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The effect is that exclusion is not only applied to those who would hurt the government but also to those that would uphold the same. The Patriot Act provides facilitation of shared information as well as cooperation between agencies of the government in order for all the pieces of the puzzle to fit together. The Act moves aside the barriers that have Constitutionally speaking prevented the police, intelligence as well as national defense from passing along information from one department to another and coordinating their efforts in order to provide protection to the American people as well as providing protection to the national security of the United States. Prosecutors can now share evidence obtained through grand juries with intelligence officials -- and intelligence information can now be shared more easily with federal prosecutors, of which the DOJ explains, "such sharing of information leads to concrete results."
The law has been…… [Read More]
USA as Policeman of the World
THESIS STATEMENT AND OUTLINE FOR A PAPER ON THE HISTORICAL ROOTS OF AMERICAN MILITARY ACTIONS ABROAD, 2009-2014
The industrialization and imperialism that followed the U.S. Civil War would have a permanent effect on American military and foreign policy. Yet the aspect of American policy during the Civil War that has had the most relevance during the past five years of American history is particularly unexpected -- we must look to President Abraham Lincoln's most controversial act during the conflict, which was the suspension of habeas corpus, for a proper point of comparison with American military policy in the new millennium. To borrow a phrase from Glenn Greenwald, the Al-Awlaki killings demonstrate that "the due-process-free assassination of U.S. citizens is now a reality." Greenwald 2011). Tracing these events to U.S. foreign policy during the Civil War will necessarily entail a focus on two earlier events:…… [Read More]
United States and ussia After the Cold War
After taking oath of office in January 1989, President George H. Bush was determined to strengthen the new found relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union. His administration reviewed the United States policy towards the countries of the Eastern bloc. In 1991, he met president Mikhail Gorbachev of ussia in Moscow to sign the Second Strategic Arms eduction Treaty (STAT II) between the two countries. The two countries agreed to ratify the treaty and developed a framework through the third Strategic Arms eduction Treaty (Miasnikov, 2000). The negotiations were initiated in 1997 by presidents Bill Clinton and Boris Yelstin in Helsinki, but ended prematurely leaving the treaty unsigned. In 2002, President Vladimir Putin and his United States counterpart George W. Bush signed the Moscow Treaty, a nuclear disarmament treaty that saw the two countries agree to reduce their deployed operational…… [Read More]
USA Business Cycle
This report will focus on the business cycle of a country of the author's choice, that being the United States of America. The author chose that country because it is one of the most scrutinized and analyzed countries in the world and the data for it is readily available. More than a dozen metrics will be looked at for this report. In order, they will be real gross domestic product, price inflation, real private consumption, real gross fixed investment, inventory investment as a percentage of gross domestic product, unemployment/employment rates, productivity, short-term investment rate with maturity of less than a year, the growth in the money supply, the nominal exchange rate between the U.S.A. And Australia, the real exchange rate between the same, the trade balance/current account as percentage of gross domestic product, the yield curve, the stock price index or stock returns, the commodity price index,…… [Read More]
There are no fundamental differences between now and what international politics used to be in the first half of the 20th Century. It is true that the post-II period has been more peaceful, but it is not because of a fundamental transformation in the way international politics works.
To state that there are no fundamental differences between international politics in 1900-45 and afterwards would be to carry the argument to an extreme, even though the continuities are greater than the discontinuities. Above all else, the liberal, democratic states and empires in the U.S. And estern Europe were highly interventionist and aggressive in the developing world and Global South long before orld ar II, and this did not change in the Cold ar and post-Cold ar eras. Even governments that were democratically elected were sometimes overthrown and replaced by more pliable regimes, such as the 'friendly' dictators of Central…… [Read More]
Through these functions the federal system the Federal eserve System manages the money supply in the U.S. leading to maximum employment, and stabilizing of prices hence preventing deflation or inflation. It stabilizes the financial system and contains any systemic risks that can come up in financial markets.
Impact of interest rates on the U.S. And the global financial environment
A change in interest rates impacts the U.S. And Global financial environment in both positive and negative ways. Interest rates affect spending in that if the interest rates are low many people are willing to borrow money for purchases. With low interest rates there is creation of a ripple effect of an increased spending in both the U.S. And Global financial environments. Conversely high interest rates mean that consumers have no access to disposable income and they cut on their spending. The tight lending standards make people borrow less and spend…… [Read More]
United States ealth Care System
The objective of this work in writing is to answer as to what is working with the U.S. health care system and what is not working with the U.S. health care system. This work will address the needed reforms and the current role of government in health care. Finally, this work will answer as to what the role of government should be in health care.
This is not your father's U.S. health care system. No statement is ring more true as previous U.S. generations saw little governance of the health care system as it was a private industry in the American structure. Government today is however, greatly involved in the health care system and to many, such as the writer of this work, the government has overstepped its boundaries in a democratic governance structure.
What is Working and What is Not Working in the U.S.…… [Read More]
Is the EEOC's understanding of its rule entitled to respect under Long
Island Care at Home, Ltd. v. Coke, 127 S. Ct. 2339 (2007) -- a case decided twelve days after the Eighth Circuit delivered its decision in this case?
Martel v. Clair - Docket No., 10-1265
In this case after ten years of capital federal habeas corpus proceedings in the district court, respondent abruptly complained about and sought substitution of his court-appointed public defender with a new appointed lawyer. The district court refused, explaining that "it appears Petitioner's counsel is doing a proper job" and that "[n]o conflict of interest or inadequacy of counsel is shown," and issued its ruling denying habeas corpus relief. On appeal, though, the Ninth Circuit appointed a replacement lawyer, vacated the judgment, and remanded for further proceedings to allow the new lawyer to raise supplementary claims for relief. The Ninth Circuit explained that no…… [Read More]
USA vs. India
Work place design and clear measurement for rewards in the U.S.A.
The importance of good design for a workplace has become very important in the world of today, and this has been highlighted by the American Society of Interior Designers, or ASID. They had released their research findings under the title of 'Recruiting and Retaining Qualified employees by Design' in 1999. This states clearly that the design of the workplace has an important role to play in retention of employees to take up a job, or continue in it. The results of these findings are the four elementary methods through which interior design increases office productivity. (Workplace values: How employees want to Work)
The important aspects are the improvement of access, increasing the comfort of the employees, increase in their privacy combined with a reduction of noise and disruptions, providing of flexibility and increase in personalization. There…… [Read More]
USA PATIOT Act: Discussion Questions
The USA PATIOT Act, as the Department of Justice (2014) points out was enacted by Congress with an aim of equipping those charged with the enhancement of law and order with new tools to not only combat but also prevent acts of terror. An acronym, the PATIOT Act, in the words of onczkowski (2006, p. 64), is "formally known as the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools equired to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001."
Societal implications of the U.S.A. PATIOT Act and related legislation limiting daily behaviors
Since its enactment, the U.S.A. PATIOT Act has triggered significant controversy -- particularly with regard to its impact on civil liberties and freedoms. For instance, Title II of the act permits enhanced surveillance of individuals suspected of spying or perpetrating acts of terror against the United States. There are those who are concerned that…… [Read More]
By having this loophole in place, management simply allowed the employees to walk through it. Moreover, management has failed to address the issue properly by firing the dishonest employees. They are stealing from the company and should be removed. Management can address the issue by closing the loophole and dismissing the worst offenders.
In addition, the paid absence plan contributed to a culture of entitlement. Given that entitlement is the cause of 11% of all absences, the company needs to avoid creating such a culture. By paying employees to perform the most basic of all tasks -- showing up -- the company fostered this entitlement culture. It is little reason that the employees subsequently abused this. The company has major cultural issues that the paid absence plan exacerbated rather than ameliorated.
4. I would recommend the following plan to USA Motors. The first is to remove the loophole. This could…… [Read More]
However the disclaimers of USA Patriot Act agree on the necessity of protecting the nation and the world against terrorism, they also emphasize on the need to further analyze and change the act so that it does protect the individual liberties of the U.S. citizens and respects the provisions in the American constitution.
The question that has been asked by many simple individuals relies in the true agenda of the Patriot Act. While its proclaimers argue that it is designed to protect the U.S. citizens, its disclaimers state that it is in fact intrusive. The ultimate query then is whether the U.S. democratic process has the ability to balance the civil liberties with the national security in a context in which change occurs as the desire of the majority and the civil liberties of the individuals are protected by the court system. The indubitable answer is yes.
In…… [Read More]
Just as the straight world misreads Brownworth, the existence of many different identities of class as well as gender and race further contemplates the division of society in to us vs. them, based upon appearances.
Lucy Grealy, unlike Brownworth, does not find herself part of many 'us' categories -- rather, because of her unique facial deformity, born of a long struggle with childhood cancer of the jaw, she feels ostracized and alone in a world that idealizes physical beauty. Grealy feels only like an 'I' or a 'me,' a country of one, and she cannot mutate her identity of her face as easily as Brownworth or her parents can pass. Grealy is also subject to the same cultural influences as Brownworth and her parents that privilege a singular ideal of female beauty. She is also, based on her appearance, misread. But rather than in terms of class or sexuality, Grealy…… [Read More]
USA - the orld's Police Officer
This paper is an argumentative one, which focuses on the role of the United States of America as a global police officer whereby it sets out its own norms, terms and conditions for over 200 countries. It is in MLA format.
USA - The orld's Police Officer pivotal role of the U.S. government is in carrying out means and ways through which it can prosper relations with other countries of the world. Unfortunately, for those very countries, USA is acting as a police officer, whereby it is looking after their day-to-day affairs without the formers' even request to do so. USA is the orld's Police Officer, there is no shadow of a doubt about this notion. America does have a large influence over the running of the planet, as it is the global sergeant. Many people the world over would agree to this without…… [Read More]
To an extent, the idea of Cold ar nation building has been in evidence in attempts to instill democracy in fronts such as Afghanistan and Iraq. But as a new president seeks to undo the damage of previous security policy conditions, it is apparent that this is an archaic approach to understanding the way individuals tend to behave under foreign occupation. The resistance that has made Iraq one of the most violent places on in Earth speaks more clearly to the implications of the Bush doctrine as a security policy umbrella theory.
Another result of this misappropriation of the Bush doctrine is the selective attention which it promotes amongst lawmakers and defensive strategists. Amongst these exists a perception of reactionary necessity, in which the clear vulnerabilities exposed by 9/11 have directed the focus of security policy on airport screening and, in many instances, the obtuse law enforcement tool of racial…… [Read More]
onta states of Rome that, by the first century .C., sexual mores had been abandoned, and the former sanctity of marriage forgotten. Crime, once almost unknown in Rome, became rampant. In such an environment, Rome became an easy target for political conspiracies like that of Catiline, which exploited the criminal elements in Rome to carry out bribery, blackmail, and assassination. (onta 2005. p36)
One would not be too hard put to find a similar trend in modern America.
From one point-of-view the invasion of the "barbarians" was not the central factor which led to the decline of the Roman Empire. In The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon. (1776) the principle reason for the decline of the empire was given as moral degradation. Gibbon states that the actual reason why the barbarian invasion was successful was due to the "....loss of civic virtue…… [Read More]
USA Struggle for Independence
There was an American evolution that constituted the colonies and how they struggled for their independence from Great Britain. This was an open conflict between Great Britain and the thirteen united colonies. The key players were the founding fathers of America among these are George Washington, James Madison, John Adams among others. (Kreamer, T1995)
This paper discusses on the role that George Washington, who was among the founding fathers of America played in the struggle for independence from Great Britain, him being among the first members of the first intellectual community.
George Washington played a great role in the attainment of independence for America. There are various roles that he took that facilitated this attainment.
George Washington possessed various characteristics as a leader that facilitated the attainment of independence. He was a visionary leader who had a vision for America which was to be free…… [Read More]
In this case, it may be seen that the Patriot Act does not protect all citizens. It can be used to violate basic human right.
Use of National Security Letters. The use of National Security Letters where the government asks private agencies (media, banks, etc.) for private information and give a NSL, wherein said agency cannot divulge the fact that they had given the said information, has also been rampant. Many complain it to be against the Fourth Amendment.
Foreign Surveillance Laws. Some provisions impinge on the privacy of domestic and alien individuals. In fact, both the governments of Nova Scotia and Canada have expressed concern and are taking steps to protect their citizens. This is not good in terms of international relations.
Indefinite Detention of Aliens. Any alien suspected of terrorism (committed, planned or suspected to commit in the future) by Attorney General can be detained indefinitely. The Patriot…… [Read More]
Hypothetical Economic Scenarios:
response to five proposed fluctuations in the U.S. Economy,
As viewed through a Keynesian Lens
Overview of Keynesian Theory and the Current U.S. Economic Situation:
Even Keynes' critics call him the greatest and most influential economist of the 20th century. For this reason, he is known as 'the father of modern economics.'" ("Keynesian Economics, an Overview," The Great Depression Homepage, 2003) Keynes has been credited for the generally high employment that characterized the United States in the 20th century until the 1970's, before the theories of the conservative Chicago economist Milton Friedman began to dominate academic and political circles of thought. (Yergin & Stainslaw, 1998) hen the United States was attacked by terrorists on September 11, 2001, Americans were urged to 'spend, spend, spend' their way out of the looming economic crisis that was feared by politicians and economists alike. For a time, shopping at…… [Read More]
As mentioned before, Japan's post-war economy was not fundamentally a Capitalist, free-market society. Boyle aligns the Japanese government along the lines of the German economic nationalism school of thought (otherwise known in academic circles as neomercantillism).
Boyle points out that it was not the government's involvement in its economy that made the Japanese economic approach unique, as all governments play a role in their economies. What makes the Japanese situation unique is just how the government influenced economic growth. Whereas most western democracies have an economy based on the market, or in other words the government allows the market to control the direction of the economy, the Japanese system was plan orientated.
Under a plan-orientated economy, the government establishes specific economic goals and then creates policies to govern the private industries in a manner that allows these goals to be met. This system of government influence in the economy for…… [Read More]
3. Democratization of the Internet and blogging is making the entire area of news capture and dissemination increasingly difficult to manage and deal with. For USA Today the challenging aspects of this will be recruiting enough bloggers of high enough quality to further differentiate their content delivery strategy.
4. Shrinking advertising revenues throughout the industry will force consolidation of national papers, and will also drive down overall market capitalization levels of all companies. USA Today is seeing this in their advertising revenues in the case study.
1. The potential exists to re-define the business model of USA Today and make it more focused on selective news consumption, further differentiating the company from competitors. USA Today needs to think about customized news to a level not done before, delivered in real time to subscribers.
2. Redefining the business model to place greater emphasis on advertising and selective market programs for…… [Read More]
The Supreme Court is the most powerful body of men in the United States, contrary to what many people believe.
The powers of the three branches of government are enumerated in the three charters of freedom: The Declaration of Independence, Constitution of the United States, and the Bill of ights. Together, these documents enumerate the rights and freedoms of the citizens of the United States, inherent by virtue of their citizenship; and they enumerate and limit the powers of the three branches of government in such a way as to create a system of checks and balances that cause the actions to be scrutinized by the other branches, and, if the office of the President, or the president, does not agree with legislation crated by the House of epresentatives, sent to the United States Senate for approval, the president can veto the bill containing the legislation. Likewise, the president's veto…… [Read More]
United States Military Performance Against the British in the War of 1812
In June 1812, the U.S. declared a war against the British and their North American allies. The war, according to Smith, was motivated by America's quest to take control of Britain's North American territories, Britain's punitive trade policy, Britain's support for Native Americans, and the forced enrolment of American sailors into the British navy. As a young nation, the U.S. was eager to safeguard its newly acquired independence. Commonly known as the forgotten war (Hickey 1), the war had important lessons for the U.S. This paper briefly evaluates the performance of the U.S. military in the war.
As depicted in the film The War of 1812, the U.S. initially employed an offensive strategy against the British (Public Broadcasting Service). Since the British navy was the strongest worldwide, the U.S. paid attention to land campaigns, especially in Upper and…… [Read More]
3 billion and in the exports of other goods of $0.7 billion in October compared to September. However, other goods categories reported decreases, like: foods, feeds and beverages (decrease was $0.5 billion), consumer goods (decrease was $0.4 billion), and industrial supplies and materials (decrease was $0.2 billion). Exports in categories like automotive parts, vehicle, and engine remained constant.
October imports of goods increased in the following categories: industrial supplies and materials with $1.9 billion, consumer goods with $0.4 billion, and automotive parts, vehicle, and engine with $0.5 billion. Imports of capital goods decreased with $0.5 billion, while imports of foods, feeds, and beverages decreased with $0.1 billion compared to the previous month. Other goods did not show any modification regarding imports.
Exports of services also increased October compared to September. The increase was of $0.5 billion. The most significant increases were reported in other private services (including business, professional, and…… [Read More]
Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools equired to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism is the extended terminology that refers to the U.S.A. Patriot Act which, following the events of 9/11 was passed by the Senate immediately and almost unanimously. When the Pentagon and the World Trade Center were attacked in 2001, concerns over national security and America's susceptibility to terrorist threats emerged more so as the country remained baffled at what had just happened. Governmental figures needed to address people's concerns and overall, the issue of law enforcement being able to prevent such attacks from ever happening again. With Assistant Attorney General Viet Dinh having authored the act shortly after the events and upon reviewing existing practices and methodologies, Jim Sensenbrenner, member of the epublican Party, presented it to Congress. It should be noted that, generally, the Patriot Act is embedded in America's history of electronic surveillance that emerged…… [Read More]
Since the days of the Old West, domestic terrorism has dug its roots into the United States. From Timothy McVeigh, whose motivations for the Oklahoma City bombing ranged from his complaints over the governments' dealing with certain political situations to his anger over the violence he witnessed during his stint in the military, to eco-terrorists and animal-rights activists who use violence in order to win others to their cause, the scope of terrorism is the United States is both large and diverse. While FBI agents search large cities for Al Qaeda terrorists in the United States, small town police arrest protestors who threaten to set fire to abortion clinics and make threats to far left and right wing organizations. Because a great deal of domestic terrorism centers around political ideas and activism, targeting domestic terrorism has become a rather controversial subject. Some argue that the demonstrations that often…… [Read More]
United States v. Jones
Issues before the Court
Is attaching a GPS tracker to a motor vehicle, and subsequently employing it for tracking its movement on public roads, counted as a search-and-seizure operation under Amendment IV? (United States v. Jones | Case Brief Summary)
Facts of the Case
Nightclub owner and manager Jones, the defendant in the case, was suspected of trafficking narcotic drugs. From information collected using a number of investigation methods, law enforcement officials were able to procure a warrant which authorized attaching a GPS tracker to Jones' wife's Jeep (which was never driven by anyone but Jones). However, the law enforcers didn't adhere to the deadline stipulated in the warrant and attached the tracker after the deadline lapsed, employing it for tracking the Jeep's movements (United States v. Jones | Case Brief Summary). The satellite-guided tracker established the Jeep's whereabouts within 50-100 feet, conveying it to a…… [Read More]
he Progressive Movement in the early twentieth century had a somewhat similar though less socialist-leaning agenda; regulation of business and the environment were major policies of Progressives. heodore Roosevelt was the leading figure of the movement, along with Democrat William Jennings Bryant.
In 1896, Bryant ran for President against McKinley in one of the most intense elections in United States history. Multiple parties and factions backed each candidate, and McKinley's coalitions of businessmen, large-scale farmers, and skilled workers beat Bryant and his more populist movement. his had a dramatic effect on the country, taking the government in one direction and leaving a sizeable majority of the public feeling unrepresented by their government. his public pull and the tension it created with the federal government continued to shape policy through World War I and into the Great Depression, when many of the Populist and Progressive reforms were finally introduced by Franklin…… [Read More]
Cuts in defensive spending, minor reductions to social security and the aforementioned tax measures will significantly improve the economy, whereas some of the options the U.S. has pursued in recent times are doing the opposite, as the following quotation implies.
Washington is likely to make across-the-board cuts in discretionary spending, where there is much less money and considerably less waste…but reducing funds for things like education, scientific research, air-traffic control, NASA, infrastructure and alternative energy will not produce much in savings, and it will hurt the economy's long-term growth (Zakaria, 2011).
With the implementation of many of the measures that were suggested by Simpson and Bowles, the U.S. should be able to reduce its budget and increase its financial stability within approximately 15 to 20 years. However, the improved economy will not have the ameliorating effect on other important industries and areas of interest such as healthcare and unemployment if…… [Read More]
With a lower interest rate, that incentive no longer exists and this is usually an instrument by which private entities can be driven out of saving and into investing into new business on the market. Obviously, such an action usually creates the appropriate momentum for economic development, creating jobs, increasing governmental revenues through revenues from taxation and helping the country out of the economic recession.
In terms of fiscal policies, the measures that the government needs to take will all attempt to move the IS curve further to the right and, in this sense, to stimulate the national economy, reduce the period that the country will pass through the recession and determine a national economic growth. There are two important means by which this can be done: increased governmental spending and decreased taxes, with a less restrictive taxation policy. As we can see on the IS - LM graph, both…… [Read More]
The deliberation, discussion, or conference upon the terms of a proposed agreement; the act of settling or arranging the terms and conditions of a bargain, sale, or other business transaction." (688). He also argued he never acted as an agent for TBE.
Holding of the Court
Schaltenbrand's petition for a rehearing was granted. His conviction on the first statute, prohibiting former government employees from representing private parties before the government on matters in which they previously worked for the government was upheld, but not the second statute which prohibited former government employees from representing private parties before the government on matters in which they previously worked for the government
Court's Rationale or Reasoning for its Decision
By offering himself to TBE, including offering to learn Spanish, the court deemed that he was clearly 'negotiating' with the organization while still an officer in violation of the first relevant statute. "Again, there…… [Read More]
The result is thousands of people denied the necessary refuge that they seek. Clintora condemns this as a "major policy gap (that) threatens not only human rights in individual countries but also jeopardizes international and regional stability and American regional influence and economic interests."
Kreimer (2007) expounds upon the fact that few legislators had time to fully read the PATIOT Act, when it was first proposed. Once enacted, there was significant concern about the expansion of powers for unchecked surveillance. However, many of the Acts provisions were subject to a four-year sunset requirement. It was believed that Congress would carefully examine how organizations, such as the FBI, utilized their power under the PATIOT Act, when deciding whether or not to certain provisions would go by the wayside come 2005. Yet, in 2006, after much political wrangling, most of the PATIOT Act was reenacted, with little change to the original wording,…… [Read More]
United States Congress:
The legislature of the United States was established in 1789 under the country's constitution and divided structurally from the judicial and executive arms of the government. This legislative arm in separated into two houses which are the Senate and the House of Representatives. hile the Senate requires that each state is represented by two senators regardless of its size, the House of Representatives consist of members who are elected on the basis of population. The Congress was created by the pioneers of the American Constitution on the basis that a huge portion of the powers of the government needs to be on the legislative branch. hereas the two Congressional chambers are separate and distinct, they tend to have an equal role in the enactment of legislation in most cases. Representation, lawmaking, oversight, service to constituents, conflict resolution and public education are the six basic functions of the…… [Read More]
The rule of the case involves the Commerce Department's power to impose antidumping duties under 19 U.S.C § 1673.
The Supreme Court review of the issues presented in the instant case was a case of first impression but it has far reaching affects across a variety of industries. The question addressed by the Court was when does an import transaction involve a sale of merchandise and not merely a sale of service? The Court in its decision closed a loophole that had been created by the lower courts which had limited the application of the antidumping law based on the intent of the parties to the import transactions. The importance of the Court's decision in this case is whether U.S. industries can compete with foreign goods produced through arrangements in which a customer provides the raw materials. The various utility companies involved had argued that the transactions involved…… [Read More]
United States: A Polarized Nation
In recent decades, the United States had become a far more self-interested nation, that is, a nation in which most people are more concerned with their own interests, or their own small group's interest (e.g., the AARP lobby; the pro-life movement) than with the interests of the nation as a whole. As a result, the United States as a country is now more polarized than ever before, around special interests such as these. In this essay I will discuss polarization within the United States, in terms of political parties as well as other matters.
The extent of America's polarization, along political lines, may be most plainly seen through the results of U.S. Presidential elections within in the past two decades. The last two landslide presidential elections were won by Ronald Reagan in 1980, against Jimmy Carter, and then again by Reagan in 1984, against Walter…… [Read More]
United States Foreign Policy
United States has enjoyed an important position in the international political scene, since its rise to power. The U.S. government has actively participated in international political issues, primarily for the sake of country's own interest. After the Second World War, United States emerged as one of the largest economies of the world and soon acquired the position of the "only super power." The history of the United States is evident that these were the foreign policies adopted by the country's administration that led the nation to advancement, greater power and wealth in a way that no other power has ever achieved.
While discussing the policy issues, policy makers argue that it is the national interest that guides them to define foreign policies of the country. Throughout history the national interest of the country has been influenced by the events and political issues of other nations. United…… [Read More]
However, this Court also recognizes that mental illness oftentimes differs from other immutable characteristics, such as mental retardation and age, in that a defendant oftentimes has the ability to control mental illness through medical interventions. hile there is tremendous evidence of Panetti's deteriorated mental state, there is very little evidence to support Panetti's assertions that he was insane at the time of the murders. Though there are serious questions regarding Panetti's competency to stand trial, much less his competency to represent himself in that trial, there simply does not appear to be any evidence that he was insane at the time of the murders. Panetti engaged in preparations that were rationally aimed at accomplishing the murder of his in-laws, but was able to refrain from killing his wife and child. In addition, he engaged in a stand-off with police that resulted in him escaping the stand-off without being killed and…… [Read More]
United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent body of the federal government that is mandated with the responsibility of providing postal service in America. The agency was known as the U.S. Post Office Department in 1971 when it was totally managed by the United States government. In addition to be referred to as Post Office, Postal Service or U.S. Mail, USPS is one of the few agencies of the government that are clearly authorized by the U.S. Constitution. Since its inception, the United States Postal Service has developed to an extent that it is the largest post in the world since it provides more mail to more addresses in a bigger geographical region. The success of this organization can partly be attributed to its strategy to fulfill or realize its mission, organization design and structure, and its organizational culture and its cultural values.
USPS Mission and Strategy
The United…… [Read More]
Discriminatory practices were encouraged, such as the Jim Crow laws that supported segregation. However, the push for segregation led to increased inequities borne by the Negroes. Many southern states encouraged segregation, as well. The original Civil ights Act of 1957 had a limited scope, which impinged upon the rights of others.
Pros & Cons
During this time, many discriminatory cases were in the spotlight, and this was no exception. The case heightened awareness, as well as the flaws of the law. Civil ights bills were evolving, as this case ruling was a milestone in history. Conversely, many Negroes lost their lives to the cause, thus paving the way for a more equitable justice system.
Although not as prevalent today, prejudice and discrimination is still experienced by many. Civil rights are no longer reserved for race, but it has extended to other protected classes, such as gender, religion,…… [Read More]
Thus Koppatschek's testimony is reliable.
In light of David's blatant disregard of the stipulations of the contract with Monsanto, his attempts to cover up his infringement, his inconsistent testimony and his apparent disregard for the legal process, the Court finds that Monsanto v. David does fit the definition of an exceptional case.
Because David violated the Technology Agreement which he signed with Monsanto, there was no reason why Monsanto could not be awarded the attorney's fees stated in said agreement.
Court hold the decision of the lower court in part, holding that the district court did not err in determining that David planted saved seed. The Court held the damages awarded in the amount of $10,000 in enhanced damages, $164,608.03 in costs, and $323,140.05 in attorney fees. However, the Court finds that the alternate award of $30,542.99 duplicated the $164,608.03 damages, and therefore was erroneous and therefore reversed. The…… [Read More]
This was not a compilation of current rules and regulations, but rather adjustments to the current laws. It contains over 6,500 words of detailed fine-tuning (Florida ar, 2004). While these changes may well have been necessary and important, it also highlights the complicated rules and procedures those dealing with juveniles must follow. Meanwhile, individual municipalities and states, such as St. Louis and Texas, grapple with the practicalities of making juvenile probation do its job of rehabilitating youth and protecting society. It seems likely that Texas will not find the funds necessary to provide the type of program offered in St. Louis, since St. Louis can only accommodate 28 youth at a time. In addition, their approach still does not reach 35% of participants, so it is not the entire answer. Perhaps good research can suggest a way to offer rehabilitative probation to youth in a way that is financially feasible…… [Read More]
United States healthcare programs to citizens compare with the healthcare provided to residents in other countries? That question will be the focus of this paper, along with the background to the decision of major health insurance companies to support the candidacy of Republican Mitt Romney.
here does the U.S. stand in the world when it comes to healthcare?
According to a statement by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, John Boehner, the U.S. has "…the best health care delivery system in the world" (Politiface.com). Boehner, who was a guest on the CBS Sunday program "Face the Nation," was commenting on the candidacy of Mitt Romney. On the July 1, 2012 program, Boehner said he supports Romney for president because Romney "…understands that Obamacare will bankrupt our country and will ruin…" that healthcare system that the speaker believes is best in the world (politifact.com).
Meanwhile on Fox News Sunday (also…… [Read More]
United States of America has a long driven history where two political parties ruled the territory and its people since it assumed independence. Several presidents with different political and moral beliefs/views have come into power, which largely influenced the policies and strategies that they employed to run the country. Liberalism is one of the prime political beliefs found in America's political system that promotes freedom. On the other hand, the opposite political idea that has long existed in America is termed as Conservatism (Lipsman, 2007).
Liberalism that is presently promoted as progressivism by its supporters believes that citizens can do nothing without the assistance of their ruler. It encourages a governing system that allows the leaders to control the lives of its entire populace. Moreover, it supports the idea of benefitting the country by granting social power and rights to its people (Lipsman, 2007).
On the other hand, Conservatism deems…… [Read More]
United States to Respond to a WMD Attack Within Our orders?
The objective of this study is to answer how prepared the United States is to respond to a WMD attack within its borders and to answer whether there is enough capability to effectively respond to such an attack. This study will further answer as to whether the response plan and command control structure clearly understandable and whether everyone has a role or if there are gaps or redundancies. Finally, this study will answer as to how intelligence supports this response with restrictions imposed upon intelligence operations within our borders.
The challenges to an effective response to a WMD attack within U.S. borders are diverse in nature. Some of the challenges are technology related while others relate to communication among agencies and operation teams. In addition, there is presently funding issues relating to effective management of homeland security initiatives making…… [Read More]
United States of America initially adopted an isolationist stance After the American War for Independence in 1781.
Why did the United States of America initially adopted an isolationist stance After the American War for Independence in 1781.
In 1775 the thirteen British colonies in North America rose up against their parent country Great Britain. The war was known as the American evolution and was seen by the British Crown as an affront to its rule, as a result it increased its strangle hold upon the colonists (Anonymous, 2002).
From this attempt to rule by an iron hand forced the colonists to officially declare war upon the British and form a new government with their own Constitution. The war ended in 1781 and America was recognized as an independent nation by the British Government in 1783 (Anonymous, 2002).
However, in 1778, before the end of the war America had already signed…… [Read More]
During hearing of the Appeal, the 9th Circuit Court, while acknowledging that the 1963 contract was entered into with the farmer's interests in mind, found that the contract language was not clear enough to support an "intended third-party beneficiary" who could sue for a breach of contract. it, therefore, affirmed (Ibid.)
In their rulings, the District as well as the Appeals Court relied on the 9th Circuit decision in Klamath (1999) in which the Court had denied "third party" status to the appellants. hile affirming, the 9th Circuit also recognized that it "may be at odds" with the Allen (1984) decision.
The Supreme Court, in its unamanous decision, held that the relevant part (390uu) of the Act merely permitted parties to join the United States in an action between other parties when the action required interpretation of a contract; it does not permit a plaintiff to sue…… [Read More]
United States, at te beginning of 1855, seemed to be te strongest it ad ever been wit Western expansion, a flourising economic outlook, and tousands of new immigrants bringing teir ard work to America's newest factories and fields. However, te tension was mounting politically, tension tat would lead to an inevitable, long-suffering war tat killed tousands of Americans, and canged te landscape of our nation forever. Te climax came wen Abraam Lincoln was elected President in 1860, and te Civil War became unavoidable from tat moment on.
Before te election of 1860, many tumultuous appenings caused panic, depression, and conflicts between Americans. For example, 1855 saw wat was later pegged te "Bleeding at Kansas," during wic pro- and anti-slavery citizens clased (p. 428). Te figt tat ensued over Kansas in Congress as well as territorially brougt fort te notion tat slavery tensions would not be easily controlled.
1857 saw an…… [Read More]
urrently the United States consumes more than 19.6 million barrels of oil per day, which is more than 25% of the world's total oil consumption. Through its isolationist policy agenda, the U.S. government has been able to leverage its military and economic might to control most of oil production in South America. Instead of attempting to restructure the financial infrastructure of South American oil producers such as Panama, Ecuador and Peru, the United States has promoted a policy of singular reliance on U.S. aid. As a result, the United States receives the majority of advantages conferred by these country's vast oil supplies. Similarly, the United States has used its military might to create strong unilateral connections with OPE nations as well. Subtly, the United States has reached secret agreements with the Saud family of Saudi Arabia to maintain their current royal hierarchy with U.S. military protection as long as they…… [Read More]
United States Deficit, Surplus, and Debt Have an Effect on the United State's Financial Reputation on an International Level
The objective of this study is to examine how and why the United States deficit, surplus and debt have an effect on the United States' financial reputation on an international level.
The United States has been historically viewed as a country that is financially sound. In 2011, as the United States government appeared it was going to default on its debt it is reported that there was a great deal of "bitterness, division and dysfunction that resounded around the world." (Sanger, 2011, p.1) It is reported that the United States is experiencing a diminishing of its "aura as the world's economic haven and the sole country with the power to lead the rest of the world out of financial crisis and recession." (Sanger, 2011, p.1) Additionally, the United States debt levels…… [Read More]
U.S. ole as 'Policemen of the World'
Thesis and Outline Draft
Introduction and Thesis
currently holds the most important and influential role in international politics and represents a decisive player in all recent international conflicts. This role takes the form of political and military interventions, international and bilateral engagements as well as multilateral brokerage of peace talks. The basic principles of such an approach are the fostering of peaceful, democratic, and secure international environment. At the same time though, it must be pointed out that the entire international community does not always support such actions and often it has been said that the United States acts as the "policeman of the world" (Kissinger, 1995). It must be stressed that the current approach the United States have on foreign policy has not changed since the end of the Civil War and has guided the U.S. In military and political interventions in…… [Read More]
Therefore, any war waged on a terrorist group then becomes a war to protect the personal liberties of those who can not do so themselves.
However, the United States itself has not even been able to stand up to the standards of liberated individual rights. Within the context of the most recent foreign soil wars, American soldiers in a military base have proven that the nation itself is unable to live up to its high standards of personal liberty. In a prisoner of war camp located at a military base in Guantanamo Bay, American soldiers violated international prison code standard during a humiliating act of submission where prisoners were forced to perform unlawful acts and behaviors at the behest of the soldiers on duty, (Sullivan, 2008). The very rights which were being so violently being protected in the eyes of the American public were actually being violated in our backyard.…… [Read More]
This would have given Hitler an advantage in Africa, and he could have conceivably taken over much more territory and been much harder to control and subdue. In addition, on the Pacific front, the Japanese were attempting to take over as much territory as they could find, all the way to Australia and beyond, and the Americans defeated them many times during 1942, including at the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway, where countless Japanese soldiers died, and numerous Japanese ships were sunk. If America had not entered the war, Japan could have gotten a much bigger foothold in the Pacific, and might have been impossible, or much harder to stop.
In Europe, there might have been far more dire consequences if America had not entered the war until 1942. England was weakening, and it is very conceivable that the country could have fallen to the Nazis in 1942. This…… [Read More]
What choice did they have? That was an entirely different time, and people were very strong and resourceful (Burrows & Wallace, 1972). They did not have all of the help and resources that they would have had today, and women had to learn how to do things for themselves even though it was not something that they were taught or that society had encouraged them to entertain (Brinkley, 2010). Because women boycotted so many British goods, they rekindled their cloth-making and weaving skills. In addition, legal divorces were granted to women if they were patriots but their husbands continued to support their King (Brinkley, 2010). That was, quite likely, the most significant issue that took place for women during the evolutionary War.
Brinkley, D. (2010). The sparck of rebellion. American Heritage Magazine, 59 (4).
Burrows, E.G. & Wallace, M. (1972). The American evolution: The Ideology and Psychology of National…… [Read More]
Fourth Amendment, which restricts searches pursuant to a probation circumstance to those with a 'probationary' purpose, removes any wrongdoing in the case of United States v. Knights with regards to warrantless searches. Often times there exists a thin balance between safeguarding citizens and observing probationers. Any observation made by law enforcement that might causes suspicion of a probationer can then translate into reasonable inquiry and therefore make it legal to perform searches without a warrant.
Under the circumstances of the case, the respondent, Knights was living under precise probationary limitations that allowed law enforcement to conduct a search of his person regardless of warrants. espondent came under suspicion after a vandalism spree occurred. A detective noticed the respondent and then searched and arrested him as a suspect.
His summary probation was a result of a drug charge. Because of this probation, and after he signed and agreed to submitting to…… [Read More]
For example, the Chinese had no need for European foodstuffs but they did want European silver ("Early Global Commodities" 2010). Trade between China and Europe was not as robust as it was between the Arab world and Europe because of the lack of demand in China for European products other than silver. As a result, a diffusion of culture from China to Europe did not take place as did the diffusion of culture from Arabia and medieval Muslim societies to Europe.
Moreover, much European silver came from the territories conquered in the New World. In addition to plundering South America for silver, European societies also imported South American foods such as tomato, chili, chocolate, and sugar. These commodities eventually transformed the European diet ("Food, Demographics, and Culture" 2010). Thus, economic imperatives cause the development and diffusion of ancient South American societies. On the other hand, Yellow iver Valley culture in…… [Read More]
Jefferson asked Lewis to fully explain to the Indians that the white explorers were interested in trade, not in seizing their lands (Ambrose 154). This showed that Jefferson used a steady hand and smart policies regarding the estern frontier and that he understood diplomacy with the Native Americans, whom he respected very much.
The Civil ar: The fact is, most Americans probably believe that the only issue that precipitated the Civil ar was slavery, and though slavery was at the center of the north-south feud, it was not alone as a spotlighted issue. The bottom line issue that tore the country apart was state's rights; in other words, did states have a right to go against the will of the national government? Could a Southern state continue to keep slaves in bondage because their cotton crops (hence, their economic power to survive) depended on slave labor? The answer of course…… [Read More]
hen the old Manchu dynasty failed to come up with ways to thwart the invading foreigners, a new nationalism was born in China. The old pastimes and rituals (p. 214) had allowed China to become soft. This awakening nationalism - partly a rejection of "foot binding, servant-girl bondage, prostitution, gambling," and opium smoking - was stoked not just by the colonial aggression, but by a spreading literacy (educational institutions were being built, the telegraph, newspapers, magazines and railway travel) and emerging awareness of their endangered culture. The last Manchu Emperor was put out of office on February 12, 1912, and hence a political system that had endured for 2,133 years, was out of commission.
Fairbank takes great pains to cover myriad events in China that led the country from ancient dynasties to new ideas and new leadership. The new order - the Kuomintang political party - came into power in…… [Read More]
Instead of providing a democratic model that Chinese companies could follow, American companies and not only go to China for the advantage of paying a lot less for the same work. The fact that our government tolerates and encourages such practices must change.
After the 1989 massacre in Tiananmen Square, one of the sanctions imposed on China was to be denied any World ank loans. A year later, the sanction was reduced as China was supposed to improve its human rights practices in order to get World ank loans. This measure, as many others, was never applied, as China is now one of the main beneficiaries of World ank loans and has done little in changing its human rights practices. Despite the fact that U.S. could have used its influence in the World ank and impose strict sanctions on China, it preferred not to do so, most probably based on…… [Read More]
In fact, the UN's official policy attempts to limit the types of conditions that can be placed on debt forgiveness for third-world and developing nations. Despite this fact, it would be simplistic to state that G8 should not have the ability to make financial decisions independent of the UN and other international influence. As the countries that have provided the majority of financing for the world's poorest countries, it may be that the continued financial health of those countries depends upon them getting a financial benefit from such financial assistance. Therefore, the current world economy may actually depend on the ability of G8 to operate independently from the broader international community.
Q3: How does the Fisher effect impact the ability to forecast currency exchange rates? If the real interest rate is constant across borders, one would expect a constant currency exchange rate, but this does not occur. On the contrary,…… [Read More]
United States from Nigeria in order to add to my life and career experience. I began my venture by joining the United States Navy. My main motivation for this was to raise the necessary funds to enroll in a college. After one year I was honorably discharged as a result of glaucoma, and I could not raise the funds that I needed. This however did not deter me from my plans and I enrolled in a local community college instead. Here I made the Dean's list after one semester, and received a scholarship. It is also here that I continued to develop my interest in finance and banking.
One of the reasons I want to continue with graduate work in this field then is the fact that my work and studies so far have unlocked the world of finance for me, and I find the pursuit of the field extremely…… [Read More]