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Texting hile Driving Speech Outline
Description of the audience for your speech:
The audience for this speech would likely be comprised of members of the legislature, preferably members of Congress, who could enact a law in all 50 states because only this group can create laws on a national level.
The topic of this speech is the problem of texting while driving and how it negatively affects people of the U.S. In all 50 states.
The specific purpose of this speech is to convince those in positions of power to create legislation which would make texting while driving illegal throughout the United States of America.
Texting while driving is a highly dangerous practice that far too many people take part in; an activity which has led to a high number of automobile collisions, many injuries, and far too many deaths.
Question Based on Thesis:
How does texting while…
Austin, Michael. "Texting While Driving: How Dangerous is it?" Car and Driver. Hearst. June 2009, Print.
Bowens, Dan. "Texting While Driving Ban Results in Few Tickets." WRAL. Capital
Broadcasting, 2010. Print.
"Distracted Driving: The Pledge to Drive Distraction-Free." Distracted Driving: The Pledge to Drive Distraction-Free. AAA, 2012. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. .
That is because texting also involves the same brain regions and cognitive processes as communicating by telephone that are responsible for the dangers associated with cell phones and driving and combines that risk factor with another additional independent risk factor: visual distraction.
Unlike cell phones, which distract the driver visually for only a small percentage of the time when they are being used for verbal communication, texting while driving is a continuous visual distraction by its very nature that makes it much more dangerous by comparison. Whereas cell phone users only look at their devices to dial and identify in-coming calls drivers who text must continually shift their attention back and forth from watching the road to looking at their communications devices. Especially at typical highway speeds, the amount of time typically required to look at a mobile device for texting purposes is too much time to look away from…
AHAS. (2005). Fact Sheet: Speeding Accessed 26 Nov 2010 from:
Chisholm, S.L., Caird, J.K., and Lockhart, J. "The effects of practice with MP3 players on driving performance." Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 40, No. 2;
One of the most important concepts in public safety is the idea of "accidents." That is the wrong word for a collision that was avoidable either through attention or preventative measures. There are very few accidents on the roads. There are collisions, and they are caused by either mechanical error or human error. The word 'accident' lets people off the hook for their mistakes, mistakes that nobody should make if they are doing their job. The reality is that there are a lot of things that people do to cause collisions. One is that they take their attention away from the task at hand. When a person is operating a 2000-lb, traveling at a speed sufficient to induce deadly force, one may wish to pay attention, to prevent collisions. Mobile phones are just one of many sources of driver distraction, but there should be penalties associated with driving…
Ruiz, R. (2014) A third of UAE drivers admit using phone at wheel. The National. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/a-third-of-uae-drivers-admit-using-phone-at-wheel
Ruiz, R. (2015). Stowing mobile phones away while driving could save lives, experts say. The National. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/stowing-mobile-phones-away-while-driving-could-save-lives-experts-say
Nagraj, A. (2014). UAE clamps down on drivers using mobile phones. Gulf Business. Retrieved May 28, 2015 from http://gulfbusiness.com/2014/08/uae-clamps-drivers-using-mobile-phones/
Madden, M. & Lenhart, A. (2009). Teens and distracted driving: Texting, talking and other uses of the cell phone behind the wheel. Pew Research Center. 2009-11-16, 1-16.
messaging during simulated driving," Drews et al. (2009) study the effect that text messaging has on driver attention spans and response times. The authors studied drivers in a driving simulation to examine how the drivers responded to texting while driving. Their findings indicate that texting while driving results in poor driver performance with respect to attention span and response time. The authors note the their scores, which are some of the first in the field, indicate that texting while driving is more dangerous than other forms of driver distraction.
The authors first provide an extensive literature review discussing the issue of distracted driving. They present evidence of how different forms of distracted driving have been show to affect driver competence. The authors also discuss the issue of texting and driving specifically, noting that there has not been much research to this point on the subject, but that they believe texting…
Drews, F., Yazdani, H, Godfrey, C., Cooper, J. & Strayer, D. (2009). Text messaging during simulated driving. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Vol. 51 (2009) 762.
Problems to be addressed:
There are several problems associated with the issue of cell phone use while driving and the ineffective regulations to restrict the use of mobile phones on the road. First, the increased use of these devices while driving has significant impacts on driving performance. This is because mobile phone use during driving distracts the driver physically, cognitively, and visually. The distractions contribute to the inability of drivers to maintain required speed, lateral position, and throttle control on the road. Since the driving performance reduces, the risk of crashes and accidents on the roads increases. Studies have shown that drivers miss 13% targets when talking and 24% when dialing or texting (Brace, Young & egan, 2007).
Secondly, cell phone while driving contributes to a major social problem of increased crash risk since it endangers the lives of passengers, drivers, and passersby. In addition to the distractions it causes…
Bruce, C.L., Young, K.L. & Regan, M.A. (2007, April 17). Analysis of the Literature: The Use
of Mobile Phones while Driving. Retrieved May 12, 2013, from http://www.nsc.org/news_resources/Resources/Documents/Analysis%20of%20the%20Literature,%20The%20Use%20of%20Mobile%20Phones%20While%20Driving.pdf
Noder, S.L. (2009). Talking and Texting While Driving: A Look at Regulating Cell Phone Use
Behind the Wheel. Valparaiso University Law Review, 44(1), 237-282.
The Dangers of Using a Cell Phone hile Driving
Statistics connecting cell phone usage with dangerous driving have becoming increasingly readily available. Evidence suggests that cell phones cause drivers to become distracted, to move their eyes off the road and, ultimately, to endanger their lives and the lives of other motorists. ith the advent of texting and emailing by smartphone, these risks are even greater. In spite of this, the United States remains resistant to impose federal legislation that would make it illegal, nationwide, to use a cell phone while driving. Given the evidence relating cell phone use and dangerous driving, there is a strong imperative for the development and passage of distracted driving laws on the national level.
The strongest argument in favor of such a law is the clear and irrefutable evidence denoting the danger of driving while using a cell phone. In fact, an article…
Hanson, D.J. (2012). Driving While Using Cell Phone as Dangerous as Driving While Drunk. Potsdam.edu.
Nationwide. (2013). Driving While Distracted: Statistics to Know. Nationwide.com.
Richtel, M. (2009). Drivers and Legislators Dismiss Cellphone Risks. New York Times.
Perhaps it is unfair to label all younger drivers as reckless and dangerous. At the very least, they are most certainly less experienced and adept at driving, on average. Since a firm and enforced age is the best way to regulate who can drive for the first time, that is the method that should remain. On average, teen drivers are restricted or banned from driving for several reasons. Those reasons include insufficient brain development, lack of responsibility and a propensity to not pay proper attention. While typecasting people based on age is not always fair, there are reasons behind the age restriction.
The first main point to consider when it comes to why children under sixteen should not be driving, at least in an unrestricted way, is insufficient brain development. The ideas and theories about the broader subject development do vary. However, there are some things that…
Driving Drunk Dangerous
Mandatory license revocation and sentencing should be applied to all young adults who are convicted of drunk driving. In addition young adults who are found to drive drunk should be forbidden from riding in a vehicle with other young adult passengers for a period of up to one year.
Every year the number of fatalities and serious accidents that result from drunk drivers rises. There have been numerous laws enacted to combat the problem of drunk driving. None of these laws however have been directed specifically at young adults, and recent studies suggest that this population shows a growing trend toward drunk driving. Thus the aim of this paper is to argue for more severe penalties directed specifically at the young adult population, in the hopes that effective countermeasures may be established with regard to the drunk driving problem.
No one would argue that drunk driving is…
Grube, J.W. & Voas, R.B. Predicting underage drinking and driving behaviors. Addiction 91:1843-1857, 1996
National Highway Safety Traffic Administration. Traffic Safety Facts 1995, Report No.
DOT HS 808-471, Washington: Department of Transportation, 1996; In Shacket, R.W. & Yu, J.
Robin, G.D. "Waging the battle against drunk driving: Countermeasures, and Effectiveness." New York: Praeger Publishers, 1991.
Hazards of Using Mobile Phone While Driving
Traffic accidents have become major public health risks in the recent past because of their increase in the recent past. The United Arab Emirates has experienced a significant increase in the number of traffic accidents in the recent past to an extent that it has the eighth highest national rate of accidents across the globe. The increase in traffic accidents is attributed to various factors including the behaviors of drivers when driving. Drivers' behaviors have been affected by various factors including the use of mobile phones while driving. The use of mobile phones while driving is linked to several hazards including the likelihood of traffic accidents since a mobile phone is a distraction that can result in accidents. Drivers should be required to stop using mobile phones while driving, in order to eliminate accidents caused by the use of mobile phone which is…
Dubai Media Incorporated (2011, October 5). Dh1,200 Fine for Mobile Phone Use While Driving. Emirates 24/7 News. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://www.emirates247.com/news/emirates/dh1-200-fine-for-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-2011-10-05-1.422006
Nagraj, A. (2014, August 26). UAE Clamps Down on Drivers Using Mobile Phones. Gulf Business. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://gulfbusiness.com/2014/08/uae-clamps-drivers-using-mobile-phones/ #.VUzrM5MgqSo
Ruiz, R. (2014, September 3). A Third of UAE Drivers Admit Using Phone at Wheel. The National UAE. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/a-third-of-uae-drivers-admit-using-phone-at-wheel
Ruiz, R. (2014, December 6). Risk of Using Hands-free Devices Should Be Addressed by Law Study Shows. The National UAE. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://www.thenational.ae/uae/transport/risk-of-using-hands-free-devices-should-be-addressed-by-law-study-shows
One recent study examined victim impact statements and their ability to reduce repeat offenses of drunk driving (ojek, 1999).
The study looked at those who had been arrested and convicted of drunk driving in which an accident occurred. It examined those who had been rearrested after being in attendance for a victim impact statement program and compared them to those who had been rearrested but had never been exposed to a victim impact statement program.
The study concluded that those who had been exposed to a victim impact statement with regard to their offense had a lower rearrest rate than those who had not heard victim impact statements.
The study examined the results of those who did not receive victim impact statements and found that legal punishment was often the only consequence of driving while under the influence (ojek, 1999).
By contrast, VIPs address the emotional component of the DUI…
BADOVINAC, K. (1994)The effects of victim impact panels on attitudes and intentions regarding impaired driving. J. Alcohol Drug Educ. 39 (3): 113-118, 1994.
BRAITHWAITE,(1989) J. Crime, Shame and Reintegration, New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1989.
FORS, S. AND ROJEK, D. (1997) DUI offenders' reactions to a required victim impact panel intervention, Athens, GA: University of Georgia, 1997, unpublished report.
Mejeur, Jeanne (2003) Still driving drunk: strict drunk driving laws don't do much good unless they are vigorously enforced. From: State Legislatures
ecently, I was riding behind a car in a 40 mph zone. The Toyota Corolla in front of me was going 25 mph. A line of angry motorists were following behind us. The slow car was bobbing and swaying, not keeping a clear, linear path forward. When the road finally opened up into two lanes, I was able to pass the car. Instead of a frail and elderly person in the driver's seat, which my slightly prejudiced mind's eye had envisioned, there was a young man -- yakking away on his cellphone, oblivious to the world around him.
People who drive while talking on a cellphone insist they are great drivers. Other people might have problems with distractions, but they do not, they say. However, all of the anecdotal evidence to which I have been exposed indicates the contrary. I have seen people run red lights -- or…
Calandra, Lion. (2009). Public grooming. The New York Times. Retrieved:
ethical issues that need to be taken into consideration when using human subjects in research. The biggest thing is informed consent. The subjects need to fully understand what the nature of the research is. Where there are risk to the subject -- unlikely in an interview setting -- these need to be fully explained. In observation research, there is much more risk because the subjects are actually doing things, and this risk should be identified to the subject. It is the job of the researcher to anticipate the risks to the subject.
The biggest thing with respect to minimizing risks is to understand ahead of time what those risks are. For me, I do not foresee too much risk. This means that aside from providing some opportunity for informed consent there are no real issues. If there are situations where risk is involved with human subjects, then there is often…
Mannix, E. & Neale (2005). What differences make a difference? Psychological Science in the Public Interest. Retrieved November 27, 2013 from http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic143730.files/MannixNeale_2005.pdf
Ritchie, J. & Lewis, J. (2003) Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students. London: Sage Publications.
Society Bring Law
There is a fair amount of veracity in the assumption that major changes in society frequently account for changes in laws. The relationship between these two occurrences appears fairly direct and even logical. Major changes in society ultimately result in different types of behavior in people. When people begin acting differently, their actions tend to produce different consequences than before whatever change was made in society. Not all of these consequences are favorable. Some are dangerous, and many times, they are unforeseen and can have a significant impact on society in a way that was not intended due to whatever sort of change was initiated. Therefore, there are frequent occurrences of alterations in the law to accommodate for these unforeseen occurrences, and to attempt to preserve the original spirit and safety of the law.
Numerous examples can substantiate this thesis. Virtually any aspect of technology…
Brown, D. (2012). "Cell phones and driving in California." Nolo. Web. Retrieved from http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/cell-phones-driving-california-law-29709.html
Kay, M., Vance, Andrea. (2011). "Controversial internet file-sharing law passed." Stuff.co.nz. Web. Retrieved from http://www.stuff.co.nz/technology/digital-living/4885041/Controversial-internet-file-sharing-law-passed
Miller, N. (2010). "Georgia's new texting while driving law." HG.org. Web. Retrieved from http://www.hg.org/article.asp?id=19555
Drive 55" isn't just a song; it's the truth. Drivers in Oregon need a higher speed limit on major freeways to encourage a more natural flow of traffic. Raising the speed limit to 75 miles per hour is not going to create more hazardous roads. In fact, raising the speed limit to 75 mph would encourage a more natural and therefore safer flow of traffic in the left-hand lanes of major state freeways. Real road hazards include distractions like texting while driving, or impairment like sleepiness or intoxication. These are the issues law enforcement should concern itself with, leaving alone those who drive 75 mph. For a long time, speed limits have been associated with highway safety with the assumption that slower is safer. While it is certain that reckless driving is a public safety hazard, speed itself is not. Raising the Oregon freeway speed limit to 75 mph will…
Anyone who uses his or her cellphone too quickly check a message while standing in line at the grocery store is likely to become aware of the intense hostility directed toward Internet technology. The Internet has been accused of making people rude and less civil in real life and in online life; of negatively influencing elections; even of artificially damaging the human brain by reducing the natural human attention span. Very few technologies admittedly have no negative effects. Even early industrialization had negative effects on the lives of people who wove by hand for a living. But while the Internet has clearly had some negative effects, this should not outweigh the positive impact it has had upon many lives, including connecting people who would otherwise not have any social outlet, and providing a window onto the world that intellectually curious people would not otherwise be able to see.
Cars and driving are emblems of American culture, and have defined American lifestyle and identity. American cities are built around the car, and so is the urban and suburban sprawl. It is no small coincidence, therefore, that both Flannery O'Connor and Dagoberto Gilb use a car as a central symbol in their short stories. In O'Connor's "A Good Man is Hard to Find," a road trip turns deadly when the family runs into a group of escaped convicts on their way to Florida. Florida makes a brief appearance in Gilb's short story, "Love in L.A.," too, as protagonist Jake mistakes Mariana's heritage for being Cuban since her license plates are from Florida. Like "A Good Man is Hard to Find," "Love in L.A." centers around cars and driving as the central motifs, but in Gilb's story, the ending is not gruesome. Although "Love in L.A." And "A Good Man is…
Gilb, Dagoberto. "Love in L.A."
O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." Retrieved online: http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~surette/goodman.html
Livesey, J. (2007). Officials Smile for Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
The successful use of red-light cameras by the Millbrae Police Department would lead to an expansion of the program. The City's Red Light Photo Enforcement Program said that it generated more than $110,000 in revenue. Sgt John Aronis said that there was a reduction in the volume of red-light runners at Millbrae Avenue and Rollins Road since the installation of these cameras. Some residents, however, had complained about these cameras flashing too brightly. Some others considered it an invasion of privacy. The rest protested the tickets issued for violations.
Peceimer, et al. (2006). Against Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
Some residents and observers expressed disfavor towards the installation and use of red-light cameras. They said that red-light running was not a problem in Menlo Park where these cameras would be set up. They also said that these…
Hakkert, a.S. And Gitelman Viktoria (2004). Effectiveness of red-light cameras. 11 pages. Road & Transport Research: ARRB Transport
Harvey, D. (2005). Red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
Livesey, J. (2007). Officials smile for red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune:
Self-Concept is what one believes about themselves. These beliefs stem from the notion of unconditional positive regard and conditional positive regard. Unconditional positive regard takes place when individuals, especially parents, demonstrate unconditional love. Conditioned positive regard is when that love seems to only come when certain conditions are met. ogers's theory states that psychologically healthy people enjoy life to the fullest and thus they are seen as fully functioning people (Humanistic Perspective, n.d.).
Abraham Maslow felt that individuals have certain needs that must be met in a hierarchical fashion. These needs are grouped from the lowest to the highest. These needs are seen as including basic needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, achievement needs, and ultimately, self-Actualization. According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, these needs must be achieved in order. This means that one would be unable to fulfill their safety needs if their physiological needs have not been…
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Survey Method. (2009). Retrieved September 28, 2009,
from Colorado State Web site:
Anxiety Attacks and Disorders. (2008). Retrieved from Helpguide.org Web site:
The hybrid nature of cloud computing in general and SaaS specifically will continue as enterprises question if they are really getting the value out of the systems they are relying on.
Bala, ., & Carr, S. (2010). Usage-based pricing of software services under competition. Journal of evenue and Pricing Management, 9(3), 204-216.
Beimborn, D., Miletzki, T., & Wenzel, S. (2011). Platform as a service (PaaS). Business & Information Systems Engineering, (6), 1.
Benlian, a., & Hess, T. (2011). Opportunities and risks of software-as-a-service: Findings from a survey of it executives. Decision Support Systems, 52(1), 232.
Cusumano, M. (2010). Technology strategy and management cloud computing and SaaS as new computing platforms. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 53(4), 27.
Doelitzscher, F., Sulistio, a., eich, C., Kuijs, H., & Wolf, D. (2011). Private cloud for collaboration and e-learning services: From IaaS to SaaS. Computing.Archives for Informatics and Numerical Computation, 91(1),…
Bala, R., & Carr, S. (2010). Usage-based pricing of software services under competition. Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management, 9(3), 204-216.
Beimborn, D., Miletzki, T., & Wenzel, S. (2011). Platform as a service (PaaS). Business & Information Systems Engineering, (6), 1.
Benlian, a., & Hess, T. (2011). Opportunities and risks of software-as-a-service: Findings from a survey of it executives. Decision Support Systems, 52(1), 232.
Cusumano, M. (2010). Technology strategy and management cloud computing and SaaS as new computing platforms. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 53(4), 27.
" New York State has imposed stricter laws regarding cell phone use which call for a ban on wearing even head-sets or hands-free phones. These laws also require drivers to pull up if they need to answer a phone. But people have serious objection to this requirement as we are all aware of the lack of parking spaces in NY. "Where do you get the space to put your car? & #8230; "Pull over to the side to talk and you will get a parking ticket." (Grynbaum, 2009)
All these arguments against cell phone use appear plausible and logical but there is a serious "But" involved. The number of accidents on the road due to drivers' use of cell phone indicates that talking while driving actually keep the mind off the road which is highly dangerous. To allow free use of cell phones while driving is to invite more accidents…
Wood, Daniel B. "How ultimate car culture handles a cell phone ban." Christian Science Monitor. 10 June 2003
Sibbald, Barbara. Jury calls for cell phone ban for drivers." CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal 167-8 (2003)
Grynbaum, Michael M. "Taxi Commission seeks new ways to enforce cell phone ban for Cabbies." New York Times, 17 Oct, 2009
"Safety Group seeks ban on cell phone use for all drivers." Cement Americas, Mar
Societal Themes and Media
Several different themes, narratives and ideas of the society are taken up by the media and presented to the masses in many different ways. In some cases, the purpose behind this adaptation is pure entertainment, meanwhile in the other cases; the media tries to put forth a message for the population[footnoteRef:1]. Media has the potential to positively as well as negatively affect the thought process of the people pertaining to any story, theme or narrative[footnoteRef:2]. In this paper, the theme or concept of having a fair skin, as a key to all kinds of success, in the Indian subcontinent and South Asia shall be discussed in its relationship with the media. [1: Barthes and Lavers 1972] [2: Eco 1982]
The preference of fair skin in the subcontinent- An Overview
Color has always created issues in the society. hen we talk about the est, we can see…
Barthes, Roland and Annette Lavers. Mythologies. New York: Hill and Wang, 1972.
Eco, Umberto (1982) The Narrative Structure of Ian Fleming. In Waites, B., Bennett, T. And Martin, G. (ed.) Popular Culture: Past and Present. Kent: The Open University. p.242-262
Hanna, Richard, Andrew Rohm and Victoria L. Crittenden. "We're all connected: The power of the social media ecosystem." Business Horizons 54, no. 3 (2011): 265 -- 273.
Patzer, Gordon L. Looks. New York: AMACOM, 2008.
The two channel experiment I attempted involved driving and reading. Both of these actions are decidedly conscious. However, to have a primary and a secondary action or "stream" (Baars, 1997, p. 39) I chose to drive in an exceedingly familiar route -- from my part time job home. This is a lengthy journey involving a minimum of 35 minutes. Moreover, I engage in it daily (during most of the summer), and am thoroughly familiar with the surroundings on both sides of the vehicle. More importantly, I have been driving in this particular car for the past two years. As such, its novelty has worn off. I am well acquainted with all of the controls, the gadgets, and the levers to make it operate accordingly, so that in this experiment, driving functioned as a control of sorts as a task which -- while being conscious, is closer to involving…
Baars, B. (1997). In the Theater of Consciousness: the Workspace of the Mind. San Diego: Oxford University Press.
Davis, L.L., Lennon, S.J. (1988). "Social cognition and the study of clothing and human behavior." Social Behavior and Personality. 16 (2): 175-186.
Pashler, H. (1994). "Dual-task interference in simple tasks: data and theory." Psychological Bulletin 116 (2): 220-244.
Pashler, H., Johnson, J.C. (no date). "Attentional limitations in dual-task performance."
STATMENT: y all means, teenagers should be the best drivers in the world. Their muscles and their reflexes should be quick enough to handle anything.
FALLACY: False dichotomy
The arguer sets up the situation so it looks like there are only two choices. The arguer then eliminates one of the choices, so it seems that we are left with only one option: the one the arguer wanted us to pick in the first place.
Certainly, teenagers do have quick reflexes. However, quick reflexes aren't enough. It also takes considerable experience in order to drive well. While reflex speed declines in later life, the gap is at least partly filled up by driving experience. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has statistics on drivers based on both age and driving experience. They found that inexperience behind the wheel contributes substantially to both accident rate and fatality rate. In addition,…
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). 2005. "Q & A: Teenagers -- General," at Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Last updated July, 2005. Accessed via the Internet 8/1/05.
Stafford, Rob. 2005a. "The Perils of Teen Driving," On DATELINE (NBC). Viewed on television 7/8/05. Accessed via the Internet 8/1/05.
Stafford, Rob. 2005b. "Spy My Ride," On DATELINE (NBC). Viewed on television 7/8/05. Accessed via the Internet 8/1/05. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8501438/
However, a consideration of each element of that argument reveals that it is a flawed position.
The most effective way of preventing minors from obtaining marijuana would be for government authorities to regulate and control its lawful distribution. There may be now way to ever guarantee that minors will not obtain marijuana, but that problem would be comparable to the current problem of minors obtaining alcohol and cigarettes. Given the choices, it would be preferable for government authorities to do their best to control unauthorized purchases the way the government regulates alcohol and tobacco instead of allowing illegal drug dealers to determine who purchases their products. The characterization of marijuana as a "gateway" drug is biased because it assumes that neither alcohol nor tobacco is a "drug" (Dershowitz, 2002). In fact, there is no rational basis for excluding alcohol or tobacco in that regard, particularly because, statistically, both are "gateway"…
Dershowitz, Alan, M. Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:
Little Brown & Co. 2002.
Schmalleger, Frank. Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century.
New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2008.
Filmmakers From Two Different Eras Used to Portray Subjects and Ideas
The focus of the research in this study is the techniques utilized by filmmakers from the classical and 'New Hollywood' eras of filmmaking. Towards this end, this study will examine the literature in this areas of inquiry.
Classical Hollywood Cinema & Narrative
The work of David ordell (nd) examines classical Hollywood cinema and states that there are three views of narrative that are distinct from one another in that a narrative can be "studied as representation, how it refers to or signifies a world or body of ideas" and he states this could be referred to as 'semantics' of narrative which is exampled in the majority of studies on characterization or realism. As well a narrative can be viewed as a structure in the way its "components combine to create a distinctive whole." (ordwell, nd, p. 17)
Kokonis, M. (nd) Postmodernism, Hyperreality and the Hegemony of Spectacle in New Hollywood: The Case of The Truman Show, Retrieved from: http://genesis.ee.auth.gr/dimakis/Gramma/7/02-kokonis.htm#n2
Buckland, Warren (1988). "A Close Encounter with Raiders of the Lost Arc: Notes on Narrative Aspects of the New Hollywood Blockbuster." In Contemporary Hollywood Cinema. Eds. Steve Neale and Murray Smith. London and New York: Routledge.
Jameson, Fredric (1991). Postmodernism: Or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. London and New York: Verso. Monaco, James (1981). How to Read a Film: The Art, Technology, Language, History and Theory of Film and Media. New York: Oxford UP
Whitehouse, Charles (1998). "Bubble Boy." Sight and Sound 8 (Summer): 9-10.
Evidenced-Based Practice - Environment
There are perhaps few environments and professions within which change is both as important and as difficult as it is within health care. While there are many barriers to the change process, there are at least an equal amount of drivers that indicate the necessity for change. In evidence-based practice, nursing practitioners, administration personnel, management personnel, and all involved in the health care profession need to form teams with patients and family members in order to ensure an optimal environment for change. This is not a process that will happen overnight, especially in the hospital and nursing home settings, where recognizing the need for change is often subordinate to more immediate and severe problems such as personnel and funding shortages.
The readiness for change in the hospital and nursing home environment is often subordinate to practical day-to-day challenges, including severe personnel and funding shortages. These create…
Current Nursing (2011). Change Theory: Kurt Lewin. Retrieved from: http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/change_theory.html
Dudley-Brown, S. (2012. Challenges and Barriers in Translation. Translation of Evidence Into Nursing and Health Care Practice edited by Kathleen M. White and Sharon Dudley-Brown. New York: Springer Publishing Co.
Pipe, T.B., Wellik, K.E., Buchda, V.L., Hansen, C.M., and Martyn, D.R. (2005). Implementing Evidence-Based Nursing Practice. Urologic Nursing 25(5). Retrieved from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/514532_5
White, K.M. (2012). Change Theory and Models: Framework for Translation. Translation of Evidence Into Nursing and Health Care Practice edited by Kathleen M. White and Sharon Dudley-Brown. New York: Springer Publishing Co.
Lukens drives home the idea that the problem of non-Islamic anthropologists trying to define and place boundaries on the faith to be able to compartmentalize it will always view it from a non-Islamic mindset, therefore will be unable to fully grasp or understand its origin or its current evolutionary processes.
Part of the answer to the anthropologist's question "What is Islam?" is conditioned by what she may or may not include in her definition of Islam. For instance, are local spirit beliefs, saint's shrines, and festivals Islamic? To deal with these issues more effectively it is necessary to take a step back from Islam. The problems encountered by anthropologists studying Islamic societies are also faced by anthropologists studying other monotheistic societies. John Bowen argues that the main impediment to the anthropological study of monotheisms is that these religions do not fit well in the normal ethnographic model. The texts and…
Lukens-Bull Roland, "Between text and practice: considerations in the anthropological study of Islam."
Dale F. Eickelman, "Mass Higher Education and the Religious Imagination in Contemporary Arab Societies." American Ethnologist, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 643-655.
This fear is intensified in the close quarters of prisons. Also, as noted in "Police Control of Juveniles" of Donald J. Black and Albert J. Reiss, Jr. both groups use techniques of fear and intimidation to deal with such a hostile environment. The police use their authority to intimidate prisoners or potential convicts on the street, while convicts use their potential menace and the real or threatened use of violence to assert authority against one another.
The process of "prisonization" and "policization" thus both involve the entry of the individual into a unique subculture, different from those ordinary persons inhabit. Like all human beings, there is a desire for survival, group approval, and esteem, all of which are met, according to the dictates of prison life, by obeying the rules of the social hierarchy. Prisoners are continually watched and monitored for deviant behavior, and these prisoners watch the police to…
Marketing - Nike: Company nalysis
Genius World of dvertising and Marketing
The media bombards society with commercial messages daily, both written and spoken. There are, for example, the easily forgettable newspaper ads, the brightly colored billboards on the highway that one can see while driving, or on the side of buildings, the man or woman sitting on the side of the road with a flyer, or the boring radio commercials. There are also, of course, the funny messages on the television, and those jingles and seem not to want to escape constant humming. In other words, merican are simply surrounded by these various marketing tools that say "buy this" or "try this."
In fact, according to Consumer Reports, an average merican is exposed to 247 such messages daily.[footnoteRef:1] Other sources, however, beg to differ with this estimate and offer much higher ones. For example, lf Nucifora, who is an…
A relatively free spirited company has, now, proven itself to be a strong establishment in quality, in the social forum and, perhaps most importantly, financially as well. [35: "The New Nike." Bloomberg Businessweek. (2004). http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/04_38/b3900001_mz001.htm , accessed July 2011.]
Nike is one of the top sportswear and sports equipment companies in the world today. The presence of a small company started in Oregon has truly grown to massive proportions, and has been aided by fantastic advertisements and witty marketing strategies throughout the 1960's and 1970's, and innovative strategies from the 1980's onwards, the most recent of which have taken advantage of the internet social networking boom to promote new ways of creating a shoe and of promoting the company's goals. Due to the company's cornering of the market and the fact that it is truly difficult to propose any new strategies (as the company has done them all), Nike will probably be around for a very long time.
Global Problems equire Solutions by Global Agencies? If So, Which?
Today, the world is rife with problems, but the historical record suggests that it always has been. In sharp contrast to the past, though, modern global problems are truly enormous in terms of their diversity and scope. While emerging economic powerhouses such as China, India, Brazil, Indonesia and Malaysia are reaping the benefits of an increasingly globalized marketplace, the demand for food and fuel has skyrocketed along with their prices. Competition over scarce resources has always been a source of conflict, but current signs indicate that the competition for resources in the future will become truly fierce because current supplies of fossil fuels are being depleted at an increasingly faster rate. In this environment, regional conflicts and even global war are potential outcomes that will require global solutions. To determine which global agencies will play a role in implementing and…
Ki-Moon, B. (2011, March 11). Remarks to the UN General Assembly. United Nations.
Retrieved from http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocusRel.asp?infocusID=137& ;
Searchinger, T. (2011, July). A quick fix to the food crisis. Scientific American, 305(1), 14.
Statistics to Mislead
Statistics can be misleading. People can use misleading statistics to persuade others to buy a product or share their point-of-view. Britain's Sunday Times, for example, alerted readers more than a decade ago to this tactic, showing that insurance companies often use misleading figures to scare consumers into buying expensive coverage they may never need (Cooper, 2001). In Mathematics in Our World, Bluman (2011) provides numerous examples of the ways statistics are presented to lead the reader to a false conclusion. This paper answers two of the questions in Bluman's textbook about misleading statistics.
No mathematical calculations were required in answering these questions. One need only to give some thought to the information presented. Statistics, when read quickly and without consideration, may appear to tell a certain story, often one that is meant to alarm the reader and/or incite action. Closer examination, however, can reveal a completely different…
Adams, M. (2006). Lying with statistics: How conventional medicine confuses the public with Absolute risk vs. relative risk. Natural News. Retrieved from http://www.naturalnews.com/019368.html
Bluman, A.G. (2011). Mathematics in our world (1st ed. Ashford University Custom). United
Bogner, E. (2011). 11 ways to lie with statistics. Business Insider July 28, 2011. Retrieved
In creating a brand it is impossible for Pr campaigns to lie. People however tend to divide PR in good and bad. A PR campaign trying to convince people to wear the seatbelt fastened while driving is considered good, a PR campaign trying to discredit a political candidate's opponents is considered bad. If the former case is pretty clear, the latter one makes s wonder where the border between ethics and efficiency is. We must always keep in mind the fact PR has become and ethical profession therefore regardless of its final purpose it must respect a code of ethics which is universally valid (doing otherwise would compromise it, its very success depends on this).
One example of an extremely efficient PR campaign is the one initiated by the candidate to be president arack Obama. The campaign included all the possible media, press, TV, radio, advertising and the internet. Through…
Bernays, E 1998, 'Counselling not communications', International Public Relations Review, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 28-32.
Gower, K 2008, 'U.S. corporate public relations in the progressive era', Journal of Communication Management, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1-19, .
Heath, RL 2001, 'Shifting foundations: public relations as relationship building', in RL Heath & GM Vasquez (eds.), Handbook of public relations, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California, pp. 1-9.
Ledingham, JA 2003, 'Explicating relationship management as a general theory of public relations', Journal of Public Relations Research, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 181-198, EBSCOhost, Communication & Mass Media Complete
Continuous production of cortisol may also decrease the availability of tryptophan, the precursor for serotonin, resulting in depression, other mood disorders, and changes in appetite and sleep. Hyperactivity of the stress response has been implicated in the pathophysiology of melancholic depression, anxiety, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, substance abuse, eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, and cardiovascular disease. Conversely, hyporeactivity of the stress response has been associated with disorders such as atypical depression, chronic fatigue syndrome, hypothyroidism, and obesity (Selhub, 2002).
It has been shown that there is a definite connection between chronic stress and physical and psychological responses in the body. Stress in small amounts is fine, but chronic stress over a long extended period of time has been shown to manifest itself in a number of different physical and physiological aliments. It is believed by many experts that people should take steps to decrease their stress levels in…
Dennis, Barbara. (2004). Interrupt the stress cycle. Natural Health. 34(9), p. 70-75.
Innes, Kim E., Vincent, Heather K. And Taylor, Ann Gill. (2007). Chronic Stress and Insulin
Resistance -- Related Indices of Cardiovascular Disease Risk, Part 2: A Potential Role for Mind- Body Therapies. Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine, 13(5), p44-51.
Rosch, Paul J. (2007). Stress and the Gut: Mind over Matter? Health & Stress. 11, p. 1-4.
narcolepsy and its treatment. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that may have its origins as a neurological disorder. Narcoleptics can fall asleep uncontrollably during the day, and suffer from sleeplessness at night. Often, this disease is undiagnosed and untreated. It usually becomes apparent between the ages of 15 and 25, but it can occur at any time in a person's life. Narcolepsy is a serious illness that requires treatment, but there is no cure. It can be managed with drugs and lifestyle changes.
Normally, a person enters EM (apid Eye Movement) sleep about 90 minutes after falling asleep. This is the deepest form of sleep, and it is when dreams usually occur. During this time, sleepers may experience a loss in muscle tone, sleep paralysis, and especially vivid dreams. In a narcoleptic patient, EM occurs almost immediately after falling asleep, and it can reoccur throughout the day, as well. The…
Aldrich, M.S. (1998). Diagnostic aspects of narcolepsy. Neurology; 50:S2-S7. (From Google Scholar).
Editors. (2009). Narcolepsy. Retrieved 11 Dec. 2009 from the WebMD Web site: http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/narcolepsy .
Editors. (2009). Narcolepsy information page. Retrieved 11 Dec. 2009 from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders Web site: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/narcolepsy/narcolepsy.htm .
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2009). Narcolepsy. Retrieved 11 Dec. 2009 from the Mayo Clinic Web site:
Human beings, being the more intelligent of all the other creatures, ought to act in a structured, responsible, and accountable way -- more so when it comes to the maintenance and/or restoration of order in the society. In so doing, they are expected to abandon and reject actions or behaviors that fly against the principles of an orderly society. In the picture resource provided, we can see several people going about their daily routines, oblivious of what else is happening around them. A casual look at the picture does not reveal anything out of the normal. However, upon closer inspection, several unusual things stand out -- including some weed overgrowth, litter, a stray dog on the loose, and two snakes lurking about despite this not being their natural habitat. None of those captured in the picture seem to be concerned at all about the state of their immediate environment. They…
Cell Phones (Technology) On Communication
Cell phones and other cellular communication equipment are omnipresent in today's digital age, with roughly 1.5 billion cellular phones used, at present, across the globe; on an average, 75 billion SMSs are sent globally, in a month (Merry, Domlija & Mackenzie, 2005). While the use of cellular communication has greatly contributed to the area of communication, cellular interferences have hampered functioning in various contexts, including driving, parenting task completion, and enrolment in academic courses. Strayer and colleagues (2005) proved that cognitive impairments linked to cell phone usage while driving may be the same as those linked to drunken driving. Impacts of distractions from cell phones have been observed in laboratory as well as naturalistic settings. Here, the word 'distraction' implies the unintentional inattention to the task at hand, which is characteristic of unlooked-for events (e.g. a call on one's cell phone). By contrast, the word…
Adler, I. (2013 January 17). How our digital devices are affecting our personal relationships. WBUR. Retrieved on 4 December 2015 from http://www.wbur.org/2013/01/17/digital-lives-i
Baron, N.S. (2008). Always on: Language in an online and mobile world. New York: Oxford.
Brignall, T.W., & van Valey, T. (2005). The impact of Internet communications on social interaction. Sociological Spectrum, 335-348.
Campbell, S.W. & Kwak, N. (2011). Mobile communication and civil society: Linking patterns and places of use to engagement with others in public. Human Communication Research, 37, 207-222.
Sensation and Perception
hat experiment was impressive in researching music & speech perception vis-a-vis the vestibular system?
There are eye-movement tests that are proven to be able to detect signs of dysfunction within the vestibular system. hen the head moves that stimulates the inner ear which then sends signals to the eyes through the nervous system; this is referred to as the "vestibule-ocular reflex" (VOR). hen the head moves but the eye doesn't respond with clear vision the researcher knows there is a problem within the vestibule area of the ear.
Also there are "rotation tests" -- which I found the most interesting and seemingly the simplest to conduct -- that help to critically evaluate how well the eye and the ear (inner ear) are in sync. hen the head is moving at speeds that slow and speed up at intervals, and the individual being tested is wearing the sticky-patch…
Goldsborough, Reid. (2012). Texting as Social Regress. Teacher Librarian, 39(5), p. 73.
Lindley, David. (2008). Teens Who Text. Communications of the ACM. 51(11), p. 19.
Turkle, Sherry. (2011). Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other. Jackson, TN: Basic Books.
, 2005). At no time is any state obligated to comply with the federal guidelines for federal highway fund eligibility or to give up any sovereign rights established by the Tenth Constitutional Amendment. Furthermore, there is no issue of "withholding" or "withdrawing" any federal funds from states that choose not to comply with federal guidelines pertaining to the drinking age eligibility. Those monies are supplemental to any other federal funds and would not be offered except as an incentive to follow federal recommendations about the minimum drinking age. States do not have to comply if they prefer to lower the drinking age.
Reason # 3 -- Adults Younger than 21 are not as Responsible as Adults over 21
At the age of 18 or 19, most young people lack the fundamental abilities to make good decisions, especially about things such as taking risks and considering all of the consequences of…
Centers for Disease Control (2007) Teen Drivers: Fact Sheet. Retrieved October 22,
2011, from the CDC public website, at:
Dershowitz, A.M. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:
For instance, a decline in peripheral vision may impact the ability to pass approaching vehicles safely, and the decreased range of motion in an older person's neck may impair the ability to look behind when backing up. Also, reaction time decreases by almost 40% on average from age 35 to 65 (Jackson, 1999).
It also appears that the aging process may affect cognitive skills. Short-term memory loss, for instance, can decrease driving skills by interfering with an individual's ability to process information effectively when merging onto a highway into traffic or changing lanes. Such issues are magnified when driving under stressful situations. The higher incidence of cognitive impairment, particularly dementia, among older men and women leads to an increased risk of accident involvement (Jackson, 1999).
According to AAP, as a group, persons age 65 and older are relatively safe drivers. Although they represent 14% of all licensed drivers, they are…
Bedard, M., Stones, M., Guyatt, G. & Hirdes, J. (2001). Related fatalities among older drivers and passengers: past and future trends. The Gerontologist. 41 (6), 751-57.
Beers, M.H. & Berkow, R. (eds.) (2000) the Merck Manual of Geriatrics. 3rd ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck & Co.
Central Intelligence Agency (1998). World Fact Book Washington, D.C.: Government
Criminal laws absolutely prohibit furnishing alcohol to minors, even formally requiring bartenders to check the identification of any patron who appears even slightly older than the legal age for alcohol consumption (Schmalleger 1997). Conceivably, the same absolute standard could easily be applied to drinking in conjunction with driving. Furthermore, when it comes to protecting their own financial interests, bartenders often enforce standards beyond what it required by law: they may prohibit certain forms of attire associated with violent criminal gangs, and they often serve drinks in plastic cups, precisely because they are fully aware of the degree to which alcohol impairs good judgment and that glass bottles and glassware are capable of inflicting much more damage in situations where intoxicated patrons provoke physical altercations.
In fact, bartenders know or should know that the social culture of alcohol consumption, particularly among certain demographic groups, makes it the norm rather than the…
Friedman, L.M. (2005) the History of American Law (3rd Edition).
New York: Touchstone.
Geeting, J. (2003) the Badge: Thoughts from a State Trooper.
Indian Wells, CA: McKenna Publishing Group.
Manage identification planning
This chapter discusses the management and planning of change process within the clinical setting. Change management plan is very critical to the success of any healthcare unit. Change may be threatening to organizations, however, successful implementation of changes is very crucial for the success of an health organization. Failing to make a change move could lead to the consistence of medical errors among the medical staff and this may damage the reputation of the organization. Typically, medical errors are among the serious issues that many medical institutions are facing, and these are among the setbacks to the implementation of quality healthcare delivery. (Mills, 2008). Identification of the critical issues that may hamper the quality healthcare delivery is very important to address the number of preventable medical errors. With analysis of the current system, several areas need to be changed before the hospital could become a vibrant organization.…
Abrahamson, E. Change without Pain: How Managers Can Overcome Initiative
Overload, OrganizationalChaos, and Employee Burnout (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2004).
American Nurses Association (ANA). (2001). Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements. Washington, D.C.: American Nurses Publishing.
American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (2011). ASHP Guidelines on Preventing Medication Errors in Hospitals, Medication Misadventures -- Guideline
Banning Smoking in Cars With Children: Moral and Legal Issues
Five states in America, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Maine and Oregon, and also Puerto ico -- have made it a crime to smoke in cars when children are there, and more states are considering the adoption of this legislation as well. For instance, other nations such as Canada, South Africa and the United Arab Emirates are also leaning towards such a ban. The ban is viewed as beneficial in the sense that it not only protects children but it also minimizes the amount of accidents which will be derived from cigarette-related distractions, such as lighting, ashing or dropping them while driving (ash.org). However, the biggest impetus for this legislation is the desire to protect all innocent children from exposure to the hazards which are inherently connected to cigarettes and cigarette smoke. One of the inherent necessities of this issue is in…
Ash.org. (n.d.). Smoking Should be Banned in Cars Whenever Children are Present. Retrieved from Ash.org: http://ash.org/carsmoking
Brown, A. (2014, Jan 29). Banning smoking in cars is wrong: where would it end? Retrieved from telegraph.co.uk: http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/andrewmcfbrown/100257222/banning-smoking-in - cars-is-wrong-where-would-it-end/
Healthday. (2013, July 23). Poll: U.S. Adults Support Smoking Ban in Cars With Kids. Retrieved from usnews.com: http://health.usnews.com/health-news/news/articles/2013/07/23/poll- us-adults-support-smoking-ban-in-cars-with-kids
Jarvie, J., & Malone, R. (2008). Children's Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Private Homes and Cars: An Ethical Analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 2140 -- 2145.
Another, related doctrine to vicarious liability is that of negligent hiring, in which an employer does not take reasonable precautions to do appropriate background checks of the employee. If a hospital hires a nurse without the necessary qualifications, the hospital may be found liable for any errors the employee performs. However, the hospital might be found vicariously liable if it hires a qualified nurse, but expects the nurse to labor under unreasonable circumstances, such as working back-to-back shifts repeatedly with a skeleton staff, or has the nurse perform her duties with improperly maintained medical devices.
The need for the doctrine of vicarious liability is manifest in the fact that it is necessary for employers to be held liable for the consequences of their policies and not blame their own imprudent actions, conducted in the name of profit, to improve their bottom line. Simply put, it is not fair to hold…
Businesses whose employees text or place business-related calls while driving could be found vicariously liable. (2010). Business Wire. FindArticles.com. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_20100125/ai_n48734655/
Employer liability for an employee's bad acts. (2010). Nolo. Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/employer-liability-employees-bad-acts-29638.html
Leung, Susan. (2004). A new test for vicarious liability. China Staff. FindArticles.com.
Retrieved May 2, 2011, from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5478/is_200411/ai_n21362609/
Over time, from one second to the next, human behavior constantly changes, contributing to the fact that human behavior, consequently human cognition, constitutes a dynamic process. (Thelen and Smith, 1994). Communication, also a continuous interactive process, serves as the overtime interaction between the human motivated information processing system and the communication message. (Geiger and Reeves, 1993; Lang, 2000; Rafaeli, 1988)
Media multitasking indicates a user will simultaneously experience exposure to content from various media. As an individual possesses only a limited number of cognitive resources, he/she will not be able to process information at the same level of efficiency as media single use. As a result, the continuing, shifting attention results in less effective retrieval of information, as well as, experiencing challenges retrieving, encoding and storing information.
Statement of Problem
Despite contradictory indications from communication and cognitive psychology, younger adults' fill their lives with multitasking around media, as well…
There are many opportunities being missed by UMUC Haircuts that will ultimately having an IT assisted solution as the business continues to evolve. One of the main modules that the company is not currently taking advantage of is definitely the customer relationship management (CRM) opportunities. IT-based CRM programs can help organizations focus on a narrow target market and create a customer profile to make sure the customers' needs are being met at all times as well as have a mechanism for customer feedback and satisfaction ratings. Another possibility might be to automate the scheduling system so that clients are automatically reminded when next haircut is scheduled and send them automated messages through phone, email, or text.
Furthermore, many customers can be picky about their hair and demand a high quality of service. One possible solution would be to create a profile for customers with pictures of the haircuts…
Goldberg, P. (2009, December). Intellectual Property Rights Protection in Developing Countries: . Retrieved from Yale University: http://www.econ.yale.edu/~pg87/Goldberg_Marshall.pdf
articles that form the foundation of this analysis is Disruptive Behavior and Social Concerns (Barnes, 2015). Included in this analysis is an overview of the ethical, moral and legal implications of cyberterrorism, network and computer hacking, computer viruses, hate speech and pornography. The analysis strives to provide a balanced analysis of each area, illustrating how the inherent freedoms the Internet also provide powerful catalysts for criminals, hackers and hate groups to thrive. The paradoxical nature of Internet freedom is most clearly demonstrated in the examples of how hackers had been able to permeate a wide variety of systems and gain access to valuable data, intent on destroying it (Barnes, 2015). This article discusses the technologies underlying these areas in light detail, choosing instead to concentrate on the societal dilemmas of having an entirely open publishing medium that anyone at any time can use either ethically or unethically. The bottom line…
Barnes, Susan. Disruptive Behavior and Social Concerns (from class)
Coyle, C.L., & Vaughn, H. (2008). Social networking: Communication revolution or evolution? Bell Labs Technical Journal, 13(2), 13-17.
Yang, M.L., Yang, C.C., & Chiou, W.B. (2010). Differences in engaging in sexual disclosure between real life and cyberspace among adolescents: social penetration model revisited. Current Psychology, 29(2), 144-154.
The VCC clarifies the VCD and limits the diplomatic immunities in such as way that should prevent abuses. The problem is enforceability. Many law enforcement officials on a local level are not familiar enough with the particulars of both documents to make a proper judgment. They are aware of diplomatic immunity, so in order to avoid making a potential mistake, they will not arrest someone who has any type of diplomatic immunity. It is not that diplomatic immunity under the VCD allows diplomats and their families to commit crimes and get away with it. The principles contained in the Vienna Convention were in place as customary procedure even before the Vienna Convention was codified (Uribe, 1997). Nations do not have to maintain consulars and embassies, this practice is optional (Gross, 1980).
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the authority that is responsible for decisions regarding whether a country violated…
Byers, M. 2004, Agreeing to Disagree: Security Council Resolution 1441 and Intentional
Ambiguity. Global Governance. Vol. 10. Issue: 2. pp. 165.
Caron, D. 1991, Iraq and the Force of Law: Why Give a Shield of Immunity. American Journal of International Law. Vol. 85. Issue: 1. pp. 89.
Crawford, J. 1981, Execution of Judgments and Foreign Sovereign Immunity. American Journal of International Law. Vol. 75. Issue: 4. pp. 820.
Since the results of these efforts to date have been mixed, it is important to see if there may be some truth to these arguments concerning the harmful effects of technology-based activities such as social media on young people, and these issues are discussed further below.
The Internet and the Dumbing Down of Society
The adage that "the more things change, the more they stay the same" is no longer true according to Evgeny Morozov. riting in Prospect magazine, Morozov (2010) argues in his essay, "Losing our minds to the web" that, "The internet is damaging teenagers' brains and our ability to think. But the web's real dangers lurk elsewhere" (1). Like any other muscle, Morozov and like-minded critics of technology maintain that the Internet has caused young people's brains to weaken because they are not being "exercised" enough by traditional standards. In this regard, Morozov emphasizes that, "There's no…
Corry, G. "Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions." 2011. Cenage Learning. Electronic. February 2011. .
Morozov, E. "Losing Our Minds to the Web." 22 June 2010. Prospect Magazine. Electonirc. February 2012. .
Richtel, M. "Growing Up Digital, Wired for Distraction." 21 November 2010. The New York Times. Electronic. February 2012. .
"United Breaks Guitars." 2010. You Tube. Electronic. February 2012. .
These are the two most powerful factors that anchor the Force Field Model analysis of the enterprise software industry. With the driving and restraining forces in continual interaction and at times conflict, productivity shifts drastically across the continuums of industries based on the impact of driving and restraining forces (Paquin, Koplyay, 2007).
Cincom is being affected by the disruptive driving forces of CAPEX and OPEX most severely as competitors are quick to create a competitive advantage for themselves by seizing these areas and exploiting them in the market. CAPEX and OPEX are driving such a high rate of disruptive innovation and transformation change that it is in turn disrupting cultures of companies and reordering stakeholder dynamics as well (Koslowski, Struker, 2011). The political and technological forces are also driven by these economic ones, with the restraining forces of the Force Field Model applied to enterprise software being led by CIOs…
Armenakis, a.A. & Harris, S.G. 2002, "Crafting a change message to create transformational readiness," Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 169-183.
Boga, I. & Ensari, N. 2009, "The Role of Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change on Perceived Organizational Success," the Psychologist Manager Journal, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 235.
Bordum, a. 2010, "The strategic balance in a change management perspective," Society and Business Review, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 245-258.
Brown, a.D. 1994, "Transformational leadership in tackling change," Journal of General Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1-1.
AE alanced Scorecard Performance Management Implementation
Facing the daunting challenge of staying competitive in rapidly consolidating industry segments of aerospace, defense and commercial aircraft components and assembly manufacturing and service, senior management at AE Systems chose to completely re-architect the company. The comprehensive change programme included dismantling the global conglomerate and replacing its structure with a series of interlocking businesses that would strengthen and support each other, generating greater competitive advantage than the current structure allowed for (Murby, Gould, 2005). As ritish Aerospace had been privatized in 1979, and with the acquisition of Marconi Electronic Systems in 1999 the company changed its name to AE Systems and become Europe's largest defense contractor and the second leading defense contractor in the world (Murby, Gould, 2005). Through both acquisitions and organic growth, the company had grown to over 100,000 employees in nine global markets including the UK, USA, Sweden, Saudi…
Murby, L., Gould, S., (2005). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced Scorecard: Technical Report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from: http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf
Purvanova, R.K., & Bono, J.E. (2009). Transformational leadership in context: Face-to-face and virtual teams. Leadership Quarterly, 20(3), 343.
Sim, K.L., & Koh, H.C. (2001). Balanced scorecard: A rising trend in strategic performance measurement. Measuring Business Excellence, 5(2), 18-26.
Analysis of the Price of Inequality
In the year 2013, issues of socioeconomic inequality are perhaps as pressing and problematic as they have ever been. This is the assertion at the crux of Joseph E. Stiglitz text, The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future (ISBN-13: 9780393345063). Released in 2012 by .. Norton & Company publishers, the 560-page text is a timely and compelling contribution to the current public discourse on our need for greater economic equality in the United States.
Understanding the orientation of the text at the center of this analysis requires a more complete understanding of its author, the economist, Columbia professor and winner of 2001's Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. According to his self-composed biography at the Memorial Foundation site, Stiglitz (2001) was born in Gary Indian in 1943. By his own report, his interests as a young student would lead…
Chinni, D. (2012). 'The Price of Inequality' and 'The Betrayal of the American Dream.' Jefferson Institute.
Columbia University. (2013). Curriculum Vitae-Stiglitz. Gsb.columbia.edu.
Edsall, T.B. (2012). Separate and Unequal. The New York Times.
Stiglitz, J.E. (2001). Biographical. The Nobel Foundation.
Attachment dimensions were found to be related to self-esteem, expressiveness, instrumentality, trust in others, beliefs about human nature and styles of loving" (Collins pg 644).
This topic will discuss how we as individuals can either mock or act in a totally different way than those we communicate with, and how our choice to act in either of those two ways can affect how what we say is perceived.
How all of the above components interact to form our communication skills and the way we communicate with others will provide a foundation for the paper that should prove very viable. The paper will discuss the interactions of our communication relationships including how those relationships are perceived. hether our communication attempts involve relationships, or the methods used to convey what it is we wish to convey will be discussed in a comprehensive and enlightening manner.
By completing the necessary research,…
Collins, Nancy L., Read, Stephen, "Adult Attachment, Working Models, and Relationship Quality Dating Couples" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, April 1990, pp. 644-663
DeVito, Joseph A., The Interpersonal Communication Book, New York: Harper & Row, 1976
Sondell, Katarina, Soderfeldt, Bjorn, Palmgvist, Sigyard, "Underlying Dimensions of Verbal Communication Between Dentists and Patients in Prosthetic Dentistry," Patient Education and Counseling, June, 2003, pp. 157-165
Contracts and Performance-Based Acquisition
A contract is a planned and legal agreement made between two or more parties with intent. It could be oral or written and may involve business individuals, employers and employees, or tenants and land lords. elations built through contracts emerge from offers given, reception, intentions, considerations and genuine consent, and legal agreement from which the contract began. Every person involved in a contract gains responsibilities and rights similar to those of other individuals in the contract. Legally, all parties benefit equally from the contract, meaning all members are entitled to equal rights whatsoever. While contracts remain enforceable whether they are spoken or written, a written contract ensures legal security to all parties involved. This is because a spoken contract will only depend on the loyalty of people involved but with not future reference whatsoever. A written contract on the other hand will have recorded details on…
CCH Incorporated. (2007). Government contracts reference book; New York: CCH Incorporated,
C. Ralph. (2012). Intellectual property in government contracts: 2012 statutory and regulatory supplement. New York: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business Publications
C. Terrence. (2007). Understanding government contract law. New York: Management Concepts Publishing
F. Steven. (2011). Feldman and Keyes' government contracts in a nutshell, 5th (West Nutshell Series). Minnesota: West Publications
Civil ights Historical Journal Entry
Tonight I awoke to the unmistakable sounds of long restrained rage being freed from its cage. My neighbors are in the street below the grocery store I've owned for nearly two decades, decent folks who are simply trying to earn a living and raise their families the right way. While most of them are Black, and have been since the bigoted practice of "blockbusting" drove most of the Whites to migrate en masse from the neighborhood of Watts (Simpson, 2012), these people are my neighbors, and in most cases, my dear friends. Tonight though, they have become an angry mob growing larger by the minute, a constellation of fierce eyes flashing amidst the darkness, orbiting slowly around a police car, the White cop driving it, and the young Black man he is trying to arrest. As the screams and shouts become more pitched, and the…
Reitman, V., & Landsberg, M. (2005, August 11). Watts riots, 40 years later. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/news/la-me-watts11aug11,0,673501.story
Simpson, K. (2012, February 15). The great migration: Creating a new black identity in los angeles. KCET Connected, Retrieved from http://www.kcet.org/socal/departures/landofsunshine/portraits/the-great-migration - creating-a-new-black-identity.html
The current construction of World-Systems analysis holds that core countries, including America, Europe's thriving economies, and developed nations in Africa and Asia, derive enormous economic and political power from "the axial division of labor of a capitalist world-economy (that) divides production into core-like products and peripheral products" (Wallerstein 28). Madagascar's relative abundance of untapped natural resources, in the form of massive "old-growth" tropical rainforests, and deposits of minerals like chromite and titanium ore which are now used in the construction of cellular telephones and laptop computing devices, represent peripheral products that can be exploited for the ongoing manufacture and distribution of the core products driving the engine of globalized commerce.
(America, China, India)
Babones, Salvatore J., and Maria Jose Alvarez-ivadulla. "Standardized Income Inequality Data for Use in Cross-National esearch." Sociological Inquiry 77.1 (2007): 3-22.
Chase-Dunn, Christopher, Yukio Kawano, and Benjamin…
Babones, Salvatore J., and Maria Jose Alvarez-Rivadulla. "Standardized Income Inequality Data for Use in Cross-National Research." Sociological Inquiry 77.1 (2007): 3-22.
Chase-Dunn, Christopher, Yukio Kawano, and Benjamin D. Brewer. "Trade globalization since 1795: Waves of integration in the world-system." American Sociological Review (2000): 77-95.
Duiker, William J. Contemporary World History. Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2009.
Friedman, Thomas L. The world is flat [updated and expanded]: A brief history of the twenty- first century. Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2006.
National Health Care Spending in the United States
For several years now, health care spending in the U.S. has been on the rise. In that regard, containing the situation has become a major headache not only for the government but also for consumers and employees looking for ways of keeping up with raising costs. In this text, I explain my position on the national health care spending in the U.S. In so doing, I will review the current health care expenditures at the national level and whether the same can be said to be sufficient or insufficient. Further, I will also make recommendations on where in my own opinion additions or cuts seem necessary. Next, I will discuss how the health care needs of the public are paid for. This paper will also provide a forecast of the various health care system needs going forward and why it is necessary…
Chantrill, C. (2011). U.S. Healthcare Spending. Retrieved September 22, 2011, from http://www.usgovernmentspending.com/us_health_care_spending_10.html
Healey, B.J. & Lesneski, C.D. (2011). Transforming Public Health Practice: Leadership and Management Essentials. John Willey and Sons.
The Tax Foundation (2010). Net Cuts to Medicare, Increased Medicare Tax on High-Income Earners Comprise Bulk of Funding. Retrieved from http://www.taxfoundation.org/research/show/26067.html
Business cluster refers to the geographical concentration of closely related businesses, suppliers, and firms belonging in a given field. The primary objective of forming these clusters is to boost the productivity with which firms compete at both national and international levels. Clusters are also crucial in the strategic management processes. This article discusses the benefits of such clusters, the management at domestic and international scales, and the negative aspects of clustering (DeWitt, Giunipero & Melton, 2006).
Concentrated clusters promote the management of supply chains by developing strong relationships between the customer and supplier. Employing the concept of concentrated clusters enhances the benefits a company derives from its interaction by linking various companies and other business entities within the same industry. Operating in concentrated cluster enables firms to understand the precise needs of customers and vice versa. With this situation in place, businesses are able to establish permanent clientele who in…
Fischer, M. (2007). Determination of Critical Success Factors for the Development of Biotechnology Clusters. New York, NY: GRIN Verlag
Porter, M.E. (2000). Location, Clusters, and Company Strategy; Oxford Handbook of Economic
Geography. Oxford: Oxford University Press
DeWitt, T., Giunipero, L.C., & Melton, H.L., (2006). Clusters and supply chain management:
Their Impacts on Immigrants in 19th Century
Settlement Houses were an attempt of socially reforming the society in the late nineteenth century and the movement related to it was a process of helping the poor in urban areas adopting their modes of life by living among them and serving them while staying with them. What today's youth would know as a Community Center, 'Settlement Houses' initially sprang up in the 1880's? At these facilities, higher educated singles would move to Settlement Houses and get to personally know the neighborhood and immigrant people that they were converting, studying, and/or teaching. Working together, they passed labor laws and changed the way the U.S. does business. Where these educated professionals stayed with the community and served them, the main intent of these reforms was to transfer this responsibility of social welfare to the government in the long-run.
An interesting fact…
Axinn, June, and Herman Levin. Social Welfare: A History of the American Response to Need. 4th ed. White Plains, N.Y.: Longman, 1997.
Crocker, Ruth Hutchinson. "THE SETTLEMENTS: SOCIAL WORK, CULTURE, AND IDEOLOGY IN THE PROGRESSIVE ERA.." History Of Education Quarterly 31, no. 2 (Spring1991): 253-260.
Davis, Allen F. Spearheads for Reform: The Social Settlements and the Progressive Movement, 1890 -- 1914. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Harvard University Library Open Collections Program, "Immigration to the United / states, 1789-1930, Settlement House Movement." Accessed June 3, 2012. http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/immigration/settlement.html
Integrating women into the military, like with African-American men, would also contribute to more cohesive fighting units again serving to promote a united, strong U.S. military organization.
Anti-female bias in the military
The struggle for equality in the military for women parallels that of African-American men in many other ways. As a direct result of the need for additional "manpower," women's push for better treatment in the military, and a desire for a larger, stronger military, in 1948, the Women's Armed Services Integration Act was enacted. This act made it possible for women to become permanent members in the military.
Once again, as with African-American men, that act alone was not enough to ensure integration thus leading to a multitude of policies designed to accomplish that end. Almost immediately following this act, in 1949, it was changed to eliminate women with dependent children. This was not changed until the 1970's.…
Borlik, A. (1998, June). DOD Marks 50th Year of Military Women's Integration
Retrieved January 12, 2012, from U.S. Department of Defense website:
Blumenson, M. (1972). Eisenhower
Political & Economic Differences
The author of this paper is asked to answer to five major questions. The first is why there is a difference in terms of political systems from country to country. The second question is how the legal systems of different countries differ. The third question asks the author to explain the economic differences of different countries. The fourth question asks the author to discuss and explain different macro-political and economic changes that occur around the world. Finally, the author is asked to explain how transitioning economies are moving towards market-based systems.
As for why there are different political systems in different countries, the reasons depend on the actual situation at hand. The system in place in the United States fairly closely matches the way things were set up at its inception and a lot of that was based on escape from brutal government rule…
Hill, C.W. (2013). International business: competing in the global marketplace (9 ed.).
New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Tran, M. (2013, April 3). Pakistan needs to recoup more in taxes before any aid boost, say MP's | Global development | theguardian.com . Latest news, world news, sport and comment from the Guardian | theguardian.com | The Guardian .
Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/apr/04/pakistan-recoup-taxes-aid-mps