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Vampire's Best Friends
When Michael Bennett was a boy, he used to dream of traveling. London, Paris, Dubai -- anywhere he could conceivably go and however he could conceivably get there. Now, looking out over the towers of Notre-Dame Cathedral in the half-light cast by the low of the city, he wondered what it might have been like to never see it the way he was now -- to stand as a human and gaze up at the towering windows and wonder what it might be like to look out as he was now, his vision stretching for miles and every detail crisp. A vampire's eyes were powerful things, and seeing Paris awash in the dull glow of midnight and electric lights revealed to more small intricacies of life than a thousand books on the city ever could have.
The cell phone clipped to his hip began to chirp the…
Even the pagan concept of a goddess resembles Buffy's character, wherein the pagan concept of a goddess is based on the assumption that the goddess exists to protect humankind from the threat of mortality -- that is, the goddess exists for the purpose of ensuring humanity that they live a long and fulfilling life on earth. The pagan goddess, then, is the protector of the earth, humanity, and everything it represents. Like the pagan goddess, Buffy's role as protector of humankind from vampire slayers and other evil creatures makes her an appropriate icon for today's popular culture of so-called saviors of humanity.
These similarities of Buffy as a vampire slayer elevates her status to one similar to Virgin Mary's, the Hindu goddesses', and pagan goddess' stature in their respective religious societies. However, despite these similarities, there are also remarkable differences between Buffy and these religious icons, and these differences make…
The Vampire Chronicles, Anne Rice's series of contemporary novels, contained fascinating tales of love and death using the gory and overtly sexual vampire mythology as a literary backdrop. The vampire aesthetic of immortality, bloodlust and gothic art provide a romantic backdrop to Rice's thrilling work and character development. Throughout these novels, the vampire character, Lestat de Lioncourt, was often the focus of the violently romantic stories of these superhuman creatures that prey upon humans and drink blood to survive. Lestat, or "The Brat Prince" as he is often named, is a bisexual, immortal being, known as a fan of art and music provided the context of these stories. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the Lestat character, and his varying levels of authority and power described in the two novels Interview with a Vampire, and Queen of the Damned.
Interview With A Vampire, Rice's first…
" After effectively damning her to a life as a vampire, Ibrahim, himself abused by the man who made him one of the undead, tries to 'make good' on his promise to himself to help Lina: "Despite the many shortcoming of Ibrahim's moral probity, he had known from the start that he would live his life as a vampire much the same way he had lived his life as a normal human -- trying to be good, even if he failed miserably most of the time." This is, Taylor suggests, not unlike that of a terrorist who rationalizes his conversion of another man (or woman) to the cause, that he is at least trying, and saving the new convert from a worse fate.
Taylor's extended metaphor of Islamic terrorism and fundamentalism and vampirism, of one life as an outsider in real life with life as an outsider in a science…
Ahmad, M.A. "Islam and Science Fiction: Islam SciFi Interview of Pamela Taylor."October
13 th, 2010.
Taylor, Patricia. "50 Fatwas of the Virtuous Vampire." November 1, 2010.
Movie: Interview with a Vampire
Before the modern infatuation with vampire, werewolves, and other supernatural things, stories that dealt with the supernatural were often relegated not only to the fantasy genre, but also considered beneath consideration. However, the genre shifted with Anne Rice's 1976 publication of Interview with the Vampire, a novel that told the sweeping story of an vampire Louis, his life as a human being, his transformation into a vampire, and his troubled relationships with his sire, Lestat, and their child, Claudia. The novel, which is often considered the second most influential vampire novel after Bram Stoker's Dracula, did much to change the modern image of the vampire. Rather than being viewed as monstrous and evil, Anne Rice's portrayal of Louis characterized him as a victim who did not understand his immortality when he received it, and, as a result, simultaneously feared and embraced death. The book developed…
Ebert, Roger. "Interview with the Vampire." RogerEbert.com. N.p. 11 Nov. 1994. Web. 24
Interview with the Vampire. Dir. Neil Jordan. Perf. Tom Cruise, Brad Pitt, Christian Slater, and Kirsten Dunst. Geffen Pictures, 1994. Film.
Maslin, Janet. "Interview with the Vampire (1994)." The New York Times. N.p. 11 Nov.
Recognizing that the film's title functions on both of these levels is important because it reveals how Alfredson deploys common vampire tropes in novel ways which serve to elevate the emotional content of the film, so that the "rules" surrounding vampires become metaphors for the emotional development both characters undergo. Thus, following Hakan's death, Eli goes to Oscar and he invites her into his room at the same moment that she implicitly invites him into her life, revealing to him the first explicit hints that she is something other than a twelve-year-old girl. From this point on, the two work to protect and comfort each other while providing each other with the confidence and companionship they need in order to be happy. Oscar confronts his bullies, and after a period of initial unhappiness, Eli gains a friend who accepts her as a vampire.
Though Eli initially has far more agency…
Anderson, John. "A Boy and His Ghoulfriend: Beyond the Genre." Washington Post 07 Nov
2008, n. pag. Print. .
Ebert, Roger. "Let the Right One In." Roger Ebert. Sun Times, 12 Nov 2008. Web. 7 Dec 2011.
Dracula is a far more traditional Gothic novel in the classic sense than the four books of the Twilight series, in which Bella Swan and her vampire lover Edward Cullen never even fully consummate their relationship until they are married in the third book Eclipse, and Bella does not finally get her wish to become a vampire until the fourth and final book Breaking Dawn. Far from being Edward's victim, or used as a pawn and discarded, she is eager to leave her dull, empty middle class life behind and become part of the Cullen vampire family. When she nearly dies giving birth to their half-vampire daughter, Edward finally does 'turn' her to save her life, and to paraphrase the title of the old song, we can only hope that she is satisfied. Bella in fact is a very traditional and conservative character, including her religion and even…
Branch, L. 2010. "Carlisle's Cross: Locating the Past in Secular Gothic" in A.M. Clarke and M. Osburn (eds). The Twilight Mystique: Critical Essays on the Novels and Films. McFarland & Company Publishers: 60-79.
Byron, G. 2008. "As One Dead': Romeo and Juliet in the Twilight" in J. Drakakis and D. Townshend (eds) Gothic Shakespeares. Routledge: 167-86.
Meyer, S. 2005. Twilight. Little, Brown and Company.
Meyer, S. 2006. New Moon. Little, Brown and Company.
Though he has vowed to destroy as many vampires as he can and to protect humankind, he is faced with the paradox of destroying part of his identity while trying to save the other. Blade possesses many qualities of a hero, particularly the qualities imbued by his vampiric semi-transformation and his ability and resolve to be courageous for the betterment of humanity. Mythological heroes, much like Blade, often had a close, but conflicted, relationship with their supernatural adversaries and benefactors. Though Blade possesses characteristics of a classical hero, he is also a Byronic hero, as well as an antihero. Like the Byronic hero, Blade comes from a troubled past, is emotionally conflicted, intelligent, and mysterious, but is also considered an outcast. Because Blade is not human, nor is he demon, he struggles to find his place in the world and is forced to live on the fringe of both societies,…
The main character is a vampire who is in love with a human bitten by a werewolf, whom she should, according to the laws of war, have wished to destroy. The human/vampire/werewolf Michael contains all elements of society within his being, and exemplifies the difficulty of making divisions between creatures. If hybrid creatures can exist, how can there be war between two beings that can create a new individual like Michael? Michael poses this argument; much like a multiracial child's life might act as a living, breathing argument against intolerance.
Also, the love that the vampire woman Selene feels for Michael shows that love cannot be imprisoned in categories of class and race, but rather war punishes people based upon such arbitrary distinctions in a futile fashion. Thus, one of the primary lessons of the film is the difficulty, even within war, you can never know who truly is on…
Underworld." Directed by Len Wiseman. 2006
The novel "Dracula" was written by Irish author Bram Stoker in 1897. Set in nineteenth-century Victorian England and other countries of the same time, this novel is told in an epistolary format through a collection of letters, diary entries etc. The main characters include Count Dracula and a small group of men and women led by Dr. Van Helsing. Count Dracula is the antagonist character of the novel, and is a vampire. The group of men and women led by Dr. Van Helsing are the main protagonist characters. The novel talks about Count Dracula's endeavor to relocate from Transylvania to England, and his demise. The story begins with an English lawyer, Jonathan Harker, visiting Dracula's castle to assist him with some real estate issues. During his stay in the castle, Harker discovers that the Count is a vampire and barely escapes with his life. Then the narrative turns into…
Parsons, G. (1989). Religion in victorian britain. (Vol. 4)
Stoker, B. (1897). Dracula. United Kingdom: Archibald Constable and Company.
Wood, P. (2004). Science and dissent in England, 1688-1945 (science, technology and culture,
oman Loves her Father, Every oman Loves a Fascist:
The Politics and Poetics of Despair in Plath's "Daddy"
Sylvia Plath is one of the most famous poets to emerge in the late 20th century. Partially due to the success of her autobiographical novel The Bell Jar, which details her partial recovery from suicidal depression, Plath's poetry has been frequently analyzed through the lens of her clinical mental problems. "Dying is An Art," the critic George Steiner titles of his essay on Plath, referring not only to a line from her poem "Lady Lazarus" but the critical elision of the poet's personal suicidal depression with the source of her confessional poetic gift. For instance, Plath's masterpiece, "Daddy," is a dramatic monologue in the voice of a German woman whose father was a Nazi. Yet despite the 'assumed' nature of "Daddy's" voice and the apparent divergence of poet from the speaker, the…
Plath, Sylvia. "Daddy." From The Norton Introduction to Literature Edited by Jerome
Beaty, et. al. Eighth Edition.
Plath, Sylvia. The Bell Jar. Harper & Row, 1971.
Howe, Irving. "The Plath Celebration: a Partial Dissent." From The Norton Introduction to Literature Edited by Jerome Beaty, et. al. Eighth Edition.
The four-book-and-film franchise about teen vampire love comes with a built-in audience hungry for merchandise -- exclusively available at Hot Topic" (ockwood 2009).
Families that might cut back on expensive vacations are unwilling to deny their teens a few extra dollars to buy a t-shirt with the logo of their favorite heartthrob on it. Teens tend to be very fashion-conscious and want to keep up with the latest brands and images like their friends. Parents think little of cutting out going out to eat but do not want their teens to be social pariahs at this critical, special time in their young lives. Particularly during the holiday season, families are determined to make the memory of the year 'special' for their children. It could also be argued that it is more difficult for families with teens to cut back on buying clothing and other items because teens are outgrowing their…
Brown, A. (2012). Retail stores in worst slump since 2008 recession. Forbes.
Rockwood, K. (2009). How Hot Topic's culture-heavy strategy helped it sizzle during the downturn. Fast Company. Retrieved:
Giaour is cursed to be a vampire as punishment, while Ruthven seems to revel in the power and the role this gives him. He also describes women as adulteresses and worse and treats them as fodder for his needs on every level. Aubrey notes this and does not like it, but he also does not manage to escape from the man or his way of life. In the end, his own sister is destroyed by this man, just as was Ianthe and countless others.
Of course, Giaour also indulges in illicit sex with Leila, certainly illicit in the Muslim social order, though it would be in Europe as well. Leila's relationship with Hassan would also be seen as illicit in Europe, though, which is why Byron makes the point of noting that this sort of arrangement was more common in the past than it is in his own time. In…
Byron, Lord. "The Giaour." In Three Oriental Tales, Alan Richardson (ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2002.
Polidori, John. "Vampyre." In Three Gothic Novels, E.F. Bleiler (ed.). New York: Dover, 1966.
Lucy and Mina
In Victorian England, when Bram Stoker wrote Dracula, the vampire was used as a symbol for, among other things, society's sexual taboos, including overt female sexuality. Nowhere is this idea better explored than in the characters of friends Lucy estenra and Mina Murray. In Stoker's book, Lucy is symbol of the improper female, the one who is coquettish and flirtatious and sparks sexual interest in the male. Mina is her opposite. She is the ideal Victorian woman whose function is to be chaste and supportive of her future husband. Mina's attraction to men is always one of potential wife or mother. These ideas were somewhat diluted in the 1931 film version to make a horror story with less moral and more thrill, although the flirtatious girl still dies and her less sexual counterpart still survives. In the novel, the line between good and evil tends to be…
Dracula. Dir. Tod Browning. Perf. Bela Legosi. Universal, 1931. DVD.
Stoker, Brahm. Dracula. New York: HarperCollins, 2000. Print.
The massive mollusks still do seem fantastical. Several of the irrational elements of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea seemed more outrageous in the 19th century they do now. However, the novel continues to encapsulate the fantasy and science fiction genres because of its willingness to expand the boundary of what is real. Interestingly, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea did not stretch those boundaries much further than hard science has.
On the other hand, novels such as the ones in the Twilight series are more squarely fantastical. Barring any major scientific discoveries, vampires and shape-shifters simply do not exist. Such elements of the absolutely impossible serve various literary functions. For instance, in New Moon Stephanie Meyer uses vampires and shape-shifters to develop the central character, a human being. As in Frankenstein, the impossible becomes the best means to explore human motivations, dreams, desires, and weaknesses.
Moreover, the fantasy elements are not…
Troy Boone writes Van Helsing "affirms a utilitarian view of the vampire-fighter, whose role is to minimize human suffering by combating evil" (Boone). He goes on to explain how Stoker explores this notion by adding to his summation that Van Helsing realizes the different forces at work. Dracula is "finite, though he is powerful to do much harm" (Stoker 320-1) and he cannot be avoided or ignored, he must be stopped. Such a character leaves Van Helsing as a kind of "monster of righteousness" (Bloom), writes Harold Bloom. Van Helsing is the vampire's enemy and opposite and Stoke has situated him in the novel as the only person qualified to fight this evil.
Another way in which Stoker presents Van Helsing as a hero is through the different characters he must face when fighting evil. He is not simply after stopping Dracula. Dracula's women pose the same great threat Dracula…
Bloom, Harold. "Bloom on Dracula." In Bloom, Harold, ed. Dracula, Bloom's Modern Critical
Interpretations. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishing, 2002. Bloom's Literary
Reference Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 13 Apr. 2010. http://www.fofweb.com
Boone, Troy. "He is English and therefore adventurous': politics, decadence, and 'Dracula.'."
Teenagers are not stupid, and it is surprising that so many of them are hooked on the idea of ella and Edward and their 'perfect' romance that is far from achieving anything even close to perfection. For people who really love the Twilight series, there will be no stopping this book and the movie that was made from it. Stephenie Meyer will likely go on to write more books in a similar vein -- although she has so much money from the Twilight series that she certainly does not need to write anything else. Anyone who appreciates the Twilight books likely hopes she writes more and more books for a lot of years to come. Those who loathe the poor writing and even poorer message that these books offer to teenage girls and young women likely hope Meyer just quietly retires.
Jennings, Laura. (2007). Vapid vampires finally get shunted…
Jennings, Laura. (2007). Vapid vampires finally get shunted aside, but all for naught. Book Review. Amazon.com. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/review/R19SP2FA8 5497Q/ref=cm_cr_pr_viewpnt#R19SP2FA85497Q
Johnson, Bronwyn. (2008). Seriously? Book Review. Amazon.com Retrieved from http://www. amazon.com/gp/cdp/member-reviews/AT8LZSS6RKP7G/ref=cm_pdp_rev_title_1?ie= UTF8&sort_by=MostRecentReview#ROOL4HB1N5Z5Z
Meyer, Stephenie. (2006). New Moon (the Twilight Saga, Book 2). Little, Brown, and Co. Amazon.com. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/New-Moon-Twilight-Saga-Book/dp/0316160199
New Moon (Sequel to Twilight) (2008). Book Summary. Shvoong. Retrieved from http://www. shvoong.com/books/1839548-new-moon-sequel-twilight/
Cinema as art serves several functions, not least of which is visual impact. Yet because motion pictures are inherently multimedia, soundscape, theater, and writing converge with the elements of visual cinematography and mis-en-scene. Film is often dichotomized, placed into an artificial binary of art films versus films made for a popular audience and designed for entertainment. However, many movies in the history of cinema prove that the line between art and entertainment is at its blurriest with filmmaking. Some films have also reached the level of being considered "classics," either in their specific genre or in the gamut of filmmaking. One of those films is the original 1922 version of Nosferatu. Directed by F.. Murnau, the 1922 film Nosferatu exemplifies surreal and haunting cinematography, deft use of timing, pacing, and editing, as well as integration of sonic elements.
Murnau's Nosferatu has been called the "best and most artistically-realized" film about…
Ebert, Roger. "Nosferatu." Retrieved online: http://www.ebertfest.com/three/3nosferatu_rev.htm
Leavy, Bill. "Nosferatu: Murnau's use of expressionism in his film. SUNY Albany. 24 April 1985. Retrieved online: http://www.academia.edu/2205991/NOSFERATU_Murnaus_Use_of_Expressionism_in_his_Film
Murnau, F.W. Nosferatu. [Film]. Available: https://archive.org/details/Phantasmagoriatheater-Nosferatu1922909
Vacche, Angela Dalle. Cinema and Painting. University of Texas Press.
Because of Haynes use of dolls, I was much more interested in Karen's story; I most likely would not have been interested in the film if it simply approached her story from the same perspective as other filmmakers.
Horror films can be subdivided into various subgenres. Rosemary's Baby, for instance, may fall into the category of Satan-inspired films due to the fact that in the film, Rosemary is used as a surrogate to Satan's child. What is interesting about this film is that it relies heavily on the viewers' perception of Satan since the entity is never actually shown and neither is his child. Not showing what Rosemary and Satan's child like forces the viewer to imagine what it must look like based on how he is described, which makes it much more frightening because this image is based on the viewers' psyche and feeds off of what they are…
Evolution of the Zombie
An element which was not examined in great detail by Bishop was the evolution of the "undead" creatures of which zombies are one of many. It would appear that Hollywood is always evolving new concepts in terms of these creatures, so much so that the idea of the zombie begins to become blurred. For example some films, most notably 28 Days Later and 28 Weeks Later have toyed with a concept which is very similar to that of the zombie, but is induced by a virus. The creatures in these movies are not technically zombies as they have never died, they have simply changed into flesh-eating monsters. In addition, Shaun of the Dead takes the traditional conventions of the zombie film, but adds an element of comedy, creating what is arguably a new style of film. It would therefore appear likely that given the popularity of…
The very description of the dog conjures up an image of a massive dog, wearing a studded and dangerous collar, salivating in wait for any evil attempt at entering the castle.
The mastiff old did not awake,
Yet she an angry moan did make!
And what can ail the mastiff *****?
Never till now she uttered yell
Beneath the eye of Christabel" (Coleridge)
Christabel fails to heed the warning of the mastiff, and so, her fate is sealed. The image of the mastiff is cruel and powerful, and yet, Geraldine's power is even stronger, for she can keep the mastiff still and keep the warning from registering with Christabel. Thus, her evil is powerful indeed, more powerful than the other gothic motifs in the poem.
8. The dead mother is yet another important motif in the poem. She adds to the tragedy of Christabel's life, and Coleridge makes it quite…
Ashton, Rosemary. "The Life of Samuel Taylor Coleridge." University of Alberta. 1996. 15 March 2007. http://www.ualberta.ca/~dmiall/Gothic/Christabel.htm
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. "Christabel." University of Virginia. 1999. 15 March 2007. http://etext.virginia.edu/stc/Coleridge/poems/Christabel.html
Hogle, Jerrold E. "Christabel' as Gothic: The Abjection of Instability." Manchester University Press. 2005. 15 March 2007. http://journals.mup.man.ac.uk/cgi-bin/pdfdisp//MUPpdf/GOTH/V7I1/070018.pdf
So many great horror movies have been made over the years that choosing eight is difficult, although the best of them all have certain elements in common that makes viewers crave them, and often leads to many sequels. If the same formula works once, then movie directors and producers will use it repeatedly with slight variations, and this happens with all vampire, zombie, werewolf, and slasher/psycho killer films. Any great horror film has to take basically ordinary people and throw them into a situation where they are confronted with evil or monsters of some kind. These characters must be sympathetic enough that the audience will identify with them and hope that they will finally overcome the monsters, a plot device as old as the heroic Beowulf confronting the dragon Grendel. Of course, many of the characters will not survive the conflict and sometimes none of them do. At…
Blatty, W.. P. And N. Marshall (Producers), & W. Friedkin. (Director). (1973). The Exorcist [Motion picture]. U.S.: Warner Brothers.
Carroll, G., D. Giler and W. Hill (Producers), & R. Scott (Director). (1979). Alien [Motion picture]. U.S.: 20th Century Fox.
Castle, W. (Producer), & R. Polanski. (Director). (1968). Rosemary's Baby [Motion picture]. U.S.: Paramount Pictures.
Foster, D. And L. Turman. (Producesr), & J. Carpenter. (Director). (1982). The Thing [Motion picture]. U.S.: Universal Pictures.
Poe, Fall of the House of Usher
Edgar Allan Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher" is perhaps the best-known American entry into the genre of Romantic and Gothic tale, yet it is worth asking what elements actually identify it as such. Spitzer describes the level of Gothic excess here:
Roderick and Madeline, twins chained to each other by incestuous love, suffering separately but dying together, represent the male and the female principle in that decaying family whose members, by the law of sterility and destruction which rules them, must exterminate each other; Roderick has buried his sister alive, but the revived Madeline will bury Roderick under her falling body. The "fall" of the House of Usher involves not only the physical fall of the mansion, but the physical and moral fall of the two protagonists. (Spitzer 352).
To a certain degree, this marks Poe's story out for particular…
Allison, John. Coleridgean Self-Development: Entrapment and Incest in "The Fall of the House of Usher." South Central Review 5.1 (1988): 40-7.
Bailey, J.O. "What Happens in The Fall of the House of Usher?" American Literature 35.4 (1964): 445-66.
Butler, David. "Usher's Hypochondriasis: Mental Alienation and Romantic Idealism in Poe's Gothic Tales." American Literature 48.1 (1976): 1-12.
Damon, S. Foster. Thomas Holley Chivers: Friend of Poe. New York: Harper, 1930.
Yes it had a different form that his previous works, Hesse pointed out, but the "phantasmagoria of events" nevertheless has three basic sections, Ziolkowski asserts. Interestingly, in conclusion, the "Tractat von Steppenwolf" (given to Haller by the man with the placard) proposes a reconciliation of the "conflicting themes" in the book, Ziolkowski continues. If Haller can peer "...deep enough into the chaos of his own soul" by any of the suggested strategies from the Tractat, Haller will then be able to live "happily in the world..."
But the reader is left to wonder about many aspects of the book - including the possibility that the entire book was designed not to enlighten, but to confuse the already confused minds of 20th Century readers and thinkers. But out of confusion comes clarity, right? Or does it? There are questions that the book asks and creates at the same time.
Corbett, Bob. "Steppenwolf by Hermann Hesse." Webster University. Retrieved Dec. 7, 2008 at http://www.webster.edu .
Hesse, Herman. Steppenwolf: A Novel. New York: Macmillan, 1963.
Flaxman, Seymour L. "Der Steppenwolf: Hesse's Portrait of the Intellectual." Modern
Language Quarterly 15.4 (1954): 349-359.
Economic crash can be viewed from a number of perspectives ranging from causes and effects to the 2008 Crash's resemblance to the Crash of 1929, which began the Great Depression. This paper will consider the 2008 recession from the standpoint of the financial banking industry, which, according to economic journalists like Matt Taibbi (2010), played a major and significant role in the crumbling of the nation's economy -- just like it did in the Lawless Decade also known as the oaring Twenties.
Big Banking Meets Big Government
What has now become known as the Era of De-egulation actually had its beginnings in the 80s decade known just as much for its rampant excess as the early 20s were known for their unbridled lawlessness. Yet, while the latter enjoyed the snubs-to-the-law bootlegging speakeasies, the former enjoyed the merging of the financial sector with the political -- which began during eagan's tenure…
AP/HuffPost. (2011). Charles Ferguson's Oscar Speech Rips Wall Street: 'Inside Job'
Director Levels Criticism During Acceptance. HuffPost Business. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/28/charles-ferguson-oscar-speech-inside-job_n_828963.html
Sann, P. (n.d.). The Lawless Decade: A Pictorial History of the Roaring Twenties.
Retrieved from http://lawlessdecade.net/
Legend' is a sci-fi thriller about a New York scientist who is abandoned in Manhattan in the year 2012. This one hour 40 minutes movie stars Will Smith and Alice Braga with Francis Lawrence as its director the movie is rated at PG-13 for violence. The movie offers a stunning view of how the city as the world knows it today, might look in 2012 if in the event it were abandoned in 2009.
Going back in trivia, this is the third adaption of the ichard Matheson's 1954 novel, originally in the film it was vampires instead of zombies. Such movies are always inspired by our fears and hence hold special interest, especially if it's a scientist abandoned in New York struggling to survive a virus that turns humans into flesh-eating mechanical looking zombies.
If we go through its adaptations, the first time the novel was turned into a movie…
Ebert, Roger. Rev. Of I am Legend, Dir. Francis Lawrence Chicago Sun-Times. (14 Dec 2007. Web. 21 Mar. 2011)
Jack Matthews. Rev. Of I am Legend, Dir. Francis Lawrence. New York Daily News. (14 Dec 2007. Web. 21 Mar. 2011)
David Hughes. "Legend of the Fall: Will Ridley Scott's I Am Legend Rise From The Dead." The Greatest Sci-Fi Movies Never Made. Chicago Review Press. 2002.
Lewis Beale. "A variation on vampire lore that won't die." The New York Times. 2007.
mythology is important for both individualistic and collective reasons. On an individual level, mythology could teach moral or human truths, whereas on a collective level mythology could be used to keep people in touch with their origins. Mythological stories could then be used to teach children values such as hard work, diligence and obedience. Role models are created through mythological figures. Also, the mythology of different cultures can serve to teach the student about the values of that culture. This is particularly important in the world today, since advancing technology and phenomena such as globalization has brought foreign cultures much more frequently in touch with each other than was previously the case. It is therefore important to study mythology for the values that it can teach both children and adults, and also for understanding the heritage inherent in these stories.
Mythology derives from the complexity of the human…
Oregon Mediation Center. "Dispute Resolution Mythology." 2004. http://www.to-agree.com/medres/pg23.cfm
Miller, Ken. "An Introduction to the Mythology of the Druids." Oct.-Nov. 2002. Bandarach Council of Druids. http://www.bandarach.org/Paper002.htm
Dada and Degenerate Art in Germany
At the end of WW1, Germany found itself in a period of transition. Held responsible for the war and forced to pay reparations, the Weimar Republic was in a disastrous state. The Kaiser Willelm II had abdicated, hyperinflation decimated the value of the mark, and erlin was fast becoming vice capital of the world with "New Frau" poster-girl Anita erber taking pride in her position as the high priestess of immorality.[footnoteRef:1] It was a new Germany in every respect -- but not one that was destined to last: it was new in the sense that for the first time in its culture, the Germans were embracing the end -- the end of the old order, of the old code, of the old art and moral imperatives; life was short and falling apart at the seams as fast as the mark was becoming worthless. Jobs…
Altshuler, Bruce. The Avant-garde in Exhibition. NY: Abrams, 1994.
Barron, Stephanie. Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany. NY:
Droste, Sebastian; Berber, Anita. Dances of Vice, Horror and Ecstasy. UK: Side Real
Hopefully, regardless of what happens in the rest of the communication world and media, such magazines either in print, electronic or digital form will continue to amaze children.
nfortunately, most young adult books have hit rock bottom, dealing with death, abuse, divorce, sexuality and all the other topics that these youth are bombarded with day after day. It is recognized that youths need to deal with the problems that are facing them, and living in a fantasy world is not helpful. However, do they ever have a time to "chill" as they say it? However, the Twilight Vampire Series is really not the answer to this. It has, what is said, little "redeeming value."
It's difficult deciding on a best YA book and not going back to the classics. The best bet is finding a book that offers imagination, education and entertainment. There are few, but Rebecca Stead's When You…
Unfortunately, most young adult books have hit rock bottom, dealing with death, abuse, divorce, sexuality and all the other topics that these youth are bombarded with day after day. It is recognized that youths need to deal with the problems that are facing them, and living in a fantasy world is not helpful. However, do they ever have a time to "chill" as they say it? However, the Twilight Vampire Series is really not the answer to this. It has, what is said, little "redeeming value."
It's difficult deciding on a best YA book and not going back to the classics. The best bet is finding a book that offers imagination, education and entertainment. There are few, but Rebecca Stead's When You Reach Me comes close. It combines the best elements of recent classics, such as A Wrinkle in Time as well as fun TV game shows like the $20,000 Pyramid, and a story about a girl, Miranda, whose structured world becomes a little more interesting. Miranda's bestest friend Sal stops talking to her he is beat up by Marcus. Marcus then challenges Miranda with arguments about her favorite book, A Wrinkle in Time, and finds flaws in L'Engle's time-travel narrative. Next, Miranda starts receiving notes from someone who seems to know the future. The book's earlier setting in 1980 gets away from all the heavy themes of today and back into "easier" life with Mom on the $20,000 Pyramid.
This is a book that can be enjoyed by readers and nonreaders alike and can be utilized in a variety of different ways for book reports. The teen and pre-teen readers can rely on many different visual arts, TV/film and drama to convey what they have learned from the book. It is also a great book for smaller groups of students to work together for a team project. Forget the horrible Twilight and instead focus on multithematic books like When You Reach Me.
And so America continues to search subconsciously for ways back, for snorkels to lower to those buried souls. Consider the resurgence of magical literature in America over the last decade and a half. Never since Tolkien has the fantasy genre -- the Twilight books and the wealth of vampire chronicles accompanying for example -- been so widely successful. J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels are a recent manifestation of that search for snorkels. What could be more escapist than to imagine being a wizard estranged and insulated from his magical heritage and forced into the mundane -- muggle -- world? As Shoeless Joe was to Ray Kinsella, as writing was to W.P. Kinsella, so has Harry Potter been to a recent generation of Americans. Harry Potter is a mythological symbol of the type Campbell knows has been lost to the detriment of the people. He is the truth Americans wish they…
1. Kinsella, W.P. Shoeless Joe. New York: First Mariner Books, 1999. Print.
2. Twigg, Alan. "Kinsella, W.P." ABCBookworld, BC Bookworld. 2005. Web. 28 April 2010.
3. Besner, Neil. "Kinsella, William Patrick" the Canadian Encyclopedia. 2010. Web. 28 April 2010.
4. Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. California: Joseph Campbell Foundation, 2008. Print.
Though the Monster tries to refrain from interfering; "hat chiefly struck me was the gentle manners of these people, and I longed to join them, but dared not…[remembering] too well the treatment I had suffered the night before from the barbarous villagers" (142). The Monster learns how society behaves through the observation of the family, and through the reading of books. Much like Frankenstein, the Monster is greatly influenced by what he reads including Plutarch's Lives, Sorrow of erter, and Paradise Lost. The Monster's innocence and ignorance, at this point, does not allow him to fully understand or relate to any of the characters in the books (166). The Monster eventually relates to Adam in Paradise Lost, not considering himself a monster, because even "Satan had his companions, fellow devils, to admire and encourage him" (169). As Adam was created in God's own image, the Monster is a "filthy type…
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus. Project Gutenberg. Web. Retrieved
from http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/84 .
Stoker, Bram. The Annotated Dracula. Ed. Leonard Wolf and Satty. Ballantine Books, New
York: 1975. Print.
Barbie's official website does feature an adult doll collection of "Dolls of the orld" which has a slightly more diverse range of images, but even these dolls are fairly uniform in style: the Asian doll is decked out in a midriff-bearing sexy, sari, for example, but looks just like a 'regular' Barbie.
In terms of body image, the typical Barbie doll has branched out to slightly more diverse interests than fashion: Barbie now skis and surfs, and even rides dirt bikes. Barbie is athletic, as well as feminine, in the official image she projects to young girls, suggests that one can be outdoorsy and girlish at once. Barbie's "I can be" collection features a Barbie news anchor and computer engineer, the latter in plastic pink 'geek chic' glasses. Barbie's adult line now features less artificial looking dolls that are supposed to represent famous characters from film and fiction, including the…
Barbie. Official Website. Mattel. June 23, 2010.
"Barbie: Dolls of the world." Barbie Collector. June 23, 2010.
There is a direct correlation with, say, Henry Hill's cocaine abuse and the increasingly rapid cuts between shots. Faster-paced narrative parallels quicker-moving shots. When viewers finally see the film in the theater, the finished product reads like a cohesive narrative when in fact the filmmakers strung together disparate shots and cuts and combined them later after thousands of hours of painstaking labor. Analyzing a movie must therefore include respect for the editorial prowess of the post-production crew.
Editors must be intimately familiar with the screenplay they work with, especially in films that do not have a linear narrative. For instance, Christopher Nolan's 2000 film Memento describes one man's struggle with memory degradation. elying on a non-linear plot, the filmmaker depended on the post-production crew to adequately convey the disjointedness of amnesia. Other elements like dramatic irony, in which the audience is privy to information that protagonists do not have access…
Bellour, R. (2000). The Analysis of Film. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Bertolucci, B. (1993). Little Buddha. Feature film.
Brown, B. (2002). Cinematography: Theory and Practice. USA: Elsevier Science.
Cameron, J. (2009). Avatar. Feature film.
The neglected desire of Witkiewicz's modern man, then, is for literary significance, not historical significance. When they lament that their lives do not have meaning, they are comparing their lives to the lives in the novels and plays they have read. There is no way to know if the life of modern man has any less meaning than that of the French aristocrat of the 17th Century. What we do know is that, since only the priesthood and the aristocracy had the time and skill to write literature in that period, the literature is invariably concerned with aristocrats.
Modern existence in Janulka is premised on the notion that the world will stagnate, go into atrophy, from a lack of meaning and vitality. However, this is only true for those who do not have to work for a living or who do not have arts to devote themselves to. In…
Stanley Hochman, McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama: Volume 1 p. 164-168
The Witkiewicz Reader (1992) p. 155-207
Daniel Charles Gerould, Witkacy: Stanis-aw Ignacy Witkiewicz as an Imaginative Writer (1981) p. 234-243
Had Tolkien been an American (shudder), it is likely that the trilogy would have assumed some gangster or other bad-guy qualities that would belie its roots in mythology and legend. Fortunately for generations of avid readers and now a motion picture-going audience, the world continues to delight in the writings of Tolkien precisely because he sends his modern readers to the dictionary once in awhile just to see what he is talking about. The precision of Tolkien's use of words and phrases in the books that comprise the trilogy are noteworthy if for no other reason than their ability to communicate exactly what the author intended, but the use of the right word in the right place has also contributed to the work's enduring popularity among readers who might not otherwise ever learn that a "coney" was something besides a hot dog with chili and cheese.
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1991.
Clark, George and Daniel Timmons. J.R.R. Tolkien and His Literary Resonances: Views of Middle-Earth. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
J.R.R. Tolkien Glossary. 4 Dec 2009 .
Regehr, Rudy. 2006, "Following Gandalf: Epic Battles and Moral Victory in the Lord of the Rings," Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, 12, 37.
The almanac symbolizes the passing of time or life. As a result, it cannot help but point to death and bring forth tears. e see this alluded to with the child's drawing, as the man wears "tear like buttons" (29), symbolizing all that has passed. The almanac is crying but those tears are also nourishing in that they are preparing the child for the next phase in her life. The recurring tears point to the fact that death is not far for the grandmother. Here we see death hiding about in almost every aspect of the daily activities of life, reminding us that it is always around the corner.
In "A Certain Lady," Dorothy Parker utilizes symbolism to make an ironic point. The symbols in this poem point to the traditional ones we associate with love and lovers. The poet tells her lover that she will "drink your rushing words…
Bishop, Elizabeth. "Sestina." Textbook. City Published: Publisher. Year Published.
Parker, Dorothy. "A Certain Woman." Textbook. City Published: Publisher. Year Published.
Plath, Sylvia. "Daddy." Textbook. City Published: Publisher. Year Published.
If humans are not the architects of good and evil, then, it is easy to see how a human cannot be wholly good or wholly evil. An architect may be trying to emulate the style of Frank Lloyd right, but his or her work will, ultimately, be different from right's in some ways. The emulating architect will create some aspects of his or her building that are entirely his or her own. In the same way, a person may be emulating the metaphysical creator of good or evil, but he or she will be flawed in some ways, meaning that he or she is not wholly evil or wholly good. Edgar Allen Poe gives a good example of this in his story "The Black Cat." hile the main character commits atrocities to his cat, Pluto, readers are able to find a glimmer of good through his actions before he commits…
Brians, Paul et al. "St. Augustine on the Problem of Evil." Washington State University.
18 December 1998. Resources for the Study of World Civilizations. 18 May 2009.
"Evil and Otherness."
Govier, Trudy. "Forgiveness and the Unforgivable." American Philosophical Quarterly.
Gage, Louis' son, also goes through a profound change, beginning the novel as an innocent young boy, and then, after he is resurrected after being hit by a car, changing into a strange, zombie-like creature who kills and partially eats his own death-denying mother, as he is now possessed with an ancient Indian spirit, a Wendigo.
Pet Semetary blends the horror of the everyday with the horror of the supernatural. The central protagonists of the novel first experience terrible events in their lives that can afflict all of us like the death of a pet or a child. Then, the supernatural and the foreign intervene in their lives, first in the form of dreams, then through the force of the Indian burial ground. Everyone wants someone who has died to 'come back,' but the novel demonstrates that it is impossible for things to be as they once were, in a…
He writes, "Lucy Westenra, but yet how changed. The sweetness was turned to adamantine, heartless cruelty, and the purity to voluptuous wantonness" (Stoker 225). It is clear that wantonness is not a characteristic to be admired in Victorian times, because he compares her wantonness to cruelty, as well. Clearly, both these novels echo the time they were written and society's views on women. Women play insignificant and "wanton" roles in both books, and they are a source of motherly love and distress. One critic, however, feels the novel may be a beacon of change, too. He writes, "Dracula is not only a threat but also imaginative and physical vitality, a catalyst for change. The novel suggests that a new understanding of sexuality and decay is necessary for any attempt to attain social order and growth" (Boone). What is most interesting about these two novels is that they portray relatively like…
Boone, Troy. "He Is English and Therefore Adventurous: Politics, Decadence, and 'Dracula." Studies in the Novel 25.1 (1993): 76+.
Nitchie, Elizabeth. Mary Shelley: Author of "Frankenstein." Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1970.
Hoeveler, Diane Long. "3 Frankenstein, Feminism, and Literary Theory." The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley. Ed. Esther Schor. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 45-60.
Schor, Esther, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Mary Shelley. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
The purpose of this set of questions is to see whether they would engage in similar action even if they know that the other individual will not reciprocate given the reverse of their circumstances. All individuals will answer blindly, and we will anonomously collect all of the information.
There are many different results that are possible within this experiment. First, the expected result is that the majority of individuals will answer that they would act altruistically. However, they could act altruistically in some cases, as when they are giving change back to others, but selfishly when it comes to saving a drowning person and risking their own lives. Another scenario is that they could act selfishly when they are in the room by themselves, but when they are doing so in conjunction with someone else, they might be motivated by the visual sign of someone else to be altruistic.…
Simon, HA. "A mechanism for social selection and successful altruism." Science. 1990.
Trivers, RL. "The evolution of reciprocal altruism." The Quarterly Review of Biology. 1971. 46:35-55.
Wilkinson, GS. "Reciprocal food sharing in the vampire bat." Nature. 1984. 308:181-184.
For instance, all of the men who became shipwrecked on the shores of Tauris were sacrificed to Artemis. Also, in the town of Brauron in Attica which held the stolen statue of Artemis from Tauric, there appeared one day a tame bear which was sacred to Artemis. This bear apparently wandered freely through the village and attacked a young girl with its claws. Soon after, this bear was killed by the girl's brother, an act which angered Artemis to no end. The oracle at Delphi then told the people of Tauric that they must "consecrate all of their daughters to Artemis" as a result of killing the bear. Thus, "every five years, a procession of young Tauric daughters, dressed in saffron-colored robes, solemnly walked to the temple of Artemis and voluntarily allowed themselves to be butchered" (Gimbutas, 312).
In addition, there are stories that Artemis was akin to a vampire,…
Encyclopedia: Greek Gods, Spirits and Monsters." Theoi Project. Internet. 2007.
Retrieved at http://www.theoi.com/Encyc_A.html .
Fantham, Elaine, et al. Women in the Classical World: Image and Text. UK: Oxford
University Press, 1994.
Will it be able to fly or glide, or float through the air. There is an unanswered question here. The girl is still blowing bubbles and has barely noticed what has happened yet. But two other gargoyles turn to watch this one gargoyle who has freed itself from its eternal bondage. One of these is screaming, as if he is afraid, or wants to join the one who has become free.
The young girl seems to be involved in what is before her, not the image of the gargoyle. But lying in the shadows is her teddy bear, an image of her babyhood, lying forgotten on the edge of the stone.
The gargoyles depicted in this painting are not the medieval norm. Though their heads are monstrous and have huge fangs, they are also half-human. The bodies are definitely human, though the back legs remind one of amphibians' legs, with…
Moreover, population groups "…pull up roots and seemingly go out of their way to avoid one another…" throughout Southern California, Worster writes (242). An example of the concept of "pulling up roots" is the community of Watts, which in the 1960s, Worster continues, was "an almost entirely black populace" but by the mid-1990s is "predominately Mexican-American" (p. 243). And Little Tokyo, positioned just south of Los Angeles' City Hall, is now home to a "dwindling population of Japanese-Americans" who have scant interaction with the colonies of artists "who began reclaiming and inhabiting factory and loft buildings" in Little Tokyo. Armenians that once dominated the eastern fringes of Hollywood have "relocated to suburban Glendale" and South Koreans have "settled in the Mid-Wilshire district" which has caused the "displacement of a sizable community of Central Americans," Worster explains. This movement of cultures and ethnicities around the sprawling great Los Angeles region…
Berry, Mary Frances, 2000, Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality and Discrimination. DIANE Publishing: Darby, Pennsylvania.
Crash. Lion's Gate Home Entertainment. Rated R. (2005)
Erie, Steven P., Freeman, Gregory, and Joassart-Marcelli, Pascale, 2004, W (h)ither Sprawl? Have Regional Water Policies Subsidized Suburban Development? In Up Against the Sprawl: Public Policy and the Making of Southern California, Eds. J. Wolch, M. Pastor, and P. Dreier. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN.
Frommer, Marcos, 1992, 'An Interview with Mike Davis,' Chicago Review, vol. 38, issue 4, 21-44.
" Du Fu, of course, is speaking of the An Lushan Rebellion, which was not put down for nearly a decade in mid-eighth century China.
Emperor u's wars have essentially decimated the land. The lands are barren -- in more ways than one. The consequences of war are numerous: the men are gone, so in villages where couples should normally be uniting and having children, no children are had. The image Du Fu uses is of stark fields where "nothing grows but weeds," but the image could easily be construed as being representative of the lack of new life in the "two hundred districts / And in thousands of villages."
The next image Du Fu employs is one of heartbreaking sorrow: "and though strong women have bent to the ploughing, / East and west the furrows are all broken down." Du Fu's image is akin to the ballads of Ireland,…
Du Fu. "Song of War Chariots." Web. 24 May 2011.
"Heroes or Bandits! " 2008. Web. 24 May 2011.
Science fiction and horror both offer narrative closure and "the restoration of the social order," as does Repo Men, only in this case the social order being preserved is completely amoral and evil (Grant 21). It does not end with the monster or alien menace defeated, like Independence Day, Star ars, Terminator or The ar of the orlds, but just a literal return to the
status quo and business as usual. Repo Men is definitely not an adolescent or 'infantilized' film, with heavy reliance on special effects and light and magic shows, nor do the good guys win in the end -- insofar as there are any good guys at all. It has no real hope or comport to offer, and n this absolutely dehumanized world of the future that lacks redeeming features of any kind, Remy's fantasy existence might actually be preferable to 'reality'. Thus the film is…
Grant, Barry Keith. "Sensuous Elaboration': Reason and the Visible in Science Fiction Film" in Redmond, Sean (ed). Liquid Metal: The Science Fiction Film Reader. Wallflower Press, 2004: 17-23.
Landsberg, Alison. "Prosthetic Memory: Total Recall and Blade Runner" in Ballard, David and Barbara M. Kennedy (eds). The Cybercultures Reader, Second Edition. Routledge, 2007: 286-96.
Milner, Andrew. "Dark City: Urban Dystopia and Science Fiction Cinema." International Journal of Cultural Studies, 7(3) 2004: 259-79.
Sobchak, Victoria. "Images of Wonder: The Look of Science Fiction" in Liquid Metal: 4-10.
In 1991, Ben Mezrich graduated magna cum laude from Harvard. Since passing out he has written seven books. The combined printing of all his books in nine languages is a staggering more than a million copies. Among his books are the New York Times best seller and blockbuster 'Bringing down the House: The True Story of Six MIT Kids Who Took Vegas for Millions'. This book is being made into a major motion picture. The producer is the actor Kevin Spacey and he is doing the production under the banner of MGM. The Ugly Americans is the eight book of Ben Mezrich and is his second nonfiction book. (Author Tracker)
One can easily understand how this book gets to be selected for being made into a major motion picture. It tells the story of a man attaining the American dream in Japan; The intrigue of forbidden love…
Author Tracker. Retrieved from http://www.authortracker.com/author.asp?a=authorid& b=6651 Accessed on 11/13/2004.
Carkonen, Shawn. 'Editorial Reviews' -- Amazon.com Retrieved from http://www.Amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/006057500X Accessed on 11/13/2004.
Casper. Ugly Americans. 3 August, 2004. Retrieved from http://blogcritics.org/archives/2004/08/03/203034.php Accessed on 11/13/2004.
Matthew, Ann Mary. When Yen Go to Your Head. Retrieved from http://www.dartmouth.edu/~thedc/review%207.htm Accessed on 11/13/2004.
In the first book of the Guardians of Ga'Hoole series, the young owl Soren is pushed out of the nest before he knows how to fly. Five anthropomorphic characteristics he and the other owls display in the first book will be recounted in this paper.
Propaganda and brainwashing: clearly the strategies used by the owls of St. Aegolius anthropomorphically mirror those used by human religious cults, fascists, and by communist POW (prisoner of war) camps during the Korean War, in WWII, and in other wars. A very human strategy in wartime -- albeit inhumane -- is to capture or kidnap innocent individuals and tell them, as the St. Aegolius owls told them, "It is here that you will find truth and purpose… When Truth is Found, Purpose is Revealed" (Lasky, 31). asically the owls became slaves through the classic fascist brainwashing technique, with their captors telling those captured that…
Brotherly competition and angst: In human families there is always tension between the children, and brothers have been known to be cruel to each other before they are old enough to know better and to support each other -- and even when they grow into adults brothers can be very cruel to each other, indifferent to each other's feelings. While falling out of the nest onto the ground (only to be kidnapped by the owls of St. Aegolius) was terrible, to later realize it was your own brother owl that shoved you is a nightmare of huge consequences. The St. Aegolius owls were preaching that the "Truth" would reveal purpose. But for the protagonist in this story, "The only truth that Soren knew right now was a deep gizzard-chilling one: His brother had shoved him from the nest" (Lasky, 54). On page 60, Gylfie is trying to get Soren to "pull" himself together and stop fretting about how he misses his family. "What do you mean pull yourself together?" Soren asks. "Do you know what I just figured out about my brother?"
The ruse carried out by Soren and Gylfie: the two captured owls learned to pretend to be marching -- and practiced walking in the "dazed manner" of those that had been moon-blinked -- in order to resist being moon blinked. Yes they were found out, but in the meantime it is very human to devise a strategy to out-think your persecutors, to know in advance what their strategy will be and to conspiratorially plot your escape.
Planning an escape: it took more than just dreaming of being able to fly to prepare Soren and Gylfie for their escape. In a very anthropomorphically thought-out strategy, brought on by a terrible need to go home and the fear of vampire bats sucking their blood, the two "must feel" (and they did) the passion to fly "in their minds" and in their "gizzards" too (Lasky, 138). When 77 British servicemen who had been prisoners in WWII in Poland made their now-famous escape on March 24, 1944 ("The Great Escape"), they got out because they used their best brain-driven tactics. The servicemen had their plans so well rehearsed, they were confident they could slide through the tunnel. In "The Capture," Gylfie and Soren ("I can do it. I can do it!") believed in themselves like humans do when their backs are against the wall. "[Gylfie and Soren] knew that when they escaped, it was essential to find the highest point possible, the point closest to the sky" (Lasky, 140). "Grimble could immediately tell that both owlets were concentrating fiercely" (Lasky, 159).
In general, mythology is defined as the collective stories that belong to a specific culture and embody all the religious beliefs and values. In Hinduism, the myths truly depict the spiritual essence of this tradition that traces its roots to the Indus Valley as far back as 4000 BCE. In fact, even today Hinduism mythology continues to be an integral part of this ever-changing global culture and remains as important as the Bible or the Koran.
Indian civilization, Hinduism in particular, is based on a broad enough philosophical foundation to encompass individuals of all faiths and beliefs. The early historian Williams in Brahmanism and Hinduism (455) emphasized that the interest in Hinduism lies in its ability to be continually adaptable to the continual diversity of human character. Philosophers appreciate the religion's spiritual and abstract aspects. The poets enjoy its aesthetic and ceremonial offerings. Individuals who relish seclusion, laud…
Bulfinch's Mythology. New York: Thomas Crowell, 1855.
Dowson, John . A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion, Geography, History, and Literature. London: Routledge, 1979.
Forty, Jo. Mythology: A Visual Encylopedia. New York: Sterling, 2001.
Hackin, J. Asiatic Mythology. New York: Thomas Crowell, (n.d.).
Master and Margarita by Bulgakov
Mikhail Bulgakov's novel "The Master and Margarita" is one of the brightest pieces of Soviet literature on the hand with such masterpieces as One day of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Soljenitzin and Quite follows Don by Mikhail Sholohov.
'The Master and Margarita" impresses by the unity of philosophy, religion and satire on Soviet society. "The Master and Margarita" may be also considered as one of the greatest philosophical novels of modern times. Bulgakov touches immortal human problems in the novel: relationships of individual and society on the hand with vales of his contemporaries. Deep philosophical and ethic meaning of the novel is supplemented by bitter irony and witty sarcastic description of Soviet ussian society. Bulgakov's innovation in The Master and Margarita is obvious. Disposing vices and lawlessness of Soviet Moscow he doesn't choose a common method of justice, relying on God and good powers. Instead…
Bulgakov, Mikhail The Master and Margarita Penguin Classics 2001
The mere fact that these people interact as much as they do is a sign of the blurring of class signs. Also, the image of Gatsby as essentially nouveau riche, is itself a statement indicating interclass mobility. Unlike Steinbeck's story, Fitzgerald's is much more concerned with individual prejudices and stereotypes. In Gatsby, the prejudgments are of the working class against the leisured class. The work also speaks to the utter aimlessness of someone like Gatsby - a man who lives it seems, just for the sake of inoffensive pleasure, but who, at the same time, contributes nothing to the overall society. The unbelievable disconnect between Gatsby's set, and the rest of humanity is captured in an offhand remark of one of his guests, who just happened to find himself in the library, "I've been drunk for about a week now, and I thought it might sober me up to sit…
Pelzer, Linda C. "Honoring an American Classic: Viking's 1989 Edition of John Steinbeck's the Grapes of Wrath (Review)." The Critical Response to John Steinbeck's the Grapes of Wrath. Ed. Heavilin, Barbara a. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. 309-311.
John Steinbeck, the Grapes of Wrath, p. 30 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=25603407
Linda C. Pelzer, "Honoring an American Classic: Viking's 1989 Edition of John Steinbeck's the Grapes of Wrath (Review)," the Critical Response to John Steinbeck's the Grapes of Wrath, ed. Barbara a. Heavilin (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000) 310.
ilfred Owen's poem "Dulce et Decorum est" describes the horrors of orld ar One. ith rich imagery, the poet refers to the gory and horrid details of the "great war," such as "the blood / Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, / Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud," and "watch the white eyes writhing in his face, / His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin." Owen's commentary comes directly from personal experience, as the poet served as a soldier in orld ar One. Having witnessed the devastation and death he describes in "Dulce Decorum Est," the poet challenges the popular assumptions of war's glory, honor, and necessity. The title of the poem comes from a Latin phrase meaning "It is sweet and right." The phrase was often used in reference to the First orld ar, to promote morale among soldiers. Owen concludes that the phrase is truly…
Written in 1926, William Butler Yeats' "Sailing to Byzantium" focuses not on war but on aging, death, and immortality. Through colorful, almost mystical imagery, Yeats describes the city of Byzantium through its glorious works of art, paintings that will stand the test of time. Yeats contrasts the immortal beauty of the works of art with the mortal decay of human flesh: "An aged man is but a paltry thing, a tattered coat upon a stick."
The poem "Dinner Guest: Me" by Langston Hughes describes the racial divide in America, and Hughes writes from an African-American perspective. The poem takes place around a dinner table in which the white hosts entertain a black guest, bombarding him with questions, "the usual questions / That come to white mind / Which seeks demurely / To Probe in polite way / The why and wherewithal / Of darkness U.S.A." In spite of their high-minded intellectual probing, the narrator of the poem cannot help but notice that "Solutions to the Problem, / Of course, wait. In spite of well-meaning discourse on racial equality, the problems associated with racism still exist in America and the gap between white and black remains large.
Sylvia Plath's poem "Daddy" describes anger and rage associated with mental and physical oppression. While Plath seems to focus on her relationship with her father, her rage extends also to her relationship with her husband, "The vampire who said he was you / And drank my blood for a year, / Seven years." The narrator relates all forms of oppression to the Nazi slaughter of the Jews. The intensity of the poet's emotions culminated in Plath's killing herself at age 30.
The lack of rights within marriage that makes women basically "property" to the man is obviously central to this story, as indicated by the way in which Maria is imprisoned. There are a variety of ways in which this most disturbing of issues is addressed in the book. Women who are married loose control over their own bodies, and are required to submit to caresses to which their soul does not consent. One woman in the madhouse is, in fact, there specifically because she could not tolerate her husband's caresses. "she had been married, against her inclination, to a rich old man,... In consequence of his treatment... she had... lost her senses." (1.39) Not only is a woman prone to institutionalized rape, but she also has no right to require the man to remain as he was before they wed. Maria declaims bitterly of how her husband deteriorates into a…
It is interesting, however, that Coleridge chose to describe two women in a homoerotic situation since lesbianism was practically unheard of at the time whereas male homosexuality, though illegal, was at least recognized. It's even more interesting in the face of Coleridge's history of unease with women (Grossberg 152).
The two main characters in this piece are Christabel and Geraldine. Geraldine's appearance coincides with a mysterious sound that is never identified, and is but one indication of her supernatural origins. It has been suggested that Geraldine is the first appearance of a vampire in literature, though she is referred to as a witch in the text itself. She has a strongly homoerotic connection to Christabel, one of Sir Leoline's, the baron who owns the castle where the poem takes place, daughters. Christabel is enchanted by Geraldine, whether literally or figuratively, though she is terrified as well. Essentially Christabel and Geraldine…
Abrahms, M.H. (ed). "Introduction to the Gothic." Norton Anthology of English
Literature. London: W.W. Norton, 2000.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. "Christabel." British Literature 1780-1830. Ed. Anne K.
Mellor and Richard E. Matlak. Boston: Heinle & Heinle, 1996. 721-729.
After Fuentes novel, later was made a film, " Old Gringo," with Gregory Peck in the title role.
Bierce also joined the characters of the movie From Dusk Till Dawn 3: The Hangman's Daughter (set in 1913, a prequel to the original From Dusk Till Dawn). Bierce was an inspiring figure for the producer of the movie. In the film he is first attacked y andits, and then trapped in a ar filled with vampires determined to kill all the humans inside. This clearly fictional adventure also portrayed Bierce as an alcoholic. In that film Amrose Bierce was played y Michael Parks.
Bierce appears as a character in Roert A. Heinlein's uses Amrose Bierce as a character for his novella " Lost Legacy," (pulished in the short story collection Assignment in Eternity). In the story, Bierce has advanced mental powers.
A http: The story purpose is to present Bierce's manuscript…
1. Facts about Bierce's life and work -contains information about his life and work.
2. The work which consecrated Bierce as a famous writer - the most important writing of Ambrose Bierce, categorized.
I. The Supernatural stories -contains references and examples
FANTASTIC LITEATUE IN "THE DEAD LOVE"
The hesitation of characters when confronted with questions of reality is clearly depicted in The Dead Lover and becomes the driving force of the plot through the experiences of the protagonist omuald as recounted by him at the age of sixty-six. The hesitation of omuald to confront the question of which of his experiences -- the ones as the priest or the one as Seignior omuald of Venice -- are real forms the basis of much of the plot. This hesitation is built into the constitution and personality of the protagonist as he is a young priest recently ordained and is not mature enough to deal with the temptations of the world that he comes across for the first time since his education in a cloistered environment is complete.
omuald's Hesitation to Accept the eality of his Vocation
Gautier, Theophile. Theophile Gautier's Short Stories G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1909. pp. 175-244. Web. http://www.archive.org/stream/thophilegauti00gaut#page/n13/mode/2up .
Otherness" Quality of Gothic Fiction
Otherness in Wapole and Lewis
The construct of otherness is represented in Gothic fiction in three primary ways: (1) An underlying emphasis on the supernatural is a strong platform to presenting a sense of the other to readers. (2) Moreover, women are portrayed in a manner that characterizes them as being very different from men. (3) The behavior of the characters and the situations in which they find themselves and put themselves is profoundly different from the quotidian experiences of the readers, thereby imparting a separation between fiction and real life that comfortably maintains the characters in some kind of otherland.
The "Otherness" of the Supernatural
With his 1764 writing of the novel The Castle of Otranto, Horace Wapole is said to have invented the Gothic novel genre -- a classification that relies heavily on representation of the supernatural. In the minds of contemporary readers,…
Opposition a edf Authinity Www, rotten Tomatoes
Impossible to review?
The challenges of reviewing Breaking Dawn, Part II
otten Tomatoes' collective reviews of the final installment of the Twilight series Breaking Dawn, Part II are some of the most 'mixed' of any recently released film. While most films on otten Tomatoes are fairly consistently rated as bad, good, or mediocre, the reviews are squarely split between anti-Twilight and pro-Twilight camps. The review of Peter Travers, critic for olling Stone, echoes the sentiments of many anti-Twilight reviews, forced to watch the film as part of their job: "It's Dead! It's Dead! By which I mean, It's Finished! It's Finished! Five movies have been squeezed out of four Stephenie Meyer Twilight books. All of them redefining cinematic tedium for a new century. And now, It's Over! It's Over! No more Twilight movies EVE!" (Travers 2012). This illustrates the problem with reviewing components…
Berardinelli, James. Breaking Dawn. [REVIEW]. 16 Nov 2012. [6 Dec 2012]
Breaking Dawn, Part II. Rotten Tomatoes. [6 Dec 2012]
Taking this into consideration, formalist films always try to come up with the idea that are merely personal imaginations, and events in the film are practically impossible in real life situations. Due to this, the style used in formalist films is usually very high. Its editing is sharp for the purpose of reminding the audience that it is merely a work of an artist. Formalist films always have a deeper and symbolic meaning which only the film elite can understand it. These are audiences who have adequate knowledge of evaluating a film in order to get its meaning.
Andrew, Dudley. The Major Film Theories: An Introduction. London: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print.
Braudy, L & Cohen, M. " Eisenstein, Sergei" The Dramaturgy of Film Form (The Dialectical Approach to Film Form). Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory eadings. By. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 24-40. Print.
Braudy, L & Cohen,…
Andrew, Dudley. The Major Film Theories: An Introduction. London: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print.
Braudy, L & Cohen, M. " Eisenstein, Sergei" The Dramaturgy of Film Form (The Dialectical Approach to Film Form). Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. By. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 24-40. Print.
Braudy, L & Cohen, M." Pudovkin, Vsevolod." Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 7-12. Print.
Braudy, L & Cohen, M. " Balasz, Bela" Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 273-81. Print.
It is for this reason that one could reasonably argue that Precious' entire life, and particularly the trials and tribulations she must endure, including her violent family life, her poverty, and her illiteracy, all ultimately stem from her racial and ethnic background, because the pervasive, institutional racial inequalities that still exist in America served to structure her entire life. Even before she began she was already disadvantaged by being born a black woman in the United States, because the United States maintains a system of social, economic, and political inequality that disproportionately impoverishes the black population. Thus, in broad strokes, one can say that all of the major events in Precious' life are a result of her ethnic background and the meaning American society places on that category of difference.
Perhaps more than any of the novels discussed here, Push manages to make the idea of difference as a form…
Chattalas, Michael, and Holly Harper. "Navigating a Hybrid Cultural Identity: Hispanic
Teenagers' Fashion Consumption Influences." The Journal of Consumer Marketing 24.6
Chodorow, Nancy. Feminism and psychoanalytic theory. New Haven [Conn.]: Yale University
She said, "What is the point? I don't want to make myself feel that way. I would rather watch something that makes me feel good." Having no need for meditated horror, Fan simply said, "Oh you mean like Nightmare on Elm Street or something?" when asked about films.
Local legends and urban legends were of more interest for Fan because they pointed to the real world and genuine human need to understand crime and victimhood. As a victim of a crime, Fan said that she felt no matter how good a person is, bad things can still happen to them. It is philosophically difficult to understand, and the most important thing is to not be depressed and get on with life.
Daymien is an African-American gay male. He is 30 years old and the boyfriend of one of my brother's friends. I interviewed Daymien because he is a…