480+ documents containing “urbanization”.
This in turn drew more workers (Hassan 2004). The result is that Kuala Lumpur has added millions to its population and enjoys a far greater average annual income than does rural Malaysia. Indeed, Harris-Todaro also helps to explain urban-urban migration in Malaysia. As Kuala Lumpur has grown to be the country's primate city, it has captured migration from smaller urban areas, including the region's former primate cities such as Melaka and Georgetown.
Compact development for a sustainable city is generally possible when a long-term strategy is put into place. Typically, this will also involve a slower pace of rural-urban migration, so that the city will have the resources to handle the new migrants. Curitiba, Brazil is a city that has long had a sustainable development plan. By designing a city that encourages compact development, including dense and integrated transit networks, urban sprawl is contained. Compact development typically emerges as a….
Hassan, a. (2004). Growth, structural change and regional inequality in Malaysia. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.
Kotkin, J. (2009). The world's smartest cities. Forbes. Retrieved November 23, 2010 from http://www.forbes.com/2009/12/03/infrastructure-economy-urban-opinions-columnists-smart-cities-09-joel-kotkin.html
Magalhaes, F. & Ortiz, M. (2009). Low carbon cities: Curitiba and Brasilia. 45th ISOCARP Congress 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2010 from http://www.isocarp.net/Data/case_studies/1492.pdf
Misilu, M.; Nsokimieno, E.; Chen, S.; Zhang, L. (2010). Sustainable urbanization's challenge in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Sustainable Development. Vol. 3 (2).
In developed nations this is easier because technologies and materials, often expensive and hard to come by, can help to mitigate pollution. In less developed nations, pollution is often somewhat of an afterthought as a product of production or prosperity (Termorshuizen, Opdam, and van den Brink, 380). By creating cheaper, more fuel efficient technologies and by making them available to all nations, pollution in the third world and developing nations' urban environments can be reduced as well.
Another top priority for urban planning and development should be lifestyle factors. These factors include access to parks, open spaces, community centers and the like. This is a major concern because people living in places where these types of spaces are abundant tend to be happier and feel more fulfilled (Termorshuizen, Opdam, and van den Brink, 383). It is far more difficult to create and promote these spaces in urban environments that have….
Rees, William and Wackernagel, Mathis. (2008). "Urban Ecological Footprints: Why Cities
Cannot be Sustainable -- and Why They are a Key to Sustainability." Urban Ecology, Vol. 5, No. 5, Pp. 537-555.
Termorshuizen, Jolande W.; Opdam, Paul; and van den Brink, Adri. (2007). "Incorporating
Ecological Sustainability into Landscape Planning." Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 79, No. 3-4, Pp. 374-384.
Tillburg planners use a problem-solution strategy that will be familiar to many CEOs and corporate executives. The basic process is as follows:
1. problem recognition - to identify all problems in the neighborhood;
2.agreement - to discuss the results together;
3.the solution - how the recognized problems can be solved;
4.the responsibilities - who is responsible for carrying out the solution;
5.the agreement - are individuals and organizations in agreement with the solutions. (Unesco, 2008d).
Every city planning commission could benefit from this example.
Banana Kelly Community Improvement Association
The Bronx Center Project encompasses a number of cooperative efforts ranging from economic development, health and human services, education, culture, housing, and transportation (Unesco, 2008e). This project highlights the need to attack community programs at the root of the problem. Moving out of degraded communities is not the answer. evitalization is an excellent use of existing resources. Instead of using new resources and allowing those in local communities….
RaphaelK. (n.d.). Ethiopia. Retrieved October 10, 2008 at http://www.raphaelk.co.uk/web%20pics/Ethiopia/Ethiopia.htm
Unesco (2008a). Institutionalizing Community-Based Development. Unesco. Most Clearing House. Retrieved October 10, 2008 at http://www.unesco.org/most/africa17.htm
Unesco (2008b). A Women's Self-help Organization for Poverty Alleviation in India: SEWA I India. Retrieved October 10, 2008 at http://www.unesco.org/most/asia1.htm
Unesco (2008c).Shelter Upgrading in Agadir, Morocco. Retrieved October 10, 2008 at http://www.unesco.org/most/africa3.htm
1995, 359-365). However, Chicago is well placed due its geographical location to weather many of these ills. eing centrally located in the Midwest, it enjoys good lines of communication and trade with the rest of the country, mitigating many of the more extreme problems. Unfortunately, what is happening in Chicago is the result of years of developments in the deindustrialization of the city. Recently, studies have shown that this trend will likely continue and Chicago will increasingly become dependent on goods and services from outside of the city. While this has helped the city previously (goods and services flow in and out of the city easily due its central location), the effects of Chicago not making more of its goods and services is starting to show. In an excellent study, it has been possible to produce a comprehensive economic photograph of the 1996, 14).
If the above trends continue (and….
Burns, Greg. Chicago Tribune.com, "Recession stanches Chicago's population drain." Last modified
October 26, 2009. Accessed October 4, 2011. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-10 -
Gupta, Sapna. Immigrants in the Chicago suburbs a policy paper prepared for Chicago metropolis
Urbanization, Slum Formation and Land eform: A Case Study of Papua New Guinea
Urbanization, Slum Formation and Land eform: Papua New Guinea
Global Urbanization, Slum Formation, and the Persistence of Slums
Urbanization is a phenomenon affecting each and every country of the world. In this text, I hypothesize that Papua New Guinea ought to fix its land policies so as to properly manage urbanization. One of the country's cities, Port Moresby, has been grappling with informal settlements as a consequence of rural-urban migration that has taken place in the past, sine the 1960s. Currently, up to 50% of Port Moresby's residents (both recent and long-established) put up in informal settlements. If the issue of land is not addressed, as will be highlighted elsewhere in this text, the situation is likely to worsen given that the country's rural to urban migration is projected to be on a sustained upward trend. Papua New Guinea's urbanization….
Agnihotri, P. (1994). Poverty Amidst Prosperity: Survey of Slums. New Delhi: M.D. Publications.
Asia Sentinel. (2012). Port Moresby's Squatter Settlements. Retrieved from http://www.asiasentinel.com/society/port-moresbys-squatter-settlements/
Cities Alliance. (2011). Cities Alliance Projects Approved. Retrieved from http://www.citiesalliance.org/ca_newsletters/newsletter_proj/141
Cities Alliance. (2014). About Slum Upgrading. Retrieved from http://www.citiesalliance.org/About-slum-upgrading#Why_do_slums_develop
Moreover, the "Great Leap Forward" was a negative response to "urban-centered planning strategies; and the "Cultural Revolution" involved the "excision of tens of millions of urban educated from the cities" in an effort to "dissipate the new and threatening forces of urban-based elitism" (Kirkby, p. 5).
As to what tasks the government has taken regarding urbanization since 1949, Article 10 of the 1958 law ordered each residence to have a "hukou bu" (permanent registration booklet) designed to "anchor people to their native places," Kirkby writes, and to "prevent unauthorized movement" into cities (p. 25). In 1978 China ushered in an "open policy" which was followed by a big increase in the urbanization. A United Nations University article states that the "regional distribution of the urbanization level I still similar" to what was happening prior to the open policy and economic reforms (http://unu.edu). hy? The provincial variation in the urbanization level….
Asia One. (2008). China's Urban Challenge. Retrieved March 18, 2011, from http://news.asiaone.com .
Huang, Kaiyang. (2011). China's Urbanization Dilemma. Harvard Political Review. Retrieved March 18, 2011, from http://hpronline.org.
Kirkby, R.J.R. (1985). Urbanization in China: Town and Country in a Developing Economy
1949-2000 AD. New York: Columbia University Press.
Population and Urbanization in Brazil
Brazil, officially known as the Federative epublic of Brazil, is located in the eastern side of South America. Without a doubt, Brazil is the largest of the Latin American countries as it covers about half of the South American continent. Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru Uruguay, and Venezuela are some of its well-known neighboring countries. Its capital is Brasilia while Sao Paulo and io de Janeiro are the country's largest cities ("Brazil," 2009). Brazil occupies a vast territory with most of its large cities located either on the Atlantic coast or the banks of large watercourses. It falls in the category of one of the world's largest economies as it has strong sectors of agriculture, mining, industry, and services. Its major trading partners are Argentina, China, Germany and the United States. The official language is Portuguese whereas English is spoken as a widely accepted second language.….
Brazil. (2012). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved April 14, 2012 from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/78101/Brazil
Brazil. (2009). In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved April 13, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=117008036
Martine, G., & McGranahan, G. (2010, August). Brazil's Early Urban Transition: What Can it Teach Urbanizing Countries?. Retrieved April 14, 2012 from http://www.citiesalliance.org/ca/sites/citiesalliance.org/files/IIED_Brazil 'sEarlyUrbanTransition.pdf
Plessis, A.D. (2011). Brazil. Retrieved April 14, 2012 from http://www.brazil.org.za/
Industrialization, Immigration, Urbanization, And Transportation in United States Post Civil War
The process to modernize the American states after the end of the Civil War was one of the most complex events that shape the way in which the history of the United States would evolve in the 20th century. There were several aspects of the history of the States that determined changes influenced by consequences of these events. In this sense, the processes of industrialization, immigration, transportation, and urbanization were essential for the evolution of the U.S. In the period since 1860 to 1920 when the U.S. became indeed an important power in the world.
However, there is a sequence of events that determine such outcomes. Therefore, it can be said that it was in fact the industrialization process which influenced the development of the others. It was a causal relationship between these elements that all together determined the evolution of….
Davison, Barbara. Italian Immigration to Maryland in the Industrial Era. 1998. 13 Feb 2008. http://oriole.umd.edu/~mddlmddl/791/communities/html/italiani.html
Katers, N. "Industrialization of America 1860-1900." Associated Content. 2006. 13 Feb 2008. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/28613/industrialization_of_america_18651900.html
Rise of Industrial America, 1876-1900. Immigration to the United States. 2004. 13 Feb 2008. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/riseind/immgnts/immgrnts.html
Urbanization of America. N.d. 13 Feb 2008 http://urban.csuohio.edu/ust607text/ch12urbanamerica.pdf
Babes in Warland; Agrarian eforms/Urbanization and Child Abuse
Babes in Warland agrarian reforms urbanization and child abuse_A2072388
The pictorial shows how perpetrators of civil wars take advantage of children. Children are enlisted in rebel army ranks in many armed conflicts in the African continent. Amnesty International estimates that over 250, 000 children under the age of 18 years take part in armed conflicts. UNICEF reports that the services of more than 300-000 children are used in the armed conflicts in the DC. The services of child soldiers have been enlisted in virtually all armed conflicts in Africa. Talk of Zairean Tutsi fighters in the DC, the Young Somali Islamist fighters, the Al-shabab militias, Joseph Kony's Lords esistance Army in Uganda and the Liberian United for econciliation and Democracy fighters. The United States backed Somali government also enlisted child soldiers (Anonymous, n.d.).
Armed conflicts that have led to conscription of child soldiers into rebel….
Anonymous. (n.d.). Babes in Warland - An FP Slideshow | Foreign Policy. Foreign Policy - the global magazine of economics, politics, and ideas. Retrieved August 16, 2012, from http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/10/29/babes_in_war_land#0
Cotula, L., Toulmin, C., & Hesse, C. (2004). Land Tenure and Administration in Africa: Lessons
of experience and Emerging Issues. London: International Institute for Environment and Development.
Moyo, S. (2008). African Land Questions, Agrarian Transitions and the State: Contradictions of Neo-liberal Land Reforms. Dakar: CODESRIA.
Keyder, Caglar. "Globalization & Social Exclusion In Istanbul." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29.1 (2005): 124-134. Web.
The question and issues to be addressed in this source are the negative effects and outcomes that are seen with globalization within Istanbul and the rest of Turkey. There is the recognition that Turkey has globalized and grown significantly over the last century but there have also been a lot of people that have been hurt by the patterns rendered. One of the main reasons that urbanization happens and ends up having undesirable effects is the fact that the globalization and associated global reconfiguration has an effect on the "urban fabric" that causes a disturbing of the stability and balances of the economy. This is due to the restructuring of the same. The new networks brought on by globalization introduce new employment types and levels of differentiation. There are certainly people that….
The urban culture doesn't have a single characteristic that could define it but urban cultures around the world have some common traits. Economics and work are the main focus, customs and traditions are non-existent, religion is everyone's personal matter and law is not to be taken in one's own hands. Urban culture is more powerful and influential because it doesn't bind. It offers freedom and a chance to grow and become as successful as the next person. But these things are missing in many tribal systems around the world where the rich people would keep the poor down by various means to secure their superiority and might.
While the tribal culture has a better chance of survival in third world countries, they have little or no chance of going the distance in the developed world. In order to prolong their survival, they need to stick to some values and customs,….
1] InterPress Correspondent, Tribal languages dying could later be resurrected. (2005-07-23) Accessed online 8th October at http://www.ippmedia.com/ipp/guardian/2005/07/23/45135.html
2] Stefanie Pervos, news writer Badger Herald, Wisconsin Tribal Languages in Danger of Dying Out. October 5, 2002, Accessed online 8th October at http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co10052002/CO_10052002_Wisconsin_Languages.htm
In 2007 it was 5.8%, while the State of Florida was at 12.1% (Palm Beach Gardens Florida, 2008).
According to the U.S. Census in the year 2000, there number of high school graduates in Palm Beach Gardens was 94%, which was well over the state average of 79.9%. It was also recorded that 43.8% of the population, compared to 22.3% in the state of Florida had received a Bachelors degree or higher. These figures speak very highly of the school systems in Palm Beach Gardens, showing that they are indeed doing something right (Palm Beach Gardens (city), Florida, (2009).
Although Palm Beach Gardens has grown and prospered over the years and appears to be a great place to live, it is not without its problems as well. Like most modern communities around this country it is faced with some challenges. One problem that has recently been discussed is that of dealing….
"Palm Beach Gardens Florida." (2008). Retrieved April 20, 2009, from City-Data.com Web site:
"Palm Beach Gardens (city), Florida." (2009). Retrieved April 20, 2009, from U.S. Census
Bureau Web site: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/1254075.html
Dasgupta (2018) shows in his article on urban growth around the world, that by the year 2050 approximately 70% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. This means that cities are going to have a major impact not only on the lives of human beings but also on the planet, as there will be a concentrated amount of energy and activity in these urban parts of the world. Moreover, aside from environmental concerns there are likely to be social issues that emanate from this intense localization of the population into vast cities. As Coleman and Kerbo (2009) point out, how these areas are socially organized will be very critical to how well they are maintained and how well the inhabitants of these areas are striving to take care of their world: “Young people may be inadequately socialized because of problems in the institution of the family, or society….
Stream Degradation and King County' Salmon Population
King County in Washington State is home to some of the most significant spawning beds in the nation for several major species of salmon, such as the endangered steelhead and Chinook (or King) species. As a result of Washington's urbanization over the preceding years and decades, the purity and integrity of King County's streams and rivers have been degraded and the waterways contaminated (Morley, Karr, 2002). Currently, the Department of Natural esources' Water and Land esources Division is working on numerous projects to reclaim and maintain the streams and rivers of the County (Salmon and Trout Topics: ecovery, 2016). King County's own Wildlife Program Publication offers an indication of how important it is to maintain clean streams and waters for the salmon population. This study aims to answer the three-fold question: Has stream degradation affected salmon habitats in King County Washington state (specifically the….
Are Wild Salmon Increasing in Numbers? (2014). State of Salmon in Watershed 2014
Report. Stateofsalmon.wa.gov. Retrieved from http://www.stateofsalmon.wa.gov/statewide/fish-summary/
Booth, D., Jackson, R. (1997). Urbanization of aquatic systems -- degradation thresholds, stormwater detention, and the limits of mitigation. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 22(5): 1-20.
Booth, D., Hartley, D., Jackson, R. (2002). Forest cover, impervious-surface area, and the mitigation of stormwater impacts. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 38(3): 835-845.
Walking on grass while it rains, looking at the blue sky and hearing the bird chirp, and letting cool breeze touch the skin are amongst some of the most refreshing moments which one would loathe. The refreshment and serenity arising from such moments rather define environment as a miraculous beauty. Despite the ease and satisfaction associated with nature, ecological problems go hand in hand with the reality of the surrounding. Ecological issues are environmental issues such as overpopulation, climatic changes, land degradation, pollution and many more. These problems do not only destroy the splendor of nature, but they adversely affect life. As a matter of fact, these ecological issues are a result of human activity which leaves a drastic impact on the environment.
While considering the different environmental issues, it is important to shed light on urbanization which is a major ecological issue. Urbanization is commonly referred to the….
This in turn drew more workers (Hassan 2004). The result is that Kuala Lumpur has added millions to its population and enjoys a far greater average annual income…Read Full Paper ❯
In developed nations this is easier because technologies and materials, often expensive and hard to come by, can help to mitigate pollution. In less developed nations, pollution is…Read Full Paper ❯
Tillburg planners use a problem-solution strategy that will be familiar to many CEOs and corporate executives. The basic process is as follows: 1. problem recognition - to identify all problems…Read Full Paper ❯
1995, 359-365). However, Chicago is well placed due its geographical location to weather many of these ills. eing centrally located in the Midwest, it enjoys good lines of…Read Full Paper ❯
Urbanization, Slum Formation and Land eform: A Case Study of Papua New Guinea Urbanization, Slum Formation and Land eform: Papua New Guinea Global Urbanization, Slum Formation, and the Persistence of Slums Urbanization…Read Full Paper ❯
Moreover, the "Great Leap Forward" was a negative response to "urban-centered planning strategies; and the "Cultural Revolution" involved the "excision of tens of millions of urban educated from…Read Full Paper ❯
Literature - Latin-American
Population and Urbanization in Brazil Brazil, officially known as the Federative epublic of Brazil, is located in the eastern side of South America. Without a doubt, Brazil is the largest…Read Full Paper ❯
Industrialization, Immigration, Urbanization, And Transportation in United States Post Civil War The process to modernize the American states after the end of the Civil War was one of the most…Read Full Paper ❯
Babes in Warland; Agrarian eforms/Urbanization and Child Abuse Babes in Warland agrarian reforms urbanization and child abuse_A2072388 The pictorial shows how perpetrators of civil wars take advantage of children. Children are…Read Full Paper ❯
Keyder, Caglar. "Globalization & Social Exclusion In Istanbul." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29.1 (2005): 124-134. Web. The question and issues to be addressed in this source are…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
The urban culture doesn't have a single characteristic that could define it but urban cultures around the world have some common traits. Economics and work are the main…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
In 2007 it was 5.8%, while the State of Florida was at 12.1% (Palm Beach Gardens Florida, 2008). According to the U.S. Census in the year 2000, there number…Read Full Paper ❯
Dasgupta (2018) shows in his article on urban growth around the world, that by the year 2050 approximately 70% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. This…Read Full Paper ❯
Stream Degradation and King County' Salmon Population King County in Washington State is home to some of the most significant spawning beds in the nation for several major species of…Read Full Paper ❯
Transportation - Environmental Issues
Urbanization Ecological Problem Grade Course Walking on grass while it rains, looking at the blue sky and hearing the bird chirp, and letting cool breeze touch the skin are amongst some of…Read Full Paper ❯