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The only women appearances in the novel are isolate and the characters are all whores that have no precise role in the story. Indians also make their appearance felt in the story, but none of them has a significant role.
Blood Meridian has nothing to do with being a revisionist western, as it does not attempt to present people with a revised picture of old westerns. It is purely anti-western, as none of the basic western concepts are being properly presented in the novel. After having read the book, one would most certainly feel guilty for accepting the fact that the writer is somewhat right in certain episodes.
Riders of the Purple Sage almost is the opposite of Blood Meridian, as the 1912 book has most ingredients needed to make a successful western-related book. In the Riders of the Purple Sage, writer Zane Grey has most characteristic factors to make…
Softing, Inger-Anne. Desert Pandemonium: Cormac McCarthy's Apocalyptic "Western" in Blood Meridian. American Studies in Scandinavia, Vol. 31, 1999.
When "spaghetti Western" auteur Sergio Leone set out to make Once Upon a Time in the West, he was determined to shoot in Arizona using the same breathtaking, authentic backdrops and landscapes that the great American Western filmmakers, such as John Ford, used in films like Stagecoach (1939) and My Darling Clementine (1946). The landscape and location were iconic images (Monument Valley has appeared in several of Ford's Westerns) that evoked a sense of foreign territory, of something almost prehistoric for the viewer. Thus, for the hero of the Western film to be seen against a backdrop like that of the "desert wilderness" is enough to draw the viewer into a relationship that is at once hostile and precarious -- "the encounter of home and wilderness" wherein ideas of family, shelter, unity, life are juxtaposed with the spare and sparse Western landscape of bleak desert horizons, mesas, plateaus,…
Budd, M. (1976). A Home in the Wilderness: Visual Imagery in John Ford's Westerns.
The Classic Western: 133-147.
Buscombe, E. (1995). Inventing Monument Valley: Nineteenth Century Landscape
Photography and the Western Film. The Western Genre: 114-129.
estern films, "Shane," made in 1953 and directed by George Stevens, and "Unforgiven," made in 1992 and directed by Clint Eastwood. Specifically, it will analyze the two films, and discuss their importance in the genre of estern films. Today, the classic estern is a film gone out of style, but these two films live on as classics, generally because they deviate from the classic estern model, by showing the characters three dimensionally, and the violence as real and devastating.
TO ESTERN FILMS
"Shane" does not rely on elaborate sets and costuming to get its message across to viewers. One reviewer called the sets "spartan" and the language of the film "laconic." The characters of this estern make the film the classic that it has become. Shane is a man of few words, but much action, and he firmly stands behind his beliefs. From the opening scene, when he rides down…
Dirks, Tim. "Unforgiven." Filmsite.org. 2002. 27 July 2002.
Shane. Dir. George Stevens. Perf. Alan Ladd, Van Heflin, Jean Arthur, and Brandon de Wilde. Paramount, 1953.
Sitton, Bob. "Refocusing the Western." Film-Philosophy. Vol. 4 no. 24. October 2000. 27 July 2002.
The film industry produces experience goods for consumer enjoyment and consumption, and substantively relies on consumer differentiation for the economic success of movies. Moviegoers appear to differentiate films primarily on the basis of genre, starring actors, exposure to promotion, recommendations from other moviegoers and film critics, and -- for the dedicated film buffs and connoisseurs -- directors, cinematographers, and even screenwriters associated with the film production (Albert 1998, De Vany 2004, Eliashberg and Shugan 1997, Hand 2002, Krider and Weinberg 1998, Nelson et al. 2001, avid 1999, Smith and Smith 1986, Wallace, Steigermann and Holbrook 1993). Access to information about films is related to the resources and networks that moviegoers enjoy, and on the attention that films garner, as expressed by the media and through social networks. Information about films is accessed by moviegoers from many sources: 1) The genre of the film; 2) the rating of the…
Albert, S 1998 "Movie stars and the distribution of financially successful fitness in the motion picture industry." Journal of Cultural Economics, 22(4), 249-270.
Chang, B-H and Ki, E-J 2005, Devising a practical model for predicting theatrical movie success: Focusing on experience good property. Journal of Media Economics, 18(4), 247-260.
Chen, Andrew. "Forecasting Gross Revenues at the Movie Box Office" Department of Economics, University of Washington June 2002. 20 July 2006 http://www.econ.washington.edu/user/startz/OldCourses/482_SP2002_studentPapers/econ-482-finalpaper%20Chen.pdf
Decanay, JC, King-Calvo, MT, Santos, AA 2010, Information cascades as social learning: The case of box-office ticket sales in the Philippines. Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, 2010 p.334-344.
The question of leadership and government has always been a subject that concerned political theorists. ne of the first political theorists to brake up with the Medieval tradition regarding rulers and the ethics of government, Niccolo Machiavelli, presented his theories related to the rules a prince should follow in order to be able to govern a state and stay in power as long as possible. Machiavelli left the question of ethics completely for religious subjects and treated his topic form a rationale point-of-view destined to prescribe the best recipe for a political ruler to follow in order to succeed. Shakespeare's Richard III and George rwell's The Animal Farm present two different political regimes, the former focusing on dynastic battles in England in the fifteenth century and the latter on fictional animal characters that resemble real life characters form the early twentieth century revolutionary Russia. Despite the fact that…
Orwell, G. Baker, R. Animal farm: a fairy story. Signet Classic, 1996
Richard III, film, 1955.
Textbook. Machiavelli, N. The Prince
hich historians Yahia Zoubir and Daniel Volman describe this way:
At the same time, they [the Judges] are in accord in providing indications of a legal tie of allegiance between the Sultan and some, though only some, of the tribes of the territory, and in providing indications of some display of the Sultan's authority or influence with respect to those tribes."
For the court to have found in the favor of Morocco based on "historic" claims, would have opened the door of a Pandora's box, and there was simply no way to legally deal with that situation. A finding in Morocco's favor would undo the modern world. Then, strangely enough, and because if he wanted to remain in the dynamics of the argument and struggle for control over estern Sahara, Morocco's King Hussan III interpreted the court's findings in favor of Morocco, and in accordance with Moroccan law. If the…
http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=107024755' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
His stance is also one of superiority as he presents himself as the victim of his own vision and artistic expression. In this context, the generic pronoun "they" symbolizes Craig's detachment from the world around him as he feels superior which he believes, is what causes his isolation.
Craig's wife, Lotte, is perhaps the most radically changed as a result of traveling through the portal. She becomes convinced that she is a transsexual, and consequently, feels the only way she can be true to herself is to assume a new sexual identity, i.e. that of a man. However Lotte abandons her desire of sexual reassignment when she becomes aware that by starting a relationship with Maxine, she can in fact assume a different gender role simply by falling in love with Maxine. Maxine, on the other hand, embarks on a sexual relationship with Malkovich so she can be with Lotte.…
Weeks, Jeffrey. 2003. The Invention of Sexuality. In Sexuality, 11-28. New York: Routledge.
Dragunoiu, Dana. "Psychoanalysis, Film Theory and the Case of Being John Malkovich." Film Criticism 26.2 (2001): 1-7
Gauntlett, David. 2002. Michel Foucault. In Media, Gender, and Identity: An Introduction, 115-134. London: Routledge.
Christy Turlington explains to Elle magazine... "Advertising is so manipulative," she says. "There's not one picture in magazines today that's not airbrushed."… "It's funny," Turlington continues. "hen women see pictures of models in fashion magazines and say, 'I can never look like that,' what they don't realize is that no one can look that good without the help of a computer." (Hilary 13)
That's right, the beautiful Turlington, a woman that can be said as fitting the standard ideal of American beauty, admits that it is unachievable even for her. hy? Because even she admits that she has been touched up. In a similar exercise, we can only imagine the remarkable steadfastness this act must have taken, but it shows that there is a realization that this American image is unattainable (Domar 23).
The Trouble with Persisting Ideas
Even if the mechanism behind the spread and adoption of ideas is…
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso Publishing, 1991. Print.
Chernin, Karen. Hungry Self: Women, Eating, & Identity. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2008
Dixon, Violet. "Understanding the Implications of a Global Village." Reason and Respect 4.1 (2008). 1-5. Web. 15 May 2011.
Domar, Allan. (Prof) Harvard Medical School. Parade magazine, October 11, 2003.
" Photography may not, as Susan Sontag has claimed, symbolically reduce its subjects to "corpses,"
It should also be pointed out this is to often not a specifically intentional attempt at disguise, but rather forms part of the cultural views and milieu of the time. This becomes evident if we take an cursory look at some of the photographers of the period.
Frances enjamin Johnston's Hampton Album was possibly one of the first photographic attempts to document and 'explain' in images the concept and reality of the American dream. Her work particularly relates to the above problems: the question of the other or minorities in the nation. Johnson created her images at Virginia's Hampton Institute in November and December 1899. This was an institution which was concerned with the education and training of lack people.
Many of the aspects relating to nations building and the American…
Bird, S. Elizabeth, ed. Dressing in Feathers: The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996.
Blair, Sara. "Cultural Geography and the Place of the Literary." American Literary History 10.3 (1998): 544-567.
Clark, Walter. Photography by Infrared: Its Principles and Applications. 2nd ed. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, inc.;, 1946.
Conner, Jill. "Representation and Photography." Afterimage 29.2 (2001): 16. Questia. 15 May 2005 .
The identity of a Geisha, and the origins of the profession has a great deal more to do with performance and skills in such than in any other aspect of the trade.
(1) Okada, Mariko. "Prolegomenon to Geisha as a Cultural Performer: Miyako Odori, The
Gion School and epresentation of a Traditional" Japan." 2003.
http://dspace.wul.waseda.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2065/26765/1/034.pdf (accessed July 10,
2010) p. 223.
(2) Ibid. p. 224.
(3) Ibid. p. 223.
(5) Graham-Diaz, Naomi. Immortal Geisha History of the Geisha, Part One: 1100 AD
1750 AD. October 2001. http://www.immortalgeisha.com/history_01.php (accessed July
(7) Okada, Mariko. "Prolegomenon to Geisha as a Cultural Performer: Miyako Odori, The
Gion School and epresentation of a Traditional" Japan." 2003.
http://dspace.wul.waseda.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2065/26765/1/034.pdf (accessed July 10,
2010) p. 223.
(8) Ibid. p. 222.
(9) Ibid. p. 221.
(10) Chen, Li-Yu, and Lai On-Kwok. "Creativity and Hybridism of Cultures in a Globalizing
World The e-Production-cum-Consumption of…
Chen, Li-Yu, and Lai On-Kwok. "Creativity and Hybridism of Cultures in a Globalizing World The Re-Production-cum-Consumption of Asian Local Idiosyncrasies." Journal of Policy Studies 31 (March 2009): 141-154.
Graham-Diaz, Naomi. Immortal Geisha History of the Geisha, Part One: 1100 AD - 1750 AD. October 2001. http://www.immortalgeisha.com/history_01.php (accessed July 10, 2010).
Okada, Mariko. "Prolegomenon to Geisha as a Cultural Performer: Miyako Odori, The Gion School and Representation of a Traditional" Japan." 2003. http://dspace.wul.waseda.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2065/26765/1/034.pdf (accessed July 10, 2010).
Prasso, Sheridan. The Asian Mystique: Dragon Ladies, Geisha Girls and Our Fantasies of the Exotic Orient. Perseus Book Group Cambridge MA. Cambridge MA: Perseus Book Group, 2006.
Crazy Horse and the Western Hero
Crazy Horse, believed born sometime in 1838, was a respected member of the Oglala Sioux Native American tribe and is noted for his courage in battle. He was recognized among his own people as a visionary leader committed to preserving the traditions and values of the Lakota way of life and leading his people into a war against the take-over of their lands by the White Man. The location of Crazy Horses birth is not conclusively known. Some sources report his birthplace as the South Cheyenne River. Other sources point to either Rapid Creek, near present day Rapid City, South Dakota, or near ear utte outside Sturgis, South Dakota.
Crazy Horse earned his reputation among the Lakota not only by his skill and daring in battle, but also by his fierce determination to preserve his people's traditional way of life. Celebrated for his ferocity…
Marshall, Joseph M. "Crazy Horse (Tasunke Witko) 1840-77."
Pautler, N.P. "We all play the hand we're dealt, honored historian says." University Week. June 22, 1995, p. 3.
Robert Warshow. The Immediate Experience: Movies, Comics, Theatre and Other Aspects of Popular Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.
White, Richard. It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.
estern and Hollywood: The Art of Show Business
The estern helped spawn the American myth -- the legend of the frontier spirit, where civilization met the road and the individual was put to the test: either he would be a man of honor, or a criminal. The estern hero, guys like ayne and Cooper and Roy Rogers before them, participated in the mythos and were awarded with stardom in the "genus stardom" of Hollywood, where stars and starlets were groomed and given to the public for consumption: they represented the public's image of itself -- Lana Turner representing their sexiness, ayne representing their machismo (Damico 240).
Hollywood as art and as industry, used the estern to boost the box office in the early days of cinema -- but by the time John Ford made Stagecoach, the big estern film had lost its luster and unless a big star was attached,…
Damico, James. "Ingrid from Lorraine to Stromboli: Analyzing the Public's Perception
of a Film Star," 240-253.
Kitses, Jim. "Authorship and Genre: Notes on the Western." The Western Genre: 57-
However, in spite of the fact that the film was promoted as a motion picture displaying real-life events, it appears that the director did not hesitate to modify a series of aspects about the environment that he shot in and the story itself. The protagonist's wife and children were not actually his and Flaherty correctly believed that audiences would be more deeply impressed if he presented the story from a more spectacular point-of-view. Even with this, one can still claim that the film is a documentary because it presents viewers with its own creation.
Many individuals took advantage of the fact that documentary films were very influential and devised propaganda strategies using motion pictures. Many individuals involved in this affair considered that fiction films no longer had a strong appeal and that society was more concerned about seeing 'cinema verite'. Many filmmakers got actively engaged in creating films discussing political…
Aufderheide, Patricia, "Documentary Film: A Very Short Introduction," (Oxford University Press, 2007)
Ellis, Jack C. And McLane, Betsy a. "A new history of documentary film," (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005)
Also, these concepts emphasize the limits associated with the American peoples, as by being as realistic as they possibly could be they made it possible for viewers to accept that a estern did not necessarily have to involve a heroic cowboy running off into the sunset consequent to killing the bad guys and saving the damsels in distress.
These films were all about presenting American values as realistically as possible with the purpose of influencing viewers to accept that there is actually much more to the American culture than one might be inclined to believe.
Campbell, Jeff, "USA 5th Edition," (Lonely Planet, 01.03.2008)
"3:10 to Yuma," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Reel Gouda ebsite: http://thereelgouda.blogspot.ie/2007/09/310-to-yuma.html
"Yippie ki-yay! The western's not ridden off into the sunset yet," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Guardian ebsite: http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/filmblog/2007/oct/29/willlawrencemonampic
Karnick, S.T. "3:10 to Yuma: Review," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the…
Campbell, Jeff, "USA 5th Edition," (Lonely Planet, 01.03.2008)
"3:10 to Yuma," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Reel Gouda Website: http://thereelgouda.blogspot.ie/2007/09/310-to-yuma.html
"Yippie ki-yay! The western's not ridden off into the sunset yet," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Guardian Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/filmblog/2007/oct/29/willlawrencemonampic
Karnick, S.T. "3:10 to Yuma: Review," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the American Culture Website: http://stkarnick.com.previewc45.carrierzone.com/culture/?p=3309
film Lone Star discussing various aspects of the movie.
Lone Star" is John Sayles' best movie yet, a richly textured, multi-racial, multi-generational examination of a Texas town. The writer/director Sayles brilliantly combines drama, romance, mystery, and social observation into a one third love story with a twisted one-third-murder mystery. Exploring the lives of half a dozen people in a Texas border town (i.e. border) Sayles ties them all together in his script with discovery of a skeleton in the desert that brings the skeleton out if every closet in the sleepy little berg. Two off-duty sergeants from an Army post near the town of Frontera find skeleton remains and a rusty Sheriff's badge. The current sheriff of Frontera Sam Deeds, son of late legendary lawman uddy Deeds, begins an investigation. Sam quickly learns that the remains are those of the corrupt sheriff Charley Wade, his father reputed to have run…
Lone Star" Director: John Sayles, Producer: R. Paul Miller, Maggie Renzi, Screenwriter: John Sayles, Year of Release: 1996
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) came in a time when the public became fond of funny westerns. The editors carefully made the movie's beginning and its end in order for it to have an exceptional result consequent to the audience viewing it. The silent beginning and the freeze-frame ending gave the movie an exceptional character, showing the public something that they had never seen before.
In times when the whole world filmed in color, a number of directors reached the conclusion that it had not been the color that made the difference between a good movie and a bad one, as it had been the script and the movie crew. Peter Bogdanovich, the director of the Last Picture Show (1971), had been influenced to film the movie in black and white because of a conversation that he had with Orson elles. The two concluded that it had been…
1. Annie Hall. Dir. Woody Allen. United Artists.
2. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. Dir. John Foreman. 20th Century Fox.
3. Friedrichsen Mike, Vorderer Peter, Wulff Hans J. (1996). "Suspense: Conceptualizations, Theoretical Analyses, and Empirical Explorations." Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
4. Lock, Stock, and Two Smoking Barrels. Dir. Guy Ritchie. Universal Pictures.
Lai Shi, China's Last Eunuch
The movie Lai Shi, China's Last Eunuch was directed by Chi Leung "Jacob" Cheung which has been nominated for 4 awards at the Hong Kong Film Award. The story mostly follows the young Lai Shi on his quest to become a eunuch for the Manchu Emperor. The story is adapted from a somewhat autobiographical novel.
Lai Shi's quest of becoming a eunuch is very noble; the main goal behind his decision of castrating himself in order to become a eunuch was to be able to earn more money for his family to survive. The eunuchs were usually recruited from lower classes and castration was a necessary element for anyone wishing to become a eunuch during this era (Scholz, 131). In this regards, it would be true to say that Lai Shi is defined as the real hero archetype, as he was ready to do a…
Lai Shi, China's Last Eunuch. Dir. Chi Leung Jacob Cheung. 1988. Hong Kong Edition DVD.
Scholz, Piotr O. Eunuchs and castrati: a cultural history. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2001. Print.
The ideology of race only came to justify the existence of slavery after all 'equal' men were said to have inherent rights. Until then, virtually all peoples of the world had been enslaved at one point or another, even before the existence of 'races,' and inferiority as a category could be applied to the poor, to despised ethnicities like the Irish, or even to despised members of other tribes in Africa.
Fields, Barbara. "Presentation." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS ebsite. 2001. February 9, 2009. http://www.pbs.org/race/000_About/002_04-background-02-02.htm
Africa: A Voyage of Discovery with Basil Davidson. RM Arts, 1984.
Horton, James O. "Origin of race, slavery." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS ebsite. 2003.
February 9, 2009. http://www.pbs.org/race/000_About/002_04-background-02-04.htm
Obadina, Tunde. "Role of African Slave Traders." Edofolks. February 9, 2009. http://www.edofolks.com/html/pub157.htm
Smedley, Audrey. "Origin of the idea of race." Anthropology Newsletter. November 1997.
Reprinted 2003 on Race:…
Fields, Barbara. "Presentation." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS Website. 2001. February 9, 2009. http://www.pbs.org/race/000_About/002_04-background-02-02.htm
Africa: A Voyage of Discovery with Basil Davidson. RM Arts, 1984.
Horton, James O. "Origin of race, slavery." Race: The Power of an Illusion. PBS Website. 2003.
movie )) • What specific references medieval culture history film feature address 've explored class ? • Discuss film embodies clash cultures Crusaders Saracens, Christian Moslem worlds.
Ridley Scott's 2005 motion picture "Kingdom of Heaven" holds a great deal of references to Crusaders and to events having happened during the Crusades. Medieval culture involved religion being revived as one of the principal elements holding society together and the ible as a document that could be interpreted with the purpose to motivate people's acts of violence in the name of God. Scott's film provides an intricate account displaying actual feelings expressed during the Crusades and events that took place as Christians went to Jerusalem with the purpose of freeing it from groups that were apparently unworthy of inhabiting it on account of their failure to act in agreement with Christian laws.
Cultural clashes take place throughout the film and as the…
Balian is initially unwilling to respect particular religious laws as he realizes that he must agree to his deceased wife being decapitated on account of committing suicide. Balian is provided with the task of freeing Jerusalem in spite of the fact that he is not actually 100% certain that he wants to take on a Christian lifestyle. As a crusader, he is having trouble deciding whether or not he wants to for power or in order to respect the Chivalric code.
Guy de Lusignan is certainly an interesting character when considering his scope and the lengths he is willing to go in order to achieve his goals. This character evolves from being the princess' husband to leading an offensive against Saladin.
Dir. Ridley Scott. Kingdom of Heaven. 20th Century Fox, 2005.
Western Civilization proposal, I would like to research Golda Meir. Meir's life is interesting not only in and of itself, but is also remarkable altogether for its astonishing symbolic associations. Meir shows us (as we perhaps already knew) that the historical bias within Western Civilization that stereotypes women as "the weaker sex" has never really been accurate. There is a long history both mythographically and historically which does permit women a role in both warcraft and statecraft: the Classical tradition offers warrior goddesses such as the Greek Athene and the Roman Bellona, while the Old Testament includes enough vignettes of tough and bloodthirsty women, such as Jael, who assassinates the enemy general Sisera by hammering a tent-peg through his skull. Historically there have been a number of female war leaders as well: Boadicea in Roman-era Britain and Zenobia in the Roman-era Middle East both led successful military uprisings against a…
Dead Man's Walk
In the stories of the Wild West, there is always a white man in a white hat who serves as the hero of the story. The villain is always the other white man in the black hat. Symbolically, the villain becomes a racial other because of the color of his hat. When a black hat cannot be found, the other villain of a western will be the Native American, more commonly referred to as the Indian, since calling them by the more politically correct term would be anachronistic. This is a tradition of American stories of the Wild West where the white man, no matter what his character is, will always be heroic in comparison to the villainous other. In the movie version of Larry McMurtry's novel Dead Man's Walk, the heroes of the story are intended to be the Caucasian Texas Rangers and the villains are…
movie, A League of Their Own centers on the All-American Girls Professional aseball League's (AAGPL) first season; the league was initiated to bridge the chasm that was formed by disbanding of the Major League aseball on account of the Second World War. For the very first time in baseball history, young females from urban softball and farm leagues across America were sought for playing professional baseball. The league was fairly short-lived, partly due to a return of the men following the war's culmination and subsequent re-establishment of ML; as a result, the AAGPL's popularity dropped. The dozen years for which the league operated left its mark on sports history, since it offered female athletes a chance to professionally pursue baseball and make much more money than factory workers.
How does the film relate to what you read about the early history of sport (Module 3: The Early History of Sport…
AAGPBL. (n.d.). League History. Retrieved from www.aagpbl.org: http://www.aagpbl.org/index.cfm/pages/league/12/league-history
Bonzel, K. (n.d.). A League of Their Own: The Impossibility of the Female Sports Hero. Retrieved from www.screeningthepast.com: http://www.screeningthepast.com/2013/10/a-league-of-their-own-the-impossibility-of-the-female-sports-hero/
Crosset, T. (n.d.). Masculinity, Sexuality, and the Development of Early Modern Sport.
Early history of sport. in North America. (n.d.)
Film Analysis orksheet Karmen Gei / ednesday October 14, 2015
Joseph Gai Ramaka, 2001
Mode (for instance, adaptation)
Adopted from novel; influenced by Carmen.
Approximate time code (beg. -- end.) of selected scene
Title or brief description of sequence
Opening dance scene
Number of shots in selected sequence
hat happens, at the level of plot or narration, in this sequence?
As a musical sequence, it sets the tone for the film and introduces the audience to the main character and the overarching themes including sexuality and the cultural constraints upon women of color. The dancer seduces a female prison guard into dancing, and when that happens, the entire group of women express their joy through their bodies.
hat role does this sequence play within the larger action of the film (e.g. rising action, climax, turning point, exposition, character development, motifs, patterns, etc.)?
This scene is critical…
Works cited. Think about and list some specific types of outside sources that may be helpful in your analysis (i.e., historical information, other literary texts, etc.)
Sources include references to the role of women in Senegalese society, including articles that show that Senegalese women are often asserting their identities and power: http://www.cnn.com/2015/04/08/africa/gallery/yz-yseult-the-women-warriors-of-senegal/
Similarly, this United Nations website discusses the role of women in Senegalese society: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=15857&LangID=E
16b) Which specific outside sources will you use (based on the information above)? Do you have specific quotations, paraphrases, etc. already identified? What are they?
The CNN article offers messages of hope and empowerment like those given in the film, whereas the United Nations website is more realistic in detailing the daily lives of women in Senegal, where "strong socio-cultural and legal constraints continue to stand in the way of the achievement of gender equality."
Effectively, then, the insurgency is leftist, and in the cases of these films, the left wins, either by proxy or by morality and the world is once again a better place.
EFEENCES and WOKS CONSULTED
Braudy, L. And M. Cohen, eds., (2009). Film Theory and Criticism. Oxford University
Burgoyne, . (2010). Film Nation: Hollywood Looks at U.S. History. University of Minnesota Press.
Hayward, S. (2006). Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts. outledge.
Santas, C. (2007). The Epic in Film: From Myth to Blockbuster. owman and Littlefield.
TAILES and PEVIEWS
Brown, Todd. (2007). "Footage from Taras Bulba." Twitch. Cited in:
"Cossack Brotherhood." (1962). Taras Bulba. Cited in:
"Lion of the Desert." (1981). Film Clip. Cited in:
"Michael Collins," (1986). Cited in:
"Taras Bulba." (1962). Cited in:
"The Patriot." (1998). Cited in: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120786/
"The Patriot." (1998) Film Clips. Cited in:
"V for Vendetta." (2005). Film Clips.…
REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED
Braudy, L. And M. Cohen, eds., (2009). Film Theory and Criticism. Oxford University
Burgoyne, R. (2010). Film Nation: Hollywood Looks at U.S. History. University of Minnesota Press.
Hayward, S. (2006). Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts. Routledge.
The Evolution of the Chinese Film Industry
Contemporary Chinese Film Poster (Chinese Films)
For literally thousands of years, the Culture of China has inspired people and been a source of awe and excitement for people all over the world. The Chinese culture is rather unique and elegant with elements that are not commonly found in other cultures. Part of the cultures attraction is undoubtedly because it is one of the oldest cultures in the world and had has thousands and thousands of years to evolve into what it is today. It has drawn so much interest that it is integrating with other cultures. Although much of the ancient traditions have been somewhat overcome by various estern influences and modernization, traces of various aspects of the previous cultures still manage to stand the test of time and can still be seen today.
Many changes have occurred in the Chinese…
Chinese Films. "Chinese Films Meet Difficulties to Advance in Global Arena." 1 March 2012. Chinese Films. Web. 5 June 2012.
Cultural China. "Classic Movie and Stars." N.d. Cultural China. Web. 6 May 2012.
Kushner, B. "Is that really funny? -- humor and identity in Japan and China." 17 April 2009. Japan Society. Web. 5 June 2012.
Moses, L. "Chinese Embassy host film festival." N.d. Embassy of the Peoples Republic of China. Web. 6 June 2012.
French New Wave/Auteur Theory and Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino: An Auteur
French New Wave cinema is a cinematic movement of the 1950s and 1960s established by French filmmakers and film critics who founded the Cahiers du Cinema that felt cinema had become too commercialized, formulaic, and unoriginal. This critical contention eventually led to the development of the auteur theory. Throughout various essays and critiques, Cahiers du Cinema critics sought to revolutionize cinema and analyze the function of writer in relationship to director. Cahiers du Cinema critics further argued that directors should be the driving vehicle behind a film and not writers. The criterion for an auteur, as defined by film critics in France and the United States, is still evident to this day. Through his unique writing and directing style, and through the use of mise-en-scene in his most recent film Inglourious asterds,[footnoteRef:1] Quentin Tarantino has demonstrated he is a contemporary…
Astruc, Alexandre. "The Birth of a New Avant-Garde: Le Camera-Stylo." L'Ecran Francais, No.
144, (March 30, 1948). transl. In "The New Wave: Critical Landmarks," by Peter Graham (Secker & Waurburg, 1968). pp. 17-23.
"Creator: Quentin Tarantino." TV Tropes.
The film is about rather ordinary events taking place in an environment that experiences a forceful change. Adults practically contrast children through their thinking and the way that they behave, considering that in spite of the fact that they talk while the children are on a silent strike, they fail to put across thorough thought and only manage to fuel each-other's prejudiced nature. Isamu and Minoru are intriguing through the fact that they manage to display clever and sincere acting, demonstrating that they had a special relationship with the director and that they collaborated in making it possible for the film to express authentic feelings. The fact that their actual role in the film regards their interest in criticizing their parents over their reluctance to say what they think when they think it adds to the thought that the children take on a more rational character. This makes their parents…
Dir. Yasujiro Ozu. Good Morning. Shochiku Films Ltd., 1959.
Today, more than forty years later, the special effects for a film are still in an evolutionary stage, and the Star ars one was the first films to use the 3 dimensional Computer Generated Images technique in a feature film. Today, visual and special effects are even more popular than they were a few years back, and when Luxo, which was the first computer generated film to be nominated for an Oscar, was created, with the subject of the film being a desk lamp, which would talk and walk, it was indeed a landmark for the film world in the development of technique.
The 'Toy Story' was produced in 1995, and this film used both computer generated images as well as hand drwan ones throughout the movie. In 'Lord of the Rings', the character of Gollum was a computer generated one, and when this image was used in conjunction with…
Art in Cinema. Accessed 2 October, 2005; available at http://tiki.mk.psu.edu/~art002/index.php/Art_in_Cinema#Important_Inventions_in_Film
Early Color Motion Pictures, a film technology history. Accessed 3 October, 2005; available at http://www.widescreenmuseum.com/oldcolor/oldcolor.htm
Dirks, Tim. Film History before 1920. Accessed 2 October, 2005; available at http://www.filmsite.org/pre20sintro.html
Film History. Accessed 2 October, 2005; available at http://www.radnetcafe.com/filmhistory.html
Scorsese equates him with "a magician enchanted by his own magic." This freedom allowed Welles to create from narrative techniques and filmic devices a masterpiece that is self-aware of its own form. It intends to communicate this self-consciousness to the audience, thus contradicting the classical canons of filmmaking whereby the camera ought not to be noticed and the shots should be seamless. In other words, Welles expanded the art form of cinema, using the camera the way a poet uses a pen. He even created fake news footage in unique ways to enhance the film's appearance. His immense influence can be seen more on the art form as later with Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Censorship was still rife in Hollywood. The league of decency suppressed adult themes. Elia Kazan's adaptation of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) was censored. What we would see now as almost innocent -- a…
His floating away at the end of the movie seems to suggest that he is indeed dead, and that the film has been the final moments of his brain creating illusory perceptions. The fact that this is not explicitly decided reveals the film's perspective that this doesn't really mater -- perception is the method we use to interact with "reality;" the realizations that Wiley comes to and the knowledge he receives is not mad any less valid or important by the fact that none of the encounters he experiences might actually have happened.
The fact that we have such strong intellectual and emotional responses to fictive films is an indicator that perception, to a large degree, creates reality. The nature of truth is also explored in the documentary Standard Operating Procedure. The main philosophical issue in this film is how the framing of an event can affect truth, or at…
Technology and Film
Almost from its inception, the idea of the relationship between the individual and technology has been part of an evolving paradigm. While this new technology brought entertainment to the masses, technology itself as often the subject of early films which explored the idea of whether technology was a tool for humans to use, or a foreboding tyrant that both dehumanized and attempted to control both the individual and society. The idea of dehumanization by technology was, of course, nothing new and was part of the Marxist view that industry actually prevented humans from actualizing as humans while paying them a wage that resulted in a kind of self-slavery. Technology could both save and awe humans, it could expand boundaries, but it could also warn of impending doom.
In the 1902 film A Trip to the Moon, for instance, space travel was introduced to the public by using…
The film Apocalypto is described by its makers, Mel Gibson and Farhad Safinia, as reflecting the time at the end of the Mayan civilization. The final scene in the movie depicts the arrival of Spanish conquistadores. The movie was controversial for its depictions of Mayan civilization. The criticism spanned two major themes. The first was historical accuracy and the second was balance in its depiction of Mayan culture. In particular, critics were concerned that movie would be viewed by many people unfamiliar with Mayan culture who may otherwise absorb incorrect ideas about the real nature of Mayan culture. On both of these dimensions, one can argue that the movie does a disservice to history. The alternate argument is that Apocalypto is not a documentary, an thus there should not be an expectation of historical accuracy any more than one might critique Hamlet's portrayal of medieval Danish society or Johnny…
Arden, T. (2008) Is Apocalypto pornography? Archaelogy Magazine. Retrieved November 17, 2013 from http://archive.archaeology.org/online/reviews/apocalypto.html
Booth, W. (2006). Culture shocker. Washington Post. Retrieved November 17, 2013 from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/08/AR2006120801815_pf.html
Hansen, R. (2007). Conversation: Mel Gibson's Maya. Global Heritage Fund. Retrieved November 17, 2013 from http://web.archive.org/web/20071102063514/http://www.globalheritagefund.org/apocalypto.html
sound technologies and sound design in Film
Sound in films
Experiments in Early Age
Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan
Unified sound in film production
Sound designers in Cinematography
Sound Recording Technologies
History of Sound Recording Technology
Film sound technology
Modern Digital Technology
History of sound in films
Sound Recording Technologies
The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…
Alten, SR 2008, Audio In Media, Thomson Wadsworth, USA.
Altman, R 2004, Silent Film Sound, Columbia University Press, USA.
Ballou, G 2008, Handbook for sound engineers, Focal Press, USA.
Beck, J & Grajeda, T 2008, Lowering the boom: critical studies in film sound, University of Illinois Press.
Taking Jeanine Basinger at her word would leave us with far fewer war films than we think we have. Basinger is a 'strict constructionist,' accepting as war films only those that have actual scenes of warfare (Curley and etta, 1992. p. 8; Kinney, 2001, p. 21). That means that the four films that will be considered here, and especially the two orld ar II films, are not war films. By Basinger's yardstick, neither Casablanca nor Notorious, neither Born on the Fourth of July nor Coming Home would qualify as war films.
On the other hand, films such as hite Christmas, a lightweight Bing Crosby-Danny Kaye-Rosemary Clooney-Vera Ellen comedy about the aftermath of war for an old soldier might well be a 'war' movie. The opening scene is one in which the old soldier, Dean Jagger, is reviewing his troops when, somewhere in Italy during the Christmas lull, bombs…
Canby, Vincent. Review/Film; How an All-American Boy Went to War and Lost His Faith. (1989, December 20). Online.
http://movies2.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?title1=& ; title2=BORN%20ON%20THE%20FOURTH%20OF%20JULY%20%28MOVIE%29& reviewer=Vincent%20Canby& pdate=19891220& v_id=6747& oref=login
Coming Home (1978). Online. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0077362/
Dirks, Tim. Casablanca, 2005. Online. www.filmsite.org and www.greatestfilms.org)
Student of Prague and German Cinema
The Germany film industry revolution
The Film industry in Germany has come a long way and is seen as one of the ancient film industries that gave a portrayal of both the artistic as well as the aesthetic and the economic value of films in Germany in the early 1900s. The paper will hence not only look into the history of the Germany film industry, but also select a relevant film to demonstrate the significance of the film selected to the subject matter it covered, the people and the relevance to the time that it was produced and it depicted. The film that will be used in this demonstration is "The Student of Prague" which would be analyzed to see the kind of contribution that it brought to the film industry in Germany at that given moment in time.
The films of the early…
Brockmann Stephen. (2010). A Critical History of German Film. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=hz1I0Ty9AUYC&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=A+Critical+History+of+German+Film&source=bl&ots=q9OmTTPbcr&sig=v86AFKoxkpwSMfQrASMO2LX6LjQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MzdOVJHRKJevaYj2gqgE&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=A%20Critical%20History%20of%20German%20Film&f=false
Kracauer Siegfried (1947). From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the Germany Film. Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic591072.files/Kracauer%20I.pdf
Paul Wegener, (1913). Der Student von Prag. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuvIvwSi1gI
Pulver A., (2011). New Europe: A history of German cinema in clips. The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/mar/15/german-cinema-history-new-europe
Carroll Ballard’s 1983 film Never Cry Wolf reveals a complex web of relationships between traditional cultures like the Inuit and the urban denizens of what is ironically the same country. Similarly, the film explores the great divides between humans and other animals who cohabit the earth. The great divides between human beings are ultimately revealed to be even more nuanced and difficult to resolve than those that exist between different species. In the film, Tyler learns how to bridge some of the chasms between his post-industrial Canadian mentality and the traditional knowledge embodied by Ootek. Tyler also narrows the great divides between wolves and people, as he learns how to communicate with wolves on their own terms. The most complicated character in Never Cry Wolf is Mike. Mike is bicultural, speaking both the Inuit language and English. He is also caught between worlds: the world of his elders and traditional…
Tomorrow was an excellent film that definitely fuels interest in climate change. The film is an action packed portrayal of how climate change could potentially cause extreme weather events, though the scientific basis for the events shown in the movie are extremely exaggerated. The abrupt climate change that is shown is has no real basis in the current literature, however it does provide an entertaining and thought provoking view of some of the consequences of anthropogenic influences on the Earth's natural systems.
I had mixed emotions about the dramatizations about climate change. On one hand, it definitely makes the viewer wonder if such occurrences are even remotely possible. The way that the director presents the viewer the perception of real science that is taken place can lead the viewer to do their own investigations to verify if the science behind the movie is true. However, if they do this then…
Pornification of Women in Western Media
The Pornification of Women in Mainstream Western Media
Sexuality is a normal part of life for every male and female. egardless of where he or she lives, or even what age a person is, sex will be a need. It is a known biological fact. However, the Western media has been blamed to play a large role in exacerbating the need. Back in 1811, a novel published by Jane Austin known as Sense and Sensibility mentioned the word chaperon. It was stated that back then a young woman and young man were never left alone. Even if they were left alone, they were left in the presence of a chaperone. (Poisoned by Porn; It's" 2010, 14) why was this the case? The answer to that lies in that sex is a need for every man or woman born into this world. It was back…
8 July, 2009 "Bad boob jobs," The Times of India.
2012, "Christina Aguilera's 'Your Body' Dress Doesn't Leave Much To The Imagination," The Huffington Post.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2012) 2011 Plastic Surgery Statistics Report. [report].
Baudrillard, Jean 1979. "Seduction." Translated by Brian Singer. New York: St. Martin's Press
It is a farce, founded on dishonesty: like the old regime itself. And Alex has become the neurotic, control-freak prime minister, acting on behalf of an ageing, debilitated monarch" notes Peter Bradshaw, the film reviewer of the Guardian. A real-life parallel might be that of a child in a nursing home who carefully controls his or her parent's visitors, diet, and lifestyle. Politically, Bradshaw's implication is that the love parents and children feel can mirror a kind of tyranny. The love of an old parent can distort the feelings that the young have a changing world as they become dependant upon propping up the lies of parents. This suggest that love the young for elderly people can inhibit and even unconsciously prevent the ability of the world to change, as they live for a dying, rather than a new ideal.
The film at its best shows how love, perhaps too…
Bradshaw, Peter. "Good-bye Lenin." The Guardian. 25 Jul 2003. 1 May 2008. http://film.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/Critic_Review/Guardian_Film_of_the_week/0,1005279,00.html
Good-bye Lenin." Directed by Wolfgang Becker. 2003.
Emile Zola and the Movies
The translation of any work of literature into another medium, even one apparently so closely aligned with the written word as film, is always a chancy proposition. While literature and film focus themselves on the same targets within the minds of their audiences; that of completing an organic connection between the conception and the reception of an idea, the very natures of the two disciplines demand different things of the person who is reading or watching the material. As exciting and enveloping as the best film experience may be, it is still, in its essence a passive experience; every action is already determined, "painted," and set in celluloid by the filmmaker. On the other hand, literature demands much more of its audience. Even when a writer devotes paragraphs to descriptions of various characters or activities, the reader still plays an integral part in the final…
Connors M. & Craddock, J. VIDEOHOUND'S GOLDEN MOVIE RETRIEVER.
Visible Ink Publishing, Detroit, 1998.
Horton, A. & Magretta, J. MODERN EUROPEAN FILMMAKERS AND THE ART OF ADAPTATION. New York, Frederick Unger Publishing Company, 1981.
Katz, Ephraim. THE FI LM ENCYCLOPEDIA. A Perigee Book, New York, New
He joined an existing conspiracy because other German officers knew that Germany was going to lose the war and that a more orderly, civilized government had to be in place when they did in order to negotiate with the Allies.
There is one noted misconception displayed in the film. It involves General Fritz Erich Fellgiebel, who, at the time was the head of Hitler's signal corps -- his main communications guy. He was also deeply involved in and committed to the conspiracy to kill Hitler. It was his function to cut off communications from the Wolf's Lair to the outside world after the bomb exploded.
The film treats him as if he is reluctant to become involved and desiring not to participate in the assassination plot at all. This is inaccurate. Fellgiebel had been committed to the conspiracy since 1939 -- long before von Stauffenberg came onboard. Fellgiebel was court-martialled…
American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. "Operation Valkyrie and the July Plot to Assassinate Hitler." 2009. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. 26 July 2009 .
American-Israieli Cooperative Enterprise 2. "Claus von Stauffenberg." 2009. Jewish Virtual Library. 27 July 2009 .
Gisevius, Hans Bernd, Allen W. Dulles and Peter Hoffmann. Valkyrie: An Insider's Account of the Plot to Kill Hitler. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press, 2008.
Kershaw, I. Hitler: 1936-45: Nemesis. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 2000.
Mel Gibson's film, "The Passion of the Christ," has evoked a number of different responses from viewers and critics. It appears that, like the topic of religion itself, the one certain thing is that it is impossible to remain untouched after seeing the film. Perhaps then a study of the scholarly and cultural ramifications of Gibson's work would be profitable. First then, the impact of the film on New Testament studies will be considered, after which the general cultural ramifications of the film will be considered.
Impact on New Testament Studies
Any film concerning Christ's passion is a combination of the four Gospels according to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Gibson's film is no exception, yet there are some points of emphasis in this particular work that may impact New Testament studies significantly. The first of these is the emphasis on the Jewish nation as sinners, rejecters of Christ and…
Mel Gibson. "The Passion of the Christ." Icon Distribution, Inc. 2004. http://www.thepassionofthechrist.com/
The Bible. King James Version (1611). Bible Society of South Africa, 1982.
World English Bible. The Unbound Bible, Biola University, 2004. http://unbound.biola.edu
Agora (2009) is set in Alexandria, Egypt in the 4th and 5th Centuries AD and describes the life and death of the Neoplatonist and Stoic philosopher Hypatia and a freed slave named Davus, who is in love with her. Many of the characters and events depicted in the film are true, such as the Christian Archbishop Cyril, who really did expel the Jews from Alexandria and forced the pagans to convert to Christianity. He was also extremely hostile to pagan philosophers like Hypatia, and very likely ordered his supporters to put her to death in 415 AD. She was dragged from her chariot and dismembered, although in the movie Davus smothers her before the mob tears her body apart, in order to spare her suffering. Orestes, the oman prefect, was also a genuine historical character, who was opposed to Cyril politically and sympathetic to the Jewish and pagan…
Agora (2009). Director: Alejandro Amenabar. Producers: Mod Producciones; Himenoptero
Damascius (1993). The Life of Hypatia
Moore, B.N. And K. Bruder (2010). Philosophy: The Power of Ideas, 8th Edition. McGraw-Hill.
Fall of Fujimori
The film Fall of Fujimori captures the modern dictatorship of President Alberto Fujimori in Peru. Fujimori comes to rise in 1990 when insurgents and poverty appears to be dominating Peru, and he represents the poor and the disenfranchised population. The support Fujimori gained from this faction of people helped him win the elections for the office of the Presidency. Though, after being sworn in as President, the President launches a "War on Terror" against the guerrilla organization called Shining Path, which he wins. Ten years after the beginning of his reign, Fujimori is accessed of "kidnapping, murder and corruption" and flees from Peru to Japan, "where was in exile for four years" (PS, Documentaries with a Point-of-View, 2006). The documentary illuminates Fujimori in a rather personal light by interviewing him one-on-one, where it is noted that he was "nervous, gracious, diffident and anxious to tell his story"…
PBS, Documentaries with a Point-of-View,. (2006). The fall of fujimori. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/pov/falloffujimori/film_description.php
The 11th Hour (film):
Global warning/climate change impacts all of humanity, and therefore it is not a local but a global concern that requires multidisciplinary intervention (general point made throughout film).
Weather and climate issues have been in the mainstream media, and events are happening more frequently (beginning of film).
Climate change can be framed as a matter of national security, and there may be "environmental refugees," (middle of film).
The rate of decline and tragedy is accelerating at a rapid pace, making immediate intervention necessary (throughout the film).
Existing and emerging technologies provide the solution (toward the end of the film)
Essence of Permaculture
Permaculture is an extension of "systems thinking" (3)
Permaculture is not just about land use but about a whole method of living and sustaining human communities that goes beyond food and energy and toward lifestyle (3)
The Permaculture Design Course " has been the…
Baxter, W.F. "People or Penguins."
The Eleventh Hour (Feature Film, 2007).
S. Backs Japan," 2007).
Cine the 1960s and well into the 1980s the overall economic growth skyrocketed to what has been called the "Japanese Miracle." As of 2009, Japan has the second largest economy in the world. Its major industries are banking, insurance, real estate, retailing, transportation, telecommunications and construction. Japan also serves the global economy with some of the most technologically advanced production of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, ships, chemicals and textiles, with a service economy of about ae of its GDP ("Japan -- CIA Factbook," 2010).
Partially this has been the result of the economic partnership with the United States, Australia, and the European Union. Japanese products have gone from the merely imitative "cheap knock-offs" of the late 1950s and early 1960s to cutting edge, sought-after materials that are some of the finest made in the world. The Japanese consumer, too, embraces Western goods and culture…
"Japan." (2010). CIA World Factbook. Cited in:
"Japanese Spirit, Western Things." (2003). The Economist. 383 (8332):
Turtle shell rattles have been used for countless centuries. Such rattles have been recovered from ancient sites in the southwest and in the Mississippian civilizations.
The turtle rattle was also a musical instrument in ceremonial use. One of its most important functions was its significance in the False Face ceremonies. One of the most distinguishing features of the Iroquois belief system is the reliance on the mask for religious and ritual purposes. These masks are often designated as False Faces. This term refers to the first False Face and the mythical origins of protective and healing spirits. They are used in introductory and agricultural rituals. The turtle rattles play a significant part in these important rituals.
In the various curing and healing rituals, the wearer of the False Face will juggle hot coals and use ash and is apparently immune to cold (see below), and he bears a turtle-shell rattle…
American Indian Education. http://www.osseo.k12.mn.us/special/stusupport/stuserv/AmInd/LilBuffalo/catalog.htm (Accessed April 30, 2005)
THE IROUK CHARACTER. http://www.icculus.org/~msphil/mythus/campaigns/aerth/irouk / (Accessed May 1, 2005) www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=21005756
Frank G. Speck, and Alexander General, Midwinter Rites of the Cayuga Long House (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1995), 70.
The Representation of Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature: A Comparison
Representations of women in Middle Eastern literature represent a means by which the appreciation, perspective and overall role of women and how they are viewed by society can be determined. While some argue that literature and actually lived daily life are separate, literature serves as a measuring stick by which one can ascertain a definitive viewpoint on what the experience of being a Muslim woman is, and how such women are viewed. Literature can tell one volumes about how societies work and underscore the role that women play or don’t play and how others see them. While both eastern and western literature is incredibly vast, it is possible to get a definitive sense of how Muslim women are viewed; however, it is possible to get an overall sense of certain trends that arise over and over. This paper…
Indochine and the Battle of Algiers
Director Gillo Pontecorvo's The Battle of Algiers and director Regis argnier's Indochine showcase French colonialism. In Indochine, the political aspects of colonialism take a backdrop to a love story set amid gorgeous scenery, while The Battle of Algiers is an uncompromising look at the bloody cost of French rule in Algeria. In essence, Indochine provides a cursory look at French colonialism before the onset of a revolution, while The Battle of Algiers shows the bloody cost of stopping the revolution to both the French and their captors. Though they are set in different times and locations, The Battle of Algiers and Indochine both clearly depict the cost of colonialism.
Overall, I found The Battle of Algiers to be difficult to watch in light of recent events in Iraq, and instead preferred the lighter, romantic tone of Indochine.
Regis argnier's Indochine is set in the…
Indochine. 1992. Director: Regis Wargnier. Starring: Catherine Deneuve, Linh Dan Pham, and Vincent Perez.
The Battle of Algiers. 1965. Director: Gillo Pontecorvo. Producers: Antonio Musu, Saadi Yacef. Starring: Brahim Haggiag, Jean Martin, and Saadi Yacef.
Cold War dominated American culture, consciousness, politics and policy for most of the 20th century. Even after the fall of the Berlin Wall, which symbolized the fall of the Iron Curtain and therefore finale of the Cold War, Cold War rhetoric and politics continued especially in the War on Terror. Depictions of the Cold War in American literature and film parallel the changes that took place in American ways of thinking about its own domestic policies as well as American perceptions of the alien enemy or "Other." Tracing the evolution of American film and literature from the end of World War Two until the 1980s reveals trends in thought. Early depictions of the Cold War were modernist in their approach, with clear distinctions between good and evil and no moral ambiguity whatsoever. Clear delineations between right/wrong and good/evil prevailed, a form of political propaganda and even brainwashing that prepped the…
Booker, K.M. (2001). Monsters, Mushroom Clouds, and the Cold War. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Comyn, J. (2014). "V2 to Bomarc: Reading Gravity's Rainbow in Context." Orbit 2(2). Retrieved online: https://www.pynchon.net/owap/article/view/62/174
Hamill, J. (1999). Confronting the Monolith: Authority and the Cold War in Gravity's Rainbow. Journal of American Studies 33(3): 417-436.
Jarvis, C. (n.d.). The Vietnamization of World War II in Slaughterhouse Five and Gravity's Rainbow. Retrieved online: http://www.wlajournal.com/15_1-2/jarvis%2095-117.pdf
Hunt for Red October
Few fictional texts are as redolent of the global Cold ar as Tom Clancy's novel of east-west submarine intrigue and confrontation, The Hunt for Red October, first published in 1984. For those who have the benefit of hindsight it may appear that the mid-1980s was a period in which the Cold ar was clearly coming to an end, but at the time the east-west confrontation was firmly embedded in geopolitical reality and western culture. The threat to the west from the Communist Bloc seemed as real as ever, and appeared likely to continue for the foreseeable future. Hunt for Red October may appear now as a relic of a lost age, but that judgement is only possible retrospectively and has no meaning for the significance of the book as it was received at the time.
The book presents itself first and foremost as an exciting story…
Tom Clancy, Hunt for Red October (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1984).
Education in the East and West
The difference between education in the East and the West is primarily a difference in culture. Today, cultural differences are less pronounced than they were a century ago. Globalized society has seen cultures meld and melt into one another, so that in many senses the East resembles the West in more ways than one (Igarashi). However, deeply rooted cultural cues still represent a fundamental reason for existing educational differences between the East and the West. This paper will describe these differences and show why they exist.
Medieval Guilds were important to production standards in the time of the Renaissance. For example, "in places where guilds were strong, they exercised strict oversight over training" (Hansen). In fact, the education and apprenticeship of the Renaissance was a highly skilled exercise that began at the youngest age and often required more than a decade of training.
Li, Jin. Cultural Foundations of Learning: East and West. UK: Cambridge, 2012.
Li's book is very helpful in understanding the differences between Eastern and Western education: it highlights cultural influences in the West, from the Greeks, and in the East, from Confucius and Buddha, etc. It looks at how religion and science have both played a part in where East and West are educationally speaking.
1939, John Steinbeck published his novel The Grapes of rath, and that same year the film version of the story was released. The film was directed by John Ford and was very popular, and the book and the film together reached millions of people. In writing this novel, Steinbeck reflected many of the social, economic, and political currents of the time. The story is set in the Great Depression era, and the Depression was still have its effect in 1939. hat would bring about the end of the Great Depression was already starting in Europe, meaning orld ar II, which does not impinge directly on the story of the Joad family but which we can see from our standpoint today was about to bring about massive changes in American society. The very nature of the story of the Joads, however, links that story to the Depression and its effect on…
Banks, Ann. First-Person America. New York: W.W. Norton, 1980.Caldwell, Mary Ellen. "A New Consideration of the Intercalary Chapters in The Grapes of Wrath." Markham Review 3 (1973), 115-119.
Ford, John. The Grapes of Wrath. Twentieth Century-Fox, 1939.
The Grapes of Wrath." Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 59. Chicago: Gale, 1989.
Groene, Horst. "Agrarianism and Technology in Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath." Southern Review (9:1)(1976), 27-31.
Representations of War in the Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan
Hollywood's depictions and interpretations of the events that transpired on D-Day have long captured the attention of audiences worldwide. Though Hollywood depictions of the events that occurred prior, during, and after the invasion of Normandy may vary, they still aim to convey a similar message, one that assures the evil forces in the world will be overthrown and the world will be a much safer place. The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan aim to present the events that lead up to the invasion of Normandy on D-Day in an artistic and creative fashion while attempting to maintain an air of realism. The approaches taken to depict the invasion of Normandy in The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan are a positive contribution to the combat film genre. Though creative licenses were taken in each film, the manner in…
Beevor, Anthony. D-Day: The Battle for Normandy. New York: Viking Penguin, 2009.
Churchill, Ron. "Saving Private Ryan" a real life drama." UB Reporter 30, no. 2 (September
D-Day: June 6, 1944. http://www.army.mil/d-day / (accessed May 23, 2011).
Many people consider "The ed Violin" a romantic film, but it seems more like a dramatic film in most places. The film does show love and passion in some of the acts, but it also shows death and repression. For example, the violinmaker who creates it makes it for his expected son, but his wife and unborn son die in childbirth. Later, the violin has to be hidden in Communist China when they outlaw Western music. The violin is witness to history all over the world, and it brings happiness for some, but tragedy for others.
There are several protagonists in this unusual film, one for each of the locations where the violin travels. In essence, the ultimate protagonist of the film is the violin itself, because it is the "glue" that brings each of the characters together somehow, and affects their lives for good or bad.
The Red Violin. Dir. Francois Girard. Perf. Samuel L. Jackson. New Line International, 1998.
Monkey King: Visual Analysis of a Movie Poster
Journey to the est is one of four classic novels written during the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1500 -- 1582). It tells the story of a monk named Xuanzang, who traveled to India in the seventh century with the hope of finding Buddhist scriptures to take back to China. The novel's author, u Chen-en, was an elder statesman who used all that he had witnessed in his lifetime about human nature to write his story, which he infused with his own sense of compassion and humor. The adventures of the monk (Monkey) and his guardians are well-known in China today, and they are familiar to children in Japan and Korea as well. The Monkey stories are readily seen in pop culture, from television to comic books (Kulik, Gu, and Patt n.p.). The poster for the movie The Monkey King would therefore need no…
Kulik, Julie, Kaijia Gu, and David Patt. "Journey to the West: The Monkey King (the Story)."
Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies - . Cornell University. Web. 03 Aug. 2011. .
"Sun Wukong." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 04 Aug. 2011.
American frontier in a comparative analysis using two books (Luis Alberto Urrea, In Search of Snow, 1994; Sam Shepard, True est, 1981) and a film, No Country for Old Men, Directed by Ethan and Joel Coen, 2007. These books will be presented in a comparative analysis with the film. The analyses used in this paper will focus on values, setting, conflicts and the way of life presented in each.
How factual are entertainment portrayals of the American frontier?
How much of what has been written about the American frontier is myth, and how much is factual? According to history professor Richard . Slatta scholars have "debunked three of the est's central myths," including rugged individualism, frontier violence, and American exceptionalism (Slatta, 2010). riters and film-makers have gone about creating a western frontier "the way they want it rather than the way it was" (Slatta, 84).
No Country for Old Men…
Slatta, Richard W. "Making and unmaking myths of the American frontier." European
Journal of American Culture. 29.2. 2010.
Chung King Express by Kar Wai Wong
This is an inspirational films that covers the ideals of love and the mystery tat there is in the aspect of love. It covers the unspoken ideas of love which, as the film depicts, are some of the most important thing in the love circle. It also depicts the irony of love especially when one sets out to seek love. The film also depicts the intricate struggles of life that people come across as they seek love, some of which may not be totally known to people outside.
Chung King Express highlights the life of two policemen within the Hong Kong City, both of whom had been abandoned by their love and were struggling to have their love life straight once more. Tony Chiu also referred to as cop 663 in the film is seen to be struggling to get over the girlfriend…
I maintain that all living things share an understanding that actions have consequence. I believe that even complex underlying psychological and sociological issues can be circumvented by directly addressing such most fundamental knowledge.
As for deterrence, I believe that the retributive system can in itself serve as a future deterrent, even if it does not do so intentionally. As mentioned, Kant held that any criminal activity is not only a crime against society, but a crime against the criminal him- or herself, since the criminal will suffer for these crimes, even as the victims of the crimes have suffered. Hence, there are no beneficiaries in the system and he deterrent is the threat of punishment itself.
As for rehabilitation programs, these have been notoriously ineffective, regardless of millions upon billions of dollars spent on the research and implementation involved. Even research into the underlying issues surrounding criminal activity has not…
Vincent Van Gogh, Frank Lloyd right and Madeleine Vionnet. hat did this 19th century artist, architect, and fashion designer share in common? Very simply: They all incorporated Japanese techniques into their works of genius. hen Commodore Perry opened the doors to this Eastern country in 1853, an abundance of unique and influential styles of art rushed out and captured the imaginations of artists throughout the estern world. As author Emile Zola once said,
It is certain that our students painting with black bitumen, were surprised and enhanced by these horizons, these beautiful vibrating spots of the Japanese painters in watercolours. There was a simplicity of means and an intensity of effect which struck our young artists and then influenced them with a painting filled with air and light
This flow of Japanese artistic riches and influence continues to this day. Ask any graphic designers including those at alt Disney Company…
Coburn, F.W. "Mr. Benson's Birds," The Boston Herald, November 16, 1913, 28.
Encyclopedia of Visual Art. Grolier Educational Corp., 1984 printing. Danbury, CT: 1983.
Gardiner, Debbi. Japan, Inc., January 2003. Anime in America. http://www.japaninc.net/article.php?articleID=972.Visited 8/03/03.
Japan Economic Society, November/December 2002. Impact of the Kimono on Modern Fashion. http://www.jef.or.jp/en/jti/200211_016.html . Visited 8/04/03.