehistoricalquarter.com/the-evolution-of-nyc-times-square/
Iovine, J. (1998, october 15). A Tale Of Two Main Streets. Retrieved from NYtimes.com:
Younger, C. (2010, July). Dissecting Disney's Lands: Main Street USA. Retrieved from Disneyology.blogspot.com: http://disneyology.blogspot.com/2010/06/dissecting-disneys-lands-main-street.html
Sonny's brother wakes up and states, "Freedom lurked around us and I understood, at last, that he could help us to be free if we would listen, that he would never be free until we did" (47). Sonny was more free and living a life more true than his brother realized.
The transformation in Sonny's brother is dramatic. Duncan writes, "By the end of the story, the narrator has gained much more than an astute musical ear. He has learned . . . To listen" (Duncan). Throughout the story, Baldwin designates the act of listening as the linchpin of this moral tale; by focusing on an often-overlooked component of communication, this early Baldwin story illustrates how Brother, initially deaf to what Sonny calls "all that hatred and misery and love," opens his ears to his culture, his brother, and himself. and, through Brother's example, readers might also become more willing…
Baldwin, James. "Sonny's Blues." The Norton Anthology of Short
Fiction R.V. Cassill,
W. Norton and Company. New York: 1981. pp. 22-48.
1990, United States government passed the Hate Crimes Statistics Act. This mandated that state, local and federal law enforcement agencies report data on crimes that reflected a bias against a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, and/or ethnicity/national origin. Several years later, people with disabilities were added to this list. Data collection was placed under the auger of the FBI, which complied by publishing an annual report through its Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. This program started to publish a review of national hate crimes in 1990 entitled Hate Crime Statistics, 1990: A Resource Book. By 1992, the publication reflected the reported data of all states. Because certain states, such as Wisconsin, penalize perpetrators more for the same crime if the motivation for that crime is thought to be categorical hatred, statistics reflect the opinions of law enforcement agencies.
Because of this wealth of new data, in addition to the data…
McComb runs with this general theme of transformation from the beginning of his history of Galveston onward. To accomplish this, he starts by describing the island in geographical terms; yet, he does not simply provide a topographical map for the reader to ponder; instead, McComb supplies the very first map ever written of the island, and attempts to generate a picture of how the island itself was formed, and how the first explorers and Native Americans who found it might have seen it. This is an appropriate technique considering, according to McComb, that some of the first Europeans to land on the island were a crew of shipwrecked Spaniards. However, as increased trade and warfare eventually came to the region, the island of Galveston began to reveal its practical utility. At first, it was used as a camp for prisoners of war, but gradually transformed into a small town. Of…
McComb, David, 1986, Galveston: a History, the University of Texas Press, Austin.
Texas State Historical Association, 2000, "Galveston: a History and a Guide," Texas State Historical Association. Available:
(Walton) "Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) and Ultra-Wide Bandwidth (UWB), new data transmission protocols, make online connections so much cheaper, faster and easier to use that it's possible to simultaneously cut costs and improve employee productivity by converting offices to wireless connectivity." (Johnston)
WiMAX proposes challenges to providers of DSL, as well as, cable-modem service as its design can accommodate varying ways to transmit data. One: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/ip-telephony.htm" Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) enables individuals to use a broadband Internet connection to "phone" long-distance and internationally. (Grabianowski and Brain) Some experts foresee a close race for fixed WiMax broadband services to win over other broadband technologies. Others who study this issue contend, however, as WiMAX can provide the bandwidth, identical to fiber alternatives, including, DSL, at a fair, marketable expense, it can convinces competitors' customers to switch to their fixed wireless version of services. Even though controversies exist…
Accelerating WiMAX System Design with FPGA's." Retrieved on May 22, 2006 at http://www.altera.com/literature/wp/wp_wimax.pdf .(2004).
Bielski, Lauren. "Breakout Systems and Applications Give Bankers New Options." ABA
Banking Journal 97.6 (2005): 61+.
Courtney, M. "A tale of two WiMax rollouts." Computing, May 2006. Retrieved May 27, 2006 at http://www.computing.co.uk/itweek/comment/2152774/tale-two-wimax-rollouts .
The creation of the state of Israel in Palestine lent Jews in America a degree of legitimacy. And Jewish-Americans were now on the cusp of a new reality.
Unit IV: 1946-1976
In the 1950s the Anti-Defamation League sought to have the immigration laws of decades prior repealed. President Truman was sympathetic to the millions of displaced persons, a good portion of which were Eastern Europeans of Jewish descent. Even though America was largely outraged at news of the Holocaust, many Americans reserved the suspicion that Jews were crooked bankers secretly poised for world domination. The immigration laws were not repealed.
The 1950s also saw a debate concerning the census of 1960: should it contain religious questions? Here was an issue that embraced social, political and religious points all at once. The way Jewish-Americans faced the issue had repercussions for the entire nation. The book Protestant-Catholic-Jew had helped establish the idea…
General Grant's Infamy. (2010). Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/grant.html
Goodkind, S.B. (1918). Prominent Jews in America. Toledo, OH: American Hebrew
Hollinger, D. (2009). Communalist and Dispersionist Approaches to American Jewish
The coming of globalization and capitalism remain the power changer fight against colonialism in the world today.
The attractiveness presented by tourism can also not be overestimated for the countries whose climate, geography, and/or history seem to provide an exploitation-ready endogenous product. The potential of post-colonial ideologies to erode the potential gains from tourism are however high should room for such ideology be given. The apparent contributed success that the industry has earned should be appreciated and the notions of colonialism should not be imposed especially so for country that deserve the growth and stand to benefit from tourism. What needs to be done is management of the flow and policy brought about.
[510 words u.f.t.q.]
Question 4: Select two of the critical issues / matters listed below, and explain what has been learnt about it over the last couple of decades - according to the J& contributors and/or the…
CROTTS, J., C 1999. Consumer decision-making and per-purchase information search in A pizamand Y Mansfeld (Eds), Haworth Hospitality Press, Haworth Hospitality Press.
CROUCH, G.I. & RITCHIE, J.R.B. 1999. Tourism, Competitiveness, and Societal Prosperity. Journal of Business Research, 44, 137-152.
JAMAL, T. & ROBINSON, M. 2009. The SAGE handbook of tourism studies, SAGE.
JAMAL, T.B. & GETZ, D. 1999. Community Roundtables for Tourism-related Conflicts: The Dialectics of Consensus and Process Structures. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 7, 290-313.
They followed this advice and the proposal was referred to the Royal Engineer Committee, from whence a letter came advising the brothers of a visit from a prince that would never arrive. In the meantime, the brothers approached United States Congress about a possible sale only to be met with a letter of rejection. Part of this rejection stems from the fact that Congress funded Langley for "his $50,000 fiasco" (Dempsey 69). Dempsey asserts that the brothers were "very generous in their proposal" (69). They were also convinced that "war could be prevented with their airplane" (69). Despite rejection, they continued to improve upon their flying machine. However, things did not go well. Four trial flights after these inquisitions ended in accidents. In October of that year, the brothers flew the plane for the longest time ever recorded, which was 38 minutes at 38 miles per hour. The brothers wrote…
Crouch, Tom. The Bishops Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1989.
Crouch, Tom. A Dream of Wings. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 2002
Dempsey, Judith. A Tale of Two Brothers: The Story of the Wright Brothers. Victoria; Trafford Publishing. 2003.
Goddard, Stephen. Race to the Sky: The Wright Brothers vs. The United States Government. Jefferson City: MacFarland and Company, Inc. 2003.
Condoleeza Rice's biography to date is a remarkable story of how she got involved in politics and how she got to where she is today, the Secretary of State for the United States and arguably the most powerful woman in the world.
Rice's rise to her current position reflects a love of education that goes back in her family for generations, in spite of the fact that all of her great-grandparents were slaves. She had "house slaves" on both sides of her family, and their positions allowed them to become literate. Condoleeza's grandfather, John Rice, Jr., saved money he made picking cotton to go to college. He became a Presbyterian minister (Herstein, 2004).
Condoleeza Rice was born on November 14, 1954, in irmingham, Alabama. She lived through considerable turmoil in irmingham; one of her classmates, Denise McNair, was killed when the lack Sunday School was bombed in irmingham in 1964…
Beard, Jack M. 2004. "The Presidency and Building a Coalition to Wage a War on Al Qaeda and the Taliban Regime." White House Studies, Vol. 4.
Herstein, Arthur. 2004. "Acorns to Oaks: Condoleezza Rice's Journey From the Jim Crow South to the White House." World and I, August.
Jablonsky, David. 2001. "Army Transformation: A Tale of Two Doctrines." Parameters, Vol. 31.
Norolinger, Jay. 1999. "Star-in-Waiting: Meet George W.'s foreign-policy czarina. National Review, August 30.
Though women constitute only 12.7% of the sworn police force they are implicated in only 5% of the total cases registered against the use of excessive force. Statistics further indicate that women officers account for only 6% of the total dollars paid out for court settlements for The Use of Police Force 4
police abuse related cases. [DR. Kim Lonsway, 2002] It is clear that a women police officer is less likely to resort to excessive force use compared with a male police officer and this presents a clear case for more representation of women in the police force. Inducting more women would therefore be a positive step.
Another study by the University of California compared the effects of race, gender, and experience of the officer and the link to the possibility of the officer being investigated by Internal affairs for the use of excessive force. For the study, the…
1) Amnesty International, (2008) ' Less than Lethal'? The use of Stun weapons in U.S. Law Enforcement', Accessed 14th July 2009, Available at, http://www.amnestyusa.org/uploads/LessThanLethal.pdf
2) Anthony J. Micucci & Ian M. Gomme (Oct 2005), 'American Police and Subcultural Support for the use of Excessive Force', Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol 33, Issue 5
3) BJS, (June 25, 2006) 'Citizens Complained more than 26,000 times in 2002 about Excessive Police Force', Available at, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/press/ccpufpr.htm
4) DR. Kim Lonsway, Michelle Wood & Megan Fickling et.al (2002), ' Men, Women and Police Excessive Force: A Tale of two Genders', Accessed July 13th 2009, Available at, http://www.womenandpolicing.org/PDF/2002_Excessive_Force.pdf
Fiorello Laguardia: obert Moses
Fiorello La Guardia took part in American politics. He was the New York Mayor, and then a Congress member from 1916 to 1918 and then from 1922-1930. obert Moses, a Town Planner, worked predominantly for the Metropolitan area of New York. Moses is known to be the Master Planner of the mid-1900s city of New York. He and Fiorello worked autonomously in the city area of New York from the 20s, throughout their careers. While Fiorello was the Mayor, obert was the highly admired planner of New York. Fiorello therefore worked with Moses to develop the infrastructure needs of New York.
In the 30's during the economic recession, there was a New Deal, which led Franklin oosevelt, the President of the U.S. to give 20% of all the urban infrastructure money to Fiorello, to develop the city. Fiorello then worked with obert, with the help of…
A Tale of Two Skyscrapers. (2014, February 6). Retrieved from Slate: http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_eye/2014/02/06/the_race_to_dominate_the_new_york_city_skyline_higher_by_neal_bascomb.html
Arbeiter, M. (2016, March 29). 15 Things You Might Not Know About the Empire State Building. Retrieved from Mental Floss: http://mentalfloss.com/article/66837/15-things-you-might-not-know-about-empire-state-building
Shefter, M. (1992). Political Crisis Fiscal Crisis. Colombia University Press.
Man's Ability To Treat Humans Like Animals
It is a vivid fact that the feelings of cruelty, discrimination and racial distribution are embedded well in to human nature since its very inception. This world depicts several cases where humans treat other humans like animals and ignore their right of living peacefully and according to their own will. This article highlights the work of several writers who have depicted the different ways in which humans have been treated brutally by other humans. Majority of the cases deal with racial discrimination and poverty-based cruelty issues encountered by humans. The article presents an in depth analysis of the works of seven different writers and how their works represent the ill treatment encountered by the human race.
Charles Chestnutt's "Po Sandy" and its Linkage to Human Cruelty
"Po' Sandy" written by Charles Chestnutt is basically the story of Sandy, who is made the slave…
Chestnutt, Charles. Charles W. Chesnutt: Stories, Novels, and Essays, USA: Library of America,
Esposito, Scott, "The Changeling by Kenzaburo Oe," Los Angeles Times,468, 7 March 2010.
Mackay, Marina. The Cambridge Companion to The Literature Of World War II, New York,
Race in the Short Stories of Flannery O'Connor
hile O'Connor stated that "The Artificial Nigger" communicated everything she had to say about race, it was not the last story of hers that took race as at least an indirect subject. "Everything That Rises Must Converge" was another that used race as a launching point from which O'Connor could deliver a more, as she felt, pertinent message. For O'Connor, race and racism were facts of life, which meant that they were tools for the fiction writer -- aspects of society and reality -- that she could use to deliver to her reader "the indication of Grace, the moment when you know that Grace has been offered and accepted," as she wrote to another writer in 1959 (O'Connor Habit of Being 367). These moments were always the endpoints of O'Connor's fiction, "prepared for" by the clash of wills and the setting up…
Dowell, Bob. "The Moment of Grace in the Fiction of Flannery O'Connor." College
English, vol. 27, no. 3 (Dec., 1965): 235-239.
Gleeson-White, Sarah. "A Peculiarly Southern Form of Ugliness: Eudora Welty, Carson
McCullers, and Flannery O'Connor." The Southern Literary Journal, vol. 36, no. 1 (2003): 46-57.
(Green Left, 1999).The gap between the rich and the poor is also soaring because vast most of the wealth generated from Canada's recent economic growth goes to the richest Canadians instead of being channeled to the poor Canadians who are the majority of the Canadian population.
The shrinking Middle class
According to Macionis & Gerber (2002), approximately 40 to 50% of the Canadian population belongs to the middle class. Due to its size, it heavily influences the nature of Canadian culture. This class has a considerable level of racial as well as ethnic diversity. This class is never characterized by familiarity and exclusivity with which the upper class carries. Over half of the families in this category are referred to as the "upper-middle" class and is characterized by families having incomes ranging $50,000- $100,000. The salaries of the upper middle class are mainly earned from professional and upper managerial positions…
Baker, L (2009), "A boom in office towers in Calgary," New York Times, 2009-01-20
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/21/business/21calgary.html , retrieved 2011-02-17
Barber, J (2007).Toronto Divided: a Tale of Three Cities." John Barber, Globe and Mail,
December 20, 2007.
The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and the Council on Graduate Education for Administration in Nursing (AACN, 1996; Dienemann & Aroian, 1995) operationally define the professional nurse as one who has been prepared with a minimum of a baccalaureate or higher degree in nursing. (Feldman & Greenberg, 2005, p. 219)
These were necessary requirement in the 90's. Now in an ever increasing age of need for more highly educated professional, the Clinical Nurse Leader armed with a Master's degree or better, is more adapted to handle a wide range of situations and create a fulcrum from which to balance all the staff in a given unit.
Clinical Nurse Leader
Kennedy, M.S.. (2004) Introducing the Clinical Nurse Leader. American Journal of Nursing, 104 (10), 22.
This article is a report regarding the decisions calling for a new role for nurses. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing…
Dalton, B., & Wright, L. (1999). Using Community Input for the Curriculum Review Process. Journal of Social Work Education, 35(2), 275.
Feldman, H.R. & Greenberg, M.J. (Eds.). (2005). Educating Nurses for Leadership. New York: Springer.
Kennedy, M.S.. (2004) Introducing the Clinical Nurse Leader. American Journal of Nursing, 104 (10), 22.
Knorr, R.S., Condon, S.K., Dwyer, F.M., & Hoffman, D.F. (2004). Tracking Pediatric Asthma: The Massachusetts Experience Using School Health Records. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(14), 1424-1439.