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In a descriptive syllabus for a graduate seminar in AI professor Donald gives insight into the form that AI research is taking and the bottom line is that internal brain functioning, switching, neurotransmissions, and patterns are being dissected to give the student a greater sense of the workings of the human mind so these same students may go forwards and attempt to recreate, decidedly small scale (likely single or minimally multiple) functions of human thought to create action. It is therefore not difficult to imagine that these same students will be a part of the future with regard to the development of life-like interactive toys or tools. (Donald NP) the point being made is that research developed to recreate a person in an artificial form is being done on real human science and characteristics. Science is attempting to map and dissect the whole of human physical and mental potential to…
Cohen, Eric. "Conservative Bioethics & the Search for Wisdom." The Hastings Center Report 36.1 (2006): 44.
Cranford, Ronald E. "The Persistent Vegetative State: The Medical Reality." The Hastings Center Report 18.1 (1988): 27.
Donald, Bruce R. "Graduate Seminar in Artificial Intelligence: Fall 2005." April 16, 2008 from: http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/~donaldclass/GradAI/noteasy1.gif
Edsinger, Aaron, O'Reilly, Una-May, Scassellati, Brian, Scarpino, Chris and Breazeal, Cynthia "Current Research:the Lazlo Face Project" ND, April, 18, 2008 from: http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/humanoid-robotics-group/cog/current-projects.html#lazlo
The Significance of Computer Technology in American Society:
Until the beginning of the last century of the 20th century, professional businesses, high-levels of government, and research institutions accounted for the vast majority of computer use in the U.S. Within less than a decade, computer technology had become common in the American home and virtually every conceivable modern business relied on computer technology for basic business functions and communications (Evans 2004).
y the turn of the 21st century, the continued reduction in the size of computers and their simultaneous increase in processing power had fundamentally changed the way Americans communicate, as well as the way we receive news about the world. The Internet provided a means of instantaneous, real-time communication that completely changed the way that Americans socialize, as well as the way we shop, monitor our bank accounts, and perform academic research; and global positioning satellite (GPS) systems are on…
Evans, H. (2004) They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine - Two Centuries of Innovators. New York: Little Brown & Co.
Kaku, M. (1997) Visions: How Science Will Revolutionize the 21st Century. New York: Doubleday
Nevins, J., Commager, H.S. (1992) a Pocket History of the United States.
New York: Pocket Books
The cryptic messages many software uses and codes that must be looked up slow down the learning process. I have also observed that there is a lack of standards for nursing software and systems, including a wide variation in the use of informatics standards across systems. This made learning these systems difficult as each system had a drastically different logic workflow. The use of analytics within informatics systems and platforms continues to be a rapidly evolving trend as metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) can be used for further customizing patient treatment plans (Sensmeier, 2010). These barriers of usability and lack of standards across advanced systems slow down learning significantly.
The most critical skills for mastering nursing technologies center on understanding the nature of how diagnostic and health monitoring software works, and how the patient monitoring aspects of these systems are critical to their performance. Second the current…
Bartholomew, K., & Curtis, K. (2004). High-tech, high-touch: Why wait? Nursing Management, 35(9), 48-54.
Hardy, J.C., & Douglas, M. (1990). High-tech workstations on nursing units. Nursing Management, 21(7), 62-62.
Harlow, K.C., & Sportsman, S. (2007). An economic analysis of patient simulators for clinical training in nursing education. Nursing Economics, 25(1), 24-9, 3.
Porter-O'Grady, T. (1999). Technology demands quick-change nursing roles. Nursing Management, 30(5), 7-7.
Ms. Figueroa is facing an issue that is being framed as resistance to technological change, but seems more resistance to cultural change. She was hired to bring innovative technologies to ASD, but started to do so without first establishing her personal credibility as a change agent. Part of this is that her supervisor wanted a demonstration early in her tenure, before she had proven anything, but there are several other cultural issues at play as well. Yet, adoption of new technologies is clearly not something that ASD has done well in the past, despite its reputation as an innovative school, so there may be some cultural issues specifically surrounding new technologies. The case takes place in 2006, so right before smartphones, which makes it an interesting case – what did the teachers and supervisors at ASD do when smartphones entirely revolutionized learning for deaf students?
Adoption of new…
Due to the nation having such extremely low wage production costs, it is actually cheaper for China to produce old goods with older and possibly more outdated technologies because they have a greater labor source at much less expensive costs than workers in more developed nations. What the country is lacking, however, is free capital from investors to structure strategies for producing future innovation. Investing in innovation creates the need to pay more skilled workers and tie up capital in projects that will not produce immediate results. This currently goes against China's basic export model, which is to produce cheap goods in massive quantities in order to flood the market as soon as possible. Thus, "China can produce old goods, but cannot as easily innovate and produce new goods" (Bloom, 2012). China itself benefits more from relying on older technologies to produce well in a cheaper fashion; however, this hinders…
Bloom, N., M. Draca and J. Van Reenen (2011): Trade induced technical change? The impact of Chinese imports on innovation, IT and productivity. NBER Working Paper no. 16717.
Coe, David T. (2007). Globalization and Labor Markets: Implications of the Emergence of China and India. IMF. Web. http://www.bis.org/publ/bppdf/bispap50o.pdf
Gorodnichenko, Y., J. Svejnar & K. Terrell (2010): Globalization and Innovation in Emerging Markets. American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 2(2), pp. 194-226 (also available as NBER Working Paper no. 14481).
Lee, Eddy & Vivarelli, Marco. (2006). The Social Impact of Globalization in the Developing Counties. IZA. Web. http://ftp.iza.org/dp1925.pdf
Gender and Sex after World War I
We usually assume that great changes in American sexual behavior began just after World War I; however, Maurer (1976) argues that there was foreshadowing as far back as the 19th century. The woman's rights movement, a tendency to violate sexual taboos (called free love), and a preoccupation with blander forms of Marxism dramatically came together in the United States at the end of the war. When The Great War was over and the men came home, they found a different world in the making. For one thing, women finally got the vote after a nearly 100-year struggle. Social change was everywhere, not the least of which were modified sexual mores and new ideas about sex.
The 1920s were a time of great optimism. There was a general belief that sociology and psychology were going to the make the world a better place. Now…
Devices and Desires web site. A history of contraceptives in America: http://womenshealth.about.com/cs/birthcontrol/a/deviceanddesire_2.htm
Doan, L. (1998). Passing fashions: Reading female masculinities in the 1920s. Feminist Studies, 24 (3), 663-700.
Grant, J. (2004). A "real boy" and not a sissy: Gender, childhood, and masculinity, 1890-1940. Journal of Social History, 37 (4) 829-851.
Haag, P.S. (1992). In search of 'the real thing': Ideologies of love, modern romance, and women's sexual subjectivity in the United States, 1920-40. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 2 (4), 547-577.
Modern technologies are both exhilarating and frightening, bringing problems along with great promise. (Daphne Taras, James ennett)
What effect has technology had on your workplace?
The high tech revolution has definitely affected all aspects of how real estate is bought and sold: The Multiple Listing system on personal computer or blackberry, infra-red electronic home entry keys remotely updated, and contracts completed online, emailed and signed. Faster, more efficient, more effective, but the downside is less personal contact and loss of rapport with both customer and other agents. This could have future negative effects on referral business.
Daphne Taras, James ennett. "Technological Change and Industrial Relations." Journal of Labor Research (2002).
Marlene urkhardt, Daniel rass. "Patterns of Change: The Effects of a Change in Technology on Social Network and Power." Administrative Science Quarterly (1990).
Timothy resnahan, Erik rynjolfsson, Lorin M. Hitt. Information Technology and Recent
Changes in Work. http://www.stanford.edu/~tbres/research/rookings%20volume.pdf
Daphne Taras, James Bennett. "Technological Change and Industrial Relations." Journal of Labor Research (2002).
Marlene Burkhardt, Daniel Brass. "Patterns of Change: The Effects of a Change in Technology on Social Network and Power." Administrative Science Quarterly (1990).
Timothy Bresnahan, Erik Brynjolfsson, Lorin M. Hitt. Information Technology and Recent
Changes in Work. http://www.stanford.edu/~tbres/research/Brookings%20volume.pdf
Technology and the Changing Role of the CIO: How have technological changes influenced the changing role of the CIO?
According to the magazine CIO, today, in most companies, the typical Chief of Informational Technology Operations tends to be more in agreement with his or her superiors and other company executives within the corporate structure than CIOs were likely to have been in the past. This is partly because of the greater ease and need to use technology in the workplace. The increasing use of computers by executives has created a greater facility of communication between CIOs and CEOs, for example. Also, the increased familiarity and use of all employees with technology has meant a greater respect for the vitality and expertise of the position of CIO amongst all company staff, including management. "As more executives use PCs," and "almost 40% of managers responding this year said they use a computer…
Taro, Ronald. (April 1, 1997) "Taking Care of Business." CIO. Retrieved 17 Jan 2005 at http://www.cio.com/archive/040197/role.html
A variety of technical and management issues arise during the implementation and operation of any change process. Change management in technology projects is essential to implement and monitor mechanisms to support and control users, business, and technology (Yarberry, 2007). There are different change project modules used at any stage of a project development. These include the change curve, Lewin's change management model, and Beckhard and Harris change model used in the understanding phase. The project-planning phase uses the impact analysis, Burke-Litwin, McKinsey 7s framework, Leavitt's diamond, organization design, and SIPOC diagrams. The implementation stage uses Kotter's 8-step change model, training needs assessment, while the communication change uses stakeholder analysis, stakeholder management, mission statement, and vision statements. In this analysis, the Leavitt's Diamond, the Kotter's 8-step change model, and Leavitt's model for organizational change is concerned with the interdependence of four main factors, including structure, people, technology, and task.…
Aladwani, A.M. (2001). Change Management Strategies for Successful ERP Implementation. Business Process Management Journal 7, 266.
Bruckman, J.C. (2008) Overcoming Resistance to change: Casual Factors, Interventions, and Critical Values. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, Psychology Press 11, 211-219.
Cameron, E. & Green, M. (2012). Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to the Models Tools and Techniques of Organizational Change. Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page
Davison, R. (2002) Cultural Complications of ERP. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 45, 109.
Human psychological responses to technology vary. Some persons are instinctively receptive to technology and technological change, while others are resistant to the prospect of innovation. Initially, a technological change is usually viewed solely in terms of its physical components, as if it will be perfectly adopted. However, unless persons can be convinced of its improving aspects upon their daily lives, the full realization of the benefits of the change will be impossible. Additionally, if the technological change is enforced, for example, if a company must adopt a new technology because everyone else in its industry must do so, even if its organizational leadership and management as well as its employees are not eager change their ways, additional time, training, and motivation must be included in the change plan. Thus, it is necessary to 'audit' the human implications of a change in the form of a Human Implications of Technological change…
As they will fully engage in the learning experience through immersion, children learn to link goals and roles.
Technology-Based Learning Techniques
DGBL's interactive learning techniques range from an general memorization to complicated, sophisticated problem. Common benefits include, but are not limited to:
Through repetition, along with feedback, students receive valuable practice.
Students learn by doing.
Students learn from their mistakes. Sometimes, when a student makes an error, he/she must return to the start and begin again.
Students experience goal-oriented learning, which in turn, motivates them to attempt to conquer their challenges.
Students engage in discovery learning and "guided discovery," along with solving problems.
Students complete task-based learning as they solve a series of increasingly, more difficult problems or challenges.
Students are offered guidance and modeling to help them learn and improve their skills.
Students reason during question-led learning sessions.
Students engage in and role-playing activities, and reflect upon actions, a…
There is no acknowledgement that leaders may indeed be flexible according to the situation and followers that they are dealing with. Even though women, for example, may favor a more laissez-faire type of leadership style than men (Eagly, Johannesen-chmidt & Van Engen), this does not mean that they will do so in all circumstances, or indeed that all female leaders will have this tendency.
The Path-Goal Theory
The path-goal theory is one of the most flexible and popular models used in the changing business world today. It allows for an integration of various styles, personalities and situations. The components inherent in this theory is the particular path that employees are expected to follow in order to reach a certain desired goal. The position of the leader in this model is to provide followers with desirability in terms of goals and the removal of obstacles along the way towards obtaining the…
Eagly, A.H., Johannesen-Schmidt, M.C., & van Engen, M.L. (2003, July). Transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: A meta-analysis comparing women and men. Psychological Bulletin, 129(4), 569-591.
Hughes, Richard L., Ginnett, Robert C. & Curphy, Gordon J. (2002). Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of experience (4th ed). New York: McGraw Hill.
Kuriger, Craig C. (2006, July/August) Workplace change and worker fears: when new technology enters the workplace. Army Logistician
Parker, Dennis R. (2002, January/February). Create opportunities, not fear, through change. Leadership.
He knew that war was taking a horrible toll and that his side was losing and was bound to be defeated inevitably.
He had the practical first-hand knowledge of combat to make the correct, wise decision that saved countless thousands of lives. Would the same be possible today? It is highly unlikely. War, today, is highly theoretical: blips on a computer screen rather than blood on a knife, or at least visible detonations from a low-flying bomber.
Today's "captains of war" are so disconnected from the destruction they cause, one cannot help but wonder if the entire nature and principles of war have not changed forever.
Of course, nuclear weaponry has done its part in the shift. Today, man has the power to destroy his own planet hundreds of times over; until a few decades ago, man had immense destructive power, but it was limited in geography. For instance, America…
Lind, William S. "The Changing Face of War: Into the Fourth Generation." Marine Corps Gazette. October 1989.
Hallion, Richard. "Air Power and the Changing Nature of Warfare." JFQ. Autumn/Winter 1997/1998.
Changing Nature of Warfare." National Intelligence Council Report: May 25, 2004.
Accounting Information System. You knowledge subject answer assignment questions, answers related context quotes. I've uploaded documents answer questions. Here assignment questions: "The Internet cited a powerful technological revolution affects aspects business.
Accounting Information System
a) Do you agree that all aspects of business processes are impacted on by technological change? Discuss.
All aspects of business processes are definitely impacted by any technological change. This is because technology has revolutionized the way companies are conducting business. The playing field for most companies has been leveled by technology regardless of company size (Marston, Li, Bandyopadhyay, Zhang, & Ghalsasi, 2011). Automation of back office functions like accounting, record keeping, and payroll has allowed businesses to reduce business costs. Having implemented technological changes in all business processes, any change in technology will surely impact the business, and they is need to adopt the new change. Making use of technology, a business can communicate effectively…
Carroll, M., Van Der Merwe, A., & Kotze, P. (2011). Secure cloud computing: Benefits, risks and controls. Paper presented at the Information Security South Africa (ISSA), 2011.
Erickson, T.J., Magee, J.F., Roussel, P.A., & Saad, K.N. (2012). Managing technology as a business strategy. Image.
Kuyoro, S.O. (2011). Cloud computing security issues and challenges. International Journal of Computer Networks.
Marston, S., Li, Z., Bandyopadhyay, S., Zhang, J., & Ghalsasi, A. (2011). Cloud computing -- The business perspective. Decision Support Systems, 51(1), 176-189.
I have worked in research and DNA analysis in formal laboratory analysis, and believe in the paradigm of lifelong learning.
I am a lifelong student, and each year realize how many wonderful new ideas need exploring; how many exciting and vital places visited through reading; and how much joy I receive simply by having the right set of tools that allow me to read, research, study, analyze, and make decisions based on information. At present, I am studying the physiology of reproduction and assist in laboratory research with Drs. Forrest and Talcott. This technical expertise well qualifies me for the position, although it is my passion for expanding the understanding and synthesis of learning about science that can help BGS expand its membership and relevance for society at large.
The task, then, of a modern leader at any level is to be a good corporate citizen, practicing the very tenants…
Technology Changes in Work and Education
With the onset of globalization four decades ago, there have been rapid changes in all the sectors that drive the society in a significant manner. The transportation, politics, human interaction, governance, trade and investment trends all changed significantly. However, in the interest and scope of this paper, the most profound technological change that has been experienced in the education and work environment is the shift in communication trends from the traditional mail system to the online-based communication. The online mode that is currently driving the work and education sectors is the video conferencing, which will form the basis of discussion herein.
Video conferencing is a communication mode that is supported on the internet platform and involves use of various telecommunication technologies to enable two or more different locations in whichever part of the globe to simultaneously communicate through voice and video in a two…
BBC, (2014). Changing Work Patterns. Retrieved April 3, 2015 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/ict/implications/2workpatternsrev6.shtml
Bower J., (2011). 4 Ways Video Conferencing Can Benefit Small Businesses. Retrieved April 3, 2015 from http://mashable.com/2011/06/02/online-meetings-small-biz/
Bruce Bimber (1990). Karl Marx and the Three faces of Technological Determinism. Retrieved April 3, 2015 from http://web.mit.edu/sts/pubs/pdfs/MIT_STS_WorkingPaper_11_Bimber_2.pdf
New Technology/Changes in Warfare from End of French Revolution/Napoleonic Wars to American Civil War eginning
Warfare Change in Technology
In France, reforms began after the great Seven-Year-long war. The war ended in French calamity in1763. Evidently, it was important to have reforms to field soldiers that could fight for French interests and honor. The government suggested that light infantry should be increased. This later brought about initiatives for conventional infantry training in techniques for light infantry. This training created soldiers that could fight both in open and close order. The multiple gun calibers used by the artillery unit were taken away; and they were left with only four varieties. There were new guns, which were more portable and lighter than the earlier ones. The new guns featured standardized segments and enclosed rounds. Lidell-Hart stated that according to Jean du Teil, "light mobile guns for use in the field when used…
Gibson. "Napoleon and the Grande Armee: Military Innovations Leading to a Revolution in 19th Century Military Affairs." Accessed November 9, 2016. http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/organization/c_rma.html .
History.com. "Civil War Technology." 2010. Accessed November 9, 2016. http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/civil-war-technology .
Scholastic. "Strategy and Tactics, Military." Accessed November 9, 2016. http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/strategy-and-tactics-military .
Zapotoczny, Walter. "The Impact of the Industrial Revolution On Warfare." Accessed November 9, 2016. http://www.wzaponline.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/Inductrialrevolution.292125935.pdf.
Technological and Organizational Change
Advances in Computer-Based Technology and Advanced Manufacturing Technology have created a business environment driven by a need to deliver quality products and services, faster. And, in its wake pushed up fresh challenges to exploit new services and technologies faster and prospect of new markets. The seamless access to technological change is constrained by international and host government laws, political environment, and intellectual property right, which are significant issue.
Clearly, in a scenario that is characterized by such a heightened sense of urgency, organizations must understand, adopt, adapt, innovate, and drive the change. The technological changes lead to organizational change but conversely; organizational changes do not automatically imply inclusion of technological change.
Contextual Critique of Adoption and Change
There is a growing sense of discomfort with the traditional theory of adoption and diffusion. Primarily because, these theories in practice do not provide sufficient insight into complex adoption…
Changing Institutions in Modernity
The focus of Week 9's reading, Newman's "Architects of change" is on social change. It is pivotal to note that this particular chapter serves as the conclusion for a book based on institutionalism. As such, the author noted that he wanted to end the manuscript on a more positive note that was less bureaucratic, and which provided optimism for change within some of the myriad institutions discussed in this work as a whole. The chapter begins with a prolonged case study about a man in the United Kingdom who was able to effect change in national health care policy to help his son who was suffering from a disease. The anecdote serves as a means of conveying that change is possible in institutions, and that in the process people are actually helping to reconstruct society and the way it functions.
The author then details the context…
Change Management Implementation Plan in the Workplace
This Change Management Plan documents and tacks the necessary information required to effectively manage project change from project inception to delivery for the Neuropsychological department in Australia. The Change Management Plan will be created throughout the Planning Phase of the project for developing a change initiative & implementation plan for Neuropsychological department. Its envisioned audience is the project manager, project team, project sponsor and any senior leaders whose support is required in order to perform the plan.
Describe different theories, constructs and models of leadership
One theory that will involve this process is the Trait Theory -- this theory assumes that the leader is dissimilar from the average person in terms of personality traits for example intelligence, perseverance, and determination. When it comes to the model of leadership, a transactional type of leader will be best for this type of transition. This type…
Acemoglu, D., 2007. Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market. Journal of Economic Literature, 40(1), pp. 7-72.
Addison, T. a. W. C., 2007. 'The Impact of Immigration on the Earnings of Natives: Evidence from Australian Micro Data. Economic Record, 23(9), pp. 68-78.
Anon., 2008. Rosenberg S, Hickie I and Mendoza J. National mental health reform: less talk, more action, 190(4), pp. 193-195.
Barger, N. J. a. L. K. K., 2006. The Challenge of Change in Organizations.. Palo Alto: Davies-Black Publishing.
Technological Convergence in Various Mediums
In the current era, which can be referred to as the Digital Age, the use of technology in our lives for every little purpose has become inevitable. Considering that, in almost every aspect of modern day communication, technology has become an integral part for the world to communicate. The advancements in the fields of digital communications in the past century have witnessed everyone around the globe to have come closer to each other, quickly and effectively. Since the time when the telephone was first invented, communications technology has progressed drastically and has come down a very long way.
Today, we live in a convergent world where there is continuous reforming of all methods of communication and information to adapt to the enduring demand of technologies. The use of gadgets and gizmos like cellular phones, laptops and wireless internet is very common and every day more…
Daniel Ionescu, P. (2010, June 25th). Apple Responds to iPhone 4 Antenna Problem. Retrieved January 9th, 2012, from PcWorld: http://www.pcworld.com/article/199853/apple_responds_to_iphone_4_antenna_problem.html
IFPI: 95% of Music Downloads are Pirated. (2009, January 15th). Retrieved January 9th, 2012, from DigitalMusicReviews: http://www.digitalmusicnews.com/stories/011509ifpi
Mark Hachman, S.S. (2010, June 24th). Apple iPhone 4 Antenna Problems Confirmed via Tests. Retrieved January 9th, 2012, from PcMag: http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2365650,00.asp
Turner, S.C. (2005). The Media and Communications in Australia. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.
Technological Fix and natomical Body
19th and 20th Century Surgical Fixes
During the 1800s, surgery had become a common medical procedure due to the discovery of anesthesia which was used in reducing pain during surgery.[footnoteRef:1] In addition, technological fixes were in place for correcting medical conditions such as the removal of tumors. During this period, medical practitioners were able to describe the locations of structures in relation to other structures in the body which ensured they knew the organ's positions and could conduct surgery of various body parts easily. [1: Porter, R. (1999). The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: Medical History of Humanity from ntiquity to the Present. Fontana Press.]
Following the in-depth understanding of human anatomy and use of antiseptics as well as anesthesia, towards the end of the 19th century, surgeons started performing new types of surgery including dissection of the abdomen, brain, and spinal cord.[footnoteRef:2] In line with…
Additionally, the patient's illness was an exaggeration by the doctor according to critics. The statements by the doctors were inaccurate since the patient was constantly agitated, cried a lot, and never cooperated in anything her sister did for her. Besides, the patient had had three-week admission in a private sanitarium and medication from other medics which never helped her. Besides, she protested medical exams always refusing to undergo intelligence tests.
"Examination disclosed a well-nourished woman, about 60 years old, with the classical mien of agitated depression. The tissues were flabby, and there were enormous circles below the eyes. 'There was no significant alteration in the neurologic examination; the retinal arteries showed a mild degree of sclerosis; the blood pressure was 222/128 and the heart was somewhat enlarged. Quite frequently she snorted and cleared her throat with a loud noise (a phenomenon observed in at least three other patients of this series). The hands were warm and dry, and the agitation seemed to be rather superficial"[footnoteRef:6]. [6: Ogren, K, and M. Sandlund. "Psychosurgery in Sweden 1944-1964." Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 14 (4), 2005: 353-367.]
Dr. Freeman's invasive surgery method made the procedure risky, bringing about several side effects. This surgical intervention was ultimately banned since it never treated the condition and with the discovery of better medications led to its decline[footnoteRef:7] while new methods of treating mental illness are present at present, frontal lobotomy should not be disregarded since during this time, it was the only treatment methods available. [7: ibid]
High school and college students use digital media extensively.
Their typical digital media habits and practices are dangerous.
They often publish personal information that can be used for exploitation.
In many cases, information they publish can harm them in the future.
Willenz, P. (2003). "Internet use involves both pros and cons for children and adolescents: Some youth benefit from Internet use while for others it can exacerbate self-destructive behaviors." American Psychological Association.
etrieved July 10, 2010 from:
Hypothesis # 4
The availability of digital social media has increased the incidence of extramarital affairs by providing a convenient medium for initiating anonymous social overtures.
Digital media have been used extensively to conduct illicit sexual affairs.
The privacy of the medium permits secrecy from spouses and significant others.
The anonymity of digital communications facilitates deception in social overtures.
Hertlein, K.M. And Piercy, F.P. "Internet Infidelity: A Critical eview of…
Hertlein, K.M. And Piercy, F.P. "Internet Infidelity: A Critical Review of the Literature." The Family Journal Vol. 14 (2006): 366-371.
As Pressman states, "Given what has later become known about the delicacies of brain function and the complexities of psychiatric illness, it strains credulity that such a crude procedure as the original lobotomies might truly have yielded therapeutic benefits for a great many patients." (Pressman1998, 195) This also refers to the fact that some medical theories are favored at certain times and not others. This suggests the relativity rather than the certainty of the scientific -- rational worldview.
The above brings us to the views put forward by Freeman and others concerning the technological fix. This in turn relates to other questions; such as why a method like lobotomy should have been seen to be effective in the past but not today. This leads to the view that political and social factors influence medicine and especially the success once attributed to a technology like lobotomy. For example, Pressman refers to…
Freeman, Walter and Watts, W. 1942. Psychosurgery, Intelligence, Emotion and Social
Behavior Following Prefrontal Lobotomy for Mental Disorders. Springfield:Baltimore.
Freeman, Walter and Watts, W. 1937. "Subcortical Prefrontal Lobotomy in the Treatment
of Certain Psychoses." Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 38: 225-229
The cable modem is also being considered a hub for Voice-over-IP (VoIP) as well. The cable model could in fact become the new platform of digital content delivered into the home (Fowler, 2006).
Inherent in any approach to creating technological convergence is the need for creating enough agility and flexibility in the design to support the multiplicity of needs customers have (Bores, Saurina, Torres, 2003). This has to be accomplished while sneering a high degree of integration and connectivity across all the associated technologies in the new product. This is apparent in how rapidly smartphones are gaining adoption, as the integration of digital content, voice technologies and enhanced screens are making smartphones grow exceptionally fast compared to other technologies today (uan, Gopinath, 2010). The creating of synergies has to be based on a tight integration of these factors together to ensure the highest levels of usability and reliability…
C Bores, C Saurina, & R. Torres. (2003). Technological convergence: A strategic perspective. Technovation, 23(1), 1-13.
Gavin Cameron, James Proudman, & Stephen Redding. (2005). Technological convergence, R&D, trade and productivity growth. European Economic Review, 49(3), 775-807.
Carlisle George, & Navin Chandak. (2006). Issues and challenges in securing interoperability of DRM systems in the digital music market. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 20(3), 271.
Dennis Fowler. (2006). it's called convergence, baby. NetWorker, 10(1), 5-9.
Education is being revolutionized by the use of tablet PCs and smart devices as well. The iPad is now considered by many college and university students as the preferred approach to getting their textbooks delivered as well (Weisberg, 188). Thankfully the day is soon coming when all textbooks will be delivered electronically to the device of a student's choice, whether it is an Amazon e-reader like the Kindle or Fire, or to an Apple iPad, iPad2 or subsequent generation of tablet PCs they are planning today. Instead of having to have a backpack stuffed with 50 lbs. Of books all that will be needed is a folder and a slim line iPad or Kindle to carry all textbooks from class to class. Universities continue to experiment with teaching courses entirely on iPads with Georgia State University's obinson College of Business and Hult International Business School distributing entire course material including…
Tim Bradshaw. "iPad takes over as the lecture hall aid of choice. " Financial Times 14 Mar. 2011,
Castelluccio, M.. "The Tablet at Work. " Strategic Finance 92.5 (2010): 59-60.
Geyer, M., and F. Felske. "Consumer Toy or Corporate Tool: The iPad Enters the Workplace. " Interactions 18.4 (2011): 45.
Weisberg, M.. "Student Attitudes and Behaviors Towards Digital Textbooks. " Publishing Research Quarterly 27.2 (2011): 188.
Change Management Scenario
The contemporary business environment is rapidly evolving. Globalization has taken over the organization environment, and with this business is forced to undergo continuous and rapid change driven by increasing stakeholder expectations, new technological advances, and competition that is not only global, but viral (Bendell, 2005). This has resulted in a dramatically different business environment in which the modern business, in order to survive and prosper, is forced to evolve and regularly revise their internal and external business processes. Typically, aggressive and rapid change management systems germinate within the private sector -- only after trial and error, testing, and numerous permutations did they become standard within the public sector organization. This paradigm, however, changed in the late 1990s with a combination of rising client expectations to effectively address major socio-culture, economic, and demographic issues, and change in governmental oversight and minimal requirements pushed management in the public sector…
Home Depot, Inc. (September 29, 2012). The New York Times. Retrieved from:
Aluise, S. (January 19, 2012). Frank Blake Has Brought Home Depot Home. Investorplace.
Com. Retrieved from: http://investorplace.com/2012/01/frank-blake-has-brought-home-depot-home/
There are also an increasing number of opportunities for people from diverse backgrounds to work together towards a common company goal. This brings with it a unique set of opportunities and challenges (Kosch, 2007).
Kosch (2007, p.1) for example mentions the benefits of an international camping program in the United States, where students from across the globe came to American campsites to work as advisers, cooks, housekeepers, and others. The main benefit was the diversity of cultures that enabled a mutual learning process with the result of mutual respect. The main challenge was however the fact that these workers were far from their known and trusted support systems, and cultural integration could prove difficult at first. However, in an increasing amount of workplaces, cultural diversity has become the norm rather than the exception. In such environments, H managers should therefore ensure that the various cultures integrate effectively to help the…
Grantham, P.H. And Hook, M. The Changing Role of Human Resources: Discussing the new model of the HR organization. Columbia Consulting Group. Retrieved from http://www.singergrp.com/presentations/changing_role.pdf
Kosch, S. (2007, Sept/Oct). Global Understanding: The Benefits and Challenges of International Staffing. Camping Magazine.
Management Matters. (2007, Feb). Employee Recruitment Part 1 -- Recruiting Strategies. Wood&Wood Products. Retrieved from www.iswonline.com
Schein, E.H. (2008) The Changing Role of the Human Resource Manager. Poslovna Sola. Retrieved from www.iedc.si/publications/masterclasses/masterclass_eng.pdf
As we will see in the case studies, leadership is a decisive factor in the process of diagnosing and in the implementation of changes in the operation of a corporate organisation. IT, HR and corporate work ethics may be excellent. However, without secure and decisive leadership, the best organisational makeovers can fail miserably.
In this part of the essay, this author will illustrate three models and techniques in the change management professional literature for diagnosing organisations. ith regard to this, we will compare and contrast three different diagnostic models/techniques, including the main strengths and weaknesses of each. In this discussion, we will also examine the relationship between each diagnostic model/technique and the organisational development and political approaches to organisational change.
In the first we will consider, a great person and a great organisational management team leads change and the charge, focusing in on areas that needs to be changed.…
Aloini, D., Dulmin, R., & Mininno, M. (2007). Risk management in erp project introduction: Review of the literature. Information & Management, 44, 547 -- 567.
Flamholtz, E.G. (2011). The leadership molecule hypothesis: Implications for entrepreneurial organizations. International Review of Entrepreneurship, 9(3), 1-24.
Ford, M.W., & Evans, J.R. (2006). The role of follow-up in achieving results from self-assessment processes. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 23, 589-606.
Friedman, B.A. (2007). Globalization implications for human resource management roles. Employment Responsibility Rights Journal, 19, 157 -- 171.
Change management is one of the most important components in the successful operations of a company or business organization. The modern business environment is characterized by numerous changes that are attributable to various factors including technological developments and globalization. In this regard, business organizations or companies increasingly face the need to adopt changes in their operations in order to align their businesses with the industry they operate it. However, the process of instituting organizational change in complex and can hurt a company’s operations if not conducted appropriately. As a result, there are various change management models that have been developed to help the management in instituting and managing organizational change. These models help in management of planned and unplanned change in the organization in order to enhance its efficiency and effectiveness in the industry or market it operates in. Some of these change management models include Kurt Lewin’s Three-Step Change…
Technological Globalization Methodology
IT as it Links to Corporate Strategy
IT is essentially at the very heart of new and innovative business strategy. With such rapid advancements in technology continuing to unfold, it is crucial that IT be at the center of development and design for any organization, especially ones entering new global market environments as businesses continue to expand internationally. IT departments help keep organizations at the forefront of corporate strategy (Arora et al., 2004). As such, "information technology is playing its significant role in the betterment of organizations" (Ahmed et al., 2012). It is strengthening corporate strategy on a global scale. Technology is thus helping drive new and innovative strategies for expanding market environments. In their research, Ahmed et al. (2012) found that "global vision is positively correlated with IT" and "IT and global corporate strategy are positively correlated" as well. This ultimately suggests that innovative IT departments…
Ahmed, Irfran, Qadri, Akmal S., Shazad, Rana K., & Khiliji, Bashir A. (2011). Information Technology: Its Impact on Global Management. World Applied Sciences Journal, 12(7): 1100-1106.
Arora, Ashish, Fosfuri, Andrea, & Gambradella, Alfonso. (2004). Markets for Technology: The Economics of Innovation and Corporate Strategy. MIT Press.
Bijker, W.E., Hughes, T.P., Pinch, T., & Douglas, D.G. (2012). The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. MIT press.
Cano, Cynthia R., Carrillat, Francois A., & Jaramillo, Fernando. (2004). A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Market Orientation and Business Performance: Evidence from Five Continents. International Journal of Research Marketing, 21(2): 179-200.
Technological Globalization esults
Expanded Efficiency in Service of a Diversified Customer Base
IT plays a huge role in adapting corporate strategy in order to increase the efficiency and service towards a new, and more diversified consumer base. Essentially, "greater efficiency can be achieved by dividing the overall problem-solving effort into tasks, showing maximal interaction" with the new market environment (Arora et al., 2004). IT must take over and assign esearch and Development tasks accordingly to better understand the market. Through comprehensive investigation of new markets, IT can then provide the most successful strategies to go after the primary characteristics of the chosen market demographic. IT strategies that are proven successful can then serve as a model for other firms. Here, "the idea is that &D investments by a firm spill over into other firms, thereby increasing the productivity of &D in other firms, or directly improving efficiency and productivity in…
Arora, Ashish, Fosfuri, Andrea, & Gambradella, Alfonso. (2004). Markets for Technology: The Economics of Innovation and Corporate Strategy. MIT Press.
Bijker, W.E., Hughes, T.P., Pinch, T., & Douglas, D.G. (2012). The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. MIT press.
Yunker, J. (2002). Beyond borders: Web globalization strategies. New Riders.
Technological Globalization Class Review
I thought it was necessary to research this particular project because the business climate of contemporary times is increasingly turning towards globalization. Business is no longer conducted domestically or in one particular market; instead, it is conducted internationally in what is a global marketplace as organizations vie with one another for the best resources and services or products they can supply on the planet. Therefore, there is a growing reliance on information technology that enables globalization to take place, and which organizations must keep abreast of in order to stay competitive in today's ever-shifting business climate.
Other studies in this literature review are suggesting that there are certain aspects of globalization and IT that are changing priorities for companies. For instance, it is now much more important for a company to maintain and manage its public image in terms of its methods and how it chooses…
Discuss your research methodology process and experience
The basic research method will concentrate on utilizing meta -- analysis. This is when there is a focus on looking at different sources and identifying patterns in the study. These findings help to determine key trends and enable actuaries to more effectively analyze the problem. The process involves understanding the issues, reviewing the various forms of literature, cataloguing them into specific segments, using the findings to create common patterns and discussing what was uncovered during this process. These different elements are working together to promote objectivity. These experiences offer a better understanding of the subject and allow everyone to see which factors are influencing the outcome of the project. (Cooper, 2009)
Discuss your literature review findings regarding the topic you researched.
The research is showing that information technology (IT) is having an impact on the kinds of strategies which are utilized…
Baumann, D. (2007). Global Rules and Private Actors. International Management, 10, 3 -- 39.
Cooper, H. (2009). The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta Analysis. New York, NY: Russell Sage
Griffith, D. (2008). Emerging Themes in International Business Research. Journal of International Business Studies,
1.3. Summary of argument, Hypothesis
The role of leadership styles and their applicability to the success or failure of mergers, acquisitions and alliances is the focus of this research. Any leadership study, to be relevant, must also focus on the needs of those served by the organizations studies. That is why in the proposed Change Management Equilibrium Model have customer-driven processes at their center or core. The focus of the research to either validate or refute the model is based on consistency and collaboration as two factors that also serve to create greater levels of integration between the two or more healthcare providers merging or changing their organizational structures to better serve the market. This market orientation is what many public-ally-owned and operated healthcare providers struggle with, as often the source of funding becomes their "customer" or whom they serve (Brinkmann, O'Brien, 2010). Studies by AM esearch for example show…
Abbott, R., Ploubidis, G., Huppert, F., Kuh, D., & Croudace, T.. (2010). An Evaluation of the Precision of Measurement of Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scales in a Population Sample. Social Indicators Research, 97(3), 357-373.
Faten Fahad Al-Mailam. (2004). Transactional vs. Transformational Style of Leadership-Employee Perception of Leadership Efficacy in Public and Private Hospitals in Kuwait. Quality Management in Health Care, 13(4), 278-284.
Antonakis, J., & House, R.J. (2002). The full-range leadership theory: The way forward. In B.J. Avolio & F.J. Yammarino (Eds.) Transformational and Charismatic Leadership, Volume 2, p. 3 -- 33. Boston: JAI Press.
Avolio, B.J., & Yammarino, F.J. (2002). Introduction to, and overview of, transformational and charismatic leadership. In B.J. Avolio & F.J. Yammarino (Eds.) Transformational and Charismatic Leadership, Volume 2, p. xvii -- xxiii. Boston: JAI Press.
Over time, from one second to the next, human behavior constantly changes, contributing to the fact that human behavior, consequently human cognition, constitutes a dynamic process. (Thelen and Smith, 1994). Communication, also a continuous interactive process, serves as the overtime interaction between the human motivated information processing system and the communication message. (Geiger and Reeves, 1993; Lang, 2000; Rafaeli, 1988)
Media multitasking indicates a user will simultaneously experience exposure to content from various media. As an individual possesses only a limited number of cognitive resources, he/she will not be able to process information at the same level of efficiency as media single use. As a result, the continuing, shifting attention results in less effective retrieval of information, as well as, experiencing challenges retrieving, encoding and storing information.
Statement of Problem
Despite contradictory indications from communication and cognitive psychology, younger adults' fill their lives with multitasking around media, as well…
The lack of action over Rwanda should be the defining scandal of the presidency ill Clinton. Yet in the slew of articles on the Clinton years that followed Clinton's departure from power, there was barely a mention of the genocide."
The UN, pressured by the ritish and the U.S., and others, refused to use the word "genocide" during the event, or afterward when it issued its official statement of condemnation of the genocide in Rwanda.
Since that time, ill Clinton has said that Rwanda is one of his regrets of his presidency, but that he lacked the information to "fully grasp what was going on in Rwanda."
Reports to the UN and its member states, as reported by William Ferroggiaro (1995), online at http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAE/NSAE119/index.htm, were based on reports via the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), said that there was a "probability" of certain individuals and groups being responsible for certain…
Anderson, D.L. The Columbia Guide to the Vietnam War. Columbia University Press, New York, 2002. p. 232.
Brahimi. L, Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (2000), found at
Global Business 8081
Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of North America
Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America
Impact of Economic Change in Education Sector of North America
Impact of Technological and Economic Changes in Educational Sector of China
The paper is providing the impact of changes in the aspects of economic and technology in the educational sector of North America. The discussion is further followed with the identification of the impacts of technology and economy changes in the China similar to that of North America.
Impact of Technological Change in Education Sector of North America
It is observed that the popularity of Massive Open Online Courses or MOOCs along with the other types of distributed learning is the form of major drivers of technological change in education sector of North America. The potential of MOOC provided the potential to open higher education to several…
Altbach, P.G., Gumport, P.J. & Berdahl, R.O., 2011. American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century: Social, Political, and Economic Challenges. s.l.:JHU Press.
Apple, M.W., 2012. Can Education Change Society?. s.l.:Routledge.
Bangay, C. & Blum, N., 2010. Education responses to climate change and quality: Two parts of the same agenda?. International Journal of Educational Development, 30(4), pp. 359-368.
Betz, F., 2011. Managing Technological Innovation: Competitive Advantage from Change. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.
Organizations will have a workforce with almost no experience of the tactile sensations of creation of words. If a virus or a failure of electricity were to occur, the workforce could become completely immobilized. Workers have a much wider access to large amounts of information, but there is a strong disincentive to stay focused on a single task for a long period of time while reading on a screen, even when a Kindle reader: "Amazon has already released a version of the Kindle software for reading its e-books on an iPhone, which is much more conducive to all manner of distraction. No doubt future iterations of the Kindle and other e-book readers will make it just as easy to jump online to check your 401(k) performance as it is now to buy a copy of on Beauty. (Johnson 2009). The workforce may be more educated in a shallow fashion because…
Gordon, Andrea. (2010, December 9). The death of handwriting. Parent Central.
Retrieved March 8, 2010 at http://www.parentcentral.ca/parent/education/schoolsandresources/article/736263 -- the-death-of-handwriting
Johnson, Eric. (2009, December). How the e-book will change the way we read and write.
The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 8, 2010 at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123980920727621353.html
These are the two most powerful factors that anchor the Force Field Model analysis of the enterprise software industry. With the driving and restraining forces in continual interaction and at times conflict, productivity shifts drastically across the continuums of industries based on the impact of driving and restraining forces (Paquin, Koplyay, 2007).
Cincom is being affected by the disruptive driving forces of CAPEX and OPEX most severely as competitors are quick to create a competitive advantage for themselves by seizing these areas and exploiting them in the market. CAPEX and OPEX are driving such a high rate of disruptive innovation and transformation change that it is in turn disrupting cultures of companies and reordering stakeholder dynamics as well (Koslowski, Struker, 2011). The political and technological forces are also driven by these economic ones, with the restraining forces of the Force Field Model applied to enterprise software being led by CIOs…
Armenakis, a.A. & Harris, S.G. 2002, "Crafting a change message to create transformational readiness," Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 169-183.
Boga, I. & Ensari, N. 2009, "The Role of Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change on Perceived Organizational Success," the Psychologist Manager Journal, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 235.
Bordum, a. 2010, "The strategic balance in a change management perspective," Society and Business Review, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 245-258.
Brown, a.D. 1994, "Transformational leadership in tackling change," Journal of General Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1-1.
The organizational change theory which best fits the organizational development and change of military organization is the "Teleological Change Theory." The top management and the leadership of the military realized the need for constant changes and realized the necessity of change in the organizational structures. The individual managers, the Generals in this case, have been instrumental in bringing about this change. Internal decision making and structures are more affected by the organizational change. In a teleological change, leader is right at the centre of the change, process, people and management. Leader is the one who aligns the goals, rewards, processes, expectations, roles and duties. Strategy formulation and implementation is based on the experiences from the ongoing processes. (Marshak, 2005)
It is important to take into account various factors while evaluating the organizational change in military. The size of the military and complexity of operations make it extremely hard to implement…
Murrell K.L. (1999). New Century Organization Development. Organizational Development Journal. Volume 17: No.4.
Marshak, R.J. (2005). Reinventing organizational development: New approaches to change in organizations. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.
Managing Change Organization. Provide a significant change place a major organization, compare contrast established change management models/frameworks implementation phase common lessons learned.
Managing change in the organization: est uy
One of the most recent successful changes to be implemented at a major organization is that of the technology company est uy's shift to a results-only workplace (ROWE). In the ROWE model, workers are judged solely on their output, not on how many hours they log at the company headquarters. This is a complete shift from the previous organizational culture and the way of valuing employees at est uy before ROWE was implemented. efore, workers were encouraged to pride themselves about how early they came in to the office and how late they stayed. Today, measurable output alone is how workers are valued. "Employee productivity has increased an average of 35% in departments covered by the program," and the…
Brandon, John. 2007. Rethinking the time clock. CNN. Available:
http://money.cnn.com/magazines/business2/business2_archive/2007/03/01/8401022/index.htm [27 Jun 2012]
Major change frameworks and models. (n.d.). DePaul University. Accessed:
http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/nsutcliffe/450-00Current/450Frameworks-Models.htm [27 Jun 2012]
Organizational Change and Growth Through Technology:
In the past few years, information technology is a concept that has attracted huge attention from various sectors in the society including the academic field and business world. This huge attention is attributed to the fact that information technology has revolutionized communication and business processes. In the business world, the concept has generated considerable interest because of its organizational impact. The impact of information technology on organizational changes and labor productivity has attracted considerable attention that has contributed to extensive research on this issue. Given the pervasiveness of information technology in the modern world, it has become a major theme that drives organizational change and growth in relation to its link to factors of production.
Changes in the Business World:
According to Bridges (2009), change is a process that is situational and takes place without people transitioning (p.3). In essence, while change is regarded…
Bridges, W. (2009). Managing transitions: making the most of change (3rd ed.). Chestnut Street,
PA: Da Capo Press.
Gagnon, Y. & Gagnon, J. (2010). The Impact of Technology on Organizational Performance.
Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management, 28(1), 19-31.
Taking the five drivers of technological innovation, consolidation of the enterprise software industry, increased focus of new competitors in high growth sectors, compliance requirements of customers, and the shift in software to becoming more knowledge-based, the future of Cincom Systems is highly dependent on strategic renewal (Agarwal, Helfat, 2009). Taking these five factors together and defining realistic, optimistic and pessimistic scenarios provides insights into the extent to which Cincom Systems needs to accomplish strategic renewal.
Under a realistic scenario, Cincom Systems can expect the pace of technological innovation to continually increase with SaaS-based competitors gaining market share in the key areas of CM and channel management. The consolidation of the industry and increased focus of new competitors is under realistic scenario-based assumptions force Cincom to innovate from one product generation to the next with greater urgency. The two drivers of compliance requirements and the shift in enterprise software…
Agarwal, R., and C. Helfat. 2009. Strategic Renewal of Organizations. Organization Science 20, no. 2, (March 1): 281-293,478.
Campbell-Kelly, M.. 2009. The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Software as a Service. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 52, no. 5, (May 1): 28.
Mitsuru Kodama. 2006. Knowledge-based view of corporate strategy. Technovation 26, no. 12, (December 1): 1390-1406.
Changes to Healthcare Practice and Delivery: A Study of Two Detroit, MI Healthcare Facilities Separated by Twenty Years
Changes to technology and to the political and regulatory landscape have led to many changes in the ways that businesses in all manner of industries operate. Increased communications capabilities, the shrinking size and cost for advanced technologies, and a variety of other changes have provided many businesses with an opportunity to operate more efficiently, and in so doing have also made many industries and markets more competitive. An examination of some typical businesses operating in these industries today as compared to their counterparts that were in operation twenty years ago provides ample evidence of the changes that have occurred and the ways in which businesses have adapted.
The healthcare industry has by no means been immune from these changes, but in fact has changed more than many other industries due…
Anderson, J. & Aydin, C. (2005). Evaluating the organizational impact of health care information systems. New York: Springer.
Armoni, A. (2000). Healthcare information systems: challenges of the new millennium. Hershey, PA: Idea Group.
Wager, K., Lee, F. & Glaser, J. (2009). Health care information systems: a practical approach for health care management. New York: Wiley.
Downsizing and Change Management
In any organization, the only permanent reality is change if the firm wants to thrive and succeed in the global economy. In times of extreme hardships, companies will some times have to make decisions, which are fairly harsh but are immensely important for survival of the firm. Downsizing is one such decision and while it appears unfair to some, it is actually the only way a company can reduce its overall costs, improve productivity, gain a sense of focus and possibly improve its financial health. We-based our downsizing process on Kurt Lewin change management theory and kept it as close to the three stages of change described by Lewin as possible.
At our firm, we needed to make this change because it appeared that in harsh economic times, this would the best option in order to stay afloat. However we had heard so many…
Abrahamson, Eric. Change without Pain, Harvard Business School, Boston 2004.
Chadwick C, HunterL.W. And Walston S.L. 2004 "Effects of Downsizing Practices on the Performance of Hospitals" Strategic Management Journal. iss 25, pg 405 -- 427
Devine, K, Reay, T, Stainton, L, Nakai, R, C, (2003) Downsizing outcomes: Better a Victim than a Survivor? Human Resource Management Vol 42, Iss 2, pg 109
Lewin, Kurt. Field Theory in Social Science. Harper, New York 1951.
The question to be addressed in this paper is: should society hold back technology in order to protect those workers that are unskilled? It is true that many unskilled laborers have no opportunity to learn digital and other kinds of technology, and indeed many workers who lack skills in modern technology struggle to learn when they are given the opportunity. Hence, in order to protect unskilled workers and their potential, should technology be somewhat scaled back so those unskilled workers are not left out of the economy, and basically denied the opportunity to make a livable wage?
First of all, there can be no holding back of technology no matter how just and fair the reasons might be for doing that. Technology has done so much in a positive light to enhance communication and information worldwide, it would make no sense to attempt to hold it back. Secondly, the…
Business Dictionary. (2014). Technology. Retrieved September 27, 2014, from http://www.businessdictionary.com .
Oxford Dictionaries. (2014). Technology. Retrieved September 27, 2014, from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com .
Sanders, M. (2005). Technology and the Decline in Demand for Unskilled Labour: A
Theoretical Analysis of the U.S. And European Labour Markets. Northampton, MA:
It is yet to be seen whether alternative energy will eventually replace petroleum products or whether they will simply enhance the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and availability of energy in the future. BP's move into alternative energy will help it to position itself as a leader regardless of which direction the market decides to go. BP's move makes sense from many perspectives. It makes sense for a marketing perspective because it will help to improve BP's image to one that is more environmentally friendly and in line with current public consciousness. It will help it to make better use of natural resources from production to end use of all of its product lines.
One advantage that BP has over many of the other companies entering into the alternative energy field is that it has experience in providing the needs of mass consumers. It understands the technical difficulties of supplying energy to…
BP Solar International Inc. BP Solar has over 30 years experience in the solar industry: a legacy of quality, service, performance and innovation all around the world. 2006. http://www.bp.com/genericarticle.do?categoryId=3050457&contentId=3050613 .
Accessed October 29, 2006.
. This as a major development of the industry is bound to come out in the analysis.
ecession and the Performance of Banking Industry
ecession worked negatively on the banking industry especially so because the industry was still at its initial growth stage. The industry has reformed and change significantly following changes in observed. The data analyzed is expected to show how much recession influenced the changes in policy and regulations. It will also show that banks had a lesson to learn as far as the economic performance and trends were concerned. To date, given the trends banking industry are seen as most susceptible to the economic downturn and the key resolving this is to make changes as a safe guard measures. This is expected to come out in the data analyzed showing the existence of policy and operation changes and strategies adopted in light of economic performance.
Avery, et al. "Consolidation and Bank Branching Patterns." Journal of Banking and Finance 23.2-4 (1999): 497-532. Print.
Barzun, J., and H. F Graff. The Modern Researcher 6th Ed. Belmont CA: Thomson Wadsworth 2004. Print.
Boyd, John H., Sungkyu Kwak, and Bruce Smith. "The Real Output Losses Associated with Modern Banking Crises." Journal of Money, Credit and Banking 37.6 (2005): 977-99. Print.
Mishkin, Frederic S., and Philip E. Strahan. What Will Technology Do to Financial Structure? . Washington Brookings Institution 1999. Print.
The attendant rules for the words may, or may not be carried to the new language. For example, many French words carry their plurals into English, while some more recent additions adopt English rules for pluralization
So we create new words or meanings as needed, and we drop old ones as they become obsolete or lose their usefulness. Another way language changes is by attitude. Cultural influences make certain words taboo, so we develop euphemisms to replace the taboo word. When the euphemism becomes widely known, we change it. One example in English is the word for toilet: water closet->loo->lavatory->ladies' room-> rest room ad infinitum until finally, we stopped thinking of this particular place as taboo in western society, so now we use many of the previous euphemisms as our personal taste dictates, and most people understand us.
Language is so basically part of our culture that culture is probably…
MacNeil, Robert and McCrum, Robert 1986 "The Story of English" (1986) (mini)
Public Television miniseries. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0198245/
See Language in Thought and Action, Dr. S.I. Hayakawa, 1935 for more on this topic.
Tesco's Change Management Of Self-Checkout
The retail sector of the United Kingdom is its most competitive and largest industry. The UK's leading supermarket chain is the multinational retailer, Tesco, which accounts for 31.6% of the nation's retail market share. Sainsbury's, Morrison's, and ASDA are its major competitors. All organizations have some micro and macro environmental factors linked to them, which influence their operations and decisions. Michael Porter's 5 forces, PEST (Political, Economic, Social and Technological) analysis and SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis are employed in industry analysis and help earn competitive advantage. Differentiation by Tesco began through its introduction of a self-checkout system in its store in Dereham, Norfolk, in the year 2003. This paper will examine this strategic change of Tesco's and assess its effects on the retailer. Attention will be given to investigating its self-checkout instrument. The self-checkout practice was intended to speed up store check-outs…
Armstrong, M. (2006), A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, (10th edn), Kogan Page, London, pages 25, 345, 346
Buchanan, D., & Badham, R. J. (2008). Power, Politics, and Organizational Change: Winning the Turf Game. London: Sage Publications.
King, N., & Anderson, N. (2001). Managing innovation and change: A critical guide for organizations. London: Thomson Learning.
Kotter, J. P., & Cohen, D. S. (2012). The heart of change: Real-life stories of how people change their organizations.
Why are people resistant to change? What psychological factors can inhibit change, particularly technological change? Technology is supposed to (and often does) make human being's lives easier, yet switching to a new operating system, even an obviously more efficient one, frequently brings profound resistance on the part of employees. One possible answer is that change resistance is hard-wired into the psyche of many human beings and regardless of how necessary and logical the change may be, there will be inevitable unconscious resistance. This resistance can manifest itself in anger at management for instituting the changes, unproductive complaining and claiming to 'not understand' the change.
Change resistance can also occur for more practical reasons, namely that people may feel that their positions within the organization will be threatened if the change is instituted. They may fear that their jobs will be outsourced or subsumed by new technology, or that expanding…
(a) Technology is "the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science" (Dictionary.com, 2014). 1)(b) High-technology is "scientific technology involving the production or use of advanced or sophisticated devices especially in the fields of electronics and computers" (Merriam-Webster, 2014). 1)(c) A can opener, an electric can opener, and a radio are all examples of technology. They involve mechanical parts and some simple electronics or electronics that have been in use for a substantial period of time, and are not considered advanced or sophisticated. A 3D printer, a drone, a satellite radio, and a 3D TV all rely upon advanced computer technology to work and would be examples of high technology because they would be unable to work without supporting advanced technology and,…
Apple. (2014). Watch. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from: https://www.apple.com/watch/
Dictionary.com. (2014). Technology. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from:
Kurzweil, R. (2001, March 7). The law of accelerating returns. Retrieved October 1, 2014
Japanese automaker Toyota, headquartered in the city of the same name, is the world's leading automaker by sales, moving over 10 million vehicles per year (Statista, 2016). However, being the industry leader means one thing -- everybody is trying to take share away from you. As such, Toyota faces many competitive threats. The American automakers are performing better after a very difficult period leading into the dual bankruptcies of GM and Chrysler. The Korean automakers, particularly Hyundai, are becoming more powerful. . Emerging economy companies like Geely and Tata loom on the horizon as new competitors in all markets, and they are already challenging Toyota in their home markets.
Furthermore, Toyota faces internal challenges as well. It suffered a major blow to its supply chain management strategy in the wake of the 2011 tsunami. The company had clustered its supply chain around its major manufacturing facilities, but this left…
Greimel, H (2012). Tsunami: the aftermath. Automotive News. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from http://www.autonews.com/article/20120312/OEM01/303129960/tsunami:-the-aftermath
:Ludwig, C. (2013). Toyota's total supply chain vision. Automotive Logistics. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from http://automotivelogistics.media/interview/total-supply-chain-vision
Statista (2016). Statistics and facts about the global automotive industry. Statista. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from http://www.statista.com/topics/1487/automotive-industry/
Sugiyama, K. (2011). Toyota aims for quake-proof supply chain. Reuters. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from http://www.reuters.com/article/us-toyota-idUSTRE7852RF20110906
Technology With egards to Dating
Dating is an activity typically used by people to choose potential romantic partners and to initiate the process of finding a mate (Strong & Cohen, 2013). The process of dating has undergone many changes through the course of history; however, technological innovations have dramatically altered the process. This paper will discuss how technology has influenced the dating process in both positive and negative ways. First the concept of dating is defined and explored followed by a discussion of how the dating process has been altered by technological changes.
The term dating has several meanings but typically refers to a meeting of two individuals with the goal of engaging in some form of mutually agreed-upon social activity (Strong & Cohen, 2013). Thus, dating is most often considered to be an activity that is part of the mating or selection process in humans where…
Bailey, C.M. (2010). Match. com and Chadwick Martin Bailey 2009-2010 Studies:
Recent Trends: Online Dating. Retrieved on June 5, 2015 from http://cp.match.com/cppp/media/CMB_Study.pdf
Brown, S.L., & Lin, I.F. (2012). The gray divorce revolution: Rising divorce among middle-aged and older adults, 1990 -- 2010. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(6), 731-741.
Couch, D., & Liamputtong, P. (2008). Online dating and mating: The use of the internet to meet sexual partners. Qualitative Health Research, 18(2), 268-279.
Obsolete Software Tools
The pace of technological change continues to accelerate rending many software development applications, tools and programs obsolete quickly. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate ten of these obsolete applications, tools and programs, providing insights into how they can be improved to deliver greater value.
Analysis of Obsolete Tools
The first of the ten tools is Borland C++ Compiler Version 3.1. This specific version of the Borland C++ Complier had a series of commands within its structure that led to direct conflicts with the broader BSD C++ conventions supported by other software companies including Microsoft and their C++ Compiler. C++ has since been replaced with more Web-capable programming languages including Python.
The second obsolete programming tool is Borland Kylix. This programming tool is used for scripting and creating its own proprietary application libraries. Scripting languages including PEL and other tools for shell scripting have since overtaken…
Binstock, A. (2005). For Linux, the end-to-end is near. Software Development Times, (130), 30-31.
Lee, H.G., Clark, T., & Tam, K.Y. (1999). Research report. can EDI benefit adopters? Information Systems Research, 10(2), 186-195.
Miner, G. (2001). Choosing a LIMS in the internet age. American Water Works Association. Journal, 93(7), 120-120.
production of food products has changed dramatically over the past several years. Technological changes in machinery, increased use of better and more expedient forms of transportation, and improved fertilizers have all contributed to a more efficient food production process. This more efficient process, however, has not come with some requisite problems.
The existing system of delivering food products in the United States is a major contributor to the world's global warming problem. The largest contributor to global warming is the use of fossil fuels. One study released in 2000 estimated that nearly ten percent of all the energy used in the United States was consumed by the food industry. (Heller, 2000).
This large use of fossil fuels is generated throughout the food production and delivering industry. A large measure of this use is through the extensive reliance upon artificial fertilizers and pesticides. Although the use of these products results in…
Center for Disease Control. (2003). Diabetes Public Health Resource. Retrieved December 4, 2010, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/figuretext.htm#fig1
Eckholm, E. (2010, August 11). Farmers Lean to Truce on Animals' Close Quarters. The New York Times .
Eisnitz, G.A. (2006). Slaugherhouse: The Shocking Story of Greed, Neglect, and Inhuman Treatment Inside the U.S. Meat Industry. Prometheus Books.
Fossil Fuels. (n.d.). Retrieved December 3, 2010, from U.S. Department of Energy: http://www.energy.gov/energysources/fossilfuels.htm
Nursing Change Project
The organization at focus in this nursing change project and the nursing managers in cohesion implemented an evidence-based nursing practice model in the health care organization. As noted in the work of Keele (nd) there has been several models that have provided contributions on the conceptual level to the implementation of evidence-based nursing. One of these models is the Stetler model (Stetler, 2001), also included is the Iowa model (Titler, et al., 2001), the John Hopkins Evidence-ased Practice Model (Newhouse, et al., 2007), the ACE Star Model (Stevens, 2004), the Caledonian Development Model (Tolson, ooth & Lowendes, 2008), and the Evidence-ased Practice Model for Staff Nurses (Reavy & Tavernier, 2008). (p.75) The model chosen by the organization and reported in this work in writing is most similar to the Evidence-ased Practice Model for Staff Nurses (Reavey & Tavernier, 2008). The process utilized for the Evidence-ased Practice Model…
Keele (nd) Implementing Evidence-Based Nursing Practice: An Overview. Jones & Bartlett. Retrieved from: http://samples.jbpub.com/9780763780586/80586_CH05_Keele.pdf
Lazarus, W. And Lipper, L. (2009) School-Based Telehealth: An Innovative Approach to Meet the Health Care Needs of California's Children. Digital Opportunity for Youth Issues Brief, No. 6. October 2009. The Children's Partnership. Retrieved from: http://www.childrenspartnership.org/storage/documents/Publications/SchoolTelehealthBriefSep2009.pdf
Mackert, M. And Whitten, P. (2007) Successful Adoption of a School-based Telemedicine System. J. Sch. Health. 2007, Aug 77(6):327-30. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17600590
Puchala, E. And Wozniak, M. (2001) The Project of the Telemedicine System for a Family Doctor's Practices. Retrieved from: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a409348.pdf
Technological and social challenges of information technology in health care
Information technology has transformed all aspects of society and healthcare is no exception. One 2010 survey of physicians conducted by the Medical Group Management association found that seven of the top ten challenges identified by physicians had to do with health information technology: implementing electronic records-keeping, keeping track of Medicare reimbursement and compensation, and bi;; collections via new information management systems (Sarasohn-Kahn 2010). However, significant challenges exist in implementing health information technology effectively, so it can realize its promise to create a more efficient healthcare system. "Clinical information systems do not communicate with each other automatically because integration of existing data standards is lacking. Data standards for medical specialties need further development. Database architectures are often designed to support single clinical applications and are not easily modified to meet the enterprise-wide needs desired by all end-users" (Kardry et al. 2010).…
Gibbons, Michael Christopher. (2011). Use of health information technology among racial and ethnic underserved communities. Online research journal: Perspectives in Health Information Management. Retrieved October 17, 2011 at http://perspectives.ahima.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=206:use-of-health-information-technology-among-racial-and-ethnic-underserved-communities&catid=63:telehealth
Kadry B., I.C. Sanderson, & A. Macario. (2010). Challenges that limit meaningful use of health information technology. Current Opinion Anesthesiology, 23(2):184-92.
Retrieved October 17, 2011 at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20084001
Sarasohn-Kahn, Jane. (2010). Economics and health information technology are top challenges for physicians in 2010. Health Populi. Retrieved October 17, 2011 at http://healthpopuli.com/2010/07/01/economics-and-health-information-technology-are-top-challenges-for-physicians-in-2010/
The Changing Employer-Employee Relationship and Implications on HRM
Organizations now operate in a rapidly changing world. Changes in consumer behavior, increased competitive pressure, technological advancements, as well as regulatory shifts in the last few decades have generally compelled organizations to adjust their strategies, objectives, policies, and actions in an attempt to enhance organizational efficiency and profitability (Freese, Schalk & Croon, 2011; Ulen, 2015; Abu-Doleh & Hammou, 2015). In fact, the ability to accommodate change has been marked as a vital ingredient of success in the constantly evolving operational environment (Wellin, 2007). Whereas its importance cannot be overemphasized, adapting to change has had a significant impact on the psychological contract, which essentially denotes the intangible employer-employee relationship, particularly exemplified by mutual expectations between the employer and the employee (Smissen, Schalk & Freese, 2013). The shifting psychological contract has consequently presented a significant challenge for organizations, specifically their human resource management (HRM)…