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Union Management and Organization
Historical and legal framework, which provides the foundations for the American system of labor / management relations
The current system of American labor relations and laws has undergone significant transformation dating back to the Great Depression. During the 1930s, the relationship between employers and employees were purely casual in nature. For instance, no employee was guaranteed of long-term job security. Employees lacked bargaining powers because employment was marked by short-term contract with limited paperwork. After the Great Depression, a legal framework relating to the implicit contracts between employers and employees was established. After the Second World War and up to the 1960s, a comprehensive and enforceable legal relationship between employers and employees had been established. This was a recipe of the current labor relation in the U.S. (Holley, Jennings, & Wolters, 2011).
The 1960s were the turning point of the current labor relations in the U.S.…
Holley, W.H., Jennings, K. M & Wolters, R.S. (2011). The Labor Relations Process. New York: Cengage Learning
Mathis, R.L., & Jackson, J.H. (2010). Human resource management. Mason, OH:
Melik, R. (2007). The Rise of the Project Workforce: Managing People and Projects in a Flat
To hom it May Concern:
It is with great enthusiasm that I declare my interest in advancing to the position of manager in charge of union affairs with our organization. The job and its many critical responsibilities correspond directly with my own skills and ambitions for advancement. Indeed, in my desire to advance the company and its interests, I believe that my virtues are best put to use in advocacy for the workers that make our company great.
I possess a particular skill set in human mediation that will translate well to the rigors of union management. This is critical because the position requires a unique balance between endorsement of labor rights and recognition of a company's limitations. here the historical relationship between unions and any form of management has been a rocky one, today there is a greater focus on finding ground for cooperation and collaboration. As…
New Unionism. (2012). Managing Union Management. Newunionism.com.
Stim, R. (2012). Contract Negotiation: 11 Strategies. NOLO Law for All.
Tschida, T.J. (2006). Unions and Management: A Blissful Marriage? Gallup Business Journal.
Generational Diversity: Managing Different Generations in the Workplace
Every generation is defined by their experiences, and understanding these experiences is essential for one to appreciate who they are and what they believe in. Among the many changes the American workforce has had to deal with, the management of different generations in the workplace has proven to be one of the hardest tasks for managers - they have to be mindful of their differences and at the same time channel their efforts towards an inclusive and cohesive work environment. This text analyses a scenario that clearly brings out the extent to which generational differences can cause problems in an organization. It identifies the major issues and also provides guidelines on how both the managers and employees can contribute towards effective management of generational diversity.
Managing Different Generations in the Workplace
In the last century, the American workplace has experienced a lot…
Dorset, J.G. (2008). The New American Workplace -- Generational Diversity from Four Participating Cohorts Offering Challenges, Obstacles, and Opportunities for Success. University of the Rockies Library. Retrieved 17 March 2015 from http://search.proquest.com.proxy-campuslibrary.rockies.edu/docview/89279729/FF61D25F5D294D92PQ/4?accountid=39364
Harvey, C. P & Allard, M.J. (2014). Understanding and Managing Diversity: Readings, Cases and Exercises. Hoboken, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Lott, B. (2010). Multiculturalism and Diversity: A Social Psychological Perspective. Malden, MA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Schmit, K (2014). Working With Different Generations. Credit Union Management. Vol. 37(1) 24-26. Retrieved 17 March 2015 from http://search.proquest.com.proxy-campuslibrary.rockies.edu/docview/1492664006/A5F4B819373F4092PQ/5?accountid=39364
Collective Bargaining - Labor relations Topic: explain duties national union president executive board members Essay Question: List explain duties national union president executive board members, illustrate remuneration considered "fair compensation" compared CEO-counterpart U.
List and explain the various duties of the national union president and executive board members, and illustrate how their remuneration is not always considered "fair compensation" as compared with their CEO-counterpart in the U.S. corporations.
The national union president administers the union constitution and enforces the union's official policies (Sloane & Witney 2010: 167). Union presidents act as the public voice of the organization, appearing as public speakers at union conventions and before the public. They also testify before congressional committees on pertinent issues. They may act as advocates for unionization in non-union shops, strive to protect pro-union policies and laws and deal with management when contentious issues arise such as wildcat strikes or closed…
Epstein, J. (2011). Union presidents make six figures. Politico. Retrieved from:
Sloane, A.A. & Witney, F. (2010). Labor relations (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice
Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran
Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).
Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…
(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.
(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.
(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.
(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.
There is a major difference in launching any new initiative where adoption is key to its success relative to introducing one where compliance can be demanded. B Management, by not informing employees of the change, is in effect saying through their actions that compliance is demanded or they will lose their jobs. The sobering fact of 13,000 people let go or nearly 25% of the workforce is a force in the B culture that implies compliance is critical if one is to stay employed. The swipe card is introduced by management through a compliance-driven strategy with none of the business benefits defined that are relevant to those most affected. Consequently, it fails as a program and serves as the volatile catalyst of a wildcat strike.
The lessons learned include the following. First, B Management needed to be more transformational as a leadership team, less authoritarian and transactional. Transformational leadership seeks…
Assume that you have been retained as a change consultant by BA management to advise them on how to avoid such a situation in the future. What lessons emerge from each perspective and what recommendations would you draw from each in constructing your advice to BA management?
BA Management first needs to realize that this type of program, which affects thousands of employees and their lives, must be launched to maximize adoption, not compliance. There is a major difference in launching any new initiative where adoption is key to its success relative to introducing one where compliance can be demanded. BA Management, by not informing employees of the change, is in effect saying through their actions that compliance is demanded or they will lose their jobs. The sobering fact of 13,000 people let go or nearly 25% of the workforce is a force in the BA culture that implies compliance is critical if one is to stay employed. The swipe card is introduced by management through a compliance-driven strategy with none of the business benefits defined that are relevant to those most affected. Consequently, it fails as a program and serves as the volatile catalyst of a wildcat strike.
The lessons learned include the following. First, BA Management needed to be more transformational as a leadership team, less authoritarian and transactional. Transformational leadership seeks to create trust by being authentic, transparent and showing how the vision of change is relevant to the better performance of an enterprise (Nussbaumer, Merkley, 2010). BA Management failed to deliver a transformational vision for the program or even consider the people it would affect the most. Second, BA Management could have explained in detail why the swipe program would be essential for the airline to stay competitive, and designed it to provide employees with more flexibility and freedom to interchange schedules. If Southwest Airlines can do this with a regional operation, surely BA has the ability to do the same. The lack of vision and explanation of benefits to the employees, and
Management Quality ontrol
Dr. Kaoro Ishikawa is one of the world's idealized leaders in quality management control. He joined Japanese union of Japanese scientists and Engineers in 1949 to research on quality, after knowing that America's produce such as toys and cameras was cheap and defective. Ishikawa's greatest concern was to improve quality management involving every employee from top management to the front-line staff, without relying on professions. His significant contribution to evolution of quality management when he introduced the "fishbone" diagram that emphasized on quality services to customers made him known, and this could only be achieved by quality organization first in production of quality goods and services (Dahlgaurd 2005).
Kaoru was born on July 13th 1915 in Tokyo, and was the eldest son among the Shikawas, and in 1939, he obtained a degree in the University of Tokyo for applied chemistry. This knowledge helped him in construction,…
Cencus, B. o. (1983). Operations Management. Chicago: United States Department of Commerce.
Dahlgaurd, J.K. (2005). Fundamentals of Total Quality Management. Denmark: Routledge publishers.
Ishikawa, K. (1985). What is Total Quality Management -- the Japanese Way. Korea: Prentice-hall publishers.
The World ank model centers on a five-person team called the Performance Advisory Service or PAS (Yandrick 1995). PAS trains supervisors to analyze work performance and personality problems. The supervisor first determines if a skill deficiency is involved or there are personal and environmental factors. He does this by reviewing the employee's records in search of troubled behavioral patterns; consulting with work team leaders, colleagues and support staff in investigating possible problems within the organization; and/or directly exploring the employee's work performance and conduct.
In the last option, the supervisor may ask or remind the employee about the consequence of poor performance; if he or she is being rewarded for poor or nonperformance; if performance matters to him or her; if there are health or stress factors conducing to his or her poor or low-level performance; or if there are external stimuli behind it. Armed now with the different angles…
Brown, J. (1992). How Would You Handle These Prickly Management Problems? Medical Laboratory Observer: Nelson Publishing. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3230/is_n11_v24/ai_13806643
Business Wire. (1999) a.M. Best Company Says Technology Can Solve Insurance Management Problems. Gale Group 2000. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3MKT/is_n78_v97/ai_56542486
Day, CM. (1987). Three Diagnostic Clues to Management Problems. Medical Laboratory Observer: Nelson Publishing. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3230/is_v19/ai_5118836
Heisler, DL. (1989). The Wrong Response to Today's Problems. American Metal Market. Reed Business Information. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3MKT/is_n78_v97/ai_7565287
Managing Across Cultures
Internationalization of the economy has influenced companies to operate their business globally. The global operation has impact managers with several challenges. Market, product, and production plans must be coordinated on a worldwide basis. The global operation necessitates organization structure to balance centralized home-office control with adequate local autonomy. As companies have started their business operation on the international front, the number of their employees has increased. Increase in the employee's abroad management is faced with new global challenges. The three broad international business management challenges were identified by the management gurus as follows (obert, Kossek & Ozeki, 1998):
a) Deployment: To get the right skills where it is required in an organization regardless of the geographical location.
b) Knowledge and creativity distribution: Spreading the knowledge and practices throughout the organization regardless of where they have actually originated.
c) Talent identification and development on global basis: To identify…
Drucker, P. (1988) The Coming of the New Organization. Harvard Business Review issue
Fadel, J. & Petti, M (1997). International HR policy basics.
Global workforce issue April 1997, pp. 29-30
Management, Science, and Technology
Who Is a Manager?
A manager is someone who knows how to take charge, organize, direct, and be accountable for individuals and groups of people operating under his guidance. Anyone who shows leadership skills can be a manager. A manager's goal is to work towards the common good. This means keeping persons on pace to meet their objectives, budgeting time wisely, and instilling in his inferiors a desire to care.
Top management impacts ethics within an organization by setting the tone and the standard for ethical practice. Superiors shape inferiors, not the other way around. Therefore, if top management encourages unethical activity through its own unethical behavior, an organization will, ultimately, be comprised of several unethical attitudes. A great example of this is Enron Corp. Top management of Enron encouraged poor ethical practices by practicing in a disingenuous manner themselves. They hoodwinked investors…
Holmes, C. (2007). The Ultimate Sales Machine. NY: Penguin.
McLean, B., Elkind, P. (2013). The Smartest Guys in the Room. NY: Penguin.
What needs to first be improved upon is the lack of ownership on the part of the unionized workers, yet even more systemic is the challenge that Perrier management has in how workers are accustomed to prosperity in an era of economic downturn. Gaining consensus with unions during a contraction of their business cycles is going to be difficult. What needs to first happen is that the Perrier and Nestle' management teams needs to first focus on being transparent and honest about the need to change, and taking pay cuts, reductions in bonuses and in generals being the champions of the needed change first (Brown, Cregan, 2008). This will help to increase their credibility with the union workers, and also show they are willing to make sacrifices they are calling on others to do as well. Second, Perrier and Nestle' management must focus on creating measures of progress that equally…
Michelle Brown, Christina Cregan. (2008). Organizational change cynicism: The role of employee involvement. Human Resource Management, 47(4), 667.
Retrieved January 22, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1598548371).
Christina Passariello (2004, March 17). Nestle's Dispute With Perrier Could Be Coming to a Boil Soon. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. 1. Retrieved January 22, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 580630441).
Managing Employment elationships
The relationships between labour and management can be contentious or amicable, depending on the industry and the leadership involved. When these stakeholders reach loggerheads over disagreements about wages, benefits or working conditions, productivity is diminished, jobs can be lost and national productivity inevitably suffers. To determine what can be done, this paper provides an analysis and explanation concerning the roles of two key stakeholders involved in managing the employment relationship within a UK context, the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service and trade unions. A discussion concerning some of the key challenges that these stakeholders experience in managing employment relations is followed an examination of how the different roles of these stakeholders may impact on employment relations within different UK employing organisations. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are provided in the conclusion.
eview and Analysis
According to the editors…
Barling, J & Kelloway, EK 1999, February-May, 'Changing Employment Relations: What Can
Unions Do?,' Canadian Psychology, vol. 39, no. 1/2, p. 124.
'Benefits of employer and employee co-operation' 2013, The Times 100. [online] available:
Management Style of Brian Driscoll
The blame for the demise of Hostess has been squarely put at the union's feet and their contracts. After conducting a close examination on the company, I have realized that free labor would have led to the death of Hostess; the striking employees only enhanced the inevitable. In this situation, people on the right track have pointed fingers at greedy unions. However, we must acknowledge that the two sides must reach a realistic agreement in a collective bargaining setting. Unions reflect the demands and wishes of employees and are natural to engage in negotiations in order for their demands to be fulfilled. Companies must communicate accurate company data with the union and companies should provide clear answers when they cannot meet the demands of employees. A positive relationship with workforce cannot be built by asking employees to give significant amounts of benefits back and pay…
Grossbauer, S. (2010). Managing foodservice operations: a systems approach for healthcare and institutions. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co
Longenecker, J.G. (2006). Small business management: An entrepreneurial emphasis. Mason,
Stout, R. (2008). Under the Andes. Auckland: Floating Press.
The union thus acts as an advocate for worker's legal rights, including their right not to be subject to drug tests as well (although this issue is far more contentious, given that Xanitos also argues that testing is required from the point-of-view of patient safety.
A more controversial drug testing issue is prohibiting all workers from using tobacco, a controversial practice that has become increasingly common amongst healthcare establishments. "More hospitals and medical businesses in many states are adopting strict policies that make smoking a reason to turn away job applicants, saying they want to increase worker productivity, reduce health care costs and encourage healthier living" (Sulzberger 2011: 1). However, the union argues "such policies are a slippery slope -- that if they prove successful in driving down health care costs, employers might be emboldened to crack down on other behavior by their workers, like drinking alcohol, eating fast food…
Green, Laura. (2010, November 5). Housekeepers union files lawsuit against St. Mary's Medical
Center. The Sun Sentinel. Retrieved February 22, 2011 at http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2010-11-05/news/fl-nurses-lawsuit-20101105_1_hospital-workers-housekeepers-union-contract
Runkel, Ross. (2006, January). Disparate impact. Law Memo. Retrieved February 22, 2011 at http://www.lawmemo.com/101/2006/01/disparate_impac_1.html
Service Employees International Union. (2011). Official website. Retrieved February 22, 2011 at http://www.seiu.org/splash/
Still, since it is looking to sell a property asset that is not their main residence, they will be required to pay a capital gains tax, in the amount of 18 per cent (Direct Gov). For an estimated retail price of £150,150, and a tax rate of 18 per cent, Olly Lloyd would have to pay £27,027 in taxes.
For the new employment contract, Lloyd would have to pay taxes in the amount of £5,281. The sum is decreased significantly by deductions adherent to contributions made by Olly to the pension funds (Listen to Taxman).
c) Suggestions for financial management
Leone Lloyd-Cardle is, without a doubt, facing severe problems. In order to restore the responsibility and stability of her financial decisions, the following financial management recommendations are made:
Discussing the problem with her husband. Having reached such a high level of debt indicates severe problems which cannot be overcome by…
Davis, E.P., 2009, Financial stability in the United Kingdom: banking on prudence, OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 717, http://www.ephilipdavis.com/uk%20financial%20stability%20oecd.pdf last accessed on December 19, 2011
Inmann, P., 2008, Traders predict house prices will fall by 50% in four years, The Guardian, http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2008/jun/09/housingmarket.houseprices last accessed on December 19, 2011
2009, Residence, domicile and the remittance basis: operation changes, HM Revenue and Customs, http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/briefs/income-tax/brief1709.htm last accessed on December 19, 2011
2011, Tax liability, Investopedia, http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/taxliability.asp#axzz1gxx7hXX1 last accessed on December 19, 2011
In the 1990s, America was undergoing a major transformation. What was happening, is globalization (i.e. free trade agreements) made is possible to have access to numerous markets around the world without having to worry about tariffs. This created a transformation in the way many firms are operating by giving them the ability to: increase their profits and lower their labor costs. (Watcher, 2007, pp. 23 -- 29)
In the case of Caterpillar (i.e. Cat), they were dealing with similar challenges during this time. This is because, the firm was trying to lower its labor costs and increase their profit margins. However, a major challenge existed with the contract that the firm had in place with the United Auto Workers (UAW). In this situation, Cat wanted to move away from its traditional business structure to one that is more focused on: specific products lines and geographic locations. This created…
Caterpillar. (2001). Funding Universe. Retrieved from: http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Caterpillar-Inc.-Company-History.html
Brenner, A. (2009). Encyclopedia of Strikes. Armonk, NY: ME Sharp.
Cimini, M. (1998). Caterpillars Prolonged Dispute Ends. Compensation and Working Conditions, 4 -- 11
Gordon, D. (1996). Fat and Mean. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
The lengthy NLB election procedure gives employers lots of time to harass workers. They often receive veiled threats of demotion or lousy job assignments or are badgered by supervisors who even are followed to the restroom by their supervisors. Studies have shown that 78% of private-sector employers require supervisors deliver anti-union messages to workers they oversee (Why won't workers join unions, 2009).
If the employees of Wegmans would choose to form a union it would affect more than just the employees and the store, it would affect all the stakeholders. These key stakeholders would include the customers and the community along with the employees and administrators. The formation of a union most always involves a long drawn out battle between both sides which end up not being any good for the customers or the community in which the union is trying to be formed. Customers end up taking sides between…
Decision. (2007). Retrieved March 23, 2010, from Web site:
Grossman, Robert J. (2008). Reorganized Labor. Retrieved March 23, 2010, from Web site:
There is a greater emphasis on written decrees or by-laws in union governance. Such rules help to enforce the structure of the union and create a system of governance (Housden, 2010). However, these rules lack consistency and at times lack transparency. For employers, such rules are generally limited and the managers are given significant leeway with respect to achieving their singular goal.
Lastly, the nature of the publicly-traded corporation means that there is more consistency and transparency in governance of employers. The governance principles and structures do not vary significantly from one employer to the next, even if the overall effectiveness of the governance mechanisms does. In unions, governance can vary dramatically. There is far less transparency, and there is often little direct contact between union leadership and the rank-and-file. Union leadership serves the needs of multiple locals, in addition to union head office. The possibility of conflicting objectives between…
Banks, a. & Metzgar, J. (1989). Participating in management: Union organizing on a new terrain. Labor Research Review. Vol. 1 (14) 1-55.
Friedman, M. (1970). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved February 5, 2011 from http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html
Housden, C. (2010). Union governance finally cleaned up with passing of bylaws. Scan Online. Retrieved February 5, 2011 from http://scan.lusu.co.uk/news/2010/11/17/union-governance-fi-nally-cleaned-up-with-passing-of-bylaws/
Union Organizing Campaign
I Human esource Management college I assignment studying alot unions workplace assignment I .Thanks Written Assignment 2 2-4 pages You hired XYZ a consultant. They facing a union organizing campaign.
The union organizing campaign
All employees should be allowed to join labor unions. The protection of the rights of employees in joining unions is one factor that leads to better establishment of a company. The company has to respect and acknowledge the responsibilities of unions in representing the interests of the employees.
The advantages of joining a union are that, it gives the employees the mandate to act together as a team, so as to improve on the working conditions at their respective places of work. Working in a union free environment denies the workers the chance to raise their grievances about the poor status of their places of work, for fear of…
Bragger, J.D., Rodriguez-Srednicki, O., Kutcher, E.J., Indovino, L., & Rosner, E. (2005). Work-Family Conflict, Work-Family Culture, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior among Teachers. Journal of Business and Psychology, 20(2), 303-324.
Brown, S.L. (2000). Union Transitions among Cohabitors: The Significance of Relationship Assessments and Expectations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(3), 833-846.
Burchielli, R. (2006). The Purpose of Trade Union Values: An Analysis of the ACTU Statement of Values. Journal of Business Ethics, 68(2), 133-142.
Lam, H., & Harcourt, M. (2007). A New Approach to Resolving the Right-to-Work Ethical Dilemma. Journal of Business Ethics, 73(3), 231-243.
To intimidate striking workers or escort strike breakers, workers who would replace the individuals striking, across picket lines some employers contracted private companies like the Pinkerton Detective Agency.
The United States Department of Labor reports that the Coal Strike of 1902 proved to be a turning point in U.S. policy. On October 3, 1902, to address the strike in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields that he perceived to threaten a coal famine, President Theodore oosevelt resolved to end the strike by setting a precedent for the Federal Government's interventions. After a bitter battle, with President oosevelt's intervention, both sides of the coal labor dispute agreed to the findings of the Anthracite Coal Strike Commission. As a result, labor and industry accepted that the public possessed overriding rights as well as vital interests. President oosevelt's voice and negotiation skills returned peace to the coalfields (the Coal Strike of 1902…, 2010).
A Brief History of the Labor Movement. (2006). NPR. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5758863
Florida State Union. (2009). Unions.org. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from http://www.unions.org/home/umap9-.htm
Greenhouse, S. (2010). Most U.S. union members are working for the government, new datashows. The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/23/business/23labor.html
History at the Department of Labor. (2010). United States Department of Labor.
Managing People -- Wal-Mart
Summary of the Company and Facts
Wal-Mart is among many multi-national retail businesses that are well-known. It runs chains of large discount department stores and warehouses all over the world though it's an American multinational retailer corporation. It is also the biggest private employer in the world, to employ such a big number of workers can be very challenging and hence the employee relationship with the management requires thorough evaluation. With corporations such as Wal-Mart always chasing to grow higher and getting better returns come with the temptations to go really wrong in many ways. Wal-Mart does a lot right; it has expanded its productivity by being more efficient and leaner when compared to many companies. Shoppers accrue a lot of benefits from the expansion of Wal-Mart. Like all this retail businesses the employees in Wal-Mart are given low wages, they work on part-time conditions…
Ludensky, A. (2008).Wal-mart's Labor problem. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://campusprogress.org/articles/wal-marts_labor_problem
Cherry, K. (2009).Hierarchy of needs. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/hierarchyneeds.htm
Unlimited marketing. (2012). Walmart Workers For Change.Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://www.walmartworkersforchange.org/2012/08/walmart-works-to-empower-women/
DE-DE Group LLC (2012). Wal-Mart Workers on Strike. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from https://www.thunderclap.it/projects/653-walmart-workers-on-strike
Union Pacific ailroad Logistics
The Union Pacific ailroad is the largest railroad in the nation, and it serves 23 western states, with agreements with other railroads to link it to the East Coast. It was one of the first railroads to operate in the West, it participated in the building of the transcontinental railroad, and it continues to make history today. It has participated in a variety of new technologies, and it is one of the largest logistic and intermodal companies in the country. It operates several different logistical operations, including Union Pacific Intermodal, and it operates many different terminals around the country with state-of-the-art technologies.
The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze the topic of transportation. Specifically it will discuss the different types of transportation modes the Union Pacific railroad is involved in throughout the country. Union Pacific is one of the country's most historic…
Arbona, J. (2005). Union Pacific railroad opens new $100 million international container facility to handle future growth. Retrieved 22 Feb. 2010 from the Union Pacific Web site:
Berman, J. (2009). Norfolk Southern, Union Pacific launch intermodal reefer service. Retrieved 22 Feb. 2010 from the Logistics Management Web site:
The only questionable charge made by the union is that the company promised to pay employees for certain medical benefits to discourage them from supporting the union, although the announcement of such benefits does seem to come at a questionable time.
Concerning the granting of improved sickness and health benefits in late December, the company contended that the improved benefits were part of the company's annual review of its benefit program and the decision regarding the change of benefits was designed to coincide with the Christmas season, which seems possible. However, to 'cover' its actions by stating that of "most" Milton's statements and questions to employees were not coercive is not enough. It is still responsible for the egregious behavior of Milton. Milton's shadowing of employees, questioning, remarks about Thompson's apartment and demands to be informed of union activities are in clear violation of sections (a) and (b) of the…
This casual area sets the tone for a comfortable and elegant dining experience. Once inside, customers are either brought to their tables or to the bar. The bar area represents 25% of the ground level and is the core of the space. There are three distinct areas that are used for dining. There is a low-ceiling intimate room that is a few steps down past the maitre d area, a dining area in the rear, and the popular mezzanine space that overlooks the rear dining area. These intimate dining areas create a personal sense of space so that each customer feels at home. Meyer says that he opted for a few less seats than could actually fit into the space and opted to space the tables further apart in order to provide a more comfortable environment for both the guests and the staff. The flow of customers and staff in…
Union Square Cafe. (n.d.). Retrieved May 3, 2009, from Web site:
Union Security Provisions Should Be Negotiated in Labor Agreements
Union security provisions are an important issue of collective bargaining and have become a crucial point of controversy between employers and unions. As such, it must be incorporated in the vast majority of collective bargaining contracts. This can be achieved by employers encouraging monthly deductions from the employees' monthly salaries. Obviously, fines and special security provisions will have an added advantage to the union (Carrell & Heavrin, 2011). Safety and security to the unions has an added advantage of the labor organizations in terms of time and money savings to strengthen its institutional status. For this reason, most companies are not happy about the union security provisions even though most people have acknowledged it a method of collecting dues for their organizations. Once willing to grant union security provisions, employers are likely to make it a major issue of bargaining per…
Carrell, M.R., & Heavrin, C. (2011). Collective bargaining and labor relations: Cases, practice, and law. New York: Merrill Pub. Co.
Sloane, A.A. & Witney, F. (2010). Labor relations (13th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Managing Expatriate Employees Employment Law
Expatriate' could be defined as someone who has left his own country in order to find employment in another country. (Definitions of 'Expatriate on the Web) Expatriate employees in China are diverse and the numbers of employees are vast. For example, the city of Hong Kong, which became free and independent of British rule in 1997, turned into a Special Administrative egion of China. On account of this, the city started to follow two diverse policies of administration and this allowed it autonomy from China, and this in turn resulted in Hong Kong being able to retain control over her schools and also her legal systems, while enjoying a free market economy. This very factor has attracted investors from all over the world to China, American numbering almost 1,100, and American residents in China numbering almost 50,000. (Hong Kong City Guide)
Hong Kong having the…
Author Unknown. (May 15, 2003) "Demand for Expatriates in China remains high" Retrieved at http://www.hewittasia.com/hewitt/ap/resource/articleindex/articles/article_05_15_03.htm
Falkoff, Rebecca. "Hong Kong City Guide" Retrieved at http://workabroad.monster.com/print/?article=/articles/hongkongguide/Index.asp
Glossary: Women Artists of the Americas" Retrieved at http://www.getty.edu/artsednet/resources/Maps/Women/glossary.html
Gross, Ames; McDonald, Timothy. (Spring 1998) "Meeting Diverse Staffing Needs in China" GROing Connexions. Retrieved at http://www.pacificbridge.com/pdf/pub_china_1998_diverse.pdf
" (fom Wold envionmental news, Intenet edition)
Besides developing flexible legislation that will distibute the functions of ecycling between manufactues and municipal sevices thee has to be a definite and developed pogam that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electonic waste, eduction of e-waste landfills and incineation. Recycling pogam should not be limited to the ecycling of CRT monitos, as thei ownes ae moe likely to bing the whole obsolete compute system to the ecycling, not just compute monitos.
The benefit of integal pogam of ecycling is that it allows using a vaiety of mateials used in the electonics manufactuing like pecious metals, semi-pecious metals, and some electonic items in the euse.
The most impotant pat of the e-waste management is seach of the most appopiate and qualified patnes in the technical o pactical pat of the poblem solution. This poblem is of the essential…
reference: being reused repaired and modernized; being recycled and the most ecologically disadvantageous solution is simply being land filled. But the realization of these practices faces a lot of obstacles mainly of financial character. All of them are quite expensive and do not bring desired return.
That's why scientists and economists agree in the following: recycling of e-waste has to be the concern of electronics manufacturers. Loop industry is the most optimal solution to the problem as the manufacturer becomes responsible for the recycling of the products he makes. Introduction of such practices has the negative outcomes of course. Because technological process becomes more complicated and intensive, requires involvement of additional equipment and facilities on the hand with new labour the net value of the production increases and so the customers would have to pay more for electronics.
Another direction in the solution of e-waste problem is export of e-waste to the developing countries, where the process of recycling is cheaper and the possibility of e-waste to be reused, repaired and modernized is higher. Moreover some third world countries use unpopulated territories for e-waste. Anyways, this kind of solution is not appropriate again, because most of these practices somehow avoid law regulations of these countries and cannot have a mass character. It only creates additional problem which would have to be solved in close future.
As most of experts agree that recycling of e-waste has to be the problem of e-products manufacturers they have to develop different effective strategies and technologies for the most optimal solution of this problem: starting form transportation of e-waste from customer to the process of recycling. At this point global environmental community has to cooperate and share new practices and approaches in solving this problem. It refers both to technology and legislative regulation of the problem.
And in developing own strategy for e-waste management the officials of different countries have to work together and adopt practices of each other that are being effective. Countries of European Union had already made the first steps to the solution of this problem, making manufactures to be responsible for the waste caused by their products. The United Sates and Canada should start to introduce these practices as well, if they want to achieve ecological balance and safe coexistence of scientific and technological progress with health of humanity.
To do this, her duties could be diversified, and her position modified in order to give her a greater sense of responsibility. One way to do this could be to appoint assistants whom Sue could train to handle her more elementary duties. She could then learn to assist some of the higher-level positions within the company and work her way towards a leadership position.
In today's democratic and equal society, the law protects workers in diverse workplaces. Indeed, democracy and equality in the workplace and society are two of the most important paradigms in the United States today. As a company that reflects the society it serves, it is the aim of WWW.toprovide its workers with optimal satisfaction and opportunities to realize their work related dreams. In order to do this, it is the manager's job to become familiar with all the legislation relating to workers, their protection and their…
Managing Out -- the Public Sector in the Community
Two major economic positions have dominated the public sector for more than a decade. One side believes that the government should take primary responsibility for the welfare of its citizens, while the other contends that greater reliance on the private sector is the method by which an economy can be more effectively managed. The first idea has largely been gleaned from the works of Keynes. He was an economist who believed that government intervention was required to maintain a stable economy and that the state was better equipped to be the central figure in economic management because it has a duty to the citizens which the private sector does not (Pressman, 2011). The counter to this politically liberal position is that of Frederich Hayek. He believed that free markets were the best regulators of the economy ( Griffiths, 2007) and that…
Bhatti, Y., Olsen, A.L., & Pedersen, L.H. (2009). The effects of administrative professionals on contracting out. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 22(1), 121-137.
Broughton, C., & Chalmers, J. (2001). Reconsidering the revolution? Australian public sector administration in 2000. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 60(1), 81-88.
Caldwell, B. (2011). Hayek on socialism and on the welfare state: A comment on Farrant and McPhail's "Does F.A. Hayek's Road to Serfdom deserve to make a comeback?" Challenge, 54(1), 82-97.
Davis, G., & Wood, T. (1998). Is there a future for contracting in the Australian public sector? Australian Journal of Public Administration, 57(4), 85-97.
Management Issues and Practices
James Strong, the former CEO and managing director of Qantas Airlines, twice sat on the panel convened at the Sydney office of CPA Australia to select those who would be recognized for the annual 40 Young Business Leaders list. Strong believed in the importance of nurturing young talent and threw himself wholeheartedly into leading much of the discussion among prominent leaders from all over the globe. Criteria for entrants included "the ability to land a top job, develop others and get the most from a team, and leading by example was also a must-have attribute" ("CPA Australia," 2014). To provide the scope and depth of the list-building endeavor, it is informative to explore the names of other participants on the panel, and to match them to the criteria they articulated for entrant evaluation. Here is a quick run down: James Strong looked for entrants who had…
40 young business leaders. In the Black. 2014 CPA Australia Ltd. Retrieved from http://www.itbdigital.com/lists/40-young-business-leaders-2013/
Bennis, W. (1997). Managing people is like herding cats. Covey Leadership Center.
Braithwaite, J. & Mannion, R. (2011). Managing change. In K. Walshe & J. Smith, Healthcare Management, pp. 830-861. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Cummings, G.G., McGregor, T., Davey, M. Lee, H., Wong, C.A., Lo, E., Muise, M. & Strafford, E. (2010). Leadership styles and outcome patterns for the nursing workforce and work environment: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(3), 363-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jnurstu.2009.08.006.
Managing the elationship Between Customer and E-Banking
E banking or the Electronic banking is an Electronic method of money transfer or the EFT. This is a means whereby, an individual transfers money directly from different accounts by use of an Electronic system. This service allows clients to make use of computers or electronic gadgets to access the accounts information and conduct the various transactions involved. The service is beneficial for customers working in remote locations or a workplace. Its biggest advantage is that the service is convenient to customers. A customer can access a transaction at any given time of the day whether at night or during the day. Other advantages of E-Banking include; lower operating system in that, the general operating costs for the E-banking system is usually lower for the banks. A customer registered for the Electronic banking system is guaranteed few errors during the transaction. The…
Alessandrini, P., Fratianni, M., & Zazzaro, A. (2009). The changing geography of banking and finance. Dordrecht, Springer Verlag.
Amin, H 2009, 'AN ANALYSIS OF ONLINE BANKING USAGE INTENTIONS: AN EXTENSION OF THE TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL', International Journal Of Business & Society, 10, 1, pp. 27-40, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
Computer Crime research Center. Fears over e-banking in the UK, Research. Retrieved From:
Darsow, M, & Listwan, L 2012, 'Corporate practitioners moving to mobile banking: Key factors driving adoption', Journal Of Payments Strategy & Systems, 5, 4, pp. 360-372, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 6 May 2012.
These are contained in the Enterprise Operations Center framework. The center has reach to the group of specialized telecommunication commercial and federally concentrated focused professionals within the CSC. These groups of individuals have thousands of certifications for operating Cisco, Microsoft, Sun, Nortel, Ayaya and many other types of equipment that assists any networking or telecommunication requirements of clients who are working with the Center. (Enterprise Network Managed Services Center of Excellence)
In order to entail the network-wide maintenance at the fingertips, Aglient's Network Troubleshooting Center -- NTC indicates a great leap ahead in the management of enterprise-wide networks. NCT includes a centralized view of network health achieved from various sources, including MON and SNMP and from the same console, centralized expert troubleshooting of remote problems applying distributed network analysis tools. The primary advantages are increasingly lesser respond and fix times and greatly lessened operational costs from both declined engineer travel…
Centralized Troubleshooting of Distributed Networks" Retrieved at http://www.phoenixdatacom.com/ntc.html . Accessed 28 August, 2005
Control your network: Why You Need IP Address Management" (July, 2002) Retrieved at http://www.checkpoint.com/products/downloads/Control_Your_Network.pdf?offer=wiwptAccessed 28 August, 2005
Enterprise Network Managed Services Center of Excellence" Retrieved at http://www.csc.com/aboutus/lef/mds68_off/enterprisenetwork.shtml . Accessed 28 August, 2005
Enterprise wide security on the Internet" Retrieved at http://www.newsviews.info/techbytes03.html. Accessed 28 August, 2005
His human resources management is not considered to be efficient. Specialists in the field have stated that Murdoch is a ruthless manager that terrorizes his employees in order to motivate them. His visits in certain divisions of his company determine increased tension among his employees and their superiors.
In addition to this, Murdoch's authoritative style determines his employees to follow the rules he establishes. His leadership style does not allow his subordinates to consider him a CEO, but a dictator they must fear. His style does not seem to be constant. This is because he is known for actions based on his mood. His behavior around employees is also in accordance with different requirements determined by the company's activity. This does not help create a stable work environment for employees.
The recruitment and selection process developed by Murdoch is based on aspects that are considered improper by human resources specialists.…
1. Leadership Styles (2011). Leadership Expert. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.leadership-expert.co.uk/leadership-styles/.
2. Webb, R. (2009). Leadership Styles vs. Motivation. Workplace Leadership. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://www.motivation-tools.com/workplace/leadership_styles.htm .
3. Subhadra, K. & Bhatia, V. (2004). Rupert Murdoch -- the Media Mogul. ICMR Center for Management Research. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
4. Wolinski, S. (2011). Feedback and Leadership. Retrieved April 5, 2011 from http://managementhelp.org/blogs/leadership/tag/leadership-skills/ .
The truth is that "creative" people and "geniuses" aren't any different than anyone else. They've only spent more time doing the things they wanted to be doing and pursuing the things they wanted to pursue. They had the courage and strength to persevere when others told them "no" it couldn't be done, or "you're wasting your time," "you're not going to make any money doing that," etc. And for their perseverance and strength in the face of adversity -- not their intellect or artistic ability - they've been awarded these labels "genius" and "creative."
Jobs closed out his speech with the following adage from an old publication he used to read, "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." What that means is exactly is this, one should keep pursuing his/her dreams and never stop, never be satisfied. And, in the eyes of some he/she will be a fool, but eventually, with time, courage,…
The change in the world structure population and the trend of migration of people from developing to developed countries raises critical issues that no company can ignore. Demographic changes are already influencing human resource and other departments of companies across major cities of developed nations like Japan, United States and German (Florian Kohlbacher, 2010). Demographic, therefore can be defined as the study of composition of social entity in terms of its members attributes which includes such factors such as gender, age, ethnicity, occupation, seniority, salary level and marital status (Kirton. Greene 2011).
However, during times of global economic and financial crisis, many companies usually deal with issues that seem to be more urgent, but with demographic change the issue is more complex, for example German's companies doing business in Japan need to face the challenges of demographic change in Japan population if they want to be successful in…
Resources in Latin America,
An Agenda for International Leaders book third edition
(2010). A Demographic Analysis -- Part II: Recruitment and Retention Issues
In the P & C. Insurance Industry In Canada
Constantinos, Fotakis (2010). DEMOGRAPHIC AGEING, EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
History of Reebok
he company of Reebok started in England in around 1890 to provide shoes which could help athletes run faster. he cleated running shoes were developed by Joseph William Foster and he had then started a company to make hand-stitched athletic shoes for the runners of that time. he enterprise continued in that manner and started with the name of Reebok International due to the starting of a new company by the grandsons of JW Foster. he name was taken from the name of an African gazelle. he company came to USA in 1979 when Paul Fireman bought an exclusive license for distribution of Reebok in North America. From the beginning itself, the products were the most expensive, and were being sold for $60 a pair even in 1979. he sales increased over time, and became $1.3 million in 1981, and then the production capacity of…
The international sales of Reebok were organized from the corporate office in Canton, and this office directly controlled sales in Latin America. The operations in Europe were controlled from the offices in Lancaster and London in England, as also the sales in the Middle East and Africa. There were wholly owned subsidiaries for marketing the Reebok branded products in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, Japan and South Korea. There were also majority owned subsidiaries for India, Mexico, and Spain. There were also 26 independent distributors and two joint ventures in which the company had minority interest. The entire effort marketed Reebok products in 170 countries and territories. During 2001, the total sales from international operations reduced to $1.170 billions from the previous year's figure of $1.176 billions. This was mainly due to weakening of the currencies against the dollar.
What are Reebok's and the industry's advertising and public relations strategies?
It has been stated earlier that the main strategy for all American sports footwear company has been to depend on celebrity endorsements, apart from New Balance. Even they had tried it initially. New Balance advertising featured unknown athletes and was generally released in special magazines like Outside, New England Runner and prevention as also on cable TV channels like CNN, the Golf Channel and A&E. The main slogan of the company is 'Achieve New Balance' and the slogan has not changed in five years. The headlines for the advertising are also different and like 'Life sucks go for a run'. The media strategy is clearly targeted at older people. This is the reason for Reebok to worry as the main buyers for Reebok are older people and kids who cannot spend $80 to $90 for a pair of shoes. Will New Balance finally upset the Reebok balance?
The most recent trajectory for China's economy has been notable for its absence of emphasis on heavy industry. Mao's original plans focused on heavy industry the major driver of Chinese economic growth. Deng, too, had wanted to build out China's capacity in steel and heavy manufacturing industries. In recent years, service industries and light manufacturing have taken a more prominent role in the Chinese economy. The sense is that during the first years of the reforms, it was essential for China to build out its industrial capacity. Having done that, the only role left is to leverage the heavy industry infrastructure in order to help build out the fledgling service industry.
It was the heavy industry that facilitated productivity growth in China in the past couple of decades. Productivity has contributed 13.5% of China's economic growth since the early 1930s (u, 2003). Substantial improvements in infrastructure and technology were able…
BBC: China's Economic Reform website. (2005). Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/nol/shared/spl/hi/pop_ups/quick_guides/05/asia_pac_china0s_economic_reform/html/1.stm
GDP figures from the International Monetary Fund. (2009) Retrieved May 2, 2009 from http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2008
History Learning Site. (n.d.) Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/china_five_year_plan.htm
Harms, William. (1996). China's Great Leap Forward. University of Chicago Chronicle. Retrieved May 1, 2009 from http://chronicle.uchicago.edu/960314/china.shtml
There are two things that concern the new facility in Walkerton and that need to be addressed. The first relates to the equipment and machines in use within the plant. As we have seen, one third of the equipment is obsolete and up to 50% will have to be renewed. However, clear steps have already been taken in this direction. The company is committed to transferring new product lines into Canada and the local government has a favorable tax treatment on the purchase of equipment. In this sense, the problem of obsoleteness may be successfully solved.
An even more serious problem, however, relates to the employees. As we have seen, and this is perhaps the best description which accounts for the current situation within the plant, the working environment reminds us of high school, only with adults. It is clear that, in order for the plant to become efficient…
But when it just recently occurred in 2004 at a store in Jonquiere, British Columbia, the reader must appreciate that a real battle had been won. The original efforts of that particular store for example had the local labor Commission reject certification by a margin of 74 to 65. When the union announced that it won the coveted certification at Quebec, it was quite a blow to the retailer. The Quebec Labour elations Commission issued the order certifying the United Food and Commercial Workers Union (UFCW) as the bargaining agent of employees in Wal-Mart's store in Jonquiere. As noted, the reason a victory of this magnitude is huge is because of the policies and tactics used by Wal-Mart. The retailer works diligently to prevent its workforce from engaging in any collective action and they have consistently shown that they are willing to cross the line to guarantee their position.
Baek, Seung Wook. (2000.) "The Changing Trade Unions in China." Journal of Contemporary Asia: March.
Budd, John W. (1994). "The Effect of Multinational Institutions on Strike Activity in Canada." Industrial and Labor Relations Review.
Corbett, Brian (2002). "Southern hospitality." Ward's Auto World, August.
Delsohn, Gary. (1997.) "UPS Strike May Revive American Labor Movement." Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News: Sept.
Various suggestions have been made as to how to correct for these losses, such as job retraining for more technical jobs.
As more and more union jobs are outsourced to foreign workers, more union workers in the United States are unemployed, with little recourse except to retrain and to target another type of work. hen they do so, they may not be as eager to join a union given that being a union member did not protect them the last time.
More and more companies are altering business relations and work relations today by outsourcing to foreign climes, in effect exporting jobs, as has been charged. Theoretically, though, this should be accompanied by different kinds of jobs in the United States, with the promise of higher tech jobs, more computer-oriented work, and higher salaries as a result. Observers see something else happening, however, as more and more manufacturing jobs are…
Burn, Timothy. "Unions Halt Decline in Membership." The Washington Times (20 Jan 2000), 1.
Freeman, Richard and Arthur Ticknor. "Wal-Mart Is Not a Business, it's an Economic Disease." Executive Intelligence Review (14 Nov 2003). July 31, 2007. http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2003/3044wal-mart.html .
Goldman, Abigail and Nancy Cleeland. "An Empire Built on Bargains Remakes the Working World." Los Angeles Times (23 Nov 2003). July 31, 2007. http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-walmart23nov23,1,2729555.story?coll=la-home-business .
Union Members in 2006." News: United Stats Department of Labor (25 Jan 2007). July 31, 2007. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf .
Wal-Mart's challenges in the Global market
Wal-Mart as the world's leading retailer has been spreading very fast extending its power across the world market. This began with the nine countries in South America, Asia, and Europe. This expansion is likely to extend even in the near future. As the company attempts at penetrating the hypermarket culture in different countries, it has encountered a battery of severe problems in the process of its global operations. Joint ventures and acquisitions of local businesses have become a major challenge in nationalism economies. Therefore, strict rules and regulations imposed by governments have blocked Wal-Mart's business operations. Late entry and miscalculating competitors have destroyed location opportunities and tampered with Wal-Mart's relationship with local suppliers. The company experienced big challenges in the global market due to its inability to adapt to new local cultures. In addition, sex discrimination, unions, and low wages prompted employees to…
Brunn, S.D. (2006). Wal-Mart world: The world's biggest corporation in the global economy. New York: Routledge.
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2008). Strategic management: Competitiveness and globalization. Mason, Ohio: Southwestern.
Jha, M. (2011). Retail Management. Michigan: Gyan Publishing House.
Kneer, C. (2009). The Wal-Mart Success Story. California: GRIN Verlag, 2009
" (Kotler and Lee 2005, p.3). Since this study was published, the contributions have steadily increased making CS an integral part of every major company today.
A report by Price Water Cooper House in 2010 shows that the CS initiatives and reporting has increased despite the sagging economy and this points to a positive change in the mindset of the management of companies. "PWC explains that such reports have become critical to a company's credibility, transparency and endurance." (Business & the Environment 2010, p.5). The reduced role of the Government in business circles is only going to further increase this trend because companies feel they have an obligation to the society at large and they want to make this country a better place for living. All this is done out of their own interest and initiative rather than any force by any external institution. Also, many companies understand the significance…
Associated Press. 2011, February 25. State and Local Budget Cuts are slowing the U.S. Economy. Fox News. [Online] Available at: http://www.foxnews.com/us/2011/02/25/government-budget-cuts-pose-threat-recovery / [Accessed 27 March 2011]
No Author. 2011. Political Conditions. United States Country Review. 1(5). pp29-258.
Kotler, Philip; Lee, Nancy. 2005. Corporate Social Responsibility: Doing the most good for your company and your cause. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
BSD Global. 2011. Corporate Social Responsibility. International Institute for Sustainable Development. [Online]. Available at: http://www.iisd.org/business/issues/sr.aspx [Accessed 27 March 2011]
The statement regulating accounting for stock-based compensations defines a fair value-based method of accounting for an employee stock option or similar equity instrument and encourages all entities to adopt that method of accounting for all of their employee stock compensation plans. However, it also allows an entity to continue to measure compensation cost for those plans using the intrinsic value-based method of accounting prescribed by APB Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees. The fair value-based method is preferable to the Opinion 25 method for purposes of justifying a change in accounting principle under APB Opinion No. 20, Accounting Changes. Entities electing to remain with the accounting in Opinion 25 must make pro forma disclosures of net income and, if presented, earnings per share, as if the fair value-based method of accounting defined in this statement had been applied.
Stock options are the most frequently used method in…
Cadbury, Sir a. 1992. Committee on the Financial Aspects of Corporate Governance. London, Gee.
Combined Code. 2003. The combined code on Corporate Governance. London, Financial Reporting Council.
Directors' Remuneration Report Regulations. 2002. Available at http://www.opsi.gov.uk
Girma, S., Thompson, S. And Wright, P.W. 2007. Corporate governance reforms and executive compensation determination: evidence from the UK, the Manchester School, vol. 75(1): pp. 65-81.
As a team leade o team membe, it is vital to foste communication and undestanding within the team. Teamwok is the key to a successful poject, whethe the team consists of one supeviso and one woke, o if the team is a lage goup assigned to a paticula task. Team membes can use a vaiety of methods to bette undestand communication in the team setting, as well as finding motivation to do the best wok possible.
When developing a team, it is impotant fo the team leade to select membes that will be poductive and pleasant. The team membe selection pocess is among the most impotant duties the team leade will have to pefom as a pat of the team. The team needs to be a positive mix of people with the ight combination of skills that will make the goup successful. Accoding to the BPR Leaning Cente…
references in the MBTI system are based on four basic categories, which in theory affect the way the team member will perform tasks. The first subscale is the extroversion vs. introversion, and is a measurement of how outgoing and sociable someone is. Those who are very extroverted will likely interact openly and willingly with other group members, sharing ideas readily. Introverted team members may be more independent and less open socially. The second subscale is the intuition vs. sensing, which measures how much attention someone pays to their imagination vs. reality. Team members that are very sensing are more likely to focus on practicalities. The third subscale is thinking vs. feeling, which measures
(Krukowski, 2001) Civil religion and workplace mysticism each change the institutional locus of religious expression from the church, synagogue, or mosque to another public organization- the state or the company. The existence of these different organizations hoists the main question of individuality and perhaps challenging faithfulness.
Both civil religion and workplace theology do not show the likely clashes and problems often met by employees who are also religious practitioners. Jews, Christians, or Muslims who are workforce of a company may well have grounds to question the customs of their company on religio-moral basis. Workplace theology in a funded organization does not distinguish these possible clashes. Institutionally conveying workplace theology is obviously not identical with permitting individual employees to convey their beliefs and customs at work. This grave outlook of workplace theology should not be realized, as a censure of persons who want to live out their definite religious or spiritual…
Alpert, Richard T. "Religious Diversity in the workplace." Retrieved at http://users.crocker.com/~amedpub/rc21d/Religion%20in%20the%20Workplace11.htm. Accessed on 4 February, 2005
"Workplace Religious Freedom: What is an Employer's Duty to Accommodate? A Review of Recent Cases" Workplace Religious Freedom / 49. Retrieved at http://homepages.ius.edu/LCHRISTI/Journal%20of%20emply/religious%20accommodation.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
Deveney, William D. (September-October, 2004) "Religious Harassment Claims: Case Studies in Good Faith." No. 05-05. Retrieved at http://www.etsw.com/NewsletterLB/2004_09-10.pdf . Accessed on 4 February, 2005
S. Airways and United have been stifled twice before, but renewed interest in the merger possibility has been created as a result of economic re-stabilization. But the two companies are currently in merger talks that would make U.S. Airways the second largest airline. The industry reported a $60 billion dollar loss since 2000 which has spurred interest in consolidation. Even with the dramatic declines in capacity by airlines collectively, in recent years, experts believe that there are too many airlines and a shortage in travelers. A merger could help both increase the earnings per share in a smaller timeframe than either company can accomplish alone.
But mergers in the airline industry have been difficult to pull off, in part because complex labor contracts can offset the promised cost savings. Delta and Northwestern recently merged, creating the nation's largest carrier after two years of implementation. William S. Swelbar, (research engineer at…
Corridore, Jim. "Airlines."Standard and PoorsNetAdvantage. www.netadvantage.standardpoor.com.online.library.marist.edu/NASApp/NetAdvantage/showIndustrySurvey.do?code=air (accessed May 14, 2011).
Crutsinger, Martin. "IMF: U.S. economy slowing but global growth gaining USATODAY.com." News, Travel, Weather, Entertainment, Sports, Technology, U.S. & World - USATODAY.com. http://www.usatoday.com/money/economy/2010-10-06-imf-economic-forecast_N.htm (accessed May 14, 2011).
Bureau of Labor Statistics Graph: "The cost of airline fares and lodging away from home" http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_ugWk-rnkqXM/SYMF82UCWcI/AAAAAAAAD6U/eRlBYBU4j7s/s400/IATA+Performance+Month+Dec+2008.png (Accessed May 14, 2011).
Reed, Ted. "U.S. Airways Pilots to Seek New Union." TheStreet.com. http://www.thestreet.com/s/us-airways-pilots-to-seek-new-union/newsanalysis/transportation/10382899.html . (accessed May 14, 2011).
In the GEOMA methodology, carbon dioxide displaces methane within the water lattice which reforms into a more stable state than was present with the methane. While this new technology is still in development, it is very promising (Traufetter, 2007). ecent advances by researchers from Japan, China, India, Canada, Australia, and the United States could result in commercial exploitation of Methane gas within the decade.
Natural gas recovery techniques have come a long way since that first primitive well in Fredonia. Now, a complex and sophisticated process brings natural gas from the field to your home. Exploration for new sources of natural gas has become a highly evolved science. Geologists study the physical structure of a potential site. The scientists can use seismology and magnetometers to develop three dimensional models of the earth using computer programs designed for that purpose. These models allow the geologists to narrow down specific areas that…
MEMO to Senior Management:
hat are the differences in operating a union-free workplace vs. A unionized workplace?
Here is some background on the issue. A view that many observers express is that unions tend to raise "non-union wages" (aschik, et al., 2010). The way the argument goes is that when there is a union shop, wages go up. Hence, non-union companies raise their salaries as well to complete with union shops (aschik, 263). Also, the scenario includes this suggestion: if "production-line workers" get raises thanks to the union, the company will then be obliged to raise the wages of "non-union management" in order to continue their wage differential between the workers and management (aschik, 263).
There is a rebuttal to those suggestions: market forces have not been taken into account, aschik explains. hen unions raise wages, it causes companies to lay some workers off, and those workers that…
Gwartney, J., Stoup. R., Sobel, R., and Macpherson, D. (2014). Microeconomics Private and Public Choice. Independence, IN: Cengage Learning.
National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). (2008). Employee Rights. Retrieved December 5,
2014, from http://www.dol.gov .
United States Department of Labor / Office of Labor-Management Standards. (2010).
Carl Peterson is a marketing assistant at a medium sized investment firm in the U.S. He has been in the position for the last 1 year, and he is primarily involved in supporting the marketing manager on sales and marketing projects. This role specifically entails aspects such as organising market research, analysing questionnaires, compiling marketing reports, conducting promotional activities, and engaging clients. In the recent performance review conducted just a few weeks ago, significant shortcomings emerged in Peterson's performance. The review particularly revealed frequent mistakes, consistent inability to follow instructions, repeated failure to meet deadlines, as well as poor interpersonal and communication skills. Other aspects of poor performance that emerged include inattention to detail, poor teamwork skills, and frequent lateness to work. Peterson's weaknesses have significantly disrupted the flow of work at the marketing department, with most of his colleagues increasingly showing reluctance to work with him. More…
In refusing to bargain or negotiate with Mr. Bolton, attorney for Mr. Allen, the Postal Service was upholding its contract with the Union to consider the Union the sole bargaining agent for Mr. Allen and other rural mail carriers. The Union's claim that management discounted the information provided by Mr. Bolton because he was a non-bargaining agent is a gross misrepresentation of the occurrence; no real information was provided by Mr. Bolton that had bearing on this case, and management politely but firmly denied to further correspond with the attorney for matters it had contracted to negotiate through the union. Management had stated that Allen would be reinstated should the charges be dropped or Allen acquitted, and until that time the grievance and dismissal were solely labor -- and not criminal -- concerns.
There is no reason that the Union should not be allowed to provide character witnesses attesting to…
Unions in America today
The document outlines the pros and cons of unions in America. It takes into consideration how unions improve the working environments for workers. The paper considers the power of unions on law makers, collective bargaining and other advantages. The cons include decline in competitive advantage for American companies, low productivity and motivation and many others.
In any organization, unions act as binding agreements between employees and management. In this case, a group of persons are responsible for conducting negotiations with the management for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of workers. Unions originate from the period of American depression when workers faced various work challenges including low remuneration, and unfavorable working conditions. The purpose of this essay is to explore the pros and cons of unions in America in the current times.
Unions improve the working conditions and welfare of workers
One of the positive…
Bennett, J.T., & Kaufman, B.E. (2002). The future of private sector unionism in the United
States. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.
Pride, W.M., Hughes, R.J., & Kapoor, J.R. (2012). Business. Mason, OH: South-Western
Managing Diversity Matters
A Study on QANTAS
Women Representation at QANTAS
QANTAS' Focus on Diverse Needs of Customers
QANTAS Ideology Regarding Recruitment of Youth
Challenges Faced y QANTAS
In today's challenging global scenario where competition is rising every day, it is necessary for Multinational organizations to address the basic need of today's business world: diversity. Customers, employees, strategic alliances, competitors, industry norms etc.; they are all subject to changes every day. This is the reason why organizations must need to show adaptability to the change and address the diverse needs of all these stakeholders. Furthermore, while discussing MNCs, it is noticeable that one of the industries (with highest degree of diversity in its operations) is the aviation industry. Australia is one of the most culturally diverse in the world, according to a 2009 study by L. Leveson in the International Journal of Manpower. The study explored current attitudes to diversity…
Arthur, J.B 1994, 'Effects of Human Resource Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover', Academy of Management Journal, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 670-687.
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Berman, E., West, J. And Wang, X 1999, 'Using Performance Measurement in Human Resource Management', Review of Public Personnel Administration, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 5-17.
Previously the element of interest and personal motivation were found missing, the technical capabilities of the employees have never been a matter of debate, however the personal and mental capacities and limitations are either ignored or not respected which resulted in the poor performance of the organization. Apparently, the rise in the demands pertaining to the particpation of the employees and the industrial democracy has also distorted the professional environment. Such all complains were lately resolved and answered through the unique approach of the organization, the organization has understood the significance of the employees, and had realized that their performance is not based upon their professional capabilities, but rather it is the function of the mental capability of the employee related to the friendly and conducive environment offered to the employees occasionally. The need of the employees that focus upon peaceful, conducive and liberal environment has been ensured, which required…
Hamel, G. Leading the Revolution. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. 2000. Pp. 123-124.
Keely, L. Strategic Choices. Dublin Group presentation materials, unpublished. 1999.
Mahler, W., & Drotter, S. The Succession Planning Handbook for the Chief Executive, Midland Park, NJ: Mahler Publishing Co. 1986.
McKinsey and Co. The War for Talent Survey, New York, NY: McKinsey and Co. publication. 1997.
Integrating Total Quality Environmental Management Systems - a Critical Study of TQEM
Relevance of TQM to Environmental Management
Scope of Dissertation
Moving from Reactive to Proactive Management
Understanding TQM in Relation to TQEM
History of TQM
Operation of TQM
Quality and Environmental Management Standards
Environmental Management Systems
Weaknesses of EMS Standards
Total Quality Environmental Management
Comparing ISO 9000 and ISO 14000
Integrating the ISO 14000 Environmental Management System
Impact of certification on economic and ecological performances
Research Design and Nature
Integrating a Sustainable EMS with TQM
Steps to Implementing an Effective TQEM Strategy
INTEGRATING QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ManagementS SYSTEMS - A CRITICAL STUDY
ackground and Overview of Study
For decades economic growth has been considered the main indicator of a healthy society (Oliver, 1996). However, only recently has society begun to recognize the environmental cost of this growth. As a result, there is now an…
Bibliography working paper. Winnipeg, MB: International Institute for Sustainable Development, 1996. 58
Bisang, O. (2000), Green Banking - The Value of ISO 14001 Certification
Chattopadhyay, S.P. (2001), "Improving the Speed of ISO 14000 Implementation: A Framework for Increasing Productivity," Managerial Auditing Journal, 16/1, pp. 36-39.
Chinn, R. (March 21, 2001). Roadmap to Realization -- "Getting Started with Your QMS/EMS Integration Process. Alamo Learning Systems.
Clark, D. (1999), What Drives Companies to Seek ISO 14000 Certification, Pollution Engineering, Summer, pp. 14.
Human esource Management Book eview:
The Management of a Multicultural Workforce
Tayeb, Monir H. (1996) The Management of a Multicultural Workforce. London, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Issues pertaining to diversity and cultural education that once used to be the sole province of major multinational corporations have now become central issues even in many small and medium-sized companies today. No company can take comfort in its currently enclosed organizational culture and simply assert that 'that is the way things are done,' as an answer to all questions of cultural difference and organizational diversity. Also, Monir Tayeb suggests in the text The Management of a Multicultural Workforce that it is not simply enough that a company pats itself on the back that it has a manifestly, culturally diverse workforce in its demographic makeup. ather, such medium- and small-sized businesses as well as to multinational organizations must institute specific human resource management…
Resources Management by Jack J. Phillips stresses the need for human resources to provide justification for itself as a department in a 'bottom line' fashion that the author deems is most feasible and comprehensible to management, this text by Tayeb provides an even more critical fashion for human resources to remain respected in a functional organization that wishes to become more diverse. Without appropriate human resources intervention, diversity and cultural education may be understaffed and under-appreciated. Likewise, this text also provides an important cultural caveat for the text entitled The Team Trainer, Winning Tools and Tactics for Successful Workouts by William Gorden, Carole Barbato, Erica Nagel and Scott Myers. Some of the methodologies in that eminently readable text on team training might not be immediately amicable to more reserved cultural environments and climates, although it is, I believe, to my own environment, although not to every manager I have talked to in other organizations in my industry.
The Management of a Multicultural Workforce makes a persuasive and useful argument for the value of diversity education in all organizations. The nature of the education may vary according to the organization's size and composition of the employee and employer's backgrounds. Diversity education may seem more necessary in large organizations with individual of varied backgrounds, or reorganizing companies with a work staff from different organizational management environments and cultures. But still, diversity education and flexibility and tolerance in any organization cannot be ignored. The emphasis on the implications of national and organizational cultures for human resource management practices all firms of varying sizes remains key to coping with tomorrow's challenges. The text offers practical solution options as well as a historical context to the evolving concept of what constitutes a culture and notions of diversity. Finally, the text also provides potent statistical and real-life anecdotal evidence of the importance and the richness of such diversity for employees on a personal level, as well as how diversity is an asset, economically, to a company. Most importantly of all, The Management of a Multicultural Workforce highlights in a realistic rather than an idealistic fashion the tensions that will inevitable arise in newly heterogeneous settings at home and abroad, and the way that diversity education in human resource management practices can be translated and transported across borders.
Managing Organisational Culture
The values and behaviors that contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of an organization make up the organizations culture. Organizational culture is the summation total of an organization's past and current suppositions, incidents, viewpoint, and values that hold it together, and is articulated in its self-image, inner workings, connections with the outside world, and future prospects.
In dealing with the management of organisational culture, it is firstly essential to recognize as fully as possible the characteristics of the existing or new target culture to include the myths, symbols, rituals, values and assumptions that strengthen the culture. Organisational culture is not something that can be viewed very easily it is consequently quite hard to replace it. Usually when certain leaders form a company, their values are converted into the actions of the members of that organisation. When other leaders take over, it may not…
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Campbell, B. 2010. [ONLINE]. How To Improve Your Corporate Culture. Available at: http://www.bcbusinessonline.ca/bcb/business-sense/2010/05/28/how-improve-your-corporate-culture [Accessed 15 August 2012].
Differences in Culture. n.d. [ONLINE]. Available at: http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/cultural.htm [Accessed 24 August 2012].
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When speaking about unions and the leverage they do or do not have at any given time, a pertinent question can easily become whether the unions are in a better position to bargain when the company is doing well or when it is doing poor. Also relevant is how the wider economy is, how the cost of living is changing (or not changing) and so forth. While it may seem like an easy answer to give, there can be factors that lean one way or another even if the overall picture is gloomy. While unions will generally have a better position to bargain when the economy, in both its current and projected future states, are good, there is more than one factor that matters and which way they all fall can vary from factor to factor.
There are two different scenarios posed for the author of this…
NBER. (1982). Cost-of-Living Adjustment Clauses in Union Contracts. NBER. Retrieved 9
September 2016, from http://www.nber.org/papers/w0998
Patton, C. (2016). Tug of war: How HR can prepare to negotiate with unions. University
Business Magazine. Retrieved 9 September 2016, from https://www.universitybusiness.com/article/tug-war-how-hr-can-prepare-negotiate-unions
management styles used by JC Penney's management and pros and cons of each era of management. The paper begins with a general introduction of the management and then by answering the questions asked. The paper also evaluates company's management styles and problems faced by the company. Importance of innovative management style and a suitable style for JC Penney is also considered in the given paper.
Penney being one of the 'largest retailers in the United States of America' was founded in the year 1902 by James Cash Penney. At its inception the company owned three departmental stores. The company now owns and operates a chain of more than 1050 department stores in the country. (Hoover's Company Profile, 2014) Throughout the period of more than a century of its operations the company has witnessed many changes in management and operations, all directed at making the company and its stores widely…
Bhasin, K. (2013). JC Penney's Senior Management Team Knows There's Only One Way Out Of This Mess. Business Insider, 18th March.
Bhasin, K. (2013). Inside JC Penney: widespread fear, anxiety, and distrust of Ron Johnson and his new management team. Business Insider, 22nd February.
Chernev, A. (2012). Two questions haunting J.C. Penney. Retrieved from: http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-08-13/two-questions-haunting-j-dot-c-dot-penney [Accessed: 25 Jan 2014].
Daft, R.L. (2012). Management. Australia: South-Western.
Types of responsibilities an organization has to stakeholders
This article is subject to the responsibilities that the organization has towards the stakeholders. They include both external and internal stakeholders. Internal stakeholders refer to the shareholders who are the management and employees. External stakeholders refer to the community, credit competitors, suppliers and consumers. The employees are considered significant stakeholders. The employees remain in a subservient position in the organization regardless of the fact that they provide the necessary labor. Regarding this fact, state and federal laws have been put in place to govern the rights of employees and ensure that they are fairly compensated and treated with respect. The employment laws provides for 8 rights of the employee. They include the freedom of voicing concerns without retaliation from the employer, medical and family leave, non-discriminatory hiring, benefits of unemployment, safe working environment, and equal compensation regardless of gender, minimum wage and…
Turning around a failing organization: NBC
One of the most outstanding management success stories of the latter 20th century was Jack elch's revitalization of the then failing GE corporate enterprise, through his statistically quantified quality control procedure known as Six Sigma. Quality control is defined as "the managerial process during which actual process performance is evaluated and actions are taken on unusual performance. It is a process to ensure whether a product meets predefined standards and requisite action taken if the standards are not met." ("Quality Control," Six Sigma, 2004) elch set standards for his new corporation in specific and quantifiable ways, and forced its different divisions to meet those specifications.
However, at present, there is a glaring decline in one of GE's key divisions, that of NBC. Once upon a time, long, long ago in entertainment news history, NBC was at the forefront of cutting edge television, with its…
CNN.com. (17 Jan 2005) "CBS Back on top of the Ratings." Retrieved 23 Jan 2005. http://www.cnn.com/2005/SHOWBIZ/TV/01/20/nielsens.ap/index.html
Six Sigma Dictionaries. (2004) "Quality Control." Retrieved 23 Jan 2005.