The Last Samurai Essays (Examples)

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Samurai Spirit Their Obligation Loyalty

Words: 1851 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19174434

Spirit of the Samurai

I suppose I became a modern Samurai through the experience of my father's death. My father belonged to the old school of Samurai philosophy -- a way of life that I despised for one reason - he committed ritual suicide known to the Samurai as Seppuku, or Hara-kiri. I remember the day that he died. It was cold and very early in the morning when he came to me and told me about the ways of the Samurai. He told me about honor and a life dedicated towards a morality of perfection; a way of life that had the highest moral goals in attempting to achieve a perfect state of being and living. He also told me at length about the ancient Samurai who valued the warrior's aggression as much as kindness and compassion. I was a bit confused by his lecture. After all, I had…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Seppuku - Ritual Suicide. Retrieved November 21, 2004. Web site:

http://victorian.fortunecity.com/duchamp/410/seppuku.html

Matrasko C. BUSHIDO, WARRIOR CODE OF CONDUCT:the Samurai. Retrieved November 21, 2004 from Aikidp World. Web site: http://www.aikido-world.com/articles/Bushido-code%20of%20the%20Warrior,%20the%20Samurai.htm

Way of the Spiritual Warrior. Retrieved November 21, 2004. Web site: http://www.meaningoflife.i12.com/Warrior.htm
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Samurai Have a Significant Impact

Words: 1540 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41597226

Just a half century ago, though, the country was brought to its knees after becoming the first - and only - country to ever be attacked with nuclear weapons. While the pundits continue to debate whether the two atomic bombs used to end World War II were truly necessary, the fact remains that they were used because policymakers in the West believed that the Japanese people would defend their homeland to the last Japanese citizen, resulting in perhaps millions more casualties than those experienced in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This spirit of defending the homeland to the death was the proximate result of the bushido spirit engendered throughout Japanese society by the samurai tradition that had such a profound impact on the country's culture over the years. Other aspects of Japanese culture were also shown to have been influenced by the samurai, including arts and theatre, as well as the popular…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lebra, Takie Sugiyama and William P. Lebra. - Japanese Culture and Behavior: Selected Readings. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986.

Rodeghier, Kathy. (2001, February 4). "Day in Tokyo Offers Glimpse of Edo Culture." Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL):8.

Samurai." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Smith, Robert J. And Richard K. Beardsley. Japanese Culture: Its Development and Characteristics. Chicago: Aldine Publishing, 1962.
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Samurai Shichinin No Samurai Is

Words: 1088 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25315919

This film is distinguished from the average samurai film by the director's "masterful handling of cinematic technique," in which he captures the essence of a scene in a mere few moments with a series of glances rather than dialogue and special effects.

Moreover, Kurosawa creates a moral complexity of good and evil, creating sympathy for both the samurai and the farmers, and although the samurai are portrayed as heroic while the farmers are weak, he "also points out that heroic deeds are not always performed for noble reasons, and that there are different kinds of heroism." Kurosawa creates a "delicate juxtaposition between the samurais' graceful art of combat and the barbaric reality of war."

At the end, Kambei, the leader of this small group of samurai, realizes that the farmers, although weak, are the lucky ones, for they are at one with nature, "participating in the timeless ritual of life,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arnold, Gary. "Seven Samurai Still Gritty and Great at 50." World and I. October 01

2004. Retrieved October 08, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web sit.

Akira Kurosawa. Retrieved October 08, 2005 at  http://www.filmref.com/directors/dirpages/kurosawa.html 

Jidaigeki. Retrieved October 08, 2005 at http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/j/ji/jidaigeki.htm
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The Fall of the Samurai From the Tokugawa Era to Early Modern Japan

Words: 1586 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19990918

Fall of the Samurai: From the Tokugawa to Early Modern Japan

Fall of The Samurai: From The Tokugawa Era to Early Modern Japan

Japanese samurai are counted among the world's most popular military forces; they emerged in pre-medieval times and were active from the seventh to late nineteenth century. The samurai were initially employed as mercenaries, but quickly evolved to become the Japanese Empire's chief military force; before long, they transformed, in effect, into Japan's ruling class. While the transition of the samurai from leading ordinary military lives to being embroiled in inter-clan intrigues and elite political events was relatively rapid, their military-influenced moral principles and core values remained intact throughout. Their improved sense of devoted spirituality and integrity were, in fact, so well-known that they became the inspiration for great stories of courage, which resound even now with readers. This odd balance of deadly effective military strength with gentlemanly,…… [Read More]

References

Gordon, A. (2008). A modern history of Japan: From Tokugawa times to the present. Princeton, NJ: Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic.

Hane, M., & Perez, L. G. (2009).Modern Japan: A historical survey. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

James, DH (2010).The rise and fall of the Japanese empire. London: Routledge.

McLaren, W. W. (2013). Political history of Japan during the Meiji era. London: Routledge.
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Portrait of the Warrior in

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99670965

The war is driven by the modern military which has abandoned its warrior ethic and now fights with guns -- a theme repeated in The Last Samurai. Again Funakoshi represents this position. He tells the Japanese military captain, "Who I challenge to Kung Fu and what I do is no business of the military. . . . I am not a politician." The distinction between colonial imperialism and true warrior ethic is pronounced. The military captain is disappointed in Akutagawa's failure to destroy the rival sect, and kills him, although he has the true spirit of the Samurai about honest fights and honor. The military leader can only say, "To best serve the Japanese emperor, you'd better forget what is right or wrong." This highlights the contrast between new imperialist might, technology, and economic power and the old warrior system.

The symbolic struggle between national identities is epitomized in the…… [Read More]

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Culture Competency

Words: 2454 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8015464

Nutrition, Rituals, Spirituality, And Health Care Practices of the Samurai Culture, As Depicted Within the Movie The Last Samurai

According to Tom Stovall and Dustin Granger, "The ancient Samurai, Miyamoto Musashi wrote in his "Book of Five Rings,": "It will be difficult for you to succeed unless you look at things on a large scale'" (PharmaCafe). Similarly, within the movie The Last Samurai (2003), director Edward Zwick shows various ways in which the Japanese Samurai of the late 19th century looked at and holistically practice nutrition; prayer, war, and death rituals; spirituality, and health care practices, all on a scale with nature. These holistic practices, in turn, promoted the Samurai's own inner harmony: mentally, physically, and spiritually. For example, The Last Samurai depicted various nutritional practices, prayer, pre-war, death and other rituals; attitudes about spirituality and the meaning of life, and medicinal philosophies and practices within the Samurai culture. All…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The Last Samurai. With Tom Cruise and Ken Watanabe. Dir. Edward Zwick.

Warner Brothers. 2003.

Stovall, Tom, and Dustin Grainger. PharmaCafe. Retrieved May 24, 2005,

from: .
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Film History

Words: 8657 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24941469

movie industry in America has been controlled by some of the monolithic companies which not only provided a place for making the movies, but also made the movies themselves and then distributed it throughout the entire country. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films. People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the "studios" in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it. The discussion here is about some of those famous studios inclusive of that of names like Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Culver, RKO, Paramount Studios, Warner Bros, 20th Century Fox, Walt Disney Studios, Universal Studios, Raleigh Studio, Hollywood Center Studio, Sunset Gower Studio, Ren-Mar Studios, Charlie Chaplin Studios and now, Manhattan Beach Studio.…… [Read More]

"What better way to annoy the Hollywood liberals than to remind them every single day that

George W. Bush is STILL the President?" Retrieved from https://www.donationreport.com/init/controller/ProcessEntryCmd?key=O8S0T5C8U2 Accessed 15 September, 2005

"What's interesting about the business is that it's no longer the movie business" Retrieved from  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/hollywood/picture/corptown.html  Accessed 14 September, 2005
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Reader Response to Scott Mccloud

Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98281311

Scott McCloud

Because Scott McCloud's focus is exclusively on comics as an art form, his discussion of Japanese comics in chapter 2 -- while interesting -- does not draw some obvious connections between the style and method of Japanese comics and other forms of art. This is what seems most interesting and obvious to me. McCloud discusses the rise of the "masking" style in Japanese comics -- this involves a use of "iconic" (or heavily stylized) central characters acting out the drama of the comic in front of a backdrop which is more realistic. As McCloud notes, this device -- rather than being artistically disjunctive -- "allows readers to MASK themselves in a character and safely enter a sensually stimulating world" (43). In the case of Japanese comics, McCloud notes that readers in Japan have more recently "developed a taste for flashy, photorealistic art" which leads to a further refinement…… [Read More]

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Tale of Genji

Words: 1876 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16903523

Genji

Why Is Angst So Universally Appealing?

The course of true love never did run smooth according to the Bard of Avon. Certainly any relationship involving at least two people must allow for at least a good chance of turbulence. But surely true love might indeed run smoothly within the pages of a novel or the rolls of an epic? Well, yes, if that were what the author wanted and (at least as importantly) what the audience wants and expects. But the idea of love that we as humans in different eras and different places often seem most content to embrace as we follow fictional lovers is one in which there is confusion and angst. Fictional lovers are often those who do not know their own minds about what will make them happy and must be forced by fate and the gods to acknowledge the love simmering within them.

This…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Caddeau, Patrick. Appraising Genji: Literary Criticism and Cultural Anxiety in the Age of the Last Samurai. New York: SUNY, 2006.

The Mahabharata. New York: Penguin Press, 2003.

Murasaki. The Tale of Genji. New York: Everyman's Library, 1993.

Shirane, Haruo. (ed.) Traditional Japanese Literature: An Anthology, Beginnings to 1600. New York: Columbia UP, 2007.
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Japanese History Attribute Meiji Masculinity

Words: 4126 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99910135



Disorder does not descend from Heaven,

It is the spawn of a woman. 10

Contemporaneous with relocating the capital from Edo to Tokyo was the drawing up of the 'Memorandum on Reform of the Imperial Palace' in which Article 1 states that the emperor would 'deign to hear about all political matters' in the front throne room adding that 'women are to be prohibited from entering the front throne room' 11.

Yoshii Tomozane, Senior Secretary for Court Affairs peremptorily dismissed all court ladies, after which a rare few were reselected for appointment. In his dairy, he noted: 'this morning, the court ladies were dismissed in their entirety… the power of women already lasting for centuries has been erased in a single day. My delight knows no bounds." 12.

In this way the power of the 'hens' was removed from the 'Enlightened regime' of Meiji rule and suppressed throughout the country.…… [Read More]

Sources

Adler, Philip. World Civilizations. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson, 2008

De Vos, George & Wagatsuma, Hiroshi, "Value Attitudes Towards Role Behavior of Women in Two Japanese Villages," American Anthropologist, 63, (1961).

Hastings, S.A. "Gender and Sexuality in Modern Japan" a Companion to Japanese History, Blackwell Pub., 2007

Hendry, Joy, Understanding Japanese Society. London: Routledge, 1991.
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Rise of East Asia Was

Words: 2594 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49316685

The British Empire gained significant land share within North America through its conquests and emigration. From the founding of Jamestown to the growth of the greater New England region, the North American territories represented a significant portion of the British Empire. Following the Seven Years War, England won the entire territory of New France and doubled the territory possession within North America. Although from a trade perspective North America was not the furtive economic zone that Britain originally envisioned, it did become a several exporter of tobacco, cotton and rice to the British Empire, as well as naval material and furs from the northern region. The American Revolution affected the British Empire in several different ways, it proved to be a symbolic blow the largest empire of the European Continent, and it provided a model for liberation and freedom throughout the rest of the colonial territories. The American Revolution occurred…… [Read More]

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Akutagawa Uses Perspectivism in His Story in

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48366917

Akutagawa uses perspectivism in his story In a Grove here the main focus is on the incident that is being investigated by the high police commissioner. Here Takehiko is found murdered and the police highly suspect Tajomaru "The man that I arrested? He is a notorious brigand called Tajomaru." Tajomaru, confesses to the murder and gives a detailed description of the occurrence of the incident he began with agreeing and the "…when I disposed of him, I went to his woman and asked her to come and see him… (6)" then "...I was about to run away from the grove, leaving the woman behind in tears, when she frantically clung to my arm…"(6) and finally "…Then a furious desire to kill him seized me.(6)" As much as this appears to be an easy case to solve, matters get complicated when the wife of the slain Samurai testifies. She confesses to…… [Read More]

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China and Japan Each Respond

Words: 740 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21458194

Living standards were poor in the overcrowded cities and "the emergence of political parties caused disputes with the emperor and his ministers, leading to frequent elections and political assassinations. Many intellectuals worried about the loss of identity in a changing world; others were concerned at lack of economic opportunities for the enlarged educated class" (Chapter 33, Pearson, 2009).

The Chinese government, however, had a much larger territory to govern, and far more internal strife with which to cope. It was weakened by the Opium Wars with the West, which had left it carved into spheres of influence. It also had to pay interest on loans it had incurred fighting the war. Cheap, manufactured foreign goods put many local tradesmen out of business. The sheer expanse of China made it difficult for the ruling Qing Dynasty to control the different provinces in the country, much less create a system of unified…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Chapter 33: Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West." Pearson Education.

October 28, 2009.

http://occawlonline.pearsoned.com/bookbind/pubbooks/stearns_awl/medialib/IM/ch33.pdf

19th Century China. USF. October 28, 2009.
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Tokugawa Period in Japanese History

Words: 1452 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26575318

Some of my customers only pay me in rice. Sometimes, in the winter, I wish for warmth and warmer quilt for the cold nights, but winter does not last long here, and so, it is not such a big worry as others in my life.

In addition, I worry about the government, and their policy that seems to be leading toward cutting my country off from the rest of the world. We have enjoyed prosperity and new ideas through the Jesuits and others who have come to live and trade with us, and it seems that the government is going to ban foreigners, and even ban us Japanese from leaving our island. This worries me, because I fear that trade and our economy will suffer, and the government does not seem to have a way to resolve the issue. I know it is not wise to question our wise leaders,…… [Read More]

References

Country in Isolation." 1-12.

The Craftsmen." 84-96.
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Mcdonald's Corporation

Words: 13617 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31305261

McDonald's Corporation

This is an attempt to study the history and development of one of the great institutions of United States and a part of the images of the country that has spread in the whole world. As is well-known, the dominance of the world by United States came after the Second World War when the traditional leaders of United Kingdom and Germany lost their predominant positions due to the destructions of the war, and the impact of change in economic order due to the freedom of many countries. This was the freedom of the colonies and United States had been one of the first colonies to be free, and the former colony became the leader, along with Russia which was the pathfinder of the failed social and economic structure of communism. It was a contest between the two to prove the relative superiority of the two systems, and the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

McDonald's Marketing Strategies. [Internet]

Available from http://www.marketingtops.com/marketing/marketing55.html[Accessed 24 April 2004]

McDonald's keep thinking up good deals for their customers nowadays due to the drop in sales and reduction of margins that the company is facing, and one of that is to provide extra benefits to their customers, and this is often achieved by increasing the quantity served by just adding item quantities at a very low price.

Fascinating Mcfacts about McDonald's International. The Times November 11, 1996
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Human Behavior and the Social Environment

Words: 3381 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95117353

Farewell to Manzanar

The intact Wakatsuki family consisted of Papa George Ko, Mama Riku Sugai, Bill the eldest, Eleanor, Woodrow or Woody and Jeanne, the youngest, who co-authored "Farewell to Manzanar (2001) (Sparknotes 2005)" with her would-be husband, James. Jeanne was born on September 26, 1934 in Inglewood, California. She spent early childhood with her Japanese family in Ocean Park where her father worked as a fisherman, until things began to change. This is the background of the autobiographic novel written by Jeanne and her husband, as she interpreted the events, the environment and the characters. Being born in the U.S., Jeanne has identified more with American culture and is the most independent of the Watsukis children.

On December 7, 1941, Japan staged a surprise night-time bombing of the U.S. naval base in Pearl Harbor in the island of Oahu in Hawaii. Its 360 airplanes destroyed 18 U.S. ships and…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Comella, Pamela A. (2001). A Brief Summary of Bowen Family Systems Theory. Bowen Theory.  http://www.bowentheory.com/abriefsummaryofbowenfamilysystemstheorycomella.htm 

2. Creek, Rock. (2003). Images of Manzanar. Sierra Nevada Webring. http://www.owensvalleyhistory.com/manzanar2/page/29.html

3. Houston, Jeanne and James Houston. (2001). Farewell to Manzanar. Hungry Minds, Inc.

4. -- .(2005). Sparknotes, Inc. LLC. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/manzanar.html
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Video Games Are the Background

Words: 4119 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73100766



Robert thought that this was actually very cool. He liked the idea of picking all of his favorite characters from all of his favorite games and making up his own new game. That would be so cool. And then he could make all of the characters do exactly what he wanted them to do. Like the Viking Warrior standing in his room. He could take out his laser sabre and just blow her away. Just blast her. Watch her head just explode and her brains drip down the walls. Wouldn't that be cool.

Even though the person in his room still looked like a Viking Warrior -- although his friends and he called them something a lot less polite than that -- he figured out that it was his mother. He staggered out of bed and gave her a hug. He really liked his mom. She was nice and smart…… [Read More]

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Gangs This Is a Guideline

Words: 1882 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34881902

In the 1940s, the Klan began using bombings of their homes to scare blacks who had moved into the "wrong" neighborhood. In 1944, the IRS filed a lien against the Klan for over $600,000 and it was forced to disband. Its numbers by then had dwindled to about 10,000.

During the 1950s, to the present day, the Klan has disintegrated into separate small groups with different purposes depending on location. Their issues today have been updated to illegal immigration and same-sex marriage. Other Klan groups have become neo-Nazi skinheads. It is estimated that their total membership in 2008 is about 6,000.

Outlaws Motorcycle Gang

The Outlaws Motorcycle Gang, one of the biggest outlaw gangs in the country, formed in 1935 in McCook, Illinois. It now has over 200 "gangs" in several countries. Only men who own a specific-size motorcycle can join the club. Their main rival gang is Hell's Angels.…… [Read More]

Bibliography absoluteastronomy.com. (2009). Outlaws motorcycle club. Retrieved June 27, 2009, from absoluteastronomy.com:  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Outlaws_Motorcycle_Club#encyclopedia 

Kaplan, D., & Dubro, A. (2003). Yakuza: Japan's criminal underworld. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Knowgangs. (2008). The almighty latin kings nation. Retrieved June 27, 2009, from Knowgangs.com: http://www.knowgangs.com/gang_resources/profiles/kings/

pbs.org. (n.d.). The Colombian cartels. Retrieved June 27, 2009, from pbs.org: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/business/inside/colombian.html

Simpson, C., & Pearlman, A. (2005). Inside the Crips: Life inside L.A.'s most notorious gang. New York: Macmillan.
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Analyzing the Gun Control Issue

Words: 4052 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50673349

Gun Control

Definition of the Problem (Gun Control)

In America as well as other parts of the world, the role played by guns in committing violent acts, and what must be done in this regard, is a hotly debated topic. However, some facts are incontestable. Over 31,000 individuals sustained gunshot injuries in the year 2010, in America. As these victims are mostly youths, gun violence can be considered as one among the primary reasons for premature deaths in the U.S. Apart from mortal wounds, there were, in the same year, approximately 337,960 non-fatal acts of violence perpetrated with the use of guns; emergency departments of American hospitals received 73,505 cases of nonfatal wounds made by guns. The economic and social costs associated with gun violence are also huge, in the U.S. (Webster, 2013)

However, ironically, in spite of gun violence's colossal impact, a majority of public discussions in regard to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cook, P., Ludwig, J., Venkatesh, S., & Braga, A. (2007). UNDERGROUND GUN MARKETS. The Economic Journal, F558 -- F588.

Hood, M. N. (2009). Citizen, defend thyself: an individual-level analysis of concealed weapon permit holders. Criminal Justice Studies, 22(1), 73-89

Kates, D., & Mauser, G. (n.d.). WOULD BANNING FIREARMS REDUCE MURDER AND SUICIDE? Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 650.

Kopel, D. B. (1995 ). THE IDEOLOGY OF GUN OWNERSHIP AND GUN CONTROL IN THE UNITED STATES. Quarterly Journal of Ideology.
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Feudalism Is the Direct Result

Words: 2088 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79628077

While they were free to marry, they could not marry anyone that lived outside their manor without their lord's permission. This type of landed estate began to cause problems of loyalty just before feudalism began to crumble under the popularity of capitalism. Some vassals were multiplied in the sense that they would attempt to acquire as much land as possible. This caused a conflict in loyalties, as one vassal could owe loyalty to many lords. This situation brought forth the term "liege lord" (335), which identified one lord that had power over the other lords should a conflict ever arise.

Noble points out how the feudal system "shows vertical bonds in its hierarchy of vassalic ties and its command of the peasant population" (353). It should also be noted that nobility also "joined in horizontal associations" (353) as well. Noble groupings were a "kind of substitute kinship, especially for the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chodorow, Stanley, et al. A History of the World. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich

Publishers. 1986.

Craig, Albert, et al. The Heritage of World Civilizations. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2000.

Duiker, William. The Essential World History. Belmont: Thompson Wadsworth. 2008.
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Management of Change Within Starbucks

Words: 2845 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50923179

Please see Appendix a for a give year ratio analysis of Starbucks Corporation illustrating the significant effect the recession is having on gross margins. Yet despite this pressure, Starbucks continues to be successful in keeping its gross margins above industry average at 9.67% for the latest fiscal year. Also noteworthy about their financial performance is the increase in Revenue Per Employee from $53,864 in 2004 to $59,156. This speaks to the fact that Starbucks is being successful with their long-term strategy of delivering exceptional customer experiences, so much so that there is greater levels of repurchase of drinks and food even in a recession (Churchill, 2008). All of these factors point to the critical need for managing customer experiences more closely than ever, with a strong orientation towards giving customers and opportunity to have their voices heard on potential new products. Starbucks has excelled in the area of social networking,…… [Read More]

References

Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Chris Churchill. (15 July 2008). Starbucks competitors get jitters: Local coffeehouses, facing woes of their own, cast wary eye on chain's recent closings. McClatchy - Tribune Business News

Fridell, G. (2009). The Co-Operative and the Corporation: Competing Visions of the Future of Fair Trade. Journal of Business Ethics: Supplement, 86, 81-95.

Burt Helm. (2007, April). SAVING STARBUCKS' SOUL: Chairman Howard Schultz is on a mission to take his company back to its roots. Oh, yeah -- he also wants to triple sales in five years. Business Week,(4029), 56.
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Video Games Interactivity

Words: 9740 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66772662

Interactivity in Video Games and Movies

Information technology has changed the way we live in today's world. Everything from our television to our cell phones are connected through network medium. Computers define the way we do many of the things in our lives, such as, how we maintain our bills and expenses to even conducting business activities online. Therefore, it comes as no surprise to know that the gaming industry is worth over nine billion dollars worldwide. This paper is a dissertation, which aims to compare the interactivity of games to movies and how their consumers view them.

Chapter I The Rise of Video Games

Chapter II Games as a Major Form of Entertainment in Today's World

Chapter III Studying Games

Chapter IV Games, Media and Interactivity

Chapter V Exploring interactivity in video games and movies

Chapter VI Home Entertainment Networks

Chapter VII Violence in Games

Chapter VIII Are Games…… [Read More]

References

Story of Virtual Creation, available at http://www.techtv.com/news/internet/story/0,24195,3372818,00.htm, accessed on: February 28, 2003

Bill Robertie: backgammon genius or stylistic hustler?, available at http://www.uglx.org/robbackgammon.html, Accessed February 28, 2003

But in the end, they're still nothing more than video games by Jewels, available at http://www.jivemagazine.com/content_articles.php?ID=104,accessed on: March 1, 2003

Celluloid heroes: Some video games are more fun than the movie, available at http://www.post-gazette.com/interact/20000420moviegames2.asp, accessed on: February 28, 2003 fe - new digital media, available at http://www.frozenembryo.co.uk/r_games.htm, accessed on: March 1, 2003
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Treaties the United States and

Words: 3097 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33199813

Additionally the allied powers recognized Japan as a sovereign nation having the right of individual and collective defense as defined by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations (Treaty of Peace with Japan).

Additionally it was established that the allied powers occupation forces would withdraw from Japan within a 90 day period (Treaty of Peace with Japan). However the treaty does not prohibit the presence of a retention force. The security aspect of the treaty also explains that any goods that were given to allied troops by Japan were to be returned within 90 days (Treaty of Peace with Japan).

Political and economic clauses- This aspect of the treaty confirms that any conventions or treaties that Japan had with other nations before would come back into effect unless they contradicted the new treaty (Treaty of Peace with Japan). This reenactment of prewar treaties was to occur within one…… [Read More]

References

Convention Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Japan for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to taxes on Income. Retrieved September 20, 2007 at http://www.ustreas.gov/press/releases/reports/conventionfinal.pdf

EMPIRE of JAPAN TREATY. Kanagawa, March 31, 1854. Retrieved September 20, 2007 at http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~jobrien/reference/ob25.html

Finkelstein L.S. From Seeds to System the United Nations Charter

UN Chronicle. Retrieved September 20, 2007 from: http://www.un.org/Pubs/chronicle/2005/issue3/0305p18.html
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Comparing Imperialism

Words: 2821 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67188883

European exploration the world was undertaken in the 1500's in an attempt to reach the markets of Asia. And once they reached the East, the Europeans quickly found that their technological superiority gave them a strategic advantage over the Asian countries they encountered. As a result, the West began a period of Colonial Imperialism whereby European nations, followed later by the Americans, occupied and administered entire regions of Asia as colonies to be economically exploited. The Asian countries of India, China, and Japan reacted differently in response to the predations of the West, with differing results. India was completely conquered, China ended up conquered to a degree, and Japan started conquering. These three different results were in due, partially because of the stability of their nations, and partially due to the ability of each to adapt and modernize.

The origins of British rule in India began with the British East…… [Read More]

References

Beeching, J. (1975). The Chinese Opium Wars. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Busch, N. (1972) The Horizon Concise History of Japan. New York: American Heritage Pub.

Danielou, A. (2003) A Brief History of India. Rochester, VT.: Inner Traditions.

Dugdale-Pointon, TDP. (2004, September 19), The Boxer Rebellion, 1900,  http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_boxer.html .
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Japanese Playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon in

Words: 1866 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17018179

If the other pays dealt with prostitutes and people who were poor now the readers gets the chance to see what happens in the life of emperors and samurais. While in the plays which we have discussed previously it was the lack of financial power to cause the dramatic endings, in this particular play destinies will have a similar tragic ending, this time caused by a social position which makes people hungry for even more power then they have. Honour remains a key factor again (Keene, 1951, 30-70).

The last play, the uprooted pine tells yet another story involving a prostitute and a married man. Again the social pressure seems to make the story possible between them. this time the man would have enough money in order to rescue the woman he loves but he can not because that would make his wife suffer too much. The situation can be…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Keene, D. (1997) Four major plays of Chikamatsu, Columbia University Press

Keene, D. (1951) the battles of Coxinga: Chikamatsu's puppet play, its background and importance, Cambridge University Press

Monzaemon, C., Shively, DH (1991) the love suicides at Amijima: a study of a Japanese domestic tragedy by Chikamatsu Monzaemon, University of Michigan Press
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Olmec Although Scientists Found Artifacts and Art

Words: 5404 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63467824

Olmec

Although scientists found artifacts and art objects of the Olmecs; until this century they did not know about the existence of the Olmecs. Most of the objects which were made by this community were associated with other civilizations, such as Mayan, Toltec or Chichimecan. The Olmec lived between 1600 B.C. And 1400 B.C. In South Mexico. The name of this tribe comes from an Aztec word "ollin" which means "land of rubber."

At first they ate fish and they later start to farm, and that made it possible for them to "develop the first major civilization in Mesoamerica." (The Olmec Civilization) Thanks to the steady food supplies the Olmec population grew and some came to have other occupations. "Some became potters or weavers. Others became priests or teachers." (Ibidem) Once the population grew, so did their farming villages which developed into cities. The present-day city of San Lorenzo was…… [Read More]

References:

1. The Olmec Civilization, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Pleasant Valley School website: http://www.pvsd.k12.ca.us/180120521134440680/lib/180120521134440680/11-2_SG_7th.pdf

2. Villeacas, Daniel, Mother Culture of Mexico: The Olmecs, Denver Public Schools, 2005, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Denver Public Schools website:  http://etls.dpsk12.org/documents/Alma/units/MotherCultureMexicoOlmecs.pdf 

3. Olmec -- Masterworks of Ancient Mexico, Retrieved December 14, 2012, from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art website: http://www.lacma.org/eduprograms/EvesforEds/OlmecEssay.pdf

4. Hansen, Valerie, Curtis Kenneth, Curtis, Kenneth R., Voyages in World History: To 1600, Volume 1, Cengage Learning, December 30, 2008
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Zen Buddhism Can Often Be

Words: 3475 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99962720

After all, it opened up trade, thus helping commerce and, subsequently Japan's economy. Not only that, but the exchange of information was useful to governmental practices that sought to establish themselves as powerful and influential.

"Jesuit" Christianity survived long enough to be "practiced" within temples, one such "Jesuit temple" being known to have existed in 1603 in the Japanese capital, Kyoto. Such temples served the Church to enact some of its speeches in trying to go against Buddhism and Confucianism theories and implement its own. In fact, such initiatives worked out in the Church's detriment in the end. Habian, who went on to become a most renown orator and advocated for Christianity, turned away from it when the persecution of Christians began and reinforced his public speeches to suppress the "new" religion. It is no wonder then that such occurrences led to an overall negative impression of Christianity. Surely, the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bloom, Irene. "On the Matter of Mind: The Metaphysical Basis of an Expanded Self." Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Ed. Donald J. Munro & Arbor Ann. Michigan: Center for Chinese Studies (1985). 293-317. Paperback.

Earhart, Byron H. "The Ideal of Nature in Japanese Religion and its Possible Significance for Environmental Concerns." Contemporary Religions in Japan 11 (1970): 1-26. Print.

Fucan, Fabian. Deus Destroyed.

Kasulis, Thomas P. Zen Action Zen Person. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1981. Print.
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Alike Medieval Europe and Japan There Is

Words: 1183 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59192903

Alike

Medieval Europe and Japan

There is an old saying that familiarity breeds contempt. But does unfamiliarity breed similarity? In the Middle Ages, two civilizations at opposite ends of the globe evolved in a strangely similar manner. Western Europe had its feudal age. Japan had its feudal age. The Roman Catholic Church exerted a powerful influence from Sweden to Italy, Buddhist temples and monasteries from Hokkaido to Kyushu. In the West, civilization rebuilt itself after the fall of a great empire, while in the Far East a new nation emerged that modeled itself after the ancient civilization of its powerful neighbor. There are indeed many similarities between Medieval Western Europe and Medieval Japan, but there are also many differences. These two civilizations - almost entirely unknown to each other - evolved along similar yet different paths.

Following the Fall of Rome, and in the wake of devastating barbarian invasions, the…… [Read More]

References

Dahmus, Joseph. A History of the Middle Ages. New York: Doubleday, 1995.

A www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=9135381"Hane, Mikiso. Premodern Japan: A Historical Survey. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991.
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1950's Cinema

Words: 2695 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64317266

Cinema 1950s

1950s was a decade of change for the U.S. - cinema was no exception, as it modeled itself to accommodate the social changes U.S. society was going through. Films not only provide entertainment to masses but are also believed to express the general outlook of society by the way it sets and adopts trends. 50s was marked by postwar prosperity, rising consumerism, loosening up of stereotype families, baby boom and growing middle-class. It was the time of reaction to the aging cinema, especially by the freedom loving youth who were keyed up with fast food (Mc Donald's franchised in '54), credit card (first in 1950) and drive-in theaters (Filmsite.org). Young people were fed-up with the conventional illustration of men and women. With growing interest in Rock-n-Roll and break-free attitude prevailing, a social revolution was very much in the offering, and that was to transfer the cinema as well…… [Read More]

References

Smith, Geoffrey Nowell. (1996). The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Rafter, Nicole. (2000). Shots in the Mirror: Crime Films and Society. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Byars, Jackie. (1991). All That Hollywood Allows: Re-Reading Gender in 1950s Melodrama. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Wilinsky, Barbara. (1997). First and Finest: British Films on U.S. Television in the Late 1940s. Velvet Light Trap. Issue: 40. Pg 18.
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Farewell to Manzanar Japanese-American Family

Words: 1701 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89022112

Jeanne records her personal feelings and impressions, but also interweaves historical facts with her reconstructed internal monologue so the reader learns about the home front during World War II as well more about Jeanne's adolescence. Seeing the Japanese internment camps through the eyes of a child highlights the sweeping and irrational nature of President Roosevelt's dictate, and knowing that Jeanne's stories are true, not a fictionalized account of the camps, forces the reader to confront this episode in American history without denial or excuses. The camps were closed after the Supreme Court declared them illegal in 1944, but the camps lived on in the hearts of the interned -- the spoiled food, the constant sickness from the filthy latrines, and most of all, the reminder that the American government had declared Japanese-Americans lesser citizens, solely because of their race. They were seen a lesser immigrants in a land…… [Read More]

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Music Cultures of the World Japan

Words: 3188 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45084349

relationship of music and culture and history in Japan. The music of Japan is as rich and diverse as the culture of Japan's people, and it has a long place in Japan's history. Several different musical forms and instruments make up Japan's musical history, and it has ancient beginnings in the earliest history of Japan in many cases. While the Japanese have held on to their musical past, they are also not afraid to create new musical traditions, such as the karaoke fad that swept the world in the 1990s and beyond.

Ancient Japanese Music

Many scholars believe that Japanese music has its roots in the music of China, an ancient culture that dominated Asian culture from the earliest recorded history. However, studies indicate this is really not the case. Japanese music historian Egon Wellesz notes, "It might be expected that Japanese music would exhibit considerable Chinese influence; but it…… [Read More]

References

Asai, S.M. (1999). Nomai dance drama: A surviving spirit of medieval Japan. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Malm, W.P. (2000). Traditional Japanese music and musical instruments. Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha International.

Tokita, A. & Hughes, D.W. (2008). Ashgate research companion to Japanese music. Surry, UK: Ashgate Publishing.

Wellesz, E. (Ed.). (1999). Ancient and oriental music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Suicide Has Been of Interest From the

Words: 3406 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88414902

suicide has been of interest from the beginning of Western civilization. For philosophers, clergy and social scientists, the subject raises myriad of conceptual, theological, moral, and psychological questions, such as What makes a person's behavior suicidal? What motivates such an action? Is suicide morally permissible, or even morally required in some extraordinary circumstances? Is suicidal behavior rational? How does suicide affect those that remain? The fictional books Virgin Suicides and Norwegian Wood address some of these topics, only to find, as in real life, that each situation differs and the ones who are left must find a way to personally resolve their confusion and move on.

The definition of suicide is confusing. People have long looked at suicide in a negative fashion, although someone who dies to save others is more likely to be seen in a better light than someone who has done so to relieve mental or physical…… [Read More]

References Cited

Amundsen, D."Suicide and Early Christian Values." Suicide and Euthanasia: Historical and Contemporary Themes, Ed. B. Brody. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1989.

Curtin, J. Sean. Suicides in Japan: Part 10-Youth and Rural on Rise. Glocom Platform

14, November 2005.  http://www.glocom.org/special_topics/social_trends/20040813_trends_s78/ 

Fairbairn, G. Contemplating Suicide: The Language and Ethics of Self-Harm, London: Routledge, 1995.
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Shinto and Japanese Society the

Words: 3569 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79079056

As a consequence, the society provides a culturally acceptable outlet for such expression, i.e., while under the influence of alcohol during a Shinto festival procession (also known as Japanese matsuri).

During these public processions, which are generally held on annual basis, a large object (supposedly containing the spirit of a local deity) is carried shoulder-high through the streets, in order to revitalize the community with its supernatural presence. The bearers of the deity are required to "purify" themselves by drinking large amounts of sake before taking part in the procession. The intoxicated state of the bearers together with the bulk of the object they carry, conveniently "ensures" that the object may crash into the home or a shop owned by a greedy merchant or an intolerable official. As the object's movement is supposed to be "guided" by a deity, no one can be held responsible for the damage caused.

The…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Davis, Winston. Japanese Religion and Society: Paradigms of Structure and Change. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1992.

Hammer, Raymond. Japan's Religious Ferment. New York: Oxford University Press, 1962

Hendry, Joy. Understanding Japanese Society. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Kumagai, Fumie, and Donna J. Keyser. Unmasking Japan Today: The Impact of Traditional Values on Modern Japanese Society. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996.
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Post-Modern Japanese Cultural Society and

Words: 1595 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69577071

Cellular phones and video games did not exist in the past due to the absence of technology back then. The Japanese video game industry has revolutionized the world with its innovative games from giants such as Nintendo, Sega and Sony. The role-playing games genre has been a big contribution by the Japanese and a large part of their culture. They did not have video games back then but they had text-based adventures which people could play on their own. Mario brothers, pokemon, digimon are some of the brand names of Japanese culture. The Japanese game industry has developed a following around the world as people eagerly await games, which have the typical Japanese background music. These background tracks are also on the best selling charts in Japan.

Conclusion

Japanese culture depends on sharing subcultures such as expressionism, an urban sense of style, and high educational attainment. These processes and patterns…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Fukutake, T. 1981 the Structure of Japanese Society. Tokyo: U.P.

Kawasaki, K. 1992 "A Sociology of Baby Boomer Junior Generation." Across 216. PARCO Publications: 18-25.

Dale, Peter N.1986

The Myth of Japanese Uniqueness. London: Routledge.
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James Algar and Samuel Armstrong Fantasia 1940

Words: 1625 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20491466

James Algar and Samuel Armstrong, Fantasia (1940),

The original version of Fantasia was never released again after 1941. The film was a failure, now it is viewed as a great film. That it has gained respect can be seen from the fact that "Fantasia and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs are the only animated films and the only Disney films to be listed on the American Film Institute's list of the 100 greatest American films of all time." (Turkcebilgi, Fantasia (film) All Movie Guide profile) The original music was composed by the Philadelphia Orchestra and had some unique features like a multi-channel sound format called Fantasound, now known as stereophonic sound. Most of the works played in the film are program music; that is, instrumental music that depicts stories in sound. The music pieces are eight in number and of them - Toccata and Fugue, The Sorcerer's Apprentice, the…… [Read More]

References

Aoptpourri. Ran (1985) - By Akira Kurosawa Visual Spectacle.

http://www.apotpourriofvestiges.com/2012/01/ran-1985-kurosawas-visual-spectacle-and.html#.UQy29x2R9Cc >

BBC. Strictly Ballroom (1992) Reviewed by Sandi Chaitram. 2001.

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Comparing the Works of William Gibson

Words: 1413 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21237638

William Gibson

Born in 1948 in South Carolina, William Gibson was to become one of the most prolific representative of science fiction and an exponent of what is to referred to as the cyberpunk genre in science fiction. Even if he did not actually defined the termed (it has been used previously, see below), William Gibson became the most recognized writer of cyberpunk and he created and defined the term cyberspace, a term with which we are becoming more and more familiar today. His book Neuromancer, written in 1984, won him international fame and recognition, as well as the Hugo Award, the Nebula Award and the Philipp K. Dick Award.

Of course, discussing William Gibson means discussing, however briefly, the concept of cyberpunk. Gibson did not actually invent the term: it was first used by Bruce Bethke somewhere in the 1980s as a title for one of his short stories.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

http://home.earthlink.net/~osfavela2002/cyberpunk/05idoru.html

http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/story.hts/ae/books/reviews/1777785

 http://project.cyberpunk.ru/idb/cyber_punk.html 

http://project.cyberpunk.ru/idb/neuromancer.html
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Family Supper

Words: 877 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93946340

Family Supper

The short story "A Faimily Supper" by Kazuo Ishiguro is not a simple piece of literature about a family gathering for a meal. A young Japanese man has returned home to Tokyo after spending years in California with a girl, though that relationship has now failed. He learns the cause of his mother's death two years earlier: posioning from a fugu fish. His father's business has recently collasped into ruin, and the father's business partner commited suicide. They are joined for dinner by Kikuko, the sister, who studies at a university. A fourth additoinal family member, the now dead mother, also appears in the story as a spectre. The brother and sister reminise about the sighting of a ghost in the garden when they had been children, while the father guides his son through the house of empty rooms, reminiscing about the life that once was there before…… [Read More]

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U S History Web Project The

Words: 2072 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35481287

A further crucial aspect is the way in which the media covered the war. Media coverage was extensive and brought the horror and the reality of war into the ordinary American home as never before. Another aspect was the emergence of the " new left" element in the country which was critical not only of the war but of the way that the society was being run and administered in general. The site provides some insightful background on this aspect. "The Vietnam War was unprecedented for the intensity of media coverage -- it has been called the first television war -- as well as for the stridency of opposition to the war by the so-called "New Left." (Vietnam War)

As mentioned, stress and trauma and its after-effects were largely ignored in veterans who returned home after the war. However, more recently this condition has become known as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Vietnam War. Aug 1, 2006. http://www.vietnam-war.info/history/
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Male Female Differences Films Like

Words: 995 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10998559

Jacking, male, stated, "We know the kick-ass ladies really exist, and they are increasing." Twisted Soul, like all interview subjects, mentioned the prevalence of females in the martial arts. All subjects did acknowledge that female action heroes are less common than male ones, but at the same time, both males and females could name at least one real-life active heroine.

The most avid viewer of Tarantino's Kill Bill was, in fact, a woman. Helena Yip, who studies martial arts, saw Kill Bill twice "for the sake of reviving it." She especially appreciated "the power, the female power...that strong female characters kick ass." Yip compared the Bride to Chyna, a real life professional wrestler who has not only won championships against other women but also against other men. "She became equal with the male wrestlers...as a female I feel so gratifying," (sic). TKDavid, a male reflected Helena's values. Regarding the character…… [Read More]

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Foreign Film Review Film Review

Words: 1360 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31004123

The puppets enable Fugui to regain his self-esteem and give him a sense of creativity, as he is now capable of articulating his thoughts through the puppets. He is able to make a better living as a traveling entertainer than as a seller of needles and thread.

When it became too painful to live in his old town where he was once so wealthy, Fugui flees and goes on the road with the Nationalist Army. When the communists are obviously going to win, he easily and quickly switches alliances, just as easily as he gambled his life's fortune away. Following the Red Army, he makes his way back to his old town and life and is reunited with his family, who now accept their newly chastised father. Fugui throws himself into the New China, praising Maoism for what it has taught him about virtue, discipline, and the best way to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

To Live." Directed by Yimou Zhang. 1994.