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Tokyo was formerly known as Edo, and from 1603 it served as the "seat of power of the Tokugawa shogunate" and was thus the political center of Japan (Naito, 2003). Edo was a cultural hub and Naito asserts that "much of what is now thought of as traditional Japanese culture found its final form in Edo." Edo started life as a village when it was chosen as the site for a castle by Iesayu Tokugawa. The town arose around the castle. As the political center of the country, Edo soon became one of the largest towns in the country. In 1868, it was renamed Tokyo, meaning "Eastern capital."
Tokyo today is the world's largest city, with a metro population over 30 million people. The city is classed as an Alpha world city and is one of the economic and cultural hubs of the planet. Tokyo is one of the most…
Japan News. (2013). Retrieved October 29, 2013 from http://the-japan-news.com/
Naito, A. (2003). Edo, the city that became Tokyo. Kodansha International: 2003.
Traulein, S., Alt, M., Yoda, H., Joe, M., Szymanski, A. & Marx, A. (2013). 50 reasons Tokyo is the world's greatest city. CNN Travel. Retrieved October 29, 2013 from http://travel.cnn.com/tokyo/visit/best-japan/worlds-greatest-city-50-reasons-why-tokyo-no-1-903662
Michael D. Collins, Ph.D.
Benihana Simulation Assignment
Define the following terms:
a) Service capacity: Service capacity encompasses the capability of a company or organization to perform the current services that it uses. These include services such as information technology services, different working patterns, and also the employment of resources. Service capacity is the ability to ensure that the services can meet the targets and objectives set by the organization (Seyring et al., 2009).
b) Throughput: Throughput is also referred to as flow rate, and is the number of consumers, goods, services, and money that are going through a system or business process for every unit of time. One good example with regard to Benihana of Tokyo is the number of consumers served per hour. This rate is more often than not measured as an average rate (Dhamdere, 2002).
c) Utilization rate: The utilization rate is also referred to…
Dhamdere, D.M. (2002). Operating Systems: A Concept-based Approach. India: Tata McGraw-Hill Publications.
Institute of Management Accountants. (1999).Theory of Constraints (TOC): Management System Fundamentals. Statements on Management Accounting.
Khan, K. (2015). Applying Theory of Constraints to Manage Bottlenecks. Six Sigma. Retrieved from http://www.isixsigma.com/methodology/theory-of-constraints/applying-theory-constraints-manage-bottlenecks/
Kotter International. (2014). Best-Of Blogs: How To Encourage Innovation In Your Company. Forbes. Retrieved fromhttp://www.forbes.com/sites/johnkotter/2014/10/03/best-of-blogs-innovation/
Edo-Tokyo: History & Culture
Edo-Sakariba and Ginza/Asakusa: A comparison of similarities and differences
Instead of an economic or sociologic determination, [Seidensticker] focuses on the effect upon society of the disappearance of this theater building, that cafe, those geisha houses, markets, and other landmarks, and their replacement stores, subways, and so on... Packed with original material and insights, [this book is] invaluable to scholars, students, and Tokyophiles."
-- Kirkus eviews
Are Ginza and Asakusa representative at all of Edo sakariba? If so, how? The two are certainly related to one another. Each boasts many "seething" crowds; nightlife and entertainment for would be passers by. Edo sakariba was a romantic and social community, one where people would gather in the streets a hundred years ago to socialize and discuss the goings on. The streets themselves were alive with vendors and entertainers, a welcome site for community members. Public baths and communal…
Ginza and Asakusa http://www.udel.edu/History/figal/Hist372/Text/ps4.html
Pocorroba, Janet. "Edward Seidensticker," March 13, 2003, http://metropolis.japantoday.com/tokyofeaturestoriesarchive349/300/tokyofeaturestoriesinc.htm
Seidensticker, Edward. (1983). "Low City, High City." New York: Alfred A. Knopf
Smith, Henry D. (1989). "Sky and Water: The Deep Structures of Tokyo."
Problems with older residents occured because even though the arena is in a different district than older residential apartments, these two areas are adjacent. esidents and owners in the arena district need to work together to find creative solutions that will satisfy both needs.
These management issues present challenges that could affect the reputation and future ability of the oppongi Hills to remain one of the most desirable destinations in Tokyo. The issues with noise from the arena affecting residents could cause populations in the area to decline. Empty apartments are not profitable and make the area look less attractive, which could have an impact on revenues of in the entire area. The perception that management is ignoring the problem is not good public relations policy. A grievance system needs to be put in place so that residents feel they have input into the system. esolving these issues is…
Absolute Astronomy. 2011. Roppongi Hills. Retrieved 19 January 2011 from http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Roppongi_Hills
Green Roofs. 2011. Roppongi Hills. Retrieved 19 January 2011 from http://www.greenroofs.com/projects/pview.php?id=782
KPF. n.d. Roppongi Hills. Retrieved 19 January 2011 from http://kpf.com/project.asp?R=2&ID=32
Mori Building C0. 2011. Floor Guide (Shops and Restaurants. Retrieved 19 January 2011 from
Question 3: Historical Developments During the Japanese New Wave- The Tokyo DrifterIntroductionOne of the films that match the historical period of the Japanese New Wave is the Tokyo Drifter (1966), directed by Seijun Suzuki. The film demonstrates multiple themes to show how various transformations in infrastructures and institutions in the 1960s affected the film industry. During this period, historical developments affected other film-related attributes such as exhibition, distribution, and production. The Tokyo drifter shows the impacts of such developments. efore the 1950s, the Japanese film industry featured independent companies run by socialist sympathies, primarily political messages. It was not in the interest of producers to have nonavant-garde films. However, in the 1960s, there was a transformation. Independent companies began venturing into films that were alienated from a major studio. They focused on films that expanded the scope of the Japanese film industry without specifying political ideologies. It is through these…
BibliographyBitel, Antony. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"When Japanese Cinema Went Wild.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Eye For Film. Accessed October 29, 2021. https://www.eyeforfilm.co.uk/feature/2006-10-31-japanese-cinema-of-the-1960s-and-70s-showing-as-part-of-wild-japan-touring-festival-feature-story-by-anton-bitel . \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Film Series: Japanese Cinema 1960s.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Asia Society, 2010. https://asiasociety.org/film-series-japanese-cinema-1960s . Hays, Jeffrey. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Modern Japanese Film Industry: Its Decline and Rebirth, Sony and Hollywood\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Japanese Ghosts.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Facts and Details. Accessed October 28, 2021. https://factsanddetails.com/japan/cat20/sub132/item720.html . \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Japanese Cinema.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Japanese cinema - New World Encyclopedia. Accessed October 29, 2021. https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Japanese_cinema . Komatsu, Hiroshi. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"The Modernization of Japanese Film.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" The Oxford History of World Cinema, 1999, 71421. Larsen, Rob. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Tokyo Drifter: Subversion from the inside out.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Brattle Theatre Film Notes, 2016. https://www.brattleblog.brattlefilm.org/2016/05/11/tokyo-drifter-subversion-from-the-inside-out-3908/ . Lomax. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"The World Screen: Japan\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Cinematic Reinvention and International Film Festivals.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Journal of Film and Video 72, no. 1-2 (2020): 46. https://doi.org/10.5406/jfilmvideo.72.1-2.0046 . Maher, Michael. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"From Godzilla to R2D2: Japan\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Influence on Modern Cinema.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" The Beat: A Blog by PremiumBeat, September 9, 2015. https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/japans-influence-on-cinema-after-wwii/ . Nygren, Scott. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Japanese Cinema.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Cinema and Media Studies, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199791286-0040 . Russell, Catherine. Classical Japanese Cinema Revisited. Continuum, 2011. Teo, Stephen. \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Seijun Suzuki: Authority in Minority.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Senses of Cinema, 2000. Vargas, Ferran \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Japan\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s New Left and New Wave. An Ideology\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Perspective as an Alternative to That of National Cinema,\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" Arts 8, no. 1 (2018).
The level of the investment also isolated them more in the case of a failure. They paid attention to the wrong details. Disney acted on American views of Europe rather than on native views, which could identify the important cultural differences. It appeared that the managers were too confident in their success to research the small details about European cultures.
In planning Euro Disney there were not any contingency plans put into place. The attitude towards customer habits was very complacent. They assumed that there would be so many customers every day, each staying an average number of nights spending an average amount of money. In America this would have worked because there is already a well established theme park culture. The European market proved to be a lot more unpredictable.
Up until now, Disney's venture into China has been anything but magical. The Hong Kong theme park, which opened…
Balfour, Frederik. 2009. "Disney Shanghai: Good for China, Bad for Hong Kong." 28 June,
2010. Business Week. Web.
Liu, Ling Woo. 2009. "Disneyland in Shanghai: A Second Try in China." 28 June, 2010. Time.
Over 1,000 Chinese witnesses came forth to testify in the trials which lasted until February of 1947 after the Chinese government posted notices in Nanking regarding the need for credible witnesses, (Chang 1997:170). Unlike the Nuremburg Trials, however, much of the case against the Japanese fell apart thanks to faulty prosecution and a lack of true concern for justice in the region.
The events which conspired in Nanking during the Japanese occupation broke several established international laws for the protection of civilians, prisoners of war, and unarmed Chinese soldiers. According to the International Military Tribunal of the Far East, three classifications of war criminals were established based on the intent and nature of their crimes. This tribunal followed the model set in Europe by the coinciding tribunal the International Military Tribunal of Nuremburg and followed the same charter with the definition of war crimes as "violations of the laws and…
Alderman, Sidney. 1945. Address to the Tribunal: November 23, 1945.
Chang, Iris. 1997. The Rape of Nanking. Penguin Books.
Marrus, Michael R. 2006. The Nuremburg war Crimes Trial. Bedford Press.
Moghalu, Kingsley Chiedu. 2008. Global Justice. Stanford University Press
In 1995 a terrorist, cult organization in Japan called Aum Shinrikyo perpetrated a Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway (eader, 2000). It left more than a dozen people dead, and thousands more were affected by the gas but later recovered. Many of those affected by it still have problems today, with issues such as post traumatic stress disorder and fear when using the subway system. They also experience vision problems, and worsening of conditions they already had before the incident (Ogawa, Yamamura, & Ando, et al., 2000). One of the most troubling issues, though, was not that the attack occurred, but the way it was handled by emergency response teams who were called in to contain the problem and care for the people who were injured and sick. The gas was released on a busy subway train full of unsuspecting individuals at a crowded time of day,…
Eldridge, J. (ed). (2006). Jane's Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defense 2006 -- 2007 (19th ed.). Coulsdon, Surrey, UK; Alexandria, Va.: Jane's Information Group.
Ogawa, Y., Yamamura, Y., & Ando, A., et al. (2000). An attack with sarin nerve gas on the Tokyo subway system and its effects on victims. ACS Symposium Series, 745: 333 -- 355.
Reader, I. (2000). Religious Violence in Contemporary Japan: The Case of Aum Shinrikyo, New York: Curzon Press.
Sidell, F.R. (1998). Jane's Chem-Bio Handbook 3rd edition. Alexandria, VA: Jane's Information Group.
CRNE Event and Response
Over the last several years, the safety of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive related weapons (CRNE) has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because downfall of the Soviet Union has meant that acquiring these materials from failed states have increased exponentially. As, the stockpiles in many of these areas have questionable security procedures that are allowing terrorist and other rogue organizations to have access to these materials. (Prosser, 2011)
At the same time, the total amount of countries that are possessing these materials have increased dramatically. As different nations, are using these weapons to protect against possible military attacks or internal insurrection. In a number of cases, the majority of states that possess CRNE's are more than likely considered to: have questionable human rights records or they may not have signed different international provisions limiting the proliferation of…
Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Weapons at a Glance. (2011). Arms Control. Retrieved from: http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/cbwprolif
Alfred, R. (2009). March 20, 1995. Wired. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2009/03/dayintech_0320
Carus, S. (1997). The Threat of Bioterrorism. Strategic Forum, 127.
Hoffman, B. (2001). Changes and Continuity. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 24 (5), 417 -- 428.
Mass Culture in Postwar Japan: As Seen Through the Films, Tokyo Drifter and Ohayo
Post war Japan was flung into a mass market that was unlike any she had ever seen before. Old cultural ties and values were challenged and sometimes discarded. Everything from traditional gender roles and family standards to westernized dress and mass media. The challenges that people faced were enormous and included a generation gap that might have paralyzed the entire culture. The changing values associated with family, respect, love, work and many other factors required many adjustments, for both the generation that remembered a more traditional past and the one who recalled only war and technology. One possible way to interpret such cultural changes is through the relatively modern cultural art of film. The Japanese films Ohayo and Tokyo Drifter both embrace and challenge mass culture in different ways.
In a film review which, contextually analyzed…
Post-orld ar II Japan: A Nation in Transition
Devastated by the Allies in orld ar II, Japan has emerged as one of the world's most economically and technologically advanced societies today. Some observers have suggested that the "Japanese miracle" was the result of a collusion between the government and industry to prosecute economic growth through a series of subsidies and favorable business climates, while others maintain this explosive growth was due to the industrious and business-savvy Japanese people themselves. In order to determine which is correct, this paper will provide a review of Japan from the time of the signing of the peace treaty bringing an end to orld ar II and the years that followed. A review of the peace treaty and what was demanded of Japan to bring an end to the war after the bombing of Nagasaki will be followed by an examination of the role of…
Carlile, Lonny E. And Mar C. Tilton. Is Japan Really Changing Its Ways? Regulatory Reform and the Japanese Economy. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1998.
Johnson, Chalmers. Miti and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy, 1925- 1975. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1982.
Moore, Joe. The Other Japan: Conflict, Compromise, and Resistance since 1945. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1997.
Nakamura, Takafusa, The Postwar Japanese Economy, 2nd ed., Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1995.
They include the Investment Corporation, company employees, and institutional investors.
Apart from a handful of firms, the articles provide inadequate or incomplete information in their prospectuses. I can acquire essential data for purposes of my estimation in my research. The magnitude of under-pricing is estimated at different levels in the secondary markets. For all the articles, the degree of under-pricing appears to be high than the degree of average pricing at different intervals. When an IPO is selling as per the premium public information, it implies that there will be a high demand for its shares and initial allotment in the secondary market. Clearly, these articles will be of utter importance in the course of my research study (Quayes & Hasan, 2008).
These articles provide an empirical base for my research in the markets for new IPOs in Tokyo, Shanghai, New York, and London. The articles have used different samples…
Dharmapala, D. & Desai, M. (2010). Do strong fences make strong neighbors? 63(4 part 1), 723-740
Quayes, S. & Hasan, T. (2008). Does dual listing affect underpricing of initial public offering? Evidence from Bangladesh capital market. 4 (5-8).
Ramchand, L., Chaplinsky, S. & Bruner, R. (2009). U.S.-Bound IPOs: issue costs and selective entry. University Park, Pa: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Not only does her presence allow the couple to feel at home, as if they are in any bar in America, rather than half way around the world, she is representative of Bob's career back home. He is an actor, but not a big, big, actor like many others. He is actually more famous in Japan than he is in his own country, because he has gotten older, and the parts pass him by. The lounge singer would never make it in America, or if she and her band did, it would be in small, insignificant clubs. She represents what Bob's career could turn into - second rate and forgotten, and so, she is somewhat like another form of reality and conscience for Bob. He knows it would be very easy to become just what she is.
There are many things that keep Charlotte and Bill from connecting. Their ages…
Lost in Translation. Dir. Sophia Coppola.
(ikipedia, 1) Disney was emboldened in this strategy by the prototype in Japan, though we may now suggest that this effort was significantly aided by the greater interest of the Japanese in estern culture than many in estern Europe. Indeed, the Tokyo site would face few legal barriers, and would succeed momentously with little alteration of its American models required. Here, evidence of a closeness between Japan and the U.S. In terms of modern political and consumer norms suggests little legal obstruction or ethical concern from the Japanese public.
Hong Kong, by contrast, represents a mixed outlook where externalities are concerned. Particularly, the site seems in one regard be designed according to lessons learned from the initial failures in Paris. Namely, the cultural presentation of Hong Kong's Disneyland park and resorts is intended to reflect philosophical, cultural and aesthetic leanings of Hong Kong, rather than of America. This demonstrates the…
DLP. (2004). Finding a Spot in the Old World. Disney Land Park Info. Online at http://www.dlp.info/History/Chapter2-2.htm .
Plowright. (2006). Disneyland Paris (Euro Disney). About Travel With the Kids. Online at .
Wikipedia. (2010). Disneyland Resort Paris. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc. Online at .
Wikipedia1. (2010). Hong Kong Disneyland. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc. Online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Disneyland#cite_note-0
Why do you think that the world's largest theme park operator, Walt Disney Company, was motivated to establish parks in Tokyo, Paris, and Hong Kong?
Disney Strategic Planning was able to find the optimal mix of income, family composition by key demographics, and favorability of national government to their expansion in each region (Data Monitor, 2004). The one area they had the most trouble with from a cultural and media relations standpoint was Euro-Disney in Paris (Forman, 1998). Disney pressed on however as the potential to attract millions of visitors from the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and throughout western Europe galvanized their commitment to this market (Kepler, 2005). Tokyo was a completely different experience, with many Disney fans asking for a park to be built there and the per capita income and demographic factors aligning with Disney's most loyal customer bases (Kepler, 2005). Hong Kong is one of…
Data Monitor (2004) -- EuroDisney Profile. Reference Code 16537. Publication Date November 2004. New York, NY
Forman, Janis. 1998. "Corporate Image and the Establishment of EuroDisney: Mickey Mouse and the French Press" Technical Communication Quarterly. Summer 1998, Volume 7, Number 3 (Pages 247-258)
Geoffrey A. Fowler and Merissa Marr. 2006. Disney and the Great Wall; Hong Kong's Magic Kingdom Struggles to Attract Chinese Who 'Don't Understand' Park. Wall Street Journal, February 9, Eastern Edition.
Kepler Equities (2005) - EuroDisney Investment Brief. April 6, 2005. Kepler Equities. Catherine Rolland. New York, NY.
Threats to security are seen to come not only from external military aggression but also from a myriad of internal challenges -- separatist movements, social unrest, or the collapse of the political system." -- Anwar 2003,
With the international attention given to "military aggression," especially external military aggression, in recent years, it is easy to allow one's idea of was security means to become clouded with Hobbesian and Machiavellian notions of armed conflict, with "war on terror" images of military and intelligence operations hunting down terrorists, and with the debate on nuclear proliferation in developing (or underdeveloped) nations like Iran and North Korea. What these definitions of security lack, however, is a full understanding of the term; military operations and protection from terrorist attacks are most certainly important factors in a nation's security, however, they are far from being the total measure of peace and stability in a society.
Stockholm Initiative on Global Security and Governance, 1991. Common Responsibility in the 1990s. Stockholm: Prime Minister's Office.
Timothy, K., 2004. "Human Security Discourse at the United Nations," in Peace Review, 16(1), pp. 19-24.
United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report, 1994. http://hrd.undp.org/reports/global/1994/en/.
This allows access to the WAN resources over the Internet. It entails secure access to HHSC resources applying encryption. This enhances the security by regulating the protocols that the workstations can access. It has regulatory access to the applications to which the employee is not authorized. (DI Wide Area Network (WAN) Operations) Each of the TCP/IP network requires a unique IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit number that specifically identifies a network interface on a machine. The IP address constitutes some decimal digits.
It is formatted in forms of four 8-bit fields demarcated by periods. Such form of representations of IP address is sometimes referred to dotted decimal format. The IP address is dived into two categories -- the network part and the host part. The network part indicates the specified number assigned to the specific network. This also assists in identifying the class of the network assigned.…
DIR Wide Area Network (WAN) Operations" Retrieved at http://www.dir.state.tx.us/hhscn/operations.htm . Accessed 17 August, 2005
IP Addressing Scheme" Retrieved at http://www.idevelopment.info/data/Networking/Networking_Basics/BASICS_IP_Addressing_Scheme.shtml. Accessed 17 August, 2005
LAN Technologies" Retrieved at http://www.wb.nic.in/nicnet/lan1.html. Accessed 17 August, 2005
Routing" Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RoutingAccessed 17 August, 2005
Operational esponse and Management
The Tokyo subway Sarin gas attack in 1995 elicited a critical incident response based on immediate public safety. There were nearly 700 people taken to the hospital by ambulance, and five thousand more arrived at hospitals through other means (Ogawa, Yamamura, & Ando, et al., 2000). Most of those individuals were actually well but frightened, which made it difficult to distinguish who was truly sick. Still, 17 patients were found to be critical, with nearly 40 more deemed serious (Ogawa, Yamamura, & Ando, et al., 2000). Additionally, almost 1000 more were moderately or minimally ill, and were experiencing problems with their vision. Those who were mildly affected were released later in the day because they had sufficiently recovered from their vision problems by that time. Most other patients went home the next day, with a few remaining hospitalized for a week. Eight people died on the…
Ogawa, Y., Yamamura, Y., & Ando, A., et al. (2000). An attack with sarin nerve gas on the Tokyo subway system and its effects on victims. ACS Symposium Series, 745: 333 -- 355.
Sidell, F.R. (1998). Jane's Chem-Bio Handbook 3rd edition. Alexandria, VA: Jane's Information Group.
A logical starting point for analysis however, is the unremarkable yet important espy that cross-listing entities are existing firms or new ventures seeking capital. New companies attracting capital often view cross-listing as a crucial way to increase global visibility and provide financial stability. "IPOs that go public abroad are an important source of new capital for firms. From 1995 to 2007, 6% of all IPOs go public outside their country of origin and this activity accounts for a fifth of all IPO proceeds. (Caglio, C. Hanley, K. & Marietta-Westberg, J. March 2011. PP. 3).
Equally compelling though are the stream of large existing global Fortune 1000 names that cross-list in order to secure the benefits of reduced capital cost and access: BP and Boeing as a short list of the who's-who. Because of the diversity of the global equity exchanges, firms have a range of options on which platforms to…
Japanese Art Response
At the Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibit on Japanese artwork entitled "Birds in the Art of Japan," there are many beautiful works of art which encompass all manner of subjects prevalent in Japanese history. The exhibit's intention is to show Japanese history as it is expressed through art. Each has a unique beauty all its own, but one that is extremely interesting is entitled "Gamecocks" by Katsushika Hokusai who lived in Tokyo, Japan between 1760 and 1849. The work is dated 1838, indicating that the artist was quite old when he made this beautiful piece. It is made with what are considered traditional Japanese materials. Although classified as a painting, "Gamecocks" was made with ink and paint color and painted on a scroll made of silk. "Gamecocks" looks simple at first glance, but by looking at it and analyzing it more intricately shows that despite its simplicity,…
The stability is evident in the statistics as well. Between 1880 and 1914, the golden age of the gold standard, inflation averaged 0.1%. Between 1946-2003, even with Bretton oods, inflation average 4.1% (Bardo, n.d.). Short-term price changes, however, could be highly unstable. This is a consequence of the fact that the gold standard ignores fundamental economic principles. Any system where the value of a good is established by artificial means is subject to such shocks. Another drawback to the gold standard is that it gives governments very little discretion over monetary policy. Another drawback is the cost of producing gold. The gold standard relies on having physical gold reserves. Thus, gold must be produced, and for that there is a cost (Ibid).
ith the decline of Bretton oods, the gold standard died. It was replaced by the modern foreign exchange system. At the core of this system are fiat currencies.…
Bordo, Michael D. (no date). The Gold Standard. Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Retrieved April 11, 2009 from http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/GoldStandard.html
Cohen, Benjamin. (no date). Bretton Woods System. University of California at Santa Barbara Retrieved April 11, 2009 from http://www.polsci.ucsb.edu/faculty/cohen/inpress/bretton.html
4. Do you think that Astro Boy will be successful? Why?
This is a difficult question to answer simply and unequivocally. On the one hand, it is relatively certain that the character of Astro Boy will be a success in a financial and commercial sense. Part of the reason for this is that the impetus and popularity of global youth culture is behind anime and characters like Astro Boy. The large companies like Sony have taken cognizance of this global enthusiasm and popularity and they are fully prepared to exploit it and to raise the character to the level of cult status through marketing, advertising and film.
However, there is a certain degree of danger in this commercialization. It may have the effect of alienating the hardcore fans and fan base. Anime as a global youth culture has been firmly rooted in the unconventional aspects of the medium and in…
Kahn R. And Kellner D. Global Youth Culture. November 12, 2007. http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:Q5IwlKLQ-4UJ:www.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/kellner/essays/globyouthcult.pdf+Japanese+indicative+of+the+emergence+of+a+global+youth+culture%3F&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=5&gl=uk
...these designers placed great significance on clothing inherited from the past, including Japanese farmers' clothes designed through necessity and adapted dyed textile and quilting from ancient Japan, which Japanese would not consider fashionable. These designers presented them to the fashion world, gave the opportunity for 'the neglected' to make their existence known, and transformed them into 'fashion'."(Kawamura, 2004, 125)
Kawakubo, Miyake and Yamamoto are considered as the designers who made these first steps towards a new fashion more concrete: "hile Kenzo is considered a pioneer among all Japanese designers, Kawakubo, Miyake and Yamamoto are the ones who created a new style characterized by monochromatic, asymmetrical and baggy looks."(Kawamura, 2004, 125) the asymmetrical and baggy look of their designs is clearly influenced by the loose form of the kimono. Sometimes, in Miyake's creations for example, the dresses are completely shapeless and have random holes that offer a certain freedom when wearing…
Cort, Louise Allison and Sabur? Mizoguchi. Design Motifs. Weatherhill, 1973
Kawamura, Yunyia. The Japanese Revolution in Paris Fashion. Oxford: Berg, 2004.
Martin, Richard. "Our Kimono Mind: Reflections on 'Japanese Design. A Survey since 1950.'" Journal of Design History. Vol.8(3), 1995. 215-224.
Chemical and Biological Terroism
Biological and Chemical Terrorism Prevention
The United States Government has identified the potential of chemical, biological, radiological and/or nuclear (termed CBN) terrorism, especially after the September 11 attacks. They have been concerned ever since Sarin was used in a Tokyo subway (Aum Shinrikyo in 1995) and the anthrax case (in November 2001). The chances of terrorists resorting to these agents in warfare are pretty high considering their advantages over conventional methods. Most organizations fighting terrorism are not equipped well enough to detect such chemicals. A closed container can help most of them escape discovery. The low cost involved in their production increases the dangers manifold. Since most of the above agents affect the human body directly, they are essentially more efficient than conventional warfare.
Chemical weapons have four major classifications. Choking agents are aimed at being fatal and are easily accessible. Phosgene is one such industrial…
Khan, A. Levitt, A. Sage, M. (2000). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response. 7-19. Retrieved From http://www.southernnevadahealthdistrict.org/download/epi/mmwr-plan.pdf
Ashraf H. European dioxin-contaminated food crisis grows and grows [news]. Lancet
Khan, A. Swerdlow, D. Juranek, D. (2001) Precautions Against Biological and Chemical Terrorism directed at Food and Water Supplies. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1497290/pdf/11571403.pdf
hat is AI?
Future of AI
The Expert System
hat is an Expert System?
Three Major Components of an Expert System
Structure of an Expert System
Field and Benefit
Debate on Comparison
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Expert System Defined
Consulting applies a knowledge-based system to commercial loan officers using multimedia (Hedburg 121). Their system requires a fast IBM desktop computer. Other systems may require even more horsepower by using exotic computers or workstations. The software used is even more exotic. Considering there are very few applications that are pre-written using AI, each company has to write it's own software to determine the solution to their specific problem.
An easier way around this obstacle is to design an add-on. The company Fuziare has developed several applications which act as additions to larger applications. FuziCalc, FuziQuote, FuziCell, FuziChoice, and FuziCost are all products…
Barron, Janet J. "Putting Fuzzy Logic into Focus." Byte April (1993): 111-118.
Butler, Charles, and Maureen Caudill. Naturally Intelligent Systems. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990.
Bylinsky, Gene. "Computers That Learn By Doing." Fortune 6 Sep. 1993: 96-102.
Liebowitz, Jay. "Roll Your Own Hybrids." Byte July (1993): 113-115.
wartime responses and subjective feelings of interned Japanese-Americans to demand that they prove their loyalty to the United States? n answering, this question relies primarily upon the novel, No-no Boy, the relevant class lectures, and the video "Conscience and the Constitution."
The novel No-No boy has a different approach on the suburbia issue one closer to the look of an outsider in contrast to internal entrapment feelings of Yates. The novel talks about chiro who comes out of jail feeling confused and insecure about his place in post war settings. He did not serve the war, and his survival serves as a commentary as a non-white American living around suburban America. He leaves in the city, and all he wants is to be part of the American Dream taking place around him. For some reason, he does not fit in and spends the rest of the time persecuting and blaming…
In many Asian and pacific parts, the Japanese personnel carried out acts of cannibalism against the allied war prisoners. Most of this case were as a result of increasing allied attacks on the supply lines of the Japanese and the death of the Japanese personnel due to hunger. However, according to Yuki Tanaka, cannibalism was a systematic activity that the whole squad carried out under the officer's command. This would frequently involve murder for securing bodies. For example, Chandi Ram an Indian POW testified on 12 November 1944 that the Kempeitai beheaded an allied pilot and some Japanese soldiers would carry flesh from his legs, arms, buttocks off to their quarters. The Japanese soldiers would select a prisoner every day, take him out then kill and eat him. The court convicted Lt Gen Yoshio Tachibana along with other 11 Japanese workforce on charges of executing U.S. navy airmen and cannibalism in August 1946 in the Island of Bonin.
The Japanese military had brothels where they would abduct women and put them there for sexual slavery. These brothels were not commercial as the soldiers used force, implicit and explicit to recruit women. What took place in these brothels was serial rape and not prostitution. Yasuji Keneko a veteran soldier admitted to the Washington post that women would cry, but it did not matter to the soldiers since they were the emperor's soldiers. They raped the women without reluctance whether in villages or military brothels. There were sources that reported that members of the Tokeitai would arrest women on the streets after forced medical examinations and put them in military brothels. A journalist Kaijimura Taichiro announced on 12 may 2007, the finding of Netherland government documents given to the Tokyo court as verification of incidences of forced massed prostitution in 1944, in Magelang.
Termed "the forgotten battle," the Battle for the Aleutians represented the only instance during World War II when the Japanese occupied American soil and the campaign exacted a significant toll of American lives and treasure. The Aleutians became strategically significant during World War II for the Japanese as well as the United States, but the American preparations in anticipation of this attack were woefully inadequate. Despite a U.S. naval base was being established at Dutch Harbor in 1942, the Japanese bombed the base and later occupied Attu, Kiska, and Agattu islands. Although a U.S. counterattack from bases on Adak and Amchitka retook these islands in 1943, several thousand of American lives were lost in the process and many more were injured. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive and critical analysis of the primary and secondary juried and scholarly literature concerning the Battle of the Aleutians to…
'Aleutian Islands,' 2012, The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.
'Battle of the Aleutian Islands,' (n..d). History. Retrieved online: http://www.history.com/topics / battle-of-the-aleutian-islands.
Breslin, CB 1994, June 18, 'World War II in the Aleutians: The Fundamentals of a Joint
Campaign,' Newport, RI: Naval War College.
Godzilla (1954) was the original science fiction class that inspired a large number of sequels over the next twenty years, and as usual with this genre reflected contemporary Cold War fears and anxieties about nuclear weapons. In this case, hydrogen bomb tests is the Pacific created a radioactive dinosaur that made its way bad to Japan and destroyed okyo. Japan's cities had been firebombed into destruction during World War II, and it was the only country in history to ever experience a nuclear attack -- just nine years before this film was made -- so the idea that some prehistoric monster might devastate the country had a special relevance there. In the 1950s, of course, there were many science fiction films about radioactive monsters, such as the giant ants in hem or the dinosaur that attacked London in Behemoth, so the symbolism of these mutations destroying the world was commonplace.…
This is what happens in the climax of Godzilla, when a reluctant scientist, Professor Serizawa, uses a new super weapon that destroys all the oxygen in water and kills Godzilla in Tokyo Bay. Serizawa is a wounded veteran of the Second World War, missing one eye, and does not want the world to possess another terrible weapon like this. He decides to destroy all the records of his research and then dies in Tokyo Bay with Godzilla after placing his oxygen destroyer near the monster. By the standards of 1954, the special effects in the film were quite advanced, and the actor wearing the Godzilla costume had the best role, although the monster looked quite impressive when it breathed out radioactive fire all over the models of Tokyo. A young Aaron Burr also had an early role in this film as an American reporter covering the Godzilla story as the creature goes on a rampage.
At the beginning of the film, a ship is destroyed in a mysterious explosion and a salvage team is sent to investigate, but their ship is also blown up. On Odo Island, three survivors from these ships report that a giant monster was responsible, while fishermen report that they are unable to catch anything. This is when an old man first mentions the name of Godzilla, an ancient Japanese legend about a dinosaur that lives in the ocean. That same night, during a typhoon, Godzilla actually comes ashore and destroys some houses, and a scientific team is sent from Tokyo to investigate. They discover that Godzilla is a radioactive monster that has been disturbed by the recent hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific, and has already destroyed a number of ships in retaliation. Although the Japanese navy drops depth charges on the monster, conventional weapons do not seem to have much effect, which is when the scientists turn to Professor Serizawa.
At first the scientist denies that he has created a new weapon, but the truth is that he does not want the world to know about it since it could cause the extinction of all life on earth. He shows his fiance Emiko what it can do, by testing a small sample in a fish tank and turning every living thing into a skeleton. Emiko is horrified and agrees to say nothing about the weapon, although shortly afterward Godzilla comes ashore twice and destroys Tokyo. With the city in ruins and Godzilla still sitting at the bottom of Tokyo Bay, Serizawa agrees that the weapon must be used, but he makes sure that he will die with it. He goes to the bottom of Tokyo Bay in a diving suit and places the device near Godzilla, but then cuts his own air hose and remains in place when it detonates. Godzilla is reduced to a skeleton and sinks to the bottom of the bay, although he returned many times in the sequels.
Trip to Japan
I caught her looking at me the way a child stares at a dead animal, all scared and bashful -- but somehow magnetized by the image, unable to look away from the carnage. I couldn't blame her for eyeing me up that way. At the time, I was unsightly. A mess, really. I was dressing like a rock star on a budget -- black Wranglers, black T, white gold chain (that certainly wasn't gold) and a black pleather jacket replete with fur aviator collar. I looked, by all accounts, stupid. But I had one thing going for me; I was an American in Japan. And I wasn't going to be denied.
The exact setting or place we met at is inconsequential as is the total amount of time we spent, as they say in poorly written adult novels, "exchanging furtive glances." All I will tell you is…
Today, kabuki retains a number of leading plays and theatrical groups. The conventional kabuki repertoire has about 300 plays, although others are being added. Play types range from the shosa-goto (dance-drama), to the jidai-mono (historical drama), and the sewa-mono (domestic drama) (University of Texas at Austin)
There are three main groups of kabuki plays. Many kabuki plays were adapted from the puppet theater (such as Chushingura and Tsubosaka-Dera), or the no and kyogen dramas (such as Zazen, Kanjincho, and Musume Dojoji. Kagotsurube is among plays written especially for kabuki theater (University of Texas at Austin).
Kabuki performers Nakamura Kichiemon II, Sawamura Sojuro, Ichikawa Sadanji, Nakamura Matsue and Nakamura Kasho perform with the 70-member Shochiku Company of Tokyo. Of these performers, Nakamura Kichiemon II is considered to be one of Kabuki's strongest actors. Director Nakamura Utaemon is considered to be a "living national treasure" (Lo).
Today, Kabuki presentations in America…
Ichimura Manjiro Presents Kabuki for Everyone. Kabuki: A Brief History. 21 October 2004. http://www.fix.co.jp/kabuki/about/history/overview.html
Japan-Guide.com. Theater - Kabuki. 21 October 2004. http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2090.html
Lo, Tamara. Graceful stars of Japan's Kabuki Theater take over Jones Hall. The Daily Cougar, 1996. 21 October 2004. http://www.stp.uh.edu/vol62/16/Lifestyl/life1/life1.html
Nakamura, Matazo. Kabuki, backstage, onstage: An actor's life. Kodansha International, 1990.
Disorder does not descend from Heaven,
It is the spawn of a woman. 10
Contemporaneous with relocating the capital from Edo to Tokyo was the drawing up of the 'Memorandum on Reform of the Imperial Palace' in which Article 1 states that the emperor would 'deign to hear about all political matters' in the front throne room adding that 'women are to be prohibited from entering the front throne room' 11.
Yoshii Tomozane, enior ecretary for Court Affairs peremptorily dismissed all court ladies, after which a rare few were reselected for appointment. In his dairy, he noted: 'this morning, the court ladies were dismissed in their entirety… the power of women already lasting for centuries has been erased in a single day. My delight knows no bounds." 12.
In this way the power of the 'hens' was removed from the 'Enlightened regime' of Meiji rule and suppressed throughout the country.…
Adler, Philip. World Civilizations. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson, 2008
De Vos, George & Wagatsuma, Hiroshi, "Value Attitudes Towards Role Behavior of Women in Two Japanese Villages," American Anthropologist, 63, (1961).
Hastings, S.A. "Gender and Sexuality in Modern Japan" a Companion to Japanese History, Blackwell Pub., 2007
Hendry, Joy, Understanding Japanese Society. London: Routledge, 1991.
A number of companies put into practice an ethnocentric direction in which the management is focused on the home market. Ideas that begin from the headquarters are thought to be better than to those that come from the foreign subordinate. Top organization in the foreign business is usually managers that come from the head office. Some of the businesses take a polycentric approach, in which each market is thought to be exclusive. Supervision in home companies is typically taken on by local people. The third approach is geocentric, which is rather like the ethnocentric approach as it shifts the authority back to the head office for employing managers. These supervisors are hired from dissimilar areas around the world. Essentially the geocentric approach looks for the most part appropriate employees from a collection of gifted people and they are employed on their value and not because of where they came from.…
"Cultural Savvy." 2010, viewed 2 October, 2010, from
"Managing Global Human Resources." 2010, viewed 2 October, 2010,
omen were also a significant part of the civilian staff, committing their
abilities as typists, phone switchboard operators and facility
Likewise, on the home front, women would commit their services in
place of their husbands, fighting abroad. In fact, the term home front
should be well understood as one coined with the psychological intention of
conveying that those who were enlisted in one manner or another for
civilian duty were themselves a crucial force in the war effort. The
terminology of 'home front' implies that such domestic locales as the
continental United States were to be seen as war theatre's demanding of
unified and concerted participation in shared goals of conservation, labor
and administrative support.
For women in all walks of American life, the end of the Depression
would coincide with the start of orld ar II, making the association
between job creation and the war effort fully inextricable.…
Associated Press (AP), Nazi Sex Slaves, Spiegel Online, 2007.
Online at http://www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,459704,00.html
Ardrossan Herald, Join the Women's Land Army, WWII in North Ayrshire, Mar.
Irvine Herald, Work For Women, WWII in North Ayrshire, Jan. 19, 1940.
The oeing 747-300 model was designed to hold 600 passengers. ut the founder of America's Flight Safety foundation, Jerome Lederer, commented that evacuation of such numbers in the event of disaster would be troublesome. Sitting next to an emergency exit did not promise anything, as shown by this tragedy. Only a bare few escaped and only as fate had it. These were the musings of many when dead bodies were brought down by helicopters from Mount Osutaka in bright blankets (Magnuson, Aviation Safety Network, AAIC, C, C (. This disaster and others before and subsequent call for more responsive prevention measures to save lives in this era of massive global air travel.
The Safety Promotion Center was opened in 2006 to train employees and alert them to the importance of airline safety and personal responsibility for safety. The ultimate responsibility falls squarely on the shoulders of Japan Airlines…
AAIC (2002). JA8254. Aircraft Accident Investigation Report. Aircraft Accident
Investigation Commission. Retrieved on January 30,
2012 from http://www.mlit.go.jp/jtsb/eng-air_report/JA8254.pdf
- (1985). http://www.mlit.go.jp/jtsb/eng-air_report/JA8119.pdf
In 2008, BTMU acquired Union Bank, which was headquartered in San Francisco, but has most of its offices in LA.
BTMU is trying to change the Union Bank a bit -- I was transferred to Union about 1 1/2 years ago to work in project finance. I provide laons mainly for natural gas fired generation plans and renwable energy plants.
This is a tough position for me, very challenging. it's a business dominated by white men and I'm the only one here from BTMU. But we are merging our business platform with Union's, so the role is going to be even more challenging going forward. Everything is quite political -- the Union people like to say that I am a rogue trader or a spy. But I am starting to love this group and these people, and I feel like I have to protect this group from BTMU sometimes if…
Country by Yasunari is a story that depicts a variety of diverse and rich imagery that is presented through symbolization of the natural setting. From the snow to the rocks and the cedar and the equally important presence of the human life the story takes on an allegorical form that touches the emotional psyche of the reader. Thus, this paper will explore the symbolic representation that has been lost or forgotten through translations of the story and present it as a segment of the plot. In short the paper will explore how symbolic imagery adds to the plot of the story.
Yasunari Kawabata novels were set in environments depicting loneliness, emptiness, symbolizing unsatisfied yearning, and transient or unattainable love, with a backdrop of wild and beautiful nature. His novels were written in a free associative and unconventional style, usually over long periods of time. The bulk of 'Snow Country' was…
Uedo, Makoto. Modern Japanese Writers. Palo Alto: Stanford UP, 1976.
Kimball, Arthur G. Crisis and Identity in Contemporary Japanese Novels. Boston:
The U.S. is particularly interested in the technology, particularly as oil prices continue to climb in an increasingly volatile market. hereas Japan once looked to the United States for knowledge and aid in modernizing the country, the Japanese are now able to set the standard for the U.S. And the rest of the world with respect to high-speed rail.
The advent of high-speed rail furthers what cultural theorist Michel de Certeau calls the "insidiousness" of consumption. "It insinuates itself everywhere, silently and almost invisibly, because it does not manifest itself through its own products, but rather through its ways of using the products imposed by a dominant economic order" (de Certeau 1984 qtd. In Storey 140). People were able to travel through Japan, obviously, before the existence of the bullet train, but once introduced it gradually became a central feature in the country. Once people got used to traveling at…
"Shinkansen: Japanese Bullet Train." Japan-Guide. 2011. Web. 6 March 2011. <
Siebert, Loren. "Shinkansen: From Bullet Train to Symbol of Modern Japan." (book review).
Pacific Affairs 1 Mar. 2007: 112-114.
While not a nostalgic or positive portrayal of nature, Miyazaki appears to strip away all civilized and male-dominated pretences towards what appears to be, and portrays to the Japanese people a vision of what lies beneath the pretence and the civilizing influence of traditionalism. Perhaps this is why his film was the highest-grossing ever in Japan at the time.
Another possible reason is the sense of cultural loss that Japan has been experiencing ever since the World Wars. The increasing Americanization of the country has brought home to its citizens a sense of cultural alienation, both from their own and the foreign culture. The sense of cultural loss is exacerbated by the ambiguous conception of the United tates as the "Other." This image was subverted, whereas American culture was accepted by the Japanese as inevitable. Indeed, the country has been continually prone to the influences of other cultures. While this…
Morris-Suzuki, T. (1998). Re-Inventing Japan: Time, Space, Nation. Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe.
Napier, Susan J. Anime: from Akira to Howl's Moving Castle. Experiencing Contemporary Japanese Animation.
Naming the Unnameable.
From the Anti-Security Treaty Movement to the Tokyo Olympics: Transforming the Body, the Metropolis, and Memory.
etailers are the primary tier of buyers in the television segment of the global consumer electronics market. There are a variety of retailing channels used in this industry. The primary channel of distribution is through electronics retailers, like Best Buy, which comprises 65% of the total market value. Hyper and supermarkets, such as WalMart and Target, make up only 14.4% of the market. Sales via department stores, like Sears, only contributes 3.7% of the market's value. Although they typically don't sell televisions, music, video, books, and stationery retailers do contribute 3.1% of sales for the overall consumer electronics market. Lastly, a variety of other retailers make up 13.8% of the sales in this industry ("Global consumer," 2010) (See Figure 3).
The primary manufacturers in this market segment, like Sony, are often highly valued by retailers, as they provide branded products that retailers' buyers, the end consumers, have come…
"Global consumer electronics." (May 2010). Datamonitor. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from http://360.datamonitor.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com .
Gonsalves, a. (28 Jan 2010). "Samsung 3D TV mass production begins." InformationWeek. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from http://www.informationweek.com/news/personal_tech/TV_theater/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=222600258 ,
"History." (2010). Datamonitor. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from
Not only do his designs blend well with their settings, they are extremely functional and usable. In addition, his designs strictly adhere to the tenets of marketability and production that are the backbone of industrial design. The Elephant Stool is molded out of one sheet of fiberglass, and stacks for storage, display, and shipping. The Butterfly Stool pieces nest together when they are not assembled, making them easy to store and ship, and there is only one part that must be attached to make the stool functional, the brass rod or stretcher that holds the two pieces together. Many of his other designs use these same elements to combine simplicity with ease of production and marketing.
His other designs include many functional pieces that can be mass-produced, just like his stools. They include teakettles made out of metal and stoneware, dinnerware, flatware, and even office products like Scotch tape dispensers.…
http://www.dwr.com/designers/?designer_id=166May 8, 2007. http://www.kettererkunst.com/bio/sori-yanagi-1915.shtml . May 8, 2007. http://www.japon.net/yanagi/indexe.shtml. May 8, 2007. http://www.tortoiselife.com/new/itempage/soriyanagi.html . May 8, 2007. http://www.velocityartanddesign.com/syes.html . May 8, 2007.
Moreover, population groups "…pull up roots and seemingly go out of their way to avoid one another…" throughout Southern California, Worster writes (242). An example of the concept of "pulling up roots" is the community of Watts, which in the 1960s, Worster continues, was "an almost entirely black populace" but by the mid-1990s is "predominately Mexican-American" (p. 243). And Little Tokyo, positioned just south of Los Angeles' City Hall, is now home to a "dwindling population of Japanese-Americans" who have scant interaction with the colonies of artists "who began reclaiming and inhabiting factory and loft buildings" in Little Tokyo. Armenians that once dominated the eastern fringes of Hollywood have "relocated to suburban Glendale" and South Koreans have "settled in the Mid-Wilshire district" which has caused the "displacement of a sizable community of Central Americans," Worster explains. This movement of cultures and ethnicities around the sprawling great Los Angeles region…
Berry, Mary Frances, 2000, Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality and Discrimination. DIANE Publishing: Darby, Pennsylvania.
Crash. Lion's Gate Home Entertainment. Rated R. (2005)
Erie, Steven P., Freeman, Gregory, and Joassart-Marcelli, Pascale, 2004, W (h)ither Sprawl? Have Regional Water Policies Subsidized Suburban Development? In Up Against the Sprawl: Public Policy and the Making of Southern California, Eds. J. Wolch, M. Pastor, and P. Dreier. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN.
Frommer, Marcos, 1992, 'An Interview with Mike Davis,' Chicago Review, vol. 38, issue 4, 21-44.
This draws a pattern of the land price model, concentric as one moves away from CBD.
An interesting element of the Japanese housing market system that is worth considering in terms of its impact on the housing market is the savings rate and savings behavior in Japan. Traditionally, the savings rate in Japan is high, with a population that is risk averse and tends to invest in instruments that have lower returns, but are also less risky. With that in mind, Noguchi and Poterba (1994) tend to support the idea, first of all, that the conditions of owned houses differ from those of rented houses, in that they are especially more spacious and with overall better amenities.
Second to that, there appears to be a clear relationship between geographical location and wealth accumulation, as determined by the savings levels in different regions. Households in larger conurbations, such as Tokyo, accumulated…
Baumgartner, U., Meredith, G., Kahkonen, J., Saving behavior and the asset price "bubble" in Japan: analytical studies, International Monetary Fund, 1995
Cecchetti, S.G., Asset prices and central bank policy, Center for Economic Policy Research, 2000
Hunter, W.C., Asset price bubbles: the implications for monetary, regulatory and international policies, MIT Press, 2005
Noguchi, Yukio; Poterba, James. Housing Markets in the United States and Japan. The University of Chicago Press. 1994.
Roles of Japanese Emperors 1863-1945
An Analysis of the Respective Roles of Japanese Emperors: 1863-1945
Today, Japan stands side by side with many of the Western nations of the world in terms of its political philosophy and free market economy, but it has not always been thus. In fact, many contemporary observers would be surprised at just how much political intrigue and maneuvering took place over the past century and a half to arrive at this position today. The recent anniversary of the 60th anniversary of V-J Day only serves to reinforce just how far Japan has come in recent years, from a country than was virtually devastated to one that can compete on equal terms with any nation in the world. To determine how Japan has come to this phase in its history, this paper will provide an analysis of the respective roles played by the emperors Meiji, Taisho…
Bix, Herbert. 2000. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. New York: HarperCollins.
Buruma, Ian. 2003. Inventing Japan: 1853-1964. New York: Modern Library.
Dobson, Hugo, and Glenn D. Hook. Japan and Britain in the Contemporary World: Responses
to Common Issues. New York: Routledge.
Management Quality ontrol
Dr. Kaoro Ishikawa is one of the world's idealized leaders in quality management control. He joined Japanese union of Japanese scientists and Engineers in 1949 to research on quality, after knowing that America's produce such as toys and cameras was cheap and defective. Ishikawa's greatest concern was to improve quality management involving every employee from top management to the front-line staff, without relying on professions. His significant contribution to evolution of quality management when he introduced the "fishbone" diagram that emphasized on quality services to customers made him known, and this could only be achieved by quality organization first in production of quality goods and services (Dahlgaurd 2005).
Kaoru was born on July 13th 1915 in Tokyo, and was the eldest son among the Shikawas, and in 1939, he obtained a degree in the University of Tokyo for applied chemistry. This knowledge helped him in construction,…
Cencus, B. o. (1983). Operations Management. Chicago: United States Department of Commerce.
Dahlgaurd, J.K. (2005). Fundamentals of Total Quality Management. Denmark: Routledge publishers.
Ishikawa, K. (1985). What is Total Quality Management -- the Japanese Way. Korea: Prentice-hall publishers.
Building Towards The Future
Colorado-based XYZ Construction has built some of the more prominent structures in the state. Anyone who flies into the state through Denver will touch down on tarmac constructed by the company. Those who drive over the North Canyon bridge -- which spans a half kilometer and makes traffic from Denver to Phoenix possible -- will pass over infrastructure created by XYZ.
For those who know, XYZ is the go-to company for civil projects in the state, and increasingly in the United States at large. Over the past 20 years, XYZ has expanded across the U.S., opening field offices across the country. Recently completing the MacArthur bridge in St. Louis and the most famously, the Chicago Underground express, XYZ is fast becoming the crown of U.S. civil engineering.
Even more recently, XYZ has looked into providing its service to clients both abroad and in the…
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Item Page Number
Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping tourism is a major aspect of the global tourism trade and as such is an area of tourism that is and should be promoted by destination countries and locations. This is true for Hong Kong as well as in other locations throughout the world. Ashworth (1989) writes that urban regeneration and tourism have become critically important activities beginning in the 1980's. Ashworth specifically notes two elements that link the ideas of the city and tourism and which show the complex relationship that exists between the features of a city and the functions of tourism that serve to result in shopping tourism in the city. The first element is comprised by the specific characteristics of a city and how this…
Cheung, Sidney (nd) Cultural Tourism and Hong Kong Identity. Department of Anthropology. The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from: http://cuhk.orientalecom7.com/en/publish/workingpaper4.pdf
Discover Hong Kong by Rail (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from: http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/discover-hongkong-rail.html
Experience Unique Hong Kong (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from: http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/cultural-tours.html
Hong Kong Culture (2012) Tourism Asia Network. Retrieved from: http://hong-kong.tourism-asia.net/index.html
products or service of your chosen organization, and two (2) key factors in the organization's external environment that can affect its success. Provide explanation to support the rationale.
De Beers is the world's famous diamond company, established in 1888, with proficiency in exploration, mining and marketing of diamonds. More than 20,000 employees make contribution to the communities in which we work. De Beers carries out profitable business which helps the government reach their aims of turning natural resources into natural wealth and is working to provide good long-term development for Africa. Anglo American and the Government of the epublic of Botswana are the two shareholders of De Beers, 85% and 15% respectively. This company is made up of fully owned partnerships, investments and subsidiaries. It is involved in most of the diamond chain value such as exploration in four continents, mining in Namibia, Canada, South Africa and Botswana; valuation, arrangement,…
Austin JE (2000) The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Businesses Succeed Through Strategic Alliances. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Baker, R (2010). Pepsi Reveals Sustainable Business Plan', Marketing Week U.K., 19 October. Available from: http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/sectors/sustainability/pepsico-reveals-sustainable-businessplan/3019459.article
Barkay, T. (2013). When Business and Community Meet: A Case Study of Coca-Cola. Critical Sociology, 39: 277.
Bieri1, F. And Boli, J. (2011). Trading Diamonds Responsibly: Institutional Explanations for Corporate Social Responsibility. Eastern Sociological Society.
Delta Airlines is a U.S. airline that services primarily domestic routes, in addition to some routes between the U.S. and other countries. Because of restrictions in the airline industry, airlines are barred from servicing domestic routes in foreign countries. Thus, the U.S. is effectively closed to non-U.S. airlines for travel between American cities, and Delta cannot expand to routes that do not include an American city. The socio-cultural context for Delta is therefore almost entirely related to the American market.
For the airline industry, there is actually little difference in the relationship that consumers have with airlines. Airlines provide a service that is highly standardized the world over. Where there are consumer differnces, these are reflected in the service-price dimension primarily. In some countries, consumers prefer to pay more to get a better in-flight experience. This is true of the focus country in this report, Japan. In the United States,…
Bloom, N., Genakos, C., Sadun, R. & Van Reenen, J. (2012). Management practices across firms and countries. NBER Working Paper No. 17850.
Hamamura, T. (2012). Are cultures becoming individualistic? A cross-temporal comparison of individualism -- collectivism in the United States and Japan. Personality and Social Psychology Review. Vol. 16 (1) 3-24.
Hofstede, G. (2015). Japan. Geert-Hofstede.com Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://geert-hofstede.com/japan.html
Hofstede, G. (2015). United States. Geert-Hofstede.com Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://geert-hofstede.com/united-states.html
Management Strategy to Utilize Meta-Analysis Technique for Nuclear Energy and Waste Disposal and Create Social Sustainability
This research proposal explores the link between public perceptions of nuclear power, how those perceptions are formed, and what influence those opinions have on energy policy. These issues are important in light of two realities. First, nuclear energy is declining in its share of global energy. Second, nuclear energy offers what might well be the best solution to climate change. Given the threat posed by climate change, it makes sense that nuclear power would be increasing in share, not decreasing. This esearch proposal seeks to look at some of the issues facing nuclear power, and how it can overcome these issues to increase share going forward.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents v
List of Tables viii
List of Figures vii
Chapter One: Introduction 1
Topic Overview 7…
Abokeng, A.K. (2005). Understanding Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90, 845-848.
Alic, J. (2012). Six things to do with nuclear waste: None of them ideal. Oil Price.com. Retrieved June 17, 2015 from http://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Nuclear-Power/6-Things-to-do-with-Nuclear-Waste-None-of-them-Ideal.html
Alley, W. & Alley, R. (2013). Too hot to touch: The problem of high-level nuclear waste. Review by Konikow, L. (2013). Hydrogeology Journal.
Bangert-Drowns, Robert L. & Rudner, Lawrence M. (1991).Meta-analysis in educational research.Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2(8). Retrieved September 4, 2008 from http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=2&n=8
apan finds itself at a critical point in its historical development. The world's third largest economy, it also has the world's second-highest debt burden in proportional terms and the current triple disaster is going to have dire consequences on the nation's recovery from the current worldwide recession. Economic uncertainty, loss of faith in current political structures and leaders, loss of status in the world, betrayal by corporations that have also been a key stabilizing structure in the nation: This is a potent mixture for resistance against the state and its representatives. This resistance may be peaceful and democratic. Or it may be violent, arising from dark, dank pools of ultranationalism that may well be already feasting on the bodies of the uncollected dead.
It is entirely possible that various ultranationalist right wing groups in apan may produce or support recruitment of terrorists in the coming months. There are currently hundreds…
James Lewis. (1998). Japan's Waco: Aum Shinrikyo and the Eclipse of Freedom in the Land of the Rising Sun.
Motohisa Yamakage. (2007). The Essence of Shinto, Japan's Spiritual Heart. Kodansha International: Tokyo.
Mexico's Trade Strategy
Mexico has pursued a three-dimensional trade strategy perhaps more diligently than even the United States according to Schott (Studer & Wise, 2007). Mexico has been an active participant in multilateral talks since its GATT accession in 1986 and was the host country for the special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey and for the hemispheric trade talks in Puebla. Mexico is perhaps most famous as the instigator of NAFTA as well as many other FTAs with countries around the world including key industrial markets such as the European Union (EU, The European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and Japan. In addition, Mexico entered in FTAs with olivia, Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, The G3 (Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela), Honduras, Israel and Nicaragua during the period January 1995 to June 2001 (Schott in Studer & Wise, 2007). It is important to emphasize that Mexico has many more FTAs…
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 1988. Basel Convention. Retrieved from: http://www.basel.int/
Bown, C.P. (2009). U.S. -- China Trade Conflicts and the Future of the WTO. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 33 (1), winter/spring 2009, pp. 27-48.
Bown, C.P & McCulloch (2005). U.S. Trade Policy Toward China: Discrimination and its Implications.
China and Mercosur: Perpectives for Bilateral Trade (2007). China Programme 11 (7). International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development. Retrieved from: http://ictsd.org/i/news/bridges/3164/
Typically a Japanese funeral follows the sequence: when someone dies, they are placed to rest in their homes. The corpse was placed with the head pointing the North, copying the deathbed of Gautama, and the head of the bed is well decorated. Then the previously mentioned encoffinment process. The first night after one's death is called the Tsuya; and it is for close family and friends to remember their beloved. In the morning, a cleansing meal is served called Okiyome. The funeral is thereafter carried out where the Jukai rite also known as receipt of commandments gives the dead an opportunity to receive the Buddhist commandments, automatically making the dead a disciple of the Buddha, and the dead person is accepted into Buddha hood.
After all this, the deceased embarks on the journey to the other world as the coffin is carried out of the house and burnt in a…
Kimura, R (1996).Death and dying in Japan. "Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal," Vol. 6, No.
4,The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 374-378.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2007).The Definition of Death
By the early thirties the autogiro had a relatively stable control system that used the rotating blades for control of vertical flight at very low speeds
. By the end of the decade, World War II was under way and the United States Military released a request for bids from aircraft manufacturers to design and build a helicopter. Contracts were given to Sikorsky Aircraft in Bridgeport and Platt-LePage in the Philadelphia, and from this the American helicopters were developed.
. American Helicopters
There are four general helicopter designs which have been developed and produced in the United States: the most common being the tail rotor design, more popularly known as the single rotor design, which has one main rotor and a small tail rotor. Other rotor designs produced in America include the tandem rotor design, the syncropter design and the coaxial design
. The single main rotor and a small…
Voracek, D.; Reaves, M.C.; Horta L.G.; Potter, S. (2002).Ground and Flight Test Structural
Excitation Using Piezoelectric Actuators. NASA Flight Research Center.
Banke, S. (2009). Future Helicopters Get SMART. Retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/smart_rotor.html .
Art is perceived by art, independently from the context in which it is presented. The viewer is no longer isolated in space, but must either isolate himself or allow the piece of art to modify the space in which he finds himself. We notice a radical shift of ideology. The exhibiting space no longer protects the exhibited object. It is the exhibited object which modifies the perception of the environment in which it is situated.
Looking at the trends which have been manifesting in the past years, we realize that important changes have occurred. These changes have artists either use the exhibiting space in order to enhance the message communicated by their work or to reach a large number of people, surely larger than the one they could reach by exhibiting in a classic type of gallery.
It is safe to assume that such a change has a certain impact…
O'Doherty, B., McEvilley (Intro). Inside the white cube: the ideology of the gallery space. Expanded edition, Univeristy of California Press, 2000
http://helloyoucreatives.com / http://www.artbelow.org.uk/ab/Home.action http://www.saatchionline.com / http://trendland.net
But to me, a young woman standing alone on a busy street in a still strange country, the word gaijin changed the tone of this encounter. For the group of teenagers waving and shouting at me, the word gaijin was merely a way of identifying their rare and exciting discovery. For me, a citizen of a country whose history has its share of prejudice and violence, the impersonal identification of me, based solely on my appearance, sounded like the racial and ethnic epithets hurled at Italian immigrants, African-Americans, Asians, Native Americans, Irish immigrants, Jews and millions of other people in the United States.
The word gaijin simply means "foreigner." It is not a derogatory term. But in Italy and the United States, two countries rich with immigrants from all over the world, the act of impersonally identifying a person's racial or ethnic background based solely on the person's appearance, is…
Some of the characteristics of this country include community policing, a patriarchal family system, the importance of higher education, and the way businesses serve as surrogate families. Asian societies are also "shame-based" rather than "guilt-based" as Western societies are. For example, it is unthinkable to commit a crime in such places because of the shame it would bring upon one's family and the business or corporation with which that family is associated with. (Stevens, 2004, Places with little… section, ¶ 2).
In the book, Comparative criminal justice, Francis J. Pakes (2004) points out that when compatriots become involved in trouble with the law abroad, the news media invariably gains an interest in criminal justice in far-away places. When a case in a foreign country ends, albeit, the increased interest in the criminal justice system of the country at issue with the law in the U.S. dissipates. The media attention to…
Lah, K., Cooper, a., Ahmed, S. & Sanchez, C. (2009, ). American jailed in Japan for trying to reclaim his children. CNN.com. Retrieved October 21, 2009 from http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/09/29/japan.father.abduction/index.html?ere
Morley, J.D. (2008, March 28). News India-Times, Retrieved October 21, 2009 from http://www.internationalfamilylawfirm.com/2008/03/international-parental-child-abduction.html
Pakes, F.J. (2004). Comparative criminal justice. Willan Publishing. Retrieved October 21, 2009
For instance, McDonald's has a solid partnership with Starbucks that came as a natural solution to the increased consumption of coffee in its restaurants. Starbucks happens to be the world's leading specialty coffee retailer with a worldwide presence that matches that of the fast food producer.
Other factors affecting decision
Vietnam is an Asian country with strong oriental cooking habits, which might not be very compatible with McDonald's typical menu of cheeseburgers and fries with a Coke on the side. Furthermore, the local food seems to be relatively healthy, which again is not something that cam be said by McDonald's food.
In 1990s, the company tried to enter this market, but didn't due to the lack of suitable business partners. A few years later, KFC and Lotteria entered the market and consolidated their position. Therefore, at this point the restaurant chain would need a couple of strong breakthrough strategies…
IMF -- International Monetary Fund, accessed June 09, World Economic Outlook - Vietnam.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, accessed June 09, http://www.mofa.gov.vn/en/cs_doingoai/
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The policy and the systematic or widespread characteristics are the essential elements in proving that there was knowledge and that the act was coordinated by the central authority or by a certain authority.
Finally, the last additional issue is the presence of the objective element. The objective element connects the act to a widespread or systematic one, with the will of the individual directed towards a repetitive act. The objective element also brings the additional important element of intent, the intent to commit the respective acts of crimes against humanity.
War Crimes vs. Crimes against Humanity
In 1950, the principles of the Nuremberg Tribunal were published as a general set of rules on which to base indictments on charges of crimes against humanity. There were three categories of crimes described as being punishable under international law, with deportation appearing under two such categories. The three categories were crimes against peace,…
1. Wald, Patricia. 2007. Genocide and Crimes against Humanity. Washington University Global Studies Law Review.
2. Trahan, Jennifer. 2006. Genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity., Human Rights Watch, International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991
3. International Law Commission of the United Nations, 1950. On the Internet at http://deoxy.org/wc/wc-nurem.htm. Last retrieved on May 13, 2009
4. Robinson, Darryl. January 1999. Defining "Crazy Against Humanity" at the Rome Conference. The American Journal of International Law. Vol. 93. No.1
These, then, eventually die leaving the transfer of oxygen in your blood being absolutely limited and far below the point at which the flow of oxygen needs to be in a human body. The flow of blood and transfer of oxygen eventually slows down tremendously and can cause terrible pain as well as make the immune system to be vulnerable to a variety of different diseases. There are many medical procedures that can allow the individual to find a relief (Lozoff et al., 2003).
In our case study, we will mainly highlight how the mother's approach was tentative and skeptical and how the four points that have been mentioned initially (communication, social organization, spatial dynamics and locus of control) are impacted through her approach. The first important thing to note about the attitude of the mother is that she does seem very forthcoming to find out as much as she…
Black R. (2003) Micronutrient deficiency -- an underlying cause of morbidity and mortality. Bulletin of World Health Organization, 81:79.
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other intangible assets such as patents and management strength. Finally, those future earnings are discounted to arrive at a net present value. Interbrand discounts against current interest rates and also against the brand's overall risk profile to factor in brand strength. Considerations include market leadership, stability, and global reach -- or the ability to cross both geographic and cultural borders. The final result values the brand as a financial asset. BusinessWeek and Interbrand believe this figure comes closest to representing a brand's true economic worth. (Business Week, Aug, 2007 (http://www.businessweek.com/pdfs/2007/0732_globalbrands.pdf)
Among the top 100 brands the U.S. has the largest representation with a full 52 brands on the list. This is comparable to no other nation. The U.S. also boast the highest rankings in high tech brands, producing electronic support systems, like software and PCs and/or support functions for them, as well as food and beverage provider brands, while Japan…
BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2008, retrieved 8, 15, 2008:
Business Week, Aug, 2007, retrieved 8, 15, 2008: