Fraser Island is one of the largest and beautiful islands of Australia and is very popular destination for holidays. Tourists get a chance to see species of wild dogs and a variety of types of fish that are found only in Australia. Similarly Kangaroo Island, Adelaide, Jamison Valley and Cairns are also on the top list of tourists attractions.
Markets and Competitive Advantages and Disadvantages
Every year, overseas as well as local tourists plan their trips for Australia and have a great time enjoying the natural and artificial tourist's attractions. Australia has a wealth of assets that give it a competitive advantage over the other tourists' countries of the world. These include; natural places for tourism, exclusive landscapes, culture and heritage, urbanized cities and egalitarian society, which gives a comfortable & friendly environment to the visitors. However, having a competitive edge over others does not mean end of the game;…… [Read More]
Tourism & Cyprus
Tourism and Cyprus
Tourism-Towards Sustainability: Case of Cyprus
Tourism-Towards Sustainability: Case of Cyprus
epublic of Cyprus
Sustainable Tourism Development
Tourism-Towards Sustainability: Case of Cyprus
The current paper is an exploration of the concept of tourism as a contributor of sustainability and sustainable growth and for this purpose the author has selected the epublic of Cyprus as a case study. Cyprus has been because tourism here is the most significant economic activity. In addition, besides the economic point-of-view, the casino industry and tourism have their contribution in the social development of the community
Tourism now has become an industry which has a significant role in the economic growth of any country. Visitors coming to a destination spend money on shopping, hotel accommodation, eatables, and transportation as well as on entertainment and thus contribute to increase the gross domestic product (GDP). Tourism also helps to create employment and provide…… [Read More]
The diverse culture and beauty coupled with this unique boat race fascinates a good number of foreign travelers and they are more likely to visit again or spread word about the place. All this results in a positive image boost for Kerala and there is a high chance for the number of travelers to increase multi-fold within the next decade.
The boat race event and the money that it brings to the local population has resulted in big regional developments. The boom in tourists has encouraged many private tourism companies to start tours and packages for domestic and foreign visitors. Also, the state Government has entered into a public-private agreement with many top companies in the tourism sector to open hotels, restaurants and restaurants. Many well-known hotel chains such as Taj, Oberoi, Le Meridien and Best Western have invested here. Also, many wealthy Non-resident Indians (NI) living abroad…… [Read More]
Over the last several years, the issue of climate change has been continually brought to the forefront. This is because a variety of scientific evidence is highlighting the damage that CO2 emissions are causing to the environment. In the case of Australia's tourism industry these challenges are more severe. As they want to protect the various natural resources that are adversely being impacted by these transformations (i.e. The Great Barrier eef, the Australian Alps and Outback). Yet, the introduction of a carbon tax will have an adverse impact on the sector with tourism operators expected to see a decrease in revenues from -.7% to -1.2% annually. This is challenging, as it is creating divisions about how this will affect the economy and job creation. To fully understand the short- and long-term implications requires focusing on a number of areas to include: examining why the government is implementing these…… [Read More]
City: Chicago, IL United States of America
Stage of Development
The city of Chicago has been in existence for nearly 200 years and the tourism market that is present there is very entrenched and advanced in development. The city of Chicago has incorporated tourism as a major component of the city's governing structure and has placed many tourist attractions throughout the city. The city itself is a tourist destination making this city one of the most advance developed tourist cities in the world.
Approach to Destination Management
Both business and government have realized the important contributions that tourism has given the city and manages the city in accordance with that idea. Both city, state and federal governments all play a key role in managing this approach by infusing many tourist and leisure businesses throughout the city and promoted throughout the world.
System of Governance
The system of governance…… [Read More]
Tourism esearch Philosophies and Principles
Impact of Values and Interests on esearch
The relatively young area of Tourism esearch borrows heavily from social science in its use of Quantitative and Qualitative Methods. Previously contrasted with each other, the two methods are increasingly used as complimenting disciplines by researchers attempting to deal with the complexity and global importance of tourism research. Even as researchers seek greater knowledge by Quantitative-Qualitative analyses, their research is still significantly impacted and sometimes considerably skewed by their values and interests, as well as the lack of a clear code of ethics for tourism research. Finally, four peer-reviewed tourism research articles are examined for their research methods, underlying principles and worldviews.
Within social sciences, paradigms are frameworks with differing worldviews springing from theoretical and philosophical assumptions (PANSII, 2005). The social science paradigms of 'positivist/functional' and 'interpretative' research methodology have dominated research and form…… [Read More]
Tourism in Chicago
This assessment task is designed to encourage students to develop research, and critical thinking skills. The primary competencies addressed are problem solving, critical evaluation, innovation skills, communication, and literacy
Stage of Development
Tourism is an integral part of modern economies. Countries and cities are marketing themselves as preferred tourist destinations in order to attract visitors. This is the case in Chicago, where tourism has made significant contributions in the region's economy over time. The city existence for 200 years has seen tourism grow to be one of the key pillars of its economic development. The city has incorporated the sector as a key constituent of the governing structure in the region and this has resulted in the development of numerous tourist attractions in the city. The history and proximity of the city contribute to its appeal as a tourist destination. This has made Chicago one of the…… [Read More]
" (Tourism Directory, 2009) This type of system would ensure that fair-trade claims are true when these types of claims are made. All areas of the world are not reporting positive trends in travel and tourism and one such location is the Caribbean due to a downturn in economics. The 2nd UNWTO Conference on Tourism Trends and Outlook for the Asia Pacific Tourism reports "difficult conditions as the global economy deteriorates and Asia and the Pacific, one of the fastest growing tourism regions in the world is strongly feeling the impact of the global slowdown." (Tourism Directory, 2009) Also reported is that the Council of State Tourism Directors reports state tourism office best practices which are based on 40 state tourism office responses to the annual survey. Specific findings include those as follows: (1) While an expanded web presence has produced no incremental reduction in print costs, it has resulted…… [Read More]
Tourism is a burgeoning industry in this world right now, and the growth being driven by a number of different factors. Rising incomes, increased exposure to and interest in travel, and massive infrastructure investment by companies and countries hoping to win tourist dollars all encourage a higher level of travel than has ever been seen before in this world.
Tourist industry that is based on unsustainable natural resource should be banned, because it is harmful for local environment. There are many countries that have few industrial assets, but have leveraged their climates and scenery to develop tourism businesses -- many Caribbean islands, the Maldives, Fiji, Costa Rica and others have a high level of dependence on tourism for their income, even though the expense of it is their ecosystems. Furthermore, competition among both cruise providers and airlines has resulted in an increase in capacity, even though both of…… [Read More]
Tourism in Mozambique
Being a country that was known for nothing but war till the early 1990s after running for 16 years, Mozambique has made significant strides in terms of the investment in general and investment in tourism in particular. Mozambique, situated in the southern part of Africa is slowly emerging as a favorite destination of tourists who are drawn to the region by the tropical weather, rich culture, beautiful beaches and tourism site on top of the political stability that now exists within the country and region at large (Anna S & Ema B., 2011).
These factors aforementioned have worked to the advantage of the country in stabilizing and expanding the tourism industry within the country to experience a four times increase between 2004 and 2010. This sector is now considered one of the major sectors in the contribution to the GDP of the country with the hotels therein…… [Read More]
Over Reliance of Tourism for GDP in Developing Countries
The tourism sector has the ability to promote as well as sustain a nation’s economy. But being over-dependent on tourism will prove potentially harmful for unindustrialized nations. One clear example of the consequences of overdependence on tourism is that of the scenic Republic of Maldives, which was mainly reliant on tourism for economic development and sustenance. The nation declared an emergency last year after threats of an attack; its economic condition was subsequently labeled unstable and a near-stoppage in its activities was witnessed. Not even seven days later, the government withdrew the emergency after widespread local and global censure. The emergency was unallowable owing to its immense potential adverse impacts on the nation’s tourism sector (Bojanic and Lo 2016, pg. 4).
Being overly dependent on tourism for supporting the national economy places a nation at significant risk. In general, nations wholly…… [Read More]
Tourism and Hospitality Industries
It is perhaps indicative of how interconnected the hospitality industry and the tourism industry are that they are often connected in literature as one broad industrial category, "the hospitality and tourist industry." Their aims and objectives certainly overlap, sharing a common goal of catering to the needs and desires of people who are traveling for one reason or another. It is a facile separation of the domains of each industry to suggest that hospitality pertains to where people stay and tourism pertains to what people do in the process of travel, particularly as the options become more elaborate and varied to reflect a simultaneous increase in technology and the sophistication of consumer demand. Instead of focusing upon debatable divisions between the functions of each industry, it is perhaps a better model to look at the ways in which they support each other's key services (Ottenbacher 2009).…… [Read More]
2.0 Nature Tourism
2.1 Capitalizing on existing infrastructure and programs
Currently, the BRTA organizes adventure tours including whitewater rafting, 4x4 off-road adventures through the hills, and also mountain bike touring. The BRTA should ensure that all equipment is up-to-date, and should solicit investment from private companies interested in increasing competition and growth in this sector.
2.2 New opportunities
While adventure tourism remains a strong point of Bilby's tourism potential, the town also needs to incorporate more relaxed and leisurely activities into its portfolio. Farm tourism is one area that Bilby can excel, becoming a regional destination for families and individuals interested in orchards and other agricultu products Bilby is famous for. The BRTA should make sure that its Web site adequately publicizes the annual events related to farm tourism as well.
With a few strategic improvements to the BRTA's approach, Bilby can become a destination for families, couples, and…… [Read More]
Tourism in Dubai
Tourism in Dubai
Dubai is a nation which is continuing to try to draw in tourists from all over the world in order to increase its revenue potential from its tourism industries. As the nation continues to develop new and often estern style influenced projects, it is opening its doors for a plethora of international tourists. Public policy in the region helps facilitate more tourism through allocating funds to increase airport size, promote duty free shopping, and by generating partnerships between the public and private sectors to increase competition within the tourism industry.
The country has taken on numerous airport expansions. Each new expansion opens up the potential to accommodate more and more travelers, making visiting Dubai an easier and more enjoyable experience. One of the most influential in increasing modern tourism was the opening of the Sheikh Rashid Terminal in 2000 (Nair 1). The Dubai airport…… [Read More]
In spite of Rio's iconic statue of Christ the Redeemer and its noteworthy names like Copacabana and Ipanema, relatively few international visitors make it to Brazil. According to Smale (2010), Brazil does not even come close to being in the top ten international tourism destinations in the world. Only 5.2 million people visited Brazil in 2010 (Smale, 2010). This is compared with the top spot-holder France at 76.8 million people. The 2014 World Cup is sure to boost Brazil's image in the world's eye, leading to a profitable growth in the nation's tourism industry.
Brazil is actively and consciously using the World Cup 2014 celebrations as a means to draw tourists. Direct and indirect marketing methods as well as developments in infrastructure and social institutions are being designed with tourism in mind. For example, Brazil is improving its airports to the tune of 6.5 billion Brazilian real ($3.4…… [Read More]
Also, the hotel is placed so to offer quick access to the national and international airports.
The hotel takes the utmost advantage of their strategic location and does not need to add more value to this part of their business. Proof of the successful location of the Copacabana Palace stand the great number of customers who stay there each year generating increased profits, and also the highly beneficial reviews the hotel has received along the year. One of these reviews writes:
The Copacabana Palace is superbly located: it faces the famous Copacabana each and yet is only minutes from the centre of Rio. The hotel is located eight miles from the domestic airport, Santos Dumont, and 20 miles from Rio de Janeiro's international airport, Tom Jobim. Within ten miles of the hotel are botanical gardens, downtown, Sugar Loaf Mountain, and Maracana Stadium."
6. Satisfaction Methodologies
Customer satisfaction if a key…… [Read More]
This answers the question of "what do we have to offer?' For example, Macau has a unique culinary culture that blends Chinese and Portuguese influences. These competencies can be identified by their presence as a minority of responses to the initial research, or through an internal analysis of the area's offerings.
The question of to whom something should be promoted can be answered through an examination of market segments. If Macau wishes to promote culinary tourism, for example, it can do research into the demographics and lifestyle factors of culinary travelers by examining their magazines and media, by examining the profile of current culinary travelers to Macau and by examining such travelers to more established culinary destinations, such as Singapore or Tokyo.
Michman, R., Mazze, E., & Greco, A. (2003). Lifestyle marketing: Reaching the new American consumer. estport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
Turner, C. (2008). How Etihad's marketing set…… [Read More]
9% of total GDP in Colombia (U.S.$3,524 million) and generates 386,000 direct jobs, equivalent to 1.8% of total employment in the country (Tourism Industry in Colombia).
The Composition of Tourism in Colombia
With 3,208 km of coastline (1,760 km on Caribbean Sea and 1,448 km on Pacific Ocean),
and 400 km of Amazon forest and Andean mountains, Colombia has a vast array of possible tourist destinations.
Some of the reasons tourists are interested in visiting Colombia would be its privileged location on the continent. All the environments of the tropics are present: glaciers, beaches, plains, rainforests, and deserts, which all add to its desirability (Where to go?).
Colombia also has countless tourist destinations offering a wide array of activities. Even the most jaded traveler can't help but be swept up by the magic of Cartagena, steeped in history and gentle people. Oozing romance, the old city is a warren of…… [Read More]
In fact, local businesses closest to the protests sites were hit hardest, with very little occupancy rates during the period of tension. Even worse, the research reports that "more than 70 charter flights hauling tourists from China" were canceled (Horn 2010).
Yet, more recent political stability has once again begun to calm the nerves of potential visitors. Thus reports are claiming that "If Thailand can maintain political stability, the tourism industry will be one of the major sources of income for the country for the next three years," (Karnjanatawe 2011). The recent stability has corresponded with a continual growth in Thai tourism seen within the 2011-year. Despite even the setbacks of the SAS crisis and the Iraq war in 2003, visitor arrivals had rebounded by 2004 and have continued to remain strong (APEC, 2004). Additionally, global economic trends, mainly the recession much of the world has been experiencing, had kept…… [Read More]
Cultural tourism and long-term travel are recent trends, as are work-travel experiences such as language instruction.
In England, as in other European nations, history and culture play a major role in creating tourism markets. Visits to historical cites, museums, urban and rural activities remain popular in England. A strong British pound has not detracted significantly from the English tourism industry.
In spite of regional conflict and danger, tourism in Israel remains viable. Consumers interested in religious, historical, cultural and educational experiences thrive, as do individuals who are interested in long-term travel such as living on kibbutzim or studying at a university.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union, tourism in Russia has blossomed and includes travelers interested in a range of experiences including language instruction, ecotourism, and adventure travel.
Finally, Australia thrives in tourism experiences related to adventure travel, ecotourism, and long-term stays. Both urban and rural travel experiences are…… [Read More]
Tourism Demand esearch & Analysis
International Tourism Demand Estimation
Tourism Attraction Sales
Tourism Attraction Sales
Tourism & Employment
Tourism may be defined as, "The sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors," (McIntosh and Goeldner, 1990, p. 4).
From the above definition, it can be seen that the development of tourism in any area involves multiple players. In addition, tourism is made of up numerous activities, services, and industries that contribute to the tourists' experience. These include the provision of transportation and accommodation; eating and drinking establishments; entertainment facilities; and shops, among others (McIntosh and Goeldner, 1990). Edgell (1990, p. 12) adds that,
"The full scope of international travel and tourism, therefore, encompasses the output of segments of many industries.…… [Read More]
Tourism Attraction Ethics
Extensive international travel even amidst the growing incidence of terrorism, accidents and disease give rise to various types of ethical concerns, which are normally not taken, into consideration by the present day tourism industry. The ethical concerns associated with travel involve health, safety and accessibility and also includes the detection of individual and institutional duties, informed sanction, eventuality preparation, disaster response mechanisms, fairness and unbiased treatment. The government agencies, professional associations and other such institutions have all strived to devise successful plans to address health safety and accessibility challenges cropping out due to the rapidly expanding international travel. The State Department of U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization provides worthy resources in respect of public safety information; however, political considerations most of the times challenge accuracy and credibility. (Ethics Challenges: Health, Safety and Accessibility in International Travel and Tourism)
The Health and…… [Read More]
State Department issues travel warnings for the world's different countries and territories. For Mexico, these warnings are rather comprehensive, providing not just a state-by-state breakdown of the security situation but in some cases a town-by-town one. In some cases, routes are prescribed: "U.S. government personnel are authorized to use Federal toll road 15D for travel to Mexico City; however, they may not stop in the town of La Barca for any reason" (State Department, 2015). Even laypeople, when you tell them you are going to Mexico, get a look of concern on their faces, and feel obliged to tell you that it is not safe there. Yet Mexico ranks 15th in the world in international overnight visitors, with 24.1 million per year, according to the World Bank (2014). Mexico is, in fact, one of the world's most popular tourism destinations. It is not the only country with a…… [Read More]
Tourism and Hospitality Industries: Management
Integration of Travel and Hospitality Companies
Vertical integration has been a major trend in corporate business in profit-based and consumer-based industries over the past several decades, particularly as more specialized and dynamic good and services are being offered with wider global distribution. There have been many examples of vertical integration in the travel and hospitality industry within the past several decades, although due to the volatility of industries based upon consumer activity with disposable income during the recession since 2008, it is a somewhat risky maneuver, particularly in the acquisition of transportation companies.
The general principle of vertical integration, however, leads to greater profit margins as two or more related ventures are purchased by the same entity, thus lowering overhead and eliminating external expenditure. Vertical integration is particularly of benefit for the development of travel and hospitality packages that seek to offer savings to customers…… [Read More]
Nobel Prize laureate Derek Walcott begins his oration with an anecdote about the village of Felicity in Trinidad, which is predominantly East Indian. The story begins as the local towns prepare for a Saturday performance of the amleela, which is a stage version of the Hindu epic amayana. Walcott describes vividly with rich detail the cane fields, reminding listeners that the Indians are here because they were brought here during colonial times to be indentured laborers. Now a vibrant Indian community is entrenched, adding richness and color to the tropical landscapes of Trinidad and Tobago. As Walcott and his American friends arrive, the amleela cast and crew are setting up their multiplicity of deities, one of which is a huge effigy constructed of local materials like bamboo.
Briefly Walcott draws a parallel between the amleela and his own stage production, or reinvention and reconstruction, of Homer's Odyssey, the screenplay…… [Read More]
Hamilton Island produces a wide array of entertainment that comes in many shapes and forms. The latest addition to the activity list is a nine-pin bowling alley that aims to provide endless family fun. And to top it off, other attractions the island will boast this year will include the Australian Ballet and the Great Barrier Feast event. (2009, p. 37)
Moreover, beyond the innovative use of social media networks to promote their campaign, Tourism Queensland also ensured the international mainstream media would be included in their media mix. For instance, Nolan empirically reports that during his visit to the island preparatory to the announcement of the finalist, international interest in the competition was at a frenzied level: "When I left Hamilton Island the following afternoon, it already was gearing itself up for next Wednesday's announcement. U.S. TV crews, the Aussie networks, the BBC et al. are flying in to…… [Read More]
International tourism reinforces the idea that all persons are a part of a world community and act as a reminder of how precious the natural resources of the world can be for all persons, regardless of where they call home. Finally, tourism can provide local populations with employment in ways that do not tax the natural resources, such as rampant industrialism, or force them to abandon their local customs and culture ("Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism," Environmental Impacts of Tourism, 2002).
Three Main Impact Areas." Environmental Impacts of Tourism. 2002. Last updated 2001. [17 Feb 2006]
How Tourism Can Contribute to Conservation." Environmental Impacts of Tourism. 2002. Last updated 2001. [17 Feb 2006]
Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism." Environmental Impacts of Tourism. 2002. Last updated 2001. [17 Feb 2006]
http://www.uneptie.org/pc/tourism/sust-tourism/social.htm… [Read More]
Consumer demand in luxury and major events tourism -- two of the most important sectors for Marysville to attract -- is very low (eTurboNews, 2009) and this will affect company's decisions to invest.
The target customer, therefore, is the smaller investor. The segments of tourism that are showing signs of recovery are also those with shorter turnaround times on projects and those that suit a small hill town such as Marysville. The investors the MATDG should focus on attracting are the small guesthouse and independent restaurant/cafe owners. Backpacking and small-scale car tourism are recovering faster than other types of tourism (eTurboNews, 2009).
In order to attract this market, the marketing should focus on the price advantage of Marysville. Land in the town is at a very low value due to the impact of the brushfires, yet the natural attractions remain as potent as ever. The product -- the nature and…… [Read More]
It does a great job at removing the political issues associated with this population and instead looks at it in a purely business sense. If you are in the hotel business you want to make money. Being an extremely competitive market, you always need to market towards new clients. Today, nothing makes more financial sense than marketing to the gay and lesbian population.
Hughes, Howard L. Pink Tourism: Holidays of Gay Men and Lesbians. New York: CAB International, 2006.
This book focuses on the world of gay and lesbian tourism from a business and marketing perspective. Its main purpose is to show how marketing can best be used in this field. It begins with an overview of the nature of homosexuality and how these issues effect tourism and hotel marketing. The chapter on accommodation provisions specifically focuses on how hotel managers can market and provide desired services to this traveling…… [Read More]
Further, this population has and spent over fifty-four million dollars on travel alone. Finally, this population tends to travel more than other traveling populations because, according to Parets, they have a "generally higher discretionary income(s) and more flexibility (in their) schedules." ith these numbers, the potential for profit is substantial, thus making marketing to gay and lesbians "big business." (Parets, 2005).
IV. How to Market to the Gay and Lesbian Population
In his book Pink Tourism: Holidays for Gay Men and Lesbians, author Howard L. Hughes reviews specific strategies for marketing to the gay and lesbian population. For example, in the chapter regarding marketing a hotel, Hughes focuses on how hotel managers can market and provide desired services to the gay and lesbian traveling niche. In it, he provides the hotel manager a step-by-step guide to how to run a successful marketing campaign aimed at attracting the gay and lesbian…… [Read More]
From the group that does like Indian food, the statistics will be broken down between those who would and those who would not eat from a restaurant similar to the case sample if placed in India. From each of these groups, the variables of familiar logos and other positive indicators will be reviewed to come to a conclusion of what prevents an individual who enjoys Indian food from eating Indian food when traveling in a developing nation.
In order to fully complete the data analysis portion of this research project, a timeframe of several weeks from the return of the trip will be required.
Creswell, John W. (2006): Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. London: SAGE Publications.
Creswell, John W. (2002): Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: SAGE Publications.
Nation, Jack R.R. (1996): Research Methods. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Quinn, Michael. (2001): Qualitative Research &…… [Read More]
The coming of globalization and capitalism remain the power changer fight against colonialism in the world today.
The attractiveness presented by tourism can also not be overestimated for the countries whose climate, geography, and/or history seem to provide an exploitation-ready endogenous product. The potential of post-colonial ideologies to erode the potential gains from tourism are however high should room for such ideology be given. The apparent contributed success that the industry has earned should be appreciated and the notions of colonialism should not be imposed especially so for country that deserve the growth and stand to benefit from tourism. What needs to be done is management of the flow and policy brought about.
[510 words u.f.t.q.]
Question 4: Select two of the critical issues / matters listed below, and explain what has been learnt about it over the last couple of decades - according to the J& contributors and/or the…… [Read More]
Tourism Distribution Network due to a mounting trend of ecommerce in the global market. The advent World Wide Web, Wireless Application Protocol and the integration of media with tourism, has somewhat halted the growth of traditional channels of travel and tourism. Thus, showing a prelude to eTourism, a modern concept of online or web-based distribution network, providing complete travel information and booking details only a click away. But this surge of information, economy and accessibility has also threatened the survival of traditional distribution channels like Travel Wholesaler and egional etailer Travel Agents. Which means where technology, sophistication and immediacy have brought forth new prospects of business in tourism, it also has a downside for traditional means of product and information transactions.
TOUISM DISTUBUTION NETWOK.
Tourism has traditionally relied on travel wholesalers and retail travel agents but this isn't to prevail in the ever converging global village. Electronic media, Mobile and…… [Read More]
In fact, this could not take place in the case of the anary Islands positive steps have been taken, such as in the case of law 19/2003 passed by the Government of the Islands.
The paper on the anary Islands and more precisely on Tenerife offers an original contribution to the theoretical literature regarding the steps towards sustainability in the case of island tourist destinations. By trying to explain the causes of present tourism stagnation on the island, the article manages to identify and clearly formulate the reasons behind this stagnation - tourist activity issues, excess of supply, imbalances in demand etc. The two theoretical standpoints are also clear and well-formulated from the beginning (Fig.1: 3) so that the logic of the arguments put forward is both solid and always present.
The conclusions put forward the idea that there have been theories that due to excessive construction, the resources…… [Read More]
The 2007 BCB survey averaged out to 7.5 out of a possible 10 "with regard to the perception of the services it offers." In the section dedicated to Barcelona's "worldwide image" the 2007 survey reached 8 out of ten from those visitors participating in the survey.
Spain isn't the only attractive meetings tourism destination by any means. There are countries all over the world seeking to attract business travelers that are part of conventions, conferences, seminars and other business-related gatherings. China is also an appealing destination for meetings tourism. The Jiangsu Tourism Company spells out some "useful tips for Meeting Planning in China" (http://tastejiangsu.com).
The old Japanese saying, "The protruding nail gets hammered down" is linked by the travel service to the possibility that some business travelers that are part of a meetings tourism group may commit a "major faux pas" during the business sessions. Hence, the ebsite explains, one…… [Read More]
ethnic tourism and cultural tourism rather blurry?
The influence of mass tourism, which is an element of modern tourism, is mutually determined and frequent. Tourism is a phenomenon that is social and cannot be overlooked in studies of the up-to-date world, even if this detail has only come to be documented. In all sociological dimensions, tourism has a place from activity that is distinctive to the contemporary world system, and creates an variety of problems that are social (Gang, C. (2011)). These issues can be seen as a forecast of the historical movement from the contemporary to the postmodern. Ethnic tourism is inherently describes as a sort of tourism in which the principal enticement of the tourist encompasses a desire to meet and interconnect with persons that are considered traditional and exotic. Now, Hughes (1996) contends that cultural tourism "tends to be directed to trips when cultural resources are visited…… [Read More]
Policy, Planning and Development for Tourism
Policy Planning Paper
An emerging outstanding social and economic booster of the present age is tourism. But, major obstacles and chances facing the sector still demand a universal sense of commitment and proper strategic awareness. To completely utilize the existing chances and the mutual gains brought by tourism in Australia, it will be necessary for the sector and its various partners to show a sense of strategic planning.
Currently, tourism is a vital driving force of the economy of South Australia.Up to December 2013, 5.6 million visitors who stayed overnight in 18,000 businesses involved in the tourist sector spent $5.1b. This accounted for 31,000 direct employment opportunities for South Australians. That makes tourism important to the states regional economies asit accounts for 44% of spending on tourism even though only a small percentage of South Australians, 23%, live in this state's regions. With the…… [Read More]
Role of Conferences in the trategic Development of the Hotel Industry
Case tudy of Five tar Hotels in Jordan
Jordan has a rich cultural and archaeological patrimony. Many natural wonders and a particularly welcoming people make tourism a natural resource and vehicle for Jordan's economy.
Conversely, the Jordan tourism industry has demonstrated poor performance in past few years relative to the volatile political situation in the region.
Analyzing both the natural potential for success and the historical evidence for failure within Jordan's tourism industry through scientific research methodology may well provide viable alternatives to current widely held practices and beliefs.
This study will delve into the specific revenue producing areas of developing conferences in Jordan, how to conduct them, facility use and maximization, and the issues that surround successful delivery of this medium. This thesis will also provide data on the means of offering the world a safe, beautiful, and…… [Read More]
Terrorist Attacks on New York City
Consumer ehavior and Risk
Terrorism and Consumerism in the Melting Pot
How has September 11 Impacted Americans
Economic Impact of terrorism
Outlook for the New York Economy
Examination of the Effects on usiness
Regaining Consumer Confidence
Recommendations for Further Studies
Survey of Consumer Patterns After The September 11 attacks on the World Trade Towers
Survey Results presented Graphically
Store Owner Interviews
The Impact of the Terrorist Attacks on New York City: One Year Later Chapter 1
The attacks on the World Trade Towers on September 11, 2001 threatened the American People's sense of security in a way that had not been felt since the attack on Pearl Harbor. To say that the attacks changed the lives of many people would be an understatement. The attacks literally brought the country to a halt for nearly three days. It can…… [Read More]
Economic Effects of Tourism
There are a number of economic effects of tourism. Most obvious is the significant direct economic effect. Tourists spend money on hotels, restaurants, tourist attractions, shopping, and bars. This is money that typically comes from outside the economy, and thus provides a direct and immediate boost to the area's GDP. There are many benefits of this. First, it provides revenue for local businesses. This revenue translates into jobs for all businesses. For locally-owned businesses, it also provides profits for the owners, which can be re-invested. For example, a successful restaurant can take its profits and open a second location, thereby doubling its positive impact on the community and the wealth of the owners.
Jobs created of course contribute in many ways to the economy. Workers buy homes, cars, they spend their money in the community in other ways. They raise families, and their children often stay…… [Read More]
9). It is also dubious to present the research on food and drink and other interlinked issues "as academic reflection on hospitality" (Brotherton & Wood, 2000, p.139) by scholars belonging to various disciplines such as Visser (1991) and Beardsworth & Keil (1997). In this context, it should not be forgotten that hospitality is a false identification of an industry that has existed for only twenty years and which has transitioned into almost a critically to education, research and knowledge. However at the bottom of the transfer lie the motives of power and commerce more than the academic thirst of education and information.
Hospitality is seen as "related" to drinking and eating however you are mistaken if you think the vice versa i.e. drinking and eating are seen as related to hospitality stands true.
AN OVELOOKED STEAM OF STUDIES
The above mentioned formulation perfectly fits the area of Commercial hospitality or…… [Read More]
There are no specific numbers for Californians traveling to Sicily, as the numbers are gathered at the national level rather than the state levels. Europe in particular is challenging, within the Schengen Zone, because a tourist can fly into one country and visit many others, without passing through any customs controls that would record the visit. Even if there were such controls, a U.S. passport issued in California would not automatically mean that the person holding it was from California. And, of course, the issue is further complicated by the lack of direct links between California and Sicily.
A logical starting point would be to analyze figures on any direct routes. From ome's Fiumicino Airport there are direct flights to five American cities; from Milan only two. There are no direct flights between California and Italy, and none between the U.S. And Sicily, so it is very difficult to…… [Read More]
Tourism in Thailand
Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Thailand
Urban and rural tourism in Thailand accounts for around 7% of the total GDP. There are various factors, social, economic, environmental and cultural factors which affect the tourism industry in Thailand. Also, the rural tourism in Thailand needs more work. This report has some strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of Thailand's tourism industry. In the end, recommendations are given on how to improve the tourism industry in Thailand.
Tourism in Thailand
Impact of Environmental, Economical, Social and Cultural Factors on Tourism in Thailand
Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries, and this industry has been identified as a means of generating national income (Pender, & Sharpley, 2005). Thailand, a beautiful country at the heart…… [Read More]
Just as technology is changing, travel and tourism providers also need to adapt and change to remain up-to-date and competitive. Innovation may help firms to gain advantages and compete even more effectively.
Anderson, .E; Srinivansan, S.S. (2003), E-satisfaction and e-loyalty: A contingency framework, Psychology and Marketing, 20(2), 123-138.
Bai, B., Hu, C., Elsworth, J., Countryman, C, (2004), Online Travel Planning and College Students: The Spring Break Experience, Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 17(2/3), 79-91
Buhalis, Dimitrios; Zoge, Marianna, (2007), The Strategic Impact of the Internet on the Tourism Industry, Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism, p481-492
Dahl, Stephan, Low, David, and Eagle, Lynne (2012) Mobile phone-based advergames, In Proceedings of the 2012 Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC), pp. 1-7. From: ANZMAC 2012, 3-5 December 2012, Adelaide, SA
Dimanche, F. (2010). En quete de la generation C: pour un nouvel agenda de recherche marketing et tourisme.…… [Read More]
Tourism: A Visit to the Philadelphia Art Museum
A Visit to the Philadelphia Art Museum: Tourism
Proposal of a Visit to the Philadelphia Art Museum
I propose a visit to the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the country's third-largest museum in terms of collections, and an absolute must-see for both local and international tourists. My choice is dictated by a number of factors. To begin with, I regard art as one of the most fundamental symbols of culture -- it serves to remind us who we are, what we share, and where we have come from. The development of art therefore, is an interesting subject that everyone, in my view, ought to strive to understand and be knowledgeable about; nothing gives a better picture of how art developed than the Philadelphia Art Museum. As a matter of fact, this summer, the museum has scheduled a special exhibition to trace the role…… [Read More]
Travelling and Tourism contributes to U.S. Economy
How travelling and tourism contribute to U.S. economy
United States Department of Commerce
Commerce Department Data Show U.S. Travel and Tourism Exports Contributed $87.1 Billion to U.S. Economy in First Six Months of 2013
The official website of the U.S. Department of Commerce takes keen interest in finding who enters the country for the purpose of traveling and tourism and what is the impact of traveling on the economy of the country. The department oversees International Trade Administration. It is found that the international investors contribute multibillions to the economy of country every year. During the month of June this year, the international investors contribute about $14.6 billion. The contribution is increasing every year and from June 2012 to June 2013, the investment increased about 5%. The role of international travelers and tourists is positive on the economy of USA. Only…… [Read More]
Another case study, this one by Cole (2011) examines the cultural and community impacts of tourism, both sustainable and unsustainable, on specific cultures in Indonesia. Cole concludes as well that in order to help keep the cultural and community influences and positive attitudes intact, it is important to consider the local community as a major stakeholder in the sustainability of a tourist destination. Cole states in her article, "ourism has the potential to empower communities and the sustainable tourism agenda needs to focus on how to bring this about. As the case study illustrates, understanding tourists and tourism processes is the first stage to empowering the local community to make informed and appropriate decisions about their tourism development. Considerable investments are required in communication and trust building between the actors in tourism. his paper examines how action research, focus groups and the creation of a tourism forum can be concrete,…… [Read More]
Successful sustainable development also requires an evaluation of major trends and problems in the tourism industry rather than focusing on minor new developments that may have localized impact only (Butler, 1998).
Taken together, the foregoing indicates that irrespective of the precise definition that is used, sustainable tourism development is based on three main principles, economic, environment and social which are described below:
1. Economic: This principle refers to something that affects to the majority number of people and enhance the economic situation which is related to sustainable management of economic in tourism sector. This can regarded as opportunities to educate and train employees, support local suppliers, trade, producers and so on (Chapman, 2007). This principle is consistent with the observation by King (2008) that, "tourism in Thailand, as with tourism in the Asian region more generally, is a highly diversified, complex, and changing phenomenon, the impact and consequences of which…… [Read More]
Pro-Poor Tourism: Association With Development Activities, Sustainability, And Benefiting Local and Poor Population
Tourism is an effective tool of achieving development, especially in developing nations, and poor and remote communities. This is possible if governments, non-governmental, and private institutions involved in tourism engage poor and local communities in tourism activities, through pro-poor tourism strategies. Pro-poor tourism strategies, which can alleviate poverty and encourage development include unlocking opportunities in the tourism sector for the poor. This entails the expansion of employment and business activities, provision of training, and addressing the negative environmental and social impact of tourism. The research finds evidence that pro-poor tourism enables sustainable development and the conservation of social-cultural and environmental resources. Overall, pro-poor tourism promotes development at the community level through infrastructure and economic development and promotion of social amenities.
Pro-Poor Tourism in Development and Sustainability
Private, non-governmental, government, and international organizations are increasingly paying attention…… [Read More]
Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Industry
There is an undeniable relationship between terrorism and tourism. This is because of the industry power tourist sites are attractive avenues for terrorists to cause unprecedented magnitudes of economic and social disruption. The 21st century economy is dominated by three sectors namely information technology, tourism, and telecommunications. Tourism generates ten percent of international employment with a surplus of 30% in the Caribbean region. World tourism organization estimates that over two hundred million people across the world will be employed in the industry by 2015. The tourism and travel sectors have expanded by 700% in the last two decades (Gabbay & Ghosh, 2013). It is further projected that tourists will spend twice as much in foreign nations on tourism activities. For most developing nations, tourism is the leading source of income in terms of GDP thus a key influence in the economic growth. The issue…… [Read More]
Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities
For most of the developing countries tourism industry is playing a very important role in boosting their economies. In 2004, it was found out that Asia Pacific was one of the fastest growing tourism regions (Cruey, 2005). According to WTO, up to 3% of world's tourism market is made up of Thailand, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka. It was in 1970's that the development of Thai international tourism started (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). Tourism industry accounts for 5.1% of Thailand's National Gross Domestic Product (Tourism Authority of Thailand, 2009). For the purpose of providing a proper development direction, the National Economics and Social Development Plan (NESDP) served as a guide (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). The result of the survey which was conducted by the Universities of USA and Thailand, showed that Thailand stood on the first place as best hospital city for all the…… [Read More]
Sustainable tourism does not destroy the environment, economy, or cultural aspects of the tourist destination (David Vaughan, 2000). Sustainable tourism is aimed at ensuring that those concerned are not affected in any way and that a positive development is realized through it. Back in the 1980s, ecotourism which consisted of activities such as wildlife exotic cultures and nature, became more common with remarkably few people understanding what the impacts of such tourism are, this led to its pitfall (Erlet, 1993). Therefore, sustainable tourism helps to improve all associated impact of tourism as a whole, and this can steadily be achieved through seeking partnership between various governments, local community and any stakeholder in the tourism industry.
How sustainable tourism can be achieved
esearches done in this field indicate that for sustainable tourism to be achieved all efforts should be channeled towards fostering co-ordination and cooperation between managers of the tourism destination…… [Read More]
In an increasingly globalized world concerned with environmental destruction, there has been a recent rise in the practice of sustainable tourism, especially within the context of developing nations. Yet, because the context of sustainable tourism is such a new development within the larger industry, there are many controversies and questions revolving the practice of sustainable tourism. Still, sustainable tourism development can promote sustainable development through regional community involvement, as long as the people living in these areas continue to see benefits from their devotion to sustaining eco-friendly practices within their tourism models.
Sustainable tourism is a relatively new element within the larger tourism industry. Ecotourism is often defined as "travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and sustains the well-being of local people," (Kiss 2004 p 232). Sustainable tourism occurs in a situation where organizations make eco-friendly choices in order to maintain a higher degree of sustainability…… [Read More]
Currency fluctuations tend to create instability and disrupt the planning activities of tourists. In times of an economic recession, there is normally a lot of fluctuation in the currencies. In the previous year, many currencies appreciated in value while some depreciated. The appreciation of Great ritain Pound and U.S. Dollar against currencies of other countries, such as third world countries, while the depreciation of the Pakistani Rupee, Indian Rupee and the Sri Lankan Rupee against the U.S. Dollar (REPORTER, Staff, 2012) made it less likely for the travelers located in such places to plan to visit countries, as expenditure on goods and services will be incurred in the appreciated currency of the destination country and will have to be supported by the depreciated home currency. This increased expenditure, especially in the times of an economic recession, is considered to be a luxury that needs to be overlooked, at least until…… [Read More]
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Item Page Number
Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping tourism is a major aspect of the global tourism trade and as such is an area of tourism that is and should be promoted by destination countries and locations. This is true for Hong Kong as well as in other locations throughout the world. Ashworth (1989) writes that urban regeneration and tourism have become critically important activities beginning in the 1980's. Ashworth specifically notes two elements that link the ideas of the city and tourism and which show the complex relationship that exists between the features of a city and the functions of tourism that serve to result in shopping tourism in the city. The first element is comprised by the specific characteristics of a city and how this…… [Read More]
Sustainable Tourism Development
The aim of the essay is to gain an understanding of the rational and different approaches to tourism planning and development, sustainable tourism, current issues and impacts of tourism.
The aim is to increase awareness of the need to plan and manage tourism destinations within an international, national, regional, and local framework. Investigate current trends in planning for tourism development in a range of destinations. The stages in the planning process are discussed and apply theoretical models to practical case studies and site visits.
Understand the differing approaches to tourism planning and development and understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry (1000+ words)
Using the EBSCO article: The effectiveness of public policies and structural funds in enhancing tourism development.The case of Romania.
a) Discuss, using appropriate references, why a long-term approach is beneficial to destinations like Romania, and state the advantages to stakeholders…… [Read More]
Growth of Tourism
Capitalism, as an economic system, is doing much of what democracy, as a political system could not. China has long been known as a communist country, but this truly applies to both political and economic policy, although the Marxist idea was originally economic. However, during the reign of Mao and the communists, the country sank deeper into poverty, and instead of being a world leader as it had been for centuries, it became a third world country. For the past three decades, the government in China has been slowly implementing economic reforms and these have been paying immense dividends. One of the most lucrative decisions made was that to allow tourism to begin again within the country. China has become a good example of what tourism can do for a failing economy, and how it can stabilize one that is emerging and volatile. The example China provided…… [Read More]
The Balinese seem to be coping with the tourist invasion as well as they have coped with others, that is they are taking what they want, but they are not allowing themselves to be any the less Balinese. This appears to have been the story throughout Bali's history, outside cultures came, perhaps as conquerors, perhaps only as visitors and traders, but Balinese society and culture have remained distinctive, accepting outward forms, but molding them to its own different purposes." (Pickard, 1996)
These insights are showing how the changes in tourism are having an effect on Bali by developing the industry. However, for most local residents, they are maintaining their basic cultural traditions. This is despite the fact that there are added pressures to continually adopt these practices (in spite of the transformations). (Pickard, 1996)
However, many local officials feel that an influx of tourism is having an adverse impact on…… [Read More]
Ethnicity and Tourism
Ethnicity affects many aspects of tourism but is an aspect that is still poorly understood. Ethnicity is a concept that is quite problematic due to its variability and complexity in relation to social structure. Tourism has contributed to the process of the formation of identity in new nations and at the same time may encourage the majority population to reevaluate the perceptions they have on minorities.
Sporting activities have given rise to a new form of tourism. This is what is now known as sports tourism. If we talk of sport as a way of tourism we must first give a definition of sport tourism. Therefore sport tourism includes travelling away from an area where one resides to either take part in a sport for recreation, for competing, traveling to observe sports at grassroots or elite level or travelling to visit a sport attraction like sport hall…… [Read More]
Domestic Tourism Scenario and Government Data Obtaining
A new domestic tourism operator specializing in surf holidays wishes to build an interactive web site that allows the customer to see in real time the weather, wind, surf, and other data relating to their destination. As a new and bold initiative, the operator wishes to tie in the price of the holiday with the weather situation Better waves and better weather attract a higher price and vice versa. It is a new and potentially risky project, and the business owner is exceedingly concerned about how such a plan will play out. In viewing the risks associated with this project, as well as the top ten steps that would be undertaken to deliver this project to completion, one can understand that such a project is not only innovative but will prove exceedingly beneficial to the company over the long-haul.
In undertaking a project…… [Read More]