1000+ documents containing “theoretical framework”.
Theoretical framework: Human trafficking
It is estimated that the majority of individuals who are illegally trafficked are females. This includes not simply workers in the sex industry, but employees in many other areas of employment in which trafficking commonly occurs, including domestic service and recruitment for sweatshop labor. Although the extent to which human trafficking occurs is difficult to estimate, conservatively most studies indicate that up to 80% of all persons who are trafficked are female (Loring 2007:1).
The predominately female population of the victims of human trafficking has caused many analysts to adopt a theoretical framework of feminism to analyze the phenomenon. A recent report on human trafficking advanced by the American Psychological Association from a feminist paradigm pointed out that given that "economic and social inequalities are among the leading contributing factors to human trafficking," women are often the most vulnerable groups to being exploited by traffickers (eport on….
Dovydaitis, Tiffany. (2011). Human trafficking: The role of the health care provider. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 55 (5): 462-467. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2009.12.017
Loring Jones, David W. Engstrom, Tricia Hilliard, Mariel Diaz. (2007). Globalization and human trafficking. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare. Retrieved from FindArticles.com http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CYZ/is_2_34/ai_n27265537/
Report on trafficking of women and girls. (2011). American Psychological Association.
wealth of information for a researcher, but only if the researcher has a clear idea of what he or she wants to study and how the past work of others can be used in order to provide ideas for the future based on the work done in the present. There should be a logical progression from what was done in the past, through what the researcher is doing currently, and on to what can be done in the future. Without a proper framework based on theory that relates to the context of the study, the researcher will have nothing on which to build and on which to base his or her analysis. If a researcher failed to have a framework for the focus of his or her research, the results could be devastating when it comes to providing clear analysis and conclusions.
In Langer's (2002) study there were two key….
Balmer, J.M. (2008). Nonformal pastoral ministry training in the majority world: four case studies. Unpublished dissertation.
Brawer, P.A., Anthony, N., Roberts, R., Wajda-Johnston., Valerie A., Fabricatore. & Handal, P.J. (2002). Training and education in religion/spirituality within APA-accredited clinical psychology programs. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33(2).
Howitt, Q.J. (n.d.) The determination of learning outcomes of modules at a B.Th level for training and educating pastors and members of South African local churches, and the relationship of these learning outcomes to the study of systematic theology. Unpublished dissertation.
Langer, A.M. (2002). Reflecting on practice: Using learning journals in higher and continuing education. Teaching in Higher Education, 7(3).
Stiglitz (2009, p. 282) points out that the global economic crisis began first in the developed countries. The fact that developing countries were not sufficiently "rich" to engage in unviable economic practices somewhat cushioned the impact of the crisis on them. Nevertheless, it remains a fact that the crisis has spread to global proportions as a result of both developing and developed countries interacting on a global business scale. Technology today has made it possible for all countries to participate in the economy, which means that a crisis in one country, and especially one as powerful and important as the United States, will inevitably affect the economies of other countries at some point, even if it takes some time for this to occur.
What this means for the study is that countries such as the United States and Kenya need to be aware, at all times of their own economic practices,….
Chang, H-J. (2010). Institutions and economic development: theory, policy and history. Journal of Institutional Economics 7(4). Retrieved from: http://hajoonchang.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/JOIE-institutions-and-development-published.pdf
De Haas, H. (2007). Migration and Development. Center on Migration, Citizenship and Development. 29. Retrieved from: http://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/luur/download?func=downloadFile&recordOId=2318325&fileOId=2319937
Lin, J.Y. (2011, Jul. 8). New Structural Economics: A Framework for Rethinking Development. The World Bank Research Observer 26(2). Oxford University Press. Retrieved from: http://www.relooney.info/0_NS4053_1995.pdf
Stiglitz, J.E. (2009). The Current Economic Crisis and Lessons for Economic Theory. Eastern Economic Journal 35. Retrieved from: academiccommons.columbia.edu
Since this study focuses on determining the most suitable intervention based on the perceptions and opinions of newly diagnosed hypertension male patients aged 30 years and above, the theoretical framework that will guide the research is the Health Belief Model (HBM). This theoretical framework suggests that a patient's belief in the threat of a disease/illness as well as his/her belief regarding the effectiveness of the recommended intervention affects his/her adoption of the intervention (Hayden, 2013). For this study, the theoretical framework will be suitable in understanding the perceptions or opinions of these patients regarding recommended behavior changes or interventions in addressing hypertension. The suitability of this theoretical framework for the study is attributable to the fact that some of the interventions for hypertension for this population are basically health behaviors that should be adopted to enhance the wellbeing and health of individuals.
As one of the first theories of health….
Current Nursing. (2012, January 31). Health Belief Model. Retrieved May 14, 2017, from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/health_belief_model.html
Hayden, J.A. (2013). Health Benefit Model. In Introduction to health behavior theory (2nd ed., chap. 4, pp.31-44). Retrieved from http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763743836/chapter%204.pdf
Jones et al. (2014, July 10). The Health Belief Model as an Explanatory Framework in Communication Research: Exploring Parallel, Serial, and Moderated Mediation. Health Communication, 30(6), 566-576.
water infrastructure management in the Caribbean. One possible approach to understand this topic is that of systems theory, which would focuses on how changes in 'systems' delivery could be used to improve services but also to target how and why critical failures might occur in this arena. "A system is a collection of part unified to accomplish an overall goal. If one part of the system is removed, the nature of the system is changed as well" (McNamara 2001). Changes in political and economic systems can have a profound impact on the ability of a population to receive sanitary and regular access to water. Systems theory is based upon the concept that the whole is bigger than the sum of its parts. Even if people may want and need access to water and logically politicians should respond to public pressures, there may be critical aspects of the supply chain….
Outsourcing & Offshoring
Ethics try to govern on the rightfulness of the dos and the don'ts in any activity. In business, some activities are practically inseparable regarding their rightfulness, acceptance, and goodness and badness to the receiving ends. An ethical dilemma arises in the case that businesses fail to be in one tune of a song, trying to venture into different pathways, both or all of which have the two perceptions containing the dos and the don'ts. The acceptance of one set of business activities, or any activity or act might be a wrong on the other side of the congregation, hence necessitating for the presence of a unifying factor that will guarantee a way of balancing the equation given the many variables attached to the act (Brown & Wilson, 2005).
This piece of research attempts to explore the ethical dilemma of offshoring and outsourcing, a business practice that has two sides….
Ambika. Z, Andrew, C; Amrik S; & Greg, W. (2012). Consideration of selflessness and self-interest in outsourcing decisions. European Business Review, IS Volume 24, Issue 3, pp. 287-303
Betts, S; Healy, W; Raza M., & Vicari, V. (2015). The Impact Of Offshoring On Organizational Commitment: Recruiting, Training, Retention And Ethical Concerns. Journal of International Business Research, Volume 14, Issue 2, p. 15-32
Bregman, R., Peng, DX. & Chin, W. (2015). The Effect of Controversial Global Sourcing Practices on the Ethical Judgments and Intentions of U.S. Consumers. - Journal of Operations Management, Vol 36: 229-243
Brown, D. & Wilson, S. (2005). The Black Book of Outsourcing: How to Manage the Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities. John Wiley & Sons
Theoretical framework: Nursing research study
According to the article by eed (2013) entitled "Childhood obesity policy: Implications for African-American girls and a nursing ecological model" from Nursing Science Quarterly, while obesity has been on the rise for all socio-economic and racial groups in the U.S., amongst African-American adolescent girls the condition has become particularly rampant. eed uses an ecological model to analyze obesity. She focuses on how exterior circumstances and larger social forces may impact the obesity rate amongst girls, versus focusing on individual health problems or personal choices. The author suggests that cultural and economic factors in the African-American community regarding weight and health are having a negative impact upon young women's health. "The seemingly cultural acceptance of poor nutrition and physical inactivity are leading to an epidemic of obesity in America that is affecting African-American children at disproportionate rates. Public health policies aimed at decreasing the incidence of….
Theory is a concept that communicates relationships and phenomenon, and with reference to nursing profession, nursing theory assists nurses to prescribe, describe and predict nursing care. In a contemporary healthcare environment, nursing theory is very critical to nursing profession. In essence, a conceptual nursing model is a starting point of nursing profession, and nurses are required to apply a conceptual model for nursing care and practice. The middle range theory is an example of a nursing theory that focuses on human experience, reality and number of concepts. Typically, nursing theory provides an autonomy that reinforces nursing education, practice as well as nursing research.
Peplau's theory is one of the major nursing theoretical framework guiding nursing practice, decision and care. Peplau develops theory of interpersonal relations to guide the practice of health profession revealing that effective communication is an integral part of the interpersonal relations that produces positive outcomes in an….
Fawcett, J. (2010). Contemporary nursing knowledge: Analysis and evaluation of nursing models and theories (2nd ed.). Philadelphia F.A. Davis.
Joanne, F.S. (2013). Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations: Application in Emergency and Rural Nursing. Nursing Science Quarterly, 26,(1): 31 -- 35.
Reed, P.G & Shearer, N.B.C. (2011). Peplau's Theoretical Model. Encyclopedia of Nursing Research.
Washington, G.T. (2013). The Interpersonal Relations Theory, Application to the New Graduate -Preceptor Relationship. Journal for Nurses in Professional Development. 29 (1): 24 -- 29.
Description of Importance of Nursing Theory
Theories are composed of definitions, concepts, propositions, and models based on assumption. A theory serves as a group of related concepts guiding a professional practice.
Nursing theory is a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, as well as statements explanatory proposing to understand nursing phenomena, assisting in predicting and explaining the nursing outcomes. Nursing theory is also a body of knowledge used to support a nursing practice. In other word, nursing theories deliver the framework linking nursing practice, nursing knowledge and nursing research. (Alligood & Tomey, 2002).
Theories are based on two principal methods: Deductive reasoning, and Inductive reasoning, and nursing theories are based on both deductive and inductive reasoning. Nursing top-down logic uses the deductive reasoning to make a critical decision on patient care. Similarly, nurses can use the bottom-up approach to apply a nursing care.
Nurses play a critical role in the promotion of health, and….
Alligood M.R, Tomey, A.M. (2002). Nursing Theory: Utilization & Application .(3rd ed). Missouri: Elsevier Mosby Publications.
Jaarsma, T. Riegel, B. & Stromberg, A. (2012). A Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness. Advances in Nursing Science, 35 (3): 194 -- 204.
McCormack, D.(2003). Ideas in LeadershipM An Examination of the Self-Care Concept Uncovers a New Direction for Healthcare Reform. Nursing Leadership, 16(4): 48-65.
Renpenning, K.M. & Taylor, S.G. (2003). Self- Care Theory in Nursing: Selected Papers of Dorothea Orem. UK. Springer Publishing Company.
Durkheim and the Times
Vindu Goel and Nick Wingfield of The New York Times (2015) report that Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook, has promised to donate 99% of his shares in the company to charity over the course of his lifetime. What prompted this idea was the birth of his new child. He and his wife wrote a letter to the child in which they asserted that they "have a moral responsibility to all children in the next generation" (Zuckerberg, 2015). The letter goes on to mention that Zuckerberg with his billions hopes to focus on "two ideas: advancing human potential and promoting equality" (this after pointing out how technology and the advancement of medicine will help save lives). Zuckerberg's Facebook post went viral in the media, and the report by Goel and Wingfield discusses the practical arrangements of the new organization, which they note will be an LLC --….
Allan, K. (2013). Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory. LA: Sage.
Durkheim, E. (1997). The Division of Labor in Society. NY: The Free Press.
Goel, V., Wingfield, N. (2015). Mark Zuckerberg Vows to Donate 99% of His
Facebook Shares for Charity. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/02/technology/mark-zuckerberg-facebook-charity.html?mabReward=A6&moduleDetail=recommendations-1&action=click&contentCollection=Middle%20East®ion=Footer&module=WhatsNext&version=WhatsNext&contentID=WhatsNext&src=recg&pgtype=article
The purpose of theory is to supply at the outset of the research a general idea or framework regarding a specific phenomenon and why or how it occurs/behaves: it is a "way of making sense" of phenomena (Kaplan, 1964). A theory is simply an attempt to explain something that is being researched: it acts as a lens through which the researcher views the study and interprets the findings; or it is similar to a camera which aims at the world and captures a reflection of light within four borders -- this is the frame. Theory does more than simply "catch" facts, however; it allows one to develop generalized statements regarding the cause and/or the effect of that which is "caught" or being studied. Thus, the purpose of theory in the PhD dissertation is to set guideposts by which the study can proceed. It is important for the dissertation….
Bharadwaj, A., El Sawy, O. A., Pavlou, P. A., Venkatraman, N. (2013). Digital business in strategy: toward a next generation of insights. MIS Quarterly, 37(2): 471-482.
Hawes, L.C. (1975). Pragmatics of analoguing: Theory and model construction in communication. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Kaplan, A. (1964). The Conduct of Inquiry. UK: Transaction Publishers.
Motivational Interviewing and Transtheoretical TheoryMotivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based counseling approach that helps people resolve ambivalence about behavior change and move toward self-determined action. It is a directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping the client to explore and resolve ambivalence. MI focuses on developing and exploring a persons intrinsic motivation to change a behavior. It is a collaborative, non-confrontational style of communication that seeks to strengthen a person's own motivation and commitment to change by eliciting and exploring their own thoughts and feelings about the behavior in question.Transtheoretical theory (also known as the stages of change model) is a theoretical framework that identifies and describes the process that people go through as they change behavior. It is based on the idea that behavior change is a process that occurs over time, and that people are at different stages of readiness to change. The stages of….
Theoretical Foundations of Nursing:
Nursing can be described as a science and practice that enlarges adaptive capabilities and improves the transformation of an individual and the environment. This profession focuses on promoting health, improving the quality of life, and facilitating dying with dignity. The nursing profession has certain theoretical foundations that govern the nurses in promoting adaptation for individuals and groups. These theoretical foundations include theories, theory integration, reflection, research and practice, and assimilation.
Grand Nursing Theory:
There are several grand nursing theories that were developed by various theorists including the Science of Unitary Human Beings by Martha ogers, Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model, and Systems Model by Betty Neuman. Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model is based on the consideration of the human being as an open system. She argues that the system reacts to environmental stimuli via cognator and regulator coping techniques for individuals. On the other hand, the stabilizer and innovator….
American Sentinel (2012). 5 Steps for Nurses to Stay Updated with Health Care Changes.
Retrieved September 4, 2013, from http://www.nursetogether.com/5-steps-for-nurses-to-stay-updated-with-health-care-changes
Andershed, B. & Olsson, K. (2009). Review of Research Related to Kristen Swanson's Middle-range Theory of Caring. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 23, 598-610.
"Application of Theory in Nursing Process." (2012, January 28). Nursing Theories: A
(Clark, 1) This is an approach which is given foundation by such theories as Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, which dictates that personnel will perform according to the manner in which certain ranked needs are met by leadership.
The Political Framework which is offered "suggests some characteristics linked to the concept of political leadership: (1) an interactive process, (2) the emphasis on individual political behavior, (3) the collective purpose, and (4) the non-routine influence over the political process." (Peral, 68) These are instructive in promoting such theoretical characteristics as coalition building which garners real support and dedication from members of the organization at every level and which balances the use of persuasion, negotiation and coercion as various instrumental ways to achieve intended organizational outcomes. (Clark, 1)
The fourth leadership framework is the Symbolic Framework, which relies upon the leader as a symbol through whom certain organizational characteristics and cultural conceits are reflected.….
Clark, D. (1998). Bolman and Deal's Four Framework Approach. NWLink. Online at http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/framwork.html
Meyer, K. (2006). The Structural Framework. University of Memphis. Online at https://umdrive.memphis.edu/kmeyer/.../Structural%20Frame.ppt
Peral, N. (1998). Political Leadership: A Tentative Framework. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 4(3), 68-83.
Therefore Clinton can be said to have generally followed a realist foreign policy program in Kosovo, yet due to changes in the international system which made it problematic to cut too many deals with dictators and war-criminals like Milosevich, a more conflictive approach to the issue was created. National interest, while predominant, was no longer the only consideration.
One of the problems with a constructivist understanding of the war though, is to what extent the international system allows for freedom of choice. If constructivism were true, then there were no "real" constraints on the actions of ill Clinton during the crisis. Yet sending ground troops in for example, would have been politically infeasible, not only due to American public opinion, but because Russia might have seen that as a threat to its interests in the region and moved to act in a provocative way. The point is then, that if….
Bacevich, a.J., and Eliot a. Cohen. 2001. War over Kosovo. Columbia University Press.
Morgenthau, Hans J. 1978. Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. 5th ed. New York: Alfred a. Knopf.
Sell, Louis. 2003. Slobodan Milosevic and the destruction of Yugoslavia. Duke University Press, September 1.
Wendt, Alexander. 1992. Anarchy is what States Make of it: The Social Construction of Power Politics. International Organization 46, no. 2 (Spring): 391-425.
Sports - Women
Human Trafficking Theoretical framework: Human trafficking It is estimated that the majority of individuals who are illegally trafficked are females. This includes not simply workers in the sex industry, but employees…Read Full Paper ❯
wealth of information for a researcher, but only if the researcher has a clear idea of what he or she wants to study and how the past work…Read Full Paper ❯
Stiglitz (2009, p. 282) points out that the global economic crisis began first in the developed countries. The fact that developing countries were not sufficiently "rich" to engage in…Read Full Paper ❯
Hypertension Since this study focuses on determining the most suitable intervention based on the perceptions and opinions of newly diagnosed hypertension male patients aged 30 years and above, the…Read Full Paper ❯
Business - Management
water infrastructure management in the Caribbean. One possible approach to understand this topic is that of systems theory, which would focuses on how changes in 'systems' delivery could…Read Full Paper ❯
Outsourcing & Offshoring Ethics try to govern on the rightfulness of the dos and the don'ts in any activity. In business, some activities are practically inseparable regarding their rightfulness, acceptance,…Read Full Paper ❯
Nursing esearch Theoretical framework: Nursing research study According to the article by eed (2013) entitled "Childhood obesity policy: Implications for African-American girls and a nursing ecological model" from Nursing Science Quarterly,…Read Full Paper ❯
Health - Nursing
Nursing Theory Theory is a concept that communicates relationships and phenomenon, and with reference to nursing profession, nursing theory assists nurses to prescribe, describe and predict nursing care. In a…Read Full Paper ❯
Health - Nursing
Nursing Theory Description of Importance of Nursing Theory Theories are composed of definitions, concepts, propositions, and models based on assumption. A theory serves as a group of related concepts guiding a…Read Full Paper ❯
Durkheim and the Times Event Summary Vindu Goel and Nick Wingfield of The New York Times (2015) report that Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook, has promised to donate 99% of his…Read Full Paper ❯
Theory Gap The purpose of theory is to supply at the outset of the research a general idea or framework regarding a specific phenomenon and why or how it…Read Full Paper ❯
Motivational Interviewing and Transtheoretical TheoryMotivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based counseling approach that helps people resolve ambivalence about behavior change and move toward self-determined action. It is a directive,…Read Full Paper ❯
Health - Nursing
Theoretical Foundations of Nursing: Nursing can be described as a science and practice that enlarges adaptive capabilities and improves the transformation of an individual and the environment. This profession focuses…Read Full Paper ❯
(Clark, 1) This is an approach which is given foundation by such theories as Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, which dictates that personnel will perform according to the manner…Read Full Paper ❯
Therefore Clinton can be said to have generally followed a realist foreign policy program in Kosovo, yet due to changes in the international system which made it problematic…Read Full Paper ❯