Web Conferencing Essays (Examples)

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Web Conference Memo the Manager Web Conference

Words: 480 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15253081

Web Conference Memo

The Manager

Web Conference program research

I refer to the work you assigned me, to research on the best web conference program which can help you hold a weekly status meeting. I did research through the internet regarding the same. Through my research, I looked into four various kind of web conference programs namely, OnWebinar, Vyew, OpenMeeting and DimDim. However, to come up with one program, I analyzed each in consideration with the Operating System installed in our computers and other various factors.

Therefore, I would like to recommend Vyew as the best web conference program, because of its features which have listed below:

It's a browser-based web conference program and it operates effectively on Windows, Mac and Linux as well.

It has hundreds of active/archived meeting per user, which means it can support a number of users at a time.

It's very flexible compared to other web conference programs.

All the contents for the meeting are auto-saved in real-time and be accessed by an authorized user.

5. It offers both private and public chart.

6. It can publish meetings via URL or embedded in a webpage or email.

7. Its interface can be customized with colors…… [Read More]


Montreal, Quebec, Canada in Museums and the Web April 8-12, 2008


(D. Klein) Compare Best Conferences services 2012

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Web-Based Professional Development

Words: 12713 Length: 46 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88201524

Roanoke County School System Faculty and Staff's Perceptions Regarding the Use of Web-Based Professional Development

Educational Thesis

Implications for Improvement of Practice

Introduction (could be longer. Include mandatory teacher ongoing certification standards)

Ongoing staff development has long been a vital part of the educational environment. It is the means by which the faculty and staff of a school system are kept current in educational trends, technologies and philosophies. In a diverse society, social pressures felt in the classroom are continually making the teaching process more challenging.

In the past few years alone, the advance in computer capabilities and in-home computer gaming equipment has affected the attention span of the average student. Elementary and secondary education students have a different paradigm as to what is interesting. Thus the challenge in the classroom to grab, hold, and mold the students attention have changed. An effective teacher must be aware of these changes, and other social influences, and be equipped to adjust his or her teaching styles to continue to reach his/her students. Ongoing professional development is the means by which the school system can stay current with the needs of its student body.

Therefore, the overarching goals of an effective staff development…… [Read More]


Blackboard. (n.d.). Blackboard.com. Retrieved October 22, 2002, at  http://www.blackboard.com 

Blair, J (2001). Teacher-Training Programs Turn to Cyberspace. Education Week Online,. Retrieved October 26, 2002, at http://www.edweek.org

Charles, C.M., & Mertler, C.A. (2002). Orientation to Educational Research (4 ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Guskey, T.R. (2000). Evaluating Professional Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
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Web 2 0 With a Focus

Words: 6782 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3008169

0 is "…a broad name used for a number of different experiments that are being done in the research community" (Reddy & Goodman, 2002, p. 12). The emphasis here is in 'experiment' as Web 2.0 is a platform for the testing of new applications and innovation, as well as being an area for research and development in education and science.

The differences in the way that Web 2.0 functions can be seen in the concept of the Internet as a new platform or environment. This is a concept that exceeds the idea that a new Internet would merely offer new applications that would be in essence an extension of Internet 1.0. As Tim O'Reilly and John Battelle note, Web 2.0 means "… building applications that literally get better the more people use them, harnessing network effects not only to acquire users, but also to learn from them and build on their contributions" (O'Reilly and John Battelle, 2006). This vision of an Internet that grows in an almost organic sense, where the user becomes an integral part of the growth of knowledge, is central to the ideals of Web 2.0; and is an aspect that has cultural and social consequences.

The…… [Read More]


Anderson a. ( 2007) What is Web 2.0? Ideas, technologies and implications for Education. Technology and Standards Watch, Feb. 2007. Retrieved from http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/techwatch/tsw0701b.pdf

Atchison S. (2007) Are You Chasing the Web 2.0 Trend? Part 2. Retrieved from http://www.clickz.com/3626152

Bogatin B. ( 2007) Web 2.0 Social Networks: Cool but marginal and unprofitable?

Retrieved from http://blogs.zdnet.com/micro-markets/?p=1062)
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Internet-Based Conferencing Information Technology Has

Words: 1230 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90163463

Web conferencing, though it is a very effective tool has its own drawback. The lack of human element and the absence of nonverbal feedback, particularly when dealing with clients constitute the negative side of electronic communication.

The field of medicine is one that uses web conferencing to great success. Telemedicine success stories are a good indication of the useful application of web conferencing. Web Conferencing, for example allows physician assistants and nurses to consult physicians and experts pertaining to patients symptoms and start appropriate treatment method for patients in hospitals and health care units running in remote locations. Similarly educational institutions embrace the technology offering e-learning modules for students from geographically diverse areas.

With careful planning and implementation of access privileges for different group of end-users internal security concerns can be allayed. Sensitive information can thus be protected by authorization. VOIP security concerns are a deterring factor as time and again hackers try to identify new vulnerabilities of the VOIP networks and attack them. [Johna Till Johnson] With most companies using web conferencing and live online meetings to share their applications and other sensitive data pertaining to their enterprise it becomes imperative to address the security concerns. Application sharing, which…… [Read More]


1) Matt McKenzie. Five Web Conferencing Packages: Not Just Conference

Calls Anymore. NetworkComputing.com Dec 1, 2005 http://www.networkcomputing.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=174403432

2) Kelly Jackson-Higgins. Video IP Project Boosts Network's Profile: A Look at Cisco Media Network. NetworkComputing.com Apr 19, 2004 http://www.networkcomputing.com/showitem.jhtml?docid=1508centerfold

3) Kelly Jackson-Higgins. Concrete Company Trades Travel for Web
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IT Management Introduction Understanding Web 3 0 and

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22497479

IT Management

Introduction Understanding Web 3.0 and the Future of Wirearchy

Web 3.0 refers to having a semantic web platform. With the immense amount of data available over the Internet, a form of connection needs to be created. Being able to share absolute content outside the walls of websites and applications needs to be created, forming semantics. In order to seek the full benefits and knowledge of our interchanging Internet aspects, all forms of connecting devices need to merge and connect the same way. Web 3.0 focuses on building relationships of words and data into context (Ray, 2010).

It is the context of the word that needs to be in relation and having the same relation to everyone. Having such said structure will link and connect the data the same, no matter who is retrieving it. Searching specific data or inquiring certain data does not enable the human body to enter in an inquiry, therefore producing the same answer.

Having a semantic web would integrate information within the human mind to obtain a final answer to the question you are seeking (Ray, 2010). How it stands right now, the human mind must sort out the information of data received until…… [Read More]


Half, R. (2008). Work unchained: the competitive edge of the anywhere office. The Edge

Report International Survey.

Husband, J. (2010). Wirearchy.com. Retrieved March 11, 2011 from http://www.wirearchy.com/

Ray, K. (2010). Web 3.0 and the future of the Internet. Retrieved March 11, 2011 from http://www.twistimage.com/blog/archives/web-30-and-the-future-of-the-internet-the-movie/
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Video Conferencing

Words: 1831 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50557317

Videoconferencing in Business & Education

In recent months the interest in videoconferencing has grown dramatically because of the terrorist attacks on America. Businesses and business travelers have embraced this form of distributed multimedia as a means of avoiding air travel. It is also a popular technology with educational institutions. The advent of videoconferencing has allowed people in different parts of the world access to quality education.

This discussion will investigate how videoconferencing works including the components, proper protocol and bandwidth that are needed to deploy the technology. We will then discuss the uses of videoconferencing in business. There will be an investigation of the advantages and disadvantages of using the technology in the business environment.

Our research will subsequently focus on the educational uses of videoconferencing. We will discuss why videoconferencing is used in the academic environment and the challenges that educators face in incorporating the technology into their teaching strategies.

Video Conferencing

Encarta defines videoconferencing as "the holding of a meeting in which participants are in different places, connected by audio and video links" (Encarta). The technology was invented in the mid-80's and has grown in popularity since 1997.


There are six components that are essential to the…… [Read More]


Davis, A., Weinstein, I. "The Business Case for Videoconferencing:Understanding the benefits, costs, and risks of videoconferencing over ISDN and IP." March, 2002. Publication #567. Wainhouse Research. http://www.wainhouse.com/files/papers/WR-bizcase4vc.pdf

Delio, M. "Video-Conferencing Hole Exposed." Sep. 16, 2002. Wired News. http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,1282,55145,00.html

Greunen D., Wesson, J. "Synchronous Learning: Using IT to bridge the gap in Distance Education." http://www.upe.ac.za/citte2000/docs/darellvg.doc

Schneider, Laura H.323 Protocol: Conferencing for One and All. 2002
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Secure Teleconferencing Assessing the Security

Words: 1639 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14028288

Web conferencing systems have been faced with resistance to change by those responsible for knowledge transfer and knowledge management, as these systems are seen as a threat to the more costly and time-consuming approaches to sharing knowledge. It has been seen that employees will resist using Web Ex-systems as they are afraid it makes the transfer of their knowledge too easy, and therefore is a risk to their status in the organization (Hu, Hafsi, 2010). Studies of change management indicate that when the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or comparable leader within a business supports and provides pragmatic, honest feedback about how the Web conferencing system will be used, resistance is minimized and broader adoption occurs.


The rapid growth of Web conferencing systems has been accelerated by the growing reliance on more advanced security technologies and features in these platforms (Pearce, 2009). In conjunction with this development has been the rapid growth of multimedia support on Web conference platforms as well (Suduc, Bizoi, Filip, 2009). When any technology gains such rapid market share and adoption however, there is often strong resistance to change from employees who see their jobs and status being threatened over time (Hu, Hafsi, 2010). Despite these…… [Read More]


Bayer, N., Xu, B., Rakocevic, V., & Habermann, J.. (2010). Application-aware scheduling for VoIP in Wireless Mesh Networks. Computer Networks, 54(2), 257.

Burrows, P.. (2010, November). Cisco Scales Back Forecasts. Business Week,1.

Hu, H., & Hafsi, T.. (2010). Strategic Change in a Shifting Institutional Context. Journal of Change Management, 10(3), 293.

John Lund. (2006). Web Conferences and Labor Education: An After-Action Report. Labor Studies Journal, 31(2), 93-100.
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Network Security Opening to the

Words: 575 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93537392

The main lesson learned from viewing the tutorials and programs is the ease and flexibility of configuring each specific session to the unique needs of an audience. Feasibly these technologies could be used for creating highly unique and tailored learning experiences for students who were learning through online universities only for example. The ability to tailor all forms of digital content, from music and video to drawing boards and the inclusion of self-pacing materials, shows the potential of these technologies to support online learning over an entire semester for example (Suduc, Bizoi, Filip, 2009). The implications on long-term learning using these technologies is also significant. It is clear that the recursive nature of how they are designed would allow for repetitive study of complex concepts, including the more challenging areas of math, statistics and the sciences.


Web conferencing has progressed from just a means to project slides or a rudimentary slides to an undifferentiated audience to a highly customizable, tailorable platform that can be used for communicating with greater clarity to a given audience. The ability to create individualized presentation sessions is critical for many businesses as they must stay in step with each customer bases' requirements and needs.…… [Read More]


(Bernoff, Li, 2008)

Bernoff, J., & Li, C. (2008). Harnessing the power of the oh-so-social web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

(Bisdikian, Brady, Doganata, Foulger, 1998)

Bisdikian, C., Brady, S., Doganata, Y.N., & Foulger, D.A. (1998). Multimedia digital conferencing: A web-enabled teleconferencing system. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 42(2), 281-298.
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Virtual Collaboration Is a New

Words: 2973 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60803429

There are several characteristic that are evident with the software system use in virtual collaboration technology. The first characteristic is that most of these tools are web based and are downloadable; they also have the ability to offer a text chat feature in real time, thereby allowing for the synchronous communication among various users.

The platforms also has VoIP functionality, thereby giving them the ability to transmit sound over the laid down internet infrastructure. The virtual collaboration platform has the ability to allow screen sharing. This therefore allows the individual users to allow their partners to have a look at what they are working on their screens in an instant. The platform must have a presentation facility that allows for the presentation of Power point slides to the audience. The system also has Whiteboard-Live annotation tools which provides the users with a whiteboard type experience and look with the added ability to call up pictures, and diagrams on demand with real time annotation. The system should also be equipped with appropriate video facilities in order to allow for the real-time web conferencing through web cams. Finally, the system should be able to record the web conferencing sessions for future reference.…… [Read More]


Ackoff, R.L. (1971). Towards a system of system concepts.Management Science,

17(11):661 -- 671.

Bhaskar, R., Lee, H.S., Levas, a., P'etrakian, R., Tsai, F., and Tulskie, B. (1994). an-alyzing and re-engineering business processes using simulation. In Proceedings of the 1994 Conference on Winter Simulation, pages 1206 -- 1213

Biuk-Aghai, R.P. (2000a). Virtual workspaces for web-based emergent processes. In Fourth Paci-c Asia Conference on Information Systems: Electronic Commerce and Web-Based Information Systems, pages 864 -- 880, Hong Kong, China
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Online Collaboration How and Why

Words: 2659 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58299213

Online Collaboration: How and Why?

What is Online Collaboration?

Online Collaboration bases the system on what have been started by the earlier PC networking system. Users in certain local area and other network are capable to communicate each other on their PC by swapping files and mails in text file, although during the early time it was limited to text data in small size. As technology has developed more sophisticated facilities, it is possible for people to use the complete system to transfer information anywhere in seconds, enabling people to cut time and travel and having the whole work, outline, discussions and commands transferred through the wire.

People are depended on computers to connect to each other nowadays. With the emergence of the internet, many industries will find an open door to spread the news and support the growth to anywhere in the world. Controlling the whole world's business will need the most effective way to unite people in the entire organization. The technology has offered its capability to contact a group of people and bring them in a forum where they can chat, send messages, transfer file, and perform exactly like what they do on a traditional meeting, only…… [Read More]


Berst, Jesse. Oct 11, 1999. How to Use the Web for Meetings. ZDNet. http://www.zdnet.com/anchordesk/story/story_3959.html . (Apr 11, 2002).

Laiserin, Jerry. Dec, 2000. The Pre-History of Internet Collaboration. Cadence Channel. http://www.cadenceweb.com/2000/1200/collaboration1200.html. (Apr 11, 2002).

Levitt, Mark. Jan 2002. Warning: Collaboration Can be Harmful to Your Employees' Productivity Unless Used Properly. Doc #VWP000083. http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jhtml?containerId=VWP000083. (Apr 11, 2002).

Miller, Michael J. Oct 11, 1999. How to Build Offices Without Walls Today. PC Magazine. http://www.zdnet.com/anchordesk/story/story_3960.html. (Apr 11, 2002).
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Resources to Enhance Team Effectiveness

Words: 1184 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29739355

Online Collaborative Tools

Collaboration is the focal point of business and its management in a workplace. Whereas effectual and sustainable collaboration needs face-to-face contact, the majority of the collaborative work usually depends on virtual collaboration, which is through telephone, emails or other online resources and tools. It is crucial for tools that enhance collaboration to be easy to use, mutually convenient and with remarkably little risk. This should be so because of the fact that it is being applied on an environment that is time constrained and information heavy (Duarte & Snyder, 2006).

Collaboration using online tools is increasing, with the advancement of technology, and as organizations are in the process of realizing the use and advantages of the internet, in conducting virtual meetings like the use of teleconference. Organizations should come up with a guideline on how to use and when not use these tools. Collaboration technology foresees future innovations and supports everyday activities such as administrative and management work. Collaborative technology includes mobile phones, computers and laptops. However, collaborative technology, may fail to meet the criteria for adoption. There are many qualities that should be considered for collaboration (Duarte & Snyder, 2006). The aim of this essay is…… [Read More]


Camarinha-Matos, L., Afsarmanesh, H., & Ollus, M. (2008). Methods and tools for collaborative networked organizations. New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media.

Duarte, D.L., & Snyder, N.T. (2006). Mastering virtual teams: Strategies, tools, and techniques that succeed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Matthews, T., Moran, T., Whittaker, S. & Yang, M. (2011). Collaboration personas: A

framework for understanding and designing collaborate workplace tools. New York:
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Technologies and Challenges Associated With Team Collaboration

Words: 1099 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12619803

Technology Type

Specialized Training Required

Specialized Equipment Needed

Globally Accessibility

Workflow Types best Suited for the Technology

Task Complexity Best Suited for the Technology

Synchronicity of the Technology

Core Advantages of the Technology

Limitations of the Technology

Video Conferencing

Computer, internet access, video camera, microphone, and speakers


This technology is best suited for conducting meetings with people who are geographically dispersed (Kear, Chetwynd, Williams, & Donelan, 2012), allowing them to communicate as if they were sitting next to one another. Video conferencing allows for the transmission of information in more than one way, which ensures people receive the information much better.

Mid complexity


Improves communication because it allows participants to view non-verbal communication of the other participants (Denstadli, Julsrud, & Hjorthol, 2012). Restores many visual cues that would not be visible with audio conferencing or e-mail. Using video conferencing productivity is increased, because it eliminates the long conference calls. Document sharing and group collaboration is greatly increased. It reduces the need for people to travel to different locations in order to hold meetings and discussions, which reduces the travel expenditure of a company.

Video conferencing facilities and equipment can be expensive and everyone who will be attending the…… [Read More]


Denstadli, J. M., Julsrud, T. E., & Hjorthol, R. J. (2012). Videoconferencing as a Mode of Communication A Comparative Study of the Use of Videoconferencing and Face-to-Face Meetings. Journal of Business and Technical Communication, 26(1), 65-91.

Kear, K., Chetwynd, F., Williams, J., & Donelan, H. (2012). Web conferencing for synchronous online tutorials: Perspectives of tutors using a new medium. Computers & Education, 58(3), 953-963.

Pearce, G., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., & Duda, J. L. (2014). The development of synchronous text-based instant messaging as an online interviewing tool. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 17(6), 677-692.

Stewart, S. A., & Abidi, S. S. R. (2012). Applying social network analysis to understand the knowledge sharing behaviour of practitioners in a clinical online discussion forum. Journal of medical Internet research, 14(6), e170.
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Virtual Collaboration Techniques the Differences Between Virtual

Words: 1460 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61535171

Virtual Collaboration Techniques

The differences between virtual organizations and the traditional brick and mortar ones

The Antecedents for a successful virtual collaboration

The advantages of virtual collaboration

Disadvantages of virtual collaboration

Virtual collaboration is indicated by Chen, Volt and Lin (77) to involve the processes of collaboration between team members who are involved in working towards the achievement of a common goal, in a classroom or a workplace setting. Virtual collaboration, they noted also refers to the employment of digital technologies that are engaged to enable individuals and organizations in the planning, designing, development, management, research on various products and services in a collaborative fashion using innovative e-commerce and general IT applications.

The concept of virtual collaboration is extensively used in organizations that have virtual teams and especially in the arena of product development in companies that are geographically dispersed (Baxendale and Mellor 96). Another application of virtual; collaboration is in virtual learning/long distance learning (Richard 197; Lisa and Wallace 345;Joiner 197). Employees are noted to be resorting to non-traditional alternatives to work and educational settings.

Virtual collaboration techniques

Virtual teams

A virtual team is defined by Hellriegal and Slocum (229) as a group of individuals who collaborate via certain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baxenda;e, Peter and John Mallor. A 'virtual laboratory' for research training and collaboration

Chen, Jason., Laura Volk and Binshan Lin "Virtual Collaboration in the Workplace." Issues in Information systems. 5 (1),2004

Hellriegel, Don., John W. Slocum.Organizational Behavior. South-Western College Pub; 10 edition .January 2, 2003

Hightower, Ross, & Sayeed, Latfus (1996). Effects of communication mode and prediscussion information distribution characteristics on information exchange in groups. Information Systems Research, 7(4), 45 1-465.
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E-Learning & Successful Online Teaching

Words: 2579 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67273007

Group activities play an important role in the classroom. However, learning in the e-classroom typically takes place on an individual level, with students in different buildings and settings. With some effort, these elements can still be, and must be, a part of the student's classroom experience. The teacher can facilitate this type of interaction with some planning and ingenuity.

Online debates can take place in chat rooms or through video-conferencing software such as elluminateLive!, a web conferencing tool specifically designed for the e-learning environment. The teacher can simulate the one-on-one interaction that is present in the brick and mortar classroom. There are many elements that are similar to holding classroom debates and activities that are similar to the brick and mortar classroom. It is important to establish the ground rules of the discussion and make certain that students are polite to one another. The teacher must act as moderator and make certain that the students keep to the topic. As with the brick and mortar classroom, the teacher might have to take an active role in making certain that all students are engaging in the conversation and the no one is being left out. Teachers should encourage interaction between the…… [Read More]

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Construction Company With an Emphasis on Telecommunications

Words: 906 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22380174

CISCO Systems Telecommunication System at International Mining and Construction

Overview and Present Status

This report examines International Mining and Construction Company and their stated challenge in Telecommunications. It is reported "…Thiess, a wholly owned subsidiary of Leighton Holding Limited, is one of Australia's largest construction, mining and services contractors with operations throughout Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia and India." (Cisco Systems, 2008)

Characteristics of the Company

Theiss in collaboration with Dimension Data worked to upgrade to Unified Communications Manger and Unified Presence 7.0 enabling business-to business exchange of presence and instant messaging with partners." Cisco Systems, 2008 Stated for example are proposal teams who "spend as long as a years developing proposals…" and as the deadline nears, being able to reach someone for one extra piece of information can make the difference in winning a multibillion dollar deal, which can be lost by as little at U.S.$100,000." (Cisco Systems, 2008)

III. Goal and Objectives of the Company

Theiss employees are reported to require "collaborating across time and distance barriers, both with coworkers and partners." (Cisco Systems, 2008) In addition, Thiess needed to "quickly deploy communications systems in temporary field offices, which operate only for the duration of the construction project, typically…… [Read More]


Unified Communications Applications: Uses and Benefits (2004) Chadwick, Martin, Bailey June 2004. Boston. Retrieved from: http://www.cisco.com/web/go/unifiedcommunications/index.html

International Mining and Construction Gains a Competitive Advantage (2008) Cisco Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./prod/collateral/voicesw/ps6788/vcallcon/ps556/case_study_c36-497040.pdf
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Du Keystone Conference Budget Issues

Words: 2412 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32394982

Companies like Cisco Systems have been exploring the limits of virtual meetings and conference for both large internal meetings, such as Annual Meetings, and for conferences to which they invite clients (DeVault, 2011). Reports from participants and from Cisco are that these meetings are highly effective, cost effective, and fun -- particularly when virtual spaces such as Second Life can be employed as a venue (DeVault, 2011).

As more and more companies go the virtual conference route, spending information becomes more available. For example, Stratus Technologies, which make high-end servers, held a virtual summit to which they wanted to attract high numbers of international attendees and C-Suite executives. The virtual conference cost considerably less than the traditional conference that Stratus Technologies held in the past. The bill for the virtual conference was $100,000 -- approximately one-fifth as much as the event would have cost in a traditional venue. The company coordinating this virtual event was Unisfair, a virtual event specialist company located in Menlo Park ("Unisfair," 2011).

Describe a project network that could implement this project plan.

Virtual meeting and communication management systems will be used in place of actual face-to-face conference sessions and team meetings. The virtual teams will…… [Read More]

References http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/may2008/tc2008054_560356.htm

Kirkman, B.L., Rosen, B., Gibson, C.B., Tesluk, P.E., and McPherson, S.O. (2002, August). Five challenges to virtual team success: Lessons from Sabre, Inc. Academy of Management Executive, 16 (3), 67-79. Retrieved  http://turbo.kean.edu/~jmcgill/sabre.htm 

Martin, J.A. (2010, January 26). Hotel guests checking into public Cisco TelePresence rooms. Cisco's Technology News Site. Retrieved http://newsroom.cisco.com / dlls/2010/ts_012610.html

Unisfair, Inc., (2011). Internet Software and Services. Bloomsberg Businessweek. Retrieved http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=723693
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Social Business and Retailer

Words: 12746 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58098465


Using contemporary illustrative examples from academic literature and reputable business publications, discuss the concept of "Social Business" and the resultant opportunity and challenges that are currently being faced by the retail industry globally.

Concept of Social Business

Concept of Social Business with Retailers

Social Media and Retailing

Best Practices in Administering Social Media

There is a growing body of research that confirms that companies of all sizes and types can realize a wide array of benefits from the use of social media networks. While the types and applications of social media experience constant change, social media content such as blogs and microblogs have become some of the more popular social media tools that have emerged in recent years. Although there a number of benefits and advantages that can be achieved through the use of social media resources, there is a concomitant danger that inappropriate or misguided content can backfire on a company, sometimes in irreversible ways. Therefore, identifying opportunities to improve the ability of companies of all sizes and types to achieve their organizational goals through the use of social media has assumed new relevance and importance. To this end, this study provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed…… [Read More]


'About MySpace,' 2013, MySpace. [online] available:  https://myspace.com/ .

'About YouTube,' 2013, YouTube. [online] available: http://www.youtube.com/yt/about/.

Anderson, DJ 2011, Winter, 'The Foray into Social Media: A Clinician, and Skeptic,

Sold,' Frontiers of Health Services Management, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 23-29.
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Special Education and Ways to Improve Teaching Methods

Words: 2196 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74841504

Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) Violations as they Pertain to the Case of Sonya

An educational institution's principal greatly influences the learning/teaching of every student within the school, for better or for worse. Studies have found that principals' approach to their post, and its eventual effect on enrolled pupils, is dependent upon their style of leadership. Some styles prove to have more benefits for pupils than others. An especially vulnerable student group is students with special education needs. They are, in fact, so susceptible that regulations are made for their protection, designed specially to look after their education. Such laws foster collaboration, inclusive planning, and shared leadership-- leadership traits that have been proven as having the most favorable impact on all students' outcomes (Schulze, 2014).

The school administrator's role as an educational leader has an extensive history. Currently, however, the significance of this particular role is greater than ever before, with high stakes examinations increasing all educators' accountability levels. Urban, rural, and suburban school districts all over the nation are scraping together each dollar they can get; simultaneously, a number of school administrators are vowing that schoolrooms form the district's most valuable place. Thus, every schoolroom must include highly…… [Read More]


Boscardian, M. L. (2011). Exploring the Relationship Between Special Education Teachers and Professional Learning Communities. Journal of Special Education Leadership, 62.

Case Studies in Special Education Law: No Child Left Behind Act and Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (Case 2.2 "Sonya" pages 30-32 only) (1st Edition)

Diliberto J. A., Brewer D. (2012). Six tips for successful IEP Meetings. Teaching Exceptional Children, 44,30-37

Harrison, D. (2010). Meeting the Needs of Special Needs Students Virtually. The Journal.
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Business -- Political Science the

Words: 6973 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39808881

Today the outbound telephone marketing industry has given political campaigns the ability to reach out to a large group of targeted voters in a quick and quiet way, just below the radar. This notion went way beyond the small volunteer call centers that have existed for over forty years. It was essential for the technology to be in place and widely utilized. Political campaigns could not have put into production a complete industry of dissimilar companies, large and small, with many thousands of telephones in call centers. This was a revolution as one could target using any criteria from gender, age, vote propensity, income, level of education, to presence of children. One could shape the message even within a single calling agenda, so that they may be calling all women, but the script may be different for younger women in comparison to older women. And maybe most importantly, one can collect information. "If a candidate asks each voter what issue is most important to them, they can not only find out the answers that correspond to 100,000 individual voters but they can then change the way they communicate with those voters based on their answers" (Teal, n.d.).

In September 1998…… [Read More]


Bimber, B., and Davis, R. 2003. Campaigning Online: TheInternet in U.S. Elections, New

York: Oxford University Press.

Cornfield, M. 2005. Commentary on the Impact of the Internet onthe 2004 Election,

Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project, March 3.
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Technology Presentation Information Technology Cannot

Words: 3110 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74365162

We agree that people still purchase books.

The reason is that today the author gets paid upfront and if people do not read the book, the publisher has to bear the loss. Secondly publishers are able to 'sell the books' to the bookstores' based on 'consignment system', whereby the 'book store' is able to return the books which are unsold against a 'full refund'. (Grossman, 2009) Jeanie Comstock (2009) says that some of the changes that became mandatory include the quality, readability and accessibility of documents. The changes in publishing technology have also called for changes in the roles for technical workers, communicators and even writers. Thus the intervention and role of the technical communicator has changed so that the matter or book published to day is readable, articulate, and navigable both in the printed and in the electronic media. The composite problem is also to keep up the author and reader communication and preserve the authors right on the internet. (Comstock, 2009)

The changes in the labor requirements are consequent to the evolution of publishing technology. There are now a new breed of marketers and technical communicators who shape the influence of the publication and distribution. The publishing technologies…… [Read More]


Comstock, Jeanie. (2009) "The Effect of Changes in Publishing Technologies on Labor and Documentation" Orange Journal, vol. 4, no. 2. Retrieved 18 April, 2009 from  http://orange.eserver.org/issues/4-2/comstock.html 

Ellonen, Hanna-Kaisa. (2007) "Exploring the strategic impact of technological change

Studies on the role of Internet in magazine publishing" Retrieved 18 April, 2009 from https://oa.doria.fi/handle/10024/31121?locale=lsv&author

Greco, Albert N. (2005) "The book publishing industry"
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Telecommunications & Networking Discuss the

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20299576

Many environmental activists have suggested that telecommunications technology is one of the keys to reducing the physical carbon footprint of modern enterprises. Faxes, video camcorders, and web conferencing technology make it easy for employees to obtain workplace documents and attend meetings. It is easy for employees to be present at the office, virtually, even when they are not physically present at their desks.

Of course, there are some drawbacks. Telecommuting workers lose some of the human and social support of colleagues, and supervisors may find it more difficult to monitor employees who work online. In the case of outsourced call centers abroad, calls must be monitored to ensure that workers conform to the attitude and demeanor demanded by the company when interacting with customers, and are able to bridge any cultural barriers that might exist between themselves and customers, when speaking. Call screening technology and software that monitors and blocks negative employee behavior is an equally vital component of workplace online communications.

Regarding security and technical issues, telecommuting worker must be somewhat savvy about trouble-shooting technical difficulties, with minimal support. He or she must also be provided with a good antivirus program. Security is essential, for all employees using telecommunications…… [Read More]


Chavis, James. (2010). What are the different types of telecommunications technology?

Wise Geek. Retrieved February 16, 2010 at http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-different-types-of-telecommunications-technology.htm
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Risk Minimization and Loss Prevention

Words: 16256 Length: 59 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44399316

Small Business' Need for a CPA

One of the critical investments a small business can make to mitigate loss and risk is hiring a CPA and putting that CPA on the 'management team.' As Wells notes in his groundbreaking research, "Denise, a bookkeeper for a small trucking firm in Birmingham, Alabama, wishes she had never heard of Ralph Summerford, CPA. Because of his thoroughness, Denise is facing several years in prison for embezzling $550,000 from her employer. At least she will look good standing before the sentencing judge: Denise spent a great deal of her illegal loot on head-to-toe cosmetic surgery. She blew the rest on a shiny new Lexus, luxury vacations, clothing and jewelry. And, of course, Denise had to have a big house to store all of her finery." (Wells, 2003)

Surprisingly, it was not at all the fancy standard of living that made her employer suspicious. "The owner was going over the trucking company's budget when he noticed Denise's salary was listed at $38,000 a year," commented the CPA Summerford. "But the business owner distinctly remembered that he had set her pay at $35,000." (Wells, 2003) The owner himself pulled Denise's personnel file and uncovered the fact…… [Read More]


Wells, Joseph. 2003. Protect small business: small companies without adequate internal controls need CPAs to help them minimize fraud risk. Journal of Accountancy.

Small Business Administration. 2005. www.sba.gov.

Federal Reserve Bank. 2004. www.federalreserve.gov.

AICPA. 2005. At www.aicpa.org/antifraud/training/homepage/htm.
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Business Report as Happened With Many Service

Words: 3232 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95370726

Business Report

As happened with many service businesses during a recession, Jazz Event Productions experienced a drop in revenues in 2010. For a company that has grown steadily throughout its 15-year history, it was an unwelcome first. The decrease in sales occurred primarily because companies faced with tough economic choices because of the recession either cut back or eliminated entirely their budgets for special events. Whereas many of our loyal customers continued to trust us to produce their special events just as in past years, others were operating with reduced budgets. As a result, Jazz experienced a period wherein sales dropped by about five percent.

With the improved economy, sales have returned to pre-recession levels, however, because they are cautious and careful owners who want to perform their due diligence, Alex and Cindy are looking for ways to ensure that the company stays profitable. They believe that the best approach, given the current economy, is to find ways to both cut expenses and boost revenues. At the same time, they are looking for ways to make Jazz more environmentally responsible and decided that the timing was right to get serious about making some changes. Our team was assigned the task…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bansal, P. & Roth, K. (2000). Why companies go green: A model of ecological responsiveness. Academy of Management Journal, 43(4), 717-736. Retrieved from  http://www.jstor.org/stable/1556363 

Cronin, J.J., Smith, J.S., Gleim, M.R., Ramirez, E., & Martinez, J.D. (2011). Green marketing strategies: an examination of stakeholders and the opportunities they present. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 39(1), 158-174. doi: 10.1007/s11747-010-0227-0

Hartmann, P., Ibanez, V.A., & Sainz, J.F. (2005). Green branding effects on attitude: Functional vs. emotional positioning strategies. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 23(1), 9-29. doi: 10.1108/02634500510577447

Internal Revenue Service. (2011). Qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles (IRC 30D). Retrieved November 22, 2011 from: http://www.irs.gov/businesses/article/0,,id=214841,00.html
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Technology and Project Management There Has Been

Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46223041

Technology and Project Management

There has been steady development in technology over recent years and this does not look as if it is going to stop any time soon. Technology is still advancing and organizations are incorporating what technology has to offer. This helps them remain relevant and efficient in their activities. Project mangers have a major role to play when it comes to the life cycle of a project. Technology is seen to have an important role in streamlining the roles and speeding up the completion time of projects. How valuable technology in project management is totally dependent on how it is utilized. This can only happen if the appropriate tools are used in a proper way. This presentation is on how technology affects project management.

Technology can help in the improvement of communication; make assessments of risks as well as controlling and scheduling. Recently there has been a trend towards the use of business software and application of project management technology in particular moving towards cloud computing technologies. Applications that are cloud based are distinguishably advantageous over local hosting. These advantages include low costs and they are more adaptable (Emilijia, 2012).This implies that they are best suited when…… [Read More]


Emilijia, K. (2012). 5 Technologies that can Optimize your Project Management. Retrieved May 20, 2013 from http://pmtips.net/5-technologies-optimize-project-management/
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Teaching Characteristics and Difficulties of

Words: 1070 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22541412

Also, it is almost impossible to assess the classes' collective level of interest from email, papers, and responses, for a particular lesson. Interactive technology, even video conferencing, lacks the cohesive nature of one-on-one interaction in the real world as a class. Even though a video conference, a teacher cannot monitor students as closely, assign in-class team assignments, or have as much flexibility over tailoring his or her lesson plan to suit the immediate dynamics of the room.

Depending on the number of students in the class, the online format can also seem impersonal. Students may subconsciously hold this against the teacher and either feel excessively dependent on or resentful of the instructor, either bombarding the teacher with email on one hand, or turning in assignments late on the other. Peer interaction can provide some support, and ideally may even be more sustaining than in a real world, large lecture hall, although expecting online learning to mimic an intimate seminar may be unrealistic (Moore & Kearsley 2008). Also, communicating with the instructor in a method students are more accustomed to use when communicating with their friends such as email can reduce the level of seriousness they bring to the class, even…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berge, Z.L. (1995). Facilitating computer conferencing: Recommendations from the field.

Educational Technology. 35(1) 22-30. Retrieved Oct 19, 2008 at http://www.emoderators.com/moderators/teach_online.html

Faculty Development 101. (2008). Lesson 9: Introduction to the Instructing Lessons.

Retrieved Oct 19, 2008 at https://courses.worldcampus.psu.edu/facdev101/student/index.shtml
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Moore & Kearsley How Distance

Words: 1005 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5857530

An interesting point they bring up is the circumvention of cheating by having another person complete your coursework:

In the future we may be able to remotely identify individuals using devices that scan finger, voice, or eye-prints technology, which is already in use for security applications, but at present this seems a rather extreme measure. (Moore & Kearsley)

This also introduces the problem of plagiarism that has seeming run rampant in both online and traditional brick and mortar education. "Plagiarism is a particular worry for educators in the online environment because materials can be so easy located in captured electronically that the line between legitimate research and plagiarism is sometimes not easy for students to recognize." (Moore & Kearsley) However, anti-plagiarism efforts have increased tremendously over the past several years, both in distance learning as well as traditional education. Web sites like TurnItIn.com and others have greatly improved the search for plagiarism in college term papers and theses. Requiring that all papers submitted to the online university to go through such sites adds another layer of security to online, as well as traditional, education.

While Moore and Kingsley go through great effort to give the teacher excellent tool by which…… [Read More]

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Technologies for Teaching at a

Words: 1075 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83023891

Web-based technologies are in fact the essence of distance learning because students from all over the world can attend courses they could not if the were confined to a geographic location.

Organizational and reference tools including digital calendars, dictionaries, translation devices, and journals allow both instructor and student to manage their time more efficiently. Digital calendars can be set with alarms that help students manage their time better: setting intermediate goals for completing large research projects or reading lengthy tomes. Also, digital calendars help distance learning students who have heavy course loads. The calendars allow students to input due dates and other deadlines. Students and instructors have at their fingertips a whole range of resources that would otherwise require large learning spaces and numerous reference materials like dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference guides including atlases. Students who are learning in languages that are not their native tongues can avail themselves of technological translation tools, and professors need not worry about translating each course reading into multiple languages. The Web makes research potentially more accurate because of the wealth of information contained online but also because the Internet makes it possible also for students to conduct fact-checking immediately. Instructors can use…… [Read More]

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Community College Students Are Now Able to

Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14809272

Community college students are now able to use computer software, CD-ROMS, E-mail, and the Internet to enhance their foreign language skills. Over the past few years, it has become common for colleges and universities to update their technology to offer the best learning experience for the students and also to assist the teachers. Computers can increase productivity for school staff, helping them to organize administrative data and also to create and utilize lesson plans. Students and teachers alike are able to communicate and access information instantly, from anywhere. It is important to train language experts in the use of this technology so that the foreign language classes do not get left behind.

E-mail, a form of asynchronous communication, allows for free long-distance communication, and also the convenience of communicating outside of business hours and reading the messages at one's convenience, leading to increased communication between students and instructors. Synchronous communication, such as chat-rooms and instant messengers allow for instant communication and feedback. Webcams can also be used for face-to-face live communication with native foreign-language speakers, again without the cost or time wait of traditional communication with other countries.

Many software programs are available today that include multi-media instruction in foreign…… [Read More]

Using the World Wide Web for research and guided instruction is also beneficial. Students can use computers to create multimedia presentations for their assignments. Teachers need to study the technology that is available and reasonably guide the students into using it. Teachers must also be prepared to change their teaching methods and accept the new ways of utilizing information in the classroom.

Calderon-Young is very correct in her statement that there is wonderful technology available to schools and that it should be utilized. She is also correct in her evaluation of what benefits can be reaped from using computers and technology within the learning process. It is extremely surprising to me that readers today might find this article to be new or innovative, and in fact I found it to be almost humorous and absurd how these everyday technologies were being treated like alien concepts -- it almost read like satire. By 1999 when this article was written, use of computers and the Internet in an education setting should have already been the standard. Even in the 1980's, many classrooms found it to be standard to have access to at least one computer for student use. By the 1990's, The Internet was well established and part of mainstream culture. Today, it is considered to be the norm to have access to e-mail, Instant Messenger, and the Web -- many people don't even know their own phone number because they only communicate online. It is pathetic when, to this day, teachers will tell students not to use Internet sources, even when most journals and newspapers can now be found archived online, and these sources are just as "real" as ones printed on paper. It is also ridiculous that some teachers still tell students not to turn in typed papers because they may have cheated and used spell-check. Computers, The Internet, and technology are here to stay, and they should be integrated in every way with the educational experience immediately and fully.

Personally, as an instructor, I would make full use of any technology the school fit deem to provide. I would also constantly be petitioning the school to provide more funds for technology. While administrators may be spending money on paper, pens, postage, phone bills, text books, and other vital classroom supplies, all of these can be replaced by use of technology, which will save money in the long run after the initial investment. I would hope that every student would leave my class having full knowledge of how to use The Internet, E-mail, Word Processors, and Multimedia presentation software, and that their learning experience would be greatly heightened and made more enjoyable by use of these tools. Students are more than ready for technology, and it is only fair that the teachers and administrators catch up.
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Internet and Classroom Enhancement Internet

Words: 1755 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7106683

The wealth of activities and opportunities that are available to teachers online enhances what is available to them for use in the classroom. Teachers who are well educated will make the most use of the available internet resources. Additionally, the modern classroom does not have to be a physical location; it extends into the cyber world. This fusion creates dynamic and exciting possibilities for both teacher and student, increasing the learning experience for all.… [Read More]


Garrison, R.D. & Vaughn N.D. (2007).Blended Learning in Higher Education: Framework,

Principles, and Guidelines New York: Jossey Bass Publications.

Holschuh, D.R. & Caverly, D.C. (2010). Techtalk: Cloud Computing and Developmental

Education. Journal of Developmental Education. 36-38.
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Delphi Study Influence of Environmental Sustainability Initiatives on Information Systems

Words: 17687 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50666614

Delphi Study: Influence of Environmental Sustainability Initiatives on Information Systems

Table of Contents (first draft)

Green IT

Current Methods and Solutions

Green IT and energy costs

Green It and Email Systems

Green IT and ICT

Green IT and ESS

Green IT and TPS

Green IT and DSS

Green IT and other support systems

Green IT and GHG reduction

Green IT and the Government Sector

Green IT and the Corporate Sector

Future Prospects of Green IT in the software industry

The paper focuses on how the implementation of 'Green' IT incentives can help an organization succeed as well as manage or increase the overall efficacy of energy costs. Hence, the primary focal topic for this study will be energy cost reduction using numerous 'green' IT strategies. The paper will thus look into how the inclusion of new and advanced software can help assist a company or desist it. The paper will thus include various aspects like the legislation on Green House Gas (GHG) and energy cost reductions in both the government and corporate sector as well as discuss how IT or software development can help companies in the future when dealing with energy cost reduction strategies.

The purpose of the study…… [Read More]

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Promoting ESL in Work-Based Learning

Words: 8696 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24782649

Learning that is imparted through an educational institution or training company within the workplace setting in known as Work-based learning (WBL). WBL is administered by an external teacher in professional capacity and supervised by an employee of the company where WBL is imparted. An exhaustive literature review indicates that it was only after Moser report's shocking revelations, regarding lack of literacy, language, and numeracy skills in one out every five adults in Britain that U.K took expedited policy actions to introduce WBL. WBL is relevant for all adult and young learners and more pertinent for instruction of English as a second language (ESL). Since medium of interaction and business transactions in U.K is English, instruction of ESL is essential for empowering vast percentage of population that does not have requisite skills to compete in labor market due to lack of language skills. Increased use of computers and multimedia in teaching and skill development requires that adult learners have competence in the use of English. The paper investigates methodologies and frameworks using which ESL can be promoted in work-based learning. It is by making the ESL courses and modules more interesting and practicable that ESL can be promoted. The paper provides…… [Read More]


Anderson, RC & Freebody, P 1981. 'Vocabulary knowledge'. In J.T. Guthrie (Ed.),

Beck, IL, McKeown, MG & Kucan, L 2002. 'Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction'. New York: Guilford.

Becker, HJ 2000. 'Pedagogical motivations for student computer use that lead to student engagement'. Educational Technology, Vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 5-17. Viewed on 6 Mar 2013, [http://www.crito.uci.edu/tlc/findings/spec_rpt_pedagogical/ped_mot_pdf.pdf]

Brown, HD 2001. 'Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy'. (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
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Online Newspapers for Your Information-Table of Contents

Words: 3295 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47549566

Online Newspapers

For your information-Table of Contents provided at the end of the paper =Not a part of this paper- Extra information provided

Readers' response to online newspapers

The age of the internet has revolutionized the methods of communication and information exchange. A great deal has changed in the last decade with the information technology explosion. With more accessibility and economical port charges internet has made its presence felt in a number of avenues ranging from corporate desks to common households. This has enabled speedy communication procedures such as email, conferencing, instant messaging, web telephony, video conferencing and so on. Information that was hitherto difficult to access and obtain suddenly became available a click away. With increased usage and application of the internet and other virtual private networks (VPN), information was readily and easily available on the desktop. A user had little or practically no need to leave the confines of his home or work place to source material that was otherwise complex to access, store and retrieve.

Thus began the era of information explosion combined with internet liberalization. This has also promoted a great deal of news proliferation on the internet. Large newspapers such as the Washington Post, the…… [Read More]

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Breakthroughs in Communication Technology and

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25696158

An article from last year points to the continuing thrust forward with respect to the integration of technologies and sensory desires for the user, describing the inception of visual aspects into the protocol.

The 2007 article by Ding et al. is focused on the discourse, research and user-end needs which figured into the gradual integration of visual images indicating users status and allowing for the presentation of messaging. Based particularly upon the findings produced by a long-term observation of the patterns of usage for VOIP users, the study would produce a set of conclusions concerning the fashions of usage which have produced the integration of visualization into an already integrative protocol.

The article contends to "shed light on the factors that drive the use of visual enhancements to audio conferencing." (Ding et al., 1019) Among them, the article concludes that there is an impulse when using computer interface systems to be aided by the presence of visual information.

These findings resonate, underscoring the impulses which have pushed forward the value and usability of various interfaces. Particularly, the impulse to provide communication through a medium which is capable of voice, visual and packets of digital information denotes that it would be…… [Read More]

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Cellular Telephones Pros and Cons the Research

Words: 1194 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10046416

Cellular Telephones Pros and Cons

The Research Project a separate project student, student researches a topic web produces a report-based research. Assignment: Each student choose topic, list an interest . Several students choose topic, work independent.

Cellular Telephones

The increasing high demand for communication has necessitated the invention of cellular telephones in the world. Advancements in technology have also played a critical part to see to it that communication technology serves the needs of people efficiently. Over the years the use of cellular telephone has moved from a luxurious to an essential. This is to the extent that people consider life without them as impossible. Behind the increasing popularity of Cellular telephones there are dozens of reason that include; technological offers, entertainment, growth in the cellular manufacturing industry and connectivity in the social networks (Aylor, 2012).

The growth in the cellular industry has contributed to higher competition and lower prices that lead to affordability of the technology. Furthermore user friendly features are developing to meet the demand lifestyle of the consumer. Cellular telephones have developed from essential communication devices to lifestyle facilitating devices. Users can take photos, send and receive emails, store private data, download music and videos, keep track…… [Read More]


Aylor, M. (2012). The Mobile Wave: How Mobile Intelligence Will Change Everything. United States Vanguard Press.

Brewin, B. (2009). Report on health risks from cell phones inconclusive: Techno World United States Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute.

Trusov, M., Bucklin, R., & Pauwels, K. (2009). Effects of Word-of-Mouth vs. Traditional Marketing: Findings from an Internet Social Networking Site. Journal of Marketing 73(5), 90-102.
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Online Rhetoric Online Collaboration Software

Words: 1193 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76403043

Logos in online communications changes because diction has changed such as in the use of slang. Words can be copied, pasted, and inserted into related documents that are then shared with the group via the online collaboration software and so words have become less sacrosanct, more a part of the common domain.

Online collaboration tools aid communication and make at-a-distance meetings possible. However, online communication has drawbacks. One major drawback with online communication is the potential for misunderstanding because of the lack of nonverbal communication cues. Unless the speaker uses video conferencing tools, his or her emotions are difficult to read. The use of emoticons does not make up for slight twitches in facial muscles, eye contact, or posture in helping viewers read the speaker. Therefore, online communication tools make the pathos part of the rhetorical equation more difficult to execute. Group members need to use creative means to convey emotions, such as images or music. Written text needs to be imbued with emotion as well as multimedia content to be effective.

The ethos of group members is in many ways easier to construe with online collaboration software. Group members can easily perform quick background checks, logging into their virtual…… [Read More]


Canons of Rhetoric." Retrieved Aug 1, 2008 at http://virtualology.com/rhetoricaltheory/canonsofrhetoric.com/

Cisco WebEx. Retrieved Aug 1, 2008 at http://www.webex.com/index.html eParticipation. Blog retrieved Aug 1, 2008 at  http://blog.eparticipation.com/ 

Zara, O. (2004). Managing collective intelligence: toward a new corporate governance. Axiopole. Retrieved Aug 1, 2008 at http://www.axiopole.com/pdf/Managing_collective_intelligence.pdf
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Small Computer Systems Proposed Research

Words: 4808 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43109232

According to Paul B. Mckimmy (2003), "The first consideration of wireless technology is bandwidth. 802.11b (one of four existing wireless Ethernet standards) is currently the most available and affordable specification. It allows a maximum of 11 megabits per second (Mbps)" (p. 111); the author adds that wired Ethernet LANs are typically 10 or 100 Mbps.

In 1997, when the IEEE 802.11 standard was first ratified, wireless LANs were incompatible and remained vendor specific; the 802.11 protocol representeded an important step towards standardization (Passmore, 2000). Wireless local area network (LAN) technology, however, has actually been in use since the late 1980s; different proprietary approaches were commonly used, and the networks operated at lower speeds (e.g., 1-2 Mbps). In 1997, though, the standards setting body, IEEE, released the 802.(11) standard for wireless local area networking using the unlicensed 2.4 GHz frequency band (as opposed to the 900 MHz band used in the past); this standard was later updated to 802.11b, which increased the transmission speed from 2 to 11 Mbps, or approximately the same transmission speed as traditional wired Ethernet connections. This is the standard that is generally referred to today as Wi-Fi ("wireless fidelity") or wireless LAN (Emerging Technologies, 2002).

Because…… [Read More]

Passmore, D. (2000, March). Wireless LANs Come of Age. Business Communications Review, 30(3), 22.

Vance, a. (2002, August). Variations on 802.11: Here Are 802.11's a, B, G's, and Other Things You Never Learned in School about Wireless LANs. Business Communications Review, 32(8), 36.

Weiser, M. (1998). The future of ubiquitous computing on campus. Communications of the ACM, 41, 41-42.
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Distance and Net-Based Learning Describe

Words: 596 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77758816

In addition, the structure and presentation of required, basic course material are more goal-oriented and motivating to meet the needs of students.

While critics initially charged that Net-based learning was vastly inferior to traditional classroom settings, some now wonder if traditional education will survive as the transformational possibilities of Net-based learning, teaching and developing course content are fully realized. The answer is a resounding 'yes'. The reason is that net-based learning can be designed to include some elements of socialization, but not all. Physically attending college is a great experience. Colleges shape students' lives and teach values, ethics and cultures that are unique to schools. Often, one can tell which school a person has attended just by listening to the person's communication style. Going to an online school is different. Students can have a great learning experience in an online school, but students may not get a chance to fully immerse themselves the culture of the college they are attending. Colleges offer interactive environments and encourage students to participate in extra-curricular activities. Students join different clubs and student unions at the colleges, and participate in debates, games and sports. These activities help shape students' lives and characters. Online learning communities…… [Read More]

Teachers will have to adapt to the new role of the student on the Net. For instance, the teacher role must shift from being a leader to being a coach as student autonomy in the learning process increases. The traditional methods of oral and written review of assigned textual material will no longer be the way to measure learning. Instead, students will measure and document their own learning progress. Within the knowledge building community, teachers will be one expert of many and must now function as a "team of experts" rather than as a sole source of expertise.

With regards to course development, technologies in Net-based learning such as multimedia, hypertext, and search engines for ubiquitous information access "are creating non-linear and multidimensional learning environments" to support student autonomy. In addition, the structure and presentation of required, basic course material are more goal-oriented and motivating to meet the needs of students.

While critics initially charged that Net-based learning was vastly inferior to traditional classroom settings, some now wonder if traditional education will survive as the transformational possibilities of Net-based learning, teaching and developing course content are fully realized. The answer is a resounding 'yes'. The reason is that net-based learning can be designed to include some elements of socialization, but not all. Physically attending college is a great experience. Colleges shape students' lives and teach values, ethics and cultures that are unique to schools. Often, one can tell which school a person has attended just by listening to the person's communication style. Going to an online school is different. Students can have a great learning experience in an online school, but students may not get a chance to fully immerse themselves the culture of the college they are attending. Colleges offer interactive environments and encourage students to participate in extra-curricular activities. Students join different clubs and student unions at the colleges, and participate in debates, games and sports. These activities help shape students' lives and characters. Online learning communities can offer only some of a college's social environment; it can never replicate the same degree of face-to-face interactions. According to Peters (1998), "Although distance education and Net-based learning will significantly impact university learning, the traditional university will not be lost because it provides experiences that are unavailable to the distance learning student. As a result, "the university of the future will be a mixed mode university and distance education will be a prominent if not the fundamental element in it."
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Virtual Office Disadvantages of Virtual

Words: 2525 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89439910

Security measures are available to minimize this effect, in fact an entire industry has emerged to address these needs, but control will never be the same as when the employees are under one roof and subject to scrutinizing eyes and ears and computers and cell phones are free from potential hackers.

To put virtual office security into perspective think about all the security measures that are taken in traditional offices to ensure the safety of a business' equipment and information (Lombardi, 1994). Closed circuit surveillance systems are installed, alarm systems, security guards are utilized to protect the physical plant while extensive firewalls, networking passwords, and layered access systems are used to protect the business information (Rodriguez, 1996).

A distributed workforce can cause problems relative to collaboration. Many work projects require the coordination of different skills and with the workforce being distributed this may be difficult. Specialization of knowledge-based work, falling communication costs, and globalization have increased the need for more collaboration in most businesses and the move toward virtual offices acerbates this need. Through the use of sophisticated video conferencing equipment, wireless communication devices, specialized collaboration software, and coordination of servers some of the problems related to collaboration can be…… [Read More]


Burns, S. (1996). Net Revolutionizing the way we work. The Dallas Morning News, 1D, 4D.

Gillis, T.L. (2003). Managing the virtual workforce requires knowledge of communication behavior. Communication World .

Johnson, N.J. (2001). Telecommuting and Virtual Offices: Issue and Opportunities. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Liparulo, R. (1998). Location, Location, Location. Chief Executive .
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New Generation Technology CRM at

Words: 2581 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69688184

Figure 2:

Dell Inc. Marketing and Manufacturing Process Integration

Based on analysis of Sources: (Kapuscinski, Zhang, Carbonneau, Moore, Reeves, 2004) (Gunasekaran, Ngai, 2009) (Bilek, 2010)

Discussion of Current Business Issues

Today Dell suffers from not having enough insight into the most critical customer relationships necessary to grow its emerging virtualization and Cloud computing businesses, as the company's approach to managing by technology instead of customers created a very myopic mindset. The transition from being purely technology- and product-centric to one that puts customer feedback and their insights into the center of a business model can only be achieved by measuring processes and improving them (Liu, Guo, Lee, 2011). Nowhere is this more evident than in the company's quoting process. Ironically for a company so well-known for its build-to-order process online, tis enterprise-wide quoting systems are seriously broken and often can take weeks to produce a highly specific quote for a series of servers for example (Gunasekaran, Ngai, 2009). The lack of customer insight into why customers are ordering a specific configuration also needs to be assessed. This lack of information has led to incorrect configurations being recommended to long-standing customers and the quoting timeframes drastically increasing from weeks to in…… [Read More]


Bilek, G.. (2010). The Value of Information Sharing in a Build-to-Order Supply Chain. The Business Review, Cambridge, 15(1), 131-136.

Ernst, H., Hoyer, W., Krafft, M., & Krieger, K. (2011). Customer relationship management and company performance -- the mediating role of new product performance. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 39(2), 290-306.

Finnegan, D., & Currie, W.. (2010). A multi-layered approach to CRM implementation: An integration perspective. European Management Journal, 28(2), 153.

Gunasekaran, a., & Ngai, E.. (2009). Modeling and analysis of build-to-order supply chains. European Journal of Operational Research, 195(2), 319.
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Aloud or in Writing Making

Words: 17261 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71062622

Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.

2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.

3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.

4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.


The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in different regions of the world, but most economists agree that unless something is done to reverse recent trends soon, billions of the world's poor will suffer. For example, economist Paul Collier has warned that the rapidly increasing and enormous disparities that exist between what he terms "Prosperia" (i.e., the industrialized…… [Read More]


Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.

Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.

Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.

Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
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Second Life and Distance Education

Words: 952 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88033665

However, surprisingly, distance educators have not caught onto the trend. Web 2.0 applications offer users an experience beyond the typical University experience. Second Life offers the ability to add the social element and interaction that is often missing from the distance education experience. If traditional universities and public entities see the opportunity to use Second Life for education, and to disseminate public information, then this would seem like the next logical step in improving distance education programs. Students could attend a virtual classroom that is like a brick and mortar classroom in many ways.

One of the key difficulties in implementing online education in an online world is that students may not have access or the skills necessary to function in an online world. Second Life requires the most advanced graphics cards and systems to run. It will not run on older systems or those that do not meet the minimum requirements. Traditional brick and mortar universities can provide students with the ability to access Second Life through university libraries and computer labs. However, for the most part, distance education students must purchase and maintain their own equipment. They may not always have access to the minimum system requirements.

Another…… [Read More]


Hoover, Aaron. (2007). At UF, distance learning moves off the planet. February 7, 2007. University of Florida News. Retrieved December 20, 2008.

Simteach.com (2008a). Second Life Universities and Private Islands. Retrieved December 19, 2008 at http://www.simteach.com/wiki/index.php?title=Second_Life:_Universities_and_Private_Islands

Simteach.com (2008b). Second Life Universities and Private Islands. Retrieved December 19, 2008 at http://simteach.com/wiki/index.php?title=Second_Life:_Universities_and_Private_Islands
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Telemedicine Will Telemedicine Improve the Quality of

Words: 7147 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87286452

Telemedicine: Will telemedicine improve the quality of healthcare and its delivery for remotely located advanced healthcare para-professionals?

The basic purpose of this study is to discuss whether telemedicine will improve the quality of health care and it's delivery for remotely located advanced health care para-professionals.

The scope of the study is over seeing as it covers the implication of implementation of telemedicine as a professional genre. It would also show how the installation of telemedicine means to other researchers, who want to take this field further and analyze it other context such as financial system of medical systems, telemedicine implicaiton on Medicare etc.

The researcher plans to adopt a case study / historical methodology of research by first collecting a literature review and then finally using it as a base for the analysis of the hypothesis questions. The researchers will also plan to use both primary and secondary sources. Primary sources will consist of government documentation and first hand interviews documented in reports. Secondary resources will include articles, web sites etc.


The following is a proposed resources for the study.

Dakins, D.R., "Wild-Eyed Revenue Projections Create Moving Target for Home Healthcare Market," Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks, 1995, 2:3:3.

Consensus…… [Read More]


1. Dakins, D.R., [1995]. "Wild-Eyed Revenue Projections Create Moving Target for Home Healthcare Market," Telemedicine and Telehealth Networks, 2:3:3.

Author not available, [1993]. Consensus Statement, First Mayo Telemedicine Symposium.

Grigsby J, Barton PL, et al. [1994]. Analysis of expansion of access to care through use of telemedicine and mobile health services. 3: Telemedicine policy: quality assurance, utilization review, and coverage. Denver: Center for Health Policy Research;:8.

Fishman, Dorothy J., [07-01-1997]. Telemedicine: bringing the specialist to the patient.. Vol. 28, Nursing Management, pp 30(3).
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Broadband Internet Service What it Is and

Words: 2921 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63292701

Broadband Internet Service: What it Is and Where It's Going

Explanation of Broadband

Current State of Broadband

The Future of Broadband

The current frontier of high speed internet technology and digital communications is broadband. Although it has been available for several years now to both homes and businesses, broadband has not spread as rapidly as some proponents of the technology had hoped or expected, leading to the failure of some companies involved in this business. What is broadband, and what is its future? These are questions that are taking on increasing importance as broadband usage is finally increasing around the world. Of equal importance is which broadband technology will survive and how telecommunications regulations in this country will impact the digital world.

Explanation of Broadband

Simply put, broadband is high-speed internet access. Broadband allows for the high-speed transmission of large amounts of data. It is expected to revolutionize communications, entertainment, and ecommerce. Broadband can transmit data at a rate of forty to fifty times faster than dial-up or narrow band connections. A water pipe provides a good analogy. To get more water faster, you must use a bigger pipe. For data transmission, broadband is the bigger pipe. Broadband allows for…… [Read More]


Abe, George. Residential Broadband. Second Edition. Indianapolis: Cisco Press,

Borland, John. "Microsoft Outlines Role in Broadband Future." CNET News.com. 24 July 2001. 1 March 2003. http://news.com.com/2100-1033-270489.html?legacy=cnet.

Broadband's Bright Future." The Industry Standard. 7 May 2001. 2 March 2003. http://www.thestandard.com/article/0,1902,23972,00.html?nl=dnt.

Electronic Business. "Broadband's Growth Defies Downturn." Newsedge. 11 January 2003.
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Virtual Workplace Communication Cons or Disadvantages of

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66926067

Virtual Workplace Communication

Cons or Disadvantages of Using DIVA in Amazon.com

Amazon.com has one of the most diverse business models of any e-commerce retailer today, including their fastest growing business unit, Amazon Web Services (AWS) which is revolutionizing cloud computing. Amazon's depth of expertise in online retailing, recommendation engines that present customers books, products and subscriptions that align with their specific needs of customers is unmatched. The nature of Amazon.com and its many businesses is virtual and global, which makes the need for supporting a virtual workforce communications strategy and platform essential for their success. Amazon.com needs to pay attention to the downside or cons of virtual workforce communication and collaboration to succeed.

Cons of Virtual Workforce Collaboration at Amazon.com

The first significant disadvantage is that virtual communication and collaboration tools often become a crutch that employees rely on instead of regularly traveling to visit regional offices or headquarters. There are a myriad of empirical studies showing the value of supplementing virtual work arrangements with regular in-person meetings to reinforce empathy and understanding (Steir, 2007). For trust to emerge in a virtual team, there needs to be as many face-to-face meetings as possible, with a visit to corporate headquarters by…… [Read More]


Sohlenkamp, M., & Chwelos, G. (1994, October). Integrating communication, cooperation, and awareness: the DIVA virtual office environment. In Proceedings of the 1994 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work (pp. 331-343). ACM. Retrieved from: http://pdf.aminer.org/000/121/938/integrating_communication_cooperation_and_awareness_the_diva_virtual_office_environment.pdf

Steir, R. (2007). The on-demand virtual advisory team: A new consulting paradigm?. Global Business & Organizational Excellence, 26(2), 37-46. doi:10.1002/joe.20131
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Higher Education Distance Learning in

Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80743410


Online distance learning is completely different environment from that of a traditional classroom. There are different rules and regulations that must be adhered to. Class discussion often takes place via a bulletin board and more often than not also serves as a way of taking attendance. Students should expect to spend between two and three hours per credit hours per course studying every week. This is a completely different learning style that involves no face-to-face contact and often takes away from human aspect of learning. Distance learning is not for everyone, but for those who have the self-discipline to be successful it can open an entire set of new opportunities to get an education. Those who partake in this type of learning often find that they like the freedom that it gives them to get an education without having to be tied down to a traditional learning environment.… [Read More]


Benefits of Distance Learning. (2009). Retrieved March 21, 2010, from Web site:


Fairfax, BJ. (2010). Distance Education Gains Popularity. Retrieved March 21, 2010, from Online-Education Web site: http://www.online-education.net/articles/general/distance-education.html

Larson, Ryan. (2005). Limitations of Distance Learning. Retrieved March 21, 2010, from Explore Online Degrees Web site: http://www.exploreonlinedegrees.com/limitations-of-distance-learning.html
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Virtual Private Networks Use in

Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48776956

There are over 400 airlines, 60,000 hotel properties, 32 rental car companies, nine cruise lines, and 220 tour operators that comprise the database of offerings in Sabre data architecture. VPNs are used for completing the necessary order and booking capture, booking management, pricing updates and validations with each agent, and the coordination with the literally thousands of travel partners to company has.

Sabre opted for Web-based VPN architecture to deliver real-time updates of data to their MySabre travel agency booking portal that was recently introduced to the 70,000 travel agents that participate with the travel network. The use of an SSL-based VPN architecture for supporting the many quoting, ordering, and services processes was critical for Sabre, as their broader application development plan focused first on speed and security for their agent base. Sabre also wanted to have a single sign-on capability to ensure their agents, the majority of which are not technologically oriented, could quickly gain access to the MySabre portal and complete bookings. According to Sabre (1) the use of VPN technology also significantly dropped the cost of creating a partner management system online as the company was able to keep the application within its own it organization.… [Read More]


AMR Research (2004)- Time to Move Beyond Point Security Systems. AMR Research. Lance Travis, author. From the Research Alert of the same name. February 25, 2004

Aberdeen Group (2003) - Buyer's Guide to Managed Delivery. Aberdeen Group Research Report. March, 2006. Aberdeen Research

Columbus (2003) - Re-evaluate How Your Measure Your Channels' Performance. AMR Research. Boston, MA December 2, 2003. Accessed from the Internet February 21, 2007 from location:

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People Have Become Overly Dependent on Technology

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98164855

Overly Dependent on Technology

The relevance of technology cannot be overstated especially given that very few aspects of our lives remain untouched by the same. In the recent past, significant advancements have been made on the technological front with innovation being the primary driving force behind the advancement. Today, technology plays a key role in shaping the way we communicate, learn at school, or even access news. Advances in technology have over time been beneficial to the human race especially in the field of medicine. However, regardless of the critical role technology plays in our daily lives, questions continue to emerge on whether we are becoming overly dependent on the same. In this text, I highlight some of the trends that point to our increased dependence on technology.

The Relevance of Technology: An Overview

That technology has significantly aided commerce is a well-known fact. Recent advancements in e-commerce and online banking have significantly aided world economy. Today, unlike a number of years ago, distance and time are no longer considered barriers to commerce and trade. Thanks to technology, modern societies are now able to conduct business 24 hours a day. Further, technology has significantly made communication more reliable, efficient and…… [Read More]


Chan, A.Y.K. (2003). Medical Terminology Management Practice. Illinois: Charles C. Thomas Publisher.

Lowman, R.L. (Ed.). (2002). The California School of Organizational Studies Handbook of Organizational Consulting Psychology: A Comprehensive Guide to Theory, Skills, and Techniques. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley and Sons.

McCain, T.D.E. & Jukes, I. (2001). Windows on the Future: Education in the Age of Technology. California: Corwin Press.

Warren, C.S., Reeve, J.M., Duchac, J.E. & Fess, P.E. (2006). Accounting (22nd ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.